The Barclay's in South Canterbury, N.Z.

  Recommendation for good health: Practice optimism, altruism and volunteerism.

George Barclay 		Presbyterian Pioneer Preacher
Dr. H.C. Barclay 	Waimate Doctor's work
C.C. Barclay 		ANZAC Soldier who died on landing
Dr. Marjory Barclay 	Charitable Trust

They looked on the more favorable side of events. Practiced unselfish concern for or devotion to the welfare of others. Gave one's time or talents for charitable, educational, or other worthwhile activities, especially in their community.  


History of the Presbyterian Church of New Zealand by John Dickson 1899
The Rev. Barclay was a lecturer, a preacher, you can't help listening to. Mr Barclay roamed at his sweet will preaching the Gospel, sometimes in private houses, sometimes in woolsheds, and sometimes in the open air. Those were not the days of fine churches and elegant lecture halls and comfortable manses. Wherever settlers were in the district attended his services irrespective of the denomination to which they belonged. He left deep marks, ecclesiastical, educational and social on the history of South Canterbury than any person now living or dead. He resigned his large and cumbrous parish at the end of 1889 after a pastorate of 25 years and continued to be vigorous and preaches occasionally.

Mr Barclay, was well known for his willingness to travel throughout his parish, often make a round trip on horseback to Temuka, Geraldine and Pleasant Point after Sunday services in Timaru. The Parish extended from the Rangitata River to the Waitaki River, and from the sea to the Alps. He was an orator. Remarkable for his eloquent utterance, his wide reading and his grasp of public business. In 1872 he accepted a call and moved to Geraldine. He was also a Justice of the Peace. He was active in education affairs, a member of the South Board of Education from its inception and for a long time Chairman of the Appointments Committee.

Ashburton Guardian, 20 July 1908, Page 2 OBITUARY. REV. GEORGE BARCLAY
Waimate, July 20 The Rev. George Barclay, pioneer Presbyterian clergyman of South Canterbury, has died, after a short illness. He was the father of Mr A. R. Barclay, M.A., Dunedin, and of Dr. Barclay, of Waimate. Mr Barclay was born in Ireland about 1835 or 1836; and was educated; party at University College, London, and partly at other Home institutions. He received his theological training in the College of the English Presbyterian Church, and afterwards became a licentiate of the Presbytery of London. In January [1st], 1865, [on the Dona Anita] he landed in Lyttelton, and, a short time after, he took up his abode in Timaru, his district extending from the Rangitata in the north to the Waitaki in the south, and east and west far as he could go across the island. In later years Mr Barclay took an active interest in the work of education in South Canterbury, as a member of the South Canterbury Education Board, and it was chiefly through his agency that Waimate obtained its High School. 

Otago Daily Times 24 July 1908, Page 6
The funeral of the late Rev. George Barclay took place at Waimate on Wednesday afternoon, and by a very e large gathering. There were a number of old settlers present, and the Timaru Presbytery, the Masonic Order, the South Canterbury Board, and many local bodies and organisations with which Mr Barclay had been connected were represented. A memorial service was held in Knox Church, which was crowded. Telegrams and messages of condolence to the t number of over 200 were received by the family, the Prime Minister the Hon. G. Fowlds, and many members of Parliament n sending messages.

Timaru Herald Friday 23 March 1866 Birth
On the 22nd instant, at Timaru, the wife of the Rev. G. Barclay, of a son.

The Cyclopedia of New Zealand [Canterbury Provincial District] 1903
Mr. Geo. Barclay is married, and has two sons alive. One is Mr. A. R. Barclay, B.A., LL.B., barrister and solicitor, Dunedin, Lecturer on Constitutional Law and History in the University of Otago, and elected in December, 1899, as one of the representatives of Dunedin in Parliament. The other surviving son is Dr. H. C. Barclay, M.R.C.S. (Eng.), L.R.C.P. (London), and F.R.C.S. (Edin.), and at present Surgeon-Superintendent of the Waimate Hospital. A third son, Mr. George Baker Barclay, now dead, was manager of the large business of Messrs. Guinness and Le Cren, Waimate. His wife, Susan Clifford Barclay, died 24 October 1913.

Timaru Herald, 18 June 1898, Page 2 Death
Barclay — On June 17th, 1898, at Waimate, George Baker Barclay aged 36 years.

Timaru Herald, 22 June 1898, Page 3
The funeral of the late Mr George Baker Barclay took place at Waimate on Monday and was largely attended, mourners attending from all parts of the county to pay a last tribute of respect to the memory of one who was so well known and universally respected. The deceased was the son of the Rev G. Barclay, who is well known in South Canterbury. He was born in Ireland, and came to the colony with his parents when very young. He was trained for the teaching profession and had charge successively of the Rangitata, Redcliff, and Glenavy Schools, and was also an assistant-master for some years in the Waimate School. He was a very successful teacher, and had he chosen to adhere to his profession would probably have risen to a high rank in the scholastic world. Owing to ill-health he decided to relinquish teaching, and an opening occurring in Waimate, he went into the auctioneering business, in conjunction with Mr Foote. This partnership lasted three or four years, when Mr Foote retired, and shortly afterwards the business was disposed of to Messrs. Guinness and LeCren, of Timaru, and Mr Barclay became their agent and representative at Waimate. The connection thus established lasted until Mr Barclay's death. In 1897 he took a trip to England with a view to improving his condition and before leaving he was presented with a very handsome testimonial subscribed to by most of the people in the district he being greatly respected by all who him. The pall-bearers at the funeral were Messrs H. LeCren, J. F Douglas, G. McLean, G. S. Mathias, R. Capstick, and W. M. Hamilton.

Barclay, Alfred Richard, 1859-1912
Lawyer and socialist. Born in Ireland, came to New Zealand in 1865. Studied at Otago University for degree in law. Practised in Dunedin. Clerk of the court of convocation from its inauguration in 1884. Appointed lecturer in constitutional history at Otago University in 1891. Married Annie Baron. He was MP for Dunedin 1899-1902, and for Dunedin North from 1905.

Press, 7 December 1905, Page 9 MR A. R. BARCLAY (DUNEDIN NORTH). New Members. [1859 - 1912]
Mr Barclay, B.A., LL.B. (Government), barrister and solicitor, is the eldest son of the Rev. George Barclay, whose name is a household word in South Canterbury as the pioneer Presbyterian minister in that district, and one who has been specially prominent in matters educational, Mr Barclay came to New Zealand with his parents in 1865, being then five years old. He was educated at Timaru public school, Christ's College and Otago University, and obtained his B.A. degree in 1878, being the third in New Zealand to achieve that distinction. Later he obtained his LL.B. degree, and was also admitted as a barrister and solicitor of the Supreme Court of New Zealand, commencing practice in Dunedin. He has always taken an interest in university and educational matters, and was clerk of the court of Convocation from its inauguration in 1884. In 1891 Mr Barclay was appointed lecturer on law and constitutional history at Otago University. In 1899 he was elected with Messrs Millar and Arnold to represent Dunedin City in the House of Representatives, coming third on the poll. In the election contest of 1902 Mr Barclay was again a candidate for Parliamentary honours (for Dunedin City) but suffered defeat, coming fourth on the list.

Heredity is the passing of traits to offspring. The need to achieve, including ambition and an inclination to work hard toward goals, was found to be genetically influenced.

