South Canterbury, N.Z.

Lyalldale Settlers Memorial Garden, 2006.

Closer Settlement

In 1894 the Seddon Government passed the Land Settlement Act. This gave the Hon. John McKenzie, minister of lands, the power to break up large estates for closer settlement. Setters were able to lease the farms and runs for a perpetuity fixed rental or renewable leases and were given the option of acquiring the land the freehold. The land was classified as first class or second class land, depending on if it was arable or too hilly to be worked.  All the Government acquired settlements were subdivided into farms and runs and balloted off.  Runs were larger acreage with hilly land and often paired with farm land. Some farmers exchanged their leases for perpetuity tenure which gave then a longer termed lease and reduced the rent. Over the following decades some farmers with grazing runs freeholded their properties as they expected rental rates would increase.

In 1906 crown land in NZ was administered by the Hon. the Minister of Lands.. The colony was divided into ten land districts under a local commissioner and it was at these offices the selector transacted all business from the first consultation of the maps to the final receipt of the title.
    Crown land classed
1. Town and village lands - sold at auction
2. Suburban lands - sold at auction
3. Rural lands - - sold at auction
4. Pastoral lands -rural land unsuitable for cultivation- leased by auction
No rural section was larger than 640 acres of first class land or 2,000 of mixed qualification, not more than 640 acres of the same being first class.
Landless persons were able to select up to the maximum; landholders only to an extent which did not bring their aggregate holding over the maximum.
Small grazing runs could not exceed -first class, 5,000 acres; second class, 20,000 acres.
pastoral runs are limited to area of a carrying capacity of 20,000 sheep, or 4,000 cattle.
No person can select more than one run.
    Mode of Acquiring
1. By auction, after survey, 1/5 of the price is paid down at at time of sale, the balance within thirty days.
2. By application, after the lands have been notified for selection, in which case the applicant fills up a form from the land office and makes the declaration and deposit.
Land thrown open for application not selected the first day remain open. When there were more applicants than one, the applications were determined by ballot. The successful applicant got the section under the tenure chosen in his application.
    The Tenures
1. Freehold for cash
2. Occupation with right of purchase
3. Lease in perpetuity (the tem of lease 999 years). The lessee has no right to at any time acquire the freehold.
4. Small grazing runs
5. Pastoral runs
6. Grazing licenses in goldfields
8. Worker's dwellings.

The mopping up process TH 14 Jan. 1909 wayback


Timaru Herald, 29 June 1895, Page 4 LAND BALLOT.
A ballot was taken at the Land Office, Christchurch, on Thursday afternoon, for sections in the Levels and Waimate Counties, with the following results. Below we give the numbers of the lots, the area, half-yearly rents, name of selector, and number of applications Otaio Village Settlement (Waimate County).
Lot 1  32a Or 30p, 9 pounds 8s 11d, William Blair. 11.
Lot 2  32a 3r 20p, 9 pounds 35s 4d, W. Traves, 5.
Lot 3  34a 2r 30p, 9 pounds 1s 5d, Malcolm McLean, 12.
Lot 4  48a 2r 5p 13 pounds 18s 9d Robert Caswell, 11.
Lot 5  45a 3r 38p, 13 pounds 18s 9d, W. O'Donoghue  13.
Lot 6  37a 1r 13p, 10 pounds 5s 6d, George Williams, 9.
Lot 7  43a 0r 9p, 12 pounds 16s 0d, William Morton, 10.
Lot 8  43a 0p 31p, 15 pounds 8s Id, John Sullivan, 5.
Lot 9  49a lr 17p, 13 pounds 11s 8d, Patrick Kennedy, 11.
The total of applications was 87, divided among 17 separate applicants.

Rosebrook Settlement (Levels County).
Lot 1     2sa 3r 6p, 6 pounds 13s11d, Catherine Mathews, 3.
Lot 2     24a 3r 14p, 6 pounds 9s 0d, Catherine Deen, 7.
Lot 3     36a 0r 28p, 9 pounds 4s 2d, H. C. Cotter, 8.
Lot 4     60a lr 22p, 16 pounds 2s, 10d, Grace Dalley, 15.
Lot 5     45a 0r 28p, 12 pounds 3s 10d, O. McGuinness, 13.
Lot 6     44a, 11 pounds 4s, Sam. Matthews, 16.
Lot 7     45a 3r 14p, 13 pounds 3s 9d, Dennis Coffey, 17.
Lot 8     28a 0r 39p, 7pounds  3s 9d, Caleb Dalley, 2.
Lot 9     29a 3r 26p, 7 pounds 14s 2d, T. J. Brosnan, 6.
Lot 10     32a 0r 34p, 8 pounds 5s 8d, Herbert Bailey, 10.
Lot 11    -32a 2r 33p, 8 pounds 6s 6d, W. H. Husband, 11.
Lot 12     34a 2r 33p, 7 pounds 18s, John Fowler, 5.
Lot 13    -44a 2r 18p, 10pounds  12s Id, W. J. McGukin,26.
Lot 14     62a 0r 31p, 15pounds  6s 2d, Jos. Robinson, 33.
Lot 15     53a 2r 2p, 13pounds  7s lid, A. S. McConnel, 36.
The total of applications was 208, divided among 42 separate applicants.

The Pareora No. 2 Settlement, Canterbury, NZ: particulars, terms and conditions of disposal and occupation of 8,064 acres, 3 roods, open on Thursday, 22nd March, 1900
Author New Zealand. Dept. of Lands and Survey
Publisher John Mackay, Govt. Printer, 1900
Length 31 pages

Timaru Herald 30 April 1900, Page 3
The ballots for the Papaka settlement, Levels Valley (late Sullivan's farm), 1554 acres (possession to be given 3rd May), and Ruatawiri settlement (late Cliff's) Winchester, 122 acres 3 roods 7 poles, 1 were held in the Sophia St. Hall on Saturday commencing at noon. Mr S. Weetman, Chief Commissioner presided, and there were also present Messrs McLachlan M.H.R., and Pringle, members of the Land Board, Mr March, Inspector of settlement, Messrs Hunt and Anderson, of the Christchurch office staff, and Mr Williams, local lands ranger. Mr Russell, a disinterested person present, was asked to act as drawer. The following were the results of the ballot, the numbers being those of block and lot, area to nearest, acre, rent per acre, and number of applicants for the lot ; and the name, that of the successful applicant:
Block VIII
lot 1, 223a, 13a, 35, Mary Hall, Sutherlands.
2, 303a., 93 6d, 10, Edmund Vague, Springbank (Moeraki Downs, North Canterbury).
3, 129a., lla 6d, 53, Robert Michael, Templeton.
4, 220a., 12s 6d, 44, Edward Gallagher, Kaiapoi.
5, 127a., 12a 6d, 68, Andrew Boyd, Templeton.
6, 98a., Us 6d, 36, W. Connell, Waitohi.
7, 91a., 11s 6d, 33, H. Baker, Templeton.
1, 173a., 10a 9d, 27, JA. O'Neill, Kaipoi.
2, 191a, 12a 6d, 41, R, Coles, Orari.
Lot 2 contains the homestead buildings valued at 600 pounds, to be paid off by 42 half yearly instalments of 23 pounds 8s in addition to the rent for that period.
Lot 1. 18a., 263 and 2ia., ss, 11, J. Counihan, Belfield, Orari.
Lot2,l9a., 25s 6d, 10, G. Davie, Temuka.
Lot 3, 21a., 22a 9d and 3a., 5s, 7, G. Johnson, Waitohi.
Lot 4, 18a., 208, 3, E. W. Jones, Temuka.
Lot 5, 20a., 22s and 4 ., 5s, 5, J. W. Bill, Arowhenua,
Lot 6,17a., 255, 6, R, Edgeworth, Temuka.
The second parcels in certain cases are riverbed, taken on temporary grazing licenses. The ballot was completed shortly after 1 p.m.

A large number of applicants were present at the ballot for sections on the old Three Springs Estate, on Friday, notwithstanding the miserable weather, light snow and rain falling all the afternoon. The ballot was held in the public hall, Fairlie, and there were on the stage Mr Sydney Weetman, Chief Commissioner of Crown Lands, Messrs McLachlan and A. Pringle, "members of the Land Board, also Mr Williams, Crown Lands Ranger, and Mr March, Superintendent of Village Settlements. Major Steward, M.H.R.. was also present and acted, as arbiter of fate in drawing the lucky numbers from the ballot box. There were about 130 applicants, nearly half of them local residents, and no less is than 35 for one section. Local men who were unsuccessful, are already talking about another block being required. We republish the latter part of the list to-day corrected : The numbers represent the block, section, area (to nearest acre), rent per acre, and number of applicants for the lot ; the names are those of the successful applicants : Second Class Agricultural Land:
I. 1, 259 ac, 3a 6d, 16, D. Walters, Silverstream.
2, 366a., 3a 6d, 1, Hugh Ross, Fairlie.
4, 336a., 4s 9d, 23, Mary Jane Wilson, Greenpark, 7,558a.
5a 6d, 15, Margaret Muir, Burkes Pass.
V. 2, 795a., 43, 14, W. Arden, Lincoln.
Small grazing run, V.  1, 2143a,, 2s.  Alice N. Harris, Kurow.

Timaru Herald 28 April 1900, Page 3 PUNAROA.
Fairlie, April 27. The ballot, for the Punaroa Settlement took place here to-day, about 70 persons being present, with the following result, The numbers represent the block, section, area (to nearest acre), rent per acre, and number of applicants for the lot ; the names are those of the successful applicants : First-class Agricultural Land :
1. 3, 332a., 5s 3d, 15, A. Adamson, Fairlie,
I 5, 277a , 5s, 34, H. Brien, Mayfield.
1.- 6, 87a., 7s, 15s, J. D. Cox, Cust.
II and l, 594a., 7s 6d, 32, J. Keenan. junr., Kaikoura
2, 69a., 9a, 12, C. Findlay, Timaru.
3, 496a, 7s 3d, 31, J, Trotter, Fairlie
4, 66a., 9s, 3, E. H. H. Doyle, Fairlie
5, 67a., 9a, 4, H. P. Manaton, Fairlie
6. 68a., 9s, 6, F. W. Merrin, Kaiapoi
7, 6a., 93 (all applicants ballotted out).
VI. -1, 448a., 6s, 12, R. Leitch, Fairlie.

In 1899 the Government bought the remainder of the Pareora Estate (8065 acres) for 72,000 pounds, from the New Zealand & Australian Land Company.
Lyalldale. March 30th 32 settlers drew ballots to lease on perpetuity.
Sprinbrook  (620 acres) touches the Lyalldale block
Otaio Settlement  (374 acres) touches the Lyalldale block
Kohika Settlement (1713 acres and 2107 acres) was acquired by the Govt. and leased in perpetuity on 13th May 1901, S. of Lyalldale.

Evening Post, 27 April 1901, Page 4
The Kohika Settlement in South Canterbury will (says the Christchurch Press) be opened for selection on the lease in perpetuity system on Monday, 13th May. The area to be available is 3864 acres. The land was recently acquired by the Government under the Land for Settlement Act. It was part of of well-known Otaio Estate, the property of Mr. T. J. Teschemaker. It is situated in Waimate County, and is distant 20 miles from Timaru. The whole of the settlement is described as being admirably adapted for mixed farming. It has produced heavy crops of wheat and up to 60 bushels of oats to the acre, and excellent root crops have been grown on every portion of it. The land has been under cultivation for about 20 years. It has been carefully worked, and from no portion of it have more than four white crops been taken.

Evening Post, 18 May 1901, Page 5
TIMARU, This Day. A ballot was held to-day for the Kohika Settlement, eighteen miles from  Timaru, and five from the railway. The total area was 3820 acres, in fifteen sections of from 139 to 391 acres each, and the rentals were fixed at from 5s 9d to 9s 4d per acre, the average being 7s 4d. There were 104 applicants in all, and from seventeen to thirty-one for each lot. Nine lots fell to single men, and six to men from beyond South Canterbury, one applicant from Taranaki being successful.

Hawera & Normanby Star, 15 June 1901, Page 2
The Timaru Herald learns that Mr R. H. Rhodes has offered to the Government Land Purchase Board, at the Government valuation, his Bluecliffs estate, less a homestead of about 2000 acres Bluecliffs adjoins the Kohika Settlement, recently purchased from Mr Teschemaker, and balloted for the other day. The Bluecliffs estate comprises about 10,000 acres of freehold.

Otago Witness
, 2 March 1904, Page 32
On Wednesday three runs in the Waimate County No. 44 Bluecliffs (17,000 acres), No. 50 Mount Studholme (6300 acres), and No. 638 Yellow Hill (663 acres)  were offered for sale at the Timaru Land Office, when there were about 20 persons present. The Bluecliffs Run, at present held by Mr R. H. Rhodes, was offered for a term of 14 years, at an upset rental of 375 pounds per annum. No bid was made, and the run was passed in for private application. This run was offered some time ago at a rental 50 pounds higher than now, and found no bidders. Mount Studholme Run, offered for 10 years at an upset of 180 pounds, was leased to the present holders, the executors of the late Mr A. Hayes. The Yellow Hill Run, previously forfeited, was leased for 10 years to Mr W. R. McLaren at the upset rental of 31 pounds 15s.

Eccleston Settlement (1,245 acres) acquired on 12 May 1902, south of the northern block of Kohika.
Teshemaker Settlement  (3,625 acres) acquired 20th March 1915 with a renewable lease to the W. of the southern block of the Kohika
Finlay Downs Settlement ((2,113 acres) lies N. of the western portion of the Teshemaker Settlement and let on renewable leases on 20th March 1915.
Hillboro Settlement (691 acres to the NE of the upper block of the Kohika Settlement , let on renewable leases on 20th March 1915.
Copland Settlement (611 acres) let on 20th March 1915 adjoins
Esk Valley (until 1900 Upper Otaio)
Timaunga Extension (2,123 acres) bounded by the Bluecliffs Rd and to the north the Otaio River. Renewable lease 16th Dec. 1912
Timaunga Settlement (5,957 acres) let on 15 April 1912. Post Office - Maungati
Otaio -5 miles SW of St. Andrews
Tavistock- 5 miles west of Otaio
Makikihi - 3 miles south of Otaio
Hunter (formerly Upper Makikihi) (Kohika No. 2. Settlement) acquired by the Govt. and let on renewable lease 20 Aug. 1910
Bourndale Settlement (1,618 acres) touches the southern portion of Kohika No. 2. let 26th Aug. 1912
Hook (Mills Settlement) (882 acres) lease in perpetuity 26 Feb. 1906. There was bush and a sawmill here in 1879.
Studholme Junction - a township
Nukuroa (Hannaton) and Wainono ( Norton)(660 acres)
Willowbridge (formerly Waihao until 1881)
Morven, township for the Waikakahi Settlement (47,830 acres) let on 20 March 1899, 130 sections.
Glenavy (formerly Waitaki North) -subdivided in Oct. and Nov. 1881 and larger area on deferred payment and perpetual lease 15 April 1885.
Hakataramea or Sandhurst
Station Peak (20,636 acres)  18 July 1890 - 8 runs with an upstart rent 1/- acre (one shilling per acre)
Takitu Settlement (formerly Clarksfield Estate) let on 1st march 1900 - five grazing runs
Waimate - town
Bushland and Bushtown (suburbs of Waimate)
Maytown (388 acres) adjoins the Wainono settlement let 28 April 1902, 11 sections
Waimate Settlement (1,586 acres ) let 26 Aug. 1912

Press, 23 August 1912, Page 6
A Timaru message says that the ballot for the Claremont Settlement -was taken yesterday. Results:-
Section 1, 311 acres, Frank A Sams (St. Helens, Hanmer)
Section 2, 2,240 acres, George Stewart (Sutherlands)
Section 3, 162 acres, George A. Catios (Cheviot)
Section 4, 99 acres, Francis Quigley (St. Andrews)
Section 5, 133 acres, Ludwig Seyb (Levels)
Section 6, 189 acres, Michael J. Shea (St. Andrews)
Section 7, 342 acres, William Scott (Cheviot)
Section 9, 213 acres, Thomas Greig (Timaru)
Section 10, 96 acres, Robert Campbell (Carew)
Section 11, 168 acres, Henry Cairn (Sefton)
Section 8 was not allotted.

