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59th Infantry Regiment, Illinois
1st Cavalry, Indiana
17th Maine, Infantry
1st Massachusetts, Heavy Artillery
2nd Massachusetts, Heavy Artillery
18th Massachusetts, Infantry
23rd Regiment, Massachusetts Infantry
27th Regiment, Massachusetts Infantry
35th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry
48th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry
Massachusetts 53rd Volunteer Infantry
Massachusetts 59th Volunteer Infantry
Company Battery E, 1st Light Artillery Regiment Michigan
2nd Cavalry, Minnesota
2nd Regiment, Minnesota Infantry
31st Infantry Regiment, Company D
56th Infantry Regiment Ohio, Company D
63rd Infantry Regiment Ohio, Company I
Company D, 21st Regiment, Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry
Abraham G. Chute, according to U.S. Military records: "enlisted as a Private on 10 July 1861, listing the State of Tennessee as his residence. He enlisted in Company C, 59th Infantry Regiment Illinois on 5 August 1861. He died Company C, 59th Infantry Regiment Illinois on 6 November 1861 in Springfield, Illinois. In the history of the Illinois Fifty-Ninth Infantry:
Family History: "Abraham Chute's cause of death is something of a legend in this branch of the family: according to Loren Chute's daughter Frances: "One of the sons was in the Civil war and being a sleep-walker, one night while on the Tennessee River, he walked in his sleep and right into the river - and drowned."
According to his grandson, Clarence Lee Chute, "Abraham Chute (my grandfather) served in the Civil War, died during the war in Missouri as a result of drinking from a spring, poisoned by the enemy." The United States Military, not being one for helpful explanations of the deaths of their soldiers, merely records that he did indeed die during the Civil War.
They record that Abraham G. Chute enlisted as a Private on 10 July 1861, listing the State of Tennessee as his residence. He enlisted in Company C, 59th Infantry Regiment Illinois on 5 August 1861. He died Company C, 59th Infantry Regiment Illinois on 6 November 1861 in Springfield, Illinois.
"The companies composing the regiment had been raised in the State of Illinois and mustered in at sundry times, in July, August and September , and Companies A, B and C, under Captain Clayton Hale, had been on duty at Cape Girardeau since August 6th."
It is possible that Abraham's recently mustered unit left Springfield in August and had joined their Company C in Cape Girardeau when Abraham died in November, but not in Springfield, Illinois, which is where the U.S. Army has him dying.
But oddly enough, the records of the 59th Infantry indicate that while 4 officers were killed or mortally wounded, 105 officers died of Disease or Accident and 4 enlisted men were killed or mortally wounded ... there were no enlisted men who died of "disease or accident". Assuming those records are correct, the poisoning version of the story would fall under the "mortally wounded" category.
Haller Tracy Chute, according to U.S. Military records: "Enlisted in Company B, 1st Calvary, Indiana, in Helena, Phillips County, Arkansas, USA, although it is unknown why Arkansas was his state of enlistment, if he were enrolled in an Indiana calvary. [May be an inaccurate portion of the record]. The 1st Calvary Indiana was very active; at some point he was promoted from "Private" to "Hospital Steward"; and mustered out from military service in Evansville, Indiana on 31 MAY 1865. For more details on the 1st Calvary Indiana, see his Service Record.
Edward Payson Chute, according to WEC: "Was in Company I, 10th Maine in the war, suffered from sunstroke, fever, a prisoner in rebeldom, but died at home June 29, 1863."
Notes on the 10th Maine: Tenth Regiment Infantry:
"This regiment was organized at Cape Elizabeth, Me, Oct. 4th, 1861, to serve two and three years. Companies D, C, E, F, G, H, I and K were mustered into the United States service Oct. 4th, 1861, to serve two years from May 3d, 1861, and companies A and D to serve three years from Oct. 4th, 1861.
He was taken prisoner either on May 25, 1862, when his unit joined in the retreat of General Banks' forces to Williamsport, Maryland (82 men taken prisoner) or on August 9, 1862, in the battle of Cedar Mountain, Va., in which 1 officer and 3 enlisted men were taken prisoner.
Greenleaf or Greenlief Whittier Chute enlisted in Company C, Maine 12th Infantry Regiment, during the Civil War, on 15 Nov 1861. He mustered out on 18 Aug 1862.
