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Derbyshire History


A Brief History of Derbyshire

Traces of human activity dating back to the stone age, (Paleolithic era) have been discovered in the Cresswell Crags area on the boarder of Derbyshire and Nottinghamshier. The caves in the area were inhabited before and after (but not during) two separate ice ages, thousands of years apart.

There is also evidence of Bronze age habitation, like the henge monument at Arbour Low with an associated Bronze age barrow and nearby Bronze Age burial mound at Gib Hill.

In the time of the Britons, Derbsyshire was part of the territoty of the Coritani.

Under Roman rule the area of Derbyshire was part of Britannia Prima. There are signs that the Romans mined for lead in the hills and they built a number of roads and fortifications, but largely avoided the highest ground. The only non-military settlement from Roman time was the spa town of Aquae Arnemetiae at Buxton.

During the Heptarchy, Derbyshire formed part of the Anglo-Saxon kingdom of Mercia founded in 584 AD. The inhabitants of Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire being referred to as North Mercians.

The earliest recorded historical event is the invasion of the Danes, in 874, when they expelled Burrhed, King of Mercia, and fixed their head-quarters at his royal residence of Repandune, now Repton.

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This webpage was last updated Wednesday, 08-Oct-2014 11:25:45 MDT