Columbia Township part 2
History of Hamilton County Ohio
pages 263-281
transcribed by Judy Tooman

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pg 268 continued

(continued part 2)

Hezekiah STITES was born at Scotch Plains, New Jersey. His first settlement in Ohio was made in 1788, in Columbia township. He is said to have been the first actual settler in Hamilton county, was a farmer all his life, and his death occurred in Butler County. Hezekiah STITES, jr., was at first a trader in merchandise on the Ohio and Mississippi rivers, going as far south as New Orleans. In 1835 he became identified with pork packers, and continued in that business until his death in 1860. He was a man of great business ability - securing a fine property by his own exertions - and was, like his father, respected by all who knew him. Charles F. STITES, his son, was born in 1831. He married Caroline STITES, daughter of Benjamin STITES, of Newark, New Jersey. He is now the owner of the old homestead, has abundant wealth, and is a worthy representative of the old family.

Sampson MCCULLOUGH was born in Chambersburgh, Virginia, but emigrated from Pennsylvania to Ohio in 1795, where he first settled in Sycamore township. He came to this State as a surveyor, but in later years turned his attention to farming. He died in the township where he first settled, in 1819. His wife (Miss Rachel SAYE)

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was born in 1780 and died in 1864. James M. MCCULLOUGH, son of the preceding, was born in 1811. In 1838 he established the business of seeds merchant, with the present firm name of J. M. MCCULLOUGH's Sons.

Abner MILLS was among the first who settled in Columbia township. He was born in New Jersey, and emigrated from there to Ohio. He died in the same township where he had first settled. Stephen MILLS, his son, was born in 1802. His business was always that of a farmer. His wife's name was Sarah SMITH. Edward MILLS, son of Stephen, was born in 1837. In 1869 he married Harriet FLYNN, daughter of Stephen FLYNN, and the same year built the fine residence where he now lives.

Samuel MUCHMORE was born in Morristown, New Jersey, from which State he emigrated to Ohio, and settled in Columbia township in 1798. He followed the business of boating on the river to New Orleans, and died on his last trip to that city. He also did much at farming. His wife's name was Sarah MUCHMORE. His son John was the father of Eli L. MUCHMORE, who is now the only representative of the family alive. He lives on a part of the old homestead, and is called a worthy scion of the old stock. His birth occurred in the year 1823. For eight years during and after the war, he was township trustee, and has also held the office of district assessor and town clerk.

Joseph FERRIS, born in Fairfield county, Connecticut, emigrated from that State to Ohio, and settled in this township in 1799, where he died May 17, 1831. He followed farming, milling, and distilling- His wife's name was Priscilla KNAPP. They have four children, all living at the old home - Andrew, C. K., Phoebe, and Joseph.

Zadock WILLIAMS was born in Fayette county, Pennsylvania, in 1798, and came from that State to Ohio with his parents when but two years of age. He has always lived in this township-is now eighty-three years old. His wife, born in 1802, is also living. They have six children living. Mr. WILLIAMS, in business a farmer, has always been an active and prominent man in the county. He has now a large property, and is well known and widely respected.

Samuel JOHNSON settled in Hamilton county in 1801. He was born in Virginia in 1767. His wife's name was Rebecca CLARK. She was born March 20, 1771. They married April 20, 1795, and have had nine children, only three of whom are living - Isaiah J., Merrit J., and Patsy CRAIN. Mr. JOHNSON died in 1847 and his wife in 1849. Isaiah JOHNSON, the subject of this sketch, was born February 9, 1812. His wife's name was Catherine WOODRUFF. She was born March 15, 1819. She was the daughter of Samuel WOODRUFF. They have seven children living. He has always followed farming, and is a man well known and respected.

Albert CORTELYOU first settled at Reading, Hamilton county, among the first. He was born in New Jersey in 1807, and emigrated from New Jersey to Ohio, and died in Sycamore township in 1863. He was a leading farmer and much respected. His wife's name was Margaret VANPELT. John CORTELYOU was born in 1824, was married in 1851 to Martha KENNEDY, daughter of John W. KENNEDY. In 1866 he bought the place known as the WOOD farm, near Pleasant Ridge - building the fine home where he now lives.

W. H. MOORE first settled in Columbia township in 1811. He was born in Winchester, Virginia, in 1787, and emigrated from that State to Ohio. He died in Columbia township in 1879. He was engaged in the garden and nursery business. He was in the war of 1812, was on the muster roll as "William MOORE," and was magistrate for about fifteen years. His wife, Mary MOORE, was born in New Jersey in 1794, and died in 1876. There are eight of the eleven children living. T. A. MOORE was born in 1824, and has always lived in Columbia township, and now owns the old homestead. He has never married, is well known throughout the county and respected.

