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British timeline

TIMELINE

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A timeline of events in the area between the years 1800 and 1947

Date

Event

1799
Factory set up in Kurrachee (Karachi).
1820
Henry Pottinger, Resident in Sind
01.1831
Sir Alexander Burnes reaches the mouth of the River Indus on his way to Ranjit Singh's Court.
07.1831
Sir Alexander Burnes reaches Ranjit Singh's Court in Lahore
1839
Ranjeet Singh dies
1839
British capture the port of Kurrachee (Karachi)
1839-42
1st Anglo - Afghan War
Residency at Hyderabad, Sind established
1842-43
British take over Scinde (Sind)
1845-46
1st Anglo-Sikh War
1846
Treaty of Lahore ends the 1st Anglo Sikh War
1848
The murder of two British officials, Van Agnew and sparks the 2nd Anglo Sikh War.
1848-49
2nd Anglo-Sikh War, Annexation of Punjab
1850
Treaty of Amritsar signed. Kashmir sold to the Dogra Dynasty
1857 - 58
Mutiny/War of Independence
1858
India brought under the control of the British Government. Rule of the East India Company ended.
1874
Sir Robert Sandeman sent to improve relations with the Baloch tribes and the Khan of Kalat.
1876
Under a treaty signed between the British and the Khan of Kalat, Kharan, Makran and Las Bela transferred to British suzerainty.
1877
Queen Victoria proclaimed Empresses of India.
1878-80
2nd Anglo-Afghan War
1879
Treaty of Gandamak signed between the Amir of Afghanistan and the British.
Districts of Pishin, Sibi, Harnai and Thal Chotiali ceded to the later.
1883
British lease the Bolan Pass from the Khan of Kalat (Kelat)
1889
Gilgit Agency made permanent
1892
British garrisons established in Hunza and Chitral
1893
Formal protectorate declared over Chitral and Gilgit
1893
The partly suveryed line between Afghanistan and British India, known as the Durand Line, becomes the official border.
1895
Chitral Expedition
1897
Frontier Rising
1901
North West Frontier Province (NWFP) created
1919
3rd Anglo-Afghan War
Aug 1919
Treaty of Rawalpindi with the Afghans
1919
Jallianwallah Bagh Massacre at Amritsar, East Punjab.
The massacre of hundreds of unarmed civilians was a turning point in the freedom struggle.
Khilafat Movement
 
14/15-08-1947
Midnight - Partition of the subcontinent.
Pakistan celebrates 14th August as its Independence Day and India celebrates 15th August as its.

 

(c) Rabia Zafar 2007
Contact me: rabiazafar78@yahoo.com

Last update: Sunday, May 6, 2007