Settlers XVI: George Whitefield Potter and the New England Migration

The Hatton Family Crest
Courtesy of Ernest Hatton, Jr.

Settlers XVI: George Whitefield Potter and the New England Migration

Descendants of George Whitefield Potter
With a Sidebar on the Oeschley/Exley and Dudichum Families

by Ernest A. Hatton 2nd, 3rd Great Grandson of George Whitefield Potter
and Great Grandson of Charles William Hatton
Ernie can be reached at [email protected].

In mid-2002, as he continued his research into colonial and postcolonial migrations and marriages by and among the Potter descendants, Ernie Hatton sent us the following overview of his research efforts:

I have been writing a very extensive book on the Potter families, their relativies by marriage and other families with whom they shared the toil and sacrifices of life in the New World. Mine though is geared more to the personal side. It's really a story about all the folks that contributed to the country from the beginning to those that arrived at the turn of the century. The genealogy part, or names, contains not just Potters, but most of the family names from those times. I didn't want to limit myself, or the book, to a genealogy about just my family. My intention was to show history through the typical American family. I think history would be better served if someone could write something that more people can connect with.The children in school are presented the same thing rehashed over and over again with the same names. Seldom do they hear their own. They hear about Washington, Jefferson, Lincoln and others but seldom hear the names like ours, and theirs.

That is the problem with history. It fails to involve us all even though our families may have been deeply involved, perhaps a few feet from Washington and Lincoln, but the farmer, coal miner and typical American isn't in those books. We, most of us, are referred to as the farmers, coal miners, troops, Washington's army. A collective name given to all of us. When I started to show my daughter that our family was a part of history. In other words, that we were there during the Revolution, Civil War, in the coal mines later, and I was able to help her identify personally with history, it made such a big difference in her interest in school, at least as far as American history/government was concerned. One of the reasons I didn't restrict myself was because the more names in the background genealogy the more children could identify with the story of America.

There are no famous people in my story, except for a passing mention here and there. Not that I want to downplay our historical figures; it's just that I want to elevate and present a picture of the rest who contributed so much. The farmer who farmed and fought. The coal miners who contributed so much. I think a good example of what I'm talking about is how, because of the news media today, we saw the great American heroes on September 11th. and after. The unknowns finally had names and their contributions recognized. When great historical events like that happened in our past they would not have been known in such a personal manner. History would have again referred to the "firemen, policemen and others", no names attached. It would be seen and written as seen through the eyes of government officials or the intellectual elite only. I was reading a book about the Revolutionary War and one of the typical passages was about Washington staying one night in a manor home while the troops bedded down in the snow not far away. I though wouldn't it be interesting to tell the story from the viewpoint of the cold and often frostbitten soldier. What a sacrifice! Now to put names and personalities to these poor suffering souls.

When I was reading the new additions to our family istory, I was familiar with the founding of most of the places mentioned. A lot of the families mentioned that settled on Monmouth, Connecticut farms, for example, were from Granville, Massachusetts. Ohio was then settled by Munsons and others from Granville Massachusetts. As I got deeper into my writing and research, I found that my wife was a cousin [ Munson] and our daughter a cousin to both of us through both families. That is making history personal alright!

The children of William Potter settled on Connecticut farms. Another connection!....that was very early mid-1600s.... and a few of John Potter's family also went to Monmouth. William and John Potter were brothers and the first settlers of New Haven in 1639. You can read all about the fouding of these communities and their first families in the East Haven Register.

I was also able to get copies of the original Wills of Phineas/Phinehas and Daniel Potter, who both fought in the Revolutionary War. I have only begun to put the final story together. Please join me for this journey back in time to the 17th century to meet the "unknown Potters" who helped build our country.

Ernie Hatton
August 2002

The Potter Family

Northern Pennsylvania and Upstate New York were in many cases settled by families from Connecticut and Massachusetts. The Potter family was one such and this is their story in Sullivan county.

George Whitefield Potter was born in Hartwick, Otsego County, NY on July 9, 1806, and died December 6, 1876, in Sullivan County, Pennsylvania; he is buried in Forksville with his wife Camilla. George was the son of Deacon Daniel Potter, who served seven years in the Revolutionary War.

The early Potter history in America is recorded in at least three references. These include Genealogies of the Potter Families and their Descendants in America, edited by Charles Edward Potter (Boston, 1888), The New England Historical and Genealogical Register (Vol. 54, pages 20-26, Boston 1900), and The New Haven Genealogical Magazine (Vol VI, No. 3, January 1930). The first source includes outstanding family trees for the early Potter generations in America, and includes excerpts from the wills of the various Potters. The second reference includes the will information as well as a list of Potter births, marriages, and deaths in New Haven, Connecticut. The last reference contains an outline of births, deaths, children, and marriages.

Editor's Note: You can also read additional Potter family history at these sites:
1.) Descendants of Nathaniel Potter
2.) Descendants of James Watton Potter
3.) Descendants of William Wilson Potter

The first of our Potter family, Puritans, arrived in 1635 with Hannah Potter Beecher, widowed and remarrried to John Beecher. She arrived with her son William Potter and family. Her son John Potter arrived in 1638 and it is from John that Ernie Hatton, our contributor, and other Potters from this line are descended. This family of Potters is referred to as the New Haven Potters and can be found in the book Families of Ancient New Haven (see reference footnote at the end of this page). Both William and John signed the original Covenants and were first settlers of what became New Haven CT.

Editor's Note:

In Feburary 2002, Ernie Hatton informed us that: The genealogist for "First Families of America" has approved the descendancy from John Potter, a founder of New Haven, CT., to myself and my daughter Dawn Marie Hatton. First Families are families that arrived prior to 1662. Ours arrived in 1635 with John's mother Hannah and his brother William. John arrived in 1638. Both were grown men at the time of arrival.