Auckland Weekly News April 8 1915Herbert Clifford Barclay attended the Otago University in Dunedin, MD 1891

Barclay, Herbert Clifford, b. 22 March 1866
Appointed Surgeon Capt. in Waimate Rifle Vols. 24 May 1898
Herbert Clifford Barclay. MB ChB NZ 1889, MD NZ 1891, MRCS LRCP 1896, FRCSEd 1896. Registered 1 May 1889:
Dunedin Hosp/Waimate/Maidstone, Kent.
HS Dunedin Hosp 1889; he and Dr GA Copland were first wholly NZ-trained doctors appointed to hospital service.
Surgeon superintendent Waimate Hospital 1890-1917
Appointed public vaccinator for Waimate 11 Dec 1891
Mayor of Waimate 1898-1900, and surgeon-captain Waimate Rifle Volunteers.
Appointed captain 10 April 4 1901 Waimate Rifle Volunteers
Appt temp PHO for Oamaru 9 Feb 1904, resg 1905.
Author of "Lectures on elementary anatomy and physiology"
Transferred to 2nd S.C. Regiment 28 Feb. 1911
Promoted to major 17 March 1911
Promoted to Lieut. Colonel 21 March 1914
Worked for the Russian Red Cross for four months from Sept. 1914 to January 1915
Royal Army Medical Corps from 1915 to end of war.
Waimate Hospital - Doctor Barclay resigns. Article in the Timaru Herald 11 Jan. 1918
Retirement 4 July 1919 [Total commissioned service 21 years 46 days.]
After WW1 he practised in London, and was removed from the NZ register in 1921.
Purged from the Roll of Officers Retired 21st Sept. 1921
Address 1922-23: 25 King Street, Maidstone, Kent, England. Phone # Maidstone 358
He relocated from Kent to Hampshire between 1923 and 1932.
One of the addresses in his military file is for Rangemore, St. Michaels Road, Hampshire.

Dr Barclay died in Winchester district, Hampshire, England on the 1st December 1932 at the age of 66. There is an obituary for him in the Timaru Herald of the 10 March 1933. ArchivesNZ has a probate entry him in 1933 (Wellington).  His probate was also filed in England. Then in that 1933 probate record, Rangemore, Lakewood Road, Chandler's Ford, Hampshire. The 'single woman' Lilian Florence Doling bit is interesting.


Otago Witness 9 October 1890, Page 21 Marriage.
Barclay — Clapcott — On the 30th September, at St. Paul's Church, Dunedin, by the Ven. Archdeacon Edwards, assisted by the Rev. Mr Yorke, Herbert Clifford Barclay, M.B., CM., third son of the Rev. Geo. Barclay, to Ruth Annie, second daughter of Henry Clapcott., Esq.. E.A. (Camb.). Halfway Bush.

Children of Ruth Annie and Herbert Clifford Barclay were probably all born in Waimate. Ruth Annie Barclay died in Dunedin in1938.
1891 Barclay Dorothy Amy
1893 Barclay Clifford Clapcott died 25 April 1915
1899 Barclay Ruth Marjory Cruickshank
1904 Barclay George Oliver Clapcott          

Cemetery: Pine Road
Grave Number: F12
Buried On: 05/12/1932
Age: 66
BARCLAY Ruth Annie
Age 			71 Years
Date of Death 		26 Nov 1938
Place of Death 		RESIDENCE
Date of Cremation 	28 Nov 1938
Occupation: 		WIDOW
Dunedin Cemetery search 

Dr. H.C. Barclay encouraged nurses to learn.

Kai Tiaki: the journal of the nurses of New Zealand, July 1911, Page 133
We note with, pleasure that the text book on anatomy and physiology, written by Dr. Barclay, of Waimate, and known to many of our nurses, has been adopted by the A.T.N.A., and recommended for study by the council. We understand that Dr. Barclay intends to issue a second volume on the nursing of medical and surgical cases, written on the lines of lectures given in accordance with the syllabus prescribed under the Nurses' Registration Act. Such a text book should be of the greatest advantage to nurses studying for examinations. If our journal had been a monthly production, we might have had this projected volume published in monthly parts in our pages, but being only issued quarterly, the author was obliged to abandon the plan which he had at first contemplated. We much regret that it was impossible to meet his wishes, and to have the benefit of so much original matter.

Kai Tiaki: the journal of the nurses of New Zealand, April 1912, Page 27
Clinical Notes By Dr. H. C. Barclay.
... This case is an admirable illustration of this description, and brings well before the nurse's as well as the surgeon's mind, the insuperable difficulties one may encounter in trying to come to exact conclusion on points of diagnosis. The more one knows of some diseases the more difficult it seems to be to accurately tell one from the other, and as these matters are constantly before the nursing profession it is not astonishing that medical men should look to the nursing profession to help to intelligently interpret to ignorant lay people the pitfalls that constantly beset the path of the physician. The medical profession look to the nurses for their loyal co-operation and support when that ignorance (so frequently the associate of positiveness), condemns unhesitatingly the doctor for an error in diagnosis. No one but the nurses and doctor can appreciate the difficulties, and herein lies the essence of that bond we call LOYALTY.   

Dr. Barclay published at least two books while living in the UK -
Elementary Anatomy and Physiology for Nurses (1924)
Baillière's Nurses' Complete Medical Dictionary (1926)

Evening Post, 20 June 1925, Page 17
HANDBOOK FOR NURSES "Elementary Anatomy and Physiology for Nurses." By H. Clifford Barclay, M.D. London: Balliere, Tindall, and Cox.
Dr. H. Clifford Barclay, of Maidstone, formerly of New Zealand, has brought out a third edition of his "Elementary Anatomy and Physiology for Nurses." The volume is already well known and highly esteemed, not only for its excellent subject matter and illustrations, but for the charm of the author's style, writes the London correspondent of "The Post." The present edition is revised, enlarged, and brought up to date. But the writer goes further this time. Having acquired some knowledge of the actions of the nervous system (he says), it is easy to pass to the mental aspect of our brain and spinal cells. To omit it, seems to leave a huge hiatus in our knowledge. But psychology is the study of the mind of man, and as conduct (in the individual and in the mass) is based on mind, it is almost impossible to avoid references to human characteristics as we see them manifested in public and in private life, and psychology imperceptibly steps up into the domain of sociology.
    A chapter on psychology has therefore been added, for, as the writer maintains, a well-trained nurse is a therapeutic agent in the cure of maladies, and it is necessary to have some notion of the fundamentals of psychology if she wishes to grasp the derangements of insanity, the objects of hypnosis, or the delving of the psycho-analyst. Dr. Barclay introduces his readers to the subject in a very clear way, and uses homely illustrations. The Origin of Knowledge, Associations of Ideas, Telepathy, Limitations of the Senses, and Spiritualism, are some of the headings under which he writes.
    When men like Sir Oliver Lodge and Sir A. Conan Doyle talk seriously about the subject of Spiritualism (says Dr. Barclay), minor lights must sit quiet and respectfully listen. You know enough already to be saved from the absurd position of dogmatising on the subject. The elementary study of your own senses and your everyday experiences teach you that there may be some phenomena in the external world that reaches the consciousness of some people and not others. You are not justified as an educated person to say you definitely believe or disbelieve the statements of enthusiasts on either side.
    The author gives several interesting cases he has treated successfully with hypnotism. He mentions that the only case of death he has had on the operating table was that of a young woman who faced the operation with the sure and certain expectation of death and she expired quite suddenly without any apparent reason.
    In psychology, says Dr. Barclay, we have already learnt that it is useless to study one side of a subject. To look at one side only leads to dogmatism and unbalanced judgment. One cannot understand a patient and get in sympathetic vibration with him, one will never gain the patient's confidence and regard, if the working of his mind is not grasped.

When in New Zealand he was examiner in forensic medicine to the university, and he was superintendent of the Waimate County Hospital. After the war he took a practice in Maidstone, Kent. Much of the text of his book is based on lectures delivered by him in New Zealand.

Ashburton Guardian, 27 January 1914, Page 2
Waimate, January 26. A regrettable fatality occurred here yesterday. Mr W. G. Leader, plumber, was about to have his teeth drawn, and was put under chloroform by Dr Barclay, but before Mr C. Coventry, the dentist started to extract the teeth Leader died under the anaesthetic. At the inquest to-day a verdict was returned that the deceased had died from the effects of chloroform administered when he had fatty overgrowth of the heart. The late Mr Leader started in business here some months ago. He was only 27 years of age and leaves a widow and three young children.

The Barclay Memorials

St. Andrew's, Geraldine. In memory of Rev. George Barclay former Presbyterian Minister of South Canterbury who founded this congregation.

