XX indexVermont  




WOODBURY lies in the northeastern corner of the county, in latitude 44° 26' and longitude 4° 35', and is bounded northerly by Hardwick in Caledonia county, easterly by Cabot, southerly by Calais, and westerly by Elmore in Lamoille county. It was chartered August 16, 1781, by the legislature of Vermont, to Col. Ebenezer WOOD, William LYMAN, Esq., and sixty associates. The first action of the original proprietors was to divide the township into three sections, and these sections were ultimately divided into 224 lots, each lot containing 100 acres.

      As a township its territory is decidedly rough and mountainous. A mountain range extends entirely across the western part, and at its base on the western slope are many fertile farms, the most productive in the township. The balance of arable land is mainly in the southern half of the town, while a large portion containing the mountain region is unfit for cultivation. From the fact that the water flows towards every point of the compass, from Woodbury, and that none flows into it, there can be no large streams in this township, yet it is well watered by numerous streams and twenty-three natural ponds -- the greatest number of any town in Vermont.

      Woodbury, with its rough, rocky hills and mountains, commanding views of varied scenery; sparkling rills and brooks, and shimmering lakelets, offers rare inducement to the tourist and a quiet retreat to the citizen of the city during the heated season.

      The rocks that form the geological structure of this town are calciferous mica schist, which occupies about two-thirds of the town in the eastern part, and next a broad belt of clay slate and talcose schist in the western part. There is a belt of excellent granite that extends through the calciferous mica schist in the southeastern part.

      In 1880 Woodbury had a population of 856. In 1888 it had ten school districts and as many common schools, attended by 195 scholars, and fifteen attended private schools. The common schools were taught by five male and fifteen female teachers, at an average weekly salary of $6.35 for the former and $4.21 for the latter. The entire income for school purposes was $1246.11, and the amount expended for all school purposes was $1,539.43. R. F. DRENAN was superintendent.

      The first settlement in Woodbury was made, as near as can now be ascertained, in 1795 or '96, by Gideon SABIN, who located in the eastern part of the town, near where P. LYFORD and Mr. RIDEOUT now live. Mr. SABIN was followed in the same year by Joseph CARR, and soon after by William WEST.

      Judge F. C. PUTNAM gives the following list of the first twelve settlers: Gideon SABIN, Joseph CARR, William WEST, Benjamin AINSWORTH, John BETTIS, Ephraim AINSWORTH, Thomas AINSWORTH, Ezekiel BALL, Daniel RUGG, Ferdinand PERRY, Daniel SMITH and Samuel MACKRES.

      The first town meeting on record was held March 4, 1806. Samuel MACKRES was the moderator; William WEST, town clerk and treasurer; Samuel MACKRES, Joshua KENASTON, and Smith AINSWORTH, selectmen; Benjamin AINSWORTH, constable; David RUGG, Joshua KENASTON and Smith AINSWORTH, listers.

      The first child born in town was Polly SABIN, and the first male child was Timothy THOMAS. The next was Peter SABIN. The first death was an infant child of Gideon SABIN. The first adult who died in town was the wife of Ezekiel BALL. The first marriage was that of John Thomas and Ruamy AINSWORTH. The ceremony was performed by William WEST. The first school was taught in 1808, by Sally WHITE. Anthony BURGESS built a saw-mill in 1806 on the outlet of Dog pond. In 1818 Phineas DOW built a grist-mill near the center of the town. The town was first represented in the state legislature by Elisha BENJAMIN, in 1812.

      In accordance with a petition of the inhabitants of Woodbury the legislature changed the name of Woodbury to Monroe, November 6, 1838, and again to Woodbury about four years after.

      This is the manner in which the town dealt out justice to one quality of petty larceny. We copy from the town records:

 "Caledonia Co., ss.
"WOODBURY, Oct. 5th, 1809

"The respondent, David CARR, son of Joseph and Mary CARR, now in court, pleads guilty to the indictment: It is, therefore, ordered and adjudged that he be taken forthwith to a suitable place, and there be tied up and receive ten stripes on his naked back, and pay cost of prosecution; and that he be recorded in the town records a thief. And it was done on the same day and date above mentioned.

 "Attest. Wm. WEST, Town Clerk"

      Gideon SABIN, the first settler of Woodbury, is represented as a preacher, hunter, and farmer, and possessing ability in each of his callings. Hunting seemed his delight, and he was seldom seen off his farm without his trusty gun and faithful hounds. At the time he settled in Woodbury all about the numerous ponds and streams was an abundance of game, -- deer, bears, beaver, otter, and sable. The Indian, Capt. JOE, from Newbury, was often hunting on these favorite grounds. One son and several grandchildren of this pioneer are among the inhabitants of the town. Frederick AINSWORTH was one of the first settlers of Woodbury. He settled on the farm where his grandson, Allen AINSWORTH, now live, and cleared up the faun. Mr. Ainsworth had been preceded by a few other settlers.