The brothers John and William Potter were born in England in 1607 and 1608. Both signed the Plantation Covenant in New Haven, Connecticut on June 4, 1639, just nineteen years after the Pilgrims settled at Plymouth, Massachusetts. They were among the first settlers of New Haven. John and William appeared in New Haven along with their mother, Hannah Potter Beecher (remarried). Her first husband, surnamed Potter, died in England. John married Elizabeth Wood in Chesham Co., Bucks, England on April 14, 1630. Together they had sons John, Jr. (b. 1635) and Samuel, both of whom were baptized in New Haven in 1641. John, Sr. died as early as 1643 with an estate of 25 English pounds. The direct lineage to John has been proven and therefore the Potters are members of the " First Families of America".

America's First Families
John Potter (1635-1706)
Courtesy of Ernest Hatton, Jr.

John Potter Jr. married Hannah Cooper in 1661. He purchased a homestead in East Haven in 1662. He was at least partly employed as a blacksmith. John and Hannah had nine children, at least six of whom died as infants or in early childhood. The three that became adults include Hannah (b. 1665), John the 3rd ("Sergeant") (b. 1667), and Samuel (b. 1675). Hannah died in 1675, and John Jr. remarried Mary Hitchcock Russel. John and Mary had a daughter, Abigail, in 1680. John Jr. died on December 24, 1706.

Sergeant John Potter the third (1667-1712) married Elizabeth Holt in 1691-2. Together they had seven children, including Joseph (b. 1691), John (b. 1695), Elizabeth (b. 1697), Gideon (b. 1700), Daniel (b. 1701-2), Enos (b. 1706), and Samuel (b. 1708). Upon the death of John and Elizabeth, their land was divided among the children. Daniel Potter (1701-2 to 1747) married Hannah Holbrook (or Hollock) in 1728. They had a family, including Nathan (b. 1729), Eunice (b. 1731), Phineas (b. 1733), Hosea (b. 1735), Lois (b. 1737), and Elam (b. 1742).
,br> Phineas Potter(1733-1799) was born January 7, 1733 in Winchester, CT and died in Otsego County, NY between January 8, 1799, the date his will was made, and April 2, 1799, the date his will was probated. He also served in the Revolutionary War in Captain Hill's company from Winchester, CT in 1788 (cf., DAR Lineage Book, Volume 3, page 338). He married Dorcas Hinman, whose father was Ebenezer Hinman who served in the first assembly in 1776. More Hinman family members fought in the Revolutionary War than any other family. This family lived in Woodbury, Connecticut, about twenty-five miles northwest of New Haven, and later in Winchester, Connecticut. The children included Sheldon, Daniel (b. 1759), Salem or Salmon (b. 1774), and Freedom Potter(b. 1776)

"Deacon" Daniel Potter (1760-1828) was born January 31, 1760 in Woodbury, Connecticut, the second child of Phineas Potter. Daniel Potter enlisted at Woodbury, Connecticut on May 23, 1776 as a private in Captain Granger's Company, Colonel Webb's 2nd regiment of Connecticut. Later he became a corporal in Captain Higbee's Company, Colonel Samuel P. Webb's regiment, and remained in service in the Revolutionary Army until the end of the war. He was honorably discharged at West Point, N.Y. in June 1783. Daniel married Naomi Crissey (b. 1759) in 1785. Together they had eight children, including Daniel Jr. (b. 1786), Abijah (b. 1788), Joseph Crissey (b. 1790), Alvan (b. Nov. 1791), Philo (b. 1793), Chester (b. 1795), Harvey (b. 1797), and Naomi (b. 1800).

At some point after Alvan's birth in 1791, Daniel moved to New York State. Naomi died in 1803 and Daniel remarried a widow, Martha Saunders, on February 28, 1804 in Hartwick, Otsego County, NY. A picture of his home is shown below. Martha had a son, Samuel Saunders, by her previous marriage. Together Daniel and Martha had one son, George Whitefield Potter, born in 1806. Daniel applied for a pension from Hartwick, Otsego County, N.Y. and was pensioned as a pensioner from Connecticut. Daniel died on June 16, 1828. Part of his will is on file at the Daughters of the American Revolution library in Washington, D.C. It states that he is to be buried in a plain pine coffin "under the cold clods of the earth by the side of Naomi, the wife of my youth."

Note: The DAR application for Deacon Daniel Potter is on record. A copy was given about 1930-40 to a 1/2 cousin in Scranton. The application mentions George Whitefield Potter as Daniel's son by Mrs. Martha Saunders, a widow. All Daniel's other children were the children of his first wife, Naomi Crissey. So, this 1/2 cousin did a wonderful thing by noting that Daniel had another son by his second wife, making things much simpler for later family historians like me. A wonderful and thoughtful gesture! George was also the executor of Daniel's will along with his half- brother Alvin Potter. So, people do consider others and future generations.--Ernie Hatton )1/29/02

Home of Daniel Potter (1760-1828)
Hartwick, Otsego County, NY
As It Appeared in 2007
Courtesy of Amy Ford

Amy Ford describes the house as follows:

It is a gray house with black shutters built from the lumber of the Congregational church. Some of the exterior walls and flooring are original. The foundation is original to the church. The house was built by a man named Welcome Richards in 1852. It was called the "Welcome House". Excess lumber was used to build a schoolhouse in a neighboring yard. Welcome and his wife Hannah are buried in the village cemetery.

