William White, Judge of the Supreme Court of Ohio, Spring-field. The hardy growths of nature are those that battle the storms, the fiercer the conflict the more robust becomes the trunk, and the deeper down do the roots descend. Man is but a part of nature, and he who has endured the storms of life from childhood, mounting, step by step, the rugged path leading to suc-cess, winning recognition by his talent and force of character, until he has reached one of the highest positions in the gift of his adopted State, is the strong growth, the man of mark. In every generation, a few such men come to the front, and the people recognize them; they make our laws, mold our institutions and free the minds of the masses from that ignorance that would other-wise trammel its intellectual development. In the foremost rank of this class of men can be safely placed the Hon. William White, Judge of the Supreme Court of Ohio, who was born in England Jan. 28, 1822; his parents having died when he was quite young, he came to the United States with his uncle, James Dory, in 1831, who took up his residence in Springfield; when William became 12 years of age, he was apprenticed to a cabinet-maker for nine years; after serving six years, he obtained a release from his master, giving his notes for a considerable amount, which he paid by working at his trade in Spring-field; he was instilled with a laudable desire to obtain an education, and to secure the necessary means for this purpose, he devoted all his energies to his trade, working during vacation, and such other spare time as he had; his prin-cipal education was obtained at the Ohio Conference High School, under the tutorship of Chandler Robbins; on completing his studies, he was encouraged by the late William A. Rodgers to read law, which he did, managing to earn sufficient means to defray his expenses by teaching school at intervals and serving as night clerk in the post office; in 1846, he was admitted to the bar and immediately taken into partnership by his preceptor, Mr. Rodgers; this relation continued to exist until 1851, when the latter was elected Judge of the Court of Common Pleas. Mr. White was elected Prosecuting Attorney at the October election of 1847, and continued to hold that office eight years, receiv-ing large majorities at each succeeding contest; in 1856, without solicitation on his part he was put in nomination as an independent candidate for the Judge of the Court of Common Pleas, by the members of the bar of his subdivision, embracing the counties of Clark, Greene, Warren and Clinton, and was elected by a large majority over the nominee of the dominant party, his own county giving him an almost unanimous vote; in October, 1861, he was re-elected; on the resignation of Judge Hocking H. Hunter, Judge White, at the request of the bar of his district, was appointed, by Gov. Brough, Judge of the Supreme Court of Ohio, in February, 1864, and in October of the same year was elected to the unexpired term; in October, 1868, he was re-elected, and again in 1873 and 1878. At the latter election he received in the county 2392 majority, be-ing about double the usual party majority; his vote in the State was also the highest of any candidate on the State ticket. He has always been devoted to his profession and regarded as a pre-eminently safe Judge; his reported deci-sions (see Ohio State Reports, Vols. 14 to 26 inclusive, and Vols. 29, 31, 34 and 35 are distinguished for clearness and accuracy, and are justly held in high esteem by his cotemporaries. He married, Oct. 21, 1847, Miss Rachel, daugh-ter of Charles and Margaret Stout. Her family were old residents of Spring-field, and her mother, now upward of 86 years of age, resides with Mrs. J. Warren Keifer, who is also a daughter. Mrs. White is a member of the Second Presbyterian Church, and a pleasant, intelligent lady. Of their six children, three are living-Charles B., Mrs. Robert Rodgers and Nora B., all of whom have received the advantages of a liberal education.

BUTTERFIELD, WHITE biography for W. J. White

W. J. White, Superintendent Springfield Schools. The gentleman whose name heads this sketch is the Superintendent of the Public Schools of this city, and by virtue of his position, is one of those who have much to do in the education of the pupils under his supervision. In his department there is a large amount of work, occupying wholly his time, as the 2,266 students in the different schools and the teacher of each department are visited frequently dur-ing each week. Mr. White was born in Muskingum Co., Ohio, April 1, 1844; until his 17th year his education was limited to what the common schools afforded; in the fall of 1861, although a mere boy, he enlisted in the O. V. I.; for five long years he served under his country's flag, during which time he was in every battle in which his regiment was engaged, and was at no time excused from duty during his entire term of service; after his discharge from the service, he took a four years' classical collegiate course in the Ohio Wesleyan University, at Delaware, Ohio, graduating in 1870; he married, in the same year, Miss Bertha A. Butterfield, of Bucyrus; Ohio, who graduated in the class of 1870 from the Ohio Wesleyan Female College, Delaware, Ohio; they removed to Pana, Ill., in 1870, where he was engaged as Principal of the high school, and afterward Superintendent of the schools; in 1874, returning to Ohio, he became connected with the schools of Springfield as Principal of the high school, in which capacity he served one year, when he was elected Superintendent of the schools, and has filled this position since with credit and honor. At the last election, June, 1880, he was unanimously elected for two years, thus adding additional luster to his name as an efficient worker in the educational interests of the people. Since his connection with the schools, the enrollment of names has been nearly doubled and the efficiency greatly increased, due, largely, to the untiring efforts of Prof. White and his excellent corps of teach-ers. During the whole of the time since his connection with the schools of this city, he has been County Examiner, and has examined, probably, 2,000 teachers; his efforts have ever been to elevate the standard of the teachers of the county, necessarily increasing the efficiency of the county schools; for six years he has been a member of the City Board of School Examiners; he is Mas-ter of Clark Lodge, No. 101, A., F. & A. M., and a member of Palestine Com-mandery, and, for a number of years, Sabbath School Superintendent of High Street Methodist Episcopal Church.


Andrew Whiteley; resident of the city of Springfield; was born in Harrison Co., Ky., May 31, 1812; his parents were natives of North Carolina and Kentucky: the father, John Whiteley, was born in the former State, and the mother, Christiana Hall, in the latter; the father, though born in the State of North Carolina, was reared in Virginia, going to Kentucky in early manhood; the ancestrial lineage was English on the side of the father, and likewise Eng-lish on the mother's side, the more remote ancestors, however, on the father's side have been traced back to France, Ireland and Germany, and those of the mother to France, Scotland, Wales, Germany and Spain. The father was married to Christiana, daughter of William Hall, at the house of the latter, some five miles east of Springfield, Ohio (now owned by William Wilson), in the year 1811, and returned to Kentucky, where they remained until 1814, when they came to the Reid neighborhood, some three and a half miles east of Springfield, where he was occupied for two years in teaching school, then permanently located in the vicinity of the Hall farm. He was a man of con-siderable prominence, having been for some years County Commissioner and a Justice of the Peace. The subject of this sketch was united in marriage with Nancy C. Nelson, of New England parents, Sept. 24, 1833, to which union there were born six children, viz.: William N., Amos N., Eliza J., Nancy C., Caroline and James B., all of whom are married and have children. William N. mar-ried Mary McDermott; they have two children; Amos married Josephine E. Ferrell, and has two children; Eliza married Johnson Morton, and has one child; Nancy married W. T. Stillwell, and has one boy; Caroline married Edward Myers, and has one child, and James married Maggie Johnson, and has one girl. Until the year 1852, Mr. Whiteley had devoted his entire attention to farming; then, for the next five years, in connection with farming, he was engaged with his son, William N., in the invention of the reaping and mowing machine, which, as it were, has been wafted by the four winds of heaven to all parts of the civilized globe, and the genius of the inventor heralded to every clime. Since that period, Mr. Whiteley has given his attention to inven-tions, principally, in the line of the same machines - improving the reaping and mowing machines, and the automatic and spring binder; taking out and re-issuing patents, etc., etc. Many of his best inventions are found in the Champion reapers, mowers and binders. The father of our subject was a strong Whig, in whose footsteps his son trod, and on the coming of the Republican Party, became an advocate of its principles, to which he adhered until the close of the war. In 1872, he voted for Horace Greeley; in 1876, for Samuel J. Tilden, and in 1880, for Weaver, who, in his opinion, was an upholder and respecter of the rights of the laboring classes.

HALL, STICKNEY, WHITELEY biography for William Whitely

William Whiteley, Springfield. Throughout Clark County the name of Whiteley is a household word, and there are few families more widely known over the State, in fact from the Atlantic to the Pacific, and wherever machinery for farm labor can be utilized, there the product of the inventive genius of the Whiteley family have found a lasting welcome. They come of English stock, who settled in Virginia before the Revolution, William's grand-father, Joseph, with his brother, John Whiteley, serving throughout that strug-gle for liberty, the latter yielding up his life in that great cause. Joseph raised a large family, John, the father of William, being one of the number, he being born in North Carolina while his parents were on a visit to that State, but always claiming Virginia as the State of his nativity. In 1804, John Whiteley came from Kentucky to Ohio on a prospecting tour, and again, in 1810, made a like trip, and in the spring of 1811, was married in what is now Clark County, to Christiana Hall, a native of Virginia, of English, German and Scotch extraction, whose parents came to this portion of Ohio at an early day. John and wife went back to Kentucky where he engaged in teaching school, being a man of good education, and there they remained until 1814, when they returned to Clark County, where he continued school-teaching, being one of the early educators in the neighborhood of "Fletcher Chapel:" they raised a fam-ily of seven children, four sons and three daughters, as follows: Andrew, Freelove, William, Abner, Joseph, Nancy and Sarah, the eldest being the father of William N. Whiteley, head of the Champion Works, and the leading spirit in their growth and development. John and wife lived and died in this county, having done their duty well in the building up of the moral and material inter-ests of the neighborhood, in which they were honored and respected people. The subject of this sketch was born in the eastern part of Springfield Town-ship Jan. 18, 1815, and grew to manhood, working on the home farm but the whole family being natural inventors, they early turned their attention to the invention and improvement of farm machinery. Beginning in a small way on the farm in the manufacture of plows, and later, mowers and reapers, which have developed into the gigantic manufacturing interests known far and wide as the Champion Company, the history of which will be found in this work. William was married, in 1848, to Mary Ann Stickney, daughter John and Sarah Stickney, natives of England. Mrs. Whiteley was born in this county, and has had one child, Mary E., and the family are members of the Methodist Episco-pal Church. Mr. Whiteley has been identified with nearly every manufacturing interest that Springfield can boast of to-day, and has been prime mover in many of them; his time and money have ever been devoted to all classes of public benefits, and few men have done more, according to his means, for the material welfare of his native county, than William Whiteley; charitable and benevolent to all, his generosity in helping his neighbor has been the cause of much financial trouble to himself, yet he has gone on in this path and his indefatiga-ble industry, coupled with his great natural inventive genius, has again attained for him a competency; politically a Republican, he has filled many positions of trust and confidence, and his only desire through life has been to do his duty, benefit his fellow-man, by helping to build up the moral and material interests of his native county, and thereby merit the respect of all good citizens, as well as leave to his family an unsullied character.

NELSON, WHITELEY biography for William N. Whitely

William N. Whiteley, manufacturer, Springfield; is a son of Andrew and Nancy (Nelson) Whiteley; was born near Springfield, Aug. 3, 1835. Note - Mr. Whiteley needs no biography for the citizens of Clark Co., his history is synonymous with that of Springfield and its best and greatest inter-ests. His native modesty moved him to request that no personal mention be made of him.

