Lt. Roland Belfield GLANVILLE, M.C. Polygon Wood, Sept. 1917. KIA 4th Oct. 1917. A.I.F.

GLANVILLE, Lt. Roland Belfield, M. C. Service Number: 240 Embarkation Roll.
Killed in action 4th Oct., 1917. "D" Coy 8th Australian Infantry Battalion A.I.F. Age 25.
Son of William John and Edith Annie Glanville, of Pareora West, Timaru, New Zealand. envelope
Buried plot III. Row B. Grave 27. Dochy Farm New British Cemetery, Passchendaele, Flanders, Belgium, 4 miles E.N.E. of Ypres.
Memorial Panel: 53 Australian War Memorial, Canberra.   
Otipua War Memorial  & Timaru Memorial War

Edith Annie MAY married William John Glanville in 1892. Schoolmaster, Pareora. Both buried at Timaru. Edith died 30 Dec. 1940 and WJ died 28 April 1954 aged 84. Children:
1893 Roland Belfield KIA 4 Oct. 1917.
1896 Winifred Irene Fergusson m. George Sealy Hutton in 1921
1897 Eric Victor d. 17 July 1980 buried at Timaru aged 82. Enlisted 7th Oct. 1917.
1901 William John m. Audrey Marion Bisset in 1921
1909 Cyril Gordon d. in 1984 buried at Timaru, married Joan Nancy Smith in 1936

Roland was born Belfield near Temuka and went to school at Milford, near Temuka. He did two years "Timaru Port Guards." and three years with the "2nd South Canterbury Regiment." At the age of 21 he arrived in Australia.  His address in 1914 was Bay View Hotel, Mercer Street, Geelong, Victoria. He was a shop assistant / grocer. Attested at age 22 years and 3 months at Geelong, Melbourne. 5' 10" 11st 10lbs. Dark complexion. Eyes blue. Hair black. COE. Scar 3" long on left arm above elbow.

Timaru Herald 25 November 1909 Page 5 Ran over by a horse.
From injuries we learn that Ronald (sic) Glanville (16) son of Mr William Glanville, school master, Pareora who met with the vehicle accident at Strathallan street crossing on Tuesday afternoon, is making satisfactory progress towards recovery. The lad has nothing but the highest praise for the timely assistance rendered him by the members of the St. John Ambulance Brigade.

Interesting to note also that ROLAND was actually listed on the WW1 Army Nominal Roll of NZers in the AIF as RONALD. He enlisted as ROLAND in AIF and BDM states ROLAND.

Attested 17th August 1914 at Geelong, Victoria. Signed W. Galbraith, Lieut. Attesting Officer. H.E. Jackson, Capt. considered him fit for active service. G.R. Darby, Capt. A.M.C. was the examining Medical Officer on 17 Aug. 1914. No. 240.

Did they know each other and did they work out their South Canterbury connection?  Private William Caird born in Kirriemuir, Forfarshire, Scotland. Wm. Caird and Roland Glanville enlisted on the same day at the same place, cleared by the same doctor, were in the same regiment, travelled on the same transport ship, and both evacuated the same day from Gallipoli. William's Caird's sister was Miss J.S. Carid of Southburn, Timaru, probably staying with her Aunt and Uncle. Southburn and Pareora West are farming districts south of Timaru about five paddocks away from each other, there is even Caird Rd, named after Mr and Mrs David Caird, passing through Southburn. On one document it said William's residence was Southburn, Timaru. William's father was Peter Caird (deceased) a bootmaker. William Caird joined AIF 17 Aug. 1914, aged 20, a farm labourer, at Geelong, Victoria. Regt. No. 38. Served in the 8th Battalion, AIF. D. Company then HQ. Qualification: signaller. He left with the Main Body. The 8th Battalion was among the first infantry units raised for the AIF during the First World War. It was recruited from Victoria. William embarked at Melbourne on HMATA 24 Benalla, 19 Oct. 1914 from Australia. He landed at Gallipoli 25th April 1915. He had had diarrhoea for three months and became so weak he couldn't even walk.  "Clan McGillivray" to Alexandra 5 May 1915 to M.E.F. 21 Aug. 1915 admitted Mudros then to No. 2 C.C.S. at Imbros with diarrhoea and transferred "Gloucester Castle" from Imbros with dysentery 25/Aug. 1915.  Embarked on the "Esmarelda" 17 Sept. 1915. "He left Gallipoli 4 weeks ago with colitis and is much better now." William ended up with a liver cyst that was aspirated Feb. 1917, 1½ pints removed (very large numbers of amoebae Hystolitica.) Had emetine for 16 days.

