Date of contract, Salomon de Trey, notary.
_Pierre GACHET ______________+ | (1475 - 1528) m 1503 _Petermand GACHET ___| | (.... - 1574) | | |_Jaquaz DUTRUICT ____________+ | (.... - 1553) m 1503 _Claude GACHET ______| | (1549 - 1588) m 1580| | | _George MURISET _____________ | | | (.... - 1579) | |_Antheyne MURISET ___| | (1533 - 1573) | | |_Denise REGNAULD ____________+ | (1520 - 1579) | |--Marguerite GACHET | | _Jean NIBLE _________________+ | | (.... - 1570) | _Beno�t NIBLE _______| | | (1522 - 1589) m 1550| | | |_Isabel PERRIARD ____________+ | | |_Fran�oise NIBLE ____| (1564 - ....) m 1580| | _Beno�t du MOULIN ___________+ | | (.... - 1562) |_Benoitte du MOULIN _| (1530 - 1582) m 1550| |_Isabel (Elizabeth) CHEVROD _+ (.... - 1557)
_Pierre GACHET _______+ | (1475 - 1528) m 1503 _Jean GACHET ________| | (1509 - 1591) m 1540| | |_Jaquaz DUTRUICT _____+ | (.... - 1553) m 1503 _Josu� GACHET _______| | (1558 - 1621) m 1597| | | _Guillaume REGNAULD __+ | | | (.... - 1559) | |_Denise REGNAULD ____| | (1520 - 1579) m 1540| | |_Anteyne DE GOUMOENS _+ | | |--Marguerite GACHET | | _Benoit MORATEL ______ | | (.... - 1565) | _Nicod MORATEL ______| | | m 1569 | | | |______________________ | | |_Jeanne MORATEL _____| (.... - 1628) m 1597| | _Daniel DEMONT _______ | | (1510 - 1568) m 1542 |_Claudine DEMONT ____| m 1569 | |_Anne MICHIEZ ________+ m 1542
_Jean GACHET ________ | (1591 - 1640) m 1609 _David GACHET _______| | (.... - 1680) m 1640| | |_Anne DE TREY _______+ | m 1609 _David GACHET _______| | (.... - 1722) m 1682| | | _Abraham DESSIBORD __ | | | | |_Jeanne DESSIBORD ___| | m 1640 | | |_____________________ | | |--Marguerite GACHET | | _Pierre COMTE _______+ | | m 1614 | _Samuel COMTE _______| | | m 1652 | | | |_Susanne RU�RAT _____+ | | m 1614 |_Anne Marie COMTE ___| (.... - 1729) m 1682| | _____________________ | | |_Magdelaine JACCAUD _| m 1652 | |_____________________
Catechumen, Christmas 1710, listed as Salom�, daughter of Mr. l'Advoyer Gachet. She may be the Marie Salom� Gachet who is mentioned in various notarial records in the 1730's, purchasing property and loaning money, but there are reasons to suppose otherwise.
Although she should not normally have required a guardian as late as 1737, she is clearly the Salom� Gatchet daughter of the late Monsieur l'Advoyer Gatchet whose "tuteur" Samuel Nicolas de Trey, ancien banneret, sold various properties on her behalf beginning 27 nov 1737 (Samuel Comte, notary at Payerne, ACV DP 21/2). The minutaires of the same notary document several transactions showing that her affairs were managed by the Chambre des Orphelins of Payerne, and that she had other guardians over the course of many years, such as N. Fran�ois Nicolas de Treytorrens (1729) and Fr�d�ric Jaccaud (1735).
_Jean GACHET ________ | (1591 - 1640) m 1609 _David GACHET _______| | (.... - 1680) m 1640| | |_Anne DE TREY _______+ | m 1609 _David GACHET _______| | (.... - 1722) m 1682| | | _Abraham DESSIBORD __ | | | | |_Jeanne DESSIBORD ___| | m 1640 | | |_____________________ | | |--Marguerite Salom� GACHET | (.... - 1737) | _Pierre COMTE _______+ | | m 1614 | _Samuel COMTE _______| | | m 1652 | | | |_Susanne RU�RAT _____+ | | m 1614 |_Anne Marie COMTE ___| (.... - 1729) m 1682| | _____________________ | | |_Magdelaine JACCAUD _| m 1652 | |_____________________
Illegitimate daugher of Josu�, the name of the mother not given in the baptismal register, thus possibly not the daughter of Jeanne Moratel.
_Pierre GACHET _______+ | (1475 - 1528) m 1503 _Jean GACHET ________| | (1509 - 1591) m 1540| | |_Jaquaz DUTRUICT _____+ | (.... - 1553) m 1503 _Josu� GACHET _______| | (1558 - 1621) m 1597| | | _Guillaume REGNAULD __+ | | | (.... - 1559) | |_Denise REGNAULD ____| | (1520 - 1579) m 1540| | |_Anteyne DE GOUMOENS _+ | | |--Marie GACHET | | _Benoit MORATEL ______ | | (.... - 1565) | _Nicod MORATEL ______| | | m 1569 | | | |______________________ | | |_Jeanne MORATEL _____| (.... - 1628) m 1597| | _Daniel DEMONT _______ | | (1510 - 1568) m 1542 |_Claudine DEMONT ____| m 1569 | |_Anne MICHIEZ ________+ m 1542
__ | __| | | | |__ | _Pierre GACHET ______| | (.... - 1612) m 1604| | | __ | | | | |__| | | | |__ | | |--Marie GACHET | | __ | | | __| | | | | | |__ | | |_Eva OTTONIN ________| m 1604 | | __ | | |__| | |__
_____________________ | _Jean GACHET ________| | (1591 - 1640) m 1609| | |_____________________ | _Abraham GACHET _____| | (.... - 1667) m 1647| | | _Abraham DE TREY ____+ | | | (1549 - 1596) m 1591 | |_Anne DE TREY _______| | m 1609 | | |_Anne JOCCET ________+ | (.... - 1601) m 1591 | |--Marie GACHET | | _Andr� FIVAZ ________ | | (.... - 1598) | _Pierre FIVAZ _______| | | m 1602 | | | |_Antheine CHUARD ____+ | | (1550 - 1591) |_Elizabeth FIVAZ ____| m 1647 | | _Daniel RIBAUD ______ | | |_Esther RIBAUD ______| m 1602 | |_____________________
We are not completely sure which of the "Magdelaines" married Abraham Chuard. Assisting at her marriage contract, held under the coustumier de Lausanne at Granges-pr�s-Marnand, were her brother-in-law Moyse Biolley, notary of Lausanne, and Fran�ois Estoppey, Lieutenant de Granges, her maternal uncle.