Colonel Charles Andrew Chute, enlisted in Company H, 17th Maine Infantry as a private. The regiment was mustered out of service on 19 JUN 1865, by which time he had been promoted to the rank of Colonel. Of note: "On Dec. 13, 1862, it [the regiment] participated in the battle of Fredericksburg, losing 2 men killed and 19 wounded, and was complimented by Gen. Berry for the steadiness of the men, who were under fire for the first time. The regiment remained encamped at Falmouth, Va., until May 1, 1863, when it took part in the Chancellorsville campaign, being hotly engaged at Chancellorsville on May 2-3, losing 113 men in killed, wounded and missing out of about 625 men in the action. The regiment was next engaged at Gettysburg, during the last two days of the battle, where it lost 132 in killed, wounded and missing. On Nov. 27, it took a prominent part in the battle of Orange Grove, losing 52 men."
Source: Historical Data Systems, comp. U.S., American Civil War Regiments, 1861-1866 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 1999. Original data: Data compiled by Historical Data Systems of Kingston, MA.
William Albert Chute, born in Nova Scotia, Canada and the son of Binea Chute and Louisa (Louise) Jane Foster Chute, enlisted in Company B, 17th US Infantry during the Civil War.
Most of the members of this regiment came from York county and were rendezvoused at Portland, where the regiment was mustered into service Sept. 30, 1862, to serve for nine months. They left on Oct. 20 for Washington, arriving there on the 22nd. On the 26th it marched to Arlington Heights, where it remained doing picket duty until Dec. 12th, when it was ordered to the south of Hunting Creek. Here it relieved a Vermont brigade in the duty of guarding a picket line 8 miles long, extending from the Potomac near Mount Vernon to the Orange & Alexandria railroad, and remained here in the performance of that duty throughout a severe winter until March 24, 1863. It then moved to Chantilly, Va., doing picket duty on the outermost line of infantry in the defenses of Washington. On June 25 it returned to Arlington Heights. The term of service of the regiment had already expired, but 315 of the officers and men volunteered to remain and if necessary assist in the defense of the capital against the forces of Gen. Lee, who had then commenced his great invasion of Pennsylvania. On July 4, after the result of the battle of Gettysburg was announced, the regiment left for Maine and arrived at Portland on the 6th, where the men were mustered out on the 17th. The 27th left the state with 949 men, and lost 82 men by death, discharge and resignation.Source: The Union Army, Vol. 1
Charles E. Akers, son of Mahlon Akers and Sybil Ann F. Chute Akers, enlisted in Company C, Maine 29th Infantry Regiment on 14 Mar 1865. Mustered out on 14 Mar 1866.William Addison Chute, according to WEC, "Was in Company G, 29th Maine and a prisoner; died at Annapolis, Maryland, Jun 1864."
Military records contradict the date of death of William Addison Chute.Residence: Otisfield, Maine
Notes on the 29th Maine Infantry:Muster In: December 17, 1863
Captain Richard Henry Chute, born in Woburn, Massachusetts on Mar. 14, 1843 enlisted into Company C, 35th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry on Aug. 7, 1862, was promoted to 2nd Lieut. of Company F of the Massachusetts 59th Volunteer Infantry on Dec. 4, 1863; 1st Lieut., Feb. 14, 1864; and Captain June 23. He was taken prisoner at North Anna, Va., May 24, 1864; paroled Dec. 10, and discharged for disability Mar.1, 1865.
Coincidentally, he was made 2nd Lieutenant, 1st Lieutenant and Captain in the same company (Massachusetts 59th Volunteer Infantry) in which George Albert Chute (see below) was wounded, so it is quite possible that the two of them crossed paths during this encounter; He was taken prisoner on 24 May 1864, the same day that George Albert sustained his wound and in the same general location, at the North Anna River in Virginia.
For Extended Regimental and Service History, see 35th Infantry Regiment Massachusetts48th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry
Timothy William Brooks Chute, or William B. Chute, enlisted in Company A, Massachusetts 48th Infantry Regiment on 22 SEP 1862, and mustered out on 3 SEP 1863 at Camp Lander, Wenham, Essex County, Massachusetts, USA.Massachusetts 53rd Volunteer Infantry
George Washington Chute III of Leominster, Massachusetts, enlisted as a private in the Massachusetts 53rd Volunteer Infantry on 9 OCT 1862, at the age of 21. He was assigned to Company C and discharged on 2 SEP 1863.
For Extended Regimental and Service History, see Massachusetts 53rd Volunteer InfantryMassachusetts 59th Volunteer Infantry
George Albert Chute, born in Orland, Maine, enlisted in the Massachusetts 59th Volunteer Infantry, Company K, in Boston, Massachusetts on 13 Apr 1864 and mustered out in Readville, Massachusetts on 29 Jun 1865. He was wounded on 24 May 1864, placing him in the midst of the battle at Quarles' Mill, at the North Anna River in Virginia.
