St. Charles County, Missouri History (Chapter 13)

History of St. Charles County, Missouri

Chapter 13
History of Dardenne Township

Area -- Early Settlers -- Autobiography of Mr. Howell -- O'Fallon -- St. Peters -- Mechanicsville -- Hamburg -- Weldon Springs -- Cottleville -- Gilmore -- Peruque Fort -- Churches -- Biographical

pages 448 - 492

This township occupies the central position of the county, and extends from the Missouri to the Mississippi rivers, embracing about 100 square miles.

Peter Audrain was a native of France, but came to America at an early date, and settled in Pennsylvania, where he married Margaret Moore. He subsequently moved to Detroit, Mich., where he became an influential citizen and was marshal of the Territory at the time of his death. He had seven children, three of whom, James H., Peter G. and Margaret, settled in Missouri. James H. was born in Pennsylvania, December 29, 1782, and was married to Mary E. Wells, of Louisville, Ky., December 23, 1806. He settled at Fort Wayne, Ind., and engaged in merchandising. During the War of 1812 he was commissioned captain of volunteers, and saw some hard service. He was afterward appointed colonel of militia. In 1816 he moved his family to Missouri in a flat boat, and after remaining a short time at St. Louis he settled on Peruque creek, in St. Charles county, where he soon after built a mill and a distillery. The mill was run by a tread-wheel, on which he worked young bulls, and he often had as many as 20 of these animals at one time. This led a loquacious citizen of the community to give it the name of "Bull's Hell Mill," by which it became generally known. In 1830 Col. Audrain was elected a member of the Legislature, and died November 10, 1831, at the house of Gov. Clark, in St. Louis. He remains were conveyed to his home in a hearse, which was the first hearse ever seen in St. Charles county. When Audrain county was organized, in 1836, it was named in honor of Col. Audrain. Mrs. Audrain died about three years after the death of her husband. Their children were: Samuel W., Peter G., James H., Margaret, Benjamin O., Ann A., Francis B., Thomas B. and Mary F. The latter was born on the flat-boat, in 1816, while they were ascending the Mississippi river. Col. Audrain and his wife were baptized in Peruque creek below his mill. The Colonel was a very stout man, and won a wager of $10 in St. Charles one day, by carrying eight bushels of wheat, at one time, up three flights of stairs.

Randall Biggs settled in St. Charles county, in 1799. He married Susan Perkett. They were both of German descent. Their children were: William, Malinda, Lucretia, Elvira, Mary and Silas P.

Boyd came from the Northern part of Ireland, and settled in Virginia at a very early date. In 1772, he was killed by the Indians and left a widow and three children: William, Margaret and John. William was appointed Indian agent for the State of Mississippi, where he lived and died. Margaret married Garvin, and settled in Pennsylvania, where they raised a large family of children. Three of their sons, Alexander, John and Benjamin, settled in St. Charles county, in 1822. Alexander married Mattison, and their children were: Margaret, Anna, Permelia, Jane, Alexander and Fannie. John Boyd was quite young when his father was killed, and he was raised by a Mr. Gordon of Virginia. During the Revolutionary War he served as a ranger and scout in the American army. He was married in 1800, to Elizabeth Davis of Virginia, and they had nine children: Gordon D., Cary A., William A., Margaret E., James H., Mary S., John N., Amasa P and Maria. Gordon D. was a physician and moved to Mississippi. He died of cholera, in New Orleans, in 1832, while on his way to Texas. Cary A. married Elizabeth Bailey, and settled in Pike county, Mo. William A. settled in St. Charles county, in 1837. He married Elizabeth Poague, of Kentucky, and she died, leaving eight children. Her father was a justice of the peace in St. Charles county for ten years. Margaret E. married Maj. James G. Bailey, a soldier of the War of 1812, and they settled in St. Charles county, in 1830. She died leaving four children. James H. lived in Jackson, Miss., where he engaged in mercantile business, and was elected Mayor of the town. Mary S. married Edmond P. Matthews, of Kentucky, and they settled in St. Charles county, Mo., in 1836. She had five children, and is still living in Pike county, Mo. John N. settled in St. Charles county in 1839. He married Mahaley Hughes, and they both died, leaving two children. Amasa died in Mississippi. Maria died while a child.

The Baughs were doubtless of German descent; but there is no authentic record of the origin of the family, beyond the fact that three brothers of that name settled near Jamestown, Va., at an early date. Abram, a son of one of these brothers, married Judith Colman, of Powhatan county, and by her he had Joseph, Thomas M., Edsa, William, Alexander, Abram, Jesse, Mary, Judith and Rhoda. Joseph married Nancy Gentry, and settled in Madison county, Ky., in 1781, and in 1816 removed to St. Charles county, Mo. He served five years in the Revolutionary War. His children were: William, Benjamin, Judith, Alsey, Nancy, Mary, Patsey and Lucinda. William married Susan Carter, of Kentucky, and settled in St. Charles county, Mo., but removed from there to Montgomery county in 1832. His first wife died, and he was married the second time to Mrs. Nancy S. Haslip, whose maiden name was Chambers.

Robert Baldbridge was a native of Ireland, but emigrated to America and settled in Kentucky, where he married Hannah Fruit. He subsequently moved to Kentucky, and was one of the first settlers of St. Charles county. He obtained the Spanish grant of land on which Pond Fort was built. His children were Daniel, James, Malachi, John, Robert, Jr., Alexander, Elizabeth, Mary, Grace and Nancy. Malachi and two companions, Price and Lewis, were killed by Indians while hunting on Loutre Prairie. Shortly after, Daniel, in order to have revenge for his brother's death, tracked a party of Indians to their camp at night and shot their chief as he sat by the camp fire. He then concealed himself in the tall grass and watched the Indians searching for him; but they failed to find him. James and John were successful business men, and always had money to loan. A man named Hutchins once borrowed $300 in silver quarters from John, and carried the money home in a calico bag. Finding that he would not need it, he returned the money at the end of three months and offered to pay interest. But Balbridge said he could not think of accepting interest from a man who had kept his money safe for him that length of time; "because," said he, "if I had kept it some rascal would have stolen it." When James died he had several boxes filled with gold and silver money. Robert, Jr., planted a cherry tree, and when it grew large enough, he had it manufactured into lumber, from which he had his coffin made, and when he died, he was buried in it. Robert and John were rangers in Callaway's company during the Indian War. After the close of the war John moved to the Gasconaide country and built a large saw mill in tne pineries; but it did not prove to be a paying investment and subsequently passed into the hands of other parties. Elizabeth Balbridge married John Scott, and their son, Hiram, was killed at Callaway's defeat. He was a man of great daring, and Callaway placed much confidence in him. Daniel married Kate Huffman; James, Margaret Zumwalt; Robert, Jr., married Peggy Ryebolt; Grace married John Howell, and Nancy married Frederick Price.

John Boyd, of Ireland, came to America before the Revolution. He had two sons, John and William. The latter was a gunsmith, and in the War of 1812 he was a commissioned captain of volunteers. In his company were six of his apprentices, all of whom were killed in the same battle. Capt. Boyd married Ruth Cary, of Pennsylvania, and settled in Spencer county, Ky., in 1792. In 1829 he came to Missouri, and selecting a location in St. Charles county for his future residence, he returned to Kentucky, but died before he had completed his arrangements for moving. His widow and children came to St. Charles county in 1830. The names of the children were: Elizabeth, John, Elijah, Hiram, Jane, James, Emeline, William, Ruth, Alexander T. and Thomas C. John married a Miss Clemens; Elijah married Fannie Thomas; Jane was married in Kentucky, to Joseph Brown; Emeline married James Cochran; Aleck T. married Medora Roberts; Thomas C. married Ruth Allen; Ruth married Wade Munday; William went to California and died there; James never married, and died in St. Charles county; Hiram married Rebecca Datson, of Lincoln county; Elizabeth married Alexander W. Thomas, and settled in Kentucky.

Dr. Samuel Campbell and his wife, Sally Alexander, were natives of Rockbridge county, Va. They had 10 children, of whom William M., the subject of this sketch, was the fifth. He was born in January, 1805, and after having received a fair education at home was placed under the instruction of Rev. William Graham, at what was then called the "Cog College," but which was subsequently named Washington University, and is now known as Washington and Lee University, at Lexington, Va. Here he qualified himself for the practiice of law, and at the age of 24 came to Missouri with his brother-in-law, Dr. Robert McClure, who settled in St. Charles county. Young Campbell remained two years with his brother-in-law, hunting and amusing himself, and then went to St. Charles and commenced the practice of law. He remained in St. Charles until 1843, when he removed to St. Louis, where he died January 2, 1850. Mr. Campbell wielded a large influence in his adopted State, and served as a member of the Legislature during the greater portion of his residence here. He was the editor of the St. Charles Clarion for some time, and also of the St. Louis New Era, by which means his influence and reputation were greatly extended.

Warren Cottle, of Vermont, was a soldier in the War of 1812. He had six children: Warren, Ira, Oliver, Stephen, Marshall and Letitia. Warren was a physician, and came with his father to Missouri in 1799. He married his cousin, Salvine Cottle, and they had eight children: Oliver, Alonzo, Fidelo, Alvora, Lorenzo, Paulina, Ora and O'Fallon. Ira also married his cousin, Susan Cottle, and they had six children: Levi, Harriet, Warner, Ira, Joseph and Mary J. Oliver married Charity Lowe, and they raised 13 children: Royal, Leroy, Oliver, Mary, Orville, Priscilla, Lethe, Juliet, John, Ira, Julius, Ellen and Cordelia. Stephen married, but died without issue. Marshall died single. Letitia married and died childless.

Lorenzo Cottle, son of Dr. Warren Cottle, founded the town of Cottleville, in St. Charles county, in 1840.

Charles Denny, of Germany, settled within the limits of the State of Missouri while the country belonged to Spain. He married Rachel Clark, and they had eight children: Christine, Magdaline, Mary, Ann, Charles, John and Raphael. Mr. Denny was an herb doctor, and treated the simple classes of diseases. He was also something of a dentist, and pulled teeth for the people when they came to him for that purpose. He lived on Dardenne creek, where he built a watermill, which supplied the people of the vicinity with meal and flour for many years. He finally grew tired of milling, and erected a distillery, but this did not pay well, and he went back to his former occupation. In the meantime, his wife had lost her eye-sight, but could recognize her old acquaintances by their voices. She could still give the history of every person in the county, and it was quite interesting to hear her converse about early times in Missouri. Denny finally sold his mill and removed to the Fever River lead mines, where he was unfortunate and lost all his property. He then returned to Dardenne, and with the assistance of his old neighbors repurchased his mill.

Benjamin Emmons and his wife came from one of the Eastern States and settled on Dardenne prairie, near the present town of Cottleville, in St. Charles county. Several years afterward he removed to the town of St. Charles and opened a hotel. He was also elected justice of the peace, and being a man of education and intelligence was chosen by the people of his county to represent them in the first State Constitutional Convention, which met in St. Louis in 1820. He afterward served in both houses of the Legislature for severl terms, to the entire satisfaction of his constituents. In 1832 St. Charles was visited by that dreadful pestilence the Asiatic cholera, and many persons were swept into untimely graves. Mr. Emmons fearlessly offered his assistance to the afflicted, and nursed the sick night and day, thereby saving many lives. He was assisted in this good office by a Mr. Lovering Lawson, proprietor of the ferry at St. Charles. Mr. Emmons had two children: Daphney and Benjamin, Jr. Daphney married a Mr. Cloud, who was the first editor of the St. Charles Missourian. He died, and she afterward married Alonzo Benjamin, Jr., was county and circuit clerk of St. Charles county for many years, and is now circuit clerk.

Benjamin Ferrell, of Mecklenburg county, Va., had two children: Hutchings and Martha. Hutchings was a merchant, and married Mary Pennington, of Virginia. They had four children: Frederick, Benjamin, Martha and Hutchings, Jr. Frederick settled in St. Charles county in 1833, and never married. Benjamin P. came with his mother to St. Charles county in 1832 and married Sallie Hutchings, and they had two children: Ann and Alexander. Martha died single, in 1828. They had four children: Martha S., Robert W., William P. and Benjamin H. Mrs. Ferrell died and he was married the second time to the widow of John McClenny, who had one child, Redman M. By his last wife Mr. Ferrell has had six children: Mahala, Henry, Drucilla, Susan and Jennie.

James Green emigrated from North Carolina in 1797 and settled first in St. Louis county, where he remained two years. In 1799 he removed to St. Charles county and settled on what has since been known as Green's Bottom, where he obtained a Spanish grant for 800 arpents of land. Mr. Green, who was a plain, honest farmer, had a passion for running for office, and was a candidate at nearly every election. He was always defeated, but did not seem to mind that, being satisfied, apparently, with the pleasures it afforded him to be a candidate. The largest number of votes he ever received at any election was 70, and the smallest 11. He married in North Carolina and raised five children: Robert, John, James, Squire and Elizabeth.