Here is a picture of Daniel's headstone:

Headstone for "Deacon" Daniel Potter (1760-1828)
Otsego County, NY
Reads: " Served seven years a Revolutionary Soldier, 42 years a soldier under King Immanual, felled by an arrow, commissioned by Almighty God, hoping for eternal life through the undivided Sovereign Grace in Christ"
Photo contributed by Ronald Potter

Daniel's second wife Martha applied for Revolutionary War pension benefits in Otsego County from 1851-1853. Various testimony is on record trying to prove her marriage to Daniel; however, she stated that the only record of their marriage were destroyed when a fire destroyed the Potter home and burnt the family records in 1822. Martha did appear to receive a pension and even some land. She died in 1856. Martha's son George Whitefield Potter married Camilla Bliss of Hartwick, Otsego County, New York in 1828. She was the daughter of Charles Bliss and Abigail Rowley. The Bliss family also arrived from England in the early 1600s. From this union there were six known children: Cordelia, born 1829, baptised at Fly Creek, Otsego County, NY, married Rhodolphus Alger of Otsego County, New York; Daniel Wellington, born 1832, who married Maria Smith; Abigail, born 1835, married Moses Austin Rogers of the Rogers family of Plunkett's Creek, Sullivan County, PA; Ellen, born 1841, George Gilbert, born 1845, married Louisa Hartman (he served in the Civil War); and George W.

After the marriage between George Whitefield Potter and Camilla Bliss, the family removed to Towanda, Bradford County, PA. They later removed to Forks, now called Forksville, Sullivan County, Pennsylvania. George Whitefield Potter and Camilla Bliss Potter are buried in Forksville.

Microfilmed records at the National Archives include the documents of the Potter pension and a variety of letters by various relatives asking for information about their relationship to Daniel Potter. For example, a letter from James H. Potter (1931) states he is a grandson of Daniel Potter (1858 - 1842) born in Plymouth, Connecticut, with a brother named Robert. This is probably a different Daniel Potter than "ours". How James or a number of other later Potters are related to our Daniel is unknown, but, considering that Daniel had eight children by his first marriage and one by the second, the number of descendants was probably considerable. Howeer, in May 2008, Ernie Hatton informed the genealogical community that the International Society of Genetic Genealogy had tested a DNA sample from one male in each of the two lines thought to be descended from Deacon Daniel Potter and his sucessive wives. The match was perfect and proves that George Whitefiled Potter was indeed a half-sibling to the children of Daniel and his first wife, Naomi.

Alvan Potter (1791-1863), the fourth child of Daniel Potter and Naomi Crissey, married twice. The Charles Potter book (1888) describes his marriage to Mary Randall in 1811. Together they had three children, including Justus, Maria (b. 1825), and L.B. Mary Randall Potter died in 1829. Alvan then married Mary Barker (1803-1869) in 1830. They had at least three children: Leland Barker, b. 1833; Alvan S.. b. 1838; and Harriet A., b. 1841 (birth dates from the 1850 census). There is conflicting evidence as to whether Leland B. ("L.B.") was the child of Mary Randall or Mary Barker. The 1850 and 1860 census ages for Leland suggest Mary Randall died at least four years before his birth, and that he was the child of Mary Barker. In 1850, the family was living in Otsego Township, Otsego County, NY. It is probable that Leland had older brothers and sisters that do not show up on the census, since they had left the Alvan Potter family home by 1850. Alvan is listed as a "tinner" or tinsmith for his occupation.

Leland B. Potter was the oldest child of Alvan Potter and Mary Barker. When Leland was seventeen, he was a clerk living with the Stillman family in Otsego County, NY. Leland moved to Scranton sometime between 1850 and 1855. He married Helen Caroline Finch in 1856. Helen C. Finch was the daughter of Asahael P. Finch and Sarah Tuthill Finch, who had moved to Scranton in 1855. Leland and Helen had several children, including Harriet Finch Potter (Hattie), b. 1857; Walter (may have died as a child); and Helen. Leland carried on the profession of his father, Alvan, being a tinner or tinsmith. The 1860 census shows his occupation, and that he had a young man, William Blaue (?), age 18, from Scotland, who was also a tinner, living with the family. Leland eventually started the L.B. Potter Mine Supply Company, a wholesale business dealing in mine, mill, railroad supply and safety equipment. He operated this business until his death in 1896. Helen was one of the best known women of the city. She was active in the Washburn St. Presbyterian Church, and a social worker. In 1861, Leland and Helen built a solid brick 13-room home in the Italianate style in the borough of Hyde Park (153 Main Avenue). The Hyde Park borough predates the city of Scranton. The home had sixteen-inch thick interior walls, ten foot ceilings, oak flooring throughout, and real operable shutters. It was quite a substantial house for its time. The Potter house is still standing with various colonial modifications, and is currently owned by Richard Leonori, an architect in Scranton.

Leland and Helen Potter's daughter, Hattie, married Eugene Fowler Marsh in January 1885. Every few weeks, Helen Caroline Finch Potter would hitch up the horse and buggy and ride from Hyde Park to Columbia St. in the Green Ridge section to see Hattie. She usually brought cod fish for lunch and she showed her daughter the correct way to cream it, always using an egg in the cream sauce. This recipe was also passed down to Hattie's daughter-in-law, Helen Hagen Marsh.

Leland and Helen's daughter, Helen, married Robert J. Williams on July 18, 1894. After Leland and Helen's death, Helen and Robert Williams lived in the Potter house, and the house stayed in the Williams family until around 1940, when they both died. Helen taught school for twenty years. She was a member of the Washburn Presbyterian Church, and the first president of the women's auxiliary to the west side hospital. She was at one time the president of the board of managers of the Home For the Friendless, and a member of the Daughters of the American Revolution. Robert J. Williams worked with his brother in J.D. Williams and Brothers Co. They were in sporting goods, and ran a toy store. They later entered the restaurant business, and got into the bread, ice cream and candy business. The Williams family is credited with bringing ice cream to the city of Scranton. Robert and Helen had one son, Gerard R. Williams. Gerard ran the Williams family-operated bakery, which served the Scranton community for 115 years. Gerard married Ruth Evans, and had four children including Gerard Jr., Margaret Ann, Wayne, and Lawrence Williams.


