"Men of Mark in New Zealand" - Alfred Cox (1825 - 1911)

Men of Mark in New Zealand -

Alfred Cox, Esq. (1825-1911)

Alfred Cox, an Australian, born in Clarendon, N.S.W. in 1825 and became a large squatter in South Canterbury, New Zealand. In 1854 while Alfred Cox was visiting in Newcastle, N.S.W. he met a gentleman who produced two pastoral licensees for South Canterbury runs No.s 18 and 31 of 20,000 acres each and Cox purchased then for £100 and £50, site unseen, and this is how he acquired the 40,000 acre Raukapuka run between the Orari and Te Moana rivers and included the Geraldine Downs, Fairfield, Pleasant Valley, Woodbury districts and the present site of Geraldine and it turned out to be some of the beautiful and best farming land in South Canterbury. 1854 was his first visit to Canterbury and Cox arrived with sheep, cattle and horses for his run shipped in the Admiral Grenfell to Lyttelton. W. du. Molin, an Australian friend became the manager of the run. Later on in the year he arranged for more stock by the Troy. Cox left Canterbury for Australia and England and returned with his family and landed at Timaru in the brig Spray in 1857 to settle his family and in-laws at his run Raukapuka between Temuka and Geraldine. In November 1854 he had 826 sheep on his 20,000 acre Raukapuka run and by 1855 the station acreage was 60,000 acres with 1,500 sheep, and in 1856 - 2,150 sheep and in 1857 - 2,600 sheep. He purchased 3,500 acres of freehold and in 1882 sold the property to the Tancred's.

Alfred Cox was a well to do farmer, father of thirteen, who was interested in public affairs, local and national, and did advocate creating South Canterbury as a separate province. He had married at the age of twenty four to Mary Macpherson in Australia, daughter of Lieutenant Colonel Ewan Macpherson, of the 99th Regiment, who had fought in the Maori Wars. His mother-in-law, Catherine Macpherson, lived with them for many years and his father-in-law, until 1859 when he died. Cox's brother-in-law Grant Macpherson later managed the Raukapuka Station. Cox's mother had remarried in N.S.W. and one of her son's John Alexander Gamack, Cox's half-brother, came over to Canterbury by 1866 and worked closely with Cox. Cox loved the mountains and had purchased the runs Glenmore and Balmarol from John Hall in 1869. Catherine MacPherson was involved in in the purchase of Tekapo and this was probably managed by her son Grant. By 1869 Cox was the father of eight children became the owner of Castle Hall.

Lyttelton Times, 8 April 1854, Page 6
Cleared out. April 3, barque Tory, 483 tons, Livingston, for Sydney. Passengers, Messrs. A. Cox, G. McClyinont, McPherson, Healey, and Mr. and Mrs. Murray.

Lyttelton Times, 17 April 1858, Page 4
Arrived. April 13th, brig Spray, 148 tons, Scott, from Sydney. Passengers, Mrs. Scott, Mr. and Mrs. Cox and 4 children, Colonel and Mrs. Macpherson and Mr. Macpherson, J. Best and wife, and J. Clifford.

Lyttelton Times, 5 November 1859, Page 4
November 2nd, at Lyttelton, Lieut.-Col. Ewen McPherson, aged 66 years.

Lyttelton Times, 31 December 1859, Page 4 Sailed
Dec. 30, s.s. Royal Bride, 878 tons, Newlands, for Timaru and Otago. Saloon passengers— Mrs. Donald, Miss Macpherson, and Miss M. McPherson, Captain Cameron, Messrs. Banks and Cooper. Second cabin J. Mitchell.

Lyttelton Times,  2 November 1861, Page 4
Several complaints have reached us upon the manner in which Ward manages the punt upon the Rangitata. An accident was nearly occurring to Mr. Alfred Cox and Miss Macpherson, a few days since, from a want of proper management of the punt by Ward, the punt drifting down the stream over the rapid much to the fright of the lady but not disturbing the equanimity of Mr. Cox, who showed his usual coolness upon the occasion. They were obliged to cross in their dog cart after all. Ward has now engaged an experienced sailor to manage, and we hope he will retain him.

Cox was an elected member of the Canterbury Provincial Council representing Geraldine (1862-1865) and Papanui (1870-1871) and was a member of the General Assembly in the House of Representatives for Heathcote 1863 to1865, Timaru 1866 to 1868 and Waipa  in 1876 and 1877. He was a member of the first Geraldine Road Board and of the Timaru and Gladstone Board of Works. He moved to Merivale, Christchurch in 1869, to the Waikato in 1871 and back to Christchurch in 1879.