Colonist, 11 August 1908, Page 4
A movement is on foot to raise £500 in the South Canterbury education district as a memorial to the late Rev. G. Barclay. The idea is to provide an annual scholarship of £25 to be known as the Barclay memorial scholarship.

Otago Witness, 12 August 1908, Page 26
George Barclay, to provide an annual scholarship of £25, to be known as the Barclay Memorial Scholarship. The Waimate School Committee, at its meeting on Wednesday evening, decided to fall in heartily with the proposal should it be given effect to, or take the matter up itself should the Wai-iti Committee not carry out the proposal.

Otago Witness, 4 August 1909, Page 26
In response to a request from the family of the late Rev. G. Barclay, who was the first minister of the Geraldine Church, permission has been granted by the managers to the family to place a memorial tablet on the walls of the church.

Otago Daily Times 24 May 1911, Page 5
South Canterbury Education Board today allotted the Barclay Memorial prizes of £3 and £2 to the first and second in the junior scholars from each of the two classes of schools, 0 to 3, and 4 to 10.

Marjory followed her father into the medical profession.

Dr. Ruth Marjory Cruickshank Barclay

Marjory was named after her mother and Dr Cruickshank. Margaret Cruickshank accepted a position as assistant to Dr H. C. Barclay of Waimate, and on 3 May 1897 became New Zealand's first registered woman doctor. Marjory graduated with a MB ChB from the Otago Medical School in 1923, joining the handful of women who had gained the qualification in New Zealand at that time. After further study overseas,  DR Edin 1927., Regd 11 Sept 1923: Dunedin. She was appointed radio diagnostician at the Otago Hospital Board in 1931- 42, also lecturing at the medical school, before working in private practice in Dunedin. Died in Dunedin 8 November 1978. The charitable trust was set up after her death in 1978. The revenue from the trust is distributed to Home of Compassion, Otago Early Settlers etc. It has started from a modest beginning. Dr Barclay was a leader in life as not only as one of New Zealand's first female hospital specialists, but also for specialising in the then relatively new speciality of diagnostic radiology. She studied in Edinburgh, Vienna and Boston before returning to Dunedin where she not only worked for the Otago Hospital Board but also lectured at the University of Otago Medical School. And since her passing in 1978 and the establishment of the Charitable Trust a decade later, her generosity has assisted nine worthy charities continue their work. I am advised that Dr. Barclay's decision to establish a charitable trust has seen about $3.2 million distributed to the nine charities in the last 20 years by 2008. Her trustees have so diligently administered her estate and that the initial capital of $300,000 is now, through prudent investment, worth $12 million in 2008. By 2010 the trust has contributed $4 million, mainly to Dunedin-based organisations. Her trust continues today. Daughter of Dr. H.C. Barclay.   

The SS Makura sailed from Wellington to San Francisco 3/12/1929 arriving 20/12/1929. Ruth Marjory C. Barclay, age 30 single, medical practitioner, nationality NZ, place of birth Waimate. Last permanent address Dunedin.
Canadian Immigration Service, Port of Sarnia, Ontario, entry for month ending 31/5/1930, Ruth Barclay, 30, single, born Waimate, NZ, medical doctor, X ray expert. Destination - friend  Dr. Richards, Toronto, Ontario [late ]. In possession, money $400, effects $200. Father Herbert Barclay, Toronto, Ontario. (This is a bit odd as I have seen nothing to place Herbert in Canada).
SS Lurline sailing from Hawaii to San Francisco arriving 18/2/1938. Ruth Barclay, female, single, age 38. Radiologist, nationality NZ, Place of birth Canterbury, NZ. 6 month visa issued in Auckland. Last permanent residence Dunedin.
SS Monterey sailed Auckland to San Francisco 27/5/1940 arriving 11/6/1940. Ruth Barclay, age 40 female, single, nationality NZ, born Waimate, Canterbury. Last permanent residence Dunedin.

Its in the blood.

For the Front son C.C. Barclay

6/404 Lieutenant Clifford Clapcott Barclay
Cemetery: Lone Pine Memorial, Gallipoli, Turkey
Unit: Canterbury Regiment, N.Z.E.F.
Killed in action 25 April 1915 on his 22nd birthday.
Son of Dr. Herbert Clifford Barclay and Ruth Annie Barclay, of 83, Highgate, Roslyn, Dunedin.
Native of Waimate, South Canterbury 

In the estate of Clifford Clapcott Barclay of Waimate Stock agent Stock agent, Sherman St., Waimate at the time of his death a Lieutenant in the NZEF.

Stained-glass memorial. A pair of windows from Morris & Co., Melton Abbey, Surrey, depicting Sir Galahad and the Vision of the Holy Grail are at St Augustine's Anglican Church, Waimate and were unveiled on Anzac Day 1926, the windows were a memorial to Lieutenant Clifford Clapcott Barclay, a 22-year-old Waimate stock agent killed in action at Gallipoli on April 25, 1915. Depicting the young knight Galahad from a scene in Tennyson's the Idylls of the King (1869), the figure was recognised as the embodiment of heroism and devotion to a righteous cause. Dearle based the figure of Galahad and his horse on Sir Galahad (1862) by the painter George Frederick Watts, but in reverse. Donor: R.A. Barclay, his mother. Ruth died 26 Nov. 1938.
    The London firm Morris & Co., undertook stained-glass commissions, and is acknowledged as having produced some of the finest stained glass of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. William Morris died in 1896 and John Henry Dearle { - 1932} was appointed Morris & Co's art director, and became principal stained-glass designer after Edward Burne-Jones's death in 1898. Most of the Morris & Co. windows in Canterbury are unique designs by Dearle, although most are based on existing designs by Burne-Jones.

Clifford Clapcott Barclay's father Major Herbert Clifford of the Royal Army Medical Corps was stationed in England in April 1915 and he also made the fullest enquires to trace the said Clifford Clapcott Barclay after the landing and I have seen letters of his enquires that he was satisfied that the said Clifford Clapcott Barclay was killed in action; wrote William Milne Hamilton, solicitor of Waimate. Have seen letters received by them from his comrades in the field in which refer to him as having been killed at the landing on 25th day of April 1916 (sic). I have also spoken to soldiers returned from the Dardanelles including men in the deceased's own Company and well acquainted with him who were present at the landing and they all express themselves satisfied that he was killed or saw his dead body. I have also received a letter from my own son serving with the NZEF who was intimately acquainted with said Clifford Clapcott Barclay stating that from enquires he had made he did not think there was now any hope that the said Clifford Clapcott Barclay was alive.
Witnesses to his will were:
     Margaret Barnett Cruickshank, Sherman St. Waimate
    Jeanie Cochrane, Domestic Duties Sherman St., Waimate

Herbert never returned home to his wife in New Zealand. We probably will never know what happened between Herbert and his wife, Ruth. However, I have identified that Mrs H. C. Barclay and daughter D. A. Barclay travelled on 16 August 1919 on SS Arawa from Wellington to London. D. A. is clearly Dorothy Amy.

Dorothy Amy Barclay
[Dr. and Mrs. R. H. Quentin-Baxter]

Press, 17 January 1918, Page 2
The engagement is announced of Miss Dorothy Barclay, daughter of Major H. C. Barclay. R.A.M.C., Mrs Barclay, Waimate, to Captain R. H. Baxter, M.C., New Zealand Medical Corps, France.

Otago Daily Times 31 October 1919, Page 4
BAXTER—BARCLAY. On October 24, at London, Captain Robert Hector Baxter, M.C., N.Z.M.C., eldest son of Mr and Mrs R. G. Baxter, Chatswood, Papanui, to Dorothy, eldest daughter of Major and Mrs H. C. Barclay, London (late Waimate). By cable.  

Press, 12 January 1920, Page 2
Mrs R.G. Baxter, "Chatswood,'' Papanui, has gone to Wellington to meet her son, Captain Robert H. Baxter, M.C.. and his wife, who are returning by the Kigoma this week. Mrs H. C. Barclay is also a passenger by the same steamer.  

