Pension Application of Andrew Straley: S38406

                        Transcribed and annotated by C. Leon Harris


Virginia towit

            At a Court held for the County of Giles on tuesday the 28th day of September 1819

            Personally appeared before the Court Andrew Straley aged Sixty five years resident in the County of Giles In the State of virginia who being first duly Sworn according to Law doth on his oath make the following declaration in order to obtain the provisions of the late act of congress Intitled an act to provide for Certain persons engaged in the land  & navel Sevice of the united States in the Revolutionary war–

            that he the said Andrew Straley was drafted and went into the Service in the month of august 1780 under Captain Epps in the Regiment Commanded by Colo Buford of the Second Regiment of the virginia line attached to the brigade Commanded by Genl. Green on Continental Establishment and that he the said Andrew Straley continued to Serve in that Corps and in the Service of the united states for Eighteen months the time for which he was drafted, and was then discharged at a place called the waxaws in the State of north Carolina [sic: see note below] and that he the said Andrew Straley let one Robert King have his said discharge, and that he the said Andrew Straley is in reduced Circumstances and stands in need of the assistance of his Country for Support and that he has no person in his power to prove the Services aforesaid by, and the Court do Certify that It appears to their Satisfaction that the Said Andrew Straley did serve Eighteen months at one time in the Revolutionary war as stated in the preceding declaration against the Common Enemy on Continental Establishment and they now transmit the testimony and proceedings taken & had before them to the Secretary for the department of war persuant to the directions of the aforementioned act of Congress


Virginia  Giles County towit

            On this 29th day of August in the year of Christ 1821 personally appeared in open Court being a Court of record having the power of fine & imprisonment  proceeding according to the course of the common law with a Jurisdiction unlimited in point of amount  keeping a record of its proceedings and has been Solemnly adjudged so by the [several illegible words] Andrew Straley aged Sixty Seven years resident in the County of Giles and State of Virginia who first being duly sworn according to law doth on his oath declare that he served in the revolutionary war Eighteen months as follows to wit, that he was drafted under Capt’n Epps in the latter part of the Summer 1780 and that he served in the regiment commanded by Colo Buford attached to the brigade Commanded by Genl. Green of the virginia line and that he served Eighteen months as aforesaid and was discharged at the waxaws in the Carolinas by Captain Stripling which discharge he has not now in his possession and he solemnly swears that he was a resident Citizen of the united states on the 18th day of march 1818 and that he has not since that time sold or in any manner disposed of his property or any part thereof with intent thereby so to diminish it as to bring himself within the provisions of an act of congress entitled an act to provide for certain persons engaged in the land and naval service of the Revolutionary war of the united states passed on the 18th day of march 1818 and that he has not nor any person in trust for him as Securities Contracts or debts due to him nor has he any income due to him but what is contained in the Schedule hereto annexed and by him subscribed to wit one horse  two Cows  two calves  Six Shotes  one sow & Piggs  one sheep  one heifer  also four in family  his wife 73 years of age  two girls one fifteen years of age the other Eleven years of age  his occupation has been that of a farmer while he had health & Strength to pursue but now he is old [two or three illegible words] not able to support himself and family [one or two illegible words] and he made a former Declaration of his services and obtained a pension warrant or certificate No 16.575 and rec’d $42 or thereabout on the said Certificate

Sworn to and declared this 29th day of august 1821               Andrew hisXmark Straley

and the Court are of the opinion that the total amount of value of the property Exhibitted in the aforesaid Schedule is forty Six dollars fifty Cents or thereabout


NOTE:   Some dates and other assertions in the deposition may be confused. The only known Col. Buford of the Virginia Line was Abraham Buford. In May 1780 he led a detachment of about 500 men to aid the besieged southern army at Charleston SC, but upon nearing the city he was informed that it had surrendered to the British on 12 May. Buford then retreated, but was overtaken and defeated by Lt. Col. Banastre Tarleton’s Legion at Waxhaws, South Carolina near the North Carolina line on 29 May. During the surrender a shot was fired, and Tarleton’s horse bolted, and his troops, perhaps thinking Tarleton had been shot, killed or wounded all but about two dozen of Buford’s men. Buford escaped, but he does not appear to have served again in the Carolinas.