Blacksmiths in South Canterbury, N.Z.  A to Zed.

Reference: Papers Past unless otherwise noted.  Under construction.


Blacksmiths of Australia & New Zealand
NZ Blacksmiths

Auckland Star, 14 January 1926, Page 11 Forge Fires Dying
To a town-bred man a smithy does not mean so much as it does to a man whose youth was passed in the country, but the vivid appeal the blacksmith's craft makes to all our race seems to link us all townsmen and country folk with the days when "every rood of ground maintained its man." Smithies are dark and cavernous places —the darkness being deliberate not accidental, as the gloom makes it easier to judge whether the glowing iron has reached the correct heat—and the fire glimmering or blazing at the back stands out all the more in contrast. Then the aproned figure of the smith, one arm working the bellows handle, which ended often in a cow's horn, and the other tending the fire, one minute a black heap of coal from which issues thick yellow acrid smoke, the next a roaring pyramid of flame from which the grimy tender would from time to time draw out the iron bar to see how it was getting on.
    Most of us as children have waited breathlessly for the supreme moment when the wonderful man drew it out for the last time, and turning quickly to the anvil with the glowing mass that sputtered golden sparks around, he proceeded to beat it into a horse-shoe. In itself the shoe combines some of the most beautiful lines in architecture, and apart from its own beauty it is the symbol of good luck. So that the forge is really a concatenation of sights and sounds that perhaps explain the remarkable appeal the smith's craft has made to poets, painters, and even musicians. Probably no single poem is so popular with the ordinary people as Longfellow's well known lines.
    There are other things connected with the forge that are rather attractive— the ease with which the smith handles recalcitrant horses, the trying on of the hot shoe held by a sharp punch driven into one of the nail-holes, the white smoke that rises from the burning hoof, emitting a smell that is decidedly peculiar, and sort of pleasantly unpleasant. Every country child is familiar enough with the charm of the peep through the smithy-door, and can well remember the thrill of importance the first day he was trusted to take Dobbin or Maggie to be shod. Unfortunately this picturesque old trade is going the way of all handcrafts; the motor is driving it right out of the world. Of all hand-crafts it has held its own the longest, for men have been heating metal in fire and beating it out into tools or weapons for untold centuries, and the smith of to-day goes through just the same processes" as "his forerunners who used to beat out rude implements beside the Nile before Father Abraham went journeying with his flocks. Many a fire has gone out since petrol came to the front. People who love old things and old customs cannot but regret the passing of these old trades that are so closely connected with our lives, our literature and our art. There is something peculiarly satisfying and appealing about the work of human hands, something that can never be caught by the machine made article.

Timaru Herald, 24 January 1895, Page 3 Magisterial.
Wednesday, January 23rd. (Before C.A. Wray, Esq., S.M.)
Donald Munro v. J. Russell, claim £37 13s for wages, £7 15s paid into court. Mr Hay for plaintiff Mr White for defendant: This was a claim for wages as blacksmith, from April 1892 to July 1833. Nothing was said about the rate of wages until the plaintiff left defendant's employment, when the parties differed as to the rate. Plaintiff claimed 8s a day, as the usual rate of wages for blacksmiths. A deduction of 13s a week was made for board: holidays, and lost time had also been deducted, and nothing was claimed for overtime, of which there had been a good deal, and cash received left the amount sued for. Plaintiff said he had an offer of 8s 6d a day before going to defendant. To Mr White; was not employed chiefly as striker. Learned the business with defendant seven years ago; paid him 5s a week at first, and was paid 20s the last year. To His Worship: Could give no reason for not inquiring, during 63 weeks what his wages were to be. Claimed 35s a week because a man who had been there before had that amount. Admitted that it was a mistake not to ask what he was to get. Offered to take 30s a week to settle without expense.
    J. Smith, blacksmith, Timaru, stated that the regular rate of wages in the trade was 8s or 9s a day, or 1s an hour ; over-time 1s an hour. Would expect to pay 8s a day if there was no bargain - To Mr White: 7s a day would be the lowest he would offer an inferior man, if he was any good, at all. Strikers are worth about £2 2s a week.
    W. Scarfe gave similar evidence. A tradesman would not take less than 8s. Plaintiff had worked for him satisfactorily. „Defendant said the plaintiff was not a fully competent workman. When became back, at witness's request, nothing was said about wages, but it was understood that they should be what was usual in the district. He named two competent men who had worked for him for 25s a week and found, and another, as good as plaintiff, for 22s 6d. When plaintiff left he demanded 30s a week, not 35s a week. Offered him 25s all along, and that was as much as he was entitled to.— To Mr Hay: None of the men were for overtime; they were paid for holidays, and one went against the other. Seven years ago paid a much better man 35s week. He did not consider plaintiff a blacksmith ; he was only a helper. Offered £10 in settlement and plaintiff offered to take £22. Brought a specimen of plaintiffs work to show how rough a workman he was.— To His Worship: Thought plaintiff understood what wages were going ; he knew what his predecessors were paid — 25s and found. Could not swear that he knew this, believed he did. Never had any conversation with him about wages. Paid him so much each month, and thought he was satisfied. G. Irvine, had worked, for defendant at 25s, and plaintiff knew that. That was very good wages for a "helper," which was all that defendant wanted. Was getting 7s a day now, in another shop in St. Andrews. A country blacksmith cannot afford to pay 8s a day ; he does not get the business to do it.
    John Drysdale, manager for Reid and Gray, said the wages for a helper were 6s a day, and 7s for a good one. There was no such thing as "ordinary blacksmith's wages," as they varied so much, from 6s upwards, in town.
    F. Childs, blacksmith, Makikihi: Could not say what a man was worth as helper unless he saw him at work. Paid 15s a week and found to a helper in 1893, and two at 10s. Paid a smith then 30s. Men were plentiful then, and one could get a good helper at 25s and found. Had an experienced workman (his own son) now at this rate. A competent man now was worth 30s and found. His Worship said the prudent course would  have been to have a proper understanding beforehand. He must be guided by the ordinary rate of wages, in the absence of a Plaintiff did not appear to be a first rate workman but rather a helper, and probably 7s a day would be a fair rate of payment .to allow. He would deduct 15s a week as a fair charge for board and lodging, which brings the wages down to 27s a week. Judgment for £11 6s, including the amount paid into court.

Otago Witness 31 March 1898, Page 11
Aitken, William, born Edinburgh May, 1855 ; arrived Strathallan 1858 ; has been engaged farming, blacksmithing, contracting, and cropping in Oamaru and Timaru districts ; some years past binder expert. Family, five sons, four daughters.

ALLAN, W. Waimate pg1072

Timaru Herald
, 29 August 1911, Page 5
Old residents of Pleasant Point will remember Mr David Anderson, who carried on business as blacksmith and coachbuilder in the township from some time in the sixties till 1886, when he moved to Napier and later to Dannevirke. News has been received of the death of Mr Anderson a few days ago. He was a native of Clatt, Aberdeenshire, and had reached the age of 80 years. The local paper states that the late Mr Anderson was a popular townsman. He possessed a fond of humour, and was always ready with a smart retort or witty reply. He took a keen and intelligent interest in all local and political matters, and in death removes a very familiar figure among the old identities of the place. Deceased is survived by four sons and five daughters. Two of the latter are Mrs G. Saunders and Mrs W. B. Andrew of Pleasant Point. The interment took place at Napier, on Saturday, where the remains of deceased's wife, who died some years ago, were interred.

Timaru Herald, 29 January 1887, Page 2
Herbert Anderson, the infant son of John Anderson, blacksmith, Sandietown, died some time during Thursday night or yesterday morning early, it is supposed from being overlaid or from suffocation. The mother went to bed at 11 p.m., and the child then appeared to be in good health. The father was up during the night, and it was then all right, but when the parents awoke in the morning the child was dead. Dr Lovegrove was at once called in to examine the child, and found the body warm, but life was extinct. As the doctor could of course give no certificate us to the cause of death, an inquest will be held this afternoon at 3 o'clock, at the parents' residence.

Timaru Herald, 12 March 1879, Page 4
The Undersigned, hitherto carrying on business as Blacksmiths, at Winchester and Geraldine, have DISSOLVED PARTNERSHIP by mutual consent, as from this date. All Accounts owing to the Firm to be sent in to Mr James Anderson, Geraldine, for immediate settlement; and all ACCOUNTS OWING to the Firm must be PAID not later than the 1st APRIL next to Mr C. E. Sherratt, of Geraldine, whose receipt will be binding on us after that date all Accounts due will be placed in the hands of our solicitor for recovery.
Timaru, 8th March, 1879
Signed in the presence of D. Maclean, Auctioneer, Timaru
With reference to the above notice, the business at Winchester will be carried on by Andrew Beatson, and that at Geraldine by James Anderson. At both places they hope to receive the support of former constituents.

Timaru Herald, 4 March 1880, Page 3
BLACKSMITH AND WHEELWRIGHT BUSINESS FOR SALE AT GERALDINE, TUESDAY, MARCH 9th, 1880. J MUNDELL AND CO. have been favored with instructions from Mr James Anderson to sell by Public Auction, on his premises at Geraldine, on the above date, The whole of his well selected Stock-in-Trade, consisting of
1 3-horse Dray,
1 do do second hand
1 Pair of new Dray Wheels
2 new Double-furrow Ploughs
Also —
A quantity of sawn and cut timber,
2 patent Anvils, as good as new;
2 pair Onion's bellows, new ;
1 pair second hand Swidge Blocks,
Forging Tools, Boring Apparatus, Bracing Bits, and a large quantity of material for satisfactorily working the business in all its branches.
Also —
The Good-will of Business.
Sale at 11 o'clock sharp.
The Auctioneers would remind intending purchasers that as this shop has a splendid stand in the centre of the township, and doing a goad trade, and as Mr Anderson is going out of the business, therefore all will be sold without the slightest reserve, J. MUNDELL & CO., Auctioneers.

Timaru Herald, 27 November 1885, Page 1
NOTICE. TO THE INHABITANTS OF P. POINT AND SURROUNDING DISTRICT. The undersigned having started business in GAMMIE'S OLD BLACKSMITH SHOP, hopes by Strict Attention and First- class Workmanship, combined with Prices to suit the times, that he may merit a share of their patronage. W. B. ANDREW, BLACKSMITH.

W.B. Andrew, Blacksmith, Pleasant Point in May 1903
William Andrew, Blacksmith, Pleasant Point in Dec. 1916

Timaru Herald, 22 January 1904, Page 3
Probate will be asked for in respect of the wills of
Isaac Armstrong, late blacksmith, Peel Forest
Thomas A. Walker, late blacksmith, Timaru

Timaru Herald, 10 March 1886, Page 2
The township at Peel Forest is improving and extending very rapidly. Mr Armstrong is putting up a new blacksmith's shop, which will be found of great use; and Mr W. Smith is enlarging his fruit shop. Altogether things are looking fairly "rosy" at the Forest just now!


Temuka Leader 11 June 1907 Page 2
W. C. Barrett, Blacksmith, Winchester- Fencing standards, any gauge or quality required made to order on shortest notice.

Timaru Herald, 1 March 1910, Page 7
WANTED - A FLOORMAN, able to drive on shoes. Apply W. C. BARRETT, Blacksmith, Winchester.

Councillor Arthur James Hawke who was elected to the Kaitangata Borough Council, in April, 1903, serves on the works committee. He is also a member of the school committee, and of the committee of the local Horticultural Society. Mr. Hawke was born at Geraldine, Canterbury, in 1876, and educated at the Geraldine public school. He served a five years' apprenticeship to the blacksmithing trade, with Mr. W. Barrett, of Winchester, and subsequently was in business on his own account at Hampden, Otago, for a year before removing to Kaitangata, where he has already built up a large connection as a wheelwright and blacksmith.

6/3617 Lance Corporal Francis Barrett
Next of Kin: W.C. Barrett (father), Winchester, Canterbury, New Zealand
Occupation: Blacksmith
NZEF, Canterbury Regiment, 2 Battalion
Son of William Charles and Catherine Barrett, of Winchester, South Canterbury.

Timaru Herald 4 April 1935 Page 12 MR W. G. BARRETT
The death occurred last week at Hinds of William George, elder son of Mr and Mrs W. C. Barrett, of Winchester, in his forty-eighth year. After leaving school, he worked at his father’s business as blacksmith for some years. He then removed to Hinds and entered the employ of Mr J. McDowell as head blacksmith. Later he worked at Mayfield. Nelson, and Waiau. He enlisted in 1915 and left with the Second Battalion, Rifle Brigade. and served for the remainder of the war. He was gassed three times. Before leaving for home, he spent some time in a concentration camp in Germany. After the war. he reentered his father’s business but later removed to Hinds where he resided till his death. He had been ailing for a long time. At one time he was a regular attendant of St. John’s Church. Winchester, also of the Temuka Volunteers and the Mayfield and Waiau Football Clubs. He was married 22 years ago to Miss Branan. of Mayfield, who survives him, also five daughters and two sons.

Timaru Herald,
30 June 1881, Page 1
H. BATCHELOR, Carpenter, Wheelwright, Shoeing and General Blacksmith, begs respectfully to inform the inhabitants of Albury and surrounding districts, that having taken H. CUTHBERTSON'S business, he has REDUCED the PRICE of Work in every Branch, and hopes by strict attention and moderate charges to merit a share of support.

Timaru Herald
, 10 February 1883, Page 4
WANTED — Immediately, Good General BLACKSMITH must be first-class Shoer. H. Batchelor, Blacksmith, Albury.

1899 Smith and Batchelor beg to inform the Public of Albury and Cave districts that they have taken over the Blacksmith business carried on by Richard Mahoney.

Timaru Herald, 13 April 1901, Page 2 Death
BATCHELOR.—At Albury, on Thursday, 11th inst., Henry Batchelor; aged; 68.

In the Lyttelton Times 27 Sept. 1865 John Sloper announced that his wife Maria Hardy Sloper had left him and was co-habiting with Henry Batchelor, Oxford. Macdonald Dictionary. John Sloper died in 1875 aged 50. Maria Sloper married George Henry Batchelor in 1875. George Henry Batchelor was a blacksmith and died in 1901 aged 68. Children of Maria and George Henry Batchelor, a blacksmith:
1880 Batchelor Annie
1870 Batchelor Eliza Jane
1872 Batchelor Robert Charles
1866 Batchelor Richard Frank

May Batchelor (born 1883) daughter of William Henry and Annie Batchelor married Robert Charles Batchelor (born 1872), a carpenter, in 1911.

BINNEY - Fairlie blacksmith

The smith of bygone days was often more than a mere craftsman: he an artist and in many an old church are evidences of his skill — screens and prills, tomb decorations, escutcheons. He also specialised in beautifully-wrought lanterns, ornamental gates, beside such necessary articles as fire irons, fire backs and shovels, all now being eagerly sought after by the collector.

George Boddye of 'Pahau Downs' and was a blacksmith in Albury. R.C.
Walter Patrick Boddy was the son of George and Bridget (née Farrelly) Boddye. Walter married Kathleen Agnes Connolly in 1928. He left surviving him his widow, two sons and one daughter. He is buried in the Timaru Cemetery with his parents. Walter Patrick Boddye of the 8th SCMR (25th Reinforcements) served in the Middle East as a farrier. 

Sgt. Charles IRVING, 23/463, B Coy 1st Batt. NZ Rifle Brigade (Blacksmith) embarked 9th October 1915. KIA, Battle of the Somme,
5th April 1918. Son of Robert & Jesse Irving of 85 Wright St, Wellington. Worked for Wattie Boddye, Blacksmith of Albury. Played rugby for
Albury F.C. Body not recovered. Listed on Grevillers (NZ) Monument, Pas de Calais, France, and at Albury.

Timaru Herald, 17 March 1875, Page 3
NOTICE. We the Undersigned, beg to inform the Public of Timaru and surrounding districts, that we have started Business as General Blacksmiths and Shoeing Smiths. Kitchen Ranges made and repaired. All kinds of Implements repaired. SIMMONS & BOWKETT, Next to the Albion Hotel, Great South-road

Oamaru Mail, 10 January 1905, Page 4 Glenavy Notes.
A new blacksmith's shop is now in course of erection at Morven for Mr Breslin. It is most centrally situated on the main road between Messrs Manchester's and Nicholl's shops, and should prove a good business stand.

Timaru Herald, 26 June 1869, Page 3
IN THE SUPREME COURT OF NEW ZEALAND. CANTERBURY DISTRICT. The Bankruptcy Act 1867 and the Bankruptcy Act Amendment Act 1868 the matter of William Bryant of Temuka in the Canterbury district aforesaid blacksmith a bankrupt.

Timaru Herald,
27 March 1869, Page 3
IN THE RESIDENT MAGISTRATE'S COURT, TIMARU. UNDER DISTRESS WARRANT. TAIT V. BRYANT, and REECE V. BRYANT, To BE SOLD BY PUBLIC AUCTION, (Unless the above actions are previously settled,) On the premises of Mr W. Bryant, Temuka, ON WEDNESDAY, THE 31st INSTANT, All the Stock-in-Trade, consisting of Ploughs, Harrows, Anvils, Forges, Vices, a large quantity of Tire, Bar, Rod, and Sheet Iron, about 150 pairs Horse Shoes, 2 Pumps, 60 Corn Sacks, Double-barrelled Gun, Swingletrees, Iron Piping, Coals, Grindstones, Saddles, a quantity of lumber, a large quantity of Screws, Nails, and Bolts, Dray Wheels, 30 sacks Prairie Grass Seed, Dray Boxes, Cart Shafts Felloes, about 10 tons of Iron (various), all the Wheelwright's and Blacksmith's Tools necessary to carry on an extensive business, and a large quantity of other articles too numerous to mention. Sale at 12 o'clock. WM. BUTTERWORTH. Bailiff. Temuka, March 25, 1869.

Timaru Herald, 17 July 1869, Page 1
The Undersigned begs to give notice that from the 5th of April 1869, he took over the Blacksmith's and Wheelwright's Business carried on at Temuka up to the aforesaid date by William Bryant. DANIEL BRYANT.

Timaru Herald
, 25 June 1870, Page 3
ALL Parties indebted to Mr William Bryant, Blacksmith, Temuka, must pay their accounts forthwith to Mr T. G. Cork, of Timaru, who is authorised to collect the same by me, DANIEL BRYANT.


Timaru Herald
, 15 July 1904, Page 1
NOTICE. I  D. CALLAGHAN, beg to intimate to the Residents of ST. ANDREWS and Surrounding Districts that I have bought the old established BLACKSMITH AND WHEELWRIGHT BUSINESS of A. YOUNG'S, lately carried on by D. CUNNINGHAM, and by strict attention to business, combined with Good Workmanship and Reasonable Prices, I beg to solicit a fair share of your kind patronage.  All work entrusted to my care will be quickly and neatly executed.  PLOUGH SETTING AND HORSESHOEING ARE SPECIALITIES. D. CALLAGHAN

Blacksmith, Pleasant Point

Temuka Leader 4 February 1928 Page 3
Edward Carr, blacksmith, of Waihao Forks, was admitted to the Waimate Public Hospital on Wednesday afternoon, suffering from wounds in the throat inflicted with a razor. Carr is reported to be progressing favourably.

Timaru Herald 24 March 1932 Page 4
The late Edward Carr, who died at Waimate on Tuesday, was an old resident of Temuka, having worked as a blacksmith with Mr A. Findlay. While in Temuka he was an active member of the Volunteer Rifles, in which he was a sergeant. Three sons of the deceased were killed in the Great War. His sister, Mrs Hannifin, still lives in Temuka.

CARTWRIGHT, George, Milford pg919 Cyclops


Timaru Herald
, 22 June 1891, Page 3
Have received instructions from Messrs Carston Bros., to Sell by Public Auction on the Premises at Winchester on the above date, — Goodwill of Blacksmith Business.

Oliver Dimmack Catchpole
Timaru Herald
, 3 July 1918, Page 9
O. D. Catchpole, Morven was a blacksmith, and worked for farmers within a, radius of ten miles.

CAVANAGH, Sylvister Bartholowew, Blacksmith, Pleasant Point in May 1917

Timaru Herald
, 30 June 1886, Page 3
Stealing files. James Chapman, blacksmith, Makikihi, was charged, on remand, with stealing a parcel containing six blacksmith's iron files from the railway station, Makikihi, on the 6th March last. Alex. Cowie, hotelkeeper, Makikihi, gave evidence to the effect that he was in Chapman's shop sometime ago. Sergeant Gilbert stated to the Bench that Chapman had served a sentence of eighteen months in Invercargill Gaol for robbery.

Mr T. Clark, blacksmith North St.

Temuka Leader 7 June 1917 Page 2 THE EIGHTH BALLOT.
Clearwater, William, blacksmith, Morven, South Canterbury.

Timaru Herald, 12 April 1871, Page 3
ALL CLAIMS against the Estate of William Cockroft, late Blacksmith, Timaru, must be lodged with the undersigned on or before the 25th of APRIL, after which date they will not be recognised. T. C. CORK.

Henry Coles who had been blacksmith at HILTON became a farmer here when the government subdivision of James Sullivan's property Rapuwai was made in 1901. Henry Coles married daughter of George and Mary CROSS. Coles Road, Geraldine County. Joseph Lewis, farmer, Winchester, is listed in Wise's directory for 1887. Margaret and Joseph Lewis came from Wales, by "Echunga". Their granddaughter Margaret married Henry Coles, blacksmith of Hilton who became a farmer at Rapuwai. Joseph Lewis lived at "Blannant" farm on the main road. Section 13650 of 20 acres. He died 25/05/1911. Buried Temuka cemetery. Lewis Road. Hamilton File, S.C. Museum

Timaru Herald,
14 November 1901, Page 1
Wanted. An IMPROVER for the Blacksmithing. Apply, H. W. COLES, Blacksmith, Hilton.

Timaru Herald, 15 September 1913, Page 7 SUDDEN DEATH IN BESWICK STREET. MR RICHARD COLES.
A death occurred with tragic suddenness in Timaru on Saturday about 1.30 p.m. when Mr Richard Coles, farmer, of Levels, dropped dead at the entrance to Tattersall's, in Beswick street. Deceased was about to speak to a friend when he suddenly collapsed. Medical aid was immediately summoned, but the doctor could only pronounce life extinct. It bring safe day there was a large number of people about at the time, and for the rest of the afternoon a gloom was cast over the town. The deceased, who was a man of jovial disposition, and held the enviable record of never having had a day's illness in his life. Though well up in years, he still appeared hale and hearty, and was able to work about his farm freely. He was working as usual on Friday, and when he left to come into town on Saturday morning he appeared in his usual health and spirits. For many years Mr Coles was a blacksmith at Orari, throughout which district he was very well known. On deciding to relinquish this heavy work he took up a farm on the Rosewill settlement, about a mile and a half from Levels Station. He also had a farm at Tycho Flat. Deceased was a well read man. The deceased leaves a widow and five daughters and three sons. One of the sons, Gilbert, who is a stock agent at St. Andrews is a well known South Canterbury representative footballer, and Jack son, played half-back for South Canterbury until a couple of years ago when he met with an which caused him to give up the game caused inquest will be held at 10 o'clock this morning. In addition to the names of his children mentioned he had two married daughters, Mrs Palmer of Rangitata, and Mrs Aitken, of Morven. [He is buried in the Timaru Cemetery. In the midst of life we are in death, headstone reads aged 68. Registration reads 69] Clearing sale in the estate of the late Richard Coles was held at "Papaka" Levels Tuesday 13th October 1914. 300 sheep, 8 horses, 1 sow 1 cow and 1 heifer, harness for all horses, 2 drays and frames, 1 spring cart, 4 ploughs,  horse hoe, Massey Harris binder, Duncan cultivator, McCormick drill, Planet Jr., Scoop, 50 bags oat sheaf chaff, 149 bushels oats,  Blacksmith tools etc.

Timaru Herald, 16 September 1913, Page 9 Inquest
Ernest Gilbert Coles stated that the deceased Richard Coles, was his father. He had been a farmer residing at Levels. He was sixty-nine years of age. On Saturday last he had come into town by himself. Witness had met his father in Beswick Street, about a quarter of an hour before the latter died. He (witness) was standing talking to Mr Jones in Beswick Street, about ten yards from deceased. Deceased suddenly fell after turning round. Witness rushed across to him and picked him up. He did not speak. Dr. Thomas was at once sent for and came about three minutes later. Of late his father had been in extra good health, and the morning he left home he remarked how well he was. So far witness knew, deceased had never consulted a doctor at any time. The Coroner brought in a verdict that deceased had met his death from heart failure.

