Malcolm Bull's Calderdale Companion : Foldout

SideTrack : Elland ...

Entries beginning Elland ... and The Elland ... are gathered together in this Sidetrack.

The town lies on the south banks of the Calder and the Calder & Hebble Navigation which flow below the town

See Population, Calder Registration District and Parish statistics

Elland & District Cricket Club
Elland Cricket Club was established around 1860 by members of Provident Independent Sunday School.

In June 1878, an Australian touring team came to play against the club. The Australians won.

On 1st September 1932, the Club bought their ground for £1,000.

See Eighteen of Elland, Stuart David Fletcher, Hullen Edge Hall, Elland and Thomas Joseph Tong

Elland Anti-Vibration Safety Bicycle
See Cooper Kitchen

Elland Area Council Offices
Southgate / Elizabeth Street. Built in 1895.

The stocks from Elland Gaol were re-erected in the garden of the building.

See Elland Town Hall

Elland Bill Posting Company
Recorded in 1905 with offices at 3 Church Street, Elland

Elland Bottling Company
Spa Well. Recorded in 1874 as ale and porter merchants when E. Firth was Manager.

On 22nd March 1879, fire gutted their premises at Spa Well Mill, Elland.

Recorded in 1905, when the company was mineral water manufacturers established by Robert Bairstow at Heathfield Street, Elland

Elland Boys' Brigade
The 1st Elland Company was established around 1904 at Elland Wesley.

The 5th Halifax (Elland) Company was established in 1906 when the 1st Elland Company and the Halifax Battalion merged.

See Gordon Baume and Elland Boys' Brigade Memorial

Elland Bridge
Historically, the crossing of the Calder at Elland was a set of stepping-stones.

There was a ducking stool here at one time.

A bridge over the river at Elland was mentioned in 1199, in 1316, in 1483, and in 1540. These were made of wood and were frequently swept away in floods.

A stone bridge was built in 1579 by Richard Aske.

The foundations soon collapsed, and it was rebuilt by West Riding JPs in 1584. This bridge was swept away by floods in September 1615 and replaced in 1617 at a cost of £485.

The bridge was extended in 1797 and 1809, and finally completed in 1813, bridging both the River Calder and the Calder & Hebble Navigation.

It was further widened in 1896/1897 – from 22½ ft to 36 ft – and the foundations were built on piles. It reopened on 13th November 1897.

In 1990, new weirs were constructed to replace one which was shattered by a flood in 1966.

The Bridge is owned and maintained by the Canal & River Trust.

The Bridge was badly damaged in the floods of December 2015.

See Elland Lower toll gate, River Crossing Calder, John Sayvill, Sheffield Royd, West Vale and Woodbridge, Elland

Elland Brotherhood Association Football Club
Recorded in 1940

Elland bypass
Aka Calderdale Way. New road to link the M62 with Salterhebble and Halifax, bypassing Elland.

The road was proposed in 1963 but met with objections. These were overruled by a public enquiry in 1969.

700,000 tons of rock had to be blasted to make the route through Elland Wood Bottom. Opened in 1978.

See Elland Hall, Exley Sandstone Quarry and Riverside Mill, Elland

Elland Canal Basin
Canal basin near Elland Bridge on the Calder & Hebble Navigation

Elland Castle
A small building which stood at the south-east corner of the churchyard of Elland Parish Church.

It was inhabited.

Occupants included Jim Fenton [1800].

It was the Ring of Bells, Elland [1826].

It was demolished in 1835 (or 1829) when the churchyard was extended

Elland Central Hall
The current name for the former Wesleyan Reform Church, Elland

Elland: Churches & Chapels

Elland Churchwardens
The list of the people who have held the post of Churchwarden for Elland includes

Elland Clerical Society
Aka Elland Society. An evangelical society established around 1770 by Rev George Burnett and Rev Venn to support young men who were likely to become evangelical clergymen, and who wished to be ordained, and helped them to go to university.

The incumbent of Elland Church was always admitted as a member of the Society.

