THE TIMES                                                                                                                                                         

Transcript of Extracts, where Breage or People from Breage are mentioned                                                                                                                                                            

© 2005 , Althea Johnson, NZ                                                                                                                                                        

Use of transcripts for genealogical research and history welcomed; no commercial use allowed                                                                                                                                 

The Times                9 Sept 1818        Page 2                Category: Business          

From the London Gazette, Tuesday Sept 8. Partnerships dissolved "H. Harvey, T. Ellis, E. Harvey, and W. West, Breage, Cornwall, tin-mine owners.                                                                                 


The Times                7 May 1878        Page 4                Category: General             

"Reclamation of Lands in Cornwall

In consequence of the distress prevailing and the dearth of labour through the stoppage of several mines in the district, the Guardians of Helston, Cornwall, have addressed the local landowners on the subject of improving their waste lands. Several of these gentlemen have stated that, owing to their lands being out on leases which are unexpired, they are unable to act as they would wish; but the Duke of Leeds has written in a different strain, and set an example which it would be well for others similarly situated to follow. He has issued instructions for an immediate out-lay of £400 in labour on waste lands in the parish of Breage, known as Godolphin Warren.  Lord John Thynne has also applied to the Lands Improvement Company for a loan of £10,000 for improving lands in the parishes of Morenstow, Stratton and Ponghill, in Cornwall and two parishes in Devonshire."                                                                                       


The Times                6 July 1874       Page 9                Category: Mining News   

Cornish Mining - There is more spirit in the share-market, and prices have a tendency to rise; but owing to the operation of "settling," the transactions during the week have not been numerous. In the Breage district the abandonment of a large part of Great Wheal Vor and several other mines is being seriously felt. Bell Tin Mine is one of the unfortunate speculations of recent years, and the purser now asks for another call of 16s per share; the attempt to sell the mine as a "going concern" having failed, the materials were drawn to the surface and sold by auction; there is a debit balance of £545. West Maria and Fortescue has a debit balance of £865, and a call of 1s 6d. per share has been made; the four months' labour cost amounted to £1,242 and merchants' bills £472; copper ores and arsenic sold realised £900. Wheal Jane has a profit on three months' working of £219. The petition for the winding up of Great Work Mine has been dismissed by the Vice-Warden of the Stannaries of Cornwall.                                                                                              


The Times                18 Oct 1871       Page 3                Category: General            

"Foot-And-Mouth Disease

Three farms in the parish of Breage,  West Cornwall, have been declared to be infected with the disease, and one of the farmers George Treweeke, was on Saturday, fined 15/- and costs by a Bench of County magistrates at Helston for having neglected to give proper notice to the authorities. He stated that four animals arrived at his farm on the 25th of September, and that on the following day he sold them to Mr. S. Matthew, a neighbour, for 52? 10s., not having the least suspicion of there being anything wrong.  There are 82 farms now infected in the petty sessional division of Plympton, Ermington, and Roborough, the number of suffering cattle being 452. Above 20 fresh cases were reported during the past week.



The Times                22 July 1864       Page 11                Category: General            

"The Drought

The want of rain is now being seriously felt, not only by agriculturists, but by the inhabitants of most towns in Cornwall.  The grass lands are so completely burnt up by the sun, which has been for such a length of time pouring down its scorching rays, that there is hardly any pasturage left.  The consequence is that the price of beef, mutton, and butter is exceedingly high.  In Breage, Germoe, and other parts of the county, farmers have actually been driven to the extremity of cutting green crops to feed their cattle.  The root crops threaten to be a complete failure.  The town populations, too, are suffering severly through the want of water - a most, unusual circumstance in Cornwall, in which county there has not been such a scarcity for upwards of 20 years; and scores of men are employed with water carts in carrying supplies from the different rivers.  In Camborne the evil is very pressing, and even in Redruth, where there is a local Board of Health, which undertakes to supply water, the large reservoirs have been found insufficient for the long drought.  Notice has been given, therefore, that the supply is to be curtailed, and it is feared that if there is not soon a change in the weather it will be exhausted.  In Truro, where water in abundance runs through the streets to waste during the greater part of the year, its scarcity is now being severely felt.  the public pumps, with few exceptions, are exhausted, and the like may be said of nearly all those belonging to private persons.  Water has therefore become an article of great value, and at those places where it is still to be had the competition for its possession is so great that there is every probability the supply will soon be gone.  Men are at work sinking the public pumps to a greater depth. On Sunday prayers for rain were offered up in the churches and chapels."