In September 2015 the Coles St sign replaced the Cole Street sign in Geraldine, the street is off Talbot St.

Timaru Herald
, 8 December 1866, Page 3
Shoeing and General Blacksmith,
Begs to inform the inhabitants of Waimate and surrounding districts, that he intends to carry on the above businesses in all their branches. All orders entrusted to his care will be executed with neatness and despatch, and hopes by good workmanship and moderate charges, to merit a share of public patronage. N. B. — Agricultural Implements of every description made to order.
Waimate, January 1, 1867.


Duncan McEwan Carmichael Couper. Wife was Elizabeth.

Timaru Herald, 30 October 1882, Page 1
I WISH to inform Farmers and the General Public that, on and after the 2nd Oct., I shall OPEN a FORGE at the CAVE, when I shall be prepared to undertake REPAIRS to all kinds of Farm Implements and Machinery. Having secured the services of a First-class Shoer, Farmers and others can rely on their HORSES being CAREFULLY SHOD. DUNCAN COUPER, General Blacksmith and Machinist, Albury and Cave.

Timaru Herald, 3 May 1883, Page 3
On arrival at Albury, the sight which presented itself was anything but a pleasant one, the river Opawa having made sad havoc with no small portion of the township. In yesterday's issue it was mentioned that Mr D. Cooper and family had had to be rescued from their house, that the blacksmith's shop had been swept away and that the house itself was in Mr Morris' store in considerable danger. In fact the latter had to be deserted, and a quantity of its contents removed. Mr Cooper's house has half tumbled into one of the streams and is greatly injured. He has lost all his blacksmith tools and the greater portion of his household goods. [the blacksmith D. Couper then moved to 3 Duke St. and in 1899 passed the business on to his son W. Couper and Duncan and Elizabeth Couper's retired to Timaru. Duncan had established a blacksmith at Cave in 1882.)

Timaru Herald, 29 November 1901, Page 3 MACKENZIE COUNTY COUNCIL.
From Mr J. McCullough, the county Poundkeeper and ranger, informing that he had arranged with Mr John McGregor and Mr Duncan Couper to take charge of Burke's Pass and Albury pounds respectively.

Timaru Herald, 20 October 1899, Page 2
SUBSCRIBERS to the Timaru Herald in the Albury District will receive their Papers at the Shop of Mr W. Couper, Blacksmith, instead of at the Railway Station, as heretofore.

Timaru Herald 4 February 1903 Page 4
ALBURY OPAWA FORGE. HAVING TAKEN OVER THE BUSINESS so long carried on by my Father, I beg to solicit a continuance of the Support so liberally accorded him in the past. ALL ACCOUNTS owing to D. Cooper must be paid to the undersigned. WM. COUPER, BLACKSMITH & WHEELWRIGHT

Timaru Herald, 14 April 1903, Page 3 MACKENZIE COUNTY SHOW
President- Mr John Bray vice-president, Mr C. J. Talbot; secretary, Mr E H. Burn. There was but a small show of implements, the larger firms represented being Cooper and Duncan (Mr H. H. Benney), Massey Harris (Mr Moore), and Booth, Macdonald and Co. (Mr Whyte), who sent up some of their chief stock lines. Mr W. Couper, wheelwright, of Albury, showed a substantially built heavy farm dray and frame, of his own make. The D.I.C. (Mr W. Waite) showed samples of Anglo-Special bicycles. The Fairlie agent of the Rudge-Whitworth was to have shown some, but his consignment failed to arrive.

Otago Witness 11 May 1904, Page 31 Albury
Mr Wm. Couper has sold his old-established blacksmith's business Mr Owen O'Neill, of Palmerston South, who takes possession as from the 1st inst. Mr Wm. Couper is giving has undivided attention to the general storekeeping business which he started some months ago.  Six workmen arrived on Friday night to build a new store for Mr Bloxhain. As it is a rare occurrence to see so many artisans in the township at one time their arrival caused quite a stir amongst the juveniles. A saddlery business has been opened by Mr Rowland, late of Hilton. Mr Rowland also supplies a much felt want in the boot-repairing line.

Press 21 February 1914 Page 9
Albury boasts a comfortable inn, a store and smithy. The kindly blacksmith here thoroughly examined Jack's leg, bathed it, rubbed it, and pronounced his slight lameness due to the strain through treading on a stone. This was most reassuring, and an early start was decided on next day for our 33 miles ride to Lake Tekapo." C.H.W., a Christchurch girl.

Timaru Herald,
2 September 1874, Page 1 Pleasant Point
WILLIAM CRAMOND, Blacksmith and Wheelwright.
W.C., having just taken the Shop lately occupied by Mr. John Drew, hopes to receive a fair share of Public patronage. All kinds of Agricultural Machinery repaired. N.B. — Horses carefully shod.

Timaru Herald, 23 May 1879, Page 2
We regret to have to chronicle the death of Mr John Cramond, which occurred about six o'clock yesterday evening, at his residence, Timaru. Mr Cramond had been ailing for the last week, but did not keep to his bed until yesterday, when he took a turn for the worse. He was for the most part of the day sleeping m apparent tranquility, until about five o'clock, when it became evident that life was ebbing fast, and in about an hour afterwards he expired. Mr Cramond was about thirty-nine years of age, and came to New Zealand with his father in the year 1847. The family landed in Otago, and for some years Mr Cramond worked with his father, who was a blacksmith by trade. When, the rush to Gabriel's Gully took place, he was one of the first on the scone, and was pretty successful as a digger. After leaving the diggings he built the East Taieri Hotel, and shortly afterwards bought several teams, and commenced carting to the diggings. In 1868 he became contractor for carrying the mail from Christchurch to the Waitaki, at which he employed as many as 10 horses at a time, and only gave it up when coaches were superseded by the railway. Since then he has been speculating very largely in land, and was very successful in that respect also. Mr Cramond has been living m Timaru since 1868, during which time he has earned the respect and esteem of every one who knew him. His life has been one of activity, energy, and industry, and well-deserved success crowned all his undertakings. The manner in which he earned out his mail contract from Christchurch to Waitaki was characterised by the energy and indomitable pluck for which he was distinguished, and while it was entrusted to him no one had any cause to complain.

Charlie Creba arrived in Waimate in 1880 after emigrating from Cornwall at age 21 on the ship Rakaia to Lyttelton in Feb. 1875 and set up shop as a blacksmith. After the death of Charlie Creba his four sons (out of 12 children) took over the business until they were eventually forced to sell the business in 1952. Most of them retired, but Freddie the only surviving member of the foursome, keep up the skills and even now will still shoe a horse if the need arises. Hamilton File, S.C. Museum

Oamaru Mail, 25 September 1914, Page 3
William Creba, blacksmith in the employ of Morris Sheehan, of Georgetown, recollected that at 3 p.m. on the afternoon of January 30th Freeman was in witness' shop. The scoop handle produced was from his yard. Accused: was quite sober. Accused: Don't you remember my bringing a gallon of beer back to the blacksmith's shop? There is always a glass of beer in any shop, but I don't remember you bringing any that afternoon. William also came out from Cornwall on the Rakaia when he was 22 with his brother Joseph aged 24.

Timaru Herald, 23 June 1885, Page 2
Makikihi. As Mr Wm. Creba, of the firm of Vale and Creba, blacksmiths, of this place was returning home on Sunday night last, after being out for a day's pleasure in company with some others, the horse that was attached to the buggy in which Mr Creba was sitting, started kicking. Mr Creba in jumping out of it fell on a stone, causing one of his legs to be broken about six inches below the knee. The fracture was so great that the bone protruded through the skin. The sufferer was conveyed to the Waimate Hospital where he was attended to by Dr Hassel, who set the limb immediately. Mr Creba is progressing as well as might be expected.

Edward George Creba, blacksmith, Timaru Road, Waimate in June 1917

Blacksmith, Albury in 1912

CULLIMORE, Albert Jospeh
Blacksmith, Pleasant Point in June 1918

Blacksmith, Albury

Timaru Herald 2 September 1931 Page 2 MR HUGH CUTHBERTSON JP.
After living in New Zealand for fifty-eight years there passed away in Timaru recently, an old and respected resident in Mr Hugh Cuthbertson, who at the time of his death was 79 years of age. Born in County Tyrone, Ireland, the late Mr Cuthbertson left his homeland at the age of 21, and arrived in one of the immigrant ships, disembarking at Lyttelton. From there he left for Timaru, and landed in one of the old surf boats. Deceased followed the occupation of a blacksmith for some time, his premises being situated in Stafford Street. It is interesting to recall that at one stage, the celebrated boxer, Bob Fitzsimmons, was apprenticed to him. The late Mr Cuthbertson was not long in business before ha removed to the Mackenzie Country, and worked a ferry at Tekapo for a short period. He then left for Southland, where he followed sheep-farming pursuits, holding land in the Wairio district. He was first secretary to the Wairio Jockey Club, being appointed in January 7th, 1893, and retaining the position until 1899. Mr Cuthbertson showed interest in goldmining in the south, and up to the time of his death he still held interests in claims. For some time he carried on farming at Browns, near Win ton, but left for Invercargill where he remained for a few years. Returning to Timaru in 1910, the late Mr Cuthbertson had lived In this district since. He was of a retiring disposition, and took no active part in public affairs. He was one of the earliest appointees in South Canterbury to hold a Commission of the Peace, while he was for some time a deacon of Trinity Church. Mrs Cuthbertson pre-deceased her husband seven years ago, their two sons, Messrs W. and E. Cuthbertson, being residents of Timaru.

Temuka Leader 5 November 1898 Page 2
By the death of Mr David Cunningham, which occurred on Tuesday last, Waitohi Flat has lost one of its earliest pioneer settlers, and one of its most industrious and respected residents. Mr Cunningham arrived in the colony, with his wife and two children, 37 years ago, and came to Temuka 35 years ago. Two years later he took up land at Waitohi, and has resided there continually ever since. For many years he carried on his trade of blacksmith in conjunction with farming, and thereby provided a competence whereby he was able to retire from active business a few years ago, and live comfortably and contentedly with his family on the fruits of his early labours and frugality. For 20 years he took an active part in everything pertaining to the welfare of the Waitohi Flat school. He leaves a widow, and also two sons and two daughters, all of whom are grown up, Mr William Cunningham, farmer and stock dealer, of Totara Valley, being the oldest. The funeral took place yesterday, and was the largest that ever left Waitohi. In the procession there were 62 vehicles, besides a large number of horsemen and cyclists. The service at the grave was conducted by the Rev. Dickson the deceased having been a member of the Presbyterian Church.

Champion Forge blower 400


Otago Witness 7 October 1882, Page 9
The man who sustained concussion of the brain by being thrown off the railway-line by the cowcatcher near Orari last week was a blacksmith from Timaru. The engine driver says that the man was sitting on the rails, and as he smell strongly of drink, it is surmised that he had boon at the Geraldine races, and missing the special train had started to walk to Winchester, but before going far sat down on the line and fell into a drunken sleep.

W. Dalton, blacksmith Timaru 1909.
J. Workman, saddler Timaru
Walter Smith blacksmith, Timaru

H. Dives, blacksmith, Fairlie

Timaru Herald, 26 July 1886, Page 1
W. DOIG, General Blacksmith and Wheelwright. Arcade Workshops, near Timaru Herald Office. Estimates Given for every description of Iron and Wood-work. Horses Shod from 6 Shillings.

Timaru Herald, 1 April 1886, Page 3
TIMARU — Tuesday, April 20th (Before J. S. Beswick, Esq., R.M.)
Ennis v. Doig— Claim £10, for injury to a horse, was called on. Mr Lynch appeared for the plaintiff, and Mr Hamersley for the defendant. G.E. Ennis called, said he took a horse to defendant on the 29th January. He saw Doig, and asked Doig to put two front shoes on a horse. The horse was shod, and he. took it away. He put the horse in the cab about an hour afterwards, and he went very lame. He saw Doig on the same day, and he asked him how the horse was. He replied, "Like a oat on hot bricks." Doig then said that the horse would be nil right shortly; that it was a bit tender-footed. He had pared the horse rather close. He saw him later on in the afternoon, at his shop, and he (defendant) brought out his tools, and clenched a nail of one of the shoes. Plaintiff told him he thought he had put the shoes on too tight, to which he replied there was plenty of spring m thorn. He worked the horse on a Sunday, but was almost ashamed to, became he was going to lame. The next morning the horse was as lame as ever. He then took him to Fitzsimmons, the blacksmith's, on Monday morning, who took the shoes off. It was the off fore foot that he was the most lame on. He took the horse to Doig afterwards, and he was surprised that he (plaintiff) had not taken the horse to him to let him take the shoes off. He looked at the foot, and said he was sorry that the horse had gone lame. Witness took the horse home, and expected Doig to get him another one to work m its place. Doig laughed at the idea of getting another horse in its place. Witness told him he could get a horse for 15s a week, and if he put him on a pair of shoes he would only have to pay 7s 6d. He spoke to a veterinary surgeon about the horse. He lost the services of his horse for some time. He was not now fit for working regularly. He had worked him alternately from March 21st and had hired a horse in his place for which he was liable. He valued the horse at £25 before the injury, but now it was worth only about £14 or £15. He was permanently injured. To Mr Hamersley.  He did not want to sell the horse. He had him about a month before he was crippled. The reason he went to Doig to have the horse shod was because Fitzsimmons' shop was full of horses at the time. He saw him nail the shoe on and saw his man cut the hoof. Ennis gave instructions as to how it was to be done. Both Doig and his man were doing the work. The man took the old shoes off and cut the hoof down afterwards. Doig said he thought he was taking too much off, but witness said he would take his chance of that. The horse never went lame when it was shod for the first time, while he possessed it. Jarrett Fitzsimmons, who was called as an expert, deposed he was a blacksmith and horse-shoer. He remembered Ennis bringing him a horse on the 31st January. He said he had got the horse crippled. He took the off fore shoe off, and found the nails were driven right into the foot, which caused festering. To Mr Hamersley: The hoof was pared down too much. To the Bench: The shoeing of the horse was very bad. N. Marquis, a veterinary surgeon, said lie prescribed for the horse, and would charge for it. Mr Hamersley stated the facts of the case for the defendant, and called William Doig, blacksmith, defendant, who said he had been shoeing horses for ten years. He was never accused of having shod carelessly before. His man took off the shoes and pared down the hoofs. This did not satisfy plaintiff, so he instructed his man to take more off. His man warned him not to have it off, but he said he would chance it. The next time he saw the horse was on the following Monday, when the plaintiff brought it to him with the shoes off. He said very little about the horse then, because he know it would go lame. He put the shoes on carefully. It he pricked the horse he would draw the nail immediately from his experience he could tell at once whether the horse was pricked or not. To Mr Lynch: Plaintiff was absent a few minutes while the shoeing was going on. He did not see him nail on the off shoo. He heard him instruct his man to do the paring to the hoof, and also heard his man warning him about it. He did not remember calling Ennis and asking him how the horse was getting on. He was too busy to go and get a horse in place of the lame one for plaintiff. To the Bench : He never offered to pay 7s 6d towards the hire of another horse. William Torrence deposed that he was an employee of Mr Doig. He had been five years in the shoeing trade. He took the shoes off Ennis' horse, and pared its feet. After he had pared it sufficient, Ennis told him to take more off, but he replied that it would stand a chance of injuring the horse. He was careful over nailing the shoe on. To Mr Lynch: Doig told Ennis that the horse might go lame, and if it did to bring it back to him. Ennis was away from the shop about a quarter of an hour. Ennis was not in the shop when Doig was putting on the shoe, only when he was "using the clinchers." Mark Hope said he was a wheelwright, and his shop adjoined Doig's. He corroborated last witness' evidence. In answer to Mr Lynch he said he followed the horse into the shop. Ennis, recalled, in answer to the Bench said he saw the shoe fitted on the horse. He was away about ten minutes. This was the case. Counsel for both side addressed the Court at considerable length, after which His Worship nonsuited the plaintiff with costs. The Court then adjourned to the 4th May.

Timaru Herald
, 15 July 1904, Page 1
CAVE BLACKSMITH. P. DOW, (Late with T. Gorman, Timaru), BEGS to inform the Residents of CAVE and Surrounding District that he has commenced Business as HORSESHOER AND GENERAL BLACKSMITH, And hopes by strict attention to business, combined with Moderate Charges, to insure a fair amount of public patronage.

Otago Daily Times
12 April 1888, Page 2
Waimate, April 11. A master blacksmith named Alfred Drayton, who has been in business in Waimate for about 12 years, died suddenly this afternoon. An inquest will be held to-morrow. It is believed that Drayton took an overdose of chloral hydra, or chlorodyne. When he was first noticed to be ill he was in a comatose condition, and upon removal to the hospital he died just after being admitted. Drayton was 60 years of age, and was well known, in Christchurch and Oamaru. He has been in the colony since 1858, and he leaves a widow and 10 children nearly all grownup.

Press, 13 April 1888, Page 5
Waimate, April 12. An inquest was held to-day at the Hospital before Mr Stratford, coroner, and a jury of whom Mr James Sinclair was chosen foreman, touching the death of Alfred Drayton, a blacksmith, who died suddenly on Wednesday afternoon. From the evidence adduced it appeared that for the past month deceased had been drinking rather heavily, but during the last two or three days he had been more temperate in his habits. On Wednesday morning deceased got up at about his usual time, and went to his shop in Queen street. He returned for breakfast shortly afterwards, and after the lapse of a few minutes again left the house presumably to go to work, but instead went to Manchester's store and purchased a 2oz bottle of chlorodyne, which he took home. A short while afterwards he told his wife that he was going to bed to rest himself, and about fifteen minutes later Mrs Drayton went into the bedroom and there smelt chlorodyne, and at the same time observed an empty bottle and a cup near the bed, the deceased being in bed fast asleep. Mrs Drayton at once sent her son to Dr. Nicholls, and told him to ask if "deceased had taken the contents of the bottle, would it do him any injury." The doctor replied " Yes, it was enough to kill an elephant." The boy also asked the doctor to go to the house. The latter told young Drayton that his mother should give deceased an emetic of mustard and water. This was administered, but it took no effect. The boy was sent a second time for Dr. Nicholls, and the latter then gave him a powder, adding that he would follow the boy to the house. After waiting some time, the doctor did not arrive, and young Drayton was despatched the third time, and met the Doctor on his road. The time occupied by the latter arriving at Drayton's house after first being sent for was about two hours. On seeing deceased Dr. Nicholls at once ordered his removal to the Hospital, where he expired shortly after admission...  The jury also added the following rider: —"That the jurors are unanimously of opinion that Dr. Nicholls is worthy of the gravest censure for neglecting to proceed forthwith to the deceased, when it came to his knowledge that the said Alfred Drayton had taken an overdose of chlorodyne." The jury sat for about five hours.

DREW, John
Blacksmith, Pleasant Point in 1874. Engineer, wheelwright and general blacksnith.

ELDER, Donald
Donald Elder Pleasant Point, Coach Painter, Wheelright, Coach Builder, Agricultural Implement Maker and Undertaker. Funerals conducted and arranged for the shortest notice. 1899

Timaru Herald 5 January 1901 Page 2 Marriage
ELDER - SINCLAIR. On December 26th,1900, by the Rev. J. Ward, at the residence of the bride's, parents, Donald, second son of the late John Elder, Pleasant Point, to, Hellen, eldest daughter of William Esq., Oamaru.


Timaru Herald, 30 August 1904, Page 3
A fatal trap accident occurred on Saturday night near Pleasant Point. Mrs Elder, about 60 years of age, set out to walk from Temuka, where she lives, to see her son, a blacksmith at the Point. She was given a lift by a Mr Goodwin, who was driving to the Point. About two miles from the township, another trap was met, and through the bad light a misjudgement caused them to collide and the wheels locked. Mr Goodwin's horse plunged, and the harness not being over strong, gave way. The trap fell forward, and threw both occupants out, Mrs Elder falling on her head. Mr Goodwin was not seriously hurt, but Mrs Elder was picked up unconscious, and was carried to the Point, where Dr. Heard attended to her. She did not regain consciousness, and died on Sunday night Dr. Heard gave a certificate as to the cause of death and Mr Acton, acting coroner, after hearing the facts of the case, decided that an inquest was unnecessary, the death being evidently purely accidental. [Elspeth Elder]

Timaru Herald, 1 May 1905, Page 3
CLEARING AT PLEASANT POINT, On WEDNESDAY, MAY 3rd, 1905. WE have received instructions from Mr Donald Elder, to sell by-Public Auction, at the Shop, next, to Murphy's Hotel, as above: 3 Spring Carts, 1 American-Waggon, 4 Pair Trap and Buggy Wheels, 1 3-feet Treadle Grindstone, 5 Pair Buggy Lamps, One Trimmer's Singing Sewing Machine, Spokes, Naves, Rims and Felloes, Wheelbarrow, Quantity Tow, Bolts and Axles of all descriptions, Lot Timber and Coachbuilding Material, Paints, Oils and Varnishes, Wheelwright's Tools, Springs, Large Quantity of Picture Frame Moulding, and Sundries too numerous to particularise in Advertisement. 12 clock. J MUNDELL, Auctioneer.

Timaru Herald,
22 April 1871, Page 1
NOTICE TO FARMERS AND OTHERS. JOHN ELDER, Coach and Waggon Builder, Wheelwright, and General Blacksmith, Begs to inform the inhabitants of Timaru and surrounding district that he has commenced business in those Premises formerly occupied by Mr R. Wilson, and trusts, by Moderate Charges, and First-class Workmanship, to merit a share of public patronage. Having secured the services of a First-class Blacksmith, Farmers and Carriers can rely upon having their work done well. From J. Elder's well-known capabilities as a First-class Tradesman, all Order en trusted to him will be executed with Promptness and Despatch. Carriages, Buggies, &c., Repaired, Painted, &c. Horses Carefully Shod.

Timaru Herald 29 May 1899 Page 4
The annual congregational meeting of the Presbyterian Church, Pleasant Point, was held on Friday, under the moderatorship of the Rev. J. White, minister in charge. Votes of thanks were passed: Mr John Elder for the regular use of his horse and trap.

Timaru Herald 10 September 1900 Page 2 Death
ELDER — On September 8th, at Pleasant Point, John Elder ; aged 67 years.

Timaru Herald 12 January 1901 Page 4
The annual congregational meeting was held on Wednesday evening last. The managers regretted to have to report the death of Mr John Elder, the treasurer, in September last, and desired to express their appreciation of his self denying labours in all matters connected with the church.

Timaru Herald, 28 November 1881, Page 1
SILVERSTREAM. HAVING DISPOSED of my BUSINESS to Mr John Elliot, I take this opportunity of thanking my customers for their kind patronage, and would ask the same for my successor. As I purpose leaving for Sydney shortly, I would ask a Settlement of outstanding Accounts.
    JAMES L. ROWE. With reference to the above, I wish to state that I shall do my utmost by strict attention to business and moderate, charges to merit a continuance of the favors of my predecessor's customs. JOHN ELLIOT.

Will John Elliot Blacksmith of Sliverstream
John Elliot resident at Silverstream died on 25th April 1883.
Mary Honeyman Elliot of Silverstream
William Service Bell of Silverstream, shepherd
James Blackwood Moles of Silverstream, farrier
Thomas Howley Clerk of District Court
Melville Gray, J.P, Ashwick residence
A. St. G. Hamersley, Solicitor

JOHN  ELLIOT Age: 31 years
Address: Interment Date: 27/04/1883
Occupation: BLACKSMITH
Plot 3 & 4  Block: P1

Blacksmith, Pleasant Point & Totara Valley in 1920

FARRIER - a blacksmith, a person who shoes horses. [Latin ferrārius smith from ferrum iron]

A farrier around Fairlie. Photographer C.A Tomlinson, ChCh - photo courtesy of Vicki Slow.

, John, a blacksmith residing at Woodbury.  pg 885 Cyclops

Temuka Leader 26 May 1894 Page 2
J. Fifield — Has taken over the business of L. Gick, blacksmith, Woodbury.