Joseph MUCHMORE, grandfather of Elias G. MUCHMORE, settled in Columbia township in 1811. His wife's name was Rhoda MUCHMORE. They had a family of eight children, only one of whom is living at the present time - Mary HEER, of this township. David MUCHMORE, son of the preceding, was the father of Elias G. There are four of the family of five children to which he belonged living, all in Columbia township. E. G. MUCHMORE married Mehitable HETZLER, daughter of Jacob HETZLER, of Wyoming county, and has followed the business of farming. In 1867 he established his present business, and has charge of the M. and C. R. R. station. In 1867 he was appointed postmaster, which office he now holds. They have seven children living and twenty-six grandchildren.

Hiram SMITH and his father, Abraham SMITH, first settled in Columbia township, in 1815. The latter was born in Pennsylvania in 1775, and emigrated from Virginia to Ohio. He died in Spencer township in 1815. He followed farming and trading on the river as far as New Orleans. His wife's name was Elizabeth MUCHMORE. She was born in New Jersey in 1788 and died in 1868. Hiram was born in 1810. In 1832 he married Elizabeth BABBETT, daughter of Samuel BABBETT, of Columbia township. They have two children living. B. F. SMITH was born in 1833 in this township. He is a farmer, and is living on the old homestead, well known and greatly respected.

Daniel McGREW, who first settled in Sycamore township in 1815, was born in Ireland, and emigrated from that country to Ohio. He is now living, at the age of sixty-five. Henry McGREW was born in 1842 in Sycamore township. He graduated in medical surgery in 1875. In 1877 he graduated at the Bellevue Hospital and Medical College in New York City. In 1875 he took charge of the County Infirmary, remaining in charge two years. In 1878 he came to Pleasant Ridge, where he is still practising.

A. S. BUTTERFIELD's father, John BUTTERFIELD, first settled in Cincinnati about 1818. He was born in Haverhill, Massachusetts, and emigrated from that State to Ohio, where he died in the year 1822. He was a carpenter by trade. His wife's name was Elizabeth EMERSON.

A. S. BUTTERFIELD was born in 1822, and married Ann M. HATCH in 1838. He established himself in the busi-

~pg 270~
ess of saddlery on Main street, in 1867, and built the residence where he now lives at Madisonville. In 1864 and 1865 he represented the eighteenth ward in the city council of Cincinnati.

Joseph SUTTLE first settled in Cincinnati in 1818. He was born in England in 1791, and emigrated from England to Ohio. He died in this township October, 1837. He was a blacksmith and whitesmith in Cincinnati in his earlier days, later he moved to Columbia township, and became a farmer. His wife, Hannah, was born in 1800, and is still living, eighty years old.

George J. SUTTLE, son of the preceding, married Caroline NASH, daughter of Samuel NASH, of Hamilton county, She died in 1858, and Mr. SUTTLE has never married again. He has secured a fine property, and is well known and respected by a large circle of friends.

Mark LANGDON came to Hamilton county in 1819. He was born in England. His wife, Sarah GRAHAM, was also born in England, and died in Hamilton county in 1846. The surviving members of the family are Joseph, Samuel L., Elizabeth MILLS and William C. Samuel LANGDON, son of the above, was born in Mill Creek township in 1823. He married Martha J. LYON, daughter of James LYON. They have four children.

William DURRELL first settled in Mill Creek township in 1820. He was born in Bangor, Maine, in 1804, and emigrated from that State to Ohio. He is still living at the age of seventy-seven. His business has been farming and teaming. His wife's name was Ann PHILLIPS. She was born in 1805, and died in 1876. There are four children living. H. C. DURRELL was born in 1826, and in 1852 he married Harriet WOOD. For a number of years he was in the lumber business in Cincinnati, now he has a fine farm, and gives his attention mostly to farming.

Anthony BROWN settled in Columbia township in 1831. He was born in Yorkshire, England, in 1809, and emigrated from England to Ohio. He has followed the business of farming. In 1870 and 1871 he served as township trustee, for about one half the time for the last twenty years has been one of the supervisors, also one of the school directors for about the same length of time.

John H. McGOWAN first settled in Cincinnati in 1838. He was born in Aberdeen, emigrated from Michigan to Ohio, and died in Cincinnati in 1870. He held offices under the territorial government of Michigan. His wife's name was Amelia HAYES. She was born in 1804. There are five children living. John H. McGOWAN was born in 1830.

