History of Wyoming - Chapter XXXV
First Accurate Knowledge of the Great West—Wyoming Fifty Years Old—Census Reports From 1870 to 1915—Populations by Counties—Faults of the State Census—In the Cities—Public Officials—List of Territorial and Elective State Officers—Chronology—Summary of Leading Events in Wyoming History ... 637
    In the early years of the Nineteenth Century nearly all the published maps of the United. States showed the country between the Missouri River and the Rocky Mountains as the "Great American Desert." People generally accepted the statements of the geographers and for almost half a century after the Louisiana purchase was made in 1803, very little attention was paid to the Great West. The discovery of gold in California was the greatest factor in opening the eyes of the residents of the states east of the Mississippi River to the resources and possibilities of the region hitherto designated as the Great Desert. Returning "forty-niners" gave glowing accounts of their journey across the plains. Sometimes these narratives were embellished with something more than the "naked truth," but they agreed in all the essential particulars and contradicted the desert theory which had so long been prevalent. From these returned argonauts many people received their first impressions that the West was habitable, to say the least.
    Following the fur hunters and the gold seekers came the actual settlers. On July 25, 1918, fifty years had passed since Andrew Johnson, President of the United States, approved the bill creating the Territory of Wyoming. Two years after the passage of that bill the United States census reported a population of 9,118 in the new territory. The growth in population, as shown by subsequent enumerations, has been as follows:

1870 9,118
1880 20,789
1890 62,555
1900 92,531
1910 145,965
1915 (state census) 141,705

    From this table it will be observed that the greatest proportionate increase in population durng any decade was between 1880 and 1890, when it was a little over 200 per cent, the increase during the preceding decade having been a little over 125 per cent. Only once in the history of the state does the census enumeration show a decrease in the number of inhabitants between the census years. That was during the five years from 1910 to 1915, when the official figures show a loss of 4,260. For the sake of comparison, the returns of each census since the admission of the state in 1890 are given by counties in the following table:

County 1890 1900 1905 1910 1915
Albany 8,865 13,084 9,992 11,574 8,194
Bighorn ..... 4,32S 8,942 8,886 6,815
Campbell ..... ..... ..... ..... 2,316
Carbon 6,857 9,589 10,313 11,282 8,412
Converse 2,738 3,337 4,168 6,294 3,626
Crook 2,338 3,137 3,831 6,492 5,117
Fremont 2,463 5,357 5,363 11,822 9,633
Goshen ..... ..... ..... ..... 5,035
Hot Springs ..... ..... ..... ..... 3,191
Johnson 2,357 2,361 3,027 3,453 3,238
Laramie 16,777 20,181 18,514 26,127 14,631
Lincoln ..... ..... ..... ..... 13.581
Natrona 1,094 1,785 2,442 4,766 5,398
Niobrara ..... ..... ..... ..... 3,488
Park ..... ..... ..... 4,909 5,473
Platte ..... ..... ..... ..... 5,277
Sheridan 1,972 5,122 9,965 16,324 15,429
Sweetwater 4,941 8,455 7,163 11,575 10,642
Uinta 7,414 12,223 14,492 16,982 6,051
Washakie ..... ..... ..... ..... 1,744
Weston 2,422 3,203 3,604 4,960 4,414
Total 62,555 92,531 101,816 145,965 141,705
    There are several reasons why the state census of 1915 shows a decrease in population. First, the enumeration was made by the county assessors and their deputies, who received no extra compensation for the extra work. Then the time for beginning the census was fixed about sixty days after the time of beginning the assessment, so that much of the territory had to be gone over a second time. Second, the enumerator for the United States census is always given the authoj-ity to compel the answering of his questions. This power was not conferred on the assessors and no doubt many individuals disclaimed residence in the state in order to avoid paying poll tax. Third, in 1910 the soldiers at the military posts in the state were enumerated as part of the population, while in 1915 most of these soldiers, as well as a number of the Wyoming National Guard, were stationed on the Mexican border at the time the state census was taken and were not included in the enumeration. Fourth, the United States census of 1910 included the 519 inhabitants of the Yellowstone National Park, which were omitted from the state census of 1915.
