Recollections of George William Settle

Recollections of George William Settle


[These papers are found in the Russell County Library in Lebanon, Virginia attributed to George William Settle and as copied by Robert Franklin Jackson. They are also found in the Buchanan County Public Library in Grundy, Virginia attributed to O. W. Settle. George William Settle is the correct author. In the document he identifies his daughter, Garnette Settle. He later identifies his parents Robert Langley Settle and Julia Ann Taylor as well as his wife Florence Perkins and again identifies his daughter Garnette Settle. Neither library has a title page, and neither appears to have an original copy. This document is meant as a research aid and should not be considered factual without other documentation. A few errors have been found so it is best to verify the data through other research.]

 

Forward

Being a native of this section, I will give a few memories; so the following is intended merely to be a brief history of things that have happened and early generations of people in this community. Most of these you know, some you possibly don't know, yet it might lead you to something you really would like to know. This doubtless will be more interesting to older people and the young will be interested as they grow older.

So there is no reservation by myself or you

If you find your knowledge to be true.

CHAPTER I

In the earliest history of this section from the Tazewell line to Elk Garden, it practically all belongs to just four or five different families, HORTONS, TAYLORS, SMITHS, PRIESTS and HENDRICKS, being grants of land from King George II in colonial days around 1750. It included what is now half of Russell County and was named Clifton from the cliffs on House and Barn Mountain. These grants of land are now divided into thousands of different farms and hamlets. However, we cannot call everyone by name for there are now multitudes; consequently, we have to confine ourselves to those we are more or less acquainted with. In a small community you will usually find a vast relationship. It is hard to keep up with generations when it comes to this. For example, there was once a man in this section who had some grown boys and married the second time a woman who had some grown girls. One of his boys married one of her girls. So what relation to each other were both families? Will leave it to you to ravel out. I believe it winds up this way to the children of this couple, their father and mother were their step-aunt and step-uncle.

In the early generations of this section there were but few people of a certain name. A great many of these names came from foreign countries while others acquired them from the trade and vocation which they followed. Our dominating nationality is Scotch-Irish, a people who love liberty and independence, so you can't wonder at it being politically described as "The Fighting Ninth". On the Tazewell line the descendants of the ASCUE family, Henry and Abram, their father was Michael. Their land possessions lay in both counties. They were great workers and started from "scratch" as a great many did. I heard Henry say once that his father sent him to take his grandmother back to Kentucky and gave him six dollars for expense money. On his return he still had three dollars left and offered it back to his father, but he said, "No, Henry, that is your money. You saved it, so it is yours to do as you like with." He studied quite a while what to do, finally buying a calf. Calves were cheap then. That fall when he had worked all day at home, he hired to a man near their home to pull blade fodder for him so he could get a part of it to winter his calf. He had good luck, sold his calf next year and bought three more. That started him in the stock business. He said he often thought if that calf had died he would never have been a stock man. But this encouraged him to continue and while he was able to be active, he bought three thousand acres of land or more. He was then able to handle two or three hundred cattle and four or five hundred sheep. He got the name of being the "sheep king" of Tazewell County.

Henry ASCUE was married twice. His first wife was a LESTER and their children were: Charles, John, Clint, Allafair, Lou and Martha. Charles married Carrie BRADSHAW, John married May STEELE. Clint married May's sister and Allafair married Emely JONES, Lou married Bill GOSE and Martha went to Kentucky. Henry's second wife was Katherine REDWINE, who married B. TAYLOR. Their children were Wilmer, Russell and Nell. Wilmer married Georgia FERRELL (or Ferrell), Russell married a BROWN and Nell married James BEAVERS.

My father spent the night with Harry ASCUE on one occasion and they talked and they talked. Neither one payed any attention to what time it was until some of the women opened the door and said, "Come to breakfast." Evidently they must have been enjoying themselves as they forgot to retire. Another one similar to this: Peter HANKINS came out of the lane from his home to the main road early one morning. There he met Drayton STINSON, both going the same way to Belfast Mill. They stood there and talked until sundown and had to go back home. I don't know what they got out of their long talk, but it was evident that the miller did not get any toll that day from them.

I am not writing this in an eloquent or oratorical style; however, but just as we would sit down and talk in a common conversation.

Henry GOSE lived up on the divide near Tazewell and Russell line. There was quite a large family of them: Bill, Jim, Walter and several others. Bill first married Lou ASCUE and later Mary UNDERDUNK. He bought a farm in Washington County. The man he bought it from had thirteen boys in the first World War. They all returned home without a scratch or any disease. Who said "Thirteen was unlucky?"

The Charles BRADSHAW family was a descendant of John BRADSHAW of Tazewell County. Charles BRADSHAWís wife was Mary STINSON, daughter of William STINSON. Her mother was Caroline KENDRICK and her brothers were: William R. L. Drayton and George. The Charles BRADSHAW children were: Will, Jim, Aurelia, Carrie, Osa and Minnie. The name BRADSHAW has disappeared from this community. Their relations only are known by their married names, as Mrs. Charlotte ASCUE, Mrs. Frank BUNDY, Mrs. James GOSE, and Mrs. Bob TABOR. We all sometimes love to visit our old home places. It brings back many happy remembrances of our childhood days as well as sorrow, but be not regretful of sorrow for out of it the heart is made better. I know of no one thing that would more forcibly remind them of home than Samuel Wordsworth's poem:

"How dear to my heart are the scenes of my childhood,

When fond recollections present them to view,

The orchard, the meadow, the deep tangled wildwood,

And every love spot which my infancy knew.

The wide-spreading pond and the mill that stood by it,

The bridge and the rock where the cataract fell,

The cot of my father, the dairy house nigh it,

And e'en the rude bucket which hung in the well,

The old oaken bucket, the iron-bound bucket,

The moss-covered bucket, which hung in the well."

This section of the country is one hundred and fifty or two hundred years younger than the eastern part of the State. There has not been but nine generations of people here from the earliest settlers. I have seen six of them. It is a very rare thing any lives to see his great grandparents. My great grandfather TAYLOR died two years before I was born but I saw a man that was born in the same year as he was but lived ten years longer; so that gave me eight years to see him. That is why I have seen six generations so far. As our country here is not so old, we can almost truthfull say: "Not many years ago where you now sit surrounded by all that exalts and embellishes civilized life, the rank thistle nodded in the wind and the wild fox dug his hole unscared and the Indian lover wooed his dusky mate beneath the shadesof an endless forest or sailed his little bark canoe on the placid waters of its many streams, only molested by the leaping deer and the snarling panther. Then came the woodsmen's axe and the hunter's rifles and laid it bare.

Although we are now preserving national forests for future generations, that they might appreciate the wonderful environment their ancestors enjoyed, we do not wonder at the Indian fighting for his hunting grounds so hard for it was a life-giving source to him. It was the Hunter's Paradise. All he needed was a buckskin suit, a rifle gun and a butcher knife. Then, game of all kinds was his living.

"O'er these fields were shorn and tilled,

Full to the brim the rivers flowed,

The melody of waters filled the vast and boundless wood,

Torrents dashed and rivulets played,

And fountains spouted in the shade.

Who is it that would not love to live in such an environment with nature in all its perfection and beauty, that hath so many charms, one knoweth not how to speak against it. We could almost think like the old Indian Chief, RED JACKET, when he said, "The white man's religion was on paper, but we get ours from nature." Early in the beginning this was exclusively just a hunting ground and the hunters would return home after the season was over. Later on they got to building cabins and staying. They were then called the Long Hunters. This was the beginning of the settlements in this section. We knew of quite a number of murders and tragedies that have happened in this community since the Civil War and on up to very recent times. In all of these, of course, names will be given, but there will be no disrespect intended toward any of their descendants, for we are just individuals. We preach our own funerals. No two persons or things are alike. It is possible the Creator made all things this way that he might know one from the other when he come to judged there will be no witness for or against us. We will be condemned or accepted for what we are.

About the years 1760 or 1770 there lived a man, his wife and daughter on the bank of Clinch River near what is now Runyon.. This man was from North Carolina, was related to GOVERNOR VANCE. He was an old local mountain preacher. If you ever read Dixon's Reconstruction Days from 1865 to 1900, you will see where GOVERNOR VANCE and Tom SETTLE had a great political joint discussion on one occasion. Later VANCE settled on the Clinch River, as already mentioned. HORTON's lived in that area then. One of them, a middle-aged man, became very much infatuated with VANCE's daughter. Of course, the parents tried to discourage this, but to no avail. One night he stole or forced her away when her father was not home. He kept her three or four months, brought her home late one evening and set her off at home. VANCE and his wife came out and begged him to marry her to keep down scandal. He only cursed them and rode away. Evidently, VANCE was a man that trusted the Lord and kept his powder dry. About the time he reached to middle of the river the fatal contents of his trusty flint lock landed in the middle of his back and he took up his abode among the citizens of the Clinch. When the facts and Circumstances were fully understood, his community was very much in sympathy with him. However, he considered it expedient to be absent for a while, so shouldering the flint lock, with a Bible in one pocket and a hymnbook in the other he went into the mountains toward Kentucky. During his absence the NORTONs (Hortonís) worked up sentiment against him. They told that NORTON (HORTON) was begging them to let him marry the girl and would not agree. This you can take with a large pinch of salt, for NORTON was dead and not one of his relatives was there. Where did they get their evidence. Vance was gone for years when they got word that it would be safe for him to return and that he would not be prosecuted, he came back. Evidently he got this information from the wrong side, for no sooner had he returned than he was arrested and tried for murder. Captain McFARLANE was the sheriff in this section at that time. Counties were not organized then.

His first trial was a hung jury. In the meantime, his community had gotten up a petition to the Governor for his pardon. DINWIDDLE was governor then. For some reason he was slow about acting upon it or it was delayed in some way. During this time they had his second trial, convicted him of first degree murder and sentenced him to be hanged and did hang in just a short time. But in about two hours after the hanging a carrier came galloping up with a pardon from the Governor. Someone's sin had found them out. Did this man get justice?

The original home of the HORTONs was later the BRADSHAW place. The great-grandfather of the BRADSHAWs was John BRADSHAW who settled in Tazewell County. He had an Uncle William BRADSHAW who married Cosby TAYLOR, our Mother's sister. He had a brother named Brack. Uncle William suddenly took sick and my father was there late in the evening before he died that night. He looked out of the window as the sun was going down and said, "That is the last sunset I will ever see." He now needs not the light of the sun for he had been a good man. One of the HORTONs came after George STINSON, whose wife was a FLETCHER, to take him back to the Army. He and his wife were sitting before the fire and she was nursing the baby. STINSON went out the lower door. As his wife started to lay the baby back on the bed, HORTON shot her through the door and killed her. That baby was John STINSON, who became a lawyer and later lived a Grundy and became a rather wealthy man in real estate and coal lands. One of the HORTONs and a man by the name of STINSON killed an old negro on a ridge west of Bill VENCILL's place. They accused him of being in sympathy with the Union. What did the ignorant negro know about the union? They had the same evidence the witness had against Christ when they had him before Pilate. "The devil and his works". This place ever since has been known as "Nigger Ridge."

The WYSORs who lived near the Tazewell line were famous carpenters, wagon makers, etc. Their names were: Will, Tom, Charles, John and Ralph. Will married my mother's first cousin, Malissa TAYLOR, daughter of Chrisman. Tom was never married. Charles married a CASON. Her mother, Sallie, was a daughter of Fullen HENDRICKS. They had two sons, Robert and Henry and one girl who married a FERRELL. John was generally in trouble. He was bad to fuss and fight. Ralph married Anna KNUCKELS, his second wife. Oscar FERRELL who married Mary CAUDELL, James CRANDALL's aunt, who lived at Belfast. FERRELL and Evans GRIFFITH formed a company and shipped cattle together and had the confidence of their customers and were paying for them to return of the proceeds. But this time and last they bought an unusually large number. On their return they claimed to have been. This looked suspicious for all concerned-noticed too many flags flying. They were rounded up and under conditions of threat, they had to "shuck" out. I don't know that they received it all, but at once in one place they found $4,500.00 in a can sunk on a syrup barrel. "You can't do wrong and get by." Forrest FERRELL married Mabel WHITE, Harve WHITE's daughter, my mother's first cousin. FERRELL's son was secretary to the Ambassador of China at one time. There is a town in Pennsylvania named for him. Mable WHITE's mother was Lucy TAYLOR. and her sister Rose, married P. BROWNING and lives in the state of Washington. The Tase HAGY family: there were quite a number of them. One of his daughters married James HARRIS, one married J. J. WHITE, one married Henry BRADSHAW and another John BRADSHAW. John BRADSHAW's daughter, Jennie, married John DeBOARD and her daughter, Peggy, married Henry DICKENSON, son of Giles DICKENSON. His mother was Rebecca BROWNING, daughter of A. BROWNING. William HAGY married Nina VENCILL, daughter of Shack VENCILL.

Eliza STEELE WHITE, sister of Andy STEELE, who was Fred STEELE's father, later married A. P. BROWNING. They had one son, Landen, but did not live long together for the battle raged too hot for him. He was married three times. He said on one occasion, "The first time I married for love, the second time was for riches, the third time was for war and I did not have to go the Cuba to find it."

Near this WHITE place one on the many tragedies of this section happened. There was a man who lived there by the name of Wade ROBINS against whom they had some real or imaginary accusations. Someone in the neighborhood had missed a stove boiler since the ROBBINS moved there. Some child was there one day and saw a boiler on the stove, went away and told that that was the one, but it wasn't. That started the ball rolling. James MUTTER was the constable whom ROBBINS hated; so he got up a crowd one night to run ROBBINS of by rocking his house, etc. In the crowd was a man by the name of John MARSHALL who did not want to be along but they had overly persuaded him. He had on a light pair of corduroy pants, usually about the color that Jim MUTTER wore. While they were rocking the house, ROBBINS got his gun and slipped out under the floor and shot MARSHALL, thinking he was shooting at Jim MUTTER. ROBBINS went to him next day and told him how sorry he was for he was not the man he aimed to shoot. They all came out over on the road and shot a few times to make the impression that he was shot over there. There were men in this who were profoundly ashamed of it afterwards. MARSHALL was Arle VINCELL's wife's father. Mary her mother, was John VENCILL's second wife.

The WHITE family: The first WHITE's in this section were three brothers, Shadrack, Meshack, and Abednego. Those who lived near Belfast Mills were of the Shade family, those of Tazewell were of the Shack family , J. J., Bill, John and Rob and father's name was Shade.

