Biographies of Fuller, Hapgood, House, Schenck, Oswego Co., NY  
Biography of Lot/Lott Fuller, 
Hastings, NY

Many thanks to Esther Rancier for sharing her information on these 3 biographies. Esther is researching in Richland and Mexico the Soul/Soule, Brace and Daniel P. Smith families, and would appreciate hearing from anyone researching these surnames.   Esther Rancier at:

 Edward1 Fuller came to American aboard the Mayflower in 1620.  The story of the Pilgrims had been memorialized and is a traditional American story often retold each Thanksgiving time.  Fuller descendants abound across the United States.  Keeping track of them all, requires endless effort.
 The earliest generations of this group have been documented, so only the merest outline will be included here.  Edward1 Samuel2 and Samuel3 resided in Rehoboth, MA.  The next generation Barnabas4 Fuller married Elizabeth Young.  They lived in Barnstable, MA. Samuel5 Fuller also of Barnstable wed as a second wife Lydia Conant Lovell on 20 December 1727.  On 18 September 1733 Lot6 Fuller was born.  In 1759 at Colchester, Tolland Co., CT Lot6 married Rachel Webster.

 Lot6 and Rachel had a son Lot7 born 6 May 1760 in Bolton, CT.  This family removed to Sandisfield, MA by 1769 when they were admitted to the church there. 

 Lot6 served in the militia 9 June to 1 December 1756 during the French and Indians War.  Sons Simeon7 and Lot7 enlisted during the Revolution as privates.   Lot7 served in September 1776 when Burgoyne was taken.  He also served in July 1778.  Overall his term in the militia was considered to have been seven months.  
 Lot7 wed 11 January 1787 Submit Jones.  They had ten children.  His mother Rachel died 28 February 1812, age 75 at Sandisfield, but by then Lot7, his brother Simeon7 and their families had gone west to settle on a track of land now called the Steuben Patent.  

 Baron Steuben of Revolutionary War fame was awarded 16,000 acres of land in Oneida County, NY.  He leased tracts to soldiers and their families.  When he found a worthy soldier he would give them 40 to 100 acres.  Simeon7 received a farm directly from the Baron which in 1932 was still owned by Fuller descendants.  There was an historical marker by the house.  Simeon7 and his wife Wealthy Woodward and some children were buried in the property. 

 Six square miles of this patent comprised the town of Steuben, NY.  This area was famous for Steuben butter made from the milk of cows grazing on prime pastureland.  Steuben historians frequently mentioned Simeon7 and his children, but Lot7 lived on land that later was made into the town of Floyd, NY.   

 In the 1800 through 1820 Oneida County census Lot7 resided at Floyd where most of his children were born.  The records reveal Lot7 served on a jury in 1801.  On 11 September 1832 he applied for a Revolutionary War Pension as did his brother Simeon7.  Each brother vouched for the other.  Lot7 was placed on the pension roll 2 May 1833.  He received an annual pension of $23.33.  He was still on the roll in 1840.  He died on 18 November 1845.

 His namesake son Lot8 Fuller, born 11 March 1804, married Eliza Ann Potter on 10 December 1827.  She was the daughter of John and Hannah Potter of Floyd.  By 1850 the couple resided in Hastings, Oswego Co., NY.  Lot8 ran a farm.  His net worth was $2000, less than most farmers in the area.  The 1850 census enumerated Lott [sic], age 45; Eliza A., age 40; and children: Sarah J., age 13; Montgomery, age 12; and John W., age 6; and Maria, age 3.

 This couple had a daughter Margaret who died 1 September 1851, age 9 months.  Her stone, in the Allen Cemetery at Hastings, identified her. There was another stone for Harrison Fuller, age 11 months, who may have been their child.  

 As in so many families of the time, son Montgomery, age 23 on 15 September 1861, enlisted in Co. C of the 101st Infantry Regiment New York.  The 101st were known as the Onondaga Regiment.  They first saw battle on 7 March 1862.  They fought in various small battles, but then participated at Second Bull Run.  

 Montgomery was transferred to Co. A, 40th Infantry Regiment on 29 May 1863.  This unit suffered the second highest losses of men killed and wounded of all the NY regiments.  Its major engagements were at the Wilderness, Spotsylvania Court House, Cold Harbor and Petersburg, VA.  On 1 March 1865 Montgomery was promoted to a full corporal.  He was mustered out on 27 June 1865 in Washington, D.C.  

 Returning home Montgomery became a farmer.  He wed Palmyra ____.  In the Hasting 1870 census Montgomery, age 31, was head of household with wife Palmirch [sic], age 26, and three month old Ina May Fuller.  He had a net worth of $2700.  On 16 July 1870 Montgomery was approved to receive pension #881596.
 In the same census father Lot8 had a net worth of $6200.  Lot, age 64, continued farming with wife Eliza, age 62 and children: John, age 26, and Annette, age 23.

 Lot8 lost his wife Eliza on 28 July 1877 when she was 70.  She was buried in the Allen Cemetery.  In the same year Montgomery Fuller’s wife Palmyra died and also was laid to rest at Allen.  Her stone said “1844-1877.”
 Montgomery remained a farmer.  He remarried a widow Jane_____ Austin of Canadian parentage.  By the 1880 Hastings census Montgomery, age 41, and his wife Jane, age 36, were in a combined household of Palmyra’s children: Ina, age 9; Florence, age 7; Hattie, age 5; plus stepdaughter Ida Austin, age 17; and a nephew William Simpson, age 14.  Ida taught school.

 By the 1880 Hastings census Lot8 was head of household for his son John’s family.  John W. had wed Hannah A. ____.  They had three children.  The enumeration showed:

 Fuller, Lot-76-farmer-NY
 Fuller, John W.-36-farmer-NY
 Fuller, Hannah A.-29-wife-NY
 Fuller, Millie E.-8-granddaughter-IL
 Fuller, Charley R.-4-grandson-NY
 Lott [sic] –11 months-grandson-NY
 In the 1900 Hastings census John W.’s family had expanded.  John, born September 1844, was head of household with wife Hannah, born October 1850.  This couple had been married for 30 years.  Hannah stated she had born 9 children with only five surviving.  Their oldest son Charles, born August 1874, lived apart while working as a barber.  The other children were Lot E., born July 1878; Edith S., born June 1881; John, Jr., born August 1889; and Floyd F., born March 1891.

 Brother Montgomery, born September 1837, was married in 1900 for 22 years to Jane, born August 1841.  She declared she had one child who was still living.  Living in the household was daughter Harriet, born February 1875.  Unmarried she taught school.