George Whitefield Potter

As mentioned above, George left Connecticut and spent time in New York State where he married Camilla Bliss in 1828. Camilla was born on December 7, 1809 and died January 15, 1888. Here is a picture of their gravestones in Forksville, PA:

Gravestones of George Whitefield Potter and Camilla Bliss Potter

The Bliss and Rowley families were from Massachusetts and Connecticut. George settled in Colley prior to 1860 and is found in that census. Other Potter families arrived between 1840-50 and are listed in the 1850 census. George settled in what was then referred to as Forks, now Forksville. As stated above, he and Camilla had six children. Two died before they settled in Forks. The four remaining children were Cordelia, Daniel Wellington, Abigail, and George Gilbert.

Cordelia (1829-1904) married Rhodolphus Alger (1824-1898) in Dushore on October 24, 1855. They had a daughter, Phebe Ann Alger, no additional information available at this time. The couple ultimately returned to Otsego County, NY where they died and are buried in the Laurens Village Cemetery. Their photographs are shown below.

Rhodolphus Alger (1824-1898)
Husband of Cordelia Potter

Cordelia Potter (1829-1904)
Wife of Rhodolphus Potter
Daughter of George and Camilla (Bliss) Potter

Source: Auction on eBay in August 2005
Original photos taken by R. E. Chillman, 914 Arch Street, Philadelphia, PA

Daniel married Mary and resided on a farm near Dushore. Abigail married Moses Rogers of Forksville, son of Moses Rogers, also early settlers. George Gilbert Potter, born in 1842, was referred to as Gilbert Potter and there are no references to him as George Gilbert. He enlisted at Laporte and served in the Civil War in Company B, 58th. Regiment, and received a pension of $4.00 a month after the war. Our contributor, Ernie Hatton has copies of two of his letters written home during the War, and also a letter from his father giving permission for him to serve. You can examine a sample of this correspondence at The Potter Letter. His letters sent during the war refer to the Heverly family, also early settlers. Here is a picture of "Gilbert".

George "Gilbert" Potter

George Gilbert Potter married Louisa Hartman. Louisa's first husband was Jacob Beaver, an ancestor of George Beaver of Mildred. The children of Louisa and George Gilbert Potter were Mertie; Gussie, whose first husband was named Wood and who then married William John Wilson; Ellen; Rudolphus Alger aka "Doll" Potter, who married Emma Wellman of New York State and lived on Sugar Hill; Jennie; James Blaine; and William. Here is a family picture taken between 1896 and 1899 of Louisa and her children.

The Family of Gilbert and Louisa Hartman Potter
Back: Mertie, James Blaine, Ellen, Rudolphus, Jennie and William
Front: Louisa and Gussie Potter Wilson

Here is a picture of Louisa among representatives of four generations of her family. Mertie was the daughter of George Gilbert Potter and Louisa Hartman. Gordon was Mertie's son and Delores was the daughter of Gordon.

Four Potter-Hartman Generations
L to r: Louisa (Hartman) Potter (wife of George Gilbert Potter); Mertie Cecilia Potter (married Henry Charles Exley);
Gordon R. Exley (married Anna Marie Gallagher); and Delores Exley, their child
Courtesy of Ernest Hatton, Jr.

Mertie Cecelia Potter married Henry Exley who was, in fact, Heinrich Oeschley. The "y" on the end of the name is just a mark made that appears to be part of the name, or it is an English addition. His father was August Oeschley and is buried at Peace Church with the Dudichum family. Henry's mother was Caroline Schuster/Shuster. Caroline Shuster and August Oechsle [y} were Henry Exley's parents. They appear on his birth certificate as August Exley and Caroline Shuster. This is where the name Exley probably entered into the picture, transcribed wrongly. Both August and Henry used the name Oechsle [y] and it appears later in the baptism of Mertie after she maried Henry as Mertie Oechsle[y]. Later, they decided to use was simpler and appears on his birth certificate. Henry and Mertie named a daughter Caroline. She died the same day I was born.

Here is a picture of Mertie Potter and one of the gravestone of August Oeschley, which has largely faded.

Mertie Cecilia (Potter) Exley
Taken in Philadelphia after her son,
Gordon Rudolphus Exley, became the first
Director of Transportation for the City of Philadelphia
Note: Ernie Hatton, our contributor remembers his grandmother Mertie well.
She died when he was 25 years old.

August Oeschley Gravestone
Peace Church, Cherry, PA

August Oechsle/Oechsley was born in Murrhardt, Germany and is buried with the Dudicum family. His wife was Caroline Shuster. August Oechsle's son was Henry Charles(Heinrich Charles Oechsle[y]) Exley. He married Mertie Celia Potter.They took over the Potter farm on Sugar Hill in Sullivan County, PA. Robert Arnold Exley still lived there with his wife, Joan Vogel Exley, in 2005. There is a relationship between the Oechsle[y]/Exleys and Dudicum/Duduchum but that relationship is not known. It is possible that one of Caroline Schuster/Shuster's sisters was married to a Dudicum/Dudichun. Mertie Celia Potter was baptised as an adult married to Henry Oechsley. She was baptised as Mertie Oechsle in the German Lutheran Church. At some period, Henry Exley and wife took the name Exley and no longer used Oechsle[y], indicating clearly that Henry's father was August Oechsle[y] as stated on Henry Exley's birth certicate that Ernest Hatton obtained from the state of Pennsylvania. When studying old families in Murrhardt, he found both families. The proper spelling for Dudicum was "Dudichum", an old family, and Oechsle was originally from the German "Ochs" meaning 'ox', In Middle High Germanthe word was 'ohse', probably a nickname for a strong or lumbering individual, anoccupational name for someone who tended or drove oxen, or for a cattle dealer. August Oechsle[y] was in the Army; nothing else is known. It appears he followed Caroline Shuster to Sullivan County, where he later died and is buried at Peace Church. There are no records of any other family members in the area.

