NSGS AncestreeNebraska State Genealogical Society Journals
Volume Two, no. 3
Vol 2, no. 3, page 127 - Winter 1980
Submitted by: Mrs. Pauline Brungardt Dudek, Bladen., NE
THE GERMANS FROM RUSSIA IN FRANKLIN COUNTY, NEBRASKA - 1876 - 1880
For one not familiar with the history of the Germans from Russia, it should be noted that Germans were enticed to migrate to Russia by Catherine the Great. The provisions of her Manifesto issued in 1763 made it possible for the Germans to set up colonies in the provinces of Saratov and Samara along the Volga River where the colonists were able to retain their German identity - German culture, customs, language, churches, schools - and to have their own self-government. However, 100 years later Alexander II began making changes that had far-reaching effects on the German colonists. The "Russification" measures initiated in 1864 to 1871 were aimed at all foreign nationalities living within the confines of Russia. To the Germans these measures represented a breach of promise. As a result of these reforms which universal military conscription a number of scouts representing both the Protestant and the Catholic faiths were sent to both North and South America in 1873 and 1874. Coupled with the reforms, there was a gradual exhaustion of the soil. Thus, the migration from Russia to the Americas began with the heaviest period of migration from 1874 to 1914.
On July 22, 1876, a small band of Germans from Kolb, Russia set sail to America from Bremen, Germany, under the leadership of Scout Franz W. SCHEIBEL. It is reported that when this group first arrived in the United States they were directed to the state of Wisconsin. But being children of the steppes of Russia they did not like the forests of Wisconsin, so late in August 1876 they found their way to Hastings, Adams County., Nebraska. Thus the contingent from Kolb, Russia were the first GermanRussians to arrive in Hastings, Nebraska.
It is not known exactly how long the group stayed in Hastings, but it is known they went onto the Campbell, Franklin County, Nebraska neighborhood by the fall of 1876. A "settlement house" was begun and their first homes were dugouts. However, not all 43 members of SCHEIBEL's group found their way to Campbell, but they were joined by others from Walter and Messer by the Spring of 1877 when F. W. SCHEIBEL formed a church. By virtue of his having been a schoolmaster in Russia, SCHEIBEL was enabled to perform the duties of a pastor.
For the first few years the group at Campbell was quite mobile with part of the group taking up homesteads in Hitchcock County., Nebraska. Some, however, returned to Campbell while others remained in Hitchcock County and still others ventured to the Pacific Northwest. The SCHEIBELs and the younger Henry KOCHs (COOK), who are found on the 1880 Census of Franklin County, are the only ones of the original group to have stayed in Franklin County, Nebraska.
THE GERMANS FROM RUSSIA IN FRANKLIN COUNTY, NEBRASKA
1880 CENSUS OF THE UNITED STATES
BUFFALO PRECINCT:Names Age Birthplace Names Age Birthplace RHEN, Michael 24 Russia KREAGER, Conrad 20 Russia Maria 23 Russia Catherine 19 Russia Peter 3 Russia KREAGER, William 50 Russia Jacob 1 m. Nebraska Margaret 48 Russia HARMS Edd 29 Germany Lewis 18 Russia Julia 18 RUSSIA John 18 Russia KREAGER, John 25 Russia Lizzie 12 Russia Catherine 24 Russia Katie 8 Russia Margaret 3 Ohio Jacob 4 Russia Conrad 1 Nebraska
Winter 1980 -127-
NEBRASKA STATE GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY
Vol 2, no. 3, page 128 - Winter 1980
