Carbon County PAGenWeb - State Information

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~State Information~

Carbon has joined in on the quest to document our ancestors migrations. I would like to start a seperate page showcasing the migration patterns of our Carbon ancestors. Please send your Carbon County Ancestors migration pattern to me

Wanted our Revolutionary War units/individuals!! If you have information on our Carbon Revolutionary War units/individuals
please e-mail me

Wanted our Civil War units. If you have information on our Carbon Civil War units
please e-mail me
Barbara Lavin
Commercial use of any information from these pages is prohibited.

Carbon County, Pennsylvania

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Carbon County was formed from: Northampton MonroeCounties in 1843.

Neighboring counties are: Monroe Northampton Lehigh Schuylkill Luzerne Counties.

Hi,my name is Barbara Lavin, and I am your county hostess/coordinator. I took this site over from Adam Roberts on May 14th,1999. Hopefully you'll see new and exciting things. Please bookmark this site as things could change regularly. I hope you enjoy your visit and please come again.

Carbon county Information
County seat: Jim Thorpe (Mauch Chunk)

Having problems locating your Carbon Ancestor??

Many of our ancestors migrated to another county - generally one close by. Please try searching in the following neighboring counties..
Berks County maintained by Sara Anderson
Schuylkill County maintained by Barb Lavin

We need your town histories!!! Please help us get them all- we don't want any left out. All our Carbon towns and boroughs are important. We need more on all of them - let's make this the best site it can be. To help, e-mail me let me know which town you want to do and I'll add you to the list of angels.

Thanks !!! Remember this is YOUR site
Barbara Lavin.

Lookup Volunteers:

You are cordially invited to sign up to be a Carbon County Volunteer. We could not possibly have enough wonderful people who are willing to help others to find Carbon County ancestors. We would love to have your help.

Willing to help? What do you do?

You may have an old history book with an index and be willing to check to see if someone's ancestor is listed. You might have Tax Lists, Census Records, Courthouse Records, Death Records. Someone needs your information.

An alternative to lookups...Indices:

Would you be interested in typing an index from any one of the old Carbon County history books? This would be a once and done, permanent help to all of us doing\ research.

or cemetery records

If you want to help and don't want to type or don't have the time, but you have taken the time to ask your pastor for his church records - marriage, death, baptisms and cemetery. We would love to have you contact us - I have volunteers waiting to help !! E-mail me and I'll forward you the proper postal address Barbara Lavin

If you would like to volunteer to make this page better, we sure could use the help! Please e-mail Barb Lavin

Help wanted ~~ Immigrants Ship Transcribers Guild
To do some of the volunteer work, you don't have to reside in the area. For some of the projects, the coordinators will snail-mail you the records to be transcribed, along with instructions. Or you could provide services for a project involving records that exist in your area.

To learn more about volunteering to transcribe passenger ships' lists for the Immigrant Ships Transcribers Guild, who then upload the list onto their site on RootsWeb for all to access -- Click Here: ISTG - FAQ

Read that entire page of questions and answers (just keep scrolling down the page). If this is something you'd be willing to help with, click on "Fill Out Application" at the bottom of that page.

New Carbon County Queries:
The new queries will be posted automatically.

The instructions are below:
    1...Place ALL SURNAMES (within your query) in CAPS.
    2...Enter your information exactly as you want it to appear.
    4...Please TURN OFF THE CAPS. It's hard to see the surnames if your whole query is in caps

Carbon Boards - please see main page
Hinkle's Board
For peole who are looking for their Hinkle Ancestor's allinclusive board

Useful State information
Pa. State Archives beginning April 1, the name search fee goes up from $5 per name to $10 per name. For copies of warrants, surveys, and patents, the cost per document goes up to $1 per document, from 50 cents.

Having problems locating your PA ancestors death date?

Fee is $28 if you don't know the exact date of birth/death (they'll do a 10-yr. search). Make check payable to Division of Vital Records.

If you want a fast response, you can place a phone order call [215-656-3126] and put it on your credit card.

Or write to:
Penna. Dept. of Health, Division of Vital Records,
P. O. Box 1528
New Castle, PA 16103-1528.
(724) 656-3100.

You can see their website

Procedure to obtain Vital Stats
Enclose payment AND a self-addressed stamped envelope with your written request.
For a death certificate, include: the individual's name, date of death, city & county of death, your relationship to the deceased, reason for your request, and your signature. Allow 4-6 weeks. If you know the date of death the fee is only $3.00, the same applies to the birth certificate as well that fee is $4.00.