As we just stated, when Mertie and Henry got married, the certificate read "Exley". However, when she was baptized into the Lutheran Church, as an adult daughter of Gilbert and Louisa Hartman Potter, Mertie used the name "Oechsley". So, the names were interchangeable and one was just an anglicized version of the other.

Mertie Potter and Henry Exley had these children: Gordon Rudolphus; Albert; Leo; Cecelia, who married Charles Papke; and Caroline married Conrad Papke, all of Sugar Hill, Cherry Township.

Vernie Noecker of Shoemakersville, PA has thrown some light on this set of relationships. In August, 2001, she contributed the following information about the Dudichums and her thoughts about how they might have been connected with the Exley family. According to Vernie:

Another early pioneer family that I have been trying to trace are also buried at Frieden's or Peace Church. They are the DUDICUM/DUDICHUM family. What I do have is an emigration record from Wuerttenberg , Germany, in December, 1853 for these brothers and sisters:

1. FREDERICKA DUDICUM, b. Wuerttenberg d. Sullivan County, PA,buried in an unmarked early grave in front of the door to Peace Church
Note: She was also known as "Aunt Ricky"
Their children were Rose, Fietta, George and Adam Vogel.

2. ROZEINA CAROLINE DUDICUM b. 10-3-1825 Wuerttenberg, d. 1-11-1892 at age 67y3m7d
m. NICHOLAS KARGE of Sullivan County, PA
Their children were George and Agnes Karge.

3. GOTTLOB KARL DUDICUM b. Wuerttenberg 3-19-1832, d. 8-21-1890
m. MARY ______
Their children were:

CHARLES DUDICUM, b. 2/1873; guardian: Nicholas Karge
ROSA DUDICUM, b. 12/1875, also known as "Rosie"

Note: There was also possibly a child born to Mary, the subsequent wife of Gottlob Karl Dudicum, from a previous relationship with August Oeschley/Exley. That child, Henry Oeschely, later anglicized to Exley, was abandoned by the Exley family when August died and Henry was left alone as a boy. It has been rumored that he was found in a barn by himself. I don't know how he made it to manhood. However, I did ask my father lately and he hesitated but said yes it was something like that. He didn't know all the details except that one parent was not Henry's real parent. The Dudicum and Exley families were definitely related somehow. I also have photos of relatives of Henry. Some have names; others don't. There was an uncle _______ Tismer, for example. Mary & Gottlob are buried in row 17 at Peach Church with AUGUST OECHSLEY/EXLEY buried between them.

4. ERNEST KARL DUDICUM, b. 5-11-1846, Heidelberg,Baden, Germany

Oral family history recalls there being three more sisters who emigrated at the same time. We may not have picked up on them if they were already married or if very young when the family emigrated in 1853.

Henry was the great-grandfather of Ernie Hatton, our contributor. Here are Ernie's thoughts along the same lines of his family origins:

August Oechsley was the father of Henry Exley. Henry had other brothers and sisters. One, Rosie, that I have a photo of [see below], was apparently the daughter of Gottlob Dudichum mentioned by Vernie.
August died and then poor Henry was indeed left stranded. Rosie, apparently, came to visit her brother from Philadelphia or from somewhere. These are from the ears of a little boy now, me. About 55 years ago, I heard my great grandmother Mertie Potter Exley saying to someone that Henry was a "half brother" to the rest of the children and that his mother, engaged, became pregnant by another man, prior to her marriage. However, the man she was engaged to marry, married her anyway. I'm pretty sure Henry's mother was named Caroline (could have been her middle name, since Vernie Noecker thinks the mother was named Mary); that's what was said and Henry eventually named a daughter Caroline.

The Dudichum (various spellings) family is from the same area as the Oechsley family in Germany. So, there are some clues to the mystery of their relationship. I have looked into their emigration records and also residency/employment history in Philadelphia in the 1800s. Here is what the emigration records show:

Here is the picture of "Rosie" found in the Exley farmhouse in Mildred, PA. The back of the photo indicates that it is "Henry's sister", but no last name is given, so we cannot be sure if she was an Exley, a Dudichum or something else, or exactly what type of relationship existed between Henry and Rosie.

Possibly the half-sister of Henry Exley
Found in the Exley homestead in Mildred, PA
Late 19th or Early 20th Century
Contributed by Ernie Hatton

page 35

Name: Dudichum, Ernst Karl
Birth Date: 11 May 1846
Birth Place: Heidelberg/Baden
District: Backnang
Application Date: Dec 1853
Destination: North America
Number: 548408

page 35
Name: Dudichum, Gottfried Karl
Birth Date: 2 Jan 1853
Birth Place: Murrhardt
District: Backnang
Application Date: Dec 1853
Destination: North America
Number: 548408

page 35
Name: Dudichum, Rosine, Caroline & C.
Birth Date: 3 Oct 1823
Birth Place: Murrhardt
District: Backnang
Application Date: Dec 1853
Destination: North America
Number: 548408

Clearly, some contingency of the DUDICHUM family emigrated to the United States in 1853, including three sisters and two male children. I have not yet worked out all the connections. Gotfried Dudichum may have been the formal husband of Caroline, who had born the child named Henry with August Oechsley. Gotfried also had a daughter named "Rosie" who was a half-sister to Henry Oechsley/Exley. I also found a John A. Dudichum living in Philadelphia at 1414 North Fifth Street, and working as a carpenter, in 1890. The full relationship is not yet known, but is getting clearer.

I found some Exleys in Philadelphia, but, once everything started to match, they didn't want to pursue this story.

Below is a photo of Henry Exley's mother with her two sisters. Caroline apperas to have been born in 1846. The second picture shows Caroline's older sister Mary or "Maria", born 1833, with several unidentified children. Their maiden name was apparently Schuster or perhaps Shuster, the version given in Henry Oechsley's death certificate. The picture appears to indicate the married last name of each sister. Note that one of these is "Tismer", which fits in with Vernie Noecker's comment above. Caroline Shuster Exley appears to be the correct name of Henry's mother, with whom he was living . Her obit also states "Caroline". I took this photo of the original photo while in Mildred at the farm in the summer of 2001.