The J. J. WHITE Family: his wife was Taze HAGY's daughter and their children were Bob, Lyde and Ella. Rob married Margaret STEELE, Lyde married Arthur MITCHELL and Ella married George BROWN, Bob WHITE was Dr. Charles GRANT's wife's father. The Dr. Charles GRANT children were, Henry, Mattie and Gussie. Henry married my youngest sister, Pearle. Mattie married twice, first time to a GOSE and second time to a Mr. JONES and lived in Bristol, Virginia. Gussie married Claude DAVIS and they lived at Raven. The WHITE's at one time, owned all the land from somewhere above Belfast on down west to the SMITH lands, near Rosedale, including the BAYLOR place. Ed BAYLOR's wife was a WHITE and she inherited the BAYLOR place, 640 acres of land. She was Eliza WHITE, sister of Bob WHITE. Bob WHITE was a lover of good horses and kept quite a number of them. He told this story: once as he was coming across the mountain late one evening and noticed ahead of him a leaning tree across the road and a couple of young panthers were playing up and down it. He had on a large red hunting shirt so he conceived the idea of catching the panthers. Of course, he knew what might happen as the old one was concealed near there. Just as he started to place the second one in his shirt, it squalled and here she came. Having a good horse, he hoped to outrun her, but on only a narrow road he could not make much speed. His horse was getting beyond control. He said he was compelled to shuck out them panthers and get away from there.

Shade WHITE's wife was a HORTON. The W. F. E. WHITE family: his wife was a BROWN and their children were: Harve, Will and Minnie. Harve married Lucy TAYLOR, Harve TAYLORís daughter. Will married Mabel GRAHAM, daughter of Dr. Arch GRAHAM. Minnie married John A. BUNDY, son of Benjamin Franklin BUNDY. His sister, Julia, married a DORTON. The Benjamin Franklin BUNDY family of children were: John, Clint, Walter, Arch, Charles and Loula. Loula married my brother, Paris E. SETTLE. Clint married Ann DUTTON, Arch married Kate DOTSON, Charles married Kate WILLIAMS, and John married Minnie WHITE. The John A. BUNDY children were: Ben, Jack, George, Kate and Hazel. Ben married Mary Margaret FULLER, Jack married a SCOTT, George married my daughter, Garnette SETTLE, Kate married Montague McFARLANE and Hazel married Beecher JESSEE. The older BUNDY family: Their father's name was Daniel and his wife was a GODSEY. His father was Thomas BUNDY and his wife was Betty CRANK. The great grandparents of the BUNDY family were John GODSEY and Julia JETT GODSEY. Their sons were Benjamin Franklin, Stephen, John G., Thomas and Henry. Stephen lived west of Lebanon and his sons were Will, Tom, Clarence, John and Pat. Ben BUNDY lived in Belfast Mills and John G. lived in Tazewell County. Thomas and Henry went west. John's son, John Edward, married my sister, Bertha. Thomas BUNDY married Mattie CANDLER, Henry married Lucy HEINLINE and Stephen married Jessie, LEECE. It is not definitely known from what section the BUNDY's migrated. There are a lot of BUNDY's in Tennessee. So, rather traditions speaking, this could be from where the Daniel BUNDY family came.

Before there were any railroads, farmers in this section would drive their stock down east to market. John BUNDY of Tazewell and his brother, Ben, of Belfast Mills tole this story that happened on one such trip: "We spent the night at a place and they directed us upstairs to sleep. The man went out and closed the door. Neither of us noticed there were no windows open for ventilation." John said to Ben upon waking and having trouble breathing. "Get up Ben and open a window, we have to have some air." Ben got up and fumbled quite a while and said he could not open the window. John said, "Well, just take a heel of my boot and knock out a couple of panes, Iíll pay for them in the morning." Ben followed his brotherís instructions. John said, "Now for good old fresh air. Now we can sleep." They woke up next morning to find that Ben had knocked two glass sections out of a bookcase that was in the room.

The John WHITE family: Sons, Will, John and Jim. Will married Eliza WHITE. John married Gussie TAYLOR, John TAYLORís daughter. Her grand father was Crissman TAYLOR, great grandfather, Samuel TAYLOR, and great-great grandfather, George TAYLOR who married Elizabeth SUMMERS in Augusta County and settled in Russell County in 1780. Their children were Newlon and Clyde. Newlon married a FULLER and Clyde, a WILSON. Jim went west. Immediately after the Civil War, Bob WHITE and John DUFF got into a controversy over some land interest. WHITE seems to have gotten the best of DUFF. Naturally this originated in a period of malice and prejudice between them. One occasion WHITE sent a man by the name of CARPENTER over on the creek to sow wheat in the corn. This was on the land in question. CARPENTER shot and killed from ambush. Shortly afterwards, Bob WHITE was shot in the back or arm from ambush while watering his horses in the creek near the GRANT place. Some time afterwards WHITEís wife was in the dairy in a corner of the yard and just as she came out, a bullet hit the ground right near her. She like to have scratched up all the grass getting into the house. This was all attributed to the same source. Chris ADDISON once told me this, that when he was a small boy his father Hiram ADDISON, was a good gunsmith and marksman. One day John DUFF came to him with his rifle gun and asked him to fix it. He did, then he said to try it and see if it would shoot. So his father put up a spot sixty yards and missed it about one-half an inch. Then he said, "Will that do?" "Yes, that is a good gun for that distance." He remembered long afterwards a man was killed on the creek just below the WHITE place. He and his family were in the house and they the shot go off. Naturally they all ran out on the porch to see what happened. The next shot killed him. A number of similar things happened along about this time, but no one was ever brought to justice. Ed VENCILL was also killed it that immediate section. This was attributed to Jim MUTTER, son of Henry MUTTER.

 

CHAPTER II

Tom DAVIS from the New Garden section was at this time a surveyor for the whole land and country. He was born in 1820. He told once about surveying near Belfast. In a certain house a man had been killed. His tongue was shot out and his wife had swept it up in the fire. Before long someone started ghost tales. It was told to DAVIS just how it would all take place; something would fall upstairs and a shadow would pass the window. A blue flame would flash in the fireplace. There was a man and his wife living there at that time. DAVIS said his curiosity got so high that he had to spend the night there. He wanted to find out what this was all about. They retired about nine oíclock, of course, just lying there listening. About eleven oíclock a shadow passed the window, something fell upstairs, came tumbling downstairs like a keg of nails, knocked the door open, rolled out on the floor and a blue flame flashed in the fireplace. Davis said his head went under the covers until daylight. He said "I donít believe in ghosts, but I left there the next morning without any sleep. Yes, and with out knowing what that was." He much have been like the old darky who said: "I did not believe in ghosts but was afraid of them."

The John DUFF Family: Their children were Sam whose wife was a SMITH and Joe was was with John MUTTER when Bill DAVIS was killed on Webb Mountain, which will be given later. Sam DUFFís children were Lucian, Henry, Joe, Roy, Bessie and Mattie. My brother, Arthur married Bessie. Sam went west for a short time, returned and later married Sarah AYERS, Judge AYERís daughter. Mattie married Harry BUNDY, John BUNDYís son of Tazewell. They now live in Florida. Roy married a BLANKENSHIP. The Oscar DUFF family: sold out and moved to Richlands in the boom days about 1890.

The Josh LOWE family: His wife was Dow VENCILLís daughter. Her mother was a ROBINS. Josh LOWEís right name was ADAMS. His mother Rachel JOHNSON, first married an ADAMS and later Mitch LOWE and later John SALYERS, consequently they went by the name LOWE. The children were: Mitch, John, Frank, Bishop, Brook, etc. Frank was a good ball player and a fine catcher. He and Harry Lee SPRATT at one time were offered a job with the Cincinnati Reds. Harry Lee was a pinch batter.

Years ago they were trying to think up a name for Belfast. There was an old Irishman who said, "Call it Belfast, itís a good name. Thatís where I came from to this country, Belfast Ireland." Later someone added Belfast Mills.

The J. B. FERGUSON family: His wife was May TAYLOR and their children were Joe, John, Ed, Boling and Mary. J. B. FERGUSON was a merchant and a farmer. Through his wife he got a considerable amount of the BAYLOR lands. His fatherís name was Campbell FERGUSON. His mother was Julia HORTON. She later married Charles SCOTT. He had a first cousin, Wilson FERGUSON, who later went to Missouri. John was a good merchant. He seemed to study the possible needs of his customers; so generally had most anything you might call for. He was awfully high-tempered at times. Someone told this on him once. He had been to Baltimore to buy goods and came back on Saturday evening. The company from whom he bought had given him a pair of ten-dollar pant, guaranteed, of course, not to rip or wear out. So, on Sunday morning they were getting ready to go to church. May had fixed Joe up and put him out on the porch to play until she got ready. John was out there stepping around in his new pants feeling as an any president. There was a slop pail on one corner of the porch. Joe got into it and, of course, got all messed up. May came out and was kindly abusing him. John stepped over and said "May, you ought to be ashamed of yourself abusing that poor little innocent fellow. He didnít know better." John squatted down to fondle Joe and heard a stitch pop. He straightened up right quick and looked wild as a buck deer. Down he went again and tree or four stitches popped. >From that he flew mad, ran and squatted from one end of the porch to the other. There was a pole across the porch and every time he passed that he would skin a cat. Finally, he jerked the pants off, tore them into ribbons. I donít know as he went to church, but if he did, those pants were left at home, for they were in no shape for high society.

The Matt BLACKWELL family: His wife was Cuddy. He was a good blacksmith. His hair was white spotted. He once told me what caused it. He lived a Saltville. When he was about eighteen year old he was working in a salt well seven hundred feet down, blasting through the salt rock from one wall to the other and last blast unexpectedly went through. He ran to his bucket, grabbed the rope to ring the bell to pull him up. The rope broke and all he could do was climb the bucket rope. The water was rushing up the other side of the well and over one hundred feet high and coming right down on him roaring like a big thunderstorm, being the awful pressure from the other well. Pretty soon someone at the top heard this great noise and began to wind. As they did so, he had barely enough mind to slide back into the bucket. He did not know anything for [3 or four unreadable words]. That incident is what made his hair spotted.

The MERCER family: Mr. MERCER, too, was a good blacksmith. He told once, "If you would like to have souvenir horseshoe for one dollar, I will hammer you out one and if you can find one hammer mark on it, I will give it to you." Seven of this family were sick with typhoid fever at one time. The father died and some of the others. Ernest, his son, now lives at the F. GRAHAM place and all the land from there to the top of Clinch Mountain is owned by him. Will became a Methodist preacher. Ernestís wife was May CRABTREE. Bill CRABTREEís daughter. Her mother was Liddie BRASHAW.

The ROBINS and NIPPER families are a multitude. The only way and briefest way I could write then up would be what Dr. GRAHAM said to a man in Richland once. He was introduced to a man by the name of Dr. ROBINS, He said, "Iíll bet if your name is Robins, you married a NIPPER." Dr. GRAHAM was in Richmond for the inauguration of Governor STUART.

John WOLTZ, who lived at the Oscar DUFF place, died of a cancer on his nose. His son, Charles, who married Henry GOSEís daughter, was badly hurt in a machine at Belfast Mill.

The Hence CALVERT family: The children were Will and Molly. Molly married John WYSOR and eventually moved to Oklahoma.

The Dr. Sylvester ALBERT family: His wife was Elizabeth WYATT. They were married August 4, 1866. She was the daughter of John WYATT. Their children were Charles, Sylvester, Jay, Glen, James, May Gertrude and Mary. James and Jay made doctors and Charles was a County Surveyor. He had a son, Edgar, who was killed in the first World War. Hugh TAYLORís wife was Sylvesterís daughter EVANGELINE. Glen said to his father, when he died he had an old riding mare he called "Bettie". In what they called the Dark Lane leading to their home, he had always heard ghosts were seen. His father had trained Old Bettie when he would lie down on her neck she would run; so when he was caught after dark over at Belfast and came to the Dark Lane he never forgot to lie down on old Bettieís neck.

On what they call the HARRISON place, about 1887 Jeff WYATT and three boys drowned one Saturday evening in the month of June. It had rained and filled the sink hole and they went in swimming. Immediately the sink hole began to sink and suction drew them under. WYATT was a brother of Mrs. Sylvester ALBERT.

Just west of this place lived a man by the name of KING for which the place was named. One day a man by the name of VIPPERMAN was passing KINGís house, got his gun and killed VIPPERMAN. It is said that Silas HURT shipped KING away from there in a box marked "bacon". He was never punished only by a guilty conscience. This man was Hiram and Cynthia Ann ROBINís father. Her mother was Mary ROBINS, born about the time of the Revolutionary War. She was buried near Hugh TAYLORís.

The "Bally" John VENCILL family: His mother was a BARRETT, related to the BOOTHs. John said when he was a small boy some man, he had forgotten his name, spent the night with his father and after supper he told this man he was going fox racing and asked him if he wanted to go. He said he would go but he was not used to fox-racing. So in a short time they started. A fox and hound was doing his best. His father said, "My friend just listen to that heavenly music." He listened a few seconds and said, "I canít hear anything but your darned hounds." John was very eager for earthy goods and practiced strict economy. He met a man in the road one day who was selling glasses. He notice VENCILL was up in years and would more than likely need a pair, so he asked him if he couldnít sell him a pair of good glasses. He kindly rubbed his eyes and said, "I donít think there is any use of it for I can see more now than I can get. John VENCILL had an Aunt Margaret who married a Methodist preacher by name of MITCHELL. He came from Grayson County and upon retiring they went back there. They are both buried in the PERKINS Cemetery on Little Wilson Creek. She named Hugh TAYLORís wife, Margaret when she was born. His wife was Leah ADDISON, sister of Bill ADDISON. He had three sons, Robert, Will, and Jeff. Will they called "Buzz" for nicknames was a very promising young man but died in his early twenties.

The Gussie WHITE family, as we might refer to it now, her husband was John and her brothers were Will, Jim, Sparrel, Belford, and sisters Eliza and Sallie. Her grandfather was Chrissman TAYLOR, her great grandfather was Samuel TAYLOR and her great, great grandfather was George TAYLOR. More history of the TAYLORS will be given later.

The Henry RATCLIFF family: He was an Irishman and his wife was the Eliza WHITE of the above. He had an Uncle Silas who married Mary HUNT on January 1, 1857. Henry had quite a large family, Will, Joe, Estil and several girls.

The Robert PAYNE family: His mother was John VENCILLís sister. His father was John PAYNE and his wife was a MASH, known as Aunt Polly, daughter of George MASH.

