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The Lost Colony by Hamilton McMillan, published in 1888
Owned by Roberta Estes
Estes - copyright 2010
original document was written by Hamilton McMillan in 1888.
I have transcribed the original and added research notes where the data
was adequate to either verify what Mr. McMillan wrote or to add more
Carolina Described 1666 by Robert Horne
The image above is from a 1944 reprint [© University of Virginia] of the original map which was published in A Brief Description of the Province of Carolina on the Coasts of Floreda... Together with a most accurate Map of the whole Province, a pamphlet printed for Robert Horne in 1666. "It is now very rare and the map itself still rarer, as it is usually not found in the extant copies" (Cumming 60). The map shows Charles Town, "... a colony from Charlestowne, Massachusetts, est. in 1662 under the leadership of William Hilton, on Town Creek... Abandoned in 1663. In 1664 a colony from Barbados under the leadership of Sir John Yeamans occupied the site, but they abandonedd it in 1665." (from The North Carolina Gazetteer by William S. Powell © 1968 UNC Press). The map shows the "Hilton Riv." (now Cape Fear R.) and the "Charles Riv." (now N.E. Cape Fear R.) as well as many place names that appear on a printed map for the first time.
 Found at http://www.lunacommons.org/luna/servlet/detail/JCB~1~1~1618~2340001:A-New-Discription-of-Carolina-By-Or# the map shows the peninsula west of Roanoke Island as Croatoan.
 Lawson map of 1709 - relevant portion extracted
 RJE - This is very reminiscent of the Christian idealogy of Heaven and Hell.
 In the document "In the Heart of the Arctics" by Nicholas Senn, MD, PhD, in 1907 http://www.archive.org/stream/inheartofarctics00sennuoft/inheartofarctics00sennuoft_djvu.txt we find the following text relating to this date: The final fate of the second discoverer of Greenland is wrapped in obscurity. In 999 A. D., Leif, his son, visited the court of Norway, where, under the influence of the then reigning king, he was Christianized and returned to Greenland with monks and established a number of colonies near Cape Farewell. These colonies prospered for a long time, but were extinguished by the hostile natives and "black death," an epidemic which raged in Europe from 1402 to 1404, and at last reached Greenland. The colonies became extinct about the beginning of the sixteenth century. Except the scanty ruins of a church, the only vestiges of these early settlements now remaining consist of low, naked walls, which must have served as pens for sheltering cattle, and an inscription, in the Runic language, on a stone slab, found in 1824, planted erect in the ground, on the island of Kingitorsoak, latitude 73 north, bearing the date April 25, 1135. The inscription has never been completely deciphered. Dr. T. Stewart Traill, of Liverpool, has interpreted this much of it: "Oelligr Sigwathson, and Baaos Tortarson and Oenrithi Osson, on the Saturday before Gagndag erected Thorward's monument, and wrote this." (And then what remained is unintelligible.) [Gagndag was a holiday of the Catholic church in Iceland.]
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