FERRELL, WHITELEY biography for Amos Whitely

Amos Whiteley, manufacturer, Springfield; is a native of Clark County; was born near Springfield in 1838; he spent his boyhood on the farm with his father, Andrew Whiteley, but like his brother, William N. Whiteley, early gave mechanical pursuits nearly his entire attention, spending most of his time in the same workshop, serving an apprenticeship, and thus rendering valuable service to his brother, and assisting in producing the first Champion machine; from the formation of the firm of Whiteley & Fassler and Whiteley, Fassler & Kelly, he was the principal business manager (the firm devoting most of their time to the improving and perfecting of the Champion machines), having charge of the accounting department and traveling salesman, until 1867, when the Champion Machine Company, the history of which is fully given elsewhere in this work, was organized with Amos Whiteley at its head, since which he has held the office of President of this company; he is also the Treasurer and the General Ticket Agent of the Springfield Southern Railroad Company, hav-ing entire charge of the accounting department; his rare energy and business ability, the economy of his management and the value of his systematic meth-ods, are fully demonstrated by the prosperous condition of the immense inter-ests under his supervision; he is one of the foremost citizens in all public enter-prises; is President of the City Council, and one of the men to whose progres-sive energy mid industry is due the development of Springfield. from a country village to one of the leading manufacturing cities of the country; he married, in 1860, Miss Josephine Ferrell, daughter of Nathaniel and Sarah Ferrell. She has borne him two children, both of whom were boys, and are receiving a thorough education at Wittenberg College.

FOREMAN, JOHNSON, JUDY, TURNER, WILSON biography for Washington Wilson

Washington Wilson, retired farmer; P. O. Springfield; son of Michael and Temperance (Judy) Wilson; was born in Greene Co., Ohio, near Fairfield, Oct 18, 1811; his father was in the war of 1812, came home, took sick and died from disease contracted while in service. Shortly after his death, the mother, with her two children, Washington and Josiah, moved to Clark Ca, Ohio, and settled in Harmony Township, where Michael, the youngest child, was born; she was again married; this time to James Turner; she died, in 1880, at the age of 92 years. Washington spent his boyhood days working on the farm in summer, and attending school in winter; he taught one term of school when about 20 years old, for $10 per month; be was married. May 22, 1886, to Mary Ann Foreman, daughter of William and Nancy (Johnson) Foreman; they have ten children, viz.: Michael, William J., George W., Harrison, John J., Addison, Nancy T., Harriet, Mary Ann and Flora, all of whom are married except Addison and Flora, and well-to-do. Mrs. Wilson was born in this county, Feb. 9, 1820; her parents came from Kentucky, and settled in Clark County at an early day. When Washington was 21 years old, he and one of his brothers purchased 500 acres of land, at $3.60 per acre, and afterward, 300 acres more, at $5 per acre: and so on, from time to time, bought different portions of land, ranging in price from $10 to $50 per acre; he was one of the Trustees of Har-mony Township for twelve years, and a member of the School Board of that township some six or eight years; he has, mainly through his integrity and good management, acquired his handsome fortune; he moved to Springfield in 1868, and is pleasantly located, corner Washington and Factory streets, where he and his good wife enjoy the fruits of their labor. Mr. Wilson, his sons and sons-in-law, in 1880, gave to James A. Garfield ten straight, solid votes. Mr. Wilson has been a life-long Republican.

WILSON biography for William S. Wilson

William S. Wilson, Treasurer. Springfield. Mr. Wilson was born in Moorefield Township. Clark Co., Ohio, in 1836; removed to the city of Springfield in 1851; in 1861, enlisted as private in the 71st O. V. I, and re-enlisted in 1864, when the regiment was veteranized; he was promoted, from time to time, through all the intermediate grades, to the office of Captain; he served on the staff of Maj. Gen. Rosseau as Provost Marshal of the District of Middle Tennessee; also on the department staff of the the Department of the Cumberland as Commissary of Musters: he resigned in October, 1865, holding the last-named staff appointment. In 1880, he was elected Treasurer of Clark County, receiving a larger majority of votes than any of the candidates for the different offices on either the State or county tickets.

FREY, PARISH, SHARPE, WILSON biography for William W. Wilson

William W. Wilson, manufacturer, Springfield; is a native of Penn-sylvania, born in Washington County in 1821; he was raised on a farm, then a want of facilities made it necessary for the boys to know hard work, and he began to follow the plow when 12 years of age, and made a full hand in the harvest field at 16, and consequently received but little education. He remained on the farm assisting his father, until 27 years of age; afterward, was engaged in milling and mercantile pursuits, and did quite an extensive business; but two fires, one burning his mill and the other his store, were a severe loss, and led to his removal to Springfield in 1865, and in 1868 he became a member of the new Champion Machine Company, being the road man of the firm, and traveled eight years: but of late years, the home business has required the attention of all the members of the firm. Mr. Wilson is one of the self made men, having begin life as a farmer boy, and remembers when he cradled all day for 75 cents, and, although so unfortunate as to have the proceeds of the labor of his early years consumed by fire, has more than replaced his loss, and is now in good circum-stances. He has been twice married: his first wife was a Miss Mary Parish, of Eastern Ohio, and his present wife was Nancy Sharpe; she is a native of Bel-mont County; by her he has one child - Anna, now Mrs. I. W. Frey.

PERRIN, WHITNEY, WILSON biography for Robert Wilson

Robert WILSON, retired woolen manufacturer, Springfield, Ohio. Mr. Wilson was born in Selkirkshire, Scotland, near the home of Walter Scott, June 26, 1807; he came to America in 1819; lived in New York State until 1836, when he moved to Pennsylvania, where he resided two years, and thence to Knox Co., Ohio, where, in 1843, he erected a woolen-factory, which he ran until 1863, when he sold out and retired from active business, and in 1878 removed to Springfield. Ohio, and is comfortably located at No. - South Limestone street. He was married, in 1837, to Adeline Whitney, who was born in New York Jan. 19, 1814; they have but two children - Aurilla U. and Charles; Aurilla was married, Sept. 2, 1880, to James H. Perrin, of the firm of Perrin & Shanks, house-builders of this city; Charles is located at South Charleston, Clark Co., Ohio, where he is engaged in commercial pursuits.


Amaziah WINGER, lumber-dealer, Springfield; he is a son of Jacob and Catherine (Trout) Winger; was born in Lancaster Co., Penn. He came with his parents to Clark Co., Ohio, in 1838. His boyhood days were spent in school; at the age of 20, he began work in a lumber-yard. In 1862, be received a commission as 2d Lieutenant to recruit a company, and was assigned to the 94th O. V. I; he served to the close of the rebellion, when he received an hon-orable discharge; in 1864, he was promoted to the rank of Captain for meritorious service; he was in the battles of Chickamauga, Stone River, and with Sherman on the march to Atlanta, participating in the battles of that march, and was also in Sherman's grand march to the sea; he was in the grand review before the President, Gen. Grant and others in 1865. His father, Jacob Winger, an old pioneer of Springfield, was born in Lancaster Co., Penn., Aug. 6, 1810, where he lived until 1837, when he moved to Springfield, Clark Co., Ohio, in a wagon; he has been connected with quite a number of enterprises here, but his chief occupation has been that of a house-builder. In 1852, he went into partnership with William Whiteley, Esq., and erected a shop for the purpose of building cars, but first began making the Cook reaping machine; they sold one of these machines to Andrew Whiteley for $30; with this machine, he (Andrew Whiteley) experimented, and the now famous Champion is the outgrowth of that machine. They began building cars in 1853, but in 1854, when the railroads failed, they were compelled to quit the business. In 1857, Jacob was engaged very exten-sively in manufacturing wheat drills, known as the Enoch drill, but, on account of the failure of the "Trust Company," it so affected his trade that he was obliged to suspend; but, being of an indomitable will, never allowed himself to be discouraged. He was married, Dec. 27. 1832, to Catherine Trout, who was born May 11, 1809, in Pennsylvania; of their ten children, but six are now liv-ing; their son Hezekiah died at the age of 26, from the effects of wounds received in the late rebellion. Amaziah has been twice married; the first time, to Mary A. Crothers, in November, 1867; she died in 1873, leaving two children, both girls; his second wife was Mrs. Mary D. Torbert, widow of James L. Torbert (deceased), and daughter of Amos Barr. In 1865, the Captain formed a partner-ship in the lumber trade with Mr. Hayward, his present partner.


H. A. Wise, of the firm of Andrews, Wise & Putnam, Springfield; is a native of Massachusetts, born in Deerfield Jan. 18, 1845. His youth was spent on a farm and attending school; he began his business career as a clerk in Greenfield, Mass., when about 21 years of age; subsequently learned the photographer's art, and was thus engaged in Greenfield until 1869, when he removed to and continued his business in Springfield until the fall of 1874; during this time, he also conducted a gallery in Xenia. In January, 1876, he became a mem-ber of the firm of Wilson, Wise & Putnam, who were the successors of Rice & Co.; this firm continued without change until 1878, during which time they had established a branch house at Urbana, under the firm name of H. A. Wise & Co., Mr. Wise being in charge; in 1878, Mr. Wilson took the Urbana stock, and Mr. Wise returned to the establishment here, the firm then being Wise & Putnam until April, 1880, when Mr. Andrews came in, and the style of the firm became as now, Andrew; Wise & Putnam. Mr. Wise is now in the prime of life, sys-tematic, enterprising and successful in business, and affable and respected in the social circle. He married, in 1868, Miss Frances E. Burnam, who was also a native of Deerfield, Mass.; she having died, he married, in 1876, Miss D Flora, daughter of William Ford, now a resident of Urbana, but formerly for a number of years a resident of this city; two children have been born of the sec-ond union-H. Edna and Mallie.

HATFIELD, KITCHEN, STRONG, WISE biography for Lewis Wise

Lewis Wise, farmer; P. O. Springfield. Mr. Wise was born in this county Dec. 14, 1829; he has followed farming all his life, and is of a true, genuine, hospitable nature. He was married, Sept 18, 1856, to Me-linda Hatfield, daughter of James and Margaret (Kitchen) Hatfield; they have had six children, viz., Alice, Joseph, Charles C., James H., Minnie E., John S., all living except Alice and Joseph, who have crossed the river to that purer and better home in heaven. Mrs. Wise was born in this county Sept. 8, 1833; Mr. and Mrs. Wise moved to their present home a few days after their marriage, being their first and only moving. Mr. Wise is the son of Jesse and Debora (Strong) Wise; Jesse was a native of Virginia, and, when but a small boy, his father died, leaving the mother with the care of their two children, Jesse and Polly, and, in 1807, she, with her children, came to Ohio and to this county, traveling all the way from Virginia here on horseback, with one of the children before and the other behind her on the horse. Mrs. Wise's father, James Hat-field, was a native of Kentucky, and her mother of Pennsylvania, he coming to Clark County in 1806, and she in 1812. Lewis' mother died in 1832, and his father in l876. The farm on which he and Mrs. Wise now live was entered by her Grandmother Hatfield about the year 1808, and has remained in the pos-session of some of the family ever since; and on the 25th of August, 1880, when a family re-union was held on the old farm, there being present 100 persons, all relatives, except three, of Mrs. Wise; during the day, the older ones related many interesting incidents which had occurred on the old farm during their boyhood days.