The BAYLORís: Aldridge was the father of John BAYLOR and John was the father of Dr. BAYLOR who was the father of Sam BAYLOR. Edwin BAYLOR married Eliza WHITE, Bob WHITEís sister. The BAYLOR place was part of her fatherís estate, 640 acres. Children were known as "Little Ed", Virginia, Little John and Florence. Virginia died when young. The children of "Little" John were Mary, May Blanch and Rev. Joseph Ascue TAYLOR. Rev. Joe has a son, Colonel Joe BAYLOR, who now lives in Bristol, Virginia. "Little" Ed BAYLOR married Alice GILMER after her mother married Chris TAYLOR, after his death, she married James Miller Ayers. He had first married a Trickle. Thus, there were two sets of Ayers children. "Little" John Baylorís wife was Mollie Anderson. Florence Baylor married "Little" Bel Hendricks. He lived where Hugh Taylorís descendants now live. My wife was Haskew Perkins daughter and when she was born, Florence Hendricks named her. "Little" John Baylorís children: May married John B. Ferguson, Blanche married a McDonnel, Bev. Joe married a Farmer. "Little" John Baylor had a store at the Baylor place. He and another man had gone to Saltville for a load of salt and goods for his store and were camping on the road one night. He had just stepped out to see about the horse and did not return in a reasonable time. The man with him went to see about him and found that he had died suddenly. Someone came in his store one day and called for a pocketbook. He got it for him. He said "Just charge it to me." "Well, I donít feel like charging such a thing as a pocketbook for that looks very much like you havenít got any money.

The Mash family: Their earliest ancestors came to this section from North Carolina. There were two George Mashes who lived there. They were not related. The first one who was born in 1833 married Wright. He died and then the other one who was born in 1836 married her and came to this section. George was the first one who married her and the last one was William. Chris Addison said she was awfully hard on George Mash. Their children were Sallie born in 1855, Mary Ann, born in 1857, William, born in 1860, Mary Elizabeth born 1867 and George in 1847. Wife, Tom Payneís sister, Martha J. born 1860 and Manda born in 1880.

William Mash and Martha Jane Jackson, daughter of Eli Jackson were married in 1879. Children were Albert, Martha J., Amanda B. Etta and Irene. His second wife was Sarah F. Helton, born 1878, married 1892. Their children were George and Arthur. George Mash first wife was Lois Cox, later married Sarah Heninger, a relative of the Jones family. When they were both old and she was continuously nagging him about everything, a little girl came in one day, not knowing the family relation said, "Is that your Daddy over there?" "No, itís my Grandaddy." This man said he heard the guns fire that killed bill Davis on Webb Mountain. It was on July 4th but he could not remember what year it was.

The Bill Vencill Family: Someone told this story about him on one occasion. Sometime after his second wife passed away, there were several ladies there one night. One of them he was trying to fly around with so he shaved and dressed in his Sunday best. He had even laid off his glasses, showing his eyesight was perfect. He was sitting on one side of the Fireplace and saw something on the other side. Thinking it was his old shepherd dog, he jumped up, ran over and gave it a resounding kick and said "Get out of here, Shep". But it was a basket of chips. So amidst much hilarity and laughter the ladies were brushing the chips out of their hair and their laps. I donít know what happened, but evidently he did not pose very best in their good graces by pretending he had good eyesight. His wife was a Steele, Bob Steeleís sister. She had a brother, George, who was a gunsmith. I now have an old squirrel rifle he made about 1830. Their children were Bill, Arle, Ella, Mattie and Maude. His second wife was a Maxwell, mother of Cummings S. Taylorís wife. Her great, great grandfather was Captain James Maxwell who was killed at the time of the Indian Massacre of the Inglis family in Burkes Garden. He had two daughters killed and scalped by the Indians. He was the only one of his company that was killed. He had on a white hunting blouse, which was a fair target. Capt. Maxwell had charge of the company in case of Indian raid on the head waters of the Clinch, etc. The English Tories who hid under the wing of the British Army while the patriots were fighting for liberty were responsible to a great extent for these raids. They would even tell the Indians where people lived. They gave them guns and taught them how to scalp for which they paid them a bounty for each one. The "die-hard" of the Revolution and they are with us, politically, today. Read carefully the history of your country. It was the aggressive laws of the English that caused people to come to America, to carve a land of liberty from a howling wilderness. Lest they be destroyed I will make them a place of refuge. Where could this have been but the United States? Schools are not teaching the early history of our country and how it was acquired, nor the Constitution, Bill of Rights, nor home life as it used to be, nor the Bible. Then, what are they teaching?

Economy is a virtue and public debt is dangerous. Keep the truth before the people and your nation is always safe.

George Mutter, a Holland Dutchman, whose wife was a Hunt, was the first Mutter here. He was a son of George, his wife was Naomi Addison born in 1781. Children were Betty, born 1806, Eldridge, born 1809, George, born 1810, Bowsen, born 1813, Sofy, born 1816, Jackson, born 1818, Harve, born 1820, Celia born 1822 and Hensen, born 1823. George Mutter family: father of Abe, wife of a Hunt; children were Mary Ann, born 1781, Adam, born 1784, Abram, born 178-, George, born 1789, Susanna, born 1792. Their name then was Motah instead of Mutter, as it is now spelled. George Mutter was born about 1750. He brought with him an old Dutch Bible. In his old Dutch Bible are some tax receipts, one for 60cents on 400 acres of land and some stock signed "John Sowell"; another for 20 cents on 200 acres of land signed "John Swell" and one party had let their taxes go by two of three years and they had accumulated to the enormous amount #2.18. These receipts were signed by "Harry Smith". One was on [some unreadable words] of land. 20Ę signed by James Browning".

Can you beat this? With the Mutters came a man by the name of William Webb, who was born in Oxford, England in 1739. He was the ancestor of the Webb who lived on Webb Mountain, first known as Price Mountain. He was the great grandfather of Samuel Webb, who married Mary Taylor, daughter of Harve Taylor and moved to the state of Washington when it was yet a territory in 1803. Webb/s wife was a Priest. Sam Webbís mother was a Price. His father was killed by his brother. They fell out over a log cabin. Ned Burrettís wife, a sister of Sam Webbís wife, told me this. With him came people by the name of Webb, Hunts, Bishop and Lash. One of the Hunts wrote about a great storm at sea. Some of them were drowned. George, whose wife was a Hunt, was the father of Abe Mutter, whose wife was an Addison, aunt of Hiram Addison. Children were Henson, Johnson, Jack, George, Tom and Eldridge. One daughter, Celia. She married a Robins, brother of Betsy Robins, Henson married Rebecca Stinson, sister of Robert Stinson. One son, George was a dentist, married an Owens.

Johnson Mutter family: Oscar, Jule, Joseph, Bill, Emily and George, one girl Margaret. His wife was a Booth. Jackís wife was Sallie Booth, a sister of Nicy Jackson. Margaret married George Math [Mather?].

George Mutter family: One son, Reece and one girl, Mary. George Coxís first wife, mother of Mont and Tom, Eldridge married a Wyatt, one son, Henry. Harve, two girls, Elizabeth and Emma, wife of John Jackson. Rob Mutter, sons, Fletch, Harve, John and Emby. Henry Mutter Family: James, Will, Bud, one girl, Lucy. Old William Vencil Family: Sons, Shack, Dow, Henry, Will and John.

The Shack Vencill Family: His fatherís name was William, as above. His wife was Susie Creed and their sons were Jim, Marsh, Wade, Tom and one girl, Nancy. She married John Taylor. Jocie married T. Mutter, son of Laura Mutter. Jim married George Jacksonís daughter, Liza.

Dow Vencill Family: Children were Al, Ranze, Betty, Joe, Tom, Ben and Crockett. The girls were Lucy and Liza. Lucy married Joab Lowe and Liza married Bill Marshall. Dow Vencillís wife was Sallie Robins. Her father was Isiah Robins, the first ancestor of the Robins family. He was a brother of Mary Robins, the mother of Betsy Robins. She was born during the Revolutionary War and buried near Hugh Taylorís, as has been stated.

Henry Vencill Family: He was a brother of Dow and sons were Shack and Lafayette, one girl, Lucy.

The Will Vencill Family: He was a brother of Zeke, his wife was Rachel Price and sons were George, Charles, Ed and Bill, the girls were Mary and Liddie. Liddie married Will Watson and Mary married Sparrel White. She stayed at our place one time for quite a while. Also, Fred Ellis lived with us at the same time. He said she was the hatefullest girl he ever saw; he couldnít stand her. This was when I was six years old.

John (Zeke) Vencill Family: Children were Mattie, Ann, Nancy, Jennie, Pinstel, Will and George. He lived in the Laurel Bed Section. Jennie married a Sargent Elbery Alex Reynolds. George lived with John "Bally" Vencill when he was old and sick. He was always making epithetical remarks about things; so, one day he said they would not have much trouble disposing of Old Man John when he died, they could just hand him out here on the porch and he would rattle like an old gum coat when the wind blows. Not long after that he was sitting in the very same place and fell out of his chair dead.

Oscar Mutter family: His wife was a sister of Rev. J. T. Stinson. His mother and her mother were both Booths. Her son, Tom, first married a Barnett, and then a Cox. A sister who married William McReynolds.

Emby Mutter Family: His wife was a Lamona and they had one son Alec. About 1885 there was a circus at Belfast, showing in a lot near the Dr. Graham Place. The citizens and show people all got into a big fight. It is said that Emby Mutter started this by something he said to a showman and after it started, he skipped out h9ome, he and his brother, Fletch, telling everyone they met that they were just having war down there. They had Indians and they were just killing and scalping everyone. Lige Boyd and Lons Wyatt were the leaders in the principal part of it. They killed one showman and wounded some others. After it was over, they said Lena Wyatt was rigging a mule and went right over the top of House and Barn Mountain where there was no sign of a road.

George Mutter Family: The sons were, Henry and Arch and the daughters, Tobe, Lizzie and Minda. Henry married Ida Robbins, sister of Bob Robins and Bob married Henryís sister, Tobe.

Bill Mutter was Albert Mutterís father. Sarah Ann Addison was his mother, also the mother of Charles and Joe. Albert married Almeda Robins, Isaiah Robinís daughter. She had first married Jim Price. Charles married Rev. Bill Crabtreeís daughter, and Joe never married. He lost one of his girls once by talking too much. He said afterwards he believed a man should court like a mouse cutting, cut a little bit and listed a long time. The Blackwells were related to the Mutters and Addisons. Hiram Addison, Jr. and Ellen Blackwell were married in 1858. Alden Addison and Ann Blackwell were married in 1858.

The George Shephard Family. His wifeís name was Celia. It is not known who she was. She was born in 1774 and died in 1862. Their sons, George, John, Henry and James. John married Florence Robinson, Susie Robinsonís girl. Two girls Alice and Susie. Henry married Martha Harrison, Sam Harrisonís sister. James married Nancy Griffith. George went to Missouri in 1856. It is said by those who knew him he was a mean man and always in some kind of trouble. He almost cut his motherís finger off once trying to take some money from her that she had tied up in a handkerchief.

In the history of the guerilla warfare in Missouri there was a man in it by the name of George Shephard and we believe he was the same man. Judging from his disposition, he was looking for just such a job. This warfare commenced about the time he went there. What first started this trouble with the James was the Jay Hawkers and Free Booters, as they were called and had a contract with the railroad company to secure a right-of-way for which they were getting good money. But, they were forcing or causing owners to sign up for a little or nothing. So Jesse James and Frank came in home one day and found three or four of them there trying to force their widowed mother to sign up. So they did not do anything but show the gentlemen to the door and shot off their boots as they went out. This started the ball rolling. They were not fighting anyone, however, more lawless than they were. They had to fight for their existence. History concedes that this was the best organized guerilla warfare that the world had ever known up to that time. It was well managed with officers for every turn, their history says. Shepard was a lieutenant among them. But their dominating leaders were the two un-redoubtable brothers, Frank and Jesse James. Their father and mother were raised and married at Stomping Ground, Kan. And moved to Missouri in the middle of 1830.

The first Jackson in this section were Eli and Levy. Levy moved to what is now Garden Fork of Buchanan County. He had two sons, James and Harve. The first Eli family, wife was a Hunt and had one son James and one girl, Betsy. She was the mother of James Jackson. His father was a Horton and his mother was a Hunt, their sons being Will, Alamarine, Charles, John, George and one girl, Lucy who was Ford Ellisí wife. James S. Jacksonís wife was Margaret Taylor, daughter of Crabe Taylor. James wife Susannah Sword, was the father of Eli, Mike, W.N., Harve, George N., Nancy, Liza, Mary, Betsy and Levis. One girl died young. The second Eli married Amanda Stinson, sister of William Stinson. Their sons were James, John, Will, Charles, Tom and Alamarine, Franklin and Beverly, two girls, Ada and Mary Jane. Ada was Harrison Hubbardís second wife. He first married Lois Cox, daughter of Wilson Cox. Mary Jane married William she being his first wife. The second time he married Sarah Helton. Charles married Lou Taylor, Bill Taylorís daughter. Tom married Loula Jones, sister of Tom Jones. John married Harve Mutterís daughter, James married John Robinsonís daughter, Will married a Mash and Frank an Addison.

W. N. Jackson Family: Their sons were George, Everett and one girl, Allsfair, who married Jack Crosswhite. They had one son Jack, a famous baseball player. His first wife was Martha Patrick, daughter of Kyer Patrick. His second wife was Armelda Puckett, daughter of Squire Puckett. Their children were Rob, Harmon, Paul, Dover, Ted and one girl, Bertha. Harve married Mary Griffith.

George H. married Evaline Cox, daughter of Wilson Cox (son of Jesse). In the first James Jacksonís family, Mary married Oscar Addison, Betty married Smith Taylor, Nancy married Rube Cox, Levia married Rice Etter, brother of Margaret Jane Etter, first wife of Harve Taylor. Mike and James moved to West Virginia.

Harve Jacksonís Family: There were three sons, Fayton, Ingle and Estil, one daughter, Louise. He lived in Buchanan County but later bought a farm in Greenbier County, West Virginia. Louise was the mother of I. C. Boyd who was in the Legislature. A man by the name of Thomas Jackson lived in the Briar Cove Section.

There was a man by the name of Swinney who lived near Mutterís Gap. He said he was coming through the Gap from Saltville one day and stopped at a spring to drink. Just as he laid down a big eagle hit him in the back. He said he never knew how bad a man could be scared. He thought a panther had jumped on him.

All of the first Mutter family owned an interest in this Gap. Consequently it always went by the name of Mutterís Gap.