Evening Post, 29 August 1912, Page 8 LAND BALLOTS
WAIMATE, This Day. Ballots for sections in the Bournedale and Waimate settlements, situated near Makikihi and Waimate respectively, took place this morning, Mr. C. R. Pollen (Commissioner of Crown Lands) and members of the Land Board being present. The results were as follow: BOURNEDALE.
Section 1, 300 acres, half-yearly rent80 pounds Mary Lucy Heffernan, Waitata, Timaru.
Section 2, 233 acres, rent 74 pounds 10s Kaye W. Mercer, Makikihi.
Section 3, 193 acres, rent 79pounds 4s Edith Grace Bate, Kaiapoi.
Section 4  No applicants.
Section 5, 202 acres, rent 91 pounds Roland Taylor, St. Andrews.
Section 6, 192 acres, rent 65 pounds  Robert Mackenzie, Christchurch.
Section 7, 211 acres, rent 63 pounds William H. King, Rosewill, Timaru.

Section 1, 337 acres, half-yearly rent 64 pounds 11s William O'Donnell, Masterton.
Section 2, 384 acres, rent 60 pounds 15s No applicants.
Section 3, 366 acres, rent 89 pounds Cecil Taaffe, Waimate (fifteen applicants). Section 4, 31 acres, rent 21 pounds 3s- Daniel Divan, Amberley.
Section 5, 17 acres, rent 13 pounds 1s  William Reed, Waimate.
Section 6, 20 acres, rent 13 pounds 19s James J. Fogarty, Waimate.
Sections 7, 8, and 9  No applicants.
Section 10, 15 acres, rent 13 pounds 10s Charles Lawry, Waimate.
Section 11, 12 acres, rent 11 pounds 9s Michael Thyne, Waimate.
Sections 13, 13a and 14  No applicants.
Section 14a Robert Sharp, Waimate.
Section 15, 9 acres, rent 10 pounds 7s Fred W. Sauer, Waimate.
Section 16 No applicants left in.
Section 17 Mary Denniston, Timaru.
Section 18 Louis Hurn, Waimate.
Section 19  No applications.
Section 20, 19 acres, rent 15 pounds 13s James Sullivan, Waimate.
Sections 21 and 22  No applications.
Section 23, 20 acres, rent 18 pounds Martha Wooffinden, Waimate.
Section 24. 20 acres, rent 18 pounds Mary Cornelius, Waimate.
Section 25  No applicants left in.
Section 26, 12 acres, rent 10 lls William H. Norton, Waimate.
Sections 27, 28, 30, 31, and 31a  None left in
Section 29, 36 acres, rent 31 pounds 1s  John Corry, Morven.
Section 30a, 18 acres, rent 16 4s Alfred B. Dunstan, Pleasant Point. Timothy Kennedy. Waimate, afterwards made application for, section 21, 16. acres.

Arno- village
Kapua Settlement (572 acres) let on perpetuity lease 24 March 1894

Otago Witness, 17 March 1892, Page 16
The first sale of the Bank of New Zealand Estates Company's properties is announced to take place at Timaru on the 26th April, when the Riverslea and Arowhenua estates, comprising 9244 acres, will be submitted for auction.

Evening Post, 19 March 1892, Page 2
The first sale of farm lands in South Canterbury belonging to the Bank of Zealand Estates Company is announced to take place at Timaru by Messrs. Guinness and LeCren, in connection with the N.Z.L. M.A. Co., on 26th April. The properties to be submitted are the Riverslea and Arowhenua estates about 11,000 acres altogether.

Grey River Argus, 27 April 1892, Page 2
Timaru, April 26. The first sale of the Bank of New Zealand Assets Company's estates was held here to-day, and it drew a large attendance of farmers, but not many bidders and few if any strangers, and purchasers (10 in number) were all old settlers in the locality. A little complaint was made at the grouping of some smaller lots in pairs. The auctioneer (Mr Guinness) remarked that there was a good opportunity to teas the genuineness of the cry that large estates should be cut up. The Riverslea estate, one of the richest pieces of land in in South Canterbury, on the south bank of the Orari at the sea, the bidding was active for some lots, but low for others. The prices ranged from L 9 to L 25 10s and 1720 acres fetched L 29,431. The goodwill of the education reserve lease L 204. The sale of the Arowhenua block was a failure, only one lot of 149 acres going at L 6. There were no offers for the others.

Otago Witness, 28 April 1892, Page 32
Timaru, April 26. The first sale of the Estates Company's lands, held here to-day, was well attended by the farmers of the district, fully 300 of them being present, besides others; but not many were bidders. Few, if any, strangers were present, and the purchasers were all old settlers in the neighbourhood. Before the sale commenced, Mr R. Guinness, auctioneer, explained ' that certain lots advertised separately would be sold in pairs viz., 3 and 6, 7 and 8, 9 and 10, 11 and 12, 13 and 14. This departure was made a matter of complaint by a few persons. Mr Guinness stated it never had been contemplated to sell these separately, and the mistake had been made in preparing the plans in Auckland. The sections paired are on opposite sides of a road. Mr Guinness made a few remarks on the excellent opportunity now offered to test the genuineness of the cry that large blocks in the hands of companies or individuals should be cut up. He expatiated on the fertility of Riverslea, and its suitability for small farms, while the terms were very liberal, as the two grain crops allowed would yield half the purchase money before payment was required. A start was made with Riverslea, in the order and with the results as below. The bidding for some lots was keen, and in other 5 cases where sales were effected slow:

Price, or 
Lot Area Best 	Bid 	 Buyer 
23 	112   10 pounds 0 0 J. Austin
22 	 69 	16 0 0 	J. Austin 
21 	498 	 1 2 6 	Passed 
20 	 20  	 3 0 0  Passed 	
19 	226 	 9 0 0 	W. Taylor 
18 	131 	 5 0 0 	Passed
17 	349 		No bid
16 	 67 	 2 0 0	Passed
 1 	203 	 9 0 0 	Bissett
 5 	148 	25 10 0 J. Guild
 4 	104 	25 0 0  J.Guild
3&6 	104 	20 10 0 J.Guild
7&8 	139 	15 0 0	Passed
9&10 	136 	18 10 0 J Warting
11&12 	109 	22 100  Mathews and Tresize
15 	168 	25 0 0 	Ackroyd
13&14 	 75 	22 10 0 Mathews and Tresize
2 	271 	l5 10 0 McLeod

Total of Riverslea freehold sold, 1720 acres realising L 29,431.
The goodwill of leases (two Education reserves near Riverslea) were offered. One of 399 acres, the lease having five years to run, at a rental of L171 17s 6d per annum, was keenly competed for, and bought By Mr McCully for L 204. For the large reserve of 1192 acres, lease six years to run, rental L 615 13s 10d, no offer was made.
In the Arowhenua estate, the lots remote from the homestead were offered, first. Lots 18 and 19, 180 acres, and lot 20, 100 acres, brought no bid. For lot 51, 360 acres, bids started at L6 and stopped at L 7 10s, when it was passed in. Lot 14, 149 acres was sold to W. Page at the first and last bid of L 6. - Six or seven other lots were passed without offer, and the, auctioneer stopped the sale, as if the upper block was not sold the lower must be retained to it. Any sections passed are, open for private treaty. The principal buyers are already landowners close to Riverslea. After the estates' sale two other farms were offered. W. Oldfield's, on the bank of the Opihi, containing 200 acres brought no bid. The Seaforth farm, near the coast at Washdyke, containing 670 acres cut into four, the buyer of one having the option to take all, was passed in at Ll5 and Ll5 5s.

Otago Witness, 30 July 1896, Page 26 LAND PURCHASES BY THE STATE.
The price paid for the Arowhenua estate by the Government was 28,000 pounds and for the Albury estate 64,000 pounds ; possession of the land will be given after next shearing season, and meanwhile, sub divisional surveys and roading will be put in hand, and the land will be ready for tenement next December.

North Otago Times, 30 November 1895, Page 2
The Government has bought Mr Quinn's farm of 386 acres at Milford, near Timaru, at L20 per acre. The land is described as of exceptionally good quality. The peculiarity of the purchase, however, lies in the fact that the land is intended for the use of the Arowhenua village settlers. It has been discovered that the Arowhenua village settlers cannot make a living on the small pieces of land that had been allotted them, mainly because there was no work to be got in the neighborhood. It was a case of starving on their allotments or of the Government purchasing more land for them in the neighborhood. The Government decided to purchase more land, and it will be allotted solely to the Arowhenua village settlers, who will not be compelled to live on it. This is an evidence that purely village settlements are not required in New Zealand. There are enough men already located in the townships to do all the work that is required in the country, and if further settlement is carried on it must be on lines that will allow a man to make living for himself and family entirely on his allotment.

Star 24 June 1896, Page 1 LAND SETTLEMENT.
The ballot for allotments upon the Orakipuoa [sic] [Orakipaoa] Settlement, near Temuka, was held in the court-house, Temuka, on Tuesday. Mr J. A. Marchant, Commissioner of Crown Lands, conducted the ballot, in which the greatest interest was taken.  The following is the result : 
Section 1, 5a, 21s per acre, 14 applicants, B. Lynch
section 2, 6a Or 25p, 21s per acre, 17 applicants, T. Matingley
section 3, 5a, 21s per acre; 21 applicants, E. Neville
section 4, 5a, 21s per acre, 19 applicants, C. Neville
section 5, 8a, 20s per acre, 36 applicants, P. Stangar
section 6, 6a, 20s per acre, 26 applicants, C. Hamilton
section 7, 6a, 265, 35 applicants, W. H. Hooper
section 8, 11a, 235, 35 applicants, T. M. Brosnahan
section 9, 10a 2r 19p, 20s per acre, 50 applicants, P. O. Mara
section 10, 24a Or 24p, 23s per acre, 96 applicants, J. Philps
section 11, 58a lr. 4p, 21s 6d per acre, 70 applicants, M. A. Horgan 
section 12, 6a, 21s 3d per acre, 18 applicants, M. J. Daley
section 13, 6a, 21s 3d per acre, 19 applicants, M. Collins
section 14, 8a 3r 9p, 21s 9d per acre, 24 applicants, Gr. Harrison
section 15, 6a, 22s per acre, 24 applicants, R. Gayson;
section 16, 6a Or 31p, 21s 3d per acre, 11. applicants, J. Morgan
section 17, 8a, 22s per acre, 17 applicants, J. Hooper
section 18, 25a 2r27p, 21s per acre, 42 applicants, H. Melven
section 19, 30a 2r 14p, 14s 5d per acre, 79 applicants, James Cartwrigh;
section 20, 31a Or 19p t 16s 3d per acre, 62 applicants, W. H. Scott
section 21, 10 alr 20p, 22s per acre, 33 applicants, T. Washington
section 22, 12a 3r lip, 21s 6d per acre, 23 applicants, George Hooper
section 23, 24a, 21s 4d per acre, 75 applicants, P. Brosnaham
section 24, 39a 2r 33p, 21s 6d per acre, 80 applicants, M. Lawlor
section 25, 10 a, 21s 8d per acre, 30 applicants, E. King
section 26, 7a, 21s 8d per acre, 8 applicants, D. Ennis
section 27, 6a 2r 35p, 21s 8d per acre, 15 applicants., J. Currie.

West Coast Times, 16 September 1896, Page 2
The survey of the Arowhenua estate, says the Timaru Herald,  is nearing completion, and Temuka people are finding fault already with the areas laid out. The lower portion is cut up into five farms, two of 90 acres, 140, 150 and the homestead with 640 acres. The upper portion into 22 lots, of which nine are only 5 acres each, the next in size being 150 acres, and the rest running up to over 400. The homestead farm is too big at one end, and 22 families could starve very successfully on five acres each further back.

Timaru Herald, 24 October 1898, Page 2
A ballot was held at the Land Office on Thursday for two sections of land of 40 acres each, that had been thrown open for selection on lease m perpetuity. There were four applicants for Lot 31, Reserve 1126, near Waimate, which was secured by Mr Ernest Cummings ; and for Lot 14. Reserve 1650, near the South Rangitata Railway Station, there were five applicants, of whom Mr Robert Washington was successful.

Hawera & Normanby Star, 25 March 1897, Page 2
There was a great rush of applicants for the Arowhenua (Canterbury) Block (39 lots), 218 persons applying at Temuka and at Timaru. There are probably others at Christchurch. The majority are said to be desirable settlers.

New Zealand Tablet, 2 April 1897, Page 15
March 22nd The Rakitairi and Waiapi districts were visited by large crowd yesterday. The town is crowded to-day, which has been fixed fur the applications. There are many strangers here. The courthouse and the Temuka Leader office have been literally besieged. There will be great excitement on the ballot day, March 31st.

Timaru Herald, 1 April 1897, Page 3 The Arowhenua Estate
the ballot for allotments on the Arowhenua estate took place yesterday in the Volunteer hall, Temuka. About 300 persons were present. Mr McLaughlan was appointed to draw. Father and son in another case drew contiguous allotments and the homestead block fell to Mr R. J. McCallum, who spent a long portion of his boyhood there. The ballot started at 10 o'clock and lasted two hours, or about 3 minutes to a section. The bulk of the allotments fell to Temuka people.

Tuapeka Times, 27 May 1891, Page 5
One of the most successful settlements in Canterbury is the one at Arowhenua. This settlement was formed, with several others, by the Hon Mr Rolleston in 1875. The sum of L10 was the amount then advanced for cottages, and the settlers erected very comfortable little huts. This might be termed the first stage in connection with settlement. After a while these huts gave place to two and three roomed cottages. Here we have the second stage the village. Now you will see much larger dwellings, and the little settlement has become a town, with its town board, etc., etc. ; and I venture to predict that in due time Arowhenua will become a very prosperous city. To return to the regulations, the erection of a cottage must be completed within six months of the date of selection, and each settler must reside on his section within that time. In bush lands this may be deferred until one month after the first burn, but no longer.

Press, 12 November 1897, Page 7
A ballot for sections in the Rosebrook, Kereta and Epworth settlements was held, and resulted as follows:
Secs. 8 and 9 Rosebrook Settlement, Block XVI. Pareora Survey District, 58 acres 25 perches, Mary Rundle
sec 3, Kereta, Arowhenua Survey District, Block IX.,26 acrea1 rood 19 perches, John Albert;
sec 14a, Epworth, Block IL, 11 acres S roods 32 perches, Daniel Geaney
sec 10a, Epworth, Block 11., 9 acres 11 perches, Sarah Geaney.

Press, 12 December 1901, Page 5 LAND BALLOT.
Yesterday, in Timaru, the Land Board disposed of 2245 acres of land by ballot, which the Government recently acquired from Mr J. Sullivan at Kakahu, near Pleasant Point. There were five sections to be disposed of, for which there were 29 applicants. The result of the ballot was as follows: 
Section I., block X., 394 acres, rent as per annum Patrick Mulvihill (Geraldine)
section II., block. X., 265 acres, rent 4s 4  G. J. Connor (Albury)
section III., block X., 681 acres, rent 4s 3d  J. Nixon (Fairlie)
section IV., block X., 630 acres, rent 3s 9d G. Frizzell   (Eyreton)
section V.. block XIV., 375 acres, rent 4s 4d  A. J. Stevens (Brookside).

Press, 29 April 1911, Page 7 THE "ALLANHOLM" BALLOT.
The examination of applicants and the ballot (or sections in the "Allanholm" Settlement took place at Waimate yesterday. The result of the ballot was:
Section 1 233 acres. Half-yearly rent 51 pounds 15a. Ten applicants. Denis O'Grady, Timaru.
Section 2  234 acres. Rent 54 pounds 13s 6d; (7) Bennett J. Moyle. St. Andrew's
Section 3  232 acres. Rent  58 pounds 5s 6d: (6) William C. Ashworth, Rongomai, Eketahuna.
Section 4  256 acres. Rent  54 pounds: (12)  John Shannon, Chertsey.
Section 5  276 acres. Rent 75 pounds 5s 6d; (13)  Elizabeth Kirk, Hunter.
Section 6  247 acres. Rent 57 pounds 16s 6d; (10)  Thomas Neal, Cheviot.
Section 7  230 acres. Rent 79 pounds 13s; (8) Albert John Higgs, Albury.  (?Albert Robert Higgs)
Section 8  203 acres. Rent 72 pounds 13s 6d; (24)  Martin McDonough, Morven.
In section 4 there is besides the rent, half-yearly amount of 24 pounds 5s l0d, interest and sinking fund on buildings valued at 481 pounds, payable in cash if preferred.