Thomas FRENCH first settled in Cincinnati in 1840. He was born in England, but emigrated from New York to Ohio. He is yet living. In 1840 he commenced the dairy business, at the place now known as the "Zoological gardens." His wife, Ann N., was also born in England. They have six children. The business is now owned and conducted by his sons in Columbia township. It is the largest in the county. They have conducted their business in such a way as to secure the confidence of all. They have many friends, and are gentlemen in every sense of the word.

Otis HIDDEN is a native of Caledonia county, Vermont, born in 1821. In early manhood be resided in the province of Ontario, Canada, whence he removed to Cincinnati in 1847. Here he was engaged as bookkeeper for Henry MARKS & Company, R. M. POMEROY & Company, C. OSKAMP, and others, until 1841, when he engaged in his present business as dealer in upholstery goods and cabinet hardware, and specialties in carriage trimmings, as a partner with the firm of E. L. HIGDON & Company. In 1874, the name and style of the firm was changed to HIDDEN & LOUNSBERRY, which it still retains. He bears a high reputation in all his business and social relations. His wife's maiden name was Maria L. NEBLETT. She was born in Prince George county, Virginia.

Thomas SWIFT first settled in Columbia township in 1850. He was born in Derbyshire, England, in 1830, and emigrated from England to Ohio, where he died in Columbia township in 1860. He was a blacksmith by trade. His wife's maiden name was Ann SIMPKINSON. There are six children living. His son, John SWIFT, born in 1830, was engaged in the boot and shoe business in Cincinnati for a number of years. He married Miss WILLIAMS, daughter of William WILLIAMS, of Cincinnati. They have two children, Josephine and Rebecca.

Thomas WHITE first settled in Cincinnati in 1852. He was born in Durham county, England, and emigrated from there to Ohio. He died in Cincinnati in 1868. He established the marble and granite works at No. 255 Fifth street, Cincinnati. His wife's name was Martha ENGLISH. She was born in 1812 and died in 1870. There are five of the children living, all in Hamilton county. Alfred, son of Thomas WHITE, was born in England in 1835. At the age of seventeen years be came to Hamilton county. In 1857 he became one of the firm known as T. WHITE & Sons, now known as Alfred WHITE. He has steadily increased the business, until, at the present time, it stands at the head. He is now introducing the polishing of granite, a work which was first introduced by Mr. WHITE, and for which he deserves great credit. Mr. WHITE has a son, twenty-two years old, who he soon expects will be a member of the firm, under the old name of WHITE & Son.

Leonard FOWLER settled in Columbia township. He was born in England in 1818, and emigrated from England to Ohio. His business has been that of a turnpike contractor. His wife's name is Eliza. He has now secured a fine competence, and has held the position of township trustee for two years.

This village is on the Little Miami railroad and Cincinnati and Wooster turnpike, on the west side of section twenty-three, a mile and a half from the north line of the township. It was laid out in the year 1857 by William WINTERS.

This station on the Little Miami railroad, less than a mile southwest of Camden, was platted in 1873 by Mr. Thomas R. RIGGS, upon whose extensive property on section twenty-eight it is situated.

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This famous locality, which is not a village, although covered with a quite numerous population, is an eminence or ridge one to three miles northeast of Madisonville, and between Camden City and Madeira Station, on the Marietta & Cincinnati railroad, which passes to the west of it. Many fine views are commanded from points upon this hill, and some beautiful residences are built upon it. Here, it is said, the celebrated IVES Seedling grape took its origin. An extensive experiment was made of it upon Indian Hill by Colonel WARING in 1864, by which a profit of two thousand dollars per acre was realized. The tables were turned the next year, however, when there was almost a total failure of the grape crop throughout the Miami country.

The name of this highland was derived from the simple circumstance of the burial of an Indian upon it, as is more fully related further on in these pages.

This is the last station on the Marietta & Cincinnati railroad, before it leaves the township in its course northeastward. The village is situated a little south of the Sycamore township line, on the dividing line of sections six and twelve, just half way across the township from east to west. It was laid out in 1871 by Messrs. J. L. HOSBROOK and J. D. MOORE. They immediately began building and otherwise improving. A post office and railway station had previously existed here, taking their name from John MADEIRA, treasurer of the Marietta & Cincinnati railroad, who owned a large tract of land in the neighborhood. A Methodist Episcopal church building was erected here in 1873--a neat frame structure, thirty by forty feet. There is also a Presbyterian society here, meeting once a month. An Odd Fellows' lodge, also a lyceum, in due time became established institutions. The population of the place in 1880 was one hundred and ninety-nine.

