Gloucester and Mathews Newspapers Indexed

1737 to 1922

Over 800 articles in print from 127 newspapers from 30 states


By Joan Charles 

August 2008

Hampton, VA




            Welcome to the age when newspapers were the only form of mass communication for many decades. Until the 19th century the written word was often two to three weeks out of date and even more when coming from Europe.

            The following were the newspapers, local and across the country, that informed the citizens of Gloucester and Mathews about the world and the world about these two vital Virginia counties.

            Wars, including the Revolutionary War, the War of 1812, the Civil War, and the famous Oyster War are included.

            You will find oddities, horses, vessels, and most importantly, people. Of course sensational news is what newspapers feed on, and you will find murders, robberies and the like within these pages.





Adam Sentinel, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania

Alexandria Advertiser, Alexandria, Virginia

Alexandria Gazette, Commercial & Political, Alexandria, Virginia

Allen County Democrat, Allen County, Ohio

American Beacon & Commercial Diary, Norfolk, Virginia

American Watchman, Wilmington, Delaware

Atlanta Constitution, Atlanta, Georgia

Baltimore Daily Intelligencer, Baltimore, Maryland

Baltimore Patriot, Baltimore, Maryland

Bee, The, Danville, Virginia

Biloxi Daily Herald, Biloxi, Mississippi

Boston Daily Atlas, Boston, Massachusetts

Carolina Federal Republican, New Bern, North Carolina

Carolina Gazette, Charleston, South Carolina

Charleston Mercury, Charleston, South Carolina

Charlotte Daily Observer, Charlotte, North Carolina

Chester Daily Times, Chester, Pennsylvania

Chillicothe Constitution, Chillicothe, Missouri

Claypoole’s Daily Advertiser, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Clearfield Progress, Clearfield, Pennsylvania

Colombian Centinel, Boston, Massachusetts

Columbus Enquirer-Sun, Columbus, Georgia

Columbus Ledger, Columbus, Georgia

Commercial Advertiser, Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Commercial Advertiser, New York, New York

Daily Columbus Enquirer, Columbus, Georgia

Daily Constitutional Union, Washington, D.C.

Daily Delta, New Orleans, Louisiana

Daily Freedom Democrat, Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Daily Kennebec Journal, Kennebec, Maine

Daily Madisonian, Washington, D.C.

Daily National Intelligencer, Washington, D.C.

Daily News, Marshall, Michigan

Daily Ohio Statesman, Columbus, Ohio

Daily State Gazette, Trenton, New Jersey

Dallas Morning News, Dallas, Texas

Dawson’s Daily Times & Union, Fort Wayne, Indiana

Democrat, The, Boston, Massachusetts

Denton Journal, Denton, Maryland

Dubuque Democratic Herald, Dubuque, Iowa

Enquirer, The, Richmond, Virginia

Evening Gazette, Sterling, Illinois

Evening News, Ada, Oklahoma

Evening Post, Frederick, Maryland

Federal Intelligencer, Baltimore, Maryland

Federal Republican & Commercial Gazette, Baltimore, Maryland

Fitchburg Daily Sentinel, Fitchburg, Massachusetts

Floridian & Journal, Tallahassee, Florida

Fort Worth Telegraph, Fort Worth, Texas

Freeman’s Journal, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Galveston Tri-Weekly News, Galveston, Texas

Gazette of the United States, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Georgia Weekly Telegraph, Macon, Georgia

Gleaner, The, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania

Houston Telegraph, Houston, Texas

Independent Chronicle, Boston, Massachusetts

Janesville Daily, Janesville, Wisconsin

Jenk’s Portland Gazette, Portland, Maine

Lacrosse Tribune, Lacrosse, Wisconsin

Lexington Herald, Lexington, Kentucky

Logansport Pharos, Logansport, Indiana

Macon Daily Telegraph, Macon, Georgia

Maryland Journal, Baltimore, Maryland

Massachusetts Spy, Worcester, Massachusetts

Mercantile Advertiser, New York, New York

Miami Herald, Miami, Florida

Middleton Daily Press, Middleton, New York

Morning Chronicle, New York, New York

National Advocate, New York, New York

National Intelligencer, Washington, D.C.

Nebraska State Journal, Lincoln, Nebraska

New Hampshire Gazette, Portsmouth, New Hampshire

New Hampshire Sentinel, Keene, New Hampshire

New Oxford Item, New Oxford, Pennsylvania

New York Commercial Advertiser, New York, New York

New York Daily Gazette, New York, New York

New York Evening Post, New York, New York

New York Herald, New York, New York

New York Spectator, New York, New York

New York Times, New York, New York

Newark Daily Advocate, Newark, Ohio

Newport Daily News, Newport, Rhode Island

Newport Mercury, Newport, Rhode Island

News, The, Frederick, Maryland

Norfolk Herald, Norfolk, Virginia

North American & Mercantile Daily Advertiser, Baltimore, Maryland

North American Review, Boston, Massachusetts

Oakland Tribune, Oakland, California

Olean Democrat, Olean, New York

Orange County Times, Middletown, New York

Oshkash Daily Northwestern, Oshkash, Wisconsin

Paulson’s American Daily Advertiser, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania Mercury, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania Packet and Daily Advertiser, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Petersburg Index, Petersburg, Virginia

Philadelphia Gazette, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Philadelphia Inquirer, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Pilot, The, Boston, Massachusetts

Pomeroy’s Democrat, Chicago, Illinois

Portland Gazette and Maine Advertiser, Portland, Maine

Progressive Age, Coshocton, Ohio

Providence Gazette, Providence, Rhode Island

Public Advertiser, New York, New York

Racine Weekly Advocate, Racine, Wisconsin

Republican, The, Baltimore, Maryland

Republican Banner, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania

Republican Star and General Advertiser, Easton, Maryland

Rhode Island American and General Advertiser, Providence, Rhode Island

Richmond Daily Whig, Richmond, Virginia

Richmond Examiner, Richmond, Virginia

San Francisco Bulletin, San Francisco, California

Southern Patriot, Charleston, South Carolina

Spirit Lake Beacon, Dickenson County, Iowa

State, The, Columbia, South Carolina

Sun, The, Baltimore, Maryland

Syracuse Standard, Syracuse, New York

United States Gazette, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Virginia Chronicle and Norfolk and Portsmouth General Advertiser, Norfolk, Virginia

Virginia Gazette, Williamsburg, Virginia

Warren Evening Times, Warren, Pennsylvania

Washington Expositor, Washington, D.C.

Washington Federalist, Washington, D.C.

Washington Post, Washington, D.C.

Washington Whig, Washington, D.C.

Waterloo Daily Reporter, Waterloo, Iowa

Weekly Standard, Raleigh, North Carolina

Wheeling Register, Wheeling, West Virginia

Wisconsin Daily Patriot, Madison, Wisconsin




Note: Gloucester will at times be spelled Glocester in early articles

            Mathews will at times be spelled Matthews in early article


February 25, 1737Virginia Gazette, Parks (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            Williamsburg, Feb. 25. … We hear from Glocester County, That Miss Betty Washington, Daughter of Major John Washington, of that County, a young Gentlewoman of great Merit and Beauty, died there lately, very much lamented.

April 22, 1737Virginia Gazette, Parks (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) Ran away from Col. John Lewis’s, in Gloucester County, on the 17th Inst. a square, strong-made thin-jaw’d Mulatto Fellow, named George. He had on a brown Cotton Jacket, and went away on a light Bay Horse, belonging to his Master, branded with a Heart. The Horse has a Black Mane and Tail.

            Ran away in Company with the above mentioned, an East-Indian, belonging to Mr. Heylin, Merchant, in Gloucester : He is a well-made small young Fellow, wore his own Hair (which he may have cut off in order to disguise himself :) He is supposed to have on an Olive-colour’d German Serge Coat, with Brass Buttons. He went away on a strong well-made Grey Stallion, branded with a Dott, belonging to his Master. They went from Col. Lewis’s to Gloucester Town, where they robb’d a House, and took a Pair of Pistols, a Horse-Whip, and ‘tis supposed some other Things. They were seen on Monday going up King and Queen County. Whoever secures either of the fore-mentioned Servants, shall receive as a Reward, Two Pistoles; for the both of them Four Pistoles, and for the Grey Stallion Two Pistoles; to be paid by John Lewis, and John Heylyn

February 17, 1738Virginia Gazette, Parks (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            Yesterday was Se’nnight, the Rev. Mr. John Fox, Minister of Ware Parish, in Gloucester County, was marry’d to Mrs. Richards, Relict of the Rev. Mr. Richards, late Minister of the same Parish.

April 28, 1738Virginia Gazette, Parks Williamsburg, Virginia)    

            (Advertisement) Ran away, on Tuesday Night last, from the Subscriber, of Gloucester County, Four Servant Men, viz. John Tomlins, a tall thin Fellow, about 26 Years old, very much disfigur’d with the Small-Pox; had on a dark snuff-colour’d Cloth Coat and Breeches, and wears his own light colour’d Hair. John Minor, a tall well-set Fellow, about the same Age, and disfigur’d with the Small-Pox; he had on a light Drab Coat and Breeches, with a white Wigg; he is a Plaisterer by Trade, but can do Glaziers and Bricklayer Work, and has got a Diamond, Trowel, and other Tools with him. Thomas Lee, a tall thin Man about 40 or 50 Years of Age, a Convict, has lost of one of his fingers, is a Joyner by Trade; and had with him a snuff colour’d Coat and Breeches, a light colour’d great Coat, and many Joyners Tools. George Barry, a lad about 16 or 17 Years of Age, a Convict; he is of a fair complexion, is a Barber by Trade; had on a light brown Cloth Coat, with Broad Metal Buttons, greyish Breeches and a brown Wigg. They went away in a new Flat that could carry about 3 Hogsheads. And there is supposed to be run away with them, a Convict Servant Man, a Joyner by Trade, belonging to the Rev. Mr. Hughes, of the same County. Whoever apprehends them, or any of them, so that they may be safely delivered to their said Master, shall have Half a Pistole Reward for each of them, besides what the Law allows paid by John Lewis.

November 24, 1738Virginia Gazette, Parks (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            We hear from Gloucester County, That on Thursday or Friday in last week, the Son of one Mrs. Cozens, a Boy about 14 or 15 Years old, was found murder’d in his Bed, weltering in his Blood, having received a Cut on the Side of the Head, as if done with an Ax; and the House was rifled and robbed. Mrs. Cozens, his Mother, who lived in a lonely Manner, within 4 or 5 Miles of Gloucester Town, and had no other Family but this her only Son, and ‘tis said she had sav’d up a good Sum of Money, had Occasion to go, on that fatal Day, to sit up with a sick Neighbour, and would have taken her Son with her, but he chose rather to stay at home and look after the House, by himself. In the Night, it’s supposed after the Boy was gone to Bed, some wicked Person or Persons, got into the House, broke open the Chests, and Boxes to search for her Money, (which she had hid so securely they could not find it) and after taking some Linen and what other valuable Goods they thought fit, murdered the Child to prevent Discovery, then went off, and have not been heard of yet. It’s supposed, Two Persons were concerned in it, some Tracts of Shoes, and others of bare Feet being seen about the House.

February 2, 1739Virginia Gazette, Parks (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            We hear from Glocester County, That on Thursday Night was Se’nnight, a Man who had been drinking at the Ordinary near the Court-house, being quarrelsome and troublesome to the Company, was by a Man belonging to the House, push’d out of the Door, and missing his Step, fell backwards, and with the Fall, and the Liquor together, dy’d soon after. The Coroner’s Inquest fate on the Body, and brought in their Verdict, Accidental Death.

March 9, 1739Virginia Gazette, Parks (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement)  To be Sold, for Fifty Pounds Current Money. A Tract of Land, containing Eight Hundred Acres, lying on a Branch of Pamunkey River in Orange County … Any person inclinable to purchase the said Tract, may see the Owner thereof, on Gwyn’s Island, in Kingston Parish, Gloucester County.  Daniel Gwyn.

January 11, 1740Virginia Gazette, Parks (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) This is to give Notice, That there will be run for, at Mr. Joseph Seawell’s in Gloucester County, on the First Thursday in April, next, a Purse of Thirty Pistoles, by any Horse, Mare, or Gelding ; all siz’d Horses to carry 140, and Galloways to be allowed Weight for Inches; to pay One-Pistole Entrance if a Subscriber, if not, Two; and the Entrance Money to go to the Second Horse, &c.  And on the Day following, on the same Course, there will be a Saddle, Bridle, and Housing, of Five Pounds Value, to be run for, by any Horse, Mare, or Gelding, that never won a Prize of that Value Four Miles before; each Horse, &c. to pay Five Shillings Entrance, and that to go to the Horse that comes in Second. And on the Day following, there is to be run for, by Horses not exceeding 13hands, a Hunting Saddle, Bridle, and Whips; each Horse to pay Two Shillings and Six Pence at Entrance, to be given to the Horse that comes in Second; Happy is he that can get the highest Rider.

            N. B. The Gentlemen that are Subscribers for the Purse, are desir’d to pay their Money to Mr. William Nelson at York, or to Mr. Ralph Wormley, of  Middlesex.

May 6, 1745New York Evening Post (New York, New York)

            Williamsburg Virginia, March 14. Capt. George Maclester, of the Snow Flying-Fish belonging to Maryland, and bound thither from Barbados, was taken 5 Days after he left Barbados by a French Privateer, Seur Jean Baptiste Roulleau, in the Sloop St. Andrew, of Martinico, of 8 Carriage and 12 Swivel Guns, and 57 Men ; but ransom’d his Vessel and Cargo for 3000 Pieces of Eight ; and proceeded on his Return to Maryland, but was unfortunately drove ashore by a strong Gale of Wind, at New-Point Comfort last Sunday Morning, and stove the Vessel to Pieces, but saved all their Lives and Part of the Cargo.

September 12, 1745Virginia Gazette, Parks (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) RAN away from the Subscriber, living in Ware Parish, Gloucester County, on Tuesday the 6th Day of August last, A Negroe boy nam’d Sawney; he looks old and wrinkled in the Face, though but very small of Stature, and had a fresh Scar on one of his Cheeks. He had on when he went away, a Pair of old blue Cloth Breeches, and a Hempon Shirt. Some Person had forg’d my Hand, and given him a Pass, but my Advertisements happening to get before him, he was take up at West Point the Tuesday following, and he made his escape the same Night, from the Person that had him, about six Miles from home. Whoever secures the said Runaway, so that I may have him again, shall be handsomely rewarded for their Trouble, and all their reasonable Expences bore by  John Matthews.

October 31, 1745Virginia Gazette, Parks (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) To be Sold, 444 Acres of very good Land, lying in Gloucester County about a Mile from Old Dragon Bridge, with a very good Dwelling house, Orchard, and other convenient Outhouses. Any person inclinable to purchase, may know the Terms by applying to the Subscriber, living on the Premises.  James Amis.

April 3, 1746Virginia Gazette, Parks (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) RAN away last June, from the Subscriber, in Gloucester County, a short, well-set Negroe Fellow, named Pompey; He is about 5 Feet 6 inches high, talks good English, and is of a yellow Complexion; Had on when he went away, a Cotton Waistcoat, dy’d yellow, a striped Virginia Cloth Jacket and Breeches, a Virginia Cotton Shirt, an old Pair of Shoes and Stockings; but I am since informed he has changed his Apparel.

            Whoever secures the said Negroe, so that I may have him again, shall have Two Pistoles Reward, besides what the Law allows, paid by  William Huggins.

April 17, 1746Virginia Gazette, Parks (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            [Acts of the House of Burgesses]

 29.  An Act, to dock the Intail of certain Lands in the County of Gloucester, late the Estates of Thomas Todd and vesting the same in Trustees, to be sold; and the Money arising therefrom to be laid out in Slaves, to be settled to the same Uses.

30.  An Act, to dock the intail of certain Lands in the County of Gloucester, late the Estate of John Smith, and vesting the same in Trustees, to be sold; and the Money arising therefrom, to be laid out in Slaves, to be settled to the same Uses.

July 31, 1746Virginia Gazette, Parks (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) By Order of the Vestry of Petsworth Parish in Gloucester County, there is to be a Dwelling-house built on the Glebe Land in the said Parish, 52 Feet long and 20 Feet wide. Any Person inclinable to undertake the same, is desired to meet the Vestry at the said Parish Church, on the first Wednesday in August next.

February 7, 1751Virginia Gazette, Hunter (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) Notice is hereby given, That on Wednesday the 27th Day of this Month a Vestry will be held at Abington Church in the County of Gloucester, in order to contract with Workmen, for building a new Church in said Parish.

February 14, 1751Virginia Gazette, Hunter (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) RAN away from the Subscriber, living in Gloucester County, a likely young Negroe Woman, named Kitty, about 20 Years of Age; she formerly was a Servant in the Governor’s Family, and is supposed to be about Williamsburg.  Whoever apprehends and conveys the said Servant to me, shall have Two Pistoles Reward, besides what the Law allows.  Warner Lewis.

February 21, 1751Virginia Gazette, Hunter (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) February 21, 1750-1.  RAN away on the 4th Instant, from the Subscriber, in Gloucester, a Negroe Man, named George; had on when he went away a Fear-nothing Waistcoat, blue Breeches, Pladd Hose, and a Pair of Shoes; He carried off a Canoe, and is suppos’d to be gone to Rappahannock.  Whoever takes him up, and conveys him to me, shall have a Pistole Reward, besides what the Law allows.  John Briggs.

March 28, 1751Virginia Gazette, Hunter (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) Gloucester, March 25, 1751.  THE Subscriber having undertaken to keep the Ferry at Capahosack, gives Notice, That the said Ferry for the future shall be kept in the best Manner, having provided a good Boat, and a sufficient number of Hands for that Purpose, and a very large Canoe for putting over Footmen, or such as don’t choose to cross with Horses. Also keeps a Public House at the said Ferry, where all Gentlemen may be well accommodated, and depend on meeting with all possible Dispatch in crossing the said Ferry; and on making a Smoak on the other Side of the River, the Boat will be immediately sent over.  William Thornton

November 7, 1751Virginia Gazette, Hunter (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) On Friday the 13th of December next, at Gloucester Court-house, will be sold at Auction, a Parcel of choice Virginia born Slaves, several ­­___, some Horses and other stock belonging to the Estate of the late Rev. _____.  Six Months Credit will be allowed , the Purchaser giving Bond and good security, to Philip R___.

January 10, 1752Virginia Gazette, Hunter (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            We have receiv’d an Account of the following Gentlemen being elected BURGESSES, to serve in the next General Assembly, viz. … Gloucester.  Mr. Beverly Whiting, Mr. John Page.



May 15, 1752Virginia Gazette, Hunter (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) Stolen out of Ware Church, in Gloucester County, sometime last Week, the Communion Table and Pulpit Cloths, of Crimson Velvet, double lac’d with Gold; also the Surplice and Gown. Whoever will bring them whole to the Churchwardens of the said Parish, or discover the Thief, so that he be convicted thereof, shall receive Ten Pounds Reward, to be paid by the Churchwardens of the said Parish.

March 2, 1753Virginia Gazette, Hunter (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement)  To be SOLD, at Publick AUCTION, at the Subscriber’s Plantation, in Glocester  County, on the last Thursday in March,   Two Hundred Acres of Land, on Queen’s Creek, in the said County, 20 Virginia born Slaves, Men, Women and Children, and a Quantity of Stock. Three Month’s Credit will be allowed, the Purchaser giving good Security, as usual, to Robert Reade.

May 23, 1755Virginia Gazette, Hunter (Williamsburg, Virginia)

 On Tuesday the 20th of this Instant, was determined at New Kent Court House, the great Cock Match between Gloucester and New Kent, for Ten Pistoles a Battle and an Hundred the Main, there fell Eighteen in the Match, of which the New Kent Men won Ten and Gloucester Seven, one a drawn Battle: Some James River Cocks that fell on the New Kent Side, distinguished themselves in a very extraordinary manner.

October 10, 1755  - Virginia Gazette, Hunter (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) September 28, 1755. RAN away from the Subscriber, living in Gloucester County, a Servant Man, named John Dixon, about 19 or 20 Years of Age, and about 5 Feet 2 Inches high, well set, of a swarthy Complexion, a full Face, large upper fore Teeth with one of them broke half off, and wears his own Hair, of a dark-brown Color; had on a Felt Hat, a light color’d Cloth or Drugger Wastecoat, and a black Stuff ditto under it, a Pair of black Breeches, black Worsted Stockings, a Pair of Shoes almost new, and a check’d Shirt; he has a sore on his left Leg, just above the Ancle; says he was born in England, but is suppos’d to be an Irishman; by Trade a Smith, delights much in making Clasp-Knives, and has been used to the Sea.  Whoever secures him, so that he may [be] had again, shall have Two Pistoles Reward, paid by  John Hobday.

October 10, 1755Virginia Gazette, Hunter (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) RAN away from the Subscriber, living in Gloucester County, on the 31st Day of August last, a young, lusty, Negroe Man Slave, named Ben, about 5 Feet 10 Inches high, a very good Ploughman and Carter; he has a smooth Tongue, and a very good Knack at telling a Story. He has stolen a Horse and Saddle, and is supposed to be gone to Col. John Willis’s in Brunswick County, or to North Carolina. Whoever secures him, so that his Master may have him again, shall have a handsome Reward, besides what the Law allows, paid by   Francis Willis, Jun.

October 17, 1755Virginia Gazette, Hunter (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement)  To be SOLD on the 24th Day of March next, A TRACT of Land, containing 1500 Acres, lying on Ware River, in Gloucester County. Any Person inclinable to purchase, may know the Terms, on applying to  Ludwell Grymes.

November 7, 1755Virginia Gazette, Hunter (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement)  To be SOLD, on the Premises, on Wednesday the 26th of November, 1755.  A Tract of Land, lying in Glocester County, containing 350 Acres, with a good Dwelling House and all other convenient Houses for Cropping; Also Thirteen Slaves, and about 30 Head of Cattle, for Cash or Bills of Exchange.  Thomas Boswell.  N. B.  The Sale to be at the Plantation of William Marlow, deceas’d.

December 12, 1755Virginia Gazette, Hunter (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            We have received further Accounts of the following Elections, viz. Glocester  Mr, John Page, Mr. Thomas Whiting.

November 4, 1763Virginia Gazette, Royle (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement)  GLOUCESTER county, October 22, 1763. WHEREAS John Davis, one of the under-sheriffs of this county, has taken in execution, and sold as the estate of  William Amys a Negro woman named PATT, by trade a weaver, the said Davis giving notice that the right to the said slave was to determine at the death of Anne, the wife of William Amys.  Richard Iveson bought her for 30l. immediately transported her over the bay of Chesapeake, and sold her to one Jacobs in Northampton county, as we are informed, for 60l. without mentioning the right to determine at the death of Anne Amys. Now we hereby inform the publick in general, and the said Jacobs of Northampton in particular, that the slave, Patt in question, being part of the estate of John Machen, deceased, was allotted, with other slaves, to Anne Amys, daughter of the said John, to whom he willed the use of an equal part of his Negroes during her natural life, and then the said Negroes and their increase are given to certain orphans, children of the said Anne by a former husband. We the executors of the last will of John Machen, having ourselves given sufficient security, refused to deliver the estate out of our hands unless Amys, husband of the legatee, would give us security; which he has not being able to do, we delivered the slaves on loan, upon his promise, before evidence, to deliver them back if demanded. But whether this Bill gives the executors such a right as to prevent the slaves being sold for debts of the said AMYS, or not, this much is certain that the right , if any, is good no longer than for the life of Anne Amys. The said Jacobs hath this notice that he is imposed upon; and the publick, lest any one else should be likewise imposed upon, by more sales of the like kind. From their friends, MARGARET MACHEN, JOHN DIXON

March 21, 1766Virginia Gazette, Purdie & Dixon (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) RUN away from the subscriber’s plantation, on the 3d instant, two Negro men; One of them named ROBIN, a very likely fellow, of a yellow complexion, about 6 feet high, 28 years old, by trade a blacksmith, is well acquainted with plantation business, has a large scar on his right arm occasioned by a burn, is very sensible, has been to several parts of the country, and intended when he went off to get on board a man of war,  or some other vessel; had on when he went away a gray fearnought waistcoat with metal buttons, osnabrugs shirt, cotton breeches, and stockings, Virginia shoes, and felt hat; he carried with him sundry wearing apparel, and it is imagined has a pass and sailors dress, intending to pass for a freeman. Whoever conveys the said slave to me shall have 40s. reward, if taken out of the county, and if out of the colony 10l. Also DANIEL, a very likely fellow, near 6 feet high, and about 30 years old; had on a suit of cotton, osnabrugs shirt, Virginia shoes, white yarn stockings, felt hat, and it is thought is gone to Louisa. Whoever brings the said fellow to me shall have 10s. reward, besides what the Law allows.  JOHN FOX.

April 25, 1766Virginia Gazette, Purdie & Dixon (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) A YOUNG man, capable of teaching Reading, Writing, and Arithmetic, may meet with good encouragement by applying to Capt. John Perrin in Gloucester county.

July 18, 1766Virginia Gazette, Hunter (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) TO BE SOLD. On the Twenty-fifth of July. Gloucester Court-House.


July 25, 1766Virginia Gazette, Hunter (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement)  To be SOLD at Gloucester court-house, on Wednesday the 6th of August next.  Three hundred acres of LAND, whereon the courthouse now stands, a storehouse, an ordinary, and several other houses; the said place is well known to be very convenient for a public house, from the number of Gentlemen who resort thither every court, as also for travelers. The subscriber has a proper right to the same, and may be seen at the day of sale; the terms and payment will likewise be agreed on at that day.  JOHN HUGHES.  N. B. At the same time will be exposed to sale about 20 Virginia born SLAVES, chiefly young.

August 15, 1766Virginia Gazette, Purdie & Dixon (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) To be SOLD, on Thursday the 15th of September next, in Gloucester county, A TRACT of LAND, containing 423 acres, known by the name of Marlow’s land, part of which is rich low grounds, and the whole very kindly, suitable for any kind of grain, hemp, flax, or tobacco, well watered, convenient to church and mill, being within half a mile of Piankatank river, a proper place for a store, one having been kept there before. Any person inclinable to purchase before the day of sale, by applying to Capt. Thomas Whiting in Gloucester town, who has a legal authority to sell the same, and will show the plot, may know the terms, or to the subscriber, who will show the land.  THOMAS BOSWELL.



November 13, 1766Virginia Gazette, Hunter (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement)  To be SOLD, the 3d of December, at East warehouse, in Gloucester county, A PARCEL OF LAND, containing about 40 acres, part within 60 yards of the warehouse, is a beautiful place for a merchant, as there is at this time two sea vessels building thereon, and is clear and level. Also 251 acres of woodland, lying adjacent thereto, very rich and well timbered, will be sold at the same time. …  ROBERT TOMPKINS.

November 13, 1766Virginia Gazette, Hunter (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) To be SOLD, on the Premises, the 10th of December next. 337 ACRES of GOOD LAND, whereon is a good dwelling house, with 4 fireplaces below, and 2 brick chimnies, a kitchen with a brick chimney, and two fireplaces below, all other necessary houses, and two orchards. Also a quarter of a mile from thence, on the said plantation, stands a house 20 by 16 with a brick chimney, and a Negro quarter by it. About two acres of the said land is well timbered, the rest very clear and level, and lies within half a mile of East warehouse, in Gloucester county. The time of payment will be agreed upon at the day of sale.  JOSEPH GAYLE.

January 29, 1767Virginia Gazette, Purdie & Dixon (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) To be SOLD, AN exceeding good tract of LAND, in Kingston parish, Gloucester county, containing about 600 acres, all level and very rich. There is on the land in overseer’s house, quarters, tobacco houses, and an exceeding good barn.  It is a noted place for fine fish and oysters, and great plenty of all kinds of water fowl. And person inclinable to purchase may know the terms by applying to JOHN BOOTES

February 19, 1767Virginia Gazette, Hunter (Williamsburg, Virginia)      

            (Advertisement)  To be SOLD, on the Premises, the 12th Day of March next, to the highest Bidder, A TRACT of Land consisting 197 acres upon Sarah’s Creek, convenient for Navigation, whereon is a good Dwelling-House, new Barn, kitchen and other necessary Houses; also a small Apple Orchard. The Plantation is in good Order for Cropping. The Time of Payment will be agreed upon the Day of Sale. Any Person inclined to purchase the above Land before the Day of Sale, may know the Terms by applying to the Subscriber living on the Premises. THOMAS STOAKES, Jun.

March 12, 1767Virginia Gazette, Hunter (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) TO BE SOLD, VALUABLE Tract of LAND, containing about 500 Acres, pleasantly situated on Piankitank River in Gloucester County; there is on the Premises a large well-finish’d Brick Dwelling-House, three Stories high, four Rooms on a Floor, four good dry Cellars and a Vault, with all good  and convenient Out-Houses, Peach and Apple Orchards. Also another valuable Tract within Half a Mile of the above, containing about 1600 Acres, well wooded and water’d; there is running thro’ the middle of the Tract, a large and very rich Swamp, with great Plenty of Ash Timber; Also about 25 Acres of another Swamp, 12 Acres of which is now in Meadow, and within less than a Mile of the Dwelling House; there are all Sorts of good and convenient houses for Cropping on this Tract. STOCK of all Sorts will be Sold. There will likewise be Sold a valuable GRIST-MILL. Long Credit will be given for the greatest Part of the Money.    WARNER WASHINGTON.

March 26, 1767Virginia Gazette, Purdie & Dixon (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement)  To be SOLD, A NEW SHIP, of about 236 tuns, well calculated for the Tobacco trade, built of the best seasoned plank and timber, and can be launched in a little time, if required. Twelve months credit will be allowed for two thirds or three fourths of the value. Any person inclinable to purchase may be shown the vessel by applying to the subscriber, living in Kingston parish, Gloucester county.  THOMAS SMITH.

July 10, 1767Virginia Gazette, Purdie & Dixon (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) RUN away from the subscriber, living in Gloucester county, on Friday the 3d instant (July) a Negro man named JACK, he is a short well made fellow, of a yellow complexion, his hair very long on his face and hind part of his head, and cut or shaved on the top; had on when he went away a cotton waistcoat, canvas shirt and crocus breeches, and took with him a bag, a black cloth coat and a pair of blue velvet breeches, red velvet wastecoat, a white shirt, black velvet cap, a pair of shoes, and blue worsted stockings. As he is a very sensible fellow, it is probable he may endeavour to make his escape to some other country and perhaps pass as a freeman. Whoever apprehends the said runaway, and conveys him to me, shall have a 40s. reward, if taken in Gloucester county; if taken in any other county, 3l. and if taken out of the colony, 5l. besides what is allowed by law.  JOSEPH SEAWELL.

July 23, 1767Virginia Gazette, Purdie & Dixon (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) To be SOLD at PUBLIC AUCTION, on Thursday the 3d of  September next, pursuant to a decree of Gloucester county court, One hundred and fifty acres of very valuable LAND, lying on Slut’s creek, in Gloucester county; also about 15 valuable SLAVES. The Terms will be agreed on at the day of sale.  LEWIS BURWELL, Jun. Sheriff.

July 23, 1767Virginia Gazette, Purdie & Dixon (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) GLOUCESTER, July, 20, 1767. AS I intend to leave the colony this fall, I must request the favour of all those who have any demands against me to come immediately and settle, particularly those demands on account of gaming. I have made a promise never to lay one shilling more upon any bet whatsoever, as it has been very hurtful to Their humble servant, RICHARD GWYN.    

September 10, 1767Virginia Gazette, Purdie & Dixon (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) To be SOLD to the highest bidder, on Monday the 9th of November, on the premises.  A VERY valuable Tract of LAND, containing about 300 acres, lying in GLOUCESTER county, Ware neck, on North river, and almost surrounded by a creek, so that it will take but very little fencing to enclose the whole. It is very well timbered with oak and pine, a great quantity of plank may be sawed off it, it is good for tobacco and all kind of grain, and in good order for cropping, and well fenced in. There is on it a very good dwelling house, 45 by 20, underpinned, and gable ends of brick, with two rooms on a floor, and a large passage, likewise a kitchen, quarter, dairy, meat house, a good new barn, 40 by 20, and several other convenient houses, a variety of fruit trees, and as pleasant a situation, and as plentiful a place for fishing and oysters, as any in the colony. The time of payment will be agreed on at the day of sale, but a considerable time of credit will be allowed the purchaser, at least three or four years, for one half the money, giving bond and security to             GEORGE BOSWELL.  Likewise will be sold about 30 or 40 head of CATTLE, and all the CORN that is made on the plantation, on twelve months credit.

October 29, 1767Virginia Gazette, Purdie & Dixon (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement)  To be SOLD on Thursday the 26th of November next, at the late dwelling house of Dr. John Symmer, deceased, in Gloucester county.  NINETY SIX SLAVES, among whom are a good blacksmith and shoemaker, a weaver, five carpenters, and some likely girls that can spin flax. Also a large collection of books, two small stills, some bellmetal and marble mortars, and an assortment of medicines; some horses, cattle and household furniture, &c. Likewise a valuable tract of land, in the said county of Gloucester, on Pianketank river, containing 500 acres, with a fine marsh; and 75 acres in Middlesex county, opposite to the said tract on which is kept Turk’s ferry. Also 190 acres of land, known by the name of Cary’s, and 48 acres formerly New’s, on which is a grist mill, both adjoining the plantation on which the late Dr. Symmer lived; and 45 acres adjoining Mrs. Randolph’s. Twelve months will be allowed, the purchaser giving bond and security; and a discount of 5 per cent to those who pay ready money.

            All persons indebted to the estate of the said Dr. Symmer, deceased, are desired to discharge their respective balances in a very short time, to prevent suite being commenced against them; and those who have any demands against the said estate are requested to make them known, before or at the day of the sale, to ROBERT & ALEXANDER DALGLEISH, Exrs.

December 24, 1767Virginia Gazette – Rind (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement)  Gloucester county, Dec. 4, 1767. To be SOLD, pursuant to a decree of the worshipful court of Gloucester county, on Thursday the 7th day of January next, at Gloucester court-house, TEN LIKELY VIRGINIA BORN SLAVES, belonging to the estate of Gregory Iveson, deceased. Eighteen months credit will be allowed, the purchasers giving bond with approved security, to RICHARD GREGORY.