      WOODBURY (p. o.) is a hamlet situated a little south of the geographical center of the town, on Kingsbury Branch. It contains the town house, a hotel, one store, and about a dozen houses.

      SOUTH WOODBURY, about two miles south of Woodbury, on Kingsbury Branch, has a post-office, store, Congregational church, a grist-mill, saw-mill, carriage shop, blacksmith shop, and about twenty dwellings, several of which are open for summer boarders.

      The production of granite, of which Woodbury has an inexhaustible quantity, is now in its infancy, and only awaits a railroad to become an immense industry.

      The Woodbury Granite Co. was organized and commenced business in the fall of 1878. The members of the firm are L. W. VOODRY and H. W. TOWN. This enterprise is under the supervision of Mr. VOODRY. Their quarry is located about one and a half miles east of Woodbury Center, and one mile from the proposed railroad from Marshfield to Hardwick. Their purchase covers an area of twenty-five acres, and all solid granite, which is a choice quality of gray color, especially adapted for monumental work and building purposes. The granite contains no black knots or iron. The formation is peculiarly and especially favorable to moving enormous sized blocks. The largest ever known to have been quarried was taken out here, and was 275 feet long by fifteen feet square. Two hundred feet in length of this mammoth mass was moved a distance of forty feet by a single blast; after it was split from the quarry. The company is doing a wholesale business with manufacturers, and is sending its products to parties in this and adjacent states, and largely to the far West. The quality of the granite, and the certainty of obtaining any size and form required, insures this enterprise to become one of the great industries of Washington county.

      The J. AINSWORTH quarry, opened about 1876, is now operated by the St. Johnsbury Granite Co. The quality is good and easily worked, and takes a good polish.

      Samuel DANIELS's grist-mill is located in the hamlet of South Woodbury, is run by power-water, and contains four runs of stones. He does custom grinding, and grinds corn and feed for market. The mill has a capacity of 300 bushels per day. 

      BALL & DANIELS's saw-mill, located at South Woodbury, runs by waterpower, and does custom work.

      H.P. RIDEOUT's steam saw-mills are situated in the eastern part of the town, on road 32. Mr. RIDEOUT manufactures hard and soft wood lumber, chair stock, spruce and fir shingles, and finishes and deals in furniture.

      A.A. CLARK's circular board-mill is located on Dog Pond brook, road 23, where he saws lumber for customers and for the trade.

      Nichols Pond saw-mill, situated in the northeastern corner of Woodbury, on the outlet of Nichols pond, Heman H. CARR, proprietor, manufactures hard wood, spruce, hemlock, and dimension lumber, and also dresses lumber. It has East Long pond for a reservoir, and produces 1,000,000 feet annually.

      A.H. NICHOLS's saw-mill, on West Long Pond brook, road 17, has a circular saw and a planer. The water-power is good, with a head of twenty-one feet, and cuts out annually from 300,000 to 500,000 feet of lumber.

      Elisha BENJAMIN was one of Woodbury's earliest pioneers. He came from Marshfield, Vt., and settled on the center lot of the town, in a log cabin, where he cleared his woodland farm of 100 acres. He was a man of influence and integrity; was the first representative of Woodbury, and held other town offices. His son Abner, born September 27,1790, married Sally WHITEN, who was born January 9, 1790, and settled on a portion of the homestead where he resided to the close of his life, May 29, 1858. Mrs. BENJAMIN died April 3, 1848. Their children who attained mature age were Betsey, born July 8, 1814, married Daniel HILL, and resides with her husband in Marshfield. Samuel W., born March 7, 1816, married Maria FOSTER, is a farmer in Woodbury, and has held most of the offices in the gift of his townsmen. Phineas S., born July 31, 1818, married Esther BUNDY, settled in Wolcott, was a thorough business man, and in the prosecution of his extensive business as merchant and dealer in country produce he was much of the time “on the road," but found time to serve his town and represented Wolcott. several terms in the state legislature. He died March 29, 1881. Sally, born July 1, 1820, married Ephraim AINSWORTH, and died January 8, 1877. Joseph, born January 28, I826, married Harriet K. FOSTER, of Calais, and settled on the homestead with his parents, and provided for their comfort in their declining years. He has also served his town as selectman and lister five years, auditor, grand juror, and represented Woodbury in the legislature in 1884. Cornelia M., born July 16, 1826, married Mark Bartlett, of Plainfield, and died January 25, 1860. Elsie, born September 2, 1827, married Peter WHEELER, a farmer in Marshfield. Thomas W., born August 25, 1829, married Maria KENASTON, of Woodbury, and removed to Hardwick, where he died in November, 1884.

