How Do Our Campbells, Hazletts,
Luggs & Blackwells Interconnect?
There are many intermarriages throughout the
generations, but here are the early connections. There's lots
of overlap in the family trees. Below are selected parts of
the trees: first from the CAMPBELLs' viewpoint; then from the
LUGG perspective; BLACKWELLs' next; then from the HAZLETT
perspective. For simplicity, only the children that
"interconnect" are shown. "Sr." and "Jr." were not usually
used as part of the names below, but are added to help
distinguish father from son, where both have the same name.
[Note the longevity of many of these folks. Infant and child
mortality was high, but for those who reached adulthood, a
surprising percent lived to "ripe old age".]
|- Joseph Campbell "Sr."
(b. 1748 d. 1824)
|- sp. Mary Harper (b.
1749 d. 1844)
|-- | Sarah Campbell (b.
1777 d. 1860)
|-- | sp.
Samuel HAZLETT (b. 1780 d. 1840)
|-- | Mary Campbell
(b. 1779 d. 1824)
|-- | sp.
(b. 1783 in N. Ireland d. 1869 in Pittsburgh, PA)
|-- | (additional children omitted)
|-- | Jane Campbell
(b. 1792 d. 1832)
|-- | sp. John HAZLETT (b. abt. 1787
d. 1840 in Nelson, PA)
|-- | Joseph Campbell
"Jr." (b. 1793 d. 1864)
|-- | sp.
Ann Clinch (b. 1804 d. 1872)
|-- | James Campbell
(b. 1798 d. 1865)
|-- | sp. Mary BLACKWELL (b. 1806 d.
|- John Campbell (b. 1761
|- sp. Sarah LUGG (b. abt.
1777 d. 1867)
We haven't been able to trace our Campbells farther back than
Joseph Campbell, born 1748 in Scotland, died 1822 in Nelson,
Tioga Co., PA and his brother, John Campbell, born Apr 3, 1761
in Scotland, died Mar 20, 1855, in Nelson. We do not know where
in Scotland they were born, nor where in Scotland Mary Harper
John Campbell (b. 1761) was the apparently first of the family
to come to America, probably in 1776. He worked as a tailor in
Philadelphia and later as a land agent. Next to come were some
of Joseph's older children. They initially settled in Lancaster
Co., PA. We don't know exactly when they arrived, but Sam and
Sally Campbell Hazlett's first child,
was born in Lancaster Co. in 1803. Joseph Campbell, wife Mary
Harper, and their younger children lived in N. Ireland for about
10 years before sailing from Londonderry to Perth Amboy, NJ in
John Campbell married a widow, Sarah LUGG Clinch Blackwell in
1818. Sarah Lugg was born in Bisley, Gloucestershire, abt. 1777.
Sarah first married
and had a daughter, Ann Clinch, b. 1804 in Avening,
Gloucestershire. In 1804 Sarah, Thomas and infant Ann sailed
from Bristol to Philadelphia. On board was a widower, Enoch Blackwell (also
from Avening, born there about 1764) his children, and several
of his siblings. In 1805, Thomas Clinch died in NYC of yellow
fever. Soon after, Sarah and Enoch married. According to Ann's
Jane CAMPBELL Tubbs
(1834 - 1916), Ann was given to Enoch's brother
and raised near New Hope, PA. But the late
Blackwell, a Blackwell family researcher,
believed Ann was raised by brother
Sarah and Enoch lived in Lycoming Co., PA, where their two
children were born: Mary Blackwell in 1806, and Enoch in 1814.
Enoch "Sr." died in 1816. After Sarah married John Campbell in
1818 and John, Sarah, Mary, and Enoch "Jr." lived in Nelson. In
1821 Sarah decided two of John's nephews would make good
husbands for her daughters. She wrote to Ann Clinch, inviting
her to come to Nelson to marry Joseph Campbell "Jr." Daughter
Mary Blackwell married James Campbell. The two sets of siblings
married a week apart in 1822.
(b. 1750 d. 1831)
Ann Ely (b. 1754)
|- Sarah Lugg, (b. abt.
1777 d. 1867)
|- sp. 1
|-- | Ann
Clinch (b. 1804 d. 1872)
|-- | sp.
Joseph Campbell "Jr." (b. 1793 d. 1864)
|- sp. 2 Enoch BLACKWELL
"Sr." (b. abt 1764 d. 1816)
|-- |Mary BLACKWELL (b. 1806 d.
|-- | sp. James CAMPBELL (b. 1798 d.
|-- | Enoch BLACKWELL "Jr." (b.