     By a careful analysis of the census reports of 1915, abundant evidence is found to show that the decrease in population is more apparent than real. In 1910 the total number of votes cast at the state election was 37,927, while in 1914 the number voting was 44.877. This increase of 6,950 votes would naturally indicate a corresponding increase in. the total population. The number of persons between the ages of ten and twenty years increased 2,479 during the five years from 1910 to 1915, the number of unmarried females increased 1,348, and there was a slight increase in persons over the age of sixty years. Had the same number of soldiers been stationed at the military posts in 1915 as in 1910, and the members of the National Guard been at their homes, it is quite probable that the proportionate increase would have been shown in persons between the ages of twenty and sixty years, where all the apparent decrease occurs.
    In this connection it might be well to offer a word of explanation regarding the decrease in population in certain counties, which on the surface seems to be unusual. It will be noticed that seven counties appear in the above table only in the census for 1915. The creation of those counties by the Legislature of 1911 drew upon the population of the counties from which their territory was taken. For example: In 1910 Uinta County reported a population of 16,982, and five years later only 6,051. This was due entirely to the organization of Lincoln County from the northern part of Uinta. In 1915 the combined population of the two counties was 19,632, an increase of 2,650 during the preceding five years in the territory comprising the two counties. A little examination of the table will disclose other similar cases.
    In comparing the census reports of 1910 with those of 1915 one peculiar feature is noticed. While the decrease in the population of the entire state was 4,260, the decrease in the five largest cities of the state was sufficient to account for the whole retrogression, to wit:

Cities 1910 1915
Cheyenne 11,320 9,661
Sheridan 8,408 8,906
Laramie 8,237 4,962
Rock Springs 5,778 5,699
Rawlins 4,256 2,975
Totals 37,999 32,203
    Sheridan is the only one of these five cities that showed a gain during the five years, while the aggregate decrease in the five was 5,796. Buffalo. Douglas, Green River, Lander. Newcastle and Thermopolis show an aggregate decrease of 1,570. making a total in the eleven principal cities of 7,366, when the fact is well established that in each of the five years new homes were built in all these cities and the bank deposits in all increased, in some instances more than two hundred per cent. In the face of all these conditions there are good grounds for the conclusion that the census of 1915 is not reliable.
    The only state officers elected by the people of Wyoming are the governor, secretary of state, state auditor, state treasurer, superintendent of public instruction and justices of the Supreme Court. A list of the justices is given in the chapter on the Bench and Bar, and the superintendents of public instruction are included in the chapter relating to education. Following is a list of the elective officers of the state and the corresponding officials during the territorial era, with the date each was appointed or elected, or the date when he entered upon the duties of his office:
    Territorial Governors–John A. Campbell, April 7, 1869; John M. Thayer, February 10, 1875; John W. Hoyt, April 10, 1878; William Hale, August 3, 1882; Francis E. Warren, February 27, 1885; George W. Baxter, November 6, 1886; Thomas Moonlight, December 20, 1886; Francis E. Warren, [March 27, 1889.
    State Governors–Francis E. Warren, October 11, 1890; Amos W. Barber (acting), November 24, 1890; John E. Osborne, January 2, 1893; William A. Richards, January 7, 1895; De Forest Richards, January 2, 1899; Fenimore Chatterton (acting), April 28, 1903; Bryant B. Brooks. January 2. 1905; Joseph M. Carey, January 2, 1911; John B. Kendrick, January 4. 1915 : Frank L. Houx (acting), February 26, 1915. The dates given in connection with the state governors are the dates of taking the oath of office, each serving until his successor was elected and qualified.
    Territorial Secretaries–Edward M. Lee, April 7, 1869; Herman Glafcke, March 2, 1870; Jason B. Brown, March 24, 1873; George W. French. February 24. 1875; A. Worth Spates, February 24. 1879; Elliott S. N. Morgan, March 10, 1880; Samuel D. Shannon, April 9, 1887; John W. Meldrum, May 20, 1889.
    Secretaries of State–Amos W. Barber, November 8, 1890: Charles W. Burdick, January 7, 1895; Fenimore Chatterton, January 2. 1899; William R. Schnitger, January 7, 1907; Frank L. Houx, January 2, 1911. The dates above are when each secretary took the oath of office. Amos W. Barber became acting governor when Governor Warren resigned to enter the United States Senate; Fenimore Chatterton became acting governor upon the death of Governor Richards; and Frank L. Houx when Governor Kendrick was elected United States senator.
    Territorial Auditors–The exact date when each of the territorial auditors was appointed could not be ascertained. The years given are those when the name of the auditor first appears in the public records. Benjamin Gallagher, April 7, 1S69: Orlando North, 1875: J. S. Nason, 1878; Jesse Knight, 1879; P. L. Smith, 1883; Mortimer N. Grant, 1886.
