in Stockholms län (since 1714), middle part in Uppsala
län and a smaller western part in Västmanlands län
Regional city: Uppsala. Area: 12 677 sqkm. Pop:
1,053 million (1979), 804 790 (abt 1947).
One of the oldest
cultures in Sweden. The origin of the Swedish Realm (during
age) is believed to be here but disputed by some who say the origin is
in province Västergötland.
than 141 000 ancient remains are registered, dating from
early stone age onwards. >
150 ancient fortresses, > 1300 rune stones. Until the
radical changes of King Gustav Vasa in the 1520's Uppland
was the leading province politically. The early kings lived
here and many noblemen built castles. In 1296 the
provincial law, Upplandslagen was created.
The name Uppland is
identical to the term uppland, a word meaning
"land above the port" i.e. the land
"behind" a port or seaside trading place. The
"port" in this case would be in the Stockholm
area (Birka, Sigtuna after 1000 A.D.).