    I Roland Belfield Glanville swear that I will from 17.8.14 until the end of the War, and a further period of four months thereafter unless sooner lawfully discharged, dismissed, or removed there form and that I will resist His Majesty's enemies and the cause His Majesty's peace to be kept and maintained and that I will in all matters appertaining to my service faithfully discharge my duty according to law. So Help Me, God. signed Roland Belfield Glanville.

Service record online keywords Granville Timaru.
8th Battalion A.I.F. Enlisted as a private 18 August 1914.
Unit embarked from Melbourne, Victoria, on board Transport A24 Benalla on 19 October 1914
Diarrheoa 21 Aug. 1915 Gallipoli. Admitted No 2. F. A Dressing Station Anzac & trans to Mudros 21 Aug. 1915.22 Aug. adm. Imbros. Tfd. to H.S. Esmaralda to proceed to England 28 Aug. 1915.
Admitted Reading War Hospital, London, Eng. 17 Sept. 1915.
Abbey Wood Dep. marched in 15 Oct. 1915.
Base Depot Weymouth. Rejoining M.E.F. 22 Dft. 22 Feb. 1916. Disembarked at Alexandria ex Kingstonain from Devonport, Eng. 5 March 1916.
Rejoined unit Serapeum 11 March 1916.
O.C. Troops HMT "Megantic" from Alexandria 26 March 1916 .
Disembarked at Marseilles 31 March 1916.
Absence without leave from Billet from 2030 to 2200 on 20 May 1916. Award 7 days' FP No. 2 France. Total fortitude 7 days pay.
Proceeded to France 13 Feb. 1916
22 Feb. 1917. Taken on strength 5th Batt. (Cadet Bn)
Detached from 8th & proceed to join 4th Officers Cadet Oxford 5th Oct. 1916.
Having been passed as qualified for Commission in Inf. Bns is appointed to be 2.Lieut in A.I.F. & posted to Inf. Rfts 25 Jan. 1917.
13 Feb. 1917 proceeded overseas to France from G.O.C.A.I.F. Depots in UK.
From 1st A.D.B.D. joined base from England at Etaples 16 Feb. 1917
Fit & available awaiting posting 17 Feb. 1917.
Proceeded to join Unit from Etaples 20 Feb. 1917.
Promoted to Lieut. 11 July 1917. Back to 8th Btn from 5th Btn. 20 July 1917.
4th Oct. 1917 KIA in the field in Belgium. & taken off strength. The deceased Officer was killed by a shell in front of objective /D.29.c.6.6. Buried /D.29.c.6.6. (Sheet 28 N.E.) sgn R.R. Wallis, Major. Temp. Commanding Officer 8th Battalion, A.I.F.
Awarded Military Cross (1st ANZAC R.G. No. 8 dated 14 Oct. 1917.) (sgn H.E. Wawn, Captain, Officer i/c Records.) Australian Section, 3rd Echelon, G.H.Q. British Expeditionary Force.

Abbreviations found on NZEF service records.
CB Confined to Barracks
FP Field Punishment

Temuka Leader 20 February 1917 Page 3
Mr W. J. Glanville, Pareora West, has received advice that his son, Lieutenant R.B. Granville, has returned to France, after spending some months at Oxford, England, where he has been studying for a commission.

