A Brief Synopsis of the Irish in the St. Thomas Sub Registration Districts 1a-1j of Liverpool Civil Parish in the 1851 Census, their Counties of Origin in Ireland and Occupations held

It is clear that a significant number of the Irish Immigrants in Liverpool Lancashire originated from the Connaught areas of County Mayo and County Roscommon, Ireland. This may be the final destination for a few, a stop on the way to search for work for others and a starting point of a journey abroad for many more.

Locations of the Irish-born and observations noted in districts 1a-1j of the 1851 Liverpool, St Thomas Sub Registration District:

The Irish-born in District 1a were living on Hanover Street, Duke Street, York Street, Campbell Street and Courts, Henry Street and Courts, Argyle Street and Courts, Seddon Street, Price Street, Cleveland Square and Pitt Street. Unfortunately no counties of origin in Ireland were given. The Irish held a vast array of occupations but the vast number of women were employed as a servant of some sort (Domestic, General, Housekeeper or Cook, washerwoman). Many men held jobs you would associate with a busy port on the Mersey such as Dock Laborer, Provision Dealer or Merchant, Herring Curing, Carter, Porter (corn, warehouse, cotton), Sailmaker and Police Officer as well as trades such as Cooper, Printer, baker, Rope Maker, Coach Maker, Carpenter, Shoe Maker, Cabinet Maker and Basket Maker (many were listed as journeymen or apprentices). The Irish also held a variety of other jobs such as Hawker of fish and Greens, Fish Monger, Green Grocer, Tailorefs (sic) Pawnbroker, Inspector of Sewers, Iron Molder, charwoman, Shopman, earthenware dealer, victroller?, Hair Curler and Cloth Cap Maker.

The heaviest concentrations of Irish-born in District 1b were living on Frederick Street and Courts or Upper Frederick Street followed by Patrick Street and Courts, Park Lane, Cleveland Square, Price's Street, Lower Pitt Street and Forrest Street Court. The only Irish for which a place of origin in Ireland was given were Michael Cavanagh of Dublin, Stephen Flinn of Waterford and Ann Martin of Cavan, Ireland. The Irish held trades one might associate with the dock/ port such as Mariner (many) , Tea Dealer, Carter, Ship Scraper, Warehouseman, Seaman (many), Shipwright, Sailor, Watchman, Sail Maker, Nail Makerand Mariner Rigger. The Trades represented were: Cooper, Tinman, Joiner, Shoemaker, Tailor, Hair Dresser, Plasterer, Bootmaker, Hatter, Butcher, Carpenter, Stone Nobbler, and Painter. The Irish men also worked as merchants: Feather Dealer, Earthenware Dealer, Provision Dealer and Coal Dealer. Women were primarily employed as Servants, washerwomen, Char Woman, Dress Maker and Lodging House Keeper. A few had more unusual jobs like annuitant, Biscuit Dealer, Dealer in Milk and Publican. Errand Boy was a frequent occupation noted for teenage boys.

There was a huge concentration of Irish in District 1C; unfortunately, only one entry gave a place of origin in Ireland, Bartholomew Keefe, a Tinsmith from Dublin (his wife was from Derbyshire, England. The Irish-born were living on Parklane and Parklane West Side, Courts, and Cellar, Coint? Court, Canning Place, Mersey Street and Court, Hurst Street and Cellar, Beckwith Street, Carpenter's Row and Court, Pownall Street, Cellar and Court, Liver Street and Court, Shaw's Alley and Court and Maghull Street, Court and Cellar. Occupations held by the Irish men ran the gamut from the Dock-related jobs such as Mariners, Dock Porters, Teacher of Navigation, Dock Laborers, Officer of Customs, Tide Water Customs, Marine Store Dealer, Shipwright, Ship Joiner, Stevedore and Salt Weighters to skilled trades like Coopers, Black Smiths, Bakers, Tailors, Boot and Shoe makers, Hair Dresser, Wheelwrights, Engine driver, Basket Maker, Clock maker and manufacture, Bronsmetry? Maker, Painter, Tinsmith, Draper's Apprentice, Coppersmith and plumber. Men held other miscellaneous occupations such as Book, Watch and Trouser Sellers, Shopkeeper, Musician, Vender of Medicines, Optician, Commercial Traveler, Auctioneer, Engine Driver, Boot Binder and Closer, Plasterer, Nailer, Tallow Chandler and French Polisher. Many were also employed as general laborers. They also received income as Chelsea Pensioners, Pensioners and Cart Owners. Women were employed in the following occupations: Laundrefs (sic), Charwoman, Barmaid, General Servant, Hawker, House Keeper and Boarding Housekeeper, Dealer of Provisions, Proprietor of Milkhouse, Drefs (sic) Maker, Waistool? Maker, Seamstress, Green Grocer, Hair Dresser, Victualler, Dealer, and Tailorefs(sic). The vast majority were employed as a Laundrefs, Charwoman or General Servant and one Irish woman was on Parish Relief.