 The Allen Cemetery contained three more Fuller stones for children who died young.  It remains unclear whether Montgomery or John W. was the father of each child.  These stones were for “Anna Fuller/1873-1874”; “Thomas Fuller/1877-1879”; and “Clarence Fuller/1888-1889.”  The last marked Fuller burial was for “Montgomery  Fuller/Co. B 40th Regt. NY Vols./1838-1910.”

 After Montgomery’s death in 1910 his widow Jane received a pension #713956 for his Civil War service beginning 21 September 1911.  

 John W.’s son Charles R., age 43, was enumerated in the 1920 Hastings census.  He was a dairy farmer.   He had married Edna S. ______, age 33.  Their children were Theo R., age 15; Lot E., age 13; Ella R., age 8; and Charles H., age 4.

 Charles, Edna, Lot10, Ella and Charles H. all lived together on Fulton Rd. in the 1930 Hastings census.  Now in the 21st century generations 13 and 14 have been added to these Mayflower descendants.  

 In virtually every town in 19th century Oswego County there were Fuller families most of whom were Mayflower descendants.  Therefore, they were all cousins of some degree, but not closely related.  All of Edward Fuller’s descendants are eligible to apply to the General Society of Mayflower Descendants in Plymouth, MA.  Information can be found online about the society.


 Allen Cemetery, Rte. 49, Town of Hastings, Oswego Co., NY.  Available [online] [10 March 2004].
 American Civil War Soldiers.  Available [online] [10 March 2004].
 Civil War Pension Index.  Available [online] [9 March 2004].
 Congregational Church Records, Sandisfield, Massachusetts, 1756-1905.  (LDS microfilm #0234572 item 1).
 Fuller, William Hyslop.  Genealogy of Some Descendants of Dr. Samuel Fuller.  Palmer: Fiske, 1910.
 Fuller Cemetery.  Available [online] [7 March 2004].
 International Genealogical Index.  Available [online] [9 March 2004].
 MacGunnigle, Bruce Campbell.  Edward Fuller.  Plymouth:  General Society of Mayflower Descendants, 1990.
 Military Records Revolutionary War Pension Lists.  Available [online] [9 March 2004].
 New York Pensions, 1835.  Available [online] [8 March 2004].
 “Steuben.”  Roman Citizen newspaper , Rome, NY 3 July 1850.
 U.S. Census, Floyd, Oneida Co., NY 1800, 1820 & 1840.
 U.S. Census, Steuben, Oneida Co., NY 1800, 1820 & 1830.
 U.S. Census, Hastings, Oswego Co., NY 1850, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1920 & 1930.
 Wager, Daniel  E.  Our County And Its People.  Boston:  Boston  History, 1896.
 WorldConnect Project.  Available [online] [9 March 2004].



Biography of Rev. George Grout Hapgood, 
Mexico, NY

Shradrach Hapgood was born in England during 1642.  When he was 14 he embarked at Gravesend for New England.  On 21 October 1664 he wed Elizabeth Treadway.  They had a son Tho Hapgood on 1 February 1670 at Sudbury, MA.  On 2 August 1675 Shradrack was killed by Indians at Brookfield.

Tho wed Judith Hapgood.  They had another Tho born on 16 April 1702 at Marlborough, MA.  Tho Sr. lived a long successful life, dying on 4 October 1763. 

Young Tho wed Damaris Hutchens.  Their son Seth was born on 20 October 1732.  They lived in Shewsbury, MA where Tho died 5 October 1745 well before his father.

Seth Hapgood married 31 May 1757 to Lydia Bowker.  They resided in Petersham, MA where Seth died on 23 April 1804.  They had two sons.  One of whom was Eber Hapgood, born on 5 August 1770.  

Eber wed on 13 July 1803 Dolly Grout, born 1 May 1772.  She was the daughter of Jonathan Grout and Sarah Page.  Sarah was the daughter of Governor Page of New Hampshire.  Jonathan Grout, born 23 July 1737 in Lunenburg, MA, settled at Petersham on a farm owned by Gov. Page.  Jonathan served in the French War by carrying dispatches.  He was at the Siege of Boston in the early days of the Revolution.  In 1789 he was elected a member of the first Congress of the United States of America.  He was a friend of President George Washington.  At this point Jonathan was described as “very fleshy”, of medium height and fair complexion.  He was deemed handsome.  Jonathan at one time owned 40,000 acres of land in Vermont and New Hampshire.  He left a large estate of which his heirs were cheated out of.  He died at Dover, NH.

Eber and Dolly had seven children.  Their oldest son was George Grout Hapgood born on 11 February 1804.  Eber was described as a good citizen, a kind neighbor, industrious and pious man. He died on 6 July 1861.  Dolly died 16 July 1822.  

Genealogist Abner Morse suggested George G. Hapgood, whom he described as a superior man because he had a “superior mother, distinguished in her time for education and refinement, ingenuity and enterprise, and in her latter days for the consecration of herself to God in a profession of religion and of her children in the ordinance of baptism.”

George grew up working on the farm having a sketchy education in local schools.  At age 18 the doctors said he would die of consumption (TB).  While ill he began his interest in religion.  His consumption disappeared by 21 when he began to long for more education.  He attended Amherst.  In 1827 he taught for six months at Cazenovia, NY where he entered the Oneida Conservatory Seminary to study for two years.  In 1830 he entered the senior class of Union College and graduated.

George then taught school in Truxton, NY.  In 1834 he entered the ministry as a junior preacher on the Bainbridge Circuit for a year.  Then he became the principal of the Mexico Academy at Mexico, Oswego County, NY where he remained for five years.  Then the family removed to Cazenovia where for four years he was the principal of the Seminary.  He returned later for two more years as principal at the Mexico Academy.

Next he preached at Jordan, NY, Oswego, NY and then on to Belleville, Canada.  By 1850-4 George was the presiding Elder of the Syracuse District and of the Oswego District in 1855-6 when sickness struck his wife.  He felt he must resign and live at Fairfield, Herkimer co., NY.  He did live at Fairfield in 1857.   
In 1852 he had received his Doctor of Divinity from Union College.  He began to publish various papers and books on topics both religious and otherwise.  

George married on 28 October 1830 Marcia McGraw, daughter of Samuel McGraw of McGrawville.  The McGraws came originally from Dublin.  Marcia was born 3 January 1811.  She became the mother of ten children.  Her second son Charles, born 17 June 1834, died young on 6 August 1834 at Guilford, NY.  This baby was buried in the Mexico Village Cemetery.

