Marlboro, Windham County, Vermont

Vermont Historical Gazetteer

A Local History of


Civil, Educational, Biographical, Religious and Military

Volume V







Published by




Pages 441-453





A post town in the central part of Windham county, is in latitude 42" 53' and longitude 4" 26', and is bounded north by Newfane and a part of Dover, east by Brattleboro and a part of Dummerston, south by Halifax, and west by Wilmington. It is 24 miles east from Bennington and 44 miles south-west from Windsor. The township is 6 miles square. It was chartered April 29, 1751, but the charter was forfeited in conse�quence of not complying with its requisitions. The proprietors urged as a reason for their neglect, the intervention of the Indian and French war. and succeeded in getting their charter renewed by the same author�ity, New Hampshire, Sept. 21, 1761. The charter was given to one Timothy Dwight, and his associates, of Northampton, Mass., and its vicinity. The settlement was commenced as early as the spring of 1763, by Abel Stockwell, from West Springfield, Mass., and Thomas Whitmore, from Middletown, Conn. Whitmore came in by the way of Halifax, and settled in the south part of the town, and Stockwell by the way of Brattleboro, and settled in the eastern border. These families spent nearly a year in town and endured many hardships without any knowledge of each other, each considering his own the only family in town. Whitmore brought his provisions from Deerfield, Mass., on his back, a distance of 20 or more miles. Mrs. Whitmore spent most of the winter of 1765 alone, her husband being absent in the pursuit of his calling, as a tinker. Mrs. Whitmore was very useful to the settlers as a nurse. She frequently went through the woods on snow shoes, from one part of the town to the other, both by night and day, to relieve the dis�tressed. She lived to the age of 87.The first town meeting on record was held May 8, 1775. William Mather was the first town clerk. Another meeting was held on the 22d of the same month, to know the minds of the people with respect to the impending war with Great Brit�ain. At this meeting they passed the following resolutions: "Resolved, we will, each of us, at the expense of our lives and fortunes, to the last extremity, unite and oppose the last cruel unjust and arbitrary acts of the British Parliament passed for the sole purpose of raising a revenue; Resolved, we will be contented and subject to the Hon. Continental Congress in all things which they shall resolve for the peace, safety and welfare of the American colonies." When the news of the Lexington battle reached here several young men shouldered their guns and hastened to the field of action. In 1777, Capt. Francis Whitmore was sent as a delegate to the con�vention at Windsor, and in 1778, Dr. Samuel King was sent as the first representative to the legislature, which met that year at Windsor. The Congregational church in town was organized by Rev. Joseph Ly�man, D. D., of Hatfield, Mass., Oct. 20th, 1776. It consisted at first of nine male and eight female mem�bers. On the 9th of December, 1778, the Rev. Gershom C. Lyman, D. D., was ordained and settled over this church and society, he having preached one year. Dr. Lyman continued faithfully to discharge the duties of his sacred office 'till the time of his death, which took place on the 13th of April, 1813, in the 61st year of his age, and the 35th of his ministry. Rev. Dr. Lyman in the early part of his ministry accustomed himself to manual labor, cultivating his farm. When not engaged in labor he was found in his study, which was sacred to himself.  The following is the epitaph upon his tombstone: 


In Memory of

Rev. Gershom C. Lyman, D.D.,

First Pastor of the Church in Marlborough.

Who was a wise counsellor a skillful guide
A blessed peacemaker
An example to believers
A pattern to God's ministers
Having for thirty-four years
with uncommon ability
An exemplary fidelity
An ardent zeal for Christ
And tender concern for the salvation
of sinners

Fulfilled his course, went to rest
In the bosom of his Saviour
April 13, A.D., 1813,
In the 61st year of his age
and 25th of his ministry.

The dead men shall live together;
with my dead body shall they arise.
Awake and sing,
ye that dwell in the dust:
for thy dew is as the dew of herbs
and the earth shall cast out the dead.

Isaiah, XXVI. XIX.