One of the first purchasers of land in this part of the township was John JONES, who in 1795 secured two or three tracts from Judge SYMMES. David BLACK, in 1796, bought hereabout three hundred and twenty acres, or a half-section, for two hundred and thirteen dollars. Lewis WOODRUFF also bought a large tract, which he leased in ten-acre lots for terms of ten years, conditioned that the lessee should clear the ground, erect a dwelling, and plant an orchard. The wolves and panthers were specially troublesome here in the old days, while the deer devoured the wheat. Bear-hunts were quite common.

Other early settlers in this region were BOLTZELLE, David McGAUGHY, Major Joseph MANN (who did a great deal in his day to develop the Madison and Camargo turnpike enterprise), Thomas STEARNS, sen., 'Squire CLASON, Oliver JONES, Jacob HELTZLER, and. the HOSBROOKS. Some of these receive due notice elsewhere in this chapter. The progenitor of the HOSBROOKS in this township - grandfather of one of the founders of Madeira - was Daniel, who in the winter season, when the woods were almost impassable through deep snows, went to Columbia for salt, missed his way on his return and was frozen to death.

The following incident is related in NELSON'S Suburban Homes, from which we derive many of these facts, of Hon. Daniel HOSBROOK. His son, the younger HOSBROOK, was several times member of the legislature from Hamilton county, and at one time sheriff. His early life was considerably spent in teaching, and the anecdote relates one of his experiences in-that profession:

An incident in his history as a teacher is worth mentioning. Like many of his profession in those days, he was "barred out." Finding himself on the wrong side of the door one morning, at the time school should have been opened, he suspected mischief, and, after ineffectual attempts to gain an entrance, began to parley with the enemy. A council was proposed, but indignantly rejected by the occupants of the stronghold. Nothing short of an unconditional surrender and an indemnity of "apples and cider" would be accepted by the belligerents on the other side. Determined to regain possession, the governor issued a manifesto, which resulted in bringing over to his side one of the ringleaders, named HAYWOOD, and his ring. Encouraged by this success, he nailed down the windows securely, fastened the doors, and covered the chimneys. The result will be conjectured. The magnanimous victor stood the treat and cured the boys of a bad custom.

Madisonville, or rather Madison, as it was originally called, was laid out upon the north part of school section No. 16, in fractional range two, township four, as soon as the lands, under the old system of leases, were made available. A considerable settlement had already gathered upon and about the spot; and when, January 27, 1809, the legislature passed an act providing for the disposition of the school sections, the people of this. locality lost little time in proceeding to act thereon. The record of the survey of the town is dated March 30, 1809. John JONES, esq., William ARMSTRONG, and Felix CHRISTMAN, were chosen trustees for the purpose of platting the village and disposing of the lots; and Moses MORRISON was their clerk. Joseph REEDER, Joseph CLARK, and Ezekiel LAMARD, were appointed to fix the valuation of the ground. William DARLING was surveyor; Jeremiah BRAND and Joseph WARD senior chain carriers; Nathaniel ROSS senior marker. After the survey the following announcement was made:



The conditions on which lots will be let or leased are as follows, viz: Lot No. I on the first block of lots will be first offered, and so on in rotation, at the appraisement, and the highest bidder shall be the lessee. Six per cent. on what they bid will be the sum they pay annually, paying the first payment on the first day of April next. There will be required of the lessee bond and. security for the building of a house at least eighteen by twenty feet, of good hewed logs, frame, stone, or brick, at least one and a half stories high, with a stone or brick chimney and a good shingle roof, within two years from the date of his lease. Any person bidding off two lots will he excused by building one house of the above description, the four corner lots excepted. Any person not complying with the terms of the articles of sale shall forfeit and pay to the trustees the sum of five dollars. The lessee will pay in proportion the expense of laying out and blazing, etc.
By order, etc., 24th April, 1809.

N. B. The trustees will meet at the house of Willis PIERSON, on the first day of May next, in order to execute leases.

The same day of the date of this notice - April 24, 1809, entries of first sales were made in the minute book of the trustees, which has been preserved, as follows:
Block I.
Lot 1.
   William COOPER bought—forfeited

"   2.
   William and John ARMSTRONG bought

"   3.

"   4.
   Thomas SKINNER

"   5.

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Minimum values had been fixed upon these lots by the valuers as follows: Lot one, ten dollars; two and three, each five dollars; four and five, each three dollars and fifty cents.

The expenses of first sales, etc., to May 1, 1809, are noted in the minute book as fourteen dollars and seventy-five cents. Amount of interest on sale of lots for the first year, fifteen dollars and thirty-four cents.