Daniel Wissinger, wholesale and retail coal, Springfield. Mr. Daniel Wissinger comes from good old Virginia stock, being born at Harper's Ferry March 27, 1812; came to Springfield in 1833, commencing business as a builder and contractor, which he followed thirty-five or thirty-six years. In 1871, he commenced the sash, door and blind manufacture, under the firm name of Wis-singer & Shanks, which was subsequently changed to Wissinger & Arthur. In March, 1879, he discontinued this business, and, in September following, he went into his present business - wholesale and retail coal - with his son, under the style of C. F. Wissinger & Co. Mr. Wissinger was married, in 1834, to Miss Cynthia Conklin, of this city, by whom he had eight children, of whom four sons and two daughters are living. Losing Mrs. Cynthia Wissinger in August, 1848, he was again married, on Feb. 7, 1850, to Miss Catherine Kelly (cousin of Oliver S. Kelly, so prominently known here), who bore him three sons and three daughters, the latter of whom they lost; all three of his sons by the first marriage were in the Union army, the first, Luther, enlisting in the 94th O. V. I.; the second, Daniel, was also in the infantry service, and the youngest, John, in the 5th O. V. C. first and, after being wounded, he joined the 110th O. V. I.; he was again shot, through the hip, in this, in the battle of Monocacy, Md. Of Mr. Wissinger's sons by his second union, C. E. Wissinger is his partner in business, and was formerly of the firm of Morrow & Wissinger; the second, F. K. Wissinger, is a physician; and George W. Wissinger is a book-keeper in Peet & Elster's Novelty Works; Oscar W., his oldest son, is a coal-dealer in Urbana; Luther is a machinist in railroad employ in Memphis, Tenn.; Daniel, a carpenter in Springfield; and John, machinist in the Champion Knife & Bar Works. The Wissingers are a large, widely known and highly respected family, and have been for many years identified with Springfield's best interests. Mr. Wissinger's family attend the Second Presbyterian Church.

HALLER, KITT, PRICKETT, WOLFE biography for Samuel Wolfe

Samuel Wolfe, farmer; P.O. Springfield; son of Henry and Elizabeth (Haller) Wolfe was born near Harpers Ferry, Va., June 14, 1809. When Samuel was 11 years old, his parents came to Ohio and settled on the farm now owned by him; they were among the early settlers of this county; their family consisted of nine children, of whom Samuel is the seventh child. Mr. Wolfe was a man who never sought public office, but worked quietly along on his farm, providing well for his household; and Samuel, like his father, has passed through life having the Golden Rule for his motto, following the same strictly, being loved and respected by all who know him. Samuel has always lived on the farm, and received his education at the district school. He was married, in 1847, to Margaret J., daughter of George and Rachel (Prickett) Kitt; Mrs. Wolfe was born in this county in 1823, and it was her Grandfather Prickett who bought the old mill of Lagonda from Simon Kenton. To Samuel and Mar-garet J. Wolfe were born the following children; Elizabeth C., Rachel Ann, James Milton, George H., Louisa, John K., William (who died Jan.20, 1878), Frank and Howard. For thirty-three years they lived happily together, enjoy-ing the comfort of each other's society and doing their duty in all things; but, on the 19th of July, 1880, death visited this happy home and took from him his partner through life's joys and sorrows, leaving a void in the household and heart of her companion that can never be filled. Mr. Wolfe remembers, when a boy, of seeing the Indians on his father's farm, but at that time they were friendly. He is a Republican in politics, and is considered one of the honest, upright pioneers of his township - a plain, practical man, with no pretensions but honesty, morality, charity and justice toward all mankind. In 1865, he and wife united with the Baptist Church, in which faith his wife died, and of which Mr. Wolfe is a consistent member, patiently awaiting the day when he shall meet, in a better land, those whom he knew and loved on earth - such being the hope and consolation that religion gives him.


Philip N. Woliston, manufacturer of plows, etc., Springfield. At the tender age of 4 1/2 years, Philip N. Woliston accompanied his parents to Springfield; they came from Adams Co., Penn., in May, 1828, the place of his nativity. In the fall of 1849, Mr. Woliston married Eliza Anderson: they trav-eled life's journey together for thirty years; she was taken from him by the hand of death May 10, 1879; Mrs. Anderson, his mother-in-law, and her daugh-ter Mary, are living with him at 25 Clifton avenue; his only brother, John G. Woliston, his senior by four years, lives in South Springfield. Mr. Woliston has been all his life a wood-worker, pattern-maker and machinist, and an indus-trious and thorough-going man; four years since, he formed his present copart-nership of Woliston, Chambers & Burnett, for the manufacture of the Whiteley plow, and sash, doors and blinds, under the trade name of the Springfield Plow Manufacturing Company; their business has prospered, and they have all they can do to supply the demand for their manufactures. Among Mr. Woliston's recollections of early days is that of the rude log crib-bridge over Mill Run, its south end occupying the present site of the extensive factory of the St. John's Sewing Machine Company; he says he used to hunt squirrels at what is now the corner of High and Plum streets, and remembers when he Springfield Republic was printed on a hand-press of the old quaint style, in a one-story frame house, and edited by John D. Nichols: he also alludes to a 4th of July celebration on the common about where David West's shop now is, on which occasion Samuel Rouser's arms were shot off by the accidental premature discharge of the cannon. Rouser was an intemperate man, but this terrible accident quite reformed him. In the mouths of these same cannon, birds used to build their nests, ad interim. Mr. Woliston is a consistent member of the First Congrega-tional Church - a whole-souled, cheerful man, with a smile and manner that bespeak the absence of guile or malice.


Isaac Corey WOOD, retired farmer; P. O. Springfield. This well-known pioneer comes of pure English origin, his paternal and maternal grandfathers, Jeremiah Wood and Thomas Corey, having been natives of England, who settled in New Jersey at an early day. Here his father. Isaac Wood, was born. July 10, 1771, and was married. Oct. 9, 1797, to Jane Corey, a native of that State, born July 2, 1779, and in 1798 they came West and settled in Warren Co., Ohio, where they remained until March, 1812, when they came to Clark County, settling on Sec. 15. Springfield Township, removing, in the following year, to Sec. 9, where his son Thomas now resides; they had thirteen children; six are yet living; five sons reside in this county, and one daughter in Allen Co., Ohio; he died Aug. 24, 1825, his wife surviving him forty-six years, dying May 12, 1871. The subject of this sketch was born in Warren Co., Ohio, May 16, 1802: removed with his parents to this county in 1812, and here grew to man-hood, attending the primitive log schoolhouse a short time, where he learned the rudiments of reading, writing, etc. On the 15th of June, 1825, he was mar-ried to Honora Scantlin, daughter of Jeremiah and Diana Scantlin, he a native of Ireland and she of Virginia, her father being killed in the war of 1812, while bravely fighting against the English foe, sacrificing his life in behalf of freedom and to defeat the oppressors of his native land. Mrs. Wood was born in Virginia Dec. 12, 1808, and, after her father's death, her mother married John Collins, who died in that State, when she was married to Spalding Winchester, who came with the family, in November, 1822, to Clark County, settling in the west part of Harmony Township, removing thence to Springfield Township, where they died in 1857, sincere members of the M. E. Church, she dying Aug. 15, and her husband Sept. 15, of that year. About forty-five years ago, Mrs. Wood joined the Free-Will Baptist Church, and has since taken an active interest in that denomination. Politically, Mr. Wood was a Whig, casting his first vote for Clay in 1824, but, upon the formation of the Republican party, he joined its ranks, and, since his first vote, has never missed casting his ballot for the Presi-dential nominee of his party, and has always been an Abolitionist; he has been a rigid temperance man all his life, and his honesty and integrity are too well known to be doubted, his word at all times being as good as his note. On the 15th day of June, 1875, they celebrated their golden wedding by an excursion to the Soldiers' Home at Dayton, whither they were accompanied by twenty-two of their friends, and, if both live to the same date of June, 1881, they will be fifty-six years man and wife - an event that seldom occurs in the annals of mar-ried life. Mr. Wood belongs to no church, his motto through life being the Golden Rule, which he has ever tried to follow in all his transactions with his fellow-men. For over sixty-nine years he has lived in Clark County, and has judiciously saved the results of his industry, but is without children on whom to bestow his means: he has retired from active business, and, with his aged wife, is now enjoying the blessings of a moral, well-spent life.

COREY, MORTON, SAMPSON, WOOD biography for Thomas S. Wood

Thomas S. WOOD, farmer: P.O. Springfield. His farm, which is located four miles east of Springfield, on the Charleston Pike, is among the best in the county. He was born in Butler County, this State, April 30, 1810; he is a son of Isaac and Jane (Corey) Wood. In 1812, his father entered the land now owned by Thomas, on which he settled the following year and began clearing the land, getting it ready for cultivation. When Thomas was 6 years old, he started to school; he had a little over a mile to go, and would frequently meet twenty and thirty Indians on the way. Of his father's family of thirteen chil-dren, but six are now living. When Thomas was 15 years old, his father died, and he, being the oldest of the boys at home, took charge of the farm for his mother. He was married, March 27, 1837, to Rhoda Ann Morton, daughter of Abraham and Jane (Sampson) Morton; Rhoda was born Oct. 25, 1819, near Gallipolis, this State; their issue has been fourteen children - seven boys and seven girls - three boys and five girls still living. Mr. Wood cast his first Presi-dential ballot for Henry Clay, and has been identified with the Whig and Re-publican parties ever since; he has never missed an election, except two town-ship elections, since he has been old enough to vote. He is now 70 years old and is considered one of the well-to-do, upright citizens of his township.


John Woodrow, wood worker and turner, Springfield. Mr. John Woodrow, although numbering his threescore and fifteen, is virtually a native of Clark County, for, although born in Fayette Co., Western Pennsylvania, in 1805, his father moved from Pennsylvania to Kentucky when the subject of this sketch was less than 1 year old, and moved again to this county, settling in Montgomery County, at so early an age that Mr. Woodrow has but the faintest recollections of it, being too young to remember well the events of this period: He relates from hearsay that, after coming to Ohio, his father and a man named Oberholz made up a flat-boat load of flour, pork and similar produce for the Lower Mississippi market; on reaching Natchez, his father was taken sick and died, and was buried at Natchez, Miss.: young Woodrow was then left an orphan. Oberholz went to New Orleans and sold out; a short time thereafter, one Daniel Rouser, from Maryland, but then living in Miami County, about half way between Springfield and Troy, came to Dayton looking for a boy to adopt, he and wife being well-to-do and childless, and, finding our subject a bright boy and an orphan, and liking him, adopted him and took him with him to Miami Co. and raised him to years of maturity and self-support. From Miami Co., he came to Clark Co. to live, when Woodrow was but 10 years old. He first worked on a farm, then commenced learning the trade of wood-working and turning, under a man named David Pettigrew. His adopted father died on Oct. 18, 1832, when young Woodrow was about 18 years old, since which time he has, in every sense of the word, "paddled his own canoe," having no help whatever from any one. This Daniel Rouser, his foster-father, was the uncle of Samuel Rouser, whose arms were blown off at a 4th of July celebration in early days, of which men-tion is made in the sketch of Philip N. Woliston, of Springfield; he afterward fell down the stairs and broke his neck. Mr. Woodrow belonged to a home artillery company about seven years, from 1830 to 1837. He was married, on March 8, 1829, to Mary Berry, from Virginia: He has one son and two daughters living, one of his daughters having married Mr. J D Smith, of this city: his son, David N. Woodrow, was in the Union army as a member of the 100-day troops, and re-enlisted in the 58th O. V. I., and is now working in the Champion reaper shops, and is still unmarried. Mr. Woodrow has been a wood-turner for over half a century, and probably no man in Ohio has done more work with a foot-lathe than he; and he still does it daily, at his advanced age of 75. Mr. Woodrow is one of stock that are now so rare - blunt, square, to the point, but withal so courteous and kind, and to know him even slightly is to like him.