Timaru Herald
, 7 January 1915, Page 3
Timaru Herald, 8 January 1915, Page 3
Many people throughout Canterbury will regret to heart of the death of Mr George Finch, proprietor of the Cave Hotel, who passed away at his home in the early hours of yesterday morning. Of a quiet disposition, the late Mr Finch was a popular publican, and was one of the oldest hotelkeepers in the Dominion, having owned the Cave Hotel for about thirty years. For many years Mr Finch had a blacksmith's shop at Cave which he worked in conjunction with the hotel, and he proved himself first-class tradesman by the work he used to turn out. He was born within a mile of London Bridge, and was educated in Kent, where he was apprenticed to the blacksmith's trade. He came to New Zealand in 1872 by the ship Isles of the South, and worked at his trade on the railway and at Mr John Anderson's foundry in Christchurch. He was a member of the Amalgamated Society of Engineers, was a Freemason, and an Oddfellow. The funeral will leave his late residence, Cave, at 8.45 a.m. to-day, and thence by rail to Christchurch, and will leave the residence of Mr T. Flannigan, Kent Villa, Ferry Road, at 10 a.m. tomorrow, for the Linwood Cemetery. Mr Finch was a widower, having lost his wife twenty-two years ago and had no family. He has some relatives who reside in Christchurch and as his wife was buried in the Linwood Cemetery he is also being interred there.

James Findley
Engineer, Blacksmith and wheelwright, Temuka. 1899

Timaru Herald, 30 October 1882, Page 1
TO FARMERS AND CONTRACTORS. WE, the Undersigned, are prepared to SUPPLY CAMBRIDGE ROLLERS, 8ft x 24in, and all other sizes, at prices that have not been offered to the Farmers in South Canterbury before. All correspondence will receive prompt attention. HENRY & FINDLAY, Blacksmiths, Temuka.

Finlay's Blacksmith shop, Gleniti. Polling place. May 1911

Press, 21 June 1926, Page 4
There passed away at Ashburton during the week a well known resident of Temuka in the person of Mr James Findlay, son of Mr and Mrs James Findlay,- Dyson street. The late Mr Findlay was born in Temuka in 1874. He was apprenticed to his father as an engineer and blacksmith, and at the outbreak of the South African War he volunteered and left with the Second Contingent, returning a year later. He again joined up, and went away with the Eighth Reinforcements, returning after the termination of the war. He was severely injured in the leg. After the war he was employed at the Government workshops at Taihape. Mrs Findlay predeceased her husband during the influenza epidemic, in 1918. Prior to the Boer War. Mr Findlay was an enthusiastic member of the local fire brigade, and was also, a prominent member of the football club. About five years ago he returned to Temuka and again joined his father, and about a month ago went to Ashburton to do some work, where he took ill, and after being a fortnight in the hospital passed away, on Thursday morning.

Fisher, blacksmith, Temuka 1909. A.J. McLaughlin stable keeper, Temuka went bankrupt, 12 May 1909, Fisher was an unsecured creditor.


Timaru Herald
, 19 February 1889, Page 2
Bankruptcy - Jarrett Fitzsimmons, blacksmith.
Still in business as a blacksmith in May 1906

F. Fitzsimmons, blacksmith, Timaru, May 1886

Timaru Herald, 24 October 1917, Page 7
Robert Fitzsimmons was born in Cornwall on June 4, 1862, and came to Timaru as a young boy with his parents. He was educated in Timaru, and after leaving school was apprenticed with his brother to the blacksmith trade, which he followed for some time in Timaru, during which he took on the boxing game. About 35 years ago he went to Australia and later on to the United States, where he resided to the time of his death. He is survived by his widow and one son.

"The smith, a mighty man is he.
With large and sinewy hands;
And the muscles of his brawny arms
Are as strong as iron bands,
His hair is crisp, and black, and long,
His face is like the tan;
His brow is wet with honest sweat,
He earns whate'er he can."

Timaru Herald
, 29 January 1870, Page 1
To be solded privately - STOCK-IN-TRADE OF HENRY FLEMING, of Timaru, Blacksmith, consisting of two Forges with bellows, Anvils, Iron, and a complete set of Blacksmith's Tools. Together with the Lease of the premises now occupied by Henry Fleming for the remainder of a term of ten years. Mr John Jackson, trustee of Henry Fleming's Estate.

Press, 26 August 1870, Page 3 SUPREME COURT.
In Bankruptcy. Thursday, August 25. His Honor took his seat in the new Courthouse, at eleven a.m.
re CHARLES FLOCKTON. Mr Joynt for Mr Cottrell, moved for the final discharge. In reply to His Honor, bankrupt said that he had given up and and house, together with tools and stock, to his trustee he gave an acceptance for £280 for a portion of that property, but the property was seized by the trustees of Wilson's estate, and therefore witness could never deal with the property. There was a mortgage over witness house and workshop, the mortgagee had foreclosed that mortgage. The competition in Timaru was too great to allow a blacksmith's business being very remunerative. His Honor said that the report of the trustee was by no means favorable, and as he (the Judge) did not feel himself in a position to make an order, he should adjourn the case until 22nd September.

Walter Ford, blacksmith Waihao Forks, 1914 he also was the licensee for the hotel there.

His brother Thomas Ford died of sickness while in the Army Service Corps March 15 1918. FORD, Thomas No. 5/584. Driver. Served with No. 1. NZ Field Bakery. Enlisted 16 July 1915. He lived in Dunedin and was an engine driver. Served in the South African War, 4th NZ Contingent, Rough Riders. SA1143, worked for Robert Boag, farmer, Gore. Died 15 March 1918 Rouen, France. Died from sickness (Carcinoma of Liver) at the O.C. No. 1. Australian General Hospital. Born 26 Aug. 1879 Clifton. RC. NOK: Miss Maggie Ford, Princess St., Dunedin.

Timaru Herald 9 October 1918 Page 11
There passed away on 23rd September at his residence, Harselton Saltwater Creek, another old identity, in the person of James Fowler. He was born in Schole, near North Berwick, on the Firth of Forth, on the 24th of February, 1839. He came out with his parents in 1858, in the sailing vessel Three Bells, under Captain Rowley, the trip taking five months. He was then 19 years of age, a journey man wheelwright. He started in business on his own account when he was 23 years old. He also took turn at the gold diggings. He was in business at Riccarton and Mosgiel, and for a few months in Timaru as blacksmith, and has since lived quietly at home. He was duly entered as an apprentice passed the Fellow Craft, and was raised to the Sublime Degree of Master Mason in the Grand Lodge of Scotland. St. Andrew, Dunedin, in 1874. He leaves three daughters and one son to mourn his loss. His wife predeceased him fifteen months ago. He won several medals and cups for implements made for exhibition purposes.

Timaru Herald
, 5 September 1896, Page 1
IMPORTANT TO COACH BUILDERS AND BLACKSMITHS. TO LET- In the rising town of Fairlie BLACKSMITH AND WHEELWRIGHT SHOPS and DWELLING. A Good General Business carried on for Eight Years. Very good opening for Coachbuilder. Apply, H. FRASER, Wheelwright and Blacksmith, Fairlie.

H. Fraser, Blacksmith & wheelwright, Fairlie in 1896-1899. Hugh Fraser and Ted Miles had the smithy on Allandale road.

See Miles. My understanding is that the smithy was originally operated by Jack Fraser's father (ref p42 Memories of Fairlie, Hanifin) who was also a blacksmith and I suspect that the triangle of land from the Allen house opposite Gray St. and along Denmark St for a distance belonged to the Fraser family. Mrs Allen, Aunty Cathy, was a Fraser and I can remember Fred building a house as a sort of a hobby after he had stopped driving about 1960ish on what I remembered as a paddock where I saw my first ever elephant when a circus came to town. John Shears, ex Fairlie. Jan. 2014.

Fyfe blacksmith Orari 1913

, James.
He arrived on the "Lancashere Witch" in Timaru in 1863. Owned 50 acres at Pleasant Point when it was known as "Hodsock." Was a Blacksmith at "The Levels" and was Postmaster at Pleasant Point. His daughter, Margaret, was a governess at "The Levels" in 1881-86. She met Richard Marfell and left the district to marry him in the North Island.

Timaru Herald
, 20 November 1872, Page 1
TO BLACKSMITHS LET — The Blacksmith's Shop at Pleasant Point, doing a good trade. Rent moderate. Terms easy. Apply to JAMES GAMMIE, Blacksmith, Pleasant Point.

Timaru Herald
, 11 March 1872, Page 1
JOHN GARDNER, (late of Timaru). T.B. Jones, (Late of Atlas Foundry), Shoeing and General Blacksmith, Strathallan-street, (Opposite Mr Bruce's Timber Yards), Timaru. N.B. — Horses shod with great care. 

Timaru Herald, 27 March 1872, Page 1
NOTICE TO FARMERS, ETC. The undersigned has just OPENED a BLACKSMITH'S SHOP, at the Washdyke, opposite the Hotel; and he respectfully begs to intimate that he is prepared to execute all kinds of Smith Work, &c, and solicits the patronage of residents in the neighbourhood. Horses carefully shod. JOHN GARDNER, (late of Timaru).  

Timaru Herald, 28 April 1881, Page 1
JOHN GARDNER, AGRICULTURAL AND GENERAL BLACKSMITH, Begs to Thank the Public generally for the very liberal support accorded him during the many years he has been in business, and hopes for a continuance of the same. He takes this opportunity to intimate that be HAS REDUCED SHOEING AND ALL KINDS of SMITH WORK for Cash TO A VERY LOW PRICE to meet the times and that will defy completion. JOHN GARDNER, Blacksmith, Washdyke, opposite the Hotel. (opened here March 1872, late of Timaru)

Timaru Herald, 9 August 1898, Page 3
CLEARING SALE AT Washdyke, on MONDAY, 15th AUGUST, 1898. The undersigned, favoured with instructions from Mr John Gardner, will Sell by Public Auction at his shop, the whole of his Blacksmith's Tools, etc., consisting of 2 pairs Bellows, 2 Anvils, 2 Vyces, 1 swedge Block, 2 Sledge Hammers, 8 Hand Hammers, 4 Shoeing Hammers, 1 Drilling Stand with, 13 Drills, 2 Sets Stocks and Dies with Tap Wrenches, 1 Grindstone, 26 Pair Tongs, Lot Iron, and a Large Quantity of Blacksmith's Utensils. Also Spring Trap and Harness. Sale at 2 o'clock sharp. J. MUNDELL, Auctioneer.

Timaru Herald, 13 August 1898, Page 1
HAVING sold my Blacksmith's Business to GEORGE ROBINSON, I take this opportunity to thank my numerous customers for the hearty support accorded me in the past, and trust that the same will be bestowed upon my successor. JOHN GARDNER. Blacksmith, Washdyke.    

Gibson, William John, of Pleasant Point, blacksmith

Timaru Herald, 15 November 1879, Page 4
NOTICE. TO FARMERS AND OTHERS IN CAVE AND VICINITY. The BLACKSMITH's SHOP, lately erected by the Proprietor of the Cave Hotel, will, on and after this date, COMMENCE WORK under the able management of MR W. J. GIBSON, late of Messrs Welsh and Smith. As a good Shoer, Mr Gibson is well known in the district. Terms - Three Months. J. Wildermoth.

Timaru Herald, 21 February 1890, Page 4
IN BANKRUPTCY. In the matter of the bankruptcy act 1883 and the Acts amending the same. Notice is hereby given that I have this day filed in the District Court at Timaru a statement of accounts showing the receipts and Expenditure in respect of the following Bankrupt Estates
Gibson, William John, of Pleasant Point, blacksmith
Grant, James, of Temuka, blacksmith

Timaru Herald,
18 March 1899, Page 3
A sitting of the District Court will be held at Timaru to-day by. His Honour Judge Ward, for which the following business is set down :— IN BANKRUPTCY. Orders of discharge will be applied for on behalf of
Timothy Cronin, hotelkeeper, Timaru
W. J. Whitley, bootmaker, Timaru
F. W. Worner, butcher, Geraldine
J. Dockrill, baker, Fairlie
W. J. Gibson, blacksmith, Pleasant Point
A. S. Waddell, tailor, Temuka
M. Scannell, contractor, Temuka
PROBATE. Probate of wills of the following persons to be applied for :—
H. Coulter, farmer, Rangitata
A. Hayes, farmer, Waimate

Timaru Herald
, 27 November 1901, Page 3
AT PLEASANT POINT SALEYARDS. MONDAY, 2nd DECEMBER, 1901. Account Mr James Keane — WE shall Sell by Public Auction, 1 Rood 18 Perches, together with Blacksmith Shop and other improvements thereon, situated close to the Railway Station, and at present occupied by Mr W. Gibson. Sale at 1 o'clock. J. MUNDELL, Auctioneer.

Probably taken from St. Mary's bell tower. c.1910

GILLIES, James, blacksmith, South Terrace, Geraldine. Class B. Second Ballot. Temuka Leader, 23 May 1918, pg2

Timaru Herald, 23 December 1887, Page 4
A blacksmith at Hilton, named Paul Glasson, met his death on Wednesday evening last, at about half-past eight o'clock, under very painful circumstances. It appears he had been out shooting, and was standing talking to Mr Woodley, in Twomey's road, with the butt end of the gun on the ground, the muzzle protruding upwards in front of him. It is supposed that one of his children, who was with him at the time, touched the trigger. The gun went off and the contents blew the right side of his face to pieces, part of his brains being scattered on the road. Death ensued almost immediately. An inquest was to have been held at Hilton yesterday at 6 p.m. Glasson leaves a widow and three children, aged four years, three years, and four months, respectively, to mourn his loss.

Timaru Herald
, 19 November 1886, Page 1
THOMAS GORMAN, General Blacksmith and Horse shoer, Engineer and Wheelwright, North Road, Timaru.
WANTED— A strong YOUTH as Apprentice to the Blacksmith trade. Apply to JOSEPH MILLER, Blacksmith, Totara Valley.
WANTED— To sell out a good BLACKSMITH'S and WHEEL- WRIGHT'S BUSINESS, Tools, Stock-in-Trade, etc., doing a good trade. Apply Ross, Sims & Co., Timaru.

Timaru Herald, 12 March 1904, Page 2 Death.
On March 11th, at Timaru, Thomas Gorman blacksmith, beloved husband of Ann Gorman; aged 64 years. R.I.P.

Timaru Herald, 2 October 1886, Page 1
WANTED KNOWN— That Thomas Gorman (for the last eight years with Messrs Ogilvie and Byers) has taken the Premises formerly occupied by Messrs Parsons and Henderson, Main North Road, where he intends carrying on business on his own account, as Horse shoer and General Blacksmith, and hopes by strict attention to business, and good workmanship, to merit a share of public patronage.

Star 24 June 1896, Page 3
Waimate, June 23. An inquest was commenced to-day on the body of Duncan Gould, an old man aged seventy five, who died in the hospital on Sunday morning from the effects of frost bite. Both feet and hands were terribly, frost bitten. Deceased was a blacksmith, and is thought to have relations in Southland. The inquest was adjourned till to-morrow.

J. & W. Grant
Coach builders, blacksmiths and wheelwright, Temuka. We make a specialty of turning out vehicles of all descriptions, from a dray to a wagonette. Our stylish Dog-carts are to be seen all over the district. Good honest work put into them.  Our head Wheelwright and coach painter have each secured Exhibition awards. See their work.  Vehicles repaired and repainted-made equal to new. Shoeing and General repair work. Charges moderate. 1899

James Grant, of Temuka, blacksmith, bankrupted 7 Oct. 1884.
W. & J. Grant (Late James grant) Blacksmiths & Wheelwrights, Main Street, Temuka. Temuka Leader 6 June 1895 pg1


Oamaru Mail,
11 July 1893, Page 3
PERSONS INDEBTED to JOHN GRAY, of Glenavy, Blacksmith, are notified that his Blacksmith's business and all moneys owing to him have been absolutely ASSIGNED, by deed to MRS M. J. GRAY, of Glenavy, with all legal and equitable remedies for the recovery thereof, and her receipt will be a good discharge. Dated the 8th day of July, 1893. JOHN GRAY.
    MRS GRAY begs to announce to the old customers and the public generally that she has SECURED the services of a FIRST-RATE BLACKSMITH, and the business will in future be carried on by her.

17 March 1911, Page 9 Development of Temuka.
The earliest blacksmith was Mr W. Bryant. Mr K. F. Gray for many years carried on a similar business, particularly in connection with farm implements, and Messrs D. and J. Findlay were also in the blacksmith and engineering trade.

Timaru Herald
, 20 August 1870, Page 1
K. F. GRAY, Machinist, Engineer, Ironfounder, and Blacksmith, Temuka, Specifications and Drawings prepared, if required, for Steam, Water, or Horse-power Machinery, in agriculture, &c, &c.

Timaru Herald, 27 September 1905, Page 4
TO THE FARMERS in AND AROUND ST. ANDREWS. Having taken over Blacksmith's Shop at Corner Main and Bluecliffs Road, as WHEELWRIGHT AND GENERAL SMITH, I have retained the services as Wheelwright of Mr Anderson, who is well known in the district as a first-class man. I have had several years' experience at Messers P. and D. Duncan, Ashburton, and late of Cooper and Duncan, Christchurch; and I am prepared to do all classes of Plough and Farm Implement REPAIRS. I also had seven years' experience under a first-class Shoeing Smith. All Horses will receive care. P. M. GRAY, BLACKSMITH, ST. ANDREWS.

Timaru Herald, 14 December 1909, Page 3
A change of business has taken place in the township. Mr Peter Gray, blacksmith, having sold his business to Mr James Riddle, of Fairlie.

One day Old Jake walked into a blacksmith shop and picked up a horseshoe, not realizing that it had just come from the forge. He immediately dropped it and jammed his hand into his pocket, trying to act as if nothing had happened. The blacksmith noticed and asked with a grin, "Kind of hot, wasn't it?"
"Nope," answered Old Jake through clenched teeth, "it just doesn't take me long to look at a horseshoe."

Temuka Leader 2 August 1927 Page 3
The monthly meeting of the Geraldine County Council was held yesterday. Present; Colonel K. Mackenzie (chairman), and Councillors F. R. Flatman, J. J. Ellis, J. M. H. Tripp, M. Guild, T. Lyon, C. Ley, G. Tate, and the County Engineer (Mr C. E. Bremner, C.E.) Places where lights will he placed had been agreed upon. In Raukapuka, lamps would be placed at Kennedy's corner, Hansen’s blacksmith shop, at the corner near the traffic bridge where the last accident happened, and another at the comer further on. At Winchester the lights would be placed at Langford’s corner, the Mill, and near the hotel.

Temuka Leader 20 October 1931 Page 2 MR GEORGE FREDERICK HAAR Timaru Herald
On Thursday afternoon the death occurred of Mr George Frederick Haar, who for the greater part o£ his life had lived in Winchester. He was born in London in 1857, and was the second son of the late Mr and Mrs Conrad Haar, former residents of Rangitata Island. He came to New Zealand with his parents in the ship “Victory" in 1859, landing at Lyttelton in the same year. Mr Haar, after leaving school, was apprenticed to the blacksmith trade at Kaiapoi and Oxford. After serving his time, he commenced a blacksmith's business with his brother Henry, at Hilton. This they conducted for six years, and then bought Mr J. Northern’s blacksmith's business at Winchester, 55 years ago. After the death of his brother Henry, Mr Haar took his younger brother Conrad into partnership and for many years the business was carried on as Haar Bros. On retiring 11 years ago, the late Mr Haar took a trip to Australia where he spent a long holiday. The late Mr Haar did not take any prominent part in public affairs but the Winchester Library on several occasions benefited greatly by his generous donations. He look a keen interest in angling, and spent much time in the summer months deep-sea fishing at Brown’s Creek. In his younger days he was a fine shot with a gun. The late Mr Haar's wife predeased him nine years ago, and he leaves two brothers, Conrad (Rata) and John (Tinwald). Temuka Cemetery. The Rev. C. A. Kennedy conducted the services at the house and graveside. Messrs G. F. Haar. J.D. Haar, T. Powell, J. Green (nephews), J. R. Bradshaw and L. Weniken were the pallbearers.

Temuka Leader 13 February 1932 Page 2 Conrad HAAR
An early settler of the Temuka. district, in the person of Mr Conrad Haar, died at his son’s residence, Hayhurst street, Temuka, on Wednesday. The lute Mr Haar, who was widely known and respected in the district, was born in London nearly 71 years ago and came to New Zealand as a child with his parents in the ship “Victory,” landing at Lyttelton, Mr Haar’s parents first settled at West Eyreton, bat after a few years removed to Rangitata Island, where deceased later engaged in farming together with his trade us a blacksmith. In 1887 he married Miss Mary Ann Coughlan, of Christchurch, subsequently joining his brother in a blacksmith's business at Winchester, which they carried on for some years. Deceased had been in and indifferent health for the past two years. He leaves a widow, three sons and two daughters. The sons are Messrs George Frederick Haar (Rata, North Island), John Hedrick (Temuka), and Frederick Francis (Mamakau, North Island) ; and the daughters, Mesdames D. O'Connor (Temuka) and B. Jones (Fairlie). The funeral took place yesterday at the Temuka Cemetery, the service being conducted by the Rev. G. N. Watson, and the pall-bearers being Messrs George and John Haar and B. Jones and D. O’Connor.

W. Hay Blacksmith, Pleasant Point in Feb. 1893. Wife Isabel E. Hay.

Timaru Herald, 29 May 1901, Page 1
WILLIAM HAY, BLACKSMITH, Pleasant Point. BEGS to announce to the Residents of the Township and Surrounding Districts, that in moving into his new and commodious Shop, he has taken into partnership Arthur Jones, and that in future the Business will be carried on under the style of HAY AND JONES.

Timaru Herald, 23 July 1907, Page 2
To let — A BLACKSMITH'S SHOP at Pleasant, Point lately occupied by William Hay. Apply J. MURPHY. Pleasant. Point.

Timaru Herald
, 31 August 1880, Page 1
JAMES HENDERSON Begs to intimate to the Public generally that he has started business as a GENERAL BLACKSMITH AND FARRIER, In New Premises, opposite the New Post- Office, Sophia street, And all orders entrusted to his care will receive prompt attention. Note the Address— JAMES HENDERSON, BLACKSMITH AND FARRIER, Sophia Street, Opposite the New Post-office.

Timaru Herald, 22 September 1900, Page 2
Mr James Henderson, blacksmith, of Pareora, has applied for a patent for an improvement in the mounting of horse trees or yokes.

Oamaru Mail, 24 April 1899, Page 4 Waihao
Mr P. Henderson, our well-known blacksmith, and chairman of our school committee, had, last San Francisco mail, a letter from his father, Mr D. Henderson, who left Waimate for Klondyke about the same time as the late Mr A. Hayes, and was, up to the time of his lamented death, in communication with that gentleman. Born in the early thirties, Mr Henderson is now nearly 70 years old, but, as you will see, he is still strong and hearty and has not had a day's illness since he left. Having lived about 20 years in Waimate his many friends and acquaintances in South Canterbury will be glad to hear of his welfare, and will read with interest what he says of his experiences. He says: "My mate and I have been about 20 miles up Henderson Creek, representing two claims for half an interest. That; is, you have to build a log cabin and sink one hole and live on the claim for three months. Last year you could get l000dol for representing, now you cannot get half that... he letter is dated Stewart River, 27th January, 1899.

James Henderson, blacksmith, Orari in March 1917

Timaru Herald
, 7 October 1887, Page 1
Mr HENDRY'S, Blacksmith, Temuka.

TL. 23 Oct. 1902. Mr Henry's blacksmith works in Wood street.

Temuka Leader 17 December 1892 Page 2
Property. In Temuka last Thursday, when Mr Aaron Ayers, auctioneer, Christchurch, offered for sale, town properties, being those in the estate of the late William Stewart. There was a good attendance, and the prices realised were fair, although not half of what would have been obtained some years ago for the same properties. The adjoining allotment, with similar improvements the house being much newer and better built, was bought by Mr H. Lee for £145, and a vacant quarter-of-an acre section between it and Mr D. Henry's blacksmith shop was bought by Mr James Blyth for £55. Half an acre of land on the opposite side of the street with a stable there on, was passed in at £75.

Ashburton Guardian 3 July 1937 Page 4 MR JOHN HENEY.
The death of Mr John Heney in Timaru recently, removed one of the best known and most respected figures in the Geraldine district. Born at Cashmere Hills 80 years ago, Mr Heney served his apprenticeship as a blacksmith, with the late Mr J. Kennedy at Geraldine, afterwards entering into partnership with his brother William in Geraldine. He later sold out to his brother and joined in the gold rush to the West Coast. Upon his return he was for 12 years in the employ of the late Mr Tripp at Orari Gorge station. Mr Heney was in his day, a keen athlete and shooter, and until 12 months ago, quoits player, being New Zealand quoits champion several times. Mr Heney is survived by his wife, three sons and three daughters. One of the daughters is Mrs Thew, of Tinwald.