Shoulder title.Otago Daily Times 17 November 1917, Page 8
Captain Robert H. Baxter, of Dunedin, who has been awarded the Military Cross, began his education in the Waimate High School, where he won the dux medal and matriculated at the age of 15 years. He then attended the Otago Boys' High School for, three years, and on leaving gained a University Scholarship. After a five-year course at the University, he passed the medical examination, and was appointed house surgeon to the Wellington Hospital. During his stay at school and the University he took a prominent part in athletics, particularly in cricket, football, and shooting. On several occasions he tried to get to the fronts but owing to the shortage of doctors the authorities would not allow it until the sailing of the 19th Reinforcements, when the Defence authorities granted him a lieutenant's, rank in the New Zealand Forces, promoting him to a captaincy in August. Captain Baxter sailed with his reinforcement as medical officer, and after a lengthy voyage arrived in England. After a stay of a few days in London he went to France, and shortly afterwards was appointed R.M.O. to the 1st Battalion N.Z.R.B., and has ever since been with that company in the trenches in Belgium. He is the eldest son of Mr R. G. Baxter, recently of Maori Hill, but now of Redcliffs. Mr Baxter's second son, Norman, enlisted among the first in Dunedin, in the Otago Mounteds, and embarked with the Main Body for Egypt. After remaining there for some months he volunteered for infantry work at Gallipoli, and was killed in action in the night attack on August 6, 1915.

Lieutenant Robert H. Baxter, N.Z.M.C., worked for three days at his regimental aid posts under continual exposure to shell and machine-gun fire.

Evening Post, 17 December 1919, Page 9 KIGOMA'S DRAFT
To arrive on 6th January. A nominal roll of details returning to New Zealand by the troopship Kigoma was issued from Base Records yesterday. The draft consists of 65 officers, 1 matron, and 259 of other ranks, and is in command of Lieutenant-Colonel A. D. Stitt. Following is the list of officers:
Stitt, A. D. (D.S.O., M.C), 6/849,
Captain, Baxter, R. H (M.C), 3/2594
2nd-Lieut. Thurston, M. (O.B. E., R.R.C), 22/342, Matron-in-Chief.
Goodchild (Mrs), N.Z.M.T. ...

Otago Daily Times 7 January 1920, Page 5
Sydney, January 6. The troopship Kigoma, with New Zealand soldiers and their families aboard, has arrived at Sydney, en route to New Zealand. She is expected at Wellington about January 12 or 13.

Evening Post, 13 September 1915, Page 8
Owing to the shortage of doctors consequent on 60 many being required at the front, the final M.B. and Ch. B. examination in New Zealand was held in Dunedin last month, instead of in January, the staff of the Otago University foregoing a part of its vacation to enable that to be done. There, were 27 candidates, and 22 passed including Robert Hector Baxter.

Dominion, 9 November 1916, Page 3 ON SERVICE
The appointments of the under mentioned officers proceeding on active service with the New Zealand Expeditionary Forces, with the ranks stated against their names, with effect from November 11, 1916: New Zealand Medical Corps.
Lieutenant Amos William Johnston, M.B., B.S., N.Z.
Lieutenant Robert Hector, Baxter, M.B., B.S., N.Z.

 At Passchendaele 11th to 18th Oct. 1917. Awarded Military cross of Gallantry in the Field N.Z.E.F. 0430. For gallantry & devotion to duty in working for 3 days at his regimental and posts under continued exposure to shell and machine gun fire. NZEF FO 568 HQ 30.4.18.

3/2594 				Robert Hector Baxter
Born				Waimate 25 Jan. 1892
First Known Rank 		Lieutenant
Occupation before Enlistment 	Medical practitioner Wellington Hospital Board
Religion			Presbyterian
NOK 				Robert Gilbert Baxter (father) c/o Mr Farquahson National Mortgage Agency Co.(Ltd), Dunedin
Later 				William St. Redcliffs, CHCH
Embarkation Unit		19th Reinforcements New Zealand Medical Corps
Embarkation Date 		15 November 1916
Place of Embarkation 		Wellington, NZ
No. 1 NZ Field Ambulance
Wounded	slightly		29 March 1918 remaining with unit
Overseas			3 years and 59 days
Date finally discharge		1st Feb. 1920 146 Worcester St. CHCH 

Baxter, Robert Hector (later Quentin-Baxter), 1892-1979 Obituary
Robert Hector Quentin-Baxter, MC, MB, ChB NZ 1916, MRCP 1925, FRACP 1938, FRCP 1952. Regd 19 May 1916: Wellington Hosp/Queen Mary Hosp, Hanmer Springs/Christchurch. Name changed to Quentin-Baxter. Born in Waimate, Canterbury 26 Jan 1892 where his father practised as a surveyor. During his earlier life there his father taught him to fish and he acquired his angling skill and love of Canterbury rivers and lakes, which endured throughout his life. His grandmother died in Waimate in July 1895. As he grew beyond the services of the local school, his parents sent him to educated Otago BHS. At University of Otago when he went there as a medical student, and got a university blue. Served in WW1: MC in field at Passchendaele 1917. Trained in neurology in London. Physician/neurologist in Christchurch from 1926. V-P RACP 1951-52.  

Double-barreled surname - Uppity!

In 2015 upon marriage, while it is traditional for the woman to take the man's surname, it is also perfectly acceptable for the woman to keep her maiden name or the couple to create their own double-barrelled or hyphenated surname by using both of their original surnames. The British Marriage Certificate states the surnames of the parties prior to their marriage and is supporting evidence of a request by either party to change their surname. No additional documentation is required under UK law.
Why a double-barrelled surname? You’re more likely to succeed, to show off lineage. Smiths who took on additional last names wanted a infrequent name. Some were following instructions in an ancestor's will: To keep the estate intact in the absence of a male heir, a patriarch might demand that any man who married into the family graft his wife's last name onto his own.

Why did Robert Hector (1892 - 1979) add Quentin to his surname after WW1?

I have been told of one possibility. This was from one of Robert Hector Q-B sons, and that was his wife Dorothy Barclay thought Baxter too plain so added the Quentin. Now how true this is I don't know. For what-ever reason that branch of the family still to this day call themselves Quentin-Baxter.

Father of Professor Robert Quentin Quentin-Baxter, one of New Zealand's most eminent international lawyers, an authority on international and constitutional law, died Sept. 26, 1984 in Wellington at the age of 62 years from an asthma attack. Mr Quentin-Baxter was a former chairman of the UN Commission on Human Rights and has been a member of the International Law Commission for 13 years. He helped NZ fight a test case on French Nuclear testing in the Pacific in the International Court of Justice in 1973-74.

Alison wrote April 11 2013
Robert Hector Quentin-Baxter was my father-in-law. My husband, Robert Quentin Quentin-Baxter, was his eldest son. As you suggest, when my husband was born in 1922, the family name was Baxter. His father was a descendant of the well-known Baxter family in Dundee, Scotland. As I understand it, in the early 1930s, my parents-in-law wished to distinguish themselves from other Baxter's with whom they were sometimes confused. My father-in-law was a neurologist in Christchurch and I think there may have been another Dr Baxter in that city. I have no idea why my husband's parents named him "Quentin" and never heard any mention of "St Quentin" in France, or is it in Belgium? Clearly, however, his parents liked the name Quentin and thought it went well with Baxter. So when they decided to change their surname they chose "Quentin-Baxter" and adopted it by deed-poll. My mother-in-law may well have taken the initiative in proposing a name change, but all the family members have always remained loyal to it. It was not something that was ever discussed, though at some point my husband-to-be must have told me the story as I have set it out above. I always thought that it must have been rather difficult for my husband, as a young schoolboy, to cope with the two "Quentins" that he had acquired in his name, but he never complained. Needless to say, people were often confused about what, exactly, his name was. He, himself, never explained it unless asked directly, but always carried it off with aplomb. All the Quentin-Baxter children and grand-children have remained loyal to the name, but it will die out with the passing of the third generation as there are no male grandchildren.

