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Malcolm Bull's Calderdale Companion : Foldout

Local Regiments & Militia

This Foldout collects the entries for some of the Regiments and Military Groups which are – or were – to be found in the district

This Page is under development.

Please email me if ...

you can add any other local military groups, relevant websites, or details to any entry

or ... you spot any incorrect names, any duplicates or any other errors

1st West Riding Militia
Around 1800, the Government offered sums of £70 to £100 to encourage men to join the Militia.

See 1st West York Militia and John Wilson

1st West York Militia
Commanders of the Regiment have included Colonel Dixon, Sir George Savile, The Duke of Norfolk, and Earl Fitzwilliam.

See 1st West Riding Militia and 2nd West Yorkshire Militia

1st Yorkshire West Riding Regiment
See 33rd Regiment of Foot

2nd Canadian Mounted Rifles Battalion

2nd West Riding Yorkshire Volunteer Artillery
Their WDRA Barracks were on Arden Road.

See Edward Nathan Whitley

2nd West Yorkshire Militia
Recorded in 1813

See 1st West York Militia and William Kershaw

2nd West Yorkshire Yeomanry Cavalry
Aka the Second West Yorkshire (Prince of Wales Own) Yeomanry Cavalry, the Second West Yorkshire Yeomanry Cavalry, the 2nd West Yorkshire Yeoman Cavalry, and the 2nd West York Yeoman Cavalry.

The group was formed on 3rd August 1842 by local mill owners – including Sir Henry Edwards – to protect themselves against civil unrest and demonstrations by the Chartists and the Plug Riots of 1842. It covered Halifax and Huddersfield, with the headquarters at the Orderly Room, Halifax. There were 2 troops at Halifax and 1 at Huddersfield.

It was originally called The Morley & Agbrigg Yeomanry Cavalry. However, it was felt that this did not identify with the county of York, so Lord Wharncliffe, who assisted in the formation of regiment changed the name of his own regiment to the 1st West Yorkshire Yeomanry Cavalry, and the Morley & Agbrigg became the 2nd West Yorkshire Yeomanry Cavalry.

It was effectively the family regiment of the Edwards family.

Their first permanent duty was at Harrogate on 27th September 1843. They remained there for 8 days.

They were known as the Blue Jackets and were disbanded in 1893/1894.

They used the Halifax Riding School in Portland Place as a drill hall.

Members of the Cavalry included Thomas Blackburn, William Cronhelm, Edward Fairburn, Major Johnston Jonas Foster, Dr James Holroyd, Captain Joshua Thomas Horton, John William Johnson, Thomas George Johnson, Lt-Col T. H. Morris, Sergeant Benjamin Burton Nagle, Lieutenant-Colonel George Pollard, Christopher Tate Rhodes and Major Samuel Waterhouse

3rd Yorkshire West Riding Rifle Volunteers
19th century military group.

Volunteers included William Trubee Burrow

4th Yorkshire West Riding Rifle Volunteers
On 3rd June 1859, Colonel Edward Akroyd raised the volunteers. He was their commanding officer and Honorary Colonel for several years.

Other volunteers included

On 3rd August 1863, a group of the Volunteers formed a bodyguard for the Prince of Wales when he visited the district and opened Halifax Town Hall.

They subsequently became the 1st Volunteer Battalion.

See Prescott Street Drill Hall and Volunteer Rifle Barracks, Halifax

6th West Yorkshire Militia
Recorded in 1857, when 330 out of 580 recruits turned up for 21 days' drill and exercise.

Halifax was the headquarters.

This was the first Militia Regiment in Halifax. Captain Godfrey Armytage was appointed Adjutant of the Regiment [October 1858].

In 1868, the old Hanson Lane gaol was appropriated for use by the regiment.

In 1874, the West Yorkshire Militia Store (6th) is recorded at Trafalgar, Halifax.

See David Stead and Wellesley Barracks

10th Regiment of Foot
In 1685, in order to deal with Monmouth's Rebellion, James II added several new regiments of horse and foot to those already in being. On 20th June 1685, a commission was issued to Major General John Granville, Earl of Bath, to raise 11 companies of foot, each containing 100 private men. The men for the new regiment were raised in Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire.

From 1751, the practice of calling Regiments of Foot by the names of their Colonels ceased, numbers were used instead; the Earl of Bath's Regiment became the 10th Regiment of Foot.

