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Yellowstone County Family Histories



COOPER-PEASE FAMILY HISTORY

 

I.                     Major Fellows David PEASE was born in 1835 in Westfield, Tioga Co, PA.  Parents are: John Oliver Pease & Huldah Bowen. They had 15 children.  He died on October 20, 1920 in Medford, Jackson, OR.  [Hardin Tribune - July 30, 1953). Buried in Rosebud Cemetery, Absarokee.   F D Pease was 1/4 Indian.

 

Attachments:

·         Cooper land in Billings

·         Cooper Marriages

·         Cooper-Pease Lists

·         Davis-Samuel Records

·         Polk Directory Records

·         Lucille Davis Marriage Certificate

 

 

Household:

 

 Name  Relation Marital Status Gender Race Age Birthplace Occupation Father's Birthplace Mother's Birthplace

 S.M. FITZGERALD   Self   M   Male   W   40   IA   Stock Grower   ---   --- 

 Mary A. FITZGERALD   Other   M   Female   W   39   IN   Keeps House   VA   NC 

 Ambrose FITZGERALD   Son      Male   W   16   CO      ---   --- 

 Henry B. FITZGERALD   Son   S   Male   W   13   OR      ---   --- 

 Louisa J. FITZGERALD   Dau   S   Female   W   12   OR      ---   --- 

 Mary M. FITZGERALD   Dau   S   Female   W   11   OR      ---   --- 

 Susan E. FITZGERALD   Dau   S   Female   W   9   OR      ---   --- 

 Sullick M. FITZGERALD   Son   S   Male   W   7   OR      ---   --- 

 Ida B. FITZGERALD   Dau   S   Female   W   6   MT      ---   --- 

 Edda E. FITZGERALD   Dau   S   Female   W   5   MT      ---   --- 

 Emma M. FITZGERALD   Dau   S   Female   W   3   MT      ---   --- 

 Jesse M. FITZGERALD   Dau   S   Female   W   2   MT      ---   --- 

 F.D. PEASE   Other      Male   W   46   PA   Miner   NY   PA 

 

 

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Source Information:

  Census Place Upper Yellowstone Valley, Gallatin, Montana

  Family History Library Film   1254742

  NA Film Number   T9-0742

  Page Number   199D 

 

 

        Major Fellows David PEASE was married [1]to Marguerite Margrete WALLACE[2] 1861 in Fort Berthold, Dakota Territory.  The 1885-H612 Crow Records identify the children by name and ages. Bios on FD Pease identify her relationship with his son, George, and their subsequent marriage. It is not understood why they separated after the birth of their third child, George in 1865.   Marguerite Margrete WALLACE was born on April 10, 1836 in Crow Reservation.  1885 Crow - H612. Lists her children by their father's name. Her maiden Indian name hasn't been located. She was taken in and raised by her older sister and husband John Wallace, thus she must have acquired the Wallace surname. (Viki Pease details) Birth was reported to be near Reed Point.  She died on January 9, 1902 in Yellowstone Co, MT.  Mountview, and buried under her married & maiden name as "Mother/Margrete Wallace Cooper. Native of Montana" Dates on headstone read: Born Apr. 10, 1836 / Died Jan 9, 1902. Drowned at "Old Rabbit Crossing" on the Big Horn River near present day Ft Smith, MT. (Still in Yellowstone Co) Viki Pease details. 

 

        Margarete is part "Indian." Lulu reported on her marriage license to Samuel Davis that her mother's name was Maggie Lewis (this might have been her actual maiden name), or else she possibly wanted to conceal her real identity as being a full-blooded Crow Indian. In her marriage to Francis Snyder, Lulu listed her mother as Margaret Wallace, and in her marriage to Oscar Vanaman she deliberately omitted her mother's name!  Only one record was located that tied Margaret Wallace to both FD Pease and James B Cooper; the "Crow Population Census." This census was conducted to determine how many Crow Indians and their blood percentage existed at certain times of the centuries, regardless where they resided. The records were compiled by family groupings, and the progression of family names and position within the grouping can be noted. This was not a Dated Census, but compiled from the future. It provides the last marriage link for female children who later married. This was so that the records are verifiable for use in the population census. Why the other marriages and their children were omitted, is not known, but probably an oversight, as that action causes the census to be understated. It's suspected that this was an oversight in the on-line compilation, and the actual records at Big Horn College will have all the links.

