Jos. Binney- blacksmith, Horsebridge, Devon, U.K. - to blacksmith, Fairlie, N.Z.

Horsebridge, Devon. I can see why he stayed in the Fairlie district, it reminded him of Devon.

Joseph Binney settled in arrived in Fairlie Creek, South Canterbury, N.Z. a town, foundered in 1865. Now known as Fairlie. He built a cottage in 1878 up the main street, Mt. Cook Rd., and a smithy next door. He was energetic giving his time freely to the school committee as chairman, cemetery board, St. Stephen's Anglican Church member and made rods for hanging the lamps in 1898, Domain Board member, chaired meetings and even ran for the council. He was involved in local organisations such as the the Caledonian Society, the Lodge where Bro. J. Binney was a principal officer. In 1972 his daughter, Mabel, a spinster, bequest their cottage and smithy to the museum with all it's original bric-a-brac intact. Miss Binney participated in the golf club and William J. Binney in the local Motor Cycle Club and the Mackenzie Mounted Rifles. Mrs Binney judged sewing for the school annual treat.

His name appears at least 877 times in Papers Past.

Timaru Herald,
2 July 1884, Page 4
THE PARTNERSHIP hitherto existing between us as BLACKSMITHS at Fairlie Creek has This Day been DISSOLVED by Mutual Consent. The Business will be carried on by Mr DUNCAN McKAY, Senior, who will Pay all Accounts owing by us and Receives all Moneys due. JOSEPH BINNEY. DUNCAN McKAY. Witness — WILLIAM PRIEST. ; Fairlie Creek, June 27th, 1884.

Timaru Herald, 8 November 1888, Page 4 MACKENZIE COUNTY COUNCIL
The ordinary monthly meeting of the Mackenzie County Council was held at Burkes Pass on Monday. Present - Messrs John McGregor (chairman), J. Milne, W. Saunders, S. R. Dickson, A. Cowan, and F R Gillingham. From Joseph Burney, blacksmith, Fairlie Creek, requesting a share of the council's blacksmiths' work. Resolved that Burney (sic) be given the work for twelve months after Messrs Moir and Bray's time expires.

Jos. Binney orgainsations had good traits - a good working membership, whole hearted devotion, trust and confidence and being pleasant.

Timaru Herald, 22 December 1903, Page 4 CRUELTY TO SMALL BIRDS.
To the Editor of the "Timaru Herald." Sir, —I see by your valuable paper that the new school syllabus is going to be introduced into our schools early in the coining year. A large ..portion of the syllabus is devoted to teaching kindness to one another in the school, in the playground, in the street, and in their homes; Kindness to the teachers, to their parents, to the young-and' old 1 and last, but not least, kindness to dumb animals. This is a beautiful picture on paper, and also in teaching, bat far better is practice. Would you kindly answer me one question? What is the good of throwing away all this time and money and energy of the teachers, when we see what our children put into practice the moment they leave school, namely, cruelty in its worst form, in pulling of the heads from the small birds. The taxpayer is employing our children as a machine to fight their enemy, the small bird 1 because it is the cheapest machine they can employ, but in doing so they are laying the foundation of an enemy which is a thousand times worse one which may cause pain and grief, and far more money to fight-. If the small 'birds are an enemy to man, let him use x proper methods to put them down, and not buy for gold all that is noble and kind and godly in our young children, and make them in their innocence subject to that which is a great wrong, namely, 1 cruelty in its worst form. I am, etc., JOSEPH BINNEY. Fairlie, December 21st, 1903.

Timaru Herald, 10 January 1910, Page 2
THE DOMAIN. A public meeting was held in the Fairlie Hall on Friday evening to discuss the formation of a Domain Board for Fairlie. There was a good attendance, among them were a lady, and several county councillors. Mr Banks moved, and it was carried that Dr Cook, and Messrs J. Binney and J. Caskey, be appointed to investigate the ownership of the grounds, and to allow them to be vested in fresh trustees under a deed similar to that under which the ground given by Miss McLean to the township is vested.

Recommendation for good health: Practice optimism, altruism and volunteerism. Looked on the more favorable side of events. Practiced unselfish concern for or devotion to the welfare of others. Gave one's time or talents for charitable, educational, or other worthwhile activities, especially in their community.   