The next settler in Green's Bottom was James Flaugherty, who came there in October, 1799. He received a Spanish grant for 600 arpents of land.

The next settlers in Green's Bottom, that we have any record of, were Peter, Joseph and James Jerney, who came there with their families at a very early date. All received grants of land, and the liberality of the Spanish authorities soon filled the bottom with enterprising settlers.

Robert Guthrie was a native of Scotland, but emigrated to America and settled first in Virginia, from whence he removed to Williamson county, Tenn. He had five children: William, David, Samuel T., Robert and Finley. Samuel T. and Robert settled in St. Charles county, Mo., in 1819, and the former assessed the county in 1820. In 1821 he removed to Callaway county. Robert married Matilda H. Maury, a sister of the celebrated Lieut. M. F. Maury, of the U.S. navy. They had nine children: Diana, Eliza L., Harriet, Richard M., John M., Mathew F., Robert M., Cornelia J. and Mary. These are all dead except Eliza, Mathew F., Robert M. and Mary.

John Gill, of Scotland, married Margaret Pitner, of Cumberland county, Va., and they had four children: Mary, Elizabeth, Sally and John. Mary married Archibald Bilboa, of Kentucky, and after their deaths their children moved to Indiana. Elizabeth married James Martin, and they removed to Missouri and settled in St. Charles county; they had five children. John married Mary Watts and settled in St. Charles county, Mo., in 1821. He was a carpenter and worked two years in St. Louis before he went to St. Charles. They had 10 children: Margaret A., Peter W., Sarah A., Elizabeth M., William I., John P., Bently T., Adam F., Lucy G. and Mary B. Mrs. Gill had a sister (Mrs. McFall) who was scalped by the Indians, but recovered.

A Mr. Heald, of England, settled in Massachusetts at a very early date. He was married twice, and by his first wife he had two sons, Nathan and Jones. Nathan was born in April, 1775. He received a military education, and entered the army as lieutenant, but was soon promoted to the rank of captain, and at the commencement of the War of 1812, he was placed in command of Fort Dearborne, where Chicago now stands. Here they were attacked by a large body of Indians, who captured the fort, murdered the garrison, and carried Capt. Heald and his young wife away as prisoners into their own country. During his captivity he was promoted to the rank of major, but did not receive his commission until after he had been exchanged. In 1827 Maj. Heald came to Missouri with his family and settled in St. Charles county, not very far from the town of O'Fallon, where he spent the remainder of his life. He died in 1832 leaving a widow and three children: Mary, Darius and Margaret. Mary married David McCausland. Darius is now living on the old place. He was married twice; first to Virginia Campbell and second to Mattie Hunter. He had seven children. Margaret died unmarried in 1837. Jones Heald, brother of Maj. Nathan Heald, never married. He lived in St. Louis until after the death of his brother, when he went to St. Charles county, and lived part of the time at the house of his sister-in-law and part at Judge Balis'. He died in St. Louis not many years ago.

George Huffman was a native of Pennsylvania, but removed to Buckingham county, Va., where he married and lived until 1789, when he brought his family to Missouri. He had five children: Peter, Christiana, George, Catherine and Elizabeth. Peter was a soldier in the War of 1812. He married Susan Senate, of Kentucky, and they had 13 children (the names of 11 of them were Elizabeth, Margaret, John, Sarah, George, Abraham, Maria, Lucinda, Lucretia, Elijah and Cassander). Christiana married Daniel Baldridge; George married Catharine Wolf, and they had five children: Peter, Elizabeth, William, Abraham and James; Catharine married Henry Haverstakes; Elizabeth married John Weldon.

Charles and Peter Hutchings lived in Virginia. Peter married Elizabeth Brim, and they had eight children: John, Peter W., Elizabeth W., David, Washington, Charles, Ann and Sally. David, Washington, Charles, Ann and Sally all came to St. Charles county, in 1831. Susan married William Peebles, and settled in Williamson county, Tenn. The other two children remained in Virginia. David married twice, first to Sally Butler, and second to Polly Lett. Washington also married twice, first to Nancy Wooten, and second to the widow Brumwell, whose maiden name was Elizabeth Harris. Ann married Hutchings Ferrell. Sally was married twice, first to Benjamin Ferrell, and second to Robert McIntosh.

John Howell was born in Pennsylvania, but moved to North Carolina, where he had three sons: John, Thomas and Francis. John moved to Tennessee, where he died, leaving a widow and four children. Thomas lived in South Carolina until after the Revolutionary War. He married a Miss Bearfield. Francis married Susan Stone, daughter of Benjamin Stone, of South Carolina, and emigrated to what is now the State of Missouri in 1797. He first settled 30 miles west of St. Louis in (now) St. Louis county, where he lived three years, and then removed to (now) St. Charles county and settled on what has since been known as Howell's Prairie. Soon after his settlement there he built a mill, which was called a "band mill," because it was run by a large band. This was doubtless the first mill erected north of the Missouri river, except perhaps a small one of St. Charles. Some time afterward Mr. Howell built another mill on his farm, which was run by a large cog-wheel, and was called a "cog mill." His place was a noted resort during early times. Musters and drills were frequently held there, and Indian agents, in conducting Indians to and from St. Louis, often stopped there for supplies. Mr. Howell died in 1834, in his seventy-third year, and his wife died eight years afterward. They had 10 children: John, Thomas, Sarah, Newton, Francis, Jr., Benjamin, Susan L., Lewis, James F. and Nancy. John was married three times, and died in his eighty-seventh year, leaving nine children. He was a ranger in Capt. James Callaway's company. Thomas married Susannah Callaway, sister of Capt. Callaway, in whose company he also served as a ranger. They had 14 children. Mr. Howell died in his eighty-fifth year. Newton married the widow Rachel Long. They had 10 children, and he died in his seventy-fourth year. Francis, Jr., married the widow Polly Ramsey, who was the daughter of James and Martha Meek. He died in his eighty-second year, and his widow is still living in her eighty-seventh year. They had no children. Mr. Howell served as a ranger two years, part of the time in Capt. Callaway's company, and was colonel of militia for five years. Benjamin married Mahala Castilo, and they had 12 children. He died in his sixty-third year. He was captain of a company of rangers for two years. Susan married Larkin S. Callaway, son of Flanders Callaway, and died at the age of 33 years. She had seven children. James F. married Isabella Morris, and died in his thirty-third year. Nancy was married twice; first to Capt. James Callaway, and after his death married John H. Castilo. Lewis received a classical education and followed the profession of a teacher for many years. Some of the best educated men and women of the State received instruction from him. His life has been an eventful one, dating back to the very earliest period of our Commonwealth, and as it cannot fail to be of interest to the reader we here present the following autobiographical sketch, which he kindly prepared for this work at the solicitation of the compilers: --

"When I was eight or nine years old, I went to school to an Irishman, about a year and a half, who taught school near where I lived. In about a year and a half after this, I went to school a few months to a gentleman named Prospect K. Robbins, from Massachusetts, and when I was nearly 12 years old I went to the same gentleman again for a few months and made considerable progress during this term in arithmetic. The War of 1812 then came on, and I was nearly stopped from pursuing my studies. I studied as I had an opportunity. After the war, I was placed by my father in a school in the city of St. Louis, taught by a Mr. Tompkins, who afterward became one of the Supreme Judges of this State. I did not continue in this school long, but was brought to St. Charles and placed in care of Mr. U. J. Devore, with whom I remained several months. English grammar was my principal study while at St. Louis and St. Charles. I was now about 16, and when about 17, as my old teacher, U. J. Devore, had been elected sheriff, he selected me for his deputy. I was accordingly sworn in and entered the service, as young as I was. There were but two counties at this time north of the Missouri river -- St. Charles and Howard -- the former of which embraced the counties of St. Charles, Warren, Montgomery, Lincoln and Pike. There were no settlements any further west at this time until you came to the Boone's Lick country, embraced in Howard. I had to ride over the five counties before named, collecting taxes, serving writs, etc. I continued in this business a few months, when I relinquished the office of deputy and entered the store of J. and G. Collier, in St. Charles, as one of the clerks. I remained with them a few months, and as my father and Mr. John Collier, the elder of the brothers, could not agree on the terms of remaining with them, I went back to my father's farm, where I labored a short time, when my father, having some business in Kentucky, took me with him to that State. On our return to Missouri, we overtook a small family on the road, moving to our State, by the name of Reynolds, originally from the city of Dublin, in Ireland. Reynolds and my father got into conversation, and he appeared so well pleased with the description my father gave him of this section, that he determined, before we separated, to come to the neighborhood where we were living. With this gentleman, whom I believe was a profound linguist, I commenced the study of the Latin language. I can say without egotism, that I am very certain I was the first person that commenced the study of Latin between the two great rivers. Missouri and Mississippi. I found it difficult to get the necessary books, and had to send to Philadelphia for the author my teacher recommended. With him I read Ovid, Caesar, Virgil, Horace and a few others. Shortly after this (as Mr. Reynolds had left the State) I went and spent a few months with my old teacher, Gen. P. K. Robbins, where, and with whom, I studied a few mathematical branches, and this closed my literary studies at school. I finally gave up studying medicine, which I had contemplated, and came home to my father. I was now about 21 years of age, and several of the neighbors and some of my relations being very anxious that I should teach school for them, I at last yet somewhat reluctantly consented, and accordingly taught school a few months, and was not very well pleased with the avocation.

"About this time there was considerable talk about the province of Texas, and about the inducements that were held out for persons to emigrate to that country. In consequence of this stir about Stephen F. Austin's colony, a company of us agreed to pay it a visit and examine the country and ascertain the prospects of getting land; but finally gave out going except my brother Frank and myself. We, therefore, alone left Missouri, January 22, 1822, for the Spanish province of Texas, which, however, we never reached. Having gone 50 or 60 miles south of Red river, my brother, who was seven or eight years older than myself, and of more experience, thought it was imprudent to proceed further, on account of the difficulties in the way. We therefore retraced our steps and arrived home between the first and middle of March. I labored on my father's farm until fall, and in October, when a few months over 22, I left home for the State of Louisiana. I took a steamboat at St. Louis and landed in Iberville early in November. This place was about 90 miles above New Orleans, where I remained until spring, having been employed by a physician (a prominent man of the parish) to teach his and a neighbor's children, and to regulate his books, etc., he having an extensive practice. I was treated rather badly by him, and in the spring I went down to the city of New Orleans and took passage on a steamboat, and returned to Missouri and commenced farming, my father having given my a piece of land which I commenced improving. A year or two previous to this, I went a session to a military school, taught by an old revolutionary officer. I took, at this time, a considerable interest in military tactics, and a year or two after this, was appointed and commissioned adjutant of the St. Charles militia, my brother Frank being colonel of the regiment. This office I held for several years, when I resigned, it being the only military office I ever held; and the only civil office I ever had was that of deputy sheriff, as already stated. After this time, I turned my attention to farming and teaching, and in June, 1833, I married Serena Lamme, the daughter of William T. and Francis Lamme, and great-grand-daughter of Col. Daniel Boone, the pioneer of Kentucky. I was then in my thirty-fourth year. We have had six children, three of whom have already gone to the grave; the youngest of those living being now about 31 years old. I still continued teaching, and kept a boarding school; and had my farm also carried on, until the close of the Civil War when I stopped farming, as the servants I owned had been liberated. I therefore rented out my farm, moved to the little village of Mechanicsville, where I built and commenced a boarding school, being assisted by an eminent young lady, a graduate of the female seminaries of Missouri. This school was carried on for five sessions, the last two or three mostly by the young lady before named, as my health had somewhat failed. I have relinquished all public business whatever; I cultivate my little garden with my own hands; am now in my seventy-sixth year; enjoy tolerable good health for one of my age; can ride 35 or 40 miles in a day, and I believe I could walk 20. I am a member of the Presbyterian Church, to which I have belonged for upwards of 50 years. I attribute my health and advanced age to my temperate habits, having never yielded to dissipation of any kind."

John Hatcher was a soldier in the Revolutionary War, and afterwards served 21 years in the Legislature of Virginia. He married Nancy Gentry, of Cumberland county, Va., and they had 16 children of whom the following lived to be grown: Nancy, Susan, Polly, Joseph, Samuel, John, Elizabeth, Martha, Henry and Frederick. John and Henry came to St. Charles county in 1837. John had previously married a Miss Flippin, and after remaining in St. Charles county a short time he returned to Virginia. Henry married Susan A. Spears, daughter of John Spears and Margaret Bates. They had 12 children: Ann M., Caroline, Charlotte V., Frederick, Martha, Mary E., Sally M., Permelia, Wortley, John H., Henrietta and Samuel. Ann M. married Strother Johnson; Caroline married Hon. Barton Bates, son of Hon. Edward Bates; Charlotte V. married Daniel H. Brown; Frederick never married; Martha died in childhood; Mary E. married George W. Jackson; Sally M. married Peyton A. Brown; Permelia married William E. Chaneyworth; Wortley died when she was a young lady; John H. married Caroline Harris; Henrietta and Samuel are unmarried.