Their fifth child also called Charles, born 18 October 1838, died 17 October 1839 at Cazenovia.  This child was also buried in the Mexico Village Cemetery.

Their eighth child, Emeline Angeline, born 2 September 1845, died 26 September 1845.  She too was buried in the Mexico Village Cemetery.  

The family was enumerated in the 1850 Ellisburgh, Jefferson Co., NY census.  Note the census worker listed only the birthplace of the head of household.

Hapgood, George –46-ME Clergyman-MA
Hapgood, Marcia –39-wife
Hapgood, Marcia E. –15-daughter
Hapgood, Mary F. –13-daughter
Hapgood, Harriet E. –10-daughter
Hapgood, Catharine –7-daughter
Hapgood, Charles –3-son
Hapgood, George W. –18-son
On 29 November 1852 the oldest son George Washington Hapgood died at Oswego.  He supposedly spoke these last words, “Death is a joy.”  He was buried in Mexico Village Cemetery.

As if these early deaths of their children were not enough, Marcia died 2 April 1855, crying out, “Saved, saved, saved.”  She was buried with her children at the Mexico Village Cemetery.

Two years later young Marcia Elizabeth, born 16 June 1835 at Mexico, died 1 March 1857 at Fairfield, reportedly saying, “Jesus  come.”  She was buried with the rest of the family in the Mexico Village Cemetery.

The oldest surviving daughter Mary Francis, born 24 April 1837 at Mexico, died 4 April 1862 at Boonville, NY.  She was buried in the Mexico Village Cemetery.

From Boonville Rev. George  removed his family to Martinsburg, NY.  The next year he was living at Madrid, NY and then in Waddington, St. Lawrence Co., NY.  After that he went to Jordan where he saw his daughter Harriet Ellen Hapgood become principal of the academy.  

While in Belleville, Canada he was Professor of Ancient Literature at Albert University until 1874.  He left this post to join the faculty at Syracuse University as Professor of Hebrew.  There he became ill.  He was tended to by his three daughters and his son, Charles Henry.

On 27 April 1876 seated in an easy-chair with his doctor at his side, he married his daughter Harriet Ellen Hapgood to Madison Paul Sawyer of Nashua, NH.  She was his first child to marry.  The couple then took up residence for a time in Brooklyn, NY.

After the ceremony on May 4 he was taken to Charles Henry’s home in Apulia (near Fabius), NY where he died on 17 May.  His body was interred at the Mexico Village Cemetery with the Mexico Academy Trustees acting as pallbearers.  He was laid to rest next to his wife Marcia (McGraw) Hapgood.

 Charles Henry had removed to Apulia to open a store which became quite successful for nearly twenty years.  He had studied with his father intending to follow in his footsteps, but lack of money prevented his further education.  Instead he entered the dry-goods trade in Syracuse.  He devoted his spare time to studying law until he set out to operate his own store at Apulia. 

His sister Rosalette, born 25, 1850, married 28 July 1878 at Apulia Frank Wheelock, an engineer.  She was always described as a good scholar, teacher and musician.  She was considered “sweet” by her relatives.  After her marriage in July she died in Apulia on 1 December of the same year.  She was buried at Mexico Village Cemetery as R. Lettie Hapgood Wheelock.  

Charles H. remained in Apulia operating his dry-goods store and being the local postmaster.  The 1880 Fabius census showed Charles, age 33, and his sister Little E., age 26, living together.  Eventually Catharine (Kittie) left to teach in Brooklyn.  

Later Charles’ health became so poor he sold out his business.  But like so many men the inactivity bored him, so in about a year he returned to the store.  He died of apoplexy (heart failure) on 8 January 1895. He had never married.  He was buried in the Mexico Village Cemetery.

On 29 August 1895 at Brooklyn sister Catharine Emma Hapgood, born 10 June 1843, married Howell Negus Webster, a widower with six children.  She joined him on his farm in Fabius, NY.  She had no children of her own.

Daughter Harriet Ellen (Hapgood) Sawyer was the only child of George and Marcia to have children.  In the 1880 Nashua, NY census Harriet and her family lived with her in-laws.

 Sawyer, James M. –57-farmer-NH
 Sawyer, Jane T. –60-wife-NH
 Sawyer, Madison P. –34-son-NH
 Sawyer, Hattie E. –30-daughter-in-law-NY
 Sawyer, George H. –6 months-grandson-NH
 George Hapgood Sawyer was born 20 November 1879 at Nashua.  On 13 February 1883 his brother James Madison Sawyer was added to the family.  A daughter Kittie Clark Sawyer, born 2 September 1884 at Grafton, NH, died 11 August 1885.  Harriet died in 1907.  She was returned to Mexico Village Cemetery where she was the last of the family to be interred.

  Harriet’s son James M. Sawyer wed Mary E. _____.  In 1920 they lived at Canterbury, CT on a farm.  They were childless.  Mary E. was the daughter of German immigrants. By 1930 the couple, still farming, resided at Eastford, CT.  James was 47 and Mary 45.  They were still childless.


Cemetery Census of the Town of Mexico, Oswego County, New York.  Mexico: Mexico Historical Society, 2002.
Hapgood, Warren.  Hapgood Family Genealogy.  Boston: 1898.
History of the Town of Fabius.  Available [online]  [13 April 2004].
Morse, Abner. The Grout Family.  Boston: 1857.
U.S. Census, Canterbury, Windham Co., CT 1920.
U.S. Census, Eastford, Windham Co, CT 1930.
U.S. Census, Nashua, Hillsborough Co., NH 1880.
U.S. Census, Ellisburgh, Jefferson Co., NY 1850.
U.S. Census, Fabius, Onondaga Co., NY 1880.
WorldConnect Project.  Available [online] [13 April 2004].



Biography of Joseph M. House, 
Parish, Richland & Mexico, NY

 John Christian Hauss/House came from Alten-Staden, Germany to England then to America with the Reverend Joshua Kocherthal immigrants, the first Germans to arrive in the colonies.  His name can be found on the Hunter Lists which said that he arrived in July 1710 with four persons over 10 and 3 under 10.  These immigrants began their new lives in West Camp, Ulster Co., NY, but they soon were taken to Albany Co., NY just up the Hudson River.  In 1717 he was recorded as a resident of Neu-Husberg which later was called Fox Town, a place where the Old Stone Fort now stands (Stone Arabia, Montgomery Co., NY).  On 26 August 1725 land was transferred to Christian and Henderick Klock.  He was naturalized to status as a British colonial in 1715.  His wife was recorded as Maria Catharine _____.  All these German immigrants are now called Palatine Families.  They all worshipped in German Reform Churches which they established throughout the Mohawk River Valley.