The Times                Jan 01 1853       Page 3                Category: Appointments

From Laondon Gazette, Friday, Dec 31.  Whitehall, Dec. 29.  The Queen has been pleased to present the Rev. Edward Morris Pridmore, M.A. to the united vicarage of Breage and Germoe, in the county of Cornwall, the diocess of Exeter, the same being void by the death of the Rev. Richard Gerweys Grylls.


The Times                Apr 09 1853       Page 9                Category: Marriages       

On the 7th inst., at St Mary's Church, Cheltenham, by the Rev. E. M. Pridmore, vicar of Breage, Cornwall, the Rev. George Napleton Treweeke, to Letitia, widow of the late Captain the Hon. Charles Butler.


The Times                Jul 11 1853       Page 9                Category: Marriages       

On the 7th inst., at St Breage, in the County of Cornwall, by the Rev. E. M. Pridmore, the Rev. Henry Clelan to Louisa Frances, the fourth daughter of the late Rev. George Treweeke, rector of Illogan, in the same county.


The Times                Jul 7 1863       Page1                Category: Marriages

On the 1st inst. At Illogan, Cornwall, by the Rev. E. M. Pridmore, vicar of Breage and Germoe, assisted by the Rev. James G Wulff, rector of Illogan, Joseph Vivian, jun, Esq., of Reskadennick, Camborne to Bessie, eldest daughter of John Burgess, Esq., of Barnarose. No cards sent.


The Times                Mar 01 1831       Page 4                Category: News 

"State of the Country (From the West Briton) We deeply regret that the peace of the country has again been disturbed. The attempt to prevent the shipment of corn, for supplying the wants of other parts of the country, is cruel and absurd. It is cruel to refuse a supply of food to our fellow countrymen who may have been less favoured by Providence in the last harvest than we were; and it is absurd to think of preventing a free intercourse between different parts of this great maritime country.

  If Cornwall was denied the liberty of exporting her “fish, tin, and copper,” her people would soon lack the means of purchasing bread, though it were to be had for one half of the present price.  We hope, the interference with the export of corn will be discontinued; it can answer no good end, for our miners may be assured, that so long as there is food to be had, it will find its way from one part of the kingdom to the other, in opposing all attempts at preventing the transport of it.  If Cornwall should be straitened whilst Northumberland had a full supply, the wants of the one must necessarily be provided for from the other.  At the same time, it is not wise in our farmers to keep the markets of the country without a fair supply; we warn them that they may find it bad policy to do so.

On Tuesday last, about 8 o'clock, a party of 3,000 miners, collected from the parishes of Breage, Gwennap, Crowan, Wendron, &c. passed through Helston, in complete order, having selected eight men for their leaders, for the avowed purpose of preventing further shipments of corn at Helford.

Near Mawgan, they were met by H. Grylls, Esq., on his way from Bosahan, who entreated them to return, but they would not. One of their leaders said, “If you, Sir, will go with us, we will not do any mischief; but if you do not, perhaps we shall be unruly.” Finding all his endeavours to induce them to return useless, Mr. Grylls and Mr. Black accompanied them to Geer, where were deposited  about 150 bushels of barley, which the proprietor promised should be sent to the Helston market on Saturday. They next proceeded to Treath, near Helford, and found only a small quantity; there, also, a promise was given that it should not be shipped, but brought to market. From thence they went to Gilling, where they found in Mr. Roskruge’s cellars several hundred bushels of barley and wheat. Four…cellars several hundred bushels of barley and wheat. Four of the leaders entered the cellars, and measured the depth, length, and breadth of each pile of corn, and computed the quantity.  Having been promised by the son of Mr. Roskruge that all the barley should be sent to the market, they set out for their homes, without committing any acts of violence. Near Mawgan, Mr. Grylls addressed them, and begged them…..promised to do, and immed-…(beginning of each sentence missing)..5 o’clock in the even-…order. The peaceable…that their only object…..barley at the different….Helston generally to….they expressed them-…..the refreshment thus….homes…..through Breage,….mostly females, suppos-…..the waggons, &c., from……ommitting any depre-….that it was to be ground at a mill at Penzance, they carefully housed it, and on Monday delivered it to persons sent to fetch it, without any part of it being missing.