 Date of contract, from the Chuard genealogy, which calls the bride Magdelaine. We found the contract in the records of Jean Estoppy, notary at Granges-pr�s-Marnand (ACV DP 38/1).
_Pierre GACHET _______+ | (1475 - 1528) m 1503 _Jean GACHET ________| | (1509 - 1591) m 1540| | |_Jaquaz DUTRUICT _____+ | (.... - 1553) m 1503 _Josu� GACHET _______| | (1558 - 1621) m 1597| | | _Guillaume REGNAULD __+ | | | (.... - 1559) | |_Denise REGNAULD ____| | (1520 - 1579) m 1540| | |_Anteyne DE GOUMOENS _+ | | |--Marie (Magdelaine) GACHET | (.... - 1652) | _Benoit MORATEL ______ | | (.... - 1565) | _Nicod MORATEL ______| | | m 1569 | | | |______________________ | | |_Jeanne MORATEL _____| (.... - 1628) m 1597| | _Daniel DEMONT _______ | | (1510 - 1568) m 1542 |_Claudine DEMONT ____| m 1569 | |_Anne MICHIEZ ________+ m 1542
 Contract dated 19 may 1699, recorded by Jerome de Trey, notary at Payerne (ACV DP 30/1).
_Jean GACHET ________ | (1591 - 1640) m 1609 _David GACHET _______| | (.... - 1680) m 1640| | |_Anne DE TREY _______+ | m 1609 _David GACHET _______| | (.... - 1722) m 1682| | | _Abraham DESSIBORD __ | | | | |_Jeanne DESSIBORD ___| | m 1640 | | |_____________________ | | |--Marie Magdelaine GACHET | | _Pierre COMTE _______+ | | m 1614 | _Samuel COMTE _______| | | m 1652 | | | |_Susanne RU�RAT _____+ | | m 1614 |_Anne Marie COMTE ___| (.... - 1729) m 1682| | _____________________ | | |_Magdelaine JACCAUD _| m 1652 | |_____________________
_Jean GACHET ________ | (1591 - 1640) m 1609 _Abraham GACHET _____| | (.... - 1667) m 1647| | |_Anne DE TREY _______+ | m 1609 _Samuel GACHET ______| | (.... - 1733) | | | _Pierre FIVAZ _______+ | | | m 1602 | |_Elizabeth FIVAZ ____| | m 1647 | | |_Esther RIBAUD ______+ | m 1602 | |--Marie Magdelaine GACHET | (.... - 1765) | _____________________ | | | _____________________| | | | | | |_____________________ | | |_____________________| | | _____________________ | | |_____________________| | |_____________________
_Abraham GACHET _____+ | (.... - 1667) m 1647 _Samuel GACHET ______| | (.... - 1733) | | |_Elizabeth FIVAZ ____+ | m 1647 _Jean Baptiste Daniel GACHET _| | (1702 - 1762) m 1722 | | | _____________________ | | | | |_____________________| | | | |_____________________ | | |--Marie Marguerite GACHET | (.... - 1784) | _____________________ | | | _____________________| | | | | | |_____________________ | | |_Susanne Elizabeth PECLAT ____| (1705 - 1755) m 1722 | | _____________________ | | |_____________________| | |_____________________
During the period when Pierre Gachet was the secretary for the city of Payerne, only one other Gachet is mentioned there, a priest, Nicolas Gachet. For a long time, we were unable to find any indication of his relationships, or any source that mentioned any siblings of Pierre. However, a Nicolas Gachet who is cited as cur� at Yvonand (and of Bonvillars, in a terrier dated 1527 for the chapel of St. Martin in the cathedral of Lausanne, now at the AVL) accompanied Pierre Falk on his famous expedition to Jerusalem in 1519. This Nicolas is usually assumed to be the same person as the Nicolas Gachet who was chaplain at Payerne in 1514 and cur� de Payerne as late as 1533, but we were unable to find any source for this assertion, although one can read between the lines to reach this conclusion from the account of the pilgrimages of Peter Falck (Max de Diesbach, "Les p�lerins fribourgeois � Jerusalem", Archives de la Soci�t� d'histoire du Canton de Fribourg, 5:189- 282, 1893, referencing the Manuaux de Conseil of Fribourg, nos. 37 and 38, as the source for the information about Nicolas Gachet) . Nicolas would be of the right generation to be a sibling of Pierre. That he was at Payerne is established by the accounts of the city for 1516, where he is described as cur� d'Yvonand, with a salary from the city of Payerne of 8 florins for maintaining the clock tower. He was still at Payerne, cur� d'Yvonand, at the imposition of the Reformation in 1537. He did not accept the new religion, and nothing further seems to be known of him. The one member of the secular clergy at Payerne who did change with the times was Nicod Maringod, who had succeeded Nicolas Gachet as the keeper of the city clock (cited in Maxime Reymond's extended history of the Abbey of Payerne, published in installments in the Revue historique vaudoise, 1912-1913). An account of a meeting of the Soci�t� vaudoise d'histoire et d'arch�ologie at Yvonand in 1938 (Revue historique vaudoise 46:377-381) notes that the parish archives still had two papal indulgences (1509 and 1512, from the pontificate of Julius II) that had been issued to Nicolas Gachet for the church at Yvonand. It appears that at least some of the possessions of this church were removed to the catholic church at Cheyres (Fribourg), previously an annex of the parish of Yvonand, during the Reformation. The church at Bonvillars was probably a more lucrative post, and because of the importance of that church, we might expect some interesting records to have survived. The identity of this Nicolas Gachet now seems almost certain, with the discovery of a document in which he holds property jointly with his nephews, sons of the late notary Pierre Gachet (and one of those nephews is named, Jean Amey Gachet), in 1533 — this can only be an allusion to the late secretary of the city, who died in 1528 (ACV C VIIb 2634).