Timaru Herald
, 1 August 1917, Page 6 Birth.
On July 31st, at Te Rata Hospital, Temuka, the wife of Harry Hopkins, Blacksmith, H.M.S. Pyramus, on active service — a son. Both well.


Temuka Leader 17 June 1886 Page 2
William Hooper, Temuka — Has a good house and blacksmith's shop to sell.

W. Hosking, blacksmith, Fairlie 1910

Timaru Herald, 5 August 1914, Page 10 For sale. A good light spring dray with frame; will carry, up to 30cwt. It is in perfect order, and has a brake. Very suitable for farmer or carrier. May be seen at HUGHAN AND JOSEPH'S, Blacksmiths, Cave.

Timaru Herald, 19 August 1916, Page 10 RECRUITS' FAREWELLS
AT CAVE. A large number of residents met in the Cave Hall on Wednesday evening to make a presentation and say good-bye to Mr Gordon Hughan, who leaves for Trentham in a few days. Mr Hughan goes as a general blacksmith for the engineers, and as there is said to be a shortage of blacksmiths, he will probably leave with the next draft. Mr C. E. Kerr presided, and in speaking of the guest referred to him as a typical specimen of "The Village Blacksmith." He was as tough and hard as nails, and had just successfully come through a dangerous operation with the result that he was fitter than ever. He spoke of him as an excellent tradesman, and said that the way he had come forward should be an incentive to others. Mr Hughan would go away with the best wishes of everyone in the district, and they sincerely hoped he would be spared to return to his forge again. Several others also spoke in flattering terms of the geniality and popularity of their guest and of his grit in coming forward at this time of life to uphold, the cause of freedom. Mr P. Flynn, in a few appropriate remarks, then presented Mr Hughan with a case of razors, and added that as a neighbour he could not speak too highly Hughan. The recipient cordially thanked them for their present, and their kind expressions. He hoped to give his best for his country. With songs and recitations, a most enjoyable evening was spent, the proceedings being brought to a close with the singing of Auld Lang Syne.

Timaru Herald, 30 October 1918, Page 7
WELLINGTON, Oct, 29. The following is Casualty List No. 988 for Canterbury Military District: KILLED IN ACTION. October 8—10. Bennett, J. (Mrs S. Bennett, Orari). Hughan, T. L. (Miss H. M. Hughan, Cave)

Evening Post, 20 September 1919, Page 5 ROLL OF HONOUR
NEW ZEALAND CASUALTIES. The latest casualty list issued states: CANTERBURY DISTRICT. Died En Route to New Zealand. Joseph, J. H., 23707, N.Z.E., Farrier- Sergt. (Mrs. C. M. Hughan, Cave, s.), 14th Sept. [Catherine Marguereta Joseph married Gordon Hughen in 1897]

Press, 23 September 1919, Page 7
Sergeant J. H. Joseph who was lost overboard from the transport Tainui, was the youngest son of the late Mr A. Joseph, of Taieri Mouth. He left New Zealand in May, 1916, in the Reinforcements. Attached to the Divisional Signalling Company of the New Zealand Engineers, he served continuously in France, and subsequently with his unit in the occupation of the Rhine provinces until the general demobilisation. Prior to enlisting be was employed in the Timaru district as a blacksmith, and was highly esteemed by all who knew him.

Timaru Herald, 31 March 1919, Page 8 RETURNED SOLDIERS
The welcome home social held at Cave on Wednesday last in honour of a number of returned soldiers and it was estimated that 200 were present. Mr C. E Kerr presided. He then called upon Mr T. D. Burnett to present the medals. In the course of a most interesting speech Mr Burnett referred to the event that Evening as making a red letter a day, in the history of Cave district. Other red letter days were the capture of James Mackenzie, on March 4th 1855, when Sidebottom, manager of Cave station and the station hands took a prominent part. Secondly the sale of the Levels and Cave stations by Mr Geo. Rhodes to the New Zealand and Australian Land Company on March 14th, 1865 when 80,000 sheep were delivered. Thirdly, the railway opened to Cave in 1876. Fourthly, the ballot and disposal sale of the Levels estate, in March 1904. In honouring their returned men they could not forgot those who would never return. Mr Burnett mentioned the fallen men who belonged to the district, name — Tom Nelson. Alex. McInnes, Fred Aymes, Geo. Alexander, Laurie Hughan, Allan Murphy, Ernest Murphy, and Dave Martin. The following soldiers were then presented with medals — Corporal R. Hyndman, Gunner J. Newson, Driver E. Auld, Privates C. Walker, W. Wingham, and G. Hughan, Sapper J. Walker, M.M., was also presented with an engraved cigarette case. He belonged to the district when he enlisted, but received a medal at Pleasant Point, where his mother resided when he returned. A medal was to be presented to Gunner H Winter, but he was unable to be present, and will receive it on another occasion. During the evening splendid dance music was dispensed by the Wall family band, several ladies and gentlemen assisting with extras. Excellent supper was provided by the ladies of the district.  Cave Hall, March 26th, commencing at 8 pm. Admission: Gents 2s 6d, Ladies a basket. Soldiers in Uniform cordially invited. M. BRULAND, Hon. Secretary.


Timaru Herald, 5 August 1884, Page 3
In the matter of "The Bankruptcy Act 1883." NOTICE is hereby given that I, Robert Hughes, of Saltwater Creek, in the Provincial District of Canterbury, New Zealand, Blacksmith, have this day filed in the said Court at Timaru, a petition to be adjudged a bankrupt. Dated this 4th day of August, 1884. R. HUGHES

In the matter of The Bankruptcy Act 1883." NOTICE is hereby given that I, William Hughes, of Fairlie Creek, in the Provincial District of Canterbury, New Zealand, Wheelwright, have this day filed in the said Court at Timaru a petition to be adjudged a bankrupt. Dated this 4th day of August, 1884. WILLIAM HUGHES. White & Smithson, Solicitors for the Bankrupt.

Timaru Herald, 30 October 1882, Page 1
R. & W. HUGHES, General and Agricultural Smith, SALTWATER CREEK, beg to announce to Farmers and others that they are now prepared to EXECUTE FORGK WORK cheaper than any others in the trade. They call special attention to their Carts and Drays, Manufactured on the Premises. The great number to be seen about the country with their names attached show that they are well patronised on account of their Superiority and Cheapness. THEY HAVE REDUCED THEIR SHOEING TO 6s, 7s and 8s PER SET, AND OTHER WORK IN PROPORTION. Reapers and Binders and other Implements Repaired with Quick Despatch.

Temuka Leader 6 October 1925 Page 3 MR JOHN HUGHES.
Those who remember Mr Jno. Hughes, who at one time resided in Temuka, where he was a blacksmith in the employ of Mr A. C. Watson, will regret to hear of his death, which occurred at Palmerston North Hospital on Saturday last, at the early age of 37 years. The deceased was a brother-in-law of Messrs V., L. and S. Nicholas, of Temuka, being married while in Temuka to the youngest daughter of Mrs Nicholas. He leaves a widow and four children to mourn their loss. [John Hughes married Muriel Augusta NICHOLAS in 1915]

HUTTON, R., Beaconsfield pg1028 Cyclops
Robert Hutton was the first colonist to settle in the Otipua area. He was born in Ayrshire, Scotland, in 1849, and was brought up by his father to the trade of blacksmith and shipwright. He came to Port Chalmers in 1873 in the ship Cartsburn. He lived in Dunedin for four years and then settled in Otipua, where he built his house and smithy. Otipua is a settlement, established in 1879 six miles southwest of Timaru on the road to Upper Pareora. The village near the original Otipua estate, which comprised about 12,140ha of land had a post office, a blacksmith’s and carpenter’s shops, and a church. The post office was established in 1882 and there was also a telephone bureau. The property was purchased by the Government subdivided and opened for settlement, and some freehold land, owned by Mr G.G. Russell, was also disposed of in township sections.

R. Hutton, blacksmith, Timaru, single, in Sept. 1916

Timaru Herald
, 1 November 1910, Page 2
NOTICE OF REMOVAL. J. STORRIER & CO., BLACKSMITHS. ENGINEERS, AND BRASS FOUNDERS, Beg to notify that the Blacksmith's Business has been removed to the FOUNDRY at CORNER KING AND EDWARD STREETS, where they have built a New and Convenient Smithy, to which branch has been added a COACH BUILDING AND WHEELWRIGHT'S DEPARTMENT, under the supervision of Mr J. Miller, who is well known in Timaru and district as a first-class tradesman. Mr A. Irvine is still in charge of the Blacksmith's Department. J. STORRIER AND CO.


Temuka Leader 9 February 1905 Page 3
R. Jackman, blacksmith, Arundel

Timaru Herald
, 21 February 1894, Page 2
Jowsey Jackson — Has blacksmith's business at Saltwater Creek to let or sell.

Timaru Herald, 22 January 1872, Page 1
T. B. Jones, (Late of Atlas Foundry), Shoeing and General Blacksmith, Strathallan-street, (Opposite Mr Bruce's Timber Yards), Timaru N.B.— Horses shod with great care.

Thomas Bell Jones, late of Timaru, in the said district, blacksmith, but at present absent from the colony. In Bankruptcy. TH 7 July 1875, Page 2

Why Does a Blacksmith wet his coal? To prevent the escape of heat into the air. Fine, wet coal cakes when burning; a layer is, formed over the fire and the heat is imprisoned.


James Kay, Wheelwright, shoeing and general smith, Great South Road, Timaru

Mr D. Taylor, at Orari, was the first blacksmith in the district, and later on Mr J. Kennedy commenced business in Geraldine, Mr D. Clouston being the first wheelwright.

Temuka Leader 7 May 1885 Page 2
A notification appears in our advertising columns re the accounts owing to and by the late John Kennedy, blacksmith, Geraldine.

Temuka Leader 18 May 1897 Page 2
John Kennedy—Has commenced business at Geraldine as engineer, blacksmith, and wheelwright.

John Kennedy was secretary of the NZ Axemen's and Athletics Union and later Mayor of Geraldine. He knew his stock. Loved horses.

Temuka Leader 23 January 1902 Page 2
Mr J. Kennedy has purchased the business of Mr T. Kingston, Geraldine, from Mr W. Fyfe, and intends to carry on this business in conjunction with his old business lately taken over by him from Messrs Martin, McKnight and Englefield.

Temuka Leader 23 January 1902 Page 2
J. Kennedy, blacksmith, coach builder, and wheelwright, Geraldine—Has purchased Mr T. Kingston's business; work carried on without change of hands.

Temuka Leader 2 July 1903 Page 4
Mr Farnie explained that the plaintiff’s case was briefly that the plaintiff, Bowkett, was a wheelwright, carrying on business in Geraldine in a large and well-appointed shop of his own. In October 1900 Sutherland asked Bowkett to come down to his shop and do some work for him that he had in hand. During the next two years Bowkett did several pieces of work for Sutherland in the latters shop and at his request, and that up to December 1902, he continued doing this work at intervals when required, and also some of his own. Sutherland did all his iron work, and it was often necessary to take the traps to Sutherland’s shop to get the ironwork fitted. He had never made any arrangement to pay rent. In fact it was agreed between Sutherland and himself that no rent was to be charged.
    John Fifield, of Woodbury, blacksmith, deposed that it was not the custom in this district for a wheelwright working for a blacksmith to pay rent for the use of the premises as it was generally to the blacksmith’s advantage that he should have a wheelwright an the premises, as he had all the ironwork of the traps to do, and this was very remunerative. There was evidence to show that it was not the custom for a blacksmith to charge a wheelwright rent for the use of his premises.

Press, 8 December 1911, Page 9 New members of Parliament
ASHBURTON. Mr W. Nosworthy was in the last Parliament.
Mr John Kennedy, who contested the Ashburton seat as a straight-out supporter of the Ward Government, was born in Geraldine, on January, 10th, 1875, and is therefore 36 years of age. He was educated in the Geraldine public school, but he continued his studies long after leaving the public school, and is to a large extent a self educated man. He followed the occupation of his father, that of a shoeing and general smith, serving his apprenticeship with Messrs Reid and Gray, Dunedin. When Messrs Reid and Gray gave up the manufacturing and repairing branch of their business in Ashburton, Mr Kennedy, in partnership with the late Mr Muir, took over the premises and carried on the business for a considerable time. Mr Kennedy then went back to Geraldine, and for several years carried on a general smith's and blacksmith's business on his own account, after which he took a responsible position with the National Mortgage and Agency Company in Geraldine. He has for many years taken a keen interest in local politics, and made a close study of general politics. He has also taken a keen interest in sport of all kinds, in fire brigade matters, and volunteering. He is the popular and capable commander of the Geraldine Mounted Rifles, and is also the Mayor and Chief Magistrate of Geraldine. He is not a fluent speaker, though when he takes a good grip of his subject he speaks with a considerable amount of force and conviction. A man, just in the prime of life, he is full of energy, and while he is of a most genial nature and pleasant address, he is by no means lacking in firmness of character.

Timaru Herald, 27 May 1885, Page 3
TENDERS WANTED for the LEASE of A the BLACKSMITH'S SHOP and 4-ROOMED HOUSE in Geraldine lately occupied by John Kennedy (deceased). This Shop has a splendid business connection, and will be let for six years; the stand is a really good one. This is a grand opportunity for a good tradesman. Full particulars can be obtained from the undersigned, and Tenders will be received by them till 5 o'clock on Wednesday, 27th May, 1885. The lowest or any tender not necessarily accepted. J. MUNDELL & CO., Auctioneers.

Temuka Leader 30 January 1900 Page 2
Mr J. Kennedy, blacksmith, wheelright, coachbuilder, and painter, has recently made extensive additions to his premises at Geraldine. His blacksmith shop has been considerably enlarged, adding another forge, making three in all, and giving plenty of room for other classes of work, besides shoeing Mr Kennedy has also erected a new coach-, builder’s shop and another building for coach-painting work, which he is going into on an elaborate scale, having engaged Mr W. McKnight (late of Stevens & Sons, and Brabner & Sons, Christchurch) as coach painter, and Mr Englefield, of Christchurch, as coachbuilder.

Temuka Leader 27 September 1904 Page 2
Mr John Kennedy, of Geraldine, has taken Reid and Gray's old shop near the Melville Hotel, Timaru, and intends to start a coach-building and general blacksmith business after the Timaru Show, at which he will have an exhibit of gigs, buggies, clog-carts, etc.

William Kennedy, Pleasant Point. Horse-shoer and general blacksmith. Repairing ploughs, harrows, rollers, and all other agricultural machinery. The Veterinary department is under the charge of Mr Gibson who has had a long and successful experience in the treatment of horses. 1899. Mr Kennedy complained of the state of the road behind the Roman Catholic Church in July 1902.

Press, 17 January 1933, Page 13 MR WILLIAM KENNEDY.
Wellington, January 16. The death occurred in the Wellington Hospital of Mr William Kennedy, of Brooklyn, at the age of 85 years. Mr Kennedy, who was born in Paisley, Scotland, came to New Zealand 53 years ago, setting up in business as a blacksmith, at Pleasant Point, South Canterbury, where he lived for many years. He leaves a son, Mr David Kennedy, of Brooklyn, and formerly of Timaru.

Timaru Herald, 23 July 1907, Page 2
I BEG to inform the Public of Pleasant- Point and surrounding districts that I have purchased the BLACKSMITH'S BUSINESS carried on by Wm. Kennedy at PLEASANT POINT, and trust, by good workmanship and strict attention to business, to merit a fair share of public patronage. J.M. CAMERON
WITH reference to the above, I wish to thank my Customers for their support in the past, and solicit a continuance of the same for my successor in the future, ALL ACCOUNTS owing to me may be paid to J. S. CHISHOLM, Storekeeper, Pleasant Point, and this receipt will be a sufficient discharge, WM. KENNEDY.

Timaru Herald,
12 August 1865, Page 1
M. Kurby begs to inform the Inhabitants of Arowhenua and the surrounding District that he has commenced Blacksmithing in all its Branches, at the Arowhenua.


Timaru Herald, 9 September 1865, Page 5 RESIDENT MAGISTRATE'S COURT.
Timaru Tuesday, September 5th, 186.1. Before B. Woollcombe, Esq., R.M., and G. Hall, Esq., J.P.] DEBT. Lee v. Jacob Hill.— Debt, £20 16s. 4d.
Mr. Edward Cardale appeared for plaintiff, Mr. D'Oyly for defendant.
Samuel Lee, sworn, deposed: I purchased in 1863 the right of cutting timber at Waimate. I was at that time in partnership with the defendant. I had no agreement when we went into the bush. We worked together. After a short time went into my own business as blacksmith, and he said he would take to the bush. I did not want to part with my share of the bush. I told defendant I did not wish to knock him off work. He paid me no money for my part of the bush; he had no money to pay me. It was £20 16s 4d for his share of the rent. I have not had half of the timber cut for my share. We had one man working for us when we dissolved partnership; his name is Benjamin Fox. I did not pay him. The money was left with defendant to pay Fox up to the time we dissolved partnership. The defendant has taken about £140 worth of royalty timber out of the bush. I gave no formal delivery of the bush to defendant. Defendant was working about fourteen months in the bush. I was applied to in the latter part of 1864 by Messrs. Rhodes' agent for payment of rent. I had reason to think that defendant would not pay the rent. I applied to defendant for the rent in company with Mr. Ralph Simpson. Defendant said he would pay his part of the rent, and no more. He gave no reason for saying so.
Cross-examined by Mr. D'Oyly: I was a partner with defendant in 1863 in a purchase of one acre of land. We did not build two houses on that acre. There are two houses on that acre; I live in one defendant in the other. It was 30,000 feet only, and not 60,000 feet we divided. ...
By Mr. Cardale: The profits from the timber that was cut was equally divided. I paid one-half the men of labor and in building the blacksmiths shop. I never paid for any of the tools for the shop. We were at work together in the bush. I worked about five months after we dissolved partnership. We squared up all accounts at the end of our partnership. Two-thirds of the bush was cut up when we dissolved partnership. Two men were working with me in the bush. I paid the deposit money out of my own pocket. I was repaid. I don't know how much money I have received for timber. ...This closed the case, and the Bench gave judgment for plaintiff for £12 and the costs to be divided.

Timaru Herald
, 26 December 1866, Page 1
And premises, consisting of a large shop, 38x18, a six-roomed dwelling-house standing on half-acre and 25 links of freehold land. There is a good well of water on the premises. The above is only being offered on account of the present owner being about to return to England. For further particulars apply to SAMUEL LEE, Blacksmith, Waimate.

Timaru Herald, 4 December 1867, Page 1
Messrs WELLS AND THOMPSON beg to thank the inhabitants in and around Waimate for past favours, and to state. that having taken the premises and goodwill of the business of Mr Samuel Lee they hope by good work and moderate charges to give every satisfaction. Wells & Thompson, Waimate, October 5, 1867

Oamaru Mail, 21 June 1909, Page 4
On Thursday evening the members of the Presbyterian denomination in this district mustered in considerable force in the schoolroom along with members of other churches, to bid farewell to Mr Lock, blacksmith, of Waimate, who is leaving here to start business in Gore. During the time Mr Lock has been in business in Waimate he has acquired a considerable, connection with Willowbridge settlers, but he is perhaps best known as one of the lay preachers of Knox Church,...

North Otago Times, 24 January 1879, Page 2
A man named Duncan M'Alister, a blacksmith at Waitohi, was fined L5, and costs L4, for causing the death of a horse by beating it over the head with a heavy stick.

Timaru Herald, 3 Jan. 1923
Timaru Jan. 2. James MacCormack, a blacksmith about 45 years of age, committed suicide at Otaia. Deceased was a widower, and he leaves seven young children.

Timaru Herald, 18 September 1918, Page 3
Hugh A. Macdonald, Fairlie was a blacksmith and coachbuilder, and the only undertaker in the district.

Hugh Allan Macdonald was born in 1886 to Christina and Donald Macdonald.
Rachel Catherine London married Hugh Allan Macdonald in 1913. Rachel died in 1946 aged 54. Hugh died in 1968 aged 82. Children:
1914 Macdonald Allan John
1913 Macdonald Donald Conell
1918 Macdonald Hugh McLennan
Hugh McLennan Macdonald (1918 - 1941), known to his family as Tommy, was born in Fairlie in 1918 to Rachel and Hugh Macdonald. Hugh was a blacksmith and coach builder in Fairlie at the time of the First World War – he moved there about 1914 but by 1928 the family had moved to Auckland. Tommy joined the air force at the outbreak of the Second World War and trained in Canada before moving on to operational duties in the United Kingdom. He was appointed flight sergeant attached to 99th Squadron at Waterbeach in Cambridgeshire, operating as a wireless operator/air gunner on a Vickers Wellington bomber. On the night of 28/29 September 1941 Tommy and his crew joined a raid including 39 Wellingtons and two Stirling bombers in a raid over Genoa. The raid was deemed a success but on the return flight Tommy’s Wellington was hit by defensive fire. The left engine was out and the navigational equipment was compromised so the crew did not think they could safely make it back to England and, putting the plane into auto pilot, bailed out. They were in low cloud and, assuming they were over land, left their inflatable dinghy behind, but they were over the North Sea and all drowned.

Temuka Leader
5 January 1911 Page 2
A nasty accident happened at Mr A. C. Watson’s carriage works yesterday morning. The blacksmith, Mr M. McDonald, was shoeing a horse when something startled it, with the result that the horse suddenly pulled back. The nail which Mr McDonald was driving into the shoe caught in the calf of his log, and made a nasty gash about live inches long, the nail entering to the bone. Mr McDonald was immediately taken to a doctor, who had to put several stitches into the wound. Mr McDonald will be away from work' about three weeks ns the result of the accident.

William McLeod was an early blacksmith at Orari Gorge Station.  The station had a blacksmith shop. "At this period a blacksmith's shop held as much fascination for children as an airport does today - the ingenuity, the timing, the patience, and the drama of the whole performance.  "Mr Smithy" lived a stone's throw away. The children watched him blowing up the fire with his huge bellows. Sparks flew, and then they saw the anvil being smitten with deafening blows." wrote Barbara Harper in "The Kettle on the Fuchsia"

Blacksmith, Albury in 1882

Mr T. M'Inerney, Glenavy, asked that a hole in the road, near his blacksmith's shop should be filled up. The engineer was instructed, to attend to the application.
Mr A. S. Elworthy wrote asking permission to place two electric wires across St. Andrew's road from his blacksmith's shop to the woolshed. — Application granted, subject to the engineer's approval.

Timaru Herald, 1 October 1906, Page 1
IN BANKRUPTCY. IN THE ESTATE OF PETER McINTOSH, OF TIMARU, BLACKSMITH. A FIRST AND FINAL DIVIDEND of 5s 8d per £ on all Accepted Proved Claims is NOW PAYABLE at my Office, Arcade, Timaru. ALEX. MONTGOMERY,. Deputy Official Assignee. Timaru, 29th September, 1906

Timaru Herald, 27 February 1906, Page 6 Re Peter McIntosh
Bankrupt stated that he had been in business as a coachbuilder and blacksmith since the beginning of September last. He then had £156 6s 1id; capital, owing £6. He attributed his difficulties to going into a place where there was no business. Was in business at Charing Cross, near Darfield. He bought the business of MacNeil and Cromwell, Timaru through Craddock, Orr, and Co.; who advised him of the business and financed him. He inspected the place and its books, and told Craddock, Orr and Co. he considered it a good business. Bought the business, goodwill and plant, for £325. Took possession in the middle of September. For a month got very little business, then a little more by canvassing. Came to the conclusion at New Year that the business would not pay; as a matter of fact did not do a good week's business at any time. Wrote complaining of this to Orr. and Co.. About Christmas they sent down a bill of sale over their property, for, £250, representing moneys advanced and goods supplied. He signed this. He offered them if they would discharge his debts in Timaru. They refused the offer. He had enough outside the bill of sale to pay his other creditors. Was then advised to file, a step he would have taken sooner but for the protracted correspondence between Craddock, Orr and Co. and himself. No one took possession under of sale; Craddock, Orr and Co. wanted to be allowed to put some one in charge to work the shop on their account, but he had not allowed this. Mr F. Walker had been at the shop, on behalf of Craddock, Orr and Co. before he filed, and had been about the place since; but did not tell bankrupt he had come to take for them. Thought it rather unusual for a man to come to the shop as Walker did without any authority; he produced no letter. He knew, however, that he was coming, through correspondence. Craddock, Orr's traveller informed him that a man was coming down to take possession. When Walker arrived, told him he could not take possession. He could stay there if he liked, but must transact any business. Took a billet himself, and wrote to Craddock, Orr and Co. to that effect...