Rev. Ephriam H. Norton was then settled over the church and society, and continued until about the year 1833. Since that time, Rev. Benjamin H. Pitman, Rev. Josiah Peabody and Rev. Elisha Smith have been their ministers at different times. The present minister is Wm. Schofield. The first meeting house was built in 1779. The Congrega�tionalists erected a new meeting house in 1820. In 1822 the old meeting house was taken down, and a commodious town house erected. There is also a Baptist church and society, partly in this town and part�ly in Newfane. A Baptist meeting house was built here in 1815, Rev. Phineas Howe, being pastor. He was born in Fitzwilliam, N. H., May 16,1792, came to Marlboro to preach, June 1, 1824, ordained Oct. 24, was pastor seven years, then absent three yeas, returned, and remained another seven years; while here, baptised 308, in Marlboro and adjoining towns. Rev. Dana Brown supplied one year; little is known of his history. Centre Mountain is a consid�erable elevation, and is so called on account of its being situated near the centre of the township. Allen's pond in the north-east part of the town is about 1 1/2 mile long and three-quarters of a mile wide; South pond, in the south part, is about the same size; it is watered by the west branch of West River, Whetstone brook and Green river, which rise here and afford several valuable mill rites. The soil in general is rich and deep and produces good crops. The timber is beech, birch, maple, bass, spruce, oak, hemlock, pine, fir, ash and cherry. The minerals are: sulpher, serpentine, garnets, stratite of different varieties, clay, sulphuret of iron and sulpuhret of copper. In the early settlement of the township near Mather's mills was found a horn-blende rock in mica slate in which was discovered upon the sur�face somewhat imbedded, precious and massive garnets with chlorite and sulphuret of iron. A Mr. Samuel Mathers, a man of rare genius and of a peculiarly visionary tempera�ment, having an occasional residence in the place, became charmed with the appearance of this rock. He professed to possess a glass with which he could look and see the mineral treasures in the earth, and he induced individuals to believe that in the heart of this rock he saw caverns lined with nugets of gold. The rock was opened and a deep pit opened by drilling and blasting done by the gold seekers at an expendi�ture of much hard labor and about all the riches they possessed, without reaching the gold. During the year 1780 the inhabitants in this vicinity were in continual apprehension of a hostile visit from the Indians and Tories, and meetings were held to take measures for the common safe�ty, whereupon it was agreed that every able-bodied man should hold himself in readiness to defend the settlements. On the eve of the last day of October, in the same year, after a clear and pleasant day, a violent snow storm commenced, and in the evening, Mr. Stockwell of this town received a letter from Col. Sergeant of Brattleboro, calling upon the inhabitants to defend themselves against the Indians and Tories who had reached New�fane. Charles Phelps, a lawyer from Hadley, Mass., moved into town in 1764, and his was the third family here. During the controversy with New York his son Timothy was high sheriff of the County of Cumberland. About the year 1768, two young women of Irish descent, by the name of McLaughlin, came to this town and resided with Mr. W. Clark. In the fall of the same year one of them went out towards even�ing after the cow, and was probably lost and perished in the woods, or devoured by wild beasts, as she never was afterwards heard of. In 1769 and '70, Col. Wm. Williams, who distinguished himself in the battle of Bennington, moved from North�boro, Mass., accompanied by Capt. Nathaniel Whitney and his two brothers, Samuel and James, from Shrewsbury, Mass. The latter was a representative of the town in the general assembly seven years, 32 years a justice of the peace, and 47 years a deacon of the church. Ile removed to Ohio. In 1770 the set�tlement was considerably augmented by emigrants from Massachusetts and Connecticut. About this time meetings were established for relig�ious worship, but they had no regu�lar preaching in town for several years. In 1771 the Rev. Abner Reene of Brattleboro married the first couple. (Peren Stockwell and Dinah Fay) in this town. The first death in town was that of James Ball, who died here in December, 1762.



Wm. Mather, 1775-1781; Phineas Freeman, 1781-1787; Benj. Olds, Jr. 1787-1788; Phineas Freeman, 1788-1790; Luther Ransom, 1790-1795; Joseph Olds, 1795-1804; Eli Halladay, 1804-1807; Joseph Olds, 1807-1821; Cotton Mather, 1821-1825; Ephriam Holland Newton, 1825-1833; David Mather, 1833-1834; Jesse Cone, 1834-1850; Zebina Wal�lace, 1850-1857; H. F. Houghton, 1857-58; W. W. Lynde, 1858-1862; J. C. Snow, 1862-1864. A. W. Prouty, present town 'clerk, treasurer and postmaster, 1891.

The first physician in town was Samuel King. The following have since practiced here: Drs. Morgan, Wood, Torry, Baldwin, Percival, Taylor, Greenfield, Ransom, Smith, Pulsipher and Ebenezer Tucker.



Samuel Whitney, Jr., eldest son of Samuel J. of Shrewsbury, Mass., who in company with his brother Nathaniel came to Marlboro, March, 1770. He built a log house and moved his family from Shrewsbury to Marlboro, consisting of his wife and four children. He was resolute and fearless, was a great hunter; his dogs would tree a bear and he was sure of his prey. On one occasion his dogs had driven a bear into a den among the rocks, he ventured to look in, saw the glaring eyeballs very near him, started back, at which the bear sprang upon him; they took a fair hug and rolled from the rocks down the hill together. In the struggle the bear seized his oppon�ent's leg in his jaws and made a frightful wound. The old hero's sons, Moses and Guilford, mere lads at the time, saw the perilous condi�tion of their father but dared not fire lest they might shoot him; but they put on the dogs and urged them to the combat, whereupon the bear quit his hold to attack the dogs; and they improved their opportunity to shoot the bear. The old hunter was disabled a long time by the wound and carried the scar to the grave. In 1762 he married Phebe Harrington, of Grafton, Mass., and moved to Marlboro in the spring of 1770. He died Feb. 1, 1811, aged 71. She died March, 1812, aged 71. Children: Catherine, m. Sam'l Pratt: Betsy, m. Alvin Pratt; Moses 1st, Moses 2d; and Guildford b. in Shrewsbury. The following in Marl�boro: Sam'l, jr.; Mariam, m. Lyman Brown ; Zenas; Simei, Phebe, m. Roswell Paddlford; Russell, b. May 21, 1789, d. May, 1790. In the fall of 1777, Capt Whithey had a fever by which he was confined many weeks. His family was out of fuel. As a last resort, Betty, 13 years of age, put on her father's leather apron, yoked up the oxen, went into the woods, cut small trees, snaked them to the house, and chopped them up into fire wood. That this was the custom of the handy child was narrated by her sister, Mrs. Brown.  