Robert C. Woodward, City Librarian, Springfield: is a native of Springfield, a son of Jacob and Sarah (Christie) Woodward; his father was a native of Pennsylvania, and came, when a young man, to Springfield, and was connected with the business interests here until his decease, which occurred in 1829, being associated with Judge Ira Paige in the proprietorship of the woolen-factory, and subsequently a merchant; his widow and two sons still survive. The subject of this sketch was born in 1829, and was but 3 months old when his father died; his mother, by teaching, took care of him and gave him a rudimen-tary education, and, after her second marriage, in 1837, he attended the Ohio Conference High School, and was one of the first students enrolled at Witten-berg College, but, after passing the Freshman year, circumstances compelled him to relinquish school, and he entered the Republic office, and, after two years' service as "devil," was promoted to foreman of the office, but three months later, accepted a position as compositor on the Cincinnati Commercial, a position he obtained by reason of his ability to read short-hand; during the three months in which he was employed in the Commercial office, he completed a commercial course under the direction of R. S. Bacon, after which he returned to Spring-field and accepted a position as traveling salesman for his step-father, J. D. Nich-ols, who had a special contract to sell stationery, etc., on the Pan Handle line of railroad; after one year's experience, he discontinued that business, as it did not prove as profitable as he had hoped; after spending eighteen months at Davenport, Iowa, he went South and spent the winter of 1857 - 58, and in 1859 he was induced to purchase a book store here in Springfield, which business he continued until September, 1861, when he engaged in the same business in Lima, Ohio; there Mr. Woodward became prominently identified with the local religious interests, being the honored and trusted Superintendent of the Sunday school connected with the Presbyterian Church, and his wife, nee Miss Lizzie A. Crooks, formerly from Lowell, Mass., but at the time of their marriage, April 12, 1860, a teacher in the Springfield public schools, was an active and prominent member of the women's Christian Commission, gratefully remembered by every soldier of the late war; but in 1865 his wife died, and the five years which fol-lowed were filled with bitter experiences; dispirited by the loss of his wife, his partners took advantages of him, and, in the spring of 1868, he returned to Springfield, to retrieve, as far as possible, the losses he had sustained. In 1869, he, in partnership with his step-brother, W. G. Nichols, bought his old book-store, and, with the proceeds of that stock, credits, and some money Mr. Woodward was able to borrow, they started a job printing office, and in eighteen months, by dint of careful management and at the expense of severe wear to his constitution, they sold out and were clear of debt. From this time Mr. Woodward was variously employed until 1877, when he was appointed City Librarian. When he entered upon his duties, he found matters in a chaotic state; but by his usual energy and industry, he has brought system and order into all the details, and no better regulated public library can be found than that over which Mr. Woodward presides; he is ably assisted by his wife, nee Miss Harriette De Witt formerly of Fostoria, but, at the time of their marriage, Oct 10, 1866, a teacher in the Springfield schools.

CHENOWETH, SAMPSON, WHITTREDGE, WRIGHT biography for Benjamin F. Wright

Benjamin F. Wright, farmer and stock-shipper; P. O. Springfield. He is a son of John and Jane (Sampson) Wright, and was born in this county Jan. 28, 1827; has followed farming and stock-shipping the greater part of his life. He was married. Dec. 24, 1848, to Olive C., daughter of Thomas and Eli-zabeth (Chenoweth) Whittredge; they have five children - four girls and one boy - all of whom are married. Her father was a native of Vermont, and came to Clark Co., Ohio about the year 1820; he departed this life in 1869. Her mother was born and raised in this county. Mr. Wright's father was a native of England, and emigrated to America in 1820, and settled in what is now Harmony Township, Clark Co., Ohio, the same year. His mother was born in Massachusetts; came to this county in 1822. The father died in 1842, and the mother in 1844. In 1865, while engaged in threshing wheat Benjamin got his arm caught in wheels of the thresher, losing his right hand. In 1868, he engaged with the Champion Manufacturing Company of Springfield as agent, and since then has traveled for said firm during the busy season of each year; during the winter, he devotes his attention to the buying and shipping of stock, which he has followed for the past thirty winters, being the oldest stock-shipper now in this county. In all his dealings, he has ever sustained an honorable reputation.

FOLEY, YEAZELL biography for William M. Yeazell

William M. Yeazell, retired fanner and stock-dealer; P. O. Spring-field; is a native of Clark County, and a descendant of a pioneer family of Moorefield Township. The subject of this sketch was born in Moorefield Township in 1835; is a son of William and Eliza (Foley) Yeazell. He remained on the farm with his parents during his youth, receiving a limited common-school education. When about 20 years of age., he went into the mill at Moorefield. where he remained about sir years. When the war broke out, he returned to the old homestead and assisted his father in farming; in 1862, his father died, and he remained on the old homestead until 1872, when he removed to Springfield, and has since resided here. Mr. Yeazell still retains the old homestead in Moorefield Township, and, though not permanently engaged in any active busi-ness, occasionally purchases a shipment of stock, which, with other occasional speculations, serve the double purpose of employing his time and producing profit. He married, Dec. 11, 1866, Miss Ann CLARK, sister of Charles M. Clark, whose biography also appears in this work Mr. Yeazell's house, No. 425 East High street, purchased just previous to his removal to the city, compares favor-ably with the fine residences for which this street is noted.

REMSBURG, YOUNG biography for Mary S. Young

Mrs. Mary S. Young, Springfield. Mrs. Young is the widow of Henry Young, deceased. Mrs. Young was born in Frederick Co., Md., March 17, 1837; she is the daughter of Samuel and Maria Remsburg: was married to Mr. Young Dec. 18, 1856, and in 1861 they moved to Ohio and settled in this county, on the farm north of Springfield now owned by Daniel Young, Sr. Mr. Young died June 16, 1871, leaving Mrs. Young with three children - Clarence M., Jen-nie V. and Annie H. In 1878, Mrs. Young purchased and removed to the beau-tiful farm of 80 acres, which is located about three miles southeast of Spring-field. Clarence is now old enough to carry on the farm; he and his two sisters are a great help and comfort to their mother. Mr. and Mrs. Young's parents were natives of Maryland.


The Armstrong Family. The family bearing the above name is, strictly speaking, one of the pioneer families of the vicinity of Springfield. The head of the family, Oliver Armstrong, was born at Bennington, Vt., April 26, 1783, and was united in marriage with Annie Hanes in the year 1802, when but 19 years of age. In 1812, he emigrated to Ohio, settling in the Maumee dis-trict, away from which locality he was driven by the Indians in the year 1813. He started for the village of Urbana with a sick wife and four small children in a cart, with two oxen. The journey was attended with great privation and danger, and extended over a period of six weeks. On reaching Urbana, he had only 25 cents, but found in Judge Reynolds a warm friend, who loaned him great assistance. In the year 1814, he removed into Clark County, where his wife died March 11. Their children were Oliver, Cyrus, Phidelia and David. One year later (1815), Mr. Armstrong married Mrs. Lucinda (Paige) Muzzy, widow of Joseph Muzzy, and sister of Judge Ira Paige. She was born in Hordwic, Mass., July 28, 1780. Two of her children by Mr. Muzzy - Lucius and Franklin - are now residents of Springfield. To the second union of Mr. Armstrong and Mrs. Muzzy, there were born the following children: William, Ominda, Louisa and Lucinda; the latter two are residents of Springfield; Louisa, the wife of Benjamin Furniss, to whom she was married in 1857, both having previously been married; to this union there were born three children, namely: Edward, Frank and Mary. Mr. Furniss was born in the State of New York in 1811, and Mrs. Furniss was born on the old homestead known as "Greenside," in East Springfield, in the year 1822. Lucinda was born at the same place August 4, 1824: was also raised and married in the same house; married to George O. C. Frankenburg, September 17, 1845. The grandchildren of the Armstrongs and Muzzys number fifty-eight. Of Mr. Armstrong's children by his first wife, Cyrus was for twenty consecutive years Treasurer of Clark County.

CHRISTIE, LOWRY, SMITH biography for Jesse Christie

Jesse Christie; is a resident of Springfield. This venerable gentleman, rapidly nearing the goal of four-score years - nearly sixty-five of which have been passed in Clark County - was born of parents of Irish descent. His im-mediate parents, Robert Christie and Rebecca (Smith) Christie, were natives of the State of New Hampshire - the former of New Boston, Hillsboro Co., and the latter of Mt. Vernon, same county. The mother died in her native State in 1804, when our subject was a babe. Their children were James S., Mary, Jesse and Rebecca. Mr. Christie was married the second time in 1806, and died in Springfield, Ohio, in 1822, at the age of 47 years. Our subject was also a native of New Boston, N. H, born March 25, 1802. The family removed to Vermont in the year 1811, and, in 1817, to Clark County, Ohio. Mr. Christie's early youth was passed in the country, his father being a tiller of the soil. In later years, he learned the carpenter's trade in Springfield, which he followed many years, having assisted in building many of the early-built houses of the city. He also, for a period of years, was engaged in mercantile pursuits. He assisted in constructing the cupola erected on the first court house of Clark County. On the 28th of January, 1829, Mr. Christie was united in marriage with Miss Martha S. Lowry, daughter of David Lowry, and to them were born the following children: David L., James W., Martha S., Charles B., Mary E. and Sarah R. - two dying in infancy without having been named. The parents are members of the First Presbyterian Church of the city, to which Mr. Christie has belonged for more than half a century. During his long term of years as a citizen of Springfield, He has ever been highly respected and esteemed by the community at large.

BUCKLEY, KINGORE, SMITH biography for John A. Kingore

John A. Kingore; is a resident of Springfield, and is familiarly known as "Uncle John." He was born in Frederick County, Va., June 22, 1822. His parents, Amos Kingore and Hannah Buckley, were natives of the same county and State, the former being by trade a shoemaker. Our subject, with his par-ents, came to Clark County in the year 1831, and settled at Donnelsville, where he resided until 1858, then went to Springfield, where he has ever since resided. By an accident which befell him in early life, Mr. Kingore was incapacitated for farming or manual labor, so turned his attention to books, and received, probably, a fuller education than he otherwise would have done. This he did with a view of teaching, which occupation he followed for at least twenty-five years. He was united in marriage with Miss Lydia Smith, Sept 5, 1855, and to them were born five children, namely: William, Amy, Charles, Azer and Eddie, the latter being the only one now living. Mrs. Kingore died May 13, 1869. Both were members of the First Baptist Church of Springfield, to which Mr. Kingore still belongs, and is a consistent member. He is the present Weigh master and Market Clerk of the city, having held such position for the past decade. He has also served the people of Springfield Township as Clerk for many years. Mr. Kingore is an esteemed and highly respected citizen. The father of our subject died in 1859, in the 71st year of his age, and the mother died in 1854, in her 69th year.