 

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        Crow Census 1885: Household 612

         Age  Name

        46 Mrs J B Cooper  [Head of Household]

 

        24 Leatus W Pease  [Children from marriage to FD Pease]

        20 George H Pease 

        22 Lavintia Pease (married Pearson )

 

 

 

        16 Laura Cooper  [Children from marriage to James B Cooper]

        14 Joseph Cooper 

        12 Sylvania Cooper 

        11 Martha Cooper [married Chatham )

        8 Lula Cooper (married Vanarnan )

        6 Peter Cooper 

        1 Cynthia Cooper (married Anderson )

 

 

 

 

        From the Family Search File Records it would appear that there are two separate Margaret Wallace’s and that these families are not linked together. It is much more likely that they are one and the same, and that after the birth of FD Pease's third child, he left his wife. The biographical accounts of his life after marriage never refer to any spouse, only that he was "married to an Indian woman." He apparently went to see his kids all by himself.

 

           

  Major Fellows David PEASE and Marguerite Margrete WALLACE had the following children:

 

                A. Leatus W. PEASE was born in 1861 in Dakota Territory.  He died on January 17, 1905.  Reported in 1885-H612 Crow Records.(Age 24). The Familysearch files stated she died in 1918 in Seattle. [AFN:QXJL-3B]

 

                B. La Vantia PEASE was born in 1863 in Dakota Territory.  Listed as age 26 when married.  She was an accomplished pianist. In 1912, POLK Directory, she is listed as having 320 acres in Absarokee. (Mrs. Lavantra Pearson) John M. Pearson is noted as holding 155 acres in same location.

 

                La Vantia PEASE was married to John M. PEARSON (Jack) (son of William PEARSON and Mahalaia MARTIN) on October 23, 1890 in Stillwater Co, MT.  John M. PEARSON (Jack) was born in 1861 in MO.  Jack was originally a local cowboy in Montana. When the couple married F.D. Pease bought the Old Crow Agency buildings for a successful bid of $500 and moved them to tier place near Columbus. This included the storehouses, barns and houses. On New Years eve, 1891, Major Pearson was at their home celebrating the birth of their first daughter and having a family dinner. The cowboys on the ranch had cut a piece of wood carelessly for their wood stove, and a large piece was sticking out from the stove and began to burn out of control.

 

                Every building at the Old Agency burned to the ground. Horses and pedigreed dogs were lost, but the saved the Pearson piano and a $20 gold piece. In the blaze the Pearson's lost clothes, furniture, a whole winter's worth of supplies. J. B. Annin, a Columbus storekeeper advanced a winter grubstake for them, plus he gave them money to buy hay for their stock.

 

                The Pearson's then rebuilt their home near the original site of the Agency, using some of the adobe walls, which still were standing as a partial landmark. This fire probably determined where the future town of Absarokee would be located. S. T. Simonsen established a trading post soon afterward about three miles below the Pearson's burnt-out buildings. Had it not been for the fire it was believed by Major Pease that the Old Agency site was goiung to become Absarokee.

 

                In 1905 John was listed as a live stockbreeder & dealer in Absarokee. (POLK)  La Vantia PEASE and John M. PEARSON (Jack) had the following children:

 

                        1. Helen PEARSON was born in December 1891 in On Pearson Ranch, Columbus, MT.

 

                        2. Leah PEARSON. 

 

                C. George H. PEASE was born in 1865.  He died in 1916 in Lodge Grass, MT.  Died in auto accident, after having his leg amputated.

 

                George H. PEASE was married to Sarah WALKER (daughter of James WALKER and WALKS AMONGST) in 1888 in Bond's Mission, (Catholic) Hardin, MT.  Sarah WALKER was born in 1866 in Fort Berthold, Dakota Territory.  She died in 1953 in Crow Agency Hospital, MT.  Died in Crow Agency hospital following a fall that broke her pelvis.  At age 13, Sarah was sent to the Hampton Institute in VA. She remained there for eight years, and Booker T. Washington was one of her teachers.  She returned to MT in 1886, and was a teacher at the Unitarian Church in Hardin at Bonds Mission. She is credited with changing the name of the town where she resided from "Greasey Grass" to Lodge Grass.

