Carleton County Towns and Communities

Carleton County, New Brunswick

Towns, Villages and Communities

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1991 population 26,026

Towns (trading centers) naturally sprang up at river fords or ferries, crossroads and mill sites where travel was broken or where settlers had their grain ground.

Johnville. Image courtesy of the Image Bank, NB.

Bath : Village located in the Parish of Kent.

Benton: Located in the Parish of Woodstock 10 mi. SW of Woodstock on the boundary with York County. PO Rankins Mills 1860-1872; PO Benton 1872-1969. (Rayburn 1975)  Settled in 1830. Eel River nearby.  What type of mill was here?

The principal mills here were lumber mills and, so far as I know, only steam-powered (although there may have been a small early water-powered mill), reaching their heyday between the arrival of the railroad c. 1860 and the end of the century.  In the 1890s, they employed more than 100 workers.   There may have been a flour mill, but Benton is an unlikely location for one.   Benton is also interesting in that it is situated at the beginning (or end depending on point-of-view) of the canoe-able section of the principal Maliseet travel route between the St. John (Woolostook) and St. Croix (Chipeneticook (sp?)).  From Benton to Meductic, the large pre-Loyalist Maliseet settlement on the Woolostook is all portage.  The late Dr. Peter Paul, Maliseet historian, considered Benton to have been the site of a permanent Maliseet village during the canoe season: canoes used to go up the Eel river from Benton were kept there rather than lugged down over the ridge to the St. John.  Information courtesy of George Peabody  Posted 22 Sept. 1999

Beechwood : Unincorporated area in the Parish of Kent

Biggar Ridge: In Aberdeen Parish located between the communities of Argle and Juniper originally the eastern part of the town of Foreston. The first settler in East Foreston was William Alfred Biggar, who arrived in 1870 from Smith Creek, Kings County, with his wife, the former Susan Harrington, and  son.  William Biggar was joined by his parents, John Biggar Sr. and the former Elizabeth Dobson, and his brothers Joshua Melbourne Biggar, and John Wesley Biggar between 1871 and 1872.  By 1874, were Richard Mann, from Argyle, William F. Curtis, from Bangor, Maine, Thomas and William Emery - brothers from Williamstown, Daniel Hayden of PEI, and John & Samuel Huggard from Kings County had settled. Reference: History of Foreston by Herbert Neil Bradley co-writer, Jack Biggar.

Bloomfield : Unincorporated area in the Parish of Wilmot.  Located about 20 kilometers from Woodstock and about the same from the Centreville area. It is pretty much the way it's always been a small farming community and it is predominately potatoes with some mixed farming and only one larger dairy farm.. Nothing but potato fields and farm houses as far as the eye can see.  The church in Bloomfield is the United Church of Canada and the cemetery located right there (in route 550 and the Monticello, Maine Road) is called the Bloomfield United Church Cemetery.  One of the local people whose family has been here for years seems to think the name was derived from a captain or colonel Bloomfield and at one time could have been called "New Ireland" as a lot of Irish people settled here. Was this area named after David Bloomfield who had a Loyalist land grant in 1799 on the Saint John River? (it could have gotten it's name from all of the blooming potato plants, because when in full bloom that's all you see is blooming fields everywhere.)

Bristol : Village. Located in the Parish of Kent. Shiktehawk also called Kent Station..

Centreville : Located along the banks of the Presque Isle River in the Parish of Wilmot. Today a thriving steel manufacturing community with a population of 529.

Debec : Unincorporated area in the Parish of Richmond located between a few miles south of the midpoint between Woodstock to Houlton, Maine. "Debec - 7 mi. SW of Woodstock. PO c 1885. Named for George DEBEC, settler 1835 and mill operator. CPR station in 1861, called Debec Station in 1869, when a second line was built from Woodstock to Houlton (Maine). Formerly named Blairs Mills for Andrew BLAIR, father of Premier A.G. BLAIR.. Debec Brook flows NE to Bulls Creek".  (Rayburn )

Debec was a small village about 40 houses, a bank, doctor, dentist, blacksmith shop and a garage.  It had at one time a lumber mill (George Debeck's, believe it burnt down, one of the reasons they left.). In the early 1900s the surrounding areas depended on the  rail junction for trains service, mail and groceries. Many trains stopped there and many village residents worked for the CPR. The Debec Post office had rural routes to outlying communities such as Elmwood and McKenzie Corners. There was no church till the 1940s . There was a Debec school.