1814 d. 1884)
|-- | sp.
Mary Holly Knapp
(b. 1813 d. 1865)
|-- | sp.
Power (b. 1825 d. 1905)
|- sp. 3 John
Campbell (b. 1761 d. 1855) [uncle of Joseph and James]
|- Charles Byron Lugg (b.
1791 d. 1874)
Mary Ann Chandler
(b. 1797 d. 1873)
Lugg (b. 1843 d. 1868)
|-- | sp. Enoch
BLACKWELL "Jr." (b. 1814 d. 1884) [1st cousin]
Both Sarah Lugg,
mentioned above, and later her brother, Charles Byron Lugg, b.
1791 in Bisley, came to America. She was the eldest, and he the
6th, of Robert and Mary Ann Lugg's 7 children. Sarah Lugg's 3rd
husband was John Campbell. Sarah's daughters (Ann Clinch and
Mary Blackwell) married John's nephews Joseph and James
Campbell. Sarah's son, Enoch Blackwell "Jr." married three
times. His second wife was his first cousin, Caroline Lugg.
Caroline was the mother of his only child, Enoch Charles
Blackwell, b. 1867. Enoch Blackwell "Jr." was the heir of his
step-father, John Campbell. We have several generations of
Robert Lugg's ancestry.
The elder Enoch Blackwell's tree is embedded in the LUGG tree
above, except for his first marriage. Enoch Blackwell, b. abt.
1764 in Avening, Gloucestershire first married
who died in Gloucestershire before he emigrated. They had 7
children, at least 5 of whom came to America with Enoch. Enoch
was from a family of 10 children. At least 3 of his siblings
came to America: Thomas, Joshua, and Peter. We have several
generations of Enoch's ancestry. Enoch "Sr." was Sarah Lugg's
2nd husband, and had two children by her: Mary Blackwell (who
married James Campbell) and Enoch Blackwell, who married 3
|- Samuel Hazlett (b.
1780 d. 1840)
|- sp. Sarah
Campbell (b. 1777 d. 1860)
Hazlett (b. abt. 1787 d. 1840 in Nelson, PA)
|- sp. Jane CAMPBELL (b. 1792 d. 1832)
(b. 1783 in N. Ireland d. 1869 in Pittsburgh, PA)
|- sp. Mary
CAMPBELL (b. 1779 d. 1824)
of Joseph and Mary Harper daughters married Hazletts. Sisters
Sarah (Sally), b. 1777, and Jane, b. 1792 married brothers
Samuel, b. 1780, and John, b. abt. 1787, both in Scotland. We
know their father's name, and two of their siblings, but do
not know their birthplace. Mary Campbell, b. 1779, never came
to Nelson. She too married a John Hazlett, but in Lancaster,
PA. He was born 1783 in County Down, Ireland. As far as we
know, he was not related to the other Hazletts. The children
of John and Mary moved to Allegheny Co., PA to be with the
families of Mary's brother, John Campbell, b. 1781. Sam
Hazlett's mother, his sister Mary, and his brother, Archibald
also settled in Allegheny Co., PA. We have not been able to
trace back beyond Robert Hazlett. Or even identify which of
the many Robert Hazletts he is.
The story of Sarah Lugg and Ann Clinch has always intrigued
- Why did Sarah Lugg give baby daughter Ann
Clinch to one of Enoch Blackwell's brothers to raise?
- Did Ann and Sarah ever see each other from the
time of Sarah's 2nd marriage?
- Did they correspond?
- Why did Sarah feel that Ann should marry her
nephew, Joseph Campbell (the younger)?
- How did Ann feel about Sarah's matchmaking?
Was she reluctant to leave the well established
communities around New Hope, Bucks Co., PA, or adjacent
Lambertville, Hunterdon Co., NJ, to Beecher's Island ---
which was still the wild frontier?
- How did Ann's foster parents feel about her
departure knowing they would probably never see her again?
- How did Joseph feel about being sent to New Hope to
court his aunt's daughter?
Tune in tomorrow ... Oops, we can't do that.
Unless someone invents a time machine, we'll never know. But
over the years I've speculated about possible answers.
