South Canturbury Bibliography

South Canterbury Bibliography

South Canterbury NZGenWeb Project

Albury Cave
Geraldine Mackenzie County /Fairlie
Pleasant Point Mt. Cook
Tekapo St Andrews/Pareora
Timaru Temuka
Waimate Twizel
Fiction Runs
Timaru District Library      History
Where to find books

Family, School & Church Histories  

Many excellent district histories have been written recently. Explore the South Canterbury Museum or Smith's.

Build your own e.g. Temuka, Button, John, South Canterbury, Tekapo, Burkes Pass


Andersen, Johannes C. (Carl), 1873-1962 Jubilee History of South Canterbury; Whitcombe & Tombs, Auckland, 1916.  A must see for South Canterbury research.  Illustrated with many photographs, graphs, sketches maps and plans, one folded map. 775 pp.  Limited Edition.  An amazing early look at the settlement and taming of this great area of New Zealand. A commissioned work.  Johannes Andersen was born in Denmark but came to Christchurch at the age of two. He spent 28 years in the Dept. of Lands & Survey and 3 yrs in the General Assembly Library before becoming the first librarian at the Alexander Turnbull Library, appointed 1918, retired 1937.  Republished by Cadsonbury Publications, Christchurch, 1999.

Cyclopedia of New Zealand, Canterbury edition. Vol. 3 part 4. Covers South Canterbury. A must see for South Canterbury research.

Gillespie, Oliver A. (Oliver Arthur) South Canterbury A Record of Settlement; The South Canterbury Centennial History Committee 1958. 2nd edition Timaru Herald 1971.

The whaling era, The McKenzie story, How settlers lived, Communications, Construction, Politics, Pests, Churches, Education,
The Mt. Cook region, Defence and Sport. And tons more. Political representation, names of settlers arriving on ships, statistics, the first report on Timaru roading, names of schools at the time....The appendices includes the Strathallan's arrival and passenger listing, first S.C. electoral rolls, schools of South Canterbury, first shipment of mutton, the runs, local body representatives and a detailed bibliography. Gillespie was asked to write the book for the 1958 centennial of South Canterbury. Includes a bibliography and index. 507 pp. Maps (one folded at back of book, and one on front end paper). b/w photos, line drawings, corrections. The dust jacket has a sketch of the Rhodes Cottage at The Levels by Esther Hop. 

Wise's New Zealand Directory 1872-73, 1875-76, 1878-79.
The first S.C. electoral rolls for 1857, 1861 and 1862.

If a person was renting a property or a boarder their name is unlikely to occur. You can trace a person residential address by searching the Wise's New Zealand Post Office Directories.  Note when the colonist first appears in the NZ Electoral Rolls (1865+) and  Wise's Directories (1872+) might give a clue of year of arrival.

Button, John 100 early South Canterbury Characters. SC RSA Petanque Club, 2001. Mainly biographies from Gillespie's South Canterbury a record of settlement.  ISBN : 0473075660 (pbk.) 'Much of the material comes from research for volume one of the Dictionary of New Zealand Biography

Button, John South Canterbury Tales ($15) 2010 can be ordered from the South Canterbury RSA office by calling 688 4123.
Timaru historian John Button has bowed to demand and published a compilation of the local history columns he writes for The Courier.  The first tale appeared two years ago. The book contains 56 tales covering the period from early Maori history through the first European settlers to the early 20th century. Button said the columns came out of the books he had already written, or from his research for those books, of which he has written more than 20. As well as a volume of poetry and textbook and gram mar references from his teaching career, he has written six histories of districts, schools or churches in South Canterbury, beginning with South of the Burn: the Southburn story in 1992.  As well as the first volume of South Canterbury Tales, two more of his books will appear soon: a history of Caroline Bay to coincide with this year's carnival, A Century of Carnivals, and another about St Mary's Church, Love and Faithfulness, which will be launched next month. "Travelling gives you a sense of time."

Button, John, Century of Carnivals, 240 pages, includes 32-page compilation of photographs had been sourced through archives and donated. The book covers more than 100 years of events. It contains a number of "controversies". Caroline Bay Association volunteers gave up their summer holidays year after year. The South Canterbury Museum is to run a photographic exhibition titled Riviera of the South  a collection of Caroline Bay portraits. 2010

Cattell, John.  Historic Buildings of Canterbury and South Canterbury. 2nd ed 1988 75pp New Zealand Historic Places Trust register of classified buildings.

Collins, R D J  - Timaru: 100 Years of Postal Service. Cancellations (Philately) - 1959 - 24 pages

Dowling, Vivyan - One Foot Out the Door South Canterbury 1915-39 by  142 p., 5]leaves of plates : ill. ; 23 cm.

Drake, Douglas They served with Honour : experiences of South Canterbury airmen in World War II.  Timaru, NZ, D.E. Drake, on behalf of the South Canterbury Aviation Heritage Centre, Feb. 2001. 149pp., ill., 30 cm. (spiral binding) ISBN: 0473075040.2001

Drake, D. E. (Douglas Edward), 1927- Wings over South Canterbury : a record of aviation / by D.E. Drake ;  D.E. Drake, 1996. 223pp., ill., ports., 22 cm.:  2nd rev. ed.  First ed. published 1993. (Timaru, N.Z.)  ISBN:  0473040824 : $33.95  D.E. Drake, 3 Kauri Street, Timaru

Drake, D. E. Lawn Bowling in Timaru for 120 Years A Brief History of the Timaru Bowling Club, the Sport's Founding Body in South Canterbury in 1886.  2006. Previous ed.: 1986.

Elliott,  Ken,  complied by. The Postal History of South Canterbury. Postal staff from the early 1950s to present -  (2012)

Hall-Jones, F.G. Early Timaru. Published 1956. 64 pages.

Johnson, David. Timaru & South Canterbury: a pictorial history. Christchurch: Canterbury University Press, 1996.

Kerr, A.C. South Canterbury Hunt 1882-1982. Published by The South Canterbury Hunt. 1982. Limp binding. 54pp. b/w photos.  

Mckenzie, Patsy Theatre Royal, Timaru: A Short History by Patsy Mckenzie Paperback. Pages 28. Publisher: Friends of the Theatre Royal. 2003

McNeish, James The Mackenzie Affair published by Hodde and Stoughton, London 1970 1st ed, 1972. Hb. The story of Mckenzie and his dog. 271pp. Facsimiles of documents.  There is also an account of 19th century New Zealand prisons. McNeish goes beyond the legend of Mackenzie the sheep stealer. McNeish goes beyond the legend of Mackenzie the sheeepstealer. Deeply critical his novel throws light on the whole era. In 1855 James Mackenzie tried and thrown into Canterbury goal where he was driven to near madness. McNeish sets the record straight with a reconstruction of Mackenzie's story. Includes an account of 19th century New Zealand prisons.

McNeish, James. Mackenzie.  (1970) Godwit, Auckland. A novel based on the life of the infamous sheep stealer of South Canterbury, James Mackenzie and his dog, who exploits led to the discovery of the MacKenzie Country in 1855. 384pp illustrated s/covers.

Mulcock, Claire. Tussock grasslands, South Island, New Zealand: our heritage. Timaru: South Island High Country Committee of Federated Farmers, 2001.

Neilson, Kerry.  Rebecca, Anna. Aoraki Women's Resource Centre. Notable South Canterbury women / [initiated by Kerry Neilson ; compiled and edited by Anna Rebecca ; Pleasant Point N.Z. : Aoraki Women's Resource Centre, 1993  "Women's Suffrage = Whakatu Wahine, Aotearoa, New Zealand, 1893-1993."  Should be obtainable via the Aoraki Women's Resource Centre or via Kerry Neilson. Address to Dr Neilson, Main Road, Pleasant Point should reach her. $29.95 a copy. 180pp.

Parker, John Simon. Timaru Centenary, 1868-1968 : Printed by the Timaru Herald, 1968, Commissioned by the Timaru City Council. 119pp. Part One, Reward for Effort; Part Two, Contributions to Centennial Chest - Junior Citizens.  Mr D.R. Dowell-elected Mayor of Timaru 1965. Hb DJ - painting by William Greene. Published by Christopher E. Dawson, Timaru - Printed by The Timaru Herald Co. Ltd - 301- b/w photographs
Part One: Reward for Effort by J.S. Parker. Part Two: Contributions to Centennial Chest by Junior Citizens

Part One
1. The First Day
2. Fire and Water
3. Tension Mounts
4. Pressures
5. Amenities
6. Services
7. Airport - Fire Brigade-Reserves
8. Gas Lighting
9. Swimming
10. Street names
11. Power
12. The Hundred Years
Part Two Selections from Contributions to 'The Centennial Chest'
Index of Contributions to 'The Centennial Chest'

Doug Shears ; editor, John Button. Tales of South Canterbury Vol. 1 : Caroline Bay / Timaru, N.Z.: Bay Hill, 2001. Caroline Bay (Timaru, N.Z.) -- History

Drake, D E.;  Lawn Bowling in Timaru for 120 Years 1886-2006 -  (Timaru Bowling Club)

Guthrie, Noel Memories / by Noel Guthrie. Timaru : Helen and Noel Guthrie, 1992. 'Memories has its origins in the Timaru Herald and the Ashburton Guardian, where weekly articles have been published since 1990. Memories is a portrayal of Noel Guthrie's visual impression of South and Mid Canterbury's early history. Beautifully illustrated book with text endeavouring to provide some of the colour surrounding each sketch which many readers will identify with. Pictorial works - Historic buildings

Horgan, Noel; On the Road Again  - 50th Jubilee of the AA Mid & South Canterbury Caravan Club (1947-1997) 

Shears, Doug and Button, John. Tales of South Canterbury Vol. 2 : ships named Timaru / by Doug Shears ; Imprint: Timaru, N.Z.: Bay Hill, 2001.

Sinclair, Rex. Take me back to yesterday once more : a history of musicians, dance bands and country music in South Canterbury, 1920s - 1970s / Lex Sinclair ; compiler, Ron Bush, Sinclair, Lex Bush, Ron Geraldine, N.Z.: Lex Sinclair, 2006.

South Canterbury Historical Society South Canterbury tales, 50 years, the history of the South Canterbury Historical Society Inc. : a half century of progress. 1991.

South Canterbury Historical Guide : including the towns of Timaru, Temuka, Geraldine, Pleasant Point, Fairlie and Waimate, their surrounding country districts, and the Mackenzie Country
Wilson, John (John Malcolm), 1943-
[Timaru, N.Z.] : South Canterbury District Committee of the New Zealand Historic Places Trust, c1991.
96 p. : ill. (some col.), maps (some col.) ; 21 cm.

South Canterbury Journal.  NZ Literature. By the members of the South Canterbury Writers' Guild No. 1960. These soft cover booklets cover  Stories, Articles and Poems by South Canterbury Writers.
Journal 4 dated 1973 
Journal 5 dated 1975

Thomson, D. Etal. A Century of Service, (1987) 174pp. History of South Canterbury & North Otago police. plates. 750 numbered copies. 

The Timaru Herald. Famous pages from The Timaru Herald, South Canterbury newspaper. 1984. Available from  The Timaru Herald, Bank St, Timaru, New Zealand. Chronology, Historical.

Timaru Herald, 1864-5. Published Timaru: The Timaru Herald, 1864-1865. Includes issues June 11, 1864-December 2, 1865, bound together by the Library. Christchurch Vol. I, nos. 1-2, 4-22, 24-37, 39-53 - v. II, nos. 54-56, 58-65, 67-73, 75-76, 78-80 - v. III, no. 81

Timaru and South Canterbury New Zealand, 1950 : the city and the province today with some interesting glances at the past. by Timaru Publicity Committee.

Townsend, Colin. 1941 - Tragedies, Triumphs, Treasures Of Timaru And Sth Canterbury by Colin Townsend Paperback. Pages 80. South Canterbury Charitable Radio Trust.

Tunnicliffe, Alan, 1947- A South Canterbury surname index : being five alphabetical lists of surnames contained in 7 un-indexed South Canterbury historical books A. Tunnicliffe, 1991. 21 pages.

Turner, George, Brand Book Of Canterbury 1833 -1911. List of every sheep brand registered in Canterbury. Owner or overseers name, name of run, etc. Laminate Cover. New Edition. First Published 1861.

Vance, William, 1901-1981 South Canterbury. South Island Publicity Association of New Zealand, 1967. pamphlet

Wedderspoon, R. Pictorial South Canterbury. Chch 1924 235pp. Plates of Fairlie, Geraldine, Temuka, Peel Forest, Timaru, Waimate, Mt Cook etc. 

Whelan, Chris D., 1964- The development of community in the Mackenzie Basin 1850-1950 Christchurch, N.Z. [C.D. Whelan], 1989. Thesis (M.A.) - University of Canterbury. Bibliography: pp 305-321.

Wilson, John (John Malcolm), 1943. South Canterbury Historical Guide: including the towns of Timaru, Temuka, Geraldine, Pleasant Point, Fairlie and Waimate, their surrounding country districts, and the Mackenzie Country: South Canterbury District Committee of the New Zealand Historic Places Trust, c1991

Wilkinson  M.B.  South Canterbury's Early Settlers and Immigrants, 1990. 58 pages.  List of early settlers and immigrants 1850s and 1860s.   Appendix immigrant and passenger vessels up to 1884.  A South Canterbury Historical Publication 1990.  Includes photographs of early Timaru and the sailing vessels: S.S. Maori, S.S. Beautiful, S.S. Bruce, Opawa, Soukar, Merope and the Strathallan.