In 1872 Cox purchased the station Braemar from John Hall. In 1873 Cox purchased Tasman Islands and incorporated it in the Braemar Station. Cox later purchased land in the North Island, in the Thames District in the 1870s but after developing and draining the swamps he sold out as he was loosing money and came back to Canterbury. He sold his last Mackenzie station in 1876. Ernest Gray who owned Coldsteam station was a brother-in-law to Alfred Cox.

Daily Southern Cross, 22 November 1859, Page 3
In this day's obituary occurs the name of Lieut. Col. Ewen McPherson, late of H. M. 99th Regiment, and formerly of the 78th Highlanders. This gallant soldier served some years in Ceylon, and was for some time on service in New South Wales. In 1845 he was engaged with his regiment, the 99th, in the Native War at the Bay of Islands, in this colony, during which time he was severely wounded at the storming of Ohaeowhae Pah, near Waimate. He subsequently retired from the army with a pension on account of his wounds and long service. Col. McPherson reached Lyttelton only a few days ago from Timaru, where he had been seriously ill for some weeks.

Grey River Argus, 27 May 1876, Page 2
We (Timaru Herald) learn that Mr Cox has sold the Balmoral station, Mackenzie country, to Mr Gamack. The property comprises 50,000 acres of land and 12,000 sheep, and the price paid was £11,000.

Sheepowners Returns 1879-1880-1881 Geraldine County
Owner.  No. of sheep on 31st May  1879  1880  1881
Cox, Alfred, Riverslea, Temuka   7,370  6,000 11,550
Cox, Alfred Braemar, Mackenzie Country   6,000  -  Nil
Gammack, J.A. Balmoral, Temuka 12,000 21,000 18,000
Gammack, J. Newlands, Temuka   1,000   7,000   6,000

New Zealand Spectator and Cook's Strait Guardian, 1 April 1854, Page 3

Cheap Land. — The first very extensive sale of land in the Province of Canterbury outside the Canterbury block, has taken place. Mr. Moore, acting as agent for his brother-in-law, Mr. Kermode, of Port Phillip, has actually purchased forty thousand acres. He has paid £14,000 for 28,000 acres at ten shillings, and has made a deposit of £3,000 for the remaining 12,000 acres, which are to be inspected by the Commissioner of Crown Lands, and if declared not worth more than 5s. an acre, this latter quantity of 12,000 acres will be set up to public sale. The land selected formed portions of the sheep runs held respectively by Mr. Sidey, and Messrs. Waitt & Laurie...It was mentioned by Mr. Tancred, when bringing in the Estimates yesterday, that two hundred and forty thousand acres of land, outside the block, had been selected. On enquiry we find that Mr. Sidey is now engaged in completing the purchase of this land for an Australian Company, for the turn of one hundred and twenty thousand pounds.

Three out of the five cattle ships advertised for this port arrived here this week, bringing a total of 600 sheep, 34 horses, and 440 head of cattle. The Tory, Captain Row, made a very successful trip, having lost only one mare and one heifer during the run from New South Wales. The Waterwitch and the Admiral Grenfell have been less successful than usual.

Taranaki Herald, 3 May 1854, Page 3

The barque Admiral Grenfell arrived yesterday from Port Victoria, which she left last Wednesday. Several importations of stock from New South Wales had recently been made to Port Victoria. The barque Waterwitch, from Newcastle, chartered by Mr Sidey, had arrived with stock and was to sail for Sydney the day after the Admiral Grenfell. The barque Tory had also brought a cargo of live stock from Twofold Bay, her former commander Captain Row, with his family remains at Lyttelton as a settler. The Tory was to sail for Sydney direct about ten days after the Admiral Grenfell's departure.

Children: World Connect

1. Alfred Ewen Cox b.c. 1841, died 23 September 1893 Merivale, Christchurch, age 42 (oldest son). Buried at the Temuka Cemetery along with his brother Arthur.

Timaru Herald September 1893 Death
COX. On 23rd inst., Alfred Ewen, eldest son of Alfred Cox, Merivale, aged 42. Buried at Temuka.

2. Edmund Blachford COX b: 25 Jun 1853 in Windsor, NSW. Died 10 Sep. 1911, NZ
3. Mary Florence COX b: Dec 1855 in Cheltenham, England m. Rev. Frederick Charles Lloyd, vicar of Chalsey, Bucks, third son of the late Rev. H.W. Lloyd.
4. Anna Blachford (Nan) COX b: 1857 in Windsor, NSW

Twin daughters had a double wedding at Riverslea.

