New Zealand WWI Military Defaulters, 1919-1921

Men eligible for Compulsory Military Service who, for moral or political reasons failed to meet their legal obligations under the Military Service Act were deemed Military Defaulters under the Expeditionary Forces Amendment Act 1918. Even after the conclusion of the war the government continued to trace these defaulters. The list contains the names of 2045 men, including 160 objectors who were in prison. Six further lists dated from 1911 - 1921 contain 41 additional names and the names of 87 men to be deleted from the defaulters list. Defaulters regained their civil rights for ten years from 10 Dec. 1918.  They were therefore incapable to be elected or appointed or of continuing to hold office or as a member of any local or other public authority, could not enroll or vote, they were prohibited  for ten years from changing their names or use any other name than that by which they are described in the Military Defaulters List. If the defaulter was out of NZ on 10 Dec. 1918 he was prohibited for ten years from returning to NZ. Any breach they were liable for imprisonment for twelve months.  See King and Country call; New Zealanders, conscription and the Great War by Paul John Baker (Auckland University Press 1988) pages 208 & 209
Publication: 14 May 1919  ODT May 26th 1919

  5820 	Aitken, William 		sawyer 			St. Andrew's, Waimate
  5823 	Brown Robert 			ploughman 		Waihaorunga, Waimate
 31753 	Coffey, William 		ploughman 		Temuka
R62928 	Collins, Daniel 		labourer 		Hazelburn, Pleasant Point
  1462 	Collins, Patrick 		labourer 		Pleasant Point
 19840 	Courtney, John 			baker 			Harboro St., Timaru
 40503 	Fitzgerald, Jack 		labourer 		Burke's Pass
 72209 	Gillespie, Lawrence 		Power station employee 14 Nelson St., Timaru
  2431 	Harwood William George 		fireman N.Z.R. 		Fairlie
R68527 	Horgan, Alfred Francis 		shearer 		Mill Rd, Waimate
 19912 	Horne, John Ralph 		labourer 		c/o W. Cartwright, Allandale, Fairlie
 40567 	Kennedy, Daniel 		farm hand		Waimate
 31915 	Kennedy, John Hugh Stewart 	gardener 		c/o Mrs Hayes, Centrewood, Waimate
R66169 	Kirby, Denis 			labourer 		Timaru
 61001 	Linder, Henry 			shearer 		Waimate
 2_505	McKay, William 			woodcutter 		Gleniti Timaru
 19953 	McKnight, William George 	labourer 		Albury
  1649 	Martin, Francis			labourer 		Cave, Timaru
 53783 	Mullins, Matthew 		bricklayer 		c/o D. Kennedy, Morven, Waimate County
 19988 	Nolan, Aloysius Patrick 	farm labourer 		Levels
40653 	O'Grady, P 			farmer 			Pleasant Point
 24560 	O'Grady, William jun 		farm labourer		Tycho mail, Timaru
 49055 	O'Kane, Timothy 					c/o T. O'Kane, Timaru
R761_7 	O'Meeghan, Michael 		student 		E Co. 40th Rfts, Le Cren's Terrace, Timaru
 24589 	Rutter, Charles 		manager of coalyard	29 Allnatt St., Temuka
 72378 	Stammers, Edgar Stanley 	labourer 		c/o J. Donohue, Maitland, Rd, Temuka
 14537 	Sullivan, John 			driver		 	Raymond St., Timaru
 32117 	Tammenan, Frank 		coal-trimmer 		ss Calm Canterbury Steamship Co. Timaru
R55649 	Thomas, Frank 			labourer		Totara Valley, Pleasant Point 
  1795 	Wild, William James 		labourer 		Waimate
 80992 	Wilson, John 			labourer 		Pleasant Point, Levels

Deletions under Section 10 of Expeditionary Forces Amendment Act, 1918

86482 Blanchett, Thomas 		hairdresser 		Fairlie

1. They were deprived of civil rights for ten years from the 10th day December, 1918 and are there fore incapable
(a) Of being appointed to or of containing to hold, any office or employment in the service of the Crown, or of any local or other public authority
(b) Of being elected or appointed, or of continuing to hold office, as a member of either House of Parliament, or as a member of any local or other public authority
(c) Of being enrolled as an elector or of voting at an election of members of either House of Parliament or or of members of any local other public authority
2. If any military defaulter was out of New Zealand on the 10th day of December, 1918, he is prohibited for ten years from returning to New Zealand.
3. Military defaulters are prohibited for ten years from changing their names- that is to say, from assuming or using or continuing to assume or use any name other than that by which they are described in the Military Defaulters List.
4. Any military defaulter who commits a reach of any of the forgoing provisions is liable, on summary conviction, to imprisonment for twelve months.