 Georg Hauss born in Germany ca. 1690 came with his father to America.  He married Maria Catharina Ehrhardt who was baptized 5 November 1711 at Stone Arabia, NY. The children of Georg have not been documented with certainty, but among the supposed children was Conrad Hauss born ca. 1730.  Many supposed descendants of John Christian and Georg resided at Stone Arabia throughout the 18th century.  Several Houses fought in the Revolutionary War which raged fiercely in their area.  Conrad Hauss, sometime after 1768 when his son Johann Jost House was baptized on 1 September 1768 at the Reformed Church in Stone Arabia where the family had membership, left Montgomery Co. and removed to Otsego County one and a half miles east of Richland Springs.  His cabin stood on a trail between Albany and Federal Corners.

 Indians also used this trail.  During the Revolutionary War Indians, who were on the British side, visited the House cabin.  Mrs. Engelge House escaped into the woods, but a 13-year old daughter was caught and carried off.   After several years she reappeared with a child fathered by her Indian captor.  This child was called Mary Manton.  She became well-lnown in the area.  She stayed visible until 1812 when she disappeared.  Conrad and his family lived in Richfield all during the Revolution.

 Conrad’s son Jonathan Joseph House, born ca. 1760, may have served in the Revolutionary War.  Family records place him at the Battle of Oriskany as Lt. John Joseph House, but a 17-year old lad was unlikely to have been a lieutenant.  John Joseph was probably Jonathan’s cousin. 

 Jonathan married first ca, 1778 Lena Van Slyke who had nine children and secondly ca. 1793 Rhoda _____ who had at least one child.  Two of Lena’s children were baptized at the German Reform Church in German Flatts, NY.  These records were under the name Hauss.  Engelge, born on 6 June 1784, and Abraham, born 25 April 1786, were baptized.  The baptisms for the rest of the children were not located.  Son Nicholas was born ca. 1786/88.  Family records say Jonathan was buried in Richfield Springs.  Around 1800 their German family name became House in public records.  

 Conrad House still resided in 1800 and 1810 census at Otsego, Otsego Co., NY.  He must have died between 1810 and 1820.  In the 1820 census his son Abram lived at Otsego, but in 1830 Abram resided in Oswego County at Parish, NY.  His brother Nicholas G. resided at Amboy, NY where he married a woman named Margaret ______.  They had one son Henry, born in 1832 and three daughters born between 1820-1825, according to the 1840 Amboy census. In 1850 Nicholas G., a farmer, age 64, with his wife Margaret, age 58, lived with son Henry, age 18, a cooper.  Family records indicate that Nicholas died ca. 1857.  By 1880 Henry, still residing in Amboy, a farmer at age 48, had married Mary D., age 45.  Their children were Friend H., age 17; Oscar, age 17; Fowler C., age 10; and Ola T., age 6.  Also in residence were Adam Christman, age 77 and Lanie Christman, age 78 who were called uncle and aunt.  Henry died during 1900 in West Amboy, NY.
 Abram married Nancy Hannah Mabie, a daughter of David Mabie and Nancy.  They had 12 children: Andrew, Philana Hannah, Joseph M., David, Simon, Caroline, Abraham W., Alonzo, Leonard, Norman, Conrad and Emily Catherine, residing in Parish, NY.  Nancy Mabie died 4 October 1856.  Abram died 20 March 1865, age 79. They were both buried in Bidwell Road Cemetery at Parish, NY along with some of the children of their son, Alonzo and his wife Maria.

 Family records give Joseph M.’s birth as 17 September 1813, but the 1860 Richland census put his age as 42 or born ca. 1818.  The 1880 Mexico census gave his age as 65 or born ca. 1815.  Joseph was a farmer who wed Eliza Wright, born ca. 1815.  They had four children: (ages from 1860 census) Stanley J., age 21; Mary, age 12; Jenny, age 9; and Charles, age 6.  Joseph and his family were not enumerated in any New York census in 1850.  Both Mary and Jenny throughout their lives always stated they were born in New Jersey.  It has not been possible to establish why Joseph may have been over 300 miles south of Oswego County during the 1840’s.

 By 1870 Joseph removed to Mexico, NY.  His daughters were married and out of the home as was Stanley J.  Only Charles, age 16, remained with his parents.  The census records need careful reading as the handwriting is poor.  The record has been misread by modern transcribers.  Joseph and Eliza were both 56 years old
 In 1880 all of Joseph and Eliza’s children were out of the home.  The reason that Joseph moved to Mexico from Richland seemed to be to live next door to Theodore Gothier who wed Joseph’s daughter Mary Winifred House on 24 March 1869 at Colosse, a section of Mexico inhabited by early French immigrants. The Gothiers had four children, but only two daughters survived.  Minnie Gothier died in 1890 at age 20.  Bertie Gothier died as an infant in 1874.  Theodore died in 1908 at age 59.  Mary W. died in 1913 at age 65.  These four were buried in the Maple View Cemetery, Mexico, NY.  

 Maude E. Gothier, born 22 September 1877, wed Burdette E. Snyder ca. 1901.  They had a daughter Winifred E. Snyder born ca. 1909.  As of 1900 they resided at 1408 1st N. St., Syracuse, NY.  Maude died after 1911.  Mabel B. Gotheir, born 24 June 1880, married _____ Quintal.

 Joseph and Eliza’s daughter Jennie Lynn House, born 18 October 1850, wed Lavillier Willis.  They had five children.

 The youngest son, Charles W. House, born 3 September 1854, married in 1878 Emily Webb, daughter of John Webb.  They had one child: Ethel L.  Charles with his brother Stanley in 1873 organized The Colosse Coronet Band.  The people of Mexico for years were extremely proud of its Coronet Band.  Members were required to sign a contract not to drink liquor while playing.  This contract certainly suggests that the House Family were devoted “drys”.  

 Charles worked on the New York, Ontario, and Western & West shore Railroad Line.  Later he taught school in Pennsylvania for seven years.  Then the couple spent 14 years in Bound Brook, NJ.  Next they resided for 13 years at Holmesville, NY where he farmed.  Lastly they removed to Mexico where they lived in the 1920.  His daughter Ethel married George Young and had three children.   