Timaru Herald, 21 August 1917, Page 8
The Fairlie School has had a generous gilt made to it by Mr J. S. Rutherford in the shape of a new flagstaff. This is to have a base of concrete 5 feet and 4 feet, at the bottom on each side. The flagstaff will be about 40 feet high and will be very strongly built. On the front of the base will be marble tablet recording the gift, and the sides will be reserved for such purposes as rolls of honour. Mr Rutherford is paying the whole cost, which will be about £40. The new flagstaff will not be in the same position as the old, but will be placed more in the centre of the whole school block frontage, towards the residence fence. It is expected that the flagstaff will be officially brought into use next month. Mr Banks had visited to give advice about placing the trees in the paddock, and Messrs Binney and Foden had inspected the site for the flagstaff.

Timaru Herald, 10 October 1917, Page 3
On Dominion Day the children were assembled as usual and after being addressed by Mr Binney on behalf of the committee, were dismissed for the day. The committee had decided to donate the old flagstaff of the school to Allandale school when the new one was installed.

"New Zealander's distinctively "Kiwi" way of doing things serves the New Zealand Defence Force well. These traits include: resourcefulness, enterprise, common sense and daring."

ANZAC Day 1924 Do not despise the commonplace.
A commonplace life we say and we sigh,
But why should we sigh and say?
The commonplace sun in the commonplace sky
Makes up the commonplace day.
The moon and the stars are commonplace things,
And the flower that blooms and the bird that sings.
Surely it inspires us to think that those whom we honour today are bone-of-our bone and flesh of-our-flesh. They are ours and we are theirs. Shall we forget their devotion? Why can we not in altered conditions, do our duty here and now in the same cheerful spirit of Anzac? Death and wounds were endured for the good of man and for the glory of God. May the day long live as one of our great national institutions.

Timaru Herald, 29 June 1918, Page 3 DEATH OF A PIONEER
The death occurred on Wednesday last of Mr Joseph Binney as the after effects of an operation, which in his advanced age—66 years—proved more than his constitution could stand. Mr Binney was one of the old identities of Fairlie, having come to the then infant township about 35 years ago as a blacksmith. He shortly afterward entered into business on his own account, and was engaged in it actively till his death. He was born in South Sydenham, near Tavistock, in England, where he was married and his two children were born. He visited America, for sometime living in New York and subsequently made his way to New Zealand, being a resident of Temuka for sometime before going to Fairlie. From the early days  of  local institutions till his death he way a keen supporter of anything which made for the good of the town and district. He was connected with the school committee for over 30 years both as chairman, deputy-chairman and member, and the cause of education and the children's welfare ever had his warmest sympathy. He also was a member of the Domain Board as chairman, and of the cemetery trustees. When a movement some years ago was initiated to improve the appearance of Fairlie by planting trees in the streets and adorning the present domain, he took an energetic part. Mr Binney also took a large share in Anglican church matters, and had a great-deal to do with the building of the church and parish hall. He was a keen member of the vestry for many years, being still one of its most active members when he died. Perhaps the most valuable work he did was in connection with the Oddfellows' Lodge, of which he was one of the charter members when Gladstone Lodge was formed. From the start of the lodge till his death he held some office, passing through all the chairs, and being for many trustee for the lodge properties. At the quarterly meeting on Wednesday, a resolution of appreciation of his connection with the Order was passed, and the Lodge decided to go into mourning for six months in his honour. The funeral was held on Saturday last when the Oddfellows' Lodge provided the bearers, except at Sr. Stephen's Church, where the vestry performed that office. After the church service, conducted by the Rev. H.O. Hanby, the cortege included several hundred persons, among them representatives of the Oddfellows and other bodies to which he belonged, and the elder standards of schoolchildren. After the conclusion of the church service, Mr C. J. Talbot, Grand Warden of the I.O.O.F. read the Oddfellows' service. A large number of beautiful wreaths were laid on his grave. Mr Binney is survived by his wife and two adult children, as well as by his brother Mr Sam Binney, of Christchurch. The late Mr Binney was one of the most highly respected residents of Fairlie. and the immunity suffers by his comparatively early death.

"My sledge and hammer lie reclined.
My bellows, too, have lost their wind;
My fire's extinct, my forge decayed,
And in the dust my vice is laid.
My coal is spent, my iron gone,
The nails are driven, my work is done!"

Timaru Herald, 21 June 1918, Page 4
FUNERAL NOTICE. The friends of the late JOSEPH BINNEY are respectfully informed that his funeral will leave his late residence, Fairlie, on SATURDAY 22nd inst.. at 2.30 p.m. for St. Stephens's Church, and thence to the Fairlie Cemetery. E. J. MILES, Undertaker.
NOTICE. THE MEMBERS of the Gladstone Lodge, Fairlie, are requested to meet at their Lodge Room at 1 p.m. on SATURDAY, 22nd inst. for the purpose of attending the funeral of the late Brother J. Binney. Black tie and white gloves. C. KING, N.G.