Everyone can form their own theories and never be proved
GIVING UP ANN. Several theories have occurred to
me. It's not very kind to Enoch Blackwell, but we could
suspect that he was jealous of the attention Sarah gave to
Ann. Or that he was jealous of Thomas Clinch, and didn't
want Ann around as a reminder. It's more charitable, and I
think more likely, that it had to do with where Enoch and
Sarah were going. Enoch, his children by his 1st wife, and
some of his siblings, came to America as part of The
Blackwells, and several other families pooled money and sent
representatives to Philadelphia a year before the main
party's arrival. They thought they were getting more than
110,000 acres of land in Lycoming Co., PA at bargain prices,
on which they could farm and support themselves. They
apparently bought it sight unseen -- as the Campbells and
Hazletts also did with Beecher's Island. What they got, was
hills, covered with virgin forest and a thin layer of
hardscrabble soil. They built two villages, but the land was
hard to farm and the communities failed. See:
The English Settlement. At the time Enoch and Sarah
married, few cabins would have been built. It may have been
that Ann was a sickly child and they were concerned that she
would not survive such a difficult journey. Or that because
Lycoming Co.'s Pine Twp. still had wolves and cougars and
bears (Oh my!) was not a safe place for a young child. But
we do not know for sure where Peter (or Joshua) were living
at that time, so none of those hypotheses may fit the facts.
Or, it could be that Enoch's brother and sister-in-law
desperately wanted a child and had grown fond of Ann during
the sea voyage. We'll never know.
But Enoch may have had the last laugh about the "worthless
farm land" of the English settlement. The timber that
covered it was valuable. Enoch became a wealthy lumber man,
with extensive property holdings. Every spring he would
float rafts of logs down Pine Creek to sell them in
Williamsport --- or continue on down the Susquehanna to
Harrisburg. Pine Creek may have had the last word, in 1816
he fell into the cold, springtime waters of the creek trying
to break up a log jam, got pneumonia, and died --- probably
leaving Sarah a wealthy widow.
WAS THERE CONTACT BETWEEN SARAH AND ANN? There is no
evidence of their seeing each other or writing --- until
Sarah wrote asking Ann to come to Beecher's Island and marry
Joseph Campbell. But many readers will find it comforting
that if she wrote once, Sarah and Ann may have written many
letters over the years.
WHY MATCHMAKE JOSEPH & ANN? The thinly settled
Cowanesque Valley of 1822 was a very different world from
what we know today. Parents had a major role in who their
children, especial their daughters, married. Economics
played a huge role in marriage then. Young men became
farmers and needed wives to cook, spin, weave, and provide
children to operate the farm. Single women had few ways of
supporting themselves. A few could become school teachers
and receive room and board with a student's family, a small
salary that allowed her to cloth herself -- but she could
afford little beyond necessities. The pool of potential
marriage partners for young people in Beecher's Island in
1822 was very limited. major role in marriage. Young men
were to be farmers, and needed a wife and children to
operate a farm. It's very possible that Mary Blackwell and
James Campbell fell in love and wanted to marry. Or that
their parents decided for them.
But in the 1800s, custom dictated that younger sisters
shouldn't marry before their older sisters.
Thus Ann would have to be "married off" before her
half-sister Mary could marry. In the New Hope/Lambertville
area, Ann may have had competition from lots of other
eligible girls. And right in front of Sarah was her
eligible, hard working, God fearing, nephew, Joseph --- who
had few eligible women to choose from and was 28, well
beyond the usual age then for marrying. Ann's wedding took
place one week before Mary's.
JOSEPH'S AND FOSTER PARENTS FEELINGS. Some have
suggested that Sarah's arrangement with her brother-in-law
Peter (Joshua?) to raise Ann may have been made with the
clear understanding that Ann would rejoin Sarah when grown.
If not, and if the Blackwell's loved her as a daughter, they
may still have anticipated that there was a good chance she
would move away when she married and they might not ever see
her again. Or they may have been glad to have one less mouth
to feed. We'll never know.
As for Joseph, he made out well and may have been as content
as he was capable of being. We know from surviving documents
that Ann was a capable and industrious farm wife. He may not
have admitted to valuing such worldly factors as comeliness
over piety, and we don't know what she looked like as a
girl. But at middle age she was certainly not unattractive.
They had 12 children (and James and Mary had 12 or 13),
which may indicate the matches were satisfactory.
[11/28/2011 rev. 12/22/2001 - wbt]
Copyright 2011 by Wm.
Thompson. Commercial use prohibited.