See Captain Jeremy Lister

18th (Queen Mary's Own) Hussars

22nd Regiment of Foot

33rd Regiment of Foot
The infantry regiment known as Huntingdon's Regiment was established on 14th March 1702, at the outbreak of the Spanish War of Succession.

In 1751, it became the 33rd Regiment of Foot

Lord Cornwallis was Colonel of the Regiment [1766-1805]. Under his control, the regiment was described as the best trained in the Army.

In 1702, the regiment became known as the 33rd [or 1st Yorkshire West Riding] Regiment, and was first formally linked with the West Riding of Yorkshire, in recognition of its long-established tradition of recruiting soldiers from this part of the country. The soldiers were known as the Havercake lads.

In 1793, Arthur Wellesley bought his post as Major and then as Lieutenant Colonel in the Regiment.

In 1806, he succeeded Cornwallis as Colonel.

He held the post until 1813 when he became Colonel of the Horse Guards.

In 1815, at the Battle of Waterloo, the 33rd Regiment of Foot had again been commanded by the Duke of Wellington, then a Colonel, and played a crucial role in defeating Napoleon when they routed the French tyrant's much feared Imperial Guard.

In December 1879, the old colours were placed in Halifax Parish Church.

In July 1881, the regiment merged with the 76th Regiment of Foot to become the Duke of Wellington's Regiment, the only Regiment to be named after a person not of the Royal Blood.

In 1898, a Cycle Corps was established and used the Flying Dutchman bicycle.

See Priestley Alderson, Lieutenant J. B. H. Carmichael, Duke of Wellington's Chapel, Duke of Wellington's Regiment West Riding Museum, Frank Whitworth Eagar, Henry John Ellis, Flying Dutchman, Joseph Kershaw, Lieutenant R. S. P. Robinson, Mark Saltonstall, Captain E. S. Wason, Major A. J. Weeding and Wellesley Barracks

51st Regiment of Foot
In 1758, the 53rd Regiment of Foot became the 51st Regiment of Foot.

In 1888, it became the King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry

53rd Regiment of Foot
Established by the 2nd Marquis of Rockingham and Sir George Savile in March 1756.

In 1758, it became the 51st Regiment of Foot.

In 1888, it became the King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry

76th Regiment of Foot
Infantry regiment which first fought at Bangalore [1771].

The regiment was raised in 1787 for service in India.

It performed distinguished service in the Indian wars, and was awarded honorary colours by the East India Company and adopted its badge showing an elephant circumscribed by the word Hindoostan.

In July 1881, the regiment merged with the 33rd Regiment of Foot to become the 2nd Battalion of Duke of Wellington's Regiment.

See Duke of Wellington's Regiment West Riding Museum and Wellesley Barracks

95th Regiment of Foot
Infantry regiment

Agbrigg & Morley Yeoman Cavalry
See Second West Yorkshire Yeoman Cavalry and Agbrigg

Alexandra Princess of Wales Own (Yorkshire Regiment)

Arden Road Barracks, Halifax
The barracks for the 2nd West Riding Yorkshire Volunteer Artillery [1905].

The barracks were gutted by fire on 6th December 1910.

See Arden Road Drill Hall and Territorial Army

Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders

Army Catering Corps

Army Cyclist Corps

Army Ordnance Corps

Army Service Corps

Army Veterinary Corps

Artillery Volunteers' Orderly Room, Halifax
Recorded in 1874 at 33 Crown Street, Halifax when J. B. Holroyde was Captain

Artists' Rifles (28th London Regiment)

Australian Army Medical Corps

Australian Field Artillery

Australian Infantry (Australian Imperial Forces)

Australian Machine Gun Corps

Aux. Mil. Pioneer Corps

Auxiliary Territorial Service

Bedfordshire & Hertfordshire Regiment

Bedfordshire Regiment

Berkshire Regiment

Black Watch (Royal Highlanders)

Bombay Volunteer Rifles

Border Regiment

Brighouse Territorials
Maynard Percy Andrews was a Lieutenant in the brigade.

See Territorial Army

Brighouse Volunteer Rifle Corps
Established in December 1859.