BLUNT, CARTER, DAVIS, HAWKINS, HENKLE, KILLS, LOWRY biography for William A. Kills, Sr.

William A. Kills, SR.; a resident of Springfield. On the 15th day of October, 1824, Jacob W. Kills (the father of our subject) and family came into Clark County. The father just mentioned was a native of Hunnelstown, Penn., born Dec. 22, 1788. He was married to Mrs. Rebecca S. Davis (whose maiden name was Carter, Aug. 11, 1807, who was also a native of Pennsyl-vania, born in the year 1777. To this union were born William A., Mary, Jacob, Rebecca S., and Susan O. The father was a paper manufacturer, which business he immediately connected himself with on his arrival in this county, as aforesaid. He joined David James and Lowry under the firmname of James Lowry & Co., in the manufacturing of that article in mills located in the vicinity of Donnelsville. In 1828, there was a change in the firm, it becoming J. W. Kills., Dr. A. Blunt & James Lowry, which firm left the old mill and built a mill in Springfield the same year (1828) continuing in the same business. Our subject was born at Ingham's Mill, Pennsylvania, Sept. 11, 1808. His youth was passed in and about the mill with his father. He received a fair common-school education which was obtained mostly in the school of Clark County, in the vicinity of the old mill. In the year 1837 he was taken into the firm, which finally become "Jacob W. Kills & Son." The mill was operated by them until the outbreak of the late civil war in 1861, when they succumbed to the pressure thereby brought about. The father died in the spring of 1868, one of Springfield's early enterprising manufacturers. The mother died the summer previous. Our subject in 1861 after "the downfall" entered the Lagonda Agricultural shops, where he has ever since been employed. He was united in marriage with Miss Charlotte Hawkins, a native of Yorkshire, England, daughter of James Hawkins, Oct. 29, 1836, by the Rev. Saul Henkle. The union was blessed with the following children: Sarah A., John, William, James, Jacob (the latter fell in defense of his country in the war of the rebellion). In politics Mr. Kills is a staunch Republican, having been identified with that party since its organization. He is a man of very fine physique, being scant six feet in height, and weighing 180 pounds, masculine in the extreme, well developed and fine proportioned, and of a very jovial nature.

ARNOLD, BLEE, GILLESPIE biography for E. H. P. Arnold

E. H. P. ARNOLD, merchant; P. O. Springfield, Ohio. Mr. ARNOLD was born in Lancaster Co., Penn., June 1, 1836. In 1860, he went to Kentucky and taught school there until 1863, when he moved to Harmony Township, Clark Co., Ohio. He was united in marriage to Miss Sarah GILLESPIE, of Bourbon Co., Ky., July 1, 1862; as a result of this union there was one child, viz., Luis, born April 22, 1863. Mrs. ARNOLD died in Kentucky May 4, 1863. Mr. ARNOLD was married the second time to Miss Martha A. BLEE, of Clark Co., Feb. 18, 1863. Mr. ARNOLD taught school in Maryland, Pennsylvania, Kentucky, Illinois and Ohio for some twenty years. Mr. ARNOLD was engaged for some years with Ackerman Bros., of Springfield, Ohio, in the slating business. Mr. ARNOLD's brother Thomas was one of the first men to introduce the slate-rooting business into Ohio. Mr. ARNOLD's father, William, was a merchant for a number of years in Pennsylvania. He has a brother there now in the grocery business. Mr. ARNOLD commenced the grocery business in Harmony, Clark Co., January, 1880, where he keeps a stock of groceries, such as is usually kept in a country store. Mr. ARNOLD and wife are members of the M. P. Church at Harmony.


William D. BAIRD, retired farmer; P. O. Springfield. Few men have had the good fortune to win the affectionate regard and kindly sympathy of the community in which they live that William D. BAIRD has gained among the people of Clark Co. His supple frame bending under the weight of years, his frank, open, generous face, his courteous bearing, his kindly and even-tempered disposition, unruffled by the cares and anxieties of a lifetime of business activity, and all conspire to excite respect. Nearly fourscore years have left him a hale, hearty and well-preserved old man; a quick, elastic step; busy, active and energetic in business; still in possession of his old-time habit of industry, which have been his stepping-stone to prosperity. His grandfather, William BAIRD, a native of Maryland, of English origin - the family having come to the American Colonies before the Revolutionary war - was a man of prominence in his county, was Justice of the Peace, and afterward represented his county in the State Legislature for three terms. He had a family of three children, one son and two daughters, and died at Hagerstown, in his native State. His son William, the youngest of his children, was born in Hagerstown, Md., March 16, 1762, and when 18 years of age, went into the patriot army to help free his native land from English tyrrany (sic). Some time after the close of that struggle for liberty, William was married to Dorothy CAMERER, who was born in his native town in March, 1760. The CAMERERS were from Holland, and settled in Maryland at an early day, five of her brothers having been soldiers in the Revolution, fighting the battles for freedom under WASHINGTON. William BAIRD and wife remained in Maryland until 1790, then removed to Westmoreland Co., Penn., where they resided about four years; thence came down the Ohio on a flat-boat, to Maysville, Ky., and from there to Fleming Co., of the same State, where he intended settling on 500 acres of land previously entered by his father, and given to him on condition that he would settle upon it. He remained in Fleming Co. about fourteen years, but never settled on the land, for the reason that others claimed it and he, putting his case in the hands of a lawyer, finally lost it all. In 1808, he and family came to Clark Co., Ohio, and he entered 160 acres of land in Sec. 30, Township 6, Range 9, Harmony Township, paying one-half entrance money down, and the balance in the next four years, receiving his patent in 1812. To William and Dorothy BAIRD were born the following children: Esther, Susannah, Sarah, Peter C., John, Elizabeth, Mary Ann and William D., only two of whom are living - Susannah, the widow of Joshua TATMAN, and the subject of this sketch. William D. was born in Fleming Co., KY, Feb. 4, 1803 and was in his 5th year when the family moved to this county. He grew to maturity on his father's farm, attending school about two years at the primitive log schoolhouse of his neighborhood, most of the time having to walk three miles to get there. His mother died Sept. 4, 1824, a sincere member of the Methodist Church, and March 9, 1836, his father died, leaving to his family a farm of 394 acres of land, William D. receiving the old homestead of 160, on which were such improvements as were common fifty years ago. Two of the sons, Peter C. and John, were soldiers in the war of 1812. William D. BAIRD was married in Pleasant Township, Dec. 1, 1826, to Sarah M. C. HODGE, daughter of Andrew and Isabel (MCTIRE) HODGE, natives of Virginia, who first settled in Kentucky, coming to Clark Co. in the fall of 1808, and settling in Pleasant Township. Mrs. BAIRD was born in Bourbon Co., Ky., April 12, 1804, and had born to her the following children: Isabel (wife of Henry STICKNEY), Andrew (deceased), Samuel E. (deceased), William W. (deceased), Mary Ann (deceased wife of John A. YEAZELL) and James (deceased). Mrs. BAIRD died Feb. 19, 1876 after a wedded life of over half a century, leaving behind her partner in life's battles to mourn the loss of his faithful helpmate. Politically, he is a Republican, and, although connected with no religious denomination, he believes firmly in the fundamental principles of Christianity. Beginning in life at "the foot of the ladder", he had, by hard, determined work and constant attention to his business affairs, made a wonderful success. He is now the owner of about 1,000 acres of land surrounding the old homestead, and about 300 in other parts of the county, and his wealth is today estimated at from $75,000 to $100,000. In his younger days he was an active stock-raiser, and in this manner, by untiring energy, has made a success. Seldom equaled in farm life, Mr. BAIRD is a living example of what pluck and perseverance can accomplish when backed by industry and true economy. He is now in his 79th year, and as hale and hearty as are most men at half his age; and although his life has been one of constant toil and business cares, his character stands unblemished, and his reputation for honesty and integrity is above reproach. his troubles have been many, having lost every member of his family, with the exception of one; but, with patient resignation, he bows to the will of the Great Creator, and awaits the day when he shall again meet those gone on before.

BOYD, DONNELL, HINKLE biography for Jesse Boyd

Jesse BOYD, farmer; P. O. Springfield; was born in Center Co, Penn., May 26, 1808; in the year 1814, his parents moved to Chillicothe, Ross Co., Ohio, arrived at the town on the evening of Oct. 30, his parents remained in the county until 1821, when they moved to Seneca Co., Ohio, where his father, Thomas BOYD, purchased a large body of land (1,100 acres); in the year 1835, Jesse left his father's home for the purpose of starting in life for himself, and came to Clark Co., and settled in Harmony Township. In the same year, he was united in marriage to Miss Susan DONNEL, on the 5th day of March, 1835, the marriage ceremony being performed by the Rev. Saul HINKLE; this union having been blessed by the birth of ten children, three boys and seven girls, seven of whom are now living, viz., Elizabeth, born June 9, 1838; Thomas, Aug. 7, 1840; James D., Nov. 25, 1842; Margaret, Feb. 27, 1845; Wilhelmina, May 11, 1847; Emma, Feb. 3, 1850 and Frank H., Dec. 8, 1859. When treason dared to insult the flag of our country, and threatened to destroy this Union of States, two of his sons went in defense of their country, viz., Thomas BOYD enlisted in August, 1861 in Co. I, 44th O.V.I.; was discharged in July, 1865, at the close of the war, as a Sergeant; James D. BOYD enlisted in Co. I, 110th O.V.I., Aug. 10, 1862, and was discharged June 20, 1865, when there was no more "Southern Confederacy;" he served in the 3d Division, 6th Corps of the Army of the Potomac. Mr. BOYD resides on a beautiful farm of 311 acres of land, in the north corner of the township, surrounded with a very interesting family and the comforts of life; he, like many other successful farmers, has never sought after political honors, and has never served "the people" in any other office than a member of the School Board of Harmony Township, in that position, he has served for thirty-two years . Mr. BOYD has been a member of the First Presbyterian Church of Springfield for the past forty-seven years; he is a much respected and an honored citizen.