Williamson, Eulla  Farmers in Business. 1880 - 1980. One Hundred Years of Trading By the Canterbury Farmers Co-Operative Assoc. Ltd. Timaru and Branches. 1980; hc 159pp. Plates. Lists of chairmen, directors, auditors and solicitors. Pictorial dj. Some early photos of stores, streets and staff up to 1980 and illustrations throughout. CFCA
Farmers in Business, 100 Years of Trading, Timaru and Branches
Co-operative Trading
Farmers in Business
The Stock and Station Agency
Company Organisation
Into the Twentieth Century
In Search of Markets 1900-18
Years of Adversity 1918-28
The Depression 1930-37
Trading and War 1937
An Era of Change
The Tenth Decade 1970-80
The Geraldine Branch
The Waimate Branch 1903
The Fairlie Branch 1911
The Temuka Branch 1920
North Otago
Staff and their Memories
Chairmen and Directors
General Managers
Directors 1880-1980

Canterbury Farmers' Co-operative Association (Timaru, NZ) Annual report / Canterbury Farmers Co-operative Association Limited; Timaru: The Association, 1894-1980. Crown Consolidated Annual report; Volumes:  1st (1894)-87th (1980)

Down Memory Way from Land's End in my Mother's Day to what I saw of Timaru as I knew it was Right to Caroline Bay - recollections of Eliza Thompson (nee Sis Brehaut), 1987 [Families of William and Mary HOSKING and James and Sarah BREHAUT]

A History of the South Canterbury Savage Club (1911-1968)
South Canterbury Tales 50 years- The history of South Canterbury Historical Society Inc. (1991)
Spinning Yarns: A Centennial History of Alliance Textiles Limited and its predecessors - G J McLean  [comprehensive, includes many names ]
Stratheona - training School of Home Arts (located near the Te Ngawai River, Pleasant Point) 1938-1961. Records dating from 1938 till closing. Photographs, newspaper clippings and memoirs.
Unclimbed New Zealand - by John Pascoe: Alpine travel in the Canterbury and Westland Ranges, Southern Alps
Records of the Highfield Bowling Club, which closed in August 2004.

Young, Robert Edward. South Canterbury expands. Breckell & Nicholls, 1965.

Canterbury - Old and New 1850 to 1900 published under the auspices of the New Zealand Natives Association includes a chapter on the 
Rise of South Canterbury by Mr E. Holdgate.
Sir John Hall tells of the founding of the first homestead south of the Rakaia and north of Timaru. 
The escapades of the notorious Mackenzie are recounted by the man who captured him, and the same raconteur, Mr E.W. Seager, describes the meeting of Bishops Selwyn and Harper on board the Egmont. 
The book concludes with A Glimpse of the Alps of Canterbury by Mr Cockayne.

South Canterbury Historical Guide, 1990. 21cm, 96pp, maps, b&w and col. photo illus in text, soft covers. Including the towns of Timaru, Temuka, Geraldine, Pleasant Point, Fairlie, and Waimate, their surrounding country districts, and the Mackenzie Country.

New Zealand Historic Places Magazine
Number 47, May 1994

1/ Timaru's Theatre Royal
2/ Timaru's Landing Services pre Harbour Construction
3/ Building the Timaru Harbour
4/ Timaru's Victorian and Edwardian Buildings
5/ South Canterbury's Rock Art Heritage
6/ Maori Chief of Waimate
7/ Stained Glass Windows within the Geraldine Anglican Parish
8/ Stock and Station Buildings in Mid and South Canterbury
9/ South Canterbury: Stone Arch Bridges
10/ St David's Pioneer Memorial Church, Cave
11/ The Houses of Mount Nessing and Opawa Stations
12/ South Canterbury's Raincliff Pioneer Park
13/ Alma Cottage, Burkes Pass
14/ Changes that Hydro Construction had on Lakes Tekapo and Pukaki
15/ Station Huts of the Godley Valley, Mackenzie Country
16/ Historic Ashburton Station
17/ Longbeach Station: Unusual Sod Cottage
18/ The 'Deserted Village' of Barrhill
19/ Huia Lodge

New Zealand Memories: 2006 Issue 57

December/January 2006
Features: - Memories of Lake Pukaki Hydro Dam Project

Otago Witness, 20 December 1905, Page 37

The Pioneer is the name of a bright, monthly magazine published in Timaru by Messrs Lewis and Thomson, whose object; is primarily the supplying of an advertising medium whose circulation is absolutely guaranteed at 10,000. That this provision meets with favour at the hands of advertisers is amply demonstrated by the live appearance of the advertising pages, all of which are interesting and attractive. But the literary portion of the paper is by no means neglected for the sake of the revenue producing. The December number contains an editorial, a seasonable poem by Mr Johannes C. Andersen, a well-written Christmas story, notes on books, reminiscences of old Timaru (illustrated), sketches, music and the drama, social news, children's corner, a Maoriland swing song, and the Pioneer competitions  altogether a very delectable bill of fare. We wish out monthly contemporary a continued run of success.

Timaru District Library- District histories. To the far left - "The Station Years" Noel Crawford re Cave and Cannington


Glass, Yshbel, 1925- A History of the Albury District / compiled by Yshbel Glass on behalf of the Mt Nessing and TeNgawai C.W.I. ; Y. Glass, [1994] Available from Y. Glass, 15 Richard Pearse Drive, Temuka 8752, ISBN: 0473025264 (pbk.)  136 pp   Albury and district, 1850-1994.

Lange, Doreen (nee Connor). Cricklewood Tales of Connor "Breed" South Canterbury. 1982 hb Fairlie, Timaru, Albury, Cricklewood reminiscences. 96pp, plates and genealogical tables. Published by Craigs, DJ.  The story of the Connor family in South Canterbury, and all those mixed up with them; those friends and relatives from Fairlie and Timaru, but especially the Albury and Cricklewood kids, with illustrations/photographs.


Holland, Rosalie Cave 1850 -1990. Published 1990 by Mackenzie Federation of Country Women. 115 pp


          The original shop in Geraldine.

A Canterbury Tale, the Autobiography of Dr. Francis Bennett, Oxford University Press, 1980 92 Z

Button, John. Geraldine : the first 150 years. Geraldine, NZ : Geraldine 150 Committee, 2006.

Davey, Alfred James, 1888- Daybreak in Geraldine County : Record of Progress during seventy-five years under local government, 1877-1952 ; Timaru Herald Company, 1955  Ist edition 1952- 198 pages- b/w photographs - map A history of the County since its inception in 1877. Written by the Chairman of the County Council, A J Davey to commemorate 75 years.  

Preface 9
Forward 11
Introduction 13
Personnel of Council 15
List of Members 16
Break of Day 17
The County 33
Administrative 41
Rivers 47
Roads and Bridges 49
Floods 57
Reserves and Planting 78
Water Supply 80
The Hobson Bequest 83
Pioneering Spirit 86
Jubilee Celebrations 88
Agricultural, Pastoral 124
Harvest Hazards 142
Dairying 145
Arowhenua Maori Pa 156
Churches and Schools 159
Land Settlement 173
Electric Power 186
Linen Flax 190
New Zealand Insulators 192
Pests 194
Milestones 197

Harper, Barbara Morrisons of Geraldine, 1867-1967. Pub: Geraldine : Morrison Brothers, 1968 69 p. illus. Printed by The Timaru Herald Co. Contains some early photos of Geraldine. Ted Twigg gave a lifetime of service to the firm. Bob Morrison married Ellen Woodward. and family, Hanmer, Bruce and Rina, lived at 16 Hislop St and later moved to "The Totaras" on Forest Rd, a house built by his brother, Hugh, who had died. Bob purchased the Totaras from Shalcross (of Maling and Shalcross.)
Chapter One  In search of Gold 7
Chapter Two Starting a Business 14
Chapter Three The Good Years 21
Chapter Four The Motor Business 35
Chapter five Little Accomplished without Loyalty 42
Chapter Six The Hard Years 54
Chapter Seven Recovery and Progress 63

Ashburton Guardian, 2 April 1900, Page 2
Mr R. Morrison, senr., who for twenty-five years was in business as a storekeeper at Geraldine, and lately established a store at Peel Forest, which proved very convenient to picnickers, leaves in the Gothic, accompanied by his youngest son, on a visit to the Old Country which is to him Belfast, Bangor, and Neutonards, North of Ireland. Morrison Bros., to whom the business was transferred a year or two ago, successfully carry on both the aforesaid establishments.

Grayburn, Peter, 1925- The Kids from the Bottom End : Memories of Growing up in Geraldine during and after the Great Depression of the 1930s / with contributions from Patsy (Grayburn) Spence, Tony, Garry, Mark and Philippa Grayburn; Putaruru, N.Z.: Moorepork Press, 1997

Kerr, Phyllis, 1907-1993 From the Beginning : Chronicles of a County : Geraldine / Phyllis Kerr. Timaru: Strathallan County Council ;  Nov. 1976.  412pp. Cloth, DJ, with illustrations, drawings and maps. This is the story of the first 100 years of Geraldine County covering the development of the land, the people and local body politics.  Covers many aspects from Roads Boards to towns and villages, agriculture , churches and schools. Shows the activities and involvement of people past and present in the county.  B/w photographs. The front dj cover is an A.A. Deans painting of the Upper Rangitata Gorge country and the back cover shows an Audrey Durant painting of the farmed land of the plains. The centennial history of the Geraldine-Strathallan County Council and the story of the people of Geraldine district. William Gapes Butcher, Gapes Valley p 223, 217, 323 and 343.

The front dj cover is an A.A. Deans painting of the Upper Rangitata Gorge country.    The back cover is a Audrey Durrant painting of the farmed land of the plains.

Kerr, Phyllis, Peel Forest - History, Story and Legend of Peel Forest: Tarahaoa. The story, and legend of Peel Forest written for the Peel Forest Park Board.  Christchurch. 1972. Line drawings. Maps. Maori legends, and early pioneer stories. Considered as a visitors guide booklet. Included loose: folding Information brochure about Peel Forest Park, with maps.
Maori history of the area, the bush and the birds.
Early explorers, first settlers.
The destruction of the forest. Bushmen; early businesses; Churches; Schools.
The Rangitata Gorge.
The homesteads.
Bush tracks and the Forest park.

Morrison,  Ian and John Glimpses of Geraldine through the years complied by Ian and John Morrison published in 2007.

Pearce, Don W. (Don William), 1920- Dunedin [N.Z.] : D.W. Pearce, 1993. A history of Te Moana and Four Peaks / [author and publisher, D.W. Pearce]. "Outcome of the centennial of Te Moana School held over Easter weekend 1992"--P. i. Map on inside cover. Erratum slips mounted on p. 49 and 96. Available from A.D. Worner, 28 Peel Street, Geraldine, N.Z. 

Timaru Herald 11 March 2010
Geraldine has lost one of its early civic leaders. Eulla Campbell Williamson passed away on March 3. Her service to Geraldine had been recognised with an OBE. Mrs Williamson was born in Dunedin in 1918, the first child of Annie and tailor Peter McCubbin. The family moved to Christchurch and then to Timaru. She attended Timaru Girls' High School, excelling in basketball and athletics. In 1936 she became the South Canterbury Athletics Club high-jump champion with a jump of 4 foot 11 3/4 inches (152 centimetres). She was eligible for the Commonwealth Games but the war intervened. During World War II, after her father's death, Mrs Williamson began her working life as a window-dresser and trained in corsetry. Seeking independence, she moved to work in Geraldine, where she met her husband Bill. Her civic career developed from her community involvement. She was the first woman to serve on the Geraldine Primary School PTA. She was president of Geraldine High School PTA and chaired the Geraldine Board of Governors for 15 years. She also chaired the Geraldine Red Cross and was mayoress during her husband's time as mayor and then councillor and deputy mayor. She then became one of the first 12 women mayors in New Zealand. She was a member of the South Canterbury Hospital Board for nine years and chaired the finance committee. Mrs Williamson had a long involvement with the Geraldine Red Cross. She had a great love of writing and was an active member of the South Canterbury Writers' Guild for many years. She went on to publish five books:
UP Reds! : a history of rugby in Geraldine, 1878-1973 (1975)
Hearts Hands and Voices, a history of the Anglican church in Geraldine and surrounding district (1978)
Farmers in business: One Hundred Years of Trading by Canterbury Farmers Co-operative, Timaru and Branches (1980)

On My Honour, a history of early scouting years with the Geraldine troop 1910-1931 (1983)
End of an Era 1964-1989: A history of the final 25 years of administration of Timaru Hospital by the South Canterbury Hospital Board (1994)

She was awarded an OBE in 1991, was appointed a JP in 1978 and worked as a marriage celebrant from 1982 to 1988. Mrs Williamson also loved to read, play bridge, and renovate her homes and garden. She is survived by two daughters, a step daughter, seven grandchildren and four great-grandchildren. 
Eulla Campbell (nee McCubbin) J.P. O.B.E At Christchurch (Formerly of Geraldine) and loved wife of the late Henry William Walter (Bill) Williamson. The funeral service was held in St Mary's Anglican Church, Talbot Street, Geraldine on Saturday 6th March at 11 am followed by a private burial.

Geraldine Library, August. 2017.


Button, John and Leslie, Ray. Easter Monday in the High Lands, A Century of Mackenzie Highland Shows 1899 -1998. ISBN 0-473-005511-2. Published by the Mackenzie A & P Society, Fairlie 1998. 334pp Printed by Rangiora Print, 3 Blake St, Rangiora. Includes biographies of the past presidents with a photo of each. e.g.
1899 John Eden Goodwin
1900 Henry S. Struthers. b. 1854 in Ayrshire, Scotland
1901 John Scott Rutherford
1902 Francis Robert (Frank) Gillingham
1903 John (Cockie) Bray - came to NZ on the 'Lady Jocelyn'
1904 Charles John Talbot
1905 John Trotter b. Ross-Shire, Scotland in 1860, came to NZ in 1867
1906 Charles William Ensor
1907 William Dixon b. Caistor, Linconlnshire, came to NZ in 1888. died 1952
1908 Charles W. Isitt (1874-1945)
1909 Humphery Arthur Innes-Jones b. 1868 Darley Abbey, Derbyshire, ENG.
1910 Bryce Wright
1911 Alexander S. Smith b. 1863
1912 William Bray - brother of John Bray
1913 Arthur Lowny Dobson (1886-1946)
1914 John Davidson d. 1950
1915 Alfred Ernest Gillingham
1916 Samuel Dale b. 1870 Port Chalmers
1917 William Alexander Robertson
1918 William Arthur Dorman (1858 -1934)
1919 Ernest Macdonald b. 1858 Edinburgh d. 1952
1920 William Tasman Smith (Tas Smith) (1876 -1939) etc.

Cotterell, Janet (23 Jan. 1900 - 1983). Beside the South Opuha - Pioneers of Ashwick Flat:1959.   Includes her poem "To the Pioneers." Printed by W.M. Beynon.

Fairlie Fire Brigade. 1908-1983. 28pp. Ashburton. The Brigade, Higgins & Co.

Fairlie Work Trust Inc. Fairlie 1866-2000 pg 122. Includes 100 b/w photos and the 2000 school roll.