 Stanley J. House resided at Red Mill west of Parish.  He was the well-known  owner of a sawmill and a leader in the lumber industry of the area.  He wed Louisa M. Smith.  They had four children: (ages from 1880 census) Hattie, age 15; Frederick W., age 11; Laura, age 8 and Nellie, age 4.  Louisa died in 1884.  Stanley J. died in 1926.  They were both buried in the Maple View Cemetery.  He had a second wife named Nellie Holdridge Drake and a third called Helen True.  

 Joseph M. House died in 1893.  His wife’s tombstone gave her full name: “ElizaWright House, d. 1893”.  She was age 74. They were also buried in the Maple View Cemetery.  

 Stanley and Louisa’s daughter Hattie married George H. Sampson.  George was the son of Asa L. Sampson.  George and Hattie had three children.  Hattie died in 1896.  George remarried Minnie C. Drake.  He died in 1937.  George and Hattie were buried in the Mexico Village Cemetery.

 Hattie’s sister Laura E. House wed first Arch G. Harter and secondly Frank Everts.  Laura Eliza died in 1923.  She was buried at the Mexico Village Cemetery. 

 The youngest sister Nellie A. wed Ralph C. Thomas.  They had two children.  Nellie died in 1952.  Ralph died a year later.  They were both laid to rest in the Mexico Village Cemetery.

 Frederick W. House, Stanley’s son, born 11 December 1868, wed Myrtis Hatch.  They had two children:  Hazel and Harry.  Hazel, born 4 December 1892, wed William Weaver and Roscoe Stanard.  There was one Weaver child and two Stanard heirs.  

   Harry House, born 7 January 1898, married _______ Carlton.  They had two children.  In the 1930 Mexico census Frederick, a farmer, age 61, lived with his wife Myrtis, age 57.  Also with them was Eva Hatch, age 79, Myrtis’ mother.

 There were other House relatives in Oswego County.  Some were also descendants of Conrad Hauss of Otsego County.  Not every House family in New York State were of Palatine origin.  There are many Houses of English birth who arrived in New England in the 17th century. Some of these descendants lived in Herkimer County.  Tracing the various lines requires effort as the naming and renaming of each generation with the same names causes confusion. It would be helpful to recall the Oswego line of Joseph M. House never included the House cousins of Minden, NY. The line ran basically Stone Arabia to Otsego to Parish, NY. 

 Bidwell Road Cemetery, Parish, Oswego County, New York.  Available [online] [23 December 2003].
 Cemetery Census of the Town of Mexico, Oswego County, New York.  Mexico: Mexico Historical Society, 1984.
 Churchill, John.  Landmarks of Oswego County, New York.  Syracuse: Mason, 1895.
 From the Simmendinger Register.  Available.  [online] [20 December 2003].
 Greene, Nelson.  The Mohawk Valley, Gateway to West.  Chicago:  Clark, 1925.
 House Family Genealogy Forum.  Available [online] [23 December 2003}.
 Hurd, D. Hamilton.  The History of Otsego County, New York.  Philadelphia: Everts, 1878.
 Jones. Henry Z., Jr.  The Palatine Families of New York.  Rockport: Picton, 1985.
 N.Y.  Albany Co. County Clerk.  Deeds, v. 7, p. 87 (LDS microfilm #0463349).
 New York Births and Baptisms, Schoharie and Mohawk Valleys, 1694-1906.  Available [online] [21 Decmber 2003].
 Revolutionary War Service Records, 1775-83.  Available [online] [20 December 2003].  
 Shaver, Melvin Rhodes.  House Family of the Mohawk.  St. Johnsville: Enterprise, 1942.
 Simpson, Elizabeth. Mexico: Mother of Towns.  Buffalo: Clement, 1949.
 U.S.  Census, Syracuse, Onondaga Co., NY 1900 & 1910.
 U.S.  Census, Otsego, Otsego Co., NY 1800, 1810 & 1820.
 U.S.  Census, Amboy, Oswego Co.,, NY 1830, 1840, 1850 & 1880.
 U.S.  Census, Mexico, Oswego Co., NY 1870, 1880, 1920 & 1930.
 U.S.  Census, Parish, Oswego Co., NY 1830.
 U.S.  Census, Richland, Oswego Co., NY 1860.
 WorldConnect Project.  Available [online] http://worldconnect.genealogy. [20 December 2003].    


Biography of Schenck Family in 
Granby/Fulton, NY

 In 1950 before the Oswego Historical Society (OHS) on 31 October in Fulton, William Schenck presented a paper, “Reminiscences of Fulton.”  In this paper Schenck included biographies of his maternal and paternal families, both of which helped to settle and civilize Oswego County.  The Falleys were from New England of English origin and the Schencks were Dutch from New Amsterdam. 

 For descendants the material remains invaluable and unique.  However, there have been problems for modern researchers.  One difficulty had been a availability.  The Oswego Historical Society Publications, v. 30 (1950) is not found easily. There is a copy on microfiche at the LDS Library in Salt Lake, but most local libraries out of New York State do not have this item in their collections.  The other problem regards the sourcing.  Mr. Schenck wrote his paper from memory and family items he owned.  He did not include a bibliography.  (None of the articles in the OHS publication used a bibliography.)

  Mr. Schenck said, “I have my father’s scrap book of newspaper clippings, historical and biographical, as he corrected and annotated them – and a History of Oswego County quoting my grandfather as to some matters – and a History of Fulton which describes Fulton as I knew it in 1901.  I also have many original letters dating from 1812 onwards.

 “I also have some vivid personal recollections of reminiscences of the last of the early Schenck settlers in this area as heard in my boyhood days at the family gatherings in the home of my grandmother on Sunday afternoons.” 

 To assist those researching the Schencks, a new biographical sketch has been assembled, done with more detail where necessary and without political observations used by Mr. Schenck, a man of opinion.  The data includes sources.

  In Amersfoort, Utrecht, Netherlands on 16 September 1620 Roelof Martense Schenck was born.  He immigrated to New Amsterdam where ca. 1675 he wed Annetje Wyckoff who had five children. His second wife was Neeltje Genetse Van Kouvenhoven.  Roelof died ca. 1794 in Flatlands, Kings Co., NY.

 Roelof and Neeltje’s son Garret Roelfse Schenck, born 27 October 1671 in Flatlands, NY, wed ca. 1693 Neeltje Coertse Van Voorhees.  They had eleven children.  
 Roelof Garretse Schenck was their son, born on 27 April 1697 at Flatlands.  In 1718 he wed Engeltje Jacobus Van Doren from Brooklyn.  They married at Penn’s Neck, Mercer Co., NJ where they resided having a family of 11 children.