John Hendricks was a blacksmith, and had a shop, first at Audrain's mill on Peruque creek, but afterward removed to Mr. David K. Pittman's. He married a daughter of Phillip Sublett, and sister of William Sublett, the noted mountaineer. Hendricks was an eccentric genius and fond of playing pranks on other people. While he was living at Audrain's mill he played a trick on his neighbor, Mr. Robert Guthrie, that came near being the cause of his death. A stream of water ran through Mr. Guthrie's farm, across which he had felled a log that he used as a foot bridge. One night Hendricks sawed the log nearly in two, from the under side, and next morning when Mr. Guthrie went to cross the creek upon it it suddenly sank with him into the water, and he had a narrow escape from drowning, as the water was very deep at that place. At another time Hendricks found some buzzard's eggs and sold them to Mrs. Felix Scott for a new kind of duck eggs. She was very proud of her purchase, and took a great deal of pains to hatch the eggs under a favorite old hen. But when the "ducks" came, and she saw what they were, she passed into a state of mind that might have been called vexation. Hendricks had a large wen cut out of his hip, and during the operation he coolly smoked his pipe, as if nothing unusual was transpiring.

Jacob, John, Joseph, Daniel and Samuel Keithly came from North Carolina, and settled in Bourbon county, Ky. John married and raised a large family of children, some of whom settled in Texas and California. Joseph married in Kentucky, and had but one son, John, who settled in Boone county, Mo. Daniel married Mary Mooler, and the names of their children were: Joseph, John, Isaac, Daniel, Jr., William K. and Katy. Samuel lived and died in Tennessee. Jacob married Barbara Rowland, and moved to Warren county, Ky., where he died. His children were: Absalom, Jacob, John, Samuel, Obadiah, Rowland, William, Levi, Daniel, Tabitha, Isaac, Polly, Elizabeth, Katy, Patsey, Sally. Daniel Keithley, son of Daniel, Sr., married Miss Hostetter, and they had a daughter named Kate, who was the largest woman in the world, weighing 675 pounds. She died when 22 years of age (children of Jacob Keithley, Sr.). Abraham married Tennie Rowland, and settled in Missouri in 1806. He had four children, and was killed by his horse in Cuivre river, 1813. His widow afterward married John Shelley. John married Polly Claypole, and lived and died in Kentucky. Joseph married Elizabeth Burket, of St. Charles county, Mo. Samuel settled in the city of St. Charles in 1808. He was married twice, first to Polly Burket, and second to Mrs. Nancy Pulliam. He had 22 children by his two wives, and shortly before he died he gave a dinner to his children and grand-children, of whom there were 82 present. He died in 1871. Rowland was married twice. He settled in St. Charles county in 1816, where he remained two years and then moved to Pike county. William came to St. Charles county in 1812. He joined the Rangers under Nathan Boone, and served with them one year, when he joined Capt. Callaway's company. He was married first to Charlotte Castlio, who died in 1857, and he then married the widow Duncan, who was a daughter of James Loyd. Mr. Keithley was still living, in his eighty-fourth year, in 1875. He had eight children, four of whom are living, viz.: Mrs. Pauline Sharp and Mrs. Elizabeth Wray, of St. Louis; Mrs. Ruth Savage, of Wentzville, and Mrs. Adeline Ward. The names of those who are dead, were: John, Samuel W., Lucy and Francis M. Samuel came to St. Charles county, in 1818, and died in 1862. He was married twice; first to Miss Owens, and second to Emma Wellnoth. He had six children. Absalom settled in St. Charles county in 1818. He married Cenia Castlio, and they had 11 children. Obadiah settled in St. Charles county in 1825, and moved to Texas in 1869. He was married twice. Polly married Isaac Hostetter, of Kentucky, who settled in St. Charles county in 1806. Elizabeth married Joseph Rowland, who came to Missouri and remained one year, and then returned to Kentucky, where he died. Katy married Peter Graves, and lived in Tennessee. Patsy married Alfred Dithmyer, and settled in Illinois.


This town was laid out in 1857, and named for Mr. O'Fallon, a well-known capitalist of St. Louis, who at the time was a member of the board of directors of the old North Missouri Railway. Nicholas Krekel, a brother of Judge Arnold Krekel, personally superintended the survey and platting of the village, and Mr. Krekel was appointed postmaster in 1857, and still occupies that office. The first church was built in 1857, it being Assumption Roman Catholic, of which more extended mention is made hereafter. The first public school was opened in 1869, by a Mr. A. Bradley.

A Catholic convent is located here. The institution is a very flourishing one, containing upon an average about one hundred sisters of the society of the "Precious Blood," many of whom are continually engaged in teaching throughout the country districts about O'Fallon. The first Mother Superior was Sister Augustina, who, some years ago went to Europe, being succeeded by Sister Armella. The institute of learning, formerly connected with the convent, has been removed to St. Louis, and no scholars are now instructed at the convent, the commodious brick buildings, erected at a cost of $35,000, being devoted exclusively as a headquarters for the sisters of the order.

O'Fallon is one of the most flourishing towns in the county, and contains many fine stores and residences, being an extensive shipping point.


The town of St. Peters is located in Dardenne township, 10 miles west of St. Charles, on the low lands adjacent to Dardenne creek. The first settler was Joseph Trenly, who came into the vicinity in 1823, although there was no effort made to create a village until 1868, when the present plat and survey was perfected by Henry Reineke and H. Deppe, who laid out the town. Tradition has it that as far back as 1819, the Jesuits established a mission school on the hills, now included in the town, but it is not positively known where the school was located. Connected with the flourishing Catholic church, mentioned hereafter, is a large and successful parish school, and the town also has the advantage of a good graded public school system.

The various branches of mercantile business are well represented, it being at the junction of the Wabash, St. Louis and Pacific, and St. Louis, Keokuk & Northwestern Railways.

The vicinity of St. Peters has always been an attractive locality for hunters. Four miles north of the town is located the club house, owned by the Dardenne club, of St. Louis, and about eight miles east, the Richfield Club, of St. Louis, have erected a fine headquarters, whither, in the shooting season, the resident members, with their friends, repair to enjoy the finest of field sport.

In 1882 the village was literally overflowed by the waters of Dardenne creek. The event resulted in considerable damage to property, and created a sudden demand for high residence property.


The village of Mechanicsville is situated in Dardenne township, and is comparatively a new town, having been laid out in 1866, by John H. and Fortunatus Castilo, who were natives of Tennessee, and who lived for years before the town was founded on a farm just north of the village. The town has a small population, yet it rejoices in being a seat of learning. Owing to the munificent generosity of Francis Howell, "Howell Institute" was founded and located at Mechanicsville. Mr. Howell came from North Carolina at an early day and settled in what has since been known as Howell's Prairie, in Dardenne township. He was the father of Mrs. Callaway who husband was killed at the battle of Loutre Lick. During his life he had taken great interest in all educational matters, and dying in 1874, left a fund for the establishment of a school for the higher education of the youth of the country. A very neat and attractive building has been erected, and its reputation as an excellent school is rapidly becoming known. It is strictly non-sectarian, which fact largely adds to its usefulness.

Mechanicsville Lodge No. 260, A. F. & A. M. -- Was organized in 1867 under a dispensation from the Grand Lodge of the State of Missouri. The following were its first officers: John L. Martin, W. W.; Mortimer Stollard, S. W.; William McClure, J. W.; Alfred McClure, Treas.; F. M. Audrain, Sec.; John Swearer, S. D.; Theodore Diehr, J. D., and P. H. Fulkerson, Tyler. The lodge now has 40 members.

About Mechanicsville there is a very fine farming country, mostly prairie land. The soil is adapted to all kinds of crops, and large quantities of grain are annually harvested and shipped from this vicinity.


The town of Hamburg is located about two miles from the Missouri river in this township, and is 16 miles from St. Charles. The town was laid out and platted in 1840, by Henry Schneider, who, assisted by Jacob Smith and William Koenig, built the first house in the town. Like all country villages Hamburg has had to depend upon the country about it for all its business, and in every respect it has held an enviable position with its sister towns. The usual number of churches, and the best educational privileges are enjoyed by it inhabitants.


Weldon Springs is a small hamlet in Dardenne township, situated about 10 miles from St. Charles. The town is beautifully located in a charming valley, and possesses all the interesting features of an old-fashioned German village. A neat brick church and several stores constitute the town, which was settled by German immigrants about the year 1849.


The first settler of Cottleville was Lorenzo Cottle, who secured a grant of land from the Spanish government previous to 1803. The town which takes its name from Mr. Cottle is located in Dardenne township, about 10 miles west of St. Charles. For many years the town did not progress very rapidly, and it was not until the advent of the Pitman family, who came from Kentucky, that the place began to take a position as one of the leading villages of the county. John Pitman came to the county in 1810, and settled on the present family homestead, situated about one and a half miles west of the town proper. He purchased the farm from George Huffman who came prior to 1803, from Kentucky, the place being part of the original Spanish grant, and included in the property ceded to the Cottles and Huffmans.

Aaron Rutger, a Hollander, was one of the early settlers of the vicinity. He came prior to 1809, and afterwards built two water-mills on Dardenne creek, a few miles west of the village. Nathaniel Simons came from New England, at an early day, and at one time owned a portion of the village site.

Nicholas Countz, a Pennsylvania Dutchman, moved into the county about the same time, and with his two brothers resided about one half mile south of Cottleville. The town is located on the old Boone's Lick road, and there is a landing on the Missouri river, distant about three miles.

Any historical reference to Cottleville without mention of the Pitman family would be incomplete, for the efforts of this family is due much to the prosperity that has marked the history of the town. Mr. David K. Pitman, the last of the family living in St. Charles county, has left the impress of his broad character and sterling integrity upon everything connected with the place. He was always renowned for his hospitality, being for many years an active member of the Southern Methodist Church, in which organization he has repeatedly filled many responsible positions.

The town has the usual complement of business houses. Good schools and churches of the various denominations have always been maintained, and there is an air of comfort and reliabiltiy pervading the quiet but enterprising little town.


Gilmore is a new town, located at the crossing of the Wabash, St. Louis & Pacific, and the St. Louis, Hannibal & North-Western Railways. The latter company have a repair shop and engine house here, outside of which the place as yet, possesses but little of particular interest. One or two business houses and a few dwellings comprise the town. The location is excellent, and in time Gilmore will undoubtedly become quite a thriving place.


During the War of the Rebellion, the long trestle work over Peruque creek, on the Wabash, St. Louis & Pacific Railway, a few miles west of O'Fallon station, was menaced by Marmaduke's army of Confederates, and a block house or fort was erected for the accommodation of Union soldiers, placed there to guard the trestle. The old log fort still stands near the track. It is built in a particularly strange and attractive style, the upper story consisting of logs, laid in the shape of a diamond across the square story arising from the ground. On both sides of the points of the diamond were cut small windows and loop holes, and from this elevated position a full view of the trestle coule be had, and the entire property was within range of guns of the soldiers quartered there. Small detachments of Union troops garrisoned the fort until after the close of hostilities, and Peruque Fort became quite a noted and historical point.


Dardenne Presbyterian Church -- One mile east of Dardenne, was organized in 1818 with seven members, Beverly Tucker, John Naylor and wife, Mrs. Mary Howell and others. The present membership numbers 80. Thomas Watson, William Lacy and Hiram Chamberlain are the ministers who have for 40 years had charge of this congregation. The present church was built in 1868, a stone structure, at a cost of $3,200.

Oakland M. E. Church South -- Located in section 8, township 47, range 1, was organized in 1870 by Rev. Tarwater. Its original members were Edward Morman and wife, B. T. Ball and J. C. Keithley and others. The membership is now 24. The present pastor is the Rev. J. H. Collett. Their place of worship is a frame church building built in 1873 at a cost of $1,000.

Cottleville M. E. Church South -- Was organized in 1854, a frame church being built the same year at a cost of $1,600. The constituent members were William C. Ellis, S. R. Watts, James T. Sanford, R. H. Pitman and D. K. Pitman. The present membership numbers 20. The pastors who have served this congregation are Revs. E. M. Muron, R. N. T. Holliday, J. F. Riggs and William Penn.

Emanuel Evangelical Church -- Located at Weldon Springs, was organized in 1866. Its original members were Louis Werler, Jacob Schneider, John Yaeger, William P. Farr and John Miller and wife. The present membership is 33. The names of those who have been pastors are A. G. Holtz, C. Dorenenburg and W. Gaertner. The present brick church was built in 1874 at a cost of $3,500. The number of scholars in the Sunday-school is 60, and W. Gaertner, the pastor, is the superintendent.

