So many Mississippi families are descended from the pioneers of the Jersey settlement that it is impossible to avoid repetition in the mention of that historic colony, for the migration of the New Englanders coming to Mississippi to claim their land in the Ogden Mandamus during the Spanish Dominion extended from 1772 through 1775, when the settlement of Kingston was begun by the Kings, Swayzes, and others.
Caleb King, for whom the first settlement in the "Ogden Mandamus" worthy of the designation of a town was named, came with the Swayze brothers in 1772 to the wilderness that was to become Jefferson (Pickering county). Another early settler of the county was James Truly, who also came to Mississippi during the Spanish era. There are many entries in the Spanish court records of Adams county (which was later divided to form Jefferson and Adams counties) concerning the litigation between Bennett Truly and his mother, Sarah Truly. Still another early settler of this county was John M. Whitney, who came from South Carolina to Mississippi at the age of 16 in 1808. Another of the well-known families in the Old Natchez District is the Darden family, the members of whom are descended from Buckner Darden, who was born in Georgia in 1774 and who came to Mississippi about 1800. Alexander Montgomery was born in South Carolina, emigrated to Tennessee, and finally settled in the Mississippi Territory at an early date. living in that section which became Jefferson county. Early settlers of Claiborne and Jefferson counties were the McCaleb's, one of the many Scotch families to settle in that section of Mississippi.
All of these pioneer families are united in the Truly family of Jefferson County, Mississippi. Richard Harrison Truly, CSA, a descendant of James Truly, married Mary Key. Their son, Jeff Truly, married Mattie Whitney, daughter of Dr. Prosper King and Mary (McCaleb) Whitney, granddaughter of Judge John Merrick Whitney and descendant of James Rex Whitney. Judge John M. Whitney came to Mississippi in 1808 and married, in 1815, Clarissa Montgomery, daughter of Alexander Montgomery and a daughter of Major Richard King, descendant of Caleb King, the founder of Kingston.
John M. Whitney and Clarissa (Montgomery) Whitney had six children; Rev. Alexander, who settled in Louisiana; John, who moved to Illinois; Dr. Prosper King, who married Helen Sophia McCaleb and had Mattie Whitney, who married Jeff Truly; F. S. who moved to Claiborne County; C. W. who settled in Louisiana, and Capt. J. J. who married Josephine Darden, daughter of John P. Darden and sister of Capt. Put and T. I. Darden. Capt. J. J. and Josephine (Darden) Whitney, had five children: Annie, C. C., Lena, Della, and Eula.
Jeff Truly and Mattie (Whitney) Truly had five children: Everette Geoffrey, Richard Marion, Marjorie, Thelma, and Merrick. Judge Jeff Truly was one of the leading jurists of Mississippi, and once served as associate justice of the Mississippi Supreme Court. Judge Truly's great-grandfather, James Truly, came from Virginia to the Natchez district in 1773, and his grandfather served as a soldier in the War of 1812, being a sergeant in the Jefferson troop commanded by Colonel Thomas Hinds and serving under Andrew Jackson in the Battle of New Orleans. His maternal grandfather, Captain Key also served in the War of 1812 in the South Carolina Militia.
Judge Truly lived to a ripe old age, and was the dean of the South Mississippi bar. Many descendants of the Truly and allied families still live in Mississippi, some of them in the old home county of Jefferson.
Submitted by Jeanne Truly Davis, January, 2002.
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BY CAROLYN JEAN ADAMS SWITZER.
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