The Booth Family: Rather traditionally the first Booths who lived in this section were John and Joseph. John was the father of Hesekiah, John Minter and Bill were married twice. In the last family there was only one girl who was the wife of P. L. Hankins. She had no full brothers and sisters. Patton Barrettís mother was a Booth. Rev. J. T. Stinsonís mother was a half-sister to the Booths. One day Uncle Pete Hankins (as every called him) was trying to get a rabbit out of a rockpile when there was snow on the ground. Wilson Cox walked over to where he was. He thought Uncle Pete could see him coming but he didnít. When he got to Uncle Pete he was lifting up with all his power on a rail to turn over a large rock. Without speaking, he stepped up behind him and pushed on the rail to help. Suddenly the rail broke. Uncle Pete landed in the hole and Wilson on top of him with two, big multicolored mittens in the show on each side. They said that Uncle Pete squalled till you could have heard him five miles away. He said afterwards that he believed he was the worst scared man that ever lived along Clinch Mountain. Hezekiah Booth lived here all of his life. Bill eventually moved to Greenbrier County, West Virginia. Joseph Boothe once owned what is at the present time the Preston Jones Place. He had a large orchard of all kinds of fruit. This he generally made into brandy, as a great many did then. He later sold this place to Scot Dennison and Preston Jones inherited it through his wife, Helen Dennison. Near this place is the old Beartown Cemetary, as we might call it. All the Boothe and Dennison families are buried there and lots of others as early as around the year 1800. Just above Sneed Mill a pasture land you will find an old, unmarked cemetery, where the first Jacksons, Sneeds, Swords, Shepards and others are buried.

Referring to the Hence Mutter family: He had one son, George, already mentioned. His wife was an Owens. He was very aggressive toward his family, drinking and spending his means on others. Of course, everything went from bad to worse. He had two sons, Will and Dale. Will, at this time, was about eighteen years old. Their father would often come in drunk and run them and their grandfather off. Could hardly stay near the house while he was there. Finally Will took it upon himself to defend his mother, his brothers and sisters. One account of such a state of affairs, the family had gotten down to very unkept conditions. Dale then was a little boy. When he would be out with his mother and most anyone he would run around behind her to hide his ragged clothes. Such a condition became unbearable with Will. Although it is said some other members of the family influenced him to do what he did. On the day of this tragedy he was at a neighborís house who had no liking for his father. They were talking about the conditions of things and their father would be home that night and would hurt some of them. This man said, "I will tell you what to do; I have a good thirty-eight pistol I will loan you if he attempts to do anything, just kill him. On the way home that evening he met someone and had this gun and remarked, "I only have two cartridges in it, they will have to save me tonight." When he got home he came in at the back door. They were all at supper. His father saw he had a gun, the like of which he had never seen before. They said he turned pale as death, got up and started toward him. His wife grabbed him and started out the other door. Just as they got to the door he looked back. Willís gun was leveled on him. He jerked out a thirty-two and both fired at the same time. His wife stated at the inquest by Sandy Stuart and others that she saw the blaze of both pistols and they seemed to run together. George fell out the door dead. Will lived about five minutes. This happened between sundown and dark on the 21st day of April 1896. George was thirty-eight years old and Will was eighteen. Both of them were shot through the heart.

About five or six hundred yards from where this happened, Dale Mutterís son-in-law, Dale Stuart, son of John White Stuart, killed him. They pronounced Stuart crazy and he is now in the Veterans hospital at Roanoke, Virginia. There might have been some provocation on someoneís part that caused this to happen, but that was never conceded. This was in 1946. He killed Dale Mutter with a double-bladed ax.

Also, about one and one-half miles from here at the Baylor place, J. D. Howard killed his wife and himself in 1927. She was Leona Hammond, daughter of S. S. Hammond. Immorality and prostitution were at the bottom of it all. They had a family of six boys.

CHAPTER III

From all these tragedies that are mentioned and others that will be mentioned, someone might conceive the idea that we are a very mean population, but that is not intended. It is like the stranger who passing through a new country, was accosted by a man who wanted to know if there were any mean people in that country. "Yes sir, just plenty of them" The first one spoke u: "I thought you said there were all mean people here." "No sir, I meant you can find just any kind you are looking for." We do not feel that the history of our southwest is fully appreciated, especially, by those when we had to run from man-made religion and Tory govern-Ö.Here the Cradle of Liberty was rocked before the Declaration of Independence. If you have any argument about this, first be sure you fully appreciate our history. This section was populated by a people of stout hearts and strong arms. Battling for the right that they might have a land of liberty, where they could worship God according to the dictates of their own conscience. Kind in their disposition and fearless in the presence of their enemies, upright in their dealing and undying lovers of their country. A people who take no pride in the noble achievements of remote ancestors will never achieve anything worthy to be remembered with pride by remote descendants.

The Major John Henry Smith Family: His wife was Flora Hutchinson of Richmond. Her sister, Susie, married John Aker Hancock. One girl, Sue, died young. He was once manager of the Elk Garden store. His first wife was a Spiller and they had two sons, Will and Jim and one girl. The Smith children were Tom, Douglas, John Henry and Garnet. Tom first married Virginia Raper. His second wife was Anna Gilkerson and their children were Lillian Florine, Frances and Anna James. William married Ann Bowen, Reese Bowenís daughter. They have one son, John Henry III. Florine married Hamilton Wade, they have one girl, Ann. Frances is not married and Ann James married Reese T. Bowen, Jr., son of Reese T. Bowen, Sr. They have two sons, Douglas and John Henry were lawyers. Garnet made a doctor and married Ruby Steele, daughter of Rev. and Mrs. Charles Steele. Their children were Mary Douglas and Elizabeth Steele. Mary Douglas is in Puerto Rico and Elizabeth married Hugh Lynch and lives in Lebanon. The Steeles are buried at Bull Hill, Tennessee. Dr. Smith and wife are buried in Russell Memorial Cemetary. I joined the church when Rev. Steel was in charge at Elk Garden. George Bundy now runs the Garnet Smith farm, a good place of 900 acres. John Henryís father was J. W. Smith. He had a brother, Henry. John Henry was a Colonel in the Confederate Army. The brick house at Smithfield was built by J. W. Smith in 1850. John Henry was once in the State Senate. William now lives at the old homeplace.

Stuarts, Smiths and Carters are all related. Liza Smith married a Carter, hence the relation. William Alexander Stuart, just after the Civil War, bought Elk Garden from the Hendricks estate and bought Rosedale and Paint Lick in 1867 as a body of land. His first wife was a Carter and their children were Henry C., Dale C., John and Susie. Henry C. married Charles Carterís daughter, his first cousin and they had one girl, Mary. Henry C.ís mother was Mary Taylor Carter. Dale C. married Sallie White and they had two sons, Harry and John White. John married a Preston and they had three sons, William A., Walter and H. C. Susie married Judge Campbell. His second wife was a Spiller. They had three sons, A. B. (Sandy), Will and Arch. The Stuart home was what we now call Number Four. Both families practically grew up there. This old brick home was built by Thad Thomas. He had a son, Thad, who was here when we were building the Sunday School rooms at Elk Garden Church and he gave us $1,000.00. When his father was building the brick home, the lived in the log house above the road. Stuart built an addition to this home. This is a two-story house with eight chimneys and sixteen fireplaces, all metal lined, considerably over 100 years ago. It was built when Elk Garden Church was the old log one in front of the present church. When Stuart moved there, he set that grove in every kind of tree he could find in this country. Just in front of this house across the creek above the road was an old log house where Dr. Price, a noted Methodist preacher, was born and raised. In consideration of him it was moved to Elk Garden and built as a Methodist chapel at the Stuart home at Elk Garden is now occupied by Senator Harry C. Stuart, son of Dale C. Stuart. His wife is Marion Lee Cobb. Her motherís second husband was a Rhinehart, once State Senator from Covington, Va. They have one daughter, Marion Lee, who married George Cockran. Their home is beautiful and massively constructed. The partition walls are twelve inches thick. They have many antique and historical things, as well as large portraits of many ancestors, down to the present time.

We have had several State Senators, one Governor and one United States Senator from Russell County (Colonel Withers). He had rented the Lampkin farm at Rosedale while in Russell County. He was a Lieutenant Governor in 1868 and later was elected to the Legislature to the United States Senate. The legislature then elected the Senators. He was succeeded by William Mahone, in the time of the Re-Adjuster Party and the establishment of free schools in Virginia in 1870.

Speaking of February, Alexander Stuart left here on the second of February for a Philadelphia Hospital. When he started to get on the train, he waved to someone and said, "This is ground hog day." When he stepped aboard the train, his feet left the soil of Southwest Virginia forever. He was buried at Saltville.

William Spiller was a brother-in-law of William Alexander Stuart. His second wife was a Spiller, as has been stated. They had three sons, Sandy, Will and Arch. They were all brilliant boys of mind, and drink and dissipation conquered. They all died young. Will was one time Judge of the Houston Court of Bristol, when he was only twenty-five years old. When Arch died I asked his half-brother what was wrong. The most he said, "The way of the transgressor is hard." Proverbs 13:15. Known descendents of the little Irish lad, Archibald Stuart , who spent his heaven on earth around Lundenberry, Ireland. Childhood days are little bits of heaven on earth. How sometimes their remembrance rolls on us like a mountain and we are prone to exclaim:

"Turn back, turn back, Oh time in your flight
Just make me a boy, only once, for tonight."

When he grew to manhood, on account of persecution, he hid in the wilds of Pennsylvania and later in Augusta County, Virginia. From there to Patrick County and from Patrick to Smythe and from Smythe to Russell County. Henry Smith lived at Rosedale in the last century. He was the father of Charles Smith. He built a three-story frame dwelling house. The framing was from white oak eight or ten inches a square, massive in its construction. They said an old Negro with a yoke of oxen hauled all the sawed lumber for this house from a sawmill on Tumbling Creek. He could only make one load a week. This house was removed by Dale C. Stuart for the present brick one. When Smith lived there he would have visitors from far and wide. Then, almost from the creek to the top of Beartown was a solid forest. At that time only one house could be seen and that was Harve Taylorís.

Dr. Garnet Smithís grandfather was Henry Smith. Near Belfast is Smithís Fort built in 1774. Henry Smith was the first Smith in this section. He had a grant of land from the King of England which occurred more than what is now one-half of Russell County. Eventually, this tract of land was divided among the descendents, was reduced to Clifton composed of about twelve thousand acres owned by Charles Smith, nephew of Henry. Charles gave this and $45,000.00 of debt to Governor Henry C. Stuart to take care of him the balance of his days. Charles was pretty fond of his booze. At the Clifton home all the older generations of Smiths are buried. Mary Preston, grandmother of Mrs. Dale C. Stuart, is also buried there. The old Clifton house burned not long ago. Henry Smith, as above mentioned, had a brother, Daniel, who once passed down the Clinch Valley and is said to have spent some time with General Russell and Daniel Boone. He then went on to Nashville, Tennessee.

CHAPTER V.

Here are some rather unusual things we can mention. Between Beartown Mountain and the New Garden section, is the crookedest railroad in the United States, the crookedest public road, and the crookedest river. The road runs to every point of the compass. So does the river and also the railroad which is so crooked in places some said, it looked like the conductor could reach a chow of tobacco over to the engineer. On this railroad is a station, Tip Top, the highest railroad point east of the Rocky Mountains, was built from 1889 to 1891. Stations were named Swordís Creek, for the creek of that name. Honaker, for Harve Honaker, Finney, for Lilborn Finney, Cleveland for Grover Cleveland and so on. After all, we never heard of a wreck of any consequences on Clinch Valley Railroad.

Clinch River was named for a man by the name of Clinch, a surveyor. North of this river is generally a coal region. South of it is a blue grass region. Towns, hamlets and communities of this section are as follows: Loop, Johnsons, Elk Garden, Barnett, Smithfield, Rosedale, Beartown, Baylor, Belfast, Finney, Honaker, Blackford, Gardener, Barretts, Swords Creek, Clifton, Bradshaw and Dry Branch. The rivers, creeks and branches of this section: Big Clinch and Little Clinch Rivers, most of their tributaries are on the north side, such as Lewis Creek, Swords Creek and lots of other smaller steams heading out of Sandy Ridge. They only have two tributaries on the south side, Webb or Mill Branch at Blackford and Indian Creek at Wardell. Southside creeks and branches, Johnson Branch, Loop Creek, Cedar Creek, Dry Branch, Fuller Branch, Robinson Run, Pinch Cut Branch, Deer Flat Branch, the head of Dry Branch, Polly Creek, Jones Branch, Patrick Branch, Shepherd Branch, Jackson Branch, Nicy Branch, head of Cedar Creek, Baylor Run, Hankins Branch, Barnett Branch, Taylor Branch, Indian Creek, Hurt Branch and Grant Creek. These steams all have their origin in Beartown Mountain, second highest peak in Virginia, 4607 feet. This valley is transversed by Highway No. 18, "Trail of the Lonesome Pine". The scenic wonders are many and you drink pure freestone spring water. Our Clinch River has many deep gorges and high cliffs, its rocky rapids make "Clinch Roll" like the Jordan. From its extreme course where you turn over to Burkeís Garden to a certain point in Scott County, it has a fall of around fifteen hundred feet. The distance is about sixty-five miles. The Clinch is on the Appalachian Plateau.

On Swords Creek lived a family by the name of Call. There were five or six boys. My father grew up with them in Smythe County, worked and had business together. Tom and Jim were carpenters. They built a barn for us once. Tom said when he was a little boy they would haul cord wood to Beltville. His wife was Lige Boydís sister.

The Will Davis Family: His son, Arthur, now lives at the old home. His wife is Billy Gilmerís daughter. Billy was a brother-in-law of A. C. Fuller.

Swords Creek in the early days of the railroad acquired a feudal reputation for tragedies. Finally it got the name of Butcher Knife.

The late William Mutter, 85 years old, who lived at Stemp Town. His father was Jess Mutter and his mother was Eliza Ball, daughter of Haskew Ball. The last old Civil War soldier of Russell County out of a total of fourteen hundred fifty volunteers from this County was Haskew Ball. Jess Mutter and Eliza Ball were married by Rev. J. W. Stallard on Sept. 22, 1862.

Here comes a little history in connection with the Balls which can be somewhat in the shadows of tradition. Martha Custis, wife of George Washington, as we all know, had first married a Custis and it is said her mother was a Ball. Early in pioneer days there was a man by the name of Ball from Fairfax County settled here in the New Garden Section. He could have been a relative or distant relative of the same Ball family. It has been said there were a very few people of a certain name in those days. George Ball from New Garden married my motherís only aunt, Nancy Taylor. He was a descendant of this Ball from Fairfax. They had a son, Liborn Ball. He was the father of Margaret Ball, wife of "Big" John Wyatt.