    State Auditors–Charles W. Burdick, November 8. 1890; W. O. Owen, January 7, 1895; LeRoy Grant, January 2, 1899: Robert B. Forsyth, January 2, 1911. LeRoy Grant served three terms and Robert Forsyth was reelected for a second term in 1914.
    Territorial Treasurers–John W. Donnellan, December 21, 1869: Stephen W. Downey, October 26, 1872; Amasa R. Converse, December 11, 1875: Francis E. Warren. September 30, 1876; Amasa R. Converse, December 15. 1877; Francis E. Warren, December 10. 1879: William V. Gannett, March 2. 1885; Luke Voorhees, March 31, 1888.
    State Treasurers–Otto Gramm, November 7, 1890: Henry G. Hay, January 7. 1895; George E. Abbott, January 2. 1899: Henry G. Hay. January 5, 1903 (resigned on September 19, 1903, and the same day William C. Irvine was appointed to the vacancy) : William C. Irvine, January 2, 1905 : Edward Gillette, January 7. 1907; John L. Baird, January 2. 1911; Herman B. Gates, January 4. 1915.
City Feet City Feet
Alcova 6,000 Jackson Hole 6,820
Atlantic City 7,850 Jackson Lake 6,800
Buffalo 4,600 Kirwin 9,500
Basin 3,700 Lander 5,372
Battle 9,866 Laramie 7,153
Cambria 5,100 Lovell 3,700
Casper 5,101 Lusk 5,007
Carbon 6,821 Medicine Bow 6,562
Cheyenne (capital)           6,101 Meeteetse 5,000
Cody 4,900 Newcastle 4,319
Corbett 4,659 Otto 4,011
Douglas 4,816 Rambler 9,500
Embar 5,900 Rawlins 6,744
Encampment 7,322 Riverton (approximately) 5,100
Evanston 6,759 Rock Springs 6,260
Fort Laramie 4,270 Rock Creek 6,704
Fort Steele 6,505 Sherman 8,247
Fort Washakie 5,462 Sheridan 3,738
Fort Yellowstone 6,370 Saratoga 7,000
Four Bear 6,500 Shoshoni (approximately) 5,000
Garland 4,183 Sundance 4,750
Glendo 4,716 Thermopolis 4,350
Glenrock 4,900 Ten Sleep 4,513
Green River 6,077 Tie Siding 7,890
Hanna 6,788 Wheatland 4,700
Hyattville 4,550
Mountain Feet Mountain Feet
Big Horn 8,000 to 12,000 Laramie Peak 11,000
Bradley Peak 9,500 Laramie Range 7,000 to 9,000
Bridger Peak 11,400 Medicine Peak 12,231
Chimney Rock 11,853 Medicine Bow Range 8,000 to 12,000
Cloud Peak 12,500 Mount Moran 12,000
Elk Mountain 11,511 Park Range, in Wyoming 11,500
Fremont's Peak 13,790 Phlox Mountain 9,136
Grand Encampment 11,003 Pilot Knob 11,977
Grand Teton 13,800 Quien Hornet 9,300
Index Peak 11,740
    Every civilized country on the face of the globe is the product of evolution. In the process of development event follows event like the links in a chain, each the effect of one that preceded it and the cause of one or more that follow after it. In the foregoing chapters a conscientious effort has been made to show the progress of Wyoming along industrial, educational, professional and religious lines, as well as the part the state has taken in the military affairs of the nation and its political history. As a fitting conclusion to this work, the following summary of events leading up to the settlement, organization of the territory and the admission of the state, with more recent events which have a bearing upon some phase of the state's history, has been compiled for ready reference.
    At first glance many of these events may seem to have no connection with Wyoming's career, or at least a very remote one, yet each event is the corollary of something that went before. For example: The treaty of September 3, 1783, ending the Revolutionary war was negotiated years before the present State of Wyoming had a single white inhabitant. But that treaty fixed the western boundary of the United States at the Mississippi River, which twenty years later led to the purchase of the Province of Louisiana, in which the larger part of Wyoming was included. In like manner, the organization of the Hudson's Bay Company may appear out of place in a list of events affecting Wyoming, but it was the first of the great fur companies, whose agents and employees carried back to the East a knowledge of the Indian tribes and the possibilities of the fur trade in the Rocky Mountain region, thus paving the way for all the trappers and traders that followed.
May 2, 1670. The Hudson's Bay Company received its charter from the British Government.