Goodwin, George. St Stephen's Anglican Church, Fairlie: One Hundred Years, 1896-1996. Christchurch, N.Z.

Greenwood, William. 1910-1985. Century of Challenge: Mackenzie County Council : a centennial chronicle, 1883-1983. [Fairlie, N.Z.: The Council, 1983] Indexed. 260pp [20] p. of plates : ill., ports ; 22 cm. Available from Mackenzie County Council, P.O. Box 52, Fairlie. references. ISBN:  $20 (hbk.)

Hanifin, J. P. (John Patrick), 1920-1980. Memories of  Fairlie / by J.P. Hanifin; N. Hanifin, 1982 Timaru : Patricia Hanifin/ Priest Printers.  Memories of the community of Fairlie 1920 - 1950. 76 pages, soft cover, b/w illusts. 

Holland, Rosalie. Cave, 1850-1990. Fairlie, NZ: Mackenzie Federation of Country Women's Institutes, 1990.

Lundie,  Jack A lifetime revisited the first 92yrs [held in the Fairlie Library]

Moran, Rosemary  "Fairlie Remembers" published 2018 $45 at Heartland's Resource Centre Fairlie. One of the projects that celebrated Fairlie's 150 Years in 2016 was the recording of the oral histories of a number of long term residents of the township. Glen Innes and Rosemary Moran have compiled a book with photographs of the participants taken at the time, some photos of their earlier lives, brief biographies and anecdotes from the interviews that encapsulate aspects of how Fairlie was in days gone by.

 Rayne, Connie. 1991 Sherwood Downs and Beyond / by Connie Rayne. Oamaru, NZ 315pp

Stanley, Mary A Brief History of Fairlie 1992 ; Fairlie : Country Womens Institute, 1992.
173 p. : maps. ; ill.

A slice of Mackenzie Country history : as seen by William Edward Struthers of Fairlie / compiled by Sandra Smith and Robyn Daikee.
[Fairlie, NZ : Robyn Daikee and Sandra Smith, 2006] Ringbinder

Omarama Place of Light and early Waitaki Valley - Marion Aubrey

The Mackenzie Basin : a regional study in the South Island high country. Tussock depletion 1949 Ronald Kincaid Wilson Theses

A booklet on Allandale. Aspects of Allandale, put together by Allandale Country Women' s Institute, March 1991

Aspects of Allandale : Allandale Country Women's Institute.
Published[Timaru, N.Z. : The Institute. 1991] (Timaru : Timaru Herald Print)
Description Book 44 p. : ill., map, ports. ; 21 cm. $10.00 (pbk.).
Allandale Country Women's Institute (Allandale, Mackenzie District, N.Z.)
Notes "Booklet is not a complete chronological account of Allandale ... recall just some aspects of life in this small piece of South Canterbury"--P. [4].
"March 1991." Map inside front cover.


Bowden, Rex Pleasant Point Golf Club (Incorporated), 1921-1996   76 p. : ill., 1996 

Pleasant Point A History by O.P. (Olwyn) Oliver 1989.  A booklet, divided into section headings, not indexed, but contains interesting historical data, names and old photographs. online

Ogilvie, Gordon Moonshine Country. The Story of Waitohi, South Canterbury; 1971, The Caxton Press, Christchurch. 208pp  Bibliography, index. Hb. Dj. B/w photos and maps on epgs. This account of the district, records the triumphs, crises and contretemps of 110 years of settlement. It brings to life an intriguing band of personable settlers who have included two alpine explorers, New Zealand's first aviator, several champion sportsman, artists, writers, off beat musicians, no less than five inventors of agricultural machinery, a MP and a book of colourful characters.
Brief Maori history of the Waitohi area along the Opihi river, their way of life, cave shelters used in hunting expeditions and cave drawings
The first Europeans, early farmers and settlers, with brief family histories.
Sod houses, preparing the land, farming, irrigation, threshing
School and Church history
Sly-grogging and hunting and fishing
Richard Pearse and his flights
Later settlers from 1900 and later, with snippets of information re family and sales
Colourful characters of the district
Businesses and services
Old photos and of drawings show: Wai-a-te-ruati pa; Maori rock drawings; portraits; old homes and other buildings; farm work with people, horses and old farm machinery including steam traction engines and a gorse cutter; flax harvesting; School pupils and sport club members (some named); trout and eels from Opihi. Maps show historic locations mentioned in the book; original sheep runs; farm blocks, houses and landowners as at 1890 and 1970.

The Raincliff Story : being a review of Raincliff Station, its several owners, partition in 1901, and subsequent owners to 2000 / by Edward J. Parr, David G.R. Reynolds. 2000.  417pp 1st printing 200 copies. $50. 2nd printing 2000. The launching of the book was held at Peter and Shirley Quantock's homestead 'Raincliff Station'.  It is well bound and offers a huge amount of research to the various properties, detailing each from settlement to current owners/occupiers.  Printed in Canada, not quality paper sadly and the photos suffered as a result in reproduction.  It is a great effort.  Edward Parr, died recently [2002], farmed just north of the Raincliff Forest and Dave Reynolds, who once was Fairlie's resident Dept. of Agriculture Officer, now lives and farms in Middle Valley. 

Wilson, Helen. Moonshine ; Paul, 1956

Cave 1850-1990 / Rosalie Holland.
Holland, Rosalie
[s.l.] : [s.n.], 1990.


"There is plenty of history to be written about to complete the tapestry of our striking and very rich Mackenzie country" wrote James Maxwell in 1991

Tourist Hotel Corporation, 1984. The Hermitage, Mount Cook centennial, 1884-1984. A Brief look at the past 100 years. Wellington:  32p

Hosken, Evelyn. Life on a Five Pound Note Hosken, Evelyn, b. 1886 [Timaru : Printed by the Timaru Herald], 1964.  Simons Hills Station. 204 p. : illus. The dust jacket is painted by Esther S. Hope - a water colour artist.  Published by the author 'The Gables' Timaru in March 1964. Map of early South Canterbury runs. Endpapers - The first advertising brochure for Mount Cook. Photos, index. 204 pages. Her first sight of the barren tussock-covered country filled her with dismay. Little did she think that time would turn her dislike into deep affection, and that instead of staying for the compulsory five years residence she would remain for forty-five, and that on the very ground on which she then stood she would eventually see beautiful crops of lucerne grown by her son who was born about two years after her arrival. "Mrs Hosken and her young carpenter husband drew Simons Hill station in a land ballot, and after selling their home they had built in Ashburton, they set out to pioneer in New Zealand's high country. Pioneering in the Mackenzie demanded a stout heart, a strong constitution, and a sense of humour. These, plus a knowledge of home-nursing, carried Mrs Hosken and her fellow pioneers through sickness, accident and fire. One is impressed by the hospitality of the high country runs; few city women would care to be called on at 2am on a winters morning to provide beds and meals for 15 bus passengers stranded in heavy snow. Addition to personal memoirs, a brief history of high-country runs, some of the grandeur of life as it was in the early Mackenzie Country and Mt Cook region and many are the humourous tales of shearers, shepherds and swaggers..." "The winters here are more beautiful than the summers, the snow reaches the foot of Mt. Cook and the reflection in Lake Pukaki is Heaven sent."

Hosken, Evelyn Eliza Vincent b. 1886  Turn back the Clock : Wellington : Reed, [1968 1st ed.] South Canterbury social life and customs.164 pp : illus. hc.  Her earlier book "Life on a Five Pound Note" told of life in the Mackenzie country. This book covers the farming district of Adair and Timaru, the landed gentry and the stations of the Mackenzie country, and also the characters who have passed through her life and some area Maori history. The bygone days and  ways of South Canterbury described by the author who had lived in the region all her life when she was a child living in Timaru and Adair. 140x225mm, 164 pages plus many illustrations, mostly photographs from her own albums. Old photos of stations of the Mackenzie Country, people, early Timaru, pupils of Adair School, 1892 etc. CHAPTERS include:

The Spring-cart days
The Churchbuilders
The Children at Adair
Simon's Hill
Wheels from the Past
Pilgrims of the Mackenzie Country
Sunstroke and Swaggers
Great Stations of the Mackenzie
More great stations
Maoris and Ministers
Timaru: The formative years.
Appendix: Some South Canterbury Centennials

Benmore (c. 1900): a 42-bullock team pulls away 78 bales of wool
The opening of Barnard Street Primitive Methodist Church, 3 May 1874
Werry s Hotel, Timaru
Rosina and Henry Dunstan
Rosina (Mrs Dunstan) and her first baby
The author s family. Father, mother, brothers and sisters
The old Vincent home in Wilson Street, 1903 and family group
The school at Adair, 1892
City of Perth and Benvenue wrecked at Caroline Bay, May 1882
City of Perth refloated and renamed Turakina
Monument to those who lost their lives in the Caroline Bay wrecks 48 St Mary's Church, Timaru, today
The author and her sons Ron and Alfred at their house at
Simon s Hill (c. 1918) 
The stone dairy built at Simon s Hill by the author's father
John Rutherford s Fairlie-Mt Cook coach
A family outing in the new Overland car (c. 1910)
Lake Pukaki and Five Pound Note island
The first hotel and first bridge at Lake Pukaki
J. Sutherland and his family at the Benmore homestead, 1899
Benmore woolshed at shearing time
wool -
The Cuddy at Te Waimate
The first homestead at Te Waimate
The first homestead at Holme Station
The homestead with additions
Dick and Mary Vincent mustering at Ohau Downs in a 1910 Darracq


Maxwell, James, 1918- Discovering the Legends of  Mackenzie, Mount Cook Country / with James Maxwell; Lake Tekapo : Parkhead Publishing 1991 86pp
Chapters include:
2. The Legendary James McKenzie, sheep stealer
4. Freda Du Faur
6. William Spotswood Green
7. Peter Graham,  One of the world's Great Guides
8. Esther Studholme Hope
9. Rodolph Wigley, Entrepreneur
15 The Legendary  Mick Bowie
16. Sir Charles William Fielden Hamilton
18. The Amazing Charles and Stan Jones of Fairlie
20. Harry Ayres, "The Finest Climber of His Day"
21. The High Summer of Ken Andrews


Maxwell, James, 1918 - Discovering the Mackenzie Country and Mt Cook County; Tekapo : Homecrafts, Nov. 1973 56pp. Soft covered,  printed by the Timaru Herald Co. 16 chapters e.g. geography, a short historical picture of the MacKenzie Basin Country, from the man after whom the region was named, climatology, flora and imported  fauna, travel & accommodation, the working collie dog, birds, animals etc. illustrated w/drawings and a map. Bibliography and Includes sketches by Shirley O'Connor. 

1. Along the Bullocky Way

2. The Lady of Rollesby [Mrs Hayter]
3. James McKenzie - A Ross-shire Highlander
4. Breaks for Freedom
5. Down Haldon Way
6. Lake Tekapo - The Blues of many Hues
7. Space Monitoring from, Mt. John
8. "Och aye, Beannahdam air cu Coaragh"
9. The Lake with a Million Dollar View
10. The Park with the Split Personality
11. A place for Adventure
12. The Battle with the Bunnies [Information on a rabbiter's life - Fred Smith]
13. Agricultural Trends
14. A Most Reverent Little Church

Maxwell, James Discovering this Emerald South Canterbury with James Maxwell. [Tekapo : Homecrafts], 1974. P/b, b/w illustrations, 56pp. The history, achievements and enterprise. Chapters: The Discovery, The Maori, The Birds, The Whalers, The Commercialisation, The Port, Agriculture Era, Timaru and architecture, Waimate and county, Geraldine and Pleasant Valley, Temuka and progress, Fairlie and epigram, People of distinction incl: Dr Jack Lovelock, Norman Kirk, Michael Houston etc and more. Homecrafts Tekapo,  1974, by James Maxwell. 

Maxwell, James  Discovering the New Mackenzie and Waitaki Valley Country / with James Maxwell. Publisher : Tekapo NZ : Homecrafts, [1984] 56pp
The James McKenzie saga, Omarama and Waitaki Valley, Twizel by the Twizel, Lake Tekapo, Church of the Good Shepherd, Alpine grandeur, Views of vast vistas, Fishing in the McKenzie, Burkes Pass - Mt Dobson, etc.

Maxwell, James  When feeding the hungry multitudes /
 illustrated by Bob Darroch, 1940-. Imprint: Tekapo : Homecrafts, 1979. Collation: viii, 103 p. : col. ill. ; 24 cm. The author's experiences in running a bakery and catering business in Temuka in the 1950's and 1960's. Maxwell, James Duncan, 1918-

Mackenzie, James, b. ca. 1820. Mackenzie : man and myth; Wellington : School Publications Branch, Dept. of Education, 1978.  Mackenzie, James, fl. 1820-1858.  A Bulletin for schools, - Teachers' notes. - The legend examined. Mackenzie country - The most daring robbery  - Five years' hard labour - A free pardon. 

Mount Cook Motor Co. Sketch map of the Mount Cook region [map] ; Timaru: The Company, 1923. Edition:  Scale [ca. 1:253,440]. 1 map ; 25 x 32 cm.

O'Connor, Shirley. Sketches of South Canterbury / With commentaries by James Maxwell. Publisher : Tekapo : Homecrafts, [1979]. 32pp . chiefly illus.

Thornton, George, 1829-1914. Bull, W. J.  Lyttelton Times Newspaper Co Map of the Mount Cook road district [map] / Thornton & Bull, C.E., Licensed Surveyors, 23/8/78 [Christchurch] : Lyttelton Times, 1878. Scale [ca. 1:63,360. 1 in. to 1 mile]  1 map : col. ; 84 x 51 cm.

University of Canterbury. School of Fine Arts Gallery. Arts and crafts churches of Canterbury : School of Fine Arts Gallery, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, 12 to 30 August 1996 ; Christchurch : The School, [1996] Subject:  Church architecture --NZ --Canterbury Region  Historic buildings -  An exhibition catalogue. Includes bibliographical references.   St David's Memorial Church, Cave, 1930 - Church of the Good Shepherd, Lake Tekapo, 1935. ISBN:  0959787062 (pbk.) : $5.00 

Whelan, Chris D., 1964- The Development of Community in the Mackenzie Basin 1850-1950 / by Chris D. Whelan : 1989. Thesis (M.A.) - University of Canterbury. Bibliography: pp 305-321. Social life and customs



Bowie, Nan Mick Bowie The Hermitage Years 1969. Experiences at Mount Cook.

