Civil War Roots
Thirty-Ninth Alabama Infantry Regiment
The following History, Field and Staff, and Captains, and Counties from Which the Companies Came was quoted from Alabama: Her History, Resources, War Record, and Public Men From 1540 to 1872, by Willis Brewer, published in Montgomery, Alabama, 1872, pages 648-649
This regiment was organized at Opelika in May 1862, and proceeded at once to Mississippi. It was there brigaded under Gen. Frank Gardner, with the Nineteenth, Twenty-second, Twenty-fifth, and Twenty-sixth Alabama regiments. It participated in the weary march into Kentucky, and came back with the army to Murfreesboro. The regiment took part in that battle, and with heavy loss in casualties, having gained much credit for repulsing an attack of the enemy the day before. The regiment was with the army when it fell back to the Chattanooga line, and took part in the battle of the Chicamauga with a very heavy loss of men. At Mission Ridge the loss was light, and the Thirty-ninth, now under Gen. Deas of Mobile as brigade commander, wintered at Dalton. From there to Atlanta the regiment was a conspicuous actor in all the fighting of the army, suffering severely. And when, under Gen. Hood the fate of the Confederacy was risked on the "iron dice of battle," in the trenches of Atlanta, and at Jonesboro, the ranks of the Thirty-ninth were thinned sadly by the casualties of those desperate struggles. It marched with the army into Tennessee, and lost a number of prisoners at Nashville. Emerging from that train of disasters, the regiment rallied to the call of Gen. Johnston in the Carolinas, and took part in the operations there, though reduced to a bare skeleton. It was there consolidated with the Twenty-second and Twenty-sixth-Fiftieth Alabama, but was surrendered a few days later.
Field and Staff
Colonels - Henry D. Clayton of Barbour; promoted. Whitfield Clarke of Barbour.
Lieutenant Colonels - James T. Flewellen of Barbour; resigned. Whitfield Clarke; promoted. Lemuel Hargroves of Barbour; resigned. W. C. Clifton of Russell.
Majors - Whitfield Clarke; promoted. L. Hargroves; resigned. W. C. Clifton; promoted. J.D. Smith of Barbour; killed at Jonesboro.
Adjutants - J. M. Macon of Barbour; transferred. H. B. Tompkins of Barbour.
Captains, and Counties From Which the Companies Came
PIKE- J. W. W. Jackson; resigned. J.P. Nall; wounded; retired. .... Roberts; killed in North Carolina.
BARBOUR - Lemuel Hargroves; promoted. T. J. Cox.
BARBOUR - Calvin McSwean; resigned. J. A. Miller.
HENRY - Lee A. Jennings; wounded at Murfreesboro; resigned. A. J. Cassady.
RUSSELL - W. C. Clifton; promoted.
The State of Georgia - A.H. Flewellen; resigned. Willis Banks; killed near Atlanta.
HENRY and BARBOUR- T. Q. Stanford; killed at Murfreesboro; C. H. Mathews; killed at Peach-tree Creek.
BARBOUR - Joseph C. Clayton; killed at Murfreesboro; J. L. McRae.:
BARBOUR - Whitfield Clarke; promoted. J.D. Smith; promoted. Wm. H. Dill.
BARBOUR - J.C. Mitchell; resigned. Thomas J. Brannon.
(Click on underlined company to go to a roster)
Company A, Pike County: John W. W. Jackson (resigned, 13 Nov 62); James P. Nall (wounded; retired); Louis A. Robert (KIA, North Carolina )
Company B, Barbour County: Lemuel Hargrove (promoted to Major); Thomas J. Cox
Company C, The Pea River Rifles, Barbour County: Colin McSwean (promoted to Major); Alexander J. Miller
Company D, Henry County: Lee A. Jennings (wounded, Murfreesboro; resigned, 24 Oct 63); Z. Dawson Matthews
Company E, Russell County: William C. Clifton (promoted to Major); Wiley E. Jones (died in service, 4 Feb 64); Thomas J. Wilkerson (KIA, 22 July 64); William J. Sankey
Company F, State of Georgia: Abner H. Flewellen (resigned, 30 April 63); Willis D. Banks (KIA, near Atlanta, 1 Aug 64); Neil Gillis
Company G, Henry & Barbour Counties: T. Q. Stanford (KIA, Murfreesboro); Alexander A. Cassady
Company H, Barbour County: Joseph C. Clayton (KIA, Murfreesboro); John L. McRae
Company I, Barbour County:Whitfield Clark (promoted to Major); Drewry H. Smith (promoted to Major); William H. Dill
Company K, Barbour County: James T. Flewellen (promoted to Lt. Col., 15 May 62); Julius C. Mitchell (resigned, 2 Feb 63); Thomas J. Brannon
The following was found at http://www.civilwarhome.com/39alainf.htm
Extracts From Official War Records
Vol. X, Part I---(788) First brigade, Gen. Frank Gardner, reserve corps, General Withers, army of the Mississippi, General Bragg, June 30, 1862.
Vol. XVI, Part 2-(764) In Gardner's brigade, army of the Mississippi, General Polk commanding, August 18 to 20, 1862.
Vol. XX, Part I--(658) In Deas' brigade, Withers' division, Polk's corps, army of Tennessee, at Murfreesboro.
(677) Casualties, December 31, 1862, to January 2, 1863, 3 killed, 92 wounded.
(754) Mentioned in Gen. Jones M. Withers' report.
(973) Roll of honor, battle of Murfreesboro:
Adjt. J. M. Macon;
Second Lieut. E. Q. Thornton, Company K;
Second Lieut. E. O. Petty, Company B;
Sergt. C. K. Hall, Company H;
Sergt. W. J. White, Company H;
Sergt. E. Priest, Company K;
Private W. C. Menefee, Company A;
Sergt. A. J. Talbot, Company A;
Private Samuel M. Martin, Company B;
Private John Dansby, Company C;
Private Evander Burkett, Company D;
Private Frank Jones, Company E;
Sergts. John H. Poyner and T. F. Espy, Company G:
Sergt. Abner Flowers, Company I;
Sergt. James Wilson, Company K.
Vol. XXIII, Part 2--(735, 942, 958) In Deas' brigade, Withers' division (Twenty-sixth and Thirty-ninth under Colonel Clayton). April to August, 1863; July 31st, Col. Whitfield Clark in command.
No. 51--(15) In Deas's brigade, Hindman's Division, at Chickamauga.
(338) Col. Whitefield Clark's report of the battle gives 14 killed, 82 wounded. Regiment went into fight with 310 muskets.
- (339) Mentioned in Col. J. G. Coltart's report.No. 56--In Deas' brigade, Hindman's division, Cheatham's army corps, to December, 1863. Total present, 337; Lieut.- Col. William C. Clifton commanding regiment, December 14, 1863.
No. 74--(640, et seq.) Assignment as above, Hood's corps, Atlanta campaign. August 31, 1864, Maj. Drewry H. Smith commanding regiment.
(779, 780) Report of Capt. A. J. Miller (commanding regiment), operations July 22d and 28th (Atlanta): "Lieutenant-Colonel Clifton was severely wounded. Capt. T. J. Brannon, who has since been sick, was in command."
No. 93--(664) Assignment as above, Johnson's division, Lee's corps, December 10, 1864.
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