5. Kate (Kitty) COX b: 27 Sep 1859 in Raukapuka, S. Canterbury. Kate m. Frederick Alexander WHITAKER, a son of Sir Alfred Whitaker, and nephew of Louis Duncan Whitaker, by his wife Rebecca, daughter of William Cox, of the 46th Regiment. Married 30 Sep 1879 in Riverslea, South Canterbury in a double wedding with her twin sister Minnie.

Timaru Herald October 1879
WHITAKER - COX - On September 30th, at Riverslea, South Canterbury, F. A. Whitaker, M.H.R., eldest son of Frederick Whitaker, of Auckland, to Kate, daughter (twin) of Alfred Cox.
BARKER - COX - On September 30th, at Riverslea, South Canterbury, Francis H. Barker, son of the late A. C. Barker, M.D., Christchurch, to Marian, daughter (twin) of Alfred Cox.

6. Marian (Minnie) COX b: 27 Sep 1859 in Raukapuka m. Francis Henry BARKER 30 Sept. 1879 at Riverslea. Buried Timaru. Died 25 Nov. 1914 at age 55.
7. George McPherson COX b:  8 Jun 1861 in Raukapuka
8. Jane (Ginnie) Wilson COX b: 1863 in Raukapuka
9. Arthur Gladstone COX b: 11 Oct 1866 in Raukapuka, fourth son. Died 7th August 1893. He is buried in the Temuka Cemetery. He was a clerk.

Timaru Herald August 1893
COX, On the 7th inst., at Temuka, Arthur Gladstone, fourth son of Alfred Cox, of Merivale, Christchurch, aged 27 years. Deeply regretted. [See report 07/08/1893, page 2, and 08/08/1893 and 9 Aug. page 4 inquest. page2.]  The cause of death was inflammation of the brain, following fracture of the base of the skull. The jury returned a verdict of " accidental death." Fell from a gig that had a partly broken horse.

Otago Witness Thursday 10 August pg 17
Mr Arthur G. Cox, the third son of the late Alfred Cox, a pioneer colonist, who met with a trap accident on the 2nd inst. while driving from Temuka to Geraldine with another gentleman, died Monday morning from concussion of the brain. The horse began plunging, and the occupants of the trap were thrown out, Mr Cox's skull being fractured. Deceased was well known in sporting circles, and was one of our best amateur riders.

10. Edith Margaret COX b: 1 Apr 1868 in Raukapuka

Timaru Herald July 1892 marriage
Pinckney - Cox. On 29th June, at St Mary's Merivale, Christchurch, by the Rt. Rev. Bishop Harper, assisted by the Rev. C. J. Merton, Robert, eldest son of the late Rev. R Pinckney, of Hinton, Admiral Hants, England, to Edith Margaret, sixth daughter of Alfred Cox Esq., of Merivale.

11. Eva Constance COX b: 29 Jul 1870 in Christchurch
12. Amy McPherson COX b: 29 Jun 1872
13. Maud Hamilton Cox. b: 14 Jan 1875 in Hamilton

Star, 28 November 1896, Page 4
Pinckney - Cox - Nov 26, at St. Mary's Church, Merivale, by the Rev. H. Airay Watson, Reginald, second son of the late Rev. R. Pinckney, of Hampshire, England, to Maud Hamilton, ninth daughter of Alfred Cox, Esq., of Merivale.

Hastings District Council
Name Date of Death/Burial Location/
Pinckney, George Arthur 25/03/1984 cremated, no headstone
Pinckney, Isabella 13/10/1953 Hastings Age at death 79
Pinckney, Maud Hamilton, died 21st Nov. 1929 Hastings, w/o Reginald Pinckney and youngest d/o Alfred Cox
Pinckney, Reginald died 24th June 1933,  Hastings, N.Z. aged 73 years, s/o Rev. Robert Pinckney
Pinckney, Richard Theodore, Hastings

[A daughter of Alfred Cox , m. a son of Sir Walter Lawry Buller, K.C.M.G., of New Zealand who died at Fleet, Hampshire, England, on 19 July 1906] Ref.:  Burkes  Colonial Gentry.

Two sisters married two brothers.

