SweGGate StarGuide ®
This page is only for Job Titles. Additional glossaries here:
(like father, brother etc)
|Bruk - Iron industry||Legal system|
There are several job titles explained in the other dictionaries but for convenience many of them are listed here with links to the explanation.
Since spelling is sometimes a problem the titles are listed in groups rather than alphabetically.
Use Ctrl-F in your browser to search for words but try different spellings. Please note that the letters å, ä and ö are sorted after z in the alphabet in Swedish but on English/US computers sometimes å and ä with a and ö with o.
|arb, arbetare||A||= worker, labourer|
|ängsv. ängsvaktare||O||literally field guard - guarding the domestic animals on graze land against predators. Usually paid by the socken.|
|hagv., hagvaktare||O||= ängsvaktare.|
|inhyse(s)hjon||O||see gen. dict.|
|rotehjon||O||poor person (hjon) cared for by the rote|
|bygdehjon||O||poor person (hjon), supported by the socken. cf rotehjon.|
|dagkarl, dagakarl, dagekarl||O||= day-worker, an unskilled general labourer, employed and
paid day-by-day. (plural: add -ar).
At the start of the reign of king Gustaf Eriksson (Vasa) (abt 1523) a "dagakarl" with a scythe was paid 4 "vitten" and other "dagakarl" 1 "skilling".
|dagslönskarl||= dagkarl. (dagslön = day's wage).|
|lösdräng||O||dräng (farm hand/labourer) on short term contracts (< 1/2 year contracts). Used at least from 17th century.|
|vagabond||O||= vagrant. cf luffare|
|luffare||O||= vagrant. cf vagabond|
|Government||[definite from ending, plural ending]|
From land (here a form of län) and hövding = chief. The top official in the län, president of the länsstyrelse.
|befallningshavande, befallningsman, befälhavare||O||From befallning = (n) order, directive and havande
= having. Used for several supervisor / commander positions. Examples:
"Konungens Befallningshavande" = "K.B." or "Kunglig Majestäts Befallningshavande" ="K M.ts B" - the government for a län (county). Term used 1855 - 1918. After that named länsstyrelse.
In legal texts also used for senior officers in the old county organization, like kronofogde.
Befälhavare is mostly used in military titles = commander (all levels)
|tolvman||[-nen, tolvmän] Lay member (a Nämndeman) of the district court häradsrätt. There were 12 of those - hence the name (tolv = 12). This was a commission of trust.|
|nämndeman||[-nen, nämndemän] Member of the district court häradsrätt.|
|häradshövding||[-en, -ar] President of the district court häradsrätt.|
|häradsdomare||[-n, =] Honorary title for the oldest member of the district court häradsrätt.|
|häradsskrivare||O||[-n,=] Civil servant in the länsstyrelse (county government) responsible for a fögderi (a defined geographical area). Main tasks included census organization, compiling of taxation and real estate registers, calculating and billing of estate taxes etc.|
assistant to the police authority. Title known at least since 1530. Originally one
person for 1/4 of a härad (fjärding = 1/4) but later one per
parish. Served as debt collector, keeping order in public places, checking
Originally selected by the häradsfogde (according to a law from 1593) but from 1850 employed by the kommunalstämma. (SFS 1850, # 29). Title abolished in 1954.
|sexman||[-nen, sexmän) a member of the parish selected as a supervisor for the maintenance of the church and parsonage as well as of discipline and good habits of the parishioners. This was a commission of trust. It was abandoned by a change in the church law in 1862. cf tolvman|
|tullnär||O||[-en, -er] Old title for a custom's officer. Modern title is tulltjänsteman or coll. "tullare"|
|gränsridare||O||[=,=] Until 1923 the lowest rank of border customs officer. Later named gränsuppsyningsman.|
|see legal system|
|Bruk people||People working in the iron industry|
|see Bruk dictionary|
|Miltary||more military ranks|
|överste||O||military rank = colonel. See officer|
|överstelöjtnant||O||military rank = lieutenant colonel. See officer|
|överfurir||O||military rank. See underbefäl.|
|vicekorpral||O||lowest military rank. See underbefäl.|
|soldat, sold.||A||= soldier|
|rotesoldat||A||soldier recruited from a rote - see recruitment system|
|jägare||A||a kind of infantry soldier with light arms and high mobility|
|båtsman||O||regular navy soldier|
|reservbåtsman||O||regular navy soldier (= båtsman) but in the reserves|
|stadsbåtsman||O||båtsman from town or city recruited (as opposed to drafted) by special rules >more>|
|fotjägare||O||a kind of infantry soldier|
|hästjägare||O||a kind of cavalry soldier on foot|
|väbel||A||(German: vebel or feldvebel). A lower-rank officer ("underofficer") in charge of order and discipline, dispensing punishments and the military prison. A special case is a väbel in a medical unit who also is in charge of medical equipment and supplies. Why a "prison officer" in a medical unit ? Well - medical units treat different patients, e.g. psychotic patients and enemy soldiers in which case such an officer might come in handy.|
|lantbruksbefäl||O||same as jordbruksbefäl. lantbruk = jordbruk.|
|jordbruksbefäl||O||Group of supervisor jobs on larger farms.