The indulgence issued in 1512 for Nicolas and the chapel of the Virgin Mary at the parish church of Yvonand, of which he was the curate is now in the collections of the Archives Cantonales Vaudoises. A photograph, along with a complete transcript and French translation, may be found at this site.
_Petrus GACHET ______+ | (1371 - 1450) m 1409 _Nicoletus GACHET ___| | (1408 - 1458) | | |_Francesia CROSTEL __+ | (1392 - 1450) m 1409 _Fran�ois GACHET ____| | (1450 - 1487) m 1474| | | _____________________ | | | | |_Anne DE VILLARZEL __| | | | |_____________________ | | |--Nicolas GACHET | (1487 - 1537) | _Jean CHALON ________+ | | | _Nicod CHALON _______| | | (.... - 1479) | | | |_Antheine du CREST __+ | | |_Jaqueta CHALON _____| m 1474 | | _Pierre CUEX ________ | | |_Fran�oise CUEX _____| | |_____________________
Placed here provisionally, as no definite record of his birth or his parentage has been found. He was known usually as David, and was the secr�taire de Payerne about 1591-1593. He left a legacy to Petermann Gachet, who would be his nephew if we have placed him correctly. The notaries make no mention of his heirs or wives in the records examined to date. His notarial registers from 1591-1593 survive (ACV DP 42/1, FHL microfilm #0997090). He was admitted to the notariat of Payerne 06 jan 1591, according to his registers.
_Fran�ois GACHET _______________+ | (1450 - 1487) m 1474 _Pierre GACHET ______| | (1475 - 1528) m 1503| | |_Jaqueta CHALON ________________+ | m 1474 _Petermand GACHET ___| | (.... - 1574) | | | _Aim� (Aymo, Aymonet) DUTRUICT _+ | | | (1460 - 1513) m 1480 | |_Jaquaz DUTRUICT ____| | (.... - 1553) m 1503| | |_Perronete BONNET (OR BOVET?) __+ | (.... - 1513) m 1480 | |--Nicolas David GACHET | (1565 - 1593) | ________________________________ | | | _George MURISET _____| | | (.... - 1579) | | | |________________________________ | | |_Antheyne MURISET ___| (1533 - 1573) | | _Guillaume REGNAULD ____________+ | | (.... - 1559) |_Denise REGNAULD ____| (1520 - 1579) | |_Anteyne DE GOUMOENS ___________+
_Perrodus GACHET ____ | (1320 - ....) _Nicoletus GACHET ___| | (1371 - 1416) | | |_____________________ | _Roletus GACHET _____| | (1391 - 1447) | | | _____________________ | | | | |_Marguereta _____ ___| | | | |_____________________ | | |--Nicoletus GACHET | | _____________________ | | | _____________________| | | | | | |_____________________ | | |_Katherina _____ ____| | | _____________________ | | |_____________________| | |_____________________
Cited in 1416 (Pierre de Treyvaux, notary at Payerne) as the late father of Roletus Gachet of Villars-en-Vully, this attribution repeated in 1450 in a document relating to a dispute over property held jointly with heirs of Johannes Gachet, who would be about the same generation as Nicoletus. They were brothers, sons of Perrodus, as noted in several reconnaissances of the period. His wife Marguereta is named in a reconnaissance by their son Roletus Gachet, 13 may 1441, C XX 45/5 (reference Aa 28/1 p. 41, part of the Inventaire Vert).
__ | __| | | | |__ | _Perrodus GACHET ____| | (1320 - ....) | | | __ | | | | |__| | | | |__ | | |--Nicoletus GACHET | (1371 - 1416) | __ | | | __| | | | | | |__ | | |_____________________| | | __ | | |__| | |__
Document of Jean de Trevaux, notary at Payerne, dated 02 may 1475 (ACV Dp 107, fol. 54), has Petrus Gaschet filius quondam Nicolleti Gaschet burgensis paterniaci selling property to Dompnus Johannes Innens, procuror for the clergy of the chapel of the Virgin Mary at Payerne. However, "Petrus" is lined out, and "Franciscus" written in the margin in the same hand. Just a few pages earlier (fol. 51), a complex document identifies Marguerite Gachet wife of Rodulphus Prouz as the daughter of the late Petrus Gachet and also as the (paternal) sister of Nicolletus Gachet.
There is also mention of the wife of Nicolletus' son Franciscus (Jaqueta, sister of Bartholem�e Chalon) in the same document on fol. 51, but the text is difficult to decipher. Others reached the same conclusion, as the Chalon line, with this connection included, has been documented in research for descendant Ezra Taft Benson, 13th President of the LDS Church (his grandmother was from the Ballif family that converted to Mormonism early and left Lausanne in time to join the early migrations to Salt Lake City). At first, it seemed to us that Nicoletus had a first wife Mermeta, but this now seems more likely a misreading of the document. See below for the other tradition, that the wife of Nicoletus was from the Villarsel family.
Our Nicolletus Gachet is mentioned in a number of documents of Jacobus Bellin (notary at Payerne, the surviving register covers 1430-1459, much of it in tatters and damaged by water) and Nicod Mareschet (the register covers 1431-1439, most records relating to residents of Villars-en-Vully). A settlement of a dispute, dated 28 dec 1450 (fols. 82-86v), involves Nicoletus Gachet son of the late Petrus Gachet bourgeois of Payerne of the first part and Johannes and Nicoletus Gachet sons of Rolet Gachet of Villard en Vuilliez of the second part. Even earlier, 1430, Petrus Gachet is identified as a notary of Payerne and appears to own property jointly with Rolet Gachet. The latter has wife Katherina and son Johannes whose wife is Antonia. Nicoletus son of Petrus sells property on his own as early as 1442, but still appears to sell with approval of his father on 06 nov 1434 (Nicodus Mareschet, notary, Dp 64, fol. 81). From this we infer that Nicoletus was born after 1409, so that he had not yet reached the age of 25 in 1434. This is consistent with his reported birth date (see below, this information probably comes from "lost" papers of the Gachet family that were available to a few historians in the early 20th Century, or possibly to a dossier of some kind in the archives of Payerne). Rolet is probably the same person identified as the son of the late Nycoletus Gaschet of Villars-en-Vully in a document recorded by Pierre de Treyvaux, 29 jun 1416.