The Schuster Sisters
Apparent Surnames of Tismer, Exley and Zinzarah
Photo taken and contributed by Ernest Hatton, Jr in Summer 2001

Mary Shuster
Sister of Caroline (Shuster) Exley
With Unidentifed Children
Photo courtesy of Ernest Hatton, Jr.

Gordon R. Exley, son of Henry and Mertie Potter Exley, married Anna Marie Gallagher of Philadelphia. She was the daughter of Joseph James Gallagher and Bridget Theresa Duffy. Gordon was later appointed to the Mayor's Cabinet in Philadelphia and served three terms. Here are two pictures: one of James Joseph Gallagher and Henry Exley, great-grandfathers of our contributor, Ernie Hatton; the other of Anna with her grandson, our contributor, at less than six months of age. The first picture was taken in the 1930s at the Exley farm near Mildred, PA. The second picture was taken in 1937 at the family's Philadelphia House on Cliveden Street in Mount Airy, PA, a suburb of Philadelphia. Anna Marie was born on Ocober 22, 1893 and later on Ernie got married on that date when he grew up.

Two Great Grandfathers
L to r: James Gallagher, Henry Exley Albert Exley and Robert Exley
James and Henry are great-grandfathers of Ernie Hatton.
Albert was a son of Henry and Robert was his grandson.
Robert lives on the Exley farm near Mildred today (2004).
Photo Taken at the Exley Family Farm in Mildred in the 1930s
Photo courtesy of Ernest Hatton, Jr.

Anna Marie Gallagher with Grandson Ernest A. Hatton in 1937
Photo contributed by Ernest Hatton, Jr.

Here is another picture of Gordon and Anna later in life.

Gordon R. Exley and Anna Marie Gallagher
Photo contributed by Ernest Hatton, Jr.

Gordon and Anna had nine children. One of them, our contributor's mother, Anna Marie Exley, married Ernest A. Hatton, the son of Charles William Hatton and Louise Lena Orlowski of Bernice (see wedding photo below).

Ernest A. Hatton, Sr. and Anna Marie Exley Wedding Party
May 31, 1937
L to r: Ruth Exley, Anna Exley, Ernest A. Hatton, Delores Exley, and Earle Exley.
The Exleys were all grandchildren of James Gallagher. The photograph was taken at the Exley Home in Philadelphia
Courtesy of Ernest Hatton, Jr.

Charles William Hatton was the son of Charles Hatton, Sr., and Alice Walby of Sugar Hill and Gloucester, and Hereford, England, respectively. They arrived about 1881. Charles William had at least one brother, Isaac Hatton. Charles William and Isaac were directly descended from Sir John Hatton, an English statesman. Note: You can learn more about the Hatton family at The Descendants of John Hatton.

Isaac and his wife, Sarah, emigrated to the United States in 1882. Their son, Charles James Hatton, nephew of Charles William, worked in the mines in Nanticoke, Luzerne County, PA and had five children and 18 grandchildren when he passed away. We have a tintype photograph of Charles James at age 12, with working boots, lunch pail and mining gear. So much for child labor laws! We also have a rather poor quality reproduction of a newspaper photo published at the time of death in 1960. At least we get an idea of what the Hattons looked like.

Charles James Hatton
Nephew of Charles William Hatton
Age 12 When He worked in the Coal Mines at Nanticoke
Picture contributed by Ernest Hatton, Jr., who obtained it from a cousin
Likely from 1890's

Charles James Hatton (1872-1960)
Nephew of Charles William Hatton
Picture contributed by Ernest Hatton, Jr.
From an obituary publsihed in 1960

Louise Lena Orlowsky was the daughter of Heinrich Orlowski and Louise Melcher. The Orlowski (various spellings) brothers were Heinrich, Franz and Ludwig aka "Henry", Frank, and Louis. A sister named Augusta Friedricke married August Lonser. Many of their descendants reside in the area.

Franz, Ludwig and Heinrich Orlowski in 1899
Picture probably taken in Dushore, PA

Louisa Lena Orlowski and Ernest Hatton, Sr.
Picture taken in Bernice, PA in the Spring of 1915

Albert Exley married Marie Dougherty and their son Robert "Arnold" Exley married Joan Vogel and they reside on the Exley farm on Sugar Hill, Cherry Township. Robert was named after the Arnold family of early New England. The children of Heinrich Orlowski and Louisa Melcher were: Bertha who married Lynn Rinebold, Emma who married Charles Pfeiffer, Augusta who married Thomas Ramsay, Louisa who married Charles William Hatton (known as "Bill" Hatton} of Bernice, Henry Ernest who married Mary Elizabeth Hoffa, Anna who married Pepperd, John who married Ruth, and two younger children who died in Prussia.

In 1905, the Orlowski brothers ( spelled Orlowski, Orlouski, Orlosky etc.) became Charter Members of Trinity Lutheran Church in Mildred, not then yet built, and now known as Shepherd of the Hills. There were 53 members and 20 families. The members purchased the land for $425.00 and built the Church for $7,000.00. It was completed July 2, 1906. The first couple to be married in the Church was Charles William Hatton and Louisa Lena Orlowski. The stained glass windows donated by the Hatton and Orlowski families are still present with the names inscribed.