                -----------------------------------------------------

                Compiled from Brudvig, Jon L.  Ph.D.  Hampton Normal & Agricultural Institutes American Indian Students, 1878-1923 /

 

                Compiled and edited from American Indian student files held in the archives of Hampton University in Hampton, Virginia. c1994, 1996.   Original location: http://www.umary.edu/~jlbrud/Hampton/HUINDBIO.htm. Information details:

 

 

 

 

                Walker, Sarah: Hidatsa (Fort Berthold, ND)   [M. George Pease].  November 1878-May 1884; November 1885-January 1887. Teacher at Crow Agency, MT. Sarah also owned and managed a hotel in Lodgegrass, MT. Described as "A credit to Hampton."   Sarah's son, David Pease, also attended HI.   George H. PEASE and Sarah WALKER had the following children:

 

                        1. David Fellows PEASE was born about 1899 in 40-Mile Ranch, MT.  Pease, David (Walking Bird): Crow (Lodgegrass, MT)  [Son of Mary Walker Pease, a former HI student].  September 1903-January 1906; October 1907-November 1908; January 1909-February 1909. Sent away in 1906 for bad conduct. David was allowed to return to HI in 1907, but was expelled from the school in February 1909 for "insolence & insubordination." Farmer

 

                        2. James Walker PEASE.  Moved to Utah.

 

                        3. Benjamin Salsbury PEASE. 

 

                        4. Emry Bowan PEASE. 

 

                        5. Anson Harold PEASE.  Anson H. Peace, Jr. born 1931- _____; buried in Laurel Cemetery along with wife Betty !, 1935-1975.

 

                        6. Ashable Fredericks PEASE died in 1937.

 

                        7. Oliver PEASE died in 1906.

 

                        8. George Hamilton PEASE. 

 

                        9. Wallace Walter. PEASE. 

 

                        10. Helen Sarah PEASE.  Her mother resided with Sarah for 36 years following her husband's death.

 

                        Helen Sarah PEASE was married to Mr. WOLF.

 

        II. James B. COOPER (Squawman) was born in 1846 in Twiggs County, GA.  Corrected per MT 1930 Census. Note that the middle initial for James is sometimes listed as a D, or as a B. He is listed as being 84 years old, and both parents born in Georgia.  He died on July 10, 1940 in Yellowstone Co, MT.  Buried in Mountview. During his active life he was reported as having been killed three different times, all erroneously. He was well acquainted with Yellowstone Kelly, Charley Reynolds and Muggins Taylor. After settling down he operated the Salvation Army in Billings with one of his sons.  The female children of this marriage are identified in the marriage records at Yellowstone Courthouse. The complete family listing is shown in Crow records for household 1885-612. Margaret is identified as Mrs. J. B. Cooper. Her actual name is noted in the marriage records as mother of the daughters.

 

        James B. COOPER (Squawman) was married to Marguerite Margrete WALLACE on October 3, 1869.  From Montana Biographies collected by ID O'Donnell, 1928-1929.  Marguerite Margrete WALLACE was born on April 10, 1836 in Crow Reservation.  1885 Crow - H612. Lists her children by their father's name. Her maiden Indian name hasn't been located. She was taken in and raised by her older sister and husband John Wallace, thus she must have acquired the Wallace surname. (Viki Pease details) Birth was reported to be near Reed Point.  She died on January 9, 1902 in Yellowstone Co, MT.  Mountview, and buried under her married & maiden name as "Mother/Margrete Wallace Cooper. Native of Montana" Dates on headstone read: Born Apr. 10, 1836 / Died Jan 9, 1902. Drowned at "Old Rabbit Crossing" on the Big Horn River near present day Ft Smith, MT. (Still in Yellowstone Co)  Viki Pease details.  Margarete is part "Indian." Lulu reported on her marriage license to Samuel Davis that her mother's name was Maggie Lewis (this might have been her actual maiden name), or else she possibly wanted to conceal her real identity as being a full-blooded Crow Indian. In her marriage to Francis Snyder, Lulu listed her mother as Margaret Wallace, and in her marriage to Oscar Vanaman she deliberately omitted her mother's name!  Only one record was located that tied Margaret Wallace to both FD Pease and James B Cooper; the "Crow Population Census." This census was conducted to determine how many Crow Indians and their blood percentage existed at certain times of the centuries, regardless where they resided. The records were compiled by family groupings, and the progression of family names and position within the grouping can be noted. This was not a Dated Census, but compiled from the future. It provides the last marriage link for female children who later married. This was so that the records are verifiable for use in the population census. Why the other marriages and their children were omitted, is not known, but probably an oversight, as that action causes the census to be understated. It's suspected that this was an oversight in the on-line compilation, and the actual records at Big Horn College will have all the links.

 

        --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

         

        Crow Census 1885: Household 612

         Age  Name

        46 Mrs J B Cooper  [Head of Household]

 

        24 Leatus W Pease  [Children from marriage to FD Pease]

        20 George H Pease 

        22 Lavintia Pease (married Pearson )

 

 

 

        16 Laura Cooper  [Children from marriage to James B Cooper]

        14 Joseph Cooper 

        12 Sylvania Cooper 

        11 Martha Cooper [married Chatham )

        8 Lula Cooper (married Vanarnan )

        6 Peter Cooper 

        1 Cynthia Cooper (married Anderson )

 

 

 

 

        From the Family Search File Records (LDS in Salt Lake City) it would appear that there are two separate Margaret Wallace’s and that these families are not linked together. This is incorrect as they are one and the same, and that after the birth of FD Pease's third child, Fellows left his wife. The biographical accounts of his life after marriage never refer to any spouse, only that he was "married to an Indian woman." He apparently went to see his kids all by himself.