January 21, 1768Virginia Gazette, Purdie & Dixon (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) By virtue of a deed of trust will be SOLD to the highest bidder, at Gloucester courthouse, on Wednesday the 3d of February next, FORTY VALUABLE SLAVES, among whom are some good carpenters, and a very good cook. Credit will be allowed until the 25th of next October, the purchasers giving bond and security to THE TRUSTEES.  N. B. Large discount will be allowed for ready money.

March 3, 1768Virginia Gazette, Purdie & Dixon (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement)  To be SOLD on the premises, the 16th of this instant (March)

350 ACRES OF LAND, in Gloucester county, being the plantation whereon Dr. Symmer lived. Also three likely NEGRO MEN. Six months credit will be allowed, the purchasers giving bond and security to  ROBERT & ALEX. DALGLEISH.

March 3, 1768Virginia Gazette, Rind (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) RUN away from the subscriber, at his plantation at Greenwich, the 1st day of February, 1768, a likely young negro man named BEN, about 27 years old, near 6 feet high. Carried with him a pair of leather leggings, and variety of other cloaths, by trade a farmer and gardener, and is very handy at many other businesses. He is well acquainted with Carolina and Maryland, and is suspected to be gone to the former. Whoever takes up the said slave, and conveys him safe to the subscriber, at his seat in Gloucester county, if taken in North Carolina or Maryland, shall have TEN POUNDS reward; and if taken in South Carolina, FIFTEEN POUNDS; and if taken in this colony, FORTY SHILLINGS.   JOHN FOX

***  The said slave is outlawed.

March 10, 1768Virginia Gazette, Purdie & Dixon (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) To be SOLD for ready cash, in consequence of a decree of Gloucester county court, on the 1st Thursday in the next month, at Gloucester Courthouse. ABOUT seven hundred acres of valuable LAND, which was the property of the late Dr. John Symmer, deceased, lying in Kingston parish, Gloucester county, near the head of North river, on which as a great deal of good timber, both oak and pine. The said land will be sold together or in parcels, as will best suit the purchasers.

March 31, 1768Virginia Gazette, Purdie & Dixon (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement)  To be SOLD for ready money, at Gloucester court-house, on Wednesday the 13th of April next, THIRTY choice VIRGINIA born SLAVES, six fine blooded chariot HORSES, 20 hhds of crop TOBACCO, the property of  Lewis Burwell, and taken in execution to satisfy a debt for which he became security for Francis Willis, by the SHERIFF.

N. B. At the same time and place will be sold several other NEGROES, taken in execution, for ready money.

May 23, 1768 - New York Gazette (New York, New York)

            WILLIAMSBURG, (Virginia) May 5. The following account says the person who sent it, can be well attested. In February 1767, a sloop was sunk in Mobjack bay, near New Point Comfort, by a squall of wind ; and through the negligence, or inability of the owners, lay near twelve months under water. Upon her being raised, a fish was found confined in her hold, so large, that the decks were obliged to be broken up to get it out, and upon being measured, was found to be full half as long again as the vessel. It is something surprising, how a fish of that size could remain so long in such a confined situation.

June 9, 1768Virginia Gazette, Purdie & Dixon (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) For SALE, A NEW SCHOONER, that will be launched in August next, or sooner if required, burthen 71 tuns, and will carry near 3000 bushels of grain; she is built with the best white oak plank and timber, and will be a very complete vessel when finished. He has also for sale a sloop burthen 29 tuns, 3 years old, together with her sails, anchors &c. Any person inclinable to purchase either or both may know the terms by applying to the subscriber living on the head of East river, in Gloucester county.  EDWARD HUGHES.

July 28, 1768Virginia Gazette, Purdie & Dixon (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) To be SOLD on reasonable terms, for cash or good bills of exchange, A SEA SCHOONER, of about eighty tuns burthen, two years old, and now fit to take a cargo in. Also a SLOOP, of fifty tuns burthen, now on the stocks, and may be launched in three weeks. Any person inclinable to purchase may know the terms by applying to the subscriber in Kingston parish, Gloucester county.  ROBERT BILLUPS

September 15, 1768Virginia Gazette, Purdie & Dixon (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement)  To be SOLD, on the Premises, on Tuesday the 1st of November next, for READY MONEY, A TRACT of LAND in the county of Gloucester, where Capt. Gwyn Reade, deceased, formerly lived; whereon is a good brick dwelling-house with four rooms on a floor, and other convenient houses. The situation is beautiful, and the land extremely good. At the same time will be sold the STOCKS and CATTLE, &c. DOROTHY ARMISTEAD, Executrix. ROBERT READE, Executor.

November 3, 1768Virginia Gazette, Rind (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) THE subscriber in Amelia, intends to offer his land in Gloucester county for sale, on Tuesday the 15th of November. The terms of payment will be agreed on the day of sale.  GEORGE BOOKER

November 17, 1768Virginia Gazette, Rind (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement)  TO BE SOLD, On Wednesday, the 21st of December, in Gloucester county, at the plantation of the late Hugh Spotswood, deceased on Pianketank river. EIGHT likely Virginia born SLAVES, stocks of cattle, horses, hogs and sheep; fifty barrels of corn, some tobacco, sundry sorts of household furniture, looms, hackles, and every kind of weaver’s utensils, together with a number of other articles. Six months credit will be allowed the purchasers, giving bond and security to the executor, or to Mr. Hugh Walker, who will attend the sale. N. B. All persons indebted to the said Spotswood’s estate, are desired to pay the balances to Mr. Hugh Walker.

November 17, 1768Virginia Gazette, Purdie & Dixon (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) WHEREAS, by the advice of the Council, I published an advertisement the 21st of July last, notifying the loss the inhabitants sustained by the fire at Montreal, in which it was recommended to the ministers to preach proper sermons on the occasion, and to the churchwardens to make collections, in consequence thereof I have received the following sums, viz.  Gloucester, 04.05.3; Kingston, Gloucester, Mr. Dixon, 03.02.0 …. JOHN BLAIR.

November 17, 1768Virginia Gazette, Rind (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) Gloucester, October 18, 1768.  RUN away from the subscriber the 9th of this Instant, a Negro fellow named Sam, about five feet eight inches high; he stole a white horse about thirteen hands three inches high; was seen to pass Caroline Courthouse the 11th of this instant, on his way to Mr. John Wiatt’s, at Mr. Mann Page’s plantation, near Bull Run. The said runaway had the usual cloathing for labouring Negroes. Some vile person gave him a pass, signed with my name, to permit him to pass to the said Wiatt’s and to hire himself to any person. The aforesaid runaway is a good carpenter and cooper. Whoever will secure him in any gaol, so that I may get him again, shall have three pounds reward.  JASPER CLAYTON.

December 1, 1768Virginia Gazette, Purdie & Dixon (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            WILLIAMSBURG, Dec. 1. … We have also heard of the following elections [to the next Assembly] For GLOUCESTER Mess. THOMAS WHITING and LEWIS BURWELL.

December 22, 1768Virginia Gazette, Purdie & Dixon (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            On the 12th instant the Rev. Mr. ARTHUR HAMILTON, Chaplain to his Excellency the Governor, was unanimously chosen Rector of Petsworth parish, Gloucester county, in the room of the Rev. Mr. Charles M. Thruston, who has been lately chosen Minister for Frederick county.

February 9, 1769Virginia Gazette, Rind (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            On Friday last died, at Portobello, after a lingering illness, Mrs. FINNIE the younger. She was a Lady of a very good and reputable family in Gloucester county, agreeable in person, her mind sensible and well cultivated, and above all, such as her sweetness of disposition, that she never made an enemy, but left as many friends as she had acquaintances, who truly lament their loss; and the tears her death occasioned, were a just tribute paid by friendship  to virtue.



February 9, 1769Virginia Gazette, Rind (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) February 2, 1769. Pursuant to the last will and testament of Isaac Singleton, late of Gloucester county, deceased, will be sold to the highest bidder, on the premises, on Tuesday the 28th instant, if fair, otherwise next fair day. A VALUABLE Tract of LAND, lying in Ware parish, on North river, in the said county, containing 150 acres, very conveniently situated for fish and oysters. The purchaser will be allowed six months credit, on giving bond and approved security to The EXECUTOR.

N. B. The said land is subject to the widow’s dower; the reversion of which will be sold.

March 30, 1769Virginia Gazette, Rind (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement)  GLOUCESTER, March 5, 1769. To be SOLD for ready money, on Monday the 10th of April, at Mr. Rootes’s dwelling-house, THIRTY-FIVE choice NEGROES, sundry sorts of valuable HOUSEHOLD FURNITURE, STOCKS of CATTLE, HOGS, SHEEP and HORSES. The sale to begin at 11 o’clock, and continue till all are sold, and the money to be paid to the Trustees.

July 20, 1769Virginia Gazette, Rind (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement)  To be SOLD, on Wednesday the 2d of August next, at Gloucester court-house, SIXTEEN NEGROES for ready money, taken in execution by the sheriff.

September 14, 1769Virginia Gazette, Purdie & Dixon (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            We have _____ _____ account of the following elections, viz. For GLOUCESTER, Mr. THOMAS WHITING and Mr. LEWIS BURWELL.

September 21, 1769Virginia Gazette, Rind (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement)  To be SOLD, at public auction, for the benefit of the insurers, at Mr. Henry Knight’s in Kingston parish, Gloucester, on the 26th instant, The HULL of the snow Fortune, Capt. William Rountree, now ashore near Gwynn’s Island, in Chesapeake Bay, together with what materials are left.

September 28, 1769Virginia Gazette, Purdie & Dixon (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) To be LET at Gloucester courthouse, on Monday the 2d of October next, The building of two brick prisons at the said place; and at the same time will be let the shingling of Ware church, and other repairs to be agreed on. Bond and security will be required of the undertakers, by the managers.

October 19, 1769Virginia Gazette, Rind (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) To be SOLD, on Thursday the 19th instant, for ready money, at Gloucester court-house, A VALUABLE Negro man named TONEY, in the possession of Dr. Thomas Clayton, and taken by execution. He was formerly the property of Mr. William K____ and sold by him to the said Clayton. Therefore if say person has a right or claim to the said slave, they are desired to make it known, at or before the day of sale, to the sheriff.

October 23, 1769Boston Post Boy (Boston, Massachusetts)

            WILLIAMSBURG, Sept. 21 .[Part of a letter written on July 28, 1769]  The snow Fortune, Rowntree, from London, bound to Maryland, in going up the bay, in the late hurricane, was obliged to cut away her masts and come to anchor, one of which she lost ; and last Tuesday, in weighing, the windlass broke, which made it necessary to cut the cable, and she drove ashore to the northward of New Point Comfort, and is entirely lost. There were 59 passengers on board, many of them tradesmen, labourers, &c. who propose following their several occupations in this colony, unless compelled to go to Maryland, to be there sold to pay for their passages.

November 2, 1769Virginia Gazette, Rind (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) The subscriber has eight hundred acres of choice low grounds in Gloucester county, to dispose of, to any person who will give a suitable price, and will venture to promise the payments will be made easy and agreeable.  FRANCIS WILLIS.

November 9, 1769Virginia Gazette, Purdie & Dizon (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement)  GLOUCESTER, Nov. 3, 1769. As I intend to leave the colony as soon as my affairs can be settled, I would sell two small TRACTS of LAND, lately the property of Dr. John Symmer, deceased. On one tract of 100 acres is a grist mill, well situated for custom, and convenient for raising a large stock of hogs. I have also for sale a Negro wench and two fellows, one a shoemaker; also an assortment of MEDICINES, a large bell metal MORTAR, and several small ones of glass marble, &c.  Also a parcel of PHYSICAL BOOKS, amongst them the greatest part of B______’s works, ____ ____ commentaries on B________ aph______, 11 vols. &c. Short credit will be given, and the terms of sale known by applying to  G. JOHNSTON.

N. B. All persons indebted to me are desired to discharge their bonds or accounts immediately, without further notice, as they cannot expect indulgence.

January 18, 1770Virginia Gazette, Purdie & Dixon (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement)  To be SOLD on Tuesday the 6th of February next, on the premises (if fair, otherwise next fair day) THE TRACT of LAND whereon Capt. John Wiatt lately lived in Petsworth parish, Gloucester county, containing about 400 acres. It is very good both for corn and tobacco, is well timbered and watered, and has thereon a ______ dwelling house with two brick chimnies _______ brick cellar under it, two rooms below and two _______ with all necessary outhouses. The time ______ agreed on at the day of sale, the purchaser ______ security to GEORGE ________.

February 15, 1770Virginia Gazette, Purdie & Dixon (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) THE subscriber not long since advertised 800 acres of valuable low grounds in Gloucester, and since has been told, by some of his friends, it was imagined by some Gentlemen without a full determination of selling. How to express myself in terms fully to their satisfaction I am still at a loss but do aver I am not only desirous of selling the above tract, but will sell 500 acres more of the same low grounds adjoining, with a meadow which separates the two plantations, and a little below that there is an old mill dam which distinguishes each tract by the stream, which runs as near as may be in the middle, besides a very valuable mill adjoining these tracts, which for upwards of fifteen years has never got less than 150 barrels of corn and very frequently 200, with 60 or 70 bushels of wheat a year. I will likewise sell 2500 acres of high land, which adjoins the tract of 500 acres, and extends near two miles back, leaning towards Gloucester courthouse, the upper part of which tract is called Cheeseman swamp, and has this great advantage of a remarkable fine swamp, both sides my property, for near a mile, and which may be made into a fine meadow. I have been exact in the quantity of each tract, having examined the quitrent roll, and have paid quitrents for 27 years for the lands specified as above, so I have taken all the pains I can not to lead the purchaser into a deception. There are many reasons which make me desirous of selling these several tracts of land (and I will do it on reasonable terms) particularly to clear myself from some aspersions which, more or less, I find no man can avoid, as the world little knows I was, at the immediate request of a very indulgent father, urged in the most pressing manner to make several mortgages, by application to him from several London merchants, which within a few hundred pounds was contracted by himself before he made the estate over to me, with several Negroes, none of which can be touched until those debts are discharged, which make other creditors lie under a great disadvantage. What can I do more! I hope after this the generous and humane will not molest my person, and wait an event which I am seriously desirous of complying with to any person who pleases to apply; and as I am very sensible no prosperity can elate me, I humbly hope no adversity shall depress me, and have long since been convinced the utmost we can hope for is contentment, and am persuaded all the happiness in this world centred in one person it would not make a very happy being. As indisputable title will be made in these lands, which are mortgaged to the mortgagers, and Their humble servant, FRANCIS WILLIS

February 22, 1770Virginia Gazette, Rind (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) GREENWICH, Feb.15, 1770 – RUN away from the subscriber, in Gloucester county, the 5th instant, a very likely Virginia born Negro fellow named ADAM, of a yellow complexion, about 25 years old, near 6 feet high, by trade a sawyer and cooper; he had on when he went away a white plains waistcoat and breeches, knit yarn stockings, Virginia shoes, steel buckles, and ozanbrigs shirt, and a felt hat. He carried with him a light coloured suit of cloth cloaths, and other things unknown, and some books; as he can read and write an indifferent hand, he purposed, when he went off, to forge himself a pass to go to Carolina, to pass as a freeman. I will give FORTY SHILLINGS reward, besides the allowance by law, to any person that delivers the said slave to me, or either of my overseers, in this county; and if taken in Carolina FIVE POUNDS.   JOHN FOX 


May 3, 1770Virginia Gazette, Rind (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) To be SOLD on Monday the 4th of June next (if fair, if not the next fair day) at the house of Capt. Thomas Boswell, in Gloucester county. TWENTY VALUABLE NEGROES, consisting of men, women, and children, a very good house carpenter, forty head of cattle, seven horses, sundry household and kitchen furniture, taken in execution by The SHERIFF. N. B. Credit will be agreed on at the day of sale.

August 28, 1770Essex Gazette (Salem, Massachusetts)

            WILLIAMSBURG, August 2. In the storm we had on Monday se’nnight, afternoon, a young man was killed at East Warehouse, in Gloucester, and several horses, by the lightning. Considerable damage was done in the other parts of that and the neighboring counties; several cattle being killed, corn thrown down, &c.

August 30, 1770Virginia Gazette (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) For SALE, Two hundred and fifty acres of land in Petsworth parish, Gloucester, within a mile and a half of York  river, whereon are houses, &c. and cleared ground for six hands; it is a fine range for cattle. This plantation may be entered upon in December, and the money to be paid by the 25th of October. Also, 200 acres in Ware parish, being part of the tract on which the subscriber lives; within a mile and a half of York river, and opposite to the mouth of Queen’s creek. Likewise 350 acres of land in Kingston parish, within a mile of East warehouse, and half a mile of a branch of York river. These two tracts may be entered on immediately. Any person inclinable to purchase the above lands may depend on having a great bargain of them, by applying to  JOHN HUGHES.

October 11, 1770Virginia Gazette, Rind (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement)  To be SOLD on Monday the 29th instant, on the premises, if fair, otherwise next fair day. About 500 acres of good LAND in Kingston parish, Gloucester county, extending at least 2 miles on East river. On it is a very good dwelling-house, with 2 brick chimnies, and all convenient out-houses, also a store-house underpinned with brick, which has a brick chimney, and a good cellar, with an apple orchard that produces 3000 gallons of cider, and a quarter with 2 brick chimnies. It is a remarkable fine place for fish and oysters, there are several fine springs on the land, and it is well calculated for public business, being in the middle of the parish, the warehouses upon it, and navigable water to them. There are four other houses at the warehouse, and the whole rent for upwards of 40l. a year. Also a tract adjoining the above, containing about 170 acres, more than one half of which is wood land. An undoubted title will be made to the purchaser, by applying to   CALEB HUNLEY, and RANSONE HUNLEY

October 25, 1770Virginia Gazette, Purdie & Dixon (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement)  A PARCEL of choice SLAVES, among which are some fine boys from 8 to 14 years of age, will be sold at Gloucester courthouse, for ready money, on Thursday the 28 of November.

November 8, 1770Virginia Gazette, Rind (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) AMELIA county, Nov. 1, 1770. RUN away from the subscriber … a likely Virginia born Negro fellow named TOM, about 26 years of age … He was formerly the property of one Tompkins of Gloucester, and I am well informed he has been frequently seen lurking about the plantation of Mr. Hubard, near Poplar Spring church, in said county, where he has a wife.  … JAMES HENDERSON

November 29, 1770Virginia Gazette, Rind ( Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) To be SOLD to the highest bidder, on Thursday the 20th of December, if fair, otherwise next fair day, on the premises, A TRACT of LAND pleasantly situated on Sarah’s Creek, in Gloucester county, containing about 205 acres, whereon is a dwelling-house, with brick chimnies and cellar, a kitchen, and all other convenient out houses, mostly new. Also another house 20 by 16, just built; the land is good, and convenient to fish and oysters, with a good landing, where a sea vessel that draws 8 or 10 feet water, may come within 40 yards of the house. The time of payment will be agreed on at the sale. JAMES MUDIE.

At The same time and place will be SOLD, for ready money, or short credit, PART, or the whole, of the sloop Polly & Fanny, a new vessel, well fitted, and a prime sailor, has made but one voyage to the West Indies, burthen about 3000 bushels, now lying in Sarah’s Creek. For terms apply to JAMES MUDIE.

December 13, 1770Virginia Gazette, Rind (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) Gloucester, December 6, 1770. To be SOLD on the premises, the first day of next month, to the highest bidder, THE plantation where the subscriber now lives containing 300 acres, with a good dwelling house, and other convenient houses; also several valuable Negroes. The money for which to be paid to the Rev. Charles M. Thruston, and Henry Parsell. The terms to be agreed on the day of sale. LAWRENCE STUBBS.

January 10, 1771Virginia Gazette, Rind (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) Pursuant to an Act of Assembly, on Thursday the 31st of January next, will be exposed to sale on the premises. FIVE hundred and fifty acres of exceeding good LAND, now in the possession of John Roster, adjoining the land whereon Gloucester court house stands, the line running within a few yards of the courthouse door.  The land will be sold altogether, or in parcels as may best suit the purchasers. Six months credit will be allowed for two thirds of the money, and twelve months for the remainder, on giving bond and security to THE TRUSTEES. N. B. Mr. Francis Whiting will show the land to any person inclinable to view it before the day of sale.

January 10, 1771Virginia Gazette, Rind (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) A large parcel of very fine SLAVES, Virginia born, belonging to the estate of Mr. John Armistead, deceased, will be sold on Thursday the 24th of January, if fair, otherwise next fair day, at the battery, in Kingston parish, Gloucester county, for ready money, by the executors. At the same time will be sold 25 very fine SLAVES, for ready money only.

January 17, 1771Virginia Gazette, Rind (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) JANUARY 12, 1771. To be  SOLD at the plantation on which William Stubbs, now lives in Gloucester county, near Mr. James Hubard’s on Tuesday the 29th instant., Ten very likely Virginia born NEGROES, Amongst whom is a good carpenter. Sundry sorts of household and kitchen furniture, fifty barrels of corn, one hundred feet of fodder, three or four thousand bundles of blades, and a large parcel of corn shocks. Time of payment will be agreed on at the sale. A large discount for cash. Bonds, &c. to be payable to John Hughes and John New.  WILLIAM STUBBS.

May 9, 1771Virginia Gazette, Purdie & Dixon (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) RUN away from the Subscriber, in Gloucester County, the 1st of November last, a likely Virginia born Negro Woman named MILLY, about four Feet eight or ten Inches high, and has a large Scar on one of her Arms. She was formerly the Property of Mrs. Churchill of Middlesex, and is supposed to be lurking about there, or Mr. John Smith’s Plantation in Lancaster. Any person that will apprehend the said Negro, and deliver her to me, shall have FORTY SHILLINGS Reward.  PETER WIATT

July 18, 1771Virginia Gazette, Purdie & Dixon (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            Gloucester, July 11, 1771.  RUN away from the Subscriber, in February 1770, a likely Negro Fellow named ADAM, by Trade a Cooper and Sawer, near six Feet high, of a yellow Complexion, down Look, rather slow of Speech, his Beard grows much under his Chin, has some gray Hairs on his Head, though but twenty five Years old, and one of his Shins has been Hurt. – He was some Months advertised in the Virginia Gazette, and in the Night of the 25th Instant made his Escape from Mr. Spilfy Coleman, at an Ordinary in Henrico County, who was bringing him from Orange County, North Carolina (where he had indented himself, by the Name of Thomas Jackson, to one Hugh Dobbins ) but has since been seen at the Plantation of Colonel William Macon, in New Kent. He had on, when he made his escape, a Pair of coarse parched Rolls Trousers, a Cotton or white Plains Waistcoat much worn about the Sleeves, a pretty good brown Linen Shirt, but very dirty, a small new Felt Hat, and a Pair of old Shoes. He took Nothing with him but what he had on, which perhaps he may change the first Opportunity. He pretends to be a Newlight, can read and write a little, and had when taken up a forged Pass. Whoever brings the said Negro to me in Gloucester County, or to Colonel William Macon of New Kent County, shall have FIVE POUNDS Reward if taken in this Colony and TWENTY FIVE POUNDS if out thereof.  JOHN FOX

September 5, 1771Virginia Gazette, Rind (Williamsburg, Virginia)

(Advertisement) GLOUCESTER county, August 19, 1771, THE subscriber gives this public notice that he is now settled at the plantation which belonged to the late Mrs. Baytop, and where the late Dr. Alexander Dalgleish boarded, with an intent to practice physic and surgery. He now willingly offers his service to those who may stand in need thereof, and will be proud to receive their favours. He has most sorts of drugs and medicines, and many other things in his way, all good in their kinds, to be disposed of at a reasonable price for ready money. WILLIAM CARTER

            N. B.  He is inclined either to sell, or rent by the year, his dwelling-house and lots in Palace street, which may be entered on by the first of October next. For the terms apply to Mr. John Carter, merchant, in the city of Williamsburg.  W.C.

October 31, 1771Virginia Gazette, Rind (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) THE subscriber, in Amelia, intends to offer his land in Gloucester county, about 4 miles from Gloucester town, for sale, on the 19th of November. Long credit will be given for great part of the purchase money if required, and Negroes will be taken as part of pay if agreeable to the purchaser. GEORGE BOOKER

October 31, 1771Virginia Gazette, Rind (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) To be sold, pursuant to a decree of the county court of Gloucester, on the 11th day of November, if fair, if not the next fair day, THIRTEEN likely Virginia born SLAVES belonging to the estate of the Rev. Robert Yates, deceased. The sale will be at the plantation of Mrs. Mary Yates, within 3 miles of Capahosick ferry. Twelve months credit will be allowed to purchasers, on giving bond and security to The GUARDIAN.

November 7, 1771Virginia Gazette,               (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement)  As I find I shall be obliged to make up a large Sum of Money, on Account of my being Security for Gwyn Reed, High Sheriff, I propose disposing of two Tracts of LAND, namely, one lying on the Head of  Slut’s Creek, containing a Hundred and nine Acres, convenient to Fish and Oysters, small Peach and Apple Orchards thereon, a good Tobacco House but one Year old, two Dwelling houses, with several Outhouses, and every Acre tenable; the other Tract, whereon I now live, on Queen’s Creek,  contains two Hundred and fifty Acres, with a Dwelling house thirty two by sixteen, with two Dormers on a Side, a Quarter and large Cornhouse each but a Year old, a new Workhouse forty Feet by twenty, a new Smith’s Shop, and several convenient Outhouses, a large young Peach and Apple Orchard, and lies about Middle of Kingston Parish, very pleasantly situated, with a fine Landing for a Ship Carpenter, or a Merchant, where Vessels may lie close ashore; the Land is well timbered, and very convenient to Fish and Oysters. Also a Schooner, and Schooner Boat; the Schooner is thirty one Feet Keel, thirteen Beam, six in the Hold, and eighteen Months old; the Boat is twenty eight feet Keel, twelve feet Beam, and five feet in the Hold, about four Years old.  I have likewise a Boat upon the Stocks, which I shall be glad to dispose of; it is twenty nine Feet Keel, twelve Feet Beam, and five Feet Hold, and will be finished by the 1st of December. Whoever inclines to purchase may have good Bargains for Cash, by applying to the Subscriber.   ROBERT BILLUPS

November 7, 1771Virginia Gazette, Purdie & Dixon (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) To be SOLD to the highest Bidder, on the last Thursday in November, if fair, otherwise next fair Day. ALL that tract or Parcel of Land lying in Petsworth Parish, in the County of Gloucester, known by the name of Paradise; the Quantity for which Quitrents have been paid in eleven Hundred and forty Acres, but it will be ascertained by Survey before the Day of Sale, and is supposed to contain about fourteen Hundred Acres. It lies very convenient to Portapotank  Inspection of Tobacco, on a Creek of York River, and within thirteen Miles of Urbanna; the Soil is exceeding good for Tobacco, Corn, or Wheat, and more than Half imagined to be Woodland, the greatest Part of which is very good, and well timbered. Mr. William Peltard, who lives near the Land, will be kind enough to show it to any Person who may choose to look over it. The Proprietors of this Land live in the Province of Maryland, who have authorized me to dispose of it, and possessed me with their Title Papers for the Inspection of those who may incline to purchase. I will make a private Bargain for it between this and the Sale, but if I do not the Terms will then be made known.  JOHN LEE     ESSEX, October 25, 1771

December 5, 1771Virginia Gazette, Purdie & Dixon (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            [Elected to the next General Assembly] Gloucester, Mr. Thomas Whiting, and Mr. Lewis Burwell.

February 27, 1772Virginia Gazette, Purdie & Dixon (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) Kingston Parish Gloucester County) February 14, 1772. ANY Person that will be in Want of any PINE PLANK for House Building, or any Thing else, may be supplied by the Subscriber in a short Time, who has ten Hands employed that Way for this Year; also Scantling of any Kind, good Pine Heart Shingles, which I will warrant to be as good as any Cypress, Laths for plaistering upon, Garden Posts, Pales, &c. or, in short, any Thing in the Timber Way. I would undertake small Buildings, and find the Whole if agreeable. Any Person in Want of the above may depend on having them on good Terms, and as good Timber as any in the lower Parts of the Country.  EDWARD HUGHES. *** I shall have a twenty five Hogshead Flat built by May, and then can send Plank, &c. to any convenient Landing.

March 19, 1772Virginia Gazette, Purdie & Dixon (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) To be SOLD, on Wednesday the10th of June next, on the Premises, A TRACT of LAND on North River, in Kingston Parish, Gloucester County, containing two Hundred Acres, pleasantly situated, and well timbered; the Soil is well adapted for the Culture of Tobacco, Wheat, and other Grain. One Half the Purchase Money to be paid down, and twelve Months Credit allowed for the other. Farther Particulars may be known of the Subscriber, in Isle of Wight, who would be glad to treat with any Person that may be inclined to purchase at private Sale.  JOHN HAYES

April 23, 1772 Virginia Gazette, Rind (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) GREENWICH, Gloucester county, Feb. 22, 1772. RUN           away from the subscriber in February, 1770, a likely Negro fellow named ADAM, by trade a cooper and sawyer, near 6 feet high, of a yellow complexion, down look, rather slow of speech, his beard grows much under his chin, and has some grey hairs in his head, though but 26 years old; he was some months advertised in the Virginia Gazette, and was taken up in Orange county, North Carolina, but on his way home made his escape (where he had indented himself by the name of Thomas Jackson to one Hugh Dobbins) he was seen some time ago in Gloucester, when his dress was a cotton or plains waistcoat, though I imagine he has found means of changing it before this. He presents to be a Newlight, and reads and writes a little (generally a very small hand) and forges himself passes, by examining which he may be easily discovered. Whoever takes up said slave, and conveys him to me, shall receive, if taken in Virginia TEN POUNDS reward; if in North Carolina TWENTY FIVE POUNDS, or, if further, in proportion to their trouble.  JOHN FOX.

May 11, 1772Virginia Gazette, Purdie & Dixon (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) For SALE, ALL that Tract or Parcel of LAND lying in Petsworth Parish, in the County of Gloucester, known by the Name of Paradise, containing, by Survey, fourteen Hundred and forty six Acres. It lies very convenient to Portopotank Inspection of Tobacco, on a Creek of York River, and within thirteen Miles of Urbanna; the Soil is exceeding good for Tobacco, Corn, or Wheat, and more than Half imagined to be Woodland, the greatest Part of which is very good, and well timbered. Mr. William Pollard, who lives near the Land, will be kind enough to show it to say Person who may choose to look over it. The Proprietors of this Land live in the Province of Maryland, who have authorized me to dispose of it, and possessed me with their Title Papers, for the Inspection of those who may incline to purchase.            JOHN LEE    ESSEX, May 5, 1772.

May 21, 1772Virginia Gazette, Purdie & Dixon (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) To be SOLD, pursuant to a Decree of the Honourable the General Court, at publick Auction, on the Premises, on … Friday the 17th of the same Month [July] will be sold, … in the County of Gloucester, and entered on the 1st of January, eight Hundred Acres of LAND lying on the Dragon Swamp, Part of which is good low Grounds, and about fifty Acres of Swamp. Twelve Months, credit  will be allowed , giving Bond with good security, to GEORGE PURDIE; JOHN BOWDOIN; JOHN SMITH; JOHN LEE.

May 28, 1772Virginia Gazette, Purdie & Dixon (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) GLOUCESTER Courthouse, May 21, 1772.  NOTICE is hereby given that a great COCK MATCH , which was made some Time ago to be fought at the Battery in that County, is now agreed by the Gentlemen concerned to be fought here on Whitson Monday.

July 23, 1772Virginia Gazette, Purdie & Dixon (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) PURSUANT to a Decree of the Honourable the General Court, we shall, on the 25th of August, on the Premises, sell, at publick Auction, the LANDS of Francis Willis, Esquire, in Gloucester County, to wit: Eight Hundred Acres, more or less, called Daval’s and Cowpers, and five Hundred Acres, or thereabouts, called Cocker’s, with sundry Slaves, Stocks, and Household Furniture. … We shall also attend at Gloucester Courthouse on the 6th of that Month, it being Court Day, to receive and state the Demands of Mr. Willis’s Creditors, who are desired to produce and prove them before us. JOHN PAGE, THOMAS NELSON, Junior; DAVID KER, Commissioners.

July 30, 1772Virginia Gazette, Purdie & Dixon (Williamsburg, Virginia

( Advertisement) STOLEN from my Plantation, on Bull Run, on the 20th Instant (July) a dark bay Stallion, known by the Name of JOHN DISMAL, fifteen hands high, very handsome, and has some white Hairs in the Footlock of one of his hind Feet. Whoever delivers the said Horse to me in Gloucester, or to Mr. Thomas Throckmorton in Prince William, shall be paid TEN POUNDS; and, on bringing the Offender to Justice TEN POUNDS more. I have great Reason to believe he was carried to North Carolina, as he was heard of several Miles below the Plantation. The above Reward shall be paid on Demand. LEWIS BURWELL

August 6, 1772Virginia Gazette, Purdie & Dixon (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) IN Obedience to the foregoing Decree, the Persons therein appointed will sell, at public Auction, at Gloucester Courthouse, on the first Thursday in September next, a Tract of Land known by the Name of the DRAGON QUARTER, mentioned in the said decree, containing about eight Hundred Acres, on twelve Months Credit; the Purchasers to give Bond, with sufficient Security.  *** All Persons having any Claims against the Estate of  John Smith, deceased, are desired to lay them before the Gentlemen appointed by the Decree of the Honourable General Court, between this and the 20th of October next, as the Plaintiffs in the above Suit intend to move for a final Decree at that Time.  GEORGE PURDIE, JOHN BOWDOIN, JOHN SMITH.

August 27, 1772Virginia Gazette, Purdie & Dixon (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) To be SOLD by the Subscriber, at next Fredericksburg September Fair. A Negro Woman and four Children, which Woman I some Time ago purchase, at publick Sale, of the Sheriff at Gloucester Courthouse, but have since understood that there is a Claim against her and Children after the Death of Mrs. Gwyn, in Gloucester County. As I intend to leave the Colony in a short Time, I thought it proper to give the Claimant and Purchaser  this publick Notice, so that there may be no Dispute afterwards. – I have likewise for Sale a House, Storehouse, and two valuable lots, in the Town of Fredericksburg. ALEXANDER KENNEDY.