The new town was named Madison, in honor of James MADISON, who had just been inaugurated President of the United States. It afterwards, in 1826, became necessary to change the name to some other designation, under the rules of the Post Office Department, which do not permit more than one post office of the same name in a State; and the present name was chosen instead. The old title is retained, however, in designation of the Madison turnpike and otherwise.

The following is a true copy of memoranda of the first election, etc., on record:

Trustees on business since last dividend, 4th May, 1818:

Clks amt for making duplicate.

Joseph CLARK—I I I I I I I I for 29-1818 ............. $2.00

W. ARMSTRONG—I I I I I I I I for 16-1818 ............. 2.00

W. BUTTER—I I I I I for 16-1819 ............. 2.00

Agreed to meet on business on the 15th May 1819 at 10 oclk.

The following extracts from the minutes will also be read with interest. The old spelling is retained:

Dec. 27 Joseph CLARK met David McGAWHEY at his own house, in order to attend to some business between Aurthur StC. MILLER and Samuel W. PHILIPS. Lewis DRAKE also attended and received of said PHILIPS, for rent charged on lots held formerly by said MILLER the sum of $106.90, which satisfies for the same up to the Ist of this instant.

There is six acres of farm No. 9, and one acre of farm No. 8 to be charged to W. H. MOORE. April 11th, 1820, the trustees met at the house of James WOOD, in order to settle with him as treasurer, and made some progress therein, and agreed to meet again on the 14th at Madison, to finish said settlement. 14th. The trustees met at Madison, proceeded with the settlement with WOOD, but could not finish it, and agreed to meet the next day at 8 o'clock A. M.

Wm. BUTLER furnished half a quire of paper.

For the following interesting reminiscences of Madisonville matters, we are again indebted to Mr. Nelson's work on Suburban Homes:

Following closely after the record of town officers is the record of leases, showing that the accruing rents were to be applied to school purposes. These leases were drawn for ninety-nine years, the first being from John JONES, Felix CROSSMAN, and William ARMSTRONG, on behalf of the town to William and John ARMSTRONG. Three years ago [in 1871] the last of these leases were canceled and surrendered to the State, and deeds exchanged; and while we were in the office a question arose as to what disposition should be made of a sum of money received the same day on account of one of said leases.

Town lots were laid out on the 10th of April, 1809. The first election in the township was held in the old homestead now owned and occupied by Eli MUCHMORE, then the property of his grandfather, Eli S. MUCHMORE. When Mr. MUCHMORE landed in Cincinnati, he had sufficient means to purchase the whole tract upon which it now stands; but fearing it would be a sickly place, he chose to purchase a tier of sections in adjoining townships.

Madison was at one time noted for the number of its distilleries, which used to attract large gatherings from the surrounding country, and be the occasion of much jollity and dissipation. Men would spend their time in gaming, and with outdoor manly and unmanly sports, until the affair would break up in a general Donnybrook fair. Traces of the distilleries seem to have disappeared, which was accounted for on the ground that, as soon as transportation for grain and pork was opened up, the corn that had been shipped in the compact form of whiskey brought higher prices in bulk and in pork.

Vestiges of the tanning business remain, one of which we noticed on a piece of ground recently purchased by Colonel WHITE.

Madison was also the home of several men who became distinguished members of the body politic. Among them we may mention Dr. Alexander DUNCAN, a well-known member of congress, who disappointed his democratic friends by stepping over to free soil. One who made his mark and his money in the insurance business, when there was money in it, was Louis CLASON, who, was well known in Cincinnati. Madison was also the early home of James WHITCOMB, who was afterward governor of Indiana. Old citizens tell some amusing stories about the youth of this intrepid lawyer and statesman. One of these relates to his love for and devotion to piscatory pursuits, which were so strong as to render him oblivious to the condition of his toilet. Linen would frequently display itself where it was impossible for one so abstracted to be conscious of it, and where its obtrusion was sure to excite the laughter of bystanders; but that circumstance did not interfere with his success as an amateur sportsman and an enterprising vender of fresh fish. He made money enough to buy himself books, and enable him to attend school; worked hard and studied harder; was a keen lawyer and active politician; and so literally raised himself from penury to the highest office of the State. He afterward became a member of the United States senate, where sickness overtook him, and he died.