McKEEKEN, James. blacksmith, Allnatt Street, Temuka.  Class B. Second Ballot. Temuka Leader, 23 May 1918, pg2

John Francis McMillan, occupation blacksmith. WWI service No. 12066. Mrs Ada McMillan (wife), Kimbell

C.C. McPhedran took over the business carried on by J. Stringer, as General Blacksmith, in all branches and had a thorough knowledge of farm implements and can repair all dray and trap wheels tyred. Great care with shoeing. Blacksmith, Geraldine. 23 July 1907.

Otago Witness
, 17 June 1897, Page 15
A little boy two years old, the son of Mr John M'Pherson, blacksmith, at Studholme Junction, met with a nasty accident. He was (the Timaru Herald reports) reaching up to the mantelpiece for his father's pipe when he slipped forward and fell into the fire. His brother quickly pulled him out, but in so doing overturned a kettle of boiling water, which poured right down the boy's shoulders and legs and scalded him frightfully.

Timaru Herald
, 20 March 1883, Page 2
While Mr McTaggart, blacksmith, was shoeing a horse in his shop at Waimate yesterday, the animal commenced kicking and plunging, inflicting some nasty wounds on the hip and both legs. Dr Chilton was at once in attendance, but Mr McTaggart will be unable to resume work for a few days in consequence of the injuries he has sustained.


South Canterbury Times
19 October 1893 Page 2
From Mr R. Mahoney, Albury, stating that he had started as a blacksmith at Albury, and asking for a share of the Council’s work in that district. It was agreed that the work be given year about to the two blacksmiths in the Albury township.

Timaru Herald, 8 March 1898, Page 3 IN BANKRUPTCY.
The first meeting of creditors of Richard Mahoney, general blacksmith, Albury, was held yesterday morning at the Deputy Assignee's office. Mr Alex Montgomery, Deputy Assignee, presided. There were present Messrs W. Mahony, D. Shea and D. Stewart. Mr M. J. Knubley was present representing the bankrupt. The bankrupt, in his examination, said that he had been a blacksmith at Albury for five years, beginning with a capital of £30. He held a lease in perpetuity of one of the Albury sections. He had 37 acres in wheat and oats, but owing to the drought and the winds the crop turned out almost a total failure. The land, cropping, etc., had cost him £64 15s; the crop produced £17 6s, the loss being £77 9s. Serious illness had also occurred m his family, causing him an expense of £100, and his wife was still ill in Christchurch. He had lost £30 by the horse Ravenacraig.

Timaru Herald 20 December 1899 Page 4 SMITH AND BATCHELOR
BEG to inform the Public of ALBURY AND CAVE DISTRICTS that they have taken over the Blacksmith Business carried on by Richard Mahoney, and trust by Strict Attention to Business combined with Good Workmanship to merit a fair share of patronage. All Kinds of Woodwork Done.

L/Cpl Gordon Richard MAHONEY, 36464, G Coy, NZ Rifle Brigade embarked 19th January 1917. KIA, Battle of Ypres, 4th October 1917. Son of Richard Mahoney, Blacksmith of Albury (later ‘Mahoney’s Hill’, Washdyke) Attended Albury School. Played rugby for Albury F.C. Body not recovered. Listed at Tyne Cot Memorial, Zonnebeke, West Vlaanden, Belgium. Listed on Albury and Washdyke Monuments.

Tpr. Joseph MAHONEY, 7/2284, 8th (South Canterbury) Mounted Rifles & Imperial Camel Corps, 10th Reinforcements. (Farm labourer) embarked 4th March 1916. DOW, Washdyke, 23rd June 1922. Son of Richard Mahoney, Blacksmith of Albury. Brother of G.R. Mahoney. Buried at Timaru. Attended Albury School. Played rugby for Albury F.C. Listed on Albury Monument.

Press, 19 May 1927, Page 7
Mr C. E. Orr Walker, S.M., in the Magistrate's Court, Temuka, on Tuesday, when Hugh Martin, blacksmith, of Orari, was charged with having failed to notify to the Deputy-Registrar the disposal of a motor-car. Formal evidence was given by Morris Leah Applegarth as to the first registration of the car in the name of Martin on August 28th, 1926. The first notification of any change came from the South Canterbury Rugby Motors, but they had no particulars in regard to the registration, and the issue of the certificate was delayed until enquiry had been made at Orari.

Temuka Leader 13 December 1900 Page 2 Christchurch Exhibition
Mr T. Martin, another Geraldine lad, took first and a silver medal and certificate for best blacksmith work for youths under 18 years of age. This successful youth is serving his time with his brother, Mr J. Martin, blacksmith, Geraldine.

J.C. Martin, blacksmith, Geraldine in Nov. 1936
Andreas Martin, blacksmith, Geraldine in April 1918


J.E. Miles, blacksmith, Fairlie in January 1918

Fred Miles of Denmark St. Fairlie in the 1930s. He was a solid average sized man who operated the smithy roughly opposite the Library, he did all sorts of work general blacksmithing - farrier work mainly on draught horses and wheelwrighting, John Shears can remember watching a steel tyre being fitted to a new cart wheel. The wooden wheel would be place on a steel sheet outside the smithy which had a hole to take the hub and then several men would help Fred bring out the heated iron tyre holding it with tongs, quickly slip it over the wheel and then very quickly quench with containers of water which they had placed ready. Great clouds of steam mixed with a charred wood smell and it would all be over. However this was a very skilled process as if the shrunk tyre was too small for the wheel the wheel would collapse and if too big the tyre would soon come loose. I recall on another occasion watching out on the street as he approached a large draught horse which had a bad tooth. The Farmer held the horse with a halter and Fred offered a sharp wood chisel to the horse mouth, a sharp tap with his hammer and the offending tooth was out, the horse gave a shake of his head and a brief whinny and it was all over. John Shears ex Fairlie. Jan. 2014.

MILLER, J. pg 940 Cyclops
Timaru Herald, 29 August 1900, Page 1 Wanted
AN IMPROVER to the Blacksmith Trade or a Strong Lad as Apprentice. Apply to JOSEPH MILLER, Blacksmith, Totara Valley, By Point.

Blacksmith, Albury in 1913

Oamaru Mail, 29 November 1911, Page 4 WAIMATE COUNTY COUNCIL.
The General Committee reported that it had no recommendation to make re the application of J. Molloy for a permit to build a stable. Several councillors considered that an attempt was being made to evade the by-law by erecting a blacksmith's shop in the shape of a stable, but after a long discussion the permit was granted on a motion by 5 votes to 4.

Timaru Herald
, 31 January 1888, Page 1
Notice is hereby given that the PARTNERSHIP, hitherto existing between MOIR and MACKAY, Blacksmiths, of Fairlie Creek, has been DISSOLVED by mutual consent, and in future the Business will be carried on by BRAY and MOIR (George Bray having bought Duncan Mackay, junr., interest in it) who will receive all Outstanding Accounts, and Pay fill Debts due to the late Firm. Dated at Fairlie Creek this 24th day of January, 1888. JAMES MOIR, DUNCAN MACKAY, Junr., GEORGE BRAY. Witness to signatures H. O. Smith, Postmaster, Fairlie Creek.

Star 5 October 1888, Page 3
FAIRLIE CREEK, Oct. 4. One of the heaviest nor'- westers that has occurred for some years past blew here last night, doing a tremendous amount of damage. A saddler's shop, the property of Mr Caskey, a very heavy structure, was shifted off the piles. Fortunately, the, damage was noticed, and the owner had the place secured with stout ropes. The roof of the store of Morris and Gall had a few sheets of iron stripped off. The horse-shoeing part of the blacksmith's shop, occupied by Moir and Bray, was blown to the ground, a complete wreck. A little damage was done to Mr Welsh's blacksmith's shop. At Egan's Hotel the bedroom window was blown in, and a part, of the roof of the wash house blown off, and most of the plaster of the kitchen ceiling fell to the floor. An iron stable belonging to Mr Close was also levelled to the ground. The shearing shed at M'Colloch's farm, close to the township, had the roof blown off.


Timaru Herald,
2 January 1874, Page 1
DONALD MURRAY, Blacksmith, Wheelwright, Shoeing Smith, and Coach Builder. Opposite Woollcombe-street, Timaru.

Timaru Herald, 9 February 1876, Page 2
IMPORTANT SALE OF BLACKSMITH, WHEELWRIGHT'S SHOP, AND DWELLING HOUSE, TOOLS, PLANT, AND MATERIAL. from the estate of the late, Donald Murray (deceased), Blacksmith and Wheelwright, Temuka, to Sell by Public Auction, on the Premises. The premises are situated in a central position, second to none in the rising Township of Temuka, and within five minutes walk of the Railway Station, and are in every way adapted for carrying on a large business, such as the district requires, the Shops and House occupying Half-an-Acre of Ground.

In 1861 there were five blacksmiths in South Canterbury.

Timaru Herald, 11 July 1901, Page 2
Mr N. Naismith notifies the residents of St. Andrews and district that he has taken Mr J. T. Read's premises, and intends carrying on the trades of wheelwright and general blacksmith in all their branches. He guarantees to give satisfaction in any trial.

Timaru Herald, 15 January 1902, Page 1
WANTED— An IMPROVER to the BLACKSMITHING, must be a good Nailer on. Apply, NAISMITH, St, Andrews.

Timaru Herald, 15 May 1897, Page 1
TO THE FARMERS OF ST. ANDREWS AND DISTRICT. HAVING SOLD my Business to MR J. READ I have much pleasure in Thanking my Friends and Customers for their Support during the last 15 years. I would respectfully solicit a continuance of the same to my successor. JOHN RUSSELL. St. Andrews, May 11th, 1897

F. Newman, blacksmith Peel Forest. Probate TH 23 May 1893

Nicol's Blacksmith Shop - Duntroon

Timaru Herald, 3 July 1918, Page 9
A. J. O'Brien, blacksmith, Waimate

Timaru Herald
, 20 June 1866, Page 3
For sale — A strong three-horse DRAY, capable of carrying about three tons.
Apply to D. OGILVIE, blacksmith, Timaru.

Timaru Herald, 2 February 1866, Page 2
David Ogilvie, who, on being sworn, deposed: I am a blacksmith, residing in Timaru.

Timaru Herald, 19 June 1867, Page 1
John Ogilvie, Having engaged a first-class HORSE SHOER AND GENERAL SMITH, Begs to inform the inhabitants of Timaru and District that he has commenced business in the premises lately occupied by David Ogilvie, and hopes by strict attention to business and moderate charges to merit a share of public patronage. N. B. Wheelwright work done on the premises.

Timaru Herald, 13 June 1888, Page 1
ALEXANDER SOUTER, GENERAL BLACKSMITH AND VETERINARY SURGEON, Has leased the Blacksmith's Shop lately occupied by Mr David Ogilvie, HORSE-SHOE BEND, OTAIO. Thoroughly Practical in Repairing all Agricultural Implements and Machinery. Horses Shod as they ought to be. ALL WORK GUARANTEED.

Timaru Herald December, 1898
OGILVIE. On Dec. 4th, at the Horseshoe Bend, Otaio, Mr David Ogilvie, late of Tayport, Fifeshire, Scotland, in his 68th year.
OGILVIE - The friends of the late David Ogilvie, are respectfully informed that the funeral will leave his late residence, Horseshoe Bend, Otaio. This Day (Tuesday) the 6th inst at 11am, for the Waimate Cemetery.
David was born on Oct 3, 1830 at Ferryport (Tayport) Fife

Timaru Herald, 6 July 1917, Page 6
OGILVIE. On July 5th, at Waimate, Margaret, relict of the late David Ogilvie, of Horseshoe Bend, Otaio, in her 79th year.

TU1036/1917 OGILVIE Margaret Graham - Otaio - Widow  Will online. [her maiden name is Nicol]
In the Estate of Margaret Graham Ogilvie of Horseshoe Bend, Otaio, died 5th July 1917 at Waimate. Frederick Sevick Jones, resides at High St. Waimate, a stock buyer, is a son in law of the deceased, husband of Mary Jones, [married in 1884]. Margaret Graham Ogilvie was born at Fyfeshire, Scotland. Fred was born at Pauora, Canterbury. Witness to will Alexander Goodall, formerly of Makikihi but now of Clandeboye. John Linton, J.P., of Makikihi, a farmer. Her sister is Christina Dutch Nicol of Burnt Island, Fifeshire, Scotland, spinster. Another sister is Elizabeth Graham Nicol Haxton, wife of William Haxton, of Burnt Island, Scotland, with whom Christina Dutch Nicol is present living in 1917.

Star 9 May 1894, Page 1
A meeting of the creditors of Joseph Ogilvie, blacksmith, Timaru, surviving partner of the firm of Ogilvie and Byers, was held on Monday at the office of the Deputy Assignee. The debtor's filed statement showed liabilities, unsecured, amounting to £231 secured liabilities, £545 other liabilities brought the total to £829 2s 9d. The assets were £720, leaving a deficiency of £109. The bankrupt stated that he fell ill years ago, since when he had been unable to do any work or to look properly after his business. His business had been carried on on a leasehold, which was mortgaged for £650, and about a month ago he handed the property over to the mortgagees, as there was £75 of interest owing and they threatened to foreclose, and he could not sell his interest. His property consisted of half an acre of land with house valued at £400, but was under a first mortgage for £300 to a Miss Renwick, of Scotland, and a second mortgage to D. Munro. He also had an eight horse power engine and trade plant which was under bill of sale to D. Munro (the second mortgage on the house being collateral security) for £245, for money lent. The bill of sale was given in March last for £75 then owing, £70 then advanced and further advances, £00 more advanced early in April (though it was agreed to be given in March), and the mortgage was then given. Other assets came to £100, of which £20 was put down for furniture.

W.J. pg 1005 Cyclops

Clutha Leader 17 August 1894 Page 2
MR. W. J. PALMER General Blacksmith, Horseshoer and Wheelwright, STIRLING. Having disposed of his business to Messrs CAMPBELL & SONS (late of Reid and Gray) takes this opportunity of thanking the public for the very liberal patronage bestowed on him, and trusts that successors will be as generously supported.

Timaru Herald 27 May 1897 Page 4
FOUNDRY AND IMPLEMENT WORKS. MESSRS J. STORRIER & CO. of the Timaru Foundry, beg to notify the inhabitants of South Canterbury that they have acquired the business known as the South End Implement Works, lately carried on by Mr J.W. Blackwood, and which in conjunction with their own will be earned on under the name of J. STORRIER & CO XL FOUNDRY AND IMPLEMENT WORKS. They have also taken into Partnership MR. W. J. PALMER (blacksmith), late of Middlemarch, who has acquired considerable experience in all branches of his trade with some of the leading firms in New Zealand and Victoria.

Timaru Herald 28 April 1899 Page 1
W. J. PALMER. General BLACKSMITH and HORSESHOER, Stafford Street. (Late Ogilvie and, Byers) Timaru. Horseshoeing a specialty — all kinds of Plough Fittings in stock.

Timaru Herald 8 January 1902 Page 1
The Partnership hitherto existing between WILLIAM JOHN PALMER and WILLIAM JOHN MORGAN, as Blacksmiths and Wheelwrights, has been DISSOLVED by mutual consent from the undermentioned date. All ACCOUNTS owing must be paid to W. J. Palmer on or before the 31st January, 1902, in order to wind up the Partnership Account. The Business in future will be carried on by W. J. Palmer on his sole account. Signed, WILLIAM JOHN MORGAN. WILLIAM JOHN PALMER. Witness, M. HIGGINS. Timaru. December 31st, 1901.

Timaru Herald 22 October 1903 Page 4
WANTED KNOWN — That W. J. PALMER Wants Farmers to give him a Trial with their IMPLEMENT REPAIRS, HORSESHOEING a Specialty. All Ironwork in connection with Bridge-building and Verandahs receives prompt and careful attention. W. J. PALMER, BLACKSMITH, Stafford St. South.

Timaru Herald 23 July 1904 Page 1
Geo. Walker and Co., TELEPHONE No. 23. TELEPHONE. No. 25. CROWN CARRIAGE WORKS, LATE OF PAHIATTA, NOW OF STAFFORD STREET, TIMARU. COACH AND CARRIAGE BUILDERS, WHEELWRIGHTS AND GENERAL BLACKSMITHS AND. FARRIERS, WHO have had 24 YEARS' EXPERIENCE in the Finest "Arts' of CARRIAGE BUILDING, including several years in the leading Carriage Factories in Victoria and New Zealand, wish the Public generally to know that they have PURCHASED that old-established and well-known BLACKSMITHING BUSINESS lately carried on by W. J. PALMER, and trust that the old Customers and well as new will continue their support to the old Shop. NOTE THE ADDRESS: GEO. WALKER. -STAFFORD STREET, OPPOSITE MURDOCH'S TIMBER YARD.

Timaru Herald 11 October 1905 Page 1

Timaru Herald, 4 October 1899, Page 4
Stafford Street. (Late Ogilvie and Byers) Timaru.
Horseshoeing a specialty — all kinds of Plough Fittings in stock.

Timaru Herald, 23 July 1904, Page 2
A NEW FIRM. Messrs George Walker and Co. announce that they have taken over the old-established business of Mr W. J. Palmer, as blacksmiths and carriage-builders. Mr Walker comes to Timaru from Pahiatua, where he had been a very popular resident. Handsome presentations were made to hint by the residents and by the Pahiatua Athletic Club. At the public meeting-the chairman referred to good qualities of Mr Walker as an enthusiast in athletics and cycling, as a public man, and as a townsman. As a Borough Councillor, Mr Walker had done his utmost to promote the interests of Pahiatua. The members of the Athletic Club: regretted Mr Walker's departure, but sincerely hoped that success would still attend him in his new home at Timaru. Here Mr Walker, as George Walker and Co., enters upon a well-established and flourishing business, and the firm is prepared to undertake any class of work relating to the trades of blacksmithing and carriage-building.

Timaru Herald, 5 August 1910, Page 7
A case of a certain amount of interest to farmers generally, came up at the Magistrate's Court yesterday when A. S. Elworthy was charged with a breach of the Truck Act, in failing to pay the entire amount of wages earned by William Palmer in money, having deducted from such wages certain money for goods supplied. Mr Rolleston appeared for defendant, who pleaded not guilty. The Inspector of Factories, Air Lightfoot, said that Palmer was employed by Mr Elworthy as a. blacksmith. To admitted that under section 47 of the Act. agricultural and pastoral labourers were exempted, but blacksmiths did not come under that exemption, and should be paid full wages. His Worship: Why not? On all large stations there is a certain amount of blacksmithing work to be done. Mr Lightfoot said that Palmer also did work for other people. Mr Rolleston said that Palmer was a blacksmith primarily employed for station work, and he sometimes obliged farmers by doing work for them....On Mr Elworthy's farm it was necessary that one man should be specially employed to shoe horses. The fact that Palmer did outside work did not affect the question, Mr Elworthy was merely obliging his neighbours, it was not likely that Mr Elworthy would run a blacksmith's shop if he did not have a farm, and therefore it was clear that Palmer was employed in connection with the business of the farm. Mr Lightfoot said that the man was not actually engaged in work on the farm, and the exemption only applied to those tilling the soil, minding stock, etc. The case of a blacksmith employed on a farm no more came under the exemption than that of a blacksmith employed in Booth McDonald's or Reid and Gray's. His Worship reserved his decision.

Timaru Herald 19 January 1914 Page 10
Wanted — A GOOD GENERAL BLACKSMITH. W. J. PALMER, Blacksmith, Albury.

Timaru Herald 18 February 1914 Page 1
HAVING sold my Blacksmithing Business to Mr Wilson. I must request a Settlement of all Accounts by February, 28th inst. W. J. PALMER, Albury.

Timaru Herald 8 October 1914 Page 1
W. J. PALMER. Has pleasure in announcing that he has recommenced business as a BLACKSMITH, SHOESMITH AND GENERAL EXCHANGE AGENCY. Shoeing a Specialty. Estimates given for Builders' Requirements or Bridge Work. In Premises recently occurred, by Mr J. JACKSON, Saltwater Creek. All work executed at moderate rates with promptness and despatch.

Timaru Herald 20 November 1914 Page 10
WANTED KNOWN— All kinds of Traps, Implements, etc., bought and sold or painted — W. J. Palmer, Saltwater Creek.

Robert Peebles, of Fairlie, blacksmith, bankrupt 1 November 1898

Oamaru Mail, 15 June 1891, Page 3
A. PELVIN Begs to Announce that he has COMMENCED BUSINESS as Horse-Shoer, GENERAL BLACKSMITH, Wheelwright, and Machinest, Next Door to Shamrock Hotel, Thames-street. All kinds of Implements Made and Repaired. Horses Carefully Shod.

Oamaru Mail, 9 May 1894, Page 1
Messrs Vallange, Christie, and Co. report holding a sale of freehold properties and stock at Waitaki North yesterday, when they sold, on account of Mr J. Gray, sections 42, 43, and 44, town of Glenavy, with blacksmith's shop, store, and other improvements, ac L200, to Mr Richard Pelvin.

North Otago Times, 12 May 1903, Page 2
Messrs Guinness and LeCren (Limited) report having hold an auction sale of town properties at Waimate on Saturday last, when they sold the following
Lot 1, containing three sections at Glenavy, on account of Mr A.E. Pelvin, to Mr M'Innerny, together, with blacksmith's shop, etc., and house, at £285; and the same buyer purchased lot 2, ¼acre section adjoining, for £l8.

Ashburton Guardian, 7 April 1921, Page 5
IMPALED ON CROWBAR. Waimate This Day. Yesterday Alfred Pelvin, formerly a blacksmith, married, aged 58, with grown-up family, fell from the top of a ladder, and became impaled on a crowbar stuck in the ground, the point entering the lower abdomen. He died at the hospital this morning.

blacksmith, single, Orari in August 1916

Temuka Leader
9 July 1889 Page 3
Mr Postlethwaite waited on the board with regard to the gorse on his frontage on the back road from the Orari bridge to the Orari railway station.

Timaru Herald, 7 August 1909, Page 3
Lot 13, II, Orari township, 1r, J. Walker to H.S. Pratt, of, Orari, blacksmith

Why are Horseshoes Supposed to be Lucky? Old horseshoes usually had seven nail holes. From the earliest times seven was regarded as a lucky number, and anything which naturally had seven holes or spots was supposed to bring good fortune. In the 1920s horseshoes of white heather were a favourite emblem at wedding breakfasts and on bridal cakes.

Evening Post, 11 June 1925, Page 13
The wedding of Miss Dorothy Hardcastle, M.A., of the staff of the Timaru Girls' High School, and daughter of Mr. and Mrs. John Hardcastle, of Timaru, to Mr. Thomas Wooding, son of Mr and Mrs. J. Wooding, of Woodbury, South Canterbury, took place at St. Mary's Church, Timaru, recently. The bridesmaid was Miss Frances Wooding. Two little maids, who were flower girls, Winsome and Naumai Squire, were in charming frocks of embroidered white organdi, and had bandeaux and butterfly bows of mauve tulle tied at the side of the head, their posies being of white and lemon chrysanthemums tied with mauve ribbons. They also wore pearl necklets, the presents of the bridegroom. The wedding reception was held at the Goode Intente Rooms. Later the bride and bridegroom left for the North, the bride wearing a brown and fawn tweed costume, smart brown hat, fur-trimmed coat, and with a lovely bouquet of violets tied with purple ribbons, presented by the girls of Form IV. of the High School. A pretty attention offered to the bride at the church by the girls of the school was the presentation to her of a silver horseshoe tied with white satin ribbons. Mr. and Mrs. T. Wooding are taking a motor tour in Marlborough before returning South.

Evening Post, 14 January 1937, Page 18
HORNE—RADBURND. The wedding was solemnised recently by the Rev. W. Gilmour at the Presbyterian Church, Kent Terrace, Wellington, of Irene Ridgway, only daughter of Mrs. E. Lilley, Coromandel Street, and the late Mr. W. E. Radburnd, of Temuka, and James William, only son of Mr. and Mrs. G. Horne, Timaru. The church was tastefully decorated by girl friends of the bride. The bridesmaids, Miss Joyce Hamilton (cousin of the bride) and Miss Evelyn Home (sister of the bridegroom)-were dressed in frocks of cornflower blue cloque threaded with silver. Mr. John Gunn, Pahiatua, was best man, and Mr. Arthur Cook, Hamilton, was groomsman. On leaving the church the bride was presented with two lucky horseshoes by Miss Rae Hamilton and Miss Lexie Conniahan.