        , 1743. In this year Verendrye and his associates visited the Wind River country. They were the first white men of whom there is any account to set foot on Wyoming soil.
November 3, 1762. The Treaty of Fontainebleau was concluded, by which France ceded all that part of Louisiana west of the Mississippi River to Spain. By this treaty that part of Wyoming east of the Continental Divide became a Spanish possession.
September 3, 1783. Treaty with Great Britain ending the Revolutionary war and establishing the independence of the United States.
        , 1783. The North-West Company was organized as a competitor of the Hudson's Bay Company.
October 27, 1795. The Treaty of Madrid concluded, granting to the people of the United States the free navigation of the Mississippi River and the right of deposit at New Orleans.
October 1, 1800. Secret Treaty of San Ildefonso by which ?pain retroceded Louisiana to France.
March 21, 1801. The Treaty of San Ildefonso was ratified by the Treaty of Madrid.
April 30, 1803. Louisiana was sold to the United States by the Treaty of Paris.
December 20, 1803. The United States commissioners received the transfer of Louisiana from the French commissary at New Orleans.
March 10, 1804, Maj. Amos Stoddard took possession of Upper Louisiana, in which the greater part of Wyoming was included, in the name of the United States.
March 26, 1804. The District of Louisiana, including most of Wyoming, was established by an act of Congress and attached to the Territory of Indiana.
March 3, 1805. President Jefferson approved the act creating the Territory of Louisiana and appointed Gen. James Wilkinson, governor. This territory included that part of Wyoming east of the Rocky Mountains.
April 6, 1808. The American Fur Company was chartered by the Legislature of New York.
August, 1808. The Missouri Fur Company was organized at St. Louis to trade with the Indian tribes on the Upper Missouri.
        , 1811. Wilson Price Hunt's expedition ascended the Missouri River and entered Wyoming about the first of August.
November 2, 1812. Robert Stuart and five other Astorians began the construction of a cabin at the mouth of Poison Spider Creek, twelve miles above Casper. This was the first house built by white men in what is now the State of Wyoming.
        , 1821. The Columbia Fur Company was organized.
March, 1822. Gen. W. H. Ashley and Andrew Henry organized the Rocky Mountain Fur Company.
        , 1825. General Ashley and a few of his men descended the Green River into Utah–the first white men to navigate the stream.
        , 1830. The Mormon Church was founded in the spring of this year at Palmyra, New York.
July, 1832. In the latter part of this month, Capt. Benjamin Bonneville took the first wagons through the South Pass.
March 26, 1838. Gen. W. H. Ashley died at St. Louis, Missouri.
        , 1838. In the fall of this year the Mormons were expelled from Missouri and founded the Town of Nauvoo, Illinois.
July 5, 1840. Father P. J. De Smet, a Jesuit missionary, celebrated the first mass in Wyoming at the traders' rendezvous on the Green River.
June 27, 1844. Joseph Smith, founder of the Mormon Church, and his brother were assassinated by a mob in the jail at Carthage. Illinois.
May 10, 1845. Texas annexed to the United States. Part of Albany and Carbon counties was included in the territory annexed.
April, 1846. The Mormon emigration westward began.
May 19, 1846. President Polk approved the act providing for a line of military posts along the Oregon Trail.
June 15, 1846. A treaty was concluded at Washington, D. C, by which Great Britain relinquished all claims to Oregon. By this treaty that part of Wyoming west of the Rocky Mountains (except a tract in the southwest corner) became the Territory of the United States.
July 21, 1847. The first company of Mormons, led by Elders Snow and Pratt, arrived at the Great Salt Lake, having passed through Wyoming on their pilgrimage.
February 2, 1848. Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, by which Mexico ceded a large tract of country to the United States. The counties of Uinta and Sweetwater, and the southern part of Lincoln, were included in the cession.
September 17, 1851. A treaty was negotiated at Fort Laramie by which tbe bounds of certain Indian tribes were established.
November, 1853. Fifty-four Mormons from Salt Lake formed a settlement at old Fort Bridger.
May 30, 1854. President Pierce signed the Kansas-Nebraska bill. By this measure all that part of Wyoming east of the Rocky Mountains was embraced in the Territory of Nebraska.
June, 1857. Col. A. S. Johnston's expedition reached Salt Lake after passing through Wyoming.
January 29, 1863. Gen. P. E. Connor attacked the camp of Chief Bear Hunter on the Bear River. In the engagement 250 Indians were killed and the band was broken up.