The Irish in District 1D were living on Mersey Street and Court, Hurst Street, Garden Street, Barter Street and Court, Salthouse Lane and Court, Charlotte Place and Street, Ansdell Street and Court, Runcorn Street, Wapping and South Canning Place and Court. Fortunately this census taker obtained specific counties of birth in Ireland on many of the Irish in this District. The following individuals were noted as being born in Dublin, Ireland: Michael Keegan (general dealer) and his wife Ann, Eliza the wife of George Rayner (mariner), Benjamin Bentley a warehouseman, William Perdrisatt (Dock Laborer), Michael Hehoughan (Docklaborer)and his wife Ann, Ellen Sullivan a General Servant and Mary O'Brien a General Servant. The Irish from Mayo were William Swift (cart owner) from Ballinia (likely Ballina, Mayo), Thomas Jordan (Dock Laborer), Charle McVey (Dock Laborer), Bridget and Ann Kilbryde (Hawkers of Chips) and Catherine Higgins a General Servant. The Irish from Sligo were: John Hill (Dock Laborer), Bridget Golding (General Servant), John McDermot (Dock Laborer) and his six kids (Hawkers of Chips and Dock Laborers), Kitty and Martin Ruane (Hawkers of Chips), Bridget, Mary, Ann and Catherine McIntyre, Patrick Melville (Dock Laborer_- his daughter Mary Melville and her son were born in Mayo, Catherin and Mary Bradick (Pedlars). Patrick Rafferty a pensioner (94th Regiment Fort) was born in Galway as was his wife Mary. The Irish from Wexford were John Doyle (pensioner 31st Regiment), Margaret wife of William Thompson (a master bootmaker), John Shea (Tailor), John Gunning (Hardward Dealer) and John Donolly (stone mason). The Irish from Meath were: Michael Conolly (Dock Laborer), John Conolly (Dock Laborer) and Bridget wife of John Thomas (a Cordwainer from Limerick). Cornelius Wad (Commercial Clerk) and Mary Moylan a General Servant were also from Limerick. The Irish from Cork were: Mary, wife of Henry Grubb (a Chelsea Pensioner born in Tipperary), Ellen, Daniel and Robert Reed, Michael McCarthy (Mariner) and his wife Ellen, John Gillie (Mariner) and his wife Mary Ann, John Culnane (Mariner), wife Catherine and their two kids. Ann wife of James Bretland (Shipwright) was born in Belfast as was Arthur Boswell (Tailor) his wife Hannah and one of their daughters. Mary Cronan (Pedlar) was from Antrim (her grandson John was from Newry which could be in Tyrone, Wicklow, Down or Armagh). Also listed from Newry are Colin White (Dock Laborer), his wife Jane and three kids) and Mathew Davy (Dock Laborer). Two of Colin White's kids are employed as an errand boy and general servant. Richared Fitz a Bookmaker was from County Down as was Margaret Draper (a sailor's wife). Her son was born Belfast and she in Holywood (Down). , Isabella, wife of Thomas Barton (Hair Dresser) was from County Armagh as was James Redpath (Music Teacher) and Margaret McGrory (Housekeeper). Two of her sons were born in Armagh (Dock Laborers). Bryan Smith (Dock Laborer) was born in County Cavin. Finally, Catherine Wood, a General Servant was born in Dundalk (likely Louth) and Dora Shaw, a General Servant was born in Tralee (in either Kerry or Londonderry). There were numerous other Irish surnames in this district whose county of origin in Ireland was not given and are not included in this compilation.