      Ezekiel BALL, at the age of sixteen years, came to America from England with his father. He was born in 1774. They settled in Boylston, Mass., where he married and removed to Vermont. About 1800 he came to Woodbury, and his was the sixth family in the town. He settled on the farm where Mark P. GOODELL now resides, where he died June 12, 1836. His oldest son, Calvin BALL, born in Boylston, Mass., May 19, 1795, was five years old when the family came to Woodbury. He married Nancy LAKEMAN, of Peacham, and settled in the woods where his daughter Augusta and her husband, Warren GOODELL, now live. At the time he commenced clearing his farm the woods were yet infested with bears, and these beasts made sad havoc with their sheep and corn fields. At one time, when the bears were unusually destructive, Mr. BALL loaded his gun, placed is near the path, with a string tied to the lock and stretched to the opposite side of the path and secured. When bruin came next time he ran against the string, which discharged the gun and killed the bear. Mr. BALL died on this farm October 28, 1865. Mrs. BALL died February 10, 1866. Their children are Eliza Ann (Mrs. Newell MASON) and Augusta E. (Mrs. Warren B. GOODELL). John GOODELL, of English descent, was born October 1, 1777. He came to Vermont, and was married to Miss Sally WOODCOCK, of Marshfield, October 17, 1803, and settled first in Calais. As near as can be ascertained he settled on East hill, in Woodbury, in April, 1806. He moved his household goods from Marshfield on a hand sled, over the snow crust, and occupied a log cabin. shingled with bark. The first night he lodged in this wilderness home the winds were high, and he was not able to sleep, fearing that the trees would fall on his cabin and crush it. His first work in the morning (Sunday) was to fell the trees in reach of the house and insure his safety. He died July 23, 1864, aged eighty-seven years. Mrs. GOODELL died August 1, 1847, aged sixty-two years. They were parents of six sons and two daughters. Reuben C. GOODELL, son of John, is a carpenter. He was born in Woodbury, April 22, 1811, and has been twice married. January 3, 1843, he married Louisa BAILEY, the mother of all his children, who died in Lyndon, Vt., November 10, 1859. December 29, 1859, he married his present wife, Miss Amanda BOWEN. Charles C. GOODELL, son of John, was born September 11, 1820. He married Miss Cynthia CRISTY, and settled on the farm where he now lives. In early life he was a millwright and carpenter. Mark P. GOODELL, son of Reuben C., was born January 29, 1844, received an academic education, and is a farmer. February 25, 1868, he married Amelia BALL, and settled on the homestead of his wife's father, where they now reside. Mr. GOODELL represented Woodbury in 1878, and is now serving as first selectman. His brother, Warren B. GOODELL, born August 5, 1846, is also a farmer, and has an academic education. December 25, 1867, he united in marriage with Augusta E., daughter of Calvin BALL, and settled on the homestead of his wife's father, where they now reside. Mr. GOODELL has been honored with the offices of trustee of the surplus fund, constable, collector, and selectman.

      Gideon BURNHAM, son of Gideon and Joanna (SKINNER) BURNHAM, married Susannah STEVENS, and came to Woodbury from Dummerston, Vt., in 1809 or 1810, and with his brothers-in-law, Nehemiah and Nathan Jackson, settled on the farm of 450 acres where his son Gideon now resides. They were the first who settled on the west side of the mountain, whence he removed a few years later, to a farm near the center of the town. He died at the home of his daughter, Mrs. David POWERS, aged seventy years. His son Gideon, before mentioned, is an enterprising farmer, and is conducting a butter dairy of over forty cows, the largest in Woodbury.

      James WHEELER, born in Rhode Island, November 6, 1785, married Hannah ANDREWS, and came to Woodbury about 1806. He brought his wife, one child, and their household goods on one load drawn by a pair of three year-old steers from Plainfield, N. H., and settled in a log house on East hill. He was captain of militia, and died in Woodbury, aged seventy-three years. His son Benjamin resided in Woodbury, where he was born February 11, 1812, until about 1853. He now resides at Kent's Corners, in Calais, on the farm where Abijah WHEELOCK first settled, April 13, 1789. Benjamin WHEELER married Luthera C. CRISTY, of Woodbury, December 28, 1839.