 Their youngest son John, born 3 February 1739/40, wed Maria Van Doren on 12 November 1763.  He served in the Revolutionary War as a captain of the militia.  They lived at Penn’s Neck for many years, a location near Princeton, NJ.  One of their children, Jacob, born 19 January 1773, wed Maria Lott, born 28 July 1774.  Her great grandson, William Schenck called her Anna Lett or Grandmother Lett. In trying to verify the correct name, no Lett records of relevance were found, but there was a Lott family living near the Schencks in Flatlands, NY.

 Jacob and Maria/Anna left New Jersey and moved about New York State.  For a time the family lived at Oswasco, Cayuga Co., NY.  But in 1808 Jacob visited Granby, Oswego Co., NY where he purchased part of lot 74.  The family, however, did not move there until 1811.  They had nine children with them.  Their children in 1811 were John, age 17; Peter, age 15; Anna, age 13; William, age 11; Isaac, age 9; Mary, age 7; Daniel, age 5; Sarah, age 3; and Phoebe, age 1.  Later there were three more births: Caroline, Alfred and George.  

 Jacob built a house at Granby of poles which were covered with broad pine boards to make four rooms.  This place stood on the west side of the Oswego River which today is West 1st Street in Fulton which in those days was called Oswego Falls.

 Son Daniel arrived last in 1815.  He had been apprenticed and required to work a certain number of years.  His apprenticeship likely occurred in Auburn, NY.

 By 1814 Jacob partnered with Cyril Wilson and erected the first sawmill in Granby.  But the lumber industry was never easy.  The weather was a constant problem. Too little or too much snow created financial problems.  Rain also posed many hazards.  Before 1826 a spring downpour swept away a dam William had built and need to control the flow of water.  The damage was so extensive he lost all his property.  Conditions were so poor then in Oswego County he took his wife and younger children moving to the Rochester area.  He corresponded with the sons he left behind, but his great grandson William knew little further about him.

 Due to Jacob’s move only sons William, John and Peter spent their lives at Granby. Isaac and his wife Esther lived there in 1850 at Fulton, but only for a time.

 John Schenck worked on the Erie Canal which ran along the east side of Granby opening in 1828.  When younger her served as a toll keeper for the first wooden bridge across the Oswego River above the falls.  He also operated river- boats between Salina and Oswego until the canal opened.  

 John lived in a homestead at the southwest corner of Worth and Third Street, Fulton.  In the 1890’s John’s daughter Alice occupied the home with her invalid mother.  Alice also lived there alone, except for servants, in the 1920 Fulton census.  

 John and Isaac plus their families were Methodists.  The family supported Andrew Jackson and his ideas.

 John Schenck died between 1848/60.  He had wed Hannah ______, born ca. 1804.  This family was enumerated in the 1860 Granby census.  John had fathered nine children, but only five survived.  
 Schenck, Hannah –56-domestic-NY-$45,000
 Schenck, Martin B –27-son-carpenter-NY
 Schenck, Marcus V –22-son-farmer-NY
 Schenck, Mary A –20-daughter –teacher-NY
 Schenck, Mercy O –17-daughter-NY
 Schenck, Alice A –12-daughter-NY
Marcus and Martin were both to serve in the Civil War.  Hannah received a pension as the widow of a War of 1812 soldier. 

 In 1880 Martin Schenck, age 39(?), John’s son lived in Fulton with his wife, Margaret, age 38, and two children: William, age 13, and Jessie, age 8.  Martin ran a hardware store.

 His brother Marcus P. Schenck wed Louise Jones.  They had three children before the death of Louise between 1876/80.  In 1870 he manufactured rakes, but moved on to manufacture cider presses.  Marcus P. lived in his father’s house in 1880.  He was age 42.  His children were as follows:  Hattie, age 13; Vernon, age 8; and Grace, age 4.  Also with his household were his mother, Hannah, age 75, and his sister, Alice, age 32.

 Grace married Henry Shepherd Smith on 27 September 1898.  He was the son of Albert Edward Smith and Catherine Tyrone Shepherd.

 Jacob’s son Peter as a youth worked as both a clerk and a painter.  For a time he lived with relatives near Auburn, NY where he learned surveying.  By 1829 his reputation for honest work was established.  He blocked out landlines in both Fulton and Oswego Falls.

 He was appointed to a State Commission to drain the swamps around Lake Neah-tah-wan-tah.  Peter lived in the home of his parents Jacob and Anna Lett(?).  Later Peter’s son Henry became a member of the Fulton Presbyterian Church.  He was on its Board of Trustees.

 Peter had considerable involvement with civic and political affairs.  He was President of Granby 1853-4; 1856-9; 1861-2; and 1864-5.      

 Peter wed Eliza Daggett on 12 September 1826.  They had eight children before her death 1 April 1848.  By 1850 Granby census Peter’s enumeration included the following:
 Schenck, Peter –52-surveyor-NY-$3,000
 Schenck, Laura –26-daughter-NY
 Schenck, Charles –21-son-NY
 Schenck, Henry –18-son-NY
 Schenck, Mary –17-daughter-NY
 Schenck, Ellen –12-daughter-NY
 Schenck, Hermon –11-son-NY
 Schenck, Edward –9-son-NY
 Schenck, Lucinda –4-daughter-NY
 Daggett, Betsey –66-mother-in-law-MA
 Peter died 6 October 1868.

 Charles Schenck, born 13 June 1829, wed on 2 December 1858 Margaret Robinson.  Charles died 5 April 1898.  Their son Allan Schenck, born 23 October 1861 in Elmira, NY, married Maud Delamater of Charlotte, MI on 21 December 1887.  The couple moved to Knoxville, TN.  There they had a son Henry Schenck, born 19 March 1896.  Allan died 2 January 1906.

 Peter’s son Henry in the 1870 Granby census was listed with his family.  Henry worked as a carpenter.  He married Catherine.  
 Schenck, Henry –39-carpenter-NY-$2300
 Schenck, Catherine –36-wife-NH
 Schenck, William –12-son-NY
 Schenck, Eddy –7-son-NY

 By the 1880 Oswego Falls census Henry’s family had grown.  This enumeration included:
 Schenck, H.L. –49-carpenter-NY
 Schenck,Catherine – 46-wife-NY
 Schenck, William H –22-son-NY
 Schenck, Edward E. – 18-son-NY
 Schenck, Lillie –20-daughter-NY
 Schenck, Addie –10-daughter-NY
 Schenck, Hermon –7-son-NY

 Jacob’s son William became friends with the Falley family who came to Fulton in 1813 from Westfield, MA.  Daniel Falley had five children among whom was Mary Falley, born 28 July 1805.

