Homepage of Judy Lyne

Homepage for Logan Co., KY, Genealogical Society, Inc.

Logan County, KY, Genealogical Society, Inc., P. O. Box 853, Russellville, KY 42276-0853. Society volunteers work in Logan Co., KY, Archives at 278 West 4th Street (Business Hwy. 68-80) on same block as courthouse. One clerk is also available. E-mail: logankyarchives@att.net  Phone: 270-726-8179.  You may also contact the president of the society, Judy Lyne, at lynejudy@gmail.com

Main purpose is to preserve genealogical records, especially circuit court records housed in jail vault at Archives. Work is ongoing and has continued since 1981.

County court records are housed in nearby clerk's office but marriages (1792-1950), wills (1792-1923) and early deeds (1792-1819) have been abstracted and basic information is available in book form, either for purchase or use in Archives.

Library of over 2600 items is available for use in Archives, concentrating on references of KY counties, but also contains references from other states, especially TN, NC, and VA. KY death certificates are public records 50 years after the date and these are available in Archives. Family files and books from donations are on shelves and in cabinets.

Free scans of county (marriages, wills, cemetery) and circuit court (equity, ordinary, and miscellaneous) records can be provided. Send ONE ancestor's name per request, approximate time he was in Logan County, identifying information such as siblings, spouse, basic information you already have on him. Volunteers will scan and list records available from which you can choose ones to order, if interested.

This site allows us to provide free access to indexes as well as provide some files of general interest. Visit http://www.logangenealogy.com for more complete description of our society and records available at Logan Co., KY, Archives.

Come visit us soon, either in person or via e-mail.

Here are some of my favorite websites:

http://www.logangenealogy.com  This is the site maintained by the Logan Co., KY, Genealogical Society, Inc., operating from the Logan Co., KY, Archives.

 


 

This page belongs to Judy Lyne.

ORDER BOOK INDEXES FOR 1792-1860

All indexes are searchable at http://userdb.rootsweb.com/courtrecords/

 

Logan Co., KY, Index to Order Book 1, 1792-1806:  Searchable on http://userdb.rootsweb.com/courtrecords/forms/kylogan.19.txt

Logan Co., KY, Index to Order Book 1A, 1793-1802:  Searchable on http://userdb.rootsweb.com/courtrecords/forms/kylogan.24.txt

Logan Co., KY, Index to Order Book 2, 1801-1803:  Searchable on http://userdb.rootsweb.com/courtrecords/forms/kylogan.29.txt

Logan Co., KY, Index to Order Book 3, 1803-1806:  Searchable on http://userdb.rootsweb.com/courtrecords/forms/kylogan.24.txt

Logan Co., KY, Index to Order Book 4, 1806-1809:  Searchable on http://userdb.rootsweb.com/courtrecords/forms/kylogan.28.txt

Logan Co., KY, Index to Order Book 5, 1809-1813:  Searchable on http://userdb.rootsweb.com/courtrecords/forms/kylogan.27.txt

Logan Co., KY, Index to Order Book 6, 1813-1817:  Searchable on http://userdb.rootsweb.com/courtrecords/forms/kylogan.26.txt

Logan Co., KY, Index to Order Book 7, 1817-1822:  Searchable on http://userdb.rootsweb.com/courtrecords/forms/kylogan.25.txt

Logan Co., KY, Index to Order Book 8, 1822-1830:  Searchable on http://userdb.rootsweb.com/courtrecords/forms/kylogan.24.txt

Logan Co., KY, Index to Order Book 9, 1830-1838:  Searchable on http://userdb.rootsweb.com/courtrecords/forms/kylogan.23.txt

Logan Co., KY, Index to Order Book 10, 1839-1846:  Searchable on http://userdb.rootsweb.com/courtrecords/forms/kylogan.22.txt

Logan Co., KY, Index to Order Book 11, 1846-1853:  Searchable on http://userdb.rootsweb.com/courtrecords/forms/kylogan.21.txt

Logan Co., KY, Index to Order Book 12, 1854-1860:  Searchable on http://userdb.rootsweb.com/courtrecords/forms/kylogan.20.txt

 

EMANCIPATIONS IN LOGAN CO., KY, COURT RECORDS, 1792-1865 

 

All emancipations are searchable on http://userdb.rootsweb.com/colored/

 

 

Logan County, KY, Emancipations, 1792-1865

 

This database compiles all references to emancipation orders, both in Order and Deed Books between the formation of Logan County in September 1792 and end of the Civil War.  Book A (or 11) and Book B (or 12) are missing and only the indexes remain.  These books cover November 1846 through December 1859.  Dates are estimated by comparing death dates of some individuals and their cemetery record.  Records do list some emancipated slaves, however no descriptions and few owners are listed.  Some entries, such as "F. W. Lewis to Jackson," could be emancipation papers, apprentice or indenture contracts, or merely a contract between two individuals.  They are copied here as written and as carefully as possible to prevent researchers from missing their ancestor.  In this example, Jackson is listed as a surname but also listed as Negro - Jackson in case it was an emancipation. 