      Aaron POWERS married Mary WATERS, came from New Hampshire to Woodbury in 1812, and settled in the wilderness on the farm where his son David now lives. This farm also contained the farm of Henry WHITEN adjoining. Here he resided the remainder of his long life, and died aged eighty-eight years. Mrs. POWERS died at the age of sixty-seven years. Twelve of their fourteen children lived to adult age, and only three are now living, viz.: Jonathan, who first settled in Elmore and now resides in Sheffield; Nancy (Mrs. Henry UDALL), who resides in Elmore; and David, before mentioned, who married Lydia BURNHAM, settled on the homestead where he was born, and where he now resides. In 1863 he entered the Union army and served to the close of the war. He was discharged an invalid, and has never regained his health.

      Daniel LAWSON and his wife, Ruth U. (NORCROSS), with their family, came into the woods of Woodbury from Barre in the spring of 1818, and settled on 300 acres of wild land which included the farm where his son Daniel and grandson, George B. LAWSON, now live. This was their home to the close of their lives. Daniel, their son, born in Barre, September 16, 1816, has resided on the homestead since he came here in his childhood, in 1818, and has carried on the double occupation of farmer and blacksmith. Norman C. LAWSON, son of Daniel and Ruth LAWSON, was born July 5, 1839. He received a common school education, and early learned the art of stonecutting. August 2, 1861, he enlisted in Co. H, 2d Regt. Vt. Vols.; went immediately to the front; was engaged in fifteen battles and skirmishes, and received a gun-shot wound in the seven days' fight under Gen. McClellan, before Richmond; was again shot in his left foot at the battle of Chancellorsville; was a prisoner five weeks in Libby and Belle Isle prisons; and was eventually discharged from the First Invalid Corps, September 2, 1864, at the close of his term of enlistment. He now receives a pension. 

      Peter LYFORD, who served in the War of 1812, was born in Sanbornton, N. H., December 20, 1774, and came to Cabot with his parents at a very early date. He married Lois BLANCHARD, of Cabot, and first settled on a farm in that town. About 1815 he removed to Woodbury and settled in the woods on the farm on Sabin pond, where Gideon SABIN now lives. He built a log house and framed barn, cleared the farm, sold it, and then bought another on East hill. He died at the home of his son Martin, December 10, 1861, aged eighty-seven years. Mrs. LYFORD, born March 19, 1791, survived her husband until March 27, 1880, aged eighty-nine years. She also died at the home of her son Martin. Mrs. LYFORD was large in stature and very strong, and as energetic and brave as she was physically able. She came on horseback from Concord, N. H., with her parents, at the early age of fourteen years. She was a noted spinner and weaver, and manufactured the cloth to clothe the family. Her hair was unusually luxuriant and heavy, and grew rapidly, and from its "combings" she manufactured several clotheslines, the aggregate length of all of which was more than 1,000 feet. She offered to spin a rope of the same material with which to hang the arch traitor Jeff. Davis. Mr. and Mrs. LYFORD reared ten children to mature age, viz.: Dorcas, born April 17, 1811, married Alvah ELMER, is a widow, and resides in Cabot; Mahetable R., born March 23, 1813, married Kendrick TROW, is a widow, and resides in Marshfield; Aura, born May 21, 1815, died February 10, 1835; Sarah B., born July 26, 1820, married Daniel LAWSON, and resides in Woodbury; Calvin, born January 4, 1.823, is a farmer in Hardwick; Peter R., born August 29, 1825, who is a farmer in Woodbury, married Lovinia SPRAGUE, whose mother, Polly (SABIN) SPRAGUE, was the first child born in Woodbury. Their children are Ella E. (Mrs. H. C. EATON), who resides in West Boylston, Mass.; Alice M. (Mrs. R. H. MARTIN), of Manchester, N. H., who has a daughter Mabel E.; and Sherman H., who resides with his parents. George W. LYFORD, born July 9, 1829, married Mary A. SPRAGUE, sister of Mrs. Peter R. LYFORD. He is a farmer and resides in Cabot. Martin; born March 27, 1832, married, first, Mary A. VOODRY, and second, Mrs. Ellen (GALLUP) DANFORD, and is a farmer of Woodbury. Monroe LYFORD was born February 22, 1835. He entered in the service of his country in Co. C, 1st Vt. Cavalry, served three years, was in the battles of Cedar Mountain, second Bull Run, Antietam, and Culpepper, where he received a severe wound in his left shoulder, September 13, 1863. He was in the hospital, off duty until the ensuing March, when he returned to his company and participated in the battle of the Wilderness. He was discharged November 19, 1864, at the expiration of his term of enlistment. November 18, 1865, he married Lucretia LAIRD, and is now a farmer in his native town, and serving as selectman.