 

           

  James B. COOPER (Squawman) and Marguerite Margrete WALLACE had the following children:

 

                A. Laura COOPER was born in 1869.

 

                Laura COOPER was married to Frank MORAN on August 11, 1885 in Yellowstone Co, MT.  Witnesses: AS Reed  & Andy Wilkerson

 

                B. Joseph William COOPER was born about 1871.  He died before February 26, 1939 in Yellowstone Co, MT.  Buried on the 26th, no stone. Mountview.  Family is recorded in Crow 1910-647. James is listed under Crow 1930-152. Crow 1930-153 has him living with sons Curtis, Joseph, Jr., and Uriah Porter. Death of he and son Joseph Jr, are before 2/26/39 & 3/22/43. Look in Gazette or obits.

 

                Joseph William COOPER was married to Susan Daisy NAGEL (daughter of John NAGEL and Mrs. SKUNKWOMAN) about 1892.  Susan Daisy NAGEL was born on April 1, 1872 in Fort Buford, Dakota Territory.  She died on March 18, 1922 in Yellowstone Co, MT.  (From Death Certificate Records) She is buried under her maiden name, along with mention of husband being Joseph William ..."  Joseph William COOPER and Susan Daisy NAGEL had the following children:

 

                        1. Theodore COOPER was born in 1893.

 

                        2. Laura COOPER was born in 1894.

 

                        Laura COOPER was married to Lee Roy COVINGTON on December 28, 1912 in Billings, Yellowstone Co., MT.

 

                        3. Sylvania COOPER was born in 1895.

 

                        Sylvania COOPER was married to Charles E. ANDERSON on March 28, 1912 in Billings, Yellowstone Co., MT.

 

                        4. James COOPER was born in 1897.

 

                        James COOPER was married to Mrs. James (COOPER).  James COOPER and Mrs. James (COOPER) had the following children:

 

                                a. Joseph William COOPER was born in 1926.

 

                                b. Susy Luella COOPER was born in 1930.

 

                        5. Joseph William COOPER Jr. was born in 1899.

 

                        6. Chris COOPER was born in 1902.

 

                        7. Evangeline COOPER was born in 1904.

 

                        8. Sarah COOPER was born in 1906.

 

                        9. Curtis COOPER was born in 1908.

 

                C. Sylvania COOPER was born in 1873.  Witnesses were: George R. Themond & Lulu M. Cooper

 

                Sylvania COOPER was married to Don HARDY on February 16, 1896 in Canyon Creek, Yellowstone Co, MT.  Reported also in Billings Gazette dated: 2-18-1896.

 

                D. Martha M. COOPER was born in 1874 in ND.  Per marriage book, born in ND. (Probably Dakota Territory)

 

                Martha M. COOPER was married to Theodore H. SCHENDERLEIN on October 26, 1892 in Crow Reservation, Yellowstone Co, MT.  Witness was Charles Edwards. Article is posed in the Billings Gazette dated: Nov 3, 1892.

 

                E. Lulu M. COOPER was born in 1879 in Fort Union, Dawson Co., MT.  The Crow Census tabulation of their family states 1877. The MT Census for 1930 states her age to be 51. (Thus she was born in 1879) (Corected census date, had in error placed age at 57, typo)

 

                She reported in her marriage to Samuel Davis that she was born in Fort Berthold, ND.  Lulu apparently left or divorced her first husband prior to 1917. She then took up with Oscar Vanaman.

 

                Lulu M. COOPER was married to Francis L. SNYDER (son of Henry L. SNYDER and Christian DURMENT) on August 26, 1896 in Billings, Yellowstone Co., MT.  Witnesses were: Mrs. RE McAndrew & T. W. Cooper. Married in Billings. Records are in Court House in Billings. Listed were her mother: Margaret Wallace, and father: James B. Cooper. This was her first marriage. Lulu divorced Samuel prior to 1901, reason not provided.   Francis L. SNYDER was born in 1869 in Fort Berthold, McClean Co, ND.