Capt. Nath'l, son of Sam'l of Shrewsbury, Mass., when a young man of 20 years, with his brother, Sam'l, jr. was induced by the invitation of Col. Wm. Willkens to visit Marlboro in Nov. 1769. After spending a few days he returned to his parents and made a proposal to the young lady to whom he was afterwards married, whom he left a widow after over 50 years of married life. Mar., 1770, his father carred his sons, Samuel, jr. and Nath'l to Marlboro, left them and returned to Massachusetts.

Capt. Nath'l put up a log camp in the woods and commenced clearing. In this camp he spent his next two summers. He had to bring the meal on his back, 15 miles. Capt. Whitney built the first framed house in town which he occupied a few years and sold for Continental paper money. He suffered almost a total loss of his sale. In this impoverished condition, he began anew by purchasing of Chas. Phelps the whole right of No. 23, in 1777. The land adjoining he purchased of Perez Stockwell, where he again settled, throve and spent his life. He was an influential citizen. As a hunter and a trapper no one excelled him.

From notes penned 40 years since by himself ; " In the au�tumn of 1773, brother Samuel and myself are to go out hunting at the first suitable fall of snow. In No�vember a few inches of snow had fallen, when I repaired to my broth�er and found him sick, feeling himself too feeble to engage in the chase. In the morning I took my brother's dog with my own, and went into the woods. Bear tracks were plenty; the dogs took one, but at night I returned to my brother, and found him not as well. In the morning I again took his dog and entered the forest. At that time all was a howl�ing wilderness, without a single settlement. I took a westerly course, and saw a monstrous track of a bear, larger than I ever before saw. I returned to the house and persuaded Brother Samuel to go and see it. We were both exceedingly surprised. We pursued it nearly to the top of the hill, in the west part of the town near Wilmington line. I let the dogs go. In a few minutes they entered a thicket and roared tre�mendously. I flung off my pack and pursued with all speed down the hill near Wilmington Pond to Deerfield River. The bear and dogs had crossed. By taking some pains I found a tree which had fallen across the stream, on which I found a safe passage, and soon discovered that Samuel's dog had treed the bear. I then levelled my gun and fired di�rectly at his head. He dodged a little, came down, struck Brother Samuel's dog with his paw and laid him stiff, and again ascended the tree. I fired the second time at his body. He instantly slid down the tree and moved off with two streams of blood flowing, one on each side. I shot at him the third time, and put the ball through his body. I shot the fourth ball through his middle, shot the 5th through his head and the bear yielded. Enor�mous creature. The bear was so heavy that in ascending and descend�ing the tree, he tore his nails off to the very quick. The next day I suc�ceeded in obtaining help in drawing the animal and carrying him home."

Capt. Whitney was fond of the exciting scenes of the hunter's life, even until his hair was whitened by age. In recounting his success as a sportsman, he said he thought, but could not tell exactly, that,, he had killed not less than 100 bears, 100 deer, one moose and 14 wolves, to say nothing of the multitude of lighter game.

He was a staunch whig and took a decided stand for the Revolution. On hearing of the battle of Lexington (as before told) he and Capt. James Warren, took their muskets and started for the American camp. It will be remembered he was also on the guard over the Bennington prisoners, after that battle in which he shared. At the close of the cam�paign he returned to his family and his farm. He took a lively interest in the prosperty of the town also in the Congregational church of which he was a worthy member. His family has been widely dispersed. But few of their descendants remain to cherish their memory. Children: Capt. Na�thaniel was b. May 30, 1749, m. Mary Houghton of Lancaster, Mass.; moved to Marlboro in the winter of 1772 ; she d. Sept. 1844, aged 93. He, June 4, 1829, aged 80. Nath'l, b. in Shrewsbury, and d. 1774; Dolly, m. Henry Sawtell at the age of 15; Molly, d. 1776, aged 7; Luther b. 1777 (of whom no recent informa�tion). Nath'l, jr. b. 1779; Solomon, b. Mar. 7, 1781, Chloe, d. Sep. 1803, aged 20; Charlotte, in. Eli Higley ; Rhoda, b. July 9, 1787, m. Wm. D. Merrill, resided in Burlington; she d. 1848; Zilpah, m. Elisha Putnam of Massachusetts ; Betsy b. 1791, m. Asa Jacobs, moved to Ohio ; Clark, d. 1814, aged 20.



son of Luther, who was son of Capt. Nath'l, d. a young man, in St. Louis, Mo.



son Capt. Nath'l, m. Lucy, daughter of Rev. Gershom C. Lyman. D. D. Dec. 9, 1815; children : Emily, m. Henry Colsson, Esq.; Diana, d. 1812, a. 4 ; Lucy Lyman, m. Milo B. Crosby, of Wilmington, d. aged 39; Electa; Enoch Jacobs; Lyman Hubbard; Henry d. 1828, aged 11; Frank, aged 9 ; Jane Matilda, aged 29 ; Ju�liana, d. infant. She d. in Springfield, Mass., Mar. 1, 1829 ; he m. 2d, Sybil, widow of Wm. Goodnow, 1829. Children : Ann, Ross, Solo�mon, jr. Solomon, sr., d. Feb. 18, 1856, at Whitingham.