      Capt. David LYFORD was born in Cabot, January 10, 1796. About 1830 he came to Woodbury and engaged in farming. At the organization of a company of Light Infantry he was chosen captain, hence his title. His grandfather, Thomas LYFORD, a lieutenant in the Revolutionary war, emigrated to Cabot from Gilmanton, N. H., and was one of the first of the pioneers. He built the first grist-mill and saw-mill in Cabot. 

      Capt. John CHRISTY, of English descent, came to Woodbury about 1820. He was born in St. Stephen's, New Brunswick, whence he emigrated to New Boston, N. H., where he married Miss Lucy COLWELL, about 1812. He went to Portsmouth about that time with a volunteer company, as their orderly sergeant, and served three months. After the close of that war he emigrated to Vermont and located first in Marshfield, and from there to Woodbury, and settled in a log cabin on what is now known as a part of the Elias HEATH farm. He soon after built a framed house, said to be the first one erected in Woodbury. His lot contained a fine water-power, on Kingsbury Branch, in the hamlet of South Woodbury, which he gave to Capt. Joel CELLEY and his heirs as long as they would maintain a sawmill for the benefit of the public. He became captain of the militia, and died January 23, 1866, aged seventy-seven years.

      Dr. Robert W. LANCE, son of John D. LANCE, late of Cabot, was born May 28, 1848. Dr. LANCE received his medical education at the Homeopathic College in New York, and at Hahnemann College, Chicago, Ill., from which he graduated in 1879. In 1875 he commenced the practice of his profession in South Woodbury, where he now resides, and where he has built up an extensive and lucrative practice, not only in Woodbury, but in adjacent towns. February 17, 1886, he united in marriage with Miss Myrtie M. BALL.

      Luke DANIELS, born, in Danville, Vt., April 20, 1802, married Maria KENNISTON, of Woodbury, January 5, 1824. At the time of his marriage he was residing in Woodbury. About 1840 he settled on the farm now owned by his son Samuel. At this time there was a “chopping" on the place of twenty- seven acres, and the remainder was woodland. Mr. DANIELS lived to convert it into a good farm, where he resided until his death, June 14, 1871. Mrs. DANIELS survived until February 27, 1874. Mr. DANIELS was an industrious, honest, and reliable citizen. His son Samuel, born November 3, 1830, at the age of twenty-one years assumed the debts against the farm, and supported his parents to the close of their lives. On the anniversary of his thirtieth birthday he united in marriage with Miss Ada A. DREW, of Barton, and remained on the homestead, which he still owns, until the fall of 1882, when he removed to South Woodbury, where he is engaged in his grist-mill, and the manufacture and sale of lumber with E. E. BALL. Mr. DANIELS prefers a quiet life, and gives his attention to his varied business, although he has served his town as lister. Mr. and Mrs. DANIELS are parents of eight children.

      Amos HOLT was born in Salem, Mass., October 31, 1783, and came to Montpelier from Croydon, N. H., in 1802. Mr. HOLT was a millwright and carpenter, and did an extensive business in Montpelier and surrounding towns. January 1, 1805, he married Hopy HOWLAND, of Calais, daughter of Abraham Howland, a pioneer. Mr. Holt died February 13, 1853, and Mrs. HOLT in December, 1881. Their children were Amos, born September 4, 1806; Hopy, born June 23, 1808; Mary, born June 10, 1810; Triphena B., born January 10, 1814; Emelia E. born September 2 1816; Samuel H., born July 6, 1819; Nancy L., born March 9, 1822; Abraham H., born June 20, 1824; and David C., born February 16, 1827. Abraham Howland HOLT received a common school education. He married Martha L. TOWNSEND, of Berlin, April 19, 1847. He had been foreman of a lumber company in Northern New York and of a gentleman's farm in Massachusetts, and had other locations before 1862. He then entered the Union army from Moretown, and was in the service of his country about three years. He was wounded at Cold Harbor, and again, October 19, 1864, at Cedar Creek, and was discharged from the hospital at Montpelier, May 13,1865. He now receives a pension for disabilities. In 1865 he bought the homestead of Mrs. HOLT's father in Berlin, where he resided until 1871, and was there honored with the offices of overseer of the poor, constable, arid collector, and representative in 1770-71. In 1874 he came to Woodbury, has held the office of lister nine years, and is now serving the third year as overseer of the poor. He is proprietor of Lake View House and farm, a beautiful location in the vicinity of Sabin and Nelson ponds. His house is a celebrated summer resort.