Timaru Herald, 17 April 1919, Page 5 Fairlie School
The outgoing committee expressed regret for the death of Mr Joseph Binney, who had occupied a seat on the Committee during the best part of his lifetime. A memorial tree was planted in the centre of the grounds, with befitting ceremony, in his honour. The relations between the members of the committee and with the staff had been of the most friendly nature. The average attendance during 1918 was 183. For the March quarter it had risen to 201.

Fairlie Cemetery- photo taken Show Day morning April 2014. The Binney headstone, a heavy white marble headstone made by Hall from Timaru, lies on the grave. Looks like it had fallen years ago and to preserve the stone was left lying flat on a solid concrete block. Thy will be done.

Timaru Herald, 27 October 1920, Page 12
AUCTION SALE, FAIRLIE PROPERTY. TATTERSALL'S SALEYARDS. SATURDAY OCTOBER 30th. At 2 p.m. THE CANTERBURY FARMERS' CO-OPERATIVE ASSN., LID., have received instructions from the Trustees for the LATE JOSEPH BINNEY to offer for Sale by Public Auction, as above, the following Properties.
20 PERCHES, more or less, Freehold, together with BLACKSMITH'S SHOP, with frontage to the Main Street, Fairlie, being Lot 1, D.P. 1528.
34 PERCHES, more or less, Freehold, together with Storeroom, with frontage to Regent Street, Fairlie, being Lot 4, D.P. 1028.
The above will be offered as a whole, and if not sold will be offered in Two Lots as above.
PLANT including 2 Anvils, 2 Drilling Machines, Stocks, Dies, and all Tools and Stock required in the business, can be taken at valuation. Splendid Site, offering an unique opportunity for anyone, wishing to carry on a business established over thirty years.

Mabel Binney's Colonial Cottage - museum next door started as Binney blacksmith forge. In the book Fairlie 1866 - 2000 on page 15 there are two photos of Joseph Binney's blacksmith shop (est. 1887 and reestablished 1897) with William Binney, page 12 is an earlier photo with the cottage and blacksmith shop 1888 and Mary Binney and daughter Mabel. On page 45 there is a sketch of  the Joseph Binney Blacksmith shop with four people out in front. Page 10 has a sketch of H. Fraser blacksmith shop. Mabel bequest her cottage and the smithy to Fairlie museum in 1972. In a pioneer village, the blacksmith was often the an important person in town. Farmers relied on the blacksmith to make horseshoes and repair farm equipment.

Historical Society

Page Five Fairlie Creek Gazette December Edition, 1977
One of the greatest inspirations to succeeding generations is a full realisation of the efforts of their forebears to achieve the comfort of contemporary life. To perpetuate that appreciation of the pioneers of the Mackenzie Country, the late Mr S.P. Bray was inspired to strive successfully for the formation of the Mackenzie Country Historical Society in 1954 and as President he held office until 1956.
    Mr A.A.H. Pinkerton, who was the first secretary and treasurer, continued in office for the following twenty-three years and is still treasurer. From the inception the Society has progressed well. As a first museum, the County Council graciously granted us the use of the original brick power building in the camping ground which served for several years. However, the Society's great step forward came when Miss Mabel Binney, donated her pioneer cottage as a pioneer cottage museum. The Society was then incorporated and a committee of enthusiastic people then formed a roster to act as curators when the museum is opened. Thousands of both local and overseas visitors have called at the museum and have enthusiastically appreciated the displays. Very generous donors have contributed items to the historical displays and only by personal viewing can they be fully appreciated.

The Mabel Binney Cottage, next door to the Fairlie Heritage Museum and blacksmith shop, main road, Fairlie. Photo 9th March 2018.

Mary Jane Binney, widow, appointed Charles John Talbot of Fairlie, farmer and William Adamson of Fairlie, farmer as executors. To William James Binney she left lots 16 and 17 Deposited Plan 329, part of Rural Section 22384, being all the land contained in Certificate of Title Volume 94 folio 284 containing 2 roods, also Lot 5 Deposited Plan 1528, part of Rural Section 10479 and all the land in Certificate of Title Volume 242 folio 113 containing 1 rood and bequest all the residue of my land and personal property to my daughter Mabel Binney and if there be not sufficient personal property to pay my debts that my children shall contribute towards the same proportion to the Government capital value of their shares in the land distributed under this my will. Witness 19th March 1924. James McLean, sheepfarmer, Fairlie. W.H. Cook, Woolscourer, Fairlie. R.L. Banks, JP .

The Joseph Binney Blacksmith and Wheelwright was on Mount Cook Rd.

  Joseph Binney was a blacksmith in Horsebridge, Devon in 1876 and came out to Lyttelton in 1878.