Members included Michael Payton

British Expeditionary Force

British South African Police

Buckinghamshire Regiment

The Buffs (East Kent Regiment)

Cambridgeshire Regiment

Cameron Highlanders

Cameronian (Scottish Rifles)

Canadian Army Medical Corps

Canadian Contingent

Canadian Engineers

Canadian Expeditionary Force

Canadian Field Artillery

Canadian Infantry

Canadian Machine Gun Corps

Canadian Railway Troops

Canadian Royal Engineers

Cape Garrison Artillery

Cheshire Regiment

Coldstream Guards

Connaught Rangers

Corps of Military Police

Cycle Corps

Devonshire Regiment

Dorsetshire Regiment

Dragoon Guards

Drill Halls

See Drill Hall, Arden Road, Drill Hall, Brighouse, Drill Hall, Halifax, Drill Hall, Sowerby Bridge and Drill Hall, Todmorden

Dublin Fusiliers

Duke of Cambridge's Own (Middlesex) Regiment

Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry

Duke of Wellington's (West Riding Regiment)
Also known as the Havercake Lads.

This is the only regiment to be named after a commoner.

The regiment was formed when the 33rd Regiment of Foot and the 76th Regiment of Foot merged in 1881. The name was taken because the Duke of Wellington had been Colonel of the 33rd Regiment of Foot.

See Duke of Wellington's (West Riding Regiment)

Durham Light Infantry

East Lancashire Fusiliers

East Lancashire Regiment

East Riding Yeomanry

East Surrey Regiment

East Yorkshire Regiment

Elland Territorials
Recorded on 14th July 1908, when the West Vale section formed.

See Territorial Army

Essex Regiment

Fleet Air Arm

General Service Corps

Glider Pilot Regiment (Army Air Corps)

Gloucestershire Regiment

Gordon Highlanders

Green Howards (Yorkshire Regiment)

Grenadier Guards

Gurkha Rifles

Halifax Militia
Aka Halifax Local Militia.

The original colours – which were presented to the regiment on 10th January 1804 by Lady Mary Horton, wife of Colonel Thomas Horton – hang in Howroyd Hall, Barkisland.

See William Cartwright, Henry Currer, Samuel Hartley and Colonel Thomas Ramsden

Halifax Territorials
Recorded on 17th July 1909, when there was an inspection by General Wright of the Territorials, parading on Savile Park with their new colours

Halifax Volunteer Corps of Infantry
Instituted in April 1794 at a time when military forces and revolutionary ideas were expected from France. They met in the Piece Hall. They were disbanded [disembodied] on 13th May 1802. They reformed in 1804.

See Dr Gervase Alexander, Rev Dr Henry William Coulthurst, Halifax Cavalry, Dr Richard Lightfoot and John Wilkinson

Halifax Volunteer Rifle Corps
Originally the 4th Yorkshire West Riding Rifle Volunteers.

The strength of the Corps is illustrated by a report from July 1864

The Halifax Volunteer Rifle Corps was reviewed on Skircoat Moor, by Colonel Harman. The number of members of the corps present was 475; absent with leave 105; absent without leave 25; total strength of the regiment 605

See Volunteer Rifle Barracks, Halifax

Halifax Volunteer Troop of Cavalry
Instituted in 1794, shortly after the Halifax Volunteer Corps of Infantry, at a time when military forces and revolutionary ideas were expected from France.

The men wore scarlet coats and breeches, with green waistcoats and facings, gold-laced hats, and wigs.

Sir John Lister-Kaye was Major commandant of the Troop [1805]. Captain Ingram was commandant of the Troop [1805]

Hampshire Regiment

Havercake Lads
The name goes back to the Civil War when Geoffrey Bosvile of Gunthwaite House raised a regiment of 1,000 men from the West Riding.

Later, it was a popular name given to the 33rd Regiment of Foot – then the 1st Yorkshire West Riding Regiment – because of a tradition from 1782 in which one of the recruiting sergeants carried a havercake on his bayonet or his sword at recruiting parades. The cake symbolised the fact that military life ensured food which had become scarce during the Napoleonic Wars. A recruit received a bounty of 10 guineas if he enlisted for 10 years, or 16 guineas if he enlisted for life.

Many of the recruits came from Sowerby.

See John Scholefield

Herefordshire Regiment

Hertfordshire Regiment

Highland Light Infantry

Home Guard

Honourable Artillery Company

Honourable Artillery Company (Infantry)

Household Battalion

Household Cavalry & Cavalry of the Line


Imperial Yeomanry

Intelligence Corps

Irish Guards

King's (Liverpool Regiment)

King's Own (Royal Regiment Lancaster)

King's Own Scottish Borderers

King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry

Army Regiment.

It evolved from the 53rd Regiment of Foot which was established by the 2nd Marquis of Rockingham and Sir George Savile in March 1756.

In 1758, it became the 51st Regiment of Foot.

In 1888, it became the King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry.