Sounds 100% better!

In 1885 Robert Gilbert BAXTER married Miriam Hayes. Children:
Robert Hector Baxter b. 25 January 1892
Norman Baxter b. 18 November 1893

Otago Witness Saturday January 23 1886 page 17 Marriage
BAXTER - HAYES - On the 29th December, at the residence of the bride's brother, Paul street, Waimate by the Rev. J.H. Gray, Robert Gilbert Baxter to Miriam, youngest daughter of Wesley Hayes, Esq., Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. [At the end of 1919 the family moved to Chatswood, 39 Harewood Road, Papanui, CHCH]

Evening Post, 22 November 1917, Page 8
Lt. R. H. Baxter, who was recently reported as gaining a Military Cross, was well-known as one of the house surgeons in Wellington Hospital. He is attached to a battalion of the Rifle Brigade as medical officer, and gained his distinction for field work during the late heavy fighting. He is the son of Mr. and Mrs. R. G. Baxter, at present living at Sumner. Their other son [Norman] was killed at Gallipoli.

Norman Baxter. Photo courtesy of Lorraine W.
Norman was only 20 years of age when he was KIA at Gallipoli 6 August 1915, Otago Mounted Rifles.
Born: Waimate 18 Nov. 1894
5' 8" 124lbs Hair: fair. Eyes green. Fit.
Worked for the NMA in Dunedin.
Main Body, O.M.R. 5th Co. 9/8  Lance Cpl Baxter, Norman
Father: R.G. Baxter, 39 Harewood Rd. Papanui.
KIA Dardanelles. 6th/7th August 1915
No. 2 Outpost Cemetery, Turkey. Special Memorial 6

Posthumously brother-in-laws names are together on the Waimate War Memorial

In Loving Memory - Baxter tombstone Waimate.

ILM of Lance Corporal Norman BAXTER, 5th Otago Mounted Rifles, NZ Main Body. Killed in Action, 6th August 1915 at Beauchop's Ridge, Gallipoli. Buried in Cemetery, Left Bank, Chailak Dere. Aged 21 yrs.

Robert BAXTER died 29 July 1883 aged 78.

His son Hector BAXTER died 11 Sept 1881 aged 46. Buried in the Northern Cemetery, Dunedin.
Eliza Nedrick wife of Hector BAXTER died 12 July 1895 aged 64.

Robert Gilbert BAXTER died at Christchurch 31 January 1924 aged 62.
His wife Miriam BAXTER died at Auckland 7 September 1931 aged 73.

Hector James BAXTER died 20 July 1937 aged 71
Eliza Jessie O'BRIEN died 13 September 1943 aged 79
Thomas Nedrick BAXTER died 24 September 1946 aged 78 

Hector who married Eliza Nedrick Robertson, the parents of Robert G. and Hector J. is buried at Northern Cemetery, Dunedin. After Hector's death in 1881, Eliza, her children and her father-in-law Robert then moved to Waimate, where they are all buried in the Old Cemetery, Waimate. Also mentioned on Hector's headstone in Dunedin is his brother Norman that was killed in WW1. Hector, Eliza and family and Robert (Hector's dad) lived in Caversham, South Dunedin prior to Hector's death and moving to Waimate. 

Timaru Herald, 16 July 1895, Page 2
The funeral of Mrs H. Baxter took place at Waimate on Sunday. The deceased was the mother of the clerk to the Borough Council, Mr R. G. Baxter. The cortege started from the house at half past 2 o'clock and before the cemetery was reached there must have been between three and four hundred people following on foot, and about twenty traps. The chief mourners were her four sons, Messrs R. G. Baxter, Hector Baxter, Charles Baxter, and Thomas Baxter, and son-in-law Mr M. O'Brien. The following acted as pall-bearers: Messrs W. J. Black, S. J. Adams, J. Manchester, and H. Franklin. The Rev. Hugh Kelly officiated at the grave. The deceased lady had resided at Waimate for fourteen years, and had a long and painful illness. She was greatly respected by a large circle of friends, and the deepest sympathy is extended to the family.

George Oliver Clapcott Barclay (b. 1904).

It appears he went to Australia. I found an entry for him on line linked to an Agnes May Dobson, only daughter of Collet Barker Dobson, b. Nov. 18 1861, Sumner, NZ, actor and Harriet Meddings (stage name Harrie Collet). Collet and Harriet were married about 1905. Collet was the youngest son of Mr. Edward Dobson, civil engineer and surveyor, of Christchurch and Mary Lough. The late Sir Arthur Dobson, of Christchurch, NZ, was a brother of  C.B. Dobson, and they had sister who married Sir Julius von Haast. Collet married Ida Thornton in 1886 and the couple had three children, all dying in infancy. Collet travelled to Australia around 1898/99 in search of work, Ida remaining in New Zealand. Collet never returned to New Zealand and the couple was divorced in 1904. Agnes has an entry in the Australian Dictionary of Biography. George, a motor salesman married Agnes at Christ Church, Enmore, Sydney 16/2/1924 but they divorced 1931. From a family tree on Ancestry, he then married Thelma Isobel Thatcher 24/12/1931 in Sydney but in 1937 sought a divorce. George apparently died in Perth in 1961.

Underwoods is a collection of poems by Robert Louis Stevenson published in 1887. The dedication to his doctors "There are men and classes of men that stand above the common herd: the soldier, the sailor and the shepherd not infrequently; the artist rarely; rarer still the clergyman; the physician almost as a rule. He is the flower (such as it is) of our civilization... Generosity he has, such as is possible to those who practise an art, never to those who drive a trade; discretion, tested by a hundred secrets; tact, tried in a thousand embarrassments; and, what are more, Heraclean cheerfulness and courage. So it is that he brings air and cheer into the sickroom, and often enough, though not so often as he wishes, brings healing.”

A photo of the Barclay family home Whareora, Shearman St., at Waimate. It burned down in 1938. 

Press, 3 March 1914, Page 10 Dr. Margaret Cruickshank has just returned from a twelve-month tour of Great Britain and the United States.
Yesterday morning, at the Public Hospital, a farewell was tendered to Nurse Battes, who is leaving the institution after finishing her training and qualifying as a New Zealand trained nurse. Dr. Barclay made her a presentation, on behalf of the staff, of a manicure set, and Nurse Battes was also the recipient, of cordial-wishes for her future welfare and professional success.
    Dr. Cruickshank returned to Waimate by the first express yesterday, after a year's absence. E. Batchelor in scaling a post and rail fence on his way home on Sunday, met with a nasty accident. His foot slipped sideways on the bottom rail, and he fell heavily on his shoulder. A medical examination yesterday disclosed that a small bone in the shoulder was broken.

As soon as Dr. Cruickshank returns from an OE Dr. Barclay makes plans to go abroad even though a war is pending, he is granted 18 months leave.

Army Service Record - Archways 31 March 1914
I have the honour to state that Major H.C. Barclay, 2nd South Canterbury Regiment, NZ Military Forces, is proceeding to India on leave and had applied to be attached for training to an Infantry Unit for six weeks. Major Barclay is expected to arrive in India during the first week in November. E.S. Heard, Colonel, I.G.S. Chief of general Staff. To Chief of General Staff, Simla, India.

He never got to India.

Press, 24 March 1914, Page 10
There was a big crowd at Seddon square on Sunday to hear the South Canterbury Regimental Band. The programme chosen was a popular one, and the collection was more than sufficient to defray the expenses of bringing the band to Waimate. After the Seddon square performance the band were the quests of Major Barclay, the Officer Commanding the infantry Regiment.

Press, 26 March 1914, Page 5
Dr. Barclay, hospital surgeon, who is leaving next month on an eighteen months' trip to the Old Country, stated, in reply to the committee's expressions of goodwill, that he hoped on his return to be able to suggest a solution of the vexed hospital medical control question.

Press, 9 April 1914, Page 10
Dr. H. C. Barclay, who will be leaving in May for a trip to the Old Country, has declined appointment as the Education Board's representative on the Waimate High School Board, and Mr W. Lindsay has been appointed in his stead.