 William, in partnership with Thomas Wright, built a sawmill.  He stayed in the sawmill and lumber business until 1847.  Then being in poor health he opened a store in Fulton with Cyrus Phillips.  This store operated in the same building that later was occupied by Kenyon’s Savings Bank.  Phillips and Schenck also manufactured furniture.

 William first purchased farmland of 600 acres on the South Hannibal Plank Road.  Next he bought a farm at Granby Center.  He did well until the general financial depression of 1857. William with John E. Dutton and Charles G. Case owned the Fulton Water Company.

 William wed 6 November 1830 Patience Earl who died early in 1835.  William had just finished building a house when he was left with a daughter, Minerva, age 3.  William wed a second time to Mrs. Mary Carrier on 15 December 1835 at Fulton, NY.  She was the widow of Levi Carrier.  Her maiden name was Mary Falley.  She had lost two babies when married to Levi, but became the mother of eight with William.  

 Prior to the Civil War William participated in the Underground Railroad assisting escaped slaves.  Such activity was highly illegal.  All the details were kept secret.  Even Mary, his wife, was told nothing.  In later years she insisted she had never known anything was amiss in her cellar where slaves were kept overnight on the last leg of their journey to Canada.

 In the Civil War six Schencks from Oswego County participated.  John Schenck’s sons Martin and Marcus enlisted as did Peter’s son Hermon and Edward.  William’s son Daniel and William P. also participated.

 Daniel Falley Schenck enlisted as a sergeant 1st Class on 21 August 1861 at age 24 in Co. D, 50th Engineers Regiment NY.  He was promoted to a full captain on 28 May 1863.  On 21 October 1864 he was mustered out.

 Daniel’s brother William P. Schenck enlisted as a lieutenant 2nd Class on 30 August 1862 at the age of 23.  He was commissioned in Co. D, 147th Infantry Regiment NY.  He was promoted to a full lieutenant 1st Class on 4 February 1863.  He fought at Gettysburg.  On 1 July 1863 he was wounded in the neck.  On 27 July 1863 he died of his wound.  

 The family gathered for William’s funeral.  A daguerreotype was taken of the group around the coffin.  There family there included George Frederick, Daniel home on leave, Schuyler and daughter Minerva and Elizabeth.  John’s sons Martin and Marcus also home on leave attended the grim affair.  Peter’s sons Edward, home from the war, and Henry attended.  

 After the war life went on.  There were marriages, births and other deaths.  In the 1870 Granby census William Schenck, age 69, was still farming.  His wife Mary was age 64.  They lived with their children: Elizabeth, age 31, and Schuyler, age 28.  Residing with them was Daniel F. Falley, age 83, a chain manufacturer, the father of Mary.

 Next door were the Eggleston’s.  Charlie, age 46, a book dealer, was married to Augusta Schenck, age 37, William and Mary’s daughter.  They had a son Charles H. Eggleston, age 12.

 Daniel Falley Schenck, the Civil War Vet, wed Cornelia S. Robinson on 7 November 1872.  Unfortunately, Daniel died on 7 December 1875.  His widow Cornelia applied for a Civil War pension in 1885.  She received the pension #254001.  At the time she resided in Michigan.

 William’s daughter Elizabeth, born 5 February 1839, wed Henry E. Buckingham on 29 October 1874.  Little more is known of Elizabeth except it is believed that she died 22 June 1928 in Toledo, Ohio.

 It was likely that during this period William knew Historian Crisfield Johnson who wrote the History of Oswego County, New York.  William supplied much data to Johnson according to his grandson William Schenck.

 On 6 August 1877 William, son of Jacob, wrote his will.  By that time only four of William’s children still survived.  The will was presented for probate on 31 January 1878.  The contents of the document follow:

 “In the name of God Amen –
I, William Schenck of the Village of Oswego Falls, Oswego County, NY of the age of seventy-seven years being of sound mind and memory and considering the uncertainty of life, do make, declare and publish this my last will and testament; that is to say – 

 “First, I direct the payment of my just debts and funeral expenses.

 “Second, I give to my beloved wife, Mary Schenck, the use of my household furniture together with blocks one hundred and six and one hundred and seven (106 & 107) in the village of Oswego Falls aforesaid as laid out upon the map thereof made by Peter Schenck for James R. Voorhees in 1848 being the premises upon which I now reside for and during the term of her natural life.  And I also give to her an annuity of five hundred dollars which I hereby direct my executor, hereafter named, to pay to her during her natural life as follows, to wit: one hundred & twenty-five dollars thereof at the expiration of each three months after the time of my decease to be holding free for all claims by her of dower in my lands of which I may be owner and to continue during her life and to be paid without expense to her.

 “Third, I give and devise all the rest and residue of my estate real and personal unto my daughters, Augusta M. Eggleston and Elizabeth F. Buckingham and into my sons Schuyler C. Schenck and George F. Schenck being my only surviving children and to the heirs of such as may not survive me to have and to hold the same themselves their heirs and assigns jointly and in equal proportions so that my so that my said sons and daughters share, own the same in equal proportions.  It is my will and I direct that the same remain joint property for the space of five years but not exceeding the time when the lives of two of my said children shall terminate at which time to wit upon the if said term of years from my decease or whenever at any time when three-fourths of the survivors of my aid children shall consent in writing then and in either case aforesaid.  It is my will that either of my said sons and daughters have free power at their option respectively to see and dispose of their respective interest in my estate or my part thereof and then cause their respective shares and proportions to be set off and divided among them or severally.

 “Fourth, I hereby appoint my son Schuyler C. Schenck to be sole executor of this my last will and testament with full power to convey by deed by me & all my real estate pursuant to the terms of this instrument and I hereby revoke and annul all former wills by me made.

 “In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal this sixth day of August A.D. 1877.  Wm Schenck”

 The 1880 census for Oswego Falls showed the household of the widow Mary (Falley) Schenck.  She lived without her family at age 74 with a man to help with the farm and a Canadian female housekeeper.  At the time of the census Mary’s sister 
Minerva Hoes, age 72, was visiting.  It was the custom of the family to call on “Aunt Mary” after her son died at Gettysburg.