Because Rev William Atkinson was a Puseyite, he was blackballed. He offered the Society use of his room at the parsonage for meetings, and the Church for their evening service. They declined the offer and moved to Huddersfield

Elland Co-Op
Branch number 11 of the Halifax Industrial Society opened in December 1862 at Victoria Road. It had a boot and shoe department

Elland Common
Recorded in 1614 as the name for the land extending south and west from Elland Church towards Blackley

Elland Conservative & Unionist Association
Listed at 28 Prescott Street, Halifax [1936].

See Elland Division Conservative Association

Elland constables
The Foldout lists some of the people who have served as Police Officers in Elland

Elland Constitutional Club
Stands at the corner of Coronation Street and Victoria Road. The building is dated 1901 and opened in 1902 at purpose-built premises.

There was a balcony at the corner of Coronation Street and Victoria Road. The building was later extended to incorporate the balcony.

Recorded in March 1916, when the Elland Madrigal Society presented a Concert at the Club in aid of the local branch of St John's Ambulance Brigade, Elland.

Recorded in 1917, when Alfred S. Luty was secretary.

The club closed in 1956, and the building stood empty for 3 years.

In 1959, it was bought by Elland Urban District Council.

In 1960, it was converted into the town's Central Library

See Elland Constitutional Club Memorial

Elland Cross
A stone cross near the Savile Arms, Elland was used by preachers. It was recorded in 17??.

The surrounding area became known as The Cross.

The cross was removed in 18??

Township of Elland parish which comprised Elland and Greetland.

In 1379, the township was the wealthiest in the parish of Halifax.

The civil parish was abolished in 1894 and divided into the parishes of Elland, Greetland and Upper Greetland.

See Population, Elland with Greetland Workhouse and Parish statistics

Elland-cum-Greetland Board of Guardians
A part of the Halifax Poor Law Union.

Those who have served on the Board of Guardians for Elland-cum-Greetland township have included

Elland-cum-Greetland Female Friendly Society
A friendly society

Elland-cum-Greetland Gas Company
Aka Elland Gas Company. Established on 6th May 1836. Managers have included Robert Dempster [1850] and James Bridge [1941].

See Elland Gas Works, Robert Thornton and Tom Turner

Elland-cum-Greetland Mill Company
Aka Elland & Greetland Mill Company. Recorded in 1861, when Richard Brook was Treasurer.

William Brook may also have been a member of the organisation

Elland-cum-Greetland Overseers of the Poor
The Foldout lists some of the people who have served as Overseer of the Poor for Elland-cum-Greetland

Elland District Council
Recorded in 1911

See Hyde Sharratt

Elland Division
See Elland Division Conservative Association and MPs for Elland

Elland Division Conservative Association
Recorded in 1917 at 7 Southgate, Halifax when F. M. Box was honorary secretary.

See Sam Blackburn, Elland Conservative & Unionist Association and Elland Division

Elland Divisional Liberal Association
Recorded in 1917 at Palace Buildings, Ward's End, Halifax when A. M. Denham was secretary.

See Elland Liberal Association

The Elland Echo
Weekly newspaper published by John Hartley. Published on Fridays.

See Brighouse & Elland Echo, Brighouse Echo and Elland Echo Historical Almanack

The Elland Echo Historical Almanack
Almanac produced by John Hartley at the end of the 19th century

Elland Economic Stores
Victoria Road / Southgate. A branch of Economic Stores (Halifax) Limited.

Opened in 1???.

Closed in 1913-1914, when the building was demolished for the widening of Victoria Road, and moved to the other (north) side of Victoria Road

Elland Edge
See Lower Edge, Elland and Upper Edge, Elland

Elland Edge Band
19th century brass band

Elland fair
In 1316, Edward I granted to John de Eland 2 fairs lasting 6 days: one on the vigil and day of St Barnabas the Apostle [11th June], and the other on the vigil and day of St Peter Ad Vincula [18th January].

In modern times, Elland fair was held on the first Monday after the 12th August

Elland Feud
A feud between the Lacy and the Warren families which lasted from 1317 to 1354.