In the spring of 1773, then a lad of 16, who was after promoted to the office of major, came from Suffield, Ct., selected 100 acres of land, built a log house and spent the summer clearing land, and in the fall returned to Suffield. In the spring of 1774 his parents and family came and settled with him in Marlboro, and secured the title to the 100 acres on which he had commenced im�provements. His brother Phineas purchased 100 acres. They obtained the right of cutting a canal from a large natural pond and then erecting a dam with a gate, to draw water when needed. This was done at considerable expense, and the water was carried through the canal and the natural channel about a mile to their own lands, where there was a natural descent, and where it could be used to the best advantage. This mill site is now the best one in town. The two brothers by, their industry and enterprise bought lands till they owned rights 13, 5, 4 and 12. The whole is now in the possession of the descendants, viz : General Phineas, Cotton, Dan and James P. Mathew.




Timothy and William, brothers, came to Marlboro in 1774, from Suffield, Ct., and were said to have descended from the branch of the Mathew family in New Jersey.

Timothy, b. Aug. 26, 1723, d. Oct. 28, 1802, a. 79 ; m. 1st, Sarah Fuller, d. in Suffield, Ct., 1757 ; 2d, m. widow Kent, d. in Marlboro, 1777; in. 3d, widow Lydia Curtis Allen, d. in Dover. Children: Sarah, b. 1799, m. Jona Howard, d. in 1826 ; Phineas, b. 1750, m. Huldah Taylor; he d. 1838, a. 88 ; Tim�othy, b. 1757, m. Hannah Church, d. 1818, a. 61. Six children by second marriage, none by the third.

Lieutenant Phineas Mathew, son of Timothy, m. Huldah Taylor of Suffield, Ct. He died in 1838, aged 88 years ; she d. 1858, a. 88. He was the father of Gen. Phineas Mathew, and grandfather of James P. In 1775 he enlisted in the Continental service; was a pensioner. Children : Huldah, Elihu, Phineas, jr., Rufus, Luther, Nif, Gad and Elijah.

Gen. Phineas Mathew, son of Phin�eas, Brig. Gen. I. P., m. Sept. 28, 1831. Mary Cole, she b. June 23, 1787, d. Oct. 11, 1855 ; m. 2d, Dec. 22, 1858, Eliza Gould, daughter of Sewell, of Jaffery, N. H.

Captain Rufus, son of Lieutenant Phineas, in. Lucy, daughter of Cap�tain Oliver Adams, Oct. 31, 1815. Children, six.

Luther Mathew, son of Lieut. Phineas, m. Clarrissa Thomas, 1795. He d. 1846. Children, six.

Timothy Mathew, jr., served for a time in the Revolutionary war; d. in his 62d year. In his family of 10 children all lived till the oldest was 78, and the youngest 63.

Cotton Mathew, I. P., son of Ma j. Timothy, m. Betsey, daughter of Benijah Carpenter. Children, five.

Capt. Dan Mathew, son of Maj. Timothy, m. Almira, daughter of Capt. Abraham Miller. Children, ten.


son of James, m. Phila, daughter of Capt. Simeon Adams, settled in Marlboro, then removed to Circleville, Ohio, where he died in 1862.



son of Joseph, Esq., m. Anna Maria Carolus, June 1, 1824; was a druggist in Circleville, Ohio; became a prominent politician. Representative to State Legislature, 1842-43-45-46-63; in the Senate, 1847-48; speaker of the Senate, 1848 ; representative in Congress from 1849 to 1855; chairman of the committee on post-offices and post-roads from 1851 to 1855; Children, nine.



son of Joseph, Esq., b. in Marlboro, Feb. 2, 1816, removed with his father from Marlboro to Circleville, 1820 ; graduated at Miami universi�ty 1836 ; professor there of Greek and literature from 1837 to 1841; commenced practice of law in 1841; member of Ohio Legislature 1848‑49; of Ohio Senate 1849-50; member of board of trustees Miami uni�versity ; member of board of trustees of Ohio Lunatic asylum; removed to Columbus, Ohio, to practice law in the State and United States Courts in 1856; m. Caroline S. Woodruff at Oxford, Ohio ; she d. 1851. Children, five.



In the spring of 1844, the Rev. Elijah Gale and the Rev. John L. Smith of the Methodist Episcopal Church, commenced preaching al�ternately in the hall of Capt. Ira Adams, which was followed with a revival and resulted in the organiza�tion of a Methodist church and so�ciety in the west part of Marlboro. This church succeeded by the help of the subscriptions of citizens year by year, to erect a church at a cost of $1,000, and in 1846 the society added a parsonage. The ministers here have been Rev. Elijah Gale, John L. Smith, 2 years; Rev. Moses Adams, Chester D. Ingraham, John L. Roberts; Moses Spencer, Jesse S. Butterfield, Pliny Granger 2d, Zenus Kingsbury and Moses Morse, Persons and Mr. Chase.



son of William of New Salem, Mass., m. Sarah Larned, Jan. 16, 1803, and moved to Marlboro and cut the first tree on the farm which he continned to occupy until 1860. Ile was b. March 6, 1777, d. March 6, 1862, aged 85. She was born Oct. 1, 1781. He was the oldest man living in town at his death, and they were the oldest married couple, having lived together 58 years. Children: John, jr., Almira, John L. and Anna B.



son of Jonas, m. Lucy, daughter of Dea. Jonas Whitney, June 23, 1809; settled first with his father; sold to his brother, Oshea, m. 1812, and removed to the tavern in the middle of the town with his wife's parents; in 1834 he sold out and went to Brattleboro. is wife d. April, 1836; he June, 1851. For his second wife he m. Amanda Stone of Wind�sor, Feb. 1838.