John Thomas Read, Blacksmith, St. Andrews May 1909- witness to will of Richard Neville Nettles Hawkes

Robert Reed, late blacksmith of Timaru. April 1895.

John Robertson, blacksmith, Pleasant Point in 1934

Timaru Herald
, 8 June 1899, Page 2
John Robertson —Has opened blacksmith business at Washdyke. [Still in business in 1914]

John Robertson Blacksmith, Pleasant Point in 1934

Timaru Herald, 28 November 1881, Page 2
Mr J. L. Rowe has disposed of his busmen at Silverstream to Mr John Elliot.

Timaru Herald, 5 March 1881, Page 4
IT is hereby requested that all OUTSTANDING ACCOUNTS due to Messrs ROWE & HULSMANN or to Mr JAS. L. ROWE, of Silverstream, Blacksmith, be paid to up before the 15th March proximo, in order to close accounts. REID & KNUBLEY, Solicitors, Timaru. 26th February, 1881

James Landner Rowe's blacksmith shop operated in Kimbell over the creek from the stone House. When this was pulled down the material was used to build a fence around the Ashwick Station homestead. Fairlie 1866-2000.

Edith Rowe born in 1882 to Jane Elizabeth and James Ledner Rowe was buried at Burkes pass died 3rd July 1883.  Clergyman: George Parker.
Jane McCracken married James Ladner in 1884.

Births - parents names
1882 Rowe Edith 	Jane Elizabeth 	James Ledner 
1884 Rowe Esther Jane 	Jane Elizabeth 	James Ladner
1886 Rowe Clara Eveline Jane Elizabeth 	James Ladnor 
1888 Rowe Maud Emma 	Elizabeth Jane 	James Ladner 
1892 Rowe Mabel Annie 	Jane Elizabeth 	James Ladineo 

1891/1745 Rowe James Ladner 11Y 

Rowe, James Leander
Age at Death 11 
Date of Death 9 Jan 1891 
Date of Interment 10 Jan 1891 
Temuka Cemetery Section General 

Timaru Herald, 7 April 1888, Page 1
TO LET BY TENDER. DWELLING HOUSE and BLACKSMITH'S SHOP at Silverstream, also Blacksmith's Shop together with Tools at Burke's Pass. Tenders to be in by 30th April. For full particulars apply, J. L. ROWE, 4 Silverstream.

Timaru Herald 11 August 1900 pg2 col. 5 Death
ROWE. On the 10th August, at Timaru, George Rowe, blacksmith, aged 87 years.

Timaru Herald, 1 July 1897, Page 3 THE IRON WORKERS' JAMBEREE.
The Jamberee (blackfellows' social) as arranged by the Ironworkers of Timaru took place at the Old Bank Hotel on Tuesday evening, and was a great success. The firing of a rocket was the signal of the start. The chair was occupied by the Mayor of Timaru (Mr John J. Grandi), who was supported on his right by Mr J.H. Smith and on his left by Mr McCormick (president and hon. secretary, respectively, of the Ironworkers' Record Reign Committee), and the vice-chair by Mr T Ferguson. Among the many present was Mr Rowe, a blacksmith for 60 years, and who was highly honoured with a special toast. Mr M. O'Meeghan, the well-known proprietor of the Old Bank, provided a splendid dinner which starting with the soup "good iron," ran through nine courses, and was done every justice to. Along toast list followed, opening with the loyal and patriotic one, The Queen and Royal Family." The principal toasts were as follows:— "The Blacksmiths and Ironworkers," the mover dwelling, on the great importance of the trade and industry which was one of the oldest and principal in the world. Various phases of the trade were touched upon, an it was reckoned that they could not do without it. Personally blacksmiths were sterling splendid fellows, though some of them were inclined to be of hasty temper. Messrs Palmer and Walker made very happy replies. The Farmer and the Plough was replied to by Mr James Henderson, the choice being a particularly good one, and Mr Henderson made a characteristically good reply. His experience was that they could not do without the farmer, nor could the latter do without the plough. "The Carriers" was replied to by Messrs Hunter and J. Dick, the former making a very good speech in reply. Trade and Commerce was entrusted to Mr T. Gorman, who expressed the hope that they would all rise to be merchants," and dwelt generally on the importance of the toast to all hands. The Volunteers was replied to by Mr Byers (T.R.V.), who being at the time at a peaceful gathering fitted his remarks to the occasion. Songs were capitally rendered by Messrs R. Hutton, McKnight, Passmore, Byers, Walker, McCormick, Hunter, and Grandi, all jolly good," and Mr Gorman was heard at his T best in a stump speech. The toasts of The Chairman and The Press (Mr Smith ably responded to the latter) brought a splendid social to a close at ten minutes to 11 o'clock, everyone having spent a "grand evening."

Oamaru Mail, 25 March 1882, Page 3
In the District Court of Timaru and Oamaru, holden at Waimate. In the matter of "The Debtors and Creditors Act, 1876," and of every Act amending the same, and of the Bankruptcy of ALEXANDER RUGG and DANIEL RUGG, of Waimate, Blacksmiths, Debtors.

W. Ryder, blacksmith, Geraldine

May 2009
Heating a piece of iron to a cherry hue then thrusting it into a tank of cold water. The blacksmith has plunged a product of his art into a bath beside his forge to lower the temperature of a piece of metal which has already been heated in the fire.

There is fire in the forge
Smoke in the chimney—
Hammer in hand—
The anvil is ringing—
The blacksmith is well.

Walter Scraf, of Timaru, blacksmith. bankrupt 6 May 1983


James Scott,
Blacksmith, Pleasant Point in May 1909.

Timaru Herald, 13 April 1911, Page 3
James Scott, senr., plaintiff, said that he was a blacksmith in business at Timaru. Until August 1910, he had been in business at Pleasant Point. Mrs Heffernan was a farmer at Kerrytown, and her daughter Mary and sons James and Denis lived with her. The work done by him had all been for the mother. Accounts had been sent to her every three months, and she had never questioned them.

Timaru Herald, 1 October 1910, Page 5
On Thursday evening the residents of Pleasant Point assembled together in Nelligan's Hotel for the purpose of making a presentation to Mr James Scott, blacksmith, as he is leaving the district and starting business in Timaru. Mr F. Nelligan, as chairman, on behalf of the company, wished Mr Scott every success in his new business; and Mr T. McCormack presented him with an inscribed gold ring as a mark of esteem and a reminder of his stay in Pleasant Point. All present spoke highly of Mr Scott's ability as a tradesman, and his health was drunk with "For He's a Jolly Good Fellow".

Oamaru Mail, 16 September 1918, Page 3
Mrs Sheehan, Esk street, on Friday morning received the sad news of the death of her son, Rifleman John Maurice Sheehan. Born and educated at Fairlie, he learned the blacksmithing trade from the late Mr Joseph Binney, Fairlie, later taking up business for himself in Georgetown, which be sold before leaving for active service with the Twenty - ninth Reinforcements. Rifleman Sheehan was of a kind and genial disposition, and had many friend's.

blacksmith, Timaru, in June 1877

Timaru Herald
7 March 1895 Page 2
Mr Potter, builder, is just now putting the finishing touches to a new brick shop which he has built for Mr John Smith, the well known farrier. The new building adjoins the old shop, which was one of the very first of the brick business places to be built m Timaru, and was a very old identity. The new shop is well arranged, the forges being at the eastern end, so that a large floor space is left for work among the horses.

Timaru Herald, 9 May 1899, Page 2
Mr J.H. Smith, well-known for the last thirty years or so in Timaru as a blacksmith and farrier, has flitted to Masterton and started business there.

Timaru Herald, 25 March 1909, Page 3
Mr Walter Smith, of Timaru, received word by cable from Melbourne yesterday, informing him of the death of his mother, widow of the late Mr J. Smith, who carried on business as a farrier here for a lengthened period. Mrs Smith was well known in Timaru, and on leaving for Australia she left behind her many friends, all of whom will regret to hear of her death.

Timaru Herald 3 Dec. 1914
About 5 p.m. on Saturday last- a four roomed house, belonging to Mrs Katherine Small, of Fairlie, and occupied by Mr James Smith, blacksmith, of Fairlie was destroyed by fire at Le-Cren's Road, about two miles from Fairlie. Mr Smith and a man named Howard Elsom were living in the house and about 2 p.m. they left their abode leaving a small fire in the kitchen. They wore working in a paddock near by and about the time above mentioned Smith noticed smoke issuing from the roof. He ran to the house and found the ceiling and walls of the kitchen on fire, and succeeded in saving about £20 worth of furniture.

SMITH, F.Blacksmith, Albury in 1906

Smithy - Orari Gorge

Joe Stewart had a blacksmith shop on Bank St. c1927-28. South Canterbury Museum photo

, 19 July 1904, Page 4
Timaru, July 18, William Stewart, a blacksmith, aged 66 years, died suddenly at Geraldine on Saturday night.

In 1947 there were no longer any blacksmiths in the Geraldine District. Mr C. Stock retired. S.C. Museum

Died 11th July 1930 aged 59 years.
Temuka Leader
12 July 1930 Page 2
The death occurred yesterday morning, of Mr Albert Stringer, of Geraldine, who passed away quietly in his sleep. The late Mr Stringer who was a blacksmith by trade, had retired from business about a year, he was engaged in a wood clearing contract in the Geraldine Bush up to the time of his death, and was apparently in his usual health on Thursday evening when he returned from work. Mr Stringer was well and favourably known in local sports circles, he was a famous quoit pitcher, and was for many years a member of the Geraldine Bowling Club. He was a very skilful player, and on several occasions represented South Canterbury in representative matches. Great sympathy is felt for his widow and young family in their bereavement.

Temuka Leader 22 October 1901 Page 2
A very interesting ceremony took place on Thursday afternoon, at the residence of Mr Edwin Stringer, Geraldine, when Miss Sarah Ann Waller, oldest daughter of Mr and Mrs Henry Waller, of Rangitata, was united in marriage to Mr Albert Edward Stringer, third son of Mr and Mrs Edwin Stringer, of Geraldine. The ceremony was performed by the Rev. J. Sharp. The bride was very tastefully dressed, and carried a bouquet. The bridesmaids, Misses Edgar, R. Stringer, E. Stringer, and B. Skinner, were attired in white. Mr Edwin Beckley accompanied the bridegroom and acted as best man, and gave the bride away. After the ceremony a very enjoyable evening was spent by those present. The presents were most numerous and valuable. It is somewhat remarkable that the same minister, Mr Sharp, united the father and mother of the bride in the same house 85 years ago.

Albert Edward Stringer married Sarah Ann Waller in 1901
Leonard Alexander Alfred MASON married Sarah Ann WALLER in 1935
Sarah Ann Stringer married Leonard Alexander Alfred MASON in 1935

Six children of Ann and Edwin Stringer born in NZ:
1874 Stringer Whitecliff Thomas died 23 May 1876, Geraldine Cemetery details reads William Thomas Stringer, aged 1 year. Headstone reads Mary Ann Lawson died 11 July 1881 aged 39.
1876 Stringer John Henry died 1950 aged 74
1878 Stringer Naomi
1879 Stringer Sarah Eliza
1881 Stringer Ernest Oliver
1882 Stringer Samuel
1886 Stringer Thomas Edwin died Aug. 1887, buried Geraldine Cemetery, no headstone.

Timaru Herald 5 November 1903 Page 4 MAGISTERIAL
Geraldine NOV. 3rd. (Before Captain Wray, S.M.) ADOPTION. An application for the adoption of a child by Ann Stringer and Edwin Stringer was made by Mr T. C. Farnie, on behalf of the applicants. Order granted accordingly.

Birth mother Ruth, father name NR
1889 Stringer Ethel Ruth
1891 Stringer Wilhelmina Eleanor

Temuka Leader 3 April 1906 Page 2  [Edwain died at age 67] [Ann died at age 78 in 1914]
FUNERAL NOTICE. The Friends of Mrs Edwin Stringer, senr., are respectively invited to attend the Funeral of her late Husband, which leaves his late Residence, Pleasant Valley Road, on APRIL 4th, at 3 o’clock, for Geraldine Cemetery. M. A. WEAVER, Funeral Conductor.

The Stringer family arrived in 1874 on the ship Balloclmyle. Six children born in England.


Temuka Leader 4 February 1897 Page 2 GERALDINE TOWN BOARD.
The monthly meeting of the above was held on Tuesday night. Present—Messrs J. W. Pye (chairman), J. Williams, R, A. Borrows, and Dr Hislop.
Correspondence. From Mr J. Stringer, asking permission to erect a blacksmiths shop in Pine street. —Granted

The chairman said in the present case they took into consideration the by-law with respect to lighting fires in the town. Mr Maslin said if they were going to enforce that by-law no one in the town could light a fire to burn a weed, and a blacksmith could not be to fire to put on a tyre. He (Mr Maslin) did not object to paying something to the brigade for their services, but he objected strongly to exceptional treatment.

Timaru Herald, 4 March 1907, Page 7
People of Geraldine and District. THE BLACK SMITHING AND GENERAL REPAIRS BUSINESS, so long and favourably carried on by Mr Stringer, has just been acquired by me, and I intend to uphold and if possible increase the reputation and patronage already obtained. Farm Implement repairs, and Tyre and Shoeing work of, all kinds will receive expert attention, and at reasonable prices. C C. McPhedran, GENERAL BLACKSMITH, GERALDINE.

Timaru Herald, 17 April 1890, Page 3 Geraldine
James Stringer deposed : I am a blacksmith, and live near the Crown Hotel.
Henry Parker, saddler, residing in Geraldine

James Stringer died Sep. 5th 1923 aged 65 and Sarah Ann Stringer died Sep 3rd 1932 aged 67.

Timaru Herald
, 30 September 1878, Page 2
Abstract of sales by auction , This Day. By Messrs D. and L. Maclean, at Messrs Allan and Stumbles' Smithy, at 11 o'clock, stock-in-trade of a blacksmith at Geraldine, at 11 o'clock.

Timaru Herald, 23 December 1893, Page 1
AS I HAVE SOLD my Blacksmith and Wheelwright's Business to Mr WM. DAVIDSON, of Gore, I beg to tender my sincere thanks to my Customers and the Public Generally for the Liberal Patronage hitherto bestowed on me, and trust they will continue the same to my Successor. DAVID STURROOK WITH reference to the above, I have PURCHASED the BUSINESS and PREMISES of Mr Sturrock. Having a thorough knowledge and over Fifteen Years' Experience of Veterinary Shoeing, General Blacksmith and Wheelwright Work, I trust, by MODERATE CHARGES, and First class workmanship, to merit a fair share of patronage. SHOEING A SPECIALITY. WILLIAM DAVIDSON

J.M. Sutherland, blacksmith, Geraldine 1913

Timaru Herald 8 December 1933 Page 12
On Sunday last Mr and Mrs J. M. Sutherland, Talbot Street, Geraldine, celebrated the fiftieth anniversary of their wedding. Mr Sutherland was born at Stronsay, one of the Orkney Islands, over 71 years ago. He came to Geraldine in 1882 and established a business as a carriage builder, wheelwright, and general smith, which he has carried on till the present time. On December 3, 1883, he married Miss Mary Coombs, daughter of Mr and Mrs Mark Coombs, of Geraldine, and they have a family of six sons and two daughters, all of whom were with their parents on Sunday. The sons are Messrs Robert Sutherland (Christchurch), Mark Sutherland (Mangaweka), Andrew Sutherland (Geraldine), John Sutherland (Christchurch), James Sutherland (Timaru), and George Sutherland (Hororata), and the daughters are Mrs W. Saunders (Clandeboye) and Mrs L. Cunningham (Oamaru). On Sunday morning the family attended the Methodist Church.

Temuka Leader 20 August 1885 Page 2
Business Changes.— It is notified by advertisement in another column that the partnership hitherto existing between L. Newport and J. M. Sutherland, has been dissolved. Mr J. M. Sutherland will receive all moneys owing to and pay all claims owing by the estate, and he will in future carry on the business of general blacksmith in the shop next to the Bush Hotel, lately occupied by Chas. Trengrove.

Temuka Leader 1 September 1892 Page 2
Brotherly Kindness. The Geraldine and Temuka Primitive Methodist Church Circuit has for some time felt the want of a conveyance for the minister, who hitherto has had to do his visiting in both districts on horseback. Three Geraldine tradesmen, however, have given their time and work in putting together a handsome-looking dogcart free of cost to the circuit. The ironwork was done by Mr J. M. Sutherland, the woodwork and building by Mr L. Newport, and the painting by Mr T. Bowkett. The cart is a very neat one, and should do good service in the work for which it is intended.

Wairarapa Daily Times, 6 June 1908, Page 5
Mr R. Sutherland, of Hope-street, has received word of the death of his aged father, he having passed away on Thursday last at Geraldine, where he had been residing for some years. The late Mr Sutherland was born at Leatheron, Caithness, Scotland, and he was in his 78th year at the time of his death. He arrived at Lyttelton by the ship Metropolis, in March 1863 [sic: ship arrived in June, had left in March], and for the first few years he worked on Mr Buchanan's sheep station at Little River, Akaroa. Afterwards he bought a farm in the Blueskin district, Otago, where he resided until about eight years ago. For over thirty years the late Mr Sutherland was actively associated as a local preacher and Sunday school teacher with the Presbyterian Church at Waitati, and being of an upright, conscientious, and kindly nature was greatly respected in the Blueskin district. About eight years ago Mr Sutherland retired from active work and lived quietly in Geraldine. About two years ago he was attacked by an insidious malady, which, although of an almost painless nature, was a great drain upon his once strong and vigorous constitution, and together with his old age, gradually sapped his energies. He was only totally laid aside for a week previous to his death. The late Mr Sutherland leaves a widow and six sons — Mr James Sutherland, manager of Ben More station, Mr John M. Sutherland, blacksmith and wheelwright, Geraldine, Mr George Sutherland, town clerk and engineer, Taihape, Mr Donald Sutherland, dredgemaster, Hokitika, Mr William Sutherland, Pahiatua, and Mr Robert Sutherland, machinist at Daily Times office, Masterton.

Timaru Herald 14 June 1934 Page 3
Mrs J. M. Sutherland who died at her home in Geraldine on May 31 after a very short illness, was born at Handborough, Oxford, England, and arrived in New Zealand with her parents, Mr and Mrs M. Coombs, 60 years ago, and settled in Geraldine. She married Mr J. M. Sutherland in 1883. She was a true friend and was ever to the Methodist Church. Of a quiet and bright personality, her generous hos- [ pitality and many kindly acts were performed unobtrustively. Mrs Sutherland is survived by her husband, six j sons and two daughters. The sons are j Messrs Robert Sutherland (Christchurch), Mark Sutherland (Mangaweka), Andrew Sutherland (Geraldine), John Sutherland (Christchurch), Jas. Sutherland (Timaru) and Geo. Sutherland (Hororata), and the I daughters, Mrs W. Saunders (Clandeboye) and Mrs T. Cunningham (Oamaru).

John Mason Sutherland (1862-1941) was a Member of the Geraldine Town Board.
Married Mary Coombs in 1883. He died Dec. 4 1941 and is buried with his wife Mary nee Coombs. Mary died Mary 31 1934 aged 69.
1884 Sutherland Robert
1886 Sutherland Mark
1892 Sutherland John Manson
1895 Sutherland Catherine Mary
1898 Sutherland Jessie
1890 Sutherland Andrew
1901 Sutherland James
1903 Sutherland George

Timaru Herald, 2 September 1913, Page 5
A meeting of creditors in the estate of Messrs J. W. Campbell and A. Weaver, contractors, Geraldine, was held in the office of the Deputy-Official Assignee (Mr Alex. Montgomery) yesterday forenoon. There were present the bankrupts and their solicitor. The filed statement by bankrupts showed:—Unsecured creditors
W. Weaver, farmer, Belfield
W. T. Booth, Arundel
G. Taylor, farmer, Orari
W. Fyfe, blacksmith, Orari
E. J. Burke, storekeeper, Orari
C. Ray, saddler, Geraldine
F. Walker, chaff cutter
W, Mason, Orari
Canterbury Farmers' Cooperative, Geraldine
Farmers' Co-operative, Timaru
J. Jaxon, labour agent
J. M. Sutherland, blacksmith, Geraldine
D. Miller, storekeeper, Hinds
W. A. Sherratt, Geraldine
E. H.. Logan, Geraldine
E. Carter, horse-breaker, Orari
C. Burrell, saddler, Geraldine

A. Weaver showed personal debts amounting to £89 2s 3d; The unsecured creditors were:—
Dr. Paterson, Geraldine
T. Sherratt
J. C. Martin
Farmers' Co-operative, Geraldine
C. Cliff
R. P. Craig, butcher
E H. Logan
J. H. Woodhouse baker, Geraldine
G. Broadhead, jeweller
E. Blackmore Geraldine
Executors A. Kelman Geraldine
Hondai Lanka Tea. Co., Dunedin
Opie and Son Winchester
Archie Weaver said that he entered into partnership with J. W. Campbell, as contractors in August, 1911. He borrowed £100 from his brother, William Weaver, as capital for himself and Campbell. They worked through Guinness and LeCren; took contracts, and lost money through the price of feed being too high, paying as much as 3s 3d for oats per bushel, and 1s 2d for hay for chaff. They never paid less than 2s a bushel for oats and 9d to 11d for chaff. They had thirteen draught horses, and two hacks. His wife took ill and died in April, 1913. He had two children, and after his wife's death he had to rely on friends to look after the children. He had a fire on May 23, and lost everything. The property was insured for £l50, which was considerably below its value. The insurance was with the Atlas Company for which Guinness and LeCren were, agents. They received £100, and placed it to the credit of the bankrupt firm. The £50 balance was said to witness. He attributed his bankruptcy to the facts that they had lost on their contracts, illness in his family, and to the fire which left him with practically nothing. Out of the £50 which he receded, he had to pay the cost of his wife's funeral and family expenses: The fire took place on May 23, 1913. He could make no offer."

Press, 29 November 1928, Page 8
On Tuesday morning the Geraldine Fire Brigade received a call to an outbreak of fire in the rear of Mr J. Sutherland's blacksmith shop. The brigade was quickly on the scene and soon had the fire under control, but not before considerable damage had been done. The premises where the fire originated are occupied by Mr D. Brett. A. motor-car, the property of Mr E. Undrill, which was being re-painted, was destroyed. The buildings were, cohered by insurance, but both Mr Sutherland and Mr Brett are heavy losers. Mr Brett was working on the car at the time, and the origin of the fire is a mystery.

The most common reason people moved is for work.

blacksmiths spare parts


Timaru Herald
, 2 November 1895, Page 2
A.M. Taafe, Waimate - Has blacksmith's business for sale. 

Timaru Herald
, 22 November 1872, Page 1
GEORGE TAIT, Blacksmith, Point, in returning thanks to the public for past favours, begs to inform, them; that he has disposed of his business to Messrs Veruum and Comrie, who will carry on the business as heretofore. All Accounts due to Mr George Tait, late Blacksmith, Point, must be paid to me within Fourteen Days from this date, otherwise they will be sued for without further notice. T.G. Cork.

TAYLOR, Arthur Edward
His father was Charles Taylor b. 1842- died 1899, Temuka. Mother Charlotte Hobbs Taylor born 1839- died 1934. They came out on the Waimate landing in Lyttelton January 1875.  SS Beautiful Star to Timaru then by bullock dray to Temuka.
Timaru Herald, 26 October 1912, Page 8
Birth. TAYLOR.— On October 18th, 1912, at Main Street, Temuka, the wife of Mr A. E. Taylor, blacksmith, of a daughter.