Waihoa Forks
Waihoa Downs - one miles beyond Waihoa Forks, was the terminus of the Waimate Branch Railway
Douglas Settlement (3,536 acres) let 13 June 1911, in 34 sections
Allanholme Settlement (1,912 acres) let on renewable lease 25 April 1911 in 8 sections
Tara Settlement (3,623 acres) let on renewable lease 9 March 1914 in 8 sections

Evening Post, 13 March 1914, Page 2 LAND BALLOT
TARA AND LANSDOWN SETTLEMENTS. TIMARU, 12th March. A good deal of interest was taken in the ballot at Waimate to-day for two Crown settlements, Tara 3623 acres of second-class land in eight sections, and Lansdown, 2070 acres of first-class land in nine sections. For Tara there were 98 applicants, 60 going in for one lot, and for Lansdown 76; Most of the sections fell to South Canterbury and Oamaru people, one Leeston resident and one Mosgiel resident being the farthest away. The results of the ballot were as follows, the number of the applicants in each case being given, in parentheses:  Tara Estate (second-class land).
No. 1 section, 355 acres, half-yearly rent 55 pounds 15s J. Morrison, Albury (11)
No. 2, 450 acres, rent 84 pounds 16s 8d : Jessie Tresize, Morven (8)
No. 3, 427 acres, rent 82 pounds 16s 6d : Walter Maslin, Geraldine (16)
No. 4, 398 acres, rent 12 pounds : H. J. Arthur, Leeston (27)
No. 5, 593. acres, rent 147 pounds : Sarah Shine, Oamaru (35)
No. 6, 468 acres, rent 100 pounds 16s : C. S. Price, Waimate (41)
No. 7, 520 acres, rent 110 pounds 18s 6d : Lilian Hampton, Douglas Settlement (60)
No 8, 412 acres, rent 74 pounds 5s: James Rooney, Waimate (11)

Lansdown Settlement (first-class land).
No. 1, 206 acres, rent 68 pounds 17s : A. B. Topp, Oamaru (3-)
No. 2, 211 acres, rent  66 pounds 3s : R. Creeser, Waimate (4)
No. 3, 39 acres, rent 82 pounds 2s 6d: C. Flynn, Oamaru;
No. 4, 289 acres, rent 104 pounds : Agnes Edwards, Mosgiel (6)
No. 5, 205 acres, rent 77 pounds 12s 6d : Margaret Goldstone, Waimate (10)
No. 6, 200 acres, rent 75 pounds 16s 6d; W. McCarvon, Waimate (l5)
No. 7, 215 acres, rent 74 pounds 9s 6d : John Smith, Timaru-road, Waimate (8)
No. 8, 181 acres, rent 68 pounds 2s 6d : Mrs. Foley, Waimate (13)
No. 9, 223 acres, rent 75 pounds 16s 6d : M. Powell, Waimate

Papaka Settlement (1554 acres) let on lease in perpetuity 19 April 1900 in 9 sections
Pleasant Point -town
Paiko and Morton
Cave - town

Rangitata Island Star 10 Dec. 1897 wayback

Rosewill (38,684 acres) Opened up 7 March 1904, with lease in perpetuity, 158 sections
Booklet: The Rosewill Settlement, South Canterbury, New Zealand. Govt. Printer, Wellington 1904. 8vo. 55p. Illus, maps (fold). Pink wrappers. Particulars, Terms and Conditions of Disposal and Occupation of 37,560 Acres 2 Roods 36 Perches, Open on Monday, 7th March, 1904

Wanganui Chronicle 6 July 1914, Page 3
A return presented to Parliament today gives particulars of the cost of acquiring estates under the Land for Settlement Acts.
Rosewill 246,022 pounds

Press, 19 March 1904, Page 8 THE ROSEWILL SETTLEMENT
The ballot for the Rosewill settlement took place in Timaru yesterday. The town was thronged with people all day. It is by far the largest ballot of the kind that has ever taken place in Timaru, and the demand for land, so far from easing off, appeared at the proceedings yesterday to be keener than ever. For the 200 sections available there were 690 applicant not so large a number as was expected, bat a great number had of necessity to be disappointed. Of this number about 130 were discarded for reasons such as insufficient means, not landless, and for failing to put-in an appearance; fourteen did not attend before the Land Board for examination, and the actual number that went to the ballot was 561. The ballot was held in the Theatre Royal, and at nine o'clock, the hour for starting, a large crowd had gathered. Some of the applicants had previously made three, four, and even five futile attempts to get land at other, ballots. A good many ladies were included in the spectators. The proceedings concluded shortly after 3. p.m. Only one application came from the North Island, the majority coming from between Christchurch and Dunedin. There are over 2000 acres not applied for, and Commissioner (Humphries announced at the ballot yesterday that this land would be open to the disappointed ones, and if no fresh applications were received for it, the ballot would probably take place in Christchurch on Monday next. He therefore advised all who purposed applying for them, to send in their applications at once. If new applicants, who had not been examined, applied, the second ballot would have to be delayed. In some cases sections -fell to applicants without going to the ballot, when there was only one application in. Mr Humphries explained that on sections where there was groin crops, the-previous owners of the estate were to be given time to remove it, but in the meantime the settlers could be going on with their ploughing, and they would be at liberty to put sheep-on paddocks where there were stacks, so long as they did not put too many on, and cause the stacks to be damaged. Everything passed off smoothly at the ballot though there were some rather long delays, owing to the large number of. applications in for certain subdivisions. For instance, for subdivision 30 there were no fewer than 53 applicants, and for 31 there were 40. In one case where there wore six applicants for two sections the two balloted out were man and wife, and in another, case the first and the last applicant .were the disappointed ones. The homestead block fell to Mr G. L. Limbrick, of Christchurch. One applicant, who had put in for more than one section, drew one that he did not want, and asked leave an hour later to withdraw, and have the section  balloted for again, but the Commissioner would not allow this, as it would open the door to gambling in land and the Beard had set its face against that, and was determined to stop it so far as lay in its power. If the objection had been lodged as soon as the section was drawn, the Commissioner said it might have been entertained, but the man had been in the town since, and the Board could not tell what might have transpired, though he did not think for a moment but that the case was a genuine one. Still, if-they allowed one, they would have to allow all, and the Board had determined rather than do this to make applicants forfeit their deposits if they refused to take their sections, even though that deposit amounted to 100 pounds. He further said that some applicants resented the close examination regarding their financial position, but the Board had been had in the past, and had of necessity to take every precaution.

Otago Witness, 23 March 1904, Page 10
Star, 18 March 1904, Page 3
Ashburton Guardian, 19 March 1904, Page 2
TIMARU, March 18,
The ballot for sections in Rosewill settlement took place to-day in the Theatre Royal, which was filled with would-be settlers, and very keen interest was manifested in the proceedings. The successful applicants, with the number of the sections, were : Section
5, Robert Tait, Fairlie [Yates]
6, James Turtle, Ngapara
7, Edward Blanke, West Oxford;  [Bank]
8, William Gordon, Adair
9, T. W. Barker, Le Bon's Bay
10, Robert Price, Fairlie
11, William J. Hutt, Waimate
12, Thomas F. Drake, High Peak Station
15, Frances Heron, Temuka 
16, David Wilson, Timaru
18, W. R. McKay, Timaru
22, John McRae. Fairlie
17, F. H. Buckley, Seacliff
21, Robert Donaldson, Oamaru
23. Alexander Davison, Ashburton, named the farm "Rosedale."
24, George Groundwater, Woodbury
25, James McAuley, Georgetown
26, Mary Jane Hogg, Cave
35, S. Wreford, Cave  [H. Wreford]
36, Cornelius Brosnahan, Seadown
37, J. Barry, Temuka
38, Michael Scannell, Temuka
39. John Lawlor, Temuka
28, N. Naughton, Timaru
40, Arthur Roberts, Taieri Mouth
41, Sidney Robert, Dunedin
31, Alexander Mitchell, Pleasant Point
42, Henry J. Downs, Cave
44, John O'Connor, Orari 
45. William Walker, Pleasant Point
46, Lucy J. Black, Mount Somers
47, David Annett, Hinds
48. Thomas McDunough, Glenavy
49, J. Wilson Ashburton (woolshed on section)
50, Mary Jane Honeywell, Hinds
51, George Stevens, Glenavy
56, Alexander Johnston, Waimate
57, Jeremiah O'Connor, Waimate
52, John Lamb, Ashburton
53, John Collins, Makikihi
54. Frances Acton, Pleasant Point
55, Dennis O'Connor. Seadown
58, Nellie Brosnahan, Seadown
59, Thomas J. Lamb, Ashburton
60, Grace Palmer, Timaru
61, Michael Coughlan, Kerrytown 
65, James Hyland, Ashburton
62. J. Mcean, Glenavy
64, Thomas J. Leay, Springfield
67, Hay Hay, Charters Bay
66, Eli Rowe, The Cave
63, W.S. Gray, Rangiora
76, Margaret Hamilton, Fairlie
7S, Robert Weaver, Killinchy
79, James Low, Waihao Downs
80, Isabella McMaster, Fairlie
63, Edward H. Kellynack. Christchurch 
69, Malcolm McInnes, Tepapa
70, Alex. Duncan, Hawkins
31, John Martin, Marshlands
71, Peter Flynn, Studholme
72, Alex. Kilpatrick, Duntroon
73, Hugh Black, Culverden
74, Fred. Sorrenson, Little River
75, James Graham, Cave
77. G. L. Lembuck?, Christchurch [Lembrick] [Limbrick]
82, William Wall, Matakaraui
83. Alfred Vincent, Timaru
84, Thomas E Besley, St. Andrews
85, Dennis O'Sullivan, Darfield
86, William  J. Blackwood, Glenavy
87, Johm McGimpsey, Waimate
88, Dennis Gibson. Papakaio
89. Peter Hunter. Sutherland
90, Ambroxio G. Vucetich, Chertsey
96, Kate Fraser, Waitohi Flat
91, Harriet Swaney, Temuka
99, Patrick Murphy, Grove Bush
92, Jeremiah Daley, Port Robinson
93, Henerick R. Oed, Southbrook
94, James McEwan. Scargill
95, John Taehan, Seadown
97, Mary Saunders, Pleasant Point
83, John Miller, Motukiaia
101, Edwin Smith, Pleasant Point
102, John E. Hewitt, Woodend
103, De Renzie Brett, Spreydon
104, Isabella Biggs, Timaru
105, William McCaw, Waikare
106, James Fleming, Glenavy (section surrendered in April 1904, situated 8 miles from the levels railway station, contains 498 acres, the yearly rental being 85 pounds  5s 8d )
107, Walter Bain Glenavy
108, Charlotte S. Kee, Claremont
109, Harry Morrison, Pleasant Point
110, Thomas Douglas, Bealey
113 Alfred Gibbs Hart, Winchester
116, M. Ryan, Morven
118, Agnes, Smith, Pukeuri
119, W. G. Matheson, Berwick
120, Mabel Blake, Warrington  (231 acres, opened for lease in July 1904 - yearly rental 70 pounds 2s.)
121, James M'Coy, Killinchy
122, Kate Sullivan, Timaru
123. John Hawkins, Morven
121, W. Harkness, Timaru
125, W. Cadwallader, Timaru
126, J. Burke, Temuka
127, A. Bellette, Morven
128, G. Frame, Pukeuri
131. H. Judge, Glenavy
123, C. Wragg, Hornby
130, Annie Reid, Waimate
132, Lavina Johnson, Temuka
133, J. O'Brien, Temuka
143, W. Walsh. Dunback
131, H. A. Clark, Timaru
135, J. Mee, Timaru
136. A. J. Jack, Timaru
137. W. R. Scott. Levels
138. M. J. Fitzharris, Morven
141. W. Jones, Christchurch 
142. F. Bloxham, Goodwood

Village Allotments  Section
15. W. Aitken Timaru
28. W. H. Bond, Rangitata

Grazing Runs  Section
42 and 20. G. T. Baker, Rakaia Gorge
43. T. D. Robertson

Press, 23 March 1904, Page 7
Mr C. S. Howard, who has resigned the headmastership of the Richmond public was a successful applicant for one of the Rosewill Settlement- sections not originally applied for, which were dealt with by the Land Board yesterday. Mr Howard was for years headmaster of the Richmond school, and has been in the Education Board's service for thirty-five years.

Star 24 March 1904, Page 2
In the ballot the the Rosewill settlement two sections, comprising more than 320 acres, were drawn by married women, and it will consequently be necessary to have a fresh ballot for these.

Star 9 March 1904, Page 2
Of the 680 applications received for allotments in the Rosewill Settlement, 470 came from Timaru.

Press, 14 May 1904, Page 6
John Kneller was allowed to surrender his lease of lot 140, Rosewill Settlement, and it was decided to ask W. S. Wood, another applicant, whether he is prepared to take up the section.

Ashburton Guardian, 7 May 1904, Page 2
Enquiry is often made as to why the name of the Levels Estate was changed to Rosewill, and some speculation has taken place as to the derivation of the latter name. An explanation was given at a meeting of a public body held in Timaru the other day, a member stating that the Government named the estate after the Hon. W. Hall Jones and Mrs Hall Jones, whose respective Christian names of Rose and Will they coupled, to form the name of Rosewill.

Press, 27 May 1904, Page 4
There were eleven applicants for section 106, Rosewill Settlement, five of whom were approved by the Land Board for admission to the ballot. The successful applicant was Mr John Armstrong, of Pleasant Point. The area is 498 acres, and the yearly rental 170 pounds 11s 4d.

Observer, 4 June 1904, Page 16
Outside Timaru there is an estate which the Government has lately taken over for settlement, and upon which the name of Rosewill has been bestowed. This, it is explained, is a combination of the Christian names of the Hon Mr Hall-Jones and his wife.

Star 3 September 1904, Page 5
The following the result of the ballot held at Timaru yesterday for sections opened for application on August 31:
Lot 4, Eccleston Settlement. 231 acres 3 roods 30 perches, rental 97 pounds 8s 4d per annum  Successful applicant, Alexander Nicol, of Glenavy
Lot 120, Rosewill Settlement, 231 acres, rental 141 pounds 4s per annum, Successful applicant, Richard Connell, of Temuka.

Otago Witness 16 November 1904, Page 53
A boy named M'Leod, on the Rosewill Settlement, had his arm broken while helping to yard some sheep. He was rounding them up, when a sheep charged the dog and he got in the way, the sheep giving him a butt and tossing him over, with the result stated.

Otago Witness, 12 October 1904, Page 36
In response to a petition from about 40 settlers in the locality the Post master general has authorised the opening of a post office at Coal Creek, on the Fairlie line, for the convenience of the compact block of the Rosewill settlement, which is served by Coal Creek station. The office is named Mawaro, which is the Maori equivalent for Coal Creek. For the present mails' will be exchanged with Timaru three times a week, on Mondays, Wednesdays, and Saturdays. There is no railway official or employee living at Coal Creek station, but a request has been, made that one, of the surfacemen may be given a cottage there, and his wife could act as postmistress. In the meantime the post office is at Mr Welford's, and this will be a great convenience to a considerable number of settlers who live away back from Coal Creek.

Press, 7 January 1905, Page 6
The Mackenzie County Council decided on Thursday to constitute a now riding at the south end of the present Albury riding, to be called the Cave Riding, and to have one representative on the Council. As the population of that district has been increased by the settlement of Rosewill, it was considered advisable that it should be further represented.

Wanganui Herald, 13 September 1905, Page 7
The Rev. G. Barclay (South Canterbury) said there was not yet any school at Rosewill settlement, although it had been settled two years.

Otago Witness 4 April 1906, Page 6
A Rosewill settler near Coal Creek has just threshed 47 bushels of wheat to the acre, this yield being taken off land for which 6s per acre is paid by way of rent. It was not taken off a few acres merely, but from something over 100 acres. This (remarks the Timaru Post) is surely a complete answer to those who say that the rents on the Rosewill settlement are too high.

Marlborough Express, 22 May 1906, Page 3
May 22. John Taehen, a farmer on the Rosewill settlement, dropped dead at Pleasant Point township last evening. He had attended a stock sale during the day, and was apparently in good health, though he was known to have a weak heart. He was 52 years of age.

Hawera & Normanby Star, 3 August 1906, Page 4
The Rosewill Settlement has turned' out a very successful one, says the Lyttelton Times. Of the value placed upon their holdings by some of the lessees, the following is a good example: A farm of over 400 acres is in the market. On it there are very few improvements, the house being of small value, and for the goodwill 1700 pounds is asked. The sum of 1300 pounds has been refused.

Otago Witness, 21 August 1907, Page 24 PROPERTY SALES.
The National Mortgage and Agency Company (Ltd.) have to report the following:
On account of Mrs H. Swaney, Sutherlands, lot 91, Rosewill settlement, 277 acres, l.i.p., to Mr T. V. Cooney, Gebbie's Flat ;
on account of Mr D. Seaton, Temuka, 195 acres, Waitohi, to Mr T. W. Stokes, Waitohi;
on account of Mr, A. Tavendale, Waihaorunga, 330 acres, Waihaorunga, to Mr J. E. Piggott, Raincliff
on account of Mr James Wilson, Sutherlands, lot 49, Rosewill settlement, 396 acres, l.i.p., to Mr J. E. Piggott, Raincliff
on account of Mr Robert Scott, Geraldine 287 acres, Orari, to Mr J. W. Macdonald, Geraldine;
on account of Mr H. G. Ellis, Otaio, 320 acres, Otaio, to Messrs Bell Bros., Eskbank.