More info on birth certificates
There were regulations concerning birth registration passed at various times, however,up until around WWII, many people ignored these regulations, especially those who gave birth at home.
So, if you don't find any birth record for an ancestor born before the 1930s, you can assume that there may not be a record. In these cases, if you don't have other evidence of birth (SS, death certificate, census, etc), you need to try church records.

Philadelphia City Archives
401 N. Broad to 3101 Market

Orphan's Court files.
Access to these files is through an index that is available through the LDS FHC.

These files are guardianship proceedings.
It appears that PA law then (and perhaps now, who knows) required the appointment of a guardian under the supervision of the Orphan's Court for the estate of any minor who came into money, whether the minor's parents were still alive or not.

It is not always mentioned in the petition, but the guardian is often a collateral relative, either an adult sibling or an uncle or aunt, and the attorney who prepares the document is sometimes (but less frequently) a family member. Sometimes, the guardian needs to post a bond, and the bond is often posted by a collateral relative, but the relationship is not always stated.

Each file had a petition for guardianship in it; some also had the guardian's accounting; some had papers discharging the guardian.

These files were a genealogical gold mine. You could find: siblings, parent-child relationships; an illegitimate child (and the child's putative father): the date of death of a child ;and links between two families!!!

One may be able to access these files in the following way. (Philadelphia is accessible) First, get the microfilm from LDS; look up the surname. The index will provide a year, a docket number, and a file number, so it will look something like 5438, docket 3, 1933. Write to the Orphan's Court, giving them the name of the case, the year, the docket, and the file number, as well as the date you would like to examine the files.

In theory, these are NOT probate indices. There is a separate index to testate administrations (deaths where the decedent left a will), and a separate index to intestate administrations (deaths without a will). However, one of the references in this index was for a simple intestate succession administration. There was no guardianship involved, so no reason for it to be in the Orphan's Court index, but there it was.

More on Orphan's Court
You may not see an Orphan's court record for a child who's mother died (by Pa. law she didn't really own anything anyway) but when the father died they appointed a guardian to protect the child's interest.

If the mother remarried, which often happened fast, then any property she owned became the property of her husband. They usually didn't appoint the step father as the guardian since his interest was thought to be contrary to the childs.

The guardian was usually a relative but not always, often an older brother. If the child was under 14 the court appointed the guardian, if he was between 14 and 16 he could select his own guardian, those over 16 were thought to be old enough to manage their own affairs.

In searching in Orphan's court you need to search for a number of years, often the estate would sit until the kids were old enough to get married, and then their would be a complaint in Orphan's Court saying that so and so, the daughter of so and so, who recently married so and so, begs the court to resolve this matter. Often the newly weds wanted the money from the estate to buy property and often that was just before they left for the frontier where land was cheapest.

Passenger Ships to Philadelphia
Author: Pennsylvania. Navigation Commission for the Delaware River and Its Navigable Tributaries.
Title: Registers of vessel arrivals and clearances, 1784-1791, 1793-1797, 1802-1840, 1843-1956.
Description: 41.5 cubic ft. (34 volumes).
Notes: A record of shipping at the port of Philadelphia. The listings are signed by the vessel's captain and for the most part show the name, classification, nationality (from 1902 onward), and oftentimes the tonnage of the vessel; the port of arrival or clearance; the name of the owner or consignee; and the names of the pilot and captain. A brief description of the vessel's cargo is usually given as well.

The following indices can be used to retrieve data from the registers: Index Of Vessel Arrivals, 1862-1879, 1881-1882,1884-1890,1894-1937,Index Of Vessel Clearances, 1862-1863, 1879, 1882-1884,1892-1894, 1899-1907. 1915, and Index Of Coastal Vessel Arrivals, 1873-1878.

Indexed externally, alphabetically by name of vessel. Microfilm for the years 1784-1800 available from the Division of Archives and Manuscripts, Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission. Request information on purchase price.

Location: Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, Division of Archives and Manuscripts, P.O. Box 1026, Harrisburg, PA 17108-1026

Author: Eyre, Manuel, 1777-1845.
Title: Business papers, 1795-1847 (bulk 1800-1805).
Description: 720 items.
Notes: Manuel Eyre, a Philadelphia merchant of Quaker
ancestry, was born in 1777. His father, Manuel Eyre, Sr., (1736-1805) was a shipwright in Kensington and a colonel in the Contintental Army. He obtained his training in the counting house of Henry Pratt and Abraham Kintzing and in 1803 joined with Charles Massey, Jr., (b. 1778) to form the mercantile firm of Eyre & Massey, a partnership that lasted until Eyre's death in 1845.