South Dardenne Presbyterian Church -- Located at Mechanicsville, was organized and the building erected in 1867. It is a frame structure and was built at a cost of $1,400. Its original members were John H. Castlio and Len Howell. The present membership is 40. Thomas Watson is the present pastor. There are 75 scholars in the Sabbath-school, Robert Dunlap being its superintendent.

Olivet Presbyterian Church -- Located in survey 950, township 48, range 1, was organized in 1836 by Rev. John S. Ball. The constituent members were: William C. Logan, Milton McRobert, Thomas Hill, William Porter, Sarah B. Logan, Harriet McRoberts, Elizabeth Lee, Ann Porter, Diana Hamilton, Gracy Linn, Elizabeth Linn, Mary Linn and Ann Ball. The present membership is 80. The different pastors who have served this congregation are Revs. John S. Ball, R. G. Barret, H. Blackwell, J. V. Barks, William J. Lapsley, E. M. Palmer, O. S. Thompson, William H. Parks, B. Y. Wilkey, C. R. Dudley, T. C. Smith, A. A. Pfan Stiehl, who is the present pastor. The present frame church was built in 1874, costing in the neighborhood of $1,200.

St. John German Evangelical Church -- Located in Cottleville, was organized in 1870, its original members being Henry Slamn, Henry Pepeper, John Simon, John Gutermuth, Adam Rueffer, John Phillips and John Huser. The present membership is composed of 27 communicants. The pastors who have served this congregation are James Hutz, Gotfried Daernenburg, Richard Henschel, William Adonlet, Daniel Irion. The present frame church was built at a cost of $2,500 in 1871.

St. Joseph Catholic Church -- Located in Cottleville, was organized in 1873. Its original members were John Bose, John G. Phaff, Frank Mene, Antone Hester, George Raab, Bernard Mene. The present membership numbers 28. Rev. Father Joseph Reisdorff is the present rector. This frame church was built in 1873 at a cost of $6,000.

St. Paul Catholic Church -- Was organized in 1858 with Stephen Marrett, Walter Bows, William Haelen, Martin Menings and others as its original members. The present membership is composed of 100 families. The names of the pastors were Edward Hamil and Conrad Tintrup. This is a stone church, being built the same year of its organization (1853), at a cost of $2,000.

Assumption Roman Catholic Church -- Of O'Fallon, was organized in 1870, the present brick church being constructed the following year, at a cost of $20,000. The present membership is 350. The original members were: Antoine Mispagel, Joseph Pieper, Henry Boegel, Henry Mispagel, F. Westhoff, Henry Hunnies, F. Hockelman, Theo. Westhoff, Martin Bushmeier, John Genteman, Fritz Schmidt, E. Garrs, Theo. Burkhoff, Gertrude Roper, Frank Schone, H. Kirchoff, Sr., H. Eike, Joseph Bogel and H. Ahrens. The rectors who have administered to the spiritual needs of this church have been: Rev. Father W. Somenschein, one year, followed by the Franciscan Fathers, one year, and the Rev. H. Brockhagen, who is the present pastor. The parochial school has an attendance of 80, Rev. Father Brockhagen being its superintendent.

All Saints' Catholic Church -- Of St. Peters, was organized some time previous to 1820. Its constituent members were John Barnard and family, Isador Barnard and family, two DuBois families, Joseph Trendley and family, John Gatty and family, John Denne, Mrs. Denne and sons, and a few others. The present membership is composed of 104 families. The names of the different pastors who have served this congregation are: Bishop DuBourke, C. W. Walters, S. J.; V. Saillison, H. Van Mierlo, S. J.; A. Eysvogels, S. J.; J. Cotting, S. J.; N. Busschots, S. J.; J. Schoenmakers, S. J.; P. M. Seisl, S. J.; F. R. Huebner, S. J.; De Coen, S. J.; P. Meier, S. J.; P. Iten, S. J.; S. Wisniewski, Neuman, Rutkowski, H. Boetzkes, Charles Wapelhorst, Charles Kellner, George Bruener, M. Staudinger, W. Sonnenschein, A. Mayers, C. Rotter and M. Staudinger. The corner-stone of the present brick church was laid in 1874, the edifice being completed in 1882, at a cost of $60,000. The parochial school is composed of 125 scholars, conducted by the Sisters of the Precious Blood. The present rector is Rev. Father Staudinger. The first place this congregation worshiped in was a log church, it then being the only church in St. Charles county. A frame building after this was followed by a brick, which was succeeded by the present structure.


(Dealer in General Merchandise, St. Peters).

Mr. Baer is one of the energetic, enterprising business men of St. Charles county, who came over to this country from Germany since the Civil War. He left Germany in 1873 and came directly to this county. Up to within three years ago he was engaged in merchandising in Cottleville, where he had a successfull experience and became well established as one of the substantial, popular business men of that place. He removed to St. Peters in 1882, and resumed business at this place. He has one of the largest general stores in this county, and is doing a flourishing business. Mr. Baer is steadily becoming one of the substantial merchants of the vicinity, and, unless some misfortune, out of the usual order, befalls him, before the age of retirement from active work comes, he will have accumulated an ample competence. Mr. Baer was born in Baden, Germany, on the 5th of September, 1846. He was reared and educated in that country. He was married August 27, 1879, to Miss Jennie Steinberg, of St. Louis. They have three children: Josephine, Ollie and Elsie.

(Physician and Surgeon, Cottleville).

Dr. Baltzer completed his general education in Europe, and took his course there in medicine and surgery, graduating with high honor. He is a young physician of fine accomplishments, with more than ordinary talent for the medical profession, and a man who, by reason of his culture and high character, commands the unqualified esteem of the community. He was born and reared in this county, and was a son of one of the most highly respected citizens. His father was Rev. Prof. Adolph Baltzer, formerly of Germany, and for a number of years the minister of the Evangelical Friedens Church in this county, near St. Charles, on the so-called Plank Road. He then became the professor of theology in the German Evangelical Theological College of Warren county, located near Marthasville. At the time of his death he was president of the Evangelical Synod of North America. Dr. Baltzer's mother was a Miss Louisa Van Laer, formerly of Germany. She died in 1871. Rev. Prof. Baltzer, however, had been married once before his marriage to Miss Van Laer, his first wife dying in 1849, in about a year after her marriage. By the second marriage there were 13 children, 11 of whom are living. The mother of these died in 1871, and the father was subsequently married to Miss Olga Heyer. The father died in 1880. Dr. Baltzer was born June 7, 1851, and spent his early youth in St. Charles and Warren counties. Here he attended the common and high schools, and in 1869 was sent to Germany, where he matriculated at the University of Berlin. He was a student there for three years, and then went to Bavaria, where he studied medicine, taking a regular course in the medical department of the Wuerzburg University. He graduated in 1875, and the same year returned to St. Charles county. In 1876 he was married to Miss Eva Hartman, a daughter of George and Regina Hartman, formerly of Germany. The Doctor has built up a good practice and has a neat and comfortable town property. He is now clerk of the school board, and takes a commendable interest in the cause of general education.

(Of Binkert & Eohleghnhoepheir, Dealers and General Merchants, Cottleville).

Mr. Binkert came to Cottleville and engaged in business with his present partner in 1883. They have an excellent stock of general merchandise and are building up a good business. Mr. Binkert was born in this county, September 9, 1853. His parents were Franz and Wilhelmina (Keiselbaum) Binkert, both natives of Baden. His father came over here in comparatively an early day, and was married in St. Charles county. He died here February 14, 1865, but the mother is still living. His father was a member of the Catholic Church, but his mother was a Protestant and a member of the German Evangelical Church. John C. Binkert was reared in this county and received a good common-school education. In 1878 he was married to Miss Mary Marks, a daughter of Schlahn and Mary Marks. Mr. and Mrs. Binkert have one child, Ida K. He and wife are members of the Evangelical Church. The business in which Mr. Binkert is at present a partner was started in 1839, and has been running successfully ever since.

(Farmer, Post-office, St. Peters).

Mr. Boettlor was born and raised in this county and has made it his home from birth. His parents, David and Lizzie (Stephens) Boettler, were also natives of St. Charles county, and his father died her in 1860. He was a soldier in the Mexican War, and afterwards, as before, one of the energetic, well-to-do farmers of the county. The mother subsequently married Herman Kasper, of Kansas, by whom she reared five children. By her first union there were four children, but David A. is the only one living of the first family. November 8, 1881, he was married to Miss Matilda J. Ernst, a daughter of Lorenzo Ernst, of this county. Mrs. Boettlor was reared and educated at St. Peters, taking courses in the Catholic convent at this place. Mr. and Mrs. B. are members of the Catholic Church. Their only child, a son, died at the age of 15 months.

(Rector of the Catholic Assumption Church, and Editor and Proprietor of the Katholischer Hausfreund, O'Fallon).

Rev. Father Brockhagen is a native of Germany, born in Garbeck, August 6, 1833. His father was Johann Brockhagen, a keeper of the forest, and his mother's maiden name was Katharine Schmall, both of ancient German families. Both parents were earnest, consistent Catholics, and the son, Heinrich, was brought up to the holy Christian faith as taught by the Mother Church. His early advantages for an education were good, and the years of his early youth were principally spent in the local schools fo his native place, Garbeck. He was then sent to the Gymnasium of Arnsberg, where he took an intermediate course of instruction. Subsequently he entered the Academy of Muenster, on which he continued until a short time before he came to America. He came to this country in 1857, and here shortly entered the Catholic Theological Seminary of Carondelet, where he completed his college preparatory studies for the priesthood. Father Brockhagen was regulary ordained a priest by Bishop Kendrick in 1859. He was then appointed rector of the Church of the Immaculate Conception, of Jefferson county, where he served for a period of 17 years. He came to O'Fallon in 1876, and took charge of the Assumption Church. He has ever since held the office of rector of this church. A man of profound piety and earnest, active zeal in the cause of religion, an able theologian and an eloquent, successful priest in the work of winning souls to Christ, he has long held a position in the church in this part of the country as one of its prominent, worthy and influential representatives. Too active and energetic to confine himself simply to the duties of his rectorship, feeling that he could make himself of additional, and, perhaps, of more effective use, in another sphere of work, and that if he could, it was his duty to do so, in 1883, with that object in view, he established the Katholischer Hausfreund newspaper. In this he has not been disappointed. The Hausfreund has had a career of remarkable success, and has unquestionably been productive of great good for the church and the cause of religion. It is a weekly, eight-page journal, printed exclusively in the German language, and devoted mainly to the interests of religion and of science. It now has a regular circulation of about 2,000 copies, and is steadily growing in popularity and influence. It is the only German Catholic paper published in the State outside of St. Louis, and therefore has a wide field for circulation and usefulness. To those who know nothing of its editor and proprietor, it is needless to say that the Hausfreund is ably edited and successfully conducted, and that it is a paper the influence of which is only for good wherever it is circulated and read. In establishing this journal Father Brockhagen has unquestionably performed one of the most valuable services of his life, if not, indeed, the most valuable, a service the beneficent influence of which will go on and on, vibrating down the ages, long after the marble that shall mark his last resting place will have crumbled into dust.

(School-teacher, Post-office, St. Peters).

Prof. Brunk's father, Christopher Brunk, came out to Missouri from Pennsylvania when a young man in about 1840, and first located in Lincoln county. Some five years later he crossed over into Warren county, and there he met and married Miss Delphi A. Carter, formerly of Kentucky. Maynard N. Brunk, the subject of this sketch, born September 21, 1851, was the only child they reared. The father was a farmer by occupation and quite a successful one, as well as one of the well known and highly respected citizens of his part of the county. He died in 1853. The mother survived until 1882. Both were members of the M. E. Church. Maynard N. completed his education at the State University, in Columbia, and after quitting that institution engaged in teaching, and has ever since followed the occupation of a teacher, and has become widely and favorably known as a capable and successful teacher. His services are in request wherever he is known. November 5, 1879, Prof. Brunk was married to Miss Katie Jenkins, a daughter of Griffin and Georgiana (Brazier) Griffin, of St. Charles county. The Professor and wife are blessed with three children: Delphi S., Lillie L. and Maynard N. The Professor has been engaged in teaching in St. Charles county for the last 13 years. He and wife are members of the F. M. Church.

(Postmaster, and Dealer of General Merchandise, Post-office, Weldon Springs).