October 8, 1772Virginia Gazette, Rind (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) At a GENERAL COURT held at the Capitol May 7, 1772, John Bowdoin, and Isaac Smith, merchants, surviving partners of Littleton Eyre, deceased, plaintiffs, against John Smith, and Edward Smith, and, Matthew Smith, infants, Augustine Smith, Sarah Smith, Thomas Smith, Wilson Miles Cary, James Buchanan, & Co. of  London, Merchants, Edward Pendleton, and Peter Lyons, surviving administrators, &c of John Robinson, Esquire, deceased, Peter Presley Thornton, and Sarah his wife, and Mary Ambler, Jaquelin Ambler, Robert Carter Nicholas, Wilson Miles Cary, and John  Blair, executors, &c. of Edward Ambler, deceased defendants.

            The defendant John Smith is appointed guardian to the defendants Edward and Matthew Smith, who are infants, to defend them in this suit; and by consent of parties, this cause was this day heard, upon the bill, answers, and sundry exhibits. On consideration whereof it is decreed and ordered, that George Purdie, John Bowdoin, John Lee, and John Smith, Gentlemen, or any two or more of them, after giving convenient notice in the Virginia Gazette, sell, at public auction, the lands in the counties of Gloucester and Northampton, known by the names of Dragon Quarter and Fleet’s Bay, comprised in the indentures of mortgage in the bill mentioned, at twelve months credit, to be entered upon the first day of January next; and also the slaves, with their increase, and other things in the said mortgages mentioned, at three months credit, taking bonds, with sufficient security, from the purchasers, and return an account thereof to the court; that Dudley Digges, Thomas Nelson, junior, and David Jameson, Gentlemen, or any two of them, do state and settle the claims of the plaintiffs, and the defendants, and of any other creditors of John Smith, deceased, in the bill named, who may desire it, and make report thereof to the court; … BEN: WALLER.

October 15, 1772Virginia Gazette, Rind (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) Pursuant to a decree of Gloucester court, will be sold at the said courthouse, by the sheriff, on Wednesday the 21st instant.  TWO hundred acres of LAND in Petsworth parish, whereon John Stubbs now lives, on three months credit. There will likewise be sold, at the same time and place, twelve choice NEGROES, for ready money, taken in execution by The SHERIFF.

October 29, 1772Virginia Gazette, Purdie & Dixon (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) To be SOLD, at the Raleigh, in Williamsburg, on Thursday the 12th of November, A VALUABLE TRACT OF LAND IN Gloucester, adjoining the Seat of Jonathan Watson, Esquire, containing about one Thousand Acres, on which are all necessary Houses for a Plantation in very good Repair, and Land enclosed sufficient to work thirty Hands. There is on the said Land a fine Swamp for a Meadow, about ten Acres of which is already cleared; also an Orchard of Hughes’s Apples, and several other choice Fruits. Twelve Months Credit will be allowed for one Half of the Purchase Money, and two Years for the Remainder, upon Bond, with approved Security, being given to JOHN FOX.  N. B.  The above Land is very convenient to Navigation, &c. and will be shown to any Person inclinable to purchase it, by applying to John Dudley, Overseer on the Premises.

November 12, 1772Virginia Gazette, Purdie & Dixon (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) To be SOLD, to the highest bidder, at Gloucester Courthouse, on Friday the 11th of December, if fair, otherwise next fair Day, All the Estate of Lyne Rowe, deceased, consisting of six valuable SLAVES, two very likely young NAGS, a RIDING CHAIR, and several Kinds of HOUSEHOLD FURNITURE. Credit for all Sums above twenty five Shillings to the first of April next, giving Bond with Security, and a Discount of five per Cent for ready Money. Persons having Claims against the Estate are desired to make them known, before the Sale to OVERTON COSBY, Administrator.

November 19, 1772Virginia Gazette, Purdie & Dixon (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) Gloucester County, November 10, 1772. THE SUBSCRIBER having invented a cheap and simple Machine for separating Wheat from the Straw, which will with Care, beat out a Hundred and twenty bushels a Day, with three Horses, or in that Proportion with a greater of less Number, begs Leave to inform the Publick that he proposes to get some Gentlemen in every County to set on Foot a Subscription for raising such Sums as they may think the Invention of so useful a Machine deserves. And he now takes this Method of requesting the Favour of all Lovers of useful Improvement to encourage and promote this; which he does assure them may be carried  into Execution by any tolerable Carpenter, and the whole Expense, if purchased, will not exceed fifteen Pounds, and if made by Gentlemens own Servants will not cost twenty Shillings. As soon as a sufficient Sum is subscribed he will produce Models, and lodge them in different Parts of the Country. This he hopes to be encouraged to do by the April General Court next, that all the Subscribers may have Time to furnish themselves with the Machine before Harvest. He does not expect, or desire, to receive a Shilling of the Money subscribed til the October General Court following, nor even then unless it shall appear that his Machine deserves it. JOHN HOBDAY,

            We the Subscribers have examined a Model of Mr. Hobday’s Machine for beating out Wheat, and are of Opinion that it may be easily carried into Execution and will fully answer the Purpose intended.  THOMAS NELSON; DAVID JAMESON; JACQUELIN AMBLER; JOHN PAGE, Rosewell.

December 17, 1772Virginia Gazette, Purdie & Dixon (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) JOSEPH FAULKS, The noted Performer in HORSEMANSHIP, Who has exhibited in different Parts of Virginia, and gave great satisfaction, intends performance at Gloucester Courthouse, near John Fox, Esquire’s on Saturday the 26th , and Monday the 28th Instant (December) at one o’Clock.



January 14, 1773Virginia Gazette, Purdie & Dixon (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) To be SOLD, pursuant to a Decree of Gloucester Court, on Tuesday the 19th  Instant (January) at Gloucester Courthouse, Thirty choice Virginia born SLAVES, belonging to the Estate of John Scott, deceased. Twelve Months Credit will be allowed, on Bond and Security being given to CHARLES M. THRUSTON.

February 18, 1773Virginia Gazette, Purdie & Dixon (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) ON Wednesday the 24th Instant (February) if fair, otherwise next fair Day, will be sold, by a Decree of  Gloucester Court, at the Courthouse of the said County, twenty five likely NEGROES, for which six Months Credit will be allowed the Purchasers, on giving Bond and good Security – At the same Time and Place will be sold twenty other likely NEGROES, for ready Money or short Credit. BENJAMIN SHACKELFORD, Sub Sheriff.

April 1, 1773Virginia Gazette, Rind (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) A great COCK MATCH To be fought at GLOUCESTER COURTHOUSE, on THURSDAY the 15th instant, APRIL.

May 20, 1773Virginia Gazette, Rind (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) RUN away from the subscriber, on the 15th of April, a Negro man named JACK, belonging to Mr. John Fox, of Gloucester county, who I am informed he purchased of the estate of one Mr. Stubbs, of said county. He is by trade a shoemaker, and once worked with Mr. Robert Gilbert in Williamsburg, is fond of the violin, and has taken with him a new one, which his master lately gave him; he is about 5 feet 8 inches high, very black, well proportioned, has large white eyes, is a cunning artful fellow, and if apprehended will endeavor to make his escape. His cloathing was the same as that of other labouring Negroes. I will give FORTY SHILLINGS to any person that will bring the said fellow to me, at Warwick ferry, on James river, besides paying all reasonable expences.  THOMAS PEMBLE. *** All persons are hereby forewarned from harbouring or entertaining him. – H is well acquainted in Williamsburg and Gloucester, and in many other places in the colony.

September 23, 1773Virginia Gazette, Purdie & Dixon (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) RUN away from the Subscriber, in Gloucester County, on Tuesday the 16th of August, Robert Wood, a Weaver by Trade, about eighteen Years old, a well looking Lad, and his right Wrist has been broke, which makes it much larger than the other. He had on, and carried with him, a Coat and Breeches of Virginia brown Jeans, a double breasted striped Cotton Waistcoat, a Pair of Stockings of a mixed gray Colour, one Linen and One Cotton Shirt, and Brass Buckles in his Shoes. Whoever takes up said Runaway, and conveys him to me, near Gloucester Town, shall have FORTY SHILLINGS Reward. THOMAS ROBINS.  N.B. I forewarn all Persons from harbouring or carrying him out of the Colony. He is thought to be in Prince George County.

September 30, 1773Virginia Gazette, Rind (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) To be SOLD, to the highest bidder, the 27th of October, Five hundred acres of choice low GROUNDS, on Ware river, in Gloucester county, and near 200 acres of the five are in wood. There are no houses on the land, but the subscriber will lend the purchaser a dwellinghouse, with two brick chimnies, and underpinned with the same, a quarter 20 feet by 40, and a large loft, well floored, that will hold 300 barrels of corn, for a reasonable time. The subscriber will likewise shew the land to any Gentleman that may be inclined to become a purchaser. Twelve months credit will be allowed; and bond and good security required. If the money is not paid on the day it becomes due, interest from the date of that bond will be demanded. FRANCIS WILLIS, junior.

September 30, 1773Virginia Gazette, Rind (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) George the Third, by the grace of God, of Great Britain, France, and Ireland, King, Defender of the Faith, &c.  To the sheriff of Gloucester county, greeting: We command you that you summon Joseph Davenport to appear before the justices of our said county, on the first Thursday in next month, to answer a bill in chancery, exhibited against him by John Thruston; and this he shall in no wise omit, under the penalty of 100 l. and have then there this writ. Witness John Clayton, clerk of our said court, at the courthouse aforesaid, the 10th day of August, in the 13th year of our reign. JASPER CLAYTON, D. C. G. C.

October 21, 1773Virginia Gazette, Purdie & Dixon (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) RUN away from Eaton Hill, in Gloucester County, on Monday the 4th Instant (October) a very likely Mulatto Fellow named JAMES, about five Feet seven Inches high, and has very long Wool, which he combs high before. Whoever takes him up, so that I get him again, shall be handsomely rewarded for his Trouble. AGATHA RANDOLPH.  N. B.  All Masters of Vessels are forewarned from carrying him out of the Country.

November 18, 1773Virginia Gazette, Purdie & Dixon (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) To be SOLD to the highest Bidder, the 3d Thursday in December, upon the Premises, in Obedience to a Decree of Gloucester Court, About 400 Acres of good CORN and TOBACCO LAND, pleasantly situated on Carter’s Creek in the said County, adjoining the Seat of Lewis Burwell, Esq.  There is upon it a comfortable Dwellinghouse with several Offices, and a good Apple Orchard. Credit will be allowed the Purchaser till the first of May next, on giving Bond and approved Security to the Sheriff.

            N. B. At the same Time will be SOLD Mr. Zachariah Row’s Right, in Reversion, to the Dower slaves now in Possession of Mrs. Rebeccah Row, Widow of the late Mr. Benjamin Row, deceased, on the above Terms of Payment.

January 27, 1774Virginia Gazette, Rind (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) If JOHN MURRELL, brother of Sarah Murrell, late of Gloucester county, will apply to the printer hereof, he will be informed of a legacy of about nineteen pounds, left him by his sister Sarah.

 February 10, 1774Virginia Gazette, Rind (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) To be RENTED, on the premises, for a term of years, on Friday the 18th instant (February) if fair, if not, the next fair day, THE TAVERN lately occupied by Mr. John New at Gloucester Courthouse, a large two story house, and billiard table offices of every kind, new and convenient with a good garden paled in, and a lot posted and railed. At the above time and place will be rented for a term of years, the tavern lately kept at the same place by Mr. William Hall; the buildings are large and convenient, with a garden. Any person who wants the above taverns shall have land on the said tract, upon reasonable terms, to work ten Negroes or less. On the same day will be rented the storehouse lately kept by Mr. Francis Whiting, which has a counting room with a fireplace. And, at the same time and place, will be sold a large parcel of household furniture, stocks of cattle, &c. and a quantity of bacon. The persons who rent the taverns may supply themselves. The tavernkeepers who lately lived at the above place have acquired genteel fortunes in a few years; and the place is encreasing in value. JOHN FOX.

February 10, 1774Virginia Gazette, Rind (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) To be SOLD, by the subscriber, in Gloucester county, Kingston parish, and delivered up next December. A TRACT OF LAND containing upwards of 300 acres, pleasantly situated on Mobjack Bay, between East and North river; the land is as good as any in the parish. There are about 15 aces of marsh, a good DWELLINGHOUSE, and all other necessary buildings. The whole may be had cheap for ready money.  JOHN WILLIS

February 10, 1774Virginia Gazette, Rind (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) FOR SALE. A TRACT OF LAND belonging to the subscriber, in Gloucester county, Kingston parish , near New Point Comfort, containing about 800 acres. There are on this land one peach and three apple orchards; the land is well timbered. For terms apply to GEORGE W. PLUMMER

February 17, 1774Virginia Gazette, Purdie & Dixon (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) To be SOLD, pursuant to a Decree of Gloucester Court, on Tuesday the first of March, on the Premises.  A TRACT of LAND in said County, containing about 500 Acres, formerly the Property of Mr. Zachariah Rowe, and in which his Mother has her Life; it is convenient to Fish and Oysters, and has every convenience for the Plantation Business – At the same Time will be sold several likely Negroes, all Kinds of STOCK, the HOUSEHOLD FURNITURE, and sundry other articles – For ready Money, by The Sheriff.



March 3, 1774Virginia Gazette, Purdie & Dixon (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) Mr. JOHN WILLIS, A person desires to be informed what are your lowest Terms for the Land you have advertised for Sale on Mobjack Bay, between East and North Rivers, also your longest Credit.

March 17, 1774Virginia Gazette, Purdie & Dixon (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) To be SOLD, by Virtue of a Deed of Trust to Lucas and Dixon, and John Dixon, on Monday the 18th of April, if fair, otherwise next fair Day, A very valuable Tract of Land on Milford Haven, in Kingston Parish, being on the Main opposite to Gwyn’s Island, in Gloucester County, containing about 500 Acres. This fine Plantation is remarkable for many Advantages and Conveniences; for, besides the Land being very good, there is a Brick Dwelling House with three Rooms on a floor and a large Passage, a Kitchen, Barn, and all other necessary Houses, in the best Repair; there is likewise a Brick Windmill open to the Bay, which gets upwards of 100 Barrels of Corn a Year, besides an excellent Orchard. And for a great Plenty and a Variety of Sea and River Fish, and the finest Oysters, it yields to no Place in Virginia.

April 14, 1774Virginia Gazette, Rind (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) To be SOLD, on the premises, the 25th of this instant, April, pursuant to a deed of trust conveyed by John Gayle to William Smith,

            A TRACT of LAND situated on East river, in Gloucester county, and convenient to fish and oysters. The land is in good order for cropping, and produces as good corn and tobacco as any in the said county, if taken proper care of. There are 297 acres; which may be purchased reasonably for ready money.  WILLIAM SMITH. 

May 5, 1774Virginia Gazette, Purdie & Dixon (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) To be SOLD, on Friday the 27th Instant (May) before the Raleigh Tavern, Eight Hundred Acres of very valuable LAND lying in Kingston Parish, Gloucester County, near New Point Comfort, which is well timbered with Pine and White Oak. Upon it is a Dwelling House with two Brick Chimnies, all convenient Houses, one Peach, and three Apple Orchards. – At the same Time will be sold thirty likely Virginia born SLAVES.   GEORGE W. PLUMMER.

May 19, 1774Virginia Gazette, Rind (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            WILLIAMSBURG, May 19. Last Saturday evening there fell a shower of hail in Gloucester county, which did considerable damage to the wheat. In several places there were hailstones as large as goose eggs; many as large as hen eggs. In some places, and particularly near Mr. Willis’s mill, the earth was covered several inches deep with hail as large as pistol bullets. The hail and rain fell together so violently there, that they filled the buckets of the wheel, and set the mill to work, and carried round the works for a considerable time with great velocity. The water in the pond was not within a foot of the wheel, for the dam had but lately been made up; and this fact Mr. Willis and Mr. Peter Whiting, who had taken shelter in the mill house, were witnesses of. This account is attested by a gentleman of undoubted veracity. The wheat fields and meadows, both in Gloucester and York, are terribly infested with a kind of worm or caterpillar. They have done considerable mischief to the corn, and to the tobacco which has been planted.

June 23, 1774Virginia Gazette, Rind (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) FOR SALE, A TRACT of LAND in Gloucester county, Petsworth parish, containing 1170 acres, lying on Poropotank river, and convenient to fish and Oysters. The plantation is in good order for cropping, has a valuable dwelling house upon it, all necessary outhouses, barns, orchards, &c. and a mill upon an excellent  stream of water. Also 2673 ½ of land in the same county and parish, which will be sold in lots to suit purchasers. Application is to be made to the next general assembly for an act to dock the intail of the above lands. They will be shown by Mr. Lewis Booker, of whom the terms may be know. WILSON M. CARY.

July 21, 1774Virginia Gazette, Purdie & Dixon (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            Account of ELECTIONS since our last, viz.  For Gloucester, Thomas Whiting and Lewis Burwell.


July 28, 1774Virginia Gazette, Rind (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            At a general and full meeting of the inhabitants of the county of Gloucester at the courthouse of said county, after due notice, on Thursday the ____ of  July, 1774, James Hubbard, esquire, judge of the said county court being unanimously elected moderator, they came to the following resolves:

            RESOLVED, that we will ever maintain  and defend his majesty and ______ and title to the crown of Great Britain, and his dominions in America, to whose royal person we profess the firmest attachment.

            Resolved, that it is the opinion of this meeting, that taxation and representation are inseparable, and that as we are not, and from the nature of things cannot, be represented in British parliament, every attempt of that body to impose internal taxes in America is arbitrary, unconstitutional, and oppressive.

            Resolved, that the act of blocking up the harbour of Boston, and other purposes therein mentioned, is cruel and unjust, and a convincing proof of the fixed intention of parliament to deprive America of her constitutional rights and liberties

            Resolved, that the cause of Boston in the common cause of all America, and that we will firmly unite with the other counties in this colony, and the other colonies on this continent, in every measure that may be thought necessary on this alarming occasion.

            Resolved, that we do most heartily concur with our late representatives in their resolve of the total disuse of tea, and do farther resolve against the use of any East India commodity whatsoever, except saltpeter.

            Resolved, that we will not import, or purchase when imported, any merchandise or commodities from Great Britain, and that at a short day, hereafter to be fixed, we will stop all exports to Great Britain, until there is a total repeal of the Boston port act, all the several acts imposing taxes on America, for the purpose of raising a revenue, and those other acts made particularly against our brethren of the Massachusetts Bay, an account of their ___ opposition to the late revenue acts.

            Resolved, that should our sister colonies of Maryland and North Carolina determine not to export their tobacco to Great Britain, we will be far from availing ourselves of their patriotic resolutions, by continuing to export ours.

            Resolved, that we will submit to any resolutions that may be entered into, either by the deputies of the several counties in this colony at Williamsburg, or by the general congress of the colonies on the continent.

            Resolved, that we will not deal with any person or persons in this county who will not sign this association, and strictly and literally conform to every distinct article thereof, nor with any other person or persons who will not sign and strictly conform, to the particular resolves of their respective counties, but will forever despise and detest them, as enemies to American liberty.

            Resolved, that it is the opinion of this meeting, that immediately upon the non-exportation plan taking place, neither the gentlemen of the ___ nor any other person, ought to bring any suit for the recovery of any debt, or prosecute farther any suit already brought, during the continuance of these resolutions, it being utterly inconsistent with such scheme for any man to be compelled to pay without the means wherewith he may pay.

            Resolved, that we do most cordially approve of the intended meeting of the late burgesses, on the 1st of August next, at Williamsburg, and do depute Thomas Whiting and Lewis Burwell, esquires, our late worthy representatives, to consult with the deputies of the several counties of this colony, and to adopt such measures as are agreeable to the foregoing resolutions, hereby engaging, on our parts, to conform thereto, and to support the same to the utmost of our power.

            Resolved, that the clerk of this meeting transmit to the printers of both Gazettes copies of the above resolves, with the request of the county to insert  them in their papers.  JASPER CLAYTON, Clerk.

August 4, 1774Virginia Gazette, Purdie & Dixon (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) To be SOLD, on Saturday, the 6th of September, at the late Dwelling-House of Mr. James Ransom, deceased, in Kingston Parish, Gloucester County, Sundry Negroes, and the Plantation whereon the said Ransom lived, containing 373 Acres, reserving to the Widow her Dower. Part of the Purchase Money must be paid down, and short Credit will be allowed for the Remainder.

September 8, 1774Virginia Gazette, Purdie & Dixon (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) GLOUCESTER County, September 7, 1774. THE SUBSCRIBER, understanding as many branches of the weaving business as any Person in this Colony, would be very glad to set up a Manufactory for weaving Linens, Cottons, Woollens, and Ship Canvas, which he will engage shall not be inferior to any imported from Britain. He was employed for three Years by Warner Lewis, Esq. of this County, to whom he refers any Gentleman for his Character and Abilities in his Profession; and will be ready to wait upon any One, at any Time or Place.  WILLIAM ROBERTS.

November 24, 1774Virginia Gazette, Purdie & Dixon (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            GLOUCESTER County, November 7, 1774. From certain Information that the Virginia, Captain Howard Esten, was arrived in York River with a Quantity of Tea on Board, twenty three Members of the Committee of Gloucester County, with a Number of other inhabitants, assembled at Gloucester Town, to determine how the said Tea should be disposed of.

            Hearing that the Members of the House of Burgesses in Williamsburg, at 8 o’Clock this Morning, had taken the Matter under their Consideration, we determined to wait the Result of their Deliberations. We accordingly waited till after twelve; but the Determination from Williamsburg having not come down, we repaired to the Ship in Order to meet the Committee of York, which we supposed to be in the great Number of those we discerned on Board. On our Arrival, we found the Tea had met with its deserved Fate, for it had been committed to the Waves. We then returned, and after mature Deliberation came to the following Resolutions.

            Resolved, that John Norton, Merchant in London, by sending over Tea in his Ship, has lent his little Aid to the Ministry for enslaving America, and been guilty of daring Insult upon the People of this Colony, to whom he owes his ALL.

            Resolved, that the Ship Virginia, in which the detestable Tea came, ought and shall return in twenty Days from the Date hereof.

            Resolved, that no Tobacco shall be shipped from this County on Board the said Ship, either to the Owners or any other Person whatsoever; and we do most earnestly recommend it to our Countrymen to enter into the same Resolution, in their respective Counties.

            Resolved, that the said Norton has forfeited all Title to the Confidence of this County and that we will not in future consign Tobacco, or any other Commodity, to his House, until satisfactory Concessions are made; and we recommend the same Resolutions to the rest of the Colony.

            Resolved, that John Prentis, who wrote for and to whom the Tea was consigned, has justly incurred the Censure of this Country, and that he ought to be made a publick Example of.

            Resolved, that Howard Esten, Commander of the Virginia, has acted imprudently, by which he has drawn on himself the Displeasure of the People of this County.

            Signed by Order of the Committee, JASPAR CLAYTON, Clerk.

December 1, 1774Virginia Gazette, Pinkney (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) To be SOLD on Thursday the 29th of December, if fair, otherwise next fair day, at the dwellinghouse of  Mary Booker, deceased, in Gloucester county, ALL her personal Estate, consisting of HOUSEHOLD and KITCHEN FURNITURE, stocks of CATTLE, HORSES, SHEEP, and HOGS, the crop of CORN and FODDER, with the PLANTATION TOOLS, &c. Six months credit will be allowed the purchaser, on bond and good security. The bonds to carry interest from the date, if not paid when they come due. Those who have demands against the said estate, are desired to send in their accounts, properly proved to  The EXECUTOR.

December 8, 1774Virginia Gazette, Purdie & Dixon (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) ON Tuesday the 10th of January one Hundred and fifty choice Virginia born SLAVES will be offered for Sale at Gloucester Courthouse, on eighteen Months Credit; and on Friday the 13th, at the Dwelling-House of the late Honourable John Page, all the valuable HOUSEHOLD and KITCHEN FURNITURE, together with the Stocks of CATTLE, SHEEP, HOGS, and HORSES, on his Estate in Gloucester County. Bond, with sufficient Security will be required for all Sums above 5l. by the Executors.

January 19, 1775Virginia Gazette, Pickney (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            Gloucester County, January 13, 1775. Mr. PINKNEY, Be pleased to publish the two enclosed pieces in your next gazette, and you will oblige many of your customers.

            I am an apprentice to Mr. John Foster of Alexandria, sent out with a cargo of goods in the sloop Liberty, commanded by Charles Marshall, with instructions to sell them at an hundred per cent. I do hereby acknowledge I have violated the resolve of the general congress, in advancing upon the price of the goods, not withstanding the caution given me by some of the committee for this county; I am sincerely sorry for my misconduct in this affair, hope it will be attributed to my youth, and promise not to do the like again, beg the gentlemen of the committee will forgive me, and the public in general. JOHN BLATT, junior.

            I commanded the sloop Liberty, in which Mr. John Blatt was sent out with a cargo of goods, by Mess. John and George Fowler of Alexandria; I had no directions to interfere with the cargo, but upon Mr. John Peyton coming on board the said sloop and enquiring into the price of said goods, and why an advance price was laid upon them, I was so imprudent as to say “every man had a right to sell his goods for as much as he could get;” after he was gone I exaggerated the offence by saying in presence of Mr. John Cartice, “damn the beggers, they would be doing something, but do not know what;” and at another time, “that the country was nothing to me, and that I expected no benefit from it.” These are offences I am (as have been some other North Britons) taught to know, at this time, deserve severe punishment; but as the greatest offences are to be forgiven upon a sincere reformation, I here declare mine is for the interest of America, in proof of which I have signed the association, and will most strictly adhere thereto, and hope for the forgiveness of this committee and the public in general.         CHARLES MARSHALL

January 28, 1775Virginia Gazette, Dixon and Hunter (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) Gloucester, January 28, 1775.  HAVING lately had the Misfortune to lose my Dwelling-House by Fire, I intend to England in the Spring; and as I would be glad to provide for the Payment of my Debts before I go. I therefore purpose to sell, to the highest Bidder, on Wednesday, the 13th of next Month, if fair, otherwise next fair Day, before Mr. William Harris’s Door in Gloucester Town, that valuable TRACT of LAND I purchased of David Vaughan, near said Town, containing 258 Acres; also several likely NEGROES, among whom is a very valuable Waterman. Credit will be allowed the Purchasers till the 25th of April 1776, GIVING Bond and approved Security.  JOSEPH DAVENPORT.

*** I shall attend the Sale to see a good Title made to the above mentioned Premises and Negroes. WILLIAM LYNE.

February 17, 1775Virginia Gazette, Purdie (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            At a committee held at Richmond county courthouse, Feb. 6, 1775. 

            It being moved, in committee, that their approbation of the measures pursued by the York and Gloucester committee, in the case of the ship Virginia, Howard Esten, master, should be made publick, they, after resolving that the committees of the said counties of York and Gloucester, in that affair, acted with propriety, firmness and spirit, ordered their clerk to cause the same to printed in the Virginia Gazette. …

March 9, 1775Virginia Gazette, Pinkney (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            Mr. PINKNEY, I THINK the following patriotic candid behavior of Mrs. New, of Gloucester county, deserves a place in your paper. I am, Sir, your humble servant, WILLIAM DAWSON.

            Not long ago, some gentlemen travelers went to Mr. New’s (who was then landlord of an inn) and tarried the night. In the morning they desired Mrs. New to get tea for breakfast. She at first told them that it was not agreeable to the resolutions entered into by the provincial congress to use it: but they still  insisted they would have it, if there was any in the house, she therefore brought all she had to breakfast, and afterwards, in the presence of the gentlemen, committed every ounce she had to the flames adding these words, “If I had said that I had not any tea in the house I should have told you an untruth, but now I do with truth, and that I have none; nor will I use any until the unhappy differences between Great Britain and her colonies shall settle.”

March 11, 1775Virginia Gazette, Dixon and Hunter (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) TO BE SOLD, at public Sale, on Wednesday the 26th of April next, if fair, otherwise next fair Day, for ready Money, on the Premises A VALUABLE TRACT OF LAND, containing 375 Acres, situated on North River, in Kingston Parish, Gloucester County, whereon Mrs. Letitia Ransone, now lives. There is a good Dwelling-House, with two Rooms on a Floor, several convenient Outhouses, and a very good Orchard. It is convenient to Fish and Oysters of the best Sort. – At the same Time and Place will be sold several likely Virginia born SLAVES. The Widow has her Right of Dower in the Land.

April 1, 1775Virginia Gazette, Dixon and Hunter (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) The Beautiful High Bled Chestnut DAMON Will stand at my Plantation in Gloucester County, the ensuing Season, and cover Mares at 20s. a Leap, or 4 l. the Season. He was got by Fearnought, out of a full bred Mare, and is 5 Feet 5 Inches high. The Mares will meet with good Pasturage gratis, but I will not be answerable for any that are lost. The Money to be paid before the Mares are taken away, or Corn at 10 s. per Barrel.  MANN PAGE.

April 14, 1775Virginia Gazette, Purdie (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) To be SOLD by publick auction, for ready money only at Gloucester courthouse, on the 4th of May next, at one o’clock, SEVERAL valuable horses and mares, together with a mahogany escritoire and book-case, the property of JONATHAN WATSON, *** The land, negroes, stock, house, &c may yet be purchased on the terms specified in a former advertisement.

April 28, 1775Virginia Gazette, Pinkney (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            AT a meeting of the committee of the county of Gloucester, at the courthouse of the said county, on Monday the third of April, 1775, Warner Lewis, esquire, was unanimously elected chairman. The resolves of the convention held at the town of Richmond, the 20th of March, 1775, was read, and unanimously approved of.

            Resolved, that the thanks of the committee be presented to Thomas Whiting and Lewis Burwell, esquires, our worthy delegates, for their faithful discharge of the important trust reposed in them.

            It being late before a sufficient number of members assembled to proceed upon business, the committee adjourned to Tuesday the 25th instant.

            Tuesday, April 25, 1775. The committee met according to adjournment, and entered into the following resolves.

            Resolved, that as an encouragement to the manufacturing gun-powder in this colony, we will give a premium of TWENTY FIVE POUNDS to any person who shall produce to the chairman of this committee on or before the 25th of October next, three hundred pounds of good GUNPOWDER, made in Virginia, which we will purchase at the common price of that commodity; and if it shall be proved to be made wholly of the materials of this colony, we will give an additional premium of TEN POUNDS.

            Resolved, that we will give FIFTY POUNDS to any person who shall produce to the chairman of this committee sixty pair of good wool and sixty pair of good cotton cards, on or before the 25th of October next, with an authentic certificate of their having been made in this colony; and we will purchase the same at the usual price.

            The committee having received authentic information, that last Thursday night an officer of one of his majesty’s armed vessels, with a party of armed men, by express command of  lord Dunmore, privately removed the GUNPOWDER belonging to this colony out of the magazine. IT WAS UNANIMOUSLY RESOLVED, that the removal of the POWDER from the public magazine on board one of his majesty’s armed vessels, by order of the governor, is exceedingly alarming at this time.

            Resolved, that his lordship’s verbal answer to the address of the mayor, recorders, aldermen, and common council of the city of Williamsburg, is unsatisfactory, disrespectful, and evasive.

            Resolved, that his lordship, by this and other parts of his conduct which have lately transpired, has fully forfeited all title in the confidence of the GOOD PEOPLE OF VIRGINIA.

            Resolved, that the POWDER ought IMMEDIATELY to be restored.

            Ordered, that the clerk send, by express, copies of these RESOLVES to each of the printers, and they are desired to publish them in their next gazette.  JASPER CLAYTON, clerk.

May 4, 1775Virginia Gazette, Pinkney (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            At a meeting of the committee of Gloucester, at the courthouse, on Tuesday the 2d day of May, 1775.

            Resolved, that we will not ship a single hogshead of tobacco to Great Britain until the determination of the continental congress, respecting exportation, be known.

            Resolved, that we deem the resolution of our committee, last November, not to ship any tobacco in future to Mr. Norton’s house, as still obligatory; the ship Virginia having arrived without the concessions then required.  JASPER CLAYTON, clerk.

May 27, 1775Virginia Gazette, Dixon and Hunter (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) TO BE SOLD for ready Money, to the highest Bidder, on Monday the 29th Instant (May) at Mr. James Davis’s Shipyard, in Kingston Parish, Gloucester County, THE HULL of a small VESSEL of about 23 Tons, and now ready for launching.  WILLIAM BUCKNER

May 27, 1775Virginia Gazette, Dixon & Hunter (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) RUN away from the Subscriber, in Gloucester County, on the 14th Instant (May) a Negro Man Slave named NED, about 19 or 20 Years of Age, 5 Feet 2 or 3 Inches high, rather of a tawny Complexion, has some Ringworms in his face, and some white Hairs on his Head; his Clothing was an old brown Coat, and a yellow striped Cotton Waistcoat. I bought him for Mann Page, Jun. Esq. in March last, at the Sale of Mr. John Shermer’s Estate, in James City County, he was brought from one of his Quarters in King William, and I have reason to believe he will go to those Parts, or to his Mother, who lives with Mr. Thomas Booth, in Richmond Town. Whoever secures the said Slave so that I get him again shall have 40s. Reward, to be paid by Mann Page, Jun. Esq., to whom he belongs.  JAMES JONES.

July 13, 1775Virginia Gazette, Pinkney (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            Gloucester Town, Friday, July 13, 1775. It is certain that a boat from the Fowry or Otter landed several armed men on an island in the lower end of this county, who stole 14 sheep and a cow. The owner of them alarmed his neighbors, but before they could arm themselves the robbers had made off. However, the people, who are now well furnished with arms &c., will be ready to give them a warm reception, should they favor them with another visit.  Quere, Are not the negro slaves, now on board the Fawry, which are under the g--------‘s [sic] protection, in actual rebellion, and punishable as such?  Is it not high time to show administration how little they have to expect from that part of their bloody plot, by arming our trusty slaves ourselves.