See Thomas Eland and Other feuds

Elland Finishing Company
South Lane, Elland

Elland Fire Brigade
The Elland Unity Fire Brigade is recorded when they tackled a mill fire on 8th December 1866

Elland Fire Station
The old fire station stood in Elizabeth Street. It has been converted into shops and a Café

A new fire station was built in 1???.

In 2011, it was announced that this, Brighouse Fire Station, and Rastrick Fire Station would close and the resources be combined into a single unit at Rastrick.

Elland flags
Paving stones and flagstones made from a superior quality natural sandstone found at Elland, and elsewhere in the district – including Hipperholme, Lightcliffe, Northowram, Queensbury, and Southowram.

This was a fine-grained stone, strong and durable, with the upper levels being suitable for paving and roofing stones.

Named for similar beds located at Lower Edge, Rastrick which were deeper in the ground, overlaid by shales and the lower quality sandstone some 60 ft or so below the surface.

The stone is easily split along its bedding plane, producing the thin flags. These are often used as paving, roofing and thakstones. The sandstone lies below the coal deposits and above millstone grit in many local areas. By 1860, the best Elland Flags had been worked out near the surface, and shafts were sunk to mine the stone. Mining continued into the 20th century but the number of mines gradually reduced.

The last mine was Southage's at Rastrick which closed in 1955

See Ashday Wagonway and Brier Lane Quarry, Southowram

Elland Floral & Horticultural Society
Established in 1868.

On 17th August 1869, they held their 2nd annual show in the grounds adjoining Whitwell Place and attracted about 7000 visitors.

Disbanded on 27th August 1936

Elland Flour Mills Limited
Corn millers at Woodside Flour Mill, Elland [1905].

On 22nd April 1907, there was a serious fire at their mill

Elland Football Club
Established in 18?? Their effects were sold in September 1900

Elland Free Wanderers
Junior rugby union [?] club. Recorded in April 1899

See Elland Wanderers Football Club

Elland Friendly Society
Friendly society recorded in 1830. Formerly Ancient Order of Foresters (Court Temperance No 371)

Elland Gaol
There was lockup and stocks at the Cross, near Elland Parish Church.

One of the last victims of the stocks was John Ogden who was arrested in October 1863.

A new gaol was built in 1821 at South End, opposite Elland Town Hall. The pinfold was in a yard next to the prison and the old stocks were moved to the new prison. The old prison was used as the Boys' Sunday School for the Parish Church.

In the 1880s, the building ceased to be a jail when a new police station was built at Burley Street.

The old prison was known as the Old Town's Rooms, after it was adapted as a meeting room, where the Old Men's Parliament – or Pinfold Parliament – gathered on most days. The Old Town's Rooms were the site for the first public library in Elland and was used as a bus and tram shelter.

By the late 1880s the stocks were falling into disrepair until a local Press campaign resulted in them being refurbished.

In 1963, the prison was demolished to make way for a road scheme, and there is a roundabout on the site.

Above the entrance to the prison was a stone with the words

Whoso keepeth the Law is wise

When the gaol was demolished, this plaque was rescued, along with the stocks. In 1977, the plaque was installed above one of the doors at Elland Area Council Offices in Elizabeth Street, and the stocks – now listed – were re-erected in the adjoining garden.

See Elland Library

Elland Gas Act
Recorded in 1845-1861

Elland Golf Club
Recorded in 1917 at Hullen Edge when E. Thorpe was secretary

Elland Hall
See Old Hall, Elland, New Hall, Elland, and Elland Hall Chapel

Elland Higher Toll Gate
Toll gate on the Rochdale to Halifax & Elland Turnpike

Elland Historical Society
See Greater Elland Historical Society

Elland Hunters' Selling Plate
See Halifax Race Course

Elland Isolation Hospital
Broad Carr. Recorded in 1905

Elland Joint Stock Corn Mill Company Limited
Established in 1???. Dissolved in April 1883

Elland Junior Silver Band

See Elland Silver Band

Elland Juvenile Foresters Society
See Foresters

Elland Labour Club
Opened on 20th September 1924

Elland Liberal Association
See James Booth, Elland Divisional Liberal Association and Elland Liberal Club

Elland Liberal Club
Huddersfield Road.