The slouch hat is the mark of an Australian soldier. In the 1880s it was worn by the Victorian Mounted Rifles. When the hat was first adopted in 1885 it was turned up on the right side, perhaps to cater for rifle drill and to make it easier for marching troops to perform the "eyes right" command in parades. Turning up the side enables the hat's badge to be displayed prominently. NSW was next to adopt the hat and wore it with the left side turned up. Most diggers have always worn the brim down when not on parade.

Military Cross - (Polygon Wood 20 September 1917) 'For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. He led his platoon with great dash and skill in an attack. At one period, when he found himself out of touch with his men, and under heavy rifle fire, he went forward, though his revolver ammunition was expended, and captured sixteen of the enemy. He showed great initiative and leadership throughout, (since deceased A.I.F. list 313. 26/3/1918). - 'Commonwealth Gazette' No. 110- 25/07/1918. Extract from London Gazette supplement No 30583 dated 18/3/1918, page 3437.

Recommended for Military Medal on two other occasions. The two documents show it was not awarded however the fact of him even being considered it is certainly worthy of inclusion in his resume.

Reference: Search Honours and Awards

Document 1. Devotion to duty and good work as runner at Pozieres. Recommendation date: 31 July 1916.

Unit 8th AIF 2nd Aust. Inf. Brigade 1st Aust. Division 1st Anzac Corps  Date of Recommendation: 25/6/16
    These 14 men acted as runners between firing line, Bn Hd Qrs & advanced Bde Hd Qrs during the Battn attack on Poziers.
    Their devotion to duty was a thing to marvel at, not one hesitated a moment with result that Bn Hd Qrs & Bde were kept informed of the position.
    The work of Runners and stretcher bearers is the most dangerous of all; how any survived the hell fury of Poziers is a wonder. Telephonic forward requesting was impossible thus all this work of communication devolved on these runners. These fourteen men guided the relieving Battn to its position.
Recommended by Lieut-Col. G. Coulter O/C 8th Bn.

Document 2. Excellent services as runner and conspicuous bravery at Pozieres. Recommendation date: 9 September 1916

Unit 8th AIF 2nd Aust. Inf. Brigade 1st Aust. Division 1st Anzac Corps Date of Recommendation: 9/9/16
Action for which Commended.
240 Pte Roland Belfield Glanville, Pte 1147 George William Firman, 2858 Pte Lawrence Clare Walker.
    There men acted as runners between Btn Hd Qrs and Firing Line during our operations at Poziers on 25th July 1916. Time after time they went backwards and forwards through the hellish fire that was poured into the village. Their work was most heroic and done without the slightest hesitation. Hd Qrs were thus kept fully informed of the situation. As it was impossible to maintain telephonic communication, all this work of communication devolved on runners, and the above three stood out conspicuously.
Recommended by Lt. Col. G. Coulter.  
H.G. Bennett Lieut. Col. Temp Commander 2nd AI Bde. 10/9/1916

The 8th Infantry Battalion was of, Headquarters and eight rifle companies, "A" to "H", but in January 1915 this was changed to a four company structure, each of 227 men. 81 members of the battalion killed at Pozieres.
"C" Company, O.C. Capt Coulter, 2 I.C. Capt Dale, CSM Taylor, CQMS Pollock (old "B" & "H"). 
"D" Company, O.C. Capt Trickey, 2 I.C. Capt Eberling, CSM Leggo, CQMS Peter (old "C" & "F").

Australian War Memorial

Includes Roll of Honour and WW1 & WW2  Nominal Rolls middle name misspelled on nominal roll.

Roll of Honour Panel number 53

Charles Bean was Australia’s First World War historian wrote:
What these men did, nothing can alter now. The good and the bad,
the greatness and the smallness of their story….it rises, it always rises…
above the mists of ages, a monument to great hearted men
and for their nation – a possession forever.

Have you noticed the blue hot air balloon in the middle of the photo, taken during the Canberra Hot Balloon Festival March 2011.

No aerial shot, we climbed, Mt. Ainslie  843 metres (2,766 ft), up the Kokoda Track which starts from the back of the Australian War Memorial.