married Esther, daughter of Rev. Gershom C. Lyman. He came to Marlboro from Colerane, stayed a short time practicing physics, and moved to Pittstown, N. Y., and in 1813 to Pennsylvania, where he died, and his wife married Rev. Luke Bowen of Strongsville, O.



born in Groton, et., m. Lucy Rowe of Suffield, Ct., moved to Marlboro, Feb., 1802, and settled near the 'south line on land he cleared, and cultivated until his death, June 5, 1838, aged 77. She died Nov. 27, aged 83. Children, 7.



of Groton, Ct., m. Hannah Alex�ander. Children: William, Jabez, Eunice, Simeon, Betsy. William settled in the middle of the town as a tanner and shoemaker. In 1813, he went with a lot of bouts and shoes to sell to soldiers at Sacketts Harbor. He entered the army as a lieutenant, was wounded in the battle of Brigdewater, under Gen. Brown. and did not return to Marlboro. His mother remained several years in town, then removed to Michigan and there died.



born Nov. 17, 1832, son of Simeon, in. Harriet, (laughter of Capt. Ly�man Brown, July 3, 1858. In 1862 he enlisted in the 4th Vt. Reg., Co. I., Vols., and went to New Orleans. Children, 2 daughters.



son of David of Stafford, Ct., came to Marlboro in 1793; m. Tamar, daughter of Dea. Jonas Whitney, and settled on the farm since known as the John Strong farm. In 1815 he went to Ohio and commenced the settlement of a township, named Strongsville, in honor of himself, to which town he removed his family in 1818, and became a useful and prominent citizen. Children, 9.


____________ STRONG,

brother of John S., above, b. Dec. 11, 1776, m. Abigail Pinny of Staf�ford, Ct., Feb. 1808, and immedi�ately removed to Marlboro, where he had previously been 11 years. He settled on the farm where he lived at the time of his death, July, 1842. Children, 10.



first settler of Marlboro, came in the spring of 1763. Children, 12. Of the large family, no descendant has resided in town for many years.



from Smithfield, R. I., came to Marlboro in 1790; settled and cleared land, which with additions thereto is now owned by his descendants. He m. Mary Sheperdson of Guilford. They had 9 children. He was born 1762, d. 1820, aged 88; she was born in 1765, d. .June 30, 1843, aged 78.



son of Ezekiel, m. Thirza, daughter of David T. Sheldon of Wilmington, Oct. 29, 1829, and settled on the homestead. Children, 7.



m. Jemima Montague and came to Marlboro from South Hadley, Mass., in 1775, where he spent the residue of his life. He and his wife were original members of the Congrega�tional church. He was the first deacon. He died May 6, 1779, aged 83. She died Aug. 28, 1812, aged 93. Children: Joseph, Moses, Jemima and Hannah.



and wife, Susana, were early settlers here. He was a Revolutionary soldier. Their children were Roch�sena, Polly, Achsah, Abner, Lucy, Timothy, jr., Seth, Cybil, John Webster and Theda.



m. Susannah, May, 1764; settled in Marlboro in 1780. Mrs. Smith died in Nov. 1789, aged 45. He m. 2d, Austis Eustis Kneeland, ward of Chas. Phelps, Esq., Oct 30, 1790. She died Sept. 22, 1813, aged 67. He died Sept. 30, 1815, aged 74. Children by his first wife, 11, among which were twin brothers, Paul and Silas. Paul settled in Marlboro, but in 1816 moved to Jay, N. Y. Silas lived in Springfield, Mass., and was connected with the U. S. armory.



Ebenezer, jr., M. D., son of Rev. Ebenezer Tucker, graduate of Harvard, married Mary Hunt of Heath, December 31, 1818; he, born in Phillipstown, Mass., November 2, 1792; she, born in Heath, October 9, 1795. He moved to Marlboro, March, 1819, and for some time was the only physician of the place, with a large practice in this and sur�rounding towns. Children, 5.



son of Artemas, married Abigail, daughter of Nathaniel Whitney of Grafton, Mass., in 1763. He was a soldier in the Revolution, and in the Bennington battle, 1777. He moved to Marlboro in the early part of the present century. He died with small pox, May 16, 1833. His wife died July, 1817. Children, 11. His daughter Catherine married Joshua Phillips, who was in the war of 1812, and shot in battle near Sackett's

Harbor, N. Y.



was in the French war of 1756; served both as a marine on board of a war vessel or privateer, or as a sol�dier upon scouts. He married Molly Haynes of Groton, Ct., came to Marlboro 1787, purchased right 48, died February 16, 1813, aged 86. His widow died March 10, 1817, aged 84. Children, 9.



married June 1, 1830, Emily, daughter of Sol. Whitney and settled in Whitingham, a lawyer; married 1861, resides in Springfield, Mass., has been State's attorney, Probate registrar, Judge of Probate. Chil�dren, 6. Henry Whitney, 2d son of Judge Closson, was born June 6, 1832. Graduate of West Point. Married Olivia A. Burke. Children 2. Stationed (1861) at Ft. Duncan, Texas.




