SCOTS IRISH of SC aboard EARL of DONEGAL Oct 2 1767



The Earl of Donegal left Belfast, Ireland on October 2, 1767, according to advertisements and notices of her departure published in the Belfast Newsletter. Duncan Ferguson, master, and his 294 Irish passengers of 64 different surnames arrived in Charleston, South Carolina by December 22, 1767, 81 days later, and swore they were Protestant (probably Scots-Irish Presbyterians).

Mirror Web Site (created 2010/Feb/16)

History of My Web Pages

Since GeoCities went out of business about 2009, I have begun to move my web pages elsewhere on the Internet. Since they were posted on the Internet so long ago, some hyperlinks on my web pages may no longer work. Maintaining a web site is a time-consuming process.

Censorship forced me to find new Internet locations for my genealogical, anthropological, and especially my political web pages after I first posted them on the Internet about January, 1996 (after the release of the Netscape Browser made public use of the Internet more user-friendly). My web pages are censored less often now because my opinions are now so widely accepted.

Genetic genealogy has revolutionized anthropology and resoundingly confirmed everything I wrote about the anthropological origins of my Viking and Scottish ancestors when I first created these web pages. Those who do not yet interpret the genetic evidence as I do still disagree with some of my anthropological theories (but less and less over the decades).

The Purpose of My Web Pages

I want everyone to know the truth. Otherwise I would not waste my time posting these web pages on the Internet. Truth eats away in the hearts of civilized humans like acid until it is accepted. The more one accepts the truth and nothing but the truth, the less insane one becomes.

Consider and question everything you think, feel and do, and everything you are told, especially by those who try to censor what you hear, who want your money, and who threaten you, e.g., with eternal hell. Reject all nonsense and accept only the cold hard facts, no matter how unpleasant. Never stop trying with all of your heart to eliminate everything but the truth from your precious mind, and try to help others to do so too. Do not let anyone foul your brain like a dirty spark plug.

The more we think and speak the truth, the less resistance there will be to it, and the less easy it will be for the owners of the religious and secular media to continue to lie to us and exploit our nation.

Our government is in the hands of our exploiters because they own almost all of the media conglomerates, and have used them to influence voters to elect the politicians who have betrayed us. Our progeny will eventually live in places like Zimbabwe and Haiti unless we care enough to learn exactly who these media owners are, to what racist religious group they belong, and what their agendas are. Our mass media tells us only what its owners want us to know. Savages will continue to replace people like us unless we take responsibility for our nation and civilization, and inform as many people as we can via web sites like the one at .

About passengers aboard the Earl of Donegal

The Earl of Donegal list of Passengers who petitioned for Royal Land Grants is at LIST.htm

ANALYZE.htm is about what the order, statistics, accuracy, etc. of the list might reveal about passengers.

Please visit SHARE.htm to discover and help other genealogists and descendants of your ancestor.

E-mail to any other address posted at this web-site may not reach me. Please write "EARL OF DONEGAL" or the URL of the web-page you are referring to in your SUBJECT LINE, so I will know to which web-page and to which web-site you are referring, and so I do not mistake your e-mail for Spam.

Please name your ancestors who were Earl of Donegal passengers, and provide links to web-pages with information about them. The more we know about Earl of Donegal passengers and their kinsmen, the better. E-mail from the descendants of about 1/3 of the passengers aboard the Earl of Donegal is posted at MAIL.htm . I hope more will write me. I may not post your e-mail as quickly as we would like, but I intend to do so eventually. If your e-mail is not posted within a few months, please send it to me again.

About Ireland in 1767

The port from which a vessel sailed suggests the general area in Ireland from which passengers came, and newspapers still preserved in Ireland may report exact ship departure dates (voyages took about two months).