The settlement of 1450 is resolves a dispute between Nicoletus Gachet and the family of Rolet Gachet over property that Nicoletus claimed from the estate of his grandfather, Johannes Gachet. Nicoletus also identifies his father and mother, her father, and other family members. The two branches are stated to descend from Perrodus Gachet, father of Johannes. The resolution of the dispute, faded and heavily abbreviated, has also not been completely deciphered. This long-running dispute over the division of property at Villars-en-Vully has the effect of tying together several generations of this family, proving that the family at Villars is the same one known at Payerne. More information will probably be found in the terriers for the region around Villars, now at the cantonal archives of Vaud and Fribourg.
Nicolletus Gaschet seems to be the same person who is described in the following passage, attributed to Marcel Henchoz and Arnold Gachet, in the Saaner Jahrbuch of 1973, in the course of an article by Ulrich Christian Haldi. Although some of the statements in this article are obviously incorrect and confused (possibly reflecting what Arnold Gachet had gleaned from inspection of family papers in possession of Ad�le Peyron-Gatschet, the last known representative of the branch of Bern), this one seems clear:
"Vers la fin du 18me si�cle, Nicolas Gachet [1736-1817, the painter and genealogist] a pu se recueillir dans la chapelle Gachet de l'�glise paroissiale de Payerne devant les dalles fun�raires de ses anc�tres. Suivant une note du dossier Gachet aux Archives de la Ville de Payerne, c'est l� que se trouvait le tombeau de Nicolas Gachet, n� en 1418, Avoyer de Payerne, mort en 1468. La charge atteste que la famille �tait l� depuis un certain temps d�j� et que son niveau social �tait reconnu.
"Toutes ces pierres tombales ont disparu vers 1817, moment o� le colonel de Dompierre, arch�ologue cantonal, fit transporter dans la chapelle Gachet (branche payernoise �teinte en 1812) ce que l'on pensait �tre les restes de la Reine Berthe de Bourgogne."
Thus the legend of Queen Berthe has resulted in the loss of real historical artifacts!
There are even more layers of ambiguity in the story of Queen Berthe. The tomb excavated by Col. de Dompierre was in the narthex of the final Abbey. Later excavations revealed the outlines of the much smaller first church on the same site, the one that would have existed at the time of Berthe's death in 961. In the center of the nave of the first church is an isolated burial, logically the true resting place of Berthe from the contemporary sources, but this part of the Abbey was turned into a bell foundry in the 17th Century, and the burial had been opened and emptied. An analysis of the bone fragments apparently associated with this burial revealed the presence of remains from at least 6 individuals, of which only a handful could be assigned to an adult female. Thus, the monument to Queen Berthe does not even contain her remains, but rather those of someone else buried much later in the narthex of the present Abbey!
The discovery that the "testament" of Berthe, of which two different versions are known, was a forgery was announced first by Victor van Berchem in 1905 at a meeting of the Soci�t� d'histoire de la Suisse romande. The first published notices to this effect followed shortly. There were a number of attempts to rationalize—perhaps the versions we possess today are simply imperfect copies of a real donation—but eventually the scope of the fraud was accepted. By the 1920's, it was clear to almost everyone that the testament and related forgeries from the 12th Century served the purpose of asserting the right of the monks of Payerne to elect their own leaders. The documents contain a number of anachronisms, and bear an impossible date, since other records show that Berthe had died shortly before the "testament" was supposed to have been dictated.
A notable exception to the 20th Century consensus on the authenticity of the supposed "testament" of Queen Berthe was Charles-Albert Cingria, whose La Reine Berthe (1947) has been reprinted (1992, Lausanne: Editions L'Age d'Homme). Cingria apparently subscribed to the belief that truth is beauty, and beauty, truth, and that therefore, the most beautiful version of the story must be the one that we should regard as true in a deep and meaningfully poetic sense.
Edmond Ischi, president of the Association du Vieux Payerne, reports that no inscriptions can be found in the "chapelle Gachet" in the parish church of Payerne today, apart from the family arms at the top of the vaulted ceiling. The church still has inscriptions and other artifacts from some of the other old families of Payerne, and a picture of a window with the Gachet arms (now removed from the church, and its whereabouts currently uncertain) was published in Galbreath's Armorial Vaudois.
A pedigree chart of the Gachet family drawn by Charles-Philippe Dumont is in the collections of the ACV. It gives the wife of our Nicoletus as Anne, daughter of Willelme de Villarzel and Guillette (Guillermette?) de Montricher (this is not the same parentage for Anne de Villarzel quoted elsewhere). However, it appears that the "generations" on this chart are approximate, at best, and the well-documented parentage of Jean Amey Gachet and his brothers does not appear at all. The generation prior to our Nicoletus is represented only by Humbert, donzel, who died in 1416, with his wife Jeanne, daughter of Antoine de Combremont and Jeanne de Faucigny. From the documents already presented above, it is clear that Humbert is not the father of our Nicoletus, unless there were actually two men named Nicolas Gachet, one involved in the dispute over property at Villars-en-Vully, the other the Avoyer de Payerne who died in 1468. Here too, investigation of property tax records, if they exist, might be helpful. We think it likely that Dumont based his pedigree chart on the notes of von M�linen at the Burgerbibliothek in Bern, but the partial transcript of these notes prepared by Therese Metzger differs in a number of details, among others the name of the mother of the wife of our Nicoletus.
There is, however, some evidence suggesting that there is a Villarzel in the Gachet ancestry. When Pierre Gachet died in 1528, his estate was managed by Nicolas Moratel and the de Prez family. Normally, this role would be performed by relatives who did not stand to inherit from the estate. Were Moratel and the de Prez family connected by blood or marriage to the Gachet family? Terriers for the "noble fiefs" of Lausanne show that Nicolas Moratel had an ancestor from the Villarzel family, and some sources (but not the same terriers) show a Villarzel connection for the de Prez family. The details are not yet clear. Also, the family tree recently located in private hands, probably the same one from the hand of the painter and genealogist Niklaus Gatschet (1736-1817), and dating from around 1790, shows the Villarzel coat of arms at what appears to be this generation. However, if the wife of Nicoletus was indeed a Villarzel, no trace of her has been found in the primary sources.