Linda Harper wrote "We always assumed that Debec was named after George Ludwig  DeBeck Sr. the son of  Lt. John Ludwig DeBeck and Elizabeth Althause but George DeBeck Jr. was the mill-owner unless father and son both owned it. He was born in 1783 just after the Loyalists returned from New York. John died just after their return and before or after his son's birth.  George went to France in about 1803 or 1804 and fought for Napoleon, he was awarded the Cross de legion of Honour, which he kept hidden when he returned to N.B. in 1809 and married Mary Green. George DeBeck is buried in St. John United Church Cemetery, McKenzie Corner, N.B. His gravestone simply reads:

DEBECK   George  died 23 Jan. 1862  78 yrs.

Stones exist (or did exist) for Emeline, d. 22 June 1860, age 23, and an infant son, Roderick H., d. 18 Jan. 1859, 5 weeks 2 days.

George and Mary 's children were:
Enoch Baird DeBeck married Mary Moore Porter went first to PA in 1860s, then Rock, Michigan, descendants went to Colorado. Debeque is named after his son.
George DeBeck m. Eliza Ann went to B.C. 1868 died in logging accident 1870. Eliza Ann Dow Debeck
d. at age 107 in Marpole, B.C.
Benjamin Debeck married Celeste? went to Maine PA.1860's  then Dallas Texas then back to PA.
Eliza Irene Debeck married William Nicholas Humphrey both drowned in St. John river not sure of the date.
Mary Debeck married Nelson Baker went to Nova Scotia.
No records of  these daughters

Enoch's daughter married Hugh Hay and her sister Hannah married Thomas Hay his brother. Hugh Hay worked at farming and lumbering, later formed the firm of Hugh Hay and Son in Woodstock,Carleton Co. N.B. importing goods from the old country.  He was a member of the town council of Woodstock. Three other children died as infants.  After Melissa's death at age 26 Hugh Hay Sr. married Christiana McKenzie of Richmond N.B. they had a son Charles m. Hay who became a physician in Philadelphia, PA. The Debeck tree can be found on Linda's
web-site descendants include John Wallace Debeque Farris a Canadian senator. Some of the family decided the DeBecks (Enoch's family) were French and took the surname Debeque.

The two last members of the Debeck family died in Debec.
Howard Yerxa d. Sept. 26, 1937
Burns Debeck Yerxa died Aug 26 1940
They were sons of Mary Ann Debeck Yerxa (d/o George Jr.) and Samuel Yerxa.  Mary Ann was the only child left behind when the family went to B.C. besides the ones in the cemetery.  Burns and Howard are buried at McKenzie Corners, no idea about Mary Ann and daughters.  Emmiline Debeck died in Debec. Hannah Altheia Debeck died in Debec buried at Richmond Churchyard."   Posted 16 Sept. 2000.

Florenceville : Population 694. A village located in the Parish of Wicklow.  It was originally called "Buttermilk Creek" and it was renamed in honour of Florence Nightingale. The head office of the world's largest french fry maker McCain Foods is based here overlooking the Saint John River. McCain Foods (NZ) Limited have a plant near Timaru, South Canterbury, New Zealand. History of the Church of the Good Shepherd, Florenceville.  There is aslo a beautiful 'Church of the Good Shepherd' at Lake Tekapo, north west of Timaru, New Zealand built of boulders and sits on a knoll surrounded by native shrubs and tussock. My father was at the dedication in 1935.

Greenfield: Unincorporated area in the Parish of Wicklow. Settlers from Maugerville, Sunbury Co.NB arrived about 1827. Earlier settlers were John S. Kenney and his wife the former Sarah Crabtree, his father Stephen and his uncles John and Andrew Kenney.  They had a maple sugar mill. Reference: Israel Kenny and His Descendants written in 1944, by E.W. Bell.

Glassville : Unincorporated area in the Parish of Aberdeen. the town of Glassville is named for the Rev. Charles Gordon Glass who was instrumental in bringing Scottish settlers to New Brunswick in the 1860's. and he established Woodstock College.

Golden Ridge : Mountain. Near Knowleville, Aberdeen Parish.

Hartland: Population 890."Mouth of the Guimac" later named Hartland. The Becaguimac is a tributary that pours into the Saint John River at the upper end of the town of Hartland.(Corey) .In 1789, Frederick Dibblee supplied the Indian's with axes and they cleared some land where corn was planted where now the town of Hartland is located. Crops were poor so they moved on up the river to Madawaska mostly. Grant map (image 47K)

Holmesville : Unincorporated area in the Parish of  Kent.

Jackson Falls : Is right next door to the USA border and the State of Maine. The Houlton airport in Maine is only a few miles away. St. Mark's Anglican Church with its cemetery yard is well maintained. The Jackson Falls are on the Meduxnekeag River.