Star 10 January 1908, Page 3
The Canterbury Land Board met yesterday; present Messrs E. C. Goldsmith (Commissioner of Crown Lands), A. C. Pringle, J. Scaly and J. Allan. A further communication was received regarding the proposed acquisition of a small area on Lot 20, Rosewill Settlement, as a site for a sheep-dip to be erected by a company of Crown tenants in the vicinity of Albury. It was resolved to recommend that the lessee should be allowed to surrender the site, and that it should be then sold to the company under Section 84 of the amended Act. It was resolved to obtain a report from the ranger in regard to a complaint that the Mackenzie County Council was removing shingle for road purposes from riverbeds within the county.

Otago Witness 5 February 1908, Page 53
Places are changing hands at very satisfactory figures. Mr J. J. Milne has sold his L.I.P. farm to Mr J. T. Anderson,, and Mr T. F. Drake has disposed of his 104-acre farm, adjoining the township, on the Rosewill Settlement, to Mr C. Brosnahan, of the Levels Plains. Both Mr Milne and Mr Drake will be much missed, as they were settlers of a good type, and anxious to forwards the best interests of the district.

Press, 5 February 1909, Page 2
The Canterbury Land Board met yesterday
L. in. P. 1495, Lot 26, Rosewill Settlement, 334 acres, Samuel Wreford to Samuel Sylvanus Wreford, of Mawaro;
L. in P. 347, R.S. 36290 acres, Ashwick Flat 320 acres, Adele Peebles to Mrs Sophia Whatman, of Ashwick Flat
L. in P. 1743, Lot 19, Mills Settlement, 15 acres, Thos. Bean to Mrs Margaret M. Guthrie, of Timaru;
The Albury Presbyterian Church applied to purchase Lot 2a Rosewill Settlement, area 6 acres 2 roods 17 perches, for the erection of a manse in connection with the church already erected. It was decided to recommend the application for the minister's favourable consideration, the price to be 10pounds per acre.

Press, 7 May 1909, Page 5
The meeting of the Canterbury Land Board yesterday.
In regard to H. B. Kirk's application for a renewal of the lease of Clay Reserve 3600, Rosewill settlement, it was decided to grant a yearly lease. In connection with the demolition of a building on E. H. Kelynaek's Lot 68, Rosewill Settlement, in a heavy wind, the Board decided to recommend the Government to release the lessee from any further payment.

Press, 5 June 1909, Page 2
The Canterbury Land Board met yesterday. The following applications for transfers were granted
Michael Fox to Alexander Mackenzie, lot 117 Rosewill, 324 acres.
Wm. T. Richmond to Chas. Pilkington, lot block ii., Punaroa, 86a lr 6p.
Joseph Dowthwaite to Wilfred G. Rutherford, pastoral run 234b, Meyers Pass, near Waimate, 4596 acres.
James Turtle to James W. Sangster, lot 6, Rosewill, 75 acres.
Star 1 July 1909, Page 2
The Canterbury Land Board met to-day. The following applications for transfers were granted
L.-in- P. 1629, lot 4, Rosewill Settlement, 10 acres, James Shears to Edward J. Perry

Press, 8 October 1909, Page 5
Meeting of the Canterbury Land Board held yesterday
H. A. Clarke to Thos. Driscoll, Kerrytown, l.i.p., lot 134, Rosewill Settlement, 35 acres 1rd 11p
The Board discussed at some length an application by John E. Pigott to transfer to W. J. Ryan and E. P. Ryan l.i.p. lot 49, Rosewill Settlement, 396 acres. The Board decided to refuse the application.

Star 2 September 1909, Page 3
The Canterbury Land Board met this morning present Messrs F. W. Flanagan (Commissioner of Crown Lands), J. Scaly, J. Stevenson and J. Gibson.
Lease V. 247 2 Lots 1 and 4, Block XXIII., Orari town, 4 acres 3 roods 25 perches, A. Pierce to Charles Thomas, of Temuka, labourer;
L.I.P., 1505 and 1625, Lots 44a and 44b, Rosewill Settlement, 36 and 14 acres, Henry J.  Downes, & Joseph Downes to Patrick O'Connor, of Cave, farm labourer;
L.I.P., 1642, Lot 77, Rosewill Settlement, 626 acres, Geore L. Limbrick to Charles E. Kerr, of Timaru, newspaper publisher
L.I.P. 1588, Lot 128 Rosewill Settlement, 81 acres, Geogre Frame to Daniel Burns, of Levels, farm labourer
M.O.L. 259, Reserve 2814, Waihao River, 15 acres, F. Keen to William and George Reynolds, of Willowbridge, farmers
S.G. Run No. 14, R.S. 36120, Station Peak, 1695 acres, Mrs M. Delargy to Bernard J. Delargy, of Hakataramea, shepherd

Press, 2 October 1914, Page 2
A meeting of the Canterbury Land Board -was held yesterday
section 20, block XV., Albury Settlement, Patrick O'Connor to Maurice O'Connor, 115 acres
section 19, block XV., Albury Settlement, Patrick O'Connor to Maurice O'Connor, 114 acres;
section 114, block XI. Rosewill Settlement, Wm. D. Taylor to Colin C. McPhedran, 261 acres(subject to conditions);
section 18, block 11.. Waitohi S.D., Charles Scott to John Bunting. 50 acres (subject to conditions);
section 5. block 11., Waitohi S.D., Charles Scott to John Bunting, 45 acres;
section 36571, block IV., Waitohi S.D., Charles Scott to Pohn Bunting, 170 acres;
section 1. block 111. Rosewill Settlement. Andrew S. Mactier to James Kidd, 3 acres;
section 2, block 111.. Rosewill Andrew S. Mactier to James Kidd, acres;
section 23145 block X. Otaio S.D.. Wm. Chas. Bell o Wm Jno. Beattie 50 acres
seaction 4, Block IX Timaungaa George Rudd. to Ernest Wm. Howard. 406 acres.

Press, 7 May 1915, Page 2
A meeting of the Canterbury Land Board was held yesterday, when the following transfers were granted:
Section 72. Rosewill Settlement, 54 acres, A. Kilpatrick to E. Connor;
section 3, Kapua, 44 acres, E. Calvert to H. Williamson;
section 101, Rosewill, 70 acres 3 roods, E. Smith to T. Gordon
section 32, Rosewill. 187 acres, D." W. Smith to A. Savage.

Cannington - let on perpetual lease, subdivided into 11 sections, 5 March 1891
Albury - town
Albury Settlement ((24,706 acres) lease in perpetuity, 12 April 1897, 76 sections
Chamberlain - (19,112 acres) 9 March 1903, 20 sections
Chamberlain settlement - (34,791 acres) 10 March 1913, in 11 sections

Chamberlain (Opawa Settlement) near Albury
10,500 acres 1 r. 9 p..
21 selectors.
Annual rental payable on lands leased : 2,169 pounds 19s 10p. date of opening 9 March, 1903.

Poverty Bay Herald, 14 March 1903, Page 1
The Land Board spent two and a half-days examining applicants for allotments in the Chamberlain settlement. There were 17 farms, three grazing runs, and 191 applicants passed, 55 failing. The ballot will be held to-morrow.

Star, 14 March 1903, Page 5
Among the successful applicants, at the ballot for the Chamberlain Settlement held at Timaru to-day were:
Isaac Fairbrother, of Ashley Bank, who got section 3 of block I, containing 584 acres.
John Wilson, of Ashley Bank, who got section 8 of block II, containing 289 acres;
W. S. Stephens, of Brookside, who secured section 3 of block V., containing 536 acres;
Elizabeth Bonnett, Fendalton, who got section 2 of block VI., containing 106 acres.
The other successful applicants included a schoolmaster from Hawkes Bay.

Poverty Bay Herald, 14 March 1903, Page 3
TIMARU, this day The ballot for the Chamberlain settlement was held today. William Stirling, schoolmaster, of Hawke's Bay, was one of the successful applicants, securing section 2 of block ii., containing 388 acres.

Hawera & Normanby Star, 5 November 1903, Page 2
At the ballot for the Chamberlain Settlement, comprising twenty-three sections, there were forty applicants who had two chances through relatives, ten who had three, seven who had four, three who had five, and one who had seven.

Wanganui Herald, 2 September 1905, Page 4 THE CROWN TENANTS
Chamberlain.  This settlement is making very marked progress. Several now houses have been erected during the year,-besides outbuildings of various kinds. The settlers are complying satisfactorily with the conditions, and there is every indication that they will do well on their holdings.
Rosewill. The, majority of the tenants have done remarkably well in complying with the conditions; in most cases the buildings are good, and the settlers have done a very large amount of work for the time they have had the land, and much more will be accomplished during the coming year.

Fairlie  - town
Raincliff - (539 acres) one section, 25 June 1901 at 85 pounds per annum. The balance of the area, 207 acres, was set aside as a plantation reserve.

Otago Witness, 12 June 1901, Page 16
South Canterbury notes, from last Saturday's Timaru Post : A section of the Raincliff estate, consisting of 538 acres, will be thrown open by the Lands department on June 25, and there is more than one application, a ballot will be held in Christchurch on June 27. The section is 10 miles from Fairlie and 12 miles from Pleasant Point, and is described as good mixed land. About 250 acres of the land have been, ploughed and are suitable for growing wheat. The rent is 3s 2d per acre, a total of 85 pounds 3s l0d per year.

Kimbell - hamlet
Punaroa Settlement - (7,022 acres) lease in perpetuity 19 April 1900, 16 sections

Otago Witness, 10 May 1900, Page 11
Land Settlement. The balloting for Punaroa locally know as Three Springs, is now of the past. The 7000 rural acres purchased by the Government last October were subdivided into 16 farms, varying in area from 60 acres to 800 acres, at an annual rental of from 3s 6d to 9s per acre, and one small grazing run of about 2000 acres at 2s. The major portion of the run is purely pastoral, of but medium quality; but there is included in the total area about 400 acres of good agricultural land, in several divisions, and carrying a very large stone building, consisting of woolshed, stable, storeroom, men's quarters, cook's galley, and also commodious sheepyards and dips, and the minor accessories usually found on a sheep station. The country comprising the settlement has never been put to it 3 utmost producing capacity, either in carrying stock" or growing crops. For a number of years it has been under capable management, and has earned a widespread name; and consequently the ballot attracted considerable attention. The result was; that 160 applications were received, out of which, for various reasons, the Board of Examiners rejected a few. Every section was over applied for, and especially so in the case of the larger blocks, for which in some instances there were 20, 30, and 35 m the ballot. About half the sections fell to local people. One small section still remains on the hands of the department, the four parties who applied for it haying been, successful in drawing sections earlier. The commissioner intimated that any of the unsuccessful applicants could apply for it, but evidently, though of equal area and quality to its neighbours, and the nearest to the township of Fairlie and the railway, the considerable sized patch of Californian thistle on it frightened would-be farmers. In reference to this noxious weed, it seems strange that carswas not taken by the department to prevent the weed from going to seed. The weed should be taken in hand at once  in fact, the section should be at once withdrawn from offer, and the department undertake to clear it of the thistle, "practically demonstrating to the neighbouring holders how best to treat this scourge, which has got a pretty good hold throughoutthe whole settlement and district. So far as I have learned, its presence has not been taken seriously yet, settlers having to become experienced of its devastating nature, and its tenaciousness once it gets in the land.

Otago Witness, 31 May 1900, Page 4
The successful applicants for farms on the Punaroa settlement are not losing much time in getting to work on their sections. Mr J. Trotter has two ploughs going, Mr Adamson has a house in course of erection, and the tenant of the small grazing run has gone into residence in the men's quarters attached to the big wool shed. Grass is plentiful and fresh-looking all over the estate, and as the farms are mostly laid off to suit the old fences, stock can be put on at any time.  Timaru Herald.

Evening Post, 19 December 1902, Page 6 THE LEVELS ESTATE.
BOUGHT BY THE GOVERNMENT. TIMARU, This Day. The Mayor last evening received a telegram from the Hon. Mr. Hall-Jones, Minister for Public Works, stating that the Cabinet had decided to take the Levels Estate compulsorily. The estate, which comprises about 45,000 acres of land of very varied character, extends from within three miles of Timaru to Albury  about twenty miles in a direct line. When addressing his constituents Mr. Hall-Jones spoke of a quarter of a million as about the price offered by the Government. Negotiations for the purchase of this estate have been going on for years.

Otago Witness, 7 October 1903, Page 33
The Levels. The acquisition of the Levels Estate by the Government is locally a source of much satisfaction, as it must as a natural consequence materially assist in the advancement of the district. A large area of this big estate lies quite adjacent to the township (Albury) through which all its trade and communication with other parts must, go. One of the sub-dividing surveying parties is now camped in the vicinity, busy with the work of cutting up.
The Levels Estate. The Commissioner of Lands have been visiting the district with a view of conferring with the surveyors now engaged in dividing the Levels Estate into suitable blocks regarding the size of the sections. The Brothers Range is to be cut up into two small grazing runs, and the land in the neighbourhood of Albury is to be surveyed into five acre blocks. The ballot takes place in March, 1904.

Otago Witness 13 April 1904, Page 31
CAVE (South Canterbury). April 11. The Levels Estate is a thing of the past now. There are naturally some disappointed at the way the ballot has gone. A married woman got a section at the first ballot flint was above the acreage that a married woman should get, and another drew one which was also above the acreage, and she exchanged with it for another that was not so large. Then at a second ballot for those sections that were not applied for at the first ballot, another married woman drew one larger than she should have got. So a protest was lodged against her, and she received notice that she could not hold it. Those who got theirs at the first ballot got notice that they could not have them either. A single woman drew a section larger than either of the married women, and it seems strange that she should be regarded as qualified to hold it. So apparently it is something to be in the stare of single blessedness. Any young man contemplating entering into the "united states" of matrimony should study this problem.

Otago Witness 16 March 1904, Page 31 CAVE (South Canterbury).
The Levels Estate. The great attraction here is the Levels estate. Our local hotel has been crowded with people looking over the estate. Some nights a number of visitors were glad of a shakedown but they could not leave our boniface, as they all formed a golden opinion of him for his civility and care to are that their comfort was attended to. The green hill is the fancy spot of all looking for a grazing farm, and the block called the Pareora Downs is the favourite place for mixed farming; while for wheat-growing the limestone country is rushed with intending selectors. There are about 16 farms on the Cannington Valley road, and about 14 on the Coal Creek and Gorge road, so it will make things in general more lively for those who are in the back blocks when so many come to neighbour them. Messrs Elworthy have, it is stated, increased their offer to the Government from 8000 acres to 20,000 acres, as they mean business now. I hope they will come to terms, as it would do good for the district. Bridge's There is a new bridge over the Pareora River at Cannington Crossing, which is a great benefit to the settlers in the back blocks. It has six spans of 32ft each, and is built of timber. The river had to be confined to make the water run under the bridge. The engineer to the Waimate County Council designed the bridges, and they are a credit to him. He found it necessary to go 15 chains up the river and build groins of -stones to get the water to run in the direction required. A wall of boulders 80ft long, 8ft broad at the bottom, 4ft high, and 4ft broad at the top, was built, and the boulders being enclosed in wire netting made for the purpose. The netting is all around the wall, and tied on the top so the river cannot wash, it away. There are two more walls lower down, built in the same way, but of smaller size. There is also a wall 28ft long to keep the river from running by the end of the bridge. It is worth anyone's while to have a look at the work done at this bridge, as it would give farmers and those who have rivers and creeks that take away their land an object lesson as to how to keep them in their place. It may be mentioned that the large wall is built right across the stream, and when floods come the water runs by the end in midstream, and it has proved a great success.

Otago Witness 30 March 1904, Page 6
At the ballot- for the Levels Estate (now the Rosewill Settlement) on the 18th inst. (says the Timaru Post) the Commissioner mentioned that the Laud Board had determined to use every means in their power to prevent gambling in Crown lands. This remark was occasioned through a selector who had been successful at the ballot in the morning making application in the afternoon to be allowed to forfeit his section and have it re-balloted. The Commissioner said the board set its free against this kind of thing. If the applicant had made the request immediately he secured his section it might have been allowed, but he had let over an hour elapse, and the board did not know what might have transpired in the meantime, though he would not for a moment think of suggesting that any dishonesty had been intended in this case. But if they allowed the request it would be opening a door which they had determined to close, and successful applicants who refused to take up their sections would have to forfeit their deposits, even though such deposits amounted to 100 pounds. Another thing the Commissioner mentioned was that a good many applicants had resented being so strictly examined as to their financial position. But he could assure these people that if they knew the decision that had been practised on the board in the past they would agree, that the inquiries now made were none too strict. To use a common expression, the board had been "had" in the past, and they had determined as far as possible, to prevent a repetition of this kind of thing in the future.