Papers Past

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 10 March 1855, Page 2
Sailed March 8, brig Spray, 150, Scott, for Melbourne. Passenger — Mr. and Mrs. McDonald and child, Mr. and Mrs. Georgeson, Misses M. and E. Hunter, Messrs. Rochfort, Bailey, Acot, Beckman, and Cox, and Miss Sarah Coombes.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 22 April 1857, Page 2
Arrived - April 17, brig Spray, 148, Scott, from Sydney; with a general cargo of merchandize. Passengers — Messrs. Cox, Phillips, Outridge, Harris, Crook.

Daily Southern Cross, 7 November 1856, Page 2 Cleared Outwards
November 5— Zingari, (s.s.), 200 tons, Millton, (from Manukau) for the Southern Provinces. Passengers— for New Plymouth : Mr. Pitcairn, Mr. Milner, Mrs Hanson, and 13 in the steerage. For Nelson : Dr. Post and servant, Miss Grimson, Mr. and Mrs. Onslow. For Lyttelton : Mr. Cornish, Mr. Cox, and 1 in the steerage.

Otago Witness, 23 May 1857, Page 4
Sailed - May 21, Kate Kearney, 85 tons, Dixon, for Lyttelton, with part of original cargo from Sydney. Passengers — Messrs. Jackson, Cox, Thos. Robson and family.

Daily Southern Cross, 2 December 1863, Page 3
New Zealand Gazette.— From a Gazette published on Saturday last, we make the following abstract: — There ate notification of the election of Alfred Cox for the electoral district of Heathcoate, to the House of Representatives.

North Otago Times, 25 January 1866, Page 2
A sign of progress, which I have pleasure in noticing, is the arrival (by the Spray, brigantine) of machinery for a steam saw mill of 14 horse power. It is imported by Mr McKenzie, who intends to erect it at Raukapuka. There is no doubt it will be a great boon to the vicinity, as much inconvenience is often caused to persons building, by having to wait for a supply of timber.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 15 February 1866, Page 2
Timaru Races — The Timaru Herald, writing of the races, says : "The long talked of event of 1866 is now rapidly approaching, and already we are in a fever of excitement as to the result. At Arowhenua, Mr. McBratney has also two horses in training — Mr. Bellett's Zohrab, and Mr. Gamack's Candidate. Zohrab is looking exceedingly well, and is being backed even against Idle Boy when they meet. Candidate is also looking in good order.

North Otago Times, 15 February 1866, Page 2
Timaru, February 12th, 1866.
The races, the preparations for them, and the subsequent festivities, havoc, of course, fully occupied the past week. Although the influx of visitors was not as great as we had a right to expect, still, those that came were mostly of the "right sort," and proved welcome visitants. Mr Gamack's Candidate 2nd.
On Friday night the "Steward's Ball" took place in the Assembly-room, and was well-attended by the elite of the neighborhood. Among other gentlemen were Messrs Moorhouse (2), Cox, Thomson, Elworthy, Le Cren (2), McDonald, &c., &c. The style in which this entertainment was got up by Mr Hooper was so satisfactory to the company, that he was presented with a purse of sovereigns, subscribed by the J.C. gentlemen present, as a token of their approbation.

North Otago Times, 1 March 1866, Page 5
Mr Alfred Cox, who has been returned as member for Timaru District in the House of Representatives, read the following petition to the electors present on the day of nomination.

Daily Southern Cross, 5 March 1866, Page 4
Mr. W. S. Moorhouse has been returned for Mount Herbert (Ellesmere), and Mr. Alfred Cox has found a seat in Timaru.

North Otago Times, 5 April 1866, Page 2
PARLIAMENT. The following are the elections reported up to this date : -
Place - Members
Timaru - Alfred Cox
Gladstone - F. Jollie

Timaru Herald, 8 May 1869, Page 5
Mr Alfred Cox. Many of our readers will learn with regret that this gentleman and his family have left the Geraldine district. Mr Cox first came to reside at Raukapuka in the year 1858, and since then has permanently lived there. Not only will Mr Cox be missed from the district, but his family will also be equally missed, as both he and they have made themselves, not only respected, but beloved for many acts of kindness done for their poorer neighbours. Mr Cox left Raukapuka on Monday, April 19, for Christchurch, where he intends at present to reside.

Daily Southern Cross, 25 November 1871, Page 3
Christchurch, November 22. A complimentary dinner was given last night to Mr. Alfred Cox, who is leaving to settle in the Waikato.

Daily Southern Cross, 10 September 1873, Page 2
The treasurer of the Home for Neglected Children bogs to acknowledge the receipt of £2 10s. from Alfred Cox, Esq., though the Rev. B. Thornton Dudley.