For Extended Regimental and Service History, see Massachusetts 53rd Volunteer Infantry1st Massachusetts, Heavy Artillery
Clarence Augustus Warner, husband of Alice Matilda Chute Warner, enlisted in Company D, Massachusetts 1st Heavy Artillery Regiment on 05 Jul 1861 as a private. Promoted to Full Corporal. He was wounded on 19 May 1864 [this would have been during the Battle of Spottsylvania Court House, one of the costliest battles of the Civil War], and mustered out with the remainder of his regiment on 5 JUL 1864. On 12 OCT 1910, he attended a memorial event in Salem, MA attended by President Taft, who concluded his speech with, "It impresses me to feel that here in your presence I am "up against" the real thing and that over a thousand of your companions gave up their lives to save the country. Without that sacrifice the country could not have been what it is to-day and what I trust it will continue to be for thousands of years to come. I am glad, as President of the United States, to dedicate the memorial which you have erected." Another memorial for the regiment was erected in Spottsylvania, VA: "On the battlefield of Spottsylvania, Va., on the Harris farm, is a granite memorial recording the fact that 398 members of this regiment fell within an hour around that spot. The inscription: "In commemoration of the Deeds of the First Regiment, Heavy Artillery, Massachusetts Volunteers—Armed as Infantry—three hundred and ninety-eight of whose members fell within an hour around this spot during an action fought May 19, 1864, between a Division of the Union Army, commanded by General Tyler, and a Corps of the Confederate forces under General Ewell. Erected by Survivors of the Regiment, 1901." The land was donated by the owner of the farm on which it stands — Thomas H. Harris." Note that the date of May 19, 1864 was the date that Clarence Warner was wounded.2nd Massachusetts, Heavy Artillery
Gilbert Randall Chute, enlisted as a private in the 2nd Heavy Artillery Regiment, Massachusetts on 22 DEC 1863, at the age of 43. He was assigned to Company M, Unit 881. For extended Service Record, see 2nd Heavy Artillery Regiment, Massachusetts23rd Massachusetts, Infantry
Andrew M. Chute, identifying himself as a shoemaker, enlisted in the 23rd Regiment, Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry on 18 FEB 1864. Regimental records show that the 23rd Massachusetts had been organized in September of 1861, and were already in the field in Portsmouth, Virginia and at Getty's Station, on the Norfolk & Suffolk Railroad, at the time that Andrew enlisted. He would have traveled to join them there and joined them in these duties, through April 26, 1864. For his full service record and battle information, see Service Record.18th Massachusetts, Infantry
George M. Chute, was a 25 year-old Teamster from Boston, MA when he enlisted at Boston on August 30, 1861 and was mustered into the 18th Massachusetts Infantry on October 12, 1861 as a Sergeant in Co. A. He was promoted to First Sergeant on Oct. 12, 1862.
Chute was engaged with the Regiment in 1862 during the Peninsula Campaign, including the Siege of Yorktown, the Second Battle of Bull Run, Shepherdstown, and Fredericksburg. In 1863 he was further engaged at Chancellorsville and Gettysburg. Chute was on detached recruiting service at Long Island, Boston Harbor from July 22, 1863 to June 30, 1864, in part to supervise draftees. He was discharged at Boston on August 30, 1864 at the expiration of his enlistment. Source: Bridgton Historical Society27th Regiment, Massachusetts Infantry
Reverend Charles Louis Woodworth, married to Hannah Amelia Perkins, the granddaughter of Reverend Ariel Parish and Hannah Chute Parish, was commissioned an officer (Chaplain) in Company S, Massachusetts 27th Infantry Regiment on 30 Mar 1862. He mustered out of service on 20 Jun 1864.
