by William Wyman Fiske
[See responses by members of the Chute family to this article.]
The will of Lionel1 Chute (LionelA), schoolmaster of Ipswich, Massachusetts, written 4 May 1644 and proved 7 July 1645, leaves his estate to son James, including the "wearing apparel ... which was his brother Nathaniel's," and names wife Rose executrix. A pedigree, supposedly made in the seventeenth century, says the testator married "the dau. of Robert Baker."  Evidence is presented here corroborating this aspect of the pedigree except that his wife was born Barker.
It has always been assumed that Rose was Lionel's only wife and the mother of his children. However, theirs was in fact a later marriage. On 19 November 1612 "Lyonell Chute and Thomasin Barker were maryed" at Belstead, Suffolk. Lionel Chute's son James was baptized fourteen months later, on 2 February 1613/4, at Dedham, Essex. Belstead lies approximately six miles northeast of Dedham. Given the proximity of the two parishes and the pairing of the Barker surname with Lionel Chute, it appears that this is the New England immigrant and that Thomasin Barker, his first wife, was the mother of his son James, from whom Lionel's New England line continues. It is unknown whether Thomasin's father was named Robert, as the Chute pedigree claims.
Lionel1 Chute died between 4 May 1644, the date of his will, and 25 February 1644/5, when inventory of his estate was taken. His widow Rose (________) Chute is believed to have married Matthew1 Whipple of Ipswich as his second wife. The marriage, for which no record has been found, took place sometime between 7 May 1645, when Matthew1 Whipple made his will, and 13 November 1646, when he amended it to make provision for wife Rose. Although definitive proof of a marriage between Matthew1 Whipple and the widow Rose (_______) Chute is lacking, the narrow time frame for Matthew's second marriage follows right after the death of Lionel1 Chute. Furthermore, the name Rose does not appear in the Ipswich vital records prior to 13 November 1646.
The name Rose is not unique, but is unusual enough to suggest, in this instance, a possible origin for Rose (______) Chute. Matthew1 Whipple's sister-inČlaw, Susan (Clarke) Whipple, is known to have at least one sibling living in Ipswich, namely, Elizabeth (Clarke) Stacy, wife of Simon Stacy. Susan and Elizabeth Clarke, daughters of Stephen Clarke of Theydon Gamon, Essex, had a sister Rose baptized there 11 March 1597/8. With two daughters of Stephen Clarke known to have immigrated to Ipswich, it is reasonable to consider the possibility that others followed, especially since no evidence of Stephen's family has been found following the marriages of Susan and Elizabeth to Ipswich settlers John1 Whipple and Simon1 Stacy in 1621 and 1620, respectively.8
William Wyman Fiske, FASG, is a physician practicing on Cape Cod, Massachusetts, where he lives with his wife and children. Email: email@example.com The Probate Records of Essex County, Massachusetts, 3 vols. (Salem, Mass.: Essex Institute, 1916-20), 1 :46-48. Witnessed (and proved) by Mark Simonds and Joseph Morse.
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