A further confusion is introduced by the discovery in the registers of the notary Petrus Moron (p�re) (ACV Dp 71/1, fol. 30v) of a transaction involving "Petrus Gaschet filius quondam Nycolleti Gaschet", 14 jan 1459 (old style, 1460 by the modern calendar), who purchased property at Payerne from Glaudius Advoye of Payerne. There does not seem to be another Petrus son of Nicoletus, so this record would place the death of the present Nicoletus in 1458 instead of 1468. In that case, the dates 1418-1468 are called into question, and would presumably become 1408-1458, since the usual formula for such information at that time would be the year of death and the age at death, from which the year of birth would be computed. Hence, we show the dates as 1408-1458, which seems to make other dates from this family line up a little better. It should be noted that ages are frequently rounded to the nearest 5 years (the well-known phenomenon of "age heaping"), so it may be that the implied age of 70 years could be an estimate. From other evidence, we would expect Nicoletus to have been born about 1409 or later, so that he would not have reached the age of majority in 1434, when he sold property with approval of his father.
 Birth and death dates from a reported transcript of inscriptions in the family chapel at Payerne, now lost and replaced with the supposed remains of Queen Berthe! However, see notes!
_Perrodus GACHET ____ | (1320 - ....) _Johannes GACHET ____| | (1350 - 1425) | | |_____________________ | _Petrus GACHET ______| | (1371 - 1450) m 1409| | | _____________________ | | | | |_Perrussona _____ ___| | (.... - 1425) | | |_____________________ | | |--Nicoletus GACHET | (1408 - 1458) | _Aymetus CROSTEL ____ | | | _Johannes CROSTEL ___| | | (1372 - 1450) | | | |_____________________ | | |_Francesia CROSTEL __| (1392 - 1450) m 1409| | _____________________ | | |_____________________| | |_____________________
_Roletus GACHET _____+ | (1391 - 1447) _Johannes GACHET ____| | (.... - 1486) m 1434| | |_Katherina _____ ____ | _Aymon GACHET _______| | | | | _Petrus DE VILLAR ___ | | | (.... - 1434) | |_Antonia DE VILLAR __| | m 1434 | | |_____________________ | | |--Nycoletus GACHET | | _____________________ | | | _____________________| | | | | | |_____________________ | | |_____________________| | | _____________________ | | |_____________________| | |_____________________
_Nicoletus GACHET ___+ | (1371 - 1416) _Roletus GACHET _____| | (1391 - 1447) | | |_Marguereta _____ ___ | _Johannes GACHET ____| | (.... - 1486) m 1434| | | _____________________ | | | | |_Katherina _____ ____| | | | |_____________________ | | |--Nycoletus GACHET | | _____________________ | | | _Petrus DE VILLAR ___| | | (.... - 1434) | | | |_____________________ | | |_Antonia DE VILLAR __| m 1434 | | _____________________ | | |_____________________| | |_____________________
The first mention of this man that came to our attention is in a settlement between a Nicoletus Gachet, son of Petrus, son of Johannes, and Johannes and another Nicoletus, sons of Roletus, son of yet another Nicoletus Gachet, in 1450 (notary Jacobus Bellin, fol. 82). The passage in question concerns a claim by Nicoletus son of Petrus regarding the marriage settlement of his mother. Unfortunately, this item has been difficult to decipher. The text appears to read: "Item petebam ut supra quod Nicoletus Gachet filius quondam Perrodi Gachet de Villar en Vulliez confessus fuerat habuisse et recepisse a Francescia filia Johannes Crostel burgensis Paterniaci uxore Petri Gachet nepotis suis quatuor viginti libras (=80 livres) Lausannenses bone monete de dote ac nomine dotis ipsius Francesie quas recuperandas sictuaverat et assignaverat super omnia et singulara bona sua quecumque ut in lictera recepta per Petrum Marcua de Grancord continetur, quam quantitatem petebam michi reponi vigore legitime successionis (?) michi deventis ex parte dicte quondam Francesie matris mee." That Francesia Crostel was the wife of this Petrus, and thus mother of this Nicoletus, is consistent with other records. Further, the "ut supra" in this item evidently refers back to the previous items, where Nicoletus is requesting payment by Roletus and his sons, from which it seems logical to conclude that the elder Nicoletus, son of Perrodus and whose nephew Petrus had married Francesia Crostel, must be the same Nicoletus who was the father of Roletus. These relationships have the effect of finally resolving the question of how the two main branches of the Gachet family connect: The branch at Payerne descends from Nicoletus, son of Perrodus, and the branch at Villars-en-Vully that produced additional branches at Grandcour, Le Landeron, and elsewhere descends from Johannes, also a son of Perrodus. The notary who recorded the marriage settlement received by the elder Nicoletus was Petrus Marcua or Marcuard of Grandcour, but his registers seem not to have survived. One possible explanation for the participation of the elder Nicoletus in the marriage settlement could be that Petrus had not reached the age of majority at that time, and that his father Johannes had already died. In such a situation, the elder Nicoletus, as next of kin, would likely have served as the guardian of Petrus and would have represented him in contracts and legal transactions.
A possible reference to one of the claims in the dispute of 1450, the one that concerns a "cense" somehow connected with Fribourg and related to property held in the past by the two branches of the family, is found in a transaction recorded by Nicoletus Mareschet, a notary working mainly in the Vully region (ACV Dp 64, fol. 30, dated 10 may 1433). In this act, Illinus de Lanthoz of Fribourg and his wife Francesia promise to return certain letters of vendition to Roletus Gachet, in particular one relating to the sale of a property at Villars-en-Vully that had belonged to the late brothers Johannes and Nicoletus Gachet. Although the situation is not clearly explained, it appears that the property must have been sold to Illinus or his wife by the Gachet brothers and that Illinus owed payments (thus a "cense") to the Gachet heirs. In effect, the transaction had been a secured loan. Did Illinus in fact turn over the letter of vendition, thus terminating the loan? If that was done, the later claim of the other branch of the Gachet family against Roletus for their share of the income from this property might be invalid, and that is exactly what happened in the dispute of 1450. The key to this transaction, however, lies in the fact that Illinus or Hillinus du Lanthod of Fribourg had married Francesia Gachet, daughter of Johannes, and thus Francesia was a first cousin of Roletus. The transactions referred to in 1433 and 1450 were sales, exchanges, or loans between relatives. A search of the notaries of Fribourg, and the dossiers at the Archives d'Etat de Fribourg, might turn up more information about these transactions.