Lilborn Jackson Family: He was the son of George, his wife, Nettie was the daughter of Ira Hubbard. Their children were, Graham, Spencer, Clarence, Arthur, Bessie, Arline, Willie May.

Jerry Jackson Family: He was the son of George, his wife was Tom Mutterís daughter and their children were: Robert, Kyle, Claude, Betha, Mildred, Velma, Gene, Roy and June. His wifeís grandfather was Oscar, his wife was a Booth, daughter of John Booth. His great grandfather was a Johnson, great great grandfather Abram and great great great grandfather, George Mutter, who was a Holland Dutchman.

The first known Jackson in Virginia was George. He lived in the northwest territory in Harrison County. This county is now in West Virginia and he was at one time in the Legislature from that county in 1785. General Stonewall Jacksoníg great grandfather was Ed. Brother of George. The General was born and raised in Harrison County. Eli and Levy Jackson, who came to this section, were from the valley or Harrison County. George and Ed, their father was John Jackson, and mother was an Emmitt, had a sister who lived in Turkey Run in this County as late as 1831. So, from this history, it seems all Jacksons are related.

The Randolph Hubbard Family: His wife was Adline Fletcher. They were both from North Carolina. The first Hubbards in this section. The children were Adline, Ed and Liza, Wilson Cox's wife, mother of George Jackson's wife, Evaline. Ed was the father of Ira, Harrison, Marion and Betty. Mother a Viars. Bill, a brother of Randolph, the father of Hale, Buck, Amos and Shug. Adline never married. Jim father of Wesley and Joe. Jess, son was Jim, father of Dallas Hubbard. Polly and Adline never married. Amos, I have been told, came to Harve Taylor's once during the smallpox epidemic in this section and was working there. Aunt Katherine was down at her house one evening and someone told her that man had a chance for smallpox. She jumped on her horse and ran him home and told Amos he would have to leave. He went on home and took smallpox that night and died in just a few days.

Ira Hubbard's wife was Martha Cox. Their children were: John, Emma, Nettie and Ira and Harrison's wife was Lois Cox, sisters, daughters of Wilson Cox. The other two sisters, Mock married Pat Robinson and Jennie married Ben Robinson and Jim married Lizzie Price, sister of Mathias Price. Wilson Cox's wife, known to her relatives as Granny Cox, lived to be ninety-seven years old. Bill Hubbard was a brother of Randolph.

Henderson Highway was named for Helen Henderson, the first woman in the Legislature from Virginia. This highway runs from Glade Spring to the Mississippi River.

The Kendrick Family: His wife was Clarissa McFarlane, both born in the year 1800. Below is an obituary of Clarissa McFarlane Kendrick written by her grandson, William J. Kendrick:

IN MEMORIAM

OF CLARISSA KENDRICK

Wife of James Kendrick, who died in Elk Garden Russell County, Virginia, August 2nd 1877, aged about seventy-seven years. In the evening of life and of the day when the sun was casting its silvery rays back on the home that had been so long cheered by her presence, she passed away with a blessed assurance of a happy reunion with friends that had gone before. Her faith in the atonement through Christ was strong and abiding. She told the writer that the religion that was sustaining her in her last conflict, was sought and obtained when she was about sixteen years of age, and that she had ever found it precious in all her trials through life. She had lived a member of the Methodist Church South fifty-five years and its love-feasts and communion sessions are recounted with feelings of the deepest emotion. Some days before her death, she called her relatives to her bed-side, and exhorted them to meet her in Heaven; shouting the praises of God alone in her excastises of joys seeming to forget her bodily afflictions and stated that her work would soon be done, and that she was ready to depart, only waiting for the Lord's will.

During her protracted illness, several times she called up the subject of the recognition of friends in the spirit world and wondered if she could be so highly favored as to have the presence of her children that had departed this life, so that she could know them and realize their presence in the hour of death, and when that solemn and eventful period had come, and death was doing its fearful work, her desire seemed to be fully realized, she then said: "I see they have come, I am now going", and her spirit soon took its flight to God who gave it, and casting a lingering look back on her aged partner, companions and children to whom she was deeply attached, she joined the company of those that had gone before. Thou are gone, thy seat around the Holy family hearthstone is vacant, but our loss is her eternal gain. In a little while the knoll of time will sound for us like her, and we, too, will slumber in the silent graveyard, but with Christian faith we can see light in the darkness of the tomb. The grave is but the portal of Heaven through the blue vaults above comes voices of loved ones calling us heavenward, and listening, we long for the land of rest where celestial glory is ever shedding its luster on the golden streets of that city, where there is no darkness or death, but God is the light of it" W.J.K."

James Kendrick's father must have been Captain Kendrick in the Revolutionary days of Washington County, when it included all of southwest Virginia. His wife's mother was a Price, a daughter of Colonel James McFarlane and his father was William, who was in the great Indian battle at Point Pleasant in 1774. He was wounded in this battle having one of his eyes knocked out by an Indian arrow. William McFarlane was a Captain during the Revolution. He was an Indian fighter, a Captain of his company in case of Indian raids. His son, James, also was a Colonel in the War of 1812. He had a son, Alexander, who was the father of John McFarlane who was the father of the present McFarlane generation.

The Kendrick children were, four sons and six daughters, Evans, William, Drayton and John. Girls: Mary, Cosby, Malinda, Rachel, Caroline and Nancy Patton. Evans married a Lockhart and their children were Lizzie, Tobe and Thad. Liz is married to Jones and lived in Roanoke. Tobe was a school teacher and married English Hammett from Kentucky, Thad married Daisy Clarke and acquired considerable wealth in the lumber business. William married Harve Honaker's sister and their children were: Evans was born in 1856 and moved to Bristol in 1882, was twice in the Legislature from Bristol and Washington County in 1889-1890. He got a bill through the Legislature changing Goodson to the City of Bristol.

Drayton married Barnett Reynold's daughter, Liza. They had one daughter, Minnie, who married Judge W.N. Kendricks. Drayton died when he was only twenty-six years old. Then Liza married Preacher Howard. Minnie had a half-brother, Everett Leonard, who lived in Bluefield. John married a Lockhart. Their children were William and Henry. William eventually became a Baptist preacher. Henry is a merchant in Bluefield. William died in Suffolk, Virginia. Cosby married William Fuller and they had no children. Someone got to telling that while he was in the Confederate Army, he captured sixty Yankees on one ocassion. He said, "It's not so, was just six." Mary married Roger Howard and their children were: James, Robert and Mary Douglas. James married Leona Redmond and they had six sons. Robert married Ollie Taylor, James Taylor's daughter. His father was Fullen Taylor, and his father was Isaac Taylor and his father was George Taylor. Mary Douglas married Blythe D. Smith and their children were: Louise, Pete, Him and Mary Sue. Pete was killed in the second World War, was born in 1912 and died in 1945. Louise married Charles Robert Settle, son of N. H. Settle.

Malinda Kendrick married Samuel Humphrey and their children were: May, Minnie and James. Mary was Henry Davis' wife and their children were, Roy and two girls. Minnie was never married. James moved to Kentucky. Rachel married Henry Aston and their children were: Tom, Henry and Fawn. Tom married a Dinwiddie. Fawn was never married.

Caroline Kendrick married William Stinson and their children were: William, R.L., Drayton and George. Drayton married Corrie Taylor, sister of Gussie Taylor and finally moved to Amarilla, Texas. R.I. married a Hagy. I have heard it said George and some other man left here going west and was never heard from. Nancy Patton was our grandmother, married Emby Taylor and their children were: Julia, Nannie, Rachel and Cosby the boys were Hugh, Cummings, Lafayette, Faris, Bob, Wade and Jim. The last four named died when young.

Wilson Cox family: Their children were Evaline, Lowry, Lilburn, George, Jim, Mary, Mack, Jennie, Lois and Martha. John died in infancy.

Jesse Cox Family: He was the first Cox in this section and who his mother was, was never known. She died when he was born. He was a sargeant in the War of 1812. His wife was Fussy Harper. They came from North Carolina. Jesse's sons were Pete, Wilson and Alph. One girl, Lois, who was the first wife of George Mash. Pete had one son, John, who moved to Missouri. They were a large family. Wilson's family has been given). Alph was the father of "Little Wilson Cox", some referred to him as Wilse Dormal because he married Margaret Dormal, sister to Harve Dormal. They were also a large family. George Cox, son of Wilson family; their children were: Mont, Tom, Frank, Ross, Alice, Ella and Eva who was William Davis' wife, Mary, Tom Mutter's wife. The Fullen Robinson Family: His wife was a Griffith. Their children were Sam, Tom, Ann, Hannah, Evaline, Martha and Maggie. Sam married a McNew, Tom married a Finney, Lilborn Finney's daughter, Ann married J. T. Puckett, his first wife and Malissa Dickenson Reynolds, his second wife. She had first married Charles Dickenson. Evaline married Bruce Johnson, Martha married Clint Jesse. Maggie married Jeff Puckett, brother of J.T. Puckett.

John Robinson Family: He was a brother to Fullen and his father was Samuel, his mother was a Price. His wife was Nancy Creed. Their children were: Ben, Henry, Jim, tom, Ellen and Eveline. Pat Robinson's mother was Hannah Robinson, sister of John. Pat married Mack Cox and their children were: Charles, Everett, Will, Walter and Vernie. Henry married Jose Hubbard and their children were: Gussie, Odella, Harrison, Mary, Robert, Jerry, Martin, Ernest and James. One died in infancy. Jim married Mary Vencill and their children were George, Manda, James, Susie, Jennie and Alta. Tom married Barbara Cox. Ben married Jennie Cox first and they had three children. Then he married a Boardwine the second time. Ellen married James Thompson and their children were: Ira, Molly and Maggie. Ira married a Clark, Molly never married and Maggie married Wilson Cox, son of Lilbern. Their children were: Beulah, Roberts, Oda Steele, Ollie, Bill, Bob, Jean, Eddie and Mildred. Evaline married Amos Haze.

Samuel Robinson was father of Full and John. His wife was a Price. Tom Price was a son of Richard Price, who owned a large body of land in that section and his sons were: Henry, Mark and Richard.

The Bud Boyd Family: His wife was Margaret Robinson, sister of Full and Tom, their children were only one, Jerry. Tom went to Missouri. One son, Jerry, married Luemy Cox, they had two sons, Roy and Percy and girls were Kate, Maggie, and Sallie Ellen. The W.N. Howard family: His wife was Rachel Taylor, sister of my Mother. She was Emby Taylor's daughter and their children were: Hiram, Arch, Charles, Amanda and Kate. The second family's children were: Joe and Jerry. Hiram was the only one of this W.H. Howard family that married. He married Maude Vencill, daughter of Bill Vencill.

Robert Jones Family: His first wife was Fanny Sword and second wife was a Ward. They had a large family.

Fullen Snead Family: His wife was Kate Richardson. They had twenty-one children namely: Corsen, Martha, Bessie, Paul, Dottridge, Rushia, Fullen, Gilmer, Minnie, Lucy, Rufus, Giles, Caney, Henry, Rose, Alice, Ralph, Virginia, Taylor, Willard, and Jessie.

The Harve Martin Family: His wife was Henry Fogleman's daughter and his father was James O. Martin. They had one son, Henry. He had two brothers, Davy and Wesley. Henry's wife was Roxie Fogleman, daughter of Charles Fogleman. Henry Fogleman was his Uncle. She first married Arthur Sword, William Sword's son, who was killed in the first World War. Two daughters, Malissa and Beulah. Malissa is Ralph Settle's wife and Beulah married Fred Garrett.

Henry Fogleman Family: His wife was a Cumbow and their children were: Isaiah, Arch, Jim, Bob, Elbert, George and two girls, Sallie and Malissa, the wife of Henry Martin. Sallie was never married. Isaiah was a Methodist preacher. Arch was once Commissioner of the Revenue. Jim was also a preacher. George married Rev. J.W. Stallard's daughter. His daughter, Lucille, married Rob Settle.

The John Cox Family: He was the son of Lowry Cox, his wife was Sarah Fletcher, sister of his father's second wife, so John beat his children out of their grandfather and made him a brother-in-law. He had one brother, Jim, who lived in Ohio. I can remember very well the first time I ever saw Lowry Cox to know who he was. His first wife was a Fletcher. He lived then at the Bill Wysor place.

The Ira Fuller Family: His wife was a Cowan. They had one son, A.C. and one daughter, Mattie. Mattie married Billy Gilmer. He lived to be ninety years old. A.C.'s wife was Nina Ketron, John Ketron's daughter. Her mother was a Tignor. Their children were: Mary Margaret, Dorothy and A.C. Fuller,Jr.

He has a gold watch his father carried through the Civil War. It could be over one hundred years old, but has never quit running.

The A.C. Fuller Family were A.C. Jr., Mary Margaret and Dorothy. A.C. Jr. is now Treasurer of Russell County, Mary Margaret married Ben Bundy. Dorothy was a teacher. The Ketrons always seemed to be carpenters and manufacturers of building materials. Felix, the father of John Ketron, and a man by the name of Crabtree had a saw and planing mill on Big Cedar Creek. They made all the woodwork for the Elk Garden Church. A part of the lands owned by A.C. he calls the Taylor Place. This land was once owned by Samuel Taylor, an uncle of my great grandfather. He came here with George Taylor from Augusta County around 1783. He was buried at Boyd Cemetary in 1856.

The J.J. Bays Family: His wife was a Price. Their children were, W.W., L.L., and Billy. W.W. Bays was the greatest preacher Russell County ever produced. Lafayette's wife was Harvey Bay's daughter, his first cousin. He was Clerk of the Russell County Court at one time. His descendents now live in California. Harvey's descendents live in the Loop, Charles and Garnett. J.J. Bays was a stone mason. He built a chimney at Jesse Davis house in the gap of Webb Mountain and on the outside next to the top rock was written "J.J. Bays, 1858". Harvey Bays lived in the Loop, as has been stated. One of his sisters married King Dye, John Dye's mother. She had first married a man by the name of Grace and had one son, Henry, who lived in West Virginia.

There was a man by the name of Mago from the Loop who married Katherine Jones, sister of Pret Jones. She later married a Boardwine.