See The King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry 1857-1968 and Mytholmroyd Church Lads' Brigade

King's Royal Hussars

King's Royal Rifle Corps

King's Shropshire Light Infantry

Labour Corps

Lancashire Fusiliers

See Todmorden (G) Company, 2nd Battalion of Lancashire Fusiliers


Leeds Rifles

Leicestershire Regiment

Leinster Regiment

Lincolnshire Regiment

London Regiment

London Regiment (Artists' Rifles)

London Regiment (London Irish Rifles)

London Regiment (London Rifle Brigade)

London Regiment (Prince of Wales' Own Civil Service Rifles)

London Regiment (Queen Victoria's Rifles)

London Regiment (Queen'S Westminster Rifles)

London Regiment (Royal Fusiliers)

Loyal North Lancashire Regiment

Machine Gun Corps

Machine Gun Corps (Cavalry)

Machine Gun Corps (Heavy Branch)

Machine Gun Corps (Infantry)

Machine Gun Corps (Motors)

Manchester Regiment

Mercantile Marines

Merchant Navy

Middlesex Regiment

Monmouthshire Regiment

New Zealand Engineers

New Zealand Rifle Brigade

Norfolk Regiment

Norfolk Yeomanry

North Staffordshire Regiment

Northamptonshire Regiment

Northumberland Fusiliers

Notts & Derby (Sherwood Foresters) Regiment

Orderly Room, Halifax
The orderly room of the 2nd West Yorkshire Yeoman Cavalry was housed in the Halifax Assembly Rooms with the entrance in Carlton Street [1850]

Oxford & Bucks Light Infantry

Parachute Regiment

Pembroke Yeomanry

Pioneer Corps

Prince of Wales (South Lancashire) Regiment

Prince of Wales's (North Staffordshire Regiment)

Prince of Wales's Leinster Regiment (Royal Canadians)

Prince of Wales's Volunteers (South Lancashire) Regiment

Princess of Wales's Own (Yorkshire Regiment)

Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry

Princess Victoria's (Royal Irish Fusiliers).

Queen Victoria's Rifles (9th London Regiment)

Queen's Bays (2nd Dragoon Guards)

Queen's Own (Royal West Kent Regiment)

Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders

Queen's Royal Regiment (West Surrey)

Queen's Westminster Rifles (16th London Regiment)

Rifle Brigade

Royal Air Force

Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve

Royal Armoured Corps

Royal Army Chaplains' Division

Royal Army Medical Corps

Royal Army Ordnance Corps

Royal Army Pay Corps

Royal Army Service Corps

Royal Army Veterinary Corps

Royal Artillery

Royal Artillery (Maritime)

Royal Australian Air Force
Royal Australian Air Force Eva Doggett of Halifax:

Royal Berkshire Regiment

Royal Canadian Air Force

Royal Canadian Artillery

Royal Canadian Corps of Signals

Royal Canadian Regiment

Royal Corps of Engineers

Royal Corps of Signals

Royal Defence Corps

Royal Dublin Fusiliers

Royal Electrical & Mechanical Engineers

Royal Engineers

Royal Field Artillery

Royal Flying Corps

Royal Fusiliers

Royal Garrison Artillery

Royal Horse Artillery

Royal Horse Artillery & Royal Field Artillery

Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers

Royal Irish Fusiliers

Royal Irish Regiment

Royal Irish Rifles

Royal Marine Artillery

Royal Marine Light Infantry

Royal Marines

Royal Naval Air Service

Royal Naval Canteen Service

Royal Naval Patrol Service

Royal Naval Reserve

Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve

Royal Navy

Royal Northumberland Fusiliers

Royal Pioneer Corps

Royal Scots

Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment)

Royal Scots Fusiliers

Royal Scots Rifles

Royal Sussex Regiment

Royal Tank Corps

Royal Tank Regiment

Royal Ulster Rifles

Royal Warwickshire Regiment

Royal Welsh Fusiliers

Scots Guards

Scottish Horse

Scottish Rifles

Seaforth Highlanders

Shibdendale Rifle Volunteers
In September 1860, proposals were announced for the formation of a rifle corps of 100 men in the Queenshead district. Michael Stocks offered to equip the volunteers at his own cost

South African Infantry

South Lancashire Regiment

South Staffordshire Regiment

South Wales Borderers

Staffordshire Regiment

Staffordshire Yeomanry

Suffolk Regiment

Tank Corps

Territorial Army
A volunteer force which is organised to provide a reserve of trained manpower for use in a national emergency.

Its members are often called territorials or reserves.