The three brothers are the likely ancestors of all the families named "Orlowski, Orlosky, Orlousky, Orliss, or Orloss", according to Ernie Hatton, Jr. The correct spelling from the parish registers in Germany is Orlowski. They were all baptised under that name. The direct lineage down to the present goes as follows:

Heinrich Orlowski married Louisa Lena Melcher
Louisa Lena Orlowski married Charles William Hatton
Ernest Arthur Hatton, Sr. married Anna Marie Exley
Ernest Arthur Hatton, Jr. (our contributor) married Noreen Marie Vice
Dawn Ann-Marie Hatton, married Gavin William Hall, January 28, 2012 in Orlando, Florida at Disney World

The parents of Charles Hatton lived on Sugar Hill. In later years with the mines closing, the Exley family struggled to find business enterprises for the area. Leo Exley, having gone with Endicott-Johnson, his nephew, son of Gordon and also named Gordon, and the son in-law of Gordon Exley, Ernest Hatton, built the shoe factory in Bernice. Ernie Hatton, Jr. remembers his Dad taking the photograph below in 1949. His father, the late Ernie, Sr. designed the factory, his uncle Gordon R. Exley, Jr. built it, and Leo Exley, his grandfather's brother and son of Henry Exley and Mertie Potter, made arrangements for it to be built in Bernice. Leo had an important postion with Endicott-Johnson. With everyone out of work because of the mines, this was an effort by the family to help. This was the one design he was most proud of. Ernest Hatton refused any compensation.

Ernest Hatton, Sr (1915-2002)
Courtesy of Ernest Hatton, Jr.

Endicott-John Shoe Factory in Bernice, PA
Designed by Ernest Hatton, Sr.
Built by Gordon R. Exley, Jr.
Photo Taken in 1949

In November 2002, Ernie Hatton, Sr., passed away at the age of 87. Here is his obituary and also a parallel comment from his son, our contributor, Ernie Hatton, Jr.:

Daily Review
Towanda, PA
November 27, 2002

Ernest Arthur Hatton, Sr., 87, of Sterling, Pa., formerly of Philadelphia, passed away on Monday, Nov. 25, 2002 at Moses Taylor Hospital in Scranton, Pa.

He was born on Oct. 2, 1915 in Bernice, Sullivan Countv, Pa., a son of the late Charles William and Louise Orlowski Hatton. Mr. Hatton is a veteran of the United States Army. having served during World War II. Prior to his retirement, he was employed as a Civil Engineer for the City of Philadelphia water division. He has been a resident of Sterling, Pa. since 1973, moving from Philadelphia.

On May 5, 1980, he was preceded in death by his first wife, Anna M. Exley Hatton. On Oct. 2, 1981, he married the former Eva M. Stortini Hatton. Surviving him are two sons and daughter-in-laws, Ernest A. and Noreen Hatton II, of Winterpark, FL, Paul and Kathleen Hatton, of South Hampton, Pa., 10 grandchildren and three great-grandchildren. In addition to his parents and his first wife, Anna M. Hatton, he was preceded in death by a son, Gordon Hatton, and by a brother C. William, and a sister Edna Mae.

Funeral services will be held on Friday, Nov. 29, 2002, at 3 p.m. in the Russell P. McHenry Funeral Home, 119 Carpenter Street, Dushore, PA, with the Rev. Robert W. Brown. pastor officiating. Interment will be in Trinity Lutheran Cemetery, Mildred. PA. Friends and family are invited to call on Friday, Nov. 29, 2002 at McHenrv Funeral Home in Dushore from 2 p.m. until the time of funeral service. In lieu of flowers, the family suggests that memorials be made to the Shepherd of the Hills Lutheran Church, Trinity Chapel, of Mildred, Pa. 18632, in Mr. Hatton's memory.

Comments by Ernest Hatton, Jr. on the passing of Ernest Hatton, Sr.:

Dad will be buried in the cemetery at the church that both my father's grandparents built and where everyone is related in some way. The Potters, Exleys, Hattons, Orlowskis, everyone is related to those families. He thought he would not live into the 21st. century and had "19--" already engraved on the marker for both he and my mother. I'm glad to be going home where my true roots are, even for such a short time. It's a place that I will never forget, nor will any other place ever really be home to me. I hope to find a few minutes, somehow, to get those important places photographed for my children. They know nothing about farming, or working in the coal mines, no running water, potbellied stoves, or outhouses. I hope somehow to find a way to impress upon them the value of hard work when you have to start at the very bottom with nothing but your own strength and your true devotion to God to fulfill your dreams and understand the wonderful foundation that our ancestors built this country upon.

Gordon Hatton (1939-1994)
Brother of Ernest Hatton, Jr.
About 1957-8
Courtesy of Ernest Hatton, Jr.

The early Potter families that arrived were often thought to be from different families when actually they all go back to the same New England roots and are related to many families throughout Sullivan, Bradford and Luzerne counties. Related families other than those noted are Zaner, Rowley, George Hatton of Mildred (who is a descendant of the Howe and Hatton families of 1630-1700s of New England), Neuber, Reese, Portuck, and McGee.

Bill Hatton, the son of Charles, and brother of Ernest Hatton Sr., married June Baumuck of Forkville. The other children of Charles William aka "Bill" and Louise Hatton were Edna Mae who married Richard Erhardt, Henry and Charles Ralph who both died as infants. Gordon Exley, the son of Henry and Mertie Exley, had 38 grand children. Ernest Hatton Jr. married Noreen Marie Vice, the daughter of Richard Vice and Dorothy Younglove of Union City, Pennsylvania. Dorothy is of the early Younglove family of 1630s Massachusetts. The early Potter families married into the Hunsinger, Papke and other families as well.