Three Springs - an estate
Silverstream, a mile beyond Kimbell sold by G.F. Clulee in 25 quarter acre sections.
Ashwick Settlement -  June 1883, Crown Land cut up into 20 sections, lease in perpetuity and deferred payment.
Ashwick Flat Settlement (25,194 acres), renewable lease, 15 March 1913, 7 sections

Ashwick Flat

Evening Post, 22 March 1913, Page 9
The ballot for the Ashwick sections resulted :
Section 8. 359 acres, Alexander Anderson, Fairlie
sections 1 and la, 13,355 acres, Rita Maude Barker, Timaru
section 2. 4610 acres, Charles W. H. Hammond, Christchurch
section 3. 1270 acres, John G. Broadhead, Timaru
section 4. 930 acres, Augusta Lucy Annett, Maheno
section 5, 3120 acres, Frederick G. Scones, New Brighton
section 6. 752 acres, Robert Shute, Kimbell
section 7. 798 acres, Andrew P. Goodall, Hunterville

Sherwood Downs - renewable lease 20 March 1912, 16 small sections and 9 paired sections combining low agricultural and high pastoral areas

Evening Post, 23 March 1912, Page 11
TIMARU, 22nd March. The ballot for the Sherwood Downs Station subdivisions took place to-day. There were 223 applicants for 16 farms and 10 grazing runs. Seventeen South Canterbury applicants were successful, the others being from North Canterbury and Otago. The homestead fell to Mr. E. S. Forbes, of Waihao Downs. The deposits with applications totalled 29,000 pounds.

Evening Post, 27 April 1911, Page 6
The Government has purchased for closer settlement the property in South Canterbury known as Sherwood Downs. The property, which is about twenty miles from Fairlie, consists of 12,000 acres of freehold and some 50,000 acres of leasehold land. The purchase price is in the neighbourhood of 70,000 pounds. Besides providing land for closer settlement, the acquisition of the property will facilitate the settlement of an area of Crown lands of about 45,000 acres.

Ashburton Guardian, 23 March 1912, Page 7 LAND BALLOT.
TIMARU, March 22. At the ballot for the Sherwood Estate to-day there were 223 applicants for sixteen farms and ten grazing runs. A sum of  29,000 pounds was put down with the applications and the following were the successful applicants -.

450 acres R Moran 		(Central Otago)
485 acres Robert T. Moir 	(Kingsdown)			Bonny		Section 3 Run section 34 & 6A (Ted Connell)
361 acres E. Baker 		(Hawarden) 			Pinegrove	Section 8 & part of Section 39
321 acres Elizabeth Ross 	(Fairlie) 			Glenbervie	Section 21B 
216 acres Daniel A.J. Cuthbertson (Kimbell)  					Section 12 	On Clayton Rd, N of Butlers Rd.
366 acres William D. Moorhead 	(Waikari, North Canterbury)	Section 14 E. of Plantation Rd from Ribbonwood Stream to Raines Stream
192 acres T. E. Thornley 	(Raincliff)					Section 16 	(the Domain area)
535 acres William J. Dore	(Waimate)			The Target	Section 18 	(Ibbeston's)
415 acres David Ewart 		(Central Otago)			The Willows	Section 19
530 acres Michael Prendergast 	(Geraldine)			Dungarvan 	Section 21
458 acres Elizabeth J. Ross 	(Kingsdown)			Glenbervie	Section 22
416 acres William Rapley	(Waihao Downs)			Four Winds	Section 23
370 acres James Calder 		(Fairlie)					Section 24 below Plantation between Morris Rd & Ribbonwood Stream
430 acres Isabella Thyne 	(Timaru)			Craiglea	Section 25A, 25B, 26	
267 acres Edward Opie 		(Morven) 			Craiglea	Section 26
1332 acres Joseph Butters 	(Fairlie)			Deep Burn	Sections 1 &1A (32), 3 
 450 acres Gerald Gallagher	(St Bathans)			Ashvale		Section 2
10,197 acres S. P. Bray 	(Little River)			Lilydale	Section 4 & 28
1664 acres James Howes 		(Albury)			Howes Brothers	Section 5 & 5A
1548 acres Thomas George Morris (Rotherham, N. Canterbury)	Green Burn	Sections 6 & 6a 	(Carson's)
1618 acres Richard O'Brien 	(Fairlie)			Glenshiel	Sections 9 & 9A
1584 acres Charles H. Holland 	(Christchurch) 			Hillcrest	Section 10 & 10A
11,157 acres Norman Maze 	(Pleasant Point)		Fox's Peak Station Sections 13 & 13A
14,711 acres  C. S. Forbes 	(Waihao Downs) 			Sherwood Downs	Section 15		(homestead)
            Julie O'Callaghan 	(Timaru)			Leslie Downs  	Sections 20 & 20A
469 & 4299 Capt. Henry Thackeray Heckler (Waikouaiti)  		Ribbonwood	Sections 17 & 17A
401 acres Oswald John White 	(Harwarden) 			Morevale 	Section 7		(top of Butlers Rd)

Auckland Weekly News 14 NOVEMBER 1912 p2 Sir George Grey Special Collections, Auckland Libraries, AWNS-19121114-2-2

Burkes Pass - hamlet (formerly Clulee)
Rangitata South - village
Orton (formerly Canavan's)
Arundel -village
Peel Forest

Mount Peel

Evening Post, 28 March 1912, Page 8
The ballot for the Mount Peel runs took place here this morning. There were 958 applications for the five sections, and the result was as follows:
No. 98, containing 6653 acres, 190 application  James Parr, Gleniti, Timaru.
No. 99, of 3546 acres, 192 applicants  Charles Waters Kimbell, Fairlie.
No. 100, containing 4500 acres, 178 applicants  Robert Davidson, Sydenham.
No. 101, of 3312 acres, 164 applicants  Leonard William Connolly, Timaru.
No. 102, containing 3230 acres, 261 applicants  John Armstrong, Belfast.
Pastoral run No. 241, consisting of 33,600 acres, the upset rental of which, is 440 pounds per. annum, and the term 21 years, and which adjoins the Mount Peel Estate, in respect of which the conditions included a provision, that the successful bidder must pay for improvements valued at 525 pounds be, was offered by auction at the same time. Bidding started at 440 pounds, and rose to 675 pounds, at which figure it was acquired by Thomas Francis Slowey, of Timaru.

Orari - village
Geraldine - town
Woodbury - village (formerly Waihi Bush)
Tripp Settlement (26,887 acres), 27 sections on renewable lease, 8 March 1910
Four Peaks Settlement (12,692 acres) let on 24 April 1912, renewable lease, 16 coupled sections

Four Peaks

Evening Post, 29 April 1912, Page 3
The following is the result of the Four Peaks ballot :
Block 1.    730 acres, half-yearly rental 67 pounds 10s, Cecilia Shaw (Woodbury)
Block 2.  1316 acres, half-yearly rental 114 pounds 15s, John M'Gregan (Linwood)
Block 3.    994 acres, rental 85 pounds l0s, Andrew Cowan (Highfield).
Block 4.  2732 acres, yearly rental 144 pounds. Reginald T. Richards (Geraldine)
Block 5.   889 acres, rental 61 pounds 17s 6d, Mary Dow (Cave)
Block 6   1214 acres, rental 76 pounds 15s, Margaret Munroe (Amberley)
Block 7.  3283 acres, rental 112 pounds 10s, Robert Fairbairn (Christchurch)
Block 8.  1532 acres, rental 101 pounds 5s, Allan (Waikouaiti)

Winchester -village (formerly Waihi crossing)
Temuka- town
Milford (formerly Millford)
Waipi Settlement (1,125 acres) lease in perpetuity, 15 sections, 22 March 1897
Rakitiri Settlement - (3,522 acres) lease in perpetuity, 24 sections, 22 March 1897
Rapuwai Settlement (2,246 acres) lease in perpetuity, 5 sections, 9 Dec. 1901
Rautawiri Settlement - 123 acres -  lease in perpetuity, 6 sections,19 April, 1900
Winchester Settlement -(789 acres), renewable lease, 10 sections, 31 May 1912
Clandeboye Settlement, (560 acres),  renewable lease, 17 May 1910, in 10 sections

Evening Post, 21 May 1910, Page 9
TIMARU, 19th May. The ballot for Clandeboye Settlement, suitable for dairy purposes, took place at Temuka to-day. For the 13 sections there were 114 applicants, 102 going to the ballot. There were no applications from the North Island.

Ashburton Guardian, 20 May 1910, Page 2 THE CLANDEBOYE SETTLEMENT
BALLOT AT TEMUKA, The Land Board sat at the Courthouse at Temuka yesterday, and was occupied from 11 a.m. till 4 p.m. The examining applicants for the Clandeboye Settlement. There were 114 applicants in all for the ten section, about twelve of whom had been examined in Christchurch. The Board rejected some applications from single men for sections 4 and 6, as these have buildings on them, and married men with families were given the preference. The ballot took place at 4.30 p.m., in the Drill Hall. There were two hundred people present. The members of the Land Board who were present were : Messrs F. W. Flanagan, (Commissioner), J. Gibson, J. Sealy, J. Stevenson, and R. Macaulay. Mr T. Buxton, M.P., and Mr Morgan acted, as scrutineers. After the ballot the Commissioner of Crown Lands announced that the Rolleston Settlement, near Clandeboye would be open for ballot in July. The sections were slightly bigger than those at Clandeboye. The Ruapuna estate of 4000 acres, would be open in July and the blocks would be about 400 acres each. A block of 580 acres at Makikihi would be ready in August. Mr T. Buxton, M.P., also spoke, saying that the Clandeboye ballot showed clearly that more lands for settlement must be acquired for the people. The following is the result of then ballot :
Section No. 4. Area 51 acres 2 roods 20 poles, half-yearly rental 37 pounds 10s 6d 56 applicants.  Successful applicant. Minnie J. Sherratt (Wakanui).
Section 5 - Area 49 acres 3 roods 12 poles, half yearly rental 33 pounds 5s. 20 applicants  George Brown (Allanton).
Section No. 6.  Area 95 acres 3 roods. half-yearly rental 67pounds  10s: 37 applicants  : Charles Patchett (Flaxton)
Section No. 7.  Area 43 acres, half- yearly rental 29 pounds 0s 6d ; 15 applicant. William J. Pearse (Maori Hill, Timaru)
Section No. 9.  Area 30 acres, half-yearly rental 19 pounds16s; 10 applicants. Jane S. Young (Domett).
Section No. 9.  Area 60 acres 3 roods half-yearly rental 42pounds  1s 6d ; 45 applicants   Robert Thomson (Ashburton).
Section No. 10. Area 51 acres, half- yearly rental 33 pounds 10s 6d ; 30 applicant; Denis Frank O'Connell (Levels Plains).
Section No. 11.  Area 47 acres, half- yearly rental 28 pounds 12s 6d ; 19 applicant.  Robert M Sievwright (Ashburton).
Section No. 12.  Area 75 acres l_ rood, half-yearly rental 47 pounds 0s 6d ; 25 applicants  Bertha Barry (Temuka).
Section No. 13.  Area 56 acres __ roods 31 poles, half-yearly rental 28 pounds 2s 6d; 16 applicants Robert McMillan (Christchurch).
Sections were loaded with extra half- yearly payments for fourteen years for improvements and buildings as follows :
Section No. 4 Value 180 half-yearly payment 9 pounds 1s 10d.
Section No. 6 Value 380 half-yearly payment 19 pounds 3s 1l0d.
Section No. 7 Value 50 half-yearly payment 2 pounds_ 10s 6d.  

Clandeboye No.2 Settlement 0 (407 acres),  renewable lease, 6 sections, 23 August 1910

Ashburton Guardian, 26 August 1910, Page 2 CLANDEBOYE SETTLEMENT.
RESULT OF THE BALLOT;-. The Canterbury Land Board, with the officers of the Department; sat at the Temuka Courthouses yesterday to examine applicants; and ballot the Sections in Clandeboye No.- 2 settlement. There were 61 applicants and the results were as follows:
Section 1, 66a 2r 34p (34 applicants)  Albert James Davis, Temuka.
Section 2, 69a 3r 12p (30 applicants)  Alexander Read, Seacliff
Section 3, 60a (39 applicants) John E. Watkins, Temuka.
Section 4, 70a (37 applicants) Timothy Sugrue, Belfield.
Section 5, 70a 2p (39 applicants) Peter Downes, Seaclif.
Section 6, 70a 13p (33 applicants) Joseph Checcucci, Timaru

Arowhenua - village
Washdyke- town
Meadows Settlement, (449 acres),  renewable lease, 22 Nov. 1910, 14 sections.
Puhuka Hamlet - (37 acres) 11 sections, opened up for Smithfield freezing workers., 22 July 1901

Evening Post, 19 April 1912, Page 3
TIMARU, 18th April. The following is the result of the ballot for the Timaunga settlement this morning :
Sections- 1 and 2, 669 acres, Charles Costello (Seadown)
sec. 3 and 4, 537 acres, Annetta S. Tozer (Levels)
sec. 5, 361 acres, Michael Costello (Seadown)
sec. 6, 341 acres, Honora Mary Nolan (Blenheim)
sec. 7, 335 acres, William Allan (Amberley)
sec. 8, 259 acres, Charles Durbin (Christchurch)
sec. 9, 220 acres, Robert Cross (Makikihi)
sec. 10, 370 acres, John Greig, Amberley (the only applicant)
sec. 11, 315 acres, no applicants
sec. 12, 398 acres, David Chisholm (Timaru) ; he was the only applicant, as well as for section 13, 398 acres, and elected to take the latter
sec. 14, 352 acres, William J. McDonald, St. Andrews (the only applicant)
sec. 15, 300 acres, William O'Brien, Blenheim (the only applicant)
sec. 16, 187 acres, James Welstead (P.O., Timaru)
sec. 17, 240 acres, Andrew M'Ewen (Sutherlands)
sec. 18, 338 acres, the only applicant was M. Annie Organ (Blenheim), but as hers was an alternative application with a former successful applicant, the application was refused;
sec. 19, 319 acres, Patrick Draper (Hawarden)

North Otago Times, 20 September 1877, Page 2
Pareora, Sept. 17. " Blow, ye winds blow" is applicable to this district at the present time. We were visited on the 13th with a most terrific N.W. gale, which continued until nearly sun-down, when it veered to the S. W., ending with a gale of snow. This winter has been one of intense frost and cold - the frost continuing at night up to the present time, with alternate showers of snow and rain through the day. Yesterday (Sunday) the clouds seemed to open from the S. W., and threatened destruction to everything by wind and hail, the storm continuing for a long time. As there is very little farming, however, in this district the weather is not so injuriously felt as would otherwise be the case. There are but few scattered patches of land in crop, and the most of it is looking miserable  some in the extreme. There are large tracts of fine agricultural land all around here, but the most of it has passed into a few hands. Mr Elworthy, of the Holme Station, holds alone from 50,000 to 60,000 acres freehold, and a great percentage of it fine agricultural land, a good few thousand acres laid down in English grasses, and a great quantity under preparation for next year's crop; and then again there are Pareora and Levels Stations held by a company, and used exclusively for sheep farming. On these three properties alone had they been surveyed and sold in 250 or 300 acre blocks, there would have been a comfortable living for a thousand farmers, whereas I suppose the three combined do not employ over fifty hands all the year round. But who is to blame? Certainly not the owners. They paid their money and got the land. I daresay we would all have been large land owners if we had had the wherewithal. The weather is still boisterous, and if it continues so much longer it will play sad havoc amongst the lambs, but despite the weather, I observed the other day a flock of ewes at the Washdyke with a magnificent crop of lambs ; indeed, a passenger by the train remarked, " Be jabers, every mother had a lamb." I need not tell you his nationality.

Evening Post, 5 December 1878, Page 2
Timaru. 3rd December.
J. T. Ford and Co. held a sale of land, the Pareora estate, to-day. The Mechanics' Institute was crowded with anxious buyers, and the bidding was spirited. 3082 acres 3 roods were sold, realising 41 pounds.155 18s 6d, an average of 13 pounds 7s per acre. They afterwards sold 40 sections in St. Andrews township, which realised 1217 pounds, an average of 30 pounds 9s an acre.