 Mary died on 30 December 1891, the year her grandson William E. set off for Cornell.  A contemporaneous obituary was not preserved, but in 1926(?) some local reporter described her life.  “Mary Falley, daughter of Daniel Falley was born on a small farm in Middlefield, Mass.  July 28, 1805.  Her father from there to Chester Village where he was engaged in business.  Mr. Falley soon after moved with his wife and family of five children to Fulton, arriving here on the 12th day of June 1813 having been many days on the way.  He bought a part interest in his brother-in-law’s business (Samuel Holland) who had just died.  They moved into a part of a house on the bank of the Oswego River, known them as Clute House situated nearly across the road from now ‘Mission Chapel’.  In this house she learned to spin flax and linen at the early age of twelve, and to weave linen, cotton and woolen, at fifteen being able to weave in a few months from 5 to 6 yards per day, which was considered a great accomplishment in those days.

 “They afterward moved into the house across the road on the ground where the ‘Mission Chapel’ now stands, known them as the Hyde House.  It was from this house that she was subsequently married. 

 “We find her next in Oswego, teaching school, with sixteen scholars –a large school in those days.

 “She was married to Levi Carrier Jan. 20, 1825.  Two children by this union died in infancy.  Mr. Carrier became the proprietor of the old ‘Fulton House’ which stood where Chappell, Goodjon & Co.’s store now is (the Johnson Block) and so became the first landlady of the town.  It was at this house that the Masonic banquet was served by Mrs. Carrier at the time of the laying of the corner stone of the of the first lock on the Oswego Canal July 4, 1826, when Hon. David Brewster of Oswego, read the address and Rev. Mr. Irwin was chaplain (who is still living) of the occasion.  After a few years they moved into a house which stood near D. W. Gardner’s present residence and from there to the house now occupied by Mr. A.J. Thayer which was built for Mr. Carrier.  There he died.

 “Mrs. Mary Carrier married William Schenck around the 15th of December 1835 and moved to the house at Oswego Falls where she died having lived there fifty-six years and a few days.  In this home were born to them eight children three of whom still survive her.

 “Her Christian life commenced very early, for the home influence was in that direction and her father’s home was the home of all ‘itinerant Methodist’ and other ministers.  It was in the summer of 1817 that we find one Mrs. Betune, a Presbyterian lady, in his home interesting his daughters in Sunday school work and they formed the first Sunday school in Fulton, with Mary Falley as one of scholars.  It was the next season that great reformations in this locality commenced and she was one of four hundred converted, then only 12 years of age.  The subject of the
minister, Mr. Betune was, ‘What Hath God Wrought’.  She always tried to live a consistent Christian, with little outward appearance but deep feeling and a forgiving spirit toward all erring humanity.  Her heart yearned for the conversion of all mankind.  She always tried to present herself and family at the means of Grace and
many times when the cold blasts of winter kept most people at home she was always present and particularly was it noticed that on one occasion when the minister supposed no one would be present he found Mrs. Schenck and … (and line not legible) present.  He therefore preached as usual in the old brick church.  In her declining years she was seldom able to attend religious services.  The last sermon she heard was by Elder Danforth, ‘In My Fathers House Are Many Mansions.’  She seemed particularly happy after it and the promise (unlegible) vouchsafed to her.  Just before her death she left a token of her Christian energy to the ‘Peck Memorial Home’ in New Orleans by work from her own hands.

 “Her last hours were full of hope and acknowledgement that she was ready for the great hereafter and seeing those beyond, she passed over …(clipping not legible after this) {Newspaper clipping is hand dated 1926}.

 Also residing in Oswego Falls was the Eggleston family.  In the 1880 census C.S. Eggleston, age 55, still sold books, stationery, etc.  He had been born in Oneida County settling in Fulton in 1849.  His wife Augusta, Mary’s daughter, age 45, had no issues.  She probably died before 1891 as Mary was described as only having three surviving children.  After Augusta’s passing Charles remained, dying at Oswego Falls on 2 February 1893. 

 Schuyler Schenck married Elizabeth Harriet Dow on 4 October 1871.  He removed to Toledo, Ohio where he died on 3 June 1913.

 In the 1880 Granby census George F. Schenck, age 31, ran a farm with his wife, Mary D. Andrews, age 30. They had two sons: William Elmer, age 6, and Leon Horace, age 4.  George and Mary had we on 30 October 1872.  After the death of Mary (Falley) Schenck, this family moved into William’s old home.  The house was used until the death of Mary (Anderson) Schenck when it was razed as Peter Schenck’s home had been.  Only the home of John Schenck remained in 1950.  

 In the 1930 Fulton census only one Schenck family was enumerated.  Hermon, son of Henry and grandson of Peter, was cited.  Hermon labored as a machinist in a fan factory.  His daughter toiled in the “chocolate works”  (Nestle’s).

 William Elmer Schenck, born on 19 October 1873, maintained the family’s interest in preserving local history.  He tried to make the roles of the Schenck and Falley families clear.  His speech before the Oswego Historical Society added much to illustrate the difficult lives of the pioneers.  In the 1930 Madison, NJ census William E., a lawyer, lived with his wife Edna M., age 55.  It was the depression when so many were homeless, but William lived in a $20,000 home. William, named for his hardworking grandfather, had certainly lived the American dream.  From a house built with poles and rough boards to a mansion which in today’s terms would be close to a million dollar abode.  William died in January 1870 at Madison, NJ. 


 American Civil War Soldiers. Available [online] [3 April 2004].
 Churchill, John C. Landmarks of Oswego County, New York.  Syracuse: Mason, 1895.
 Civil War Pension Index.  Available [online] [3 April 2004].
 Eggleston Family Genealogy Forum.  Available [online] [5 April 2004].
 Johnson, Crisfield.  History of Oswego County, New York.  Philadelphia: Everts, 1877.
 N.Y. Oswego Co.  Surrogate Court.  Probate, v. O, p. 17-18, 20 (LDS microfilm #0872714).
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 147th NY Officer’s Roster.  Available [online] [26 March 2004].
 Schenck, William, “Reminiscences of Fulton,” Oswego Historical Society.  Publication, v.30, 1950, p. 75-84.
 Social Security Death Index.  Available [online] [6 April 2004].
 U.S. Census, Madison, Morris Co., NY 1930.
 U.S. Census, Fulton, Oswego Co., NY 1850, 1880, 1920 & 1930.
 U.S. Census, Granby, Oswego Co., NY 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870 & 1880.
 U.S. Census, Oswego Falls, Oswego Co., NY 1880.
 U.S. Census, Volney, Oswego Co., NY 1870.
 WorldConnect Project.  Available [online] [4 April 2004].

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