        , 1863. In the spring of this year the trail from the Platte River to the Montana mining districts was selected by John M. Bozeman and became known as the "Bozeman road." The opening of this road was the cause of serious troubles with the Indians.
November 29, 1864. Maj. John M. Chivington, destroyed a Cheyenne Village on Sand Creek, Colorado. The survivors were driven northward into Wyoming, which led to the raids on the Overland Stage Route.
January 7, 1865. Julesburg attacked by Indians, the beginning of the raids on the Overland stations.
July 26, 1865. Lieut. Caspar Collins and seven men were killed by Indians in an affair at Platte Bridge, near the present City of Casper.
March 10, 1866. Gen. John Pope ordered two new forts (Fort Philip Kearny and Fort C. F. Smith) to be established on the line of the Bozeman Road.
July 15, 1866. The site of Fort Philip Kearny was selected. The fort was completed on the 21st of October.
December 21, 1866. Capt. W. J. Fetterman and eighty men massacred near Fort Philip Kearny by the Indians.
January 9. 1867. Laramie County created by the Dakota Legislature.
July, 1867. First settlers located in Cheyenne.
August 2, 1867. Capt. James Powell and thirty-two men surrounded by Indians on Piney Creek, but drove off their assailants after a battle which lasted for three hours.
August 10, 1867. First election for city officers in Cheyenne.
November 13, 1867. The first train on the Union Pacific Railroad arrived at Cheyenne.
December 24. 1867. Cheyenne incorporated by an act of the Dakota Legislature.
December 27, 1867. An act of the Dakota Legislature defined the boundaries of Carter and Laramie counties–the only two counties at that time in what is now Wyoming.
January 20, 1868. Charles Martin and Charles Morgan hanged at Cheyenne by a vigilance committee.
March 2, 1868. Asa Bartlett, chief justice of Dakota Territory, began the first term of court at Cheyenne.
April 29, 1868. Treaty with the Sioux Indians concluded at Fort Laramie. The tribe relinquishing their lands in South Dakota and reserving their lands in Wyoming for a hunting ground.
May 7, 1868. Part of the Crow country was ceded to the United States by a treaty concluded at Fort Laramie.
July 3, 1868. Treaty of Fort Bridger, by which the Shoshone Indians ceded to the United States all their lands in Wyoming, except the Wind River reservation.
July 25, 1868. President Andrew Johnson approved the act of Congress providing for the organization of a temporary government for the Territory of Wyoming.
April 7, 1869. Territorial officers for Wyoming appointed by President. Governor Campbell qualified on the 15th.
May 19, 1869. The territorial government of \\'yoming went into effect.
September 2, 1869. First election in Wyoming for members of the Legislature and delegate in Congress.
October 12, 1869. The first Territorial Legislature began at Cheyenne. The session lasted for sixty days.
December 1, 1869. Uinta County established, including all of the present counties of Uinta and Lincoln and the Yellowstone National Park.
December 13, 1869. Albany County created and the name of Carter County was changed to Sweetwater by an act of the Legislature.
January 1, 1870. The act establishing Carbon County became effective.
April 12, 1870. The Sioux Reservation in South Dakota was established by order of President Grant.
March 3, 1871. President Grant approved the act doing away with the custom of making treaties with the Indians.
July, 1871. The first silver wedding in Wyoming, that of J. G. Stearns and his wife, was celebrated at the Railroad House in Cheyenne.
March 2, 1872. President Grant approved the act establishing the Yellowstone National Park.
September 26, 1872. The southern part of the Wind River Reservation was ceded to the United States by agreement.
December 8, 1875. Pease (now Johnson) County was created Ijy act of the Legislature.
December 10, 1875. Crook County was established.
June 25, 1876. General Custer's last fight on the Little Big Horn River.
September 26, 1876. The Arapaho lands in Wyoming were ceded to the United States by an agreement with the chiefs.
December 4, 1877. Railroad connections between Cheyenne and Denver were established.
December 14, 1877. Cheyenne incorporated as a city by an act of the Legislature.
September 5, 1879. Delmonico Hotel and Washington Market, two brick buildings on the south side of Sixteenth Street, between Capitol and Carey avenues, in Cheyenne, collapsed. Several people were killed.
June 12, 1880. The remaining portion of the Crow country in Wyoming was ceded to the United States by agreement.
July 17, 1881. Jim Bridger, noted scout and trapper, died at his home near Kansas City, Missouri.
