Franklin County, KYGenWeb  

War of 1812

Battle of the River Raisin

The most dire calamity that ever befell the people of Franklin County happened during the decade (1810-1820). The history of the war between the United States and Great
Britain; the causes which led up to and the sequences which followed are a part of national history.  The United States army in the northwest was composed almost
exclusively of Kentuckians, a history of which is properly a part of history of the State.Franklin County, however, did more than just a proportional part.  She furnished more
men, and more money, and she gave more of her heroic blood for the honor and glory of this great country than could have reasonably been expected from one community.

Captain Paschel Hickman's Company, First Riffle Regiment Kentucky Militia

Two full companies enlisted from Franklin County, the first under Paschel or Perchal Hickman.  As Captain he was mustered into the service, August 15, 1812 and his
company was known as Captain Paschel Hickman's Company, first rifle regiment, Kentucky Militia.  It was engaged on October 14, 1812.

The eighty-six men composing this company were all killed at the Battle of the River Raisin, except thirteen of them.  To this date, only twelve of these men are known to
have returned to their homes in Franklin County: Lieut. Peter Dudley, Alexander Renick,Joseph Clark, Lewis Fenwick, Elisha Herndon, John A. Holton, Z. B. Lewis, Francis
Mayhall, John Mayhall, John
Richardson, Alexander Robertson and James Wilson. 

Joseph Armstong, Private
Berrisford Arnold, Private

James Bassett, Private
James Biscoe, Private
Samuel Blackburn, Private
Isaac Boone, Private
William Bratton, Private
John Brock, Private
Overton Brown, Private
William Brown, Private
Martin Calvert, Private
Richard Chism, 3rd. Corporal
Joseph Clark, Private
Phillip Clark, Private
Garland Cosby, Private
John Cox, Private
Lemuel Davis, Jr., Private
Lemuel Davis, Sr. Private
Peter Dudley, Lieutentant
Lewis Fenwick, Private
Nathan Goodrich, Private
John Hays, Private
Benjamin Head, 2nd. Sergeant
Moses Head, Private
Willian D. Hensley, Private
Elisha Herndon, Private
Paschel Hickman, Captain
John A. Holton, Private
James B. Humphreys, Private
Benjamin B. Johnson, 4th Corporal
Geo. T. Johnston, Private

Simon Kenton, Private
Gideon King, Private
John Koons, Private
John Lane, Private
Zachariah B. Lewis, Private
Jacob Lively, Private
Lapsley McBride, Private
Otho McCracken, Private
Timothy Marshall, Private
David E. Mathews, Private
Francis Mayhall, Private
John Mayhall, Private
                                               Joshua Moore, Private
Timothy T. Moore, Private
Joseph Mosely, Private
John G. Mullican, Private
John Nailor, 4th Sergeant
George Nichols, 3rd Sergeant
John Noland, Private
Robert Owen, Private
Benjamin Pannell, Private
James Parker, Private
William T. Pemberton, 2nd. Corporal
John Phillips, Private
Joseph Pitts, Private
Jesse Poe, Private
Meriwether Poindexter, Private
William Pruett, Private
David Quinn, 1st. Sergeant
Samuel Reading, Private
Alexander Rennick, 1st. Corporal
Jas. Richardson, Private
Jno. Richardson, Private
Geo. Robertson, Private
Alexander Robinson, Private
Jno. Rossen, Private
Jno. Sanders, Private
William Sanders, Private
Francis Slaughter, Private
Jesse Smiley, Private
John Smith, Private
Samuel Smith, Private
Reuben Sparks, Private
Rankin Steel, Private
Wm. Stevens, Private
John Tate, Private
Thomas Tate, Private
Samuel Throckmorton, Private
Benjamin Underwood, Private
Wm. Updike, Private
Peter G. Voorhies, Ensign
Van West, Private
William West, Private
James Wilson, Private
George Yancy, Private

The Battle, January 21, 1813

On January 21, 1813, the Battle of Raisin River begins. The order of the Battle of River Raisin was as follows: Lieut. Colonel John Allen commanding the right
wing: Major Graves, the left; and Major Madison, the center;  Captain Ballard (acting Major) was placed in advance of the whole with two companies, one
company commanded by Captain Hickman, Subaltern Lieut. Chinn, the other by Captain Graves.
 The American force, commanded by General Winchester,
surrenderd to British General Proctor, 500 dead and 100 wounded.A. B. Woodward, Judge of the Supreme Court of the Michigan territory, in a letter
to General Proctor, dated February 2, 1813, stated that some of the prisoners after the capitulation of the 22nd of January had been tomahawked and others

had been shot and still others had been burned at the stake by the savages. The Indians were permitted by General Proctor to slaughter his wounded and
defenseless captives, "Captain Hickman was rudely dragged to the door, his brains dashed out with a tomahawk and his body thrown back into the house."
Captain Hickman was severely wounded and was carried from the battlefield, both of his legs were shot off, or were so badly mangled that they were amputated the
next morning, January 23, 1813.
Paschel Hickman was the Jailer of Franklin County at the time he enlisted for military service,  He was the son of the
Rev. William Hickman, a noted Baptist preacher and teacher of pioneer days.  Paschel Hickman was six feet two inches tall and weight over two hundred
pounds.  He was a very handsome man and one of the most popular of the day. Lapsley McBride, son of Colonel William McBride, and great uncle of Judge W.
Lapsley Jett, and for whom said Jett was named; and Berrisford Arnold, who was a very handsome man, the son of James Arnold, another great uncle of Judge Jett

were killed at the River Raisin. The records in the Adjutant General's office at Frankfort fail to show when any member of this noted company was discharged from
service.  The discharge of Sergeant Rennick is dated Urbana, Ohio, February 21, 1813.  After the slaughter at River Raisin the few Franklin County men who
returned straggled in one at a time, and each time one came home the cannon fired asthe whole surrounding country, as far as it could be heard, would hasten
to Frankfort to inquire about the lost ones.

The History of Franklin County, Kentucky: by L. F. Johnson, 1912

It has been brought to my attention a much better and complete account of this battle was given in Remember the Raisin, by G. Glenn. Clift, originally published by the KHS.  Reprint by Clearfield Company, Baltimore, MD, 1995 may be purchased at the River Raisin Battlefield Visitor Center, 1403 E. Elm Street, Monroe, MI  46162.

Michigan's Tribute to River Raisin

Custer Remembers the Raisin  - new


The Franklin County, Kentucky GenWeb website was built during the month of September 1998 by Anne Holder Lee.
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© 1998 - 2017 Anne H. Lee

"Last of the Mohicans"