 The miners in the neighbourhood of St. Blazey have lately been forming combinations for the purpose of superseding, in a great measure, the authority of the agents, and the regulations of the mines. Early on Tuesday morning last, a great number of men collected at Fowey Consols and Lanescot mines, and attempted to seize two men who had refused to enter into any combination, and who, from the threats of summary punishment being inflicted on them, had been compelled to take refuge in the counting-house of these mines.  The agents, after waiting a considerable time for the dispersion of this assemblage, were obliged to appeal to the magistrates, who promptly repaired to the spot; and after entreating them, without effect, to disperse, they stated to necessity they should be under the reading of the Riot Act, unless they separated, which they allowed them a quarter of an hour to do, and pointed out to them the consequences if they should fail to do so within one hour after reading the act.  On the expiration of the quarter of an hour, the crowd not dispersing, the proclamation was read to them, but without effect.  On the expiration of the hour, the magistrates present, N. Kendall, H. Thomson, and J.T. Austen, Esqrs., ordered the constables to take seven of the rioters into custody.  On their being put into chaises for conveyance to prison, a violent attempt to rescue the prisoners was made by several hundred persons present; and by the temperate and firm conduct of the civil power, they were enabled, after a conflict of more than an hour, to forward the prisoners to Bodmin, in pursuance of their commitment.  A report having been circulated that the miners at the before-mentioned mines have been working at excessively low gettings, we think it proper to state that we have been informed, on the best authority, that the magistrates of the neighbourhood have been invited by the agents of those mines to examine the mines’ books; and that they are, by their inspection, satisfied that the men’s earnings are equal to those of persons employed in any other mines in the country, and superior to most of them.  The agents have, however, invited this scrutiny into the subject merely to counteract an unfounded statement which may be calculated to do mischief.

In consequence the arrest of the miners above stated, and their being lodged in the county gaol, the miners in the neighbourhood of St, Austell showed strong symptoms of a determination to attempt to liberate their comrades.  For this purpose they assembled on Wednesday in great numbers, and reports were circulated that they intended to proceed to Bodmin to make an effort to accomplish their object.  As a matter of precaution, the High Sheriff and the neighbouring Magistrates repaired to that place early in the day, and swore in between 30 and 40 special constables. The staff of the Royal Cornwall Militia were also called out, and were placed on duty in and around the prison; but up to yesterday (Thursday) evening the miners had not made their appearance…


The Times                Tues Dec 31 1844                Page 6                Category: Letters to the Editor

Poor Law Commission-office, Somerset-house, December 19, 1844

Sir,- The Poor Law Commissioners have had under their consideration the report and evidence transmitted to them by Mr. Tufnell relative to the case of Margaret Christopher, deceased.

The Commissioners are of opinion that neglect of duty is proved in this case, both on the part of Mr. Cawdle, the medical officer, and of Mr. Moyle, the relieving officer.

With regard to the medical officer, the Commissioners observe, that no regular order for his attendance in the case was given. He states that he received an order from the overseer of Breage on the 16th of January, to visit Margaret Christopher’s child, who had been burnt, and that he attended Margaret Christopher herself on the same order.  Having, however, voluntarily undertaken the case, without making any objection at the time to the want of an order, the Commissioners think that this circumstance cannot now be pleaded as an excse for any neglect in the case.  The Commissioners find, from the Medical Officer’s weekly report, that he first attended Margaret Christopher in the week ending the 10th of January, when he paid three visits, and that in the following week he saw the woman on the 15th and 17th of January.  His next visits were on the 7th of February and on the 28th of the same month. From that time he visited the case regularly every week until the 5th of June, when he suspended his visit, until the 17th of August, and he saw the woman once again only before her death, which took place on the 5th of September. The commissioners are of opinion that the fact of another medical man having requested by the Rev. Mr. Pascoe, on the 8th May, to visit Margaret Christopher, did not remove from Mr Gawdle his responsibility for the case. No notice of his having given up the case was sent by him to the guardians, and indeed he does not appear to have entirely given up, as the dates of his attendance show, which were continued, through at long intervals, until Margaret Christoher’s death. At all events, if this excuse were admitted, it would not apply to his neglect to visit between the 17th of January and the 7th of February, and again between the latter date and the 28th of February, being an interval of three weeks in each case. Whether Mr. Cawdle took sufficient means to procure for Margaret Christopher such nourishing diet as she required appears to the Commissioners doubtful. It is alleged by more than one witness that he said that medicine would do no good intimating at the same time that the board of guardians would not supply the diet he ordered. He, however, denies himself that he charged the board with refusing his orders for necessities. Looking, however , to Mr. Cawdle’s conduct, and particularly to his neglect duly to visit Margaret Christopher in a case of so serious nature, in which death ensued, the Commissioners cannot feel such confidence in Mr. Cawdle’s performance of his duties as would warrant them in allowing of his continuance as medical officer. They, therefore, think it right to prevent him from retaining office under his recent appointment, and accordingly they withold their sanction from his continuing to act as medical officer for a longer time than is necessary.