Opened on 28th November 1903. The cost was £2,900.

In 1917, James Dyson was secretary.

See Elland Liberal Association and Elland Liberal Club War Memorial

Elland Library
The Library in Elland has been in several locations

Elland Lighthouse Tent
A Tent [branch] of the Order of Rechabites.

Recorded in 1891 in a claim for £18 sick pay by Clara Jane Ogden, the widow of a former member.

Recorded in 1910, when Samuel Akroyd was treasurer

Elland Local Board
Established in 1852.

On 1st March 1867, the supply of water to Elland by the Halifax Corporation commenced, when the members of the Elland Local Board of Health and other gentlemen dined together in celebration of the event.

See Dr R. N. Denning, Local Board, Mr Spencer and William Stott

Elland Lock
Lock #22 on the Calder & Hebble Navigation.

The water level in the lock is higher than the adjacent Park Road. Built around 1770.

The lock-keeper's cottage stands alongside

Elland Lower Edge Co-operative Store
A branch opened at Lower Edge Road, Elland [opened 1???]

Elland Lower Toll Gate
Toll gate on the Rochdale to Halifax & Elland Turnpike. The toll booth stood at the north-east end of Elland Bridge Tolls were abolished here in 1880

Elland Madrigal Society
Recorded in March 1916, when they presented a Concert at the Constitutional Club, Elland in aid of the local branch of St John's Ambulance Brigade, Elland.

Miss Edith Etherington performed at the Concert

Elland Male Voice Choir
Established in 1???.

See Halifax Male Voice Choir

Elland, Manor of
It was a submanor of the Honour of Pontefract and was granted to the Ilbert de Lacy [1067]. It was acquired by the Elland family of Elland Old Hall in the 13th century.

When Sir John Elland and his son had been murdered and the line had died out, the Savile family – who had joined the Ellands by the marriage of Sir John Savile and Isobel de Eland – took over the manor of Elland.

Lord George Halifax Lumley-Savile auctioned off the title of Lord of the Manor in the 1990s.

See Elland fairs and Elland market

Elland market
In February 1317, Edward II granted to John de Eland a free market at the Manor of Elland every Tuesday, and the right to have 2 fairs there every year on the feast of St Peter ad Vincula and on the feast of St Barnabas the Apostle and on the 2 preceding days.

See Markets

Elland Mechanics' Hall
Opened in 18??.

Catholic services were held here until 1901 when St Patrick's Catholic Church, West Vale opened

Elland Mechanics' Institute
There was a failed attempt to establish a Mechanics' Institute in 1830.

By 1846, there was an Institute in the town.

The founder members included

In 1848, some members left to form the Greetland Mutual Improvement Society.

By 1871, the Institute had closed

Elland: Mills

Elland MPs

Elland Museum
Opened on 24th October 1931 in what had been the Billiard Room at Ellen Royde. At the time, Joe Ainley was Chairman of the Library Committee of Elland Council.

A major donor to the Museum was Herbert Spencer who gave a collection of (stuffed?) wild birds. Other gifts were received from Miss Dodgson, daughter of Joshua Dodgson; James A. Brearley; Ernest Dearing

In 1960, the Library moved to the building previously occupied by the Elland Constitutional Club

Question: Does anyone know where the Museum exhibits were after 1960?


Elland Musical Festival
Established in 18??

Elland Naturalists' Society
Recorded in 1905. The Society's rooms were at Elland Town Hall

Elland parish
The parish comprised the 8 townships of Elland-cum-Greetland, Barkisland, Fixby, Norland, Rastrick, Rishworth, Soyland, and Stainland and was served by Elland Parish Church.

The civil parish of Elland-cum-Greetland was abolished in 1894 and divided into the parishes of Elland, Greetland and Upper Greetland.

See Elland Parochial Chapelry and Elland Parish Church

Elland Parish Church

Elland Parish Hall
From 1895, Jepson Lane Baptist Church was used as a parish hall

Elland Parochial Chapelry
The townships of Barkisland, Fixby, Elland-cum-Greetland, Norland, Old Lindley, Rastrick, Rishworth, Soyland, and Stainland within the Chapelry of Elland Parish Church.