CHAPTER VI

A brief history of the Johnson families who lived near Hayters Gap. George Johnson's wife was a Beckley and their sons were Sheffey, Ben, Sisero and Thomas. Thomas was the grandfather of Abe Johnson. Dr. Johnson's mother was a Johnson, his father was a man by the name of Strong. He was a bastard. He left her and went to Kentucky. She afterwards married James Kendricks, the father of Martin and Rose. Sheffey Johnson was a great church man. Dr. Johnson's wife was Ann Thompson. Their children were Jim, Bruce, Wiley, Tom, Jenner and Ogden. Some of Billy Johnson's relatives said he was very wicked. Jim, for quite a number of years, has been at the University of Virginia. Bruce was a lawyer. His first wife was a Webb from Washington County and his second wife was Evaline Robinson. She had first married Clint Jesse. Wiley was a preacher; first married a White. He called her Sunshine. Preacher Vaught supposed she called him Moonshine. Tom was a preacher and finally went west. Henner was a farmer in Washington County. Ogden is a farmer and married a Ferguson. After Dr. Johnson's father left him and his mother remarried, Ben Johnson raised him and then when Ben died he hooked a lot of money and went to school on it. Remember the sins of the forefathers are visited unto the fourth generation. Look what has already happened to this family, especially Bruce. His second children, Henry and Don killed themselves. Henry killed his wife at the same time. Jenner's son, Robert, shot himself. Something yet to happen.

Now for a little tragical history connected with the above generations. In Powell Valley, Lee County, June 20, 1875 there lived almost a lone pioneer by the name of Archibald Scott. He had married Fanny Dickenson of Castlewood. They had five children. All day about twenty Paunee Indians had been watching him working in the fields. When night came they broke into his cabin and the first thing he knew of their presence was when their tomahawk gleamed above him. They killed him in bed, killed his five children and scalped them, took his wife prisoner, set the house on fire and left. This raid was led by a notorious half-breed, Benge, a mix, a white man and Indian, then they have not the virtue of either. They went across the Cumberland Mountains toward Ohio. Often along the way she was faint and footsore. The Indians would slap her in the face with the bloody scalps of her husband and children to hurry her, but being of great strength and endurance, she surprised even the Indians themselves. When they traveled about two hundred miles, they stopped at one of their favorite hunting grounds to hunt for a few days. When they got to their town on the Miama, she was to become the wife of a certain one of the Indians. So, they left him to guard her, but after a length of time, he fell into a profound sleep. She picked up his tomahawk to kill him, but fearful of her physical condition, she might not strike a fatal blow, she laid down the tomahawk and made a noise as if to wake him but he didn't. So she took this opportunity to escape. She got into a spring branch and followed it as far as possible to break her trail. Soon she heard a party of them hunting, she stepped off the trail until they passed, then trudged on. Next day she heard them on her trail. She crawled into a hollow log and they crossed it but never peeped into the log. One of them stepped on it and peeked into it but said it was hollow, for there was a spider web over the end. But what provincial spider would have woven a web that quick? Next day she heard them again on her trail. She stepped out of their way below a large sycamore and it happened to be hollow. She hid in it and they didn't happen to come around on that side. So after this, they seem to have quit following her. She came to a high elevation and could see the dim outline of the Cumberlands. She trudged on for weeks, could only make a few miles per day, with scanty apparel and only food was berries, barks and roots. She came to a river supposed to be the Kentucky. Following up this for a long way, she came to two paths or trails one right and one left, but had not gone but a few steps when a bird flew around her, touched her left shoulder and lit over in the right path. She paid no attention at first until the bird did that the second time, then she thought, this is the spirit of my children telling me I am on the wrong path, so she stepped over in the right path and it led her straight to what is now Pound Gap and finally back to Castlewood. In a year or two there was a man by the name of Thomas Johnson from Tennessee, Johnson County, Tennessee was named for him. He came there and they were married and settled near Hayter's Gap. These were the ancestors of all Johnson families above mentioned. Some of the earliest settlers had a tanyard just back of where Elk Garden Store is now across the creek. As you cross over the hill there toward Lebanon, about one hundred yards from the road is a bunch of wild cherry trees, where Thomas Hendricks and wife are buried. It seems some of the Johnsons are also buried there. Their descendents now live nearer the Gap. When traveling that way, as you turn off Highway No. 82 on the Loop Road, just after you cross the bridge, stop on your right is the old shop place as mentioned in history. On your left is now a new house. The third one that has been there. The first one was a large log house with a stone chimney and pinted with clay. This is where Fanny Scott Dickenson and her husband, Thomas Johnson lived. Northeast of the house on a hill is a clump of trees is where she is buried. We have no dates on this for the tooth of time has obliterated the inscriptions on the tomb. When she died, must have been around 1800. Bishop Francis Asbury, the first Bishop of the Methodist Church, happened to be in this section at the time. He was stopping at the James Browning Place and would preach in Old Elk Garden Chapel. They sent for him and he preached her funeral. She was between ninety and one hundred years old. Who can say she didn't drink her part of the bitter dregs of pioneer days? The jail at Lebanon used to be in the basement of the Henritz Hotel and dwelling house. The new jail wasn't built then. They had a trial for a black negro, Arch,-Johnson and Judge John A. Kelly presided, the father of Mrs. Vince Gilmer.

Thomas Hendricks was born in 1737 and died in 1823. He and his wife, Martha, were married in 1768, She was born in 1740 and died in 1813. They lived near Elk Garden, owned at one time all the lands from there to Hansonville. They are buried west of Elk Garden about one mile in a field shaded by cherry trees.

Avaron Hendricks and wife, Rachel, were married in 1805. He was born in 1781. He was buried on a knoll between H.C. Stuart residence and the stone silo. He was the son of Thomas Hendricks. He also had two sons, Avaron and Lilborn. Avaron was the father of Judge W.N. Hendricks, whose wife was Minnie Kendrick. His mother was a Gray. Old Lilborn built Elk Garden brick mill for a cotton factory but it was never used for that purpose. It was later sold to William Alexander Stuart about the end of the Civil War. He had two sons, Full and "Little" Lilborn. Full was the father of Frank and Sallie Cazon. "Little" Lilborn married Florence Taylor.

James was the son of "Old" Lilborn, his wife was a Johnson. Two sons, Martin and Ross. Martin married a Perkins of the Gordon Perkins family. Their children were Jim, Sam and Mary. Ross married a Gilmer, sister to Martha Browning. They had no children. Martin and Ross were uncles of Preacher Will Kendricks. Some of the older people remember Uncle Jimmy Kendricks, as they referred to him. He would travel over the country putting up tombstones. He travelled on a one-horse buckboard. Would stop at school houses and lecture to the scholars, generally about tobacco. He said, "Don't smoke, it burns your clothes and makes a chimney of your nose".

The Bill Wysor Family: his first wife was Malissa Taylor, daughter of Chrisman Taylor. Her mother was Elizabeth Sargent, and their children were Jim, John and Frank. Jim married Alley Mayter, John married Mollie Calvert and Frank married Gertie Perkins, sister of my wife. His second wife was Sallie Price, daughter of Mathias Price. Their children were Walter, Joe, Charles and Elizabeth. One girl died when young.

The James Wysor Family: His father was Adam Wysor who settled in New Garden section in what is not known as Wysor Valley. He and lawyer Jow Wysor's grandfather who lived at Pulaski, were brothers. Bill and Jow Wysor were cousins, sons of James were Bill, Charles, Tom and John. Two daughters, Cord never married and Bettie was Bane Honaker's wife.

The Charles Powers Family: His mother was a Moore and his wife was Sis Astrop, daughter of Oliver Astrop. Their children were Will, Tom, Perry, Lou, Charles, Girls were Mollie, Salina and Ollie. Mollie married Bill Hargis, Salina married Paris (Tobe) Taylor and Ollie married William McFarnene. Powers and sons were all generally stone, brick and general construction work. The John Powers Family: He was a brother of Charles. His wife was Clemantine Perkins, daughter of Gordon Perkins. Children were: Luther, Mattie, Maggie and Clemantine.

The Gordon Perkins family: There were four girls, one married John Powers, as stated, one Martin Hendricks, one Lens Wyatt, Bert Wyatt's father and one Dr. Henry Whitt.

Barnett Reynolds family: His wife was Katherine Browning, daughter of Charles Browning. The place we call Barrett was named for him. Their children were Mary, Sallie and Malissa. Mary married Dick Lynch, Sallie died when young and Malissa married Charles Dickenson first and then J.T. Puckett. Ira Reynolds was Barnett's father. Phillip was Charley Reynold's father. Mary Reynolds was the grandmother of the C.A. Fuller family. Above Burton Campbell's on the hill at an old pine tree are buried five generations of Vermillions. The second Jesse Vermillion, his wife was a Hargis and he had a son, Dock. He had a son Lucian, who died young. This family name has disappeared. Possibly if Lucian had lived the name Vermillion would have been perpetuated.

The A.P. Browning family: His father was James Browning. His wife was a Price, her father's name was Jesse. Jesse's wife was Mary Vermillion. She was a sister of the first Jesse Vermillion in this section. She had a sister, Nancy, who first married Caleb Browning, Uncle of Jesse, and then married Samuel Taylor, our great grandfather. Hence, the relation of Brownings and Taylors. Sons of James Browning are W.P., Harve, John and Jesse. Our grandfather, Emby Taylor, was their half-uncle. The A.P. Browning children were Montague, Pee, Hilton, Henry and Bill. Girls were, Rachel, Hattie, Rebecca, Mary and Sallie. Montague married a Hurt, Pee married Rose White, Harve White's daughter, Rachel, Tom Hargis, Hattie, John Hurt, Mary, Arthur, Garrett, Isaac Garett's and Sallie, Albert McFarlane and Rebecca, Giles Dickenson.

The Hop Belcher Family: His wife was Elizabeth, daughter of Alexander McFarlane. Their children were John, Charles and Jim, Giles, Cosby and Mary. John married James Martin's daughter, He is the father of Rev. Roy Belcher. Charles married a sister of John's wife and have one son, Charles, Jr. Cosby and Mary never were married.

The Sam Belcher Family: He was a brother of Hop and his wife was a Dye. Their children were George and Haze. George married a Knuckels and their children were Silas, Talbert, Jim, George, Ed and Flora.

The Haze Belcher Family: His wife was a White and they had one girl who married a McGuire.

The John McFarlane Family: His father was Alexander and his father was Col James and his father was William, who was in the Indian battle at Point Pleasant, Ohio as has been stated. Children of John were William, Albert, John Carl and George. His wife was Lou Hurt. One daughter Lizzie, died young. Col. James was the father of Dr. McFarlane and Clarissa McFarlane. Their mother was said to be a Price. Clarissa was the wife of James Kendrick.

The Robert M. Green Family: His wife was William E. Reese's daughter. They have two children, Bobby and Bill. This is a family any community would welcome with pride. They have built a nice home in which is a large fireplace where you can build an old fashioned wood fire.

The H.C. Pratt Family: His wife was Hattie Walden, Dot Walden's daughter. Her grandfather was Lewis Walden who hailed from Lee County, raised a family in this section and later lived near Abington. H.G. Hails from Rich Valley. He was a big trade made lots of money and eventually bought the large Taylor Snoggrass farm. Moderinistic in all his ways we suppose, but old fashioned in family affairs, for they are quite a number. Harry farms and Dot has gone off on the poetical line.

William Alexander McFarlane Family: His wife is Ollie Powers, daughter of Charles Powers and their children were: James, Charles, Bea, Brownie and Tom.

Albert McFarlane Family: His wife is Sallie Browning, daughter of A.P. Browning and their children were Montague, Joe, A.P. and one girl, Louise. Montague married Kate Bundy , daughter of John A. Bundy.

George McFarlane Family: His first wife was Eva Stinson, daughter of Drayton Stinson. Their children were Fred, Edgar, and Earl. His second wife is Nettie Martin, daughter of Charles Martin, whose father was James Martin. They have one girl.

John McFarlane Family: His wife was Bessie Taylor, daughter of C.B. Taylor and their children are Carrie Margaret and Mary Ann. Carrie Margaret married Jack Bundy. One girl died in infancy.

Carl McFarlane Family: His first wife was Mae Perkins, daughter of Haskew Perkins. They had one son, Carl Henry. His second wife was Virgie Davis. They had no children.

The James Martin Family: His wife was Jane Stoots and their children were, Charles, Ballard, Henry, Martha and Nannie. Martha married Charles Belcher and Nannie married John Belcher.

John Hurt Family: His father was Silas Hurt and his wife was Hattie Browning, daughter of A.P. Browning. Their children were Clyde, Burke, Ben and two girls Jess and Eula. Burke married a Finney, Jess married A.W. Hedrick and Eula married a Drinkard.

Roland Redwine Family: His father was Joshua Redwine and his wife was a Price. Their children were John, Charles, Katherine, and Caroline. Katherine married Harve Taylor; Caroline married George House, his second wife, father of Rachel, Kate and Charles. Roland was a school teacher.

The C.A. Fuller Family: His wife was Ellen Honaker, daughter of Bane Honaker, whose father was Harve Honaker. Their children are Mary Sue, Betty, Alice, Barbara, Nannie Lou and Ann and two boys Charles, Jr. and John. His wife's mother was Betty Wysor, sister of Bill Wysor. C.S. Fuller's mother was Alice Howard, daughter of Hiram Howard. His father was Charles Fuller, son of Abram Fuller. C.A. was a treasurer of the County at one time and so was his daughter, Mary Sue. Barbara married George Conner, Jr. and they have twin girls, Betty and Patsy.

The Silas Hurt Family: His wife was a Howard, sister of Hiram Howard and their children were John, Mary, Betty, Manda and Sallie. John married Hattie Browning, daughter of A.M. Browning and Sallie married John G. Matthews, a lawyer from Kentucky. One son, Hugh and one girl, Mary who married Conley Lynch and Betty who married Montague Browning, son of A.P. Browning. Manda and Mary never married. Manda was a school teacher. Silas Hurt and Robert Howard, brother-in-laws, once ran for the legislature; Robert a Democrat and Silas a Republican.

The Ned Barrett Family: His wife was Nannie Taylor, Harve Taylor's daughter, first cousin of my mother. Their children were Reece, Frank, Charles, Carl, Rush, Cecil, Penn and two girls Lucy and Rose. Reece married a Lester. He died young. Frank now has a store at Wardell. Charles was killed in the mines. Carl committed suicide. Rush and Cecil live at Finney and Penn at Honaker. Lucy married Sam Hale and Rose married a Robinson and lives at Swords Creek. Ned Barrett and family moved to the State of Washington a short time after Sam Webb moved there; did not like and returned to their home place.

The Pud Barrett Family: Pud was a brother of Ned. His wife was a Zion from Lee County. Their children were John, Bettie and Jennie. John and Bettie moved to Maryland and Jennie married W.E. Taylor.