Canterbury Times Jan. 31 1895
A weekly Christchurch newspaper. Illustrated issue. Features: Mount Cook Conquered with illustrations showing the head of the Tasman Valley, a party preparing to start the ascent amongst the glaciers

Du Faur, Freda The Conquest of Mount Cook and Other Climbs. An Account of Four Seasons' Mountaineering on the Southern Alps of New Zealand. Publisher: London: George Allen & Unwin Ltd. 1915; First Edition.  252pp  with 49 illustrations. Publisher: New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1915. Miss du Faur, an Australian, made many notable climbs between 1909 and 1913, in particular the first traverse of the summit ridge of Mt.Cook. Allen & Unwin Ltd.; 1936. 2nd impression. Capper Press 1977  - Hard Cover Facsimile of the 1915 edition 250 pages with errata slip loosely inserted illustrations.

Freda Du Faur spent summer holidays in New Zealand without visiting the South Island until late 1906. Photographs of Mt. Cook at the New Zealand International Exhibition, Christchurch, inspired her to journey to the Hermitage where the snowclad mountains captivated her and she determined to climb to the summits. This visit and another in 1908 introduced her to the mountains and the chief guide at the Hermitage, Peter Graham. He realised her keenness, determination and ability but introduced her slowly to climbing, adding experience of ropework and snow and ice climbing to her skill on rock. At a time when few people climbed, Freda Du Faur gave mountain guides the opportunity to attempt challenging ascents, while she found enjoyment, freedom and an escape from many of the constraints and frustrations of family and society. Du Faur's first significant ascent was of Mt Sealy on 19 December 1909. Other women at the Hermitage insisted she should not spend a night alone with a guide, even one as morally upright as Peter Graham. The chaperon, a porter, proved an incompetent climber, and was held by Du Faur on the rope when he slipped. Freda Du Faur extended the limits of the possible, not just for women, but for all guided climbers of the period. Key factors were her rock-climbing ability, determination, and physical fitness. In four climbing seasons she made many first ascents and notable climbs. With her guides she made the second ascent of Mt Tasman, the first ascent of Mt Dampier and the first traverse of Mt Sefton, among other 10,000-foot peaks. (Dictionary of New Zealand Biography)

Tourist Hotel Corporation, 1984. The Hermitage, Mount Cook centennial, 1884-1984. A Brief look at the past 100 years. Wellington:  32p

Peter Graham; Mountain Guide Autobiography: the life of "Mr.Peter" guide & mountaineer. The book was completed on his death by John Pascoe , edited by H.B.Hewitt.  Peter Graham"s service as Head Guide at the Hermitage, Mount Cook, coincided with the first flowering of NZ alpine climbing, 1894-1928. He made many first-climbs of the Southern Alps. Reed. Wellington. 1965. 1st ed. Hardback in dustjacket. 245 pages. B/w plates. Maps to end-papers.

Feeling For Daylight: Photographs of Jack Adamson can be purchased from the Museum (normally $44.95) 180pp, Hb. 2009 Tony Rippin, Curator of Documentary History, and Rhian Gallagher have worked in collaboration on the design and production of the book. The production has been supported by Creative Communities Timaru, The South Canterbury Museum Development Trust, Raymond Sullivan McGlashan, and the South Canterbury Historical Society. The author, Rhian Gallagher, received a Canterbury Community Historian grant in 2007. A stunning photographic journey around the Southern Alps and early settler communities on the eastern and western side of the mountains. Adamson captured some of the pivotal moments in the history of earlier mountaineering. Adamson started taking photographs when first employed at the Mt Cook Hermitage in 1889. He was the first New Zealand-born guide to work at the Mount Cook Hermitage and became manager of the hotel in 1893. Prejudicial attitudes about Adamson's working class background were a significant factor in how he and his wife, Nora, were forced to leave the Hermitage. The Adamson Collection is one of the Museum's real treasures. Pat Adamson, Jack Adamson's grandson, has been instrumental in ensuring the preservation of these delicate glass plates, which date from the late nineteenth century. Adamson was a working man. Born in Timaru, he grew up on the family farm at Albury. In 1889, at 21, he moved to Mt Cook to work as a general hand at The Hermitage. His interest in the mountains and climbing quickly saw him start guiding the Hermitage's visitors. Adamson had been working at The Hermitage for five years when manager Frank Huddleston retired. Adamson took over and also continued his guiding work. He built a darkroom at the Hermitage and his new wife Nora Quinn did much of the developing and printing. The government bought The Hermitage in 1895 but gave Adamson no authorisation for hiring additional staff or buying food. Adamson went on to lease the hotel. When bosses in Wellington demanded to see the accounts, there were none. Adamson had bought his stores from local people and he did not have receipts. Though promised he would be paid for the stores, he never was. Nora's wages were never paid either. In September 1896, Adamson's lease was terminated and when the couple left they were almost bankrupt. The Adamson's lived at Fairlie for a couple of years after leaving Mt Cook, but Adamson was to go back into the mountains in 1897 when, along with Jack McKay, he headed for the West Coast searching for gold. In 1902 the family headed to Central Otago where Adamson worked on gold dredges. More than 30 years later they moved to Greymouth where the couple lived for the rest of their lives. 
Photography remained a part of Adamson's life, as he continued to take studio photographs to supplement his income. Ref. Timaru Herald, July 3, 2010 by Rhonda Markby

Haynes, John. Piercing the clouds : Tom Fyfe, first to climb Mount Cook / John Haynes. 1994. Christchurch: Hazard Press.  200 p. illus. "Centennial publication. To mark the first ascent of Mount Cook, Christmas Day 1894" Review 'Neglected first conqueror of Mt Cook' The Press, 1995 Jan. 7, p. 7.

Mahony, Michael. Harry Ayres: Mountain Guide 1982 Whitcoulls 160pp hb The story of New Zealand's greatest mountain guide: a teacher of Sir Edmund Hillary (who wrote the forward) and eventually, in the mid 50s, the chief ranger of the Mount Cook National Park.  Ayres and Hillary made a number of notable first ascents, including the south ridge of Mount Cook and the last unclimbed 10,000ft, Mount Magellan. Contains photos, maps on end pages and a list of his climbs and the parties from 1933 to 1975. Harry

Manning George E. With Axe and Rope in the New Zealand 1891

Mannering, Guy. The Hermitage Years of Mannering & Dixon : the beginnings of alpine climbing in New Zealand and the birth of the New Zealand Alpine Club Inc. from the collection of letters held for more than one hundred years by the descendents of George Edward Mannering [1862-1947] & Marmaduke John Dixon [d. 1918] / assembled and presented by Guy Mannering. Geraldine [N.Z.] : GM Publication, 2000. 210 p obit.

Mount Cook Motor Co. Sketch map of the Mount Cook region [map] ; Timaru: The Company, 1923. Edition:  Scale [ca. 1:253,440]. 1 map ; 25 x 32 cm.

Mount Cook National Park Handbook (1959) Edited by W.P. Packard Christchurch. Published by Mount Cook National Park Board. 64 page, soft covered booklet.  Inside back cover - glued in fold out map of the Park and adjacent region. 

O'Connor, H.E.  ed. Mount Cook National Park. Ch, 1966 - 4th rev. ed. 21.5cm, 72pp, floding map, plates with maps and b&w and col. photos, soft covers.

Wilson, Jim, Aorangi - The Story of Mt. Cook.1968, 255 pages. Contains maps and photos. Covers the history Maori and European of Mt. Cook and climbs. 


Blackmore, Frances. Green Hayes : the story of the Hayhurst family / Frances Blackmore. Imprint : [F. Blackmore, 2001]

Winchester District : then and now : 1890-1990
Authors: Alan A Patrick; David Butler
Publisher: Winchester, N.Z. : A. A. Patrick, D. Butler, 1995.

Gale, B.E. "100 years in three days" 1866-1966 : the official history of the Temuka school and its centenary celebrations / by B.E. Gale.

Hopkinson, Peter. The Hopkinson family : a short history /

Mackle, Shirley. Milk cans & bush telegraph : a collection of memoirs of Clandeboye and Orton Schools and District / compiled by Shirley Mackle. Imprint : Temuka, N.Z.: S. Mackle, 2000.

McGillen, Les. From sumps to pumps : a history of the Temuka Volunteer Fire Brigade 1874-1999

McGillen, L.J. (Leslie Joseph. 1935-) Temuka District High School 125th jubilee : souvenir booklet / by L.J. McGillen. Timaru Herald Print, 1991. 40 p. : ill., ports.

 Te umu kaha : magazine of Temuka High School / Temuka High School. Temuka, N.Z 1987

Vance, William. The Land We Love: the story of Geraldine and Temuka Districts; 1956 pamphlet. Centenary of Geraldine and Temuka Districts 1855-1955 historical survey and programme of celebrations.  dated Saturday, 7th April, 1956. Small card covered book of  33 pages. Mentions the 1868 flood briefly on page 21. Temuka has had a number of floods, but the biggest was of 1868. At 4 o'clock on the afternoon of February 2, rain commenced. By daylight the whole of the plains had become a lake from the hills to the sea, with a few islands left here and there. The water was up to the bar of the Royal Hotel. The footbridge across the Temuka River was washed down to Milford and the debris lined the seashore. The home of one of the men working at Parr's flourmill near Kerry town was washed away and a mother and daughter were drowned. This did not stop Temuka from progressing along its energetic way towards becoming a prosperous town. The 9,000 people who live in the Gearldine Country (as in 1955). Some are descended from early settlers down to the third and fourth generation, and most are satisfied with their lot and do not want to leave it. Many who have left would like to come back, including people who have become important in other parts.

First comers
The Squatters
The Townships
Road Boards
The Cockies
Land Hunger
Farm Revolution
The Blanket Wears out
Main Street , Geraldine
Early Scene, Geraldine
Sale Yards in 1882
Main Street Geraldine
Talbot Street Geraldine 1866
The Old Bark Hut
Early Scene, Temuka
Talbot Street Geraldine 1866
Temuka s Early Shopping area
Geraldine County Council, 1905
Modern Transport
Bullock Team
Temuka Business Area
Fishing the Rangitata for Salmon
Geraldine County Offices
Temuka Domain

Clandeboye: A Century of Fine Cheese Making in South Canterbury

Temuka & Geraldine A. & P. Assn. 1874-1984 : a short history of the Temuka and Geraldine Agricultural and Pastoral Association / edited by Norman T. Barker.

The Temuka district Families

Ackroyd: Merrifield, Ngaire Halifax Jack - the story of John Edmund Ackroyd and his many descendants (2009) Temuka 993.02092 Z ACK Part 1 & Part 2
Brookland: McKeown, Brian B. The Brookland Story: centennial celebrations 20th January 1979 (1979) - an old Milford & Temuka family 92 Z BRO S (stack)
Calder: Ferguson, Millie Florence (nee Calder) The Heart of the Cabbage Tree - Childhood Memories of Temuka 1904  1923. (2009) 92 ZS
Hopkinson: Hopkinson, Peter The Hopkinson Family - A Short History (2000) 929.2 Z Peter Hopkinson. Imprint : Temuka, N.Z.: P. Hopkinson, 2000.
Hayhurst: Blackmore, Frances Green Hayes - the Story of the Hayhurst Family (2001) 929.2 Z HAY
Lee: Merrifield, Ngaire From Yorkshire to Brookstead and Beyond (1998) The Edward Lee Story
                                        Branching Out - The Sequel to From Yorkshire to Brookstead and Beyond (2001) Compiled by Ngaire Merrifield
Spillane: Spillane, Des The Bike Shop 1906  1979 (2007) - Spillane Family History 929.2 Z SPI Temuka Spillane, Desmond Francis, 1951- [Temuka, NZ : , 2007]
Talbot: Talbot, Malcolm J. R. John Talbot of Woodlands (1969) 92 Z TAL S Temuka (stack)
Waaka: Waaka, Goldie To Succomb or Survive (1977) - contains story of the Waaka family and Te Hira Harold Waaka, 1904-. Temuka 92 Z WAA
Langridge: From Sussex to Canterbury - the story of the Langridge Family - Jean Hall, Sheila Langridge, Yvonne Langridge (1999) Temuka 929.2 Z Traces the descendants and some ancestry of John Langridge and his wife, formerly Esther Morley, who came to New Zealand in 1858 aboard the Indiana.

23 October 2009 update:
Temuka Through the Years - An informal history.

From swampy land covered in bush and cabbage trees, the hard times and setbacks, early settlers, to a town, Temuka, now has a history book. Approx 500 pages and 300 photographs that record 150 years of residency in Temuka. Hb. $65. Anybody and ever person with a connection to Temuka and probably anybody researching family history from this region would be interested in this book. The book sold out by Christmas Eve. The committee members were allocated various organisations such as the Pipe Band, Rugby Club, Bowling Club and others to invite them to write their own articles, and provide us with as many relevant photos as possible. This resulted in a large numbers of residents keen to share their early memories of events; floods, fires, accidents and so on. Not indexed. Sounds Historical.

11 August 2009 Timaru Herald Book Extract:
TRAIN DERAILMENT, HIGH ST, TEMUKA, 8TH APRIL, 1938 (as told by Selwyn Whitfield to Joan Gray).
Train No 246 (Timaru Ashburton Mixed) arrived at Temuka at approximately 12.30pm, and after the discharge of parcels etc from the van and several cases of fish from the perishable wagon, the train proceeded to Winchester. After the departure, Mr Les Carlyle (the officer on duty) went to the south end of the station yard to open the mainline points, setting the track to enable a steam crane and attendant wagons to travel out to the rail bridge over the Temuka River, where work was being carried out replacing sleepers and beams. On his return to the office, he was in the process of handing over to Mr J Torrance, the officer on duty for the next shift, when the stationmaster at Winchester phoned to advise that after the train locomotive had been detached to allow shunting to be carried out, the rear portion of the train had moved and was fast returning to Temuka, a distance of approximately four miles, and a downhill gradient of 100 metres. Mr Carlyle rode his cycle to the north end of the station yard and just had time to reverse the track and make a hurried exit over the fence into Wards paddock before the train reached Temuka. The train travelled down the loop and crashed into the Samson post at the backshunt at the High St crossing. The guards' van, carriage and the perishable wagon were all derailed and lay across High St. Mr Bremner, County Engineer, who lived in the house near the crossing, ran across the road and assisted the only passenger out a window, and his only remark was, "Do all trains stop like this?" He then went to the Crown Hotel, had a drink and departed!