 

                Lulu M. COOPER was married to Samuel DAVIS (son of Thomas DAVIS and Mary HILL) on January 23, 1901 in Billings, Yellowstone Co., MT.  Recorded in Yellowstone County. She married Samuel under her maiden name of Cooper. After Lulu's divorce from Francis Snyder, she probably took back her maiden name. On her marriage record she reported that she had been previously married.  Samuel DAVIS was born in 1868 in Fort Berthold, Dakota Territory.  He died about 1918 in Billings, Yellowstone Co., MT.  There is one Samuel Davis, who died in the local area that could possibly be this Samuel. He died on 6 May 1918. No specific details have been researched for confirmation. However, it is probable that Lulu's first child, Peter, was born from this marriage, and that after she married Oscar Vanaman the son was adopted. It could also be that Oscar and Lulu lived together for five years before getting married, but that seems highly unlikely for the times.

 

                Lulu M. COOPER was married to Oscar Charles VANAMAN (Ausker) (son of Charles M. VANAMAN and Mary Elizabeth SAUL) on March 6, 1923 in Billings, Yellowstone Co., MT.  Lulu reported she was first maried to Oscar in 1917 (Mt 1930 Census) although Oscar claims he was married about 6-7 years later. This is probably a Common Law Marriage, as the seven years fits the situation. Their son Peter was born the year following their marriage.  The marriage record is on file at the Yellowstone County Courthouse. He 2nd married name was Lulu Davis. Recorded in Certificate Book #15 Page 373. Marriage License filed under #8694. Marriage was performed by J. A. Kring and witnessed by Peter E. Cooper and Mrs. P. Cooper.  Oscar Charles VANAMAN (Ausker) was born on June 9, 1876 in Cumberland Co, NJ.  Lulu M. COOPER and Oscar Charles VANAMAN (Ausker) had the following children:

 

                        1. Peter D. VANAMAN was born in 1918.  On MT 1930 Census listed as 1/8th Crow. Age 12. (Record # 148-B)

 

                F. Peter E. COOPER was born about 1880.  From compiled Crow records of Households 1910-548 & 1930-154. Marriage and name from Yellowstone Courthouse.

 

                Peter E. COOPER was married to Clara MC QUERY on December 15, 1902 in Billings, Yellowstone Co., MT.  Peter E. COOPER and Clara MC QUERY had the following children:

 

                        1. Martin E. COOPER was born on December 8, 1904.  Changed birth to 12-18-1905 in 1916!

 

                        2. Florence H. COOPER was born on May 3, 1906.  Noted in school census for District 3, Billings.

 

                        3. Lulu Blanche COOPER was born on December 14, 1907 in Billings, Yellowstone Co., MT.  Both Lulu and sister Julia are noted on school census.  She died on July 13, 1980 in Billings, Yellowstone Co., MT.

 

                        Lulu Blanche COOPER was married to James E. FARNES on June 18, 1928 in Roundup, MT.

 

                        4. Julia A. COOPER was born on December 14, 1907.

 

                        5. Robert Mill COOPER was born on June 18, 1909 in Yellowstone Co, MT.  He died on August 7, 1909 in Yellowstone Co, MT.  Died at age five weeks. Buried in Mountview as Son of Robert Cooper.

 

                        6. James B. COOPER was born on January 28, 1911.

 

                        7. Samuel Alexander COOPER was born on September 16, 1914.  He died on February 2, 1938.

 

                G. Cynthia COOPER was born in 1884 in Custer, Yellosstone Co, MT..  Now Big Horn Co.

 

                Cynthia COOPER was married to Danel T. HALL on April 17, 1902 in Billings, Yellowstone Co., MT.

 

                Cynthia COOPER was married to Charles ANDERSON.  No record of this marriage exists at the Yellowstone County Courthouse. The marriage was reported on Crow Census, and must have been later that her first marriage to Hall.

 

                Trails and Tales South of the Yellowstone has a brief history in it of James and Margrete Cooper.  They had a daughter Lulu (Cooper) Vanaman.  The story is written by Dahlia Anderson Halverson and she say's Lulu was her aunt. I think Dahlia's mother was Lulu's sister Cynthia. Also Dahlia Halverson has a son Jack who still lives here. (From Diane Cooper)  Charles ANDERSON was born in Sweden.  Cynthia COOPER and Charles ANDERSON had the following children:

 

                        1. Dahlia ANDERSON. 

 

                        2. John J. ANDERSON was born on June 21, 1907 in Yellowstone Co, MT.  He died on October 20, 1920 in Billings, Yellowstone Co., MT.  Died from measles and complication of pneumonia.

 

 



[1] Probably an Indian Ceremony not recorded in Territory Court.

[2] Reference Beartooth Heritage Newsletter, October 15th, (Year not noted) by Lydia O. Marten. She is listed as ¾ Crow and ¼ French.




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