was born in Newfane, Vt., June 13, 1787, and died at Cambridge, N. Y., October 26, 1864. He graduated at Middlebury College, 1810, and Theological Seminary, 1813; licensed by the Haverhill, Mass., Association, 1813; ordained and settled in Marlboro, Vt., 1814. 1815 married Huldah, daughter of Maj.-Gen. Timothy Chipman of Shoreham. In 1833. dissolved connection with the Marlboro Congregation and was installed over the Presbyterian Church of Glens Falls, N. Y., which charge he resigned in 1837, and accepted call to the First United Presbyterian Church, in Cambridge, N. Y. Resigned in 1843 and had no regular charge afterwards. He was principal of Cambridge Washington Academy from July, 1843, to 1848. In 1857 he gave his valuable mineralog�ical collection to Andover Theologi�cal Seminary, where he spent a few, years in arranging it. In 1863 he presented to Middlebury College his library, where it is arranged in an alcove bearing his name. He was always an active laborer in the cause of education, a devotee to natural science, and earnest in his endeavor to win men to godliness.



son of Marshall, of Newfane, who was son of Marshall of Shrewsbury, Mass., who was son of Obadiah, born 1702, who was son of Thomas, born 1674, who was the son of John, born August 20, 1641, who was son of Richard and Anna who came from England about 1635. He graduated from the medical college 1810; and Theological seminary 1813; licensed by the Haverhill Association, April 14, 1813; ordained second pastor of the Congregational church in this town March 16, 1814; married Huidab, daughter of Maj. Gen. Timothy F. Chipman of Shoreham. Jan. 29, 1815, a descendant from John Howland, one of the pilgrims of the Mayflower (1620). She died in Jackson, N. Y., Nov. 26, 1853; reinterred in Woodland cemetery, N. Y. Chil�dren: infant, born and died July 8, 1817; Silas Chipman, born Dec. 29, 1818, and married Mary Graham, daughter of James Ball, of Circle�ville, Ohio. She died and he mar�ried for his second wife, Emily L., widow of James Coombs. He set�tled a merchant in Cincinnati, Ohio. Ephriam Holland, jr., born Feb. 17, 1821, died April 12, 1822.



Rev. Eli Ball, a Baptist minister. Collegiates: Rev. Dana D. Pratt, Baptist clergyman in Nashua, N. H.; Porter Ingram, graduate Yale, lawyer at Columbus, Ga., colonel, and planter.; James Phelps, lawyer in Guilford, Vt.; Calvin Houghton, lawyer in Pennsylvania; Joseph Olds, lawyer in Cincinnati, Ohio ; Sidney Houghton, physician in Ellisburgh, N. Y., Chester Olds, physician, Newfane; Edson B. Olds, physician, Circleville, O., and mem�ber of Congress; Elisha Halladay, physician, Newfane; Charles Houghton, physician, Pawlet; Ozri Un�derwood, graduated physician; his name was changed to Henry Vail; David Howard went through his col�legiate studies at the U. V. M., but refusing to deliver his oration commencement day, the conferring of his degree was withheld; went south as a teacher, settled as a planter.



born in Amherst, Mass., Oct. 1, 1758, m. 1783, Lucy Perkins, b. in Bridgewater, Mass., Dec. 1, 1757. He was a soldier in the American Revolution, removed to Marlboro in 1794, and settled with his parents, remaining until near the close of life, when he removed to his son-in-law's, Capt. Isaac Worden of So. Halifax, where he and his wife died; he April 1, 1858, she Jan. 1854. ; 5 sons and two daughters. Orinda, the youngest, b. Dec. 27, 1800; m. Capt. Isaac Worden of Halifax, Dec. 31, 1820.



son of Thomas, m. Oct. 1857, Susan, daughter of Capt. Jona. Warren. Children: 5 sons, and 4 daughters.



son of David, married and had 10 children.



a soldier of the French war; cap�tured by the Indians and taken to Canada; redeemed and returned home ; renewed his services, again taken prisoner, and again redeemed. He removed his family to Marlboro, 1782, having bought out William Mather, where he lived, and died Aug. 1, 1803, aged 80. He married Hannah, dau. of Jona. Underwood of Suffield, Ct.



from Haddam, Ct., came to Marl�boro near 1800; purchased land on the "Branch" and there he settled, He first married Rhoda Allen; one child, Allen; 2d, m. Abigail Spencer; she died May 18, 1817; children: David, Sarah. Mr. Angier was a soldier of the American Revolution, and a pensioner for many years; d. Sept. 18, 1843, aged 101.



born Jan. 20, 1748, m. Sally Taylor, b. Oct. 13, 1750. Came from Hadley, Mass., 1775; purchased, cleared and lived on the farm on which he died. Mr. Bartlett was a soldier of the Revolution and one of the pio�neer settlers of the town. Children: Thomas, Sally, Medad, Joel, Luther, Louisa, Urania, Lydia, Luther, 2d. Mrs. Bartlett died Dec. 21, 1815. Mr. B. for his second wife married, March 12, 1818, Esther, widow of Moses Church. He died in 1824 ; she died in 1827.



came to Marlboro and settled as early as 1777. He died April 29, 1814, aged 76; she died Aug. 27, 1829, aged 88. children, 8.



son of Joseph, m. Eleanor, dau. of Jotham Bellows of Southboro, Mass.; moved to Marlboro with three children in 1780; cleared his new farm, on which he lived and died.He was a soldier in the Revolution; died March 10, 1839, aged 84; she died July 16, 1840, aged 80.