They had feared no death when Honour
Summoned them to Britain's aid,
Now they rest in shrouds of glory,
Every debt of Honour paid.

                                                                By Australian writer W.A. Horn 1918


Timaru Herald 12 December 1917 Page 7  LIEUT. GLANVILLE. M.C.
Mrs W. Glanville, of Pareora West, has received the following communications, one from General Birdwood, and the other from Major Ellers, an Australian officer. The letter from the former was written to Lieutenant Glanville (recently killed in France), and forwarded to the soldier's mother by the Major. Lieutenant Glanville was awarded a Military Cross for bravery on the field, and was shortly afterwards killed in action.

Major Ellers writes as follows: "Long ere you receive this note, you will have heard of the death of your dear son, but as his Company Commander I must write you a few lines to tender my heart-felt sympathy in your sad loss. "Glanny," as we always called him, was a fine soldier, and a true comrade, and those two qualities make the man we are proud of. It may be some consolation to you to know that your son died a true soldier's death, in the midst of doing his duty, and looking after the welfare of his men. His name will live forever, not only in his Company, but in the whole battalion, where he was much admired for his sterling worth". I pray that God will sustain you in your sad loss. I enclose a letter from General Birdwood, which I know you will value and prize.—Yours sincerely, Major J. H. P. Ellers. 8th Battalion, A.I.F.

General Birdwood, writing on the 8th of October, from the 1st Anzac Corps Headquarters, says:— "Dear Glanville —I write to congratulate you most heartily upon the Military Cross which has been awarded to you for your conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty in the attack on Polygon Wood on 20th September. I know what fine leadership you displayed in leading your platoon, while at one period of the attack, finding yourself temporarily detached from your men, and under heavy fire, you went forward and captured 16 of the enemy, notwithstanding that your ammunition was expended. The fact that your men reached the final objective with slight casualties, was largely due to your .good work, for which I thank you.— With kind regards, yours sincerely, W. R. Birdwood."

William Riddell Birdwood, was a British Army officer. He saw active service in the Second Boer War on the staff of Lord Kitchener. He saw action again in the First World War as Commander of the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps during the Gallipoli Campaign in 1915, leading the landings on the peninsula and then the evacuation later in the year, before becoming Commander-in-Chief of the Fifth Army on the Western Front during the closing stages of the war.


A small notebook was forwarded to Mrs Edith Granville per H.M.A.T. "Gilgai" 8 May 1918.  Receipt dated 20 Sept. 1918. A kit bag with contents was received at the Kit Store on 21 July 1917 and anumerated under another Officer's name and now identified as the late Lieutenant R.B. Granville, M.C. 8th Battalion, 16th Oct. 1919. Forwarded on the "Barambah" a transport ship.

Mrs Granville received the Military Cross from the Governor on the 21st of Sept. 1918. His will was extracted from the Pay Book of Lt. R.B. Granville. His mother asked for his pay book to be forwarded to her. WILL. In the event of my death I give my property to my mother Mrs E. Glanville, Pareora West via Timaru, New Zealand.

Photograph of grave transmitted to next of kin and the pamphlet "Where the Australians Rest." on 10 December 1921 and the pamphlet again transmitted to his mother 13 December 1922 with the Memorial Scroll and Memorial Plaque. Victory Medal (No. 3682), British War Medal (No. 3682), and 194.15 Star (No. 11907) despatched 8 March 1921.