Otago Witness 9 Nov. 1878 pg 5
Hakateramea Estate consisting of 120,000 acres was sold.

Otago Witness 15 Dec. 1883 pg 18
The Waihorunga estate, South Canterbury, of 17,990 acres freehold, 748 acres leasehold (14 years from November 14, 1879), has been sold to John Holmes, M.H.R., for 82,500 pounds.

Otago Witness, 2 March 1899, Page 14
SALE OF RUNS The sale of pastoral licenses of 14 runs by public auction at the Land Office, Timaru, on Tuesday (says the Herald) attracted a good deal of attention. For the first run, part of Mount Peel station, upset rental 90 pounds, the competition, was good, and biddings quickly rose to 135 pounds. For the next run the competition was so spirited that it created a sensation, and the remark "there's money in the country yet."- The upset was 112 pounds, and by 10 pounds bids the offers rose to 302 pounds. Competition was also spirited for the next run, for, starting at the upset 94 pounds, 204 pounds was reached by 10 pounds advances before the sale ended. Competition was also good for the next lot, but with the exception of a good tussle between two bidders for small run 204, the other lots elicited no competition. The total of the upset annual rental (omitting the rental for the two runs for which there were no offers) was 738 pounds, and the total of rentals secured at auction was 1140 pounds. The purchasers were: 
Run No. 232, Hakateramea, situated on the slopes of the Station Peak range. At upset. 147 pounds 13s 2d, Mrs P. E. J. Parker.
Run No. 3, part of Mount Peel Station; upset, 90 pounds. 135, F. H. Barker.
Run No. 4a, about 13 miles from Geraldine, in the Orari Gorge; upset, 112 pounds.  302, T. Blair.
Run No. 4b, about 11 miles from Geraldine, at the commencement of the Orari Gorge: upset, 94 pounds. 204, R. Thew.
Run No. 4c, about 14 miles from Geraldine, along the Peel Forest road; upset, 40 pounds. 75, J. Sealey.
Run No. 48, part of Waimate station, about eight miles from Waimate.  At upset 145 pounds, N.Z.L. and MA. Co. .
Run No. 49, ditto, about five miles from Waimate. At upset, 140 pounds, N.Z.L. and M. A. Company.
Run No. 67, Akatarawa station, about 18 miles from Hakateramea railway station; upset, 850 pounds. No offer.
Run No. 204, Waitaki River, about seven miles south of Hakateramea railway station; upset, 8 pounds. 630, Mr Henderson.
Run No. 205, Hakateramea River, about 20 miles up the Hakateramea River from the railway station; a narrow strip of land lying between the river and the road; upset, 16 pounds.  No offer.
Run No. 90, part of Tasman Island station, in the Tasman River; all soft swamp in the centre, with only a "fringe all round the outside on which cattle can run. At upset, 20 pounds, M. M'Leod.
Run No. 91, ditto, immediately north of run No. 90 ; also an island in the Tasman River. At upset, 15 pounds, M. McLeod
Run No. 207, Tasman River; a narrow strip of land lying between the road and the river- At upset, 14 pounds, M. M'Leod.
Run No. 206, and Plantation Reserve, part of Ben Ohau station, about five miles from Lake Pukaki Hotel, and in the centre of run No. 87, Ben Ohau.  At upset, 80 pounds, J. Preston. The term of license for runs Nos. 3, 4a, 4b, 4c, 90, 91, 207, and 206 and reserve 2928 is 10 years, and for runs 48 and 49, 14 years.

Timaru Herald Wednesday 6 September 1899 Editorial
What South Canterbury wants is an expansion of settlement on farms medium size, for to tie people down to bits of land too small to yield them a fair living is a sort of folly of which there has already been far too much in New Zealand. We understand that after Messrs McKerrow, Weetman and McMillan have visited the Elworthy property, they will inspect Mr James Sullivan's Level Valley farm, The Brothers farm near Totara Valley, in each instance the object being to ascertain whether the land is suitable for close settlement. The Government cannot to a wiser thing than promote settlement in this part of the colony by the purchase and cutting up of suitable estates.

North Otago Times, 23 April 1879, Page 3 THE BANKFIELD ESTATE.
MESSRS. J. T. FORD AND CO. (in conjunction with Messrs. MACLEAN and STEWART), have been favored with instructions from H. J. Sealey, Esq., to offer for sale by public auction in THE LONG ROOM or the GROSVENOR HOTEL, TIMARU, ON TUESDAY, the 20th MAY, 1879. At 3 p.m. sharp.

Consisting of 1447 Acres of Freehold Land And 1780 Acres of Leasehold Land.
On the Freehold is erected a Dwelling house of Five Rooms, with substantial Out- buildings, Yards, &c., and all that is necessary for the working of the Farm. It is subdivided into Nine Paddocks, and laid down as follows:
English Grass 607 Acres
In Fallow for Wheat ... 181 Acres
In Stubble for Oats ... 555 Acres
In Tussock and Swamp .. 104 Acres
The Leasehold Land consists of 1780 acres, with 10 years of lease to run, at a low annual rental, and is laid down, and in crop.
THE BANKFIELD ESTATE Is situate on the South Bank of the Otaio, and the Homestead is within three miles of the St. Andrews Railway Station. The Terms will be stated at time of sale ; and for further particulars, apply to J. T. FORD & Co., (Or Maclean and Stewart) Auctioneers, etc., Timaru.

Otago Witness, 19 December 1900, Page 34
At Timaru, on Saturday, the Bankfield estate, of 2000 acres, on the south bank of the Otaio River, near the Main south load and railway, was submitted to auction by Messrs Matson and Co., and Guiness and LeCren, for the owners, a Christchurch syndicate. Only two of the smaller lots were sold at auction at 13 pounds  and 12 pounds 10s an acre; another was passed in at 11 pounds, and the rest of the dozen lots elicited no bids. Within a couple of hours, however, five more lots had been disposed of privately. Some town properties were also offered, but no business was done.

Evening Post, 30 May 1893, Page 2 Land for Settlements Act.
RE-PURCHASE OF A RICH ESTATE. Dunedin, 29th May. The Government has just negotiated the purchase of 620 acres of rich agricultural land on the Pareora Estate, near Timaru, belonging to the New Zealand and Australian Land Company. It is understood that a Village Settlement will be formed there.

North Otago Times, 26 April 1897, Page 3
Timaru, April 25. The Eskbank Estate, seven miles from St. Andrews railway station, was offered at auction here on Saturday for the Assets Realisation Board. In all 4810 acres were divided into 21 farms. There was a large and representative attendance at the auction, but the sale was rather poor, only four lots being disposed of :
Lot 1, 258 acres. L5 2s 6d, to Mr Hendry ;
lot 16, 202 acres, LG 5s, to Mr J Smith ;
lot 17, 107 acres, L5 15s, to Mr A. Copeland ;
lot 19), 181 acres, L6 14s 6d, Mr J. Hampton.
Three others were taken up after the sale. Some bids were within 2s 6d of the reserve, and from the many inquiries made the lots no doubt will all sell.

Otago Witness, 24 May 1900, Page 61
Dear Dot,  I have not missed a day from school since the Christmas holidays, and I am trying for an attendance prize. We have got two black and white pups, and they are such amusing little creatures. I can ride now. We were just going to put up a jump when the snow came. There were a lot of people in Fairlie yesterday at the land ballot, raid they had a barrel of marbles to see who should get the land. I put a dog in the show but it did not take a prize. Daddy put in a collection of vegetables. I have got a Sunday school prize.  Yours truly, FAIRLIE GILLINGHAM.

North Otago Times, 6 December 1900, Page 3 Bruce Christie & Co. Guiness & LeCren.
BANKFIELD ESTATE, St. Andrews, Timaru comprising 2000 acres of magnificent grain-growing and Sheep Country, And known as South Canterbury's model farm. The date fixed for the sale of the above Estate is Saturday, 15th December, 1900, At 12 o'clock noon, At the Rooms of Guinness & LeCren, Timaru. The estate will be offered in Twelve different Farms, of 120 Acres up to 618 with the Homestead and Buildings, Plans showing the Subdivision can be obtained from the Auctioneers.

Otago Witness, 19 December 1900, Page 34
At Timaru, on Saturday, the Bankfield estate, of 2000 acres, on the south bank of the Otaio River, near the Main south load and railway, was submitted to auction by Messrs Matson and Co., and Guinness and LeCren, for the owners, a Christchurch syndicate. Only two of the smaller lots were sold at auction at 13 pounds and 12 pounds 10s an acre; another was passed in at 11 pounds, and the rest of the dozen lots elicited no bids. Within a couple of hours, however, five more lots had been disposed of privately.

Otago Witness, 12 June 1901, Page 16
The Timaru Herald learns that Mr R. H. Rhodes has offered to the Government Land Purchase Board, at the Government valuation, his Bluecliffs estate, less a homestead of about 2000 acres. Bluecliffs adjoins the Kohika settlement, recently purchased from Mr Teschemaker, and balloted for the other day. The Bluecliffs estate comprises about 10,000 acres of freehold. At a meeting of farmers at Timaru it was decided to establish a daily factory at Timaru.

Evening Post, 22 July 1901, Page 7
To the Editor
Now, Sir, I have been an applicant for land on the Ardgowan, Otaio, Catlin's River, and Teschemaker's Settlement and have been unsuccessful every time. In some cases every one where the land was situated in South Canterbury  I have had to stand my chance amongst, from 10 to 25 applicants. There has never been any difficulty in the matter of applicants for land in this district, and in some cases there have been us many as 35 applicants for a block of good land. Why the Government does not acquire and subdivide the Holme Station (Elworthy's) or the Levels (New Zealand and Australian Lands) cannot be understood in this locality. Were these estates acquired (as advocated by Major Steward) and subdivided it would be a boom to every one, and the number of applicants for sections would, I feel sure, be a good  I am, etc., EDWIN WILLCOCK. Springbrook, St. Andrew's, Timaru. 20th July, 1901.

Otago Witness, 6 August 1902, Page 10 LAND for SETTLEMENTS.
Wellington, August 1. The Land Purchase Inspector, reporting to the Minister of Lands upon the transaction under "The Land for Settlements Act, 1900," during the year ended March, 1902, says:  The number of properties offered during the year was 110, containing 452,518 acres. The recommendations of the board were accepted by the Government for 29 estates, and purchases were completed of 24 properties, containing 82,887 acres, for which 406,576 pounds was paid. The names of the estates paid for during the year are : 3864 Kohika for 28,093 pounds, Kaimahi, Kapuatohe, Lyndon No. 2, Maytown, Puheka, 745 acres Raincliff for 2424 pounds, Rapuwai, and Runal, in Canterbury; ...

New Zealand Tablet, 18 September 1902, Page 19
Timaru. It is a source of great satisfaction in the district that the Government are treating with the proprietors of the Levels Estate for 48,300 acres for Lands Settlement purpose. This will be an immense boon to the district and will be a cessation to the persistent cry made election after election for the cutting up of the Levels. Six thousand acres of the Stratanan estate and 2000 acres of the Strathallan estate are also under the consideration of the Land Board.

Feilding Star, 23 November 1909, Page 2
The Government has decided to purchase from Mr S. McCully, for close settlement purposes, 500 acres of land near Temuka. It is propose: to cut the property up into small dairy farms.

Otago Witness, 31 January 1906, Page 21
SALE OF STATION PROPERTY. The National Mortgage and Agency Company, of New Zealand (Limited) reports the sale of the following farm properties, all at satisfactory prices :
140 acres, Kingsdown, to James Craigie;
74 acre dairy farm near Temuka;
139 acres, goodwill of lease in perpetuity on Pareora No. 2 Settlement;
315 acres near St. Andrews;
632 acres near Otaio;
457 acres, goodwill of lease in perpetuity, Rosewill Settlement;
229 acres, goodwill of lease in perpetuity, Rosewill Settlement.

Press, 7 July 1906, Page 9
The Land Board met, on Thursday.  Present -Messrs A. C. Pringle, (in the chair), J. Sealy, J. Allan, and J. Stevenson. Eight applicants for section in the Highbank Settlement were examined. Seven were passed for admission to the ballot, and one was rejected as ineligible. The ballot for these sections and one in Morven Township was held in the afternoon, the successful applicants being Messrs John Spring, Charles Walter Pluck, Charles Boyes, and Mrs Margaret Spring. The applications of Mrs Thomas White, Thomas White, junr., Thomas Henry McGirr were granted without ballot.

Hawera & Normanby Star, 3 February 1908, Page 5
LAND SALE. Timaru, February 2. At the auction sale of J. Wilson's Allandale estate at Fairlie, of 8000 acres, cut into 34 lots, seven lots, totalling 1177 acres, were sold at from 7 pounds 10s to 10 pounds 12s 6d per acre, an average of 9 pounds 6s 6d. The rest passed at from 6 pounds 2s 6d to 10 pounds per acre. There was a large attendance, but apparently not many bidders.

Wanganui Herald, 14 April 1906, Page 5
Result of the Ballot. (Per United Press Association). OAMARU, April 12. Following are the successful applicants at the ballot for sections in the Steward Settlement:
Angus McCaulay (Georgetown)
John Baird (Ashburton)
John Whilham (Waimate)
Miss King (Awamoko)
William Fricker (Georgetown)
Mrs K. Darragh (Temuka)
William Darragh (Temuka)
G. E. Blisset (Orari)
L. C. Knight (Ardgowan)
Jack Seyb (Kingsdown)
T. Williams (Glenay)
Robert Scales (Morven)
J. Henderson (Awamoko)
M. Foley (Waimate)
Wm. McPhree (Awamoko)
Jas. Gibson Papakaio)
R. A. Bennett (Ashburton)
J. Wilson (Waimate)
Rebecca and George Tomlinson (Methven)
Adam Elliott (Glenavy)
M. Bollan (Waimate)
Edward Shea (St. Andrews)
John Matheeon (Waitaki)
Thomas Forbes (Waitaki)
James Hanley (Morven)
Agnes Gibson (Waianankarua)
John Norton (Glenavy)
James Kennedy (Glenavy)
J Kennedy (Poolburn)
Thomas King (Oamaru)
Miss B. Dooley (Studholme)
J. G. McDonald (Oamaru)
George White (Oamaru)
Albert Hollamby (Glenavy)
George Rudd (Duntroon)
Samuel Brown (Ashburton)
Daniel Oliver (Pukakaie)
H. B. Stubbs (Temuka)
There were 350 application for 48 sections.

Hawera & Normanby Star, 25 November 1910, Page 7
Timaru, Nov. 25. A ballot for sections in meadow settlement, at Washdyke, four miles from Timaru, took place to-day. Eleven sections were secured and three remain un allotted.

Otautau Standard and Wallace County Chronicle, 12 November 1912, Page 2
BIG CANTERBURY RECORD. Wellington. November 1. A return obtained by the member for Waitaki shows that the Land for Settlements scheme has been actively carried out m that electorate. The following shows the amounts spent to purchase estates m Waitaki electorate, with, the loading and actual expenditure for roads:

Name 		pounds	Loading for roads 	Spent on roads.
Kapua 		 4,594 
Steward 	86,482 	  500 
Kurow 		 6,478 				  140 
Studholme 	 1,291 	   40
Waimate 	26,887 				  220 
Allanholme 	24.150 	  352 			  352
Douglas 	63,203 	2,310 			2,152 

Evening Post, 18 June 1915, Page 8
BALLOT FOR SECTIONS. CHRISTCHURCH, This Day. The ballot for the sections recently acquired in the Glenmark Settlement was held to-day. There were 1021 applicants for 25 sections. Three applications were withdrawn and 239 rejected by the Land Board. Results:  FIRST-CLASS LAND. Section 2  Clarence Henry Ward, Dunedin
Section 3  Alice Louise Thompson, Timaru
Section 4  Albert Henry Barnes, Christchurch
Section 5  A. H. Jennings, Christchurch
Section 6  John T. White, Springston
Section 7  Charlotte Hare, Marlborough
Section 8  William Gentleman, Washdyke
Section 9 William Glennie, Oamaru
Section 10 James O'Connell, Washdyke
Section 11  James John Hunt, Timaru

Evening Post, 11 July 1910, Page 8
About 5000 acres of Crown lands in South Canterbury will be opened for selection shortly, probably in August. The largest of the three settlements will be at Ruapuna, near Geraldine, where about 4000 acres, popularly known as Ballantyne's Estate, will be allotted. Four hundred acres, comprising the No. 2 Clandeboye Settlement, and 500 acres at Kohika will also be disposed of by ballot.