R. J. Dickson, "Ulster Emigration to Colonial America, 1718-1775" (Rutledge and Kegan Paul, London, 1966; in United States, distributors, Humanities Press, Inc., 303 Park Avenue S., New York, N. Y. 10010.), pages. 74-75 "North Ireland on the eve of migration" describes conditions in Ireland between 1740 and 1775: In 1770 leases of the Earl of Donegal's county Antrim estates expired and rents were raised. Disturbances and evictions resulted, which added to the burdens Presbyterians suffered because of their religion and the depressed condition of the linen trade.

From County Donegal [8 baronies] - The name of the county is derived from 'Dun na nGall' meaning fort of the foreigner because Donegal town was a Viking stronghold in the 9th century.
From,,2091-1986072,00.html: As many as one in 12 Irish men could be descended from Niall of the Nine Hostages, a 5th-century warlord . . . Niall reportedly had 12 sons, many of whom became powerful kings themselves. One was Conall, after whom Donegal (Tir Chonaill) was named . . .

About the BOUNTY ACT

When Negroes were about two-thirds of the population of South Carolina, before dawn on Sunday, September 9, 1739, near the Stono River in St. Paul's Parish near Charlestown, SC, a few dozen hateful Negroes stole firearms and ammunition from a shop and murdered the two shopkeepers. Throughout that day, many more savages joined the racist fun and indiscriminately looted, burned out, slaughtered and had their unspeakable way with any innocent non-Negro woman, man and child they could chase down. This instinctive genocide, similar to those in Rwanda, Kenya, the Congo, Zimbawee, etc., ended only a couple hours walk from where it began, about sunset near the Edisto River, when this mushrooming mob of Negroes fired on armed non-Negroes who had been warned by Lieutenant Governor Bull. See Report from William Bull re. Stono Rebellion at These atrocities are listed as Black Achievements at and caused the government of SC to enact laws that stifled the importation of Negroes.

Does Black Achievements include the fact that South Carolina's largest Negro slaveholder owned more slaves than 99 percent of the South's slaveholders, and that a larger percentage of free Negroes owned slaves than free southern whites (only about 4.8 percent of southern whites owned one or more slaves)?

On July 25, 1761, in order to keep an exploding Negro majority from overwhelming civilization (as it did in Haiti, the wealthiest colony in the Caribbean and now the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere), the General Assembly of South Carolina passed the Bounty Act, which required the Public Treasury to exchange money for Bounty Certificates issued by the Governor's Board of SC to compensate (via Agents who received the Certificates) ship owners or masters for transporting emigrants who could certify that they were Protestants (i.e. northern Europeans). The names and ages of passengers and the names of the ships on which they traveled were recorded in the Council Journals of South Carolina.

The Governor's Board also authorized its Secretary to prepare Warrants to survey the land that was to be granted to the emigrants in two new townships: Long Canes (near the Boonesborough Township), and Belfast. Protestant petitioners fifteen or more years old were entitled to 100 acres per head of household, plus 50 acres per dependent.

The outlines of boundaries shown on modern county property tax maps are almost the same as those shown on the original land survey plats, especially in rural areas (even if a tract has been subdivided). Although tracing the title may be difficult, centuries of tax, deed, probate, etc. records probably contain information about the precise geographic location of these land grants, the names of those who have since owned, bought or inherited them, and the ownership of adjacent tracts.

South Carolina's History, Land and People

South Carolina is a part of the land chartered in 1663 by King Charles Stuart the II to a group of Barbadian planters known as the “Proprietors” and led by John Colleton. In 1712, the colony of Carolina was divided into South Carolina and North Carolina.

South Carolina's hot, humid and flat coastal plains ("the Low Country") extend westwards from the Atlantic coast of South Carolina for about 50 miles to the "fall line". This was the first area in which Negroes were employed by the greedy plantation owners who exploited the people of SC until they were conquered by Abraham Lincoln's army.

The Piedmont region of gently rolling hills called the "Up country" or "Back country" is heavily forested and extends westwards to South Carolina's steep mountains, which are about 3,000 feet in altitude and higher west of the state line.

Later townships 1762 - 1764

Page 44 of "SC a Guide for Genealogists" by Theresa M. Hicks states "Chester county (around the Rocky creek area) and Abbeville county (around Long Canes) became the new home of Presbyterians primarily from Pennsylvania, Virginia, North Carolina, and Ireland".