(There were 3 letters to the edito on this matterr; one written by Thomas Pascoe, St Hilary Vicarage, one by E Chadwick, Secretary to Rev Pascoe and it would seem this third one above was written according to the credits by W. G. Lumley)


The Times            Wed Feb 05 1879            Page 6            Category: News


Yesterday morning the following circular was issued:-

“Union Bank, Helston Feb. 4, 1879.

“Dear Sir (or Madam), - We much regret that we are compelled to suspend payment. The books of the bank will be placed at once in the hands of  experienced accountants, and a meeting of the creditors will be held at the earliest moment. We believe that if the property can be realized advantageously without incurring any unnecessary expenses, the assets will be sufficient to pay a large dividend

“We are, yours faithfully,

“Vivian, Grylls, Kendall, and Co.”

Our Truro Correspondent telegraphed last night:-

“This morning the people of Helston were startled by the announcement that the Union Bank had closed its doors. It is one of the oldest banking companies in the county, and was generally regarded with the greatest confidence, so much co, indeed that Helston tradesmen had not the slightest suspicion that anything was wrong, and they were much astonished when the fact that the doors of the Union Bank were closed became known. The bank was established in 1788, and some of the leading county families have been connected with it from time to time. For many years the firm was known as Glyn, Grylls, Vivian, Kendall, and Co. Mr. John Kendall died in 1854, Mr. Glyn Grylls in 1866, and Mr. John Kendall, the younger, in 1873, since which time the sole remaining partners have been Mrs. Cordelia Vivian, of Pencalenick, near Truro, Cornwall, and her son, Mr. James Edward Vivian, merchant of Catford-bridge, Kent, and 117 Leadenhallstreet, London. In January 1877, when the Helston Banking Company stopped payment, a large number of the accounts and deposits were transferred to the Union Bank, which may be considered the poor man’s bank of the district. The great bulk of the farmers covering the large district between Helston, Mount’s Bay and the Lizard, known as the South country, are depositors in the Union Bank, and also the fisherman of Porthleven, the Lizard, and Helford districts, and it is feared there will be many cases of great hardship. The news of the stoppage has not, however, yet reached the country districts. The Bank has for some time past been under the management of Mr. Edward P. Kendall, nephew of the late partner, and this gentleman is treasurer for the Helston Union, South Helston, and North Helston Highway Boards, the Helston Savings bank, and the Breage, St Mangan, St Martin, St Keverne, Germoe, and Crowan School Boards. It is, however understood, that these public bodies were nearly all about to make calls the balances in the bank are very small. Mining Industry having almost ceased to exist is the district the bank has only two mining accounts – Polrose and Lovell – neither of them of any great importance. The authorised note issue of the bank is £17,000, but the amount actually  in circulation is under £1,500. The stoppage is attributed to a gradually increasing run upon the bank by depositors who, especially since the failure of the Cornish Bank, had been giving notice to withdraw, and though three months’ notice is necessary in the majority of cases, the proprietors saw that they should be unable to withstand the pressure and resolved to close at once so as to prevent being drained of cash entirely. The petition was filed in the Truro Bankruptcy Court this morning, the liabilities being declared at £135,000. Mr. Chirgwin, of Truro, was appointed receiver, and at once took possession of the bank premises and the cash. It is said that the assets will be sufficient to give a very good dividend, Mrs. Vivian being the owner of large landed property. Messrs. Bolitho and Co., proprietors of the other local bank, have issued the following circular with the object of allaying alarm:- “Bolitho’s Bank, Helston, 4th February, 1879. – Messrs. Bolitho, Sons, and Co. beg to inform depositors at this branch that for the present the bank will not require the usual 30 days’ notice for the payment of deposits to any parties who may wish to have their money at once.’ “