August 4, 1775Virginia Gazette, Purdie (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            At a meeting of the committee of the county of Gloucester, on Monday the 24th of July, it was

            Resolved, that the readiness shown by the volunteers, who marched to the assistance of the lower counties on the late alarms, merits our warmest thanks; and we assure them we should have cheerfully cooperated with them, had it been requested.

            Resolved, that the most cordial thanks of the people of Gloucester county are justly due to the worthy inhabitants of those counties who have generously offered their houses as a retreat to our wives and children, in case they should be obliged to abandon their habitations here below.

            Resolved, that the information of John Parsons, John Degge, William Degge, and William Hudgins, was sufficient to induce a suspicion that goods had been landed at Urbana, contrary to the association and that the vigilance of the gentlemen who brought that  ____ before our committee is highly to be recommended; but as Parsons informs us the material evidence are out of the country at present, we must suspend our judgment til their arrival.  JOHN PERRIN, clerk

September 21, 1775Virginia Gazette, Pinkney (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) To be SOLD at East warehouse, in Gloucester county, Kingston parish, for ready money, SIX likely NEGROES, some HOUSEHOLD FURNITURE, some STOCK. &c &c. WILLIAM LUCAS.



October 13, 1775Virginia Gazette, Purdie (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            AT a Committee held for Gloucester county, at the courthouse of the said county, on the 13th day of September 1775. Present the chairman and 32 members.

            Agreeable to the ordinance of the Convention, the following gentlemen were nominated officers in the militia, for the county of Gloucester.

            Warner Lewis, esq; county Lieutenant; Sir John Peyton, baronet, colonel; Thomas Whiting, gent. Lieutenant-colonel; Thomas Boswell, gent. Major.

CAPTAINS: Gibson Cluvarius, John Camp, Richard Matthews, George Booth, Jasper Clayton, John Hubard, James Hubard, John Whiting, John Billups, sen., Benjamin Shackelford, John Willis, Robert Matthews, William Buckner, John Dixon, Richard Billups, and William Smith.

LIEUTENANTS: Samuel Cary, Richard Hall, John Foster, James Baytop, Thomas Buckner, George Green, William Sears, James Bentley, Edward Matthews, John Billups,, jun., Dudley Cary, Hugh Hayes, Churchill Armistead, Philip Tabb, John Foster, jun, and Robert Gayle.

ENSIGNS: Henry Stevens, William Daws, William Haywood, Thomas Baytop, John Fox, James Laughlin, William Bentley, Christopher Garland, Peter Bernard, John Hayes, Samuel Eddins, Thomas Tabb, Richard Davis, Josiah Foster, George Plummer, and John Gale.

            Mr. Purdie is desired to publish the above in his gazette. JASPER CLAYTON, clerk.

January 19, 1776Virginia Gazette, Purdie (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) For SALE next Gloucester court day, at the courthouse, SEVERAL very likely SLAVES; also a quantity of corn, fodder, &c. belonging to the estate of  Thomas Foster, deceased. Six months credit will be given the purchasers, on bond with approved security. Interest will be expected from the date, if the bonds are not punctually paid.  LEWIS BURWELL

January 27, 1776Virginia Gazette, Dixon & Hunter (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) To be SOLD at the late Dwelling House of Captain Robert Billups, deceased, Gloucester County, on Tuesday the 13th of February, if fair, otherwise the first far Day after, A SCHOONER now upon the Stocks. Burthen about 24 Tons, also a SLOOP about 50 Tons with Rigging, &c. , likewise TWO BOATS, the one Burthen 1200 Bushels, the other 500, a FLAT and SMALL BOAT, also a PETTIAUGER, with four oars, together with HOUSEHOLD AND KITCHEN FURNITURE, STOCK of every Kind, and several valuable NEGROES. Twelve Months Credit will be allowed for all sums above 20s. upon Bond and Security ; if not punctually paid, the Bonds to carry interest from the Day of Sale.

            It being intended to settle the said Estate as soon as possible, and deliver to the Widow and Children their proportions of what remains after satisfying the Creditor, it is therefore desired that those who have demands against the Estate, either by Bonds or otherwise, will bring them in to Mrs. Billups, either before or at the Day of Sale, properly proved. No Attention will be paid after to those who fail (by the Administrators) as the Estate will be delivered up to the Heirs. All who are indebted to the said Billups are desired to make Payment immediately, or give Bond.

March 9, 1776Virginia Gazette, Dixon & Hunter (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) TO BE SOLD, At the late Dwelling-House of George Dudley, deceased, in Gloucester County, on Wednesday the 20th Instant, if fair, otherwise next fair Day, SUNDRY Household and Kitchen Furniture, Horses, Cattle, Hogs, and Sheep, also several likely NEGROES. Ready Money will be expected for all Sums under 20s. and for those above the Sum twelve Months Credit will be allowed, upon giving Bond and Security; which if not punctually paid, must carry Interest from the Date. Those who have Demands against the Estate of said Dudley are desired to make them known, before, or on the Day of Sale to THE ADMINISTRATRIX.  *** At the same Time and Place, will be SOLD, for ready Money, two valuable BLACKSMITHS.

March 15, 1776Virginia Gazette, Purdie (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) NORTH RIVER, GLOUCESTER County, March 4, 1776. The beautiful high bred chestnut horse DAMON, full 5 feet 5 inches high, and well proportioned, now rising 8 years old, and in the highest perfection, stands at my plantation in Gloucester, and will cover mares at 4l. the season, or  30s.  the leap. The gentlemen who send mares to him must send the money, or a promissory note payable on demand, otherwise they will not be received. I have very fine pastures for the mares, and will have great care taken of them, but will not be liable for any that may stray away. MANN PAGE, jun.

March 23, 1776Virginia Gazette, Dixon & Hunter (Williamsburg, Virginia

            (Advertisement) RUN away, on the 7th of February last, a young Negro Fellow named QUASH. He is rather of the yellow complexion, 5 Feet 7 or 8 Inches high, about 21 Years old, of the Middle size, has a Scar near the Crown of his Head, occasioned by a Scald when young, and a down Look when spoken to. He had on, when he went away, a Cotton Shirt, his Jacket, Breeches, and Stockings of blue Wool and Cotton mixed, a Pair of coarse Virginia Shoes, and an old Hat. I understand he has been lately seen lurking in and about Williamsburg. Whoever apprehends the said Slave, and secures him in any public Gaol, giving me immediate Notice thence, shall have 20s. Reward, or if delivered to me in Gloucester County, 40s.  SAMUEL CARY.

April 19, 1776Virginia Gazette, Purdie (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) For SALE, for ready money only, by the subscriber, in Gloucester, NARROW hoes, bar iron, iron spice rests, gouges, augers, sheep shears, hand saws, table butts, &c. dovetail hinges, desk and cupboard locks, chair nails, tobacco and snuff boxes, tailors shears, womens scissors, silver and brass thimbles, watch seals, stock buckles, shoe and knee  do, lancets, cork screws, pencils, taper bits, center do, watch keys, spectacles, knitting pins, awl blades, inkpowder, nuns and coloured thread, knee garters, plain and diaper tape,  sewing silk, pewter porringers, pewter dishes, tin cullenders, egg slices, iron candlesticks, copper tea kettles, lustering, Persian taffeta, waistcoat stuff, English Persian, velvet hoods, bombazeen, black silk gloves, chintzes, printed linens and calicoes, thick and book mussin, Marseilles quilting, mussin handkerchiefs, spotted gauze, cambrick, mens, womens, and girls gloves, womens cotton hose, mens worsted and silk do. Pots, rings and casters, punch ladles, stone and delft plates, queens china dishes, blackleather trunks, seal skin do. ribands, collaring, necklaces, womens and girls bonnets, hand saws, trowels, dripping pans, bridles, girts, stirrup leathers, do. irons, bridle bits, whips, mens and boys coarse and fine hats, shot belts, needles, silk twists, buttons, crewel, bugles, gold rings, Bristol stone and common sleeve buttons, thimbles, razor straps, violins, shalloons, calimancoes, durants, camablets, Norris’s antimonial drops, glass of antimony, salt of amber, cinnamon, ingredients for bitters, reap hooks, ginger, mens and womens leather shoes, womens calamanco do, childrens morocco do., waistcoat and shirt buttons, common laces, fishing tackle, snuff, chewing tobacco, coffee, sole leather, harness do., calf skins, loaf sugar, soap, candles, leather breeches, hair sifters, wool cards, writing paper, wires and brushes for muskets, &c. &c.    MATTHEW ANDERSON.

April 20, 1776Virginia Gazette, Dixon & Hunter (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) SUNDRY GOODS, imported contrary to the Continental Association, will be sold at Mr. Humphrey Billups, in Gloucester, for ready Money, on Monday, the 29th Instant.

May 24, 1776Virginia Gazette, Purdie (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) To be SOLD at Mr. Robert Matthews’s in Gloucester county, on Tuesday the 11th of June, to the highest bidders, for ready money.

            THE estate of John Wilkie, a condemned Tory, consisting of a new schooner with sails, rigging, and boat, also one half of a vessel on the stocks, and sundry other articles.  JOHN PEYTON.

May 31, 1776Virginia Gazette, Purdie (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            Williamsburg, May 31. Last Sunday lord Dunmore, with his whole fleet, left Hampton road, and came up the bay to Gwynn’s Island, in Gloucester county, where we understand he has landed his black and white troops, to the number of about 500, and is intrenching. This island contains about 2000 acres, occupied by several families, who are possessed of a considerable quantity of stock, and is well watered. A body of regulars and militia, to the amount of 2000 men, quickly assembled, and are watching their motions; and, if opportunity suits, will very likely attempt to beat up their new quarters, very delightful, it should seem., to those pirates and renegadoes in their present sickly, starving, and dirty situation, from their amusing themselves, on the evening of their landing, with a promiscuous ball, which, was opened, we hear, by a certain spruce  little gentleman, with one of the black ladies.



June 14, 1776Virginia Gazette, Purdie (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) A PILOT BOAT, four hhds. of tobacco, and sundry other articles, will be sold at Mr. James Thomas’s, in Kingston parish, Gloucester county, on Thursday the 20th of this instant (June) for ready money.

June 27, 1776New York Journal (New York, New York)

            June 15. We learn from Gloucester, that Lord Dunmore has erected hospitals upon Gwyn’s Island; that his old friend Andrew Sprowle, is dead, and that they are inoculating the blacks for the small pox. …

            One day this week a small vessel belonging to the enemy, with five hands on board, ran aground on the Gloucester shore, within musket shot, and was taken. The crew jumped overboard, two swam to Gwyn’s Island, one was shot, and the other two drowned.

June 29, 1776Virginia Gazette, Dixon & Hunter (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) To be SOLD for ready Money, at the Plantation of Mr. HUMPHREY BILLUPS of Gloucester county, on Tuesday the 30th of June if fair, otherwise next fair Day, A VARIETY of very useful GOODS, amounting to near the Value of two Thousand Pounds. Among which are Osneaburgs, fine Irish ­____, fine and coarse _____, a variety of Stuffs, Men’s and Women’s Saddles, two Pieces of rich black Satin, some Lustrings ___, Persians, Silk and ____, Breeches Patterns, Silk and Worsted Stockings, Men’s ___fine and coarse Hats, Women’s Hats and Bonnets, ___ Lasting, Cambrick, ____, Cloaks and Cardinals, Callicoes, ____, Spices of all Kinds, ____ Shoes, Ivory-handled Knives and ____, Hard-Ware, Earthen ____, Writing-Papers, and Indigo.  JOHN AND GEORGE FOWLER.

July 19, 1776 Essex Journal, (Newburyport, Massachusetts)

That the ships of war and vessels aforesaid [the Roebuck, Dunmore, Foley, etc.] afterwards lay in Hampton road for a week, and then stood up the bay to Gwyn’s island, and anchored in Milford Haven, at the entrance of Piankitank river. That he [the informant]was on the island, and understood that about five hundred hogs, sheep, and cattle were found on it by Lord Dunmore, but no good water; that most of the wells there yielded very bad water. That about five hundred and fifty men, soldiers, white and black, were landed on said island by Lord Dunmore, as this deponent heard. That many of these, particularly Negroes, died, and many negroes came in and joined him. That the Roebuck was in some measure cleaned, and that Captain Hammond continued at his last mentioned place ‘till the 6th of June instant, when, about ten o’clock in the evening, this deponent, with John Drury and Alexander Davis, swam to the shore of the main land, about two miles, and escaped. That about six days before this deponent left the Roebuck, a gentleman of the name Smith, Secretary of Governor Eden, arrived at Gwyn’s Island, from Annapolis, as this deponent understands, and that, on the 5th instant, a gentleman in black, from Somerset county, went to Dunmore.  JOHN EMMES, Sworn before George Bryan.

August 9, 1776Virginia Gazette, Purdie (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) To be SOLD at publick auction, on the premises, pursuant to the last will and testament of mr. Thomas Fleming, deceased, on Tuesday the 3d of September next, if fair, otherwise next fair day.

            A TRACT of good land in Gloucester county, containing about 270 acres, seven miles from the court-house, and within one mile of  York river. It is very convenient to fish and oysters, has a good dwelling-house upon it about 40 by 20, with other necessary houses, also an apple orchard of about 140 choice fruit trees, just in their prime. – At the same time and place will be sold all the stock of horses, cattle, hogs, &c. together with the household and kitchen furniture belonging to the said estate. – Two years credit will be allowed for the land, and twelve months for the personal estate, except for sums not exceeding 25s. for which ready money will be expected. Bond, with approved security, will be required by THE EXECUTORS. *** The Land may be seen by applying to mr. Zachariah Gardner or mr. Lewis Walden, near the premises.

August 16, 1776Virginia Gazette, Purdie & Dixon (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) So be LET for one year, on Wednesday the 4th of September, AN exceeding good plantation on Gwyn’s island, containing 500 acres, whereon is a good dwelling house, with all other necessary houses, the land rich, and a sufficiency cleared, and under good fence, for 10 or 12 hands. It is remarkable for producing good wheat, clear from the fly, there is a good peach and apple orchard, and the place abounds with fine oysters and fish. At the same time, upon the premises, will be sold the crop of corn as it stands in the field, a few cattle, and some household goods, for ready money.  HUMPHREY GWYN

August 21, 1776Massachusetts Spy (Worcester,  Massachusetts)

            The following is a particular account of the attack and rout of Lord Dunmore, with his piratical crew, from Gwyn’s-Island.

            We got to the island on Monday the eighth and next morning, at eight o’clock, began a furious attack upon the enemy’s shipping, camp, and fortifications, from two batteries, one of five six and nine pounders, the other mounting two eighteen pounders. What forces the enemy had were encamped on a Point of the island, nearly opposite, to our five gun battery, covered by a battery of four embrasures, and a breastwork of considerable extent. Before this, they had two other batteries, and a stockade fort, higher up the haven, where troops were stationed to prevent our landing. In the haven were three tenders, one sloop (the Lady Charlotte) mounting six carriage guns, a schooner of two carriage guns, six swivels, and a _____, and a pilot boat, badly armed ; who had orders from Capt. Hammond, of the Roebuck, to prevent our boats passing over to the island, and to annoy the rebels by every means in their power.

             Gen. Lewis announced his order for attacking the enemy, by putting a match to the first gun, an eighteen pounder, himself ; and the Dunmore being then the nearest to us, at the distance of only four or five hundred yards, the shot passed through her hull, and did considerable damage. Our five gun battery likewise began playing on the fleet, the enemy’s camp and works ; and the fire soon became so hot that the Dunmore was obliged to cut her cables and haul off, after receiving ten shot, some of which raked her fore and aft. The Otter lay next her, and it was expected would have taken her birth, but the first we gave her took place, supposed between wind and water, as she immediately slipped her cable likewise, and hauled out on a ____ , without firing a gun. By this time all the fleet, any way near shore, began to slip their cables, in the utmost confusion ; and had the wind set in with a flood tide, we must have taken great numbers of them. Our eighteen pounders did great execution from the upper battery, which raked the whole fleet ; and Capt. Denny, who commanded the other battery soon silenced the enemy at the point, knocking down several tents, which put their camp into great confusion. At half after nine the firing ceased, which was renewed again at twelve, with double vigor, from both batteries and nothing prevented our pushing to the island during the cannonade, but the want of vessels.

            The Gen. being determined to cross next day, gave orders for all the small craft to be collected together from the neighboring creeks that night, and two brass field-pieces, six pounders, to be carried to a place called Lower Windmill Point, to attack the tenders that lay there, and facilitate our crossing. According, in the morning, Capt. Harrison, who had the direction of those field pieces, began playing upon the tenders, which he galled so much, that the schooner ran up a small creek which made into the island, where the crew abandoned her, and the sloop got aground in reach of our cannon ; upon which the General ordered Capt. Smith, of the seventh regiment, with his company, to man the canoe and board her, which was done with alacrity. However, before our men came up with her, the crew got into their boat and pushed for the island ; but Capt. Smith, very prudently passing the tender, pursued them so close that before they could reach the shore, he exchanged a few shot with them, and took part of them prisoners. The enemy’s look outs, perceiving our men close upon the lower part of the island, cried out “the ____men are coming,” scampered off. The pilot boat made no resistance.

            Gen. Lewis then ordered two hundred men, under Colonel M’Canaham, to land in the island which was performed as expeditiously as our small vessels would admit of. On our arrival, we found the enemy had evacuated the place with the greatest precipitation, and were struck with horror at the number of dead bodies, in a state of putrefaction, strewed, all the way from their battery to Cherry-point, about two miles in length, without a shovel full of earth upon them ; others gasping for life ; and some had crawled to the water’s edge who could make known their distress by beckoning to us. By the small pox, and other malignant disorders, which have raged on board the fleet so many months past, it is clear they have lost, since their arrival at Gwyn’s Island, over five hundred souls. I myself counted one hundred and thirty graves, or rather holes loosely covered over with earth, close together, many of them large enough to hold a corporal’s guard. One in the middle, was nearly done up with turf, and is supposed to contain the remains of the Lord of Gosport, many were burnt alive in brush huts, which in their confusion, had got on fire. In short, such a scene of misery, distress and cruelty, my eyes never beheld ; for which the authors, one may reasonably conclude, never can make atonement in this world.

            The enemy left behind them, in their battery, a double fortified nine pounder, great part of their baggage, with several tents and marquees, besides the three tenders, with their cannon, small arms, &c. also the anchors and cables of the Dunmore, Otter, and many others, to the amount, it supposed, of twelve or fifteen hundred pounds. On their leaving the island, they burnt some valuable vessels, which had got aground. Mr. John Grymes’s effects on the island have fallen into our hands, consisting of thirty-five Negroes, horses, cattle and furniture.

            Major Byrd, on the approach of our canoes to the island, was huddled into a cart, in a very sick and low condition, it is said, and carried down to Cherry-point, where he embarked. The second shot the Dunmore received cut her boatswain in two, and wounded two or three others ; and she had scarcely recovered from the shock when a nine pounder from the lower battery entered her quarter, and beat in a large timber, from the splinters of which Lord Dunmore got wounded in the legs, and had all his valuable china smashed about his ears. It is said his Lordship was exceedingly alarmed, and roared out “Good God that ever I should come to this!” We had our information from one of his people that came ashore after the engagement, who was taken by our scouts ; he likewise said, that many were killed in the fleet, which had sustained some thousand pounds worth of damage. The Fowey and Roebuck were the lowermost ships, besides which there were one hundred and odd large sail of vessels, who took their departure on Thursday afternoon, and are supposed to have gone into Potowmack.

            In this affair we lost not a man but poor Capt. Arundel, who was killed by the bursting of a mortar of his own invention, although the Gen. and all the officers were against his firing it. His zeal for the service cost him his life.

August 24, 1776Virginia Gazette, Dixon & Hunter (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) For SALE, OSNABRUGS, Ticklingburgs, Checks, Sheeting, Muslin, Calibanco, Crowningburg, Women’s Worsted Hose, black furred Hats, Velvet Hoods, Buckram, Silk and Worsted Ferreting, Binding, Buttons, coloured Thread, Silk Twill, Jacket Patterns, Worsted Crewel, common Necklaces and Bugies, black Gimp, Fans, Hair Sifters, men’s coarse and fine Hats, Scotch Snuff, best scented Rappee do, chewing Tobacco, Mantelers, Silk Cappuchines, Knee Garters, Buckram, Razor Strops, Brushes and wires for Muskets,Thread Laces, Shoe Tread, Observations on Civil Liberty, British Tyranny, or American Liberty triumphant, Watt’s Hymns and Psalms, Psalters, Histories, Pocket-Books, Cutteaus, Fifes, common Sleeve Buttons, Shoe Buckles, Brass Chair Nails, Tobacco and Snuff Boxes, Desk and Cupboard Locks, Cross Garnet and Dove-Tail Hinges, Bridle Bits, Stirrup Irons, Center and Wimble Bit, Cork Screws, Snuffers, Awl Blades, Shoe Nippers, Steel Pencil Cases, Spectacles, Fishing Tackle, Jews Harps, Slate Pencils, Tailors and Women’s Thimbles, Whitechapel Needles, Tenon Saws, Hand Saws, Saw Rests, Tongs and Shovels, Augers and Gouges, Bricklayers Trowels, Tea Kettles, Pewter Dishes, Tin Dripping Pans, Cullenders, Egg Slices, Stone Bottles, Water Pitchers, Queen’s China Dishes, Tea Pots and Sugar Dishes, Glass Bowls and Tumblers, Wine Glasses, Punch Ladles, Rings and Casters, Iron Spice Mortars, Narrow Hoes, Indigo, Pimenta, Coffee, Sole Leather, Harness do., Calf Skins, Men’s strong Shoes, a few Medicines, and some other Trifles, too tedious mention.  MATTHEW ANDERSON    Gloucester, August 15, 1776

October 11, 1776Virginia Gazette,  Dixon (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) To be SOLD, A TRACT of LAND, containing 300 and odd Acres, in Gloucester County, Kingston  Parish, pleasantly situated, on Mockjack [sic] Bay, a Dwelling-House and all other convenient Houses on it; also a good Marsh. The Terms may be known by applying to Francis Willis, Esq; in Gloucester.   John Willis.

January 24, 1777Virginia Gazette, Purdie (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) STRAYED or STOLEN from my plantation near Poplar Spring church, in Gloucester county, the 26th of November last, a chestnut sorrel mare with a blaze face, her mane about half cut off, and her feet white all around; she is about 12 hands and a half high, has a bob tail, but no brand perceivable. I will give 20s. to any person that will inform me of the mare so that I may get her again, or 5l. on conviction of the thief (if stolen) so as to be brought to condign punishment.  LEWIS WOOD.

January 31, 1777Virginia Gazette, Dixon (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            WILLIAMSBURG, January 31. Extract of a letter from Sir John Peyton of Gloucester County, to the Hon. John Page, Esq. President of the Council, dated Jan. 28, 1777. “I have seen Mr. Edward Hughes, who was taken by the enemy last Wednesday. He informs me there are three ships in the bay, a 60, 50, and a 36 gun frigate, under the command of Commodore Hotham.  He brought with him the enclosed, and if it is proper that an exchange should be made, shall be much obliged to you for your interest in bringing it about as soon as possible. Mr. Hughes gives great praise to the Commodore for his generous and humane behaviour, who, after being informed the circumstances of Hughes’s family &c. gave him his boat, with almost every thing in her, detaining a Negro which he said he understood was a tolerable pilot, but assured him, at the same time, he should be returned as soon as he got a better; that he did not mean to distress any individuals who industriously were going from river to river to support their families. – Hughes understood they were to cruise here, and expect 7 or 8 sail more every day.”  To Sir, John Peyton, North River, On board the ship Preston, January 22, 1777.

February 21, 1777Virginia Gazette, Dixon & Hunter (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) FOUR DOLLARS REWARD. Strayed, or stolen, from the upper End of Middlesex, a CHESTNUT SORREL HORSE, about 13 ½ Hands high, with a small star in his forehead, he was bred in the upper End of King & Queen or King William, near Todd’s Bridge. Whoever takes up the said Horse and contrives me Word, so that I get him again, shall have the above Reward, paid by the Subscriber, living near Abingdon Church, in Gloucester County. ROGER BLACKBURN.

April 11, 1777Virginia Gazette, Dixon (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) Ten Dollars reward. For John Taylor, who enlisted under me as lieutenant of the 15th battalion, and deserted from King William county. He is an inhabitant of Gloucester, about 5 feet 10 inches high, his clothing I do not recollect. The above reward will be thankfully given to any person who delivers the said Taylor to his commanding officer in Williamsburg.  HENRY QUARLES, lieut.

April 18, 1777Virginia Gazette, Purdie (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) ECLIPSE, a fine bay, and well formed, 15 hands high, rising 4, stands at my house in Gloucester county, and will cover mares at 40s. the season, the money to be paid before the mares are taken away. Eclipse was got by Young Traveller,out of Camilla, who was got by Old Fearnought, her dame by Old Valiant, out of a full bred English running mare. Good pasturage for mares gratis, but will not be answerable for any that get away.  LEWIS BURWEL

April 18, 1777Virginia Gazette, Purdie (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) RUN away from the subscriber in Gloucester, the 30th of March last, JOHN LIVINGSTONE, an apprentice, who I imagine is harboured at his mother’s Mary Guttery, of King & Queen. I will give 20s. reward to any person who delivers me the said apprentice, and I hereby forewarn all persons from entertaining or concealing him.  JAMES BENTLEY

September 5, 1777Virginia Gazette, Purdie (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) For sale, a tract of land in Gloucester county, about two miles from the courthouse, and the same distance from Ware warehouse, containing by estimation 2000 acres, whereon are two plantations, on one of which is a good brick dwellinghouse with two rooms below and two above, a meat house, overseer’s house, &c. likewise a very fine apple orchard, now in perfection. On the other plantation is a good overseer’s house, negro quarters, &c. and a good peach orchard. Possession to be given at Christmas, and terms may be known by applying to the subscriber, living on the land. MORDECAI THROCKMORTON.

September 12, 1777Virginia Gazette, Dixon (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) Gloucester County, Sept. 10, 1777 – Found by the subscriber, aground, near new Point Comfort, a SLOOP, nearly new, Burthen about 45 Tons, her Rigging pretty good, laden with Flour and Bread. She has received some Damage by her having a couple of Holes lately cut in her Deck. I should be ___ to know who is the Owner.  RICHARD BILLUPS

October 3, 1777Virginia Gazette, Dixon & Hunter (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement)  TO BE SOLD, At public Vendue, at the Battery in Gloucester County, on Saturday the 18th of October, A Quantity of good ST. CROIX RUM and SUGAR, also a few Pounds of best HYSON TEA.

October 31, 1777Virginia Gazette, Purdie (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) To be SOLD at Gloucester courthouse, to the highest bidder, for ready money, on Tuesday the 25th of  November.  A VERY valuable tract of land in Ware parish, on North river, containing 750 acres, the greater part rich low grounds. The high land has a sufficient fund of chestnut to supply the plantation with rails for ever, and there is a quantity of heavy gum timber on the uncleared part of the low grounds. There cannot be a more complete seat for a gentleman than this. The river whereon it lies abounds with fish, crabs, and oysters, of the first quality; perpetual streams of water run through every enclosure; there is a remarkable fine spring within fifty yards of a situation where any man of taste would choose to fix a dwelling-house; it is within half a mile of a good mill, about six from church, and situated  in one of the best neighborhoods in Virginia. The subscriber will show the land, and make a good title.  ABRAHAM IVERSON

November 7, 1777Virginia Gazette, Purdie (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) JOURNEYMEN hatters will meet with very good encouragement, either in coarse work or fine, by applying to the subscriber in Gloucester county.  SAMUEL GUTHRIE

November 7, 1777Virginia Gazette, Purdie (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) Ten DOLLARS Reward. FOR apprehending and bringing home JACOB, a runaway negro man belonging to the subscriber in Gloucester county, who absconded the 21st of September last. He is about 6 feet high, 32 Years old, slender made, thin visage, and rather inclined to a yellowish complexion; had on when he went away an old duffel coat died with maple bark, Virginia cloth jacket striped and kersey wove, blue cloth breeches, white yarn stockings and old shoes. It is more than probable he may be lurking about Queen’s creek, being much acquainted with the free mulattoes in that neighborhood, and perhaps change his dress and endeavor to pass for a free man.  JOHN SEAWELL

*** I have for sale 600 weight of exceeding good COTTON.

November 21, 1777Virginia Gazette, Purdie (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) Gloucester County, Nov. 20, 1777.  The Rev. Mr. Field having declined his duty as minister of Kingston parish, the vestry of said parish would be glad to employ a minister of the profession of the church of England. The glebe in said parish is situated on East river, and very convenient to fish and oysters, is in exceeding good order, with good outhouses, garden &c. and has two valuable negroes belonging thereon.  JOHN DIXON, EDWARD HUGHES – churchwardens.

December 12, 1777Virginia Gazette, Dixon & Hunter (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) Kingston (Gloucester) Dec. 6, 1777. TO BE SOLD, by public Auction, at the Glebe, on Tuesday the 30th of December, if fair, otherwise next fair Day, for ready Money, a small Stock of Horses, Cattle, Sheep, and Hogs, also the Household and Kitchen Furniture, belonging to the Subscriber, who intends to leave the Country in a short time. ---I have also for Sale a double Chair, an exceeding good Chair Horse, a set of  Iron Kettles and Pots for boiling Salt, a Batteau, &c.  THOMAS FIELD

March 6, 1778Virginia Gazette, Purdie (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) To be SOLD by decree of the Ven. The Court of Admiralty, on the 6th of March next, at East ___________, in Gloucester county.

            A SLOOP about forty or fifty tuns burthen, together with her rigging, tackle, apparel &c. taken up in Chesapeake bay by Capt. Richard Billups and the company under his command in September last, in which vessel was a quantity of FLOUR and BREAD. The said sloop, rigging, &c. may be seen by applying to Richard Billups, who lives near the place.  BEN. POWELL, Marshal

March 6, 1778Virginia Gazette, Purdie (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) The Beautiful Thorough Bred Horse SHAKESPEAR, Stands at my plantation in Gloucester county, and will cover mares the ensuing season at forty shillings the leap and four pounds the season; the money must be sent with the mares, otherwise they will not be received. Excellent pasturage gratis, but I will not be liable for accidents. Shakespear’s sire was old Fearnought, his dam Moll Brazen who was an imported mare, and her pedigree unexceptional. He is a beautiful dapple gray, full fifteen hands, and an inch high, in high order, and eager for business.  MANN PAGE, North river.

March 6, 1778Virginia Gazette, Purdie (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) Mount Prodigal, February 18, 1778, FOR sale and delivered on purchase, a tract of land in Gloucester county, containing about sixteen hundred acres, lying at the head of Poropotank creek, to which there is a navigable landing bordered with very valuable marsh, supported with good high land and swamp range, part of which has been cleared for a meadow. To this estate fixed on a pleasant hill commanding an extensive prospect, there is an exceeding good dwelling-house with four large rooms on a floor, several good offices, a forty foot storehouse, coach house, a number of plantation houses, and a neat falling garden, also valuable orchards of peach and apple trees. The creek, branching from York river, affords fish, oysters, and a variety of wildfowl, and has the advantage of water carriage from the land to the markets of Williamsburg and York. Those inclined to purchase will apply to the subscriber, or Thomas Whiting, Esq. who is furnished with full power to sell the same.  JOHN HUBARD.

March 27, 1778Virginia Gazette, Purdie (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) MASTER STEPHEN a beautiful imported horse, upwards of fifteen hands and a half high, a fine bay, and begot by Regulus, the sire of Fearnaught, out of a high bred mare, stands at Sir John Peyton’s in Gloucester county to cover at three pounds the season, or thirty shillings the leap; the money to be sent with the mares. Good pasturage, and care _____ taken of the mares, gratis, but I will not be answerable if accidents occur.  THOMAS PEYTON

July 10, 1778Virginia Gazette, Dixon & Hunter (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) Milford Haven, Gloucester county, July 3, 1778. Now on the stocks, a complete vessel of 42 feet keel, 16 foot beam, and 6 foot hold; her frame is of the best white oak, and she may be finished within three months of this. For terms apply to HENRY FORREST.

August 21, 1778Virginia Gazette, Purdie (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) To be SOLD for cash, upon the premises, on Tuesday the 2d of November, A TRACT of exceeding good land, containing five hundred acres, upon Gwyn’s island, whereon is a good dwelling-house and all necessary houses. Likewise horses, cattle, and sheep, with the crop of corn and fodder. HUMPHREY GWYN.

August 21, 1778Virginia Gazette, Purdie (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) A MAN well acquainted with the business of DISTILLING will meet with immediate employment, by applying to me in Gloucester. WARNER LEWIS.

October 16, 1778Virginia Gazette, Dixon & Hunter (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) FOR SALE, A vessel now on the stocks in Gloucester county, Kingston parish, of the following dimensions – 47 feet keel, 17 feet beam, and 6 feet nine inches hold, and may be launched in 5 or 6 weeks. Any person inclined to purchase the same may know the terms by applying to subscriber, or to Mr. William Cary at Yorktown.  JOSIAH FOWLER.

November 13, 1778Virginia Gazette, Dixon & Hunter (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) RUN away a negro man named JOHN, who belongs to the subscriber in Hanover county. He absconded about the last of September from some salt works in Gloucester county, and may very probably be lurking about Williamsburg, as he was once taken up in the neighborhood thereof. He is about 35 years old, 5 feet 6 or 7 inches high, well made, remarkably black, and has a custom of repeating his words when he speaks, with a kind of stammering that appears rather affected than natural. Whoever delivers him to the overseer at the saltworks or to the subscriber, shall receive FIFTY SHILLINGS reward, over what the law allows.  WILLIAM CLOPTON

November 27, 1778Virginia Gazette, Dixon & Hunter (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) Will be LET to the highest bidder, for the term of seven years, on Wednesday 16th of December, if fair, otherwise the next fair day.  SIX hundred acres of valuable low grounds, well timbered, in the parish of Abingdon, and county of Gloucester, lying in Robin’s neck, on Swan river, which abounds with fine fish, and oysters; likewise four fine negro fellows, four women, 2 lads, and a child, and ten cows, annexed to the above land. Persons properly authorized to give possession will attend on that day on the premises. THE TRUSTEES.