Taylor, Arthur Edward
Age at Death 46
Date of Interment 17 Jul 1918
Temuka Cemetery Section General Row 161 Plot 46  no headstone

Timaru Herald
, 5 December 1911, Page 7 OLD IDENTITIES. Duncan Taylor was the first blacksmith in the district.
PASSING AWAY, Two old identities of South Canterbury passed away last week— Mr Duncan Taylor, who in the early sixties opened the first blacksmith's shop, in the second building put up, in Temuka, and Mr Charles Wederell, also a blacksmith in his youth, who in or before 1860 was "bullock-punching" in the Mackenzie Country. Mr. Duncan Taylor was a young man of eight-and-twenty when he came out, landing at Dunedin in 1860. Soon after he came up to Temuka and started in his trade there. Probably his doing so helped not a little to give Temuka the preference as a halting place over the already decading Georgetown, across the river, the bush being worked out, and to give Temuka a start towards the future municipal career. A year or so later he removed to Orari (then known as Stranks', from the owner of the solitary accommodation house, built a shop there, and did blacksmithing for Geraldine and Orari and other northern districts for about fourteen years. In 1876 Mr Taylor purchased land at Rangitata and there forward devoted himself to farming it until he retired to the end of his days in Christchurch. He married a daughter [Esther Agnes Dunn in 1865] of Mr Dunn of the "Stumps" and brought up two sons and eight daughters.

Mr Taylor was a blacksmith, Orari in January 1869

Temuka Leader 5 December 1911 Page 3
Mr Duncan Taylor (late of Rangitata), which took place at 1 a.m. on Saturday, December 2nd at, Christchurch. Mr Taylor had been long in the colony and was one of that number of the earlier pioneers whose youth and strong man hood was expended in this country and who, by their toil and endurance in the face of hardships, have, while their health declined with the growing strength of the land of their adoption, been the important units that have brought the Dominion to its present condition. Mr Taylor was brought up as blacksmith, and when 26 years of age left his native land, Scotland, for New Zealand, arriving in Dunedin in 1859 by the ship, ‘Pladda”. Working for a time at his trade in Southland he afterwards came to Timaru, in 1861 with the late Robert Reid, where he worked at his trade. After being there a few months he came to Temuka, where in partnership with Mr Reid, he opened the first blacksmith's shop and the second building put up in Temuka. This stood on the site of Mr Lee’s butcher shop. After carrying on business for about twelve mouths, at the request of the late W. K. Macdonald, he removed to Orari, where he remained for fourteen years. Purchasing a farm at Rangitata in 1876, Mr Taylor became a farmer. He was for many years a member of the Orton school committee, and assisted the late Rev. G. Barclay to establish the Presbyterian Church at Temuka. In 1898 Mr Taylor, owing to advancing years and his wife being in ill-health, decided to lease his farm to one of his sons, and remove to Christchurch, where he pushed peacefully away on Saturday morning, after being confined to his bed for about a month. He was married to a daughter of the late Mr Dunn, of “Stamps Farm”, Temuka, who still survives him, and he leaves seven daughters and two sons. The funeral look place at Temuka yesterday and was well attended. Among the mourners being many old friends from Rangitata. The service was conducted by the Rev. Chas. Macdonald, and the bearers were Messrs Thomas, and Duncan Taylor (sons of the deceased), W. Mason, W. Aitken and A. Mahan (sons-in-law) and Mr Reynolds, of Christchurch.

1866 Taylor Christina Margaret Eugene
1868 Taylor Thomas Peter
1870 Taylor Duncan
1872 Taylor Jessie Alice
1875 Taylor Elizabeth Mary
1877 Taylor Edith May
1879 Taylor Isabella
1882 Taylor Esther Agnes
1884 Taylor Maggie Stewart
1887 Taylor Florence Annie

William Thomson was born 28 Oct. 1860 in Kaiapoi and was smithing at the Pass. His Aunt was Georgina Burgess wife of John Burgess the proprietor at the Burkes Pass Hotel. William was a blacksmith and met his wife when she worked at the Burkes Pass Hotel, they were married at Fairlie Creek in 1888 and raised 12 children, five being born in the Mackenzie. The Thomson family lived at Burkes Pass from the mid 1800s until about 1896 when they moved to North Otago. Information courtesy of John Shears, June 2014.

William Hercules (Harkliss) Tregoning b. in Waimate in 1866 (a Waimate blacksmith) who later worked as a 'journeyman blacksmith' in Christchurch. His wife was and Mary Annie Tregoning nee Hicks. Married 14 April 1890 in Waimate. Children: Muriel Violet Esther b. 1891, Norman William b. 1893, Leslie Hercules b.1894, Herbert Victor b. 1896, Ivy Varina b. 1898, Cuthbert Michael b. 1900, and Eric Clarence Carlisle b. 1903 and d. 1903. The family moved to Christchurch sometime around the late 1890's and by 1905/6 had settled in at 93 Peverel Street, Lower Riccarton.

Samuel Charles Trengrove from Middlesex, England arrived at Lyttelton on the Merope in August 1871 at age 23, already a blacksmith with his twin sisters Mary Ann and Martha J. aged 20 to joined their brother Mr T. G. Trengrove, at Waihi (now Woodbury). Mary married H.R.S. Pratt in 1873. Samuel Charles Trengrove married Hannah Stringer in 1875. Her sisters were Edith and Ruth Stringer. Her mother was Ann Stringer. Ann was the wife of Edwin Stringer. The Stringer family arrived in 1874 on the ship Balloclmyle

South Canterbury Times 7 April 1885 Page 3
Charles Trengrove, blacksmith, Geraldine, requests that all accounts due to him be paid at once.

Star (Christchurch) 14 May 1885 Page 3
An inquest was held yesterday at Geraldine on the body of Hannah Trengrove, before Mr Saddeley. The evidence showed that although suffering from low fever, the wounds received had accelerated death. The husband, Charles Trengrove, who had been drinking lately, went home at night, and hit his wife with his fists. Of the jury of eighteen, sixteen were for a verdict of wilful murder against Charles Trengrove, and two against. The Coroner committed him for trial at the Supreme Court on a charge of wilful murder.

Geraldine Cemetery
Trengrove, Anna 27 Years
Date of Interment: 13 May 1885
Plot 178. No headstone.

Hannah Stringer married Samuel Charles Trengove 24 March 1875 at Geraldine. Children of Hannah and Samuel Charles Trengrove:
1876 Trengrove John Charles
1878 Trengrove Whitcliffe George
1879 Trengrove Elizabeth Ann
1881 Trengrove Priscilla
1883 Trengrove Edith Eliza

New Zealand Herald, 25 May 1885, Page 2
At Geraldine on May 13, Charles Trengrove, a blacksmith, was committed for trial at the Supreme Court, for the murder of his wife, Hannah Trengrove, aged 28.  She had been married 10 years and had 5 children.

Timaru Herald 3 June 1885 Page 3
June 2. At the Resident Magistrate's Court, Geraldine, to-day (Tuesday), before. L. Walker, Esq., J.P., and Captain Temple, J.P., Samuel Charles Trengrove was charged with the murder of his late wife, Hannah Trengrove. The evidence taken was in substance the same as that taken at the inquest and reported in the Herald on 14th May. Laura Stringer, Edith Stringer (sister to the deceased), Ruth Stringer (sister to the deceased), Elizabeth Bennett and Dr Fish were examined at length. The last two witnesses were cross-examined by Dr Foster, for Mr Hamersley, solicitor to the accused, but no fresh evidence was elicited. The Bench read over the usual statement and charged the accused, through his counsel, who reserved his defence. The Bench then committed the accused, Samuel Charles Trengrove, to take his trial at the Supreme Court, Timaru, on the 9th day of June, 1885, for the wilful murder of of his late wife, Hannah Trengrove. [Charged with aggravated assault on two accounts. The sentence of the Court was that Charles Trengrove should be sent to penal servitude for three years on each account, the same to run concurrently.]

Press 31 May 1893 Page 6 GERALDINE.
(Before Messrs H. W. Moore, W. M. Moore, R. H. Pearpoint, and M. C. Orbell, J.P.'s.)
Assault. — Charles Trengrove was fined £1, in default 48 hours' imprisonment, for assaulting George Ward, on May 24th, by striking him on the face when plaintiff was demanding rent from accused.

Temuka Leader 19 October 1893 Page 2
RESIDENT MAGISTRATE’S COURT. Geraldine—Tuesday, October 17. [Before C. A. Wray, Esq., R.M., and H. W. Moore, Esq., J.P.] CIVIL cases.
MAINTENANCE. Charles Trengrove applied for a reduction on the amount paid by him for the support of his children in the Burnham Industrial School.

South Canterbury Times 19 January 1898 Page 3
At the Magistrate’s Court, Geraldine, yesterday, before C. A. Wray, Esq., S.M., William Coombs was fined 5s for being drunk on December 27th, being a prohibited person. For procuring liquor for William Coombs, a prohibited person, Samuel Charles Trengrove was fined 5 pounds, in default one month’s imprisonment, and Charles Chesterman was fined £l, in default 7 days’ imprisonment. The Court then rose.

South Canterbury Times 8 May 1901 Page 2
At the Magistrate’s Court, Geraldine, yesterday, before Messrs F. W. Stubbs and J. W. Pye, J.P’s., Robert Hughes applied for an order against Charles Trengrove to obtain possession of a blacksmith’s shop which defendant occupied and would not vacate. The order was granted with costs against defendant.

Timaru Herald 3 January 1925 Page 8 DEATH.
TRENGROVE.— On January 2, at the Christchurch Hospital, Samuel Charles Trengrove, late of Geraldine and Timaru; in his 78th year.

John Trengrove, blacksmith, Timaru in 1875.



Timaru Herald, 29 January 1883, Page 4
Collins and Co. MAKIKIHI. MAKIKIHI. STOCK-IN-TRADE OF A BLACKSMITH, COACH BUILDER AND WHEEL- WRIGHT. WILLIAM COLLINS AND CO. have received instructions from Mr G. Vale, to Sell by Public Auction, on his Premises, Makikihi, THE WHOLE OF HIS STOCK-IN- TRADE AND PLANT. Without Reserve, on a Date to be Named.

Timaru Herald, 14 April 1886, Page 1
All ACCOUNTS DUE to the firm of G. VALE AND CREBA, Blacksmiths, to be paid to Mr G. Vale only, and his receipt will be a sufficient discharge. (Signed) G. VALE, Makikihi.

Timaru Herald, 20 August 1873, Page 2
ALL ACCOUNTS due to the Undersigned for Work done in connection with the Blacksmith Shop, Pleasant Point, must be PAID within fourteen days from date to MESSES. McLEOD & CO., Storekeepers, (whose discharge will be a sufficient receipt), otherwise legal proceedings will be taken to enforce the same. All Claims against the Undersigned must be rendered by the same date to ensure their being recognised.
WILLIAM COMEIE. Pleasant Point, August 18, 1873.
Blacksmith, Pleasant Point and Totara valley

William Voyce, blacksmith Makikihi in 1876. Employed William Ashbold.

Everybody knows it is unlucky to pass a horseshoe on the road without picking it up. It is necessary to notice how the horseshoe lies before picking it up. The right thing to do is to turn the horseshoe round, so that the ends are toward the finder, before picking it up. And, in carrying it home, it is correct to hold it with the ends upward, or the earth will attract to itself all the promised fortune. When the shoe is nailed up on the door or window, in its destined place, the end must be upward, or the whole luck emblem will be nullified.


Timaru Herald,
3 September 1904, Page 2
Although only new arrivals to Timaru, they are making things "hum," in every branch of the business. The blacksmiths are as busy as bees ; anvils dinging and rinking, ironwork flying out in every direction, finished in perfect style and dispatch. The wheelwright department, too, looks as busy as possible; —new carts and gigs strewn about in every direction. This speaks volumes for Geo. Walker and Co., the new proprietors of that well-known blacksmithing business, Stafford street. Geo. Walker anticipates doing a big business in carriage building this season so those requiring anything done should give their orders early, and save being disappointed. Write-for quotations. Call and inspect our work. We do not slump. Note the address — Geo. Walker and Co., Stafford street.—(Advt).

Timaru Herald, 15 August 1893, Page 4
ANDREWVILLE MILLS, TEMUKA, NOW OPEN. GRISTING and CRUSHING of all description at Lowest Rates. Timber Sawing and General Blacksmith and Engineering Work done as usual. J. H. WALKER, Proprietor.

Timaru Herald, 4 May 1895, Page 2
J. Walker— Has commenced business as blacksmith next Shamrock hotel.  

J. Walker, blacksmith, Orari in September 1907.
J.H. Walker, blacksmith, Temuka in May 1888
Thomas A. Walker, late blacksmith of Timaru, Jan. 1904

Timaru Herald, 30 September 1903, Page 3
Yesterday morning one of the wharf hands, Charles King, in rowing round the harbour, discovered a body floating inside-the harbour near the North Mole, and on investigation it proved to be that of Thomas Amos Walker, a blacksmith of Timaru. Deceased was a widower, 63 years of age, who had resided with his son. The body was removed by the police to the -Royal Hotel, where an inquest was held in the afternoon. Mr C. A. Wray, Coroner, conducted the inquest, and the jury were: Messrs A. Mills (Foreman), R. Crerar, T. Barron, H. C. Grahame, E. Goodman, and A. W. Mackenzie. The witnesses called were John Walker, son of the deceased, John Coppin, labourer, Charles King, wharf labourer, and Constable Lewin. The deceased was at work till about midday on Monday. He left home about 3 p.m. and at 5:30 his son John went to look for him. visiting the various hotels, but was unable to find him. He returned home at 6 p.m., and found his father in the blacksmith's shop. When asked where he had been, he said he had been having a sleep, as his head was troubling him. He had a good tea although he still complained of pain in his head; and after tea he followed his usual custom of going for a walk, without saying where he was going. He was quite sober when he left home. About three weeks ago he had a bad attack of rheumatism, and for the past three weeks had been drinking to some extent. His son applied on Monday for a warrant for the renewal of a recently-expired prohibition order. His son explained that by an accident about 10 years ago his father had fractured his skull, and since then a little liquor stupefied him.

Timaru Herald, 20 May 1902, Page 1
WANTED — A Strong Lad for the Blacksmithing. Apply T. J. Walker, Stafford Street.

William Walker b.1868 London. Arrived at Lyttelton 1875. Married in 1890 in CHCH to Margaret Colbourne Webster 1867 in Leeston - died 1905 in Orari. Bill died 2 August 1946 at Orari. Buried Timaru in the same plot as Margaret. No headstone. Presbyterian. Occupation: Blacksmith.

WALL, William Arthur.
Blacksmith at Cave, Albury, Geraldine and Timaru. Joined WW1 6/567. KIA. Also a veteran of the Boer War. He also played rugby and cricket for Albury.

W. Walsh, Blacksmith, Pleasant Point in Feb. 1888


Agnes McCaig "Fanny" Baillie married Andrew Caroll Watson in 1892 in Temuka.
Andrew Carroll Watson born 1864 died in 1949 aged 85. Fanny b. 1875 died 1958.

Timaru Herald, 14 Nov. 1914. Temuka.
The business combines blacksmithing, horseshoeing and coachbuilding, its close relation to the chief industry of the province is at once apparent. The advent of the motor car has a new class of business for coachbuilders, some of whom have been badly left; not so Mr Watson. Fully awake when farmers and others showed a tendency to abandon horses for motors, he was ready to meet the new demand. He carries stocks of materials for the bodies he is prepared to build, and painting and upholstering are done as well by his special workmen as they can be done at the great manufacturing establishments, while this district advantage is offered, the man placing the order has his tastes and wishes in colours and materials considered.

Timaru Herald article. no date.
A.C. Watson Company in Temuka was founded by Mr. A.C. Watson. He first started business as a blacksmith in Temuka in 1890, in the premises near the old White Star Hotel (The Empire). Later, because of rapidly expanding business, Mr Watson shifted to a site on the main street where the Salvation Army church now stands, and later still to premises in Vine Street. The Watson Company gained a reputation as a builder of coaches having quality and style. Their gigs where considered ideal for both travelling and comfort, and a high standard of workmanship in them was responsible for the award to Mr Watson for such vehicles at a Christchurch Royal Show. The gold medal award was made by an Australian judge in competition against the largest coach building firms in the South Island.

A.C.. Watson, blacksmith, Temuka in Nov. 1911

Temuka Leader 24 May 1906 Page 2
Passing Mr A. C. Watson's smithy about 8 o'clock last night, we were astonished to see showers of sparks and rolling volumes of smoke issuing there from, making the place look like a volcano in miniature. On rapping at the barred door, we were admitted, and instead of the fire we expected, we found several, six in fact, all blazing merrily. To make a long story short, we found the Blacksmithing Class of the Temuka Technical Association in full swing, and the pupils, twelve in number, were busily blowing; at the furnaces and hammering at the glowing iron-like young Vulcans. Mr A. C. Watson was acting as instructor, and the first lesson he had set his class was the making of links, a lesson which most of those present seemed to learn with fair facility. Three of the furnaces used were the ordinary ones, which are fixtures in the smithy, but the others were patent portable forges, the blast used, being not bellows, but a fan, worked by a crank handle. All the tools, forges, iron, etc., are supplied by the Technical Association, about 40 pounds having been expended on appliances so far. It is to be hoped that the class will take on, and that the benefit derived from it will show that the money has not been spent in vain.

Temuka Leader 23 August 1892 Page 3
On Thursday, 18th inst., Mr A. C. Watson, local blacksmith, was married to Miss Agnes Bailie, third daughter of Mr Bailie, saddler. The marriage ceremony, which took place at 12 o’clock, was performed at the Presbyterian Church, Temuka, by the Rev. J. Dickson. The day was cold and showery, but in spite of this a few friends met at the church, and accompanied the happy couple back to Winchester. Arrived here they repaired to the residence of the bride’s parents, and there spent the afternoon pleasantly. In the evening about 100 invited guests met at the Public Hall to celebrate the occasion by enjoying a night’s amusement, The gathering, which took the form of a social, began at 8 o’clock. Games and dancing were indulged in heartily. Songs were given by Miss Bailie and Messrs A. Hart, Richards, C. Haar, Watson, Watson, Barr, and Bromley. The latter gentleman is a recent arrival here, and as a musician is certainly an acquisition to Winchester, as was shown on this occasion, when he proved himself not only a skilful player on the piano, but also as possessing a well-trained voice. In addition to the above items, Mr Barr, of Temuka, gave a humorous Scotch reading. All the performers were applauded for their efforts. Abundance of choice refreshments were provided, to which full justice was done. Mr T. Hart acted as M.C., and acquitted himself well, and Mr H. Colville supplied good music for the dancing. The gathering, a most pleasant one, ended about 4 a.m., all expressing themselves well satisfied with the night’s amusement. Mr and Mrs Watson started for Dunedin on the following day, where they intend spending their honeymoon.

Timaru Herald
, 5 December 1911, Page 7 OLD IDENTITIES.
Mr Charles Wedrell better known for hotel keeping. He took possession of the Masonic Hotel at St Andrews in 1885 until he retired. He was apprenticed as a blacksmith as a boy, came out to New Zealand in 1857, when 19, and took the first job offering, which was cutting grain at Heathcote with a sickle; next worked in Mr John Anderson's smithy for a while; worked on a farm at Rakaia, helped to form Papanui road; came down to South Canterbury and was "bullock punching" there, first for Mr F.G. Stericker at Tekapo station, and then on his own account with a team bought from Mr Stericker. In 1864 he married "settled down," by leasing a farm at Milford from Mr John Hayhurst. Tired, of farming he tried an express business in Timaru; then kept the Fairlie accommodation house from '75 to '82; tried the butchering business for a year; and then in 1885 returned to the calling for which both he and Mrs Wederell were well fitted, by taking the Masonic Hotel, St. Andrews, where he won a creditable reputation as a genial host of a well-kept hotel. A few years ago he transferred the hotel to one of his sons, who still carries it on.

WEBB, Harry, blacksmith Fairlie Creek, Wright's Australian and American Commercial Directory and Gazetteer, 1881

Hubert Welsh, Fairlie Creek Forge. Established 1874. General Blacksmith and wheelwright on the corner of Princes St. and Main street.  Agricultural Implements repaired. Horses carefully shod. Horse medicine always at hand. Duplicates of Mercer's Reapers and Binders always at hand. Iron and brass castings kept in stock. 1899

Bullock team outside the Fairlie Hotel, Fairlie. Bullock team owned by Frank Poppelwell outside the Fairlie Hotel. Hubert Welsh, the blacksmith, is standing beside the driver, who is the man holding the stockwhip. Taken by an unidentified photographer during the 1890s.

Timaru Herald, 15 November 1879, Page 4
NOTICE TO FARMERS AND OTHERS IN CAVE AND VICINITY. The BLACKSMITH'S SHOP, lately erected by the Proprietor of the Cave Hotel, will, on and after this date, commence work under the able management of MR W. J. GIBSON, late of Messrs Welsh and Smith. As a good Shoer, Mr Gibson is well known in the district. Terms - Three Months. J. Wildermoth.

Timaru Herald, 2 October 1886, Page 1
WANTED, at Once— A Good Shoeing and General BLACKSMITH. Constant Employment to a Good Hand. Apply to H. [Hubert] Welsh, Blacksmith and Wheelwright, Fairlie Creek.

Marlborough Express, 26 May 1900, Page 3
May 25. At Fairlie yesterday a blacksmith named Walsh was injured in the face by the premature explosion of a cannon, improvised from a perforation in an anvil.

Timaru Herald 2 July 1887 pg 1
All Accounts owing to the late firm of WELSH & SMITH, Blacksmiths, Pleasant Point, must be paid on or before the 9th inst. or legal proceedings will be taken without further legal notice. Accounts to be paid to either
Wm. WELSH, Pleasant Point
J.H. Smith, Timaru

Star, 25 May 1900, Page 3
May 25. At Fairlie, yesterday, a blacksmith named Walsh was injured in the face by the premature explosion of a cannon improvised from a perforation on an anvil.

THE SECOND ANNUAL SHOW. Shoeing Competition. Draught Horses— H. Welsh, R. Mahoney, W. Couper.

Temuka Leader 26 May 1900 Page 2
Mr Walsh, blacksmith, of Fairlie, met with a painful accident on the Queen’s Birthday while firing a royal salute, using a hole in hi* anvil as a gun. While plugging the fifth charge it exploded, and Mr Walsh was somewhat badly injured about the face.

Robert Welsh, blacksmith, Fairlie in may 1918

Press, 27 May 1926, Page 5
Robert Welsh was sued for the possession of a house by the Timaru Borough Council. Mr Finch stated that defendant, who was blacksmith to the Borough Council until recently, had been given a fortnight to vacate the premises, but had not done so.

H. Williams, wheelwright & blacksmith, Temuka in April 1887

WILLS, William John pg 1072 Cyclops
Timaru Herald,
16 February 1867, Page 1
ADVANCE WAIMATE! WILLS & THOMPSON, Shoeing and General Blacksmiths, Respectfully intimate to the settlers in the Waimate District that they have commenced business in the above line, and will be prepared to execute all work entrusted to them in a satisfactory and workmanlike manner, combined with moderate charges and dispatch. 

Timaru Herald, 29 January 1870, Page 1
DISSOLUTION OF PARTNERSHIP. All debts due to the late firm of Wills and Thomson are requested to be paid at once, or before the 28th February, 1879, Richard Wills, Blacksmith, Waimate. Robert Thomson, Blacksmith. 

Timaru Herald, 16 August 1872, Page 3 Waimate
For sale. Lot 4— That valuable section fronting on the Main South-road, now in the occupation of Mr Richard Wills, blacksmith, containing Three-quarters of an Acre of Land, together with Six-roomed Dwelling-house, Blacksmith's Shop with two forges, Outhouses, and good Well of water thereon.

W & G, Wills, General Blacksmith.
Bill Wills' Blacksmith shop at Cave during the 1930s. Wills was the last blacksmith at Cave, his shop was opposite the Cave Hall on Elizabeth St. He moved to Albury in 1939 and was the last 'smithy' in the shop across the Mt Nessing Road from the Albury Hall (not the one on Duke St). Wills closed his Albury shop c1942, the remains of which were still standing c1970.

 The anvil in the blacksmith's shop remains when the hammers that have struck it are worn out.

Timaru Herald,
1 September 1869, Page 1
Donald Murray, Wheelwright, Opposite Mr Stubbs' Auction Rooms, Timaru. D. M. is prepared to execute all sorts of Wheelwright work on the premises of Mr R. Wilson, Blacksmith. Buggy Shafts, Poles, &c., made or repaired with great neatness, at Dunedin prices.

Timaru Herald, 3 December 1892, Page 1
HAVING STARTED BUSINESS as GENERAL BLACKSMITH and HORSE-SHOER, at Makikihi, hopes with strict attention to business, and Moderate Charges, to meet a fair share of Public Patronage.

