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Floyd County (Rome)
The first people to live in Northwest Georgia were the Cherokee Indians, who were a peaceful tribe. The discovery of gold in Dahlonega in 1828 brought people from the coast eager to search for gold. Gold meant the end of the peaceful life led by the Cherokees in this area. In 1838 the "Trail of Tears", led fourteen thousand Cherokees to their new home in the West. More than four thousand of them died before they reached their destination.
Five men who thought they had discovered a peninsula founded Rome in 1834. The next year Rome received its charter and the county seat was moved from Livingston to Rome. Rome soon became the main river port between Gadsden, Alabama and Calhoun, Georgia. Boats as large as one hundred and seventy-five feet in length brought cargo, mail and passengers into Rome. In 1839 the Rome Railroad was chartered. By 1860 Rome had a bank, a newspaper, a college, churches, and was a busy hub of trade.
During the Civil War Rome was a medical center and wounded from both sides were brought into Rome for treatment. Hospitals were set up in churches and many of the buildings on Broad Street.
La commune de Couture-Saint-Germain compte parmi ses habitants en 1848, le général Louis Joseph Berthold le Hardy de Beaulieu. Né à Bruxelles le 22 avril 1782, soldat de la République et de l'Empire, il se trouve du côté hollandais à la bataille de Waterloo. En 1831, suivant ses convictions républicaines, il est mêlé à l'affaire de "Risquons-tout" et doit se retirer dans la nouvelle propriété qu'il a achetée à Couture Saint Germain.
In 1848 Gen. Louis Joseph Barthold Le Hardy (Viscount de Beaulieu), dissatisfied with political conditions growing out of the liberation of Belgium from the United Netherlands, left Brussels at the head of a company of Belgians to found a colony in the United States, for the purpose of engaging in agricultural pursuits. The old General and those members of his household who joined him were idealists to whom the songs of birds and bees in trees and clover constituted much sweeter music than the hum-drum strife of the Old World, so they turned their faces southward on reaching America's friendly shores.
En 1849, des avis circulent dans les journaux annonçant qu'un "propriétaire -cultivateur" envisage de se rendre aux Etats-Unis avec sa famille pour y acquérir un domaine de 200 à 300 hectares destiné à la plantation du coton et du tabac. Le but premier de l'expédition était le Tennessee et le bassin du Mississippi, mais aboutit finalement en haute Géorgie, à quelques dizaines de km du Tennessee.
Et en aout 1849, le navire Unitas part d'Anvers avec à son bord le général Le Hardy, sa famille et quelques émigrants de Couture-Saint-Germain et des villages environnants ainsi que quelques jeunes gens des familles les plus respectables de Bruxelles.
It is quite likely that they disembarked at New York, asked for new country, were directed to Charleston and there sent by a Rome "Scout" to the heart of Cherokee Georgia. Rome was a place of some 3,000 inhabitants, and it stood out as the largest settlement in that corner of the state and a city which must grow fast.
General Lehardy was a man accustomed to army life and the hardships of the outdoors; his training had been along democratic, practical lines, and he welcomed an opportunity to remove the restraints of political obligations like a bird released from the cage. He turned his estate into cash and financed the colony across the Atlantic.
Parmis les passagers de l'Unita :
- le général en retraite Louis Joseph Berthold LE HARDY DE BEAULIEU, born
* son fils et sa famille :
+ Camille LE HARDY DE BEAULIEU, né à Bruxelles 03.03.1813
+ Marie-Louise CARLIER
+ Paul, né à Couture-Saint-Germain, 30 août 1846 il fut l'auteur d'un article dans la Revue de Belgique en 1875 sur le parc de Yellowstone. Il participa en qualité de topographe à la quatrième expédition préparée par le Gouvernement de Washington et dirigée par le capitaine Jones, du 12 juin au milieu de septembre 1873.
* l' autre fils de Louis Joseph : Jean-Charles resta en Europe.
- trois des fils de son frère :
+ Jules-César LE HARDY DE BEAULIEU, born 00.00.00 : qui obtint une chaire au collège médical de Philadelphie en 1855 et occupa par la suite la chaire de chimie au collège Ogelthrope à Savannah, Géorgie.
+ Eugène-Isidore LE HARDY DE BEAULIEU, né le 04.03.1817 : qui devint notamment ingénieur des chemins de fer de Géorgie.