Mr. Frederick Bunding's father, Peter Bunding, is a native of Germany. His wife (the mother of Frederick) was a Miss Catherine Stroh, and they had a family of five children, all of whom are living. The father died in Germany in 1875, but the mother had preceded him to the grave some seven years. Frederick was born in Germany, April 21, 1850, but was principally reared in Germany. Having a taste of mercantile business, he engaged in merchandising in early manhood, and has followed it with success ever since. He carries a large and well assorted stock of merchandise and has an excellent trade. He is in fact in prosperous circumstances. In 1872 Mr. Frederick Bunding was married to Miss Emma Weinreben, a daughter of Frederick and Agnes Weinreben, formerly of Germany. They have three children: Charles F., Theodore E. L. and Hugo A. He and wife are members of the Evangelical Church. Mr. Bunding has been postmaster of Weldon Springs ever since 1878.

(Proprietor of the Weldon Spring Grist and Saw Mills).

Mr. Dubbert was reared to the milling business, and has followed it practically all his life. As all know, who are acquainted with him and his knowledge of and skill in milling, he is one of the best millers in the county. His mill does a general custom work, and has built up an enviable reputation by the excellence of the flour it produces, as well as by his fair dealing and accommodating treatment of customers, regardless of race, color or previous condition of servitude. His present mill was built in 1866, and is supplied with first-class machinery, which enables him to do a superior grade of work. Mr. Dubbert was a son of John and Caroline (Brunner) Dubbert, who settled in this country from Germany as early as 1832. His father was also a miller and carried on farming and the distilling business in Germany, before coming to this country. He died here in 1851. His first wife preceded him to the grave, having borne him six children, but only one, the subject of this sketch, is now living. The father subsequently married Miss Theresa Beurglohr, formerly of Germany. John W. Dubbert was born in this county May 20, 1836. He was reared to the occupation of milling. During the war he served for a time in the Home Guards. In 1855 he was married to Miss Minnie Schroer. Five children are the fruits of this union, only one of whom is living, Ida. Mr. Dubbert has a valuable property at Weldon Springs, and is one of the substantial citizens of the vicinity. He and wife are members of the Evangelical Church.

(Post-office Cottleville).

Dr. John Chiles Edwards is of Welch extraction on his father's side, and English on his mother's. His great-grandfather, who was disposed to be wild and of an adventurous disposition in his youth, was given a ship and outfit by his father, which he named Brice, and with a number of his associates sailed for the New World, landing at the mouth of James river in Virginia, and made settlement on Revanna river, in what is now Albemarle county, Va., and called his place Shodwell, where the grandfather of the subject of this sketch, Ambrose Edwards, was born about the year 1724, where, with two brothers and three sisters, he grew up and married. He was a soldier in the army of the Revolutionary War, and served under General Marquis de Lafayette, in his ever memorial Virginia campaign. He was a neighbor of Thos. Jefferson, his plantation adjoining Monticello, the home of the greatest American statesman. Ambrose Edwards was married on the 15th of March, 1774, to Miss Olive Martin, the daughter of an English gentleman, and sister of Gen. Joseph Martin, who was a general in the Revolutionary army, serving with distinction through the war, and was the first agent appointed by Washington to the Cherokee Indians. A family of 10 children were the fruits of this union, eight sons and two daughters, all of whom lived to mature age. The names of the sons were: Brice, John, James, Chiles, Henry, Joseph, Booker and William Carr, six of whom removed to Missouri, between the years 1832 and 1840, five of them settling in St. Charles county. The names of the daughters were Susan and Martha. The father of Dr. Edwards was John, the second son, who was born in November, 1781, amid the stirring scenes of that eventful period. Capt. John Edwards was married in Henry county, Va., on the 15th day of March, 1811, to Miss Martha Johnston, eldest daughter of Maj. James Johnston, who served in Washington's body guard during the war, and was present at, and participated in all the battles in which Washington commanded up to the crowning and closing scene at Yorktown, where the British Lion crouched to the American Eagle. He was severely wounded in the knee during the siege. He lived to enjoy the fruits of his labors at the age of 85.

Capt. Edwards served in the War of 1812. His brother, Brice, was major, and he a captain in the same regiment, and they were stationed at Norfolk, Va.

Capt. Edwards removed from Henry county, Virginia, to St. Charles county, Missouri, in the fall of 1840, where he settled. He died in November, 1841, in the sixty-first year of his age, only living one year in his new home. His wife survived him four years, dying in the fall of 1845. He was a man of sterling integrity and strong Christian faith, living up to the golden rule of ever "doing unto others as he would have others do unto him." He and his good wife were blessed with a family of nine children, seven sons and two daughters, only three of whom are now living, namely: Mrs. Susan C. Lacey, wife of Charles H. Lacey, of Wentzville, Mo.; Dr. Edwards and Judge Samuel M. Edwards, of Mexico, Mo. Both parents were long standing and consistent members of the Methodist Episcopal Church.

Dr. Edwards was born in Henry county, Va., October 9, 1828, and was therefore about 12 years old when he came with his father to St. Charles county. The foundation for his education was laid at an "old field" school taught by John Williams, and at a private school of high grade taught by the Rev. Carr W. Pritchett. He finished his literary course at St. Charles College in 1850, and immediately commenced the study of medicine in the office and under the direction of Dr. John A. Talley, of the same county, where he diligently and profitably spent one year. In October, 1851, he matriculated in the medical department of the University of Virginia, where, at the end of two years, on the 29th day of June, 1853, he received, with distinction, the degree of doctor of medicine of that celebrated school. He then returned to St. Charles county, Mo., and at once entered into the practice of his profession, in which he has ever since been actively engaged with excellent success.. He has for 30 years been established as one of the leading physicians of the county.

Dr. Edwards was married in September, 1854, to Miss Sarah A. Pritchett, the second daughter of Henry Pritchett, of Warren county, Mo. She died on March 10, 1873.

He was subsequently married to Miss Sallie Stone, on the 18th day of November, 1874, eldest daughter of Robert H. Stone, of Richmond, Ky., a granddaughter of Col. William Rodes, and a great-granddaughter of Gen. Green Clay, of Kentucky. This interesting and gifted lady died on September 29, 1875, greatly lamented, leaving an infant daughter, Sallie Stone.

In May, 1880, Mr. E. was united in marriage to Miss Kate H. Stone, sister of his second wife. He has by this marriage one son, named Robert Stone.

(Farmer, Post-office, Dardenne).

Mr. Harris has been a resident of St. Charles county for nearly 20 years, and has become well established, not only as one of its well-to-do farmers, but one of its worthy and respected citizens. He is an Ohioan by nativity, born in Belmont county, June 1, 1816. His father, Reuben Harris, was from New Jersey, and when a young man went to Wheeling, West Va., where he was married, in 1801, to Miss Sarah Gill. Twelve years afterwards they removed to Belmont county, O., where they made their permanent home. The father died there in 1860. The mother had preceded him to the grave by about nine years. They had a family of eight children, of whom four are living. Noah Harris was reared to the occupation of farming and stock-raising, and in 1848 removed to Marshall county, Va. Eight years later he changed his residence to Edgar county, Ill., and in 1865 came to St. Charles county, Mo. Meanwhile, before leaving his native county of Ohio, he was married there in 1841 to Miss Lucinda J. Kerr, formerly of Maryland. She was a daughter of James and Lucinda Kerr, of Harford county, Md. Mr. and Mrs. Harris have seven children living of a family of 10: William A., Reuben J., Carrie M., Robert M., Lucy S., Addie M. and Anna M. He and wife, with all their children except one, are members of the Presbyterian Church. Mr. Harris has a comfortable farm of 368 acres, which is comfortably improved and well stocked. He is a man who, both as a farmer and citizen, commands the respect and good opinion of all who know him.

(Farmer, Post-office, O'Fallon).

Mr. Henry was a young man 21 years of age when he came to St. Charles county from Virginia in 1865. He was without means and went to work at farm labor by the month. Later along he returned to Virginia, but came back in 1867, and was married here the following fall, October 14. Miss Maggie Miller became his wife. She was a daughter of Jacob Miller. Mr. Henry shortly engaged in farming on his own account. January 24, 1878, he had the misfortune to lose his first wife by death. She left a family of five children: Minnie B., Lacey G., Edna M., Marcellus W. and Kittie. To his present wife Mr. Henry was married May 13, 1879. She was a daughter of Jacob and Elizabeth E. (Gill) Miller, a sister of his first wife. She was educated at Fairview Seminary. Three children have been the fruits of this union: Clarence (deceased), Clara and Cleveland, named for the next President of the United States.

Mr. Henry rented land for about five years, and then was able to buy a tract of his own. He now has a good farm of 200 acres, a place in a superior state of improvement and cultivation, one of the choice farms in fact in the township. He is steadily prospering by honest industry, as all good Democrats do, for, unlike their opponents, they do not have to resort to ways that are dark and tricks that are sometimes vain to make a living and secure a competence.

Mr. and Mrs. Henry are members of the Presbyterian Church. He was born in Marshall county, W. Va., March 4, 1844, and was reared in the same county. His father was William H. Henry, and his mother's maiden name Catherine A. McDowell. They were both born and reared in Brook county, Va. They came to Missouri in 1867, and in a short time settled in Lincoln county, where the father engaged in farming, but died in 1876. The mother finds a welcome and pleasant home with her son, the subject of this sketch. They had a family of 10 children, eight of whom are living.

(Farmer, Post-office, O'Fallon).

When the War of 1812 broke out Mr. Hensell's father, David Hensell, was a young man a resident of Frederick county, Va., where he had been born and reared. Full of the fire of patriotism that warmed his patriotic ancestors in the action for the defense of their liberties and the rights and institution of the Colonies during the struggle for Independence, he promptly offered himself as a volunteer to uphold the old Flag which his father under the leadership of Washington had carried in triumph to Yorktown a generation before. He served throughout the war and afterwards returned home and was married to Miss Nancy Miller, of Frederick county. He continued in farming until 1839, when he removed to Missouri and settled in St. Charles county. Here he was a substantial farmer and a citizen of consideration. He served as justice of the peace for a number of years, and was a ruling elder in the Presbyterian Church. His death was profoundly mourned. His wife died in 1864. They had a family of eight children, six of whom are living. James L. Hensell was the third in their family of children and was born in Frederick county July 17, 1823. Sixteen years of age when the family came to St. Charles county, he completed his adolescence in this county and in 1850 was married to Miss Martha Ferrell, a daughter of Hutchings B. Ferrell, formerly of Mecklenburgh county, Va. Meanwhile, Mr. Hensell had engaged in farming for himself, and this he has ever since continued. Having been an energetic farmer all his life, frugal and a good manager, he has not failed to reap the rewards of well directed industry. He is now comfortably situated with a good homestead of over 300 acres, well improved and well stocked. He and wife are worthy members of the Presbyterian Church, and he is an elder in the church. They have 10 children: Annie O., David L., Caroline M., Nancy C., Mary V., Alberta, James W., Walter S., Pauline W., Fannie M. and Robert Ferrell. David L. is deceased.

(Physician and Surgeon, St. Peters).

Dr. Hudson graduated in medicine in 1879 and located in St. Peters, where he has been in the practice ever since; he had received a collegiate general education before he commenced the study of medicine, which was, of course, of material advantage to him in the prosecution of his medical studies. A young man of good ability, bright and active, and quick to learn, and having had the best advantages the country affords, both for a general and professional education, it goes without saying that he has succeeded in making himself a physician of superior qualifications. This fact soon became manifest after he engaged in the practice. His success has been rapid and unqualified, and to-day he justly ranks among the popular and prominent physicians of this part of the county; he has built up a large practice, and personally his is not less esteemed than he is popular as a physician. Dr. Hudson's father, James W. Hudson, came to Warren county in an early day; he came there a young man practically without a dollar; indeed, he walked all the way from Virginia; but he is now one of the well-to-do farmers and substantial citizens of that county; he is still living, and is highly respected by all who know him. The Doctor's mother was a Miss Eliza Reynolds, also originally of Virginia. His parents were married in Warren county. They were blessed with a family of 15 children, of whom the Doctor was the eighth. He was born in that county August 30, 1856. His general education was received at the Central Wesleyan College, where he graduated in 1874. He then read medicine under Dr. Oates, of Wright City, and entered the Missouri Medical College, of St. Louis, in the fall of 1877. He took a regular course there of two terms, and graduated with honor in the class of 1879. August 22, 1883, Dr. Hudson was married to Miss Emma V. Bibb, a daughter of the Rev. M. T. Bibb, of Montgomery City. She was educated in that city and is a graduate of Montgomery College. She is a member of the Baptist Church.

(Farmer, Post-office, Cottleville).