BROOKS, MASON, RATHBURN, SWEET biography for Nathan T. Brooks

Nathan T. BROOKS, deceased. Mr. BROOKS, whose name heads this sketch, was born in Harmony Township, Clark Co., Ohio, and in which he resided to the date of his death; he was born June 15, 1831, and departed this life April 20, 1875. Elizabeth, widow of N. T. BROOKS, was born in Harmony Township, Clark Co, Ohio, March 25, 1836. Mr. N. T. BROOKS was married to Miss Elizabeth RATHBURN July 19, 1855; the result of this union was five children, two sons and three daughters, all of whom are living; the names and ages of the children are respectively thus - the eldest, Margaret A., 24 years; William T., 22; Alice L., 20, Lemuel C., 16; Carrie L., 13. Margaret A. is married to Joseph MASON; Alice L. is the wife of William SWEET, the rest of the children are as yet unmarried. Mrs. BROOKS, widow of N. T. BROOKS, resides upon the homestead; the farmhouse, which is quite modern in its construction, is situated upon a picturesque and well-chosen eminence which commands a magnificent view of the surrounding country.

BROOKS, FOREMAN, STEVENS biography for Andrew N. Brooks

Andrew N. BROOKS, farmer, stock buyer and grain-dealer, P. O. Springfield, Box 1199. There are few more active business men in the county than the subject of this sketch. Mr. BROOKS is a native of Clark Co, Ohio, having been born in Harmony Township June 7, 1835; he is a son of L. BROOKS, deceased. Andrew's father died when he was in his 6th year; at the age of 13, he left home and began life for himself; he worked on a farm by the month some time, then he commenced to drive cattle for cattle-dealers; when but 17 years old, he was put in charge of a large drove of cattle and drove them to Lancaster, Penn., over the mountains. He was united in marriage, Feb. 8, 1855, to Miss Mary Ann FOREMAN, a daughter of Harvey FOREMAN, of Harmony Township; this union has been blessed by the birth of seven children, five boys and two girls, all of whom are now living, viz., Dora, now the wife of John STEVENS; H. L., who is a grain merchant at Catawba Station in Pleasant Township; Frank A., Twing, Milton, Charles and Fannie. In 1855, Mr. BROOKS commenced farming and has continued to farm since in connection with his other business. In 1857, he became a cattle-buyer and has been engaged in it quite extensively since. In 1868, he began the grain trade, and is one of the most extensive grain-dealers in Clark Co.; his shipments amount to 225 cars annually; he buys grain at five stations - Springfield, Oxtobey's Station, Brooks' Station, Plattsburg and Sharp's Station; he is the owner of a very fine farm of 140 acres of land where he resides - at Brooks' Station. Mr. BROOKS and wife are members of the Baptist offered the lot upon which JONES & MILLER's dry goods store is now situated in Springfield for a very small sum of money, but in his judgment at that time Lisbon was the most promising place of the two, where he purchased a corner lot. What a change since then! Hamilton BUSBEY was a Quartermaster in the war of 1812. Mr. BUSBEY was for some years the owner of a farm near where the town of Plattsburg now is. He and his family (excepting the subject of this sketch) moved to Illinois in 1839, and settled in Coles Co., where he died Dec. 16, 1847. His wife, Sophia, died at the same place April 2, 1855. The subject of this sketch, Thomas C. BUSBEY, was born in the town of Romney, in Hampshire Co., Va., March 13, 1815. He came to Harmony Township with his parents in 1815, where he has continued to reside since. He commenced teaching school at the age of 19 years, and continued to teach for thirty-five years in Clark Co. Mr. BUSBEY was united in marriage, May 24, 1838, to Miss Anna BODKIN, a daughter of Richard BODKIN, who was a pioneer of Ohio. He was born in Harrison Co., Va., in 1787. He settled in Hamilton Co., Ohio, in 1803, and moved to Clark Co, in 1808. Richard BODKIN's wife, Elizabeth BODKIN (nee) HESTER, was born July 28, 1782; she lived where Cincinnati, Ohio, now is, when there were but three houses in that neighborhood. As a result of the marriage of Thomas C. and Anna BUSBEY, there has been born to them ten children, nine of whom are now living - William (the political editor of the Inter-Ocean, of Chicago, Ill.), Hamilton (a contributing editor, and one of the proprietors of the Turf, Field and Farm, of New York City)., L. W. (city editor of the Inter-Ocean, of Chicago, Ill.), Charles S. (a school teacher), T. A. (who lives with his parents), Louise (the wife of W. H. NEER), Angelina (the wife of James RICE), Hattie (who lives at home), Mary (the wife of Theodore POSTLE), Daniel W. (a son who died May 9, 1865). A very remarkable circumstance is connected with this family; nine out of the ten children have been school teachers. Where is there another family like them? William and Hamilton were members of the Co. C, 1st Ky. V. I. Hamilton served three years. William served two, and was discharged by special order, in order that he might edit the Louisville Journal. Daniel W. was a clerk in the Provost Marshal's office at Clarksville, Tenn., and Post Librarian at Louisville, Ky. Mr. BUSBEY enlisted as a "squirrel hunter" to defend Cincinnati against the Kirby SMITH raid. Mr. BUSBEY has been elected Township Treasurer of Harmony Township; has served for seven or eight years as Township Clerk; has served for ten years as a member of the Republican Central Committee; was appointed Deputy United States Marshal in 1870 and took the census of Pleasant, Madison and Harmony Townships. Mr. B. has voted for five Whig candidates for President and seven Republican Presidents. Mr. B. is now in his 66th year, a man of clear mind and possessed a wonderful amount of knowledge.

BAIRD, DEITRICK biography for James Deitrick

Joseph E. DEITRICK, farmer and stock-raiser; P. O. Springfield, Ohio, lock box 923; was born Nov. 15, 1842, in Montgomery Co., Ohio. The father of the subject of this sketch (Joseph D.) was for a number of years, a leading distiller of Montgomery Co., Ohio. Joseph E. came to Clark Co., Ohio, in 1871, and located in the Harmony Township. May 17, 1880, he was united in marriage to Miss Caroline BAIRD, a daughter of the late Peter C. BAIRD, one of the early pioneers of the county, having been born in the State of Pennsylvania in the year 1792 (Sept. 15). His father, William BAIRD, having emigrated to Clark Co and settled in what is now Harmony Township in the year 1808. The BAIRD family is one of the prominent and wealthy families of the county. Joseph E. DEITRICK and the family are owners of some 223 acres of fine land in Harmony Township. Mr. D. is engaged in stock-raising. They are very pleasantly situated, surrounded with the comforts of life, as the result of their economy and industry.

FORSHEE, HARRIS, MARSH, MCGARRY biography for William T. Harris

William T. HARRIS, merchant; P. O. Vienna Cross Roads. The subject of the sketch was born in Clark Co., Ohio, Sept. 17, 1826, his father, having been one of the early pioneers of the county. William T. was brought up on a farm and continued to farm until he was 45 years old, when he quit farming and moved to Vienna where he now resides. Mr. HARRIS commenced mercantile life in 1871, and has continued in the same since. Mr. HARRIS is the leading merchant of the town; he has a considerable stock of dry goods, groceries, etc. etc., such as is usually kept in a country store. The subject of this sketch was married to Miss Mary C. FORSHEE, daughter of Dr. FORSHEE, Nov. 19, 1848. His wife, Mary C., died in January, 1861. He married his second wife Mrs. Rosanna MCGARRY (nee MARSH) in March, 1863. During his first marriage he had born to him four children, and by their second marriage they had born to them two children - Oliver B., born Jan., 1863, and Manville R., Dec. 28, 1866. Mr. HARRIS has served two terms as Justice of the Peace in Harmony Township; Mr. HARRIS is an active member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and is also a leading member Christian Church, of Vienna. Mr. HARRIS started in life at the very "bottom round of the ladder," but, by industry and economy, he has been, in a measure, successful in accumulating some property, and to day he is in quite comfortable circumstances.


Freeman V. HARTMAN, Township Clerk; P. O. Vienna Cross Roads. The subject of this sketch is a native of Harmony Township, Clark Co, Ohio; he was born Feb. 28, 1834. John HARTMAN, the father of Freeman V., was a native of the State of Pennsylvania, and came to Clark Co. and settled in Pleasant Township at a very early day. He died in Sandusky City, Ohio, of the cholera, in 1835; he left a wife and four children at his death. His widow, Mary HARTMAN, is still living at Harmony Township; she is in her 77th year; she was born in the State of New York, near Buffalo, in 1804. The subject of this sketch was married, In November, 1851, to Miss Catharine DYNES, a daughter of George DYNES, who was an old settler in Harmony Township; he now resides in Lebanon, Warren Co., Ohio. There were born to them three daughters - Mary E. (now the wife of George F. TAVENER), Elizabeth (now the wife of J. M. OLINGER), and Jennie R. (now the wife of David H. CAMPBELL); Catharine died Aug. 25, 1865. Mr. HARTMAN was married to his second wife, Mrs. Elizabeth KEYES (nee DYNES - a sister to his first wife), July 11, 1880, at Springfield, Ohio; the marriage was performed by Rev. William A. ROBINSON, of the M. E. Church. Mr. HARTMAN has been elected Township Clerk for seven terms; he was appointed Deputy United States Marshall in; 1880, and took the census of Harmony Township; he has been a member of the Republican Central Committee of Clark Co for ten years; he has also served on the United States grand jury for three terms.

ALLEN, FERRIS, HAWKINS, MALSBURY biography for James Hawkins

James HAWKINS, Sr., farmer; P. O. Plattsburg; the subject of this sketch is a native of England. He was born in Yorkshire on the 8th day of May 1808. James and his brother William came to America in 1826, and settled in Harmony Township, Clark Co, Ohio. They walked from the city of Philadelphia, Penn., to Harmony Township. He and his brother John, who resided in Harmony Township, worked at blacksmithing for one year and a half, then he went to Old Town, in Greene Co. and worked a short time. In 1828, he returned to Harmony Township and commenced his trade at Lisbon, where he continued to work until 1840. He was united in marriage to Miss Angelina FERRIS Aug 7, 1828. As a result of this marriage, there were born to them eleven children, all of whom lived until they were married, nine of whom are still living - Nancy F., Emily, Marflitt, Jane, James, John, Sandusky, Angus and William. Mr. H. purchased the farm upon which he now resides in 1840. His wife, Angelina, died Jan. 3, 1871. He was united in marriage to his second wife, Miss Linda M. MALSBURY, a daughter of William MALSBURY, Oct. 12, 1871. She was born Feb. 22, 1827, in New Jersey. At the time of her marriage she was residing in Hamilton Co., Ohio. Mr. HAWKINS started in life a poor man, without any assistance but his energy and industry, and he has accumulated some 1,200 acres of land in Harmony Township, a greater portion of which he has divided with his children. Still he is the owner of 380 acres of land in Harmony Township, where he resides. His son, Marlitt HAWKINS, was a private in the 94th O. V. I. He was discharged at the close of the war. He was a prisoner during his term of service a short time. Mr. HAWKINS and Homer ALLEN, Sr., of Bellefontaine, Ohio, made a visit to the scenes of his childhood in England. They left Springfield Jan. 15, 1877, and returned Aug. 27, 1877. Mr. HAWKINS and wife are members of the M. E. Church at South Charleston, Ohio, and as a business man he has ever been regarded as upright and honest, and has won and retained the respect of a large circle of Clark County's best citizens.

