Bosnia & Herzegovina  
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Courtesy of World Fact Book

Bosnia and Herzegovina is formally
one of six federal units that constituted
the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
and gained its independence in 1990's after
the Yugoslav Wars with the weakening of the
Communist system of government.

It is home to three ethnic groups; Bosniaks or Bosnian
Muslims, Serbs, and Croats.

Herzegovina has no defined boarders and the terms
Bosnia and Herzegovina are regional definations
rather than ethnic.

Early in its history the lands of Bosnia and Herzegovina
were occupied by the Romans,  possibly the Ostrogoths,
the Alans, the Huns, the Byzantine Empire, the Ottoman
Empire, and the Austro-Hungarian Empire ending with
World War I after the assignation of Archduke Franz
Ferdinand in Sarajevo.

Following WWI, it became a part Yugoslavia, the
Kingdom of Yugoslavia in 1928 which later fell under
Nazi domination and was ceded to the Independent
State of Croatia.  Following WWII and the establishment
establishment of Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
it came under Soviet control.

In the 21st century, Bosnia and Herzegovina became a
member of the Council of Europe in 2002, and a
founding member of the Mediterranean Union in 2008.
It is a potential candidate for membership in the European
Union and in 2010 a possible NATO member. Continue
Source: Wikipedia 

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