Milford, South Canterbury - Its Life and Times by Peter Comer
Illustrated soft cover book in very good condition - published by Printlines Timaru, no date - 52 pages - b/w photographs. A short history of the Milford Area. Chapter Headings:
Early Times
Early Arrivals
Life and Times
The Land
A Farm Visit
"The Island"
The Hall
The Church
Darker Times
Another Milestone
Picture Parade - Milford School's 125th Jubilee


Hewson, Kathleen Wanaka 1902- 1985 and Luck, James Sheldon B. Orari and Belfield Schools: a centennial history, 1879-1979 : with articles on the township and people of Orari. Imprint : {Orari} : Orari-Belfield Schools Centennial Committee, {1979}. 30 p., {28} p. of plates ill., ports.  

Macdonald., John Black sheep : a New Zealand saga / John Macdonald. Imprint: Christchurch : J. Macdonald, 2002. Macdonald family -- Biography, Genealogy, Orari (N.Z.)- History


Seadown : a treasury of memories, reflections and recollections / compiled by Shirley M. O'Connor. Author: O'Connor, Shirley and Seadown Public Hall Committee Imprint: [Timaru] : [Seadown Public Hall Committee], [2009] 364 p.


Blick, Winifred. 1909 - 2005 White horses : the true story of Winifred Blick ; Auckland, N.Z. : David Bateman, 1997.  Women domestics --Biography. Illegitimate children, women agricultural labourers, farm life --Timaru District Orari. Note: " ... based on the memoirs, letters and reminiscences of Winifred Blick. A lively account of rural New Zealand ... it follows Win's life from her early childhood in 1913 until the 1940s"- ISBN:  1869533569 (pbk.) : $29.95

Brosnahan, Sean G. The 'Battle of the Borough' and the 'Saige O' Timaru'; Sectarian Riot in Colonial Canterbury New Zealand Journal of History Vol. 28, no. 1 1994; p41-59

Browning, J. S.,  Haast, Julius von, Sir, 1822-1887. Jarman, Alfred.  New Zealand. General Survey Office. Map of the Province of Canterbury, New Zealand showing the pasturage runs [map] / compiled from official surveys ... and from recent explorations by Dr Haast & Dr Hector by J.S. Browning, Survey Office ; drawn by Alfred Jarman, Survey Office, Christchurch; Christchurch [N.Z.] : Survey Office, [186-]   Edition:  Scale [1:63,360]. 1 in. to 1 mile. Material:  1 map : dissected and mounted on linen ; 47 x 72 cm., folded in cover to 18 x 12 cm.  Shows runs, private towns and government towns.  Drawn by Alfred Jarman, Survey Office, Christchurch.   Insets: Plan of Timaru roadstead - Plan of town of Kaiapoi - Map showing the communication between the port and capital - Map of the colony of New Zealand - Town of Lyttelton - City of Christchurch   

Collins, R.D.J. Timaru. 100 years of Postal Services. Laurie Franks, Christchurch, 1959. 24pp, card covers. History of the Post Office and its postal markings. 

Hall-Jones, Frederick George. Hall-Jones, F.G. Early Timaru : some historical records of the pre-settlement period, annotated and analysed / by F. G. Hall-Jones. Invercargill : Southland Historical Committee, 1956   NZ Collection. CHCH. Sketches 64pp. Published by author. Mr Frederick Hall-Jones (1891-1982) s/o of Sir William Hall-Jones, Liberal MP for Timaru and in 1906, Prime Minister. He was educated at Timaru Boys' High School and graduated BA and LLB from Victoria University in 1913.
Chapter headings: -
1839 The whaling records
1840 The whaling records
1844 Bishop Selwyn
1844 Edward Shortland
1844 The death of Tuhawaiki
1845 Creed and Mantell
The Maoris

Hamilton, John B. The Streets of Timaru; October 1975. Published by The South Canterbury Historical Society (Inc). A lot of early Timaru settlers mentioned in connection with the names of the streets. 1st ed.  79 pages. Fold map at rear. Gives origins of street names.

Timaru Herald August 11 2009
Keith Bartholomew has nearly finished revising the 1975 publication The Streets of Timaru, by JB Hamilton a reference book outlining how Timaru's streets were named. Commissioned by the South Canterbury Historical Society, Mr Bartholomew has spent about 200 hours on the project over a couple of years, poring over newspapers, council minutes and old survey plans for clues. The project has involved updated the existing information and filling in gaps. The 1975 edition has 248 entries, and Mr Bartholomew has added 126, although some of those are cross-referencing earlier street names to their modern-day equivalents. "A lot of the streets have been re-named over the years, Fritz St, is now called Clifton Tce." Mr Bartholomew said there had been a lot of duplication of street names over the years. There have been four William streets in Timaru one still exists, the others are now Bradley, Jackson and the north end of York St. Some streets had also had a variety of names. The part of Church St between Le Cren St and Wilson St had been called Commercial Rd, Cullmann St, Church St West, and most recently Church St.

Hassall, Charles E (Timaruvian) : A Short History Of the Port of Timaru 1852-1955  Timaru Harbour Board, 1955. Printed by Timaru Herald. d/j. 212pp. 

Johnston, David. Timaru and South Canterbury: A Pictorial History; 1996, Canterbury University Press. Hb /200 b&w photographs 128 pp  ISBN 0-908812-59-0. Published in association with Dan Cosgrove Ltd and D.C. Turnbull & Co. Ltd.  This book presents the heritage of Timaru & South Canterbury through over 200 photos, sketches & plans with detailed captions & an introductory essay. The book also shows people at work & play through the years, both in the towns & in rural areas.

Mariner Bros. & Co, Christchurch Guide to Timaru and Picturesque Canterbury.  Printed and Published under the Auspices of the Borough Councils and Local Bodies of Canterbury by Mariner Bros and Co. 1914; Pictorial Boards. 270pp. Illustrations. Contains advertising matter. 

Matheson, Hector C. Views of Timaru and Caroline Bay, the Spa and Playground of the South Islands. 1932; Pictorial wraps. 1st. ed. Many photos, map, 56pp.

Parker, J.S. Timaru Centenary 1868-1968; Publisher: Christopher E. Dawson, Timaru 1968. Part One, Reward for Effort; Part Two, Contributions to Centennial Chest. 119pp. Printer: Timaru Herald. HB. The first section of 182 pages contains two appendices and index, the second of 118 pages concludes with a list of all the young contributors to the centennial chest, 300 pages total. Section One; Colour art frontis, 55 b/w photos, pictorial front e/papers, city map rear e/papers, Section two: 28 b/w illustrations, mainly contributor's sketches/drawings. The art DJ features a William Greene 1919 painting of a horse team employed on road making. This painting is also the frontispiece. Produced to mark the centennial of  Timaru this book.  Part One, Reward for effort, by J. S. Parker. Part Two, Selections from contributions to the centennial chest, by junior citizens, edited by Olive Bucknell and Florence Dawson.
The First Day
Fire and Water
Tension Mounts
Airport, Fire Bridge, Reserves
Gas Lighting
Street names
The Hundred Years

Selbie, Len. (b. 1887) History of Claremont;  1867-1948 The Timaru Herald Co. Ltd; 1948 45p b/w plates. Cardcovers.

Shears, D. Tales of South Canterbury, Timaru, : 2001. card covers. Same format. 
Vol. 1 Caroline Bay, 36pp,plts.
Vol. 2 Ships Named Timaru. 

Thornton, George, 1829-1914  Bull, W. J. Timaru district, chiefly between Tengawai and Pareora Rivers] [map] Thornton & Bull, C.E., Licensed Surveyors, 23/8/78 [Christchurch: Thornton & Bull]?, 1878 1 map ; 46 x 61 cm.

Washdyke School : a century of progress 1874-1974 / compiled by G.A. McCleary and Mrs J. Kellahan. Timaru : Washdyke School Centennial Committee, 1974.


Sheridan, Marion. (1940- 2013) Dam dwellers : end of an era : living with hydro-electricity development in the Waitaki Valley and Mackenzie Country / Marion Sheridan ; Twizel, N.Z. : Sheridan Press, 1995.
Social aspects Electricity Corporation of New Zealand. Waitaki Hydro Group.
"... ranges from engineering statistics and maps to details of family life, community events and clubs ... over 400 photographs "... published ... to celebrate the 25th jubilee of Twizel"--Jacket. Includes bibliographical references (p. 381) and index. Part 1. Otematata : a town without a future - Pt. 2. Twizel : the town with a million dollar view : the inside story. ISBN:  0473034026 : $59.95   M. Sheridan, 6 Mount Cook St, Twizel, N.Z.   

Benmore. New Zealand's largest power project. 30 page book about the Benmore power project featuring many photos and text of the construction and people of the time. History for the Waitaki River and the three lakes - Tekapo, Pukaki and Ohau.


Waimate Centennial  1854 - 1954.   98 pages card cover, numerous illustrations, plates and portraits.  Waimate Daily Advertisers. pdf index  back 2 pages (servicemen) lookups

Bailey, Rona N. Waimate, South Canterbury : a guide to past and present / Rona Nicolle Bailey ; Wellington : R.N. Bailey, 1997. ISBN:  047304451X (pbk.) : $12.95  R. Bailey, P.O. Box 7468, Wellington South 6038, N.Z. Bibliography

Greenwood, William (1901-1985). Waimatemate: County History of Waimate County and Borough. Pub. Waimate County Council and Bough Council 1986. Printed Timaru Herald Co. 363pp. 220mm x 155mm b/w photos & illus., appendices, bibliog., index, dj. Covers the Maori heritage, the earliest runholders, Hakataramea Valley

Johnstone, Harry Bell Spearman. d. in 1945 aged 62. Waimate County Jubilee; The Waimate Advertiser Co. 1926 online

Kenyon, Lloyd  Waimate People of Note.  A booklet. Data he has collated information over the years. Published 2001 by the Waimate Museum.

Parry, Gordon - Hakataramea hundred: a brief history of the activities in New Zealand of the New Zealand and Australian Land Company Ltd. with special reference to 100 years of progress at Hakataramea Station
Authors Gordon Parry, New Zealand and Australian Land Company Publisher New Zealand and Australian Land Company, 1968 43 pages

Echoes from the past: Hakataramea Valley School, 1884-1984
Authors Rosalie Ellis, Hakataramea Valley School. Centennial Committee
Publisher Centennial Committee, Hakataramea Valley School Committee, 1984 138 pages

Russell, W.G. Waimate, South Canterbury, New Zealand : from 1863 to 1913 ; Waimate : W.G. Russell, bookseller and stationer, [1914?]

Shackleton, Bernice E., 1901-  The Fifth Schedule : the story of Waimate's open community hospital, 1874-1975. Invercargill, N.Z. Waimate, N.Z. : Craig Printing ; Waimate Historical Society, 1984. 220 pp, photo, index.  (hbk.) ISBN 0908629125. The Waimate Museum holds the copyright and still sells the book for $10. 

Shackleton, Allan James The Passing Years. 2015. WW1

Wallace, Russell D. 1954- Waimate Hospital. 1996 Reunion Committee. The Final Schedule : Waimate Hospital, 1973-1996 / by Russell D. Wallace;  Waimate Hospital 1996 Reunion Committee,  ISBN:  0473041308 (pbk) : $14.00  Waimate Hospital 1996 Reunion Committee, 117 High St., Waimate.

South Canterbury Centennials, 1959-1961 : Timaru & Waimate centennial celebrations; Published Timaru: Timaru Herald, 1959 Waimate: The Daily Advertiser, 1961. Note:  Supplements to The Timaru Herald, 1959, Friday, September 22, 1961. : South Canterbury Centennial: The Timaru Herald commemorative issues, nos. 2, 5 

Stace, J. G. Kapua, the Years Between. Being a history of the Kapua Settlement 1894 -1994 and the Arno District See Land Settlement.

Wilson, John 'Waikakahi, Fulfilling the Promise' Caxton Press, 1999, hardback, 354pp, $60 (plus $6 postage/ packaging); available from P. D. Hughes, Morven, No 10 RD, Waimate, or Family Bookshop, Queen Street, Waimate.  Ballot

July 2002. John Wilson, BA 1964 and MA 1966 Canterbury and recently PhD at Harvard was honoured by the Canterbury History Foundation for his long-applied energy in raising public interest in history. It is his local history work, assistance to other writers, inspiring support for preserving historic buildings and sites, lectures, articles and for his publishing enterprise that Dr Wilson is being awarded the Foundation's A C Rhodes History Medal. For the past 19 years he has edited the national magazine of the Historic Places Trust and its Canterbury regional newsletter.

The Book of Waimate : a glossary of past events; a guide to town and district/ edited by his worship the mayor, in the jubilee year of the borough 1879-1929. A microfilm reproduction of the original published Waimate Advertiser Co, 1929

Waimate Borough Council, 1879-1979 : centennial: the best little town I know ; Waimate Daily Advertiser, 1979 Supplement to Waimate Daily Advertiser, 5 November?, 1979

Waihao Downs C.W.I., History of Waihao Downs and Surrounding areas. 1994

The Mills Settlement, Canterbury NZ  Part of the old Waimate estate.  20pp. map. Particulars of disposal and occupation of 882 acres, 6 perches, open on Monday, 26th Feb. 1906. Wellington : J. Mackay, Govt. Printer, 1906. NZ Collection, Chch.

Waimate verse : being some of the many poems inspired by the beauty of Waimate, South Canterbury, N.Z.  Author Dash, George (ed.) Waimate, N.Z. Publisher Waimate Publishing Co. Pub Date 1936 32 p.

E moe mai ra, Huruhura-
I roto i Waimate!
Kei reira ra koe, e koro
Te aroha-ta hei e!
Haera ra, hurahura,
Ki runga i Pamamao
Kei reira ra koe, e koro,
Te aroha-tia hei e!



Button, John Lyalldale, A Vision Realized Lyalldale Historical Group, 2000. 304pp a centennial history. Out of print after two print runs.  Chapter 3 covers the Pareora Estate.
About the Lyalldale area and people. In the book they have some wonderful photos of the area, which is close to Bluecliffs Station.
1849 --  Charles Torlesse a surveyor explored the land as far as the Hunter Hills
1851 -- The Rhodes Brothers brought sheep to the region
1876 ---The railway reached St Andrews and a post office was established
1880 -- A telegraph office was added to the Post Office.
1903 -- The Pareora freezing works opened at Pareora.