Contemporaneous with the history of Madison is that of the history of some of the surviving citizens, from one of whom, William MOORE, we received much valuable information. Mr. MOORE is eighty-seven years of age, and bids fairly to approximate to the century. He is a lively and intelligent conversationist, and retains dates and events with remarkable tenacity. When examining the records we found him generally accurate, and noticed that he could repeat verbatim the long forms and awkward phraseology of the early leases. He came from Virginia and made Madison his home in 1811, when there were about twenty buildings in the town. At one time he kept a tavern, at another a country store; then he managed successively a brickyard and a nursery. He also seems to have made the circuit of all the town and township offices, from constable to magistrate. As clerk, the books show that he made creditable records; as a citizen, his record seems quite as clear and creditable.

The oldest citizen is Samuel EARHART, who was born January 29, 1784 Next to him is Esquire Isaac GIFFIN, born August 24, 1785. Mrs. Hattie WARD is the same age as Mr. MOORE. Mrs. DUNCAN, Ayres BRAMBLE, Colonel I. F. WARING, and Timothy MAPHET, are all respectively about seventy-five years of age.

During a pleasant interview with Mr. BRAMBLE many interesting facts were elicited regarding the early settlements, and some anecdotes, of which we can give only a few. Mr. BRAMBLE'S father and family, with three other families, emigrated from Barnsville, Fayette county, Pennsylvania, in 1806, taking with them in their boat of twelve by twenty-four, a horse, a cow, and a " big black dog." The entire wealth of the company was represented in one hundred dollars of Spanish silver coin; and that was the property of Mr. BRAMBLE. They arrived in safety near the mouth of the little Miami, but the broken character of the land and the sickly hue of the settlers discouraged Mr. BRAMBLE for the time being, so he waited by the river side for a passing keel-boat to take him back to his old home. While waiting in a state of uncertainty, a proposition was made to him to settle near the present site of Madison, which he accepted. Houses being scarce, he was obliged to take up his residence for the first six months in an unfinished log church, which was without doors and windows. That year a heavy snow-storm was experienced about the first of October, which compelled him to seek more comfortable quarters. It was an early winter, but 1806 was remarkable for strange freaks of nature. That year, February the 7th proved to be the coldest day ever experienced in this latitude. Old settlers talk of it as "cold Friday," in contradistinction to ordinary cold winter days; and in 1806 was the great eclipse. Mr. BRAMBLE distinctly remembers his being present at the raising of the first log house in Madison, which took place in 1809, when he was ten years of age. The building was afterwards used as a hotel, and was kept by Colonel William PERRY, from Kentucky, an enterprising citizen, who seldom allowed himself to be sober. The following year, 1810, was remarkable for the tide of immigration that set in from the adjoining State, Kentucky. Thousands of the colored inhabitants, black and brown, abandoned their homes, swam the river, and landed on the fertile bottoms of the Ohio. They came unarmed, without sword or spear, musket or ammunition, or other munitions of war than those bestowed upon them by nature. Immediately on landing they dispersed among the woods, prepared themselves log cabins or built more temporary structures, and set up housekeeping. Nothing could be more peaceable than their intentions. No class of citizens could have been more active, industrious, frugal, or cleanly in their habits. But, though as a class

~pg 273~
they were conceded to be productive, in political economy they were ranked as non-producers, and accordingly were doomed to suffer persecution. Then every white man was a Granger. Middlemen had not yet found their way out west; so war was immediately declared against the intruders, and. every man, woman, and child arrayed themselves against these unarmed and inoffensive immigrants. War to the knife, bitter, relentless, exterminating war was waged, and speedily raged. From the township the war sentiment extended to the county; from the county to the State; until the legislature actually passed a law for the extinction of the races, black and brown, indiscriminately. Every atrocity was then practiced and encouraged; and scalping commanded a high premium.

In 1811, the payment of taxes in squirrel pelts was legalized, In 1811 was also the great earthquake, which rent the foundations of the first frame house built in Madison - one erected by Paddy MCCOLLUM, a man of note at the time. Whether the earthquake had anything to do with the act of legislature and subsequent slaughter, our informant did not say.

As might be expected, the schools of that day were not conducted with the highest degree of efficiency. Mr. BRAMBLE'S teacher was an Irishman named John WALLACE, who was intoxicated half his time, and would play ball with the boys half the balance. In proof of that Mr. BRAMBLE said he attended school five winters before he got out of his "Abs."

Mr. BRAMBLE was both a farmer and a trader in his boyhood, and sold corn and potatoes at ten cents a bushel in Cincinnati. Then property was equally cheap. School section sixteen was under lease to farmers and others, and the lease of a tract of forty acres of it was sold in 1810 for a ploughshare, then for a barrel of whiskey, and afterwards to Mr. BRAMBLE for sixty dollars.