: Located in the Parish of Wakefield near a river.  Founded in 1818, bringing together some of the Maugerville settlers, some Irish and some Loyalists. Named in honour of John Jackson.  The Simonson family was also a prominent one in Jacksonville.   Lieut. John Simonson was born in New York and came to New Brunswick in 1783, he died at Maugerville in 1816 and his wife moved to Jacksonville and lived there until she died in 1850. His eldest son John Ness Simonson, was born at Fort Howe on Feb. 11/1799.

Johnville : An Irish ecclesiastical settlement in the Parish of Kent, founded by Bishop Sweeney and  served by the St John the Evangelist Church and the St Joseph Church at Bath. Unincorporated area. Map (image192K)

"An honourable independence, the Irish Catholic settlers of Johnville, Carleton County, New Brunswick" by Kilfoil, William Patrick, 1919-1996.  This is the story of those courageous men and women who shared Sweeney's dream of an honourable independence, and laid the foundations of Johnville: Sweeney organized the Emigrant Aid Society in 1860.  It's main objective was to assist emigrants in obtaining land grants for settlement.  Sweeney took advantage of legislation that had been recently enacted providing more favourable conditions for land settlement, and in 1860, obtained 10,000 acres in Northern Carleton County. Includes bibliographical references. Allison, Barry, Bohan, Bowen, Boyd, Brennan, Bryson, Burke, Burns, Callaghan, Cammack, Campbell, Canavan, Carroll, Carter, Casey, Clancy, Collins, Colton, Commins, Connors, Conroy, Corbett, Corcoran, Corrigan, Coyle, Crain, Cronin, Crossin, Cullen, Cummings, Daley, Dawson, Deignan, Denny, Dineen, Doherty, Donahoe, Donnelly, Donovan, Dooley, Doolin, Doucette, Doyle, Dugan, Eagen, Faraher, Feeney, Foley, Freeman, Furlong, Gallagher, Gillespie, Gorey, Gormley, Goulden, Guest, Haley, Hall, Hannigan, Hennessey, Higgins, Holleran, Howell, Huricy, Irvin, Kane, Kearney, Keenan, Kelly, Kilfoil, Lapointe, Leonard, Maddox, Mahon, Mahoney, Malloy, McAdam, McAllister, McAuliffe, McCann, McCartneym McCormack, McCready, McCullough, McDermott, McDonald, McElroy, McGaffigan, McGinley, McGowan, McGrath, McGroty, McGuire, McIsaac, McKim, McLaughlin, McNeill, McShefferey, McVane, Meade, Mitchell, O'Neil, O'Brien, O'Connor, O'Donnell, O'Keefe, Owens, Pickard, Pierce, Quinn, Quirk, Ready, Riley, Ryan, Shea, Shepard, Shugrue, Sloan, Staten, Stitham, Sullivan, Sutton, Sweeney, Tucker, Vautour, and Vicars.

Juniper : Unincorporated area located in the Parish of Aberdeen. Population 438.

Knowlesville : Settled by immigrants from Yarmouth County, Nova Scotia in 1861. The head of the households were Alexander Campbell, David Campbell, Albert Cook, Rev. Cyril Doucette, Jeremiah Frost, John Gayton, Thomas Gayton, Morris Hobbs, Prince Kenny, Robert Ricker, Webster Simms, Thomas Spinney, Eleazer Wheaton, Jacob Whitehouse, Joseph Whitehouse and others. The community was named after the Baptist minister, Reverend Charles Knowles from Yarmouth County. (Corey) The community is located 6km east of Bristol and is located in the Parish of  Aberdeen. The Story of Knowlesville by J.M. Corey includes bibliographical references. Land grant map image

Lindsay: It is a farming community of the same kind as Bloomfield.   The Lindsay cemetery located on what is now called Sharkey road just off route 550 and the old Lindsay United Baptist Church is right on the edge of the cemetery. They built a new church a few years ago and the old one is no longer in use just sits abandoned.

Maplehurst: Unincorporated area.

Mapleton : Formerly called Skedaddle Ridge and it was first settled in 1864 by "skedaddlers" from Maine.  Names associated with this area include Dav Brewer, Fisher, Hall, Wes Lawson, Long, Sarchfield, Jessie W. Tedford and others. (Corey) A "skedaddler" was the Civil War term for deserter or draft dodger.

Richmond Corner : Located in the Parish of Richmond. Anglican Church History for the Parish of Richmond  website did list the priests who have served the Parish.

River De Chute: This unincorporated area is located in the north-western corner of Carleton Co. in Wicklow Parish. The official 1998 travel map from the Dept. Tourism New Brunswick, shows the county boundaries, with River de Chute in Carleton Co. NB on the west bank of the Saint John River just south of the Victoria boundary with a customs office. Clearview is 2 km away, Upper Kent 4 km away and Maplehurst 3 kms away.  To get to the River De Chute cemetery, which is located beside the Pentecostal Church, travel 7.8 kms north on the Trans-Canada Highway from the Beechwood Dam on the St. John River, left on Route 560 1.8 kms.