February 19, 1779Virginia Gazette, Dixon & Hunter (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) TO BE SOLD, FIFTY or SIXTY BUSHELS of FLAX SEED, near Abington church, in Gloucester county.  ROGER BLACKBURN

April 2, 1779Virginia Gazette, Dixon & Nicolson (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) The subscriber has for sale, the hull, masts, and yards of a new vessel, intended for a brig, completely finished and ready to launch, of the following dimensions: 56 ½ feet keel straight rabbit, 20 feet 2 inches beam, and 8 feet hold. She was built by Matthew Gayle, at East river warehouse. For terms apply to the printer, or Francis Willis, Esq. in Gloucester county.  JOSEPH SMITH.

April 9, 1779Virginia Gazette, Dixon & Nicolson (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) To be SOLD for ready money, on Wednesday the 5th of May next, at the late dwellinghouse of Lewis Burwell, Esq., deceased, of Gloucester county, according to his last will and testament. A VARIETY of HOUSEHOLD FURNITURE, a number of HORSES, one of which is the noted horse ECLIPSE, whose pedigree is well known, some fine high blooded MARES and COLTS, and a genteel COACH and HARNESS.  --- All persons having any demands against the said estate, are desired to make them known, and such as are indebted thereto, are requested to settle immediately with THE EXECUTORS.

May 8, 1779Virginia Gazette, Dixon & Nicolson (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) The Noted High Bred Swift Running Horse ECLIPSE, lately the property of Lewis Burwell, Esq. stands at my stable in Gloucester county, and will cover mares at 15l. the season. I have large and fine pasturage, and all possible care shall be taken of any mares that are sent, but will not be answerable for accidents.  FRANCIS WILLIS.

July 10, 1779Virginia Gazette, Dixon & Nicolson (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) To be sold at public vendue, on Thursday the 5th of August next, … will be rented to the highest bidder, at Gloucester courthouse, the publick salt works, with the appurtenances thereto, belonging, in the said county, for the space of 17 months, the rent to be paid in salt, to be delivered at the time agreed on that day.  By order of the Board of Trade, WILLIAM RUSSEL, Clerk.

September 25, 1779  Virginia Gazette, Dixon & Nicolson (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) A PURSE race will be run for, the best two heats in three, at Joseph Seawell’s in Gloucester, on the second Thursday in October next.

October 9, 1779Virginia Gazette, Dixon & Nicolson (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) To be sold, by the escheator, for ready money, agreeable to act of Assembly, on Monday the eighth of November, a tract of valuable land in Ware parish, lying on Ware and North rivers, Gloucester county, containing one thousand three hundred acres, which will be laid off in lots agreeable to law; also an hundred and eleven negroes, with stocks of cattle, &c. And on Saturday the thirteenth of said month will be sold a tract of and containing 700 acres, in Kingston parish, Gloucester county, with stocks of cattle, &c.  John Peyton, James Hubard, Commissioners.

November 20, 1779Virginia Gazette, Clarkson & Davis (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) Gloucester, Nov. 15, 1779. The subscriber has for sale three hundred bushels of good country made SALT, and will attend at Hanover court-house the first Thursday of December, in order to treat with any person inclined to purchase.  Sterling Thornton

November 20, 1779Virginia Gazette, Clarkson & Davis (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            At a Court held for Gloucester County, Nov. 4, 1779, ORDERED that the Clerk publish the resolutions of this Court, to proceed most certainly, by the Docket, the next Court, when all persons who have suits depending are required to give their attendance. Thomas Nelson

November 27, 1779Virginia Gazette, Dixon & Nicolson (Williamsburg, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) November 16, 1779. On Thursday the 16th of December, if fair otherwise the next fair day, will be rented on the premises, to the highest bidder, ‘till the 1st day of January, 1781, the great SALT WORKS in Robin’s neck, Gloucester county, with all the apparatus thereunto belonging,


built for the use of this commonwealth; also will be sold at the same time and place, a good new SEINE 45 fathoms long, _____ &c. SAMUEL DU VAL & Company

August 15, 1781Freeman’s Journal (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)

            It is reported, that a detachment of earl Cornwallis’s army, under command of brigadier general O’Hara, have landed in Gloucester county, Virginia, near the mouth of York river, in the vicinity of which, on New-Point Comfort, it is asserted, they are to erect a strong fortification.

March 11, 1784Massachusetts Spy (Worcester, Massachusetts)

            [Ship reports]  That a ship from Ireland, had been lately lost above New-Point-Comfort ; that some of her passengers, with a part of her crew perished, and that the Capt. had been assassinated by one of his sailors.

April 8, 1785Maryland Journal (Baltimore, Maryland)

            (Advertisement) TO BE SOLD, A SHIP on the Stocks, in great forwardness, which may be completed and launched soon, of the following Dimensions, viz. 73 Feet Keel, straight rabbit, 27 feet Beam, 12 Feet in the lower Hold, and 5 ½ Feet betwixt Decks, built of the best Oak Plank and Timber, of suitable Size and Thickness, strong and substantially put together, and as a Mediocrity has been observed in her Construction, will indubitably sail very fast, and stow Tobacco to Advantage. – She stands on fine navigable Water upon East River, in the County of Gloucester, Virginia, near to the Place where the Subscriber lives, who will be always ready to communicate the Terms to any Person inclinable to purchase.   THOMAS SMITH.

May 23, 1786Maryland Journal (Baltimore, Maryland)

             (Advertisement) TO BE SOLD, On very reasonable Terms, for Cash, Continental or State Certificates, viz. 1,500 acres of rich low LANDS, in Gloucester County, Virginia, well improved, beautifully and advantageously situated on Mock-jack Bay, in full view of the Chesapeake, being a few miles from Point-Comfort.

January 8, 1790Pennsylvania Packet and Daily Advertiser (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)

            SHIPS NEWS. Extract from Lindsay’s Norfolk Hotel Diary, Dec. 16. On the 10th of Dec. was picked up by the ship Heart of Oak, while she was lying at anchor in Hampton-Roads, a small boy, who says his name is William Dawes, about 12 or 13 years of age, in a small boat, nearly filled with water. The boat being baled out, he expressed a desire to re-embark, and try to reach the shore ; which the pilot refused, upon a supposition, that had he attempted it, he must have inevitably perished, as the wind was at that time very high. He gives the following account of himself: That William Walker, commander of a new sloop, undertook to move his father and family to New-Point-Comfort ; on the passage he took the boat, which belonged to his father, and desired his brother, who was also on board, to go on shore with him, which Walker opposed, but promised to call for him on their return. He says he remained on shore a week, at the houses of Messrs. Hawthorn, Diggs, and ____, with whom he was acquainted – that he set off in the boat to board the sloop, which he discovered under sail on her return ; but they refused to take him in, which causes him to think they have run away with the vessel, and that they are gone to the Eastern-Shore.

April 2, 1790New York Daily Gazette (New York, New York)

            Extract from Lindsay’s (Norfolk) Hotel Diary, March 14.  Mr. John Proby of Gloster brought information, that two sloops struck on New Point Comfort bar, and went to pieces, and night coming on, no assistance could be given the crews, who were entirely lost. One of the above sloops belonged to Fredericksburg, and was commanded by Mr. Jesse Sloven. …

April 20, 1790Pennsylvania Mercury (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)

            DIED, On the 29th ult. at Gloucester (Virginia) Mr. Sterling Thornton, after a short illness.

October 14, 1790 -  Pennsylvania Mercury (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)

            MARRIED, In Gloucester, Virginia, Mr. William Robins, to Miss Betsey Whiting.





November 25, 1791Claypoole’s Daily Advertiser (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)

            The following criminals who received sentence of death from the judge of the district court at Williamsburg, were on Friday last executed near the above place, viz. William Smith, John Driver, and Emanuel Driver, from Matthews county, for burglary.

July 28, 1792Virginia Chronicle and Norfolk & Portsmouth General Advertiser

            (Advertisement) O’KELLY, Will stand at my plantation and Kempsville during the present season, Friday and Saturday of every week at the latter place; and will cover Mares at the rate of EIGHT DOLLARS each the Season, and HALF A DOLLAR to the Groom. O’KELLY is a full bred Horse, got by Aid-de-Camp out of Camilla, Eclipse’s full sister; Aid-de-Camp by Specimen, out of Old Blossom, imported by General Nelson; Specimen, by Old Fearnought, out of Jenny Dismal; both of which last were imported by Col. Baylor.

            Camilla was got by Traveller, Traveller by Moreton’s imported Traveller, Traveller’s dam was a full blooded Mare brought in by Mordeica Booth, Esq. of Gloucester county; Camilla’s dam was got by Col. Baylor’s Fearnought out of Camilla, who was out of an imported Mare of Col. Byrd’s.  W. AITCHISON, Princess-Ann, March 28, 1792.

April 26, 1794Philadelphia Gazette (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)

            (Advertisement)  PIRACY!  The schooner DELIGHT, the property of Manual Antonio Martin, of the island of Bona Vista, was on the 18th of October last, while lying at anchor in the road of that island, forcibly entered and carried off by John Dunham, John Murray, and a man by the name of Dodge, and one other person, name unknown. – This vessel was sold to M. A. Martin, by William McNeil, who came to Bona Vista in her, from Madeira. – She was built in the county of Matthews, state of Virginia, and was registered at New-York the 16th April, 1793 – Her name was painted on her stern – her dimensions as follows: 56 feet 6 inches keel, 16 feet 56 inches beam, hold 6 feet 2 inches, her burthen 54 tons. …

            If any person can give information of this vessel … inform Messrs. Joseph Anthony and Son, Philadelphia

August 14, 1794Baltimore Daily Intelligencer (Baltimore, Maryland)

            (Advertisement)  The Subscriber has for sale, … two Vessels, now on the stocks in Mathews county, Virginia – one of 48 feet keel, straight rabbit, 20 feet beam, 10 ½ feet hold, and 20 inches dead rise, and can be delivered in four weeks from this date. – The other is intended for a brig of 56 feet, straight keel, 22 feet beam, 9 feet lower hold, and 22 inches dead rise, with upper works as may best fit the purchaser, and can be delivered by the 1st of January next ; the two vessels are planned for fast sailers, and to be finished in the neatest manner. The terms will be made known on application to Mr. William Taylor, Messrs. Robert Mickle, & Co. or the subscriber, who may be found at Miss Young’s near the court-house, until Sunday next.  JOHN PATTERSON.

July 14, 1795Gazette of the United States (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)

            PROPOSALS For carrying the MAILS of the United States on the following Post Roads, will be received at the General Post Office until the first day of October next.

VIRGINIA 17. From Yorktown in Virginia to Gloucester courthouse. Leave Yorktown every Monday at 7 A.M., and arrive at Gloucester courthouse by 11 AM. Returning, Leave Gloucester courthouse by 2 PM, and arrive at Yorktown by 5PM.

August 8, 1795Federal Intelligencer (Baltimore, Maryland)

            We are informed, that the brig Baltimore, and another vessel, name unknown, are aground on New-Point Comfort.

December 2, 1797Claypoole’s American Advertiser (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)

            (Advertisement)  SAMUEL SMITH at No. 86 Front St. has for sale: The fast sailing schooner HELENA PLUMSTEAD. White oak frame; built in Mathews county, state of Virginia, in the year 1796 – 47 feet 5 inches keel, 16 feet 5 inches beam, 6 feet 7 inches hold, burthen 56 tons.





August 3, 1798Gazette of the United States (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)

            At a meeting of the citizens of the county of Mathews, at the court-house of the said county on the 10th day of June, 1798

            Resolved, That the Rev. Armistead Smith be requested on this occasion, to take the chair, and that John Patterson, esq. do officiate as clerk to this meeting.

            Resolved unanimously, That at this crisis when there is a strong appearance that our pacific wishes are likely to be disturbed, it highly becomes every set of freemen, composing the union of the United States, to deliver their free and unvarnished sentiments, and to communicate the same to the Chief Magistrate. We the citizens of the county of Mathews, deploring the necessity and prospect of calling into action, the exertions of those who have purchased and know how to value liberty, think fit to declare and represent to the President of the United States, that viewing unanimity as the only security to our happiness and prosperity as a nation, and as individuals; whenever we shall find an attack made on our national honor, character and respectability, our country may rest assured, as we here with one voice pledge ourselves, to rescue America from public odium, and in defence of our lives, liberty and property, from whatever quarter violated, we will again risque these dear and valuable blessings.

            Resolved unanimously, That the endeavors of every one to reconcile the unhappy differences between France and this country deserves the warmest thanks of every good citizen.

            Resolved unanimously, That the citizens composing this meeting, will cherish the hope, that every act of the Executive Government, will warrant their warmest wishes and prayers for the success of their measures, whilst such are governed by the true principles of our constitution, and tend to harmonize mankind.

            Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be transmitted to the President of the United States and that Thomas Evans, esq. our delegate to Congress, be requested to convey the same.

            Resolved, That these resolutions be signed by the chairman of this meeting.  (signed) ARMISTEAD SMITH, (Teste)  JOHN PATTERSON.

August 3, 1798Gazette of the United States (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)

            ANSWER, To the Citizens of the County of Mathews, in Virginia. Gentlemen, Your unanimous resolutions of the 12th inst. have been communicated to me by Mr. Evans, your representative in Congress.

            I thank you for your determination, that whenever you shall find an attack made on your national honor, character and respectability, your country may rest assured that to rescue America from public odium, and in defence of your lives, liberty and property, you will again risque those dear and valuable blessings.

            With you I cherish the hope that every act of the Executive Government, will warrant your warmest wishes and prayers for their measures.  JOHN ADAMS, Philadelphia, June 28, 1798 

September 3, 1798Commercial Advertiser (New York, New York)

            The bark Peggy, Capt. Robt. Gore, of George Town … was boarded by the British frigate Cleopatra, that had a few days before taken a French privateer of 12 guns.  The Cleopatra put on board the Peggy seven seamen, part of the crew of the ship Jersey of Charleston, bound to Amsterdam, and of the brig Union, of Newburyport bound to the same place – all of whom were landed at New Point Comfort

April 30, 1800Federal Gazette & Baltimore Daily Advertiser (Baltimore, Maryland)

            Yesterday arrived the brig Betsy, captain Hughes, in 5 days from Savannah – 68 hours to New-Point Comfort – Cotton, tobacco, &c. – Falls and Brown. Came passengers, doctor Baker, of this city, and several French gentlemen.

June 30, 1800 - Federal Gazette & Baltimore Daily Advertiser (Baltimore, Maryland)

            (Advertisement) NOTICE. Whereas some time about the 1st November last, the subscriber went to Baltimore in a new schooner, built in the county of Mathews, in the state of Virginia, and owned by William Y. Lewis, of Baltimore, Richard Billups, Thomas Buckner, and the subscriber, of the said county, each one fourth part, which said schooner was sold to the house of Lloyd Buchanan and H. Courtenay, by the said Lewis and the subscriber, acting as agents for the owners aforesaid, and for the sum of five thousand dollars, payable in equal payments at four, five, six, seven, and eight months; - and in order to divide the payments equally among the parties aforesaid, I drew 20 orders on the said Buchanan and Courtenay, (four for each payment), in favor of the said William Y. Lewis, dated the 8th of November, 1799, payable at the periods aforesaid, and by them accepted, which said orders were paid over by the said Lewis, in the propositions aforesaid to the several owners, under the express agreement and stipulation, that in case of the failure of the said house, that each person was to loose his proportion of the debt received, and be liable for only for such of the paper as should in the mean time be by him in any manner negotiated for his own benefit ; and it was at the same time understood, that the said Lewis and the subscriber was to be in no way answerable, in consequence of their name appearing as the drawer and endorser, except such of the said acceptances as were received for our proportion of the sale aforesaid. The orders being drawn in this way for the convenience of settlement and division aforesaid, and for no other consideration whatever, and it appearing that such of the said orders have become due have been protested for nonpayment ; in consequence of which I do hereby give public notice, and in particular to the holders of the said accepted orders, that I will not take up or hold myself responsible for the payment of any part of them, except those received by me on account of my interest in the said schooner, and paid to Messrs. Barclay and McKeen, and William Harrison, esquire.  JOHN PATTERSON, Mathews County, Virginia.

February 20, 1801Washington Federalist  (District of Columbia)

            Legislative Acts. Wednesday, February 18. – General Smith reported a bill for erecting Light houses on New Point Comfort and Smith’s Point in Virginia

April 27, 1801Jenk’s Portland Gazette (Portland, Maine)

            An Act for erecting light houses on Newpoint Comfort, and Smith’s point, in the State of Virginia and on Faukner’s island in Long Island Sound in the State of Connecticut, and for placing buoys in Narraganset Bay.

            Be it enacted in the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America, in Congress assembled, That as soon as a cession shall be made by the State of Virginia to the United States, of the jurisdiction over the land proper for the purpose, the Secretary of the Treasury be, and he is hereby authorized to provide by contract, to be approved by the President of the United States, for building a light house on Newpoint Comfort, and another light house on Smith’s point, both in the State aforesaid, and to furnish the same with all necessary supplies ; and also to agree for the salaries or wages of the person who may be appointed by the President for the superintendence and care of the same, and that the President be authorized to make the said appointments. …

            Sec. 2 [concerns Long Island Sound]

            Sec. 3 [concerns Kinnimicut Point]

            Sec. 4.  And be it further enacted, That there be appropriated and paid, out of the monies arising from imports and tonnage, the sum of five thousand dollars for the purpose of erecting the light house as aforesaid on New Point Comfort …

                                                                        THEODORE SEDGWICK,

                                                                        Speaker of the House of Representatives

                                                                        JAMES HILLHOUSE

                                                                        President of the Senate, pro tempore

Approved – March 3d, A. D. 1801  JOHN ADAMS, President of the United States.

October 12, 1801Federal Gazette & Baltimore Daily Advertiser (Baltimore, Maryland)

            A Bremen ship, the Rein Deer and Pennelope, are in the Bay; and several schrs. in New-Point Comfort.

February 20, 1802The Republican (Baltimore, Maryland)

            HOUSE of  REPRESENTATIVES. Monday, February 8.  Mr. Stratton presented a petition from sundry inhabitants of the county of Matthews, (Virg.) praying the establishing of another port. Referred to a committee of commerce and manufacturers.

July 1, 1802Carolina Gazette (Charleston, South Carolina)

            … after the last day of June next, a district shall be formed from the district of  Yorktown, in Virginia, to be called the district of East River, which shall comprehend the waters, shores, harbors and inlets of North and East River and Mobjack Bay, and all other navigable waters, shores, harbors and inlets within the county of Mathews in said state ; and it shall be lawful for the President of the United States to designate a proper place to be the port of entry and delivery within the said district ; and to appoint a collector and surveyor of the customs to reside and keep their offices thereat, who shall be entitled to receive, in addition to the fees and other emoluments established by law, the annual salary of two hundred dollars each.

August 12, 1802American Herald (Leominster, Massachusetts)

            Mr. John Page, of Rosewell, is talked of as the person who will in all probability succeed Mr. Monroe as governor of the state of Virginia; Mr. W. B. Giles and Mr. S. T. Mason have declined standing candidates.

October 6, 1802Alexandria Advertiser  (Alexandria, Virginia)

            BALTIMORE, October 4.  The Nancy and Polly is in the river. The pilot says he left eleven sail of square-rigged vessels at New Point Comfort.

December 7, 1802New York Evening Post (New York, New York)

            EVENING POST MARINE LIST. Port of Baltimore, Dec. 2. Arrived, schr. Virginia, Edwards, New York; Got underway from New Point Comfort, in co. with an English brig …

December 28, 1802The Bee (Hudson, New York)

            Col. John Page, of Rosewell, an able and tried patriot, has been chosen governor of Virginia, without opposition, in the room of Col. Monroe, whose constitutional term of service (three years) having expired rendered him ineligible to a re-election.

March 12, 1803Paulson’s American Daily Advertiser (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)

            Seventh Congress of the United States at Second Session. An Act – Making appropriations for the support of government, for the year 1803.

            For erecting of a light-house on New-Point Comfort, in addition to the sum heretofore appropriated for that purpose, three thousand five hundred dollars.

March 18, 1803National Intelligencer (Washington, DC)

             (Advertisement) The thoroughbred and high-blooded running Horse WILD MEDLEY, Will stand in the City of Washington, to be let to Mares at 25 dollars the season, which will commence on the 10th of March instant, and end on the 10th day of August next … The above horse is in the highest form and with uncommon powers. He measures full fifteen hands three inches high, and is a beautiful deep blood bay. He was lately purchased of Mr. Subblefield of Gloucester county, Virginia, by W. Thornton. Enquiries concerning this capital Horse may be made at Mr. Rhode’s and Mr. Lovell’s Tavern.

            PEDIGREE. (which cannot be excelled). Wild Medley was gotten by the imported horse old Medley, his dam by Wild Air, his grand dam by Shandy, his great grand dam was the famous running Mare old Sportley, which was gotten by old Janus. The dame of Sportley was purchased by General Thomas Nelson from the Spanish Main, and sold by him to Colonel Lewis Burwell of Gloucester county.

            Given under our hands this 14th day of January, 1801. MEAUX THORNTON, LEWIS BURWELL.

            I had the following from good authority. Wild Medley, (which was foaled the property of Mr. Nuttal of Gloucester court-house) ran at four years old four times, and never was pushed, but won every race under a hard pull. He won at Urbanna the two mile heats. He won at King William court-house the three mile heats. He won at Gloucester another purse, and lastly was run by Col. Hoskins at Hanover Town, and won, as I heard, with much credit, the four mile heat. His owner then died, and he has not run since, but has been kept as a stud.  WILLIAM JOHNSTON.

            March 1803.  I do certify that I had two foals got by Wild Medley, a filly, four years old this spring, sold to John Taylor, Esquire, of Mount Airy, for 1200 dollars, and a colt now three years old this spring for which I would not take less than 1500 dollars; and I also am acquainted with several of Wild Medley’s colts, which I think as fine as any I know, and I think him as good a foal getter as any horse that ever stood in these parts.  JOHN WOOD.

            Gloucester county, March 1, 1803

            Wood’s filly won the Urbanna Sweepstakes last June, beating Mr. Hall’s horse; my filly, by Cormorant, and Colonel Kemps’s filly, by Americus, and I think (but am unable to say positively) she distanced the field the second heat.  I also understood  she won the sweekstakes at Wood’s Ordinary in Gloucester, by distancing the field.  Both these sweepstakes were two mile heats. JOHN TAYLOE.

            I do certify that I have seen Woods’s filly and colt now in training at Mount Airy, the seat of John Tayloe, Esq. and I think them both elegant; the colt the finest of his age I ever saw. I have also seen Mr. Gibbs’s colt, and think him fine. I am credibly informed that Mr. Giles Cook, Colonel Thomas Roan, Major Thomas Hartley, Mr. William Robeson, Mr. Joseph Hall, and several others, ask from 500 to 800 dollars for each of their colts by Wild Medley; and I never heard of a horse having so good a character as a foal-getter, nor so much lamented in leaving a place, as Wild Medley in leaving Gloucester county.

            Given under my hand this 4th March, 1803.  WILLIAM JOHNSTON.

August 20, 1804Morning Chronicle (New York, New York)

            Baltimore, August 16. Arrived, schr. Edith and Polly … Passed ship Jane, Robinson, from Batavia and a brig off New Point Comfort.

November 29, 1804United States Gazette (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)

            (Advertisement)  BRIG JULIA.  Tomorrow at 1 o’clock, at the Merchants’ Coffeehouse, will be sold, The fine fast sailing brig JULIA., Now lying at Morton’s wharf, burthen per register 123 84-95 tons, built in Mathews county, in the state of Virginia, in 1803, of the best materials, and well finished. Inventory to be seen at the coffee house ; terms approved indorsed notes at two and four months. A. PETTIT & Co. auct’rs.

December 1, 1804Morning Chronicle (New York, New York )

            The French frigate Le President, on board of which Jerome Bonaparte and lady are stated to have embarked, was at anchor at New-Point Comfort the 26th instant, not being able to proceed to sea, having a head wind.

December 6, 1804The Enquirer (Richmond, Virginia)

            (Advertisement)  LAND FOR SALE. The subscriber offers for sale a tract of Land, containing six hundred and thirty acres, lying on Black Water, in Mathews county, adjoining Mr. John Peyton’s, Phillip Tabb’s and Hunley Gayles’s land, well known by the name of the Battery Tract. The fertility of the soil is equal, if not superior, to any land in the county. The situation is remarkably pleasant and healthy ; the land is well watered and heavily timbered. On it there are three tenements ; the houses are tolerably comfortable, and the fences generally good ; at one of those places there is a very good Peach and Apple Orchard, and the Battery itself is a most capital stand for a store and tavern, being halfway between Gloucester and Mathews courthouses, and the inhabitants generally wealthy and punctual in their dealings. The whole of the land being immediately on the river, where the best fish and oysters are caught, renders it a most desirable situation. Any person inclined to purchase will be shown the premises and terms made known, on application to Capt. ___ Gibson, at the Battery, or GEORGE E. DUDLEY. Mathews County, December 6.

August 12, 1805Commercial Advertiser (New York, New York)

            DIED.  On the 2d instant, in Gloucester, Virginia, Mr. William Wiseman, merchant, of Richmond.

August 21, 1805The Democrat (Boston, Massachusetts)

            DIED, On Friday the 2d instant, at Mr. Sewall’s plantation in Gloucester county, Virginia, on his return from Norfolk, William Wischam, Esq; of a cholera-morbus, occasioned by an immoderate use of ice. He was formerly well known in this city as a gentleman of the most obliging and benevolent disposition, ready at all times to contribute to the happiness of his fellow-creatures, and to sacrifice his own personal interest to promote that of his friends. In Richmond, where he had resided during the last twenty years, the sorrow for his death is universal. He has left behind him one son and three daughters, to lament the loss of one of the best of fathers and of men, at a time when they stand most in need of a protector; and to inherit, we fear, very little besides the recollection of his virtues, and the benefit of his example.


February 3, 1806Mercantile Advertiser (New York, New York)

            Port of Baltimore, Jan. 29.  The ship Rebecca, Wyse, 114 days from Batavia, for Baltimore, at New Point Comfort, 21st inst.

September 8, 1806New York Commercial Advertiser (New York, New York)

            On Friday last, a French 74 gun ship came into the Capes, and proceeded up the bay – She was on Saturday morning going under New Point Comfort to anchor. This ship has lost all her top-masts, and appeared to be otherwise much injured. – There is not any person from her, but we understand it is the Patriot, one of the fleet to which Jerome Bonaparte belongs. Other accounts say it is the Regulus, which from comparing every account, we should think most probable ; we shall probably know certainly in the course of the day.

September 19, 1806Enquirer  (Richmond, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) NOTICE. A petition will be presented by William Fitchett to the next General Assembly of Virginia, praying that a law may pass to establish a ferry across Piankatank river from my land in Matthews County, to the land of the late Thomas E. Churchill, dec’d of Middlesex county. WILLIAM FITCHETT.

October 23, 1806Independent Chronicle (Boston, Massachusetts)

            BY THE MAILS.  Baltimore, Oct. 15. – Arrived this morning, the fast sailing brig Ida, Matthew Payson, master, from Batavia, after a passage of seventy-eight days. She came to anchor at New Point Comfort, and finished her voyage from Baltimore to Batavia, and back to Baltimore, in 7 months and a half, out of which time she lay at anchor in Batavia roads fifty days.

November 12, 1806New York Spectator (New York, New York)

            By Mr. Jackson, passenger (who came up in a pilot boat) we understand that the ship Commerce, lies at New-Point Comfort, 49 days from Liverpool.

November 19, 1806Columbian Centinel (Boston, Massachusetts)

            15th. Ar. sch. Triton, Rich. Alexandria, 13 days, with flour, to Dillaway and Baker and H. Sheafe. – In the Chesapeake Bay saw a sch founder, and soon after took from her mainmast head, 2 men, two others who belonged to her drowned. The survivors were landed at New Point Comfort. The sch was from James River, bound to Rappahannock, with a load of coal.

January 26, 1807Alexandria Daily Advertiser (Alexandria, Virginia)

            Port of Alexandria. Arrived, At New-point Comfort, schooner Phillip, Bradford Taber, 22 days from Kingston, Jam.

            Schooner Paragon, captain Haynes from Turks Island has arrived at New-Point Comfort.

February 28, 1807Public Advertiser (New York, New York)

            Baltimore, Feb. 25. – Arrived, schr. Dorchester, Jacobs, from Bordeaux. Left at New Point Comfort last Wednesday, ship William Penn, from Bordeaux, which sailed 10 days after; and brig Eliza Vickery, from Havanna.

March 4, 1807New York Herald (New York, New York)

            The ship William Penn, which we mentioned some time since to have arrived in the Chesapeake in a short passage from France, is stated in a Baltimore paper of Wednesday last, as being only yet at New-Point-Comfort, (not far from Norfolk) – when she does arrive, we may look for something interesting, as she sailed from Bordeaux the 12th ult. – Register.

July 27, 1807United States Gazette (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)

            Captain Ruse, a pilot, who arrived here last night, informs that after piloting the ship Mary, on Monday last, outside of the capes, and returning from the ship, he saw a British frigate give chase to the said ship Mary and a ship out of Norfolk, but knows not whether either of them were taken.

            On the same day captain Ruse fell in with the brig Leo, Robinson ; schr. Fly, Thomas Frazer ; schr. Model, captain Rutter, and a schr. name unknown at New Point Comfort ; when he was informed by Mr. Wilson, supercargo on board the Leo, that after the brig had got to the capes, bound out, she was chased by two British cutters as far up as New Point Comfort, and on making a second attempt to get out



was chased again up the bay.

            Captain Ruse states that he was informed at the same time, that the other vessels, outward bound above named, were also chased from the capes into New Point Comfort.

July 31, 1807The Enquirer (Richmond, Virginia)

            Extract of a letter from an officer in the Virginia Detachment, in the Elizabeth River, July 25th  “This picture naturally brings the naval preparation of Norfolk into my view. These principally embrace the forts, the Gun Boats and the Chesapeake.

            “The gun-boats which are now in the stocks, are of a different construction from those which were formerly built. Instead of being very flat at the bottom, and containing 2 thirty-two pounders, one in the stern and the other in the bough, the present boats are smaller, shaped like pilot-boats and sharper in the keel, and contain but a single thirty-two pounder in their bough.  They are, of course more rapid in their movements and still capable of going into a sufficiently shallow water to answer the purpose for which they are intended. The former gun-boats which are already equipped and lying at Norfolk around the Chesapeake are of the old construction. – The four that I saw at Gosport … building under the superintendence of the U. S. naval agent, the respectable Mr. Bedinger are of the new plan. .. Four others have been constructed at Hampton, and four more (I believe) in the county of Matthews.

February 27, 1808Washington Expositor (District of Columbia)

            Laws of the United States. An Act Making Appropriations . … For erecting the following light-houses, in addition to the sums heretofore appropriated for them respectively, that is to say: for erecting a light-house on New Point Comfort in Virginia, one hundred and seventy seven dollars and twenty cents.

August 3, 1808North American & Mercantile Daily Advertiser (Baltimore, Maryland)

            (Advertisement) CAUTION. Baltimore, August 3d. 1808. ALL persons are hereby cautioned against taking any assignment on FOUR NOTES, drawn by the Subscriber in favour of James Van Bibber, sen. of Matthews County, Vir. Dated on or about the 20th day of August, 1806, for One Hundred and Ten Dollars and ____ cents each note – and payable in twelve, twenty-four, thirty-six, and forty eight months from the date within specified, as I am determined not to pay the same.              WASHINGTON VAN BIBBER

August 13, 1808North American & Mercantile Daily Advertiser (Baltimore, Maryland)

            Port of Norfolk, Aug. 8.  Anchored at Newpoint Comfort on Thursday last, the Swedish sch’r Augustaf Adolphus, 7 days from Turks Island, bound to Baltimore – On the outward passage, in lat. 32, long. 71, was boarded and taken possession of by the Spanish ship Rina, capt. Bodia, of 20 guns, 100 men, the greater part of which were Americans. The captain and all the crew of the schooner were detained on board the ship 4 days – after plundering the vessel of the greater part of the provisions, boat &c. capt. Bodia, dismissed her in lat. 36, lon. 63.

October 12, 1808New York Spectator (New York, New York)

            Captain Peterson, of the schr. Fame from Baltimore, informs, that on Wednesday morning he saw the brig St. Michael at New Point Comfort. She had arrived there from France on the preceding evening. The messenger immediately landed with the dispatches (which are represented as being pacific) went on to Little York, and proceeded next morning for the seat of Government. [Note: Also appeared verbatim in the November 24, 1808 issue of The Times, London, United Kingdom]

May 24, 1809Federal Republican & Commercial Gazette (Baltimore, Maryland)

            (Advertisement)  For Sale, the new Brig PORTIA, Fitted complete in every respect (except sails.) She is a very fine vessel ; was built in Matthews county, Virginia, of the best materials ; is high decked – expected to sail fast, and carry about 1200 barrels. She may be put to sea in a few days. For terms apply to  THOMAS TENANT.

June 1, 1809Federal Republican & Commercial Gazette (Baltimore, Maryland)

            Extract of a letter, dated New Point Comfort, May 26, 1809. “The ship Nancy, capt. Richard Kearney, put to sea on Tuesday last ; soon after passing the Capes, found the ship had sprung a leak, which gained on us ; and after about four hours sail put about for the Capes ; but the wind being ahead, we could not make the Capes till Thursday evening about five o’clock, as per sea account. While out, we were boarded by the British frigate Melampus, which took us in tow for half day, and supplied us with four men to assist in pumping, and treated us with a great deal of humanity. The leak continued to gain on us so that we arrived here we had five feet water in the hold. To mend the matter the pilot has run the ship on shore on a bar, at the mouth of the Severn river, where we now lay ; how long we shall remain here I know not. I am much fatigued at present, not having more than 8 hours sleep since Monday morning last.”