Press, 7 May 1914, Page 10
Lieutenant-Colonel Barclay returned from the Kowai camp early this week, being given a cordial, send-off, the champion band playing "For He's a Jolly Good Fellow," as he left the camp. Dr. Barclay left Waimate yesterday en route for the Far East and Europe. 

Telegram from General Godley to Lieutenant Colonel Barclay Yokohama 3/8/1914
It is not possible for New Zealand to have Military Attaché with Russian Forces.

UK declared war with Germany on 4 August 1914 and with Austria-Hungary on 12 August 1914

Auckland Star, 14 September 1914, Page 7 NEW ZEALAND SURGEON IN RUSSIA.
Waimate, this day. A private cablegram was received by relatives here from Dr. Barclay, who is Lieutenant-Colonel commanding the South Canterbury Regiment of Infantry, and who when war broke out was travelling in the Far East. The cablegram reads as follows:— "Petrograd.— I am volunteering for military service in England. Meanwhile am at Russian-Austrian front, operating surgeon in field hospital.—(Sgd.) H. C. Barclay."

Press, 23 February 1915, Page 8 DR. BARCLAY'S POSITION.
A special meeting of the Waimate Hospital Committee was held yesterday (says our correspondent) to deal with an application received from Dr. Barclay, the hospital surgeon, for an extension of his leave of absence so as to cover twelve months' service with Kitchener's Army, in which he was seeking a commission as an officer, and the return to New Zealand, or else till the end of the war. The position is that Dr. Barclay was granted 18 months' leave, and there are ten months still to go. The committee refused the application for extension of leave.

From Sept. 1st to Jan. 1st 1915 Barclay was on active service with the 5th Kauffmanski Hospital, Russian Red Cross, in the city of Lemberg. On arrival in England the High commissioner for N.Z. gave his consent for his transference to the service of the War office in England and was gazetted on their strength as Major R.A.M.C. Service until the end of the war. Lieut. Col. Barclay reached London in February and called the High Commissioner's office on 19th of that month.

Attached to Russian Field Hospital 1 Sept. 1914

Otago Daily Times 23 December 1914, Page 6.
RECEIVED BY THE DOWAGER EMPRESS. Colonel Barclay, of Waimate, writes from Petrograd to the Christchurch Sun: "Arriving in Petrograd, alter a tedious 22 days journey from Japan, I was anxious to waste no time, but to gee to the front. At that time no reverses had befallen the French or English troops, and the idea of my commission leading to an appointment in England among the army that was to be recruited had not occurred to me, and so I promptly offered myself as an army surgeon to the Russians, and was accepted as an operating surgeon, though of the language I knew nothing. Still, if they were game to take me, I was game to go.
    During the 10 days of waiting I had some interesting, if not exciting, personal experiences. I had the honour of being presented to the Empress—that is, the Dowager Empress, the mother of the present Czar, it was at one of the summer palaces on the Island of Neva, on the borders of Petrograd. After some formal introduction to a baroness and one of the princesses, the Empress came in. She was attired in black, with a plain white collar and a pearl necklace, her hair dressed in ordinary English fashion. There was no difficulty in seeing at once the likeness to Queen Alexandra, whose sister she is, but she was not as tall nor as impressive in appearance as I understand the late Queen of England to be. She was exceedingly gracious in manner and in speech, and spoke English like an English lady would. Among other things she expressed her pleasure at seeing an Englishman with her troops, and when she spoke of the Anglo-Russian Alliance the emotion behind the words was plainly visible to me. When I said that while with her countrymen I hoped to do my duty faithfully and well, she slipped a little present into my hand, saying, "Keep this tor my sake, and may it protect you." Then her Majesty looked me very straight in the face, and paused—her eyes were moist— 'Thank God for the English alliance,' she said, and, raising her hand to my lips, I kissed it, bowed, and she passed out. It needed no keen observer to be aware of the feeling at the back of the words, in themselves so simple. Needless, to say, the little gift was in the nature of an amulet, a religious token, to be worn, round the neck. Of her interest in my reasons for being in Russia at the time, and of her questions about New Zealand and Australia, I need not write. The queries were numerous, and to the point. I had a heavy morning that morning. Before driving to the palace it so happened that I had an interesting experience of performing an operation in a private hospital with three Russian doctors as assistants and four Russian nurses, and not one of us being able to speak 10 words of the other's language. It came about very simply. An Englishman representing a large English motor firm had been ill for some three months, and he could get no satisfaction from his Russian attendants. Friends of his requested me to sec him. This I agreed to, and, getting an interpreter, I met the Russian doctor in consultation. I thought his attendant had done all ho could up to the present time, but I advised surgical interference now, and the removal of a growth that would get no better by medical measures. The Russian doctor explained that he was a physician, and asked if I would operate. The patient wishing it. I agreed, and the following morning, being my only spare hours before I left for the front, I had to be 'up and doing' to leave time for the eventualities of a motor drive of half an hour, the risk of not landing at the right place, besides the risk of delays during an operation under unusual circumstances, and getting to the palace at the time appointed. Everything passed off well and after cigarettes and coffee and many handshakes and bows I left the hospital with even higher opinions of the courtesy and kindness of the Russians, the doctor or peasant."

Thank God for the English Alliance


Kai Tiaki: the journal of the nurses of New Zealand, January 1915, Page 36 Canterbury Surgeon's Experience
In a letter to friends in Canterbury, where he formerly resided, Dr. Barclay, who recently arrived in Petrograd from Japan, refers as follows to an incident on the morning of his arrival in the Russian capital I had an interesting experience of performing an operation in a private hospital with three Russian doctors as assistants and four Russian nurses, and not one of us able to speak ten words of the other's language. An Englishman representing a large English motor firm had been ill for some months, and could get no satisfaction from his Russian attendants. Friends of his requested me to see him. This I agreed to, and, getting an interpreter, I met the Russian doctor in consultation. I thought his attendant had done all he could up to the present time, but advised surgical interference now, and the remove, of a growth that would get no better by medical measures. The Russian doctor explained that he was a physician, and asked if I would operate. The patient wishing it, I agreed, and the following morning, being my only spare hours before I left for the front, I had to be up and doing to leave time for the eventualities of a motor drive of half an hour, the risk of not landing at the right place, beside the risk of delays during an operation under unusual circumstances, and getting to the palace at the time appointed. Everything passed off well, and, after cigarettes and coffee and many handshakes and bows, I left the hospital with even higher opinions of the courtesy and kindness of the Russian, be he doctor or peasant."

5th Kauffmanski Hospital
5th Kauffmanski Hospital, Russian Red Cross, in the city of Lemberg. There are inked crosses over two of the windows at the front of the building, presumably Lt. Barclay's office or the Red Cross Office.