      Allen W. NELSON was born in Hardwick, August 3, 1826. In 1848, when twenty-two years of age, he formed a partnership in mercantile business with Hon. A. E. JEUDEVINE, at Woodbury, under the firm name of Jeudevine, Nelson & Co., Mr. NELSON removing to Woodbury and assuming the management. The firm continued until the fall of 1851, when Mr. NELSON, bought the interests of his partners, and conducted the business until 1879. Mr. NELSON has been an active and influential citizen of Woodbury, and has served as town clerk and treasurer a period of twenty-four years. The town records show skillful and good work during the long period of his clerkship. He was also a lister for many years, and represented Woodbury in the legislature in 1863, and again in 1864. He is now giving his attention to farming. 

      Caleb PUTNAM was born in Sutton, Mass., February 28, 1779, and in his early childhood his parents removed to Croydon, N. H. In the early part of 1799 he married Susanna HAYWARD, of Croydon, who was born in Bridgewater, Mass., June 1, 1781. They resided in Croydon until January, 1803, when, in company with Simeon DWINELL, with their families and effects, they emigrated to Marshfield, Vt., where they arrived February 2, and settled in a log house which they had previously built. Here he and Mr. DWINELL, in company, began clearing a farm; but the partnership was not of long duration. Mr. PUTNAM settled on another farm, was industrious, and to support his family turned his hand to several occupations. He was a blacksmith and made nails at his forge for his neighbors, hewed timber, and built barns. The last part of the year of 1816 he settled in Moscow (East Calais), and for three years gave his whole time to blacksmithing. He then bought a farm, to give employment to his growing family, and to better support them. In 1831 he removed to Woodbury, where he was farmer, blacksmith, and manufacturer of potash. He died on the farm where his son, Hon. Fernando C. PUTNAM, now lives, October 25, 1865, aged nearly eighty-seven years. Mrs. PUTNAM survived until June 17, 1875, aged ninety-four years. They were parents of thirteen children, eight of whom arrived at mature age, viz.: Susan, born in Croydon, N. H., June 1, 1800, married Otis SMITH, is a widow, and resides with her daughter, Mrs. William ZOTTMAN, in Burlington. Caleb S., born January 9, 1802, married, February 19, 1826, Elvira WHEELOCK, was a farmer awhile, then the newspaper carrier from Montpelier, by way of Hardwick, Burton, and intervening towns, to Derby Line, until the government established a mail line over the same route, when he obtained the first contract for carrying the mail. He drove a stage awhile, and eventually, on the completion of the railroad from White River junction to Concord, N. H., was. station agent at East Canaan, until his death, January 16, 1873. Ziba, born. November 29, 1804, married Harriet PEARCE, of Calais, was a farmer in Calais and Woodbury until 1844, when he removed to a farm in Colchester, where he died June 21, 1848.

      Hiram PUTNAM was born in Marshfield in 1814. In 1839 he married Laura, daughter of Jabez TOWN, of Woodbury, and was a farmer and blacksmith. In 1864 he settled on the farm where he now lives, in the eastern part of Woodbury. October 15, 1847, Mrs. PUTNAM died, and left a daughter who married Hiram WELLS, a merchant in Cabot. April 19, 1848, Mr. PUTNAM married Lydia A. HASKELL, who is the mother of his daughters Etta M. (Mrs. Orvis W. CONNER), of Cabot, and Hattie B. (Mrs. Wesley GRAY), of Plainfield. Mr. PUTNAM is an enterprising and well-to-do farmer, has served his town as selectman thirteen years, was chairman of the board through the war, has been lister fourteen years, and represented Woodbury in the legislature in 1857 and 1858. He has settled a large number of estates.

      Fernando C. PUTNAM, born in Marshfield, May 19, 1816, received his education at the common schools and a few terms at a select school. He taught district schools ten consecutive winters with but one exception. December 8, 1842, he married Laura A., daughter of Luther BALL, of Woodbury, and settled on the farm with his father where he now resides. He was assistant judge of Washington .County Court in 1867-68, served as selectman from 1849 to 1852, inclusive, and state agent in connection with overseer of the poor to provide for destitute soldiers' families in the time of the late war, and has served as justice of the peace since 1852. Mrs. PUTNAM died February 15, 1888, and had the misfortune to be blind the last six years of her life. Their children are William R., who married Emeroy M. CURRIER, of Calais, and is a well-to-do farmer in Cabot; and Sarah J., who married S. O. BURNHAM, and resides with her husband on the homestead.