See Arden Road Barracks, ATS, Brighouse Territorials, Drill Hall, Halifax, Drill Hall, Sowerby Bridge, Elland Territorials, Halifax Territorials and Reservist

Todmorden (G) Company, 2nd Battalion of Lancashire Fusiliers
The Head Quarters of the Fusiliers were in Rochdale.

Recorded on 19th May 1888, when they had a week's training at Rhyl. In 1888, John Fielden was Honorary Colonel of the Fusiliers.

See East Lancashire Fusiliers and Lancashire Fusiliers

Todmorden Company of Volunteers
Recorded in 1900, when the death of former Captain Ducker was reported

Training Reserve

US Army

US Navy

Warwickshire Regiment

Wellesley Barracks, Halifax
Gibbet Street / Spring Hall Lane, Highroad Well.

Established in 1875 following a Bill of 1872 – the Cardwell reforms – which sought to spread home forces across the country, in order to encourage local connections and to assist in recruitment.

The building was designed by the Royal Engineers' architect, J & W. Beanland of Bradford, in a castellated Gothic Revival style. The land was given by Charles Musgrave.

The 16 Army buildings included a chapel, officers buildings, the Orderly Room and the Guard Room.

The barrack blocks were known as Wellington and Musgrave.

The barracks were inaugurated on 29th August 1877 when the 33rd and 76th Regiments of Foot occupied the building.

In October 1877, the 6th West Yorkshire Militia moved in.

On 11th February 1918, there was an outbreak of smallpox at the Barracks, with 3 cases being reported in 6 days.

The present building was begun in 1938.

During World War II, it was used for A. T. S. Training.

The property was known as The Barracks until the name Wellesley Barracks was given in 1953.

The Duke of Wellington's Regiment remained at the barracks until 1959 when the barracks closed.

The site was bought by Halifax Council for £30,000 in September 1963 and renamed Wellesley Park. In May 2003, the Council approved controversial plans to build a new school at the Barracks.

The keep and other parts of the building are listed.

See Rev Alec Charlton and Halifax Academy

Welsh Regiment

West Kent Regiment

West Riding Militia

West Riding Regiment

West Riding Regiment (Territorials)

West Riding Volunteer Regiment

West Yorkshire Regiment (Prince of Wales's Own)

West Yorkshire Volunteers
See 2nd West Riding Yorkshire Volunteer Artillery, 4th Yorkshire West Riding Rifle Volunteers and 1st Volunteer Battalion Duke of Wellington's West Riding Regiment

West Yorkshire Yeomanry Cavalry
Aka Second West Yorkshire Yeoman Cavalry

Wiltshire Regiment

Women's Auxiliary Air Force

Women's Royal Air Force

Worcestershire Regiment

York & Lancaster Regiment
Established in 1881 by the amalgamation of

  • 65th (2nd Yorkshire North Riding) Regiment
  • 84th (York & Lancaster) Regiment
  • 3rd West York Light Infantry Militia

Yorkshire Dragoons

Yorkshire Dragoons Yeomanry (Queen's Own)

Yorkshire Hussars (Alexandra, Princess of Wales's Own)

Yorkshire Regiment
In the records, the terms Yorkshire Regiment and West Yorkshire Regiment have been used loosely and may refer to any of the

  • Alexandra Princess of Wales Own (Yorkshire Regiment) 
  • Duke of Wellington's (West Riding Regiment) 
  • East Yorkshire Regiment
  • Green Howards (Yorkshire Regiment) 
  • King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry
  • Princess of Wales's Own (Yorkshire Regiment) 
  • Queen's Own Yorkshire Dragoons
  • West Yorkshire Regiment (Prince of Wales's Own) 
  • Yorkshire Dragoons
  • Yorkshire Hussars (Alexandra, Princess of Wales's Own) 
  • Yorkshire Regiment

In 2004, the Government announced a restructuring of infantry regiments. The Yorkshire Regiment was established [June 2006], with the amalgamation of the Duke of Wellington's Regiment, The Green Howards and The Prince of Wales' Own. The Yorkshire Regiment will contain four battalions, three regular and one territorial. The Duke of Wellington's Regiment will be known as the 3rd Battalion The Yorkshire Regiment, Duke of Wellington's

2nd West Yorkshire Yeomanry Cavalry


Saint John's Ambulance Brigade

West Yorkshire Regiment

© Malcolm Bull 2017 / [email protected]
Revised 16:04 on 29th November 2017 / mmr1127 / 60