A turnpike was a road or highway which was controlled by a turnpike trust and maintained by tolls exacted from those who used the roads.
The Turnpike Acts established the trusts and provided for the construction of better roads and highways, and the system of collecting tolls brought about some improvement.
In the 1860s, Parliament decided that roads should be paid for out of council rates, initiating the system we have today. Turnpike trusts began to wind up and they had almost all gone by the 1890s
The name turnpike comes from that of the revolving frame bearing spikes which served as a barrier at some early toll-gates.
The roads had to be wide enough for 2 carts to pass and to allow room for their whips, or for 16 soldiers to march side-by-side.
|Some Local Turnpikes|
Bradford-Huddersfield Turnpike Brighouse & Denholme Gate Road, Northowram Brighouse-Denholme Gate Turnpike Cragg Vale Turnpike Dewsbury & Elland Turnpike Road Elland & Obelisk Turnpike Godley Lane Head to Norwood Green Turnpike Halifax & Huddersfield Turnpike Road Halifax & Keighley Turnpike Halifax, Burnley & Littleborough Turnpike Halifax to Blackstone Edge Turnpike Halifax to Hebden Bridge Turnpike Hebden Bridge to Lees Turnpike
Kirklees & Elland Turnpike Leeds & Whitehall Turnpike Leeds-Elland Turnpike Leeds to Halifax Turnpike Mytholmroyd Bridge & Blackstone Edge Turnpike Oldham & Ripponden turnpike Rochdale to Halifax & Elland Turnpike Sheffield & Halifax Turnpike Sowerby Bridge to Salterhebble Turnpike Stainland to Sowerby Bridge Turnpike Todmorden Turnpike Wibsey, Low Moor & Huddersfield Turnpike
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Malcolm Bull 2017 /
Revised 14:10 on 8th May 2017 / mmt830 / 7