Oct. 19, 1809, Laura, dau. of David Miller, Jr. for his first wife, and for his second wife, Wealthy, dau. of Capt. Judah Moon, of Wilmington; for his third wife, Sally Croner. Children: Laura, Almira and Charles Herman, Clark, Mary A., Franklin, Dolly A., Catherine, Judah, Rufus, John, Elmira, Martha, Timothy and Sally. Laura his eldest daughter, born Feb. 7 1810, married first Mar. 25, 1828, Luman Stearns, who died June, 1830, age 23 ; she married second, Dec. 1833, Hosea Haskell of Wilmington; he died and she married third, Ebenezer Stone of Wilmington; he died and she married for her fourth husband, Alonzo Bugbee of Dover.



Henry Closson Jacobs, son of Enoch Jacobs, formerly of Marlbo�ro, enlisted. in May, 1861, He had not been absent two years when he fought his last battle. He need not speak of his deeds of personal bravery for he belonged to a regiment of heroes. In the battle of Winchester he escaped with two bullet holes in his coat. In another battle only one beside himself of all his company who were in the action escaped. At the battle of Cedar Creek the stock of his gun was shattered in his hands by a rebel shot. He was in the battle of Antietam and South Mountain and in over 20 skirmishes.



son of Joseph, b. in Scituate, R. I., Feb. 19, 1761, only child of his father by a second marriage to Mrs. Sarah King. Young Jenks at the age of 15 enlisted under the State authorities of Rhode Island as a sol�dier, and served three years in the Revolutionary war. The night he was 16 he stood sentry. He was a pensioner. Before the close of the war m. Anna King of R. I., b. Jan. 21, 1761, d. March 14, 1837. At the declaration of peace he found himself destitute but with a whole constitution. Came to Marlboro with his family and purchased 30 acres, to which he afterwards added ample additions; d. June 8, 1847, a. 86.



came when a young man to this town from Brooksfield, Mass., 1776, purchased right No. 9, lived on it till his death. In 1777, joined the regular army, was with the Green Mountains Boys in the battle of Hubbard ton, and with John Marks of Burlington was taken prisoner, and incarcerated in Fort Ticonderoga. While there the prisoners were daily marched to Lake George and employed in the construction of forts built for the defense of the lake. One morning Bishop and Marks by previous engagement while on the march, stepped from the ranks into the bushes, hapily they were unnoticed by their guard. They secreted themselves in the woods till night, when they wandered over Mount Defiance to the western shore of the lake when fortunately they found a canoe in which they started for the Vermont shore. On approaching the center of the lake a gun was fired from one of the enemy's vessels of war, when they found themselves in the fog, almost under the mouth of the cannon. Unobserved, silently as possible they rowed to the N. Y. shore, which they reached, fastened their boat, and secreted in the rocks through the day. At night they succeeded in coming to the Vermont shore. They steered their course for Castleton and reported themselves to the wife of a fellow prisoner whom they had left in the fort. They were fed and sheltered through the day, and at night cautiously continued their journey through the forest; they reached Bennington on the morning of the Bennington battle. The procured each a muss ket and entered the ranks. After the battle they found among the prisoners the Ticonderoga guard from whom they had escaped. As they recognized each other Bishop said, "what, my boys, are you here?" "Yes! turn about is fair play." He married Deborah Barnes of Brookfield, Mass., and died Mar. 12, 1822, age 66. She died July 20, 1851, age 92; one child, Isaac born Feb. 15, 1802.



son of Sylvester, married Dec. 4, 1823. Susa, daughter of Captain Abraham Miller, died Dec. 29, 1860. Children 9.



son of James, of Spencer, Mass., came to Marlboro about 1784; m. Phoebe, daughter of John Bartlett; settled on a farm which he cleared and where he lived the rest of his life. He was born 1766, d. 1841; she was born 1768, d. 1841. Children, 12.

Dolly, daughter of Capt. Nathan�iel Whitney, m. Jan. 22, 1791, Levi Sawtell. Her children have had 48 children, and her grandchildren 48, making her mother to 10, grandmother to 48, great-grandmother to 48 and ancestral mother of 106 in her lifetime.

Jona Underwood m. Hannah Rich�ardson and moved from Suffield, Ct. to Marlboro in 1776. He died Oct. 1, 1794, age 79. She died Mar. 6, 1813, age 95.

Children: Jona. Underwood jr., married Deborah, daughter of Isaac Morgan, who was from Brinfield, Mass., and with her parents came to Marlboro. At the time of her wedding the snow was very deep and she with her bridegroom and another couple went several miles through the woods on show shoes to Col. Granger's where they were married. They had 9 children. He died Dec. 1801. She married second, Benjamin Lee of Vernon, Mar. 1815. After Mr. Lee's death she returned to Marlboro, and died, Jan. 18, 1830. Children by first marriage 9. Thaddeus, son of Jona. born in Suffield, Ct., came with his parents to Marlboro, at the age of 16 he married Mary Farr of Boyls�ton, Mass., settled on the homestead where he lived, and died Sept. 1840, age 80. His widow died in Westminister; children, 10. Phineas Underwood and Sabra, early settlers, removed after a few years.

Capt. Jona. Warren son of Jona. came a young man to Marlboro, pur�chased and cleared the farm now owned by Lincoln Adams, on which he reared his family.