Private Eric Victor Glanville, No.70937
Born 22nd June 1897 at Milford, N.Z.
37th Reinforcements, Specialists Company, NZEF Machine Gun Coy.
Occupation before enlistment Clerk for Loan & Mercantile Ltd, Rakaia.
Enlisted at Ashburton 7th Oct. 1917. Single.
Scar of appendectomy, operation seven years ago.
NOK: Mrs E. Glanville (mother), Pareora West
C of E 22.6.97, Milford.
Conduct Sheet: Featherston Military Camp 29 April 1918 overstaying leave. Punishment 14 days C.B. and forfeit 4 days pay by R.W.
Embarked 16 May 1918 from Wellington on the Ionic No. 104. Embarkation roll.
Disembarked London 7 July 1918. Disembarkation roll.
Foreign service 1 year and 97 days.
Marched in from Sling to Grantham, M.G.C. 10 Oct. 1918. Grantham camp in Lincolnshire, England was the main Machine Gun training ground.
Marched into South Codford 3 March 1919. map. list of camps.
Embarked for NZ from Port Hacking, Liverpool 4th July 1919.
Discharged 17 Sept. 1919. Hair black, eyes grey, 20 years and 4 months. 5ft 8¾" 169lbs.

Maybe his cousin. 

In 2015 there is a Glanville Drive in Kilmore, Victoria, AUS. Richard Glanville (1796-1879) farmer, gardener, carpenter. His son Dick Glanville was a well-known boot-maker and operated his business in the building where the Kilmore Book Shop is. Three generations of the Glanville family manufactured boots up until the 1970s.

Private William Glanville No. 6/464 NZEF
NOK: Mrs Elizabeth Glanville nee Poulter (mother), Kilmore, Victoria, Australia. Father: Robert John Glanville b. in 1848 to Richard (b. 1806 Oxfordshire, England) and Alice Glanville nee Millar. Five children in the family including sisters Alice Maud Glanville b. 1892 and Emily Wilson Glanville b. 1894.
c/o Messrs Brennan Bros., Kalgoorlie, Western Australia
Draper, Care of C.F.C.A., Waimate. C of E.
Enlisted 13th August 1914 at Timaru at age 23 and 8 months. 134lbs. Born 22 Dec. 1890 at Kilmore, Victoria, Australia.
64 days service in NZ. Embarked 16 Oct. 1914. Severed 331 days overseas. until 11 Sept. 1915. Then another 16 in NZ before discharged. Discharged 26 Sept. 1915. Character good.
HMNZT No. 11 to Alexandria, arrived 3 Dec. 1914. 50 days at sea from 15 Oct. 1914.
Conduct sheet: CIB: Ismailia. 13 Feb. 1915. Absent from parade without cause. 3 days C.B. Major Grant.
18 Feb. 1915. 1. Leaving ranks without leave. 2. Making a false statement to NCO. 3 days CB. Major Grant.

Admitted Hospital Ship Deoaha at Gallipoli 19 June 1915 with influenza.
27 June 1915 Admitted to Hospital Cario with haemorrhoids.
7 August 1915 invalided to NZ per s.s. Tahiti, permanently unfit.
On discharge: height 5' 4", complexion dark, eyes brown, hair black. Intended place of residence: New Zealand.

The Australian Memorial located at the Pukeahu National War Memorial Park, Wellington, NZ is immediately opposite and facing the New Zealand National War Memorial Carillon. The intervening public space is named Anzac Square. The design features fifteen columns of rugged red sandstone blocks, symbolic of the ‘red centre’ of Australia, set in sandstone and basalt paving representing the close ties of the two nations. Inset to the columns are panels of reflective black granite. The panel in the central column is inscribed with the word ‘ANZAC’. Seven more columns bear the names of the principal theatres and operations in which Australian and New Zealand forces served alongside one another. The remaining seven columns feature artwork of the first peoples of Australia and New Zealand. The columns are six metres high and are each made up of 10 rough hewn sandstone blocks each cored by a steel column. In total, the Australian Memorial comprises approximately 300 tonnes of stone, set among Red Flowering Yellow Gums, Eucalyptus leucoxylon ‘Rosea’. When mature, they will be about 10 metres high. The Australian Memorial was formally dedicated in a public ceremony on the morning of 20 April 2015 and then became the property of the New Zealand Government. The New Zealand Ministry of Culture and Heritage will complete all required maintenance and repair work on the memorial. The cost to design and build the memorial was $5 million and was funded by the Australian Government. Designed by Australian architectural firm Tonkin Zulaikha Greer. Pu k r who.

South Canterbury NZGenWeb Project