      Orson PUTNAM, who was born in Calais, September 16, 1818, is a blacksmith. He ran a prosperous business in Woodbury until 1869, when he went to farming in Calais, and was a farmer until 1882, and is now at the old trade in North Calais. He represented Woodbury in the legislature of 1859-60, was selectman in Calais in 1877, '78, and '79, and justice of the peace six years. November 22, 1842, he married Emerancy PEARCE, and they have one daughter, Mrs. Edwin BURNHAM, of Calais.

      Laura A. PUTNAM, born in Calais, March 30, 1821, married Jason W. TOWN, an inventor, and a manufacturer of boot-trees and lasts, but now a farmer in South Woodbury.

      Mary A. PUTMAN was born in Calais, June 2, 1823. In 1842 she married' Gilbert A. CARVER, of Woodbury, who is a successful farmer in Calais. Their only surviving son, Dr. Herbert S. CARVER, is a physician in Marshfield.

      Thomas MCKNIGHT came from Douglass, Mass., to Montpelier, with Col. Jacob DAVIS, in 1782. He was employed by Col. DAVIS awhile, and next `engaged in butchering with Capt. BROWN. He then settled on the farm known as the Cutler place, about a mile north of the village of Montpelier. About 1820 he moved to Calais, where he resided until his death, in 1836. In early life he married Silence, daughter of Stephen CUTLER. Their children were Polly, John, Sally, Amasa, Thomas, and Leonard. Amasa MCKNIGHT, born in Montpelier, in 1803, married Recta KENDALL, in 1825, and settled on a farm in Calais where Harvey LILLEY now lives. He owned several farms in Calais, but eventually removed to Woodbury with his son Nathaniel C., in 1862, where he died in 1871, aged sixty-eight years. Mrs. MCKNIGHT was drowned with four others of a pleasure party in Wheelock pond, June 15, 1873, at the age of seventy-one years. Their children are Samuel, born January 3, 1828; Nathaniel C., born September 25, 1830; Esther, born June 11, 1832; Mary A., born March 6, 1835; Matilda A., born September 21, 1837; and Carroll A. born March 1, 1840. All are now living (1888). Nathaniel C. MCKNIGHT married Sarah A. FAIR, January 24, 1852, and settled in Calais, and followed the occupation of carpenter and joiner until he removed to Woodbury, in 1862. Mr. MCKNIGHT has held the office of justice of the peace several years, and represented Woodbury in the legislature of 1869, '70 and '71. Their children are Orpha (Mrs. Warren AINSWORTH), of Calais, and Ida J., who resides with her parents. Carroll A. MCKNIGHT, son of Amasa, had a common school education, and was early taught industrious habits. In 1863 he enlisted in the Union army, and was discharged in 1864 (at the expiration of his term of enlistment) from the hospital where he was receiving treatment for a gun-shot wound received at the battle of Cold Harbor. He was permanently injured by this wound and now receives a pension. January 1, 1867, he united in marriage with Miss Hannah OSGOOD, and settled in the village of Woodbury, where he now resides. He is a carpenter and builder and farmer. He has the confidence of his townsmen, is now serving his fourth year as justice of the peace, and was representative in the legislature of 1880.

      Ira CAMERON, son of Daniel, of Scotch descent, was born in Berlin, Vt., December 25, 1807. He married Rebecca PIERCE, was a farmer in Duxbury about twenty years, in Middlesex ten years, and on the farm now owned by his son, S. K. CAMERON, in West Woodbury, seven years. Since then he has had no settled residence, and now lives with his daughter Sarah (Mrs. E. P. DARLING) in Elmore. Mrs. CAMERON died at the home of S. K. CAMERON, June 8, 1871. Five of their patriotic sons served their country in the Union army. Their children were Clesson, a farmer, who married, first. Clara C. DUGAR, of Worcester, and second, her sister Emily. He enlisted in, the Union army from Elmore, where he then resided. He received a gunshot wound, and died on the battlefield of Winchester. Ira C. CAMERON married Cordelia Leonard, of Middlesex, entered the service of the Union, in 1862, and served to the close of the war. He is now a farmer in Berlin. Sylvester CAMERON married Helen WARREN, of Middlesex, enlisted in 1862, served to the close of the war. He is now engaged in granite work in Barre.