See Parish of Elland, Halifax Parochial Chapelry, Heptonstall Parochial Chapelry and Poor Law Union

Elland Parochial Hall
Opened on 27th April 1929 after its predecessor – in the former Jepson Lane Baptist Church – was demolished

Elland Police Station
Burley Street.

Built around 1890 to replace the old Elland Gaol.

In September 2012, this was one of a number of local police stations which were to be closed and sold off in order to cut costs

Elland Post Office
Originally at the former Liverpool Stores in Southgate – almost opposite the Royal George.

In 1910, the Post Office was moved to the present site at the junction of Southgate and Victoria Road.

In 2015, the Post Office was at the junction of Southgate and Langdale Street.

Postmasters / Postmistresses Bank have included

  • Ann Buckley – Postmistress [1845]
  • James Brook – Postmaster [1861, 1874]
  • Thomas Sutcliffe – Postmaster and jeweller at the Post Office, the Cross, Elland [1891]

Elland Power Station
Lowfields, Elland. The new power station was planned in 1945. Begun in 1951. Cost £10 million. Went into operation on 7th August 1959. Officially opened on 28th April 1961.

In 196?, the station won an award for its clean and efficient operation.

A coal conveyor was destroyed by fire on 22nd November 1971.

Production stopped in 1991. The towers were demolished in 1996 and the land is now the Lowfields Industrial Estate

Elland Private Hospital

Elland Public Hall
Originally Elland Mechanics' Hall. Church services were held here.

See St John the Evangelist, West Vale

Elland: Pubs & Inns

Elland Race Course
Stood between Victoria Road and South Lane. The last meeting was held in 1790

Elland Railway Station
In 1839, the Manchester to Leeds railway came through Elland. A meeting at the Savile Arms, Elland decided that Elland needed its own railway station.

The route of the Manchester & Leeds Railway by-passed Halifax, and passengers and goods had to depart and arrive at Sowerby Bridge or Elland.

The station opened in 1842. It stood between Valley Mills, Elland and Exley Lane.

Two further stations opened on 1st August 1865, and in 1894.

The station closed to passengers on 28th October 1940 and finally closed on 8th September 1962. The freight depot closed in 1965.

There were accidents here on 16th May 1891, 31st August 1933, and 25th January 1965.

In 2007, talks are in progress regarding a new railway station on a site close to the Nu-Swift International building.

Stationmasters at the Station have included

See Charles Cornwell and Railway Hotel

Elland Recreation Ground
On 27th July 1912, a shelter in memory of Hyde Sharratt opened in the recreation ground

Elland Rifle Club
Recorded in 1917.

See Exley Sandstone Quarry

Elland School Board
School Board set up in 18??.

Closed in March 1904.

See Isaac Dewhirst, Arthur William Law and Joseph Harger Mitchell

Elland: Schools

Elland Sick Club
Lucy Hamerton records that, in 1841/1842, Miss Caroline Atkinson and Miss Wigglesworth started a Sick Club which was supported by subscription

Elland Silver Band
Aka Elland Victoria Band.

In May 1974, they set a world record of 14 hours 11 minutes non-stop playing.

See Elland Junior Silver Band

Elland Society

Elland Steam & Electric Power Laundry
Recorded in 1905 at Portland Street, Elland. Eccles Brothers were the proprietors [1905]

Elland Steel, Halifax
Business established at Gibbet Street / Highroad Well

Elland Stocks
The lockup and stocks originally stood at the Cross, near Elland Parish Church.

One of the last victims of the stocks was John Ogden who was arrested in October 1863.

By the late 1880s the stocks were falling into disrepair until a local Press campaign resulted in them being refurbished.

When the gaol was demolished, the stocks were rescued.

In 1977, the stocks, and an inscription

Whoso keepeth the Law is wise

from Elland Gaol were re-erected in the garden of the Elland Area Council Offices in Elizabeth Street

Elland stone
Aka York stone. Another name for the local sandstone – and not just that from Elland.