Grey River Argus, 23 July 1874, Page 2
..All correspondence relating to leasing of a large block of land in Hawke's Bay to Alfred Cox

Waikato Times, 8 January 1876, Page 2
In Mr Alfred Cox we have a candidate that any Constituency might be proud to send to the Assembly. He has a large stake in the district, he has tact, experience, administrative capacity and a knowledge of Parliamentary life acquired by years of practice in the House. He has the ability as well as the will to look after our interests.

Waikato Times, 11 April 1876, Page 2
Waikato Stock - We learn that the pure bred bull, cows, and heifers, lately purchased from Messrs R. and E Maclean by Mr Alfred Cox, and shipped by him to Canterbury, won first prizes at the recent show at Timaru.

Otago Witness, 4 November 1876, Page 15
Timaru, November 1st
President, Mr Charles Meyer; Vice-President, Mr John. Kelland ; Secretary, Mr Edward H. Tate. The annual Show of the above Association was held to-day in a large field about two minutes' walk from the railway station, near the Ocean Beach. The exhibition, both as regards the number of exhibits and the attendance, eclipsed all of its predecessors. In all. there were 599 entries, Leicesters heading the list with 116, Lincolns coming next with 98, and merinos with 95. About 400 people visited the Show. Mr Charles Meyer carried off the Gold Medal and Cup as the leading prizetaker in the merino classes ; Messrs Fleming and Hedley, the piece of Silver Plate, the largest prize -takers in draught horses ; and Mr E. Menlove, a Gold Medal, for the best draught mare on the ground.
2-tooth or under: Alfred Cox, 1st and 2nd.
3rd class (seven entries), for the best carriage stallion : G. H. Thompson (Cocheratone), 1st ; A Cox, 2nd ; J.Worthington, hon. certificate.
9th Class (eight entries), for the best roadster or hack of any age, mare or gelding, to carry up to l1st, weight : Geo. Phillips Williams. lst; J.A. Gamack, 2nd ; Alex. Potter, hon. certificate ;
Poultry - For the best pen of three Dorking fowls, £1 (five entries) : J. A. Gamack, 1st, and commended.

Otago Witness, 6 July 1878, Page 7
Mr Alfred Cox's resignation of his seat for Waipa is notified by the Speaker.

Taranaki Herald, 18 April 1879, Page 2
Waikato, April 17. Mr. Alfred Cox, of Hamilton, on leaving to return to Canterbury, was presented with a testimonial as a token of respect.

Evening Post, 5 September 1879, Page 2
Timaru, 4th September. At the Geraldine nomination to-day Edward Wakefield was proposed by Mr Alfred Cox and seconded by Mr. Michael Qainn ; Henry Feldwick was proposed by Mr. C. F. Gray and seconded by Mr. H. Arrop. The show of hands was nearly two to one in favor of Wakefield.

Otago Witness,  15 October 1881, Page 6
A one-year Hereford old bull from Alfred Cox, of Riverslea, Temuka (Canterbury).

North Otago Times, 5 July 1884, Page 2
Timaru, July 4.
Mr Alfred Cox addressed the electors of Geraldine at Temuka to-night. He avowed himself a supporter of Sir Julius Vogel, and received a vote of thanks and confidence.

Evening Post, 23 July 1884, Page 2
Shortly after six o'clock, at which hour the poll closed, crowds of people began to assemble in front of the polling booth at Mr. Nicholson's shop in Cuba-street, patiently awaiting the declaration of the result.

Gladstone 	J. H. Suttor  (V)  	282 
		D. Anderson 		134 
		J. M. Twoomey  		129 
		G. Morris 		  5 
Geraldine 	W. Rolleston  (A) 	473 
		Alfred Cox 		402 
Timaru 		R. Turnbull   (G) 	499 
		E. G. Kerr 		331 
Waimate 	W. J. Steward (0) 	556 
		W. J. Black 	 	 11 
		J. Hayes 		153 

Hawera & Normanby Star, 10 June 1887, Page 2
Frederick Alex. Whitaker, son of Sir F. Whitaker, formerly member for Waipa, committed suicide last evening, at 5.30, in the Auckland Club, by shooting himself through the head with a revolver. He has been in a despondent state for several days. ... For some time past, deceased has been m a despondent state over pecuniary trouble (money trouble), and had evidently entered in speculations, which had not turned out well. Some of those who saw him lately say he appeared absent and wandered in his speech. The pistol, with which suicide was committed, was a six-chambered one, and fully loaded. Mr. Whitaker leaves a widow the daughter of Mr. Alfred Cox, of Waikato, and three children. The news of the suicide has caused a profound sensation.