      S. Kimball CAMERON, born in Duxbury, September 7, 1837, married Laura A. MCKNIGHT, of Calais, December 29, 1874. He brought his bride to his home in West Woodbury, where he had settled in 1863, and where he has since resided. He is an enterprising and thrifty farmer, and owns a fine farm. Previous to his settlement in Woodbury he had been three years in railroad business in Brooklyn, N. Y. In 1874. Mr. CAMERON represented Woodbury in the legislature, and again at the extra session in the winter of 1875, called for the purpose of locating the State Reform School. He has served his town as selectman four years, and lister about as many. Lovinia was drowned at the age of eleven years, by falling into the river through the railroad bridge at Montpelier Junction. Asaph P. CAMERON entered the army in 1861, and served to the close of the war. He lost his health in the service of our country, and is now a pensioner, residing in the village of Worcester. He married the widow of his deceased brother, Clesson, in 1865. Jason C. CAMERON was also a Union soldier, enlisted in 1864, and served to the close of the war in 1865. He married Sarah HARDY, of Brooklyn, N. Y., where he now resides, and is superintendent of the Brooklyn City Railroad Company. Sarah M. married E. P. DARLING. Her husband is a farmer In Elmore. Alvin M. CAMERON married Lizzie PATTERSON, of Woodbury, and .is a farmer in Calais.

      Holden WILBER, of Bridgewater, Mass., was one of the early pioneers of Calais. He was a Revolutionary soldier, and a citizen of Woodbury at the time of his death. His son Reuben married Mary BRUCE, and settled in a log cabin on East hill, Woodbury, where his son, Orange A. WILBER, now lives. Mr. WILBER died at the home of his son Reuben, Jr., in Calais, in 1874, at the advanced age of ninety years.

      Ryland F. DRENAN, son of James and Clarissa (BILL) DRENAN, was born August 17, 1847. He received a good practical education, and February 11, 1875, united in marriage with Miss Dora M., daughter of A. W. NELSON. In 1884 he became a prominent resident of Woodbury. He is a farmer and proprietor of Woodbury Center Hotel. Mr. DRENAN has been honored in Woodbury with the office of superintendent of schools the past two years. Is now constable and collector (1888), and represented Woodbury in the legislature of 1886.

      Gilman BILL, son of Cyrus BILL, born in Woodbury, April 10, 1822, married Rosannah AINSWORTH, January 1, 1849, and settled where he now lives, near the village of Woodbury. His father died when Mr. BILL was only five years old, and when he went to housekeeping soon after his marriage he took his mother to his home and provided for her comfort the reminder of her life. Mr. BILL has been a farmer his whole life, except about seven years before his marriage, when he was a sailor.

      Three veterans of the Revolutionary war settled in Woodbury, and were comfortable in their declining years by receiving a pension from the government they fought to establish.

      In the late war Woodbury claims, and is justly entitled to, an excellent and honorable war record. One hundred and forty-four of her patriotic suns enlisted and went into the army -- a number that more than filled her quota, who came forward without being stimulated by public meetings, or the offer of excessive bounties. No town in the state, with a population as small, sent more men to the war than Woodbury.

The Congregational Church

      The Congregational church, located at South Woodbury, was organized November 30, 1875, with thirty-two members, by Rev. R. B. WRIGHT, the first pastor, assisted by the Home Missionary society. In 1876 the society erected its present beautiful church edifice, of wood, at the expense of $3,000. The church now has a membership of forty, with Rev. F. B. ROCKWOOD, pastor. The estimated value of the church property, including buildings and grounds, is $4,500. The Sunday-school numbers twenty-five scholars, and G. W FOSTER is the superintendent.

The Methodist Episcopal Church

      The Methodist Episcopal church of Woodbury was organized in April, 1879, by Rev. W. D. MALCOLM, presiding elder of St. Johnsbury district, assisted by Rev. Z. B. WHEELER. The church then had seventeen members. Rev. Z. B. WHEELER was the first pastor. This society has no church edifice, but bolds regular service every Sunday in the town hall at Woodbury Center The church now has twenty-eight members, and Rev. Z. B. WHEELER is their pastor. The Sunday-school is held immediately after the service, and has an average attendance of thirty-five scholars. Rev. Z. B. WHEELER is superintendent.

Gazetteer Of Washington County, Vt. 1783-1899, 
Compiled and Published by Hamilton Child,
Edited By William Adams.
The Syracuse Journal Company, Printers and Binders.
Syracuse, N. Y.; April, 1889.
Pages Page 518-530

Transcribed by Karima Allison, 2003

Childs' Business Directory of the Town of Woodbury, Washington County, VT., 1883–1884