There is an interesting citation in P. Appolinaire Dellion's Dictionnaire historique et statistique des parroisses Catholiques du Canton de Fribourg (vol. 8, 1896, p. 381ff, article on the parish of M�ni�res). Dellion cites a Perrodus Gaschet, donzel de Payerne, who was among those approving a reconnaissance dated 13 feb 1336, and possibly also mentioned in a sale dated 20 oct 1330, for property at M�ni�res subject to the heirs of the de Moli�re family. The document of 1336 was apparently held by the archives of the commune of M�nieres, and the source for the sale of 1330 is given as Arch. soc. d'hist., vol. 3. Clearly, any document referring to a Gachet as "donzel" is important for the story of the family, so these documents need to be located. Similar documents are identified through internet sources: In the Archives Communales de Moudon, M 58, 710, a cense for the H�pital de la Vierge-Marie, Perrod Aumont, Perrod Gaschet, J. ffeu Etienne Perrotet, et Perrod de Cugy, tiennent selon la coutume d'Estavayer, de J Landry, recteur de l'h�pital de la Vierge-Marie de Moudon, des terres ri�re Menni�res, � savoir : le premier, une pose sous la cense de 3 bichets moiti� froment; le deuxi�me, le tiers de 2 poses de pr� et le tiers de 2 poses de terre, cense : 3 sous; le troisi�me, une demi-pose de terre et le tiers d'une autre et le tiers d'un chesal, cense : 3 sous 6 deniers et en outre 4 deniers � l'�glise de Menni�res. Le cinqui�me une pose de terre, cense : 2 coupes 1 bichet moiti� froment. Date: 1384. (It would be very logical if the same "cense" were also cited in one of the terriers for the hospital of Moudon, ACV Fn 306-313. These terriers have not yet been examined. In particular, Fn 307-310 constitute a four-volume set compiled by Uldriodus Guilly, with the indexes for volumes 1-2 in Fn 307, and for volumes 3-4 in Fn 309, concerning properties or titles for the hospital 1285-1460. The inventory of the ACV notes entries concerning Meni�res in the second volume, Fn 308, but the other volumes will be of interest as well, as they are likely to contain information about many other families in the area around Moudon and in some cases very distant sites as well, such as Lutry, Yverdon, Fribourg, etc. Another possible source is Fn 311, including four separate sections with dates from 1338 to 1473; Fn 312; and Fn 313.)
The section of Dellion's dictionary concerning these acts follows: "En 1336 le village de M�ni�res �tait plus consid�rable que celui de l'H�pital (villa de M�ni�res et l'H�pital). Il y avait 55 chefs de famille ou m�nages entre les deux villages, dont 5 � 6 veuves. La population �tait donc de 275 �mes. Depuis, elle aurait peu vari�. Le territoire appartenait alors � trois seigneurs ou seigneuries diff�rentes. Catherine et Agn�s, filles de feu Girard de la Moli�re, en poss�daient une partie; Perrod Gaschet, donzel, de Payerne, une autre, et Perrod, fils de Rodolphe d'Avenches, chevalier, la troisi�me.
"Jeannette, fille de feu Ebal, coseigneur de la Moli�re, avait �pous� le chevalier Rodolphe de Bulle, dont elle eut deux fils, Jean et Pierre, et en seconde noce Ulric d'Everde ; elle avait vendu au comte Louis de Savoie tout ce qu'elle avait h�rit� de son p�re, son droit � la coseigneurie de la Moli�re, et � Perrod, fils de Rodolphe d'Avenches, ses droits sur M�ni�res et l'H�pital, la d�me de Verney. Ses fils Jean et Pierre de Bulle, avec le consentement de leurs amis et tuteurs, consentent � ces ventes pour la somme de 700 livres qui leur sera livr�e apr�s la mort de leur m�re. Fait en pr�sence de D. Pierre de Hattemberg, cur� de Hauteville,et de D. Jacques de Vilar, cur� de Courtion, le 20 avril 1330. (Arch. soc. d'hist., vol. III.) [Archives de la soci�t� d'histoire du canton de Fribourg, vol. 3, p. 82, 1882 — the original document is stated to be item 47 in the collection designated AEF Font. The published transcript gives no additional names.]
"Le 13 f�vrier 1336, Jaquet et Humbert Fallie, de la juridiction et seigneurie de Catherine et d'Agn�s, filles de feu Girard de la Moli�re; Etienne Cher, Jean Pasteur, de la seigneurie de Perrod; (the semicolon here is obviously an error!) Gaschet, (the semicolon logically belongs here) Girard Perrin, Jacques Osel, de la seigneurie de Perrod d'Avenches, � leur nom et celui des habitants de M�ni�res et de l'H�pital, prennent � bail perp�tuel pour le prix de 50 sols bons d'Aym� dit Berthignie, bourgeois de Montagny, agissant au nom de sa femme Marguerite, fille de feu Jean Mayor, de Cugy, donzel, une pi�ce de bois, des biens de la dite Marguerite, appel�e Verdeyres, limit�e par les bois des Mayor de Cugy et des coseigneurs de la Moli�re. (Arch. de M�n., reconnaissance.) Les t�moins de cet acte furent D. Pierre Franceys, doyen d'Avenches, D. J., cur� d'Estavayer, et D. Pierre, cur� de M�ni�res."
Before accepting these citations at face value, we need to verify that the name Gaschet is not a misreading of the family name Galcherii, known to be a noble family in Payerne, a mistake that has found its way into print more than once. There are several citations of Perrodus Galcherii domicellus of Payerne in the inventory of the ACV, the earliest in 1335, and after his death, of his son Oliverius Galcherii domicellus (1366, 1367), and later of Petrus, son of Oliverius (1385).