January 20, 1810Enquirer (Richmond, Virginia)

            (Advertisement)  LAND FOR SALE. – The tract of LAND laying in Matthews county, whereon Thomas Gibbons lately resided, and was formerly the property of Doctor Frederick W. Hearn, dec’d and by him purchased of Mr. John Hayes, containing about 220 acres ; this Land is conveniently situated on North River, and commands a handsome prospect of Mobjack bay and said river – on the said Land is a convenient dwelling house with four rooms below, and several out houses ; the soil is fertile, and the river abounds with fish, oysters, and wild fowl in season ; the situation is very healthy. Terms will be made known and possession immediately given to the purchaser by  RICHARD BILLUPS.

            Also, the Tract of land on said river, containing 25 acres, which Mary Dudley died possessed of, will be sold, at public auction on the 2d day of April next, and a title made by her lawful heirs. Apply as above.  Matthews County.

February 3, 1810Enquirer (Richmond, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) Notice – On the 6th day of December last, a friend of the subscriber’s deposited a letter with the Post Master at Yorktown, addressed to Messrs. Maclure and Robertson, of Philadelphia, enclosing $610 in bank notes. … The above letter having been miscarried, the several post masters in the United States are requested to examine the letters remaining in their offices as dead letters, and if such a letter should be discovered, they are desired to forward it to the place directed. It appears from the books of the post master at York Town, that said letter was marked 40 cents – A liberal reward will be given to any persons who will restore the aforesaid letter with its contents, or give such information as will lead to a discovery by  JOHN PATTERSON, Matthews County, (Va.)

February 16, 1810The Enquirer (Richmond, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) LAND FOR SALE. – By virtue of an act of the General Assembly of Virginia, passed the 22d day of January 1810. Will be sold at Public Auction, at Mathews court-house, on Monday the 12th day of March next, if fair, otherwise next fair day, on a credit of one, two and three years, the Tract of Land containing about 500 acres (in lots or the whole together, as may best suit the purchasers, and promote the public interest,) lying in the county of Mathews, called Kingston parish Glebe Land. This Land is conveniently situated on East River, and Pudden Creek, which abounds with Fish and Oysters in their season, and is about one and a half mile from the said court-house. Further description is deemed useless, as it’s expected those inclined to purchase, will view the premises before the day of sale. Bonds with good security, with a lien on the said land will be required by PERRIN SMITH, HOULDER HUDGINS, RICHARD BILLUPS, ANTy HUDGINS, GABl. MILLER, Senr. And SANDS SMITH, Com’rs.

August 14, 1810Richmond Enquirer (Richmond, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) To be Sold, for ready money, pursuant to a decree of the Superior Court of Chancery for the district of Richmond, made on the 8th day of September 1809, in a suit between Thomas Southcomb, John Jackson & Abraham Henry Chambers, plaintiffs, and Lewis Burwell and Thomas R. Rootes, defendants :

            All that TRACT OF LAND, in the county of Gloucester, and Parish of Abingdon, that formerly belonged to the above named Lewis Burwell, and was conveyed by him to John Hughes, by deed of Mortgage, on the fifth day of June, 1797, and recorded in the county court of Gloucester, known by the name of James’s, adjoining the tract called White Marsh, whereon the said Burwell then lived, the boundaries whereof are set forth in the said deed, or so much thereof as may appear necessary to raise the sum of 500£ current money, with lawful interest from the 1st January, 1800, till payment, the costs of suit and the charges and expenses of sale.

            The sale will take place at Gloucester courthouse on the third day of September next.


August 28, 1810The Enquirer (Richmond, Virginia)


            At a Chancery District Court, held in Williamsburg, the 15th day of July, 1809

            Rebecca Innes, late Rebecca Lewis, Pltff.


            Samuel W. Sayer, administrator with the will annexed of Philip L. Grymes, Mary Grymes Sayre, an infant, heir and devisee of the said Philip L. Grymes, by the said Samuel W. Sayre, her guardian, assigned to defend her in this suit, and Judith Grymes, widow and devisee of the said Philip L. Grymes,

            THIS cause came on this day, to be heard on the bill, answers, exhibits, examinations of witnesses, and the report of master commissioner, Coleman; and was argued by counsel, on consideration whereof, the court, confirming the said report, doth adjudge, order and decree, that unless the defendants do, on or before the third Tuesday in August 1810, pay unto the plaintiff, the sum of nine hundred and forty-seven pounds fifteen shillings and four pence; with interest on seven hundred and seven pounds six shillings, part thereof to be computed, after the rate of six per centum per annum, from the first day of October, 1808, till paid; the defendants, Mary Grymes Sayre, and Judith Grymes, and their heirs, and all persons claiming under them, be from thenceforth barred and foreclosed, of all equity and right, to redeem the tract of land in the county of Gloucester, mentioned in the indenture of mortgage, filed as an exhibit, made the ninth day of July, 1783, between the  said Philip L. Grymes, and the plaintiff; and in case of default in the payment of the said principal money and interest, at the time aforesaid, that Peter Wyatt, Thomas Baytop, Thomas B. Fox, Thomas Muse and William A. Rogers, gent. of any two of them, after giving three weeks previous notice, in one of the Richmond newspapers, do expose to public sale, by auction, for ready money, the TRACT OF LAND, in the indenture aforesaid mentioned, and out of the proceeds of the sale, pay unto the plaintiff the said principal money and interest, and the cost by her expended in the prosecution of this suit, and the surplus of the proceeds of the sale, if any, after deducting the expenses attending thereon, pay unto the said defendants, and make report thereof, to the court, in order to a final decree.  ANT’Y ROBERTSON, c.c.

            Agreeable to the above decree, Will be sold, to the highest bidder, for ready money, on Thursday, the 27th day of September next, on the premises, 1020 acres of LAND, lying in the upper part of Gloucester county, on the Piankitank river – this Land is well adapted to the growth of corn, wheat and tobacco.  PETER WYATT, THOS. BAYTOP, THOS. B. FOX, THOS. MUSE, WM A . ROGERS, Commiss’rs.  Gloucester Co. Aug. 28

September 30, 1811Portland Gazette and Maine Advertiser (Portland, Maine)

            DIED, In this town, Mr. Snelling Hodges, aged 30 years, son of Mr. Richard Hodges, of Matthews county, Virginia.

December 25, 1812The Pilot (Boston, Massachusetts)

            BALTIMORE, Dec. 18 – Sch. Fox, Hearn, 11 days from Cape Francois, with a cargo of coffee, &c. worth 20,000 dolls. was cast away in the late gale on New Point Comfort ; the vessel bilged, cargo lost, and people saved with difficulty.

January 8, 1813The Gleaner (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania)

            LOSS OF THE SCHOONER FOX. Extract of a letter from Mr. E. M. Clure dated New Point Comfort, Dec. 5.  “At the request of the Captain Hearn of the schr. Fox of Baltimore, whose feelings disqualify him from writing from the subject, I take the liberty to acquaint you of the loss of the said Schr. together with her cargo of coffee, sugar and tortoise shell. She was 11 days from Cape Francois, and cast away on New Point Comfort, about half past 11 o’clock on Thursday night last. The crew were saved with much difficulty, though within 200 yards of the shore. The weather has continued so excessively severe, that we have lost all hopes of saving the cargo. Indeed she filled and bilged together with her boat, before the crew left her.”

February 27, 1813Carolina Federal Republican (New Bern, North Carolina)

            An express arrived here yesterday with information, that the British had landed a force at New-Point Comfort, in Mathews county – and that they had also taken possession of Smith’s Island in Maryland.

March 19, 1813Farmer’s Repository (Charlestown, West Virginia)

            From the Alexandria Gazette. Blockading Squadron. A pilot came up to this place yesterday from below, bringing information that on Tuesday evening last, six British frigates had come up the bay to Piankatank about thirty miles below the mouth of the Potomac river, and sent their boats and cutters to make an attack on the Baltimore flotilla, and some gun boats that were in the mouth of the river; the result of the engagement, which the captain of a Baltimore schooner, who gave the information to the pilot, said he was witness to for upwards of one hour, is not known. He likewise stated that the boats of the frigates were sent into every river and creek on the bay, for the purpose of searching for vessels.

March 25, 1813Poulson’s American Daily Advertiser (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)

            From the Virginia Patriot. From our Norfolk Correspondent. The following is extracted from a letter received by a gentleman in Norfolk, from his friend, dated East River, March 11.

“We are this day all under arms ; the enemy occupies Mobjack Bay, and one of  their launches and two tenders chased a pilot boat into the mouth of the East River this morning. The little fleet of sharp vessels that lay in Severn have all moved into East River, and some of them as high up as they can get. Two large Baltimore schooners about 300 tons each, armed, having together about 100 men, are moored across the river before my door ; it is expected an attempt will be made to cut them out this night. – We have on duty one company of artillery with two field pieces, and three companies of infantry, placed in a situation to act with the armed vessels in case of an attack.

            “Capt. Sinclair with his flotilla, commands the mouth of the Pianketank river ; he ran into that place two nights ago, and found anchored there a large suspicious looking schooner ; he ordered one of his boats to fire a shot ahead of her, she immediately returned a broadside ; a sharp action commenced ; the schooner cut her cables and got off, but in a dreadful shattered situation, her booby hatch, quarter boards, rails and many other pieces, with an officer’s military hat were found afloat in the morning, and we have a report today that a schooner has been seen sunk off Gwinn’s Island, with her yards standing.

            “The British have captured within these 3 or 4 days, within New Point Comfort and Gwyn’s Island, 8 or 10 vessels, some of them with 5 or 600 barrels of flour, and report says a vessel with 500 barrels of Pork, from George Town bound to Norfolk, said to belong to Mr. Mason, and for the navy, has also been captured.”

April 3, 1813The Columbian (New York, New York)

            TROUBLE WITH THE BLACKS. Baltimore Whig office, April 3, 1813.  Important Information. By capt. Weems, direct from Hampton, we learn that the British squadron still retain their former position in Hampton Roads; that a conspiracy among the negroes had taken place, but was detected ….

            At Gloucester courthouse, an attempt was made by the blacks to murder three slaves who refused to join in the conspiracy. Several troops of horse have been ordered out to seize suspected blacks. …

April 10, 1813Providence Gazette (Providence, Rhode Island)

            Eight negroes have been condemned to be hanged in Mathew’s county, for personating Englishmen in the night, and robbing a Mr. John Ripley.

April 16, 1813Otsego Republican Press (Cherry Valley, New York)

            Baltimore Whig office, April 3, 1813. IMPORTANT INFORMATION. By capt. Weems, direct from Hampton, we learn that the British squadron still retained their former position in Hampton Roads; that a conspiracy among the negroes had taken place, but was detected in the following manner: An American vessel in James’ River was hailed during the night by several negroes in a canoe, who enquired if they were English; the captain suspecting them, replied in the affirmative, when they immediately came on board and informed him if he would furnish them with arms they would massacre the whites; that 2000 negroes were embodied and exercised in squads at night; they mention particular individuals who should be their first victims. The captain of the vessel detained them for some time, exercising them with swords, &c. until he obtained the whole plan of the conspiracy, when he seized them and they are now confined in Williamsburg jail.

            At Gloucester court house, an attempt was made by the blacks to murder three slaves, who



refused to join in the conspiracy. Several troops of horse had been ordered out to seize suspected blacks.

            Eight negroes had been condemned to be hanged in Matthew’s county for personating Englishmen in the night, and robbing a Mr. John Ripley.

April 16, 1813Alexandria Gazette, Commercial & Political (Alexandria, Virginia)

            BALTIMORE, April 13. The schr. Bona, Dameron, from Havanna for this port, was captured 3d ult. off New Point Comfort, and carried to Bermuda.

June 2, 1813Baltimore Patriot (Baltimore, Maryland)

            From the Merchant’s Coffee-House Books.  The sch. Little Jane, Mitchell, bound to Norfolk, returned this morning, having gone down as far [as] Rappahannock, where he fell in with the Comet, and was informed that a 74, a frigate, 3 schooners and a lugger were off New Point Comfort. The schooners were under way, standing off and on, in sight of the ships. Left there on Sunday afternoon. Capt. Gordon had gone down near enough to ascertain their force, and was watching their motions.

June 18, 1813Baltimore Patriot (Baltimore, Maryland)

            Extract of a letter from an officer of the militia, to his friend in this city, dated, Matthews County, Vir. June 12.  “The Revenue Cutter, Capt. Travis, was taken, (two miles above Yorktown) by 4 barges, about day-break this morning, and strange to tell, was not discovered by the cutter until they had boarded her. Two barges also took a vessel the day before yesterday out of the same river, laden with flour, &c. A pilot-boat from Baltimore, (Mr. Heath’s) was taken out of Pepper Creek.”

December 6, 1813The Columbian  (New York, New York)

            The boat Friends’ Adventure, captain Drake, which sailed from Norfolk on Friday, the 25th ult. bound to Baltimore, with a cargo of tar, was chased on shore at New-Point Comfort, about 2 o’clock on Saturday morning, by 5 of the enemy’s barges, belonging to two brigs at anchor off that Point ; the vessel and cargo totally lost to the owners. – a part of the tar, we understand, has been saved by the people on shore.

January 18, 1814Richmond Enquirer (Richmond, Virginia)

            [Virginia Legislature] On motion of Mr. Jones of Gloucester, the 33d rule of this House was suspended, for the purpose of receiving a memorial of the people of Gloucester county – And the said memorial was received and read, representing that a large British force is now in possession of New Point Comfort; the shipping lying close in shore; that the enemy land in considerable force every day, and have done some mischief; that the two counties of Gloucester and Mathews are so exposed, with the enemy at their door, that the force thereof is not sufficient, to protect them from ruin – praying therefore, the interposition of the Legislature to arrest the orders, now in the hands of Lieutenant Colonel Commandant, of the county of Gloucester, for the march to Norfolk, of a part of the militia of said county.

January 25, 1814Norfolk Herald (Norfolk, Virginia)

            From the Norfolk Herald of January 11. The enemy landed at New Point Comfort on the 29th ult. and destroyed the oil used for the light house ; they nearly demolished the dwelling house of the keeper, and fixed the British flag on the top of the light house!

February 12, 1814Richmond Enquirer (Richmond, Virginia)

            [Virginia Legislature] #5. An Act, “appropriating the proceeds of the Glebe lands, and other property belonging to the parishes of Abingdon, Ware and Petsworth in the County of Gloucester, and for other purposes.” – [Passes Jan. 25th 1814]

March 28, 1814New York Commercial Advertiser (New York, New York)

            From the Baltimore Patriot. Copy of a letter to the Editors, dated Mathews County, (Virg.) March 18.  “Sirs – I have yesterday visited the camp, near New Point Comfort ; and had the pleasure of seeing one of the handsomest skirmishes, I ever witnessed. – About 10 o’clock, Captain Weedon, who commands at this post, received information from a trooper, that the enemy showed a disposition to cross over on the main, with about fifty or sixty men. In a few minutes, about the same number was ordered to advance and meet them, which was promptly obeyed, with the captain at their head. The fire commenced equally severe on both sides for about fifteen minutes, when the enemy was compelled to take shelter under the cover of some sand hills. At this moment a barge came to their assistance and commenced a fire from a twelve pound cannon, which was returned from a concealed six ; which was continued with great warmth for a few minutes, when she had to make the best of her way to the beach, being in a sinking condition, having several shots through her. Here, sirs, it will give me great pleasure to speak of Captain  Weeden, as he deserves. More determined bravery never was displayed by any man, although being in the most eminent danger throughout the whole of this affair ; having his horse shot down at the most trying moment, yet no signs of fear was discovered. I am happy to inform you we lost not a man ; and while we have such officers as him, we have every thing to hope and nothing to fear.  [signed] A friend of the brave.”

April 5, 1814Rhode Island American and General Advertiser (Providence, Rhode Island)

            Almost seventy negroes from Gloucester and Matthews County, Virginia, have lately joined the British.

April 11, 1814The Columbian (New York, New York)

            We learn by letters from Lancaster county, Va. under date of the 1st inst. that the force of the enemy at New Point Comfort, on the 30th ult. consisted of one frigate and one schooner, only; that during the preceding week considerable desertion among the blacks took place in the neighborhood of Gloucester court-house, to the number of twenty-eight in one night, and that measures have been adopted to prevent their future elopement.

June 10, 1814New York Commercial Advertiser (New York, New York)

            OFFICIAL. Extract of a letter from Leaven Gayle, Lieut. Colonel of the 61st Regt. to the Adjutant General of Va. dated Mathews County, May 26.  “The principal station of the enemy in our Bay is Tangier Islands, but they continue a line of cruisers of light and large vessels from thence to Lynhaven Bay ; a part of them continually hovering close in, along the shores from New Point Comfort to the mouth of the Rappahannock River, and within 15 or 20 days past they have ascended our principal water courses, say East, North and Piankitank Rivers, in large force, with barges of the largest class, not less than six in number with from 30 to 40 men in each barge, up to the head of the navigation, and have taken the soundings of these rivers. They generally approach in the night, when none of their vessels are in immediate view, and arrive at the head of the water-courses about day-light. The first visit of the enemy in this way, was on the night of the 1st instant to East River, when they captured the fine schooner Grecian, of Baltimore; the loss to the owner by this capture in vessel and cargo is computed at $35,000 and not a cent insured.

June 13, 1814Baltimore Patriot (Baltimore, Maryland)

            Richmond, June 8, MOVEMENTS OF THE ENEMY.  By a gentleman from below we learn verbally, that on Wednesday last, the British made an attempt with their barges to land in Matthews county and burn a fine new ship on the stocks belonging to Mr. Tabb, but were opposed by the militia and repulsed with loss. – A second attempt it is thought has been since made, as a frigate and brig were observed to go down to Lynnhaven and return on Tuesday – and a firing was heard on Saturday in the direction of Matthews, the result of which, when our informant left York, was not known.

June 29, 1814Rhode Island Republican (Newport, Rhode Island)

            A report from Williamsburgh, Virginia, states, that a number of British barges were attacked near New-Point, in Matthew’s county, by our troops, and after a sharp contest the barges sheered off, leaving 5 of our militia-men killed and 6 wounded – the loss of the British is not known.

December 30, 1814Newburyport Herald (Newburyport, Massachusetts)

            VIR. York, Dec. 18.  A large enemy’s ship in view which went out of Mobjack Bay. – It is reported that many negroes have been taken off from Gloucester, by the enemy, within a few days; Col. John Lewis is said to have lost many – ships are passing up and down continually. Three sail went down the day before yesterday, one a 74. We know nothing of the fleet since it left the Rappahannock.

March 7, 1815Daily National Intelligencer (Washington, D. C.)

            Extract of a letter to a gentleman in Baltimore, dated  Matthews Court House, Va. Feb. 18. “It is with great satisfaction I have it in my power to inform you, that I have this evening anchored a fine schr. in Piankitank, which was captured from the enemy yesterday by a small detachment under my command. The circumstances of her capture and recapture are these: - the schr. Saturn, capt. Mathias Rich of Baltimore, was captured by H. B. M. ship Menelaus on the 14th inst. near the capes and ordered for Tangiers under command of a mid-shipman and purser, with six sailors and eight negroes, but grounded on the Wolf Trap, which gave us an opportunity to bring one of our field pieces to amuse them, which soon made them surrender, when I boarded her with eight hands and succeeded in getting her off. There are 120 barrels of herrings on board. Two of the negroes belong in the neighborhood of Annapolis, but will not tell their owner’s names ; but I am informed by one of the officers that one belongs to Mrs. Ogle. Capt. Rich is on board the Menelaus, also capt. White of Baltimore.

March 24, 1815Baltimore Patriot (Baltimore, Maryland)

            (Advertisement)  Sale by Auction. On SATURDAY, 1st April, immediately after the sale of the ship at Donnel’s wharf, will be offered at Mezick’s wharf, Fell’s Point, the ship ARGUS, burthen per register 269 48-95 tons or 2750 barrels, built in Matthews County Virg. in the year 1811, of the best materials, is copper fastened to the bends, her deck copper spiked, is 12 feet hold, 4 feet 10 inches between decks, 25 feet 6 inches beam, and 94 feet on deck.

            She is well found and can be sent to sea at a small expence, the terms will be liberal, and her Inventory may be seen at  WM. VANCE & CO’s. Auct’rs.

April 15, 1815Federal Republican (Georgetown, D.C.)

            Our correspondent in Gloucester, Virginia, writes, that Mr. Eyre had received a larger number of votes in the county, than had been given to a federal candidate on any former occasion and that no doubt is entertained of col. Bassett’s being left at home to train his militia. It will be recollected, this renowned officer was petitioned by his officers, federal and democratic, to retire from the service, on account of his incapacity.

April 17, 1815Daily National Intelligencer (District of Columbia)

            (Advertisement)  FIFTY DOLLARS REWARD. Deserted from Greenleaf’s Point, Washington City, between the 23d March and 3d of April 1815, the following soldiers of the 36th Regt. U. S. Infantry, to wit: … John Williams, aged 24 years, 5 feet 8 inches high, light complexion, blue eyes, dark hair, and by profession a farmer – born in Matthews County, Va. …

            The above reward will be given for apprehending and delivering the above soldiers, or ten dollars for either of them, at this or any other post or garrison in the U. States.  N. BLADEN, Lieut. Comd’g at Greenleaf’s Point.

November 21, 1815Baltimore Patriot (Baltimore, Maryland)

            (Advertisement)  SALE BY AUCTION.  On Wednesday, the 23 inst. at 12 o’clock, at Spear’s wharf, will be sold  The fine new Sch. JULIA ANN, Built in Matthews county of the best materials, burthen 120 tons, Custom House measurement, with all her materials.  HAZLEHURST & DORSEY, Auctrs.

July 29, 1816Washington Whig (Bridgeton, New Jersey)

            Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the sums hereinafter mentioned be, and the same are hereby, appropriated for the following purposes, to wit: ... For rebuilding the lighthouse on New Point Comfort, Virginia, seven thousand dollars. ...

August 30, 1816American Beacon and Commerical Diary (Norfolk, Virginia)

            Extract of a letter from a gentleman in Gloucester county (Va.) to his friend in Baltimore.

“It was fortunate that the halves of each note had been sent by Capt. ___ [sic], of packet ____ [sic], as the seal of the letter had evidently been broken. The same gentleman observes that he had received verbal information, that as many as ten other letters received by the same mail, had also, their seals broken.” Federal Republican.

October 8, 1816The Evening Post (New York, New York)

            DIED. In Gloucester County, (Va.) WM. HALWOOD, Esq. aged about 38 years.

April 18, 1817American Beacon & Commercial Diary (Norfolk, Virginia)

            (Advertisement)  FOR SALE, A Vessel now on the Stocks, and can be launched in 3 or 4 weeks, of the following dimensions, viz:  62 Feet Straight Rabit, 25 ½ feet Beam; 13 feet Hold; 17 feet Rake Forward; 4 feet Rake Aft.  Iron fastened, will measure about 220 Tons, and supposed to stow 300


Hogsheads Tobacco, or 2,500 Barrels Flour – all the Carpenters and outside Joiners work complete.

            Apply to MR. JOHN BILLUPS, in Milford Haven, Mathews County, or to J. & W. SOUTHGATE.

June 7, 1817Daily National Intelligencer (District of Columbia)

            (Advertisement) 50 Dollars Reward. Ran away on the 27th May, 1817, a negro man named LOT, about 5 feet 6 or 7 inches high, spare made, skin very black, forehead large, the face tapering to the chin, has the ends of the three last fingers on the left hand cut off just above the nails, and is about 25 years of age. He lived till nearly grown at Campfields, near Gloucester court house, near which his father now lives, with a Mr. Davies. He has also lived at Mr. Wm. Weatts, near the Reedy church in Caroline. I will give $25 if taken within 30 miles, and 50 if at a distance, with reasonable charges for bringing him here or securing him in jail.

            Springfield, by Laytons, Essex c’ty, Va.  ALEX’R SOMERVAIL

June 24, 1817 - American Beacon & Commercial Diary (Norfolk, Virginia)

            (Advertisement)  One Hundred Dollars Reward will be given for the apprehension and securing in jail, the following Negro Fellows ; who absconded from the Indian Ridge, Currituck County, N.C. on the 12 instant – viz: FRANK, a black fellow, 5 feet 10 inches high, about 25 years of age, stout and fleshy; has a scar on his left cheek, from the cut of a knife, extending from the lower part of the ear to the corner of his mouth – originally purchased in Matthews County of Mr. Thomas James. … Masters of Vessels and others are hereby forewarned from harboring or carrying off the above described Negroes.  JOHN BELL, REDING SIMMS.

August 30, 1817Commercial Advertiser (New York, New York)

            Richmond, Aug. 22.  A case of some interest has been started under a law of Virginia, and the Constitution of the United States. An act of Assembly forbids the free people of color from other states settling in this state, and points out the method by which an intruder may be removed. Some persons of this description, who had settled in Matthews, were about to be removed under the provision of this Statute ; when on advice of an attorney at law, a petition was laid before a Circuit Court Judge, praying for a writ of  Habeas Corpus, upon this ground – that the petitioner was a Citizen of the State of Rhode-Island, had been enrolled in her militia, &c. and that by the 2d sec. 4th art. Constitution of the United States, “The Citizens of each State shall be entitled to all the privileges and immunities of Citizens in the several States;” which, it was contended, was sufficient Guarantee of the right of the Citizens of one State to move into and settle in another ; of course, that the Statute of Virginia, was unconstitutional. The Habeas Corpus was awarded, returnable to the next Circuit Court of Matthews County ; when, of course this question will be discussed. The provision in the Constitution of the United States ought to be interpreted ; for several State laws have been impeached, (lately one from the State of Louisiana,) as contravening this very provision.

October 27, 1817Commercial Advertiser (New York, New York)

            DIED. In Mathews county, on the 12th inst. Capt. James Blake.

January 1, 1818National Advocate (New York, New York)

            The schooner Razee, from New York, bound to Alexandria, has arrived at New Point Comfort, in the Chesapeake Bay, all hands frosted and scarcely able to do duty.

January 15, 1818American Beacon & Commercial Diary (Norfolk, Virginia)

            PORT OF NORFOLK & PORTSMOUTH ARRIVED: Sloop Marbaret, Thomas, Mobjack Bay, 10 hours, 9 passengers and some Hay.

January 22, 1818American Beacon & Commercial Diary (Norfolk, Virginia)

            Mathews County, August Court, 1816.  John Patterson against Thomas W. Norman, Francis Armistead, William White, Richard White, Robert Green, William Evans, and Richard Green, Def’ts.

            This day came the Plaintiff by his attorney, and it appearing to the satisfaction of the Court, that the Defendant Thomas W. Norman, is not an inhabitant of this Commonwealth, and not having entered his appearance and given security, according to the act of the General Assembly and the rules of this Court : On the motion of the Plaintiff by his attorney aforesaid, it is ordered, That unless the said defendant doth appear here on the first day of November Court next, and answer the plaintiff’s bill and give security as the act of assembly directs, the Court will at a future day, proceed to take the said bill for confessed and decree according thereto. And it further decreed and ordered, that the other defendants do no pay away or secrete any debts due by them to the said defendant Norman, or property held by them for his use, but hold the same subject to the further order of this Court, and that the defendants, Richard White, Robert Green, Wm. Evans, junr. and Richard Green, tenants, residing upon the land, the property of the said defendant Norman, in this county, and within the jurisdiction of this Court, do pay into the hands of Francis Armistead, (a trustee appointed by the Court, to receive the same) their several rents as they become due, agreeably to their contracts made for the said rents, and the said Francis Armistead is also appointed a commissioner to sell the property mentioned in the bill of complaint, to wit : One Ox Cart, two yoke of Steers, two head of young Cattle, one Cow and one Canoe, upon a credit of six months, first giving notice of the time and place, ten days at least before such sale, by advertisement posted up at the door of Court-House and other public places within this county, who is ordered to take bond or bonds from the purchaser or purchasers with approved security, and made payable to himself as trustee aforesaid, and also to ___ out for the balance of the present year, in any manner he may consider best calculated to promote the interest of those concerned, the two negroes mentioned in the plaintiff’s bill, to wit : Minny and Randall, and the proceeds of such hire, together with the proceeds of the sales of the property above mentioned, and the rents which he may receive from the tenants aforesaid, the said trustee is hereby ordered to hold in his hands, to be disposed of as this Court shall hereafter decree. And it is lastly ordered, that a copy of this decretal order be forthwith inserted in some Newspaper printed in the Borough of Norfolk, or the City of Richmond, for one month successively, and another copy posted at the front door of the Court-house of this County.  SAML. DEGGS, D.C,

March 4, 1818Baltimore Patriot (Baltimore, Maryland)

            The Revenue cutter, which was dispatched by the Collector a few days ago in search of a little schooner, fitted out at this port under suspicious circumstances, returned on Wednesday evening without having seen any thing of the object of her pursuit. Captain Ham, of the cutter, put into all the neighboring rivers that were navigable, and made particular enquiry of the inhabitants in their vicinity, after the said schooner, informing them at the same time of the strong presumption of her being fitted out  for piratical purposes – but could gain no intelligence of her. We learn, however, from the information of Mr. Williams, a pilot of this town, who arrived yesterday from East River, that the schooner put into North River, where she was lying concealed from the view of the cutter, which at one time was within a short distance of her. The inhabitants of Matthews county, on learning the supposed character of their visitor, armed themselves and went in a body to take possession of her, which they did without meeting with any resistance. But being undetermined how to proceed, they only took charge of the sch’r and her armament, but did not detain the crew, who shortly after engaged a small sch’r. to take them to Baltimore, towards which place they proceeded. Mitchell, the captain, however, chose to remain, with a view to the recovery of the vessel. It is a pity that this lawless band were not detained, as they have it now as much in their power to commit depredations, as they had before their vessel was taken from them. – Norfolk Herald.

            We learn from the captain of one of the Matthews county packets that the pilot-boat schr commanded by Mitchell, which slipped out of this port a few days since, and who is supposed to be engaged in some illicit enterprise, has been taken possession of by the collector of East-River – the arms and ammunition which have been landed in North River (in Matthews county,) with Mitchell and 17 of his crew were afterwards taken on board of a sloop commanded by a captain Walker, and conveyed (supposed) to Baltimore. – Beacon.

            Captain Mitchell, the master of the piratical schooner mentioned above, came to Baltimore, last Friday evening, (leaving his crew and officers in a sloop which put into Curtis’ Creek) and was immediately arrested by a very vigilant magistrate, Samuel Cole, Esq. and committed to jail for further examination. On Sunday afternoon the sloop arrived with the armament, crew and officers of the schr.  The officers were committed to prison by the aforesaid magistrate, and sloop taken possession of by captain Beard of the Baltimore Revenue Cutter – Many circumstances have transpired to strengthen the belief that the schr was fitted out for piratical purposes. It has been stated by some of the crew that they remained in the Chesapeake for the purpose of intercepting a schooner bound down from Baltimore, also to intercept a brig fitting out in Alexandria for the East Indies with specie – If these rumors be true it really is a fortunate circumstance that these privateersmen have been thus early arrested in their career. – Telegraph

March 24, 1818The Genius of Liberty (Leesburg, Virginia)

            Laws passed by the Legislature of Virginia ... 158 An Act incorporating the trustees of the Newington academy in the county of Gloucester.

May 8, 1818 - American Beacon & Commercial Diary (Norfolk, Virginia)

            (Advertisement)  FOR SALE, A NEW SCHOONER, Built in Matthews County, of the best Seasoned Materials ; A high decked vessel – Burthen 135 tons, carpenter’s measurement. She lays at Dickson Wharf, and will be sold a great bargain. – For further particulars, apply to WILSON & CUNNINGHAM.

May 22, 1818American Beacon & Commercial Diary (Norfolk, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) A CAUTION. All persons are hereby cautioned and forewarned from purchasing a small schooner boat, called the COLLECTOR, of Gloucester, late the property of a certain JOHN D. GRESSETT, of the said county of Gloucester. The said schooner boat having on the 16th day of this month, been levied on, and taken by the subscriber, as Deputy Sheriff of Norfolk county, by virtue of a writ of fieri facias issued from the court of said county, in the name, and at the instance of Thomas Powell against the goods and chattels of the said John D. Gressett; and on the night of the 19th inst. was rescued and taken by force, by the said John D. Gressett, from the custody and possession of the person to whom I had given her in charge and safe keeping. Any person who will give me correct information relative to the said vessel, and of the offender, will confer an obligation on the subscriber, and at the same time will be instrumental in promoting the public good, by having the laws of the land duly enforced  C. B. POINDEXTER, D.S. For M. MANNING, Sh’ff.

June 5, 1818Alexandria Gazette (Alexandria, Virginia)

            The brig Rising Sun, from Portland for Baltimore, was driven in a late gale, upon the Wolf-Trap, where she lay and beat for about two hours, when the tide rising she drifted over the shoal – but it being impossible to keep her free, she was run ashore near Newpoint Comfort. It is expected part of her cargo will be lost.

July 15, 1818American Beacon & Commercial Diary (Norfolk, Virginia)

            (Advertisement)  LAND FOR SALE. A Great Bargain may be had in A TRACT OF LAND in the County of Gloucester, on York River, about two miles below Gloucester Town, containing TWO HUNDRED ACRES of very good quality. This land is so situated, that the whole of it can be enclosed by a fence of a half mile in length. The said land will be shown by the subscriber, and Mr. William K. Perrin, living near the said tract.  MANN PAGE, Agent for Mrs. E. W. Page. Shelly, Gloucester County.        

September 17, 1818 - American Beacon & Commercial Diary (Norfolk, Virginia)

            We learn from Capt. Turner, of the sloop Packet, from Matthews County, that being at Capt. King’s mill, in that county, on Tuesday last, he met with 16 men, 15 of whom were Spaniards, and the other apparently an East Indian, the only one of the number who could speak English, and he but imperfectly. This man requested Capt. T in behalf of himself and his associates, to bring them to this port, which he declined, from their being entirely unknown to him. The account which this man, who acted as interpreter, gave of himself and his companions, was : that being on board a Spanish schnr. from Havanna, bound to the Coast of Africa for slaves, they were taken about 8 or 10 days ago, in the Gulph, by a Patriot privateer, and were afterwards put on board an American ship, bound to Baltimore – the name of which, or the Captain’s, they did not know. He further stated, that the Captain of the privateer gave each of them, at the time of his putting them on board the ship, twenty five dollars, which was taken from them by the Captain. The ship anchored in Mobjack Bay on Sunday evening last, and they were put on board a pilot boat which brought them into East River, and set them ashore, without money or provisions. – They stated that they were very roughly used on board the ship, and ordered into the pilot boat which brought them off, with menacing language.