The firm of Eyre & Massey owned over 20 vessels, ranging in size from ships to sloops, and traded around the world, mounting voyages to Europe, the Caribbean, South America, China, India and the Pacific Islands. Manuel Eyre also served on the Philadelphia City Council and was a founding director of the Schuylkill Navigation Company (1816) and the Second Bank of the United States (1816). After 1820 he gradually retired from active trading and devoted much of his time to agriculture. He owned two farms outside the city and three in Delaware. He was the founder of Delaware City, Del., at the mouth of the Chesapeake & Delaware Canal, buying the entire site in 1828, erecting public buildings and dividing it into lots.

The records consist of seven lots of Manuel Eyre's business papers, spanning the years, 1795-1847.

Accession 994 (part) consists of shipping papers (1801-1802) for the ships OLIVE BRANCH and CHARLESTON PACKET and the brigs ARISTIDES, FAME, and NANCY trading with La Rochelle, Havre, Charleston and the West Indies. They include accounts, cargo manifests, bills of lading, outfitter's bills and agreements with captains.

Accession 1003 (part) includes additional shipping papers (1797-1815) for the ship OLIVE BRANCH, brigs ARISTIDES and NANCY, sloop PERSEVERANCE and schooner EUTAW trading primarily with Hamburg and the West Indies. These are also 20 letters (1796-1803), mostly from Troup & Brown at Port au Prince concerning trade with Haiti, Amsterdam, and Charleston and 6 items (1797-1806) re Eyre's property in Burlington, N.J. A separate group of 38 items contains accounts and inventories of the Kensington Lead Works, established in 1832 by Franklin Eyre, and correspondence from manager Thomas Janvier to Manuel Eyre.

Accession 1063 (part) contains additional shipping papers, checks, bills of lading, and customs house lists of goods imported (1801-1823).

Accession 1097 (part) comprises 43 items, including a manifest for the OLIVE BRANCH (1803), correspondence re orders, accounts payable, promissory notes, bank drafts, and bills of lading. There are two agreements to rent properties in Delaware City (1827) and Philadelphia (1832).

Accession 1144 (part) consists of 5 items (1796-1835): a letter of captain William Brewster on coffee sold (1796), Eyre's accounts with the firm of Eyre & Massey (1806), a letter of Thomas Janvier introducing William Peterson, an invoice of William L, Hodge to Eyre (1835), and a freight list of the ASISTIDES bound for Charleston.

Accession 1215 (part) consists of advertising circulars.
Accession 1247 (part) consists of a stock certificate for 100 shares of the Peoples Steam Navigation Company(1833). Described in: John Beverley Riggs, A GUIDE TO MANUSCRIPTS IN THE ELEUTHERIAN MILLS HISTORICAL LIBRARY, SUPPLEMENT CONTAINING ACCESSIONS FOR THE YEARS 1966 THROUGH 1975 (Greenville, Del.: Eleutherian Mills Historical Library, 1978). Subjects include:
Massey, Charles, b. 1778.
Aristides (Brig).
Charleston Packet (Ship).
Eutaw (Schooner).
Eyre & Massey.
Fame (Brig).
Kensington Lead Works (Philadelphia, Pa.).

Location: Hagley Museum and Library, Manuscripts and
Archives Department,
298 Buck Road East,
Greenville, Del. 19807

Pictures of Ships in to Philadelphia
For anyone in the Philadelphia, PA area looking for pictures of ships, the FHC in Broomall, Delaware Co., PA has a copy of the Michael Anuta book
"Ships of Our Ancestors".
The center allows you to make photocopies
@ $.10 per copy.
The FHC is located on Paxon(Paxton?) Hollow Road just off route 320.

Port of Entry Addresses
Delaware Genealogical Society
505 Market Street Mall
Wilmington, DE 19801
The Historical Society of Delaware has a microfilm of passenger arrivals at the Port of Wilmington


Your Carbon Ancestor may have become naturalized in Philadelphia?
Sometimes we find our Carbon Ancestor may have not been naturalized in this county. Since sometimes they were naturalized after stepping foot on the boat or migrated here later it's possible they were naturalized in Philadelphia

How to find this out?
Go to the following website --
Naturalizations: Researching Philadelphia Records
which is about naturalization records at the Phila. City Archives.
Fee for copy of Naturalizations on file at Phila. City Archives (1793 to 1930): $4.00 per set of papers for each name searched.