See Stone quarrying and Stone square method of brewing

Elland Technical Institute & Library
Recorded in 1905 [1905]

Elland Telephone Exchange
Built in the 1960s

Elland-tide day
Local custom held on the evening of 24th August in which young men raced naked through the town.

Heywood records that

Upon Monday August 4th 1679, was an anniversary feast at Ealand to be called Ealand-tide wherein they make great provisions of flesh and ale, and have their friends come from all parts and eat and drink in a barbarous heathenish manner. At this time, great preparations were made but it pleased God that Monday it fell abundance of rain and was such a flood that no people would come to them, whereupon they kept their flesh till is stunk so that they were glad to cast it into the river or bury it that week for it was good for nothing being over-kept. A gentlemen came to lodge at Lamberts, the great inne, and could not abide in the house for the noysom stink. but removed to another. Oh that people may learn somewhat by this

See Thomas Bradley and William Norris

Elland Town Hall
Southgate. An imposing Palladian building designed by C. F. L. Horsfall.

The foundation stones were laid on 21st June 1887. The building was opened on 19th September 1888 by Sir John Savile.

The construction cost £7,000.

The clock-tower was a part of the original design. The clock was presented by Lewis Mackrell in memory of his father James and was inaugurated on 8th June 1909.

The building was never used as a Town Hall but was intended to be a public hall for the town.

The assembly hall and balcony has accommodation for 1,000 people.

The Palladium Cinema was here.

The building was badly damaged by fire in 1994.

See Elland Area Council Offices, Town Hall Hotel, Elland and Town Hall Square, Elland

Elland Tunnel
Railway tunnel which takes the Lancashire & Yorkshire Railway Company from North Dean under Elland Wood towards Elland. It opened in 1845

Elland Turkish Club

Elland Upper Edge Brass Band
Recorded on 17th August 1872, when 20 performers – with R. Marsden as leader and J. Brook as conductor – took part in a contest at Stainland Manor House but were unplaced.

In July 1873, they took part in a contest promoted by North Ward Brass Band

Elland Upper Edge Co-operative Store
A branch of the Brighouse District Industrial Society Limited opened at Banks End Road, Elland on 3rd November 1883.

The building has been demolished

Elland Urban District Council
The first meeting of the Council was held at South House, Elland in 1895.

In 1937, Elland, Greetland, Stainland, and part of Upper Greetland, amalgamated.

See Metropolitan Borough of Calderdale, James Clarkson, Elland Town Hall, Sidney Thornton and Urban District Council

Elland, Vicars of

Elland Victoria Brass Band
Aka Elland Silver Band.

Recorded on 17th August 1872, when 20 performers – with John Shaw as leader and A. R. Monk as conductor – took part in a contest at Stainland Manor House and came 5th.

In July 1873, they took part in a contest promoted by North Ward Brass Band

Elland Victoria Club
Junior rugby union [?] club. Recorded in April 1899

Elland Wanderers Football Club

Recorded in 1915, when Hall Hepworth was descrbed as a former player with the club

See Elland Free Wanderers

Elland Ward, Halifax
One of the Electoral Wards of Halifax

Elland Wharf
The warehouse for the Calder & Hebble Navigation and the attached cottages and porter's lodge were built about 1820, and extended in 1837. These are all listed

Elland Window Cleaning Company
Recorded in 1905 at Savile Arms Yard when the proprietors were William and J. Sutcliffe

Elland-With-Greetland Surveyor of the Highways
Those who held the post of Surveyor of the Highways for Elland-cum-Greetland included:

Elland with Greetland Workhouse
In 1777, this accommodated 80 inmates.

See Elland-cum-Greetland

Elland Wood
The woods skirt the hill below Exley and Southowram.

See Elland Tunnel

Elland Working Men's Club & Institute
Rosebery Street. Opened on 23rd July 1927.

See Elland Working Men's Club War Memorial

Elland Working Men's Club, Lower Edge
Recorded in 1917, when Horace Rangeley was secretary

Elland Working Men's Club, Roseberry Street

See Elland Working Men's Club War Memorial

Elland Zingari
19th century football team

© Malcolm Bull 2017 / [email protected]
Revised 10:12 on 14th December 2017 / mme122 / 65