It is hereby further notified that any man whose name appears on the Military Defaulters List may, within three months after gazetting of the list, appeal to a Magistrate in manner prescribed by regulations on the ground that his name has been inserted in the list in error. Form of notice of appeal may be obtained from any post office, police station or Defence Office.
Dated this ninth day of May 1919. J ALLEN, Minister of Defence.

Appendix to the Journals of the House of Representatives, 1917 Session I, H-19k
Laid on the Table of the House of Representatives by Leave
Group 10
Brown, Robert, ploughman, Waihaorunga, Waimate.
Coffey, Dennis, farmer, Kerrytown.
Coffey, Matthew, farm labourer, Temuka.
Collins, Patrick, farm labourer, Pleasant Point.
Cunningham, Anthony, labourer, Wai-iti Road, Timaru.
Doneghy, Edward, farm labourer, care of Post-office, Timaru.
Kennedy, James, shepherd, Haldon, Fairlie.
Kinch, John, station hand, Mesopotamia Station, Mount Somers.
McCoy, Richard Thomas, shearer, Ma-waro, McKenzie.
Martin, Francis, flax-mill hand, Cave, Timaru.
Nolan, Aloysius Patrick, farm labourer, Levels.
Wild, William James, labourer, Waimate.

Wairarapa Daily Times, 24 February 1917, Page 5
The names of the men drawn in the ballot who had failed to parade as instructed for medical examination, and to whom notices had been sent but had been returned marked not found, were contained in last night's Gazette. The men in question are liable to be tried and punished under the Army Act for the offence' of desertion or of absenting themselves without leave. The names and addresses of the men are as under: South Canterbury. Leonard, John, stable keeper, Stone Stables, Timaru.

Grey River Argus 15 January 1919, Page 3 MILITARY SERVICE
COURT MARTIAL. Christchurch, January 14. Albert Mateland McLachlan was found guilty by court-martial of disobeying the command of a superior officer to appear for medical examination at Timaru. He was sentenced to two years' hard labour. Accused pleaded that be did not know that he had been called in the ballot, but the evidence showed that in his effort to avoid the police he gave a false name and produced another man's C2 certificate.

Grey River Argus 28 May 1919, Page 3
Christchurch. May 27 A District Court Martial, which sat at Christchurch, has sentenced John Courtenay, a baker, of Timaru, to 90 days' detention for failing to concentrate with a reinforcement draft on May, 20. 1918. Courtenay gave himself up to the military authorities voluntarily, and pleaded guilty to the charge.

Evening Post, 17 October 1919, Page 7
In pursuance of the provisions of the Expeditionary Forces Amendment Act, 1918, a Gazette Extraordinary was issued yesterday, making the following additions to and deletions from the Military Defaulters' List FIRST SCHEDULE. Additions under - Section 8 of Expeditionary Forces. Amendment Act, 1918
Horne, J R., labourer, Fairlie.  

Colonist, 17 June 1919, Page 4 Also known as
 Horowhenua Chronicle, 7 June 1919, Page 2
Not all those whose names appear on the military defaulters' list feel sorry for themselves, as witness the position of "93537 Louis James Jakes, waiter, Whangamomona." He was in the "Terries" in Stratford when the war broke out, and promptly volunteered. But he was only 18, and he could not break the military line, even though he offered a second time. Nothing daunted, he went to Eltham and enlisted, not as L.J.J., but as plain "Jim Smith," and as such he sailed proudly away with the boys' of New Zealand's Eighteenth Reinforcements.
    In the natural order of things soldierly he went through Sling and crossed the Channel to meet the Hun. It was at Messines, he stopped one, and was disabled. But the time had come in far New Zealand that he was enrolled in the ballot, and then the police got busy, but was fruitless until a week before the signing of the armistice when Jim (just returned) was strolling down Bridge street, in Eltham in khaki. Here a policeman tapped him on the shoulder and asked his name. "Jakes." he said without hesitation. "I thought so," remarked the official as he took a photograph of the young fellow from his pocket. "Then you're been at the front all the time?" "Yes, enlisted as Jim Smith. "he said smiling "Just so," said the policeman. "Well, I am after shirkers, not the likes of you." Now Louis James Jakes, alias Jim Smith, is working in New Plymouth and he should not have much difficulty in convincing the Magistrate, that he is no deserter.

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