In the terrier AEF Grosses Estavayer 121, compiled 1423-1425 for Humbert, Bastard de Savoie by Petrus Mareschet, notary of Payerne, there are several reconnaissances involving the Gachet family of Villars-en-Vully, which clearly state that Perrodus Gachet had made a reconnaissance to Vuilliermus, condominus de Staviaco (this is Guillaume d'Estavayer, who in 1349 sold his share of the seigneurie of Estavayer to Isabelle de Chalon, from whom the seigneurie eventually devolved to Humbert in 1421). This Perrodus was the father of Johannes Gachet and Nicodus Gachet, both dead by 1425, but represented in that year by their respective children, Petrus and Francesia heirs of Johannes, and Roletus the heir of Nicodus. Therefore (and discounting the citation of Perrodus "Gaschet" as a likely misreading of Galcherii), we place the birth of Perrodus Gachet around 1325 or perhaps even earlier. There does not yet seem to be any verified citation that would allow us to estimate the year of his death.
Another line of evidence involves the history of certain properties subject to the coseigneurs of Estavayer. The terrier AEF Grosses Estavayer 121, dating from the 1420's, during the tenure of Humbertus, bastardus de Sabaudia, contains reconnaissances for properties held by various members of the Gachet family, all descendants of Perrodus, their line of descent clearly stated. In these reconnaissances (e.g, fol. 131 ff), we read that the properties had previously been recognized by the said Perrodus Gachet, to the coseigneur Vuilliermus de Staviaco. This could only by the Vuilleme or Guillaume d'Estavayer who in 1349 sold his part of the seigneurie of Estavaye to Isabelle Chalon. Guillaume d'Estavayer had an older brother Girard d'Estavayer, who held the title of coseigneur until his death in 1339, and from these facts, we conclude that Perrodus Gachet most likely made this reconnaissance around 1345, at which time he must have reached the age of majority, and we therefore estimate his birth date as 1320 or earlier. There is some possibility that the reconnaissance itself might be found in the terrier AEF Grosses Estavayer 123a, dated 1343, not yet examined.
Petermand was alive in May 1574 but deceased by December of the same year, according to various documents recorded by Jean-Amey Bondu, notary at Payerne. He also had a ward Marguerite who married Jean Perrin of Thi�le 30 mar 1565 (date of contract recorded by Blaise Chalon, notary at Payerne), widowed by 1571. The marriage contract reveals that she was Petermand's illegitimate daughter, and calls him Coseigneur de Chastel. It seems likely that Petermand had several more children whose names have been lost.
His date of death, and that of his wife, are recorded in the "Hussbuchli" of his brother Niklaus Gatschet, now at the Burgerbibliothek of Bern (MS H. H. XVII. 276. Nr. 19):
"Die Solii 4 Julii, obiit Anthonia fratris mei Petri Gachet uxor. Et die Jovis 8 Julii 1574 sequenti obiit charissimus fratrus meus Petrus Gachet eius conjunx."
 According to the family book of Niklaus Gatschet, his brother.
_Nicoletus GACHET __________+ | (1408 - 1458) _Fran�ois GACHET _______________| | (1450 - 1487) m 1474 | | |_Anne DE VILLARZEL _________ | _Pierre GACHET ______| | (1475 - 1528) m 1503| | | _Nicod CHALON ______________+ | | | (.... - 1479) | |_Jaqueta CHALON ________________| | m 1474 | | |_Fran�oise CUEX ____________+ | | |--Petermand GACHET | (.... - 1574) | ______ DE TORCULARI ________ | | | _Aim� (Aymo, Aymonet) DUTRUICT _| | | (1460 - 1513) m 1480 | | | |____________________________ | | |_Jaquaz DUTRUICT ____| (.... - 1553) m 1503| | _Pierre BONNET (OR BOVET?) _+ | | (1430 - 1480) |_Perronete BONNET (OR BOVET?) __| (.... - 1513) m 1480 | |_Amphilisia _____ __________
Baptised as Pierre, he is the Petermann Gachet who is supposed to have held the position of Avoyer at Payerne, 1610-1612. There is a reference to "Pettermand Gachet l'aysn�" at Payerne in 1572 (grandfather of the present Petermann), implying the existence already of a younger Petermann. Confirmation was found in a document of Salomon de Trey, notary at Payerne, 14 aug 1602 (AVC DP 31/1, fol. 172 ff.), which also revealed that the younger Petermann's sister Marguerite was still living. The will of Niklaus Gatschet of Bern, 1598, says that Petermann was then an apprentice glassmaker at Bern.
While the list of the Avoyers of Payerne published by Mottaz shows Petermann serving in this position 1610-1612, the church records imply that Petermann was never the Avoyer, and that Josu� Gachet's term continued until sometime in 1612. There are many mentions of Petermann both as a parent and as a sponsor for various baptisms. During this period, in every case, he is listed as Noble, but with no other title. During the same period, Josu� appears as parent and sponsor, and in almost every case, and as late as 20 mar 1612, he is listed as Avoyer.
Another passage in the church records makes it clear that Petermann, with wife Judith, is a distinct person from Pierre Gachet with wife Eve Ottonin, because Petermann and his wife appear as sponsors at the baptism of Salomon, son of Pierre and Eve, 17 jan 1606.
The document establishing the dowry of his sister Marguerite (04 apr 1606, Salomon de Trey, notary at Payerne) notes that Petermann received a legacy from David Gachet, secr�taire de Payerne (his testament has not been found), and that Petermann was out of the country "en guerre" at some point. Probably the same absence is the one that is the subject of the following extract, reported by B�ranek:
Manual de Conseil, A6/109, 04 apr 1600: "Noble Petremann, fils de feu Noble Claudi Gachet, Conseiller, d�lib�rant par l'avis de ses parents d'aller voir du pays. Il a obtenu des lettres attestant de son origine, de bonne conversation et de la c�l�brit� de tous les gens."
 Date of contract, Salomon de Trey, notary.