The Hoffman family, though long settled in America, having been here for a number of generations, is of German descent, and the branch of it to which the subject of the present sketch belongs descended from John Hauffmann, who was one of the early Hanovarian settlers in the early colonial days of the country of New York. Representatives of the family subsequently became dispersed over Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia and several other States. Mr. Hoffman, the subject of this sketch, was a son of George Hoffman and a grandson of Peter Hoffman, the latter of whom was one of the pioneer settlers of St. Charles county. Mr. Hoffman's mother was a Miss Mary McConnell, a lady of Irish descent, but of an early family of this country. So in the veins of the subject of the present sketch course the blood of the sturdy Teuton and of the volatile, patriotic Celt. He was born in this country, March 12, 1838, and was reared to a farm life. In 1860 he was married to Miss Mary Schiller, distantly related by collateral descent to the great German poet, Schiller. She was a daughter of Adam and Elizabeth Schiller, her father a native of Germany. Mr. Hoffman has followed farming continuously from boyhood, and is comfortably settled on a good homestead in this county of 175 acres. He and his good wife have had 10 children, all but two of whom are living: Isaac, Mary, Elizabeth, Katie and George (twins), Laura, Alexander, Henry Schiller, Rosa and Ella.

(Pastor of the Evangelical Church, Cottleville).

For the last four years Rev. Daniel Irion has had charge of teh Evangelical Church of this place. A thorough theologian and a minister of approved experience, as wel as a pastor who possesses to a marked degree the qualities which inspire respect and esteem, and a preacher of great force and eloquence in the pulpit, his service here has been productive of great good and has added much to the prosperity of the church and the advancement of the cause of religion. Mr. Irion was born in Warren county, Mo., February 21, 1855. His father was Rev. Prof. Andrew Irion, originally from Germany, and for many years professor of theology in the Evangelical Seminary near Marthasville, Warren county, Mo. He was married in New York in 1852 to Miss Minnie Keck, a young lady from Strasbourg, in Alsace. He died in Warren county, in 1870; she is yet alive. Mr. Daniel Irion, the subject of this sketch, was educated for the ministry, taking a thorough course at Elmhurst College, Du Page county, Ill. He studied theology in the Evangelical Theological Seminary, then in Warren county, but located in St. Louis county, near the city of St. Louis, since 1883, where he graduated in 1877. The same year he was ordained a minister of the Evangelical Church, and was shortly afterwards chosen to the chair of ancient languages at Elmhurst College, which he filled with success and ability for about three years. He was then called to take charge of the church at Cottleville, where he has ever since continued. In 1880 Mr. Irion was married in Washington county, Ill., to Miss Friederica Stanger, of Illinois. They have three children: Oscar and Rudolph; teh other one is deceased. Mr. Irion is greatly esteemed in Cottleville as an able and pious minister, and as an upright man and good citizen.

(Dealer in General Merchandise, Cottleville).

Mr. Keiser was born in this county, February 6, 1857, and was a son of George and Anne (Haslepp) Keiser, both originally from Germany. His father came here a young man when 19 years of age, and soon afterwards enlisted for service in the Mexican War. After the expiration of his term of service he returned to St. Charles county and engaged in farming, which he followed until his death, in 1882. His first wife died in 1864, and he was afterwards married to Catherine Greene, formerly of Germany. She is still living. George Keiser was also in the late war on the side of the South. Jacob Keiser was the only child by his father's first marriage, and there was only one by his father's second marriage. Jacob was reared in this city and in 1880 was married to Miss Emma Morgerkort, a daughter of Charles Morgerkort, formerly of Germany. Mr. Keiser came to Cottleville in the spring of 1875 and engaged in his present business. He carries an excellent stock of goods and has built up a good trade. He is also postmaster at Cottleville. Mr. and Mrs. Keiser have one child, George. He and wife are members of the Evangelical Church.

(Postmaster, O'Fallon).

Among the higher class of Germany who came to this country during the thirties was the family of which the subject of the present sketch is a representative. His parents, Francis L. and Catherine (Schuhmacher) Krekel, came from the district of the Rhine, near the ancient town of Cologne, in Prussia, to the United States in 1832, and settled in St. Charles county, Mo. However, the mother died while the family were en route to this country (at Louisville, Ky.), leaving her husband and six children, who came on and settled in St. Charles county. Here the father engaged in farming, and being a man of energy and good business qualifications, as well as of high character and good education, he became quite successful. He died here in 1871, one of the highly respected and influential citizens of the county. His children, of those who survived through school age, were given excellent educational advantages. But two of the original family of six children, are living, namely: Arnold and the subject of this sketch. Arnold received an advanceed education and became one of the most eminent lawyers at the Missouri bar. In 1863, such was his commanding position in his profession in this State, and, indeed, throughout all this part of the country, that the office of the United States District Judge being vacant, he was appointed to the vacancy by President Lincoln, the appointment being confirmed by a unanimous vote of the American Senate. Judge Krekel has continured in the office of United States District Judge ever since that time, for a period now of over 20 years, and by his learning and ability and his strict impartiality all high integrity as a judge, has won the confidence and esteem of all who have had busines sin his court, and has achieved a national reputation as a profound lawyer and conscientious, just judge. Nicholas Krekel, the second of the two survivors of the family, and the subject of this sketch, was born in Berghausen, Prussia, August 30, 1825, and was therefore a lad only about seven years of age when his father settled in St. Charles county. He was reared in this county and remained at home on the farm with his father until he was nearly approaching majority. He then went to St. Louis and was connected with the manufacture of shot at the shot-tower in that city, the first one established west of the Alleghanies, for some seven years. Meanwhile, however, the Mexican War having broken out, he enlisted for the service of his country under Gen. Price and served iwth conspicuous courage and fidelity until the triumphant close of that struggle. In 1856, still a young man, he located in O'Fallon, Mo., and built the first house that reared aloft its walls at this place. In 1858 he was appointed postmaster of O'Fallon, Mo., and he has continued to hold the office ever since that time. The same year he was appointed station agent on the railway at this place, the duties of which position he discharged until his resignation in 1861. During the Civil War Mr. Krekel was of course on the side of the Union, and rendered valuable service as a home guard and militia man for the preservation of the life of the Nation. September 15, 1857, he was married to Miss Wilhelmina Moritz, a daughter of Casper Moritz, a substantial settler and citizen of Florissant, St. Louis county, Mo., where he died in 1883. Seven of the ten children born of this union are living, one of whom is married and well settled in life, namely: Emma, Bertha, Albert, Sophia, Cora, Mary and Katie. Mr. and Mrs. K. and children are members of the Catholic Church.

(Farmer, Post-office, Weldon Springs).

John Madison McMillin was born in St. Charles county, Mo., December 16, 1829, and was a son of John M. and C. (Howell) McMillin, both natives Missourians. His father died when John M., Jr., was only about 10 years of age, and his mother afterwards became the wife of William R. Blanton. By her first marriage there were eight children, seven of whom are living, and by her second marriage four children were born, only one of whom survives. She had the misfortune to lose her sight about eight years ago, but is still living, and otherwise from the loss of her sight is in comparative good general health. John M., Jr., was reared in this county, and was married in 1852 to Miss Margaret M. Gates. She died three years afterwards, leaving one child, Hannah. Subsequently Mr. McMillin was married to Miss Mary J. Sears. She also died in 1865. She left one child, Jane E. After his second wife's death Mr. McMillin went to Montana and was engaged in mining out there for a period of two years. He then returned to Warren county and engaged in farming, and later was married to Miss M. Baltezer, formerly of Vermont. She died in 1883. She had borne him six children, four of whom are living, John M., William, Samuel T. and Robert F. Mr. McMillin's present wife was formerly a Miss Sarah Aubrey. She is a native Missourian and is a lady of rare excellence of character and attractiveness of person. Mr. McMillin has a good farm of nearly 100 acres. Mr. McMillin's grandfather was killed on Loutre creek, under Capt. Culley, by the Indians in the early years of the present century.

(Physician and Surgeon, Hamburg).

Dr. Martin is a native of Tennessee, born in Monroe county, February 15, 1834. His parents were James and Elizabeth (Witten) Martin, both originally from Virginia. The father was born in the Old Dominion as early as 1777, and after he grew up and married removed to Knox county, Tenn., where he made his home for a number of years. His first wife was a native of Virginia and they were married in 1800. She died in Tennessee, leaving him eight children, of whom six are living, Subsequently he was married to Mrs. Elizabeth Tollett, whose maiden name was Witten, as given above. Meanwhile he had removed to Monroe county, Tenn., where his second marriage took place in 1825. Three children were the fruits of this union, two of whom, including the Doctor, are living. The father was an energetic and intelligent farmer of Monroe county, Tenn., and died there in 1850. The mother survived until 1864. She was a member of the M. E. Church South, and her husband of the Presbyterian Church. Mr. Martin was reared in Tennessee and received a good general education, principally from a private instructor. In 1855, then 21 years of age, he came to Missouri and located first in Cedar county, but the following year crossed over into Camden county, and in 1856 located permanently in St. Charles county. In the meantime he had been engaged in the study of medicine and here he put himself under the instruction of Dr. Couch. His college education in medicine was received at the St. Louis Medical College, where he graduated with honor in 1857. He then returned to this county and entered actively into the practice of his profession, in which he has been continuously engaged ever since. Dr. Martin has been satisfactorily successful as a physician, and especially so in the treatment of cases, and has long had an enviable reputation as an able and faithful practitioner. His practice extends for many miles around Hamburg. In 1867 he was married in this county to Miss Orelia Paulina Anderson, a daughter of Peter and Mahala Anderson, formerly of Virginia. The Doctor and his estimable wife have six children: John M., Robert G., Mahala E., Waldo A., James N. and Virgie H. The Doctor has a comfortable residence property at Hamburg, and is otherwise pleasantly situated.

(Farmer, Post-office, Dardenne).

Dr. John B. Muschany came from Germany a young man and a graduate of one of the prominent German medical universities, and entered upon the practice of his profession in St. Charles county in an early year. He was first located at St. Charles, but afterwards changed to Dardenne, where he was successfully engaged in the practice of medicine until a short time before his death. In 1860 he returned to St. Charles, and died their two years afterwards. He was a man of marked intelligence and superior culture, and one of the really learned and skillful physicians of this part of the country. A man, however, of a singularly retiring and modest disposition, he never rose to that notoriety in his profession which some have obtained; among those who knew him well he was universally regarded as a practitioner of a profound knowledge of medicine and eminent ability. He married in this country, Miss Janetta McCluer becoming his wife. She was originally from Virginia and survived her husband until 1880. Nine children were the fruits of their married life and seven are living. Mrs. Muschany was an exemplary member of the Presbyterian Church. Samuel C. was born in this county, January 6, 1839. He was brought up to a farm life, and received a good general education at the common schools of this county, and at Westminster College, Fulton, Mo. In 1868 he was married to Miss Virginia Moore, a daughter of John L. and Malinda Moore, formerly of Virginia. Mr. Muschany's first wife died in 1871; to his present wife he was married May 6, 1880. She was a Miss Lucy Harris before her marriage, a daughter of Noah and Lucinda Harris, whose sketch appears in this volume. Mrs. Muschany is a member of the Presbyterian Church. Mr. M. has a good farm of 250 acres and is comfortably situated. He is one of the energetic farmers of the township, and as a citizen stands well with all who know him. By his first wife he has one child, a daughter, Alexa.

(Farmer, Post-office, St. Peters).

Mr. Ohmes was 18 years of age when he came to Missouri with his parents, in 1846, and settled in St. Charles county. He had to make his own start in life, his father though a comfortable liver, not being a wealthy man, and being, therefore, unable to do much toward starting his sons in life. But young Ohmes went to work with courage and resolution and made steady progress in teh accummulation of property. He has an excellent farm of about a quarter of a section in the county, and also a quarter of a section of fine land in Kansas. He was born in Hanover, Germany, in May, 1828, and was a son of James and Mary (Garbs) Ohmes. His father was a farmer in Germany, and during the Napoleonic Wars, served with patriotic courage and fidelity in the German army. He followed farming after he came to this county, and died her at a good old age, in 1860. The mother died in 1865. They were members of the Catholic Church. James Ohmes was the fourth of nine children, and in 1853 was married to Miss Linkogel. She died in 1874, leaving 10 children, or rather five, for the other five had preceded her to the grave. Thsoe living are Joseph, Frank, John, William and Clement. His son John is a graduate of the Mound City Commercial College, of St. Louis, Mo. Mr. O.'s present wife is a Miss Catherine Mispagel. To her he was married in 1879. Mr. O. was a soldier in the Union army during the late war.

(General Merchant and Postmaster, Dardenne).

Mr. Orf was reared on his father's farm in this county, but even in boyhood showed a decided preference for business life, a preference that finally led him to give up farming entirely and engage in merchandising. He came to Dardenne in the fall of 1882, and has since carried on a general store at this place. He has a full line of goods that are usually found in a general store, and has built up a good trade. Mr. Orf is one of the prosperous merchants of the western part of the county, and a graduate of Johnson's Commercial College, of St. Louis, Mo. In the fall of 1882 he was appointed postmaster of this place and has continued to hold that position ever since. Mr. Orf is a native of St. Charles county, born September 10, 1859. His father was Joseph Orf, who came over from Germany a young man, in about 1820. His mother was a Miss Katherine Mette, also originally from Germany. His father was a farmer by occupation, and reared a family of 10 children, nine of whom are living. In a later day after he grew up, he was married in 1882 to Miss Elizabeth Schmucker, a daughter of Henry Schmucker and Friderika Pauke, who settled in this county in about 1850. They had one child, Albinus, one of twins born to them, the other being now deceased.