Joseph Binney's Blacksmith shop circa 1890. Joseph Binney left. William Binney on the right.

By the Waitangi, departed Plymouth 18 July 1878 and arrived Lyttelton 13 Oct 1878. 
Joseph Binney age 26 Farm labourer, from Devon 	Joseph died in 1918 aged 66 years. 
Mary J. age 27 					[died 1925] age 74. Cemetery record reads 76, death registration says 82
William James age 5 				[died 1944, aged 73. His sister was Mabel.]
Fanny aged 2 					[Fannie died in 1880]
Samuel Binney age 17 Devon farm labourer single. Died in 1928 aged 67 years, brother to Joseph.

Mary Jane and Joseph Binney children born in NZ:
1879 Binney Ada [died 11 months]
1881 Binney NR
1883 Binney Mabel. Born 12 Nov. 1882, died in 1972.

FreeBMD have a marriage registered for Joseph BINNEY & Mary Jane BINNEY in Plymouth in Q3 1875. No others appear for a Joseph about that time. Lots of couples from the area marry in Plymouth.  Binney may not have been her maiden name - e.g. she may have been the widow of someone else named BINNEY, perhaps another relative of your Joseph & Samuel. If I'm correct, is the surname co-incidence or did he marry a cousin? ( seen that lots of times) or perhaps his sister in law? Marriages Sep. 1875
Surname First name(s) District Vol. Page
BINNEY Joseph Plymouth 5b 478
BINNEY Mary Jane Plymouth 5b 478

Now the curious bit - the age of Joseph`s apparent son William James fits almost exactly with the age of Joseph's nephew William James, baptised 1872 (below), whose mother was Mary Jane and whose father was Joseph`s brother John Walter. John Walter seems to die (as just "John"), shortly after the birth. Age on arrival in NZ (5) doesn't quite fit, but is only one year out. The ship record says Mary Jane was older than Joseph. William was born in Plymouth Q1 1872. Another suggestion he may have been from a previous marriage or else out of wedlock. Fanny was born in Tavistock Q1 1876. Mary Jane Binney, Joseph's wife, was born in Devonshire (probate). I can't find a marriage for John Walter (and I can't find him on the 1871 census). Does the odd looking baptism ref below indicate they weren't married ?

Samuel Binney, age 50 is on the 1911 census staying at a hotel in Horsebridge, Sydenham Damerel, Nr. Tavistock, Devon with his wife Catherine, 39 and son George Kett Binney, 7. The three of them are enumerated as visitors born New Zealand but as they are in a hotel the person filling in the schedule may have made an assumption rather than asked. Samuel married Kate Kett in 1897 in Canterbury, N.Z. Her mother Catherine Kett was a widow. There is a late birth registered in 1933 for George with a name change to George McCarthy Binney with parents Catherine and Samuel Binney.  Kate Kett,  born 1871, a daughter of Catherine and Roger Kett married Samuel Binney in 1897.

Christchurch City Library Church Register Index cards
Samuel Binney  &  Kate KETT  m. 14 April 1897 at res. of Mr F. Vernazon, Sydenham.
ages:  36 / 25;   occ: hotelkeeper;   born:   Devonshire, England / Oamaru, NZ
parents:  James & Martha Binney,  nee WALTERS,  occ: miner
             Roger & Catherine Kett,  nee GUNN,  hotelkeeper
witness:  Roger Kett, joiner,  Waimate;   Jessie Rose Polson,  Darfield

Binney, Samuel
Date of death: Thursday, 19 July 1928
Cemetery: Bromley
Date of burial: Saturday, 21 July 1928
Block number: 40 Plot number: 177
Age: 67 years
Occupation: Retired
Years in New Zealand: 50

Binney, Catherine
Date of death: Wednesday, 5 May 1943
Cemetery: Bromley  (Christchurch)
Date of burial: Friday, 7 May 1943
Block number: 40 Plot number: 177
Age: 71 years
Occupation: Widow
Years in New Zealand: 71

Timaru Herald 1888. KETT. On October 14th, at his late residence, Criterion Hotel, Waimate, Roger Kett, aged 47 years. Melbourne papers please copy.  