Richard Wilson, blacksmith, Timaru, in Aug. 1866

WINTER Timaru Herald, 18 November 1874, Page 3
Farewell Dinner to Mr Thomas Winter at Burkes' Pass.—
From time immemorial the trade of the blacksmith hat been held in high repute, but perhaps under no circumstances was it ever more justly respected than in the first settlement of a new and rough-and-tumble country. Only those who have seen New Zealand, or a colony resembling it in character, in the earliest years of its civilisation, can to the full appreciate the value of a good, sterling, hard-forking, ready-handed, kind-hearted blacksmith. Come friend, come stranger, rich or poor, late or early, m fair weather or foul, the worthy smith is at his- post, ready and willing with brawny arm and skilful hammer to help him out of his difficulties and send him on his. way rejoicing. A cast shoe, a broken waggon, a lost bullock chain, these things look very small on paper, but on a long wearisome journey they are dire misfortunes to the traveller; and when these occur, an active, friendly, man with, the mysteries of the forge at his fingers' ends, is found to be a real blessing. Such a man was Mr Thomas Winter, the blacksmith, at Burkes Pass, and it was therefore only natural and right that on his leaving the district where he had been pioneer of settlement, had toiled most usefully for eight long years, and had endeared himself to all who came in contact with him, from the squatter to the shepherd, his neighbors should make a little fuss. A farewell dinner; was therefore arranged, and came so last week with the greatest success at Mr Burgess' Accommodation House. Mr Goldson occupied the chair, Mr Macleod, of Tekapo, acting as croupier. After an excellent dinner, which about a hundred people from the Mackenzie Country partook of, as only mountaineers are able to do the chairman proposed the health of Mr Winter, who, he said, deserved all the praise and happiness and ease which followed on the hard and sometimes doubtful services of the pioneer in New Zealand. Mr Winter's success proved that patience and perseverance in this colony were always rewarded by fortune. Mr Winter started in a wild, cold, dreary, out-of-the way place, but in a short time be made a flourishing trade, one at all times useful, but specially required in the commencement of a colony such as New Zealand. Mr Winter's success, which all present knew would enable him to lire hereafter in ease and free from care, was only the reward which every industrious artisan in New Zealand might count upon, Mr Goldson concluded by wishing Mr Winter all the success his sterling kindness and worth deserve. The evening's proceedings ended with a variety of social toasts, including that of the host and hostess.

There is a photo of Tom Winter's smithy at Burkes Pass in "South Canterbury"  A Record of Settlement pg 200. In 1874 Tom Winter opened the first blacksmith's shop at Burkes Pass. He shod horses, kept the wagon wheels rolling, supplied the local stations with whatever they needed for their horses and wagons. Mr Winter built an oven for Mrs Stansell at the hotel out of iron and surrounded by stone and clay and it worked very well. Before this she used a camp oven to bake bread.

Timaru Herald, 12 September 1873, Page 2
I, THE UNDERSIGNED, beg to inform the Inhabitants of the Mackenzie Country, and the surrounding district, that I will be at the Tekapo Ferry every alternate Monday, commencing on September 8, 1873. The Burkes Pass Smithy will be closed on that day in consequence. N.B. — The Price of Shoeing at the Ferry will be — Hacks, 10s per set; Draughts, 12s 1 per ditto. THOMAS WINTER, Shoeing and General Smith, Burkes Pass.

George WOOD
Blacksmith residing in Woodbury in March 1884 - January 1885. Sept. 1884 Clearing sale half acre section close to Woodbury Hotel with Blacksmith Shop and all necessary appliances, passed it at 150 pounds. Half acre section in Church Street, together with 3 roomed House and improvements thereon sold for 20 pounds and 100 acres rural land on Rangitata Flat sold for 5 pounds per acre.  Temuka Leader, 9th Sept. 1884, pg2 & 16th Sept. 1884 pg2.

Timaru Herald
, 30 December 1920, Page 7 OBITUARY
MR JAMES YOUNG. Full of years and after a long and useful life, the late Mr James Young, well known in the early days as a storekeeper at St. Andrews, passed to his rest on Sunday last at the residence of his eldest daughter, Nurse Lawrie, Elizabeth Street, Timaru. The deceased was born in 1834, in Haddingtonshire, East Lothian, Scotland. He learned the trade of a black; smith at Home, and came to New Zealand in the ship Cartsburn in 1874, landing at Port Chalmers, where he found his first employment in this country. From Port Chalmers he came to Timaru, where he worked for a few years, and in 1878 he set up in business as a blacksmith at St. Andrews. He carried on this business till 1887, when he sold it to one of his sons, and in partnership with another son went into the grocery business at St. Andrews, the firm being known as J. Young and Son, general storekeepers. When Mr Young first went to St. Andrews the township consisted of a small public, house and the stationmaster's residence, Mr Young, who had been living retired for many years, was married in 1858 to Miss Strain, of Lanarkshire, Scotland. His wife died in 1897. Mr and Mrs Young are survived by four sons and four daughters, twenty grandchildren, and six great-grandchildren.


Otago Witness, 2 December 1908, Page 91
Would Have It Mended

One day as a farmer of extraordinary meanness was starting out for the town to do his weekly shopping — for even he had to buy something for the support of his family — his wife came out and asked him to buy her a darning needle. "What's the matter with the one I bought you last winter?" asked the farmer. "The eye's is broken out," she replied. "Bring the needle here," he said. "I'm not going to allow such extravagance. I'll have the needle mended." The woman, was wise in her generation, and made no protest. She brought out the broken needle. The economical farmer rode away into the town, and stopped first of all at the blacksmith's shop. He took out the needle and handed it to the blacksmith. "I want that mended," he said. The blacksmith knew his customer, and, keeping his face perfectly straight, said the eye should be mended in an hour's time. The farmer rode away, and the blacksmith walked across the street and bought a new needle for a farthing. When the farmer called again the blacksmith gave him the new needle. The farmer looked at the smooth, polished surface of the stool, and remarked that it was a good job. "How much will it be?" said he. "Twopence," said the blacksmith, and the farmer as he paid it remarked that he knew that the needle could be mended, but his wife would have gone to the expense of buying a new one if he hadn't interfered.

The Blacksmith Memorial, Orari at SH1.

Photo taken 13 Nov. 2009 by Olwyn
The blacksmith, represents old skills and hard work of the people of yesteryear, is ideal as a memorial to the early settlers of the district as a ‘smithy’ was an indispensable member of the farming community in those days. Located at Orari outside the old post office now Cafe Mes Amis, near the corner of  Corner Orari Station Road & State Highway 1.

Timaru Herald (May 27, 2004) Pioneer Statue Suggested for Orari.
The request by Rodger Payne to erect the $10,000 Trevor Askin memorial sculpture will be considered by the Geraldine Community Board next week.

Sunday 29 Jan 2006 photos - Trevor Askin and Timaru Mayor Janie Annear at the unveiling of the Orari Blacksmith Memorial. The three-quarter life-size bronze sculpture of a blacksmith was installed at Orari in January 2006 beside the Orari War Memorial as a tribute to the pioneers of the district. There is an item about the Orari blacksmith sculpture in "Geraldine-the first 150years" by John Buttton at the bottom of page 348 and page 349 with a photo of the sculpture taken from the opposite side and a photo of Richard and Charlotte Coles who came out on the Peeress which arrived in Lyttelton on July 24 1874 along with the Payne family. Richard Coles was the son of a blacksmith and became a partner of a smithy in Essex. He broke his arm so decided to emigrate with his wife and three children and by the time he got to New Zealand was fit to work again. Charlotte broke her arm on the voyage as the seas were rough. Richard first worked at Collins' blacksmith-engineers in Timaru and later purchase thirty acres at Orari where he built his own 'smithy. Richard Coles died Sep. 13 1913 at the age of 68 and is buried in the Timaru Cemetery. His wife Charlotte Maria Coles died 27 March 1925 at the age of 76. Bob Fitzsimmons, the boxer, did an apprenticeship at Collins' blacksmith, work at the forge, and developed powerful arms and shoulders. Bob and his parents from Cornwall had arrived in Lyttelton on October 17, 1873 on the ship Adamant. Orari was authorised as a township in 1857 by Canterbury surveyor Thomas Cass on two conditions: that it had an accommodation house for travellers and horses, and an Orari River ferry crossing facility. Giles Accommodation house opened in 1858. Duncan Taylor opened the first blacksmith shop in Orari in 1862. Richard Coles relocated to Orari establishing a blacksmith business in 1877, shortly after the opening of the Orari railway station. It was one of several blacksmiths the district during that era. 

The Timaru Courier 29 April 2010 page 6
 Blacksmiths were indispensable in early South Canterbury. They shod horses, repaired farm implements, made ploughs, grubbers, harrows, carts and drays and, as farm machinery become more common, made replacement parts when necessary. Records are sparse but the story of the smithy at Orari has fortunately been preserved and provides an interesting insight into the lives of immigrants to this country. The first smithy was set up in 1862, when Duncan Taylor, the blacksmith in Temuka, was asked by W.K. Macdonald, of the Orari Estate, to set up a smithy at Orari. He did better than this and set up two shops, one by the present hotel and one a little off the main road by the present Orari Hall. In 1877, one, possibly both, were taken over by Richard Coles, and he and his sons continued working there until 1901, when they moved to the Levels to farm. Richard Coles, the son of a blacksmith, was born in Somerset in 1844. At the age of 8 he worked in a brickyard for two shillings a week, eating his breakfast of bread and cheese and Somerset cider while walking the four miles (6.5km) to work, which started at 7am. When times became hard he lost his job so learned the blacksmith’s trade and in 1868, aged 24, married Charlotte, the only child of an aristocratic remittance man who spent his time and legacy drinking. Richard became a partner in a smithy in Essex, where his first three children were born. In 1874 he broke his arm and decided to emigrate, his theory being that by the time he arrived in his new country he would be fit for work again. The family sailed on the Peeress in 1874 with 300 immigrants all bound for Timaru. In the Bay of Biscay the ship struck mountainous seas for three days and was lucky to survive, passengers being forced to shovel tonnes of coal overboard to be able to bail out the hold. During this ordeal Charlotte’s arm was broken so two one armed parents had to cope with three children for the four months of the voyage. In Timaru they lived in the immigration barracks in Le Crens Terrace, sleeping on the floor. Richard then worked at Collins blacksmith engineers, where Bob Fitzsimmons, later to become world heavyweight boxing champion, was an apprentice. Wages were good at the time so Richard built a sod hut at Peeress Town by Patiti Point, the Government giving a grant of 10 shillings to immigrants who did this. Unfortunately, a wall fell in the first night it rained. A slump meant unemployment once again, so Charlotte took in washing and Richard eventually found work on Christchurch Drainage. Then, in 1877, they moved to some 30 acres (12ha) of land at Orari along with the blacksmith shop. Four acres (1.6ha) were planted in apples, pears and cherries and the rest was used for vegetables for the family and potatoes as a cash crop. The fruit from the orchard was taken to Timaru by horse and spring cart in loads of 13 hundredweight (650kg), which meant a 7am start on winter mornings in order to get over the wooden bridges before the frost thawed. The sale of fruit brought in about 240 shillings a year but had its hazards. On one trip the horse shied and Amy, one of the daughters, was tipped off and dragged underneath the cart with a broken leg. Her sister, Fanny, still on the runaway cart, had to climb along the shafts to retrieve the reins and steady the horse. There was a hotel beside the smithy and drunkenness and fighting were common. Sometimes, men leaving the hotel would roll into the blacksmith’s shop looking for someone to fight. This brightened up the day for Richard and Henry who, after a round with them, threw them out on to the road and got back to work. According to Charlotte the work in the smithy was hot and the men drank beer by the bucket and Richard, too, had his moment of weakness: shortly after his son, Gil, was born, Richard went to a sale and had to be carted home by a neighbour. Charlotte apparently had something to say about it all as Richard joined the Good Templars Lodge and became a staunch prohibitionist.
    Over Easter 2004, at the traditional reunion of the Coles family, this time celebrating 130 years of family history in the Orari district, it was decided to commission a statue of a blacksmith to commemorate the family’s pioneer settlers. The bronze statue, almost 2m in height, was cast by Timaru sculptor Trevor Askin and was unveiled by mayor Janie Annear to a crowd of 300 on January 29, 2006. The statue was funded by the Coles descendants, the Aitken, Coles, Payne and Pearce families, supplemented by grants from the Timaru District Council, the Creative Communities NZ art scheme and the Thomas Hobson Trust. Local businesses provided materials and labour for the base of the statue. 

"A History of the Coles Family, 1874-1974, Somerset to South Canterbury." (72 pages)

12 April 2018 The Geraldine News
Former national thoroughbred racing stars, Orari based trainer Lionel Pratt and jockeys Bill and Bob Skelton, are acknowledged in a new plaque on the Orari blacksmith memorial. The first race meeting in the South Iland was held at Orari in 1859. Lionel Pratt assisted Bill and Bob Skelton, brothers, from Cobden near Greymouth, NZ and trained them as jockeys. By the time Lionel retired in 1985 Bill had 2,156 wins. Bob had 2,129 wins including the 1976 Melbourne Cup on Van der Hum. Lionel trained 706 winners. Orari Racecourse is now a harness racing venue. There are about 70 racecourses like Orari in NZ.  Skelton had his first win at his 30th ride, on Boolamskee in a dead-heat at Wingatui in October 1947. He was the first jockey to have 2000 wins in New Zealand and when he retired in 1985, his tally was 2156. He also had 23 wins overseas - in Australia, Malaysia, Singapore, Hong Kong, South Africa and Japan.

William David Skelton, jockey/trainer; b September 4, 1931 at Cobden; m Nella Machi June 13, 1955 at Geraldine; 2s, 1 d: died November 25 2016 at Levin. His four younger brothers - Frank, Bob, Max and Errol - all became jockeys and accomplished in their own right. The Bill Skelton Story, written with Tony Hilton, 194 pages, published 1976. But he learned from Pratt the value of discipline and said it was vital to his successful career. The Skeltons had moved to Levin in 1964. Bill Skelton, an inductee in both the New Zealand Sports Hall of Fame and the NZ Racing Hall of Fame, was made a member of the Order of the British Empire in 1980. He is survived by Nella and their children, David, Anthony and Maria, six grandchildren and six great-grandchildren.

Bob Skelton died in Melbourne, Victoria, AUS. 19th Aug. 2016, aged 81. He was an inductee in both the New Zealand Sports Hall of Fame in 1995 and the NZ Racing Hall of Fame in 2006, was made a member of the Order of the British Empire in 1978.

Other commissioned public work [opens in a new window] by Trevor J. Askin in his “curvilinear” style of sculpture includes the life-size bronze Paper Boy outside the old Timaru Herald office in Timaru and "Eros" in the gardens at Mona Vale, Christchurch (photo below, Nov. 2009). It was commissioned to be a centrepiece for Roseworld ‘94, the 10th World Rose Convention of the World Federation of Rose Societies. 

Mona Vale Gardens, Christchurch, 28 Oct. 2009, springtime. "Eros" with a Japanese maple in the background.  

Timaru Herald, 24 September 1919, Page 9
Count Girolamo Nerli's oil painting of an old blacksmith, entitled "The Close of Day." was exhibited at the Timaru Art Gallery.

Otago Witness 19 January 1878, Page 17 THE BLACKSMITH MAN.
My mother puts an apron on to keep my coaties clean,
And wubbers on my little boots and then I go and lean
Against the blacksmith's doorway, to watch the coal fire shine,
The bellows heave, the hammer swing I wish they all were mine!
The horses bend their legs and stand; I don't see how they can
But I would love to shoe their feet, just like the blacksmith man.
Tang-tiddle, tang-tiddle, tang-tiddle-tan!
What a jolly noise he makes, the blacksmith man!

When I grow up an old big man, with whiskers on my chin,
I will not have a grocery store, or dry goods store, or tin
I will not be a farmer or a lawyer, not a bit;
Or Premier all the other boys are meaning to be it.
Or a banker, with the money bills piled high upon the stan'
I'd rather hold the red-hot iron, and be a blacksmith man
Tang-tiddle, tang-tiddle, tang-tiddle-tan!
Oh, what a jolly noise he makes, the blacksmith man!

The blacksmith man has got such arms; his shop is such a place;
He gets as dirty as he likes, and no one cleans his face!
And when the lightning's in the sky, he makes his bellows blow,
And all his fires flare up quick, like lightning down below.
Oh, he must have the nicest time that any person can;
I wish I could grow up to-day, and be a blacksmith man!
Tang tiddle, ting-tiddle, tang-tiddle-tan!
I wish I could grow up to day, and be a blacksmith man!

I mean to have a little house with vines and porches to't,
All fixed up nice and clean for me when I get tired of soot.
I'd marry little Susie, and have her for my wife— W
We've been so well acquainted with each other all our life
Oh, I mean to be as hearty and as happy as I can,
And an honest, good, hard working, jolly, rosy blacksmith man!
Tang-tiddle, tang-tiddle, tang-tiddle-tan!
Here goes the honest, good, hard working, jolly blacksmith man!

The Sturdy Blacksmith

Oh, the blacksmith’s a fine sturd-y fel-low!
Hard his hand, but his heart’s true and mel-low.
See him stand there, his huge bel-lows blow-ing,
With his strong brawn-y arms free and bare.
See the fire in the fur-nace a glow-ing;
Bright its spar-kle and flash, loud its road.

Blow the fire, stir the coals, heaping more on;
Till the iron’s all aglow, let it roar on!
While the smith high his hammer’s a-swinging,
Fiery sparks fall in showers all around.
And the sledge on the anvil is ringing;
Fills the air with its clanging sound.

Let the blows, strong and sure, quickly falling,
Haste the work, for the iron fast is cooling.
Oh, the smith he’s a fine sturdy fellow!
Bravely working from morning till night;
Hard his hand, but his heart’s true and mellow;
Like his anvil, he stands for the right.

While the smith high his hammer’s a-swinging,
Fiery sparks fall in showers all around.
And the sledge on the anvil is ringing;
Fills the air with its clanging sound.

North Otago Times, 26 July 1913, Page 1 A VIVID DESCRIPTION.
Miss Brown was, giving an elaborate description of a blacksmith preparatory to teaching Longfellow's poem to her; pupils. "Now, children,"' she said, "we are going to learn a poem to-day about someone who works very hard. He is very large and has, great arms that can lift such heavy things. His face is blackened with soot that comes from his great, blazing fires ! And he wear a dirty black apron, and he has a fire that glows oh, so red, and whenover he makes anything he puts it into his fire and then pounds it with a great big hammer, which makes the loudest clanging noise and makes the sparks fly about in every direction. Now, who can tell me what I have been describing? A little maid, who had listened to these vivid details with eyes twice their natural size, sprang to her feet and said in and awed whisper: "The devil!"

Auckland Star, 1 April 1882, Page 5
What do we want in this rapid age but the essence, the soul, so to speak, of a poem? "The Village Blacksmith;" why, five sixths of it are made up of mere adjectives and ornamental expressions!

Under a tree
A smithy stands,
The smith is muscular
And has large hands,

His hair is black and long
Face colour of tan
He perspires at work.
And earns all he can;
And is independent,
Cash down being his plan.

3 & 4.

His hammer and bellows
Swing and roar,
Pleasing the youngsters
Who look in at his door;
And lurk so much-
He finds it a bore.

5 & 6.

He goes to church on Sunday.
And hears his daughter sing
Thinks, "How like her mother
Who's dead, poor thing!
And cries, for such thoughts
His feelings wring.

7 & 8.

Being a blacksmith,
He works the week through;
Being a man, he has ups and downs
And must we too,
And must always expect them
Whatever we do !

Blacksmith with Wills.
TU46/1975 JAMES Alun - Pleasant Point - Blacksmith
TU1735/1921 ANDREW William - Pleasant Point - Blacksmith
TU8527/1952 TURKINGTON Christopher William John - Pleasant Point - Blacksmith

TU1216/1918 BINNEY Joseph - Fairlie - Blacksmith
TU3100/1929 WELSH Hubert - Fairlie - Blacksmith
TU6118/1944 BINNEY William James - Fairlie - Blacksmith
35375 FRASER Hugh Fairlie - Blacksmith
1275/48 DIACK James William Fairlie - Ret Blacksmith

CH2098/1891 CRAIG John - Temuka - Blacksmith
TU228/1957 BOYLE Herbert Scott - Cass St., Temuka - Blacksmith,
TU257/1889 CRAIG John - Temuka - Blacksmith
TU275/1964 DALE Willie Selby - Temuka - Blacksmith
TU4919/1939 McMEEKEN James - Temuka - Blacksmith
TU 506/1997 TRUMP Thomas George - Temuka - Retired Blacksmith
21052 WALKER William Orari - Rtd Blacksmith

TU201/1885 KENNEDY John - Geraldine - Blacksmith
TU239/1958 STOCK Claude - Geraldine - Blacksmith
TU246/1958FYFE William Graham - Geraldine - Blacksmith
TU251/1957 CAIN John Henry - Peel Forest, Geraldine - Blacksmith
TU2146/1923 STRINGER James - Geraldine - Blacksmith
TU3244/1930 STRINGER Albert - Geraldine - Blacksmith
357/54 GILLIES James - Geraldine and Gore - Retired Blacksmith

TU17/1953 BERRY Percy George - Waimate - Blacksmith
TU90/1879 WILLS Richard - Waimate - Blacksmith
TU96/1959 CHILDS Fred - Waimate - Blacksmith
TU164/1963 CREBA Edward George - Waimate - Blacksmith
TU262/1967CREBA Charles William - Waimate - Blacksmith
TU469/1964 HORGAN William - Waimate - Blacksmith
TU482/1963 WOODS Charles Walter - Waimate - Blacksmith
TU498/1975 PHILIP William Charles - Waimate - Blacksmith
TU1668/1920 WILLS William John - Waimate - Blacksmith
TU1759/1921 PELVIN Alfred - Waimate - Blacksmith
TU2140/1923 CREBA Charles - Waimate - Blacksmith
TU2342/1924 MARTIN George - Waimate - Blacksmith
TU7916/1951 JACK William - Waimate - Blacksmith

CH28/1876 REED Robert - Timaru - Blacksmith
CH3618/1898 REILLY Michael - Timaru - Blacksmith
CH6203/1908 SHAVE Joseph Thomas - Timaru - Blacksmith
CH6318/1908 PARMENTER John - Timaru - Blacksmith
165/1984 ROSE Alan - Timaru - Retired Blacksmith
TU43/1876 REED Robert - Timaru - Blacksmith
TU43/1954 IRVINE Alexander - Timaru - Blacksmith
TU51/1962 CASEY Daniel - Timaru - Blacksmith
TU209/1962 ORR Henry Thomas - Timaru - Blacksmith
TU225/1965 SWAIN Alexander Elijah L - Timaru - Blacksmith
TU226/80 RENNIE William - Timaru - Retired Blacksmith
TU228/1953 STEVENSON James Alwyn - Timaru - Blacksmith
TU250/1968 IRVINE James Robert - Timaru - Blacksmith
TU309/1892 BURMESTER Freidrich H - Timaru - Blacksmith
TU312/1912 FINLAY William - Timaru - Blacksmith
TU315/1955 NEWTON William Wilfred - Timaru - Blacksmith
TU363/1955 AVERIS William Francis - Timaru - Blacksmith
TU366/1972 GALLAGHER Coll Charles J - Timaru - Blacksmith
TU431/1960 GLIDDON Alexander Knox - Timaru - Blacksmith
TU466/1970 STEWART Joseph Yates Jones - Timaru - Blacksmith
TU486/1975 GALLAGHER William John - Timaru - Blacksmith
TU573/1977 HUTTON Robert - Timaru - Blacksmith
TU611/1977 WARD Cecil John - Timaru - Blacksmith
TU695/1904 WALKER Thomas Amos - Timaru - Blacksmith
TU706/1904 GORMAN Thomas - Timaru - Blacksmith
SMITH John Hancocks - Timaru - Blacksmith
TU878/1908 PARMENTER John - Timaru - Blacksmith
TU2912/1928 BROWN William - Timaru - Blacksmith
TU3186/1930 FITZSIMMONS Gerratt Fitz - Timaru - Blacksmith
TU7354/1949 CAVANAGH John Selwyn - Timaru - Blacksmith
TU7376/1949 SPENCE William Archibald - Timaru - Retired Blacksmith
TU 451/1993 AVERIS James Allan - Timaru - Retired Blacksmith
33540 MCCORMICK James Timaru - Blacksmith
63189 SINCLAIR Peter Timaru - Rtd Blacksmith
5277 SUTHERLAND John Manson Timaru - Rtd Blacksmith

South Canterbury NZGenWeb