(Farmer and Stock-raiser, Post-office, Cottleville).

Prominent among the sturdy, self-made and successful German-American farmers of Dardenne township is the subject of the present sketch. Mr. Phillips was born in Oberamt Offenburg, July 15, 1821, and was a son of Jacob and Barbara (Schiller) Phillips, who immigrated to this country in 1833 and settled at St. Louis. The father died there the same year, and the mother in 1849. They had a family of three children, two of whom are living. Both were members of the Lutheran Church. Johann, who was 12 years of age when the family came to America, went on a steamboat at St. Lbuis the following year, and was engaged in running the river for 12 years afterwards. He then came to St. Charles county and engaged in farming, taking unto himself a wife about that time. It was in 1846 that he was married, Miss Rosetta Fehr then became his wife. She was of German birth, and a daughter of Joseph and Christina Fehr. Mr. Phillips has continued farming in this county ever since his settlement here and has had good success. He now owns two good farms in the county and is comfortably situated. Mr. and Mrs. Phillips have nine children: Elizabeth, John, Louis, William, Emma, George, Edward, Charles and Joseph. Mr. and Mrs. Phillips are members of the Lutheran Church.

(Principal of Woodlawn Female Seminary, Post-office, O'Fallon).

Prof. Pitman is a native of St. Charles county, born June 24, 1830. His parents are David K. and Caroline L. (Hickman) Pitman, both originally from Kentucky. David K. Pitman came to St. Charles county with his parents when a boy, back in 1811, and grew to manhood in this county. He has ever since continued to make his home within its borders. He was married the first time in Kentucky, when Miss Hickman became his wife. Some years after her death he was married a second time. Three children were the fruits of his first union, of whom Prof. Pitman was the only one to reach the mature years, the other two, Caroline and Lydia, having died at early ages. The father is still living, a retired farmer of this county. He has been quite successful as an agriculturist, and is provided with a substantial competence for old age. Prof. Pitman was the youngest of the three children, and the only son. His early years were spent on the farm and the neighborhood schools. While still a youth, however, he entered the St. Charles College, where he took a regular course and graduated with distinction in the class of 1849, receiving a degree of master of arts. Some time prior to his graduation he had formed a purpose of devoting himself to the medical profession, and on retiring from college began a regular course of study with that object in view. He studied medicine for about two years, but finally gave up the idea of becoming a physician. In a short time he engaged in the occupation of merchandising at Cottleville, where he carried on a general store for about four years. After this Prof. Pitman located on his farm, known as Fairview farm, where he was engaged in agricultural pursuits up to 1861. A man of thorough education and high standing, as well as an enthusiast almost for the education of the young, he was now warmly urged by a large number of citizens in this vicinity to establish a seminary in this part of the county. Yielding to their solicitations Prof. Pitman had the Fairview Seminary school building erected, and in a short time succeeded in establishing a large and flourishing school. This was conducted with increasing success and reputation until 1876, when he was elected president of the Howard Female College, at Fayette, in Howard county, which position he accepted. In 1878 he erected the Woodlawn Female Seminary building and opened his present seminary, of which he is principal. This institution he has had charge of ever since and has made it a complete success; he has three assistant teachers. Prof. Pitman is an educator of unquestionable qualification and one of marked natural aptitude for the instruction of pupils. He soon puts those under his charge in sympathy with him in his efforts for their instruction by the earnest interest he takes in their behalf and his kindness of manners and disposition. His ability and tact in bringing out the truth of any proposition he desires to in a clear and forcible light, which he wishes to explain, is most marked, and by simplifying the point sought to be impressed upon the minds of those under him, nad illustrating it by examples which can not be misunderstood, he succeeds in making, what would otherwise be exceedingly difficult to understand, plain and easy of comprehension. His theory of teaching is that the first and most important work necessary is to awaken an interest in the minds of his pupils for the work they are to do to make it an object of their own desire to accomplish it, and then to assist them only so far as is unavoidable to a proper understanding of the principles involved in the propositions with which they are dealing. In other words, he believes in self-reliance in the school-room, and that one lesson learned by the pupil's own unaided study and investigation is worth a half a dozen acquired by the help of others. The Professor's success as an educator is the best proof of the soundness of his theory and practices in teaching. He has built up one of the best female seminaries throughout this part of the State. On the 15th of March, 1853, he was married at Frostburg, Md., to Miss Ella V. Ward, a daughter of William and Anna M. (Easter) Ward, of that place. Mrs. Pitman is a lady of culture and refinement and was educated at Mt. Nebo Seminary, near Cumberland, Md. The Professor and wife have five children: William W., Caroline L., Anna W., Ella V. and Mary S. One, David K., died at a tender age. The oldest daughter is now the wife of J. C. Heald, a merchant at Nashville, Cal.; Anna W. is the wife of C. A. Fripp, general agent of the Denver and Rio Grande Railroad and a resident of Pueblo, Cal. The Professor and wife are members of the M. E. Church South.

(Farmer, Post-office, Dardenne).

Mr. Price's grandparents early settled in St. Charles county with their family from Ohio. They were among the very first settlers of the county and often entertained Daniel Boone at their pioneer but hospitable home. They came in a day when the trusted rifle was an inseparable companion both for protection and support. Wild game was principally relied upon for meat and their only breadstuff was the native Indian corn, often ground at home between two stones prepared for the purpose, and then to be found in almost every household. During the season of soft corn their corn-meal was made by grating in a tin grater, also of home manufacture, and the bread of that season was always considered a great luxury, as, indeed, it should be, for its lightness and superior richness and sweetness. Hog-killing time of a later day was not looked forward to with more fond anticipation then the soft-corn season of an earlier period. Especially the children were delighted when grated corn bread came in season. With their rich ash-baked hoe-cake, young new potatoes, fresh milk and good butter, and an abundant plate of venison or fat wild turkey, they had a meal that would make the gods smile with gastronomical delight. Those were days of good eating, unquestionably, and an abundance of it, and of good old-fashioned preaching, when the meetings were held at each settler's cabin, in turn, and the preacher came from miles off with his wolf-skin saddle bags and coon-skin cap, swimming the creeks on the way and lariating his horse out at night -- men with long hair, earnest visage and sparkling, restless eyes, who preached the word of God as a dying man would preach to dying men. Then religion obtained in its pure and simple and honest spirit and souls were saved not by one by whole meetings. Verily, the spirit of God walked abroad among his faithful, zealous worshipers. Mr. Price's father, Michael Price, was yet in boyhood when the family came to this county. He grew up in those early days and amid those early primitive, but happy and honest surroundings. He developed a worthy and honorable manhood and became a successful farmer and respected citizen of the county. He married here Miss Nancy Weldon, of another pioneer family of the county. Eight children were the fruits of their marriage. Of these but one is living, the subject of this sketch. Young Price was born April 7, 1815, and was reared on his father's farm. In 1850 he was married to Miss Sophia Graus, whose parents were from Ohio. She died in 1878, leaving two children, George and Sarah. She was a worthy member of the Lutheran Church. Mr. Price, the subject of this sketch, has followed farming from boyhood and is well established on a comfortable homestead. He is one of the well respected and worthy citizens of this township.

(Retired Merchant, St. Peters).

The citizenship of few men in the private walks of life reflect greater credit upon their communities and upon themselves than does that of the subject of the present sketch. Mr. Reineke is the founder of St. Peters, and has not only been chiefly instrumental in building up this place and promoting its best interests in every respect, but had made his life one of much value to the entire community in various good works both of a public and private character. Though he has accumulated a comfortable fortune by his energy, enterprise and good business judgment, he has done more than others than for himself. His chief aim has not been to accumulate property, but to make himself of value to those around him, and if he has acquired ample means, it is only because he has shared in the general prosperity of the community which he has done most to promote. In a word, throughout all the years of his mature manhood his record has been and is that of one of the more public-spirited citizens of the county, intelligent, broad-minded and liberal in everything. Mr. Reineke is a native of Germany, born in Hanover, August 3, 1832. He was about 12 years of age when his parents, John and Sophia (Seeger) Reineke, came to America with their family in 1845. They first located in Texas, but five years later came to St. Charles county and settled permanently in the vicinity of St. Peters. Here the father engaged in farming and was satisfactorily successful. He died in 1862. His wife had preceded him to the grave by about 10 years. Henry Reineke having been a youth of studious habits and of a quick, active mind, obtained a good general knowledge of books and passing events as he grew up, by self-application to study and by general reading, having had little or no school advantages. Reared to a farm life, he was principally occupied with agricultural pursuits, until about 1866, when, having accumulated a nucleus of means in the shape of ready money, he engaged in partnership with Mr. H. Deppe, in general merchandising at St. Peters. They carried on business together at this place for about nine years with excellent success. Meanwhile, in 1857, February 9, Mr. Reineke was married to Miss Mary Ann Ernst, a daughter of Henry Ernst, of this county, but formerly of Hanover. She lived to brighten his home and make happy his life for some 16 years, but on the 8th of July, 1773, fell to sleep in the cold embrace of death. She was from childhood a exemplary member of the Catholic Church, and died triumphant in the faith which had ever been her solace through life. Mr. Reineke's present wife was a Miss Emilie, a daughter of Dr. E. M. and Antonette (Marheineke) of Hildesheim, Hanover, Germany. Mr. R.'s wife was born and reared at that place and he was there married to her. She is a lady of superior culture and refinement, having been educated in the best school in the city of Hildesheim and reared in the best society. Her mother died in 1856 at the age of 82 years, and her father is living with them in St. Peters, Mo. Mr. Reineke laid out or surveyed the town of St. Peters in 1868, and had the plat of the place recorded. He is therefore justly entitled to the honor of being the founder of the town, although there was a small settlement here before he had it platted. But he is entitled to greater credit for what he has done for it since than for the mere naked fact of being its founder. He has been foremost in all movements calculated to benefit the town and has been not less liberal of his means than active in his exertions for the prosperity of the place.

(Pastor of the St. Joseph's Church, Cottleville).

Rev. Father Reisdorff is a native of Prussia, born in Nievenheim, October 4, 1840. His parents, Peter and Theresa (Augendendt) Reisdorff, were both of old German families, and came to this country in 1841, and made it (this country) their fatherland until their deaths. The father died in 1870, and the mother in 1882. Rev. Father Reisdorff was the third of their family of nine children, and was brought to this country when a child fo nine months, and located in Cole county, Mo. Before attaining his majority he decided to devote himself to the priesthood, and accordingly began a course of study with that object in view. His education was completed at St. Francis Seminary, near Milwaukee, Wis., and in 1872 he was regularly ordained a priest. On the 16th of March, of the same year, he was called to take charge of the Annunciation Church at California, in Moniteau, and for four years following he continued in the pastorate of that church. In the year of 1876 he was called to the charge of the St. Joseph's Church, at Cottleville. Father Reisdorff has occupied the chancel here for the last eight years, and by his manifest, earnest piety and his learning and ability, as well as his zeal for the church in the cause of religion, has made for himself a warm place in the hearts of his parishioners and of the entire community. He stands out by his life works and example, as every true priest should, a finger board, as it were, pointing out to his fellow creatures the way to Heaven.

(Dealer in General Merchandise, and Postmaster, Hamburgh, Mo.).

June 14, 1847, and St. Louis county, were the time and place of Mr. Seib's birth. he was of German-American parentage, as his family name indicates. He father was Philip Seib, originally from the old country beyond the Rhine (Hassen Darmstadt), and he came to the United States in 1842. He died here January 22, 1867. He was a farmer by occupation, and an industrious, well respected man. Mr. S.'s mother was a Miss Margaret Graft before her marriage. They had a family of seven children, but only four are living now. The mother died December 17, 1854. Both parents were Protestants, members of the Presbyterian Church. Henry J. was reared in St. Louis county and received a good common-school education. He subsequently went to Columbia, in Monroe county, Ill, where he followed clerking in a store for about a year. In 1869 he came to St. Charles county, and the following year he and Pete Mades engaged as partners in general merchandising at Hamburgh. Later along, in 1873, Mr. Seib became the proprietor of the business, where he continued business in the general mercantile line and has followed it ever since. He is now also postmaster at this place. Mr. Seib has a good trade and is one of the popular merchants of his part of the county. He is a self-made man and commands the respect and esteem of all who know him. November 20, 1873, he was married to Miss Carrie Mades, a daughter of George and Catherine Mades, formerly of Hesse Coberg, Germany. They have four children: Heline C., Amelia C., Julia H. and George T. He and his wife prefer the Evangelical Church to all the rest, but have never been united with any denomination.