If the naturalization occurred after 27 Sept 1906, contact the INS through Form G-639 (see the end of that web page for more details). The Immigration and Naturalization Service (I.N.S.) has duplicate records of all naturalizations that occurred after 27 Sept 1906.
Contact the I.N.S.,
26 Federal Plaza,
New York, NY 10278
or your local Immigration Office for a copy of the form.
If the naturalization took place in a Federal court, naturalization indexes, declarations of intent, and petitions will usually be in the National Archives regional records services facility serving the State in which the Federal court is located. Some of these indexes and records have been microfilmed. (source for this info:
NARA: Naturalization Records

Getting the information from the INS
The INS in Washington has files on people who were nationalized after Sept. 27, 1906. If any of your family were naturalized before Sept. 27, 1906 then those records are housed at the courthouse in the county seat where the nationalization occured. The telephone number as of June 97 was 1-800-870-FORM. Ask for Form G-639 and make photocopies .

The request is under the Freedom of information Act (FOIA), it takes about 6 months to get a return, also bring a FOIA request, you don't have to state a relationship.

The only neccessary information is Full name, Date and Place of birth (Exact or Approximate). Any other info will greatly speed the process.
Here are the instructions as of June 1997
1. check box a
2. check box b
Fill all Name of Requester, Address, City, State, Zip Code
(Ignore the signature in this section)
3. check box a
4. on the first two lines write: Declaration of Intention, Petition for Naturalization, Naturalization Certificate
on the next line write: Genealogical Research
5. Fill in any box you have information for, the more the better but only full name, date and place of birth (exact or approximate) are necessary; any other aid in the search. [for this info, with regards to names, use the name from the SSDI, this is generally the name the individual became naturalized with]
6. check box c and write BORN PRIOR TO 1897. If the individual was born after 1897 write SEE ATTACHED PAGE and include a copy of a death certificate or obituary. Lastly, sign your name and include you phone number.

Mail the form in an envelope to:
Immigration and Naturalization Service
FOIA/PA Unit, 2nd Floor ULLB
425 I Street, NW
Washington, Dc 20536

You should receive a letter from the INS/FOIA acknowledging receipt, the letter will have a CO# on it that you will need if you should call.

More INS information: Sponsors
Sponsors then did the same as now - Sponsors tell the INS that they will be financially responsible for the welfare ($ or a job) of the people that they are asking the government to admit. In 1882, Congress passed the first laws limiting the people allowed in the states. This act kept out criminals, those considered "insane" and those likely to become public charges. Also by 1882, there was an agreement to keep out Chinese immigrants - this was called the Oriental Exclusion Act. By 1907 there was an agreement that limited the number of Japanese laborers to the US and that was the year that 1.3 million people from all over were admitted. Within 10 more years, Congress passed much more restrictive laws - such as a law that required that an immigrant could at least read and write one language. In 1921, Congress passed a quota law, limiting the number of immigrants from each country. That law has continued to evolve to today with the last major changes in the late 1990s
from the Shamrock-L list.

This well-organized new section of the INS website provides researchers with record location information, historical background, helpful articles, a glossary of terms, and guides to various immigration records. Many of the guides are illustrated with images of actual records making it extremely helpful. Downloadable forms and fees schedules (including G-639 FOIA request forms) are available

Alien Registration was required during World War I. But for our purposes, because an official in the late 1930s reported to the Congress that all those records had previously been destroyed. So all we genealogists can find are WW2 alien registrations, and thereafter.
However, Not all of the World War I alien registrations were destroyed for all the states. For example, the Kansas registrations can be seen at the Central Plains Region branch of the National Archives, in Kansas City, MO. Check state by state for those Alien Registrations, because they are wonderful sources, and often even include a photo of the person.

Pa Marriages 1700's to present
Pa Marriages prior to 1810
An extensive list of PA marriages prior to 1810 can be found in "PA Archives," 2nd Series, vol. 8 (and/or maybe vol. 9). Early marriages can also be found in "PA Vital Records," Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore, MD, 1983. One or all of these have been microfilmed by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (LDS/Mormons) for viewing through your nearest LDS Family History Center. Those publications are secondary sources, they will indicate at which church the marriage took place, and they you can go to that church's record books (primary source) to see the actual entry.

