In 1885, the first Romanian settlement is in the Yorkton Gen Web region just north of Balgonie, Saskatchewan. The C.P.R. hired many Roumanians as laborers. When they had earned sufficient money to apply for a homestead many settled at MacNutt, again of the Yorkton Gen Web Region
The Romanian population also grew in urban centers, and 1902 saw the construction of a Romanian Orthodox Church in Regina (Regina Gen Web Region). Regina's St. Nicholas Church, for instance, was constructed in 1902.
1907 saw Central European folk settling further west in south Saskatchewan at Wood Mountain of the Moose Jaw Gen Web region The Wood Mountain Romanian Orthodox Cemetery marks this expansion of settlers brought to the Assiniboia and Wood Mountain region because of their rail line endeavors. The Holy Transfiguration Church was built in 1929 at Wood Mountain followed by the Church of the Holy Ghost at Assiniboia in 1958. The Lakenheath Wood Mountain district was homesteaded by Mehais, Adamache, Teonitas, Steffans, Radus, Stoians, Vasile, Moleovans, Bacius, Lascus, Montans settlers. Around 1908 to 1910 the farming community expanded to Wood Mountain, Elm Springs area introducing Yorgas, Lawricks, Ciocia, Nickolsons, Banelevicdks, Cozaks, Balons,Straza, Hysiuks, Pana, Punga, Caragata, Colibaba families settling here. Whereas in the Stonehenge district farm families homesteaded under the names Oancias, Lipons, Istrati, Tarita, Deminchuk, Kelly, Jacob, Radu, Toma, Donison.
Cavell, previously named Coblenz was another large Romanian center of Saskatchewan. The railways were inducing immigration to assist with the construction of rail branch lines.Battleford Gen Web Region
When researching, country border changes as well as spelling changes of various languages affects record keeping for example... Bukowina or Buchenland is German, Bukowina is Polish, Bucovina is Romanian, and Bukovyna is Ukrainian. Bukovina: From 1775 to 1918, the easternmost crown land of the Austrian Empire; now divided between Romania and Ukraine. If immigrants hailed from Bukovina, they may have called themselves Ukranian. If they were from Bessarabia, they may have registered under German ethnicity. Many from Romania were also Jewish which may also provide "clews".
In Saskatchewan, search for Romanian history in the local history - family biography books printed c1981 for the province's 75th anniversary. In the Moose Jaw Gen Web region search library catlogues by subject, namely the communities of Kayville, Dahinda, Assiniboia, Wood Mountain, Elm Springs, Stonehenge, Lakenheath and Flintoft. In 1911, Flintoft homesteaders erected the Sts Peter and Paul Romanian Orthodox church. It featured an altar screen, the "iconostasis" which was reputed to be the best nationwide in the Dominion of Canada. The Church of the Ascension of Our Lord became a part of the Saskatchewan landscape in 1920 at Elm Springs. Dysart, and MacNutt are home in the Yorkton Gen Web region. St. George's Church was erected at Dysart around 1907 from the settlers who arrived in the 1890s. Sts Peter and Paul Romanian Orthodox Church was constructed about 1906 in Kayville followe by St. Mary's church in 1915. A little further north in the Kamsack Gen Web Region also has Romaninian heritage around Canora. Here, in 1920, Romanian pioneers erected the Church of Sts Peter and Paul. Lupescu is a placename no longer in existence.
The Hapsburg Dynasty 1278 - 1918 ruled this central European country of Austria On censeii and passenger lists residents may be classified as Austrian, though they may be Croatian, Czech, German, Italian, Ukraninan, Polish, Romanian, Slovene or Slovak.
From 1867-1918, there was an Austro-Hungarian Monarchy. Likewise, immigrants classed as 'Austrian' may include Germans, Bohemians, Moravians, Slovaks, Ruthenians, Slovenes, Servians, Croats, Roumanians, and Magyars. In 1938, Northern Austria became a part of Germany. As there were many border differences, this was the reason why immigrants registered their country of origin as Austrian. There were German speaking immigrants from Poland, Austria, Czechoslovakia, and Germany.
Source | Bibliography | Ethnic origins and History |
Resources | Sask Gen Web