+ Jean-Adolphe LE HARDY DE BEAULIEU, né à Etterbeek(Bruxelles) 08.06.1814 : Ingénieur, rentra en Belgique en 1854, au décès de son père. Il devint plus tard en Belgique vice-président de la Chambre des représentants. Il publia, après son retour, des articles en Belgique concernant l'instruction publique, les chemins de fer et le système postal américains entre 1855 et 1857. Il était aussi en 1837, avant son départ pour l'Amérique, correspondant du journal The Pycayune de la Nouvelle-Orléans.
Les sources américaines ajoutent :
|- Louis Henry Carlier, a civil
engineer and Camile LeHardy's brother-in-law;
- Prof. E. Gaussoin and daughter, Miss Elise Gaussoin, whom Henry Carlier married after they reached Rome;
- a Miss Robert (pronounced like the French), who later married Max Van Den Corput, of Cave Spring, (Max Van Den Corput and Felix Van Den Corput, his brother, were also Belgians);
- and a number of others, perhaps a total of 25.
Parmis les personnes accompagnant les Le Hardy de Beaulieu :
Sylvère TABURIAUX, 42 ans, de Couture-Saint-Germain père de sept enfants
General Le Hardy, Camille Le Hardy and Louis Carlier selected a farm tract three miles east of Rome, where in a low-land dip there was an abundance of fresh water bubbling from a dozen springs. This was on the Etowah River and included a productive hot ton land full of arrow heads and bits of pottery, evidence that an Indian village was once there located. Included in their settlement were several men and women of the agricultural class.
The others scattered; Eugene Le Hardy and Julius ("Jules") went to work in Rome, while a few of the Belgians set out stakes between the eastern foot of Mt. Alto and the Coosa River. Felix De Lannoy removed to Wyndham, Vermont just before the Civil Wat and later to Chester, Pennsylvania.
Sylvère Taburiaux and family went to Pickens Co. GA shortly before the Civil War. When the war forced the price of leather shoes out of the ordinary reach, neighbors of the family found a substitute in the wooden shoes always worn - and made - by the Taburiaux (Taberaux), who thereupon found quite profitable, for a while, the trade they had learned in the old country.
Dr. L. M. E. Berckmans, another Belgian (from Augusta), was attracted to Rome by the exploits of his friends, the LeHardys, but he did not arrive until about 1870.
The farming Belgians raised truck and fruit, especially grapes, and they sent their goods to the Rome market in little wagons drawn by ponies or mules. Everything they offered for sale was fresh and wholesome and put up in good style; the apples in nice boxes, the grapes covered with mosquito netting, and their prices were as low as could be found. The law permitted of making wine out of grapes, and considerable wine was made.
As in most cases where aristocrats attempt to go back to the soil, however, the colony plan was not a success financially. The titled Belgians undoubtedly did their utmost with Dame Nature, but Herr Highness, treated to the picture of the grandeur of palaces and of refined tastes and temperamental dispositions, did not Smile her favor upon them. The story is told that a fastidious young Belgian was in the habit of driving an ox cart to Rome, the while he was dressed in a summer suit of snowy whiteness, suede gloves and patent leather shoes.
After some seven years, disintegration of the colony, individually and collectively, set in. General LeHardy and Camille LeHardy and family left for Charleston, where they lived until 1858, when they returned to Brussels. Dr. J. C. LeHardy went to live in Savannah. Eugene LeHardy departed Jan. 2, 1861, for Europe to buy supplies for the Confederate Government, and was there marooned until after the Civil War.
But a circumstance was eventually to arise which was to pile sorrow upon disappointment for the doughty Belgians. Camille Le Hardy, 'it will be recalled, had married Rosine Marie Terese Josephine Carlier, a sister of Henry Carlier. Relations between the brothers-in-law were apparently pleasant enough to permit Mr. LeHardy to go back to Belgium and leave the country place in the care of Mr. and Mrs. Carlier. Quite possibly Mr. Carlier never expected Mr. LeHardy to return, so that when he and his family did come back after the close of the war, friction arose between the two men over possession of the place. They continued to live together, but it was a house divided. According to the story told by Mr. LeHardy, Mr. Carlier would frequent throw rocks at him from the woods, and otherwise nag him and members of the LeHardy family. Finally one day Mr. LeHardy heard a commotion in the barn, and, rushing to the scene, found Mr. Carlier astride of and pummeling Henry Le Hardy then 17. Mr. LeHardy went to the house and got a gun, and, poking it through a crack in the barn, fired and killed Mr. Carlier, whose body was laid to rest in Myrtle Hill cemetery. Mr. LeHardy's peaceful disposition, his unblemished reputation and the attendant circumstances caused a jury to render a verdict of acquittal.