In PA, counties have Orphan's Courts which handle Wills, estates, guardianships, trust accountings, and marriage licenses

Marriage Bonds
Bonds were required by certain colonies and states. They were posted jointly by the prospective groom and (usually) the father or brother of the prospective bride to compensate the state for expenses incurred if the marriage was nullified. Bonds sometimes are the only existing record of a particular marriage

They originated in England and were used, for example, if either of the parties was under age. As well as getting permission of the parents, the bridegroom brought a friend with him and they might have to post a bond to forfeit a sum of money if the marriage was found to be contrary to canon (church) law. An English source says that sometimes the name of the friend was fictitious and sometimes the bridegroom was not one of the two bondsmen.

German Card for Genealogical Research
The Sacramento German Genealogy Society issued the "German Card for Genealogical Research", plastic, folds into 2 1/4 x 3 1/2 in.,includes German script, symbols, terms, soundex and more. SGGS, P.O. Box 66061, Sacrament, CA 95866-0061. Useful and portable. Present Price unknown

Trying to Decifyer that German Writting
"The "f" in the middle of the word almost certainly should be an "s" in the Gothic script that was once commonly used in German texts. The "s" at the end of a word takes the form of the "s" that you are more accustomed to seeing, but in the middle of a word the form of the "s" looks more like an "f" without the right side of the mark that crosses the letter horizontally."

Since this time, I've also found the f/s use in handwritten documents. I haven't yet determined any rhyme or reason to when or where it might appear, but it's out there. Hope this was of some help.

For example why was "s" sometimes written like an "f"?
There used to by a company which sold old time fonts (type faces) from the civil war era and German Fraktur faces. The company was Walden Font and the collection of type faces was called The Gutenberg Press. There was a history of the type faces on their site.

Need to find a map?
Bureau of Archives and History
P.O. Box 1026
Harrisburg, PA 17108
sells warrantee twp maps which show the original land grants within present township boundaries as well as names and other information for the original warrantee and patentee.
contributed by Rene Phelan

Have a Title Abstract?
Keep in mind when dealing with an Abstract - they can contain lots of other information besides names, dates and legal descriptions. Often they contain transcriptions of Wills, Divorces, various lawsuits, etc.

If you have any additions or corrections to this list, please let me know. Send email to Barb Lavin


About the PAGenWeb / USGenWeb Project

In June, 1996, GENCAP and the USGenWeb Project helped organize the Pennsylvania Comprehensive Genealogy Database Project (PAGenWeb). The idea was to provide a single entry point for all counties in Pennsylvania, where genealogical data about each county could be easily found. In addition, the data on all county sites would be indexed and cross-linked, so that a single search in the master index could locate all references to a given surname across all pages and databases associated with the project.

At the same time, volunteers were found who were willing to coordinate the collection of data and generally oversee the contents of each web page. Contact the volunteer shown on the appropriate county page if you would like to contribute in some way to the project. Or you can send email to the PAGenWeb state coordinator at

Volunteers are still needed! If you are interested in hosting a PAGenWeb County, read the Requirements for Home Pages Created under the PAGenWeb Project
Want to know more about PAGenWeb?
Here's a fascinating article PAGenWeb Project: Volunteers Building Pennsylvania's Online Genealogical Resources

The pages at this site are best viewed with a tables-capable browser. Both Netscape 3.01 and Explorer 3.0 support tables and can be down loaded for free.

Barb Lavin
Commercial use of any information from these pages is prohibited.

This page created 19 May 1999 for the PAGenWeb / USGenWeb Project


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Have a Mason ancestor??
Try here
Scroll down till you reach PA
Some of the Masons have e-mail some only have snail mail

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They have forms you can download!!!

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June 07, 2000

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A mailing list for folks with African American ancestors and is intended to focus on the "southern" states.

USGenWeb Archives Pension Project
focuses on transcriptions of Pension related materials for all American/U.S. wars prior to 1900.
More volunteers are needed to coordinate states for each war
to volunteer Tina Vickery

To SEARCH the daily file uploads to the USGenWeb Archives

Everything Rootsweb has to offer including information listed state by state

Civil War - Ptomc65a.txt
or Civil War
You will find this on the Va UsGenWeb Archives
Part of the Potomac section is on line

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Type in a name and it will locate the name on the USGenWeb list

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Go to PAGenWeb
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Or the USGenWeb Page (mirrored site)

County Coordinator:
Barb Lavin
PA State Coordinator:
Nate Zipfel

My home page

Search Carbon County
Please note this will also check Schuylkill
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