_Pierre GACHET ______________+ | (1475 - 1528) m 1503 _Petermand GACHET ___| | (.... - 1574) | | |_Jaquaz DUTRUICT ____________+ | (.... - 1553) m 1503 _Claude GACHET ______| | (1549 - 1588) m 1580| | | _George MURISET _____________ | | | (.... - 1579) | |_Antheyne MURISET ___| | (1533 - 1573) | | |_Denise REGNAULD ____________+ | (1520 - 1579) | |--Petermann (Pierre) GACHET | | _Jean NIBLE _________________+ | | (.... - 1570) | _Beno�t NIBLE _______| | | (1522 - 1589) m 1550| | | |_Isabel PERRIARD ____________+ | | |_Fran�oise NIBLE ____| (1564 - ....) m 1580| | _Beno�t du MOULIN ___________+ | | (.... - 1562) |_Benoitte du MOULIN _| (1530 - 1582) m 1550| |_Isabel (Elizabeth) CHEVROD _+ (.... - 1557)
Besides the Gachet line clearly identified with Payerne, there are several mentions of Gachet from Villars-en-Vully and other villages in the area, using many of the same given names as our line. The connection is provided by a number of documents involving property owned jointly by Roletus and Petrus Gachet in Villars-en-Vully. (The registers of the notary Rojolat of Moudon include a marriage contract, 30 mar 1468, for Pierre son of Jaqueti Vuilliemier of Lucens to Agnes daughter of the late Johannes Gaschet of Vuarmarens, perhaps evidence of a further dispersion of the same family. So far, however, there is no evidence to connect this family at Vuarmarens with the Gachets of Vully and Payerne.)
Petrus is cited as "dictus Gaschet clericus et burgensis Paterniaci" as early as 02 may 1406 (Pierre de Treyvaux, notary at Payerne, ACV Dp 108/1, fol. 9v, in which Petrus acknowledges a debt of six livres to Girardus Gallex clericus burgensis Paterniaci). A citation in 1416, in which he appears as security for a debt of Rolet Gaschet, calls him "notarius dicti loci de Villario et burgensis Paterniaci". He is still alive as late as 1439. The long document involving the continuing dispute over the jointly-held property (28 dec 1450, Jean Bellin, notary at Payerne) reveals that Petrus had a brother Vuilleme (apparently deceased before 1450, and perhaps much earlier).
The same Petrus is called notary of Payerne in several transactions recorded by Nicod Mareschet, a notary working in Vully, 1431-1439 (ACV DP 64/1). Another document of the same notary, dated 10 apr 1432 (fol. 3v) mentions a document recorded previously by the late Johannes Gachet (manu quondam Johannes Gacheti recepto), evidently referring to the father of Petrus.
Both Petrus and Roletus Gachet made "reconnaissances" in 1425-1426 for the terrier ACV Fl 392 for property at Villars-en-Vully subject to the Ch�teau de Cudrefin (1424-1428), as did a Francesia and an Ysabella, both daughters of the late Johannes Gachet, though Ysabella seems to be the daughter of a different Johannes, from Champmartin. From this, we suppose that the respective fathers of both Petrus and Roletus had died before 1425. Other reconnaissances from the same period among the "Grosses de reconnaissances" for the district of Estavayer in the collections of the Archives de l'Etat de Fribourg (AEF) confirm this fact.
The terrier FL 81 contains several reconnaissances for the Gachet family, dated in 1447. Among them, fol. 549, we find a mention that various properties were confirmed to the late Petrus Gachet by Octo de Grandissono on 10 mar 1396 "pro bona satisfacione inde habita" (indicating that this was not an ordinary sale, but rather a gift or reward of some sort, perhaps for services rendered, or perhaps acknowledging repayment of some prior obligation). This citation seems to presuppose that Petrus had already reached the age of majority by 1396, and so we place his birth no later than 1371.
__ | _Perrodus GACHET ____| | (1320 - ....) | | |__ | _Johannes GACHET ____| | (1350 - 1425) | | | __ | | | | |_____________________| | | | |__ | | |--Petrus GACHET | (1371 - 1450) | __ | | | _____________________| | | | | | |__ | | |_Perrussona _____ ___| (.... - 1425) | | __ | | |_____________________| | |__
_Perrodus GACHET ____ | (1320 - ....) _Nicoletus GACHET ___| | (1371 - 1416) | | |_____________________ | _Roletus GACHET _____| | (1391 - 1447) | | | _____________________ | | | | |_Marguereta _____ ___| | | | |_____________________ | | |--Petrus GACHET | (.... - 1486) | _____________________ | | | _____________________| | | | | | |_____________________ | | |_Katherina _____ ____| | | _____________________ | | |_____________________| | |_____________________
He may be the subject of a curious extract published by B�ranek:
Manual de Conseil, A6/153, 04 mar 1603: "Malgr� que le fils premier de Noble Pierre Gachet ne soit pas baptis� en cette �glise, cependant on ne lui devra �tre pr�judiciable au temps � venir. Ainsi il est reconnu au m�me rang que les autres enfants ici baptis�s, vu que le dit Gachet a fait une suffisante diligence jouxte la loi, mais l'infirmit� et la maladie de l'enfant n'a pu le permettre, en autres l�gitimes occasions et respects."
__ | __| | | | |__ | _Pierre GACHET ______| | (.... - 1612) m 1604| | | __ | | | | |__| | | | |__ | | |--Pierre GACHET | | __ | | | __| | | | | | |__ | | |_Eva OTTONIN ________| m 1604 | | __ | | |__| | |__
He is mentioned as the late brother of Franciscus, son of the late Nicolletus Gaschet, in a document regarding the marriage of Franciscus to Jaqueta Challon, 15 may 1474 (Jean de Treyvaux, notary at Payerne).
The marriage contract for Nicodus Bichard of Friburg and Agnes daughter of Henricus Palleon and widow of Petrus Gachet burgensis Paterniaci can only refer to this Pierre Gachet (Johannes de Trevaul, notary, ACV Dp 107, fol. 55, dated 02 may 1475).
_Johannes GACHET ____+ | (1350 - 1425) _Petrus GACHET ______| | (1371 - 1450) m 1409| | |_Perrussona _____ ___ | (.... - 1425) _Nicoletus GACHET ___| | (1408 - 1458) | | | _Johannes CROSTEL ___+ | | | (1372 - 1450) | |_Francesia CROSTEL __| | (1392 - 1450) m 1409| | |_____________________ | | |--Pierre GACHET | (.... - 1474) | _____________________ | | | _____________________| | | | | | |_____________________ | | |_Anne DE VILLARZEL __| | | _____________________ | | |_____________________| | |_____________________
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