From the front flap of the dustjacket: "This book celebrates the centenary of Lyalldale, inland from St. Andrews in South Canterbury, a rural community which began with the final break-up of the Pareora Estate in 1900. This subdivision, instigated by the idealistic Minister of Lands, the Hon. John McKenzie, brought about a fundamental change to farming in New Zealand. Lyalldale is representative of many farming settlements created by the same legislation.

Button, John South of the Burn: the Southburn story, 1892-1992. 196 pp: ill. Available from Southburn Historical Publication Committee, c/- Pamela Gibson , 70 Caird Road, Southburn, RD 2 Timaru, NZ.  As of Nov. 2007 there are just 32 left - $39.50 plus postage, with the proceeds going to the Southburn Amenity Society Inc. This organisation has the responsibility of caring for our church and tennis courts, hall, war memorial, and memorial trees on Caird Road and Pareora River Road. Pam also has  copies of Len Selbie's book - "The History of Claremont". Len was Pam's paternal Grandfather. 

 Button, John, 1931-  Studholme : The Junction and the District / by John Button. Limited ed.  Publisher :  Studholme District Historical Committee, 2003.  Limited ed. 316 p., [8] p. of plates : ill. (some col.), maps ; 30 cm. Includes bibliographical references. ISBN: 0473093219 (hbk.) $55. This book records the lives of the districts inhabitants.   

Evans, B. E. (Benjamin Edward), 1880- History of Pareora West.  Timaru: Printed at Herald Printing Works, 1956. 38 pages with map. 10km SW of Timaru. Includes Otipua. 22cm. Card cover.

Evans, Robert Allister, 1911- The Silver Tussock : a history of Holme Station, Craigmore, Maungati, Cannington, Craigmore Downs, Motukaika, Upper Pareora and Alpine. [Christchurch] : A. Evans, 1975. A history of Pareora Valley. 235 pages.

O'Donnell, Margaret (Margaret. A.) Living at the brook : the story of Springbrook / by Margaret O'Donnell. 1995 Earliest times, the school, the wider community, the Pareora River, Springbrook in wartime, school jubilees ,views from the schoolhouse window, children's stories written 1994. 128pp 

Scott, Tony The narrative of John and Bridget Scott of Lyalldale, South Canterbury, and their descendants. 1987 - 118 pages

Thornton, George, 1829-1914 Timaru District, chiefly between Tengawai and Pareora Rivers  [map] / Thornton & Bull, C.E., Licensed Surveyors, 23/8/1878.  Canterbury Library.

Springbrook: Seventy-five years of Progress - compiled by Margaret Smith and Ivy Preston. 50 pages. Subject: Springbrook School -- History.  Springbrook school was located south of the Pareora River in Waimate District.

Over the past couple of decades communities have shown a growing interest in recording and publishing their stories. Local histories are usually initiated from within the community. Sometimes it's the local historical society, sometimes the town librarian, or a group of well-read citizens or an interested individual. While they were young they were too preoccupied with the present to bother looking back. Such books sell because they're written by local people whose extended families and friends all buy one. Commercial publishers generally shy away from local histories because they don't consider them a viable proposition.


Acland, L.G.D. (Leopold George Dyke), 1876-1948 The Early Canterbury Runs; Whitcombe and Tombs Ltd; 1930,1946, 1951, 1975, page 33 has a map of the early pastoral runs of South Canterbury. 392 pages. Index. Lots of photos.  Map to illustrate the stations in the pocket at the rear.  Includes Lake Heron, Winterslow, Mt Somers & other Mid-Canterbury stations.  DJ. The 1951 edition has a glossary of station words 'A sheep station glossary'. Pinney wrote "Although it was outrageously abbreviated, and his notes became burnt, the book is a valuable record of hundred's of men who would otherwise have been regrettably forgotten."  Online
Painting "Mount Alford on the Ashburton" by C. D. Barraud from New Zealand Graphic and Descriptive (1877). 'Our view is taken from the plains lying at the foot of Mount Alford, a few miles from the station of that name, showing a sheep-washing place in the foreground. This high mountain range forms a grand background to this part of the Canterbury plains, stretching from Mount Somers to Mount Hutt, a part of which is seen to the right of the picture, and at the foot of which the River Rakaia flows.' 
The only coloured photos in the book are:
Clayton Station by James Preston 
Woolshed and Lake Letitia, Mount White by Charles Enys
Clent Hills by R. B. Booth
'Mr Rhodes' Station Acheron Bay (Purau) by William Fox

List of South Canterbury runs from the book

Peel Forest
Mt Peel
Orari Gorge
Opuha Gorge

Mt Fourpeaks
The Levels
Holme Station
Blue Cliffs

Burdon, R. M. (Randal Mathews), 1896-1965 High Country; the evolution of a New Zealand sheep station. Auckland, Whitcombe and Tombs, [1938].  Chapter on the Orari Gorge run and its first owner Charles George Tripp, 1826?-1897

Crawford, Noel. The Station Years: a History of the Levels, Cannington and Holme Station, with special attention to the upper regions of the Pareora River where they joined; Cave, NZ: N. Crawford, 1981 A history of three lowland sheep stations in South Canterbury.  Hardback. 259pp. 140 x 220mm

Crawford, S S Sheep and Sheepmen of Canterbury 1st ed. 1949  158 pages including index and B/W photos. Hardback with dj. This book covers the early sheep farmers in mainly Canterbury with names like Rhodes, Deans, Acland, Tripp, Studholme and Grigg. Rolleson and McKenzie who fought for land for the people, Ivey who pioneered the way in agricultural education, Brydone who worked for refrigeration, coach and bullock drivers, shepherds and shearers. Lots of early history with two fold out maps of Aclands early runs and a detailed map of Canterbury.

Harte, G.W. , [1 Sept. 1918 -2009]  1956 (Revised 1999, Mount Peel is a Hundred 1856 - 1956
The story of the first high country sheep station in Canterbury (click on History - Mount Peel)

Watson, Gillian, 1957- Mount Peel Station, 1856-1982 : a historical study of the development of a high-country run in Canterbury, New Zealand. [Christchurch, 1982].

MacDonald, John: Black sheep : a New Zealand saga / John Macdonald. Christchurch : J. Macdonald, 2002.  Orari history.

Harte, G.W. Mount Peel is a Hundred; Timaru Herald Co. Ltd, Timaru 1956 83pp

Hughes, J. G. (John Graham), 1930- Pastoral runs of South Island New Zealand ; drawn by D.J. Saunders. [Lincoln College, N.Z] : Tussock Grasslands and Mountain Lands Institute, 1970 . A map.

Newton, Peter Sixty Thousand On The Hoof- Big Country South of The Rangitata  Illustrated hard cover - 1st edition AW & AH Reed 1975- 260 pages - b/w photographs
Newton selects and describes some of the country's most outstanding sheep stations, their histories and stock, drawing on the memories of surviving old timers. The result is a story which, told with a high countryman's understanding of and affection for country matters. It is in the southern half of the South Island that the majority of truly great runs are maintained. Contents:

Location Map
Mount Peel
Orari George
Down The Clayton Road
Gray's Hills
Godley Peaks
Glen Lyon
Cattle Country of The South West- The Cook River Country
Cattle Country Of The South West- The Nolan Country
The Omarama Country
The Anderson Story
Morven Hills

 The Wanaka Country
The Matukituki Country
Shag Valley
The Far South East
The Glenorchy Country
Mount Nicholas
Walter Peak
Davie Gunn's Country
Mount Linton - The Greatest of Them All

Pinney, Robert [1907 -1988] Early South Canterbury Runs; Wellington: First edition Reed, 1971 330 pages plus b/w plates; hard cover book with dust jacket.  Completes L.D.G. Acland's The Early Canterbury Runs.  Acland's book, which covers the lowland runs, inspired Pinney to write his book which covers those more inland and up country. Index. Lookup. "The maps  and illustrations and full bibliographical and reference details make the book a useful starting point for further studies; the author has deposited even more detailed references in the library of the University of Canterbury - suitable for photocopying."  Robert Pinney b. 1907 in Dublin, educated in England, got a degree in history from Oxford, came out to New Zealand in 1929 and taught history for two years at Christ's College then went farming in Hawke's Bay and the South Island. Pinney severed overseas during WW2.  After gaining farming experience he purchased his own farm in Otago and retired in 1964 to Peel Forest handing over his farm to his son. Published 'Early Northern Otago Runs' (Auckland, 1981).

The stations covered are as follows:

Ben Ohau
Birch Hill
Black Forest
Elephant Hill
Grampian Hills
Grays Hills
Hakataramea Downs
Hunters Hills
Irishman Creek
Lake Ohau

Marys Range
The Mistake
Mount Cook
Mount Nessing
Rhoborough Downs
Rocky Point
Sherwood Downs
Simons Pass
Station Peak
Tasman Islands
Te Akatarawa
Three Springs
The Wolds

The Boundary Dog by Beatrix Dobie. 1922    

In 1930 L. G. D. Acland published his invaluable work The Early Canterbury Runs. As he admitted, his coverage was not complete and, in particular, Acland expressed the hope that his friend T. D. Burnett would compile the histories of the Mackenzie Country and certain other South Canterbury runs. Unfortunately, T. D. Burnett was not spared to complete this task and it had to wait for forty more years before Robert Pinney brought it to fulfilment. In this book Mr Pinney gives the history of the forty runs concerned. Alphabetically arranged and meticulously documented.  The book is a splendid survey of the pastoral and economic history of the area. Writing at greater length than Acland, and having only forty runs to discuss as against Acland's 132 - this observation is not intended in any way to belittle Acland's invaluable work - Mr Pinney has been able to go into a greater wealth of detail. His own New Zealand sheepfarming experience, coupled with an English upbringing that enables him to visualise and understand the home background of the pioneer settlers; and his fondness for cricket, coupled with a keen appreciation of the humorous side of early station life, have enabled him to leaven his narratives with any amount of curious and comical detail. The maps and illustrations, and the full bibliographical and reference details make the book a useful starting-point for further studies; and the author has deposited even more detailed reference in the Library of the University of Canterbury.

Smith, Mervyn The Three Early Sheep Stations of the Hakataramea Valley 

Studholme, Edgar Channon,  1866-1952 (a son of the original owner) Te Waimate; A history of the district as well as a family and sheep station. 299pp.  D/J. Dunedin, Reed 1940.  2nd ed. Wellington, Reed 1954. 310 pp Approx. 35 pages of illustrations made up of drawings and b/w photos, [6] leaves of plates with a foreword by A.E. Woodhouse.
    The Studholme brothers took up a run, "Te Waimate", in 1854.  Michael Studholme, at age seventeen reached Lyttelton on the 'Labuan' from Cumberland in 1851 with his two brothers, John, who had just left Oxford University, and Paul, not yet twenty.  They first purchased a small property at Governers Bay, in Lyttelton Harbour, sold it, went to the Australian gold fields, returned to Canterbury.   Paul left New Zealand in 1858 and never returned.  Descendants still owns the original Te Waimate' homestead block, over a century of unbroken succession.  Te Waimate is one of four stations in South Canterbury that have passed in unbroken succession from father to child since being taken up by white men. Reference: Gillespie's  "South Canterbury A Record of Settlement" 1940  1st ed.

The 1980 - revised edition.Vance, William. 1901-1981 High Endeavour: the Story of the Mackenzie Country; Dedicated to The discoverer, runholders, explorers, surveyors, boundary-keepers, shepherds, wagoners, packmen, shearers, shedhands, cooks, rouseabouts, rabbiters, roadmen - and to the women of the Mackenzie Country.

Timaru: by the author, 1st ed. Nov. 1965 2000 copies 290 pp. 2nd ed. 280pgs Dec. 1965 2000 copies. 3rd 1965.  Wellington: Reed, [1980 Revised edition 275 pages] The third edition contains additional information, corrections and two new illustrations. 1st ed. pp 275. Vance spent 20 years researching for this history of NZs historic Mackenzie Country and a fine publication both in content and presentation resulted. It is the story of the pioneers who settled this often grim and unrelenting high country, scorching in summer, freezing in winter, to establish sheep stations and service them. Part one covers the general history and development of the area, the second seven prominent Mackenzie Country stations. 47 b/w photos, sketch/map e/papers, fold out statistics sheet for sheep stations.  Pict DJ. Preface to 2nd edition "The sale of the first edition in a fortnight (2000 copies) was a surprise and a compliment. It confirms an opinion I have long held that New Zealanders are interested in the story of their own land."
The Land
Before the White Man came
Community Centres
Writers & Artists

Part 2:
Run history:
Lake Ohau stations: Glen Lyon, Ben Ohau, Rhoborough Downs
Tasman Valley stations: Birch Hill, Glentanner, Mount Cook, Tasman Islands, Braemar
Mary Range stations: Simons Pass, The Wolds, Irishman Creek, Balmoral
Lake Tekapo stations: Godley Peaks, Glenmore, Tekapo, Richmond, Lilybank
Haldon Rd stations: The Whalesback, The Grampians, Grays Hills, Haldon, Black Forest
Burkes Pass stations: Rollesby, Three Springs, Sawdon, Ashwick, Sherwood Downs, Clayton
Albury Range stations: Albury, Opawa, Mount Nessing, Cannington
     (Diary extracts, Mt Cook Rd Board, Mackenzie County Council, They helped to Pave the Way: climbers, surveyors, bullock drivers, coach drivers, mailmen, horse wagoners, shearers.
    Hotelkeepers, Hermitage guides, Hermitage managers
Bibliography, index, Run Schedule, map
"This is no dull chronology of dates and figures. Here the bones of dead history have been revitalised into the living flesh of dynamic, striving men and women. With them you relive their fears and hopes, sorrows and joys, their failures and their successes in taming a wilderness".

Wilson, Gillian. 1958 - Mount Peel Station 1856-1982: a historical study of the development of a high county run. 1982 Thesis. Lincoln University Library. 142 pp ill.

Woodhouse, A.E.  (Airini Elizabeth), 8 Nov. 1896-1989: Blue Cliffs: The Biography of a South Canterbury Sheep Station, 1856-1970; 1982, Wellington: Reed  290pp.  Blue Cliffs Station (Waimate County, N.Z.) Traces the development of the Hunter Hills property from 1856 to 1970. Numerous illustrations, map, map endpapers. The 'biography' of a sheep station, its people, land and stock.