From jordbruk = farming (jord = soil, bruk from bruka = use, cultivate) and befäl = commander, chief. There are several ranks of jordbruksbefäl - one commanding some of lower ranks.
|förvaltare||O||highest rank of jordbruksbefäl. More independent working conditions.|
|inspektor||O||work supervisor, 2nd level of jordbruksbefäl. Note that the title inspektor is used in several other work places as well, e.g. stationsinspektor (rail station supervisor)|
|rättare||O||work supervisor, 3rd level of jordbruksbefäl.|
|ladufogde||O||title for rättare at larger farms|
|befallningsman||O||title for rättare at farms in the Skåne - Blekinge area|
|åbo||O||Legal farm user. >more>|
|torpare||O||special type of farmer >more>|
|torpardotter||O||Daughter of a torpare|
|torparson||O||Son of a torpare|
|Craftsmen||(give me tips of more titles)|
|lärling||A||= trainee, apprentice. see Craftsmen's Training|
|gesäll||A||= journeyman. see Craftsmen's Training|
|mästare||A||= master. see Craftsmen's Training|
|flickare||O||from (old) flicka = patch up, repair. Used in some job titles like kittelflickare, skoflickare.|
|garvare||A||(garvere, gerfware, giärfware, gierfware) = tanner.|
|instrumentmakare||A||= maker of instruments, both technical and musical instruments.|
|kittelflickare||O||Craftsman repairing metal pots and pans. Kittel = (large) metal pot. cf flickare|
|konstförvant||O||also konstförvandt, literally "brother in art", old title for sättare (type-setter) or tryckare (printer /the person/). Sometimes prefixed to separate different businesses: Boktryckeri Konstförvandt (at a book printer's).|
|logarvare||A||= tanner using organic tanning methods. "lo" = tree bark used for tanning.|
|skoflickare||O||Shoemaker, or more precise a shoe repairman. cf flickare|
|snickare||A||= Carpenter. Möbelsnickare = cabinet-maker. Snickeri = carpenter's workshop.|
|skräddare||A||= Tailor. Sockenskräddare = appointed parish tailor.|
|skärslipare||O||Title / profession. Knife and scissors grinder. Several hundred years old. One of the professional guilds i.e. the were regulations as to how many persons could be in that profession in a given area at the same time. They often walked around, visiting the homes to do their work on a small cart with a grinding stone powered by a foot pedal.|
|urmakare||A||= watch / clock maker.|
|Professions at sea|
|Railways - General||järnväg = järnbana|
|bandirektör||O||Director in railway company, chief of the banavdelning (rail maintenance section)|
|järnvägstjänsteman||O||Railway company (white collar) employee. Before 1908 used only about higher rank employees. Lower rank employees were then named järnsvägsbetjänt. After 1908 all white collar employees are järnvägstjänstemän.|
|järnvägsbetjänt||O||Lower rank railway company (white collar) employee. Title not used after 1908.|
|järnvägsarbetare||O||railway worker (blue collar, general term)|
|(järnvägs)konduktör||A||conductor (Eng: guard).|
|järnvägslänsman||O||Temp assignment as policeman guarding building of a railway.|
|Railways - Stations|
|stationsinspektor||A||Superintendent at a large rail station. Abbrev. stins|
|stationsbefälhavare||Station commander. Used in several lines of work.|
|stationskarl||O||porter at a rail station.|
|Railways - On board|
|O||[pl: konduktörer] (BrEng) guard, (US Eng) conductor.|
|Railways - Tracks|
|baningenjör||O||Engineer responsible for inspection and maintenance of rail line(s).|
|banmästare||O||supervisor for banvaktsförmän (and the banvakter under those).|
|rallare||O||navvy = railway builder. Used in old times when tracks were built "by hand". Today rails are laid by cranes and special rail machines welding rails instead of leaving gaps at joints.|
|banarbetare||O||railway worker, working with the tracks.|
|banvaktsförman||O||[pl: banvaktsförmän] supervisor / foreman for a few banvakter.|
|banvakt||O||[pl: banvakter] (Railway) Lineman. Inspects his assigned stretch of tracks daily looking for damages. Also responsible for gates at rail/road crossings and signals/signposts along the tracks.|
|banvakterska||O||[pl: banvakterskor] female (Railway) (BrEng) Lineman, (US Eng) track-walker.|
|bangårdsförman||O||supervisor / foreman for the crew at a bangård (rail station yard).|
|handelsföreståndare||O||= store manager.|
note i brackets like this [p:staat] is
pronunciation for English speakers.
SAOB: Svenska Akademiens OrdBok, the huge standard encyclopaedia of Swedish language.
In the "T' = Time column: O = Old times, M = Moderns language, A = All times
Explanation by F Haeffner unless otherwise stated. Mail me your contribution or request.
|Last updated by||F Hae||2005-05-09 21:03||© Fredrik Haeffner, 2004-5|