The tragedy occurred in the summer of 1870 and about eight years later Mr. LeHardy removed his family to Eagle Cliff, Lookout Mountain, near Flintstone, Walker County, Georgia, where he died March 6, 1888. He was the last of the Belgians at Rome, Eugene LeHardy, his cousin, having died there Dec. 27, 1874, and having been put to rest in Myrtle Hill.
CARLIER SPRINGS ( On the Chulio road , three miles east of Rome ).
Here in 1848 Gen. L J B Le Hardy , Camille Le Hardy, Louis Le Hardy and others started a Belgian Colony with the idea of housing other colonists from Belgium if the venture proved a success. The Belgians built a two-room log house and several out-buildings, and lived there perhaps seven years. Around the springs was a tract of 100 acres which extended to the Etowah River.
LE HARDY SPRINGS
Some confusion arises between this term and the term “Carlier Springs “ the Place know as Carlier Springs , was owned by Gen. L J B Le Hardy and his son Camille Le Hardy , but Louise Henry Carlier kept it during the Civil War. J.Paul Cooper offers the following explanation:
Eugène LeHardy bought the plantation afterward owned by Dr. GW Holmes, consisting of three land lots on part of which I now live The spring itself was on another land lot , originally belonging to the plantation which East Rome Town Company bought and developed. Before that purchase , however, the owner of that plantation had exchanged a corner lot , amounting to five acres, containing the spring giving it to LeHardy in return for about the same area lying in one of LeHardy’s lots up toward Tubbs’ Mountain. There is a small spring now owned by Dick Cothran. All this appears from the county records. Colonel LeHardy, had at that time, as far as I know , only a log cabin built where my house is located and not where Martin Grahame afterward built. There was a tenant house between LeHardy’s settlement and the spring, in my boyhood days, though whether it existed there in LeHardy’s time I do not know. ………………………….
Dr Henry Le Hardy , of Chatanooga writes, “ As well as I remember my father Gen L J B LeHardy owned two lots of land, on the Spring Creek road, about three miles east of Tome. The spring was a large one, flowing between some big rocks, and was situated in a fine grove of trees - oaks, hickories, sweet gums and cedars. Eugene Le Hardy owned a farm somewhere between Rome and my father’s plantation. I never saw his farm and could not say what kind of spring was there. My father’s spring was known to us as the LeHardy’s and is the one that is often called the Carlier Spring.
Sources : "A History of Rome and Floyd County" by George
Macgruber Battey, Jr.
"Couture-Saint-Germain : Des Belges en Géorgie", par Joseph TORDOIR dans Wavriensa XLI/3
base de donnée de Huguette De Clerck : passagers de l'Unitas
from the Web Site : ??? \Z-Par%20Etats\Georgia\History%20of%20Rome-Floyd%20County,%20Georgia.htm)
Links : Thanks to David Slay from Rome, Ga; Duane E. Coon from Crestwood, Il; Judith Wade Anderson from Tahlequah, Ok; and Meg Sibbernsen
Fulton Co (Atlanta)
Laurent DeGive : Belgian Consul in
When the War Between the States was over and the people of Atlanta were rebuilding their city, Mr. Laurent DeGive, a courtly gentleman of the old school and an alumnus of the University of Liege in his native Belgium, built DeGive's Opera House on Marietta Street near the corner of Forsyth. Later Mr. DeGive built the Grand Opera House on Peachtree Street.
The first street railway company inAtlanta was organized in 1871. The West End line was the first built and was completed in September, 1871. Another company, the Gate City Street Railroad Company, was organized in 1881 by L, DeGive, L. B. Wilson, A. M. Reinhardt and John Stephens. In 1884 they built a line beginning in front of the Kimball House on Pryor Street and passing over Pryor, Wheat and Jackson Streets to Ponce de Leon Springs. They operated this line until Januaiy, 1887, when it was sold.
Source : - Cooper, Walter G.; Official history of Fulton County; Atlanta: W.W. Brown Pub. Co., c1934, 930 pgs.
- Atlanta centennial year book : 1837-1937. Atlanta?: G. Murphy, 1937, 170 pgs.