When the news of the Lexington battle reached Marlboro, he and Capt. Nathaniel Whitney shouldered their muskets and forthwith repaired to the opening scenes of the Amer�ican Revolution and tendered their services. The same noble spirit was the prominent characteristic of the man in childhood and stayed throughout life. He lived to an advanced age. For his first wife he married Huldah, daughter of Joseph Winchester, sr. She died in early life. He married second, Sarah Sawtell of Phillipston, Mass. Chil�dren, by first marriage; Lucy, who married Daniel Higby for her first husband and Royal Knights for her second; children by second marriage, Jona., born May 10, 1779, died Dee. 25, 1844, in Brooklyn, N. Y. Sarah, died unmarried, in Bath, N. Y. Huldah, born Dec. 1783, died in Bath, N. Y. Susan, born Feb. 20. 1786, married David Adams.

Thomas, son of Capt. Jona., married Polly Knight, sister of Royal. Chidren: Dwight, Phineas, Gratia Knight, Dunford. Jona. jr., son of Capt. Jona, married Sarah, daughter of Thomas Adams, 1807. She died 1838; children: Clark, Barnard, Adams, Almon F., Lucy, Emily, Louisa. The three youngest brothers reside in Brooklyn, noted for their mechanical talents, and as self-made mechanics in the invention and manufacture of their own tools. They commenced business without capital and invented and manufactured a varity of diamond pointed tools by which they have admirably succeeded in establishing for themselves the reputation of business men.




OF OCTOBER 17, 1863.


Reg. Co. Adams, George H---- 2����� E

Adams, Simon, jr���������������� 2s.s. E

Baldwin, Edward---------------- 2����� C

Bishop, George J----------------- 8����� 1

Blakesley, Horace---------------- 4������ I

Brigman, Lewis------------------- 8������ I

Brown, Franklin----------------- 8������ I

Carpenter, Ralph W------------- 8����� E

Carter, King, D------------------ 2���� C

Fisher, Elijah B------------------ 2����� C

Gould, George H------------------ 9����� K

Higley, John Elliott _ _ _ . --- 8������ I

Houghton, Charles E----------- 8������ I

Lynde, William W---------------- 8������ I

Morgan, Roswell W-------------- 4������ I

Plummer, George F-------------- 8������ I

Prouty, Harvey ------------------- 8������ I

Seymour, William H ------------ 4������ I

Swift, Amos F------------------- . 8������ I

Whitaker, Foster S--------------- 8������ I

Whitney, Porter J---------------- 8������ I

Warden, Alfred S----------------- 8������ I

Warden, Francis N___.--------- 8������ I




Reg. Co.

Bartlett, Justin,------------------ 8������ I

Bragman, Lewis------------------ 8������ I

Buck, William--------------------- 9����� K

Butler, Herbert J----------------- 8����� H

Carney, William------------------ 3����� H

Cheney, Harry ------------------- 10��� K

Davis, Leander-------------------- 10��� K

Hill, Herbert E-------------------- 8������ I

Houghton, Bradley, jr----------- 8������ I

Harvey, Marcus A---------------- Cav. G

Howard, George------------------ 8������ I

Jenks, Charles E---------------- 8������ I

Johnson, Luther R_ . -- . ---- 8������ I

Kelley, William. ----------------- 3������ I

Phinney, Detroih---------------- 8������ I

Price, Walter W------------------- 8������ I

Root, Frederick W---------------- 10��� K

Welch Henry C------------------- 6����� D



Reg. Co.

Blanchard, Amos P-------------- 8������ I

Duncklee, Willard S------------ 8������ I

Higley, William M---------------- 8������ I



Reg. Co.

Blakesley, Horace------------------ 4����� I

Bolan, Patrick---------------------- 8����� I

Carpenter, Chauncy H ---------- 2����� C

Seymour, William ----------------- 4����� I



Adams, Francis ------------------------------

Duncklee, Noah W --------------------------

Higley, George E------------------------------

Houghton, Rufus A --------------------------

Ingram, Alpheus------------------------------

Prouty, Albert M------------------------------

Thayer, Orson---------------------------------

Whitaker, Charles----------------------------

Winchester, Asa. _ . ------------------------


Miscellaneous, not credited by name, three men.




Reg. Co. Barker, Gilbert A------ 16��� H

Bellows, Willard-------- . --------- 16��� H

Blanchard, Amos P--------------- 16��� H

Bruce, George A-------------------- 16��� I

Fay, Daniel A----------------------- 16��� I

Higley, Orange---------------------- 16��� B

Johnson, Delevan---------------- 16���� B

Kelsey, George P------------------ 16����� I

Kelsey, John A-------------------- 16����� I

Monday, James ------------------- 16���� II

Stearns, Addison E-------------- 16���� B

Warren, Dana---------------------- 16���� B

Winchester, Hiram C------------ 16���� B




Adams, Henry-------- ..--------------------

Ames, Henry II------------------------------

Barney, Lovell A----------------------------

Copeland, Oscar P_ _ _ . ---------------

Halliday, Elliot -----------------------------

King, H. C------------------------------------

Pearsons, George R ----------------------

Powers, Martin V. B----------------------

William, Alfred ----------------------------



Stancliff, Willard N. B.------------------



Reg. Co.

Cady, Henry ����������������������� -8----- B

Harlow, Horace ������������������� 8------ H

Mather, Charles D��������������� Bat.

Phettiplace, Herbert ----------- 8 ------ H

Tilley, David O------------------- 8 ------ B