Taranaki Herald, 6 May 1892, Page
New Zealand Loan Mercantile Agency Company, on behalf of the Bank of New Zealand Estates Company, offered by auction the other day, some valuable farm lands in South Canterbury. There was a large attendance, and among those present were many farmers from other districts. The property submitted comprised the Riverslea and Arowhenua estates. There was good competition for the best of the farms, but bidding was not brisk in other cases. Riverslea, the first property submitted, contains about 3000 acres of freehold and 1610 acres, held under lease, and is situated on the Opihi Creek, within four miles of the Orari railway station. The land is of excellent quality, well watered, and is noted for its grain-growing qualities. The estate was cut up into suitably-sized blocks... About 800 acres were passed in. Of the leasehold, the goodwill of 399 acres, the rent of which is £177 per annum, sold for £204. No offer was made for the lease of 1172 acres, the annual rental of which is £615 13s 10d. The total amount realised by the sale was £29,431 for the freehold and £204 for the leasehold.
    Arowhenua, the other property submitted, contains 4700 acres, situated on the Waitohi Downs, about six miles from Temuka. Only one farm was sold, 149a Or 35p, at £6 per acre. The auctioneer stopped the sale after trying to dispose of all the upper sections, as he stated that it would not be expedient to sell the lower portion without having first disposed of the upper land.

Wanganui Herald, 8 November 1898, Page 3
Christchurch, November 8. The death is announced of Mrs Macpherson, widow of Lieutenant-Colonel Ewan Macpherson, 99th Regiment, who 39 years ago was one of the victims of the Maori War.

Lyttelton Times, 5 November 1859, Page 4
In this day's obituary occurs the name of Lieut- Col. Ewan McPherson, late of H.M. 99th Regiment, and formerly of the 78th Highlanders. This gallant soldier served some years in Ceylon, and was for some time on service in New South Wales. In 1845 he was engaged with his regiment, the 99th. in the Native War at the Bay of Islands, in this colony, during which time he was severely wounded at the storming of Ohaeohae Pah, near Waimate. He subsequently retired from the army with a pension on account of his wounds and long service. Col. McPherson reached Lyttelton only a few days ago from Timaru, where he had been seriously ill for some weeks.

Timaru Herald Monday 7 August 1899 Death
COX - On 2nd August, at Office road, St. Albans, Mary, the wife of Alfred Cox.

Timaru Herald
, 7 August 1899, Page 2
On Wednesday last there died at Christchurch one of the early settlers of South Canterbury, Mrs Cox, wife of Mr Alfred Cox, who came from Australia with her husband in the early days, and for many years lived at Raukapuka, Geraldine, the first lady to call that district her home, we believe. Mr Cox sold Raukapuka and for some years held a station in the heart of the North Island, and then returned to South Canterbury, living at Riveralea. Latterly Mr and Mrs Cox have lived at Christchurch. The deceased lady was a daughter of the late Lieut.-Col. McPherson, and sister of Mrs Gray, widow of the late Hon. Ernest Gray, of Hoon Hay. Mrs Cox leaves four daughters, married, and two sons. The former are Mrs Francis Barker, of Winchester, Mrs Pinckney, wife of Mr R. Pinckney, of the Bank of New Zealand, Mrs Lloyd, now in England, and Mrs Whittaker of Auckland. Of the sons Mr E. B. Cox is in the Waikato, and Mr George Cox in Stewart Island. Two other sons, Alfred and Arthur, both well known in South Canterbury, are at rest m the Temuka Cemetery. The loss of his lifelong companion must be a great blow to Mr Alfred Cox in his old age.

New Zealand Free Lance, 30 May 1903, Page 12
The engagement is announced of Mr F. L. Barker (only son of Mr. Francis Barker, Winchester) to Miss Rita Wright (second daughter of Mr A. W. Wright, Craighead, Timaru).

Evening Post, 24 May 1911, Page 5
Mr. Alfred Cox, who represented Heathcote in Parliament from 1863 to 1865 and Timaru from 1866 to 1868, died yesterday, aged eighty-six (states a Christchurch Press Association telegram). He had land in South Canterbury and Waikato until twenty-five years ago, when he retired. He was editor of the well-known book, "Men of Mark in New Zealand."

In 1884 he put pen to paper and wrote "Recollections" about settling in South Canterbury and in 1886 he published his "Men of Mark of New Zealand."