Woodhouse, A.E. Te Waimate. Reed 1940. 299p. illus. 

Canterbury Old and New 1850 to 1900  written as a souvenir of the Jubilee.
Contents include: The Story of the "Pilgrim Fathers" of New Zealand, Peninsula and Plain, The Sumner Road, Canterbury Settlement, Reminiscences of Early Days, Escapades of Mackenzie - meeting of Bishops Selwyn and Harper., Sheep-driving in the Early Days, South Canterbury, The Maori Origin, Life and Legends, Historic Outline of the Canterbury Maoris, Notes on Maori Art, Plants and Animals of Canterbury, A Glimpse into the Alps of Canterbury.

High Country Stations of the Mackenzie. Mary Hobbs, long time resident of Mt Cook, set out to tell the story of 11 high country stations, most of which were around the Lake Pukaki area such legendary runs as Irishman Creek, Mount Cook Station, Braemar, Tasman Downs, Ben Ohau, Simons Hill, Birch Hill, The Mary Range, and Glentanner.Nov. 2015.


There is scarcely a watershed in Canterbury which doesn't have its own literature. For a century and a half, many well-educated run-holders took up the pen during the crushing days of winter and told the stories of their mountains and their experiences.

Barney, William David. From shore to shore: Kilsyth, Scotland to "Kilsyth", Timaru: the life and times of David and Margaret Shaw, 1836-1933. 1996. Auckland, Private Print. 207pp.

Blakiston, A.J. [ died in 1963 aged 101] My Yesteryears; The Timaru Herald Co. Ltd. 1952. Orari Gorge Station. 66pp

Brosnahan, Sean G. The Kerrytown Brosnahans. online Timaru  R.J. & H.P. Brosnahan 1992. Index. Very good local/family history book. (now out of print).
[Sean Brosnahan Timaru Herald 16 March 2013 There were so many of them on the Levels Plain that their settlement was called Kerrytown. Hugh Brosnahan was born in 1793 at Scartaglin. He died at Kerrytown near Temuka 102 years. Hugh was married at Currans parish. John Hugh, his son was born in 1851 in Ballmacelligott. The Brosnahan's seem to have started a chain of migration that persisted for a generation and spread among their neighbours and relations around the county. The Brosnahan family transfer to New Zealand was complete. As far as we know, no Brosnahan's remain in Kerry to whom we can establish a clear family link. James O'Neill and Julia Egan, left in the Killeens townland of Currans parish, Kerry in the 1870s. James O'Neill's home place was in Ardcanaught, a townland in the nearby parish of Keel. James and Julia married in Timaru in 1881. They raised a family of 11 and developed a farm at Cricklewood, a link still commemorated by an "O'Neill's Road" signpost. When our ancestors made their great journeys across the oceans in the 19th century, they knew they were leaving their Irish homeland forever. A tiny number of the most successful were able to return for a visit in later life. Some of the next generation also got a chance to go back to Kerry during military service in World War I. For most families, however, time and distance eventually sundered the emigrants' descendants from those who had remained in Ireland. Even though it is now relatively easy to travel to Ireland, this century-long rupture makes it difficult to re-establish family connections once there. East Kerry pioneers of our region included the Breens, Crowleys, Dennehys, Foleys, Hoares, Horgans, Keefes, Lawlors, Leonards, O'Connors, O'Driscolls, O'Sullivans, and Scannells. ] [James O'Neill who was born in Ardcanaught and left for New Zealand about 1873 with his three brothers Dennis, William and Patrick. Dennis returned to Ireland and re-settled in Ardcanaught, marrying a Mary Dowd. ]  blog

To my dear Mother : and all at home : letters written by Colin Andrew Campbell to his family at Melville Downs, near Fairlie, South Canterbury, NZ, March 1916-September 1918 from Featherston Camp, NZ & "Somewhere in Palestine" / Colin Andrew Campbell ; compiled by his nephew, Jan Tank (Campbell)
Campbell, Colin Andrew, 1895-1918
Tauranga, BOP : J. Tank, 2003.

Carley, Adrienne Rae, b.1936. A brief history of the family of Joseph and Martha Wentworth (Goodall) Ellis, pioneer settlers to New Zealand in 1859. 1994. 90pp

Cleland, Lloyd. The Clelands of "Loudoun", Sutherlands, South Canterbury, New Zealand and Darvel, Ayrshire, Scotland. Kaiapoi, L. Cleland, 1983 110pp. Available from A.L. Cleland, 34A Vickery St, Kaiapoi

Crampton, Fay. Bateman From Windsor To Waimate. 2004. 88 pages

Dick, Helen Betty Metson (1917-1993). High Country Family. Lilybank Station. Published 1964 Reed, 146 pp 30 b/w photos. Lilybank is up the left side if Lake Tekapo -  8 miles from the top of Lake Tekapo. About her families life there and subsequently in Wellington after her husband Allan was elected MP.  For a time Mrs Dick spent time acting as tutor for the son of Viscount Cobham (New Zealand Governor General). Betty lived at Lilybank for twenty- two years and wrote this book there. She was editor of the W.D.F.F. magazine, 'The Country Women', for seven years.  For her last thirty years her home was in North Otago.  Lilybank 2011 and Lilybank Rd in 2016.

Lilybank Station        Drafting sheep at Lilybank Station.

Evans, Benjamin Lindsay, b.1911. Benjamin Evans of "Alpine" and his family. 1963.

Fitts, Margaret Rutherford [8 June 1913 -2001]   Where the Willows Weep The story of James and Mary Rutherford 
Author Pub., 1980. Pb 89p (2 folding genealogical charts) The lives and experiences of a settler family in the Rangitata Gorge, South Canterbury, with illustrations and a map. 

The Fitzgeralds of Arowhenua.  Lower Hutt, D. Gamble, 100pp.
The Fitzgeralds of Arowhenua
  Paul and Pat Scott - booklet

Hopkinson, Peter The Hopkinson Family : a short history. Temuka, NZ, P. Hopkinson, 2000 This is a well known Temuka Maori family.

Gibson, Christabel The Gibsons of Pukaki [1995] A family history ... life in the Mackenzie Country in the period 1929-1960s. Patrick Joseph Gibson 1892-1976  Sketch map of high country stations. C. Gibson, 186 The Terrace, Wellington, N.Z. $21.60 (pbk.) [1995] 47pp 929.2 Z GIB

The Gooches of Timaru: Thomas Frederick Gooch and his second wife, Bethia Balfour Gooch (nee Crawford).
John Clement Ninham Gooch, 2008 - 5 pages. Thomas Frederick Gooch was an organist at St Mary's Church for 30 years. Died 18th July 1918, aged 89. Bertha died Dec. 1898, aged 64. They were Albertlanders

Hayes, Myrtle Anna [5 Sept.1915 -2005]. From the Toss of a Coin : The Story of Alpheus Hayes & Normanvale (Station), South Canterbury. Christchurch : Pegasus, 1978. 159p Hb obit
Kurow, Waitaki River district history. Includes the milling the Waimate Bush. b/w photos, dj. Illustrated endpapers. The story of an immigrant from Nova Scotia, took up land near Kurow by the Waitaki River, built a successful career on milling the Waimate Bush before turning to farming.  The story of Alpheus Hayes and his family who settled in Normanvale, South Canterbury. Includes background on the local history and local notables of the district. Also includes a Hayes family tree. In 1871 a young man from Nova Scotia, visited Scotland to recover his health, tossed a coin to decide if he would return home or try his luck in faraway New Zealand.
Part 1: Alpheus Hays
Heads or Tails
The Girl on the Ship
Arrival in New Zealand
Early Married Life
A Booming Timber Business
Home to Nova Scotia
Depression Years
Klondyke Expedition
Memories of the Family

Normanvale : Part two
In the Beginning
Difficult Days
Jessie Barclay hayes
Norman & Jessie Hayes
Alpheus & Meta Hayes
Pioneering New ideas
Guns, Peaks & Planes
Nappies & Nurses
ideas & ideology
The Valley of Shade & sun

1. The Spray & Lady Mabel
They Worked on Normanvale

Holm, Janet Nothing but Grass and Wind: The Rutherfords of Canterbury. Christchurch, N.Z. : Hazard Press, 1992. 279 p. : ill. Bibliography Index. (George Rutherford, 1815-1885) The Rutherfords owned the Albury stations of Opawa and Mount Nessing and the Mackenzie run  'The Mistake' station. Andrew

A Good Scotch Shepherd Compiled by Annie Irving, Heather Mountjoy and Colleen Hira  pb 178 pages, 375 photographs, 2 maps and full index of names.

On 23 October 2005 it was 150 years since Simon Rae and his wife Mary Irvine and their first seven children arrived at Lyttelton, New Zealand, on board the Cashmere. Simon and Mary were both born in the Scottish Borders, Simon in Dumfriesshire, and Mary in Roxburghshire, though they lived for about 20 years in Ross-shire in the Scottish Highlands, where they met, married, and began their family. On the recommendation of Mary's father, William Irvine, who came to New Zealand with most of Mary's siblings in 1854. Simon was contracted by John Cracroft Wilson to shepherd on his Cracroft Station, on the northern banks of the Rangitata River. Simon and Mary had five more children after their arrival in NZ and the family eventually settled in Scotsburn, near Peel Forest. In 2005, when the book was published, some of their nearly 3000 descendants still lived in South Canterbury, though many more have spread throughout NZ and the world. These are some of their stories.  The fifteen chapters contain information on the Raes, the Irvines, Simon Rae and Mary Irvine, and each of their children and their families - Robert Rae and Mary Ann Goodwin, William Rae, James Rae and Eliza Griffin, Rachel Rae and Samuel Goodwin, John Rae, Thomas Rae, Adam Rae and Bridget Heney, Jessie Jane Rae, George Rae and Mary Stevens, Mary Rae and Christopher Johnstone, Simon Rae and Agnes Johnstone, and Helen Rae and John Heney.

King, Audrey b.1942. The Huggins family: London to Timaru and beyond. Tauranga, A.S. King, 1994. 224pp.

Lange, Doreen Cricklewood : tales of the Connor breed. Publisher : [Invercargill: D. Lange, 1982]. 96 pp : ill.

Lewis, Janette Grace, b.1933. Lewis family pioneers, 1833-1933. Christchurch, J.G. Lewis, 1997.  68p. Includes William Lewis's diary of the journey from Plymouth to Timaru aboard the Opawa in 1877-1878. 

Mccarron, Ross. Waimate Mccarron Brothers: Their Ancestors And Descendants by Ross Mccarron Spiral bound. 46 pages. Publisher: J. R. McCarron

Pearce, Donald William, b.1920. Index of persons in A history of the Coles family 1874-1974 published in 1976: Somerset to South Canterbury. Dunedin, D. Pearce, 1985.  20pp. 

Pearce, Don W. (Don William), [2 Dec. 1920- 2007] A history of the Coles family : Somerset to South Canterbury, 1874-1974.
Publisher: Timaru, N.Z. : W.J. Traves, [1975?] (Timaru : Timaru Herald Company)
Book 72 p., [24] p. of plates : ill., facsims., geneal. tables, map, ports. ; 22 cm.
About: Cole family. Coles, Richard, 1844-1913, Coles, Charlotte, 1848-1925m
Other Contributor: Traves, William John, 1921- and Traves, Jean, 1923-

Provan, Margaret Esme (Savin), [b. 20 Feb. 1916 - 1983] and Cartwright, Walter  Cartwrights in early South Canterbury.  Leeston : Printed by the Ellesmere Guardian, 1959. Includes passenger lists for the Atrato arr. 1874, Beautiful Star (arr. 1874) 24p.

Rutherford, Benjamin George, [ 28 May 1913-  1976] A view from the Brothers by Ben Rutherford. 1970.  Wellington : Reed, 1970. 237 p.  ill.

Semple, Sarah, Griffin Family Of Waimate Canterbury by Sarah Semple. Paperback. 151 pages. 

Scott, Patrick & Paul The Fitzgeralds of Arowhenua 100 pages info

Shirres, Christian. Sailing ships and sheep stations.  A history of the Shirres family, of Aviemore Station, South Canterbury. Christchurch, Photo Process Printers, 1964  407pp

Stenhouse, Ray - STENHOUSE FAMILY (STENHOUSE VALLANCE  HODGES: Otago & South Canterbury)

Talbot, Malcolm J. R. (Malcolm James Rangi), (1932- ) John Talbot of "Woodlands". Published Temuka [N.Z.] : Temuka Printing Co., 1969.
31 p., [1] folded leaf : ill., geneal. table, ports. ; 23 cm. + geneal. table (1 sheet ; 52 x 92 cm. folded to 23 x 17 cm.)
Talbot, John, 1845-1923 -- Family. Accompanied by geneal table in separate folder showing ancestors and descendants of John Talbot.

Thompson, Myrtle (Stowell), b.1911. James and Ann Marie Graham of Cave, South Canterbury: early South Canterbury settlers. 1975. 80pp

Thompson, Myrtle. David Stowell, "Brompton", St Andrews, South Canterbury, 1849-1937: an early South Canterbury settler. 1973. 

Towgood, Nola, b.1929. Samuel Williams, whaler/publican: first permanent resident of Timaru, New Zealand: history and descendants. Mt Maunganui, N. Towgood, 1999 254p.

Traves, William John, b.1921. A Journey from Lincolnshire to South Canterbury: 1874-1996. 1996. : Traves family history. Year of first arrival in New Zealand: 1874.