Ashburton Guardian, 17 June 1911, Page 4 DOUGLAS SETTLTMENT. Results of Ballot.
WAIMATE, June 16. Great interest was taken in the ballot for the Douglas. Settlement today. The afternoon was occupied in examining the applicants, there being 129 for thirty-four sections. The ballot was taken this, evening, and occupied over two hours. The following are the results
Section 1 (201 acres) D. Ponsonby, Loburn, Rangiora
section 2 (205 acres) Jane Collie, Linwood
section 3 (176 acres) Alice M. Smith, Albury
section 4 (213 acres) Thomas Sullivan, Cheviot
section 5 (190 acres) Ellen Barbour, Waitati
section 6 (208 acres) Maurice Foley, Waimate
section 7 (143 acres) Amy Kinsman, Flag Swamp
section 3 (10 acres) Henry Horler, Domett
section 9 (9 acres) William Dow, Silverstream
section 10 Redward Carr, Waihao Forks
section 11 Robert Wilson, Domett
section 12 Martin Day, Silverstream, Wellington
section 13 William Sullivan, Waimate
section 14 Charles Sullivan, Waimate
section 16 Harry Nelson, Waimate
section 15 Percy Nelson
The last seven sections are of five acres each.
Section 18 (418 acres) Alice Hampton, Winslow
section 19 (169 acres) William McKenzie, Fairlie
section 21 Albert Turner Waihao Downs
section 22 (106 acres) Hannah Conden, Ellesmere
section 23 (105 acres) Neil Gebbies, Ellesmere Flat
section 24 (122 acres) Stribley Donnithorn, Clandeboye
section 25 (111 acres) Patrick Hignes, Mawara
section 26 (108 acres) Agnes Kinsman, Flag Swamp
section 27 (107 acres) Nicholas Kane, Glenavy
section 28 (117 acres) Peter McLay, Waihao Downs
section 29 (108 acres) James Nolan, Temuka
section 30 (114 acres) G. J. Symes, Hastings
section 31 (101 acres) E. Williams, Waimate
section 32 (106 acres) Sheddon, Waihao Downs
section 33 (115 acres) Norman Jassell, Timaru
section 34 (111 acres) James Reidy, Morven

Evening Post, 29 August 1912, Page 8
Otautau Standard and Wallace County Chronicle, 3 September 1912, Page 2
BOURNEDALE AND WATMATE SETTLEMENTS. WAIMATE, This Day. Ballots for sections in the Bournedale and Waimate settlements, situated near Makikihi and Waimate respectively, took place this morning, Mr. C. R. Pollen (Commissioner of Crown Lands) and members of the Land Board being present. The results were as follow:
Section 1, 300 acres, half-yearly rent 80 pounds Mary Lucy Heffernan, Waitata, Timaru.
Section 2, 233 acres, rent 74 pounds 10s Karl W. Mercer, Makikihi.
Section 3, 193 acres, rent 79 pounds 4s Edith Grace Bate, Kaiapoi.
Section 4 No applicants.
Section 5, 202 acres, rent 91 pounds Roland Taylor, St. Andrews.
Section 6, 192 acres, rent 65 pounds Robert Mackenzie, Christchurch.
Section 7, 211 acres, rent 63 pounds William H. King, Rosewill, Timaru.
Section 1, 337 acres, half-yearly rent 64 pounds 11s William O'Donnell, Masterton.
Section 2, 384 acres, rent  60 pounds 15s No applicants.
Section 3, 366 acres, rent 89 pounds Cecil Taaffe, Waimate (fifteen applicants).
Section 4, 31 acres, rent  21 pounds  3s- Daniel Divan, Amberley.
Section 5, 17 acres, rent 13 pounds 1s William Reed, Waimate.
Section 6, 20 acres, rent 13 pounds 39s James J. Fogarty, Waimate.
Sections 7, 8, and 9 No applicants.
Section 10, 15 acres, rent 13 pounds 10s Charles Lawry, Waimate.
Section 11, 12 acres, rent 11 pounds 9s Michael Thyne, Waimate.
Sections 13, 13a and 14 No applicants.
Section 14a Robert Sharp, Waimate.
Section 15, 9 acres, rent 10 pounds  7s Fred W. Saver, Waimate.
Section 16 No applicants left in. Section 17 Mary Denniston, Timaru.
Section 18 Louis Hum, Waimate.
Section 19 No applications.
Section 20, 19 acres, rent 15 pounds  13s James Sullivan, Waimate.
Sections 21 and 22 No applications'
Section 23, 20 acres, rent 18 pounds Martha Wooffinden, Waimate.
Section 24. 20 acres, rent 18 pounds Mary Cornelius, Waimate.
Section 25 No applicants left in.
Section 26, 12 acres, rent 10 pounds 11s William H. Norton, Waimate.
Sections 27, 28, 30, 31, and 31a None left in Section 29, 36 acres, rent 31 pounds 1s John Corry. Morven.
Section 30a, 18 acres,, rent 16 pounds 4s Alfred B. Dunstan, Pleasant Point.
Timothy Kennedy. Waimate, afterwards made application for, section 21, 16. acres.

Evening Post, 25 October 1912, Page 7
A Press Association message states that a private cablegram was received in Christchurch yesterday by Messrs. Gould, Beaumont and Co., conveying news of the sudden death in London of Mr. Joseph Gould well known in business circles in Christchurch. Death occurred, at Mr. Gould's London residence, Cadogan-place, on 22nd October, from heart trouble. Mr. Gould was the eldest son of Mr. George Gould, who came to Christchurch from Auckland in 1851. Mr. Joseph Gould was born in 1852, and received his education at Christ's College. In order to acquire business training and experience he entered the office of an important firm of colonial merchants in London, and on returning to New Zealand became secretary of the New Zealand Shipping Company, which had then only recently been formed. In the year 1878 he left the service of the shipping company, and with Mr. John Lewis founded the firm of Lewis and Gould, subsequently, Gould, Beaumont and Co. The deceased married an Edinburgh lady, and in 1904 he severed his connection with the firm and left New Zealand to take up permanent residence in England. He still took interest in New Zealand, however, and visited the Dominion several times since 1904. Mr Gould was closely identified with a number of important commercial enterprises in Christchurch and in the Dominion. He was a director of the New Zealand Shipping Company, and held office on both the local board and the London board. He was also a director of the Christchurch Press Company, the Christchurch Gas Company, and the Permanent Investment and Loan Society. Mr. Gould was the principal owner of the Sherwood Downs Estate, South Canterbury, which was" acquired by the Government last year for closer settlement.

Evening Post, 11 February 1913, Page 3
LONDON, 3rd January.
Mr. Joseph Gould, of Cadogan-place, Chelsea, who died on 22nd October, left estate of the gross value of 112,333 pounds, of which 105,201 pounds is net personally. He gave 4000 pounds upon trust for the purchase of an annuity for the benefit of his sister, Lydia Otterson, directing that this annuity shall be expended for her additional personal comfort, and shall not be saved or hoarded, and that his trustees shall- require a declaration before each half-yearly payment that the previous payment has been so expended. 1000 pounds to his station manager and friend, John Dunnett, late, of Sherwood Downs, Fairlie, New Zealand, "in recognition of many years', devoted service, for which I tender to him my best thanks." 1000 pounds to his sister, Gertrude Macdonald, for the purchase of jewels and pictures when she shall next come to England. 8500 pounds to the trustees of- the marriage settlement of his sister, Jessie Bowden ; and 1000 pounds to his half-sister, Mabel Hannen. The residue goes to his wife for life, and then 2500 pounds is to be paid to his niece, Etta Bradshaw; 7500 pounds to his nephew, Victor Bradshaw; 2500 pounds to his nephew, Ronald Asher; and 7500 pounds to his niece, Evelyn Asher, and the ultimate residue as to two-sevenths in trust for his sister, Jessie Bowden, and her issue, two-sevenths in trust for his sister, Annie Sinclair Thompson, and her issue, and three-sevenths for the children of his deceased brother, Charles Gould. The Public Trustee is made executor of the will, which is dated 27th April, 1912.

Evening Post, 13 March 1914, Page 2
TIMARU, 12th March. A good deal of interest was taken in the ballot at Waimate to-day for two Crown settlements, Tara 3623 acres of second-class land in eight sections, and Lansdown, 2070 acres of first-class land in nine sections. For Tara there were 98 applicants, 60 going in for one lot, and for Lansdown 76; Most of the sections fell to South Canterbury and Oamaru people, one Leeston resident and one Mosgiel resident being the farthest away. The results of the ballot were as follows, the number of the applicants in each case being given, in parentheses) :
Tara Estate (second-class land).
No. 1 section, 355 acres, half-yearly rent 55 pounds 15s s J. Morrison, Albury (11)
No. 2, 450 acres, rent 84 pounds16s 8d : Jessie Tresize, Morven (8)
No. 3, 427 acres, rent 82 pounds 16s 6d : Walter Maslin, Geraldine (16)
No. 4, 398 acres, rent 12 pounds : H. J. Arthur, Leeston (27)
No. 5, 593 acres, rent 147 pounds : Sarah Shine, Oamaru (35)
No. 6, 468 acres, rent 100 pounds 16s : C. S. Price, Waimate (41)
No. 7, 520 acres, rent 110pounds  18s 6d : Lilian Hampton, Douglas Settlement (60)
No. 8, 412 acres, rent  74 pounds 5s: James Rooney, Waimate (11)
Lansdown Settlement (first-class land)
No. 1, 206 acres, rent 68 pounds  17s : A. B. Topp, Oamaru (3)
No. 2, 211 acres, rent 66  pounds3s : R. Creeser, Waimate (4)
No. 3, 39 acres, rent 82  pounds 2s 6d: C. Flynn, Oamaru
No. 4, 289 acres, rent 104 pounds : Agnes Edwards, Mosgiel (6)
No. 5, 205 acres, rent 77 pounds 12s 6d : Margaret Goldstone, Waimate (10)
No. 6, 200 acres, rent 75 pounds 16s 6d; W. McCarvon, Waimate (l0)
No. 7, 215 acres, rent 74  pounds9s 6d : John Smith, Timaru-road, Waimate (8)
No. 8, 181 acres, rent 68 pounds 2s 6d : Mrs. Foley, Waimate (13)
No. 9, 223 acres, rent 75 pounds  16s 6d : M. Powell, Waimate  

Evening Post, 20 June 1914, Page 9 Land for Settlement
Timaru, 19th June. Mr. Ritchie, chairman of the Land Purchase Board, was here to-day inspecting farms offered to the Government. The government has concluded the purchase of 3600 acres of Mr. Teschemaker's Otaio Estate, omitting the homestead. Nearly all of though land is suitable, for grain growing. Mr. Ritchie made an offer for 200 acres at Washdyke for workers' homes, but it was not accepted.

Finlay Downs - Otaio 1915. 2113 acres divided up into five farms.

Otago Witness, 19 April 1905, Page 15 EVIDENCE AT FAIRLIE.
FAIRLIE, April 6. The Land Commission drove to-day from Fairlie, through Portion of the Mackenzie Country, to Tekapo and back, a distance of 54 miles in all. The Mackenzie Country was looking remarkably well, better than I have ever seen it on occasional visits during the past 15 years, there being an abundance of grass, both on the low and also on the high country. On the return journey a halt was made at Burkes Pass, and the follow- in evidence taken

Robert Guthrie, holder of a grazing run on pastoral lease, and of a small freehold, said' that he was well satisfied with his tenure. He had had 30 years' experience in the district. He thought the natural pastures were improving. Any deterioration had been due to injudicious burning. If the holdings were smaller a great improvement could be effected by surface-sowing. No systematic efforts had yet been made in that direction. On the Crown runs the large holdings could be subdivided in a satisfactory manner, and the closer working that would result would more than meet the cost of fencing. The minimum size in the back country should be sufficient to carry 6000 sheep. He did not think it advisable to put. the plough into the high lands, but be thought that Timothy, white clover, and cocksfoot might be surface-sown in the valleys with success. The settlers generally were desirous of seeing the runs subdivided, though they did not wish to interfere with the existing lease, which would expire in about six years. He did not think that there was any need for the to buy out freeholders in order to provide winter country for the back runs. The Mackenzie Country runs generally were understocked because the high price of sheep made it unprofitable to risk losing any number. There would be a large demand for the subdivided runs, provided that some security of tenure for a considerable term were given and valuation was allowed at the termination of the lease for increased carrying capacity. Land Boards should be elected on the "parliamentary franchise, boroughs excluded, and should represent smaller districts.

John Macgregor, holder of a small grazing run, did not think it would be advisable to subdivide the Crown runs except very gradually, and he considered that it would be very difficult to value any improvement due to surface-sowing. The seed would not take except in the valleys and on the damp faces. He would not approve of the granting of the option to purchase the freehold of Crown holdings, as, unless the freehold were under the same restrictions as the leaseholds, the only result would be the aggregation of large estates.

George Hamilton, holder of 46,000 acres of Crown grazing run on 21 years' lease, and 900 acres of freehold, said that he had surface-sown some 200 acres. The low-lying land and gullies had been decidedly improved, but the seed had not taken to any extent on the dry spurs. Probably about 10 per cent, of his holding could be surfaces own to advantage. He had signed the document presented to the commission on the previous day asking for reasonable security of tenure and valuation for actual improvements. The tenant would not spend large sums of money on a run if it was to be put up at auction at, the end of 21 years, and he should have the option of renewal, the rent to be fixed by arbitration. It was ridiculous to talk of having only 500 sheep on the Mackenzie Country, as one bad winter would ruin a small man like that. He might last a few years, but then he would be wiped out, and would leave in possession the man with 50,000 sheep. This statement was greeted with disapprobation by some of the settlers present. William Fielding Hamilton, holder of 30,000 acres of Crown land on a 21 years' lease, and 6900 acres of freehold, said that he had seen surface-sowing effect a great improvement, but had done none himself. He was satisfied with his tenure, and agreed with the previous witness in that matter. He was satisfied with the constitution of the Land Boards. It would be absurd to subdivide the high runs, which had been already deprived of all summer country. John Mackintosh, holder of a small Government leasehold in the Mackenzie Country, said that he was quite satisfied with his tenure, but found his holding of 1700 acres too small. He had surface-sown with considerable success. He thought a small holder more likely to save his 6heep in winter than a large holder. The commission arrived at Fairlie at 7.20 p.m., after being on the move for l2 hours, snatched a hurried dinner, and then at 8 p.m. held another meeting to take further evidence.

John Trotter, holder of a lease in perpetuity at Pungaroa, said he had no desire for the freehold. He said that at a meeting held at Fairlie, attended by several Crown tenants, five voted for the leasehold and one for freehold. Two others, who were not Crown tenants, voted for the freehold. Land had gone up in value all round. The leasehold properties had been put up to their full value for rating, but the freehold properties had not been so treated. That -was the only thing he saw in favour of the freehold. Four of the Pungaroa lease in perpetuity holders had sold out. There were several properties in the district that could be cut up for. closer settlement. The Crown tenants at Pungaroa had refused to sign a petition forwarded by the Farmers' Union in favour of the freehold. The tenants had not been harassed by the rangers. Witness considered himself just as good as a freeholder : and more so, because 90 per cent, of the freeholders had their lands mortgaged. He did not think the Government should allow a man who had saved 500 pounds to use it in paying off part of the capital value of his holding. He thought there should be no revaluation in connection with future leases, as it would retard settlement.

Some 15 persons attended the meeting of the commission. but seemed reluctant to give evidence. The Chairman called on an elderly man named John Ross, who occupies a small grazing run and has had large experience in the Mackenzie Country. He said surface-sowing would only take on the creek sides in the gullies; it would not take on the hills nor on the dry plains. Some of the runs in the district would cut up for closer settlement.

Otago Witness, 3 March 1909, Page 39
Closer Settlement. The home farm on the Motukaika of 2500 acres is being offered for sale in small farms on terms.

Grey River Argus, 15 March 1917, Page 3
TIMARU March 14,
The Land Board to-day by ballot disposed of live grazing runs and a subdivision, part of the Clayton run near Fairlie and one at Burkes Pass went to discharged soldiers. There were nine applicants for the six runs. The successful men were Caskey, Jones, Trotter and McConnel of Fairlie, Galing, Christchurch and Guinness, Timaru. For eight farms at the Cricklewood soldier settlement there were only two applicants and these were given a farm each at the upset rental. They were: Horgan and Waddell, both of Christchurch.