One of the early incidents of the settlement was the killing of two of the citizens by the Indians - a brother of Captain GIFFIN; and a father and son named PAUL were out in search for hogs when discovered by the Indians, who gave chase, overtook GIFFIN and shot him, and afterwards shot the elder PAUL. Young PAUL could have made his escape with little trouble, as the station was near; but, anxious to save his father, he stopped in shelter of the trees, and with his rifle kept the Indians at bay as long as his father's strength held out. The latter finding escape hopeless sent his son off, and resigned himself to his fate.

Another incident of a later date took place east of Madison, when the victim was an Indian. West of Madison was a station known as NELSON'S, where were horses pasturing. A party of Indians on their way toward the hills rode off with some of these, one of which was hoppled. NELSON and others of the fort made pursuit, but failed in overtaking any except the one on the hoppled horse, whom NELSON shot when near the site of the present residence of Esquire CLASON. There the Indian was buried, and the circumstance turned to account by naming the place Indian hill. Esquire CLASON says that many years afterward the grave was discovered by accident, and the jawbone secured as a relic in his family. Judging from the relic, he says, the Indian must have been a giant in proportions.

One of the few mechanics of the place was Jeremiah BRAND, a plowmaker, and the best in the county. BRAND was an industrious, honest workman, and a good citizen; and, even for the times, primitive in his habits and his wardrobe. He never wore shoes, and so contrived his nether garment that a single button sufficed to maintain it in its proper position. That button was alike remarkable for its size, brilliancy, and conspicuity. In BRAND'S time a local law was enacted requiring every man attending meeting to bring his musket and ammunition, or pay a fine of one dollar. This was pretty hard on poor BRAND, who was perfectly innocent of the use of firearms. What did he want with a musket, when he was as fleet-footed as an Indian? But he went to meeting - was duly fined in his dollar, and as duly absented himself therefrom until the author of the objectionable law remitted his fine. BRAND died in 1856.

Madisonville, or rather Madison, as it was originally called, was laid out upon the north part of school section No. 16, in fractional range two, township four, as soon as the lands, under the old system of leases, were made available. A considerable settlement had already gathered upon and about the spot; and when, January 27, 1809, the legislature passed an act providing for the disposition of the school sections, the people of this locality lost little time in proceeding to act thereon. The record of the survey of the town is dated March 30, 1809. John JONES, esq., William ARMSTRONG, and Felix CHRISTMAN, were chosen trustees for the purpose of platting the village and disposing of the lots; and Moser MORRISON was their clerk. Joseph REEDER, Joseph CLARK, and Ezekiel LAMARD, were appointed to fix the valuation of the ground. William DARLING was surveyor; Jeremiah BRAND and Joseph WARD, senior chain carriers; and Nathaniel ROSS, senior marker.

The plat of Madisonville was not recorded until May 27, 1829. The village was incorporated under the old law, about ten years afterwards - March 16, 1839; and under the present State constitution, a certificate of incorporation was filed with the secretary of State, February 11, 1876.

The growth of the town was naturally slow, in its early day under the circumstances of its inland position and the absence of means of rapid transit to the city; and it had but two hundred and eighty-five inhabitants, or a little more than one-tenth the population of the entire township in 1830. In 1841 it received notice in the State Gazette as containing four hundred inhabitants, with one hundred dwellings, five stores, one brick meeting-house, a two-story schoolhouse, a brick seminary or academy, and a daily mail. Its largest growth has been received since the completion of the Marietta & Cincinnati railroad in 1866, which induced a considerable emigration from the city to a place possessing so many superior advantages for suburban residence. It is fifteen miles from the Madisonville station to the depot of this road in Cincinnati.

The first church organized here was of the Methodist Episcopal faith, and the Madison circuit was organized at least as long ago as 1820. In that year Elder Henry BAKER and Rev. William H. RAPPER were appointed to it; in 1821 Elder A. WILY and William P. QUININE; the next year, James JONES and James MURKY; the next, J. STEWARD and Nehemiah B. GRIFFITH; and the next, Elder John F. WRIGHT and Thomas HEWSON. Those were days of rapid rotation in the Methodist ministry. A new church was built by the Madisonville society in 1857, forty by sixty feet, with four hundred sittings, and costing ten thousand dollars. It was long the only Protestant church building in town. A parsonage has since been added, worth about five thousand dollars.

The Catholic church is built upon the addition made to the town by its former pastor, the Rev. Father A. WALBURG, who reserved a lot for it and a parochial school, and also bore the major part of the expense of its construction - about fourteen thousand dollars. It is known as St. Anthony's church, and the congregation is now ministered to by the Rev. H. STOPPELMAN.