The Germans From Russia in Franklin County, Nebraska (continued)Names Age Birthplace Names Age Birthplace KIMBEL, Henry 31 Saradof KREAGER, Catherine 3 Ohio Annie 32 Saradof Joseph 1 Nebraska Lewis 8 Saradof RISER, Conrad 45 Russia Elizabeth 6 Nebraska Anna 44 Russia HAMBEL, Jacob 44 Saradof Henry 22 Russia Grace 46 Saradof George 21 Russia John 19 Saradof Catherine 17 Russia George 17 Saradof Lewis 13 Russia Annie 15 Saradof Martin 9 Russia Eva 12 Saradof Margaret 6 Russia Pete 10 Saradof GLENNER, John 43 Russia GRAMS, Pete 36 Polaska Christina 36 Russia Whilmena 36 Polaska Caroline 9 Russia Caroline 14 Polaska Gustavus 4 Russia Jacob 12 Polaska GLOAT, August 56 Russia Daniel 10 Polaska Elizabeth 53 Russia Anni 8 Polaska Ferdinand 25 Russia Edward 6 Nebraska Christina 16 Russia Amelia 4 Nebraska GRAFF, Ludwig 26 Russia Ferdinand? 2 Nebraska Anna 19 Russia ADAMS, Samuel 42 Russia Adelia 7 m. Nebraska Julianna 39 Russia GLOOD, John 26 Russia Fredrick 17 Russia Christina 15 Russia Caroline 15 Russia LEEMFRUIS?, Henry 28 Germany Ferdinand 13 Russia ??? 36 Russia Matilda 11 Russia LONG, Augusta 16 Russia August 6 Russia Ferdinand 10 Russia Whilmina 8 Russia Lidia 4 Russia Juliann 4 Russia Caroline 3 Russia SPUDA, Adam 45 Norga Ottilie 1 Russia Catherine 43 Saradof KLUTZ, Lewis 33 Russia Conrad 21 Saradof Emilie 18 Russia John 18 Saradof Rineholt 7 Russia Christine 11 Saradof Lidia 5 Russia Manwell 3 Ohio Ottilie 4 Russia HELSER, John 23 Saradof Ferdinand 8 m. Nebraska Dora 19 Saradof GORJ, Frederic 40 Russia NORTH FRANKLIN Christina 42 Russia TOWNSHIP: Louisa 18 Russia MILLER, John 46 Russia Christina 14 Russia Emma 45 Russia Henry 12 Russia John 18 Russia John 10 Russia Jacob 16 Russia Emmanuel 4 Ohio Conrad 13 Russia Joseph 2 Ohio Henry 11 Russia Frederic 4 m. Nebraska Emma 9 Russia John 62 Russia Krete 7 Russia SPADY, Ludwig 23 Russia Benjamin 1 Nebraska Anlis 22 Russia KREAGER, Phillip 29 Russia Henry 1 m. Nebraska Lana 26 Russia GORJ, Peter 23 Russia Daniel 4 Ohio Catherine 22 Russia Adam 3 m. Nebraska
Winter 1980 -128-
NEBRASKA STATE GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY
Vol 2, no. 3, page 129 - Winter 1980
The Germans From Russia in Franklin County, Nebraska (continued)Names Age Birthplace Names Age Birthplace BOWER, John 26 Russia COOK, Henry 24 Russia Louisa 24 Russia Mary 17 Russia Henry 2 Nebraska Catherine 15 Russia John 1 Nebraska Mary 12 Russia SHRIBER, George 26 Russia Peter 10 Russia Elizabeth 27 Russia Fred 8 Russia Lea 4 Ohio COOK, Alexander 28 Russia Christina 3 Ohio Lizzie 26 Russia Sarah 1 Nebraska Amelia 7 Russia SHRIBER, Henry 54 Russia Alexander 5 Russia Elizabeth 51 Russia Henry 2 Nebraska SHRIBER, Henry 22 Russia KANZLER, Michael 23 Russia Sophia 22 Russia Lizzie 23 Russia Joseph 2 m. Nebraska Jacob 7 m. Nebraska GREBER, Ludwig 25 Russia SCHEIBEL, F. W. 64 Russia Gede 28 Russia Catherine 61 Russia Adam 2 Nebraska Charley? 20 Russia Lana 4 m. Nebraska Jacob 18 Russia SCHNELL, John 24 Russia Mary 19 Russia Mary 22 Russia John 14 Russia Henry 2 Ohio KREAGER, John 52 Russia GREBER, Henry 45 Russia Elizabeth 51 Russia Elizabeth 33 Russia George 25 Russia Adam 18 Russia Elizabeth 20 Russia Catherine 10 Russia (Daughter-in-law) Elizabeth 5 Russia Michael 20 Russia Rheuben 3 Ohio Conrad 15 Russia Cathorine 10 m. Nebraska Henry 10 Russia HAMBEL, Oswalder 38 Russia Emma 7 Russia Christine 38 Russia GREEN, George 27 Russia Emma 12 Russia Craft 25 Russia Jacob 10 Russia Crait 4 Russia George 8 Nebraska John 2 Nebraska Eva 8 m. Nebraska Phillip 10 m. Nebraska HAMBEL, Adam 72 Russia GREEN, Andrew 55 Russia Alice 70 Russia Christian 55 Russia LONG., Jacob 48 Russia Peter 15 Russia Christine 60 Poland Kitty 12 Russia GLOODWIC, Adam 30 Russia Conrade 7 Russia Alana 30 Russia BOWER, Adam 51 Russia Christine 10 Russia Sophia 48 Russia Frederic 6 Russia Grete 11 Russia Ferdinand 4 Russia Ludwig 24 Russia HINE, George 39 Russia Catherine 41 Russia MACON PRECINCT: Oswald 15 Russia GEORGE, John 37 Russia Margaret 11 Russia Margret 33 Russia Mary 7 Russia Henry 9 Russia John 3 Nebraska William 7 Russia Adam 3 Nebraska Elizabeth 5 Ohio Emmanuel 6 m. Nebraska Jacob 2 Ohio COOK, Henry M. 52 Russia Laizzie 6 m. Nebraska Catherine 50 Russia