Men of Mark of New Zealand
by Alfred Cox. Published 1886 Whitcombe & Tombs, Christchurch, New Zealand. 237 pages. Full text.

Wanganui Herald, 26 February 1886, Page 2
We have received through Mr H.I. Jones, bookseller and stationer, Victoria Avenue, a packet of books, printed and published by Messrs Whitcombe and Tombs, of Christchurch. The chief work is "Men of Mark of New Zealand," edited by Alfred Cox. The get up of this book is quite equal to that of the best English work, and reflects great credit on the establishment of Messrs Whitcomb and Tombs. There are some blemishes and mistakes of a literary character for which the editor alone is responsible, Bishop Moran, of Dunedin, being wrongly described as the Cardinal of that name who is now on a visit to this colony. In some cases pages are given to people whom a few lines would suffice to describe, whilst others — men like the late W. S. Moorhouse and John Williamson — are passed over with very scant particulars of their lives and works. Dr Buller gets three pages ; Mr Robert Stout the third of one! There are names missing which should not be, and others present that might have been omitted without injury to the book as a work of reference. Nevertheless, as such it is useful, and will pave the way to a more extended work of the same kind.

Evening Post, 20 April 1887, Page 2 Sir Thomas Gore Brown
Evening Post, 10 April 1889, Page 2 Death of Mr J.C. Crawford
Tuapeka Times, 28 June 1893, Page 3 Sir William Fox
Otago Witness, 19 August 1887, Page 28 Sudden death of Sir Julius von Haast
Evening Post, 4 June 1888, Page 2 Death of Mr. Justice Alexander Jones Johnston
Wanganui Herald, 6 May 1887, Page 2 Archbishop Francis Redwood's Career.
Wanganui Herald, 9 February 1903, Page 4 Hon. William Rolleston
Otago Witness, 11 November 1887, Page 14
London, November 4. The death is announced, at the age of 76 years, of Mr Alfred Domett, C.M.G., ex- Premier of New Zealand. From Mr Alfred Cox's "Men of Mark of New Zealand" we make the following extract of the career of the deceased :- Domett, Alfred, C.M.G., son of Mr Nathaniel Domett, was born at Camberwell Grove, Surrey, May 20, 1811....

Recollections: Australia, England, Ireland, Scotland, New Zealand.
by Alfred Cox. Published 1884 Whitcombe & Tombs. New Zealand 272 pages. Many interesting chapters on travel and personalities - Cracroft Wilson, Dobson and Crosbie Ward, amongst others.

Opening paragraph "Following a prevailing fashion, I am writing down my Recollections. They extend over a period of forty-nine or fifty years. I am commencing this work in the early part of 1883; undertaking it in the hope that it may interest my family and a few intimate friends. To the former, New South Wales, the land of my birth and the colony in which I have passed quite half of my life, is, in truth, a terra incognita."

Alfred Cox, 'Recollections,' p. 258  "When footpaths about Christchurch were fringed with tutu bushes, little boys were foolish enough to pluck the beautiful berries and eat them. A little fellow whose name was 'Richard' ate of the fruit, grew sick, but recovered....

Taranaki Herald, 30 June 1884, Page 2
We have received through Mr. Gilmour, from Whitcombe and Tombs, of Christchurch, a copy of Mr. Cox's "Recollections of Australia, England, Ireland, Scotland, and New Zealand," which we shall take an early opportunity of noticing more fully. It appears to be written in a pleasant gossipy style, and is full of anecdotes in connection with those who have taken prominent positions in New Zealand during the last forty years. The typography and binding are most creditable to the firm who published it, being equal in every respect to London workmanship of the better class.

Early Days of Windsor, N.S. Wales
- Page 50 by James Steele - Windsor (N.S.W.) - 1916 - 248 pages

Captain William Cox (in the Army during the French Wars) was married first to Miss R. Upjohn, of London, on 1st February, 1789, she died in 1819;  came to Sydney in 1797, family — William, of "Hobartville;" James, of Tasmania; Charles, killed in New Zealand by natives; George,  Henry, of "Glenmore, Tasmanian ;" Frederick, Edward, of Mulgoa, NSW, afterwards an M.L.C. The second wife was Miss Anna Blachford (a sister of Mrs. Francis Beddek), [daughter of Joseph BLACHFORD and Susan PIKE) was born 1796 in Isle of Wright, England, and died 1869 in Christchurch, NZ] to whom Mr. Cox was married in 1821. Family: — Edgar, Thomas, Alfred, and Anna Clarendon. The subject of this sketch [William Cox] died [at age 72] on 15th March, 1837, at "Fairfield," Windsor, to which property he had removed from "Clarendon" in 1833. He was buried in St. Matthew's cemetery, in the south-east corner, close to several other pioneers.  [After William's death in 1837 aged 72, Anna married Dr Alexander Gamack, surgeon at Windsor Hospital.]