There was a large concentration of Irish-born living in District 1e and none of the entries gave their county of origin in Ireland. They were living on Park Lane, Sparling Street and Court, Wapping, Beckwith Street, Carpenter's Row, Upper Parnell Street, Sham? and Upper Sham? Alley, Hurst Street and Court, Grayson Street and Court and Mason Street. The largest number appeared to be on Grayson Street and Court. There were numerous Boot and Shoemakers on Park Lane. Sparling Street and Court respresented a host of different Irish occupations such as those associated with the port: Ship Carpenter, Stevedore, Dock Laborers, Dock Porter, Ship Chandler, Sailor, Shipwright and Warehouse Porter. There were also an assortment of other jobs such as Black Smith, Glass China Mender, Upholsterer, Police Constable, Painter, Tailors, Shoe and Bootmakers, Butter Merchant, Cabinet Maker, Biscuit Maker and Schoolmaster. Most of the women were employed as Dressmakers, Seamstress, House Servants, Milliners and Charwomen. Port-related occupations were heavily represented on the other streets with sailors, Dock Gateman, Ship Carpenters, Stevadores, Porters, Shipsmiths, mate, Wood Turner, and many Dock Laborers. There were laborers such as Salt Heavers, tradesmen such as Smith Strikers, Coopers, Shoemakers and retail jobs such as Clerk Merchants, Provision Dealers, Fish Dealers, Dealer in Coals, Stone Dealer and Marine Store Dealers. Women were Seamstresses, Plain Sewers, Washermoman (Charwomen), House Servants, Small Ware Dealers and Shirt Makers.

The vast majority of Irish-born in District 1f were living on Sparling Street (South Side) and Court and the rest were living on Crosbie Street, Crosbie Street North, Park Lane West Side, Court and Wapping. Unfortunately no specific places of origin in Ireland were given. The Occupations held by the Irish on Sparling Street were dominated by port-related jobs with 19 Dock Laborers and an assortment of associated jobs such as Shipwright, warehouseman, Carter, Provision Dealer, Anchor star-er?, Sail Maker, Mariners and Mariner's App, Rigger, Ship Owner, many porters (Spirit Vault, 5 Corn, Iron and Wine, Rail), Timber Lab, Anchor Smith and Seaman. There were 22 Laborers, a Salt Laborer, Cane Worker, French Polisher, a Cork Cutter, several Nail Makers and a Tide Waste Worker. There was an assortment of merchants: Green Grocer, Grocer's Shopman, 5 Hawkers, Shop Keeper, Basket Seller, Butter Dealer and a Milk Seller. The Irish were involved in trades such as Black Smith, White Smith, Confectioner, Joiner, Tailors (3) and Tailoress, Cooper, Carpenter, House Painter, Weaver (linen and Muslin), Shoemaker and Boot Makers (5), Shirtmaker, Cordwainer and Cigar Maker. The Women were primarily employed as General Servants (17), House Servant, Seamstresses (9), Washerwoman and Charwoman (7), Market Woman and Hawkers 4 (plus one male). The Crosbie Street Irish were employed in a variety of Port-related occupations with 4 Dock Laborers, 4 laborers, 1 Corn Laborer, Flour Dealer's Porter , Fish Dealer, Ship Smith and one Mariner. In addition to these jobs the following jobs were noted: Soap Maker, Pipe Maker, Joiner, Tailor, Coppersmith, Baker and Pensioner. The women were employed as Hawkers, House Servant, Fruit Seller and Lodging Housekeeper. The Irish on Park Lane held port related occupations (Dock Laborers (3), Rail Porter, Mariner, Warehouseman, Laborers (5), Corn Porter (3) and one smith. Textile industry related trades such as Tailor (8), Tailoress, Waist Coat Maker (2) and Dress Maker. The women were employed as General Servants (7), Charwoman, Housekeeper and Tailoress. Less common occupations were Victualler, Soliciter and Bookkeeper on Park Lane, Lawyers (2) and one scavenger on Sparling Street.