Otago Witness, 19 April 1905, Page 17
The Land Commission left Timaru at 7.20 a.m., and arrived at Geraldine shortly after 9.
    John Kelland, farmer, with 1300 acres freehold and 1100 acres leasehold (Primary- School reserve), said he got no valuation for improvements, and the lease was too short.
    Robert Anderson, farmer, with a lease in perpetuity of rough, stony country, complained of the restrictions in connection with the lease in perpetuity.
    Job Quantock, farmer, with a freehold and leasehold property, spoke of the necessity of compensation for land washed away by floods.
    George Murray, holding 68,000 acres under pastoral tenure and 1800 acres freehold near Mount Cook, spoke of the necessity of granting renewals of leases, longer tenures, and valuations- for improvements. If the runholders had better treatment in these respects they would improve the land with plantations and by surface sowing.
Peter Friel, a lease in perpetuity settler, said he approved of that tenure, but if the freehold came he would take it at the original value. There was a great feeling amongst the Crown tenants in favour of the freehold.
Edward Lee England said he was perfectly satisfied, and had nothing special to mention to the commission.
    Robert Thew, holder of a pastoral lease at, Orari Gorge, gave evidence similar to that given by the witness Murray. He had obtained good results from surface sowing.

After lunch the commission drove back to Temuka through the Waiapi Settlement. Temuka was reached at 4 o'clock, and a meeting was at once held to take evidence.
    John Talbot. chairman of the Geraldine County Council, said he thought the Crown tenants should be given the option of the freehold at the original value.
Californian thistle was increasing in the district, and would depreciate the value of the land.
    Walter Acton, who farms an agricultural lease, said he thought it was absurd for either a man or the State to sign a lease for 999 years.
    Michael O'Loughlin, a Crown tenant, complained that his holding was too small. He was only allowed to crop half his land, but he desired to crop all his land for three years and then put in down in grass for three years, so that the latter three years he could sell his horses.
    Daniel Angland, a Crown tenant at Albury, complained of the cropping regulations. He thought the Crown tenants should have the option of purchase.
    Frank Green, a Crown tenant on Arowhenua, objected to the cropping restrictions. He had broken the regulations, and the board had warned him. At present too much capital was required of a man under the Land for Settlements Act. He was satisfied with his tenure, but his holding was too small. He required double the area, and thought he should have the right to buy another man out. He did not think tenants should be punished for breaking the regulations.
    M. Lawler, a Crown tenant with a 40-acre farm, said the cropping regulations should be altered. There was too much twitch in his land. The Crown tenants should be allowed to work the land as they liked, and tenants should be allowed to pay off at least two-thirds of the capital value. Bad times would come, and the tenants would not be able to pay their rent. He admitted having broken the cropping regulations.
     James Davis, a Crown tenant with a farm of 20 acres, complained of the local rating. He was satisfied with his tenure, but thought he should be allowed to ballot for a larger section.
    B. Horgan, farm labourer, holding 11 acres of land, complained that his section was too small. He wanted to transfer it to his sister, who had 58 acres adjoining, ; but he could not do so. Until he could get rid of this section he could not ballot for a larger one.
    Michael Scannell, farmer and threshingmachine proprietor, said he saw a great deal of the tenants, and knew that there was a desire amongst them to get the option of the freehold. They were afraid of their present tenure. They also wanted discretionary power in regard to cropping.
    Patrick Mitten, another Crown tenant, said that after five years' occupation a man should be allowed to crop as he liked. Nearly every Crown tenant in the district  to whom he had spoken wanted the opinion of paying off from 75 to 80 per cent of  his capital value of his section.   

"Farmers have an attachment with the land that goes beyond the financial and they want to pass that on."

Romney hoggets at Te Moana

Otago Witness, 19 July 1905, Page 4
A young man at a Southburn debate on Tuesday, according to the Timaru Herald, pertinently asked the leaseholders the following: "If you were going to choose a wife, whom would you choose  the daughter of a leaseholder or of a freeholder?" This raised a laugh, but was answered later on by an explanation that one should marry for love, and not for bawbees.

By Nathan Beaumont 19 July 2004 Timaru Herald
Prime Minister Helen Clark described Waimate as a town with an exciting future, as more than 400 people turned up for the 150th anniversary celebrations on Saturday. Ms Clark was the star attraction during the day, unveiling a gift of a Maori canoe, donated by local Maori. The canoe was mainly crafted by local Maori and is now on permanent display outside the Waimate District Council building. The council has paid for a $6500 shelter for it. Ms Clark said she loved to see communities celebrate their history and was impressed with the turnout on Saturday. "It brings a sense of identity, a sense of heritage and it's important to pass on the memories to younger generations," she said. "I have been here over the years to visit Waimate and it's great to be back for a happy occasion like this." Ms Clark revealed she had a family connection with the district, saying her great great grandmother was buried in Awamoko up the Waitaki Valley. "My great grandmother did win a ballot to get a farm in the Pareora No.2 Settlement in 1900. "The other connection with the district is when my mother was a small child in the late 1920s, there was a terrible epidemic, I think of scarlet fever, that went through Timaru. "The hospital was so overloaded that they put the overload out at the Waimate hospital. "Mum still remembers being in the Waimate hospital with her younger brother." She described Waimate as a "peaceful and prosperous" part of South Canterbury and hoped it continued to do well. "Waimate is part of a very successful region, the Canterbury region. "I often say if all of New Zealand grew at the rate of Canterbury we would all be more prosperous than we are." Ms Clark said it was good to see community events such as the Strawberry Fare and the Busking Festival do so well, drawing visitors from all around the country. "You are creating interest in what is happening around the region." Waimate mayor David Owen said he was glad to have Ms Clark in Waimate because the weekend was an important landmark for the region. Local Maori representative Tamaiti Te Maiharoa, of Waitaha descendant, said it had been a pleasure to build the canoe for the Waimate people. There was also a service involving the arrival of Michael Studholme and Saul Shrives and their meeting with Chief Te Huruhuru.

North Otago Times, 4 December 1889, Page 2
On the first of May next year about a quarter of a million acres of Crown lands will be open for wile in the Canterbury district. Possession cannot be taken by successful buyers until May, but the Minister of Lands intends to dispose of 110,000 acres in February, March, and April. The land will be opened as follows : In February, about 7000 acres on the plains south of the Rakaia, 6000 acres on the plains south of Rangitata, 17,000 acres on the hill slopes near Albury and Fairlie Creek ; total, 30,000 acres. In March, 20,000 acres on the plains between Ashburton and Hinds, and 15,000 acres on the hill slopes; total, 35,000. In April, 25,000 acres on the plains between Hinds and Rangitata, 20,000 acres on the hill slopes near Geraldine, 10,000 acres on the hill slopes at Station Peak ; total, 45,000 ; grand total, 110,000. The balance will be disposed of very soon afterwards.  

Timaru Herald, 29 June 1893, Page 2
At the Timaru Land Office yesterday, Mr J. W. A. Marchant, Chief Commissioner of Lands for Canterbury, sold by auction the leases for ten years of two small grazing runs, lately part of the runs of the Hon J B. A. Acland and Mr. C. G. Tripp. There were about twenty persons present at the sale. The first lot corseted of two pieces of pastoral land on the bank of the Rangitata, seven miles above Mount Peel Station homestead and 20 from Geraldine. The area of the run is 1170 acres, and the upset price 73 pounds 2s 6d. Before the bidding commenced the Chief Commissioner was asked by one of there present if the present holders could take these runs and work them with their own, or whether their sons could do so. Mr Marchant replied that anyone could take them who could sign the declaration. There seemed to be several bidders at the start, but presently the competition was restricted to two, and at 127 pounds  the contest ceased and the run was knocked down to the Hon. J. B. A. Acland, whose son had been the bidder. Mr Marchant asked if he had the declaration, and Mr Acland said he had. The second run is on Mr C.G. Tripp's Orari run, area 1500, term of lease 10 years, upset rental 63 pounds 10s. The upset was offered for this, for Mr C. G Tripp, by one of his sons, and no other bid being made, the run was sold to him.

Star 24 April 1896, Page 2
An ordinary meeting of the. Canterbury Land Board was held on Wednesday,- present Messrs J. W. A. Marchant.(Commissioner of Crown Lands), D. M'Millan, A. C. Pringle and R. Meredith.
It was decided to call upon- those lessees of holdings in the Pareora and Kapua Settlements who had not complied with conditions to show cause at the next meeting of the Board why their leases should not be forfeited. It was resolved to declare the following leases forfeited for non-payment of. rents : J. Hunt, M. Lyons, J. James, J. Fogfuty, P. Ryder and D. Murphy, Waimate ; J. Campbell and M. Broham, Studholme Junction, D. O'Connor, W. Dwyer and G.. Smith, Hinds. A. Exley Arowhenua Village Settlement

Ashburton Guardian, 29 February 1916, Page 7 OLD HISTORY.
At the sale of the Pakihi and Waitui lands on Tuesday at Temuka, in winding up the late Angus Macdonald's trusts, Mr Tripp who read the conditions of sale, mentioned that the Waitui lots comprised parts of three rural sections, for which he produced the original Crown grants one to
the late Angus Macdonald, of Orari, stockowner, for 20 acres, dated May, 1866;
another to the late Alfred Cox, of Geraldine, dated November, 1865, also for 20 acres;
and the third to the late Dr. Alfred Charles Barker, of Christchurch, surgeon, for 105 acres, dated June, 1862.
All these sections were sold by the Crown at 10s per acre. The grants were signed by C. Davie and Thomas Cass as chief surveyors, Sir George Grey as Governor, William Guise Brittan as Commissioner of Crown Lands, and Charles C. Bowen signed the 1862 one as Land Registrar. The section granted to Dr. Barker includes the land on which the old Waitui homestead now stands.

Otago Witness 21 October 1908, Page 40
FAIRLIE (South Canterbury). October 14. This inland centre has of late years come so much to the front that I have been wondering why its good folk are content to hide its light under the proverbial bushel of obscurity. Possibly it is that the old conservative, stay-at-home, contented fathers in whose hands the public well-being has in the past been, entrusted have not awakened to the importance of its uplifting and consequent advanced importance, a matter that must materially change, with the advent of the moving spirit inculcated by the fast-changing and moving propensities of the many new arrivals en the district: so many that the old residents are becoming conspicuous by their absence, and the good old estates are fast disappearing. Though a sure sign of the advancement of a district, nevertheless these changes are necessarily fraught with deep regrets  the passing of the old order of thing, and the attending associations and friendships. Yet though our old friends may extend to the later settlers and residents a whole-hearted welcome, their departure must ever be regretted. The old estates are being subdivided for closer settlement, and naturally extended productiveness. One of these in close proximity to this district is Three Springs, now a most thriving settlement known as Pimaroa. "Source of supply". I understand, is the Maori meaning of the appropriate name, or, as some have it. " Storehouse of goods," literally a place of productiveness. The Allandale property, of some 8000 acres, was last fall cut up and offered for sale, with the result that rather more than half is now sold in a number of various-sized farms. More recently the Misses M'Lean followed Mr J. Wilson's example and offered several farms of their Strathconnan Estate with marked success. The balance of the property, bar a limited area encircling the principal residence, was submitted at auction, but failed to attract the attention, anticipated, only one small block of 70 acres finding a purchaser in a representative of the South Canterbury Hospital Department for a sanatorium site, for which it is eminently suited. I understand there are several more would-be buyers in the field, so no doubt more new settlers will soon be with us. The quality of the land is satisfactory, and the climate second to none in the Dominion. The selling price of land generally is most reasonable, compared with quality and convenient situation, etc.. to the township, with its compact set of offices for all business, school, churches, bank, and telephone, and gaslighting for streets, offices, and private residences, and even quite recently a fire brigade. This latter was coincident with a regrettable frequency of disastrous fires. It is interesting also to note another coincidence in connection with these conflagrations, the whole four occurring on Saturday night, and when the weather was very calm, otherwise the results would have been most destructive.

Press, 27 March 1915, Page 2
Timaru, March 26. The ballot for 22 farm lots in the Otaio and Makikihi districts was held to-day. Over 600 applications were lodged, and the ballots resulted as under:
Hiliboro farms l, J. Long; 2, A. H Boulton; 3. J. G. Marshall.
Copland farms l, M. Fitzgerald; 2, H. H. Jenkins.
Teschemaker's l, A. Rendle; 2, J. Cannon; 3, W. Rendall; 4, P. Kirk: W. R. Shea: 6. W. G. Mann; 7 and 8, C. M. Scott; 9, T. Vangioni; 10, J. Jones.; 11, W. Irwin; 12. T. Scott.
Finlay Downs farms l, E. Grieve; 2, A. Acheson: 3. R. J. McLean; 4, J. J. Gregan; 5, E. McConnell.

Press, 18 March 1916, Page 10 Benmore Ballot
OAMARU, March 17. The ballot for Benmore small grazing runs resulted as follows:
Run 528, Jessie C. Wigley (Fairlie)
529, John Young (Outram)
530, Margaret Don (Windsor)
531, Mary M. McKinnon (Kurow)
532, Annie E. Ryan (Miller's Flat)
533, Lauchlan C. Munro (Kurow)
534, T. Hall (Ngapara)
535, Samuel Sillars (Miller's Flat)
544, Thos. McCone (Livingstone).

Ashburton Guardian, 23 March 1916, Page 7 LAND BALLOT
WAIMATE, March 22. The ballot for sections in the Kowhatu Settlement, Waimate County, to-day resulted  Section.
1 Ellen Jane Major, Glenavy,
2 Frederick C. Beer, Oxford.
3 Thomas B. Benn, Temuka.
4. Alexander McAuley, Timaru.
5 James A. Ballantyne, Waimate

Otago Daily Times 26 February 1920, Page 7
ROBRO DOWNS AND BEN OHAU.CHRISTCIIURCH. February 25. The ballot to-day among discharged soldiers for the Robro Downs and Ben Ohau runs in the Mackenzie Country resulted) as follows:
Area 13,031 acres, H. W. Scott (Timaru)
area 16,400 acres, D. A. S. Hughes (Cheviot)
16,320 acres, N. M'Gill (Temuka)
15,199 acres, J. Allan (Fairlie)
13,456 acres, L. Lyford (Otiritiri, Timaru)
13,151 acres, L M. Conolly (Peel Forest).
There were over 100 applicants for most of the runs.

Otago Daily Times 2 June 1920, Page 7 SOLDIER SETTLEMENTS
Timaru, June 1. A ballot to-day for two soldier farm settlements resulted as follows, the number of applicants being given in parentheses:
 1  71 acres (26).  Alexander Cockburn (Lauriston)
2 150 acres (45). H. W. Hewson (Timaru)
3 164 acres (92). J. A. Packer (Morven)
4 171 acres (50). A. G. Morrison (Levels)
5 156 acres (43). J. A. Borman (West Eyretown)
6 197 acres (71). J. H. Williams (Waimate)
7 252 acres (76). C. Horgan (Cricklewood)
8 167 acres (52) A. M. Thomson (Opihi)
9122 acres (31). Frances Brennan (Waimate)

1 - 236 acres (28). James Murphy (Fairlie)
2. 383 acres (homestead lot), reserved for A.H. Gillingham, a returned soldier.
3. - 125 acres (15) Charles Sim (Timaru)
4. - 280 acres (27) - John M'Donald (Kimbell) The draw favoured E. W. Webber (Christchurch), but he was neither nor represented.
5. - 236 acres (22) G.H. Patton (Methven)

Ashburton Guardian 8 December 1916 Page 7 IN CANTERBURY DISTRICT.
WELLINGTON, December 7. The total area being prepared for settlement for soldier settlers is 59,033 acres, made- up as follows: Acres.
Cheviot Estate 3,453
Rollesby Run 12,570
Clayton Run ... 12,800
Lees Valley-Run ... ... .26,202
 "Paddy's Market" 2,207
Bray's and Willis's Farms (near Fairlie) ... .... 1,750
The whole of this land is suitable for sheep, except the latter, which is agricultural land.

Grey River Argus, 29 January 1919, Page 3 OUR SOLDIERS.
LAND FOR SOLDIERS South Canterbury area.
TIMARU, January 28. Yesterday, Hon. D. H. Guthrie, Minister of Lands, motored from Christchurch to Fairlie. He visited the Soldiers Settlements at Clayton and received a deputation there, which suggested the purchase of the remainder of the Clayton area for soldiers. It was intimated that the owner was willing to negotiate, if the land were needed for soldiers.
    A deputation at Fairlie recommended the purchase of 3000 acres (three farms) near Fairlie for. closer settlement. The Minister inspected the land this morning, and considered the request sympathetically.
Another deputation urged that one, or two runs in the Mackenzie Country, whose leases were nearly up, should be disposed of in small runs.
    This morning Mr Guthrie inspected the Cricklewood soldiers' settlement and gave the engineer directions to report on the possibility of getting a water supply.

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