(Pastor of the All Saints' Catholic Church, St. Peters).

Whatever may the secular rewards and pleasures of this life, there inevitably comes a time to every man and to every human being when all these shrink into nothingness. Death must come to all, the high and the low, the rich and poor, alike. The great change must come when mortality shall put on immortality, or the soul shall be forever lost. Then it is that those who have spent their earthly lives in the pursuit of the vanities of this world, wealth and high station, or both, or, perhaps, worse delusions than either of these, at the sacrifice of their highest and best interests in the great Beyond, would give all they have won and enjoyed here, a thousand times all, for the faintest hope of happiness beyond the grave. Then it is that the true wisdom of the good man who devotes his life in this world to good works, regardless of personal aggrandizement or advancement, is brought out in bold relief, so that even the most unobservant and thoughtless can see and understand. Looking, then, at the mission of the priest in the light of the highest and best wisdom, who is there to question that his sacred calling is one that challenges not only the purest and noblest qualities of the heart, but the highest and best atttribute of the mind? Consecrated to the priesthood, the licentiate of this sacred called, by the act of his consecration, if his motives and purposes be pure, shows not only that his heart is right, but that he is possessed of a mind capable of the highest wisdom and supreme exaltation. These qualities are indispensable to the character of a worthy and useful priest. He must be capable of the greatest self-denial, and therefore of the highest stamp of fortitude; he most love truth and righteousness above all things else, even above personal comfort and happiness; and he must be ready to make the greatest sacrifices for the cause of the church and of religion. In a word, his whole life and being must be divorced from the world, in the common acceptation of that term, and devoted alone to the service of God and the church for the salvation of souls. Such a duty and such a work require a moral hero and religious devotee. Nothing short of both will do, and he must be found wanting in neither of these. Such a man and such a priest as this is Father Staudinger, the subject of this sketch, as all know who know him and are capable of judging. His life, since he entered the priesthood, and even before, has been an unbroken religious and moral triumph. At all times and in all circumstances he has held up the Cross of Christ and the church with unfaltering heroism and devotion. Nor has his priesthood been unproductive of happy results. Under his benign and sacred influence many, very many souls have been saved to Christ; and to all under his charge, or wherever he goes, who are striving to keep in the narrow way of righteousness, he has ever rendered a helping and sustaining hand. Such a life, when full spent and when the end comes, will have been worth more to him and his fellow creatures than all the rewards and honors the earth could bestow. Father Staudinger is a native of Germany, born in Witterda, in Prussia, February 7, 1835. He was the eldest of three children of Matthaus and Elizabeth (Leonis) Staudinger, and was reared at his native dorf, where his early youth was spent principally in the parochial schools. He also had the benefit of four years' private instruction at Witterda. At about the age of 18 years he came to America, landing at New York, thence shortly proceeding to Milwaukee, where he attended the Catholic Seminary. After some two or three years spent there in study he came to St. Louis and for about two years following was under instruction of the Jesuits of that city. In 1858 Father Staudinger matriculated at the Carondelet Seminary, and after taking a course there entered the Catholic Theological Seminary at Cape Girardeau, in which he continued until his regular ordination to the priesthood. He was ordained June 3, 1860. He was then given charge of the church at Germantown, in Henry county, where he continued, however, only a short time, being transferred thence to the rectorship of the church at St. Peters, in this county. After a pastorate here of about six years he became rector of St. Nicholas Church in St. Louis, and remained there for some 12 years. Meanwhile he was repeatedly solicited with great warmth and affection by the members of the church at St. Peters to return to his old charge here, and he finally consented. He came back to St. Peters in 1878, and has been here in charge of All Saints Church ever since. The thorough understanding and good feeling which have continuously prevailed between him and his parishioners have been very gratifying to both and productive of good results in the church and community. He is regarded with more than ordinary affection as a priest and pastor by the members of his church, and is highly respected and esteemed by all, even outside of the church. His influence at St. Peters has ever been for good, and in his capacity both as priest and citizen his residence here has been one of value to the community. He justly wields a marked influence upon all classes by his high character, learning and intelligence, and manifest purity of purposes.

(Farmer, Post-office, St. Peters).

It was on the morning of the 21st of September, 64 years ago, in the year of 1820, that Mr. Spalding was ushered into life. St. Charles county was the place of his birth, and this county has continued to be his place of residence from that time to this. Reared here, and afterhe grew up married here, that affection for the county of his birth and of his early life became so strongly developed that he could never think of being satisfied at a home elsewhere. His father, Thomas Spalding, was a pioneer settler of the county. He came here from Kentucky in 1816 with his family, when the principal inhabitants were Indians and French traders. Mr. Spalding's mother was a Miss Mary Lawrence, a native of Kentucky. She died in 1834. The father, however, was a native of Maryland. The father was twice married. By his first wife he had 14 children, and by his second, one child. Of the 15 children only two sisters and the subject of this sketch are living. The father died in 1854. Shade Spalding was the tenth child in the first family. December 23, 1851, he was married to Miss Margaret E. Foster, a daughter of Robert G. and Maria (January) Foster. Mrs. S. was the youngest of 10 children. Her father was a Virginian by birth, and her mother a native of Kentucky. In 1820 the family came to St. Charles county from Kentucky. Her father died in 1832 and his widow in the year of 1833. Mrs. S. was born March 10, 1833, and was reared and educated in St. Charles. Mrs. Spalding is a member of the church. Mr. and Mrs. S. have two children: Alice M. and Isadora. Alice is the wife of Daniel Sammelmen, a farmer of this county. Mr. Spalding commenced for himself a poor man with scarcely a dollar, but is now comfortably situated on a good farm. His place contains nearly a quarter of a section.

(Carpenter, Mechanicsville).

Mr. Teckemeyer was brought up to the carpenter's trade, his father having been a master workman in that craft. His father, Christopher Teckemeyer, was a native of Germany, as was also his mother, who was a Miss Marie Deiker before her marriage. They were married in Germany and came to America in 1842, locating first in St. Louis. Two years later they came to St. Charles county, and the father worked at his trade until his death, which occurred in 1868. Louis E. was born in this county August 14, 1847. Reared in the county, he learned the carpenter's trade as he grew up under his father and has followed it ever since. In 1872 he was married to Miss Mene Tweihaus, a daughter of William Tweihaus, formerly of Deutschland. Mr. and Mrs. Teckemeyer have one child, Anna L. Mrs. Teckemeyer died in 1876. Mr. T. is a thorough mechanic, and is liberally patronized as a carpenter and builder. He is a member of the Masonic order.

(Physician and Surgeon, O'Fallon).

Dr. Williams has been a resident of O'Fallon for the last 19 years, during which time he has been actively engaged in the practice of his profession, and has done a great deal for this place as one of its most public spirited citizens. He has ever been among the foremost, if, indeed, not the leader, in all movements and enterprises, material and otherwise, calculated to promote the growth and prosperity of the town and the development of the surrounding country. He is one of that class of men, of whom there are unfortunately too few, who strive to build up the place in which they reside. In his own affairs, also, Dr. Williams has been satisfactorily successful. He is now in comparatively comfortable circumstances. He has not made the acquisition of property his controlling, or even his principal aim in life. He has sought rather to do his full duty in his profession as a capable and successful minister of mercy at the bedside of the sick, and an alleviator of the sufferings of humanity; and to make his life of some value to those among whom he lives as a neighbor and citizen. Dr. Williams is a native Missourian, born in St. Louis county, July 23, 1827. His father was Rev. Thomas Williams, in a later life a local minister of the M. E. Church South, and who was originally from Pennsylvania, but was partly reared in Virginia and Tennessee. He came to St. Louis county when a young man in 1819, where he afterwards met and married Miss Margaret Williams, a union from which nine children were reared, including the subject of the present sketch. In 1853 Dr. Williams having grown up in the meantime, the parents and younger children removed to Texas, where the father died at a ripe old age, in 1874. His regular occupation was farming. Dr. Williams completed his general education at Central College, in Fayette, Mo. He then read medicine under Dr. William Seyle, and in due time entered the Missouri Medical College, under the presidency of Dr. McDowell, where he graduated in 1860. Before graduating, he had been engaged in the practice of medicine in St. Louis county for several years. He continued the practice in that county afterwards, until 1865, when he came to O'Fallon, where he has ever since been located. June 11, 1857, he was married to Miss Julia D. Pritchett a daughter of Henry and Martha M. (Waller) Pritchett, of Warren county, but formerly of Henry county, Va. Mrs. Williams was educated at Howard Female College, at Fayette, Mo. Dr. and Mrs. Williams are the parents of seven children: Ida P., who is the wife of Prof. Henry S. Pritchett, of the Chair of Astronomy in Washington University, a scientist of national reputation; Cora L., Edward (deceased), Josie C., Charles W., William and Mary Emma. The Doctor, wife and daughters, are members of the M. E. Church South.

(Farmer, Post-office, O'Fallon).

Mr. Williams, a prominent farmer of Dardenne township, and one of the leading wheat growers of St. Charles county, came to this county from Virginia, where he was born and reared, in 1867, a young man who had come through the fiery ordeal of the war and had little or nothing to begin life on for himself in this county. He went to work, however, with industry and resolution, and is making farming a marked success. Last year of wheat alone he raised over 1,200 bushels, and a large amount of other grain beside. He is also giving considerable attention to stock raising, in which he is having good success. He is a native of Loudoun county, of the Old Dominion, born January 8, 1843. He was reared in that county is is a son of George W. Williams and wife, nee Sarah Skinner, both of old Virginia families. His father is of Welsh descent, and a well-to-do farmer of Loudoun county. He is still living, but the mother died in 1847. John W. was the fourth of their seven children, and on the outbreak of the war in 1861, being then eighteen years of age, he enlisted in Co. K, of the Sixth Virginia cavalry, and served under Gen. J. E. B. Stuart, of the Confederate army, until the close of the struggle, participating during that time in many of the hardest fought battles of the war. In 1867 he came to St. Charles county and engaged in farming in this county. January 14, 1869, he was married to Miss Margaret M. Boyd, a duaghter of William A. and Elizabeth (Poage) Boyd, of this county. Mrs. W. was educated at Fairview Seminary. They have seven children: Elizabeth B., Marshall M., Olive L., Daisey B., Ethel C., Charles (deceased), and Kittie J. Mr. and Mrs. W. are members of the M. E. Church South.

(Farmer and Stock-raiser, Post-office, Dardenne).

Col. Woodson's parents, Judge Charles Woodson and wife (nee Anne Wilson), came to St. Charles county in 1841. They were from Virginia, and Richard G. was born in Prince Edward county, Va., September 6, 1833. After the removal of the family to St. Charles county Judge Woodson became a successful and leading farmer of the county, and one of its influential and highly respected citizens. He was elected a member of the county court and during the war, although far advanced beyond the limit of military age, served as lieutenant-colonel in the Union home guards. He is still living, at the venerable age of 90, and is yet vigorous and his memory well preserved, considering his advanced age. His good wife is also still spared to accompany him on down the journey of life. All their family of eight children are living, and several of them are now themselves the heads of families. The Judge and his good wife are both members of the Presbyterian Church. Col. Richard G. Woodson was principally reared in St. Charles county and was educated at Wyman's high school, of St. Louis, the State University of Missouri, where he graduated in the class of 1853, and afterwards studied law, taking a course in the law department of the University of Virginia. About 1856 he returned home and located in St. Louis, where he was admitted to the bar. He continued the practice of law in St. Louis for several years. In 1862 he was commissioned major of the Tenth, or Third cavalry, M. S. M., and was afterwards made colonel of the regiment. During most of his time since the war Col. Woodson has given his undivided attention to his farming and stock interests. In 1868 he was married to Miss Grace Lee, a daughter of Phillip Lee, formerly of New York. They have seven children, namely: Gertrude, Alice, Charles, Tarlton, Nannie, Grace and Freda.

(Farmer, Post-office, St. Peters).

Mr. Zerr, a substantial German-American farmer of Dardenne township, was born in Germany, July 18, 1843. His father was Louis Zerr, Sr., and his mother's maiden name was Elizabeth Arch. They came to America in 1846, when Louis, the subject of this sketch, was only 3 years of age. They settled in St. Charles county, where the father is still engaged in farming. Louis, Jr., was reared in this county and remained at home, principally, until his marriage. He was married June 6, 1864, when Miss Magdaline Schneider became his wife. This union has been blessed with eight children, six of whom are living: Mary M., Katie, Joseph, Michael, Theresa and Carl. Mr. Zerr has a good farm of 113 acres, most of which isin excellent cultivation. He and wife are members of the Catholic Church.

Transcribed June 2003 by Deborah Heimann -- Co-ordinator for the St. Charles County, Missouri USGenWeb pages.