            Capt. Turner saw the Ship in Mobjack Bay on Tuesday evening, when two pilots were going to her ; he learnt also from a man who had been on board the pilot boat from which the Spaniards were landed, that he had conversed with one of the crew of the pilot boat, who gave as the reason from their being put on shore, previous to their arrival at Baltimore, that the ship was to remain 3 or 4 days in the Bay – Capt. Turner brought a letter from one of the Spaniards, (said to have been the mate of the Spanish vessel,) to the Spanish Consul at this place, who, we learn, has given Capt. Turner instructions to return to Matthews and bring the men to Norfolk.

            The Spanish Captain, an elderly man, was detained on board the privateer, to be carried to Margarita with the prize schooner.

September 18, 1818 - American Beacon & Commercial Diary (Norfolk, Virginia)

            We gave in yesterday’s Beacon a statement of sixteen Spanish Sailors being put ashore in Matthews County, on Sunday last, in a very destitute situation, by an American Ship bound to Baltimore, at anchor in Mobjack Bay, which had received them from a Patriot privateer, by which they had been taken.

            Capt. Ham, of the Revenue Cutter, who was dispatched by the Collector on Wednesday, to ascertain the character of the ship, returned last evening, and from him we obtained the following information just as our paper was going to press.

            The ship is the Good Return, of Freetown, Wm. C. Sands, master, and as her clearance, (dated 8th August) specifies, is from Baltimore, bound to the West Indies, having on board no other cargo than some barrels of Herrings – She sailed from Baltimore August 9th, put to sea, and returned into Cape Henry on 18th, anchoring in Severn River at 6 p.m. of that day.

            On the 25th August she again put to sea ; on 30th came to anchor off Beaufort, N.C. – Sept. 2d, discharged her pilot ; Sept. 4, at 5 P.M. was boarded by a Patriot Brig of War, which put on board her 16 Spanish prisoners, with provisions and water to bring them in. At 11 P.M. the Ship’s company being in a state of mutiny, Capt. Sands determined to put back, Sept. 7, spoke schr. Hebe, with orders for the Ship to return into the Chesapeake. 14th, at 4 P.M. took a pilot, and at midnight anchored off New-Point Comfort. On 15th, five men deserted. Capt. S. says it is his intention, if he cannot procure men to proceed on his voyage, to return to Baltimore or some other port.

            The above particulars were obtained from Capt. Sands and from the ship’s Log Book. – We could not learn the name of the privateer or her commander. The Spaniards have not yet reached this place.

October 3, 1818 - American Watchman (Wilmington, Delaware)

            PRIVATEERING! – SMUGGLING! – PIRACY! Norfolk, Sept. 21.  On Saturday night last, 16 Spanish seamen were brought to this place in the East River Packet, Capt. Turner, from Mathews County, in this state, and put under the care of the Spanish Consul – from them I have learned the following particulars of what appears a mysterious affair.

            The account which these men gave of themselves, is, that they were part of the crew of the Spanish schr. La Mila (alias Sufficiente) commanded by captain Don Jose Carboner, which sailed from Havanna on the 15th Aug. last, bound on a voyage to the coast of Africa ; that on the 31st of the same month, in lat. 32, lon 70, they fell in with an armed brig under Sen. ARTIGA’s colors, called El Oriental Irresistable, capt. ____, (residing in Baltimore, as they understood from her crew.) – La Mila was then made a prize of, and after taking from on board 21 of her crew, leaving the captain five men on board the prize, she was manned with a prize crew and ordered for Margaritta. Four days after their capture, they fell in with the American ship Good Return, Wm. C. Sands, master, of Freetown, from Baltimore, and were put immediately on board of that vessel, the captain of the privateer furnishing capt. S at the same time with a plenty of provisions and water to take them to St. Bartholomews, and paying him also for each man twenty two dollars –

            As soon as captain Sands had got the prisoners in charge, he ordered them to be put in irons between decks, and in this situation they remained until the following day when they were brought up and ordered to proceed to work with threats and menaces that they should lose their lives if they dared to disobey. During the night which they were in irons, they heard at times a considerable bustle upon deck, and occasionally the rowing of boats as if passing from the vessel to another, and bags and boxes of money, as they believed, (for they distinctly heard the jingling of dollars.) were repeatedly thrown upon deck and put into the cabin. A few days afterwards, some of the crew of the ship attempted to rise upon the captain and officers, but were overpowered and put in irons ; and while in this situation, one of them was repeatedly whipped and beaten most inhumanely by some of the crew. After receiving on board the treasure (as supposed) capt Sands shaped his course for the Chesapeake, and on his passage a few days before he got in, was boarded by a schooner from Baltimore with a letter and instruction for the ship to return there. The ship accordingly entered the Chesapeake and anchored somewhere about the mouth of East River on the 14th inst. The day following the Spanish seamen were ordered by captain Sands to be put on shore but on their begging that they might be taken to Baltimore, as they understood the ship was going there, or be sent to Norfolk in the pilot boat which was then in company, capt. Sands threatened them that if they did not embark immediately on board the pilot boat he would have tied and thrown overboard. They accordingly went on board the boat, accompanied by armed men from the ship, and were set on shore without provisions or means of subsistence, and in a country where they were entire strangers. – They were, however, fortunately relieved by the humanity of some of the citizens, until their situation reached the ears of the consul at this place, who lost no time in employing the same person who had brought to him the account of the unfortunate situation of his countrymen to return and bring them to this port.

            It is further reported by these men, that they understood while on board the Good Return, that she had been dispatched from Baltimore to meet a large Portuguese prize at sea, made by the Irresistible and to take from on board of her a part of her cargo and return with it to Baltimore; but by some ____ they had missed her. They said also, that they understood the privateer had taken and destroyed __ Portuguese vessels and that she had her hold full of money when she captured La Mila.

            The Good Return came to anchor in the Bite of Craney Island yesterday evening – sufficient to say that when captain Ham of the cutter, boarded her at East River, he found on examining her log book that she had been as far south as Beaufort, N.C., where she had discharged her pilot and soon after had the 16 Spanish seamen put on board of her – that the crew afterwards mutinied, and that captain Sands steered for the Chesapeake, and that on the passage thither he was boarded by a schooner from Baltimore, called the Hebe, with instructions for her return to that port – all of which is in confirmation of the statement made by the Spaniards.          

October 3, 1818 - American Beacon & Commercial Diary (Norfolk, Virginia)

            (Advertisement)  FOR SALE, A BRIG, now on the Stocks in Matthews County, of the following dimensions – 60 feet straight rabbit, 24 feet beam and 12 feet hold – can be launched in two weeks. She is copper-fastened, and in every respect a first rate vessel. A liberal credit will be given. – For terms, apply to  DAVID MILHADO

January 15, 1819Alexandria Gazette & Daily Advertiser (Alexandria, Virginia)

            (Advertisement)  FOR SALE (if applied for immediately,) The schooner CARRIER, an excellent vessel, 39 tons burthen, sails well, was built in Matthews county, Va. in August last, of the best materials. She is remarkably well found, and well calculated for a small West-Indiaman, or bay craft. Apply to the master on board at Scholfield & Waters’ wharf.  WINSLOW FOSTER.

January 17, 1819Daily National Intelligencer (Washington, D. C.)

            Extract of a letter, from Gloucester (County) Va. Jan. 4. “For several days a British frigate and two brigs have been about and within N. P. Comfort getting in water from that Island. I was startled this morning, that they had advanced higher up, as I see from my house their hulls perfectly plain – whether the gloominess of the morning has the effect of magnifying objects, or I am deceived, but I think the ships appear to be not far from the mouth of East River.

            “A deserter from one of the ships yesterday observed that their object is to winter in Mobjack.”   

March 5, 1819 - Alexandria Gazette & Daily Advertiser (Alexandria, Virginia)

            (Advertisement)  FOR SALE, (Now lying at Hunter’s Ship-Yard) A new schooner of 136 tons, will carry about 1000 barrels; built in Matthew’s county, Virginia, of good materials. If she is not sold previous to FRIDAY, the 5th inst. at private sale, she will then be sold at public sale, at 3 o’clock, P.M. to the highest bidder, for cash or approved negotiable notes.  ROBERT HUNTER, S. A. Marsteller, Auctioneer.


March 5, 1819Baltimore Patriot & Mercantile Advertiser (Baltimore, Maryland)

            (Advertisement)  BY HARRISON & STERETT, AUCTS.  This Day, the 5th instant half past 12, or immediately after the sale of the ship Medford, we will sell at Ramsay’s wharf, Fell’s Point, the HULL of a new Brig or Schr. built of the best materials, in Matthews County, Virginia, 67 feet in length, 24 feet 6 inches beam, 10 feet 6 inches hold, 183 tons Carpenter’s measurement, and expected to sail fast. Terms will be made known at the time of sale.  H & S

May 1, 1819Baltimore Patriot & Mercantile Advertiser  (Baltimore, Maryland)

            (Advertisement)  BY P. ALLISON, AUCT’R. On Monday the 3d of May, at 4 o’clock P.M. at Chase’s wharf, will be sold, on a liberal credit for approved endorsed notes, The Brig EAGLE¸built in Matthew’s county, Virginia, of the best materials, burthen 210 tons, coppered and copper fastened, sails fast and may be sent to sea at a trifling expence; her inventory, which is full, may be seen on board.  P. A.

May 8, 1819 - Baltimore Patriot & Mercantile Advertiser  (Baltimore, Maryland)

            The Patriot brig La Irresistible, of which mention was made some time since, as having been risen upon in the harbor of Margaritta, by her crew and some others, and made off upon a piratical cruise, has been brought into Chesapeake Bay by the mutineers. It is said they anchored her off New Point Comfort, and have nearly all landed and dispersed in different directions.

July 7, 1819Hampden Federalist & Public Journal (Springfield, Massachusetts)

            A turtle was lately caught in Pudding Creek, (East River) Mathews county, Va. that weighed 627 lbs. after discharging 16 gallons blood – 8 feet long and 3 feet thick.

July 12, 1819 - Baltimore Patriot (Baltimore, Maryland)

            (Advertisement) By Harrison & Sterett, Aucts. On Tuesday, the 13th inst. at 5 o’clk. in the afternoon, at Col. Tenant’s wharf, Fell’s Point, we will sell to the highest bidder, on  a liberal credit, the Schr. THOMAS TENANT, with all her tackle, apparel and appurtenances as she arrived from sea – She is an excellent vessel, two years old, built in Matthews county, Virginia, of the very best materials ; sails fast, is 181 tons, registers and carries 1200 barrels of flour – Her inventory may be seen at our county house previous to the day of sale.  H. & S.

July 15, 1819American Beacon  (Norfolk, Virginia)

            (Advertisement)  25 Cents Reward. Absconded from the subscriber on Monday the 12th inst. two Apprentice Boys, named RALPH TOMBLIN and WILLIAM GRUNWELL. The above reward will be paid for their delivery to me in Norfolk, or securing them in any jail so that I get them again, or Twelve and a Half Cents for either of them without any additional expense. They both came from Matthews County, in this State.

            Masters of Vessels and others are hereby forewarned against employing, harboring, or carrying off said Apprentices, under the penalty of the law. JOHN RIGGINS.

August 11, 1819American Beacon (Norfolk, Virginia)

            (Advertisement)  Pursuant to a Decree pronounced by the Judge of the Williamsburg Chancery District Court, June 14th, 1819, in the case of George Williamson, surviving Executor of Jacob Williamson, dec’d, against Seth Foster and Ann his wife, and other defendants, WILL BE SOLD, Before the Tavern door of Mr. ___ Atkinson, in the County of Matthews, for Cash, On Monday the 23d inst. THREE NEGROES, viz. David, Richard, and Maria.  Robert Lively, D.M. for B. W. PRYOR, M.W.C.D.C.

September 11, 1819American Beacon (Norfolk, Virginia)

            (Advertisement)  A MEETING Will commence at New-Point Comfort Meeting House, in Matthews County, on Thursday the 30th inst. to continue four or five days ; our brethren in the ministry are most cordially invited to attend ; the people generally who may be disposed to offer their devotions to their Maker, will find themselves agreeably situated for that angelic employment at this place : vessels can go up Horn harbour, within three hundred yards of the Camp ground, up Pea creek within a mile and up East river within a mile ; those who go by water to the meeting, will be assisted in moving their baggage from and to the water’s edge. SAMUEL GARRARD and MILES KING, Managers.



November 2, 1819Daily National Intelligencer (Washington, D.C.)

            (Advertisement) STEAM MILLS FOR SALE. By virtue of a deed of trust, executed by B. and John Hersey to me, for the purposes therein specified, I shall proceed to sell, on the 2d Monday of November next, at Matthews Court House, Matthews County, Virginia, one half of a Steam Saw Mill, situated in said county, and on Queens creek – for ready money.

            These Mills are of a ten-horse power, and drive two saws and a pair of stones. The entire establishment is about two years old. The navigation to the Mills, by the way of the Piankitank, is only about six miles from the Chesapeake Bay ; and the site they occupy is in the midst of fine timber.

            This property is certainly very desirable. A ready and convenient market offers for the lumber at Baltimore, Norfolk, Alexandria, Washington and Georgetown.  A .G. CUSHMAN, Trustee, Matthews Court House.

November 9, 1819Mercantile Advertiser (New York, New York)

            (Advertisement)  Wheat & Flour – 800 bushels prime Wheat, 850 bbls, superfine Flour, the cargo of the schr. William & Henry, from Fredericksburg, for sale by WALSH & GALLAGHER, 66 South St. ALSO, the said schooner WILLIAM & HENRY, lying at the east side of Old slip, burthen 130 tons, built in Mathews county, Virginia, is an excellent vessel, well found, and can be sent to sea at small expence. 

December 11, 1819Alexandria Gazette (Alexandria, Virginia)

            General Assembly of Virginia ... Ten persons were named as candidates for the post of Sergeant at Arms. Major James Baytop, of Gloucester, was elected.

January 8, 1820Independent Chronicle & Boston Patriot (Boston, Massachusetts)

            Port of Baltimore, Jan. 3  [Brig Alonza] came into the Bay on Thursday in the snow storm, the weather very boisterous and cold – there were several vessels at New Point Comfort bound to sea, their sails &c frozen so they could not get under way, came into the river yesterday morning early, and with difficulty got thru the ice to the Port.

February 10, 1820American Beacon (Norfolk, Virginia)

            (Advertisement)  NOTICE. The Subscriber intends offering for SALE, at Matthews Court-House, to the highest bidder residing in this or any of the adjoining Counties, On MONDAY the 14th day of February next, it being Court-day, If fair, if not, on the next fair day following. SEVERAL VALUABLE YOUNG AND LIKELY NEGROES, Consisting of Men, Women and Children, Boys and Girls ; among them are two good plain Weavers, one of each sex, and two likely Girls reared in the house from childhood ; the others are fit either for the house or field. The terms for all or most of them will be one third Cash, one third on or before the 1st day of June next, and the remaining third on or before Christmas next, (25th December, 1820.) The whole of the above Property, or any part thereof, may be purchased, in the meantime privately. Bonds, with approved security, will be required, and to carry interest from the date, if not punctually paid.  MILES KING  Matthews County.

June 10, 1820The New York Evening Post (New York, New York)

            Extract of a letter dated, Gloucester County, (Va.) June 5.  A most unfortunate occurrence took place on Saturday evening last, which will affect the community at large.  The Clerk’s Office of this County was fired on that evening between 9 and 11 o’clock, and scarcely a paper of any consequence saved. It is supposed to have been the work of an incendiary, but the vile wretch has not yet been discovered. Several suits from Norfolk were depending in the Superior Court, all of which will probably be lost.

June 21, 1820American Beacon (Norfolk, Virginia)

            Green Plains, Matthews County, 7th May, 1819  Sir – I have received the letter of the committee of correspondence dated in January last, covering certain resolutions of the Agricultural Society, and being fully impressed with the importance of the subjects embraced therein, I avail myself of a moment’s leisure, during the recess of the courts, to give the information required as far as I am able at present.

            Whilst the heart of the state has been invigorated and improved in its agriculture by the precepts and examples of Arator ; whilst a Nicholas has shed the light of experience even to the banks of Kanawha, we have a Tabb, who by the elegance of his farm, and his superior management of it, excites the torpid extremities of the State, and the agriculture of the counties of Gloucester, Middlesex and Mathews, and I might say, of the whole Senatorial district, is improving. Great attention is now paid to the raising and carrying out all kinds of manure ; deep ploughing and turning in a good coat of vegetable matter is allowed to be right, and is pursued. Large quantities of artificial grass seed are annually sown, and very partial grazing is admitted at all. The county of Mathews, in which I reside, consists generally of what we (who are not chemical agriculturists) call a stiff white oak soil, but moderately rich, has a clay foundation ; it is not unlike the human mind in some, far from being lively or easily excited, but when ploughed deep, and warmed by a little artificial heat, produces a most abundant crop, and is tenacious to an extreme of what it gets, showing gratitude for twenty, nay I might say for fifty years for a coat of manure, though cruelly treated ever afterwards, by repeated and untimely cultivation. Our crops consist of barley, wheat, corn, and Indian peas, for market – the tobacco crop being almost entirely abandoned, even in the county of Middlesex, where a few years ago it was much attended to. Oats in the chaff, or chopped, and mixed with a small quantity of Indian meal, together with blade fodder or hay, is the common food for horses ; the corn stalk, with everything that grows upon it, save the ear and the blade, together with barley or wheat straw, is the ordinary winter’s provision for cattle. Chaff of grain with most farmers, is generally considered of no value ; from the experience which I have had there is no mode of feeding oats to horses so advantageous as in the chaff ; in the first place, servants have less temptation to pilfer than in any other shape; - secondly, your horses are sure to be fat, thus fed ; thirdly, a horse will consume more that way than any other. I need not say what will be the consequence of this abundant consumption. We all shall agree that rich manure for chaff is a good exchange. The three shift system is practiced by most of the farmers in my neighborhood, and (with very partial grazing,) the lands improve ; but so kind has  nature been in the virtues of saline atmosphere, that it is not very unusual in the county of Mathews, for the same land to be cultivated every year in corn or oats, and with the aid of a little manure, still to retain its heart, and to shew but little falling off. The rotation of crops is a matter of moment, and to expect time   the same rotation will answer in every section, would be to calculate, that a man of feeble, weakly constitution, would take no more time to recover from the fatigues of labor, than one of strong and vigorous habits. The maxim ibis _______________, applies to the rotation of crops as it does to every thing else, and whilst I believe that it is as necessary that lands should be cultivated to be improved, as that it should not be cultivated too much, I am clearly of the opinion, that the happy medium with us, is the four shift system. Under this rotation the land is put in corn the first year, wheat in the fall, clover in the spring, and clover it remains for two years ; at the expiration of this period, we frequently discover some spires of broom sedge putting up ; a sure evidence that the land requires again to be broken. To adopt the five or six shift system, would give us an abundant crop of broom straw, which for more than one reason, I consider rather an impoverishing than an improving coat. I have before said that great attention is now paid to manuring. The mode of raising this is different. I prefer the mode of confining the cattle all winter and a part of the spring to a warm dry cow house, to which all the corn stalks raised on the farm are carried and deposited for consumption and manure. My cattle are in much better condition in the spring than they formerly were, and I make five times as much manure. In some parts of Gloucester, marl is abundant. I consider a person possessing a bank of this manure, has a valuable acquisition to his estate, provided he will have the industry to use it. The very best marl has been lately discovered at North End, the seat of Mrs. Van Bibber, in this county.

            Sheep is a most pernicious stock at best. The most economical mode of management is to confine them to lots in the spring, until the fields intended for cultivation get clothed with long grass, which they are not fond of, and by this means the injury resulting from their grazing is greatly diminished. – The modern mode of raising hogs, to wit, by suffering them to graze on the clover in the day, and to have them penned at night, (thereby saving much manure,) is certainly preferable to any other ; but if the old fashioned mode of feeding them in the morning, and turning them in the woods to shift for themselves, was still persisted in, I think it would be an improvement if the hogs were fed at night instead of the morning. The consequence would be this: as soon as they had risen, expecting nothing but what was to be gained by their own industry, they would  go busily at work in pursuit of what could be had by that means; at evening expecting a comfortable supper from the hand of him who minds them, they will with great certainty come up, when they should be fed in the pen where they remain for the night ; which being frequently changed, they will amply repay you in the manure, for the corn expended upon them. Most of the farmers in this county raise meat enough for their own consumption ; few make any for sale.

            The common Carey plough is in most general use with us. Some years ago, there lived a man in the county of Gloucester by the name of Norton - nature seemed to have given him an intuitive turn for the use of tools, and he was not deficient in genius and invention. He left two sons, both brought up to the blacksmith’s trade, and they make excellent Barshare and Carey ploughs ; they are generally resorted to for those implements of husbandry. The one resides upon Queen’s Creek, in the county of Mathews – the other in Gloucester. There is also a Mr. Brooking, who keeps a shop at the Dragon Ordinary, in the county of Gloucester; he is very ingenious, and not inferior to either of the Nortons. If the last legislature of this state had not have carried their laudable dislike to gaming to such a pitch, as to think it wrong to sanction a lottery for the most useful purposes, even to raise money to establish a manufactory of implements of husbandry, we might have employed one, or perhaps all of those men, to great advantage – and by that means perpetuate that particular genius and turn (which but few men possess) to posterity ; but which will probably be lost in our neighborhood.

            A fair experiment of the relative value of horses and oxen for agricultural purposes, has not been made. The most judicious manager with us is partial to oxen. My own opinion is this: if persons of good judgment were employed in breaking them, and giving them an early habit of quick motion, at the same time training them to be governed by leading lines, a pair of good oxen would be equal to a pair of ordinary mules or horses, and they would not cost half as much.

            On a well conducted farm, where the Dairy is superintended by a managing woman, it might be an object of profit. I think where your farm is near to a large town (as the farms with us are convenient to Norfolk,) a winter dairy might be nearly as profitable as one in the summer. By preserving all the chaff from the wheat, raising an acre of carrots, and combining with a mixture of chaff and carrots a little Indian meal, I incline to think a most nutritive and lactiferous food might be made for milch cows through the winter, at little expense, and producing butter in considerable quantities for market, at a time when the best price may be obtained. At Toddsbury, the residence of Mr. Tabb, where (if I may so express myself) there is profusion with economy. I incline to think the dairy is so fare an object of profit, that Mr. Tabb, if required, could pay the tax of the estate from what is sold from the dairy after supplying an enormous and expensive establishment.

            We have no fences with us more permanent than wood. To the estate on which I reside, consisting of about 650 acres of arable land, there are 100 acres of wood land attached : this I find scarcely equal to the purpose of the wood & rail timber ; but I am not an economist in fuel, having very many negro quarters where there should be fire. Mr. Rootes, who resides at White Marsh, and who (from the excellent quality of his land) is not disposed to keep more in wood than necessary, thinks that one tenth of an estate in timbered land will be sufficient for the support of the balance ; probably his opinion on this subject is more correct than mine.

            I remain yours, respectfully,  JAMES H. ROY.

July 3, 1820American Beacon (Norfolk, Virginia)

            MELANCHOLY OCCURRENCE. As Doctor HICKS, of Matthews County, was passing through Gosport to Portsmouth on Wednesday last, in a gig, the horse took fright, and after running ungovernably from the main street, into an avenue leading to the river, he finally ran the gig with such violence against a tree in front of Mr. J. B. Pott’s house, as to disengage himself from the gig, and threw Doctor Hicks out to the distance of 10 to 12 feet. He lay for some time apparently lifeless, when he was removed to the house of Mr. Potts, where he now is, receiving the kindest attentions. His body, we learn, is much bruised – and he is severely cut over his left eye and on the right side of his head. – He is not considered out of danger, though somewhat better.

August 7, 1820American Beacon (Norfolk, Virginia)

            (Advertisement)  CAMP MEETINGS. The Camp Meeting at New Point Comfort, Matthews county, will commence on Wednesday, 16th inst. and that at Tangier Island, on Thursday, 17th inst.

            The Steam-Boat POWHATAN proposes to accommodate those who may be disposed to attend the above meetings, by the following arrangement:

            The Boat will leave Nivison’s wharf, on Tuesday, 15th inst. precisely at 10 o’clock, A.M. – land passengers at New Point the same evening, and proceed thence to Tangier Island. After her return from Tangier, the Powhatan will during the continuance of the meetings, leave Nivison’s wharf, every morning, at 6 o’clock, (weather permitting,) for New Point and Tangier, and return to Norfolk the same evening.

            Passage, to either place, going and returning, $2 only, or $1 for each passage.

            No charge for baggage, camp equipage, and provisions, which must be at the risk of the owners. – Passengers, with their baggage &c. must be put on board and landed at their own expence.

            Dinner will be furnished to those who desire it at 75 cts. each ; breakfast and supper 50 cts. each. Those who may wish to be furnished on board, are particularly requested to notify the Captain thereof, on the day preceding the Boat’s departure.  L. HOLDEN, Captain.

August 16, 1820Baltimore Patriot (Baltimore, Maryland)

            (Advertisement) MR. PHILIP DARE, Sir, In consequence of the destruction of the Clerk’s Office of Gloucester County, by fire, and all the Records therein, amongst which was the Will of JOHN KEYS, (late of said county) in which you were one of the legatees, and in which I am interested in the right of my wife, who was Eliza Munstan, take notice that I shall proceed to take the depositions of sundry persons, at Gloucester Court House, to re-establish the said will, before the Commissioners of said county, who will meet at 10 o’clock of the morning of the first Saturday in September next; who have been appointed by the Executive of this State, under an act of the General Assembly, passed March 1st, 1819, when and where you will attend if you please. WM. SHACKLEFORD.

August 31, 1820American Beacon (Norfolk, Virginia)

            Married – In Matthews County, on Thursday evening last, by the Rev. Miles King, Mr. Westley H. Hawkins, to Mrs. Sarah Hunley, all of that County.

November 4, 1820Baltimore Patriot ( Baltimore, Maryland)

            (Advertisement)  AT PRIVATE SALE, A new, handsome, copper fastened and fast sailing SCHOONER, 24 4-94 tons, built in Matthews county, Virginia – she has a new suit of best Russia Duck Sails, and running Rigging complete. The terms will be moderate, and the vessel may be seen by applying to HARRISON & STERETT.

December 26, 1820American Beacon (Norfolk, Virginia)

            Another Spirit of ’76 gone.  On the 26th inst. at the residence of Mr. J. Cary, in the town of Hampton, died Maj. James Baytop, late Sergeant at Arms to the Senate of Virginia, in the 77th year of his age, with an unparalleled serenity and resignation, inspired by the consciousness of a well spent life, he gave his honors to the world again, his blessed part to Heaven, and slept in peace. That the deceased was a Patriot, his deed in our Revolutionary struggle tell – that he was kind, honorable, affectionate, and of an inflexible integrity, all who knew him bear testimony.

February 28, 1821Baltimore Patriot (Baltimore, Maryland)

            (Advertisement)  On Friday, the 2d day of March at one o’clock, at the Exchange, we will sell on a credit of three and six months, for approved endorsed notes A NEW BRIG, Built in Matthews County, Virginia, of the best white oak, 217 tons, carpenter’s measurement, copper fastened, with lower masts, boom and bowsprit, well secured with beams and knees, and expected from her model and general appearance to sail uncommonly fast. She may be seen and examined at Ramsay’s wharf, Fell’s Point, at any time previous to the sale.

July, 1821 – The North American Review, Issue 32 (Boston, Massachusetts)

            Botany of the United States … The next book relating to our plants is of less pretension than Catesby’s History, but of far more value as a scientific work, namely, the Flora Virginica, the joint production of Clayton and Gronovius, assisted by Linneaus himself, who was in Holland at the time it written.  John Clayton emigrated from England to America in the year 1705, and resided here till his death in 1771, filling, for upwards of half a century, the office of clerk of Gloucester county in Virginia. During a long life of eighty-eight years he assiduously cultivated the science of botany, in which he attained high rank through his communications with the learned men of Europe. In addition to these extensive communications which he made, he was engaged in preparing for publication a large botanical work, which at his death he left behind him ready for the press, but which is now unhappily lost, having been consumed, together with the building in which it was deposited,  in the early part of the revolutionary war.

August 14, 1821Richmond Enquirer (Richmond, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) FIFTY DOLLARS REWARD. Will be given for bringing to me, near Loretto Post Office, Essex county, Va.  … a negro man named Handy .  He has a father at William Davis’s near Gloucester Courthouse, and a brother in the city of Richmond. He no doubt intends to make his escape altogether, where he may be free.  ALEXANDER SOMERVAIL. 

September 8, 1821Evening Post (New York, New York)

            Marine List.  Schr. Alert, Beers, 10 days from Alexandria, with corn … Rode out the gale on Monday under St. Mary’s (Md.) On Tuesday, off New Point Comfort, passed a number of cattle, goats and sheep drowned ...

November 15, 1821Evening Post (New York, New York)

            (Advertisement)  For Sale, Freight or Charter, The coppered and copper fastened schooner NEW PACKET, Bagley, master, burthen about 50 tons ; sails very fast, built in Matthews county of the best materials for a packet, having extensive accommodations for passengers. Apply on board, west side Peck slip, or to   DIVIE BETHUNE & CO.

January 10, 1822Richmond Enquirer (Richmond, Virginia)

            VIRGINIA LEGISLATURE.  On Mr. Stratton’s motion, a resolution of the committee of Roads and Internal Navigation voting reasonable the petition of sundry inhabitants of Northampton county, for the establishment of a ferry, from the land of John K. Floyd, on King’s creek in that county, to the towns of Norfolk, Hampton and York, and to East River in the county of Matthews, was taken up, and agreed to by the house.

August 7, 1822Baltimore Patriot (Baltimore, Maryland)

            (Advertisement)  FOR SALE, FREIGHT OR CHARTER, The very fine fast sailing brig ROSANNA, copper fastened and coppered with heavy copper, carries about 1200 barrels, about 18 months old, built in Matthews county, Virginia, of the best seasoned timber, by capt. Miles King, for his own use, fitted and found in the best manner, and considered by good judges to be a first rate vessel

 ALSO FOR SALE,  The Hull Masts and Spars complete of a first rate clipping Brig or Schooner, now building in Matthews county by Capt. Miles King, and can be launched in about three weeks ; she is about 190 tons burthen, copper fastened to the bends, decks copper nailed, built of the best materials, and expected to sail as fast as any vessel of her class.

            Apply to  WM. HOWELL & SON,        No. 49 Gay street.

August 19, 1822Baltimore Patriot (Baltimore, Maryland)

            (Advertisement)  FOR SALE, The fast sailing copper fastened and coppered Brig VIRGINIA, 235 tons burthen, built in Mathews County, Virginia, about four years old, was coppered with heavy copper last year.

            She has nearly two suits of sails, and a large inventory, and may be sent to sea at a trifling expense.  Apply to  THOS. TENANT.

August 28, 1822Baltimore Patriot (Baltimore, Maryland)

            MARRIED.  In Matthews County, (Va.) Mr. Edmund P. Benson, late of the city of Baltimore, to Miss Mary Respass.

October 8, 1822Baltimore Patriot (Baltimore, Maryland)

            Oct. 5. – Ar. revenue cutter James Monroe, Jones, from a cruise. Off New Point, boarded  Spanish brig Atrebedo, Roca, 21 ds from Campeachy, with mahogany ; also Am. Brig Alonzo, Murphy, from Havanna, both bound to Baltimore. Capt. M. informed him that he had lost 2 of his crew on the passage with the Yellow Fever.  

October 29, 1822Richmond Enquirer (Richmond, Virginia)

            Was committed to Bedford county jail on the 25th of June, 1822, a black girl who calls herself CLARISSA SPARLOCK, and says she belongs to Pleasant Wells of Gloucester county, Va. She is about 5 feet 3 inches high, with a large wart on her breast and one on her left ear, a scar under her right eye – a small one in her forehead, and another on her right cheek. The owner is requested to come and prove his property, pay charges, and take her away, or she will be dealt with as the law directs.  JACOB FITZER, Jailor, Liberty, Bedford county, Virginia.

March 21, 1823Baltimore Patriot (Baltimore, Maryland)

            Arrived at Alexandria on the 18th inst. U. S. revenue cutter James Monroe, captain John C. Jones, from a cruise, in charge of the schooner Dash, of Alexandria, from Savannah, cargo of sugar and cotton. The Dash run in under New Point Comfort, on Monday the 3d instant, and on Tuesday she dragged ashore in a heavy southeast gale. The day following, capt. Cunningham employed the schooner Henry, capt. Prichett, to assist in getting him afloat. On Thursday, he also employed the schooner Jackson, captain Thomas; on Saturday the revenue cutter went into Mobjack bay, and boarded the following vessels, and found the two last mentioned vessels loaded with part of the Dash’s cargo. Capt. Jones having ascertained the Dash had remained in East river district five days, and had not entered and obtained a permit from the Collector to start his cargo, which the law requires, capt Jones took possession of the vessel and cargo, and delivered them over to the Collector to be dealt with according to law.  Nat. Int.

June 6, 1823Baltimore Patriot (Baltimore, Maryland)

            (Advertisement)  FOR SALE, A remarkable fine new BRIG, built in Matthews County, Virginia, of the best material, under the immediate direction of Captain Miles King – burthen 188 tons, Carpenters’ measurement, about 230 tons Custom House measurement ; expected to carry 1600 barrels, and to sail as fast as any vessel. She is copper fastened, and can be ready for sea in a week, and will be sold low.  Apply to WM. HOWELL & SON, 49 Gay street.

July 30, 1823Baltimore Patriot (Baltimore, Maryland)

            (Advertisement)  FOR SALE, The well known copper fastened and coppered Brig MARY, burthen 272 tons, and will carry 2300 bbls. The Mary was built in Matthews county, Virginia, of the best materials, under the particular inspection of Capt. Miles King. She is well found, and would require very little expense to fit her for a voyage to India, from whence she has just returned. She can be seen at Mr. Belt’s wharf. For terms apply to  WM. WILSON & SONS.

