Huron County Ontario GenWeb
Canada GenWeb         Ontario GenWeb
Welcome to Huron County
Ontario GenWeb

Have you hit a brick wall with your Huron County ancestors? Search for your family origins on Huron County GenWeb. I hope this site will help you find that brick-wall ancestor. Another great place to start is the AskOliveTree blog where you can submit your genealogy challenges and brickwalls to Lorine for help.
Read about COMPLETE Canadian Census 1851-1916 Online
Huron County Home | Huron County Queries | Huron County Libraries & Archives | Huron County Maps | Huron County History & Timeline | Huron County Resources | Huron County Site Map | Huron County Links


2 Thumbs Up
To Library & Archives Canada for putting digitized images and an index online for Soldiers of the South African War 1899 - 1902
Tip of the Month
25 Most Popular Genealogy Blogs 2009
Huron County Records
Cemetery Records
Census Records
Church Records
Court Records
Home Children
Land Records
Military Records
Orders in Council
Archived Queries
Settlers & Biographies
Township Records
Vital Stats (Births, Marriages, Deaths)
Featured Genealogy
WALLACE, DEAN, MITCHELL, JOHNSTON Family Album of Bruce & Huron County, Ontario Surnames include Wallace, Dean, Mitchell, Johnston. Locations include Lucknow, Ripley, Kincardine, Bruce Co., Goderich, Huron Co., Clinton, Orangeville, Marquette Michigan
Criminal Assize Clerk criminal indictment files, 1853-1929 (210 Huron County names)
Quick Links
Find census records and build your family treeCensus Records Canada
Find naturalization records and build your family treeNaturalization Records Canada
Find naturalization records and build your family treeAncestors At Rest Death Records
Find surnames, ancestors and build your family tree Past Voices: Letters Home
Find surnames, ancestors and build your family treeOlive Tree Genealogy
Genealogy Blog Feeds
Genealogy Blogs
Olive Tree Genealogy Genealogy updates of free records online and tips for finding those elusive brick-wall ancestors
Ask Olive Tree! Submit your genealogy questions to Ask Olive Tree. One question answered each day on (Chosen as BEST NEW GENEALOGY BLOG for 2009)
The Paper Trail Eclectic mix of old documents - you may just find an ancestor's will, land record or general store receipt here!
Past Voices Letters, letters and more letters! Letters from Civil War soldiers, from wives to husbands, sons to mothers, sisters to sisters...
Ancestors at Rest - The blog for website. Contains death records of all kinds - funeral cards, death notices, cemetery receipts, obits...and more
Family Bibles - Another blog of Family Bible entries and pictures of the births, marriages and death pages
Antique Hunter - If you like antiques or collectibles, this brand-new blog will be one you don't want to miss!


Huron County History

See History of Upper Canada - Canada West - Ontario for an outline of the history of Ontario

Also see 1846 Districts and Name Changes Upper Canada - Canada West - Ontario for boundary and name changes for Counties within the present day province of Ontario

Search the online book for your ancestors surnames Exeter, situate on the London & Goderich Road in the township of Stephen and Usborne, 30 miles from London and in the County of Huron, Canada West : a history of Exeter, Ontario Author: Wooden, Joseph L.

Huron County: A County Rich with History

from "The Settlement of Huron County" by James Scott

The first white man to reach what is now Huron County, Ontario, was Etienne Brule, a young French explorer sent out from Quebec by Samuel de Champlain in 1610.

Huron was the French name given to the tribe of Indians living in the upper end of Lake Huron and Georgian Bay. The tribe called themselves Ouendats, and the area they occupied Ounedake.

The Huron Tract

What became the Huron Tract was not part of Ounedake. The tribe of Indians living in this region was known as the Attawandarons, or the Neutrals by the French. After the fur wars ended the victorious Iroquois tribes moved into this territory. It was the Mohawk and Chippewa branches of this tribe whom the British eventually purchased the land from in the early 1800's.