Summerfield Unincorporated area located in the Parish of Wicklow.  A farming settlement.

Upper Woodstock : Location of the old Carleton County Courthouse built in 1833 was a stagecoach stop and seat of justice.  Located in the Parish of Wookstock. Open to visitors.There diplay theme "By their hands we learn about our history".   On display is a reproduction of the Connell stamp owned by the Carleton County Historical Society.

Victoria Corner : Unincorporated area.

Wakefield: Wakefield's first settlers were by name of Lawrence Wiltzey or Woolsey, George McKee, John Stanley, John Tompkins. Coming from Maugerville were Samuel Nevers, James York, Jonathan and Elishaw Shaw, Asa Kinney, Samuel Farley. Others were Arden Atkinson, Hillkiah Kearney,Anthony Baker Sr., Caleb Phillips,  Jeremiah Hopkins, John Bradley, Johathan Giberson, William Orser and William Simpson. Later still, the following people moved up river, Upton, Atherton, Nevers, Estey, Rideout, Gallop, Hartt, Jewett, Larlee, Noble, Peabody, Plummer, Estabrooks, Perley, Palmer, Stickney, Hovey and Burpee.

William Orser was b. March 1763,  baptised  1765,  b. in Philipsburg NY, son of Jan (Aertse) Orser and  Rachel Belyea.  After serving in the King's American Dragoons in the Revolutionary War, he came to Prince William , York Co., NB then moved to Hartland, where he d. 24 Dec. 1844.  He first m. Mary Craig d/o Jacob Craig.  He secondly m. in 1802 to Mary Blake widow of James Craig,   his brother in law.  Mary Blake was b. in Reed's Point St John, NB, 6 Mar., 1772. She d. at Hartland 7 May 1856 and she is buried  near William in Orser Cemetery.  Mary had 6 children when she m. William who went by  the name Craig.
Children of William 's second marriage:
1.Stephen b 1802, d Oct. 1868, m Jane McIsaac in 1826 and Sarah Foster Dec. 2 1835
2. Edward m Abigail Shaw.
3.George E.B. d at young age.
4. John b Sept.13 1810 in Hartland, d. Oct. 23 1896. in St Paul's Minn., married Martha Hamilton in 1830 or 31.
5. George Whitfield b. June 27 1813, d. Mar. 20 1885.  He  was a baptist minister, buried in Wakefield..  He m. Abigail J. Shaw and again his sister in law Harriet Shaw Rideout
6. Samuel Bishop b.1815 and d.1892 in Hartland.  He  m. Irene Shaw.

Watson Settlement: Located nine miles west of Woodstock not far from the boundary with Maine. Post Office 1859-1917, John Watson, first postmaster had a land grant there. (Rayburn )

Wicklow:.Unincorporated area which is located in the Parish of Wicklow on the west side of  the Saint John River across from Bath.  Lea Howard Canam, operated the ferry from Wicklow to Bath before the new bridge went in at Florenceville.

Woodstock : County seat  Population 4,631. Incorporated in 1856. Situated at the confluence of the Meduxnekeag and the Saint John River and was settled by Loyalists in 1784 after the American Revolution.  Was this town named after Sir Walter Scott's novel "Woodstock" or "Woolastook"?   "Woolastook" was the original Indian name for the Saint John River.  De Monts and Champlain, the French explorers, christened the river Saint John when they discovered the mouth on Saint John the Baptist's day 24 June 1604. Population 18,000 Woodstock, NB. 1867.

stlukes1.jpg (5523 bytes)The origin of the name of "Woodstock" is unlikely to be found in either Walter Scott or "Woolostook", much less in the speculation that the settlers were impressed with the large stocks of wood they found. There are Woodstocks scattered throughout eastern North America, all ultimately derived from Woodstock in England, though some of the NA ones are at a degree or perhaps two of removal. Information courtesy of George Peabody  Posted 22 Sept. 1999

Woodstock is located 48 miles northwest of Fredericton and is seeved by the railway . Population in 1951 was 3,996
St Luke's Anglican Church is located on Main St.,Woodstock. image
History of the
United Pentecostal Church Woodstock.  
List of rectors who have served in the Parish of Wicklow, Wilmot and Peel

Source: Mr. Judson Corey has kindly given me written permission to use citations from his book "The Story of Knowlesville". This source will be acknowledged (Corey) following the citations.

Source for population figures:1991 Census. The World Book Encyclopedia

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