Second Cavalry. --Col., Robert N. McLaren; Lieut.-Col., William Pfaender; Majs., Ebenezer A. Rice, John M. Thompson, Robert H. Rose. This regiment was organized during the fall and winter of 1863 and was mustered in during Jan., 1864. It was engaged in garrison duty, with occasional expeditions in pursuit of wandering bands of Indians until late in May, when it left Fort Snelling for the campaign against the savages.**
[Note**: By "savages", the United States Army record keepers meant, in actuality, the Sioux, who no doubt were posting similar claims against the United States Army of the time. Nonetheless, this record is interesting for several reasons: in the battle of Tahkahokuty Mountain (Killdeer Mountain) in August of 1864, Cornelius would have encountered (in reputation, if not in actual fact) Inkpaduta, the famous chief of the Wahpekute Dakota Indian tribe, who may have participated in this battle - or if not, was one of the reasons for it. This band of the Sioux was located in the prairies of South Dakota, Iowa, and Minnesota, and certainly had their own legitimate reasons for feeling backed against the wall by the U.S. Government.The 8th Minn. infantry, eight companies of the 2nd cavalry, Brackett's cavalry battalion and Jones' infantry, formed the and brigade of Sully's division, under command of Col. Minor T. Thomas these troops left Fort Ridgely June 5, 1864, and effected a junction with the 1st brigade at Fort Sully on the Missouri July 1. The Indians were driven from their camp on Cannon Ball river and followed to the Little Heart river. The regiment participated and did effective work in the battle of Tahkahokuty mountain, where 5,000 Indians were strongly posted in the hills and ravines. Two men of Co. D were killed the following night, while on picket, Co. D and part of Co. A being detailed for that duty. It was in the two days' engagement in early August, known as the battle of the Little Missouri, reached the Yellowstone on Aug. 13. On the return trip it had several slight encounters with the enemy. A detachment accompanied the expedition for the relief of Capt. Fisk and a party of 50 cavalrymen, who were escorting an emigrant train west. The regiment reached Fort Ridgely Oct. 8 and the several companies were on garrison and patrol duty at Forts Wadsworth, Abercrombie, Ripley and Ridgely, and smaller posts. They were mustered out as fast as regulars could take their places in the fall of 1865, except Co. A, which was mustered out April 2, and L, mustered out May 4, 1866." Battles Fought:
As a settler in Minnesota Cornelius would have certainly heard of Inkpaduta already. "Inkpaduta's extreme hatred for whites seemed to be derived from the senseless murdering of his family in 1854 by Henry Lott ... after 1857, Inkpaduta became a legend among settlers, a storybook monster who was often rumored to be somewhere nearby, lurking. Relations between Dakotas and whites staggered on, finally exploding in 1862 with a massive uprising in Minnesota, which claimed the lives of nearly five hundred white settlers and an unknown number of Dakotas. Inkpaduta was there, but his role--if any--is unclear.
As the uprising collapsed, he fled westward onto the plains, eventually falling in with the Lakotas and becoming friends with Sitting Bull. Lakota holy man Black Elk lists Inkpaduta as one of the great men present at the Little Bighorn in 1876, when Custer was "rubbed out." As Lakota resistance disintegrated the following year, Sitting Bull and his people fled to Canada. Inkpaduta, old and increasingly nearsighted, went with them. Unlike Sitting Bull, he never returned to the U.S., never surrendered, was never captured. He died in Manitoba in 1881."]
Details on the Mauvaise Terre and Blue Earth River battles are still being researched.
Another reason this record is interesting is that it reflects the use of the military on two distinct fronts during the Civil War: while most Union army units were engaged with battles against the south, they were also needed in the west. Cornelius's unit is an example of a cavalry unit that fought on both fronts.Source on the Minnesta Second Cavalry:
Historical Data Systems, comp. Military Records of Individual Civil War Soldiers. [database online] Provo, UT: Ancestry.com, 1999-. Copyright 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000 - Historical Data Systems Inc.P.O. Box 196 Kingston, MA 02364Sources on Inkpaduta and the Sioux:
Job Phillips ("Phillip") Chute, brother of Andrew Sauerdine Chute and 2nd Lieutenant Augustus S. Chute (below), and son of Andrew Hossom Chute, Sr. and Almira B. Phillips Chute enlisted as a private on 12 September 1861 at the age of 22, in the Union Army. Philip was affiliated with an Ohio regiment. His record is also filed under “Phillips Chute”, “Philip Chutt” and “Phillip Chutts”. He died, still with Company D, 31st Infantry Regiment Ohio on 02 December 1863 in Chattanooga, Tennessee, at Missionary Ridge.
Andrew Sauerdine Chute, brother of Job Phillips ("Phillip") Chute (above) and 2nd Lieutenant Augustus S. Chute (below), son of Andrew Hossom Chute, Sr. and Almira B. Phillips Chute enlisted as a private on 5 Sep 1861, was promoted to corporal and then to Full Sergeant. He mustered out on 20 Jul 1865 at Louisville, Kentucky. He was accepted as a resident of the Central Branch (Dayton, Ohio) of the National Homes for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers in 1900, ad was buried in the Dayton National Cemetery in JAN 1905.56th Infantry Regiment, Company D
James Chute, brother of Andrew Chute and son of Thomas Chute of New York, were reported by family lore to have emigrated to upstate New York from Ireland. Nonetheless all three of them appear in Civil War records as having been drafted into Wisconsin Infantry regiments. James Chute's record indicate he was a resident of Milwaukee as of 12 NOV 1863, when he was drafted into Company D, 21st Regiment, of the Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry. He then transfered to Company D, 3rd Regiment, Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry as of 19 SEP 1864. When the war concluded he returned to Erie County New York to raise his family. It is not known how he, his father and brother were drafted in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
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