Lacking sufficient knowledge about the history of the area, the British decided to keep the original French term Huron as the name of both the lake and the tract of land. This tract of Crown land remained unsettled for many years.

Early Settlement

It was not until the 1820's that a settlement campaign was developed by a group of British investors known as the Canada Company. This company was started by a remarkable man, John Galt, a businessman, author and adventurer, who to this day is considered the founder of Huron County.
When the Canada Company opened its first Canadian office in York during the early part of 1827, it soon had a substantial list of emigrants interested in purchasing land. Nevertheless, the Canada Company soon realized that an extensive advertising program would be needed to encourage more settlers to the area.

There was very little chance of the company attracting migration from either British North America or from the United States. As a result, advertisements were placed in British and other European newspapers promoting the Huron Tract. It was from these advertisements that the majority of people were attracted into coming to what is now Huron County.

The first emigrants came mostly from Germany, Ireland, the British Isles and Holland. This early migration of European settlers explains why there is such a diverse number of nationalities in Huron County today.

County Status

The County of Huron became an official county in 1841. Its borders extend along the central portion of the eastern shore of Lake Huron for almost sixty miles and its boundaries extend between fifteen and forty miles inland.

There are twenty-six official municipalities in the Huron County Council system, (five towns, five villages, and sixteen townships), as well as a large number of smaller hamlets. Of its total 840,960 acres of land, 828,800 acres are classified by the Canada Land Inventory as "Land Use Capable for Agriculture". Of the 840,960 acres of land, 625,745 acres are improved farmland.

John Galt & The Canada Company

John Galt, the founding member of the Canada Company, had originally envisioned the settlement of the Huron Tract as an agricultural experiment. When the first settlers came to what is now Huron County, most of them did not have any understanding of farning; nevertheless, even before they built their first permanent dwelling, clearing a plot of land was their first priority. The clearing of land was a massive undertaking, especially with the primitive tools of the time. After the settlers had cleared a few acres of land and planted their crops, the next step was the establishment of a permanent dwelling and a barn. These building were first made out of logs which had been cut during the land clearing process; later, after farmers had established themselves, larger brick and frame structures were not uncommon.

By the middle of the 19th century, Huron County was an active agricultural area within Ontario. Agriculture also began to become more mechanized with the introduction of reapers, mowers, horse rakes, threshing machines, fanning mills and finally the steam engine.

Huron County Today

Today, Huron County is the most agriculturally productive County in Ontario and a world leader in numerous areas of agricultural technology and innovation. Many descendants of the original 19th century settlers continue to farm and live in Huron County.

The history of Huron County is not just reflected in its agriculture. Heritage buildings, streetscapes and homes are also a common sight in the County's towns, villages, hamlets and throughout the rural countryside. Many towns and villages have self-guided tours designed for appreciating these heritage buildings.

Military History

Huron County also has enjoyed a colourful military history in both the 19th and 20th centuries. In 1837, an American raid on the Huron County shore line led to the capture of the invading vessel by the steamboat Patriot. The Commonwealth Air Training Base at Goderich also played a fundamental role in training fighter and bomber pilots for World War Two. Industrial history is also prevalent in Huron County with the development of salt mining, carriage works, early radio, piano and automobile manufacturing, flour and woollen mills and fur tanning. With the Lake Huron shoreline and the two ports of Goderich and Bayfield, marine history is also a major aspect of Huron County heritage. Numerous Huron County natives have also gone on to achieve great fame and fortune.

Huron County's rich and diverse history is reflected throughout the County at its many unique museums and historical sights. This Travel Guide will assist you in discovering our rich heritage and the many other exciting aspects of Huron County!

See Historical Plaques of Huron County


Contact Huron County GenWeb Host. My email address is Repalce AT with @ before you send your message. If you're ready, click here to send email

URL:           All rights reserved        Privacy Policy
Copyright 2004-present These pages may be freely linked to but not duplicated in any fashion without my written consent