October 21, 1823Richmond Enquirer (Richmond, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) New Store, near Gloucester Courthouse.  COLE, SHELDON & STUBBS respectfully inform their friends and the public, that they have just received by the schr’s Mary Emily from New York, Hiram from Philadelphia, and William & John from Baltimore, and are now opening, 210 packages, comprising a choice and very general assortment of DRY GOODS, suitable to the present and approaching seasons: GROCERIES, stone, earthen and glassware, hardware and cutlery; 500pair boots and shoes, harness, sole and upper leather; calf, kid, morocco and sheepskins; shoe thread; PAINTS, oil, varnish, window glass and putty, powder and shot, fowling piece, & smooth bore rifles, bar iron, German and blistered steel, nails and brads of all sizes, Nova Scotia grindstones, MEDICINE, &c. &c. &c.

            The above goods having been selected with great care and attention (by Cole & Sheldon) and purchased on the best terms for cash, they are now offered for sale at a very moderate advance, at their Store near Gloucester Courthouse, formerly occupied by Pryor & Robbins. Their assortment will be kept complete, having an experienced agent in New York, from whom they will be constantly supplied with goods on the best terms and of the latest importations and fashions, which will enable them, at all times, to offer them to their customers as low as they can be purchased in Virginia. C. S. & S. particularly invite those who wish to purchase good and CHEAP GOODS to call and examine for themselves.

January 6, 1824Richmond Enquirer (Richmond, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) CASH SALE. PURSUANT to a deed of trust executed by John Hall to the subscriber, bearing date on the 10th day of March, 1821, and duly recorded in the court of Gloucester county, for the purpose of securing to John F. Scott the payment of certain sums of money in the said deed mentioned, I shall on Saturday the 17th day of January next, if fair, if not the next fair day thereafter, Sunday excepted, at the Courthouse of the said county, proceed to sell for ready money to the highest bidder, the following property, to wit: Six hundred and fifty acres of land whereon the said Hall resides: Also the following negro slaves, to wit: James, Daniel, Moses, Mary, Randolph, Jeffrey, and Rose and the increase of the females thereof. The title to the above mentioned property is undoubtedly good, but the subscriber can only convey such as is vested in him by the trust deed aforesaid.  TH. C. AMORY, Trustee

June 9, 1824Independent Chronicle and Boston Patriot (Boston, Massachusetts)

            (Advertisement) ADAMS’ MEETING IN MATTHEWS COUNTY, VIRGINIA.  We observed that a meeting has been holden and resolutions adopted, in the county of Matthews, expressive of the preference of the citizens who compose it, for Mr. Adams as President, and Gen. Jackson as Vice President. We shall insert the proceedings in or next.  Constitutional Whig.

June 23, 1824New London Gazette (New London , Connecticut)

            VIRGINIA. At a meeting of citizens at Matthews Courthouse, on Tuesday, 11th May, 1824, to take into consideration a circular received from the Chairman of the Fredericksburg Adams Meeting –

            Huntley Gayle was called to the Chair and James H. Roy, appointed Secretary.

            Whereupon the following resolutions were moved and seconded.

1.       Resolved, That the age, experience, acknowledged talents and genuine republican principles of John Q. Adams, give him the first claim to the office of President of the U. S.

2.       Resolved, That gratitude and honor are due to General Jackson for his distinguished services.

3.       Resolved, That this meeting will use all fair and honorable means to aid and assist the committee at Fredericksburg for promoting the election of John Quincy Adams, to the office of President of the U. S. and General Andrew Jackson to the office of Vice President of the U. S.

August 18, 1824Independent Chronicle and Boston Patriot (Boston, Massachusetts)

            Died.  In Matthews County, Va., John Patterson, Esq. one of the oldest and most respectable citizens of that county. He was a soldier of the revolution.

August 31, 1824Richmond Enquirer (Richmond, Virginia)

            (Advertisement)  TO CLERKS OF COURT. A MAN with a small family, who has been employed for the last nine or ten years as deputy in a Clerk’s Office of a County Court and Superior Court of law, will be without employment at the end of the present year, and is desirous of obtaining a situation in one or both of these offices. Satisfactory recommendations can be produced of industry, steadiness and capability. A line addressed to A.H. Gloucester Courthouse, Virginia, will be attended to.

September 21, 1824Richmond Enquirer (Richmond, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) LAND FOR SALE. PURSUANT to two deeds of trust executed by John Hall to the subscriber, both of which are duly recorded in the Clerk’s office of Gloucester County Court, one for the purpose of securing to Cary Hall & Lawrence Stubbs, assignees of John F. Scott, the payment of a certain balance due thereon, and the other for securing to the said Lawrence Stubbs the payment of a certain sum therein mentioned, will be sold at Gloucester Courthouse, for ready money to the highest bidder, on Saturday the 25th day of September next, if fair, if not the next fair day, Sunday excepted, the Tract of Land whereon the said John Hall resides containing six hundred and fifty acres, situated within three miles of Gloucester Courthouse, a large proportion of which is well timbered with oak and chestnut. The improvements consist of a comfortable dwelling house and other houses necessary for the accommodation of a genteel family. Acting as Trustee I shall convey such title only as is vested in me by the said deeds. THOMAS C. AMORY.

October 12, 1824Baltimore Patriot (Baltimore, Maryland)

            (Advertisement)  FOR SALE, FREIGHT OR CHARTER, The fine brig ROSANNAH, John Weston, master; copper fastened and coppered, built in Mathews county, Va. carries 1200 barrels ; sails fast ; 3 years old last March ; a faithful built vessel of the best materials – Apply to WM. HOWELL & SON, No. 75 Smith’s wharf.

December 27, 1824Baltimore Patriot (Baltimore, Maryland)

            (Advertisement) FOR SALE, FREIGHT OR CHARTER, The new schooner EO, John Walker, master, built in Matthews county, Virginia, of the best materials, copper fastened in the most faithful manner ; will sail fast, and supposed to carry about 750 bbls. She has one chain, and two hemp cables, and 3 anchors.  WM. HOWELL & SON.


July 5, 1825Richmond Enquirer (Richmond, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) VIRGINIA LAND OFFICE, June 21, 1825. In conformity to an act of the General Assembly of this Commonwealth, entitled, “An Act to reduce into one act the several acts concerning Escheators,” passed the 6th January 1819, I do hereby make known to all whom it may concern, that it appears by certificate of the Escheator of Gloucester county, that the following parcels of land lying and being in the said county of Gloucester, have been found, by inquisition of escheat taken on the 14th day of last May, to escheat to this commonwealth, vis:

            11 acres near Severn river, and 14 miles N.E. from Gloucester courthouse.

            10     do               do                         do                              do

of which two parcels of land Henry Keating, a foreigner died seized, and 41 acres of Forest Land, whereof George Duncan, a free man of colour died seized and possessed.  W. SELDEN, Reg.L.Office

June 12, 1826Baltimore Patriot  (Baltimore, Maryland)

            (Advertisement)  BY R. LEMMON & CO. On Wednesday, the 14th inst. at 1 o’clock, at the Exchange.  The very superior and fast sailing Brig PRESIDENT ADAMS, built in Matthews county, Virginia ; her upper works are entirely of cedar, copper fastened and coppered with heavy copper, 200 tons burthen and will carry 1500 barrels, with fine accommodations for passengers, has made but one voyage and has since been caulked and put in complete order. Can be examined at Jackson’s wharf … also

            The Pilot Boat Schooner DANDY, now lying at Dorgin & Bailey’s ship yard, Philpot street, Fell’s Point, built in Matthews county, burthen 31 tons, has been in use but a few months in the Bay, and is ready to receive a cargo. Terms which will be liberal made known at the time of sale – The Inventories may be seen at the Auction Room and the sails at Buck & Hedrick’s loft.  R. LEMMON & CO.

August 10, 1826Baltimore Patriot (Baltimore, Maryland)

            Major W. B. Barney, who returned on Tuesday morning last from locating several sites for Light Houses down the Bay, informs that the schooner Prompt, of and for Alexandria, from New York, with a full cargo and deck load, went ashore on the bar at New Point Comfort, close in with the Light House, on Friday night last; that the Revenue Cutter, on board of which Major B. was, in running in for a harbor on Sunday night, at about half past 10 o’clock, discovered the above schooner; but it being extremely dark could not distinguish her situation until very near, - and being in four fathoms water, determined to anchor and send assistance; but in rounding too for that purpose, the cutter grounded on the edge of the bar, and the tide leaving her it was not until the next tide (Monday, 12 o’clock,) that she was got off, without, however, sustaining the slightest injury. The Prompt was on her beam ends and had bilged, part of her deck load had rolled overboard and a good deal of it had been saved from the beach. A scow went alongside early on Monday morning and several craft were left at anchor to receive the cargo. The captain and crew had returned on board – and the owner was taken off the steam-boat Potomac by capt. Webster, in the Cutter, and conveyed to New Point.

September 22, 1826Baltimore Patriot (Baltimore, Maryland)

            (Advertisement)  FOR FREIGHT OR CHARTER, The fine new Mathews county built brig GEN. MERCER, Capt. Paul, burthen about 800 barrels. …

November 24, 1826Baltimore Patriot (Baltimore, Maryland)

            [By the steam boat from Norfolk.]  Beacon Office, News Room, NORFOLK, Nov. 20 to 21.  At New Point Comfort, brig Hunter, Armstrong, Kingston (Jam.) 23 days, bound to BaltimoreLeft no American vessels.

December 15, 1826Baltimore Patriot (Baltimore, Maryland)

            (Advertisement) FOR SALE, The new schooner WILLIAM & MARY, about one hundred tons burthen, will carry about 600 barrels, Said schooner was built in Matthew’s county, Virginia, of the best materials, copper fastened and Butt bolted with copper – Fitted out in the neatest and best manner, and may be considered a first rate vessel of her class. Apply on board at Leaf & Gooden’s yard, to Captain E. WEEMS, or HUGH & WM. CRAWFORD, Jr.



October 20, 1827Newport Mercury (Newport, Rhode Island)

            The Spanish brig Amigus, which run foul of the Guatemala Packet, and was supposed to have sunk, is safe, and has arrived at New Point Comfort, with loss of foretopmast, maintop gallantmast, jibboom and head. We learn from the Norfolk Herald that she left Baltimore under circumstances calculated to excite suspicion, and had been three days at anchor off Smith’s Island, supposed waiting for armament, as it was pretty well known that she was destined for the coast of Guinea, to resume her old trade ; but a Vigilant* watch was kept in the bay to prevent munitions of war of any description reaching her, and it was probable with a view to ascertain the cause that she was putting back.

            *Name of the Baltimore cutter, commanded by Capt. Webster.

March 8, 1828Baltimore Patriot (Baltimore, Maryland)

            (Advertisement)  FOR SALE, FREIGHT OR CHARTER   The fast sailing copper fastened and coppered Schooner VIRGINIA, John Weston master; 20 months old, built in Matthews county, Va., carries 650 barrels, is a first rate vessel. Apply to Captain Weston, or to WM. HOWELL & SON

April 15, 1828Republican Star and General Advertiser (Easton, Maryland)

            (Advertisement) SHANNON DALE, This full blooded Horse will be let to mares the present Spring, and five dollars the single leap, eight dollars the Spring’s chance, sixteen dollars to ensure a foal, and twenty-five cents to the groom in each case.

            SHANNON DALE is a beautiful dark sorrel, fifteen hands and three inches high, of fine action and great vigor; was got by the full blooded imported Horse Eagle, and bred by Mr. Thomas Lowrey of Virginia, and by him sold to Mr. Cato Moore of Charles Town in said State …

            A number of highly respectable persons of Gloucester Court-House, has certified that Shannon Dale is a sure foal getter; and has produced as likely Colts as any horse that his stood in that county for 12 or 15 years – which Certificates is in the possession of the subscriber. … JAMES BARTLETT, Jr. Talbot county, April 1.

May 28, 1828Baltimore Patriot (Baltimore, Maryland)

            (Advertisement)  THOMAS JANVIER, 87 Smith’s Whf.  has for sale … a new sharp SCHOONER, built of the best seasoned white oak, at Matthews county, Va., copper fastened and coppered, fitted in the most approved and complete manner, at this port, will stow well and sail fast. She now lies at Messrs. Leaf & Goodwin’s ship yard, Patterson street Dock.

May 30, 1828Baltimore Patriot (Baltimore, Maryland)

            (Advertisement)  FOR SALE, FREIGHT OR CHARTER, The fine copper fastened and coppered schr. RANDOLPH, carries about 800 barrels, sails fast. Built in Matthews county, Va. and has made but two voyages.  WM. HOWELL & SON.

June 9, 1828Baltimore Patriot (Baltimore, Maryland)

            (Advertisement) PUBLIC SALES BY R. LEMMON & CO. On Tuesday, 10th inst. at 1 o’clock, at the Exchange  … The ship POCAHONTAS, burthen about 3700 bbls. coppered and copper fastened, was built in Matthews county, Virginia, of the best materials, and in a most faithful manner, is an uncommon fast sailer and well found in sails, &c.

June 26, 1828Baltimore Patriot (Baltimore, Maryland)

            (Advertisement)  FOR SALE. A NEW SCHOONER of about 650 bbls. burthen, built of the best seasoned white oak at East River, Mathews County, Va. copper fastened and coppered with heavy copper, and fitted with the best materials in the most approved manner, at this port. She now lies at the lower end of Smith’s dock.  Apply to THOMAS JANVIER. 87 Smith’s wharf.

October 22, 1828Baltimore Patriot (Baltimore, Maryland)

            (Advertisement) NEW SCHOONER FOR SALE.  A sharp SCHOONER of about 350 bbls. burthen, built of the best seasoned  white oak in Mathew’s county, Va. copper fastened to the bends, will be fitted in the most approved manner in a few days – it is expected that she will sail very fast. Apply to Capt. Richard Pitt on board at Jackson’s wharf or to THOMAS JANVIER.

January 15, 1829Richmond Enquirer (Richmond, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) THOMAS C. AMORY, COMMISSIONER of the Superior Court of Chancery for the District of Williamsburg, having obtained a license to practice the Law, offers his services to the public as an Attorney at Law. He will take business in the Superior & Inferior Courts of Gloucester, Middlesex, and Matthews Counties. His office is kept at Gloucester Courthouse, where he may be found at any time unless attending the Courts. – Any business confided to him will be promptly attended to.

February 7, 1829Washington Whig (Bridgeton, New Jersey)

            The Norfolk papers contain the particulars of a shocking murder, which took place at New Point Comfort, on the last day of December. Two black men, slaves of Capt. Pritchett, in the absence of their master, entered the house and demanded of Mrs. P. some change which she had promised them. Upon her stating that she was unable to give it to them until her husband returned, they seized her, murdered her and threw her body into a well, where it was a few days after found. The negroes were by their own folly detected, and have since confessed the murder.

April 3, 1829Baltimore Patriot (Baltimore, Maryland)

            A coroner’s inquest was held on Thursday morning, in Pratt street, over the body of William Foster, a white man, about 22 years of age, from Matthews County, Va. Verdict of the Jury, death by accidental drowning in the Basin, near Bowly’s wharf.

April 10, 1829Richmond Enquirer (Richmond, Virginia)

            The citizens of Mathews county, convened at the Court House, on the 28th March, for the purpose of selecting delegates, to meet the delegates from the other counties, composing this senatorial district, that they might nominate suitable persons to represent them in the convention directed by law to meet at Richmond on the 1st Monday in October next:

            Colonel Christopher Tompkins was called to the chair, and William H. Roy, appointed Secretary.

            On motion, Thomas R. Yeatman, Col. Thomas Hudgins, Charles Atkinson, and Dr. Wm. Shuletice were designated by the Chair, to draft resolutions expressive of the views of the meeting, who after a short interval offered the following –

            Resolved, That this meeting proceed to elect five delegates to meet at Mathews Court House, on the 20th April next, for the purpose of nominating four persons whom they deem best calculated to represent this district in the convention, to be held in Richmond on the 1st Monday in October next.

            Resolved, That the other counties composing this senatorial district, be requested to concur with us, in the appointment of delegates to convene at this place, that they may consult with those we have selected, as to the most suitable persons to represent the district in the convention.”

            And on motion, the foregoing resolutions were adopted – Whereupon, the meeting then proceeded to comply with the first resolution, and appointed the following gentlemen: Col. Christopher Tompkin, John D. Jarvis, William Bohannon, Colonel Thomas Hudgins and William H. Roy, delegates to meet at this place on the 20th of April next, for effecting the objects of the meeting.

            Resolved, That the Editors of the Richmond Enquirer, Norfolk Herald, and Beacon, be requested to publish these proceedings. CHRISTOPHER TOMPKINS, Chair’n.  W. H. ROY, Secretary.

April 21, 1829Baltimore Patriot (Baltimore, Maryland)

            (Advertisement)  FOR SALE, The fast sailing schr. FORTUNA, built in Mathews’ county, Va. about 650 barrels burthen, will be sold low to close a concern. Apply to WM. HOWELL & SON, 48 S. Gay street.

April 28, 1829Richmond Enquirer (Richmond, Virginia)

            A joint Delegation from the Counties of Accomac, Northampton, Gloucester, Middlesex, and Mathews, met at Mathews Courthouse on the 20th inst. for the purpose of recommending to the people of this Senatorial District, the persons they deem most suitable to represent them in the Convention to be held in Richmond, the 1st Monday in October next.

            On motion, Col. Christopher Tompkins was called to the Chair, and Dr. Thos. Boswell appointed Secretary.

            The gentlemen composing the Delegation from the respective counties of the District, presented at the meeting were –

            From Accomac – Wm. P. Moore, Jno. Arlington, Capt. Thos. A. Colburn, Jno. R. Potter.

            From Northampton – Jno. C. Parromore, Jno. T. Wilcox, Wm. D. Stratton, Dr. G. L. E. Tankard, Wm. S. Floyd, Robt. I. Poulson.

            From Gloucester – Capt. P. E. Tabb, Dr. Wm. Jones, Thos. S. Dabney, Dr. Thos. Boswell.

            From Middlesex – Carter Braxton, Jno. Chewning, Dr. M. C. Booth, Wm. Sheppard, Wm. Jesse.

            From Mathews – Col. Christopher Tompkins, Jno. D. Jarvis, Wm. Bohannon, Wm. H. Roy, Col. Thos. Hudgins.

            On motion, it was Resolved, That the Delegates of each County should give but one vote.

            On motion, Thos. R. Joynes of Accomac, Severn E. Parker of Northampton, Abel P. Upshur of Northampton, and Thos. R. Yeatman of Mathews were nominated. And the votes being taken, it was Resolved, that they should be recommended to the people, composing the District, as the most suitable persons to represent them.

            On motion, it was unanimously Resolved, That the members, composing this meeting, will use all honorable means to promote the election of the above named gentlemen.

            On motion, it was Resolved, That a letter be address to the gentlemen who have received the vote of this meeting, informing them of their nomination; and the following gentlemen were appointed a Committee to carry this resolution into effect:

            Thos. S. Dabney, Jno R. Potter, Carter Braxton, Wm. H. Roy, Robt. I. Poulson, Dr. Thos. Boswell.

            On motion, it was Resolved, That the thanks of the meeting be presented to the Chairman and


            On motion, it was Resolved, That the Editors of the Richmond Enquirer, the Norfolk Herald and Beacon, be requested to publish the proceedings of this meeting.

            CHRISTOPHER TOMPKINS, Chr’mn.  Thos. Boswell, Sec’ry.

May 1, 1829Richmond Enquirer (Richmond, Virginia)

            VIRGINIA: At a Superior Court of Chancery, holden at the former Capitol in the city of Williamsburg, the 30th day of January 1829.

            Bennett White and Thomas Smith for themselves, and all other creditors of John S. Cully, who

may choose to make themselves parties and contribute to the expenses of this suit. Pltfs.


            Francis Hudgins adm’r and heir of John S. Cully, dec’d, Mary George, Henry Robert Zadock, and Elizabeth Cully, and Ralph Davis & Julia his wife,

            This cause came on this day, to be heard by consent on the bill, answers and exhibits, and was argued by counsel. On consideration whereof, and by like consent, the court, doth adjudge, order and decree, that the defendant Francis Hudgins adm’rs of John S. Cully, render before one of the Commissioners of this court, an account of his transactions on the estate of the said John S. Cully; in taking which said account, the Commissioner is required to state the debts paid by the administrator which do, and also, those which do not bind the heirs of the said John S. Cully; and the said Commissioner is further required to take an account of the outstanding debts of said John S. Cully which do, and which do not bind the heirs – which accounts, the Commissioner is directed to examine, state and settle, and to the court report, with any matters especially stated , deemed pertinent by himself, or which may be required by the parties to be so stated.

            A Copy. Teste, ED. CHRISTIAN, c. c.

            Commissioner’s Office, Gloucester Courthouse, March 19th.

            The parties and all others concerned in the suit within mentioned, are hereby notified, that I have appointed Wednesday, the 17th day of June next, to commence the duties required of me by the within order of the court; on which day, at 10 o’clock, A. M., they are desired to attend this Office, prepared with the necessary documents and other testimony ready for examination and settlement. A copy,

            THOS. C. AMORY, Com’r.

May 5, 1829Richmond Enquirer (Richmond, Virginia)

            Northampton, April 25.  Gentlemen: I have received your letter announcing to me that, at a meeting of Delegates from the counties composing this Senatorial District, held at Mathews Courthouse on the 20th instant for the purpose expressed in your letter, I was nominated and recommended to the people as one of four suitable persons to represent them in the Convention to be held in Richmond in October next.  This flattering testimony of the good opinion entertained of me by that meeting, is highly gratifying. If elected, I will cheerfully serve the District; and endeavour so to discharge the trust as to demonstrate to the people that it was safely deposited.

            You say that you were instructed by the meeting to request me, and the other gentlemen nominated, to visit the respective counties of the District on their court days in May. The superior court of Law for the county of Accomack, where I have professional engagements, commences its session on the 1st Monday in May, and the Gloucester Elections is on the same day. The Northampton and Mathews Elections are on the 2nd Monday, and Middlesex and Accomack Elections on the last Monday in May. Tho’ extremely inconvenient to me, I have it in contemplation to be at the Gloucester and Mathews

Elections.  Very Respectfully yours, SEVERN PARKER.   To Messrs. Carter Braxton, John R. Potter, Wm. H. Roy, T. S. Dabney, Robert I. Poulson, Thomas Boswell.

May 12, 1829Richmond Enquirer (Richmond, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) A RUNAWAY IN JAIL. Was committed to the Jail of Gloucester county, Va. on the 23d day of January last, a negro man by the name of Henry – who says he is the property of one Dr. Fletcher of East Florida; that he was purchased in Georgia when a small boy and carried somewhere on the Mississippi, where he was bought by the said Fletcher – From the appearance of the said negro, and his own account, he is supposed to be about twenty-eight years of age, very black, about five feet six inches high, and is very intelligent for a slave. When committed to jail, he had on a coat of gray coarse cloth. The owner is requested to come forward, prove property, and take him away or he will be sold as the law directs.  JAMES H. JONES, Jailor, Glo County, Va.

May 15, 1829Richmond Enquirer (Richmond, Virginia)

            Gloucester County Court, May Term, 1829: The Commissioners appointed this day to value Henry, a Runaway slave committed to the jail of this county, returned a report of the valuation of said slave, and the court being of opinion that the said runaway will not sell at public auction for a sum sufficient to pay the prison fees and other expenses, after being confined in jail twelve months, do fix the time of his imprisonment to be until the 6th day of June next; and doth order, that, the said slave, at the end thereof, be sold by the sheriff at public auction, after the time and place of sale having been advertised according to law.  A Copy. Teste,  ARTHUR S. DAVIES, c.c.

            Pursuant to the above order of court, shall sell, at public auction, at Gloucester courthouse, for ready money, on Saturday the 13th day of June next, the slave Henry, mentioned in the said order.

MAT W. KEMP, D. S. for H. L. NUTTALL, s. G.C.

July 7, 1829Richmond Enquirer (Richmond, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) WARNER HALL FOR SALE. This valuable Estate, containing 1500 acres of the best Gloucester low grounds, is offered for sale on the most moderate terms. In strength of soil, health, and advantages of location, Warner Hall yields to no farm in the lower part of Virginia. The land productive and easily cultivated, is also a particularly susceptible of improvement from time, and marle, lime can be obtained at small expense from the shells of the oysters, which abound in the numerous rivers and creeks in the neighborhood of the property, and there are beds of marle on every part of the farm. The Severn river running the whole length of the estate, affords ready transportation to the Georgetown, Baltimore, Philadelphia and New York markets. The value of the estate is much enhanced by the large portion, (800 acres) that is finely timbered with gum, pine, hickory and oak, of which the land can be cleared with small cost of labor, and will give to cultivation, soil of the very best qualities.

            The tract can be divided into two farms. On the one there is a large two story brick dwelling house, with five commodious rooms on a floor, and attached to it two offices of brick, (one of them used as a kitchen and laundry.) with every other building convenient for the use of the family and farm. On the other farm, there is a framed dwelling, with every requisite building.

            The value of the land, the health always enjoyed by the residents, the abundance of fine fish and oysters, and the circle of delightful and improved society in its neighborhood, make Warner Hall a most desirable and delightful residence.

            Gentlemen desirous of purchasing, may obtain any information as to the property or terms of sale by a communication in person or by letter, directed to Wm. Robins, Sr. of Gloucester County, Va.

October 6, 1829Richmond Enquirer (Richmond, Virginia)

            GLOUCESTER RACES – Fall Meeting.

            The Races over the Cumpfield Course, one and a half miles from Gloucester Court-House, will commence on Wednesday, the 28th day of October, 1829.        

  1st day, mile heats, entrance $50, free for any colt or filly, not exceeding 4 years old, that has never won

a race on any established course.

  2nd day, citizens’ purse $150, 2 mile heats, free for any horse, mare or gelding, entrance $50.

  3rd day. Jockey Club purse $300, 3 mile heats, entrance $20.

  4th day, Proprietor’s purse $50, mile heats, best three in five, free for any horse, mare or gelding, that has

not won a race, entrance $15, to be added to the purse.

  On the same day, a sweepstake for mules, mile heats, best three in five, entrance $5.

  2nd, 3rd and 4th day’s purses, subject to a discount of 10 per cent.

  There are eleven entries made to a produce sweepstake, to be run over the Cumpfield Course in the spring of 1833, one mile and repeat, one hundred dollars entrance, half forfeit, to close the 1st day of January, 1830. Gentlemen wishing to make an entry, will please direct to the Proprietor.

  Those members of the club, who should not be able to attend the fall meeting, will please forward their subscriptions, or the subscriber is bound to put them up.

  The 36th rule of the Club will be enforced against delinquents. T. CARY, Proprietor.

  The Proprietor will be, as heretofore, prepared to accommodate gentlemen.

  Board per day, $1.50; Man and Horse $2.00 Including fare at the race course

  Stableage and litter gratis.  Gloucester C. H. Oct. 5

December 2, 1829Baltimore Patriot (Baltimore, Maryland)

            MARRIED. On Tuesday evening, by the Rev. Dr. Glendy, Thomas H. Roberts of Matthews County, Va. to Miss Margaret, daughter of John Hutson, esq. of this city.

January 5, 1830Richmond Enquirer (Richmond, Virginia)

            Virginia Legislature.  A report to the committee of Privileges and Election, was taken up, on motion of Mr. Rives of Prince George – upon the case of Humphrey Billups, a member returned from the county of Mathews.  The report concludes with declaring that there is nothing in the two certificates produced by him, (the one stating that he has given up his license as a Local Preacher in the Methodist E. P. C.; and the other that he is enrolled in a militia company and musters in it) to satisfy the committee, that he has changed his character as Minister of the Gospel within the spirit and intent of the 14th Article of the Constitution; and they therefore come to this resolution: “Resolved, as the opinion of this committee, that H. Billups, a Delegate returned from the county of Mathews to serve in the present General Assembly, is not entitled to a seat therein.”

            This resolution was agreed to by the House – and on Mr. Hudgins’s motion, a writ of election was directed to issue to the Sheriff of Mathews to supply the vacancy.

May 11, 1830Richmond Enquirer (Richmond, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) WHITE MARSH FOR SALE. the Subscriber is authorized by the heirs and distributees of Mary M. P. C. Rootes, dec’d, to make sale of that valuable estate in the county of Gloucester and state of Virginia, called WHITE MARSH, supposed to contain about two thousand acres, 1209 of which are first rate Low Grounds; and the Hills of the best quality in that section of the country. A minute description of the Estate is unnecessary, as it is certain that persons disposed to purchase will examine it particularly; they are invited to do so, and Mr. A. Smith the Manager, residing on the premises, is instructed to show any gentleman who desires it, every part of the Estate. I will only add, that these Lands lay between Ware and Severn Rivers, and extending to both, affording navigation to vessels of large burthen, and furnishing fish and oysters of the best quality, and in great abundance. The improvements consist of a large brick Dwelling House, with four rooms on a floor, nearly new, and finished in the best style; all necessary out houses, some of them brick, and most of them new. The Low Grounds lay in one compact body, immediately in front of the house, without a single break, and every part to be seen from the dwelling at a single glance of the eye; they are finely calculated for the production of Barley, Wheat, Indian Corn, Cotton, &c.; in fact, this Estate is generally acknowledged by all who have seen it, to be the best of the same extent, and one of the handsomest in Virginia.

            The time of payment will be made to suit the purchaser, and the necessary number of hands to cultivate the Estate, together with the stock of every kind, farming utensils, &c. will be sold with it, if required.  JOHN TABB.

July 6, 1830Baltimore Patriot (Baltimore, Maryland)

            (Advertisement)  FOR SALE, The fine copper fastened and coppered schr. MARIA, carries 1000 Barrels – built in Mathews County, Va.  Apply to  WM. HOWELL & SON.

July 16, 1830Richmond Enquirer (Richmond, Virginia)

            WILLIAM & MARY COLLEGE. On the 5th inst. the Visitors, Professors and Students of William & Mary College, attended by an escort from Capt. Durfey’s troop of horse, moved in procession to the Church, when the solemnities of the day were introduced by a patriotic and impressive prayer, by the Rev. A. Emple, President of the College ...

            The Orations of the Graduates succeeded – and were as follows:


            On the History of Knowledge – by Jno. B. Jarvis of Mathews County

            The Orations being delivered, the degree of A. B. was conferred in the name of the Faculty …

August 13, 1830Richmond Enquirer (Richmond, Virginia)

            (Advertisement) Catalogue of the Officers, Students and Scholars of William & Mary College, for the Session of 1829-30  … John Stubbs, Gloucester co., Virginia

August 30, 1830Richmond Enquirer  (Richmond, Virginia)

            DISASTERS BY THE GALE – Norfolk, Aug. 20. – We continue to receive accounts of the depredations by the gale of Tuesday last. Capt. Turner, of the Matthews County Packet, informs us, that it was experienced with great violence for five hours in that section of the country, and prostrated trees, corn, &c. in its course; doing much damage to the corn and fodder.

            We further learn from Capt. Turner, that the Schr. Delight, Capt. Lewis, laden with corn or wheat (supposed from York River,) put into Pepper Creek, Matthews County, on Wednesday, with loss of foremast.

November 19, 1830Baltimore Patriot (Baltimore, Maryland)

            NORFOLK, Nov. 17. – Arrived, revenue cutter Campbell, Bicker, from a cruise – boarded the following vessels: Brig Commerce of N.Bedford … brig Susan, of St. Andrews …schr. Intention of Oxford … brig Pilgrim of St. Andrews … schrs Cypress from Baltimore … Post Boy from Eastport . – The above vessels remained at New Point Comfort on Monday last.

December 7, 1830Richmond Enquirer (Richmond, Virginia)

            A letter from Col. Wm. Jones of Gloucester, to a friend in the Virginia Legislature, dated Nov. 27th, says, that he had that moment seen in the Enquirer of the 19th, that he should be nominated as Judge of the first Judicial Circuit, to the next Legislature; and that this notification was mad without his knowledge or approbation. – “If (says he) in the prime of life, I should not wish the appointment, and had I a vote in this matter, no man is known to me, (in the circuit,) to whom I would give it with more pleasure than to him who is now the Judge, and who fills the office with much ability and propriety. As you are going directly to Richmond, I wish you to make this known; and, if you please, let this be published in the same paper.”

January 4, 1831Richmond Enquirer (Richmond, Virginia)

            (Advertisement)  Gumplains*, Mathews County, Va.  Messrs. Booth & Mills: - At the request of my neighbor, Philip E. Tabb, Esq., I have several times carefully examined his Thrashing Machine, said to be of your manufacture. And I have no hesitation in stating that in my judgment, it is the very best I have ever seen – combining, in a remarkable degree, the qualities of durability of workmanship, rapidity, and excellence of performance, with what I consider, not the least of its recommendations, perfect freedom from dangers to labourers, engaged in working it. I have a very good Machine of my own, but I certainly give the preference to yours.  Your ob’t serv’t, WM. H. ROY

*[Note: as printed; could be Green Plains]

February 14, 1831Baltimore Patriot (Baltimore, Maryland)

            MARRIED. At Green Plains, Matthews county, Va. on the 3d inst. by the Rev. John Cole, John Beverly Roy, Esq. merchant of that borough, to Miss Mary M. Roy, oldest daughter of the late James H. Roy, Esq.

April 12, 1831Baltimore Patriot (Baltimore, Maryland)

            (Advertisement)  FOR SALE OR FREIGHT. The copper fastened and coppered schnr. ANDREW JACKSON, Capt. Roberts ; carries 600 barrels, sails fast, built in Mathews County, Va. – She is about 12 months old and a first rate vessel. Apply to  WM. HOWELL & SON.

May 27, 1831Baltimore Patriot (Baltimore, Maryland)

            Body Found. – The body of a man was found about ten days since, on Four Point Marsh, mouth of Severn River, Gloucester County, Virginia, supposed to be the captain of a vessel sunk in the last gale in Mopjack [sic] bay, near New Point Comfort. On his person were found sundry papers, and money to the amount of $64. The name of Wheatley appears on some of the papers or on the pocket book. The papers and money are in the possession of Mr. Wm. Robins, of said county, who had the deceased decently interred.  Chronicle.

June 10, 1831Richmond Enquirer (