They left their mark:

Coxs Downs, a flat near Coxs Creek, north of Lake Pukaki on the east bank of the Tasman River
Mount Cox, Southern Alps, a hill near Mary Burn and Braemar Stations.
Cox Street, Geraldine
Cox Street, Christchurch was Cox Road until 1950
Gammack Street, Temuka

Timaru Herald
April 9 1873 - At Riverslea, Mrs John A. Gamack of a son.
GAMACK - On August 28th, 1874 at Riverslea, the wife of John A. GAMACK of a daughter.
GAMACK - On July 30, 1976. At Riverslea, Mrs John A. Gamack, of a daughter.
GAMACK - March the 9th 1878 at Riverslea, the wife of John A. Gamack, of a son.
GAMACK - Dec.11, 1880 at Newlands, Mrs John A. Gamack, of a daughter
GAMACK - On the 29th April, 1884 at Clifton, the wife of John A. Gamack, of a daughter.

Ashburton Guardian, 14 May 1909, Page 4

The Raukapuka estate which was submitted to public auction at Geraldine on Wednesday, was the homestead block and the remainder of a once much larger area of freehold that was all that remained of one of the earliest pastoral runs ; occupied and settled upon in South Canterbury. The run was taken up m 1854 by Mr Alfred Cox, a young Australian, who is alive and resident in Christchurch, and he settled there in 1857, getting built a dwelling, woolshed and stockyard suitable for cattle as well as sheep, for the run comprised swamp land east of the present railway best suited for cattle, and dry plains well suited for sheep: The location of the homestead was decided by the existence of two or three small creeks rising from springs not far away. Mr Cox had prepared a comfortable home before bringing his wife from Australia. In one of his letters to her, he wrote that they had everything essential to keeping them m good condition —plenty of milk and butter, vegetables and fruit, beef and mutton, and occasionally wild ducks and pigeons. It was, he said, a favoured land. The sheep on the station, he wrote further, wore free from scab, which at that time was not uncommon m Canterbury; and cattle, horses and sheep were doing exceedingly well and thriving on the native grasses. Mr Cox eventually acquired adjoining runs, until he held a large block of country under pastoral leases. He lived at Raukapuka till the early seventies, when the effect of the public works policy in the rush for agricultural lands reduced the pastoral area to small dimensions. Mr Cox, being a pastoralist of the old school, disliked this contraction of his elbow room and therefore leased Raukapuka to Mr Thomas Selby Tancred (now the eighth baronet of his house, and a resident of England), and sought fresh fields in the centre of the North Island, and lost much money there. Mr Tancred did not long retain Raukapuka, now wholly freehold, and in 1875 sold to Mr W. Postlethwaite. In 1888 the latter leased the property to Mr M. C. Orbell, who held it till, on the expiration of his lease, Mr Postlewhaite (who had settled m California) sold the estate to Messrs Campbell Bros. A notable fact m connection with this homestead is the fact that, except the present owners, all previous occupants of it were men of public affairs. Mr Cox was a member of the Provincial Council and of its executive, and a member of the General Assembly. Mr Tancred was a civil engineer, who played some part professionally m the construction of the New Zealand railways. His parents, Sir Thomas and Lady Tancred, lived at Woodbury for some time while he held Raukapuka. The Tancreds are members of one of the oldest families of England, in which they have held lands since before the Conquest., Mr W. Postlethwaite had had experience of affairs at Home before coming to New Zealand. Amongst other public offices he had held, he had been High Sheriff of Cumberland for some years, and he became a member of the County Council and other local bodies on settling at Raukapuka, and a director also of the Farmers' Co-operative Association. Mr M. C. Orbell, his successor in the occupancy of the homestead, had spent some years m Otago, had been elected Mayor of Waikowaitai (then a more important centre compared with its competitors than it is to-day), and was also a member of the Otago Provincial Council, and a member of its executive in Mr Vogel's day. Mr Orbell was an enthusiast regarding the frozen meat trade, and has continued to work in its interests. — Timaru Herald.

South Canterbury NZGenWeb Project