There was a large concentration of Irish in District 1g and they were living on Park Lane (and Cellar), Kent Street, Pitt Street (Court and Cellar), Dickinson Street, Greetham Street (and Court), Chapel Street (and Court), Forrest Street, Corporation Bath and far and away the vast majority were residing on Frederick Street, Cellar and Court. The census taker did not record any places of origin in Ireland. The majority of the Irish living on Frederick Street, Cellar and Court were laborers of one sort or another. There were a variety of port-related occupations including Porters (Corn, Warehouse), Dock Laborers (7) , Riggers (2), Lumper, Shipwright (2), Sailor (Mariner) (2) and a Ship Scraper. There were Merchants (Fish Dealer, Green Grocers, people selling a variety of objects - including small wares, brooms, Coal Dealer, Salesman) and Tradesmen such as a Blacksmith (2), Smith Striker, Tailors (4), Shoemaker (4), Bookmakers, Boot Closer (2) Nailmakers (7), Coopers (2), Carpenter, Biscuit Maker, Joiner, Cabinet Maker (2), Coachmaker (2), Whip Maker and Waist Coat Maker (1). Women were primarily employed as House Servants or Servants (15), Housekeeper, Laundress, Sewer (Dressmaker, Seamstress, Milliner) (7) and Lodging Housekeepers (2). In addition to the above occupations, there were 6 Chelsea Pensioners, several teachers, a Fireman, Traveller, Gardener, Constable and a Scavenger. The majority of the Irish living on Park Lane were employed as Shoe or Boot Makers (6), followed by Provision Dealers (3), port-related occupations like Ship Joiner, Boy and Wright, Porter (Cotton and otherwise), and women were primarily House Servants (5). Laborers dominated Pitt Street (10), followed by Tailors (8) and a variety of port-related occupations such as Porters (Warehouse, Iron), Boatsman, Messenger Dock Office, Ship Broker, Tidewater Customs, Weigher, Stevedore and Provision Dealer. There were also Tradesmen: Bookmaker and Binder, Painter, Cabinet Maker, Joiner, Carpenter, Chairmaker, Blacksmith, Smith Striker and Wheelwright. The women were employed as House Servants, Lodging Houskeeper and Dressmakers. Laborers dominated Greetham Street (11) followed by an assortment of miscellaneous occupations such as Tin Plate Workers (2), Tailors (5), Shoemakers (2), Broker, Clothes Dealer, Milk Dealer, Dock Laborers (2). Women were employed as Servants, Lodging Housekeeper, Charwoman and Music Teacher.

The Irish-born in District 1h were living along Pitt Street (Lower East Side, Lower, cellars on Pitt Street, Shop on Pitt Street), Kent Street (North Side, Cellar on Kent Street), Dickenson Street, Grenham Street (plus Cellar) and Gilbert Street (and Court). The only two entries that indicated a place of origin in Ireland were: Jane Hughes a Boot Binder and her son James who were born in Dublin (2 kids, Mary Jane and Thomas in Liverpool) and two families with members born in County Galway; Ann Rompton (wife of Joseph a Fireman from Warrington) and James Gennings a Dock Laborer (his wife Sarah and Son George were born in Liverpool). Port related Jobs dominated the men's occupations with 21 Dock Laborers, 12 different types of Porters, 6 Mariners, a Stevedore, Shipwright, Ship Carpenter, Licensed Broker, 2 Provision Dealers, 3 Tidewater Customs employees and one in the Timber industry. An assortment of trades were also noted such as 6 Coopers, 5 Cabinet Makers, 5 Painters, 5 Tailors, 3 Shoemakers, a Boot and Book Maker, 3 Joiners, an Upholsterer, Clockmaker, Glass Blower, Tin Plate Worker, Copper Smith, Black Smith, Master Gilder and a Weaver. Two young boys worked as Shop Boys and an Assistant on the Rope Walk. The remaining male-held occupations were dominated by 10 General Laborers, 2 Basket makers, a Tallow Melter, Pawn Broker's Assistant, 2 Butter Merchants and one Egg and Butter Salesman, a Fiddler, 2 General Dealers, Teacher, Green Grocer, 2 Travelers for Ticket Writers, a Sawyer and a Publican. The Women in this district were primarily employed as Servants (Housekeepers of some sort) with 21 in all, followed by 15 Seamstresses or Dressmakers, 3 Charwomen, 2 nurses, 2 bonnet makers, 2 fruit dealers, a Green Grocer, an Upholsteress, Boot Binder, Shop Asst, Harper Servant and a General Dealer.