 

In Logan County, the emancipations in the Deed Books are indexed under "Slaves" in the master index, 1792-1938. These are recorded in the database, some as duplications to the order book entries and some separate entries. This index also lists the immigrants and the slaves brought into Kentucky for personal use but these are not included in the database for it refers only to those individuals emancipated. 

 

Slavery and emancipation from this servitude was always regulated by Kentucky constitutions and statutes. How carefully the rules were followed is only a guess so this list is as accurate as the records allow.

 

Virginia, when giving permission for Kentucky to be cut off to form the fifteenth state of the union, stipulated that slavery as an established institution would be maintained. Following Virginia codes, the first constitution in 1792 set the basis for slavery in Kentucky. Among other points, Article IX stipulated

 

1. The legislature could pass no law for the emancipation of slaves without the consent of owners or without paying their owners. This explains the early capital felony cases where a slave was convicted, executed and then the owner paid for his loss.

 2. Laws could be passed to regulate emancipation so that the slave did not become a burden on the county where he resided nor could creditors be foiled by sudden freeing of the slave.  

 

 

3. While immigrants could bring their slaves into the state, no slaves were to be brought here with the intent of merchandising purposes nor could slaves from a foreign country be brought to Kentucky. In this case, the word "intent" allowed for slave trade for anyone could "intend" to use the slave for personal use and then decide later to sell said slave or slaves. 

 

In December of 1794, the emancipation law clarified a few points. If one desired to emancipate his slaves by a will, the document had to be in writing, stamped with a seal, attested, and proved in open court by two witnesses. The court could demand bond and security from the emancipator or the executor of his estate so freed Negroes would not be a burden on the county finances. A certificate, made of parchment and bearing the county seal, was to be given to the freedman.  

 

Kentucky operated under the guidelines developed in Virginia until 1798 when it drew up its own slave code. These forty-three articles dealt more with the treatment of slaves, solving problems inherent with slavery, punishments for various crimes committed by slaves or owners and did little to change the emancipation practices.

In 1823 a slight refinement of the emancipation law was passed. It required a description of the freed slave on the certificate and specified that only one certificate was to be issued unless a person could prove the first one was lost. Severe penalties were to be incurred if a freedman gave his certificate to a slave, thus allowing the other slave to have freedom. 

 

To avoid some of the legal and financial obligations, some Kentucky slave owners took their slaves to Ohio and freed them over the state line. Many of these may have moved to a colony of freed slaves in Green County, OH. Only one record was found in Logan County Deed Book T when Maria Caldwell was freed at Cincinnati, OH. Since it would not have been required to be noted in order or deed books, others may have been freed in this manner. Some of the Logan County records state the freed slave has to move from Kentucky, that he may go anywhere in the world except slave states, and some specify a move to Ohio, Indiana, or Illinois. Owner Ephraim M. Ewing even specified that M. T. or R. T. Higgins was to take the freemen out of state. 

 

One odd segment of Logan County history occurred between 1 January 1862 and 29 January 1862. In late 1861 and early 1862, Logan County was occupied by forces of the Confederate Army. Some freedmen were forced to work for this army and there were reports of freedmen being carried south and sold into slavery. Fearing for their freedom and that of their children, twenty freedmen voluntarily chose new masters, agreeing to be their slaves for life. They also agreed to the binding of their children, the boys to age 21, the girls to age 18, in apprenticeship programs to the new masters. By August when the Union forces had driven out the Confederates, the freedmen realized they had been unduly influenced by the specific individuals who benefited from their new enslavement. Of the twenty who were enslaved by this voluntary court order, eleven are not in the records as plaintiffs in suits asking for return of their freedom.  Equity court records record the other nine suing for and winning back their freedom.  Of the 44 free Negro children bound to the various participants, only seventeen, those of the three families of Elijah and Elizabeth Broadnax, Bathia Cole, and Eliza Jane Bibb, show up in the later emancipation law suits. 

 

 

 

 Emancipations in Logan Co., KY, court records -- Go to http://userdb.rootsweb.com/colored/  Form below here does not seem to work.

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