JONES, WEBSTER biography for John Jones

John JONES, Farmer; P. O. Plattsburg. The subject of this sketch was born in England March 15, 1818. In the fall of 1851, he came to the United States, landing at New Orleans. In the spring he came to Clark County, Ohio, and commenced to work on a farm near Springfield, Ohio. Nov. 20, 1856, he was married to Miss Hannah e. WEBSTER, daughter of John WEBSTER of Springfield Township. The union thus formed has been blessed by the birth of thirteen children, nine of whom are still living - Thomas born April 29, 1860; George R., Dec. 8, 1862; Eliza, June 8, 1864; Minnie, July 28, 1866; Emma, July 28, 1868; Anna P., July 29, 1870; John W. March 6, 1872; Robert H. June 6, 1873; and Arthur Edwin, Sept. 1, 1880. In 1855, Mr. JONES, being desirous of seeing his native land, made a visit to England, remaining there for one year. Mr. JONES, as has been stated, commenced as a farm laborer in 1852, and to day he is one of the largest land-owners in the township. He and his wife had nothing when they started in life, nor have they received anything but what they have earned by their own hands. Mr. JONES is the owner of 472 acres of land in the township. He resides on one of his beautiful farms of 312 acres with everything around him that is pleasant and cheerful, surrounded by a very interesting family, and to day he and his wife (who has, indeed, been a helpmeet to him) can look back over their past life and rejoice that they did use economy in their young days, for now as they are passing through the afternoon of their lives they have everything to make them happy and to cheer them on in their journey through life. Mr. Jones is a true type of an Englishman. As a gentleman, he is very pleasant and affable, a good neighbor, and a man much given to hospitality.

GALAWAY, JUDY, NICHELSON biography for Amaziah Judy

Amaziah JUDY, farmer and stock-buyer; P. O. Plattsburg. The subject of this sketch is the son of the late John JUDY, who came to the county in the year 1800, from the State of Kentucky, he having been born in a "Block House" in Fleming Co., Feb. 14, 1791; he came to Clark Co., at the time above stated; he settled in what is now Harmony Township, on the extreme head-waters of the "Little Miami," he purchased a large tract of land of one James GALAWAY, whose name is famous in the State of Ohio, he having purchased the same from the United States. In the year 1840, through his own industry and economy, he was the owner of something over 1,000 acres of the best land in Clark Co., the larger part of it being in Madison Co, Ohio. John JUDY was a man of prominence in his day; he was a Captain in the Ohio militia; he was for some years a Justice of the Peace, he being of the first in the township; in the year 1859, he moved to the State of Illinois, where he purchased a large tract of land for the purpose of settling around him his family. Dec. 1, 1874, he passed from life unto death in his 83d year, after having lived a longer span of time than is usually allotted unto man. Mr. JUDY had lived in Clark Co., to see the fruits of civilization spread its wings like a sweet messenger of peace over its land, and, as a result, brought to it improvement and advancement; his hair grew gray while the State grew old and vigorous, and, in the golden sunset of his life, he fell asleep in death - "His life is as a tale that is told." Such is the ancestry from which the subject of this sketch sprung. He was born Sept. 20, 1823, in Harmony Township on the old homestead, within three miles of where he now resides. Mr. JUDY was brought up on an adjoining farm to which he now resides, and has continued to be a farmer from that day until this; he started in the stock business under the following circumstances: His father was the proprietor of the "Black Horse Tavern;" when the subject of this sketch was but 7 years old, two gentleman (sic) had him to black their boots for which they gave him 12 cents, with which he bought a hog, and from that he became the largest stock-buyer in the county. Mr. JUDY was on the 21st of November, A.D. 1844, married to Miss Hopy Ann NICHELSON, daughter of Andrew NICHELSON, of Harmony Township, who was one of the very early pioneers, having settled in the county in 1806; this union has been blessed by the birth of five children, one son and four daughters, four of whom are now living. Mr. JUDY is the owner of a very beautiful farm adjoining the village of Plattsburg; as a gentleman, he is very pleasant and affable; as a citizen, a man who is much respected. Mr. JUDY was engaged in the stock business for a number of years in Illinois; he was also located in Chicago and St. Louis; while in Illinois, his business amounted to over a million dollars a year.

FUNSTON, GASTON, KING, OVERTURF biography for Enoch King

Enoch KING, farmer; P. O. Vienna X Roads. The subject of this sketch is the son of the late Enoch KING; his father was born in the State of Pennsylvania, and came to Ohio and settled in Harmony Township, Clark Co, about 1800, having walked from near Pittsburgh, Penn., with his "knapsack" on his back and his cane in his hand. He was married to Miss Martha GASTON in January, 1826, she being his second wife, his first wife being a sister to his second. Martha was born Jan. 20, 1804, in Washington Co., Penn.; in 1825, she came to Clark Co, Ohio, from the State of Pennsylvania, having rode on horseback all the way; as a result of his marriage to Martha, thirteen children was born to them, six only are now living - the subject of this sketch being one of them. At the time of his death, which occurred May 17, 1865, Enoch KING, Sr., was the owner of a large farm of 350 acres of land in Harmony Township. Enoch and his wife, Martha, were very industrious and used great economy, and as a result of this had accumulated a considerable amount of this "world's" goods. Martha KING is still living near Plattsburg, Clark Co, Ohio, in her 76th year, surrounded with the comforts of life. Enoch, the subject of this sketch, was born in Harmony Township, Clark Co, Ohio, July 28, 1840, on the "old homestead;" he has always been a farmer; he remained at home with his parents on the farm until the death of his father, in 1865; in the winter of 1865-66, he went to Missouri; in the spring, he returned to his old home; he and his brother Daniel purchased one of the farms owned by his father at his death; they lived on the farm for some eight years, when they sold it. Mr. KING was united in marriage to Miss Mary FUNSTON, a daughter of W. S. FUNSTON, of Vienna, a very old and honored citizen; the marriage ceremony was performed by Elder OVERTURF, March 1, 1874; this marriage has been blessed by the birth of three children, two of whom are still living, viz., Walter S. was born Feb. 23, 1877, and Olive M. was born Sept. 23, 1880. Mr. K. is a past Grand in Vienna Lodge No. 345, I.O.O.F., and also a member of the Encampment branch of the order at Springfield. Mr. KING is residing on a farm now near Vienna; he has an interest in the old homestead of 188 acres.

KIRKHAM, OATES, RADDY, SLEE biography for Mrs. Ann Kirkham

Mrs. Ann KIRKHAM, Springfield. The subject of this sketch is the widow of the Late John KIRKHAM, of Clark Co, Ohio; she was born in England Jan. 4, 1815; she was united in marriage to John KIRKHAM May 3, 1837 (her maiden name was SLEE); they came to American in 1837, and settled near South Charleston, Clark Co, Ohio; as a result of their marriage there were born to them six children, all of whom are now living in Harmony Township, viz., John J. was born March 2, 1838, in Harmony Township, was married Jan. 24, 1876 to Miss A. J. RADDY; they have four children, viz. John M., George C., James W. and Jesse G.; he is the owner of the farm on which he resides - 191 acres of land; Ann is the owner of a farm of 127 acres of land; Anthony (for his life, see sketch on Anthony KIRKHAM); Ellen was born Sept. 2, 1842, in Green Township, Clark Co., Ohio; she is the owner of a farm of 145 acres of land; Stephen was born in Green Township, Clark Co, Ohio, April 14, 1844; his is the owner of a farm of 207 acres of land; and William was born in Clark Co. Nov. 2 1845; he attended Wittenburg College; he taught school a short time; he was married Sept. 18, 1873, to Miss Elizabeth OATES, of Clark Co; they have three children, viz., Harland R., Anna M., Nora; he is the owner of a farm of 160 acres of land.

HENRY, KIRKAHM biography for Anthony Kirkham

Anthony KIRKHAM, farmer; P. O. Plattsburg. The subject of this sketch was born Dec. 28, 1840, in Harmony Township, Clark Co, Ohio; he has been a farmer during life. He was united in marriage Feb. 9, 1867, to Miss Lavina HENRY, a daughter of Johnson HENRY, an old pioneer of Clark Co.; as a result of this marriage, there have been three children born to them, viz., Frank H., born Sept. 26, 1868; Charles H., born June 7, 1871, and Glanora, born Dec. 18, 1873. Mr. K. is the owner of a farm of 241 acres of land near the town of Lisbon, where he resides.

LAYBOURN, NEWLOVE, PALMER, REID, THORPE, WOOD biography for Christopher Laybourn

Christopher LAYBOURN was born June 7, 1745 at Wafferton, East Reading, Yorkshire, England. He was married June 20, 1777, to Miss Margaret NEWLOVE; she was born July 7, 1758, at Setterington, Sameriding, England. There were born to them in England eight children - Milcah Newlove, the eldest, was born Oct. 20, 1779; Joel, July 25, 1780; Abel, May 17, 1782; Christopher, July 15, 1784, and died Dec. 27, 1784, and was buried at Winteringham; Esther was born Jan. 14, 1786 and died Feb. 27, 1788, and was buried at Weaverthorpe; Amos was born Feb. 16, 1788; Elisha, Jan. 7, 1790; Paul, Jan. 7, 1793. The eight children were all born in Yorkshire. In 1794, Christopher LAYBOURN, wife and six remaining children came to America, landing at New York, after a stormy passage of three months' duration, in an old sailing vessel, having battled with numerous storms and being repeatedly driven back by adverse winds. They lived in New York City about eighteen years, during which time he was Mayor of the city two years. He was a school teacher by profession, having taught many years in England, and also in this country; was known as an excellent teacher and a strict disciplinarian. In the year 1812, the entire family moved to Cincinnati, and, soon after, to Clark Co., buying the land now known as the THORPE farm, some six miles southeast of Springfield, on the Charleston Pike. Here he set out a large orchard, many of the trees of which are still standing, being, no doubt among the oldest in the county. A few years later, he sold out and purchased, near Harmony, the farm now owned by his grandson, Joseph LAYBOURN. He died Jan. 9, 1842, aged nearly 97 years; was buried at Fletcher Chapel. Mr. LAYBOURN was in many respects a remarkable man. Though small in stature, he was exceedingly strong and active. It is said of him that, while a young man in England, he, on a wager, stood in a half bushel measure and shouldered five bushels of wheat. He was from his youth a member of the M. P. Church, and a more earnest, consistent Christian is seldom found. No man detested a mean or unprincipled action more than he. Being very intelligent, he was always one of the foremost men in the country in any enterprise of Church of State, for the benefit of mankind. He was a great reader, and for many years previous to his death enjoyed his second sight, and could read for hours without his spectacles, although nearly 100 years old. His companion died Aug. 12, 1825, aged 68 years; was buried at Oxtoby's Chapel, being one of the first interments in that ground. The day of her burial is noted as there having occurred one of the severest rain and hail storms ever known in this country; it began just as the procession reached the church, and nearly filled the grave with rain and hail, so that it had to be shoveled out; the teams broke loose and general confusion followed. This aged couple for many years lived with their son, Amos, who fell heir to the home farm. He died Jan. 14, 1874, aged about 86 years, being one of Harmony Township's oldest and best citizens, a strict member of the Protestant Church, and ever an industrious, peaceable man. Joel LAYBOURN died Oct. 30, 1851, aged 71 years 3 months 5 days; Zerniah, his wife, died April 24, 1862, aged 78 years. They lived and died on a farm within about one mile of the old THORPE farm, where his father first settled. Elisha married Miss Abigail WOOD, and settled about four miles south of Springfield. He, too, was an honored citizen, an industrious, benevolent man, beloved by those who knew him best, an exemplary Christian. His loss was deeply felt when, on March 8, 1861, all that was mortal passed away, at the age of 71 years 2 months and 1 day. His wife, Abigail, was born in Warren Co., Ohio, in 1799, was married to Elisha LAYBOURN in 1817, and lived on the farm on which she died fifty-four years. Her age was nearly 77. Abel lived in the neighborhood and in Harmony for many years, and then moved to Indiana, where he died in 1863, aged 81 years. His wife, Judith, died March 6, 1853. Milcah, the only daughter of Christopher, married and moved to Canada, thence to Michigan, and the last heard of her by her relatives here she was still living, at a good old age. Paul, the youngest son, was but 2 years of age when they crossed the Atlantic. He was married, in 1816, to Miss Almira PALMER; they settled upon the REID farm, three miles from Springfield, on the Charleston Pike; they bought and sold different tracts of land, built several houses of the kind then in use (log), and after a number of years (1835), they sold out and moved to Dearborn Co., Ind., where he died Jan. 19, 1873, aged 80. He was known as a very industrious man, a consistent member of the M. E. Church and died in the triumph of a living faith. He was the father of Mr. John C. LAYBOURN, of Lagonda. His wife, Almira, was born in 1795, on the shore of Lake Champlain in Vermont, moved, at an early day, with her father's and eleven other families, West, sailing down the Ohio from Pittsburgh on a raft to Cincinnati, and finally settled at North Bend, Ind. She, in her young days, taught family school for Gen. William Henry HARRISON. She is still living, at a ripe old age, near Manchester, Ind., the last of the old members of the LAYBOURN family living.