The Bob Barrett Family: Ed has one sister who married James Taylor, father-in-law of Robert Howard. And, Ed, everyone knows him when seen for he has a profile like Andy Gump, in the funny paper.

Silas Count's mother was a sister of Silas Hurt. His wife was a Boothe. He was a first cousin to John Hurt. They had several children. His son Garnett, now living at their home place. Garnett's wife is Mamie Sneed.

The M.C. Clark Family: His wife was Lilborn Finney's daughter. Their children were Paul and Ethel. Ethel married Emmett Ferrell. He was once treasurer of Russell County. He was a good neighbor.

Samuel Robinson Family: His wife was a McNew and they had one son, Harvey.

The Thomas Robinson Family: His wife was Finney, sister of M.C. Clark's wife. Several girls in the family. He as an old school teacher when I was five or six years old. He lived to be ninety years old or more. He was the son of Fullen Robinson and his mother was a Griffith. He had one brother, Thomas.

James Hess was a Primitive Baptist Preacher. He was the grandfather of the present sheriff of Russell County, Marvin Hess, son of George Hess. It used to be said that wherever Uncle Jimmy preached it would generally rain that day or the next.

The Barnett families in this section came from Dickenson County. Charles and William. Charles had a nephew Jim.

The Claude Walden Family: His wife is Margaret Settle, daughter of M.H. Settle, whose wife is Carrie Fuller, daughter of Charles Fuller. Her mother was Alice Howard, daughter of Hiram Howard. The Settle children are Margaret and Charles Robt. Claude has one son, Charles. They live in a section known as the Free State. It got this name in Slavery time. Henry Smith lived at Rosedale during this time and owned slaves. Those who lived back in here by these big springs said they felt free, hence the name. Some of them who lived there were the ancestors of Hicks, Ross and Hopkins. George Hopkins lived in Rosedale most of his life. He was a very religious old darkey. He lived to be seventy-one years old and was buried west of Oaks Garage. Governor Stuart placed a fence and tomb at his grave and write on the tomb this epitaph "As Slave and Freeman", he was true to his God and fellowman." Just a short distance from where he is buried is the old McFarlane Cemetary, where Col James, his wife, Father William and son, Dr. McFarlane are buried. Williams's grave has no marker, just where it might be is lost forever to his posterity.

The Lampkins Family: Who lived at Rosedale I know very little about. Someone asked me the origin of the name Rosedale. I told them Lampkinsmust have named it, possibly Dale Lampkins grandfather was Dale and his wife's name was Rose and they just put Rose and Dale together and made Rosedale, a name for their home and farm. The late Dale Lamplim was a double first cousin of Henry C. and John Stuart.

The Taze Griffith Family: He had several sons, Will was in the Legislature. Frank was a lawyer, Commonwealth's Attorney at one time. His grandson, Brantley, son of Arthur, is now Commonwealth's Attorney, Frank's wife was a Whitt.

The Dr. Whited Family: He has been a prominent physician for many years. He was four years old when I was born and lived near us. His son, Guh, is now Commissioner of Revenue. We have three mountains in this section that can be seen with one sweep of vision, River Mountain, Clinch Mountain and House and Barn Mountain. On Clinch Mountain we have a section named Beartown where there has always been bear, hence its name. The West end of Beartown Mountain is 4607 feet elevation, second highest in Virginia. The highest one is Mt. Rogers in Grayson County. The River Mountain is named for the Clinch River which generally flows along its base.

The William Barrett Family: There was Charles, Bill, Noah, Harmon, Andy and several girls. One of them was Tom Mutter's wife. He couldn't hear, read or write.

The George Jackson Family: His wife was Eveline Cox, now 93, daughter of Wilson Cox, The children are Lilborn, Jerry, Sam, Arch, Surrilda, Weaver, Dona, Lisa, Martha and Ollie.

The Lilborn Cox Family: He was the son of Wilson Cox and his wife was Nancy Jackson, daughter of James Jackson. Their children were Emanuel, Bart, ^ Wilson and Lowry. Two girls: Martha and Malissa. Emanuel married Etta Mash, Bart married Martha Sisk, then Elsie Lawson, Wilson married Maggie Thompson and Lowry married Gussie Jones, Martha married Sam Jackson and Melissa married Ira Hubbard.

The Lowry Jackson Family: His wife was Gussie Jones and their children were Clara, Katherine, Pauline, Stella, Clyde, Louise, Mary, George, Silvia, James, Nancy, Ruby, Eve and Margie, who died when she was three years old. Clara married Ted Vencill, Katherine married Eurlin Cox, Pauline married Howard Blevins, Stella married Paul Vencill, Clyde married Deloris Jordon, Louise married Claude Robins, first and then June Barnette, mary married Sam Vencill, Sylvia married Kenite Fields.

The Tom Cox Family: His wife was Corry Taylor, daughter of Bill Taylor. Their children were Bill, Garnett and Margaret. Margaret married Macie Parks. Mont and Tom were sons of George Cox. Their mother was a sister of Reece Mutter.

John Hubbard, son of Ira, family: His wife was Hannah Fogleman, Charles Fogleman's daughter. Their children were: Hiram, Annie, Gertrude and Jim.

Isaac Garret's father was Bill Garrett. His wife's mother was Caroline Webb and they had two sons, Fred and Arthur.

Daniel Leonard Family: Their sons were Rance, Daniel, Dave, Isaac and Alec and one daughter, Mary who married Edward Campbell.

Jesse Joes and son, Wiley, came to this section from Patrick County. Wiley's wife was Jane Hurd. There were seventeen children in his family. Sons were Jess, Isaac, Henry, Wiley, Steve, Tom, Bill and Pret. Daughters were Elizabeth Celia, Sallie, Mary Jane, Ann, Katherine, Rachel and Nancy. Elizabeth married a Harris, Celia married Bill Garrett, SAlie married Mike Sword, Mary married a Harris, Jane died young, Ann married George Patrick, Katherine married a Mago then a Boardwine, Rachel married Steve Hurd and Nancy married James Taylor, whose father was Nimrod Taylor His son, Paris, now carries the mail from Honaker to Oaks Garage.

The Henry Stallard Family: He was the son of Rev. J.W. Stallard. His wife was Mollie Jones, dau. of Preston Jones, and their children are Kermit and Helen. Henry's grandfather was Raleigh Stallard and great grandfather, Samuel Stallard. The following are marriages by Rev. J.W. Stallard: Robert Burgess & Jane McGrew, Walden Bradley & Levisa Brugess, Dec 26, 1860; Samuel McGraw and Ellen Burgess, Jan 23, 1861; Thomas Horton and Melvina Davis, march 17, 1861, she was related to the Hortons who loved near Belfast and she was of the Tyler Davis family; Fullen H. Taylor and Helen C. Dennison, her mother was an Unbarger. Fulen was a son of Isaac Taylor, his wife was Kate Bishop. Helen was a dau. of Scott Dennison. They were married Dec. 11, 1861; William Smith and Margaret Darnell, Dec. 25, 1861, she was of the Harve Darnell family; Ray Whited and Levina Ray, ancestors of Dr. Whited, Jan 6, 1860; Henry Mutter and Elizabeth Taylor, Jan. 15, 1860, daughter of Isaac Taylor. Henry Jackson and Sarah Patrick, March 15, 1860, she was a sister of Kyer Patrick; John Dennison and Juda Helton, May 11, 1860, he was the son of Scott Dennison; Samuel D. Moore and Sarah Dennison, May 21, 1860. He was the father of Kane Moore, who was a carpenter, also of Rev. Bill Crabtree's wife, Hannah. Kane's first wife was Mary Jane Addison, Oscar Addison's daughter, second wife, Calley McNew, Jule McNew's daughter. Kane passed away lately at the age of eighty-five. Shack Vencill and Susannah Creek, July 26, 1861, son of William Vencill. John Robinson and Nancy Creed, Oct. 24, 1861, son of Fullen. There were three of the Creed sisters. The other one married Bill Perkins of the Gordon Perkin family. One of his sons, Ben, was killed on Swords Creek. Oscar Ferrell and Mary Cordell, March 18, 1863. Some history of Ferrell has been given. James Taylor, brother of Short John and Nancy Martin, Oct. 7, 1862; Joseph R. Lewis and Mary Willis, Feb. 18, 1863, ancestor of Charles Woltz who lived at Belfast and married a Goss. Hiram addison and Elizabeth Hogaton, January 21, 1864. This was his first wife. He was married four times. Someone said he had been shod all around.

I was at the funeral of one of his wives when I was only eight years old. Heyden Blakey and Emily Addison, Feb. 3, 1864. She was a sister of Hiram Addison. John B. Haywood and Hannah Helton, Feb. 21, 1864, a sister of John Henry Helton. John Crockett Mutter and Laura Vencill, April 21, 1864. Her father was who they referred to as "Old Blacksmith Bill". Bill Vencill was the first one of this name in this community. His original name was Windsel, then later got to writing it Vencill. Robert S. Cox and Mary Ann Johnson, May 18, 1864. I don't know what Cox this was unless he was a son of Alph. Joseph Haywood, brother of John and Jude Dennison, daughter of Scott, Nov. 4, 1864. My father said that Joe was the hoeingest man he ever saw in the field. William Dillon and Eliza S. Mutter, Nov. 8, 1864. She was a sister of John Crockett Mutter. Francis Harris and Mary Taylor, Jan. 1, 1864; must have been a sister of Short John. James Mago and Katherine Jones, April 6, 1865. She later married a Boardwine, the ancestor of the Loop Boardwine; Joseph Thomas and Mary Burke, Nov. 8, 1865, ancestor of Jeff Thomas who married a Vermillion, children Lizzie, Ira and Kemp. Henry D. Addison and Christine Vencill, sister of John, Feb 15, 1866; Steve Hurd and Elizabeth Jones, Feb 22, 1866, one son, John. Thomas Payne and Emaline Lyon, brother of Bob, June 18, 1866; William Taylor and Mary Jane Rickman, July 12, 1866. Mitch Lowe and Rachel Adams, June 4, 1867. She was a Johnson first and married Adams, then Lowe and later John Salyers. So Josh Lowe, as we have known him, was Josh Adams. John L. Ward and Nora Addison, June 1, 1867, second wife was Lankford. George W. Nipper and Nancy Lewis, June 26, 1867, sister of Joe Lewis. James H. Vencill and Helen Taylor, July 1, 1867, sister of Smith Saylor. He had first married a Dennison. Scott Patrick and Eliza Jackson, October 17, 1867. Jessie Jones and Elizabeth Hale, Jan. 16, 1868, brother of Preston Jones. Samuel C. Scott and Nancy Christine, May 2, 1868, a relative of Charles Scott. Shade Creed and Margaret Rickman Sept. 3, 1868. Adams Crimsley and Mary Crockett, Dec 15, 1868, who was the father of Tom Grimsley, a Primitive Baptist preacher. Basel Mutter and Margaret Wilson, Dec. 15, 1868, she was a sister of Bob Wilson. Basil was carrying the mail from Honaker to Rosedale. James Shepard and Nancy Griffith, May 5, 1869. James was the son of George Shephard. Nancy was the daughter of Evans Griffith. Reubin Price and Barbara Lewis, June 8, 1869. She was a relative of Joseph Lewis. Price was from the Loop Section. Mike Sword and Martha Helton, he was known as "Little" Mike. Henry Robinson and Frances Horton, he was the son of Susie Robinson, brother of Bill Robinson. They lived in the Sandy Ridge Section, married Sept 15, 1869. She was a sister of Bill and Henry Robinson. Joseph Webb and Mary Ann Ball, Oct 14, 1869. He was the last Webb of what is known as Webb Mountain which was first Priest Mountain. They lived on Webb Branch or Mill Branch. They had one son, George. William J. Jackson and Susannah Taylor October 21, 1860, sister of Smith Taylor.

John Richardson and Mary Lewis, May 12, 1870, sister of Joseph Lewis. William N. Jackson and Martha Patrick, Oct. 10, 1870, first wife, and second wife was Armelda Puckett. Henry Shepard and Martha Morrison, jan. 5, 1871, she was a sister of Samuel Morrison. Oscar Addison and Mary Jackson, Dec 3, 1856. She was of the James Jackson family. Silas RAtcliff and Mary Hunt, Jan 1, 1857, relative of Henry Ratcliff. James Anderson and Cosby Horton, Feb. 16, 1861, ancestor of John Baylor. John Price and Isabelle Lewis, June 4, 1857; William Addison and Mary Taylor, July 14, 1857, she was the daughter of Isaac Taylor. William was a brother of Hiram Addison. Enaley Ball and Jane Darnell, July 7, 1868, she later married a Perrell. She was buried in Beartown Cemetery. Henry Jones and Mary Sword, Dec 24, 1857. He was a brother of Preston Jones. Hiram Addison, Jr. and Ellen Blackwell, July 8, 1858. Alden Addison and Ann Blackwell, Oct 13, 1858. Alden was a son of Hiram Addison. James Dennison, son of Scott, and Sarah Jane McGraw, Nov 16, 1858. James Reynolds and Ellen Jackson, Jan 5, 1858, a relative of the Eli Jackson family. Harve Taylor and Katherine Redwine, Dec. 9, 1875. William Elkins and Nancy Elswick, Mar 23, 1859. They are buried in Mutter Cemetery. David C. Whitt and Armelda Robinett, a relation of the New Garden Whitts, May 12, 1859. Marion Harris and Mary Jones, Aug 17, 1859. He was of the Smith Taylor family. Jezekiah Patrick, his wife was Rachel Dennison, married 1850. Isaac Taylor's sons, Bill, Smith, Fullen and Jim. Jim died young, Bill Taylor's first wife was Margaret Dennison. They had two daughters, Helen and Jocie. His second wife was a Davis, and their children were Celia, Lou, Doc, Lil, John and Corrie. John married Shack Vencill's dau. Doc married McDowell. Lou married Charles Jackson, son of Eli. Celia married Will Jackson, son of James E. Jackson. Helen married Henry Vencill. This was the Henry Vencill who used so much vulgar talk. He moved to Ohio. Corrie was Tom Cox's wife. They were sons of George Cox by his first wife. She was Reese Mutter's daughter.

The Abraham Fuller Family: His first wife was Mary Reynolds sister of Ira Reynolds and his second wife was Mary Booth. Their sons and daughters were, Ira, Beverly, Will, Samuel, Charles, Mary, Lucy, Harriett, Emily, Sarah, Martha and Macie. Ira married a Cowan, sister of George Cowan, sister of George Cowan. Beverly married first a Burke and then a Creever. Will married Cosby Kendrick. Samuel married Alice Beel, Charles married first a Ferguson and then Alice Howard, daughter of Hiram Howard. Abram, Ira Reynolds and Jess Vermillion bought a hunting ground in what is now Buchanan County. Thousands of acres for ten cents an acre.

