My grandmother, Emma Ethel (Eta) Schwartz (Sucheman or Schuschsmann ), immigrated to the United States alone at the age of 15 some time between 1912 (according to the 1920 federal census) and December 1913 (according to a 1942 newspaper article). This line is one of my major brick walls. I am still trying to document Emma's entry into the country.
There is speculation as to whether her last name was Schwartz or Shuman or Sucheman or Schuschsmann. According to her SS-5, she was born in Aleksandriya, Russia to Kiam Swartz and Dora, last name unknown. Funeral home records indicate her father's name was Alexander Schwartz and her mother was Dora Levine.
There were several towns/villages using the name Aleksandriya, Aleksandrov, and Aleksandrovka in eastern Europe during the late 1800s. In the "Shetl Finder", there is Aleksandria (Aleksandrija, SE of Kiev), Aleksandria (Aleksandrya, NE of Lvov), Aleksandrovka (Bolshoya Aleksandrovka, NE of Odessa), and Aleksandrovsk (Alexandrowsk, now Zaporozhe, NE of Odessa). I believe it may be this last Aleksandrovsk which was located south of Yekaterinoslav (Dnepropetrovsk) in which Emma and her family lived.
There is no Eta Sucheman (or other variations I have) on any of the passenger list index microfilm, so my next step is to begin looking at the actual passenger lists, a project which will be time intensive and which I have not yet started.
According to the above-referenced newspaper interview, Emma was sent to live with an uncle in New York. By 1916, however, she is living and working as a waitress in Norwich, Connecticut, where she meets and marries Bernard Theodore McClain on September 19, 1916. On October 1, 1917 while they are still living in Connecticut and Bernard is stationed at Ft. H. G. Wright, New York, he receives an honorable discharge from the U.S. Army. He is recalled and enlists on July 24, 1918. At this time, the family is living on W. 19th Street, New York City, and Bernard is stationed at Camp Mead, Maryland. On December 9, 1918, Bernard received his final discharge and Emma is listed as living at 3705 Woodland Ave., Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Shortly thereafter, the family moved to Dallas, Texas, where they resided until sometime after 1925 when they moved to Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. It is on this census that Emma is listed as "Na" in 1912.
Emma died January 5, 1968 in Irving, Dallas Co., Texas, and is buried along side her husband at Rose Hill Cemetery, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma.
"Emigre Who Served Tsar Tea Pours Heart Out for America", by Charles Saulsberry, published in "The Daily Oklahoman", February 1, 1942