Winter 1960 -129-
NEBRASKA STATE GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY
Vol 2, no. 3, page 130 - Winter 1980
The Germans From Russia in Franklin County., Nebraska (continued)
NOTE: The names are spelled or appeared to be spelled as on the Census. The enumerators were not German and probably totally unfamiliar with the language and the German-Russians were not able to speak any English, so the best was done under the circumstances. Saradof refers to either the city of Saratov or the Province of Saratov; Norga refers to the colony of Norka which had only a Russian name; Polaska possibly refers to Peskowtka, the Russian name for the colony of Kolb. Most of the colonies had both a German name and a Russian name. The individual who gave Poland as the place of birth could possibly have been from Volhynia which was a western border province of Russia and had been a part of Poland. It has only recently been learned that a majority of the people on the census were from Norka who went on to Marion County, Kansas.
Vol 2, no. 3, page 130 - Winter 1980
"Boelus-Known as Howard City" from SHERMAN DAM DEDICATION June 1963.
Village of Boelus is in the extreme southwest corner of Howard County.
Pioneers: Elias L. HEDGLIN, 1874; Fred & William HILMER, 1873; Chas, SIEBER, about 1873; Hans SORENSEN, 1877; R. M. DAVIS 1873; Chas, T. KENYON, 1873; Andres JENSEN, Peter CLAUSEN, Henry BOESEN, 1872; Fred KROUSE, 1871; George PAULMAN, 1875. Later, Peter LARSON, Fred & David SEIFERT, KOEHLERS, LINDSTROMS, BRANDSTRUPS. BLOOMQUISTS, WHITEFOOD HENDRICKSON, Ole PETERSON, OBERMILLER, QUEST, WIESE, LEMBURG, BAX, RASK, and TOCKEY came to the area.
In 1885, county surveyor, Robert HARVEY, surveyed the town site on land owned by C. T. KENYON & J. N. PAUL, It was first called Howard City until conflict with another Nebr. town & it was changed to Boelus
First bldg. was known as the Eddy Hotel erected by James EDDY
First hardware owned by John MARK
The Boelus State Bank was est. & known as Bank of Howard City with the president, Mrs. Mary PAUL; cashier, Mr. DICKERMAN
First drug store owned by John NOLAN.
Dr. MILLER was the first doctor to locate in Howard City.
John SCHAUPPS built the flour mill but was soon bought & operated by August ARRIENS & C. T. KENYON, who also had coal & implement business.
Newspaper was HOWARD CITY NEWS edited by Mr. DOBBS
DARNELL & EUBANK had a law office.
First general store was owned by Gaylord WEST.
School house, of sod, located 1/4 mi. no. of village
Dick FRIER owned the first barber shop.
H. H. BOESEN, the first pool hall.
A saloon, known as the Swedish Saloon, operated by Mr, JOHNSON, Others by Gus SIEVERS & PAUSTIAN
Dick BURNELL, a harness shop
R. NIELSEN, a blacksmith shop. P. BRANDSTRUP a helper & later ran a mill.
Miss FESSENBACK est, the 1st millinery store.
Albert JOHNSON was first postmaster, having been postmaster at the Loup Fork post office
Henry MESSRSMITH built the 1st hotel having accomodations
Albert JOHNSON also erected a hotel bldg
A Seventh Day Adventist Church was est. but did not remain long
The Methodist Church was built. Today Boelus has only the Grace Methodist Church with Rev. Gordon PATTERSON as pastor
Mr. ZIEGLER was the 1st school professor. W. C. CLARK, 1st supt. in 1906 & served for 32 yrs.
Winter 1960 -130-
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