Kai Tiaki: the journal of the nurses of New Zealand, April 1915, Page 81 New Zealand Doctors at the Front. The good work being done at the Front by those of our doctors who are as yet so far on.
Dr. Barclay, of Waimate, has also been writing home accounts of his work with the Russian Red Cross. The following extracts reprinted from the Waimate Advertiser give a terrible picture of the sufferings of the wounded; Writing on 14th September, Dr. Barclay describes the base hospital which has been established in the magnificent infantry barracks of the Austrian Cadets. Things are lively around us to-day," he writes. The Poles and Jews in the town have revolted, and firing and bombs are going off ad lib. You would be amused while unpicking seaweed for making pillows, and helping to cut macintosh cloth for draw-sheets, to pause for a moment's rest, just to judge the distance of the last burst of rifle shots. It adds great zest to existence. Under the circumstances we are arming for self-protection, as the Red Cross is not necessarily very sacred in a town fight. Describing the hospital work, Dr. Barclay says there are only two operative surgeons on the staff, with an anesthetist and a physician. "We have four tables going in the operating-room, sometimes from 9 a.m. till dark, but always till 2 p.m. And really I pity many a man, I wish he had died in the trenches and so, poor devil, must he. It gets too much for me. Many cases put on the tables by the physicians get no anesthetics, and to operate amid the hideous wails and the occasional screams of others is distressing beyond measure. Most of the cases we are dealing with now have lain for a fortnight with compound fractures soaked in decomposing matter, with dressings unchanged, and present pictures of misery and loathsomeness hard to realise. There is no use trying to save most of the limbs. Off they have to come. But they are luckier really than those we try to save, for the agony of changing dressings and splints and attempting to straighten their limbs is much greater than the suspense or fear in the firing line. Many, I have no doubt, wish themselves dead. But the Russian soon recovers his equilibrium. His capacity for good humour and cheerfulness is unbounded, and half an hour afterwards in the ward, the screaming poor beggar of the operating table is making a cigarette, and all smiles, and yes and sometimes even grateful. When those men who could be moved were evacuated they expressed their gratitude in touching manner to the New Zealand surgeon. For some time it was feared that the Russians would have to retire from Lemberg, and preparations were made for moving the hospital equipment and patients. When it was thought that the Austrian army was approaching, the politeness of the inhabitants of the town fell to zero, and occasional revolver shooting became fashionable again, one of the nurses narrowly escaping a bullet. Not speaking Russian, Dr. Barclay cannot converse with his patients but he has managed to find two little Austrian children whose father was recalled from New York for the army, and they help him with some of the languages, for there are at least three Polish, German, and Russian in general use.

5th Kauffmansky Hospital
5th Kauffmansky Hospital, Russian Red Cross, in the city of Lemberg


Otago Daily Times 15 April 1915, Page 9 LIEUT-COLONEL BARCLAY EXPERIENCES
Press, 8 April 1915, Page 10 WITH THE CZAR'S ARMY.
London, March 2. Lieutenant-colonel H. C. Barclay (Waimate), of the 2nd (South Canterbury) Regiment, has reached London after a rather circuitous journey from Russia, where he has been serving with the medical department of the Czar's army since the war, broke out. Colonel Barclay was on his way to England by the Siberian Railway, when war was declared, and he offered his services to Russia as the most direct way of helping the cause of the Allies. He was surgeon in the 5th (Kauffmanski) Hospital, at Lemberg, for four months, during which time he saw a great deal of the Russian army under war conditions, and of the character of the Russian soldier. Speaking to me this afternoon, Colonel Barclay said he had had very great pleasure since he came to London in assuring the many people who had asked him with, regard to the temper of Russia and the Russian troops that there was absolutely no reason to fear their failure. He had noticed that there was considerable alarm at the recent retreat on the Vistula. Personally, that gave him no concern at all, because he understood the difficulties under which the Russians were fighting on German soil, and also the well-organised Russian tactics of the strategical retreat which the Grand Duke Nicholas was still adopting. It was the same method of warfare that defeated Napoleon.

Colonel Barclay says that when he entered Russia he was rather biased against the people, no doubt on account of the literature which he had read up to that time; but he has left Russia with a profound admiration for the people, though not necessarily for its form of government! We have always been taught, he said, to look upon Russia as an aggressive nation. Many an officer on the Siberian, railway chaffed me about my temerity in placing myself in the hands of the Russian Bear. Now, the nature of the people is exactly the opposite of the bear. They are the kindest, warmest-hearted people that it is possible to imagine. They are easy going, but very grateful; and the activity of the nation of 180,000,000 people may with perfect truth be called slovenly. It is quite probable that great internal upheavals may yet occur in that great empire, but there still remains the amazing contrast between the nature of the people and the extremely rigorous form of autocratic government. It is extraordinary to find how Russia has been Germanised. There are Germans everywhere. German music, German business, German philosophical views, German drugs, and very many of the high places in the land have been occupied by German men and women, or people of German descent.

To reach London, Colonel Barclay trek veiled by rail through Finland as far north as Tornea [Tornio], at the head of the Gulf of Bothnia, which is near the Arctic Circle then through the snow-covered expanse of Sweden and across to Bergen [Norway]. Thence onward the journey was anything but comfortable, for it was negotiated in a small steamer similar to those used on the coast of New Zealand 20 years ago, with the saloon over the screw. Often it proceeded at only four knots an hour, there were interminable delays at the ports of Haugesund and Stavanger [Norway], and thence the voyage across, the North Sea to Newcastle was utterly depressing and miserable. The route was through the blockade area, the wireless would not work, and the ship struck a very heavy gale. It reached the coast of England in the middle of the night and had to grope its way along the shore, by the lead, ultimately finding its way into the Tyne by the searchlight.
    As soon as he reached London, Colonel Barclay reported himself at the War Office to have his Russian service entered up. He had an interview with Sir Alfred Keogh, Director-general of the Army Medical Service, who questioned him very closely on Russian Red Cross work, and offered him the rank of "major in the" R.A.M.C. Later Colonel Barclay met Sir Ian Hamilton, who told him that the King had approved his (General Hamilton's) acceptance of the honorary colonelcy of the South Canterbury Regiment, which would pass through the regular formalities at the end of the war. Sir Ian Hamilton said that he had no authority to make any appointments, and that everybody accepting commissions in the army had to undergo a long course of training. He thought the offer of a majority in the R.A.M.C. was very flattering, as very few medical men received more than the rank of lieutenant.  

In the London Gazette an entry for the Supplement to London Gazette 23/3/1918
Army Medical Service - RAMC - Temp Major Herbert C Barclay, MD., FRCS;
Edin., relinquishes his commission and is granted the hon. rank of Major 8/3/1918.

"The Cossack is a Russian with more initiative than the others," Colonel Barclay tells the "Pall Mall Gazette." 'The average Russian is very ready to make friends, and his gratitude for small kindnesses knows no bounds. The other side of the picture is that with his blood up he rushes with no other view than to avenge the fallen. They pray a little to St. Nicholas, and for the rest they trust to luck. "Once 40,000 Austrians broke through the Russian lines—or, rather, dodged through -where the line was not. Our hospital was very well fitted up, and it was out of the question to leave it behind, with its accommodation for 400 patients. So we waited. But the Austrians never came. "Our nurses were all aristocrats, drawn from the best families of Russia. Some of them spoke five or six languages; but even so, we had patients whom nobody could understand. Whatever may he said against an autocracy, it must be stated that in an emergency each takes his or her place. There is no waste. A Russian lady, like the Russian soldier, takes her place, and obeys orders without question. "That ability has placed the Russian lady ahead probably of any others. Though she may be half-trained or untrained, her absolute lack, of preconceived ideas and her capacity to carry out instructions have rendered her valuable. Those with us at Lemberg were supposed to be half nuns—Sisters of Mercy—but it would have been impossible to find a happier lot of women.

Three uniforms and three hat badges. The portrait studio photos were probably taken in Lemberg. H.C.B.
1. 2nd South Canterbury Regiment
hat badge.
2. Red Cross.
3. New Zealand Army Badge: Army Medical Corps.
The medal is probably The New Zealand Territorial Service Medal, first issued in 1911.

 "I never saw a bayonet wound. The only forces against our men were Austrians and they never waited. Mostly it was shrapnel bullets. A small proportion of the wounds healed primarily, but there was not that asepticity which one would have expected from the reports of surgeons in other modern wars. But an amputation from wounds never went further than the fingers. The Russian soldier goes to the operating table without a word. There is no preparation. And it is curious that in all the cases I saw there was no sickness following the anaesthetic. "After his leg, say, has been amputated, the patient recovers from the anaesthetic and kisses the back of the surgeon's hand, says, 'Neechivo, neechivo spaseho'— it is nothing, thank you.' And it is no passing idea, for months after they will write back to thank the surgeon who has lopped off a limb.
    "The Russian soldier minds neither wet nor fatigue nor pain. Nothing can make him grumble. His shooting has improved 50 per cent, since the Japanese war. Still the bayonet is his best weapon. He likes it, and the fact that he never asks questions and is regardless of consequences, makes him what he is. "I was struck by the fact that the Russian soldier ate sweets. A quantity of coffee and some sweet cakes such as English women eat for afternoon tea make a meal on which they can either work or fight; in fact it has been suggested that it is equivalent to the effect of small doses of cocaine— all looks well, and there is a feeling of bien etre. I would not suggest for a moment that the effects were transitory, like those of alcohol.