White, Paula Edith, b.1929. The Baikies of Pike's Point, Glenavy, South Canterbury. 1993.Waimate, P.E. White, 1993. 37pp 

Wilson, Helen. 1869-1957 My First Eighty Years; Hamilton: Paul's Book Arcade, 1955. The Timaru Herald Printing Works. 7" - 9" tall. Dj. The autobiography of Helen Wilson nee Ostler. During her childhood she lived at Ben Ohau station. Her parents ( William H. Ostler) owned the station from 1870-1880 until her father's sudden tragic death, she went to Timaru, became a teacher , taught at Waitohi Flat, and took up land in Levin, marrying a farmer, Charles Kendall Wilson,  in 1892 and later M.P. An active member of the Woman's Division of the Farmers Union and editor of "Brave Days". The story begins with her parents pioneering experiences on station and a lively account of her own childhood there. Helen Mary Wilson O.B.E. was a teacher, farmer's wife, community leader and writer. 

on the title page.
"Here is one of the best New Zealand autobiographies, the life of Mrs Helen Wilson, O.B.E. (born Helen Osler, wife of the late Mr C. K. Wilson, M.P., and sister of the late Sir Hubert Osler. The author's story begins with her parents' pioneering experiences on an isolated high country sheep station and a lively account of her own early childhood there, until it was interrupted by her father's sudden tragic death.
    The young widow, Mrs Osler, took her family to Timaru and there sent them to school (no easy matter in a depression for a widow who had to depend - not on a pension - but on teaching, dancing and water colour sketching). Here the schoolgirl net and became intimate with all the main characters in the famous Hall case, and now tells how the strange intuition of a schoolgirl persuaded her that a murder was being contrived long before anyone else suspected it.
    At seventeen Helen Osler was teaching in a sole charge school in are remote Irish settlement in Canterbury. She has already told her adventures (when she accidentally stumbled across the district's illegal distilling activities) in her novel 'Moonshine'. Two years later Mrs Osler took up land in the Levin district and there her daughter accompanied her ......"
Signed "Yours cordially Helen Wilson"

Woodhouse, A.E. : George Rhodes (1816-1864) of the Levels and his brothers: early settlers of South Canterbury; Auckland, N.Z.: Whitcombe & Tombs, 1937.  227pp  plates (including portraits), maps (including 5 folded at back), 3 folded tables. Note: Airinia is the d/o of Robert Heaton Rhodes and Jessy (nee Bidwill). Married Philip Randal Woodhouse (Dr.) (1886-1970). Runholder, wool-classer, cattle breeder, historian, community leader. ), 

Traves, William John, b.1921. A  Journey from Lincolnshire to South Canterbury: 1874-1996.  Timaru, W.J. Traves, 1996. 53pp.

Return to Open Country - Jim Henderson (editor) Pub: A.H. & A.W. Reed, N.Z. Reprint 1971 Hb,  with dj, 250 pages
Illustrated by David Cowe. "Open Country" was the title of Jim Henderson's weekly radio programme, where many speakers, from every part of both islands, tell tall and modest tales of country matters - men and women, dogs and stock, high adventure, moments in childhood. This is the sequel to the book of that title. Many farming stories from all around NZ told by various people. Tales from Mt. Aspiring, Timaru, Christchurch, Motueka (Jim Henderson's home patch), Fairlie, Canterbury, Waimate Gorge, Mt. Cook, etc.

Pick up any book about the old south and there's the horizon of snow-capped ranges, the foreground of golden tussock, with a a drift of smoke from a distant hut.

Where to find books

The library was no longer the silent destination it used to be.

Hint: When ordering a second hand book ask if it comes with the dust jacket and or map on endpapers. Sometimes folks remove them to frame them. Many of the books on local history have dust jackets with a photograph of a fine watercolour or oil painting.


"Between peak and plain rises the high country, wrinkling the length of New Zealand's South Island" "New Zealand's High Country" Yva Momatiuk and John Eastcott (fellow Kiwi). National Geographic Vol. 154, No. 2 Aug 1978.  Also the authors of  "High Country" a pictorial look at the Mackenzie country. 1980 & 1987 A.H. & A.W. Reed Ltd. 1987 by Mural Books, Auckland. ISBN 0 9597795 2 3

Rivers are snow-fed and cold with terraced banks.

If you have information regarding other books and reference materials on South Canterbury please let me know so we might have a more complete listing.  Thank you.

Timaru District Library - "South of the Burn" John Buttton, the Southburn story.

NZ Fiction - Even Mills and Boon has hidden treasures.

Marsh, Dame (Edith) Ngaio, DBE, 1895-1982

For many years she had a close friendship with the Acland's of Mt. Peel Station. She became governess to the son of Christchurch surgeon Sir Hugh and Lady Acland, forming a strong friendship with the family. She died in Christchurch at the age of 82, on 19 Feb. 1982 and her ashes are buried at Mt Peel.  She was a writer of detective novels and well known for her services to the theatre. Her father, Henry Edmund Marsh, worked for the BNZ and her maternal grandfather was an early English settler.  Her mother was Rose Elizabeth Seager Marsh. She was b. on April 23 1899 and given the Maori name, Nagio, which is a flowering tree and also means "light on the water." After being educated at St Margaret's College and Canterbury University College of School of Art where she studied part-time from 1909 to 1914, then full-time until 1919, she spent two years touring as a repertory actress  before going to England in 1928. As an amusement on wet evenings, she scribbled out her first novel, A Man Lay Dead, (1934).  Her mother's illness had taken her back to Christchurch where she kept house for her father and wrote detective novels.   She often used the South Canterbury area as an inspiration for her books. But it was in her description of sometimes shocking murders that she sought the advice of Sir Hugh, a surgeon. Her book Surfeit of Lampreys is dedicated to Sir Hugh and Lady Acland.  When war broke out she joined the NZ Red Cross Transport Unit and became a Head-Section Leader.  War times stores were Colour of Scheme (1943) and Died in the Wool (1945).  She produced Shakespearian plays from 1938 to 1949.  She was made OBE in 1948 for "services to New Zealand drama and literature" and DBE in 1966. Her knowledge of theatre provided the framework for some of her successful books e.g. Final Curtain (1947), Opening Night (1951), and False Scent (1960).  She came regularly to London. In 1974 she wrote Black As He's Painted set in Kensington. Ngaio Marsh. A Life by Margaret Lewis (1991) Wellington, N.Z.: Bridget Williams Books Ltd. (ISBN 0 908912 06 4): 276 p., [16] p. of plates. The Timaru Library has 33 of her books.

"The queen of the straight crime novel - long may she reign"

Lewis writes Ngaio had gotten to know the Acland's after leaving school, while briefly acting as tutor for Colin the son of the distinguished Christchurch surgeon Sir Hugh Acland 1874-1956.  Later Ngaio was invited to Mount Peel as a guest, and here she spent many weeks 'struggling to get down in paint the strange ambiguities presented by English trees mingled with native bush against the might of those fierce hills'. One of her paintings still hangs in the dining room of Mount Peel. Ngaio spent several holidays at Mount Peel, the Acland family sheep station in the the foothills behind Geraldine. 

The actors she had nurtured on many stages and other friends who had supported her work in the theatre bore her coffin at the funeral service in Christchurch Cathedral. A single bunch of roses cut from her own garden were the only flowers she requested. Psalm 121, 'I will lift up mine eyes unto the hills' presaged her final resting place in the graveyard of the Church of the Holy Innocents at Mount Peel, in the foothills, where her favourite tui birds sing in the surrounding trees.

Lewis's final paragraph (p. 257) "Shortly after the funeral service a small group of Ngaio's friends took her ashes up to Mount Peel, where they were buried near other early settlers from the district, and not far from the grave of Vladimir Muling. It is a peaceful resting place, backed by dramatic mountains and looking out over the wide Canterbury Plains. A simple stone bears her name. The scent of pine trees and tussock mingles with the fragrance of roses from the nearby garden of the Aclands' house; a blend of England and New Zealand that perfectly reflects her divided life." 

from the final words of the biography of Dame Ngaio Marsh by Margaret Lewis.
 "It is a peaceful resting place...the scent of pine trees and tussock mingles with the fragrance of roses...a blend of England and New Zealand".

Ngaio Marsh - Died in the Wool.
Chapter 1

May 1943
A service car pulled out of the township below the Pass. It mounted a steep shingled road until its passengers looked down on the iron roof of the pub and upon a child's farm-animal design of tiny horses tethered to verandah posts, upon specks that were sheep-dogs and upon a toy sulky with motor car wheels that moved slowly along the road, down-country. Beyond this a system of foot-hills, gorges, and clumps of Pinus insignis steeped down into a plain fifty miles wide, a plain that rose slowly as its horizon mounted with the eyes of the mounting passengers.
Though their tops were shrouded by a heavy mask of cloud, the hills about the Pass grew more formidable. The Pass climbed into the sky. A mountain rain now fell.
"Going into bad weather?" suggested the passenger on the front seat.
"Going out of it, you mean," rejoined the driver.
"Do I?"
"Take a look at the sky, sir."
The passenger wound down his window for a moment and craned out. "Jet-black and lowering," he said, "but there's a good smell in the air."
"Watch ahead."
The passenger dutifully peered through the rain-blinded windscreen and saw nothing to justify the driver's prediction but only a confusion of black cones whose peaks were cut off by the curtain of the sky. The head of the Pass was lost in a blur of rain. The road now hung above a gorge through whose bed hurried a stream, its turbulence seem but not heard at that height. The driver changed down and the engine whinned and roared. Pieces of shingle banged violently on the underneath of the car.
"Hullo!" said the passenger. "Is this the top?" And a moment later - "Good God, how remarkable!"
The mountain tops had marched away to the left and right. The head of the Pass was an open square of piercing blue. As they reached it the black cloud drew back like a curtain. In a moment it was behind them and they locked down into another country.
It was a great plateau, high itself, but ringed about with mountains that were crowned in a perpetual snow. It was laced with rivers of snow water. Three lakes of a strange milky green lay across its surface. it stretched bare and golden under a sky that was brilliant as a paladin's mantle. Upon the plateau and the foot-hills, up to the level of perpetual snow, grew giant tussocks, but there were no forests. Many miles apart, patches of Pinus insignis or Lombardy poplars could be seen and these marked the solitary homesteads of the sheep farmers. The air was clear beyond belief, unbreathed, one would have said, newly pored out from the blue chalice of the sky.
The passenger again lowered the window, which was still wet but steaming now, in the sun. He looked back, the cloud curtain lolled a little way over the mountain barrier and that was all there was to be seen of it. He was merely a spectator. He looked at the mountain ring that curved sickle wide to the right and left of the plateau.
"It's a new world," he said.
The road, a pale stripe in the landscape, pointed sown the centre of the plateau and then far ahead forked towards the mountain ramparts. The car completed its descent and with a following cloud of dust began to travel across the plateau. Against some distant region of cloud a system of mountains was revealed, glittering spear upon spear. One would have said that these must be the ultimate expression of loftiness, but soon the clouds parted and there, remote from them, was the shining horn of the great peak, the Cloud Piercer, Aorangi. The air was lively with the sound of grasshoppers, its touch was fresh and invigorating.

[In 1943 many rode the steam train from Christchurch to Timaru and then took the branch railway to Fairlie - the service town and by motor car over the Pass - Burkes Pass to Tekapo. This is how, in 1947, a townie from Wellington travelled for the first time to Fairlie and the foothills. On the train my Aunt Lorna said "Look at all 'black polls' (Aberdeen Angus cattle), but my mother thought she meant the black telephone poles.]

Essie Summers, 1912-1998  republished

Born Ethel Snelson Summers on July 24, 1912 in Christchurch, NZ and married William Nugent Flett in 1940. Eventually she became a weekly columnist, under the pen-name Tamsin, for the Timaru Herald. After six years she became jaded with it and when she admitted this to her husband he encouraged her to start seriously writing a novel. Her specialty was Love stories, New Zealand. She wrote 55 romance novels and an autobiography The Essie Summers Story, published in 1974. The books mostly published in the late 60s and 70s have wonderful descriptions of NZ, both the North and South Islands. She wrote so vividly of the people and landscape of her native country that she was offered The Order Of the British Empire for her contributions to New Zealand tourism. There is also quite a bit of cooking in the stories, as the heroine is often in a situation where she takes care of a family or children. Essie Summers lived in South Canterbury for a time, wrote A High Country Governess, inspired by the Mackenzie Country but set around Glenorchy. Paperback, Harlequin Romance #2883, 188 pages. Published January 1988 by Harlequin Romance No. 2883 (first published April 1987). Ethel Snelson Summers was born to a newly-emigrated couple, Ethel Snelson and Edwin Summers, Bordesley St., Christchurch. Essie was always proud of both her British heritage and her New Zealand citizenship. Both her parents were exceptional storytellers, and this, combined with her early introduction to the Anne of Green Gables stories, engendered in her a life-long fascination with the craft of writing and the colourful legacy of pioneers everywhere. Leaving school at 14 when her father's butcher shop experienced financial difficulties, she worked for a number of years in draper's shops and later turned her experiences to good use in writing the romantic novels for which she became famous. She met her husband-to-be William Flett when she was only 13 years old, but it was 13 years before she consented to marry him. A minister's wife and the mother of two, William and Elizabeth, she yet found many opportunities to pen short stories, poetry and newspaper columns before embarking on her first novel, which sold to the firm of Mills & Boon in 1956. Summers died in Taradale, Hawkes Bay on the August 27, 1998. Summers was known worldwide as the "queen of romance"; she had 57 books published between 1957-97 and sold more than 20 million copies.  Her books were mainly New Zealand-based and were filled with New Zealand history - fictional heritage romance.  At a bookarama people find neat things and pay a pittance for the privilege of taking them home. At a Waimate Museum Bookarama in Oct. 2013 "A lady came in looking for Essie Summers books and she found 60 of them." The Timaru Library has 37 of her books. Essie was asked once "What sells a book?" and Essie in 1998 replied The writing, she said. Always the writing.

Preston, Ivy Alice, 1913-2010

Ivy Alice Kinross was born in Timaru, 11 Nov. 1913. Backgrounds family links to Southburn and Scotland, her childhood, education and work as a housekeeper at Dunrobin Station before marriage in 1937 to Percival Edward James Preston. Writing was thrust upon her when her beloved husband "Percy" died very suddenly at the age of 44 in Dec. 1956 and she had to support her four children. She was 43.  ``I kept thinking `what can I do?' And I remembered I was going to write a book,'' Preston said once in an interview. Her first book published was the Silver Stream, an autobiography. "This book explores the life and love of the author, her courage and faith when faced with terrible tragedy. Her biography is like reading a letter from an old friend." After that she wrote romances. The author of more than 40 romances translated into nine languages, Preston was prolific, famous for her New Zealand scenery and romantic romances, which stopped at the bedroom door. Her hero was Essie Summers. The Timaru Library had 42 of her books in 2020. Books published from 1959 to 1997. She lived at 95 Church St., Timaru. Died 1 April 2010 aged 96 and is buried at the Timaru Cemetery. "Loved mother, wife & author."

Canterbury Times Christmas Number 1894
A Romance from the Hermitage by Mrs J. Mander, of Fairlie.

In the pages of a open book, the left-hand side of the book is called verso. Right hand recto. Verso is also the reverse side of a coin or medal.