The Harve Browning Family: His wife was Martha Gilmer and their children were Sallie, Rebecca, Lou, Martha, Hugh, Harve and Will. His father was James Browning. Sallie married Marshall Gilmer. He died in the West. Rebecca married Pierce Gilmer. Lou married Joe Gilmer and Martha died when young. Hugh never married. Harve married in Kansas and had three daughters. Will married Mattie Nayter, granddaughter of Sisero Johnson and they had one daughter, Eula Lee. Harve Browning was not a very good farmer but was a good trader. Hugh was a good farmer and stockman. He was at one time treasurer of Russell County. The name Browning of this family will disappear with Will and Harve as they had no sons. Our grandfather Taylor was Harve Browning's half-uncle.

End Page 59

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Old Bethel Church first stood on the hill near the substation at Elk Garden. Just after the Civil War, Taylor Browning and ?ent Burk said they had legal permission to take up all war materials. Of course, everyone knew they had no right to do so. Just east of where the church stood are the graves of Joshua Redwine and wife, great, great grandparents of Harvey Taylor Asoue. Richard Price and Joshua Redwine were along the first trustees of Elk Garden Church from its earliest old Chapel, now all of one hundred seventy-five years old. The old log church that stood near the present brick one is where Rev. Thomas Muncy preached his famous sermon in August, 1879.

Elk Garden Church. My first rememberance was at this church on the occasion of the Elbert Muncy Sermon. Only one marked grave is here in an old, lost cemetery, Spohia N., wife of Jule McNew, born 1829 and died 1866. Bishop Francis Asbury, first Bishop of the Methodist Church, preached in the first old chapel of this Elk Garden Church around the year 1800. He was ordained Bishop in 1784 and died in 1816.

Our desks in school were an eight or ten inch log split open and two pins stuck in each end for legs. No backs, and your feet and the floor most of the time were strangers who had never met. When you sat there all day long trying to hold a book and a slate your back would be so nearly broken your mother would have to put a mustard plaster on it before you could go to school the next day. An old beardy teacher sat there looking over horn-rimmed spectacles, chewing tobacco and spitting on the floor, chucking the floor with his switch once in a while to keep the peace. He looked like he didn't know enough geography to travel from here to Norton. School just lasted five months and we had seven months to forget it.

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The Tom Jones Family: His wife was Mary Dennison, his father was Wiley and his mother Jane Hurd. His grandfather was Jesse Jones. The Tom Jones children were Tom, Hannah, Virginia and Lou. Virginia married Charles Fogleman, Lou married Tom Jackson, Tom married Jeanette Davis, their children are: Arch, Ed, Gussie, Ella and Annie. Arch first married Lola Settle and had two sons, Henry and Tom and one girl Haze Graham; then he married the second time to Delpha Hubbard. Ed never married. Gussie married Lowry Cox, son of Lilborn Cox; Ella married Albert Morrison and Annie married Preston Settle, son of M.H. Settle, Sr. Hannah married James Slate and their children were: Ballard, Dot, Tom, Will, Charles, Bob, Rance, Dewey, Frank, Alta and Mary. Ballard married a Slate, Dot married Myrtle Hubbard, Harrison Hubbard's daughter, Charles A. Jackson, Rance married a Thomas, Alta married a Sargent; Will married a Monk and Bob married a Planter.

Our Uncle M.H. Settle, Sr. Family: His wife was Loudema Jones, daughter of Preston Jones and their children were: Rob, Nell, Pret, Sanfred, Leonard, Lilly, Mollie, Hazel, Sarah and Lola. Nell married Exra Hankins, Rob married a Fogleman, Pret married a Jones, Sanfred married a Robinson, Lilly Married Davis Hankins, Mollie married Hobard Whitt, Hazel married a Dye, Lola married Arch Jones and Sarah married Fred Taylor. Twenty years ago Leonard killed Dr. James Graham, Leonard died in 1952, having driven his car off the road into a lake and was drowned. He was buried in Russell Memorial Cemetery at Lebanon. He was married.

The Al Harper Family: His wife was a Davis of the Tyer Davis family and their children were John, Jennie, Nell, Ella, Lou, Eva, Pearle, Jim, Will and Tom. Lou married Calvin Taylor, Eva married Ed Taylor.

The Dale Mutter Family: Dale Mutter married Myrtle Griffith, daughter of Rev. Wm. Griffith and their children were Wayne and Madge. Wayne married Ruby Williams and Madge married a Breeding, descendents of George Breeding, father of Abram. Madge first married Dale Stuart, the result of which has been given.

Sarah Belcher was Henry McNew's wife. Her sister married George Harper, her name was Mattie. They had one daughter, Georgia wife of Walter Jones, Mattie later married Charles Cruey. Her dress caught fire and she was burned to death. George Harper was the father of Al Harper.

The Sword Family: Bill, Sam, Eli, Jim, Nathe and Jane spent possessions going to the State of Washington, They did not like it and all returned.

The Preston Jones Family: His wife was Helen Dennison, her mother was an Umbarger and her father was Scott Dennison, his father was Joseph Dennison and wife, Rachel Scott. Helen Dennison first married Fullen Taylor, son of Isaac Taylor and they had one son, James. Preston's father was Wiley, grandfather Jesse, who came to this section from Patrick County. Their children were: Salina, Leonard, Loudema, Frank, Mollie and Will. Salina married Alamarine Jackson, son of Eli. Leonard married Scott Patrick's daughter. Loudema married M.H. Settle, Sr., Frank married a Pickett, Mollie married Henry Stallard, son of Rev. J. M. Stallard, and Will "haint" had time to marry yet, just been courtin' sixty-five years.

Begin Page 65

Our great grandfather was William and his wife was Judith Wright. His father was Col. Thomas H. Settle, his father was Joseph Henry and his father was Benjamin, a son of the first immigrant to America.

Robert Langley, our father, and Marion Hix lived together. Jordan and Frances never married. Emma married Clay Smith and Isabelle married John Poston. They lived in TN.

The Clay Smith Family: His wife was Emma Settle and they had two sons, James and Thomas. Thomas died when fourteen. James married Alice Stump and they had two sons, James and Ralph.

The John Poston Family: He and his wife, Isabelle, had a large family but Joe, the older one, was he only one I knew.

The Robert Langley Settle Family: Our father, Robert Langley Settle, came to this country when about twenty years old. He was born in 1850, named Robert by the Rev. Robert Sayers Sheffey. Father died January 31, 1922 and on his next birthday would have been seventy-two years old. He and our mother were married in 1873. He came to this country without a penny, lived to buy and pay for one thousand acres of land, raised eleven children, sent us to school and we had all we desired. When our mother was born they named her Julia Ann. Our grandfather came and said, "Just add Baylor to it." This is how the name of Baylor got into our family. Their children were: Minnie, George, Paris, James, Marion, Arthur, Ella, Tom, Fred, Bertha and Pearle. Minnie married Dr. J.H. Lockhart and their children were: Gaynelle, Kathleen and Mildred. George married Florence Perkins, and they had twin daughters, Garnette and Estelle. Paris married Loula Bundy and children Pearl and Mattie Baylor. James married Nennis Mason and had one son, Robert, who married Eloise George, daughter of Tom George, her grandfather being Dick George and her mother was Gravelle Kennedy. Marion married Carrie Fuller and their children were Charles, Robert and Margaret, Arthur married Bessie Duff and children were Mary Jane, Richard, Virginia and Nell Taylor. Ella married George Conner and children were George, Jr., Charley Bob and Juliet. George Jr. married Barbara Fuller, Charlie Bob married Melva Mosley, her step-father was a Roberts, their children were Robert and Branda. Juliet married Walter D. Hoffecker and have two children, Betsy and Denny. Tom married Ruth Lunsford and children were: Robert, Tommy and Margaret. Fred married Susie Crabtree and children were Fred Baylor, Katherine and Ralph. Bertha married a Bundy and children are Catherine, John and Ruth. Pearle married Henry Grant and their children are Marianna, Charles, Agnes, & Robert.

The J.T. Stinson Family: His father was Robert Stinson, his mother was a Booth, a half-sister to P.L. Hankin's wife. His wife was Nannie Taylor, Emby Taylor's daughter and sister of our Mother. Their children were William, John Taylor, LaFayette, Cummings, Dover, Frank, Paris, Nannie and Hattie. William, LaFayette and Cummings live in WV, Dover, Frank, Paris, and Hattie have passed away. Hattie married Gilmer Burke, she died in the State of Washington. They had two children, Russell and Hattie. Nannie first married Beverly Sisk, raised five girls, then married again. John Taylor became a potent Baptist preacher, his wife is Malissa Kiser, daughter of Kathleen, who married Marvin Williams, J.T. Stinson was a preacher, elder in his church, a school teacher, postmaster, Justice of the Peace, and could do most any legal writing you needed to have done. He preached funerals when called upon to do so. He was an all-round useful citizen so I dedicate all this to Uncle Tom Stinson.

The John Taylor Family: John Taylor was the son of Chrisman , his mother was Elizabeth Sargent, and his wife was Martha Walker. Their children were Harriet, Corrie, Gussie, Walter and Albert. Harriet married William Grubb, Corrie married Drayton Stinson, son of William; Gussie married John White and had two sons, Newlon and Clyde, Newlon married Audra Fuller and Clyde married Eula Wilson, daughter of Bert Wilson. Walter married Jennie Barrett, daughter of Rudd Barrett, her mother was a Zion. Albert was killed by a team running away with a sled, when he was ten years of age.

The LaFayette Taylor Family: He was the son of Emy Taylor and his wife was Sarah Stinson, daughter of James Stinson, her mother later married William Booth, so the Booth children and she were half brothers and sisters. The Booth children were Paris, Bill, Henry, Mary and Cittura. They moved to Greenbrier County, WV. The Taylor children were Calvin, Ed. Charles, Fred, Walter, Bert, Jeff and Louda. Calvin married Loula Harper, Ed. married Eva Harper, Charles married Rose Perkins, Fred married Sarah Settle, Walter married a Barrett, Bert married a Jackson and Loula isn't married. Ed has one daughter, Alma and Calvin has three daughters, Thelma, Jessie and Mary Ann. Thelma married Dr. Balenburger.

The C.E. Taylor family: Cummings Emby Taylor was the son of Emby Taylor and his wife Mary Maxwell. Her mother's second marriage was to William Vencill. Cummings Taylor and Mary Maxwell were married when she as sixteen years of age. Their children were Robert, Mattie, Albert, Frank, Bessie, Hugh, Nell, Margaret and Kate. Thomas died in infancy. Robert married Maggie Campbell, Mattie never married. Albert married Audra Campbell, daughter of Elbert Campbell, whose wife was a daughter of Wesley Martin. Maggie married John McFarland; Hugh married Evangeline Albert, daughter of Sylvester Albert, her mother was a Ketron. Nell married Henry McCauley and they lived at Roderfield, WV for quite a number of years. While there she became an outstanding woman in the civic affairs, beloved by all who knew her. They now live in Burlington, NC. Margaret married Albert Peery and Kate married Ward Peery. Frank married Myrtle Griffith, her mother being Tacie Sparks, daughter of Elizabeth Sparks. Her father was John Sparks. Myrtle's father was Gus Griffith, son of Matilda Cecil and his father was Cheoman T. Griffith, Cummings R. Taylor and our mother were brother and sister. The C.A. Taylor home was built by his uncle Lilborn Taylor and was commenced in 1869 and completed in 1874. Lilborn never lived there. He died August 25th of the last named year. James Gilmer lived at this place seventy-two years ago when it was owned by Sallie Taylor. Aunt Mary Taylor's father was Thomas Maxwell and her great great grandfather was Captain James Maxwell in the early history of Tazewell County. He settled west of Tazewell. He was the Caption of a company on the headwaters of the Clinch River, in the event of Indian raids. He had two girls killed and scalped by the Indians during the time of the massacre of the Ingles family in Burke's Garden. Ingle also had a company. When they located the Indians they were to approach from both ways. Ingles got there before Maxwell. When the Indians saw them coming they began to kill and scalp their prisoners. The killed a boy and hit the mother with a tomahawk. She fell over a baby she was carrying and protected it. Just then Ingles shot the Indian and the balance ran by where Maxwell and his company were. Maxwell had on a white hunting blouse which was a fair target. In passing, one of the Indians shot and killed him. Just east of Tazewell there lived a man by the name of Ingles who wrote the famous love song, "Sweet Alice Ben Bolt".

The killing of Bill Davis, son of Jesse, and some incidents that led up to it: John Shepard married Florence Robinson in 1869, but Dick Whitt had taken her away from him. He had two little girls, Alice and Susie. After this he and Davis were running loose with some girls of ill repute. It seems they had a big dance one night and had a big fuss. They were afraid of Davis so John Vencill and Emby Mutter engineered a plan to do way with Davis. Mutter was related to the Addisons and later Vencill's wife was an Addison. So they went to Davis and told him they heard Joe Duff and John Mutter say that they were going to kill him; then went to Duff and Mutter and told them Davis said he was going to kill them. Of course, each party believed it, so this started the ball rolling. They went to carrying guns for each other. One Monday morning they came through the woods to where Davis was plowing corn and his in the edge of the woods at the end of the field. I saw a large chestnut tree with sprouts all around it, the tree they hid behind. Just as soon as he got to the other end, Duff shot him. Then they ran into the woods. Davis was twenty-five years old. This must have been about 1870 or 1873. Burgress Hurt was at one time sheriff and treasurer of the County. He came by the home of Jesse Davis, sat down on the porch, talked a while to Bill and his father. He told them he was going down through the woods and over to Old Rosedale.

As we sit in the twillight, when the shadows are creeping and the stars begin to shine, great unanswerable questions roll upon us.

"Oh what is eternity, my Mother?

Oh what can eternity be?"

"Eternity, child, is an emerald lake

Past the shore or the farthest sea,

A wide, deep everness that was old

When the earliest dawn was new;

And the hush of the soft footfall of God,

When Eden was twilight blue.

Eternity child, is a man on a Cross

On a hill called Calvary

And the gold-white glory of Easter Morn.

And redemption for you and me.

Eternity, child, is a quiet road

Past the portals of time and space

Where cloaked with the wonder of infinite love,

We shall look upon God's face.

Today is Easter Sunday, April 5, 1953.



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