March 5, 1884. Governor Hale approved the act of the Legislature creating Fremont County.
September 2, 1885. Chinese laborers in the coal mines at Rock Springs assaulted and driven off by a mob.
April 6, 1887. Articles of incorporation of the Cheyenne & Burlington Railroad Company were filed with the Wyoming secretary of state.
May 18, 1887. The cornerstone of the state capitol building at Cheyenne was laid by the Masonic fraternity.
January 10, 1888. The first street car made its appearance in Cheyenne.
March 9, 1888. Converse, Natrona and Sheridan counties created by the Legislature, the act being passed over the governor's veto.
July 8, 1889. Election of delegates to a constitutional convention.
September 2, 1889. The constitutional convention assembled at Cheyenne and remained in session until the 30th.
November 5, 1889. The constitution framed by the convention was ratified by the people by an overwhelming majority.
March 12, 1890. Bighorn and Weston counties created by an act of the last Territorial Legislature.
July 10, 1890. President Benjamin Harrison signed the bill admitting Wyoming into the Union as a state.
July 23, 1890. The admission of the state was celebrated with appropriate ceremonies at Cheyenne, people from all parts of Wyoming being present.
September 11, 1890. First election for state officers ever held in Wyoming.
April 5-12, 1892. The cattlemen's invasion in Johnson County.
January 4, 1897. The Wyoming General Hospital at Rock Springs was seriously damaged by fire.
September 23, 1897. First Frontier Day celebration in Cheyenne. These celebrations have since been held annually.
February 15, 1898. The United States Battleship Maine was blown up in Havana Harbor.
April 23, 1898. President McKinley issued his proclamation calling for 125,000 volunteers for the war with Spain.
May 18, 1898. The Wyoming Battalion left Cheyenne for San Francisco and the Philippines.
June 24, 1898. The Alger Light Battery left Cheyenne for San Francisco. It also served in the Philippines.
Februarv' 20, 1899. The Wyoming Legislature appropriated $1,500 for a soldiers' monument.
April 28, 1903. Governor De Forest Richards died.
November 20, 1903. Tom Horn was hanged at Cheyenne. This was the last legal execution in Wyoming outside of the penitentiary.
July 25, 1904. The Wyoming Humane Society was incorporated.
July 7, 1907. The cornerstone of St. Mary's Cathedral at Cheyenne was laid.
May 5, 1908. First meeting of the Wyoming Farmers Congress assembled at Cheyenne.
May 12, 1908. Meeting of governors in Washington to consider the conservation of natural resources.
September 11, 1908. Destructive tornado in the Big Horn Basin. The villages of Kane and Lovell almost "wiped off the map."
September 26, 1908. Wyoming State Bankers Association organized at Cheyenne.
February 15, 1909. Park County created by act of the Legislature.
August 27, 1910. Ex-President Theodore Roosevelt visited the Frontier Day celebration at Cheyenne.
November 9, 1910. The Union Pacific rolling mills at Laramie destroyed by fire started by a spark from a passing locomotive.
February 9, 1911. Governor Joseph M. Carey approved the act creating Hot Springs, Platte and Washakie counties.
February 11, 1911. Campbell and Goshen counties created by an act of the Legislature.
February 14, 1911. The County of Niobrara was created.
February 20, 1911. Lincoln County was created from the northern part of Uinta.
January 30, 1912. Explosion of dust in a coal mine at Kemmerer caused the death of five men and seriously injured nine others.
May 14, 1912. A State Publicity Convention at Cheyenne passed a resolution favoring the three-year Homestead Bill.
June 6, 1912. President Taft signed the three-year Homestead Bill.
January 25, 1915. The Wyoming State Bar Association was organized at Cheyenne.
June 19, 1916. Orders received from the war department to mobilize two battalions of the Wyoming National Guard. The troops left for the Mexican border on the 28th of September.
August 18, 1916. An incendiary fire at Douglas destroyed the coal chutes and four freight cars belonging to the Chicago & Northwestern Railroad Company.
January 31, 1917. A design for a state flag was adopted by an act of the Legislature. The same day the Indian Paint Brush was designated as the state flower.
February 13, 1917. The Legislature appropriated $750 to remove Jim Baker's cabin from Carbon County to Cheyenne, to be preserved as a historic relic.
April 6, 1917. Congress declared war against Germany.
May 22, 1918. Four hundred Belgian soldiers passed through Wyoming over the Union Pacific Railroad on their wav to the front.