BINNEY 		George Kett
Attended 	Opawa School 
Admission Date 	27 Sep 1911
Parent / Guardian  BINNEY S
Birthdate 	02 May 1903
Last School 	England
Last Day 	27 Aug 1915
Destination 	Waitaki High

BINNEY 		Mabel
School 		Fairlie
Admission Date 	15 Oct 1888
Parent 		BINNEY Joseph
Last School 	Fairlie Creek
Birthdate 	Nov 1882

From the 1861:
James BINNY  Head Male 	43  Menheniot Cornwall
Martha Martin BINNY 	36  Lamerton Devon
John Walter		14  Lamerton Devon
Joseph		 	 9  Sydenham Dameral
William Henry	 	 7  Sydenham Dameral
James Martin	 	 4  Sydenham Dameral
Harry		 	 2  Sydenham Dameral
Samuel		 	 3m Sydenham Dameral

Joseph b. 1852 in South Sydenham, Devon and Samuel b. 1861 are found on the 1861 census in Tavistock, Devon. By the 1871 census Wheal Kapunda, in the parish of Sydenham Damerel (South Sydenham) near Tavistock, three of the sons were mine labourers. Menheniot is in a former mining area. Lead seams were discovered in the 1840s and Menheniot became the centre of a mining boom which lasted until the 1870s.  There was a tin and copper mine at Lamerhooe, Wheal Kapunda between Townlake and Sydenham Damerel. By the 1870s the population was in decline.
James BINNEY, Head, Married, 53, Farm Labourer, Menheniot Cornwall [bc. 1816]
Martha M BINNEY, Wife, Married, 46, Farm Labourer's Wife, Ottery Lamerton
[John BENNY, Lodger, Unm, 22, Coalminer, Cornwall Menheniot living in Cramlington, Northumberland in the household of Marwood BRAUND]
William H BINNEY, Son, Unm, 17, Mine Labourer, South Sydenham
Harry BINNEY, Son, -, 12, Mine Labourer, South Sydenham

The fiche for baptisms 1850-1880. Found Joseph (and siblings) baptisms, these correspond to the family on the 1851 and 1861 census's also found baptism for daughter Fanny.:-
25 Jan 1852 Joseph s/o James & Martha Martin BENNY(sic) address Portingtown occupation Labourer at mine
5 Mar 1854 William Henry s/o James & Martha Martin BENNY(sic) address Portington occupation Labourer at mines
6 Jul 1856 James Martin s/o James & Martha Martin BENNY(sic) address Portingtown occupation Labourer at mine
23 May 1858 Harry s/o James & Martha BENNY(sic) address Lane Head, Portingtown occupation Labourer at mines
3 Mar 1861 Samuel  s/o James & Martha Martin BINNEY - address Laurend(?) occupation Labourer
14 Feb 1864 Ada d/o James & Martha Martin BINNEY - address Laurend(?) occupation Labourer
15 Jul 1866 Richard s/o James & Martha Martin BINNEY - address Court House Wheal ......... occupation Labourer (cant read the exact address, its one of the many mines nearby)
21 July 1872 William James s/o Mary Jane & John Walter BINNEY - address Wheal Kapunda Cottages occupation Miner
(cant read the exact address, its one of the many mines nearby - odd entry. mother named first, never seen that before, does it indicate not married ?)
*burial* 16 Sep 1872 John BINNEY address address Wheal Kap..... Cottages (same address as baptism above, still can't read it, but looks the same)
24 May 1874 Elizabeth d/o James & Martha Martin BINNEY - address Horse Bridge, Occupation Labourer
2 Apr 1876 Fanny d/o Joseph & Mary Jane BINNEY - address Horse Bridge, Occupation Blacksmith.

1881 Census: Royal Hotel Horsebridge, Sydenham Dameral, Devon
James Binney 		55 Menheniott, Cornwall 	Farm Labourer
Martha Martin Binney 	57 Lamerton, Devon
Richard Binney 		14 Sydenham Dameral, Devon 	Mine Labourer
Elizabeth Binney 	11 Sydenham Dameral, Devon 	Scholar

Lock family

John Thomas Lock b. 11 Feb. 1862 in Horsebridge Devon UK  died 23 March 1955 in Liverpool UK
Occupation: Mining Contractor
Married Ada Binney b. 7 Jan 1864 in Oatery Devon UK. d. 31 Dec 1944
Ada's Parents: James Binney b. Nov 1816 in Menheniot UK d. 27 Jul 1888 in Sydenham Damerel UK married Martha Martin Walters c.1845 in Stoke Damerel Devon UK
Child: Thomas Binney Lock b. 24 Dec 1887 in Horsebridge Devon UK. Died 8 Jan 1975 in Christchurch, NZ married Edith May Cooper in 1920 d/o Florence and Edmund Watts Cooper. Edith was born 28 Jun 1894 and died 25 Dec 1983.
Grandchildren: Mabel Yvonne Lock b. 15 July 1921 - d. 17 Jun 2000  and Binney Lock b. 1932 (former editor of The Press)

South Canterbury NZGenWeb