  1. Rocky creek drains a large water shed that includes most of the eastern half of southern Chester county and a small part of adjacent northern Fairfield county. The 150 acre royal land grant on which my ancestors Rose and James Stewart settled in 1768 is now intersected by Stover Creek and the boundary between Chester and Fairfield counties. Stover creek is about ten feet wide and about a foot deep. It is a small southern branch of Little Rocky creek, which is about twenty feet wide and a couple feet deep. Little Rocky creek is a southern tributary of Rocky creek, which enters the Wateree River near the Fairfield county line, where Wateree River is deep and over 100 hundred feet wide, with water flowing from North Carolina southwards along the eastern boundaries of Chester and Fairfield counties through several large lakes, and thence through the Low Country to the Atlantic ocean.
  2. Page 47 of "SC a Guide for Genealogists" states "Long Canes creek flows into Savannah river via Little river in McCormick county.

    Long Cane creek starts in Abbeville county at Donalds and flows along the Abbeville and Greenwood county line and then out of Abbeville county into McCormick county to its mouth.

Chester county was created in 1785 from Craven and Camden Districts. Before Chester county was established in 1785, all deeds were recorded in Charleston, SC.

Chester District

South Carolina deed books refer to land granted by North Carolina before their border dispute was resolved as "north patents".

Various colonial names for the territory of Chester county were:

St. Marks Parish was the name of the civil and religious organization of this territory. It included the present day counties of:

Chester County, SC

The county of Chester is in the "Up Country" of SC between the Catawba (which flows into the Wateree) and Broad (which flows into the Congaree) rivers. They flow almost due south about 40 miles apart. Chester county is located between York and Fairfield counties, which are about 30 miles apart. Chester county is about 50 miles north of Columbia, the capital of SC, to which it is connected by highways #215, #321, #21 and Interstate 77.

The "Kings Highway", now known as highway #901 used to be the main road north from Columbia. The devastating war of conquest, theft, dispossession, arson, rape and murder (see CRIMES.htm ) against innocent citizens which war criminal William "War Is Hell" Sherman's vindictive troops and hoards of Negro followers waged on their way north via the "Kings Highway" through Chester county's defenseless mostly Scots Irish communities continued in the name of "Federal Reconstruction" after General Lee's surrender.

According to "To force the natives into submission, Generals Sherman and Sheridan, who for two decades after the Civil War commanded the Indian-fighting army units on the Plains, applied the same strategy they had used so successfully in their marches across Georgia and in the Shenandoah Valley. Unable to defeat the Indians on the open prairie, they pursued them to their winter camps, where numbing cold and heavy snows limited their mobility. There they destroyed the lodges and stores of food, a tactic that inevitably resulted in the deaths of women and children."

Presbyterians opposed slavery, so Mulattoes and other descendants of rich slave owners are still a smaller percentage of the population of Chester county than of some other areas of SC.

Presbyterian Churches

Catholic Presbyterian Church (image below) was established near Rocky creek and called "Catholic" because Covenanters/Reformed Presbyterian, ARP and Presbyterians worshiped there together from May 1751 until 1773. In 1773 Covenanter Presbyterian minister William Martin became the minister of Catholic. See Scotch-Irish Migration to South Carolina, 1772: (about Rev. William Martin and His Five Shiploads of Settlers) by Jean Stephenson. In 1787 Catholic organized Purity Presbyterian Church (now in downtown Chester). His sermons inspired many to fight during South Carolina's first of its two armed Revolutions against tyrants like King George and Abraham Lincoln.

Catholic Presbyterian Church (image above), in Chester County, SC

Fishing Creek Presbyterian Church (image above), in Chester County, SC was organized in 1752.

Longtown Presbyterian Church (image above), in Fairfield County, SC. See

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This web page was created in 1995 and first posted on the Internet about 1B1996 (February 1, 1996). It was last updated on 2B2010.