Other and generally prosperous societies in Madisonville are the Literary and Musical association, the Young Folks' Benevolent society, for literary and social-culture, and to provide for the poor; the Free and Accepted Masons, and the Odd Fellows, who are strong here, and own a property of an estimated value of fifteen to twenty thousand dollars. The most notable institution, how-

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ever, is the Literary and Scientific society, which, as indicated above, is really doing quite remarkable work in the department of archaeology. April 1, 1879, the work upon ancient remains in the ancient cemetery near Linwood, which had previously been done somewhat irregularly by individuals, was systematically undertaken by this society. The expense of investigation is now shared by the Cincinnati Society of Natural History, and the collections made are divided between the societies. The late Professor E. B. ANDREWS, who was proficient in these matters, expressed the view that the discoveries in this cemetery would direct attention to a new line of investigation, and that explorations for the remains of these prehistoric people would not in the future be con- fined to opening mounds. The officers of the society in 1880 were: H. B. WHETSEL, president; S. F. COVINGTON, vice-president; E. A. CONKLING, treasurer; Charles F. LOW, secretary; Charles L. METZ, M. D., superintendent.

Madisonville was incorporated as a village in the year 1876. The first officers were Louis W. CLASON, mayor; Calvin FAY clerk; George J. SETTLE, marshal; Timothy MAPHET, W. W. PEABODY, Michael BUCKLE, William SETTLE, James JULIEN, and Louis CORNWELLE, councilmen. The place had one thousand two hundred and forty-seven inhabitants by the census of 1880.

This village is eligibly situated at the bridge connecting the station on the Little Miami railroad nearest to Milford, Clermont county, with Milford. It is in the northeast corner of fractional section twenty-three, on the Little Miami river and railroad, and within half a mile of Camden City. It was laid out in 1840, while the railroad was in progress, by Messrs. Joseph LONGWORTH, Larz ANDERSON, R. M. SHOEMAKER, and L. E. BREWSTER.

This is a pleasant suburban locality, just at the northwest corner of the city, where the Observatory of the University of Cincinnati is situated, on the road from Walnut Hills, Woodburn, and O'Bryanville to the Red Bank station. The Mt. Lookout building association, for the improvement and development of this suburb, was incorporated June 10, 1871. It has a fine pleasure-park, owned by a private company; and a new Methodist Episcopal church was put up in the vicinity, in the fall and early winter of 1880, and dedicated December 5th of that year, with services by Bishops WILEY and WARREN.

This beautiful and noted suburb was formerly known in part as Sharpsburgh. It is on the Montgomery turnpike, and the Marietta & Cincinnati railroad, in the northwest part of section thirty -four, near the west line of the township. Some of the ground near, as that upon which the celebrated mound is situated (Norwood Heights), is among the most elevated in the county. It was projected in 1870 by some well-known residents and Cincinnatians - Colonel P. P. LANE, Judge James MCCULLOUGH, S. R. PARVIN, the well-known advertising agent, Samuel BOLLES, and Moses BUXTON. Eighty-two acres were laid off in spacious and elegant building tracts of one to six acres; and the quarter of an acre containing the mound was sacredly reserved, after the praiseworthy precedent set to all who appreciate the value of all such interesting relics of antiquity, by the colonists of Marietta.

For many years Judge MCCULLOUGH was accustomed, with the annual recurrence of Independence day, to invite large parties to the free use of his house and beautiful grounds at Norwood, serving them also a generous and gratuitous collation.

This place, a mile and a half south-southwest of Norwood, and something less from the northwest corner of Cincinnati, being just a mile from the Observatory, began to be considered a suburb of considerable importance by 1867, soon after the completion of the Marietta & Cincinnati railroad. It was not regularly laid out, however, until 1870, when Mr. Theodore DRAKE had the place surveyed and platted. It is beautifully situated upon the railroad named, upon the margin of the great interior valley mentioned in our description of the township, and is also conveniently reached by the Madison pike, being only five miles from the county court house, in the city. Its site was formerly owned by Anthony BROWN, who sold it to Paul SHUSTER. Among its flourishing institutions have been the Literary and Musical society, and the Oakley Coterie. By the census of 1880 the village had two hundred inhabitants.
is a popular country village and suburb of Cincinnati, on fractional section three, almost due north of Newton, in Anderson township, with which it is connected by a substantial wagon and foot bridge, an excellent road, and a plank sidewalk about a mile long. It is also on the Little Miami river, the railroad along the same, and the Cincinnati and Wooster turnpike. It was laid out in 1853, by Edward P. CRANCH, Nelson CROSS, and A. R. SPOFFORD. By the tenth census it had two hundred people.

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