The Irish-born in District 1i were living on Duke Street and Terrace, Kent Street and Square, Gilbert Street and Court, York Street, Suffolk Street, Surrey Street, Henry Street and Court and Lydia Ann Street. None of the entries gave a placename of origin in Ireland. The Irish men were heavily employed in Dock-related jobs such as Dock Laborers (9), Seamen (3), Dock Gateman (1), Master of Vessell, Mariner, Dealer in Fish, Locks in Customs, a variety of Porters (9) total including Warehouse, Cotton, Wine Porters as well as Warehouse laborers and a Warehouse keeper. There were an assortment of laborers including 2 Soap Boilers, 5 Cart Owners, French Polisher and a General Laborer, a smattering of trades such as Printer, Tailor, Cabinet Maker, Sawyer, Black Smith, White Smith, Shoe Maker, Pipemaker, Cooper, Boot Maker, Block and Pump Maker, Joiner and a Lithographer. Merchants such as shopmen (2), Clerk's (3), Commission Agent, Draper's Assistant, Milk Dealer and General Dealer. Finally there was a Police Officer, A Sergeant at Law and 2 Ireland Revenue Agents. The Irish women were primarily employed as Servants, Maids(29), Charwomen and Washerwomen (5), Dressmakers (4), plus a variety of miscellaneous jobs such as Cook, Nurse Maid, Annuitant and Boot Binder.

The Irish in District 1j were living on St George's Street, Upper Duke Street, Rathbone Street, Court and First Flat. The Following Irish-born were documented as being born in Belfast, Ireland: (Constance Ricks, Robert Gambly (Provision Dealer), Ann Pearson, Martha Galss, Sarah Glass (House Servant), Matilda Kelly and Sarah Ann Kennedy (House Servant). The Irish-born from Dublin were: Lancelot Knabes Dessan? (Servant), Mary Ann Fitzhoney (Bonnet M), Julia Delling, William Taylor (Tailor), George Galwin (Tin Plate Worker) and his daughter, Eliza McDonald (tailor's wife) and her daughters Mary Ann and Eliza. Ann Hill (servant), Mary Quinn and Henry Fitzsimmons (Boot and Shoe Maker) were all from County Down, Ireland. Christian Cavana (Shopkeeper Dealer in Small Wares) was born in County Kildare. Mathew Fenlon (Porter-general) his brother Patrick (Cooper) and brother Thomas (Porter-general) were born in Carlow, Ireland. Mary Galwin was born in Cavin, Ireland, John Deacon (Com Lab) and his wife Mary Ann (Dressmaker) were from Turlough Galway, Alice O'Dwyer, Edward Delling and Catherine Fleming were born in Limerick, Ireland (Catherine was from Ruthkale ? Limerick). Catherine McCormack (Home Servant), William Decon (Painter's App) and John Liggins (Customs Officer) were from County Roscommon, Ireland with both William and John being from Athleague and John's wife Ellen was a Dress Maker from Ballina, Co Ireland (could this be Ballina Co Mayo?). Thomas Duggan (Tide Officer of Customs) and his wife Catherine were from Wexford, Ireland and Robert Pearce was from Wicklow, Ireland. The remaining Irish-born did not give a place of origin in Ireland. Surprisingly, only a few had dock-related jobs such as: Corn Porter (McDermot-2), Porter in Boats (Keep), Dock Gate Man (Walker), Lab at Docks (Burke), and Wine Cooper (Keep). There was a Laborer (Travor), a Brick Layer (Turner), a Railway Laborer (Hogan), a Gardener (Harley), and a Clerk in Albert -? (Coulter- which may have been a job at the dock), a Painter (English), 2 Smiths (Conlly), a Joiner (Paterson, Shopkeeper of Provisions (Paterson), a Grocer (Kain), a Tailor (Travor), 2 Shoemakers (Evans and Beverly), a Curate of St James (Graham) a Graduate of Dublin College- BA (Graham) and 4 listed without occupations (Cavins, McPherson, Travor and Wallace. The Women were employed as House Servants (Burks, Campbell, Guines, Heney, Redmond and Serely), Servants (Conlly and Henry), a Lodging Housekeeper (Leech), Housekeepers (Coulter and Evans) and as a Dressmaker (Coulter).

This completes Districts 1a-1j. Districts 1k-1z will be covered on another page to reduce download time.