''In the Lemberg hospital we treated all sorts of cases of tetanus, in all stages. Before the use of anti-tetanic serum the cases were invariably fatal; with the use of the serum all recovered. On the whole the treatment was entirely satisfactory. The Russian camp knew neither typhus nor typhoid. There was no trouble with the cases which might have been mistaken for cholera or cholerine. They were intestinal influenza. The Russian army as I saw it is healthy. About frostbite there were definite cases, each marked by blackness of the toes, swelling, and line of demarcation. In some cases amputation of the toes was necessary, and in two cases amputation of the foot. We saw prisoners, all Austrians. There were heaps of them. They seemed to be haggard and worn out and had no interest in the war.  In Russia the prisoners of war had only one complaint that I heard of—their railway carriages had not been heated. After Lemberg I went back to Petrograd and from there to Moscow. At Kieff I had to arrange as to the American hospital. I returned to England by way of Finland, on first day of the blockade. As to its effects I can only say that I never heard a more dreary lot of stories in smoking room.''  

Dr. Barclay's route to England in 1915. From Lemberg (A) to Petergrad, Moscow, Kiev, Tornio (Finland), Bergen [Norway], ports of Haugesund and Stavanger [Norway] and the voyage across the North Sea to Newcastle.

Known in German as Lemberg aka Lviv, is a city in western Ukraine and capital of the region of Galicia. In the early stage of World War I, Lviv was captured by the Russian army in September 1914 but retaken by Austria–Hungary in June the following year. Kiev is the capital and the largest city of Ukraine, located in the north central part of the country.  When WWI broke out in August 1914 it was decided to change the name of the Russian capital from the Germanic St. Petersburg to the more Russian equivalent, Petrograd. In 1918 Lenin decided to move the capital to Moscow, which was still a long way from the German front.  In 1924 the name of the city was changed to Leningrad. Now known as St. Petersburg.   

The London Gazette, 9 April, 1915. 3450 Royal Army Medical Corps
Herbert Clifford Barclay, M.D., F.R.C.S. Edin., to be temporary Major. Dated 8th March, 1915.

Evening Post, 30 August 1916, Page 4
Major H. C. Barclay, R.A.M.C. (Waimate), who has been, attached to the 16th Batt. Middlesex as medical instructor, stationed at Guildford, has recently been appointed senior resident medical officer in charge of the War Hospital at Guildford, an institution containing 450 beds.

Family & friends taken nr Waimate: Daisy Dailey (in white dress) (age 22), Jean Hamilton (in jersey) (age 24), Eileen Dailey (age 9), Edna Joughin (age 25), Elfrida Barclay (age 16), Shirley Beckett (age 25), Marjorie Barclay (age 17) with large grin at extreme right. Taken on New Year's Day 1916. Photo taken by Dorothy Barclay with her new camera on New Year's Day 1916. Marjory Barclay is on the far right of the photo wearing a Waimate H.S. gym frock. Marjory followed her father into the medical profession.

Oamaru Mail, 16 December 1903, Page 4
Waimate District School. The breaking up of the Waimate School for the Christmas holidays and the distributions of prizes. Mr William Milne Hamilton, chairman of the school committee, presided. He referred to the number of scholars names on the roll (518). After a very good singing of a school melody by a large choir, accompanied by Mrs Hamilton, Mrs Janet Stirling Hamilton distributed the prizes. The Rev. G. Barclay presented the prizes to the high School scholars. Mr Barclay read out the names of the successful competitors for the High School exhibitions, Shirley Beckett, Jeanette Hamilton, Mabel Hart, Maurice Fagan, Mary Hamilton, Robert Baxter, Nellie Taylor, Dorothy Barclay, Eric Cameron, Cyril Coltman, George Colville, Stanley Sauer, Robert Colville, William Hunt, Henry Julian. The following is the prize-list : Dux: Annie Miller. Mr Hamilton's prize—Special Merit: Charles Foweraker...

Children of Ellen and William John DAILEY, born:
1893 Dailey George Carlisle m. Linda O'Hara at St. Marylebone Church, London, Dec. 1917  M.C.
1894 Dailey Daisy Frances m. Erling Ziesler in 1921
1907 Dailey Eileen May m. Henry Stephen Atkinson in 1939

Children of Janet Stirling (nee Smart) and William Milne HAMILTON, solicitor, Waimate, member of the Canterbury Education Board and for sometime before amalgamation of the education districts, chairman of the South Canterbury Education Board.
1891 Hamilton Mary Helena Janet m. Sidney Ivatt Fitch in 1914
1892 Hamilton Rosalind Jeane m. Edwin Douglas Pullon in 1918 (a surgeon). Jean died in 1946.
1895 Hamilton Herbert William m. Myra Julie Mayne in 1926
1898 Hamilton Archibald Milne m. Bettina Matraves Collier in 1934

Children of Annie (nee Baron) and Alfred Richard Barclay m. 1897. He died 1912.
1896 Barclay George Hubert Osborne
1900 Barclay Elfreda Lucie Dundas m. Edward Stephen Gale in 1925 (decree nisi) and m. Edward Tom George Mann in 1943 in NZ. She was a telephonist.  Edward was a draughtsman. He was b. in Australia in 1901. Both went to Sydney in 1948.
1904 Barclay Frederick Ngata

Timaru Herald, 9 April 1918, Page 5
Wounded: March 27 — April 4. Dailey, George Carlisle (M.C.), Major (Canterbury Mounted Rifles),  (f.  William John Dailey, Waimate).

Evening Post, 11 December 1917, Page 7
Major H. C. Barclay, R.A.M.C. (Waimate), has been on service at Plymouth and Devonport military hospitals, and was also in charge of Keppel Place Hospital, acting as president of medical boards there. He was then granted leave to make a special study of medical and surgical neurology at the Royal Victoria Hospital, at Netley, where he worked under Major A. F. Hurst, R.A.M.C. (who married Miss Cushla Riddiford, Wellington). Major Barclay studied hypnotism in relation to war neurosis, and the re-education of men with mental and physical defects, and also the electrical appliances for the treatment of nerve diseases. He then proceeded to investigate and do experimental work in connection with the ultra-violet rays for special diseases, at the Hilsea Military Hospital, Portsmouth. He is at present on the staff at Netley Hospital, and is awaiting appointment to one of the special nerve hospitals in England.

Evening Post, 23 May 1918, Page 7
Major H. C. Barclay, R.A.M.C. (Waimate), who has been on service with the Russian and British armies since the beginning of the war, has now been transferred from the R.A.M.C., and has taken over the extensive practice at Maidstone, Kent, of Dr. S. R. Johnson, in order to allow him to go on service. This is in pursuance of national service requirements.

Evening Post, 4 March 1930, Page 13
Dr. Barclay, now a cancer specialist at Maidstone, England.

The Barclay family photos courtesy of "Okeydoke", August 2014. Contact if you would like additional information or have information to share. Thanks.

South CanterburyGenWeb Project Home Page

Waimate Daily Advertiser 8 April 1899, Page 1
We journeyed from Waimate to Timaru by the ordinary evening train, and thence, with the three Timaru companies, a special took us to Christchurch. It stopped at Temuka and Ashburton to pick up the local volunteers. We reached the Cathedral City about one o'clock, and took the tram to Burwood. While we were in Christchurch our Surgeon- Captain, Dr Barclay, was unfortunately jostled by the crowd, and, slipping on the edge of the footpath, struck his head on the kerbing. He was rendered unconscious.

It is estimated that more than one million people volunteer their time around New Zealand, and National Volunteer Week from June 16 to June 22 is a way of celebrating those incredible contributions. It is to give something back to the community. Every organisation is looking for volunteers.