Mrs. Huldah LINGLE; P. O. Vienna Cross Roads. The subject of this sketch is the widow of Dr. J. B. LINGLE, deceased, who was one of the leading physicians of the county in his day. Dr. LINGLE was born in Springfield, Clark Co., Ohio, June 29, 1813. He was the son of John LINGLE, who came to Springfield at a very early day. John LINGLE and a man by the name of Jacob COOK, built a powder mill in Springfield in the year 1809. He died Dec. 27, 1820. He was born Jan. 22, 1776, in the State of Virginia. Mrs. LINGLE (nee LAIRD) was born May 7, 1816, on the "old" SCOTT farm, near Springfield; she was the daughter of David LAIRD, who came to Clark Co. at a very early day. The Doctor and Huldah were united in marriage on the 23d day of April, A. D. 1837; this union was blessed by the birth of three children, viz.; Melissa was born Sept. 23, 1838; Tabitha (now the wife of Joseph CLIMA), Oct. 25, 1842, Henry C., November, 1844. Melissa died Feb. 23, 1842; Henry c., Jan. 18, 1876. Henry C. served as a private in Co. E, 60th O. V. I. Dr. LINGLE studied medicine with Drs. BLOUNT and HUMPHRIES, of Springfield. He attended lectures at the Medical College of Ohio, at Cincinnati. The Doctor commenced the practice of medicine at Vienna in the year 1836. He was one of the most successful physicians in the county. He died Dec. 8, 1878. The Doctor was one of the prominent men of the county; he was elected Justice of the Peace in Harmony Township in 1847; he was elected Treasurer of the township for twelve years; he was Captain of a State militia company when we had our late "onpleasantness" (sic) with the "solid south." He was quite old, but he was willing to take a hand in the fight; he served as a "squirrel hunter." and was in the Morgan raid. The Doctor was a man given to hospitality; when the cholera, in 1850, made its appearance in the village of Vienna, the Doctor and his most generous wife opened their house for the sick, worked with the sick and dying, and did all that it was possible for them to do. It made no difference to him whether he was called on professionally, day or night, by the rich or poor, he went. It is said of him, by those who knew him, that he was a friend to the poor; he was a very generous man; he gave liberally to every worthy object. At the time of his death, he was the owner of a considerable amount of land and personal property. His widow is now in her 64th year, a woman of clear mind, and has a considerable amount of business to attend to, which she does. She is very comfortably situated, surrounded with the comforts of life.

MCCOY, ROBERTS biography for John McCoy

John MCCOY, carpenter; P. 0. Vienna Cross Roads; was born in Clark Co., Ohio Mad River Township), April 30, 1853. William MCCOY, the father of John, came to Clark Co. in 1839, from the State of Pennsylvania, where he was born, and commenced working at the cooper's trade, and has still continued. The subject of this sketch worked with his father at the cooper's trade until 1870, when he engaged in car-pentering. Mr. MCOY was united in marriage to Miss Mary ROBERTS, of Madison Co., Ohio, in 1878. Mr. MCOY is one of the prominent members of Vienna Lodge, No. 345, I. 0. 0. F. He is engaged in house-building, and, during the building season, he employs from six to eight carpenters. He is a number one workman, very steady and industrious. He is one of the reliable citizens of the village of Vienna, where he resides; he has won a good name and reputation.

MCMAHAN, SPRAGUE biography for Alexander McMahan

Alexander MCMAHAN, farmer; P. 0. Plattsburg, Ohio. The subject of this sketch was born in Morrow County, Ohio, Dec. 9, 1832. He came to Clark Co., Ohio, and settled in Harmony Township in 1850. He was united in marriage, Oct. 11, 1860, to Miss Lucy SPRAGUE, a daughter of L. B. SPRAGUE, one of the leading men of the county. This union has been blessed by the birth of three children - Harley L. was born June 15, 1862; Hattie, March 28, 1866, and Glenna B., Dec. 14, 1871. Mr. and Mrs. MCMAHAN are members of the Baptist Church at Lisbon. Mr. McMahan is a member of the 1. 0. 0. F. at South Charleston. Mr. MCMAHAN is a man who has been contented to devote his time so farming, and to let politics and other outside matters alone. He, however, has been elected by his neighbors a Director of the schools in the district in which he has lived for a number of terms.

DIXON, MORRIS biography for William H. Morris

William H. MORRIS, farmer; P. 0. London, Madison Co. The subject of this sketch is a native of Springfield Township, Clark Co., Ohio. He was born March 29, 1841. He is a son of William M. MORRIS, who was also a native of Springfield Township, he having been born in Springfield Township in 1820. (He is now a resident of Illinois). William chose, when a boy, to follow a plow, which choice He has followed since. He settled in Harmony Township in 1855, where he now resides. He was united in marriage to Marinda DIXON, a daughter of David DIXON, Oct. 15, 1859. This union has been blessed by the birth of five children, all of whom are now living - Thomas W. was born June 29, 1860; Henry S., March 26, 1862; William L., June 2,1866; Walter, Dec. 1,1868; and Harrison, Sept. 9, 1875. Mr. MORRIS was one of the men who was willing to die that his country might live. He enlisted in Co. K, 45th O.V.I., July 1862; was discharged in June, 1865, at the close of the war. He served on an escort of Gen. HASKELL for some twenty-three months. Mr. MORRIS has an interest in quite a large steam saw-mill near his residence. In connection with his farming he runs a steam thrashing-machine. Mr. MORRIS and wife are members of the Christian Church at what is known as the "Wilson" Church.


Andrew NICHELSON, deceased. The progress, growth, development and present prosperity of Clark County is in a great measure unquestionably due to the enter-prise, energy and foresight of her pioneers, and few of this class are more kindly remem-bered than the old patriarch whose name stands at the head of this sketch. He comes of Irish ancestry, his father, John NICHELSON, having emigrated from Ireland to the United States in 1783, settling in Pennsylvania, where he was married to Ann HANEY, a native of that State, to whom were born the following children: Isabel, Mary, Samuel, Andrew, Nancy, John, James and William. In 1806, John and family came to Clark County, Ohio, and settled in Sec. 23, Harmony Township, where he and wife spent the balance of their days. The subject of this sketch was born in Fayette Co., Penn., April 5, 1803, and grew to manhood in Harmony Township, receiving a very meager education, even for those days, and was there married, in 1825, to Rachel HAMMOND, daughter of Nathan and Hopy HAMMOND, natives of New York, who were early settlers of Clark County. Mrs. NICHELSON was born in Ontario Co., N. Y., Dec. 1, 1806, and had born to her nine children, viz., Hopy, Ann (the wife of Amaziah JUDY), Roxy J. (deceased wife of John SMITH), Isabel (deceased wife of Charles STEWART), James W. (deceased), Andrew, John, Nathan, Rachel (wife of Oscar STEWART), Margaret (wife of Jeremiah YEAZEL), and Lemuel. Mr. NICHELSON was a member of Christian Church of Plattsburg, and died in 1852. He was again married March 6, 1854 in Pleasant Township, to Mrs. Angeline YEAZEL, widow of Isaac YEAZEL, and daughter of Nathan and Abigail (RICE) SPENCER, natives of Otsego Co., N. Y., who came to Clark County in 1811, where they remained until death. Mrs. NICHELSON was born in Harmony Township of this county May 20, 1819, and by her first marriage had six children, and by the second two, Amaziah and George. About 1837, Mrs. NICHELSON became a member of the Christian Church of Plattsburg, and ever after strictly adhered to this denomination. He was a Deacon in the church most of this period, and died full of honor July 23, 1880, in his 78th year. His widow still survives him, and is a member of the same church. He began life a poor man; and his success is one of the most noted cases in Clark County of what pluck and industry can accomplish when coupled with steady habits and rigid economy. He was an earnest advocate of temperance, but covered the faults of his neighbor with the Christian mantle of charity. To most public measures he gave his influence and active support, and was a warm upholder of religion and the religious cause. Some of the most Prominent traits of his character were his unerring judgment, his unswerving rectitude for adhering to his promises and his wonderful tenacity of purpose in following up a business venture until ultimate success was reached. Shrewd and careful to the utmost degree, he seldom made mistakes, and in this manner laid the foundation upon which his handsome fortune was afterward built. Early in life he bought and improved 80 acres of land for his father, and in youth exhibited and earnestly cultivated those habits of industry, sobriety, morality, prudence and economy which so strongly marked his character in more mature years. He was charitable to the poor and needy, and his honesty and integrity in all things was never questioned. He accumulated over 2,000 acres of land, all of which he made by hard determined labor and shrewd business sagacity, and his children are now enjoying the fruits of his foresight and industry. His services were in constant demand in settling disputes between his fellowmen; and he was ever anxious to shield his neighbors from the curse of litigation by arranging their differences by private arbitration. His advice was sought by old and young, and he seldom failed to help those who sought his aid. His mind was clear to the last, and he constantly exhorted all with whom he came in contact to live good, moral lives, and to practice as well as preach the great truths of Christianity. Thus passed away one of nature's noblemen, leaving behind a name and record that are the brightest pages in his history; and his descendants may well feel proud of this upright old pioneer, who living a life of morality, with justice and charity toward all men, died the death of the just, inspired by an unquenchable faith and firm hope in a bright and happy future.

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