Bristol-County-index

Bristol County

 

 

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Bristol County was created by the Plymouth Colony on June 2, 1685, and named after its "shire town" (county seat), Bristol. The Plymouth Colony merged into the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1691.

The towns of Bristol, Barrington, and Warren were awarded to Rhode Island in 1746 as part of a long-running boundary dispute, forming Bristol County, Rhode Island. At the same time,Cumberland, Rhode Island was carved out of Attleborough, Massachusetts and annexed to Providence County, Rhode Island; Tiverton and Little Compton were transferred to Newport County, Rhode Island. East Freetown was officially purchased by Freetown, Massachusetts, from Tiverton in 1747, and so remained on the Massachusetts side.

After the departure of Bristol, Taunton was made the capital of the county. A second county courthouse was constructed in 1828 in the growing town of New Bedford (designed a "half-shire town"). In 1862, part of Seekonk (now East Providence, Rhode Island) and the entirety of East Pawtucket were transferred to Providence County, Rhode Island. At the same time, land ceded from Rhode Island was added to Fall River and Westport. The growing Fall River became the site of the third county courthouse in 1877.

 

Cities and Towns

Acushnet

Attleboro

Berkley

Dartmouth

Dighton

Easton

Fairhaven

Fall River

Freetown

Mansfield

New Bedford

North Attleborough

Norton

Raynham

Rehoboth

Seekonk

Somerset

Swansea

Taunton

Westport

 

Adjacent Counties

Norfolk County , Massachusetts (North)

Plymouth County, Massachusetts (East)

Newport County , Rhode Island (Southwest)

Bristol County , Rhode Island (West)

Providence County , Rhode Island (Northwest

Dukes County, Massachusetts (South) is opposite Buzzards Bay

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