African-American Confederate Pensioners
1888 - 1925
CONFEDERATE PENSION APPLICATIONS
The South Carolina General Assembly first authorized pensions to Confederate veterans on 23 December 1887 for "veterans who were citizens of the state, had an income of less than $250 a year, and had a disability that left them unable to earn a living" were eligible. It also allowed widows of soldiers or sailors who had died in service and earned less than $250 per year to apply. A state board approved applications with verification by county officials and doctors. The pensioners received five dollars a month during the first year.
In 1895, eligibility was expanded to include veterans and widows over the age of 60 who had incomes of less than $100 per year. In 1900, the income requirement was changed to less than $150 per year for disabled veterans and less than $100 for veterans over age 60. In 1919, eligibility was changed to include all veterans, and widows over the age of sixty who had married veterans before 1890.
In 1923, pensions were approved for African Americans who had served at least six months as cooks, servants, or attendants. In 1924, apparently because there were too many applications, the act was amended to eliminate laborers, teamsters, and non-South Carolinians.
the age of eligibility for widows to 55 in 1920, to 50 in
1921, and to
45 in 1930. The state of South Carolina paid Confederate widow
until the last widow passed away in 1990.
Note: This is not a complete
Abraham, Needham - Laborer under Capt. Hutson, served 1862, application no. 7405, (Bishopville)
Albert, Henry - Laborer under Capt. Devereaux, Castle Pinckney, application no. 7406 (Bishopville)
Bristow, McDonald - (no details)
Daniels, Jake -(no details)
Oliver, Solomon - (no details)
McDonald, Mitchell - Laborer under Capt. Anderson, served 1862 - 1863, born in Sumter Co. (Elliotts)
Myers, Robert - Servant under Capt. Spratts, Co. I 49th Regt, served 1863-1864, appl. no 7495 (St. Charles)
Sampson, John - Cook
Capt. Shavers and Capt. Carson, served 1862 - 1865, appl. no.
Charles, Jesse - Servant under William R. Coskrey, Co. I 23rd Regt., Capt. H.H. Lesense, served April 1861 - April 1865, appl. no. 2765
Clyburn, Sam Sr - Servant under Lt. T.J. Clyburn, Co. G. 2nd S.C. Regt., Capt C.C. Hail, served April 1861 - 1865, appl. no. 2766 (Manning)
Galluchut, July - Laborer on the Charleston area fortifications, wounded at Ft. Sumter, Sept. 1863, left leg aputated below knee and left hand amputated, applied 26 Mar. 1889, approved 16 April 1889 (Manning)
Johnson, Merriman - Servant under Ellison Smyth, Co. B. 44th Regt., Capt D.J. Bradham, served Nov. 1864 - surrender (St. Paul)
Johnson, William - (no details)
Wheeler, Joseph - Servant under Capt. R.E. Wheeler, Co. H 26th Regt., served Dec. 1861 - Aug. 1864, appl. no. 2767 (Turbeville)
Weatherspoon, Robert -
Servant under Capt. W.S. Brand, Co. K 26th Regt, served Mar.
1862 - 9 April
1865, appl. no. 2768 (New Zion)
Brown, Nina - widow of R. Sebastian Brown, filed for pension 26 April 1919. husband served under Capt. James Spann in Co. G, Hampton's Legion and in Co. K 7th Regt. SC Cavalry (Rembert) note: Nina Sanders was black, her husband was white.
Cooper, Daniel - Servant under Lt. W. A. Cooper, Brown's Reserves guarding prisoners at Florence, S.C. appl. 11276b
Pearson, Warren - Servant under James B. Fort, Co. E 3rd Regt State Troops, Capt. Bradley, appl. no. 11276b
Wilson, Robert - Servant under Lt. B.F. Wilson, served entire war, appl. 11270b
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