The sons of Ernest Hatton Sr., now living in the Poconos and Bernice, are Ernest Jr., previously mentioned, Paul who maintains the home in Bernice and fishes with George and Mark Beaver, and Gordon who died in Scranton. Gordon is buried at Shepherd of the Hills Lutheran Church along with the other family members. Anna, the wife of Ernest Sr., died and he is now married to Eva Stortini of Bernice. The daughter of Ernest Jr. is Dawn Ann-Marie Hatton.
Note: Ernie Hatton, Jr. writes in March 2003 that his daughter Dawn Ann-Marie is actually a distant cousin of the two families that settled New Haven Connecticut in 1629: the Potters and the Munsons. These are also the families from which each of her respective parents descended.
Captain Thomas Munson is buried at Yale and Ernie's wife, Noreen, is a direct descendant. Both Noreen and Dawn Ann-Marie are now members of the Thomas Munson Foundation. What is interesting is that these families have intermarried three times over the genearations!!
President Reagan attended the 350th reunion at Yale University for the Munson family, when the old Munson marker stone was placed within the new. The photo below was taken by Sara Waskuch. The original marker reads: Thomas Munson, Died March 7, 1685 age 73 Johanna, his wife died Dec. 13, 1678 age 68.
A brass plate on the back reads: By their loving descendants 350th Anniversity Reunion Yale-New Haven Ct
In the Colonial records Thomas Munson and John Potter are found among the few settlers. Isn't it amazing that two direct descendants from these early settlers would marry?

Grave Marker
Thomas and Johanna Munson
Picture contributed by Ernest Hatton, Jr
Taken by Sara Waskuch

The other early marriages of the Orlowskis are: Emma married John Daniel Vogel, John after the death of Emma married Gladys Potter, Harriet Orlowski married Howard Hoffa, Helen Tess Orlowski married William Beaver, Agnes Orlowski married Albert Zimmerman, William Orlowski married Anna Potson, Edward Orlowski married Fern Reese, August Orlowski married Mabel Foss, Anna Louise Orlowski married Curtis Sweet, Adaline Orlowski married Gustav Broschk, and then Lawrence Hosack, Margaret Orlowski, who changed her name to Orliss, married Russell Mills, and Frank Rudolph Orlowski married Edna Pfleger.

The Lonser family married into the following families: Huffmaster, Sarnowki, Krause, Milhench, Rinebold, and Brenholtz. Hundreds of the descendants of these families, and their mates, still reside in the area. Many no doubt are not aware of their heritage. The Potters are distant relatives of Franklin Roosevelt, Ulysses S. Grant, John Adams, John Quincy Adams, General Nathaniel Greene, Benedict Arnold, and other Mayflower passengers. George Hatton of Mildred is related to the Howe family and would be distantly linked to Jemima Howe captured by Indians in the 1700s.

If you look in Sullivan County, you will notice names found among the earliest settlers of this great country: Wilcox, Greene, Wilber, Rogers, Clark, Clarke, Robinson, Rogers, Fox, Sullivan, Sherman, and many others. These were German, English, Irish families, and others, that lived in the same European villages before coming to this country. Then they often lived in the same towns in New England. Every one of us is a part of the history we read. The thread, though, is that most of us in Sullivan, and nearby counties, are in some way connected. This brief history of the Potters and related families is far from complete and many of us may uncover a new family link in this review.

In late 2000, Ernie Hatton established two additional sources of information about the Hatton, Exley and related families. These sources are a dedicated Web site called The Hatton-Exley Site and a formal genealogical file registered on the Rootsweb WorldConnect project at The Hatton-Exley Family Tree. Ernie is one of the true believers in the special history of Sullivan County, as shown by his ongoing efforts to preserve the information where his ancestors were part of that heritage. The National Council of International Visitors was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize for 2001. In the photograph below is Board member Ernest A.Hatton shaking hands with a representative of the Eisenhower Fellowship. The Chairman is Dr. Henry Kissinger. Ernie Hatton is on the Board of the International Council of Central Florida Inc., part of the NCVI Network. Mr. Hatton is a proud descendant of many early families of Sullivan County. His brother Paul Hatton is known to many in the area. Robert Exley, of Sugar Hill, is a cousin. Ernie lived with his grandparents Bill and Louise Hatton, of Bernice, during WWll and during each summer.

Genealogical Footnote: Ernie Hatton identifies several additional sources for research on the early branches of the families discussed here:

1] "Families of Ancient New Haven", nine vols. originally published in the New Haven Genealogical Magazine, later published in the nine vols. compiled by Donald Lines Jacobus, printed by Clarence D. Smith Rome, N.Y. 1923.
2]" Genealogies of the Potter Families in America" by Charles Edward Potter. Boston. 1888, printed by Alfred Mudge and Son, 24 Franklin Street, Boston.
3]The wills of Phineas and Deacon Daniel Potter are also recorded in "Gertrude Barber's Abstracts and Wills of Otsego County 1794-1885". Reprinted as "The New Haven Connecticut Potters" by James Shepard, of New Britain, Conn. printed by Higginson Book Company, Salem, Massachuetts. This book has all the wills, abstracts etc. of the first generations.
4] Camilla Bliss is listed in Aaron Tyler Bliss genealogies of the Bliss Family in America and also P. Bliss genealogies. She is also listed in the Rowley genealogies. Her mother was Abigail Rowley, daughter of Colonel Aaron Rowley of the Revolutionary War.
5] The Potter Genealogies, which include all early Potter families, has all of our line from Hannah 1635, and son John who arrived 1638, right up to George Gilbert Potter born in 1843 and his siblings.
6] There are also biographical articles. One tells of a cousin of George Whitefield Potter, Orlando B. Potter, who was a congressman in NYC. and wrote to Presedent Lincoln and Secretary of the Treasury S.P. Chase about the need for a National Banking system. Lincoln and Chase liked it, so Orlando Potter wrote the legislation for the first National Banking Act. He also built the tallest building in NYC at that time. 8 or 9 stories tall. He then purchased property in NYC. where Alexander Hamilton had planted 13 gum trees for the 13 states, and shoots from Mount Vernon in order to protect them. Another Potter was the Captain of one of the first ironclad ships.

Ernie Hatton Accepts Nobel Peace Prize Nomination
For National Council of International Visitors
L to r: Mohamed Kenawi of Cairo, Egypt and Ernie Hatton
April 9, 2001

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