Occupations have changed over the years, huh?
These were compiled from various Rootsweb mail lists, my own research, etc.
If you have some to add occupations or descriptions to add,
, please email me <nana321@tatumtel.net>
Almoner--Official dispenser of gifts, alms, charity, etc.
Amanuensis--One who takes dictation; A Secretary or stenographer
Artificer--One who constructs will skill; a skilled mechanic; an inventor
Bailie--A Sheriff's deputy; Bailiff
Bluestocking--Female writer; A literary woman
Boniface--Keeper of an inn
Brazier--A worker in brass; One who works with brass
Brewster--Beer manufacturer
Brightsmith--Metal Worker
Burgomaster--A Dutch, Flemish, or German mayor
Caulker--One who filled up cracks (in ships or windows or seems to make them watertight by using tar or oak-hem fiber)
Chaisemaker--Makes carriages
Chandler--A trader; Dealer; one who makes or sells candles; retailer of groceries; A shopkeeper
Chiffonnier--A wig maker
Clerk--Member of the clergy; cleric
Clicker--The servant of a salesman who stood at the door to invite customers; one who received the matter in the galley from the
compositors and arranged it in due form ready for printing; one who makes eyelet holes in boots using a machine which clicked.
Collier--A coal miner
Colporteur--Peddler of books
Cooper--One who makes or repairs casks, barrels, vessels made of staves
Cordwainer--Shoemaker, originally any leather worker using leather from Cordova/Cordoba in Spain
Costermonger--A street peddler of fruits, vegetables, etc.
Crowner--A public officer who's principle duty is investigation of the cause of deaths that are not clearly cused form natural causes; Coroner
Currier--One who dresses the coat of a horse with a
currycomb; one who tanned leather with oil or grease
Docker/Docker Stevedore--one who loads and unloads cargo; Dock Worker; Stevedore
Dowser--One who searches for water using a rod or witching stick
Draper--A dealer in cloth or dry goods
Drayman--One who drives a long, strong cart with removable sides for carrying heavy loads
Dresser--A surgical assistant
Drover--One who drives cattle, sheep, etc. to market; a dealer in cattle
Factor/Factor Agent--one who transacts business for another; Scottish steward of an estate; commission merchant
Farrier--A blacksmith, one who shoes horses
Fell Monger--One who removes hair or wool from hides in preparation for leather making
Fletcher--One who made bows and arrows
Fuller--One who fulls cloth;one who shrinks and thickens woolen cloth by moistening, heating, and pressing; one who cleans and finishes cloth
Gaoler--A jailer
Glazier--One who fits windows, doors with panes of glass
Hacker--Maker of hoes, axes, or other tools for chopping/hacking
Hatcheler--One who combed out or corded flax
Haymonger--Dealer in hay
Hayward--Keeper of fences
Higgler--A peddler that goes place to place
Hillier--Roof tiler
Hind--A farm laborer
Holster--A groom who took care of horses, often at an inn
Hooper--Cooper; One who makes or mends casks and barrels
Huckster--A peddler of wares, especially fruits & vegetables
Husbandman--A farmer who cultivated the land
Jagger--Fish peddler
Journeyman--One who has completed his apprenticeship in a skilled trade and mastered his craft, not bound to serve a master, but hired by the day
Joyner/Joiner--A carpenter
Kempster--Wool comber
Lardner--Keeper of the cupboard
Lavender--Washer woman
Lederer--Leather maker
Leech--A physician
Longshoreman--One employed on the waterfront to load & unload vessels; Stevedore
Lormer--Maker of horse gear
Maltster--A maker of or dealer of malts; Brewer
Manciple--A steward
Mason--One skilled in buildomg with stone, brick, concrete, etc.; A stone cutter; Bricklayer
Mintmaster--One who issued local currency
Monger--A dealer or trader--Seller of goods (ale, fish)
Muleskinner--One who drives mules; Teamster
Neatherder--Herds cows
Ordinary Keeper--Innkeeper
Pattern Maker--A maker of a clog shod with an iron ring. A clog was a wooden pole with a pattern cut into the end
Peregrinator--A wanderer
Peruker--A wig maker (mostly for men)
Pettifogger--An inferior lawyer, especially one dealing with insignificant cases; One who quibbles or fusses over trivalities
Pigman--Crockery dealer
Plumber--One who applies sheet lead for roofing and sets frames for plain or stained glass windows.
Porter--One who carries luggage for hire at a railroad station; Door keeper
Puddler--Converts molten pig iron into wrought iron; Wrought iron worker
Quarrier--Quarry/stone worker
Rigger--One who fits the rigging of ships; Hoist tackle worker
Ripper--One who sells fish
Roper--Makes rope or nets
Saddler--One who makes, repairs or sells saddles or other furnishings for horses
Sawbones--A surgeon; Physician
Sawyer--One who saws; carpenter; A sawmill worker
Scribler--A worthless or minor author
Scrivener--One who prepares deeds, contracts, & other writings; notary public; A clerk; Scribe
Scrutiner--Election judge
Slopseller--Seller of ready-made clothes in a slop shop
Snobscat/Snob--One who repaired shoes
Spinster--A woman who has reamined unmarried; A woman who spins
Spurrer--Maker of spurs
Squire--Country gentleman; Farm owner; Justice of peace
Stuff Gown/Gownsman--Junior barrister
Supercargo--An officer on merchant ship who is in charge of the cargo & the sale & purchase ot cargo; One who deals with the commercial concerns of the ship.
Tanner--One who tans (cures) animal hides into leather
Tapley--One who puts the tap in an ale barrel
Teamster--One who drives or owns a team for hauling
Thatcher--A roofer
Tide Waiter--Enforces customs regulations; Customs inspector
Tinker--A wandering seller & repariman of tin utensils such as pots & pans
Travers--Toll bridge collection
Tucker--One whos cleans cloth goods
Turner--A person who turns wood with a lathe
Victualer--A tavern keeper, or one who provides with food
Wagoner--One whose business is driving wagons; Teamster not for hire
Wainwright--A maker of wagons
Waiter--Customs officer or tide waiter; one who waited on the tide to collect duty on goods brought in.
Waterman--A man who works with a boat or small vessels on the water; A boatman
Webster--Operates looms
Wharfinger/Wharfager--One who keeps a wharf for landing goods & collects wharfage fees; Owner of a wharf
Wheelwright--One whose business is making or reparing wheels, wheeled carriages, etc.
Whitesmith--Tinsmith; worker of iron who finishes or polishes the work
Whitewing--Street sweeper
Whitster--Bleaches cloth
Wright--One who constructs, contrives, or creates, especially a construction worker
Yeoman--Farmer who owns a small piece of estate, farm, or land.